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1412 CBL -- SS-1

1412XA CEMENT BOND TOOL -- EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATIONS

Maximum Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400oF (204oC) for 1 hour


Maximum Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17,000 psi (1195 kg/cm2)
(117.2 MPa)
Minimum Casing Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.88 in. ( 73.2 mm)
Maximum Casing Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.5 in. (139.7 mm)
Tool Diameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.70 in. ( 43.2 mm)
Shipping Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ft. - 5.0 in. (4.09 m)
Make-up Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ft. - 1.0 in. (3.68 m)
Mandrel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 ft. - 9.0 in. (1.45 m)
Electronics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 ft. - 3.0 in. (1.91 m)
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 lb. (24.9 kg)
Maximum Logging Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 ft/min (15.2 m/min)
Measurement Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CBL (Amplitude): 0-100% free pipe
amplitude signal
SIG & VDL:
200-1200 microseconds
SRT:
User selectable
Absolute Accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1% with standard resistance termination load
Repeatability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Repeat and main log must show no appreciable
difference
Vertical Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 in. (61 cm)
Basic measurement
Presentation presents data averaged over 4 ft
(121.9 cm)
(T - R spacing = 4 ft)
Radial Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 360 degrees
Depth of Investigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 in. (10.16 cm)
Measure Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 ft. - 9.9 in. (0.86 m)

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 88748-925

APRIL 1991

1412 CBL -- SS-2


1412XA CEMENT BOND TOOL -- EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATIONS

Power Requirements:
Logging mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 Vdc at 80 mA at cablehead
Switching mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 Vdc at cablehead (momentarily applied)
Wireline Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Single or Multi-conductor
Conductor Utilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Single conductor
Combinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1311 Gamma Ray
2302 CCL
1929 Centralizer
Shock/Vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Units meet Spec. 59832-051
Detector Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ceramic transducer

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 88748-925

APRIL 1991

1415 CBL -- SS-1


1415XA CEMENT BOND TOOL -- EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATIONS

Maximum Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 392oF (200oC) for 0.5 hours


Maximum Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20,000 psi (1406 kg/cm2)
(137.9 MPa)
Minimum Casing Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.5 in. (114.3 mm)
Maximum Casing Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.38 in. (339.7 mm)
Tool Diameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3.38 in. (85.9 mm)

Shipping Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ft. - 6.0 in. (4.11 m)


Make-up Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ft. - 2.3 in. (3.72 m)
Mandrel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 ft. - 11.7 in. (2.13 m)
Electronics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 ft. - 2.6 in. (1.59 m)
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 lb. (74.4 kg)
Maximum Logging Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 ft/min (15.2 m/min)
Measurement Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CBL (Amplitude): 0-100% free pipe
amplitude signal
SIG & VDL:
200-1200 microseconds
SRT:
User selectable
Absolute Accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1% with standard resistance termination load
Repeatability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Repeat and main log must show no appreciable
difference
Vertical Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 in. (45.7 cm)
Radial Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 360 degrees
Depth of Investigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 in. (10.16 cm)
Measure Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 ft. spacing: 4 ft.- 0 in. (1.22 m) from matching
point of black block
5 ft. spacing: 3 ft.- 0 in. (0.91 m) from matching
point of black block
Power Requirements:
Logging mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 Vdc at 90 mA at cablehead
Switching mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 Vdc at cablehead (momentarily applied)

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 094870-925

APRIL 1991

1415 CBL -- SS-2


1415XA CEMENT BOND TOOL -- EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATIONS

Wireline Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Single or Multi-conductor for most cable sizes


and types
Conductor Utilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Single conductor
Pressure Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oil-filled pressure compensated mandrel
Combinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1305/09XA Gamma Ray
2422XA Neutron
2318XA Casing Collar Locator
1936 Centralizer
Shock/Vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Units meet Spec. 59832-051
Detector Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ceramic transducer

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 094870-925

APRIL 1991

1417 CBL -- SS-1


1417XA CEMENT BOND TOOL -- EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATIONS

Maximum Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450oF (232oC) for 4 hours


338oF (170oC) for 12 hours
Maximum Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20,000 psi (1406 kg/cm2)
Minimum Casing Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.5 in. (114.3 mm)
Maximum Casing Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 in. (406.4 mm) limited by centralizers available
Tool Diameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.38 in. ( 85.9 mm)
Shipping Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 ft. - 4.0 in. (5.28 m)
Make-up Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 ft. - 7.0 in. (4.75 m)
Mandrel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 ft. - 7.0 in. (2.62 m)
Electronics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 ft. - 0.0 in. (2.13 m)
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281 lb. (127.5 kg)
Maximum Logging Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 ft/min (15.2 m/min)
Measurement Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CBL (Amplitude): 0-100% free pipe
amplitude signal
SIG & VDL:
200-1200 microseconds
SRT:
User selectable
Absolute Accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1% with standard resistance termination load
Repeatability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Repeat and main log must show no appreciable
difference
Vertical Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 in. (45.7 cm)
Radial Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 360 degrees
Depth of Investigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 in. (7.62 cm) to 7 in. (17.78 cm)
Measure Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 ft. spacing: 6 ft. - 0.1 in. (1.83 m) from matching
point of black block
5 ft. spacing: 5 ft. - 0.1 in. (1.53 m) from matching
point of black block
Power Requirements
Logging mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 Vdc at 60-70 mA at cablehead
Switching mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 Vdc at cablehead (momentarily applied)

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 130040-925

APRIL 1991

1417 CBL -- SS-2


1417XA CEMENT BOND TOOL -- EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATIONS

Wireline Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Single or Multi-conductor


Pressure Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oil-filled pressure compensated mandrel
Conductor Utilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Single conductor
Combinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1305/09 Gamma Ray
2422 Neutron
2318 Casing Collar Locator
Shock/Vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Units meet Spec. 59832-051
Detector Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ceramic transducer

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 130040-925

APRIL 1991

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1986
ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS

