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In an accurate reflection of ancient Greek culture, rules of hospitality are among the

most revered social and religious laws in the Odyssey. Men are measured by the
way they play host or guest, and those that antagonize the hero often do so by
failing their part of this important contract. Guests are expected to bring gifts to
their host, respect the house and servants, and act with grace and appreciation.
Often, the guest is a source of news and bearings from the outside world and
expected, in some ways, to sing for his supper. The host is then to provide food,
shelter, and even money and transportation if the guest is in need. Breaking these
obligations in the Odyssey is disrespectful to the gods and indicates a somewhat
subhuman status.

One of the most prominent of the mental characteristics the ancient Greeks valued
was the cleverness and the wit of an individual. This can be discerned from the
odyssey because of many instances and events in which odyddeus uses his brain's
wit and other tricks to get himself out of a risky situation. Example of this is when
he overcomes Circe's magic with the help of Hermes.
In Homer's epic poem "The Odyssey," the main character Odysseus is rescued by the
Greek gods from his imprisonment after the fall of Troy and embarks on a treacherous
journey to return to his homeland. During the journey, he faces many obstacles that
challenge his faith and loyalty. "The Odyssey" explores several virtues and moral values
that eventually lead to Odysseus's successful return.

A central virtuous theme in "The Odyssey" is loyalty. Odysseus's devotion to his
family, his country and his god is unwavering, according to Victoria Allen's "A Teacher's
Guide to the Signet Classic Edition of Homer's The Odyssey." Along his journey,
Odysseus has the opportunity to be unfaithful to his wife, renounce his country and
ignore his beliefs. Even though he sometimes falters and some of his decisions have
negative consequences, his allegiance, love for his wife and desire to return home never

Odysseus has strong moral values when it comes to self-control and sexual
temptation. Even though the beautiful Sirens attempt to draw him off course, he warns
his men of their seductive ways, attaches himself to his ship so he won't stray and plugs
his crew's ears with wax. He also shows self-control when he holds back and doesn't kill
Polyphemus, the cyclops. He waits for the right opportunity so he can gouge his eye out
and escape. Even though some of his men -- those with poor riding skills -- are killed by
Polyphemus, his self-control keeps his whole crew from being slaughtered.

"The Odyssey" is a story of perseverance. Despite the many obstacles and challenges
he faces, Odysseus never gives up. Even when Odysseus doesn't know how to escape
the cyclops, he makes a noble attempt to survive by riding under the bellies of sheep,
according to "Scope" magazine. Odysseus's perseverance isn't based on physical
strength alone. He uses his intelligence to outwit those who try to ensnare him. From
the very beginning of the poem, Odysseus shows his determination by escaping the
grips of Calypso.

Even though Odysseus is forced to deal with opposing forces using violence and
aggression, he never loses his soft side. He proves his virtue when he allows
compassion to rule his heart. For example, when Demodocus plays the harp and sings
of the Trojan War, Odysseus cries. Odysseus remembers his fellow comrades who died in
war and mourns their loss. His imprisonment, years away from home and oppressive
confrontations aren't able to destroy his empathetic and compassionate tendencies.