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# 3.

58

Y dir
Col A

Col B
0.30

## ETABS NODE NO.

A) Proportioning of base size: Y - dir
Size of column A =
230 mm
Size of column B =
230 mm
Ultimate load carrrid by column A
Ultimate load carrrid by column B

X dir

Col A=4

Col B=10

M20
Fe415
X - dir
x 450 mm
x 450 mm
=
=

1186
1036
200

kN
kN
kN/m2

## Working load carrrid by column A =

Working load carrrid by column B =
Self wt of footing (10% of column load)=

791
691
148
1629

kN
kN
kN
kN

Length of footing =

3.58

## Requried area of footing =

Width of footing =
Provide width of footing =

8.15
2.28
2.50

m2
m
m

## Provide Footing size of

3.58 m

x 2.50 m

= 8.95

As in this case, the property line is present on both end of column, hence there
is no possibility of projection, so the pressure will not be uniform if the c.g. of
footing and the c.g. of load does not coincide.
In such case fooring will become eccentric and hence the pressure will be non-u

## C.G of load system from end face of col A=

=
( 1186 x 0.225 ) +
( 1186 +
=
1.68
m
C.G. of footing =

1.79

( 1036 x
1036 )

3.355 )

0.11

## Moment due to eccentricity =

x 0.11 )

( 1481

m
= 157

Pressure calculation :
Intensity of pressure due to Axial load =
=

( 791

P/A=

+ 691 ) /

=
157 /
( 2.50

8.95
M/Z=
x 3.58

= 166

x 3.58 ) / 6
= 29

Pmax =

( 166

+ 29 )

= 195 kN/m2

OK

Pmin =

( 166

- 29 )

= 136 kN/m2

OK

1
0.225

0.225

140
191

178

195

## Load per metre run of slab =

Avg pressure x 1 m
( 187
x 1.00 )
Load per metre run of slab due to ultimate pressure =
( 187
x 1.50 )
Cantilever projection of slab @ face of beam =
Maximum ultimate moment =
d required =

( 169
( 1000

( 280
x 10^6 )
x 2.76 )

= 187
= 280
= 1.1

x 1.10
2
=

x 1.10 )
248

## Try overall depth

Effective depth d =
Ast=

799

Required is
Provide
Distribution steel =

= 650 mm
604
mm
mm2
Y 12

141

mm

Y 12

125

mm

x 1000

x 425 )

125

( 0.12 %

Provide
Shear @ d=
Shear =
v=

Width =
End depth=
Effective end depth d =

Y8

=
mm

0.496 m
139
kN
0.35

c=

0.355
Section for depth is

N/mm2

N/mm2
OK

(From SP16)

## Design of Longitudinal beam : 1186

1036

1.65
0.225

0.225

525
615
717
731

162.82

1.65
1.12

919.52

116.48
189.13
1023.18

S.F.Diagram

-740.1486

18.38

13.05
B.M.Diagram

As in the central portion of beam, the moment is hogging, i.e. the tension is on t
top portion of beam, hence the beam at the central portion will be designed as t
isolated T- beam.
Reinforcement at the central portion:
bf =

=
=

0.896
896

m
mm

bw =

=
=
=

300
1200
1120

mm
mm
mm

1809

mm2

## Let provide depth of beam

Effective depth of beam
Ast=

1906

Provide

mm2

9 Nos. Y 16 mm

## Shear at d from face of column

Shear =
189
v=
0.56
c=
0.330
Section for depth is

0.305 m

kN
N/mm2
N/mm2
(From SP16)
PROVIDE STIRRUPS

78.25

Provide

Y8

Y 8 mm @ 519 mm
@

300

mm

## SUMMARY: Provide Footing size of

SLAB RENFORCEMENT: Provide
Y 16
@
Provide
Y 10
@
BEAM REINFORCEMENT: TOP: 9 Nos. Y 16 mm

3.58 m
125
125

x 2.50 m
mm
mm

m2

## olumn, hence there

orm if the c.g. of

## essure will be non-uniform.

kN m

kN/m2

kN/m2

136

kN/m
kN/m
m
= 169 kN m / metre
mm

1000 mm
200 mm
ective end depth d =
154

= 904

mm2

510

mm2

= 402

mm2

mm

0.24 %

0.10 %

d location

511

## e. the tension is on the

will be designed as the

0.18 %

kN

= 167

mm2

3.58

Y dir
Col A

Col B
0.30

## ETABS NODE NO.

A) Proportioning of base size: Y - dir
Size of column A =
230 mm
Size of column B =
230 mm
Ultimate load carrrid by column A
Ultimate load carrrid by column B

