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# UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY, TAXILA

## DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

EE-XXX, ELECTRICAL MACHINES
SEMESTER-III

## Instructor: Mehroze Iqbal

Total Credit Hours:

04

## Lab. Credit Hours: 01

Course Objectives:
The objective of the course is to familiarize the students with the fundamental
electromagnetic laws governing working of electric machines. The course emphasizes to
develop concepts relating construction, working and various applications of electric
machines.

Course Contents:
Electromagnetic circuits, linear machine as generator, transformer and motor,
concepts of power in linear machine
Ideal and practical transformers, equivalent circuit of transformer, per unit
system of calculation, efficiency of transformer, autotransformers, instrument
transformers, 3-phase transformers and their connections, applications
DC machines working theory, role of commutation, separately excited, shunt,
series and compounded DC Motors, Speed Control Methods, efficiency of DC
motors, applications
Separately excited, shunt, series and compounded DC generators, voltage
control of DC generators, efficiency of DC generators, applications
AC Machines, Rotating Magnetic Field, Synchronous Generators & Motors,
equivalent circuits, Phasors modeling, efficiency and applications of synchronous
machines
Induction phenomena and motor action, single-phase and poly phase induction
motor, speed control of induction motors, equivalent circuits, efficiency,
induction generator, application of induction machines
Universal Motors, Hysteresis Motors, Reluctance Motors, Special Purpose
Motors and Stepper Motors

Recommended Books:
Electrical Machinery Fundamentals by Stephen J. Chapman

Software Usage:
MATLAB: For solution of Numerical

## Department of Electrical Engineering

UET TAXILA

Course Organization
TOPICS (SUPPOSED TO BE) COVERED

WEEK #

REFRENCES

01

## Introduction to machinery fundamentals:

Introduction to electrical machines
Basic laws governing working of machines
Transformer; generator and motor action
Electromagnetic induction and transformer
Linear motor with rotating coil theory
Linear generator with rotating coil theory
General concept of powers in electrical circuits

## 1.1, 1.4---1.9, 4.1

02

Basic DC machine:
Rotating coil as DC motor and generator
Effect and compensation for computation in DC machine
Construction of DC machine
Power flow in DC machine

## 8.1, 8.4, 8.6---8.7

03

DC motor:
Introduction to DC motor and equivalent circuit
Separately excited motor and shunt motor
Permanent magnet DC motor
Speed control and applications

9.1---9.5

04

DC motor:

9.6---9.10
Series motor
Compounded motor
Speed control and applications
Motor starters and efficiency calculations

05

DC generator:
Introduction to DC generator and equivalent circuit
Separately excited generator and shunt generator
Permanent magnet DC generator
Voltage control and applications

9.11---9.13

06

DC generator:
Series generator
Compounded generator
Voltage control and applications
Efficiency calculations

9.14---9.16

07

AC transformer:
Importance of transformer
Types and construction of transformer
Components of transformer

2.1---2.5

UET TAXILA

## Ideal transformer; operation and ratios

Equivalent circuit of transformer
08

AC transformer:
Voltage regulation of transformer
Per unit system of measurement and calculations
Autotransformer

2.6---2.9

09

AC transformer:
3 phase connections for transformer
Per unit system for 3 phase transformers
Instrumentation transformers
Applications of transformers

2.10---2.13

10

Synchronous generator:
Working philosophy and construction of alternator
Equivalent circuit and internally generated voltages
Phasors diagram of alternator
Power and torque in alternator

5.1---5.6

11

Synchronous generator:
Alternator operating alone
Parallel operation of alternators
Alternator ratings
Applications of synchronous generator

5.8---5.9, 5.11

12

Synchronous motors:
Ideology and equivalent circuit
Variable field effects on motor
Synchronous condenser

6.1---6.2

13

Synchronous motors:
Starting procedure of synchronous motors
Synchronous motors compared to alternators
Synchronous motor speed control and ratings
Applications

6.3---6.5

14

Induction machines:
An introduction and construction if induction motor
Concept of slip in induction motor
Equivalent circuit of induction motor
Power and torque in induction motor
Torque-Speed characteristics of induction motor
Induction motor design and modern trends

7.1---7.7

## Department of Electrical Engineering

UET TAXILA

15

Induction machines:
Starting mechanism of induction motor
Induction motor Speed control
Determination if induction motor parameters
Induction generator
Applications

7.8---7.12

16

## Special purpose motors:

Universal motor
Single phase induction motor
Hysteresis; brushless and stepper motors

10.1---10.2, 10.6

UET TAXILA

Assessment Plan
Week 1
Week 2
Week 3

Week 4
Week 5
Week 6

Week 7

Week 8

Mid EXAM
Week 9
Week 10

Week 11
Week 12
Week 13
Week 14
Week 15

Week 16

End EXAM

UET TAXILA

THEORY

LABWORK

Assignments

10 marks

Quizzes

10 marks Quizzes

05 marks

20 marks

Projects

05 marks

Total

TOTAL

## Department of Electrical Engineering

05 marks

20 marks (1 credit)

UET TAXILA