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Oj jabuko zeleniko, to si tako blidolika?Ne ud mi se to sam tako blidolika!

Zmaj
se lee u korinu, sivi soko u vriki.Zmaj sokolu popriuje:Ne vij gnjizdo vie
mene, gnjizdo u ti oboriti,a mladie pomoriti, tebe starca zatiratiu planinu med
vlajine, gdi vlajine svilu predu...
Veles, god of Underworld., the new year, dead come to visit the living, early
march transfered to easter
Festivals in honour of him were held near the end of the year, in winter, when
time was coming to the very end of world order, chaos was growing stronger, the
borders between worlds of living and dead were fading, and ancestral spirits
would return amongst the living. This was the ancient pagan celebration of Velja
noc (Great Night), the relic of which still persists amongst many Slavic countries
in folk customs of Koleda, a kind of combination of carnival and Halloween, which
can happen anywhere from Christmas up to end of February. Young men, known
as koledari or vucari would dress long coats of sheep's wool and don grotesque
masks, roaming around villages in groups and raising a lot of noise. They sang
songs saying they travelled a long way, and they are all wet and muddy, an
allusion of the wet underworld of Veles from which they came as ghosts of dead.
The master of any house they visited would welcome them warmly and presented
them with gifts. This is an example of Slavic shamanism, which also indicates
Veles was a god of magic and wealth. The gifts given to koledari were probably
believed to be passed onto him (which makes him very much like a dragon
hoarding treasure), thus ensuring good fortune and wealth for the house and
family through entire year. As seen in descriptions from the Primary Chronicle, by
angering Veles one would be stricken by diseases.
Jarilo, god of vegetation and fertility, spring fertility festival
V tom as drakun iz jezera se isklonjae.Sveti Juraj ga zagledae.Znamenijem
svetago kria on se znamenae,ita i sulice rukama potresnjae,tr drakuna v
grlo probodjae.
Iza mora crvenoga, iza gore zelene,ravno u to polje, cipele mu blatne, a resice

zlatne
Ivanje, summer solstice celebrated as a large wedding and followed by an orgy.
Bathing and bonfires, transfered to john the baptist
Perun, mid summer- sveti ilija, holiest of festivals, possible human sacrifices, right
before the harvest
festival to end the harvest
winter solstice, birth of the young sun god, bozic (Svarog is the old sungod,
Dazbog is the young)

Perun: the god of thunder and lightning is the only god of Slavs, lord of all)
Perun is described as a rugged man with a copper beard. He rides in a chariot
pulled by a he-goat and carries a mighty axe, or sometimes a hammer. The axe
is hurled at evil people and spirits and will always return to his hand.Perun was
the god of the second function (physical and military power), a god of war, and as
such, he was armed with several fantastic weapons. Perun's lightning bolts were
believed to be stones and stone arrows.
Perun also had another type of weapon in his arsenal, as destructive as his
firestone arrows, but even more unusual: mythical golden apples. While this may
not seem to be much of a weapon, in many Slavic folk accounts, the golden
apple appears as a talisman of ultimate destruction. An example from a Serbian
folk song with strong mythical elements relates:
a se mlada od zemlje podigla,I baila u depove ruke,Te izvadi tri jabuke zlatne,I
bai ih nebu u visine.Natae na svatah est stotinah,Ko e prije ugrabit' jabuke;
No tri munje od neba pukoe:Jedna gaa dva evera mlada,Druga gaa pau na
dorina,Trea gaa svatah est stotinah;ne utee oka za svjedoka,Ni da kae,
kako pogibee!