X dir

Col A=3

Col B=9

M20
Fe415
X - dir
x 450 mm
x 450 mm
=
=

1099
988
200

kN
kN
kN/m2

## Working load carrrid by column A =

Working load carrrid by column B =
Self wt of footing (10% of column load)=

733
659
139
1530

kN
kN
kN
kN

Length of footing =

3.58

## Requried area of footing =

Width of footing =
Provide width of footing =

7.65
2.14
2.50

m2
m
m

## Provide Footing size of

3.58 m

x 2.50 m

= 8.95

As in this case, the property line is present on both end of column, hence there
is no possibility of projection, so the pressure will not be uniform if the c.g. of
footing and the c.g. of load does not coincide.
In such case fooring will become eccentric and hence the pressure will be non-u

## C.G of load system from end face of col A=

=
( 1099 x 0.225 ) +
( 1099 +
=
1.71
m
C.G. of footing =

1.79

( 988 x
988 )

3.355 )

0.08

## Moment due to eccentricity =

x 0.08 )

( 1391

m
= 116

Pressure calculation :
Intensity of pressure due to Axial load =
=

( 733

P/A=

+ 659 ) /

=
116 /
( 2.50

8.95
M/Z=
x 3.58

= 155

x 3.58 ) / 6
= 22

Pmax =

( 155

+ 22 )

= 177 kN/m2

OK

Pmin =

( 155

- 22 )

= 134 kN/m2

OK

1
0.225

0.225

136
174

165

177

## Load per metre run of slab =

Avg pressure x 1 m
( 171
x 1.00 )
Load per metre run of slab due to ultimate pressure =
( 171
x 1.50 )
Cantilever projection of slab @ face of beam =
Maximum ultimate moment =
d required =

( 155
( 1000

( 257
x 10^6 )
x 2.76 )

= 171
= 257
= 1.1

x 1.10
2
=

x 1.10 )
237

## Try overall depth

Effective depth d =
Ast=

731

Required is
Provide
Distribution steel =
Provide
Shear @ d=
Shear =
v=

= 650 mm
604
mm

Width =
End depth=
Effective end depth d =

mm2
Y 12

155

mm

Y 12

125

mm

x 1000

x 650 )

125

( 0.12 %
Y 10

=
mm

0.496 m
127
kN
0.32

c=

0.355
Section for depth is

N/mm2

N/mm2
OK

(From SP16)

## Design of Longitudinal beam : 1099

988

1.63
0.225

0.225

512
580
654
664

148.31

1.63
1.12

873.98

114.02
166.22
950.69

S.F.Diagram

-696.792

16.73

12.78
B.M.Diagram

As in the central portion of beam, the moment is hogging, i.e. the tension is on t
top portion of beam, hence the beam at the central portion will be designed as t
isolated T- beam.
Reinforcement at the central portion:
bf =

=
=

0.896
896

m
mm

bw =

=
=
=

300
1200
1120

mm
mm
mm

1809

mm2

## Let provide depth of beam

Effective depth of beam
Ast=

1790

Provide

mm2

9 Nos. Y 16 mm

## Shear at d from face of column

Shear =
166
v=
0.49
c=
0.330
Section for depth is

0.285 m

kN
N/mm2
N/mm2
(From SP16)
PROVIDE STIRRUPS

55.34

Provide

Y8

Y 8 mm @ 734 mm
@

300

mm

## SUMMARY: Provide Footing size of

SLAB RENFORCEMENT: Provide
Y 16
@
Provide
Y 10
@
BEAM REINFORCEMENT: TOP: 9 Nos. Y 16 mm