The CBL instruments are usually calibrated at the well in a free


pipe zone. Optionally, a CBL can be calibrated using a standard
calibrator of 5.5 inches and 15.5 lbs/ft of weight.
It is possible to adapt a Primary calibration done in the shop
calibrator to other environments like different pipe size, pipe
weight, etc. The calibration generated by this adaptation process
is called Secondary calibration. Requirements for the Secondary to
take place is to have some partially free pipe and a previous
knowledge of the pipe characteristics.
The Secondary calibration scheme is only available for 1415 and
1417 instruments when the mode is Alternate and the spacings are 3
ft for the short and 5 ft for the long. Other instruments may be
included in the future.
The instrument should be cleaned well and properly centralized when
performing any type of calibration. The standard calibrator should
be filled with water and pressurized to 600 lbs/in.2 (413 kPa or
42.13 kg/cm2).
The wireline has an important effect in the characteristics of the
acoustic signals. When performing a Primary calibration use the
same wireline that will be used in the well when logging. If the
truck or skid has two wirelines, two calibrations for the same
instrument may be performed using distinguishing identification
numbers.
Conductor 7 (center conductor) is recommended when using
monoconductor instruments with multiconductor lines. Do not use any
other conductor or combination of conductors.
Splicing cables of different characteristics (different dielectric
material) may have a detrimental effect on acoustic signals and
this practice should be avoided when possible.
All CBL calibrations done with a specific cable become questionable
when the cable is cut. Redo all the CBL Calibrations associated
with the wireline in question.
If the auxiliary instruments in the string use the same conductor
as the CBL to send the signal uphole, it is likely that they will
affect the amplitude of the acoustic signal.
Unless the CBL instrument has the Summing Junction modification,
the other instruments in the string will make the signal smaller.
Use the same configuration in the well as the one used in the
Primary calibration.
If the Summing Junction modification is installed in the CBL tool
and auxiliary instruments, it is not necessary to have the
auxiliary instruments in the string during Shop Calibration.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 1

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

FEBRUARY 1987
CURVES
Name

Description

Units

CBL
LCBL
FCBL
PPT
LPPT
SRT
LRT
PRT

Percent Unbonded (Short Spaced Receiver)


Long Receiver Percent Unbonded
Floating Gate Percent Unbonded
Predicted Pipe Time (Short Spaced Receiver)
Long Predicted Pipe Time
Single Receiver Time
Long Receiver Time
PROCBL Receiver Time, used only for PROLOG
(PROCBL) computation. Should be taped if
necessary. If in doubt of whether a PROCBL
will be requested, use a Service Table that
contains this curve. This curve cannot be
generated from other curves in the BIT tape.
Variable Density Log (Used only to produce the
time scale for VDL)
Signatures (Used only to produce the time scale
for SIG)

none
none
none
mics
mics
mics
mics
mics

VDL
SIG

mics
mics

Caution: Its scale should always reflect the true VDL


(SIG) scale. A change in the scale of curve name VDL
(SIG) does not change the VDL (SIG) scale in the film.
Delays shown on film for VDL and SIG should be the Long
Space Delay.
COMPUTED CURVES (Note:FSYSCB D008 VER 1 will not support computed
curves.)
Name

Description

BI

Bond Index, user's entries: AMX (% CBL),


AMN (% CBL)
Single Receiver Intrinsic Attenuation,
user's entry:

SATT

FPAT

Units
none
dB/ft;
dB/m

(dB/ft; dB/m)

VDL AND SIG SCALES IN MICROSECONDS


T-R Spacing
3
4
5
6
7

ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

1412, 1415, 1417

1603, 1604, 1605, 1607

0
1000
100
1100
200
1200
not available
not available

200
200
200
300
300

1200
1200
1200
1300
1300

VDL is always plotted on the Lower Magazine presentation if the


grid is APIV.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 2

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

FEBRUARY 1987

SIG is always plotted on the Upper Magazine presentation if the


grid is APIV. A full wave signature with a 1.5 cm peak to peak
amplitude is presented every 1 or 2 ft; (5 or 10 decimeters).
FSYSCB D008 Rev. 1 will not support options in VDL intensity.
Signature and VDL presentations will be off depth when logging
down.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 3

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1986
CBL CALIBRATION PIT

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 4

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1986
SHOP PROCEDURES

Use the Transportation Tube (aluminum pipe) only when testing the
instrument in its ability to send the acoustic signature uphole,
generate sync pulse, switching, gate off the radioactive
instruments or CCL or any other non-quantitative performance check.
A dummy calibration can be run in the aluminum pipe with the
purposes of testing the instrument. You should never use this as a
Primary calibration in a well.
General Information About the CBL Shop Calibrator (Refer to Figure)
The standard CBL Shop Calibrator is designed to provide a shop
calibration for CBL tools. The chamber construction includes a
section of standard 5.5-inch, 15.5 lbs/ft casing, type J-55 or
K-55, and an upper and lower pressure head. This allows us to apply
and maintain pressure inside the chamber during CBL calibration.
The pressure chamber is installed inside of a 16-inch liner that is
buried in the ground. The chamber is suspended in a tripod hanger.
After the chamber is installed, the 16-inch liner should be filled
with water. Once installed, the chamber should remain stored in the
liner even when calibrations are not being made. The water level
should be kept near the top of the liner. This procedure keeps the
5.5-inch casing wet at all times and insures good acoustic coupling
between the casing and the water during calibrations.
Occassionally, the pressure chamber may be removed from the liner
for maintenance or other reasons. If it is out of the water long
enough for the 5.5-inch casing to dry, it should be placed back in
the water-filled liner at least six hours before making a
calibration.
Preparing Chamber for Calibration
1. Unscrew the coupling on the upper pressure head.
2. Attach the hoist to the pickup bail and remove the pressure
head. The tool adapter head should already be installed on the
pressure head.
3. Assemble the CBL electronics and mandrel. Connect the adapter
head to the electronics.
4. Pick up the tool and attach the special bottom centralizer to
the mandrel. Lower the tool into the chamber. Be sure that the
O-ring on the pressure head seats properly. Tighten the retainer
coupling hand tight. It is not necessary to use a wrench.
5. On the surface, assemble the auxiliary tools that will be used
on the job such as CCL, GR and Neutron tools. Attach the truck
cablehead to the auxiliary tools. Connect the CBL tool to the
auxiliary tools with the umbilical cable. (Connecting auxiliary
tools not required if using Summing Junction.)
CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 5

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1986

6. Equipment includes a hand operated pressure pump and two 8-ft


pressure rated hoses. Take the hose that has a quick connector
on each end and connect the hand pump to one of the pressure
fittings on the chamber pressure head. The other hose has a
quick connector on one end and a drain valve on the other end.
Attach the quick connector to the other fitting on the pressure
head. Open the drain valve two or three turns.
7. Connect the hand pump to the nearest water faucet with a good
quality garden hose.
8. Turn the faucet on. Water will flow through the pump into the
pressure chamber. When the chamber is full, water will overflow
through the drain valve.
Caution:

The city water pressure may force the pump handle to


the upward position very quickly. Avoid injury.