Like many other Indo-European thunder gods, Perun's vegetative hypostasis was
the oak, especially a particularly distinctive or prominent one. In Southern Slavic
traditions, marked oaks stood on country borders; communities at these positions
were visited during village holidays in the late spring and during the summer.
Shrines of Perun were located either on top of mountains or hills, or in sacred
groves underneath ancient oaks. These were a general place of worship and
holding of sacrifices (with a bull, an ox, a ram, and eggs). It seems humans were
also sacrificed to Perun. According to the Primary Chronicle, prisoners of war
were sacrificed to him, probably one each year, during the nine days of his holy
festival, which was held in mid-summer.
he is always accompanied by Vales, god of the underworld,, associated with
dragons, cattle, magic, musicians, wealth and trickery.he may have been
imagined as (at least partially) serpentine, with horns (of a bull, ram or some
other domesticated herbivore), and a long beard.puna aka brade (full fist of
beard) or, particularly, primiti boga za bradu ("to grab a god for [his] beard", the
forgotten god in this expression most likely being a pagan Veles), allude to
exceptionally good fortune and gaining of wealth.
the opposition of natural principles of earth, water, substance (Veles) against
heaven, fire, spirit (Perun).
Perun was married to the Sun. He, however, shared his wife with his enemy
Veles, as each night the Sun was thought of as diving behind the horizon and into
the underworld, the realm of the dead over which Veles ruled.
The reason of enmity between two gods is Veles' theft of Perun's son, wife or,
usually, cattle. It is also an act of challenge: Veles, in the form of a huge serpent,
slithers from the caves of Underworld and coils upwards the Slavic world tree
towards Perun's heavenly domain. Perun retaliates and attacks Veles with his
lightning bolts. Veles flees, hiding or transforming himself into trees, animals or
people. In the end he is killed by Perun, and in this ritual death, whatever Veles
stole is released from his battered body in form of rain falling from skies.
Perun is a heavenly god of thunder and lightning, fiery and dry, who rules the
living world from his citadel high above, located on the top of the highest branch
of the World Tree. Veles is a chthonic god associated with waters, earthly and

wet, lord of the underworld, who rules the realm of the dead from down in the
roots of the World Tree. Perun is a giver of rain to farmers, god of war and
weapons, invoked by fighters. Veles is a god of cattle, protector of shepherds,
associated with magic and commerce.
Veles, appearing under the Christian guise of St. Nicholas, saves the poor farmer
and his cattle from furious and destructive St. Elias the Thunderer, who, of
course, represent the old Perun.
the underworld to be an ever-green world of eternal spring and wet, grassy
plains, where Jarilo grew up guarding the cattle of his stepfather.the land of dead
was assumed to lie across the sea, where migrating birds would fly every winter.

Jarilo and Morana...Gdje Jura/Jare/Jarilo hodi, tu vam polje rodi...


Marzanna, Mara, Murava, Morana, Morna or Morena Goddess of harvest and
witchcraft Najei je lik lijepe djevojke crne kose i izuzetno bijele puti vujih
onjak i kandama na rukama. Morana je letjela na metli i plovila na ljusci od
jajeta i ove odlike e, kasnije, biti pripisane novom duhovnom biu vjetici.
Mnogi tumae da je njen drugi lik onaj Babe Jage
Jarilo himself was conceived of as a horse, which would explain the apparent
absurdity mentioned in songs: He can both walk and come on a horse because
he himself is horse-like. One can only guess how the ancient Slavs imagined this
mythical hero to look like, perhaps as some sort of centaur.
the fertility and vegetation god, Jarilo, and his sister and wife, Morana, goddess
of nature and death. Jarilo is associated with the Moon and Morana is considered
a daughter of the Sun. Both of them are children of Perun, born on the night of
the new year (Great Night). However, on the same night, Jarilo is snatched from
the cradle and taken to the underworld, where Veles raises him as his own. At the
Spring festival of Jare/Jurjevo, Jarilo returns from the world of the dead (from
across the sea), bringing spring from the ever-green underworld into the realm of
the living. He meets his sister Morana and courts her. At the beginning of
summer, the festival later known as Ivanje/Ivan, Kupala celebrated their divine
wedding. The sacred union between brother and sister, children of the supreme
god, brings fertility and abundance to earth, ensuring a bountiful harvest. Also,
since Jarilo is a (step)son of Veles, and his wife daughter of Perun, their marriage