3.58 m
125
125

x 2.50 m
mm
mm

m2

## olumn, hence there

orm if the c.g. of

## essure will be non-uniform.

kN m

kN/m2

kN/m2

134

kN/m
kN/m
m
= 155 kN m / metre
mm

1000 mm
200 mm
ective end depth d =
154

= 904

mm2

780

mm2

= 628

mm2

mm

0.24 %

0.16 %

d location

502

## e. the tension is on the

will be designed as the

0.18 %

kN

= 167

mm2

3.58

Y dir
Col A

Col B
0.30

## ETABS NODE NO.

A) Proportioning of base size: Y - dir
Size of column A =
450 mm
Size of column B =
450 mm
Ultimate load carrrid by column A
Ultimate load carrrid by column B

X dir

Col A=2

Col B=8

M20
Fe415
X - dir
x 230 mm
x 230 mm
=
=

948
899

kN
kN

200

kN/m2

## Working load carrrid by column A =

Working load carrrid by column B =
Self wt of footing (10% of column load)=

632
599
123
1354

kN
kN
kN
kN

Length of footing =

3.58

## Requried area of footing =

Width of footing =
Provide width of footing =

6.77
1.89
2.50

## Provide Footing size of

3.58 m

m2
m
m

x 2.00 m

= 7.16

m2

As in this case, the property line is present on both end of column, hence there
is no possibility of projection, so the pressure will not be uniform if the c.g. of
footing and the c.g. of load does not coincide.
In such case fooring will become eccentric and hence the pressure will be non-uniform.
C.G of load system from end face of col A=
=
( 948 x
0.115 ) +
( 948 +
=
1.75
m
C.G. of footing =

1.79

( 899 x
899 )

3.465 )

0.04

## Moment due to eccentricity =

x 0.04 )

( 1231

m
= 55

kN m

= 172

kN/m2

Pressure calculation :
Intensity of pressure due to Axial load =
=

( 632

+ 599 ) /

=
55 /
( 2.00

P/A=
7.16
M/Z=
x 3.58

=
Pmax =

( 172

x 3.58 ) / 6
= 13

+ 13 )

= 185 kN/m2

OK

kN/m2

Pmin =

( 172

- 13 )

= 159 kN/m2

OK

1
0.115

0.115

160
184

178

159

185

## Load per metre run of slab =

Avg pressure x 1 m
( 181
x 1.00 )
Load per metre run of slab due to ultimate pressure =
( 181
x 1.50 )
Cantilever projection of slab @ face of beam =
Maximum ultimate moment =
d required =

( 98
( 1000

## Try overall depth

Effective depth d =
Ast=

965

Required is
Provide

( 272
x 10^6 )
x 2.76 )

= 181

kN/m

= 272

kN/m

= 0.9

x 0.85
2
=

= 350 mm
302
mm

x 0.85 )
189

Width =

= 98 kN m / metre
mm

1000 mm

mm2
Y 16

208

mm

Y 16

125

mm

= 1608 mm2

0.53 %

Distribution steel =
Provide
Shear @ d=
Shear =
v=

( 0.12 %

x 1000

x 350 )

150

Y 10

=
mm

420

mm2

= 523

mm2

0.15 %

0.548 m
149
kN
0.49

N/mm2

c=

0.49
Section for depth is

N/mm2
OK

(From SP16)

## Design of Longitudinal beam : 948

899

1.6
0.115

0.115
480
518
552

554

1.6
63.61

1.12

843.95

477

55.05
201.75
884.39

S.F.Diagram

-719.6191

3.66

3.16
B.M.Diagram

As in the central portion of beam, the moment is hogging, i.e. the tension is on the
top portion of beam, hence the beam at the central portion will be designed as the
isolated T- beam.
Reinforcement at the central portion:
bf =

=
=

0.890
890

m
mm

bw =

=
=
=

300
1200
1120

mm
mm
mm

## Let provide depth of beam

Effective depth of beam

Ast=

1852

mm2

Provide

9 Nos. Y 16 mm

## Shear at d from face of column

Shear =
202
v=
0.60
c=
0.330
Section for depth is

1809

kN
N/mm2
N/mm2
(From SP16)
PROVIDE STIRRUPS

Y8

0.18 %

0.365 m

Provide

mm2

90.87

kN

Y 8 mm @ 447 mm
@

300
SAFE

mm

## SUMMARY: Provide Footing size of

SLAB RENFORCEMENT: Provide
Y 16
@
Provide
Y 10
@
BEAM REINFORCEMENT: TOP: 9 Nos. Y 16 mm