9. After water overflow through the drain valve is established,


close the drain valve (leave city water turned on). Apply
pressure to the pressure chamber with the hand pump until the
pressure gauge reads 600 psi. Leave this pressure on the chamber
for about one minute. Open the drain valve slowly about one turn
and let any trapped air escape. Water will start overflowing
through the drain valve again. Close the drain valve and bring
the pressure back to 600 psi. Calibration of the CBL tool can
now be performed. Monitor the pressure and keep it at 600 psi
plus or minus 50 psi during the entire calibration.
Calibration Procedure
Follow the instructions under Primary Calibrations.
Disassembling the Pressure Chamber after Calibration
1. Turn the power off.
2. Disconnect the surface tools and the umbilical cable.
3. Turn the water faucet off.
4. Open the drain valve several turns. This will drain pressure off
of the pressure chamber, and will also drain the city water
pressure off of the garden hose. Let the system drain until the
pressure gauge reads ZERO pressure. NEVER ATTEMPT TO
DISASSEMBLE THE SYSTEM UNTIL THE GAUGE READS ZERO PRESSURE.
5. After the gauge reads zero pressure, all hoses can be
disconnected and stored along with the hand pump.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 6

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1986

6. Unscrew the retainer coupling on the chamber pressure head.


Pull the CBL tool out of the chamber. Remove the bottom
centralizer and store it. Disconnect the tool adapter head from
the tool.
7. Install the special water tight thread protector on the tool
adapter head. Do not remove the tool adapter head from the
pressure head. Put the pressure head back on the chamber and
tighten the retainer coupling hand tight. The tool adapter is
normally stored in the chamber in this manner.
8. Store all loose equipment.
Caution:

Please note that both pressure fittings on the


pressure head are open fittings. These open fittings
act as a vent to prevent pressure build-up caused by
outside temperature variations.
Do not plug these
fittings when calibrator is not in use.

DOWNHOLE SWITCH POSITIONS


The 1415 instrument has a 3 position switch:
3 ft, 5 ft and
Alternate. You have to open the electronics cartridge to have
access to this switch.
The 1417 instrument will change to the different modes (3, 5, A)
when the line voltage is increased. Use the 3773 knobs to
momentarily increase the voltage between 180-200 VDC at the
cablehead. Decrease the voltage to 150 VDC at the cablehead and
observe if the sequence of wave trains (mode) is the one you need.
There should be consistency between the chosen downhole mode, the
Service Table selected and the answers to the questions of the
Calibration dialogue.
The BHC multiconductor instruments do not have selectable modes in
the sense CBLs have.
1609 instruments and some 1603 modified instruments have three
selectable sequences of firings. These sequences are different in
reference to the number of firings per cycle as well as in
reference to the gain applied.
Note:

CONFIDENTIAL

/FSYSCB D008 VER 1 will not support BHC Acoustilogs


for CBL logs.

P/N 149406-915

CBL 7

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1986

SURFACE SWITCH POSITIONS FOR 1412, 1415, 1417 INSTRUMENTS


3765 Line Control Panel
3752 Signal Recovery
3773 DC PSU

3764 Signal Recovery


SW POS
1
7*
8
9

INPUT: SNGL or 7 COND, depending on


cable used
SERVICE: 1C
INT-EXT: INT
SERVICE SELECT: SINGLE
It is recommended that the CBL
instruments be run in "current" mode,
that is, the voltage knob full
clockwise, and the control of the
downhole voltage be made with the
current knob. Record the required
current to develop 150 VDC at the
cablehead with your complete string of
instruments and use the same current
when logging.
INT-EXT: INT
MONITOR SELECT: See Below

EXT TRIG

CHANNEL 1

CHANNEL 2

sync
sync
sync
sync

buffered line
conditioned CBL
sync det.
sync det.

buffered line
conditioned CBL
sync
noise gate

*For tools run in non-alternating mode, set the scope display to


CH1.
For tools run in alternating mode, set the scope display to DUAL
and set the scope mode switch for ALT. Then, if the scope sweep
speed is set properly, the scope will display one receiver's signal
on one channel and the other receiver's signal on the second
channel. The order of display may be swapped by momentarily causing
the scope to lose its trigger. This can be done by moving the
TRIGGERING SOURCE switch from the EXT/10 position to the LINE
position and then back to the EXT/10 position.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 8

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1986

SURFACE SWITCH POSITIONS FOR 1603, 1604, 1605, 1609 INSTRUMENTS


3765 Line Control Panel
2061
3752 Signal Recovery

SW POS
9
10

INPUT: 7 SC
SERVICE: 7 COND
INT-EXT: INT
MONITOR SELECT:

EXT TRIG

CHANNEL 1

CHANNEL 2

MODE

sync, + slope
sync, + slope

conditioned AC
line 7

conditioned AC
conditioned AC

ALT
CHOPPED

SCOPE SIGNALS FOR 1412, 1415

FIGURE 1.
3764 POS. 9
NOISE GATE

CONFIDENTIAL

3764

FIGURE 2.
POS. 1 CH 1.
1412, 1415

3764

FIGURE 3.
POS. 8 CH 2.
1412, 1415

P/N 149406-915

CBL 9

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1986
NOISE GATE ADJUSTMENT

The 3764 and oscilloscope (3631) should be set as follows:


3764:

Monitor Select switch in position 9.

