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Minidoka County Joint School District #331

-Ensuring academic excellence, ethical behavior, and personal responsibility

2006 Curriculum Revision

Health

Acknowledgements:
Janet Cooper - East Minico Middle School
Naomi Mac Rae - West Minico Middle School
Joanne Rogers - Minico High School
John Fennell - Curriculum Director
Approved Health Benchmarks Page 2 of 13
21 February 2006

8.1 Level: 7-8 Standard # 1 Healthy Lifestyles


Understands and acquires the essential skills to lead a healthy life.
Benchmarks (Grades 7 - 8):
8.1.1 Identifies the components of physical fitness
8.1.2 Identifies the prevention, causes, symptoms, treatment, and consequences of diseases and disorders
8.1.3 Demonstrates knowledge of basic first aid and injury prevention
8.1.4 Explains the relationship among mental/emotional, physical, and social health as a basis for wellness
8.1.5 Recognizes the impact of substance abuse on personal health
8.1.6 Identifies how food choices affect health
8.1.7 Labels the major components of each body system and identifies the relationship to overall health
8.1.8 Analyzes the importance of healthy relationships
8.1.9 Examines environmental health and recognizes how it relates to a healthy lifestyle
Learning Objectives
Seventh Grade
‰ 1.a Discusses the five components of physical fitness: muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, cardio-respiratory
endurance, and body composition
‰ 1.b Designs an exercise program
‰ 2.a Identifies specific diseases and disorders
‰ 2.b Differentiates between communicable and non-communicable diseases
‰ 3.a Defines the RICE (rest, ice, compression, and elevation) treatment
‰ 3.b Observes rescue breathing, abdominal thrusts, Heimlich maneuver, first aid, and CPR techniques
‰ 3.c Discusses Universal Precautions (washing hands and disposal of body fluids)
‰ 3.d Identifies safety precautions to prevent and/or reduce injury
‰ 4.a Identifies the relationship among the components of health
‰ 4.b Explains the different parts of the Health Triangle
‰ 5.a Analyzes how short- and long-term goals are affected by alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs
‰ 6.a Analyzes immediate and long-term benefits of good nutritional choices
‰ 6.b Analyzes the immediate and long-term benefits of eating breakfast
‰ 7.a Identifies the major body systems and their functions and relationships to one another
Approved Health Benchmarks Page 3 of 13
21 February 2006

‰ 8.a Describes the role of families and friends in affecting our health
‰ 8.b Discusses the importance of good communication skills
‰ 9.a Identifies sources and causes of environmental health risks
‰ 9.b Recognizes the environmental risks within our community
Approved Health Benchmarks Page 4 of 13
21 February 2006

8.2 Level: 7-8 Standard # 2 Risk-Taking Behavior


Understands and demonstrates the ability to practice health-enhancing behaviors and reduce health risks.
Benchmarks (Grades 7 - 8):
8.2.1 Identifies risk factors that lead to STDs and pregnancy
8.2.2 Evaluates the impact of risky behavior on personal health
8.2.3 Identifies the short-term effects and long-term consequences of substance abuse
Learning Objectives
Seventh Grade
‰ 1.a Explains how STDs are caused, transmitted, treated, and prevented
‰ 1.b Lists the early symptoms and long-term consequences of STDs
‰ 1.c Lists community resources for testing and treatment
‰ 1.d Lists the benefits of abstinence
‰ 2.a Discusses the leading causes of teen mortality
‰ 2.b Explains how the cumulative effects of poor health choices impact the well-being of the individual
‰ 2.c Determines how one’s heredity, environment, and personal choices contribute to diseases and disorders
‰ 3.a Discusses how chemical substances use and abuse can affect personal goals and opportunities
‰ 3.b Explains the effects of drug interactions on the body
‰ 3.c Recognizes that chemical substance dependencies are preventable and treatable and identifies appropriate community
resources
‰ 3.d Explains school policies and Idaho law regarding the unlawful use of chemical substances
Approved Health Benchmarks Page 5 of 13
21 February 2006