3.58 m
125
125

x 2.00 m
mm
mm

= 167

mm2

3.58

Y dir
Col A

Col B
0.30

## ETABS NODE NO.

A) Proportioning of base size: Y - dir
Size of column A =
450 mm
Size of column B =
450 mm
Ultimate load carrrid by column A
Ultimate load carrrid by column B

X dir

Col A=1

Col B=7

M20
Fe415
X - dir
x 230 mm
x 230 mm
=
=

938
940

kN
kN

200

kN/m2

## Working load carrrid by column A =

Working load carrrid by column B =
Self wt of footing (10% of column load)=

625
627
125
1377

kN
kN
kN
kN

Length of footing =

3.58

## Requried area of footing =

Width of footing =
Provide width of footing =

6.89
1.92
2.00

m2
m
m

## Provide Footing size of

3.58 m

x 2.00 m

= 7.16

As in this case, the property line is present on both end of column, hence there
is no possibility of projection, so the pressure will not be uniform if the c.g. of
footing and the c.g. of load does not coincide.
In such case fooring will become eccentric and hence the pressure will be non-u

## C.G of load system from end face of col A=

=
( 938 x
0.115 ) +
( 938 +
=
1.79
m
C.G. of footing =

1.79

( 940 x
940 )

3.465 )

0.00

## Moment due to eccentricity =

x 0.00 )

( 1252

m
-= 2

Pressure calculation :
Intensity of pressure due to Axial load =
=

( 625

P/A=

+ 627 ) /

=
-2 /
( 2.00

7.16
M/Z=
x 3.58

= 175

x 3.58 ) / 6
-= 1

Pmax =

( 175

-+ 1 )

= 174 kN/m2

OK

Pmin =

( 175

-- 1 )

= 175 kN/m2

OK

1
0.115

0.115

175
174

175

174

## Load per metre run of slab =

Avg pressure x 1 m
( 174
x 1.00 )
Load per metre run of slab due to ultimate pressure =
( 174
x 1.50 )
Cantilever projection of slab @ face of beam =
Maximum ultimate moment =
d required =

( 95
( 1000

( 262
x 10^6 )
x 2.76 )

= 174
= 262
= 0.9

x 0.85
2
=

x 0.85 )
185

## Try overall depth

Effective depth d =
Ast=

927

Required is
Provide
Distribution steel =
Provide
Shear @ d=
Shear =
v=

= 350 mm
302
mm

Width =

mm2
Y 16

217

mm

Y 16

125

mm

x 1000

x 350 )

150

( 0.12 %
Y 10

=
mm

0.548 m
143
kN
0.47

c=

0.49
Section for depth is

N/mm2
N/mm2
OK

(From SP16)

## Design of Longitudinal beam : 938

940

1.56
0.115

0.115

526
524
523
523

60.15

1.56
1.12

879.50

60.50
182.88
877.85

S.F.Diagram

-728.905

3.46

3.48
B.M.Diagram

As in the central portion of beam, the moment is hogging, i.e. the tension is on t
top portion of beam, hence the beam at the central portion will be designed as t
isolated T- beam.
Reinforcement at the central portion:
bf =

=
=

0.890
890

m
mm

bw =

=
=
=

300
1200
1120

mm
mm
mm

1809

mm2

## Let provide depth of beam

Effective depth of beam
Ast=

1877

Provide

mm2

9 Nos. Y 16 mm

## Shear at d from face of column

Shear =
183
v=
0.54
c=
0.330
Section for depth is

0.325 m

kN
N/mm2
N/mm2
(From SP16)
PROVIDE STIRRUPS

72.00

Provide

Y8

Y 8 mm @ 564 mm
@

300
SAFE

mm

## SUMMARY: Provide Footing size of

SLAB RENFORCEMENT: Provide
Y 16
@
Provide
Y 10
@
BEAM REINFORCEMENT: TOP: 9 Nos. Y 16 mm

3.58 m
125
125

x 2.00 m
mm
mm

m2

## olumn, hence there

orm if the c.g. of

## essure will be non-uniform.

kN m

kN/m2

kN/m2

175

kN/m
kN/m
m
= 95 kN m / metre
mm

1000 mm

= 1608 mm2
420

mm2

= 523

mm2

0.53 %

0.15 %

526

## e. the tension is on the

will be designed as the

0.18 %

kN

= 167

mm2

3.58

Y dir
Col A

Col B
0.30

## ETABS NODE NO.

A) Proportioning of base size: Y - dir
Size of column A =
380 mm
Size of column B =
380 mm
Ultimate load carrrid by column A
Ultimate load carrrid by column B