brings peace between two great gods; in other words, it ensures there will be no
storms which could damage the harvest.Jarilo was associated with the Moon. His
somewhat mischievous nature
After the harvest, however, Jarilo is unfaitfhul to his wife, and she vengfully slays
him (returns him into the underworld), renewing the enmity between Perun and
Veles. Without her husband, god of fertility and vegetation, Morana and all of
nature with her withers and freezes in the upcoming winter; she turns into a
terrible, old, and dangerous goddess of darkness and frost, and eventually dies
by the end of year. he was unfaithful to his wife, and so she (or her father Perun,
or his other nine sons, her brothers) kills him in retribution. This rather gruesome
death is in fact a ritual sacrifice, and Morana uses parts of Jarilo's body to build
herself a new house. Morana turns into a frustrated old hag, a terrible and
dangerous goddess of death, frost and upcoming winter, and eventually dies by
the end of the year. At the beginning of the next year, both she and Jarilo are
born again, and the entire myth starts anew. Ulazila je kroz kljuanice u kue,
nou, da bi muila ljude, najradije djecu, tako to ih je pritiskala i oduzimala im
dah tokom sna. Time ih je, duhovno i tjelesno, slabila. Ova djelatnost Morane
propraena je uzreicama: "Nona mora", "Pritisla me mora", "Guila me mora"
itd, a ovi pojmovi su preneseni i na ostale ljudske nedae, pa je u naem rjeniku
uspomenu na boginju Moranu (Moru) sauvalo i nekoliko drugih izreka: "Mori me
ed", "Mori me ljubav", "Smori me teret" i druge. A kad je u pitanju najgori oblik
ispoljavanja boginje Morane, Srbi su zadrali o njemu izraz "Zavladala mora na
ljudima" ili "Zavladala mora na stoci".
Processions of villagers would go around for a walk in the country or through
villages on this day. Something or someone was identified to be Jarilo or Juraj: A
doll made of straw, a man or a child adorned with green branches, or a girl
dressed like a man, riding on a horse. Certain songs were sung which alluded to
Juraj/Jarilo's return from a distant land across the sea, the return of spring into
the world, blessings, fertility and abundance to come.
Jarilo was a son of the supreme Slavic god of thunder, Perun, his lost, missing,
tenth son, born on the last night of February. On the same night, however, Jarilo
was stolen from his father and taken to the world of dead, where he was adopted
and raised by Veles,

Svarog, Svaroi, Dabog Svarog simply meant (daylight) sky


Svarog can be also understood as meaning a shining, fiery place; a forge
Svarog had two sons: Svaroi, who represented fire on earth, and Dabog, who
represented fire in the sky and was associated with Sun. Svarog was believed to
have forged the Sun and have given it to his son Dabog to carry it across the
sky.
Serbian folklore, however, presents a far darker picture of him; he is remembered
as Dabog, a frightful and lame deity guarding the doors of the underworld,
associated with mining and precious metals. Veselin ajkanovi pointed out that
these two aspects fit quite nicely into a symbolism of Slavic solar deity; a
benevolent side represents the Dabog during day, when he carries the Sun
across the sky. The malevolent and ugly Dabog carries the Sun through the
underworld at night. This pattern can also be applied to Sun's yearly cycle; a
benevolent aspect is associated with young, summer Sun, and a malevolent one
with old, winter Sun.

Svantevit and Triglav


three-headed Triglav and the four-headed Svantevit.
A possibly significant difference is that Svantevit had a white horse whilst Triglav
a black one, and Svantevit was represented with four heads whilst Triglav (whose
name simply means Three-headed) with three. Svantevit was also associated
with victory in war, harvest, and commerce.
VIDOVDAN- svantevit
a four-headed god with two heads looking forward and two back. A statue
portraying the god shows him with four heads, each one looking in a separate
direction, a symbolical representation of the four directions of the compass, and
also perhaps the four seasons of the year.He always carries his sword
(sometimes bow) in one hand, and in the other a drinking horn. Svetovid had a
white horse
Vojevao Beli VideTri god'ne s kleti TurciA et'ri s crni Ugri...

Triglav is a unity of three gods. The exact members of the triad vary by place and
time. An early variation included Svarog, Perun, and Dajbog. Later, Dajbog was
replaced by Svetovid or Veles. Triglav is usually described as a fusion of these
gods. More rarely he is said to be their son. It may also be a unity of lesser gods
(Lesser Triglav).
In one legend, Triglav is veiled completely, so holy that he cannot see the evil
deeds of men. He rarely appears around mortals.
Triglav is depicted as a three-headed man sometimes with bands of (gold)
blindfolds over his eyes, or a man with three goat heads.
Triglav's heads represent sky, earth and the Underworld. Some priests said that
Triglav has three heads because he rules all three kingdoms (sky, earth and hell)
and has a binding over his eyes so he could not see people's sins. His eyes are
said to possess great power (that's why all eyes on his statues are covered).

Zorya and Danica


Danica is often called Sun's younger sister or daughter, and was probably
associated with Morana. Consequently, Zorya was either Sun's mother or older
sister.