8.3 Level: 7-8 Standard # 3 Communication Skills for Healthy Relationships


Understands and demonstrates the ability to use communication skills to enhance health.
Benchmarks (Grades 7 - 8):
8.3.1 Describes and explains the causes and effects of conflict in schools and families
8.3.2 Demonstrates communication skills that enhance personal relationships
Learning Objectives
Seventh Grade
‰ 1.a Identifies potential conflict situations in school settings
‰ 1.b Applies conflict resolution skills (mediate, negotiate, compromise)
‰ 1.c Identifies resource personnel (teachers, administrators, friends, parents)
‰ 1.d Identifies and explains how the individual’s role is important in the family
‰ 2.a Identifies the skills needed to promote respect for self and others
‰ 2.b Practices coping skills, affirmations, refusal skills, and conflict resolution
Approved Health Benchmarks Page 6 of 13
21 February 2006

8.4 Level: 7-8 Standard # 4 Consumer Health


Understands, organizes, analyzes, and applies health information practices and services appropriate for individual needs.
Benchmarks (Grades 7 - 8):
8.4.1 Analyzes the validity of health information, products, and services
8.4.2 Identifies the available resources that provide health care services and information
Learning Objectives
Seventh Grade
‰ 1.a Analyzes advertising techniques
‰ 1.b Discusses factors and situations that influence personal selection of consumer products
‰ 2.a Uses available health information resources (Internet, media, and periodicals)
‰ 2.b Recognizes community resources for health services
Approved Health Benchmarks Page 7 of 13
21 February 2006

8.5 Level: 7-8 Standard # 5 Mental and Emotional Wellness


Understands, organizes, analyzes, and applies health information practices and services appropriate for individual needs.
Benchmarks (Grades 7 - 8):
8.5.1 Identifies mental and emotional disorders
8.5.2 Recognizes the personal aspects of mental and emotional health
8.5.3 Identifies stressors and techniques for stress management
8.5.4 Demonstrates aspects of emotional safety
8.5.5 Analyzes factors that influence the use of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs
Learning Objectives
Seventh Grade
‰ 1.a Identifies the early warning signs of depression
‰ 1.b Discusses defense mechanisms
‰ 1.c Recognizes eating disorders
‰ 1.d Identifies situations in which a person should seek help for self or others
‰ 2.a Identifies the stages of the grieving process
‰ 2.b Recognizes methods to build self-esteem
‰ 2.c Assesses personal behaviors and attitudes and how they relate to mental and emotional wellness
‰ 3.a Identifies the difference between positive and negative stress and its effects on the individual
‰ 3.b Identifies positive techniques to help deal with stress
‰ 4.a Defines types of harassment
‰ 4.b Develops strategies for dealing with harassment
‰ 5.a Discusses various factors impacting addiction
‰ 5.b Identifies types of intervention
Approved Health Benchmarks Page 8 of 13
21 February 2006