X dir

Col A=6

Col B=12

M20
Fe415
X - dir
x 230 mm
x 230 mm
=
=

296
296

kN
kN

200

kN/m2

## Working load carrrid by column A =

Working load carrrid by column B =
Self wt of footing (10% of column load)=

197
197
39
434

kN
kN
kN
kN

Length of footing =

3.58

## Requried area of footing =

Width of footing =
Provide width of footing =

2.17
0.61
1.25

m2
m
m

## Provide Footing size of

3.58 m

x 1.25 m

= 4.48

As in this case, the property line is present on both end of column, hence there
is no possibility of projection, so the pressure will not be uniform if the c.g. of
footing and the c.g. of load does not coincide.
In such case fooring will become eccentric and hence the pressure will be non-u

## C.G of load system from end face of col A=

=
( 296 x
0.115 ) +
( 296 +
=
1.79
m
C.G. of footing =

1.79

( 296 x
296 )

3.465 )

0.00

## Moment due to eccentricity =

x 0.00 )

( 395

m
=0

Pressure calculation :
Intensity of pressure due to Axial load =
=

( 197

P/A=

+ 197 ) /

=
0/
( 1.25

4.48
M/Z=
x 3.58

= 88

x 3.58 ) / 6
=0

Pmax =

( 88

+0)

= 88 kN/m2

OK

Pmin =

( 88

-0)

= 88 kN/m2

OK

1
0.115

0.115

88
88

88

88

## Load per metre run of slab =

Avg pressure x 1 m
( 88
x 1.00 )
Load per metre run of slab due to ultimate pressure =
( 88
x 1.50 )

= 132

= 0.5

d required =

( 15
( 1000

( 132
x 10^6 )
x 2.76 )

x 0.48
2
=

= 88

x 0.48 )
74

## Try overall depth

Effective depth d =
Ast=

209

Required is
Provide
Distribution steel =

= 250 mm
202
mm
mm2
Y 12

540

mm

Y 12

175

mm

x 1000

x 250 )

150

( 0.12 %

Provide
Shear @ d=
Shear =
v=

Width =

Y8

=
mm

0.273 m
36
kN
0.18

c=

0.39
Section for depth is

N/mm2
N/mm2
OK

(From SP16)

## Design of Longitudinal beam : 296

296

1.565
0.115

0.115

165
165
165
165

19.02

1.565
0.72

276.98

19.02
129.20
276.98

S.F.Diagram

-229.8796

1.09

1.09
B.M.Diagram

As in the central portion of beam, the moment is hogging, i.e. the tension is on t
top portion of beam, hence the beam at the central portion will be designed as t
isolated T- beam.
Reinforcement at the central portion:
bf =

=
=

0.801
801

m
mm

bw =

=
=
=

300
800
720

mm
mm
mm

603

mm2

## Let provide depth of beam

Effective depth of beam
Ast=

915

Provide

mm2

3 Nos. Y 16 mm

## Shear at d from face of column

Shear =
129
v=
0.60
c=
0.330
Section for depth is

0.73 m

kN
N/mm2
N/mm2
(From SP16)
PROVIDE STIRRUPS

57.92

Provide

Y8

Y 8 mm @ 451 mm
@

300
SAFE

mm

## SUMMARY: Provide Footing size of

SLAB RENFORCEMENT: Provide
Y 16
@
Provide
Y 10
@
BEAM REINFORCEMENT: TOP: 9 Nos. Y 16 mm

3.58 m
125
125

x 1.25 m
mm
mm

m2

## olumn, hence there

orm if the c.g. of

## essure will be non-uniform.

kN m

kN/m2

kN/m2

88

kN/m
kN/m
m
= 15 kN m / metre
mm

1000 mm

= 646

mm2

300

mm2

= 335

mm2

0.32 %

0.13 %

165

## e. the tension is on the

will be designed as the

0.10 %

kN

= 167

mm2

3.58

Y dir
Col A
0.30

## ETABS NODE NO.

A) Proportioning of base size: Y - dir
Size of column A =
450 mm
Size of column B =
450 mm
Ultimate load carrrid by column B
Ultimate load carrrid by column A