3631:

Scope display
Scope mode
Time Base
TRIGGERING SOURCE
TRIGGERING MODE
SLOPE
VOLTS/DIV CH1
CH2

DUAL TRACE
ALT
2 msec/div (1412,1415)
5 msec/div (1417)
INT
NORM
Positive (+)
Depends on tool and line length
5 volts/div

Adjust the trigger level control on the scope to trigger on the


leading edge of the negative tool sync pulse. Adjust the top pot on
Card 10 in the 3764 for something that looks like Figure 1. Now
that the noise gate is set to be enabled for some time period
during each tool firing (not every other firing), it may be set
more accurately by changing the scope triggering.
Depress both the DUAL TRACE and CH2 buttons at the same time on the
scope. They should both stay in. Change the trigger slope to
negative (-). Adjust the trigger level control for a stable trace.
The left part of the CH2 trace should show the noise gate signal
low and then going high at a point in time coincident with the tool
sync pulse on CH1.
Now change the SEC/DIV on the scope to .2 msec. Then, adjust the
top pot on Card 10 so that CH2's signal is low for 1 chart division
(200 microseconds).
Depress the DUAL TRACE button which will cause the CH2 button to
disengage.
Now set the triggering source to EXT/10; change the slope to
positive (+); adjust the trigger level for a stable trace.
Change the 3764 monitor select switch to position 8 to check for a
100-microsecond wide pulse on CH2. This signal is being used to
trigger the oscilloscope, the pick pulse, and the H.S. A/D.
Once the noise gate is adjusted, the scope trigger should be moved
to the EXT/10 position to be triggered by the internally generated
sync pulse.
On the surface, unless the tool is in fluid, there will be no CBL
signal. However, when the CBL tool gates itself off the line
(approximately 1400 to 1800 mics after the sync pulse), there
should be a small glitch in the line. Check that no R/A pulses are
on the line between some 200 microseconds before the sync pulse and
the glitch.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 10

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1986

Check that counter 1 (Position 11, -R/A) and counter 2 (Position


12, +R/A) are counting the R/A pulses. Counter 1 on the scope will
show the -R/A pulses positive. Also check that the counters are
being gated off for the first 1800 to 2000 mics. The sync pulse and
glitch, if present, will be greatly reduced in amplitude and the
baseline should be much straighter than the baseline where R/A
pulses are.
The change in mode in these instruments is obtained by correctly
positioning a switch marked 3, A, 5 in the 1415. You cannot change
mode in the 1412. The change in downhole gain is obtained by using
the bottom right button in the 3765 LCP.
Use the correct Service Table for the mode you selected in the
downhole instrument.
Note that the pick pulse is displayed at the start of the CBL
gates, not at the start of the half-cycle.
SCOPE SIGNALS FOR 1417
Refer to the Noise Gate Adjustment procedure to properly set the
noise gate.
The adjustment is with the top pot on Card 10, 3764 panel. This
adjustment will differ considerably from settings used for CBLs
having the higher repetition rate.

3764

3764

CONFIDENTIAL

FIGURE 4.
POS. 1 CH 1. 1417, NON-ALTERNATING MODE

POS. 1

FIGURE 5.
CH 1. 1417, ALTERNATING MODE

P/N 149406-915

CBL 11

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1986

Change the Monitor Switch to position 1 and check that the CBL
gates itself off from 1500 - 1900 microseconds after the
transmitter sync pulse and that no R/A counts appear on the
baseline for 1800 - 2000 microseconds after the transmitter sync
pulse. Step through the remaining two operational modes of the
instrument observing the change in the polarity of the sync pulses.
The change in mode is obtained by increasing the downhole cablehead
voltage to approximately 180 VDC and then going back to 150 VDC
using the knobs in the 3773 DC PSU. You still change the downhole
gain with the bottom right button of the 3765 LCP.
It is important to use the correct Service Table for the mode you
selected in the downhole instrument.
Note that the pick pulse is displayed at the start of the CBL
gates, not at the start of the half-cycle.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 12

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

FEBRUARY 1987
SYNC PULSE POLARITY TABLE 3764 SRP

The table below shows the different pulse polarities and


approximate frequency of the sync pulses for different
configurations when using the 3764 SRP. Check your Service Tables
for these commands.
Series

Mode

Spacing

STATBL Command

Sync Pulse Polarity and


Frequency

1412
1415
x
x
24
Negative, 66 Hz
----------------------------------------------------------------Pos. 3 ft, Neg. 5 ft
1417
A
x
2C
Combined freq.: 33 Hz
----------------------------------------------------------------1417
N
3 ft
28
Negative, 33 Hz
----------------------------------------------------------------1417
N
5 ft
24
Negative, 33 Hz
A:
N:
x:

Alternate
Non Alternate
Don't care

SCOPE SIGNALS FOR 1603, 1604, 1605, 1609 INSTRUMENTS


Set the 3752 SRP Monitor Select to Position 10. Set up scope as
shown below. Step through the gain positions and choose a
reasonable signal amplitude.
The scope will trigger properly ONLY when Cable Delay is
approximately correct. Cable Delay is to be adjusted using the pot
on Card 11, 3752, so that the sync pulse arrives 80 / microseconds
after the scope triggers. When using the Simulator Panel, set to
150 microseconds.
Note that excessive jitter of the Sync Pulse may indicate low
Cablehead Voltage.
Adjust as follows:

FIGURE 6.
SRP MONITOR SELECT IN POS. 10.
Scope in Dual Trace, 2 V, 2 V, .1 msec, EXT, + SLOPE, CHOP
CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 13

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1986
The wave form that you may expect is as follows:

FIGURE 7.
SRP MONITOR SELECT IN POS. 9.
Scope in Dual Trace, 2 V, 2 V, .1 msec, EXT, - SLOPE, ALT
Note that the pick pulse is displayed at the start of the CBL gate,
not at the start of the half cycle.
LATEST MODIFICATIONS THAT APPLY TO THIS SERVICE @ JUNE 30, 1986
Mod#

