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Assignment 1

PYC 4808
Unique Number:
199603
Student: 34263071

Student: 34263071
PYC4808 Assignment 1
Unique Number: 199603

Table of Contents
Assignment 1:
Key Terms and Examples 3
References .............................................................................................................................................. 5

Student: 34263071
PYC4808 Assignment 1
Unique Number: 199603

Assignment one:
Definition of key words and examples

Definition
Epistemology Epistemology is: According to the website Internet
Encyclopaedia of philosophy epistemology can be
defined as follows: The term epistemology comes
from the Greek episteme, meaning knowledge, and
logos, meaning, roughly, study, or science, of. Logos
is the root of all terms ending -ology such as
psychology, anthropology and of logic, and has
many other related meanings. http://www.iep.utm.edu/epistemo/
It can be defined as the study of knowledge and also
of justified belief

Theory

Theory is: According to the About.com website a


theory can be described as follows: A theory is a
based upon a hypothesis and backed by evidence. A
theory presents a concept or idea that is testable. In
science, a theory is not merely a guess. A theory is a
fact-based framework for describing a phenomenon.
In psychology, theories are used to provide a model
for understanding human thoughts, emotions and
behaviors.

Example
In psychological
terms an example of
this would be: How
do you know
something is really
true? How do you
question things and
how do you proof
what you see is true?
Does the knowledge
we have support the
truth what we
perceive as the truth
How someone is
aware of himself and
the truth

Different theories in
Psychology exist.
There are theories in
Cognitive Theories:
Example, Piagets
Theory of Cognitive
Development.
Development
Theories: Freuds
Theory of
A psychological theory has two key components: (1) it Psychosocial
Development
must describe a behavior and (2) make predictions
Humanist Theories:
about future behaviour - from
http://psychology.about.com/od/tindex/f/theory.htm Maslow Hierarchy of
Needs.
Personality Theories:
Jungs Archetps
Learning Theories:
Kolb Learning Style
Theory

Student: 34263071
PYC4808 Assignment 1
Unique Number: 199603

Model

Technique

A Model is: according to the Oxford dictionary A


Deliberately simplified and usually idealized and
imaginary representation and phenomenon with
fundamental properties that are explicitly defined
and from which other properties can be deduced by
logical reasoning.

A technique is: 2 Different types of techniques.


Active Technique and Defensive Technique.
An active technique

Student: 34263071
PYC4808 Assignment 1
Unique Number: 199603

Albert Bandura Doll


Experiment.

Pavlov Classical
Conditioning

References
Web:
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: http://www.iep.utm.edu/epistemo/ About.com - http://psychology.about.com/od/tindex/f/theory.htm

Books:
Colman, Andrew M 3rd Edition , Oxford Dictionary, p472

Student: 34263071
PYC4808 Assignment 1
Unique Number: 199603