12.1 Level: 9-12 Standard # 1 Healthy Lifestyles


Understands and acquires the essential skills to lead a healthy life.
Benchmarks (Grades 9 -12):
12.1.1 Assesses the benefits of proper nutrition and regular physical activity on the health of humans throughout the life cycle
12.1.2 Assesses how personal health issues change during life (puberty, aging, disability, serious illness/injury)
12.1.3 Evaluates the psychological, social, emotional, and physical implications of human sexuality in developing and maintaining a
responsible, and healthy lifestyle
12.1.4 Demonstrates knowledge and concepts of basic injury prevention, emergency care, and crisis management procedures
12.1.5 Identifies and evaluates the prevention, causes, symptoms, treatment, and consequences of diseases and disorders
12.1.6 Assesses environmental and other external factors that affect individual and community health (public health policies,
governmental regulations, research)
Learning Objectives
Tenth Grade
‰ 1.a Recognizes how nutritional information is used to plan a healthy diet (reading product labels and established dietary
guidelines)
‰ 1.b Explains the immediate and long-term benefits of nutrition and physical activity
‰ 2.a Describes physical and mental changes that occur during life
‰ 3.a Recognizes how sexual decisions are influenced by external pressures (community, media, peers)
‰ 3.b Describes human fetal development from conception through birth
‰ 3.c Identifies social, emotional, intellectual and economic aspects of sexual relationships
‰ 3.d Identifies threats to personal safety (incest, rape, date rape)
‰ 3.e Identifies and recognizes abstinence as the surest method to prevent pregnancy and STDs
‰ 4.a Identifies behaviors and situations that impair personal safety and require intervention (injuries and other crises)
‰ 4.b Identifies the appropriate responses to life threatening and non-life threatening emergencies
‰ 4.c Identifies the local support systems concerning personal safety (family, teachers, emergency response personnel, American
Red Cross, religious advisors, friends, counselors)
‰ 4.d Describe and compare health and safety methods that reduce risks (wearing seat belts, wearing helmets, using sunscreen)
‰ 5.a Identify causes, preventive methods and available treatment for chronic diseases (heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes)
Approved Health Benchmarks Page 9 of 13
21 February 2006

‰ 5.b Identify causes of infectious diseases (hepatitis, STDs, colds, flu, mumps, measles)
‰ 5.c Identifies ways that infectious diseases are spread, the means of prevention, and available treatment options
‰ 6.a Discusses how public health policies and governmental regulations influence wellness and disease prevention
‰ 6.b Identifies sources and causes of environmental health risks
‰ 6.c Explains interrelationships between the environment, individual, and community health
‰ 6.d Discusses how prevention and control of health problems are influenced by research and health care advances
Approved Health Benchmarks Page 10 of 13
21 February 2006

12.2 Level: 9-12 Standard # 2 Risk-Taking Behavior


Understands and demonstrates the ability to practice health-enhancing behaviors and reduce health risks.
Benchmarks (Grades 9 - 12):
12.2.1 Assesses the consequences of sexual activity (unplanned pregnancy, STDs, emotional distress)
12.2.2 Assesses the short- and long-term consequences of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs (use, misuse, abuse, dependency)
12.2.3 Evaluates the impact of risky behaviors on personal and community health
Learning Objectives
Tenth Grade
‰ 1.a Explains how STDs are caused, transmitted, treated, and prevented
‰ 1.b Lists early symptoms and long-term consequences of STDs
‰ 1.c Explains the physical, social, ethical, emotional, intellectual, and economic consequences of sexual activity (unplanned
pregnancy, quality of life, child abuse, goals, self-esteem, STDs)
‰ 1.d Analyzes how family, peers, and media influence sexual decision-making (critique TV ads, social norm development, and
family interpersonal communications)
‰ 2.a Evaluates how the use, misuse and the abuse of alcohol and other drugs contribute to health problems, crimes and suicide
‰ 2.b Recognizes that alcohol, tobacco and other drug dependencies are preventable and treatable diseases/ conditions and identifies
appropriate community resources
‰ 2.c Explains how alcohol, tobacco, and other drug dependencies are preventable and treatable diseases/conditions and identifies
appropriate community resources
‰ 2.d Identifies positives alternatives to substance use, misuse, and abuse
‰ 3.a Discusses the leading causes of teen mortality and formulates methods of prevention (accidents, suicide, homicides)
‰ 3.b Discusses how alcohol, tobacco, and other use and non-use impact personal goals, economic, educational opportunities, and
occupational choices
‰ 3.c Determines how ones genetics and heath choices contribute to diseases (heredity, physical inactivity, hygiene, nutrition, stress,
environment, infection)
‰ 3.d Explains how the cumulative effects of poor health choices impact the physical, emotional, financial, and legal well being of
the individual, family, and community
Approved Health Benchmarks Page 11 of 13
21 February 2006

