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# DAYANANDA SAGAR COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

## Shavige Malleshwara Hills, Kumaraswamy Layout, Bangalore 560 078.

(An Autonomous Institute affiliated to VTU, Approved by AICTE & ISO 9001:2008 Certified)
Accredited by National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) with A grade

## DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

Assignment I
Subject: Dynamics of Machines
Assignment display date: 20-08-2016
before 5pm
Faculty name: Hareesha N G

## Sub Code: 10AE53

Assignment Submission date: 06-09-2016,
Return of Assignment: 07-09-2016

## All Questions are to be answered compulsorily

Q.N
Question Description
o
1 a Explain the equilibrium of the following systems:
b
c

i) Two force members ii) three force members iii) Member with two forces and
a torque
With usual notations, Explain the principle of virtual work, considering a slider
crank mechanism
For the mechanism shown in Fig. Q1 (c), Determine the torque on the link AB
for static equilibrium of the mechanism.

a In

## Fig. Q.2 (b)

mechanism shown in Fig. Q.2(a), torque T 3 and T4 have
magnitudes of 30 N.m and20 N.m respectively. The link lengths are AD = 800
mm, AB = 300 mm, BC = 700 mm and CD = 400 mm. For the static equilibrium
of the mechanism, determine the required input torque T 2.
For the static equilibrium of the quick return mechanism shown in fig. Q.2 (b),
Predict the input torque T2 to be applied on link AB for a force of 300N on the
slider D. The dimensions of the various links are OA=400mm, AB=200mm,
OC=800mm, CD=300mm.

a Obtain the expressions for frictional torque in a flat collar bearing for uniform
b

a
b

## pressure and wear conditions.

Assess the power lost in overcoming the friction and number of collars
required for a thrust bearing whose contact surfaces are 20cm external radius
and 15cm in internal radius. The coefficient of friction is 0.08. The total axial
load is 30 kN. Intensity of pressure is not to exceed 3.5 x 10 5 N/m2. Speed of the
shaft is 420 rpm.
Establish an expression for ratio of tensions in flat belt drive.
A belt 100 mm wide and 10 mm thick is to transmit power at speed of 1000
m/min. The net driving tension is 1.8 times the tension on slack side. If the safe
permissible stress is 2 MPa. Evaluate the maximum power that can be
transmitted at this speed. Assume the density of leather as 1000 kg/m 3. Also
determine (i) the absolute maximum power. (ii) Percentage increase in power.
2.5 kW of power is transmitted by an open belt drive. The linear velocity of the

a
b

belt is 2.5 m/s, The angle of lap on the smaller pulley is 165. The coefficient of
friction is 0.3. Determine the effect on power transmission in the following
cases: 1) Initial tension in the belt is increased by 8%. 2) Initial tension in the
belt is decreased by 8%. 3) Angle of lap is increased by 8% by the use of an
idler pulley, for the same speed and tension on the tight side. 4) Coefficient of
friction is increased by 8% by suitable dressing to the friction sample of the belt.
An open belt drive connects two pulleys 1.5 m and 0.5m diameter on parallel
shafts 3.5m apart. The belt has a mass of 1 kg/m length and the maximum
tension in the belt is not to exceed 2 kN. The 1.5m pulley, which is the driver,
runs at 250 rpm. Due to belt slip, the velocity of the driven shaft is only 730
rpm. If the coefficient of friction between the belt and the pulley is 0.25
Examine , i) The torque on each shaft ii) Power transmitted iii) The power lost
in friction and iv) The efficiency of the drive.
What do you mean by static balancing and dynamic balancing?. Explain in
detail taking a suitable example.
A rotating shaft carries four masses A, B, C and D, which are radially attached to
it, along the shaft axis. The mass centres are 40mm, 50mm, 60mm and 70mm
respectively from the axis of rotation. The masses B,C and D are 60kg, 50kg and
40kg respectively. The angles of the masses C and D with respect to mass B are
90 and 210 in same sense, respectively. The planes containing B and C are
0.5m apart. For a complete balanced system, Determine ;i) The mass and
angular position of mass A. ii) The position of planes containing masses A and
D.

## a A shaft has three eccentrics, each 75 mm diameter and 25 mm thick, machined

in one piece with the shaft. The central planes of the eccentric are 60 mm apart.
The distance of the centres from the axis of rotation are 12 mm, 18 mm and 12
mm and their angular positions are 120 apart. The density of metal is 7000
kg/m3. Inspect the amount of out-of-balance force and couple at 600 r.p.m. If
the shaft is balanced by adding two masses at a radius 75 mm and at distances
of 100 mm from the central plane of the middle eccentric, find the amount of
the masses and their angular positions.
Four masses M1 = 100 kg, M2 = 175 kg, M3 = 200 kg and M4 = 125 kg are fixed
to the crank of 200 mm radius and revolve in planes 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively.
The angular position of the planes 2, 3 and 4 with respect to first mass are 75,
135 and 240 taken in the same sense. Distance of the planes 2, 3 and 4 from
first are 600 mm, 1800 mm and 2400 mm. Evaluate the magnitude and
position of the balancing masses at radius 600 mm in planes 'L' and M' located
in the middle of 1 and 2 and in the middle of 3 and 4 respectively.