Series

Status

Description

Downhole Hardware:
xxxx
1412
Pending
Summing Junction Modification
xxxx
1412
Limited
Ceramic Transducer
A8420
1415
Released
Disable Calibration Pulse in Pos #6
xxxx
1415
Pending
Summing Junction Modification
A8615
1417
On Field Test
Summing Junction Modification
A8543
1417
Released
Split Transducer
------------------------------------------------------------------Surface Hardware:
xxxx
HSAD
On Field Test
Addition of a Track and Hold to the
HS A/D
xxxx
3764
On Field Test
Card 7, X4 amplifier gain reduced
to X1
B8602
3764
Approved
Card 10, RA AGC caps change, sync
detector change
B8501
3752
Approved
Card 10, RA AGC caps change
xxxx
3764
On Field Test
Disable false sync to pick pulse
circuit
------------------------------------------------------------------Surface Software:
D008
FSYSCB On Field Test
Version 1, June 30, 1986.
Caution:
All patches and overlays
used in FSYSAL D007 cannot be used
with FSYSCB D008, including CBLSIG,
TENECO, SRTOV.
This Field System (FSYSCB) can be
used only for the following
services:
CCL, GR, NEU, CNL, CAL,
TEMP, and CBL.
FSYSCB D008-Rev. 1 does not support BHC Acoustilog instruments for
CBL logs.
CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 14

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

APRIL 1988
VDL FILM INTENSITY SETUP

The test switch position 3 located on the RAM micro controller


board plots a predefined bit pattern on film. The bit pattern has
10 gray levels (clear to black) that are used when recording a VDL.
Inspection of the pattern allows the user to adjust the plotter
intensity for the best VDL presentation. If the intensity is too
high, the shades of the pattern will be indistinguishable. If the
intensity is too low, the resulting pattern will be washed out.
Procedure:
With the plotters and CLS turned on, set the thumbwheel switch
located on the RAM micro controller board to position 3 and push
the TEST button.
Two 5/8" long gray level patterns will be plotted on film. The 1st
will contain 10 different shadings over the width of the film, and
the second will contain 6 shadings.
Because the plots are so short, you may want to push the TEST
button several times to get a piece of film long enough to develop
easily.
Develop the film and inspect it for the proper pattern. Adjust
intensity and repeat the process as necessary to obtain the proper
pattern.
Plotter Intensity Examples:

TOO DARK

PROPER PATTERN, 10 DISTINCT SHADES


CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 15

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

APRIL 1988
Plotter Intensity Examples (cont'd)

TOO LIGHT
Figure 9
Plotter Intensity
CBL CALIBRATION
With the instrument inside the Standard CBL calibrator or in a free
section of the pipe to be logged, in liquid, put the downhole ledex
in a position so that the acoutic signal is not obviously
saturated. The instrument should not be in front of a collar.
In the dialogues below some questions may not appear if the
selected mode is Non Alternate.
Primary Calibration
A primary calibration of a CBL tool functions very much like the
old CBL calibration. However, a primary calibration that is made
in the CBL calibration pit is good only for that I.D. pipe and pipe
weight. It is obvious, that many wells you will need to log will
not have the exact I.D. and pipe weight as the calibration pit.
For this reason, we have implemented what we call a secondary
calibration which mathematically adapts the the primary calibration
made in the standard calibration pit to a new I.D. or pipe weight.
For this reason, certain criteria must be met by a primary
calibration if and only if a secondary calibration is desired to be
made from it. If you do not desire to generate secondary
calibrations, then ignore the following criteria.
The following criteria must be met by a primary calibration if it
is to be eligible to be mathematically adapted to a new environment
(i.e., pipe I.D. and weight).

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 16

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1986
1.

The instrument has to be a 1415 or 1417.

2.

It has to be run in alternate 3 ft and 5 ft exclusively.

3.

Saturation in CBL and LCBL is not acceptable. The 40% POS


reading should be in the range 36...44% both for CBL and LCBL.

4.

The offset in CBL and LCBL must be positive and less than 2%.

5.

The Primary Calibration is to be performed in the Standard CBL


Calibrator.

If any one of the above conditions is not met, a message will be


printed in the TTY: "CALIBRATION NOT ACCEPTED; SHOP CAL".
In order to build a Secondary calibration an acceptable Primary
with the same series, serial, line and calibrator number must
exist.
Answer all the questions properly. All the parameters you enter are
used and saved.
Unless you have installed and selected the summing juction
modification in your GR,NEU,CCL, and CBL tools, you must perform
the primary calibration with the same tools you will log with.
If the service is a CBL/RA combination, the GR and/or NEU must be
calibrated before connecting the CBL to the line. Use a service
table for GR/NEU ONLY (no CBL).
If a CBL is in the string, it gates off the Radioactive pulses.
The count rate that the surface system sees will be less than the
actual count rate of the instrument. The calibration of the RA
instrument won't be correct.
If the CBL is not in the string but the Service Table is for a
CBL/RA, the sync detector will be randomly triggered. The RA pulses
will be gated off by the surface gate. The calibration of the RA
instrument won't be correct.
TTY
------------------------------CALB
SELECT LOG
CBL

EXPLANATION
-------------------------------

TRIP NO. 1?

At any time after this point you


can cancel the calibration by
typing CANC. Acceptable range
is shown between parenthesis and
default between brackets.

CONFIDENTIAL

Perform calibration with tool


string you will log with unless
using summing junction
modification.

P/N 149406-915

CBL 17

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1986
TTY
------------------------------LIST OF TOOLS? (Y,N) (N)

EXPLANATION
------------------------------Do you want the list of tools
that have a calibration on disc?

