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1. Aerobic wastewater treatment
Aerobic wastewater treatment is a process where bacteria utilize oxygen to
degrade organic matter (generally quantified as biochemical oxygen demand
or BOD) and other pollutants involved in various production systems.
Aerobic wastewater treatment processes include treatments such as
activated sludge, oxidation ditches, trickling filter, lagoon-based treatments,
and aerobic digestion.

The activated sludge process is a proven biological wastewater

treatment widely used in secondary wastewater treatment, both
domestic and industrial. It is particularly well suited to treating waste
streams high in organic or biodegradable content. It is most often used
to treat municipal sewage, wastewater generated by pulp and paper
mills, food-related industries such as meat processing, and any
industry producing waste streams containing carbon molecules. The
technology can be used in plants of all sizes
An oxidation ditch is a basin through which wastewater flows. This
secondary treatment process is used for both the nitrification and
denitrification of wastewater. While circulating effluent after primary
treatment, the wastewater is mixed with other sludge. Aeration adds
oxygen into the process and encourages microbial growth in the
wastewater. Once clarified, additional treatments may be needed,
depending on the end use of the treated water.
Trickling filters are a type of aerobic treatment that substitutes for an
aeration basin in a packaged wastewater treatment plant or a larger
aeration plant. These mixed media filters are commonly used to
remove compounds such as ammonia from the water after primary
treatment. They also can be used as an intermediary stage in a cycle
between anaerobic digestion and clarification to remove substances
including biodegradable organic compounds.
A lagoon is a wastewater holding compartment in which aeration in
performed. Although these basins can be used for solids settling, the
addition of aeration equipment accelerates the biological processes.
The wastewater, as it enters these large basins or holding ponds,
courses down an inlet at which an aerator is positioned to force more

air into the wastewater. This process produces high oxygen transfer
and mixing below the surface.
Equipment used in aerobic treatment may include diffused aeration systems
or mechanical surface aerators, such as RWL Waters Tornado surface
aerators. Aerators help maximize oxygen transfer and minimize odors as the
wastewater is treated

2. Anaerobic wastewater treatment

Anaerobic treatment is a process where wastewater or material is broken
down by microorganisms without the aid of dissolved oxygen.
Lagoons and septic tanks are example implementations of these types of
anaerobic treatment methods.