X dir

Col A=5

Col B=11

M20
Fe415
X - dir
x 230 mm
x 230 mm
=
=

699
675
200

## Working load carrrid by column A =

Working load carrrid by column B =
Self wt of footing (10% of column load)=

466
450
92
1008

Length of footing =

3.58

## Requried area of footing =

Width of footing =
Provide width of footing =

5.04
1.41
1.75

## Provide Footing size of

3.58 m

x 1.75 m

As in this case, the property line is present on both end of column, hence there
is no possibility of projection, so the pressure will not be uniform if the c.g. of
footing and the c.g. of load does not coincide.
In such case fooring will become eccentric and hence the pressure will be non-u

## C.G of load system from end face of col A=

=
( 699 x
0.115 ) +
( 699 +
=
1.76
m
C.G. of footing =

1.79

( 675 x
675 )

0.03

## Moment due to eccentricity =

x 0.03 )

( 916

Pressure calculation :
Intensity of pressure due to Axial load =
=

( 466

P/A=

+ 450 ) /

=
27 /
( 1.75

6.27
M/Z=
x 3.58

=
Pmax =

( 146

+7)

= 153 kN/m2

Pmin =

( 146

-7)

= 139 kN/m2

1
0.115

153

149

153

## Load per metre run of slab =

Avg pressure x 1 m
( 151
x 1.00 )
Load per metre run of slab due to ultimate pressure =
( 151
x 1.50 )
Cantilever projection of slab @ face of beam =
Maximum ultimate moment =
d required =

( 60
( 1000

( 227
x 10^6 )
x 2.76 )

x 0.73
2
=

## Try overall depth

Effective depth d =
Ast=

570

Required is
Provide
Distribution steel =
Provide
Shear @ d=
Shear =
v=

= 350 mm
302
mm
mm2
Y 12

198

Y 12

150

x 1000

x 350 )

150

( 0.12 %
Y 10

0.423 m
96
kN
0.32

c=

0.35
Section for depth is

N/mm2
N/mm2
OK

(From SP16)

## Design of Longitudinal beam : 699

1.589
0.115

385
401
403

46.23

1.589
1.12

145.42
652.77

S.F.Diagram

-534.8561

2.66
B.M.Diagram

As in the central portion of beam, the moment is hogging, i.e. the tension is on t
top portion of beam, hence the beam at the central portion will be designed as t
isolated T- beam.
Reinforcement at the central portion:
bf =

=
=

0.866
866

bw =

=
=
=

300
1200
1120

## Let provide depth of beam

Effective depth of beam
Ast=

1363

Provide

mm2

9 Nos. Y 16 mm

## Shear at d from face of column

Shear =
145
v=
0.43
c=
0.330
Section for depth is

1809
0.354

kN
N/mm2
N/mm2
(From SP16)
PROVIDE STIRRUPS

Provide

Y8

Y 8 mm
@

300
SAFE

## SUMMARY: Provide Footing size of

SLAB RENFORCEMENT: Provide
Y 16
@
Provide
Y 10
@
BEAM REINFORCEMENT: TOP: 9 Nos. Y 16 mm

3.58 m
125
125

Col B

kN
kN
kN/m2
kN
kN
kN
kN
m
m2
m
m
= 6.27

m2

## oth end of column, hence there

ill not be uniform if the c.g. of

## hence the pressure will be non-uniform.

3.465 )

m
= 27

kN m

= 146

kN/m2

x 3.58 ) / 6
=7

kN/m2

OK
OK

0.115

140
139

= 151

kN/m

= 227

kN/m

= 0.7

x 0.73 )
147

= 60 kN m / metre
mm

Width =

1000 mm

mm
mm
=
mm

= 754

mm2

420

mm2

= 523

mm2

0.25 %

0.15 %

rom SP16)

675

0.115
366

632.96

365

42.04

2.42

## s hogging, i.e. the tension is on the

ntral portion will be designed as the

m
mm
mm
mm
mm

mm2

0.19 %

rom SP16)
DE STIRRUPS
34.54

kN

@ 1176 mm
mm

= 167

x 1.75 m
mm
mm

mm2