ENTER TYPE #
1415
ENTER ASSET #
12345
ENTER LINE #
6444
ENTER MODE (A,N) (A)
A
ENTER CALIB #
2
ENTER PIPE # (0 - 3)
0
P)RIMARY, S)ECONDARY, M)ASTER? (P)
This is a Primary. Answer P.
P
1415 12345 6444 A 2 WILL BE REPLACED
If a calibration with the same
identification number existed,
it will be replaced. Otherwise,
it will be added.
SHORT T-R SPACING? (3,4,5,6,7) FT (3)
Spacing for the signal used in
the computation of CBL,SRT, PPT,
PRT and FCBL.
3
LONG T-R SPACING? (3,4,5,6,7) FT (5)
Spacing for the signal used in
the computation of LCBL, LRT,
LPPT.
This question only if in
Alternate Mode.
5
PIPE ID? (2.0 - 20.0) IN (4.95)
Enter the correct Pipe Inside
Diameter.
Caution:
Pipe Inside Diameter,
spacing and fluid Velocity are
used to compute PPT.
If you are calibrating in the
CBL Calibrator, use the default
(4.95); otherwise use the
correct inside diameter, always
expressed in inches.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 18

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1986

TTY
EXPLANATION
------------------------------------------------------------DELTA TIME FLUID? (145 - 230) MS/FT (200)
Enter the correct intrinsic
travel time of the fluid in
microseconds per foot. This
value is used to look for the
probable position of the first
arrival.
Typical values are:
Fresh water
200
Salt water
182
Mud
167
Oil
222
100% POS? (Y,N) (Y)
Switch the downhole position to
the highest gain without obvious
saturation. The system will
adjust the surface gain for both
short and long spacing if in
alternate.
SCOPE DISPLAYS CBL
The scope displays the pick
pulse where the CBL GATE starts.
Note:
This is not the start of
the first arrival chosen by the
software.
MOVE CBL GATE? (Y,N) (N)
Y
You can choose to move the CBL
gate if the system did not make
the correct pick.
L)EFT, R)IGHT, D)ONE? (D)
You can move the CBL gate to the
left or to the right. Choose D
when done. You can observe the
pick pulse moving as you press
L,R. Select the correct arrival.
MOVE LCBL GATE? (Y,N) (N)
Same as with the CBL gate. Pick
the corresponding arrival for
the long space. The pick pulses
will be displayed approximately
114 mics apart.
40% POS? (Y,N) (Y)
Switch the downhole tool to a
position with 40% of the gain
available in the 100% question.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 19

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1986
TTY
------------------------------CBL = (39.85), EXPECT 36 - 44
LCBL = (41.22), EXPECT 36 - 44

MIN POS?

(Y,N)

EXPLANATION
------------------------------The system acquires, saves and
prints the values with the
instrument in the 40% POS. If
the system does not read between
36 and 44%, you will not be able
to use this calibration to build
Secondary calibrations.
If the readings are higher than
approximately 40%, the downhole
electronics may be saturating or
may be an indication of severe
positive offset.
If the readings are below 36%,
this may indicate problems or
severe negative offset. DO NOT
LOG WITH NEGATIVE OFFSET.

(Y)

Switch downhole to a position


with the minimum or zero signal.
The system will acquire, save
and print the offset. This
offset includes Card 11, A/D and
any difference between 3764 and
computer grounds. The offset is
used to compute an additive
factor. If you switch to the
simulator to simulate MIN POS,
your offset may not be the same.
If your offset is not within
range you may correct and
recalibrate.
Caution:
If the offset is
negative, the additive factor
will not properly compensate it.
CBL OFFSET = ( 0.49), EXPECT 0.01 - 2.00
LCBL OFFSET = ( 0.53), EXPECT 0.01 - 2.00
If in Alternate mode also LCBL
offset is printed.
IF OFFSET IS NEGATIVE THE CBL
READINGS WILL NOT BE CORRECT.
CORRECT THE OFFSET AND RECAL.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 20

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

FEBRUARY 1987
TTY
------------------------------ACCEPTED; SHOP-CAL

EXPLANATION
------------------------------You receive a message of
confirmation (or not) regarding
the linearity and offset of your
calibration. If the message is
NOT ACCEPTED the calibration is
saved and usable, but Secondary
calibrations will not be
allowed.

SS POS 9 PEAK 120 GATE 250-320 SRT 245 PPT 250


LS POS 8 PEAK 99 GATE 364-434 LRT 359 LPPT 364
The short and long surface gain
positions are printed, as well
as the peak values, gates, and
other time related parameters
expressed in microseconds.
The approximate frequency of the
arrival the system is measuring
is equal to 1/(stop - start of
the gate). In this example:
1/(320-250) = 14286 Hertz.
Both short and long gates should
be close in width.
SLCT (R)ECAL, P)RINT, D)ONE, C)ANC) (P)
P
If P is selected...
CBL = 98.76
LCBL = 102.35

(Tool should be switched back


to 100% position.
the CRT will display CBL and
LCBL if available. Both should
be reading around 100% CBL, plus
or minus 5%. Changes in downhole
voltage may make a difference in
the readings. Do not use
downhole voltage to adjust the
100% CBL.
IF OFFSET IS NEGATIVE THE
PRINTED VALUES ARE NOT CORRECT.
If C is selected...
this is equivalent to CANC.
If R is selected...
the software loops to the 100%
POS question. If necessary, you
can readjust the downhole gain
and/or the CBL windows in a
second pass.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 21

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

FEBRUARY 1987
TTY
------------------------------D
LEDEX TO:
100% POS? (Y/N) (Y)

EXPLANATION
------------------------------If D is selected...
This is a reminder to the
operator to set gain back to
100% before continuing on.

DOWNHOLE SWITCH POS? (1-6) (1)


IMPORTANT: Enter the correct
downhole switch position at this
time. The value is used for some
computations. If you are not
sure, cycle the downhole switch
until you are. Reestablish the
correct 100% position before
logging.
CONVENTION: The downhole switch
position with the highest gain
is #1. The one closest to it
with less gain is #2. The
minimum position in a 1412,
1415, or 1417 is position #6.
This position should provide
only the sync pulses.
LRT-SRT = (118) EXPECT 108-120
If the mode is alternate the
system prints the difference
between LRT and SRT. If the
first arrivals are properly
chosen, the delta time should be
within range.
WANT PPT TO MATCH SRT? (Y,N)

(N)

Most customers are not concerned


with the accuracy of PPT. They
just want to have the PPT trace
as a reference for SRT. If this
is the case, type Y. The SRT
remains unchanged, no matter
which answer is selected.
SIGNATURES SEPARATION (1,2,4) FT? (1)
This allows the user to select
the separation of the signatures
on film.
For metric, the separations
allowed are 5 or 10 decimeters.
VDL INTENSITY? ( H)IGH, M)EDIUM, L)LOW ) (M)
This allows the user to select
the intensity on VDL plots.
(G001 software)
VDL TIME MARKS? (Y/N) (Y)
This allows the user to select
the timing lines on the VDL
plots. (G001 software)

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 22

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

FEBRUARY 1987
TTY
------------------------------CALB COMPL

EXPLANATION
------------------------------You can enter the PSRT command
to display the SRT and LRT picks
in the scope. The picks will
appear half-cycle to the left of
the leading edge of the first
arrival. The displayed SRT and
LRT values are the same as shown
in the CRT.