12.3 Level: 9-12 Standard # 3 Communication Skills for Healthy Relationships


Understands and demonstrates the ability to use communication skills to enhance health.
Benchmarks (Grades 9 - 12):
12.3.1 Analyzes the causes and effects of conflict in schools, families, workplaces, and communities
12.3.2 Demonstrates and evaluates communication skills that enhance intra-personal health (coping skills, self-efficacy, affirmations,
refusal skills, conflict resolution)
12.3.3 Relates how effective interpersonal communication skills can be used to build, maintain, and enhance interactions between
family, peers, workplace, and society
Learning Objectives
Tenth Grade
‰ 1.a Discusses sources of conflict and their affects on schools, families, the workplace, and communities
‰ 2.a Identifies factors that promote a positive self-image (positive self-talk, respect for self, respect for authority, respect for others,
recognition of the right to be assertive)
‰ 2.b Identifies ways of resisting persuasive tactics in regards to self-defeating behaviors (negotiating, using refusal, decision-
making skills)
‰ 3.a Demonstrates various strategies for enhancing interpersonal relationships (collaboration, negotiation, decision-making, refusal
skills, conflict resolution)
Approved Health Benchmarks Page 12 of 13
21 February 2006

12.4 Level: 9-12 Standard # 4 Consumer Health


Understands, organizes, analyzes, and applies health information practices and services appropriate for individual needs.
Benchmarks (Grades 9 - 12):
12.4.1 Evaluates the validity of health information, products and services (advertising claims, quackery, fraudulence, health-related
research)
12.4.2 Evaluates resources from home, school, library, and the community that provide valid health care information
12.4.3 Evaluates factors and situations that influence personal selection of health care products and services (when to seek treatment,
when or what product to use)
12.4.4 Analyzes the cost and accessibility of health care services
Learning Objectives
Tenth Grade
‰ 1.a Identifies health services and information resources
‰ 1.b Explains the concept of the Patient’s Bill of Rights
‰ 2.a Matches various health care needs and problems with associated local health care service agencies, clinics, and other advisory
services
‰ 2.b Compares and contrasts local community resources that provide health information and services (family, school, church,
friends, counselors, hospitals, emergency response personnel, recreation centers, pharmacies)
‰ 2.c Applies critical thinking skills to marketing and advertising methods for influencing health care choices
‰ 3.a Applies critical thinking skills to marketing and advertising methods for influencing health choice (food, medicines, products)
‰ 3.b Identifies, recognizes, and discusses favorable and unfavorable health care practices that are directly affected by a variety of
persuasive sources (peers, media, advertising)
‰ 3.c Evaluates how values, attitudes, and beliefs impact consumer choices about health care issues
‰ 4.a Differentiates between short and long-term health care services (inpatient, outpatient, emergency, alternative service)
Approved Health Benchmarks Page 13 of 13
21 February 2006

12.5 Level: 9-12 Standard # 5 Mental and Emotional Wellness


Understands, organizes, analyzes, and applies health information practices and services appropriate for individual needs.
Benchmarks (Grades 9 - 12):
12.5.1 Assesses strategies for coping with and overcoming feelings of stress (rejection, social isolation, other forms of stress,
burnout)
12.5.2 Identifies methods for addressing mental and emotional concerns (depression, grief, eating disorders, suicide)
Learning Objectives
Tenth Grade
‰ 1.a Differentiates between mental, emotional, and physical causes of stress
‰ 1.b Identifies positive techniques that help one deal with stress
‰ 2.a Discusses the stages of the grieving process and methods of coping
‰ 2.b Identifies positive coping behaviors for dealing with life changing situations (moving, change in employment, divorce, death,
rape, incest, abuse, suicide)
‰ 2.c Identifies a personal support system for mental and emotional health
‰ 2.d Identifies situations in which one should seek help for self and/or others