TSUM CBL
A Calibration Summary may be
requested.
Secondary Calibration
The term 'secondary calibration' refers to a mathematical
adaptation of a previously performed primary to an environment
different from the primary calibration environment. Typically, the
adaptation is necessary when using the CBL Shop Calibration Pit and
then logging in a well that has a different pipe I.D. or pipe
weight. In addition, the fluid type in the well may necessitate
changing the CBL gate. These factors are taken into consideration
during a secondary calibration.
The main intention for allowing three different secondary
calibrations, labeled PIPE 1 through PIPE 3, is to allow the
engineer to adapt the primary shop calibration for up to 3
different pipe ID's or weights different from the primary (PIPE 0).
The engineer can then switch to the proper calibration by using the
'PIPE x' command where x is a value from 0-3. This can be done in
real time while logging.
The secondary calibrations for different pipes should be done while
going in the hole with the tool. Stop the tool in the casing and
perform a secondary calibration. Give this secondary a label of
1-3. The calibration will also ask you to move the CBL gate to the
proper position. In addition, you may set the signature separation
to a new value if you desire. At any time, if you change this
value, it becomes the new separation until you answer this question
differently. The separation does not change in response to the PIPE
command. Be careful not to use the default response if you have
changed the separation to a value different than the default value.
Note that if you leave the secondary calibration parameters the
same as what was entered for the primary calibration, the result is
a secondary that is exactly the same as the primary except for its
label.
Keep in mind that you do not need to be in 100% free pipe to
perform a secondary calibration. You only need enough signal to be
able to identify and set your CBL gate.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 23

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1987

Continue to drop down to the next pipe size (or weight) and then
perform a secondary calibration for this pipe. Give it a label
different from 0 and the one you selected above.
Repeat this step for one more string of casing if necessary then
drop to the bottom of the lowest interval to be logged. Be certain
that you have the proper calibration selected for the pipe you are
in before you start logging by using the 'PIPE x' command. Start
logging up. As you go from one pipe to the next, use the 'PIPE x'
command to switch from one calibration to the next. All calibration
information for each pipe is kept in memory.
NOTE:

The offset of the system may have


changed between the primary and the
secondaries due to a change in surface
or tool gain. The software will not
correct for this problem. Possible
offset problems may be identified in
tool ledex position 6.
CBL should
read less than 2%.
Check this when
performing the secondary calibration.

For a detailed description of the equation used to adapt the


primary calibration to a second environment, refer to the section
labeled 'NOTES ON CBL CALIBRATION'.
TTY
------------------------------CALB
SELECT LOG
CBL

EXPLANATION
------------------------------Perform calibration with tool
string you will log with unless
using summing junction
modification.

LIST OF TOOLS? (Y,N) (N)


ENTER TYPE #
1415
ENTER ASSET #
12345
ENTER LINE #
6444
ENTER MODE (A,N) (A)
ENTER CALIB #
2
ENTER PIPE #
1
P)RIMARY, S)ECONDARY, M)ASTER?
Enter S. This is a Secondary.
S
12345 CBL,CALIB #6444 PIPE #1 WILL BE UPDATED
The following error messages
(1-4) may be encountered:

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 24

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1987
TTY
------------------------------LINE FACTOR (.5 - 2.0)? (1.0)

EXPLANATION
------------------------------Enter the (Line Factor) amount.
(G001 software).

1
1) PIPE 0 MAY NOT BE A SECONDARY CALB
This error message is printed
when pipe 0 is entered for a
secondary calibration.
2) CBL NOT CALIB
The asset # was not found in the
ASSETBL.
3) PRIMARY NOT FOUND xxx CBL yyy
The file requested was not found
in MSTCAL.
xxx = asset number
yyy = calibrator number
4) PRIMARY CALIB NOT ACCEPTED!
The Primary for this key was not
accepted; no further calibration
is allowed for this primary.
PIPE WEIGHT? (9.5...47.0 lbs/ft) (15.5)
Enter the correct pipe weight
for this part of the well.
PIPE ID? (4.5...13.375 in) (4.950)
Enter the correct pipe inside
diameter for this part of the
well.
DELTA TIME FLUID? (145...230 MS/FT) (200)
Enter the correct fluid
intrinsic delta time for this
well.
SW DOWNHOLE TO CORR POS. FOR THIS PIPE
Switch the downhole instrument
to the correct gain...
DOWNHOLE SWITCH POS? (1-6) (1)
...and enter the number.
CONVENTION: Position 1 is the
one that provides highest gain.
WANT TO VERIFY THE GATES? (Y,N) (Y)
If you answer Y, you enter the
routine that helps in resetting
the gates.
LRT-SRT ACTUAL = 114 EXPECTED = 108-120
The system prints the difference
between LRT and SRT. This number
should be very close to 57*
(long - short spacing in ft).
In this case 57* (5-3) = 114.
If this is not the case, the
selection of first arrivals has
not been consistent or there is
a malfunction or poor
centralization.
CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 25

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1987
TTY
------------------------------CBL SURFACE SATURATION

EXPLANATION
------------------------------This message will appear if
there is at least one sample
inside the CBL gate larger than
125 A to D units.
SLCT (R)ECAL, P)RINT, D)ONE, C)ANC) (P)
CBL = 89
LCBL = 95
D
SS POS 8 PR PEAK 123 SS GATE 250-320 SRT 245 PPT 250
LS POS 7 PR PEAK 112 LS GATE 364-434 LRT 359 LPPT 364
PR indicate peak value was
obtained at primary calibration.
The short and long surface
switch positions are printed, as
well as the peak values, gates,
and other time related
parameters expressed in
microseconds.
The approximate frequency of the
arrival the system is measuring
is equal to 1/(stop - start of
the gate). In this example:
1/(320-250) = 14286 Hertz.
SIGNATURES SEPARATION (1,2,4) FT? (1)
VDL INTENSITY? ( H)IGH, M)EDIUM, L)LOW ) (M)
This allows the user to select
the intensity on VDL plots.
(G001 software)
VDL TIME MARKS? (Y/N) (Y)
This allows the user to select
the timing lines on the VDL
plots. (G001 software)
CALB COMP
The user can enter the PSRT
command to display the SRT and
LRT picks in the scope. The
picks will appear half-cycle to
the left of the leading edge of
the first arrival.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 26

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1987
Master Calibration

The method to retrieve a CBL calibration from disk is to choose M


when the question P)RIMARY, S)ECONDARY, M)ASTER is printed. The
PIPE # selected before this question will become the active one,
but all the other PIPE # secondaries and the correspondent Primary
will be loaded at once. To make active any other Secondary or the
Primary, use the PIPE # command.
TTY
------------------------------CALB
SELECT LOG
CBL
TRIP NO. 1?

LIST OF TOOLS?
Y
1415,5
,5
1415,5
,5
1415,5
,5
1415,3
,3
1415,2
,2
1415,2
,2

Perform calibration with tool


string you will log with unless
you are using the summing
junction modification.

(Y,N) (N)
,A,1,0
,A,1,1
,A,1,2
,A,1,0
,A,1,0
,A,1,1

ENTER TYPE #
1415
ENTER ASSET #
5
ENTER LINE #
5
ENTER MODE (A,N)
A
ENTER CALIB #
1
ENTER PIPE # (0-3) (0)
0
P)RIMARY, S)ECONDARY, M)ASTER (P)
M

CONFIDENTIAL

EXPLANATION
-------------------------------

Enter M. This is a Master


Calibration. Master calibration
is the same as non-primary,
meaning that a calibration in
the MSTCAL disk file is restored
to CPU memory.

P/N 149406-915

CBL 27

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1987
TTY
------------------------------RESTORE PIPES 1-3 (Y,N) (Y)?
Y

EXPLANATION
-------------------------------

If you have performed secondary


calibrations for different pipes
in the well you are getting
ready to log, the calibrations
can be retrieved by answering
"Y". If secondary calibrations
are not valid for the well being
logged, then you should respond
"N". This is the method by which
you can clear out calibration
history from another well so
that it will not appear on the
Calibration Summary.
SIGNATURES SEPARATION (1,2,4) FT? (1)
This allows the user to select
the separation of the signatures
on film.
For metric, the separations
allowed are 5 or 10 decimeters.
VDL INTENSITY? ( H)IGH, M)EDIUM, L)LOW ) (M)
This allows the user to select
the intensity on VDL plots.
(G001 software)
VDL TIME MARKS? (Y/N) (Y)
This allows the user to select
the timing lines on the VDL
plots. (G001 software)
CBL CAMERA SCALS (LOW,HIGH)
CANC
CALB COMPL
COPY IN PROGRESS - PLEASE WAIT
COPY COMPLETED

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 28

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1987
TTY
--------------------------------

EXPLANATION
-------------------------------

TSUM CBL
TRIP NO. ?
1

EXAMPLE OF CBL CALIBRATION:


****************************************
*
*
*
CALIBRATION SUMMARY
*
*
DATE 08/12/86
TIME 09:25:36
*
*
RUN 1
TRIP 1
*
*
*
****************************************

LOG NAME CBL


ASSET NO. 15723
UNIT NO. 6433
CALIBRATION ENTERED ON 08/12/86 AT 08:32:10
TOOL
1415
CALIBRATOR NO. 1
MODE A
LINE FAC.
1.00
CBL SPACING 3
VDL SPACING 5 DELTA TIME FLUID 200.00
CURVE

RAW UNITS
LOW
HIGH

SCALING FACTORS
ADD.
MULT.

ENGINEERING VALUES
LOW
HIGH

UNITS

DATE 07/23/86
PRIMARY CALIBRATION
TIME 12:24:40
PIPE ID.
4.95 PIPE WT.
E
S.S. SURF. GAIN
5.656
GATES:
CBL
250 0 302
LCBL
362 - 414
LINE # 6433
DOWN HOLE GAIN 1.00000E 00
CBL
LCBL

8
14

788
895

-1.03
-1.59

0.13
0.11

0.0
0.0

100.0
100.0

%UNBD
%UNBD

DATE 08/12/86
PIPE 1 CALIBRATION
TIME 08:36:30
PIPE ID.
4.88 PIPE WT. 17.20
S.S. SURG. GAIN
5.656
GATES:
CBL
246 - 298
LCBL
360 - 412
LINE # 6433
DOWN HOLE GAIN 1.00000E 00
CBL
LCBL

8
14

788
895

-1.03
-1.59

0.13
0.12

0.0
0.0

100.0
100.0

%UNBD
%UNBD

DATE 08/12/86
PIPE 2 CALIBRATION
TIME 08:55:39
PIPE ID.
6.01 PIPE WT. 35.00
S.S. SURF. GAIN 7.999
GATES:
CBL
274 - 326
LCBL
386 - 438
LINE # 6433
DOWN HOLE GAIN 1.00000E 00
CBL
LCBL

8
788
-1.03
0.13
0.0
100.0
%UNBD
14
895
-1.59
0.13
0.0
100.0
%UNBD
DATE 08/12/86
PIPE 3 CALIBRATION
TIME 09:30:30
PIPE ID.
9.10 PIPE WT. 43.50
S.S. SURG. GAIN
11.313
GATES:
CBL - 370
LCBL
432 482
LINE # 6433
DOWN HOLE GAIN 1.00000E 00
CBL
8
788
-1.03
0.13
0.0
100.0
%UNBD
LCBL
14
895
-1.59
0.14
0.0
100.0
%UNBD

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 29

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1987
NOTES ON CBL CALIBRATION

Determination of the First Arrival at Calibration Time by the


Software
1.

Optimize the gain for no saturation of any of the arrivals in


the wave train.

2.

Within the limits of a window (PPT or LPPT + 100 mciroseconds)


look for the left-est arrival that complies with
amplitude that is larger than 1/5 of the largest arrival
in the wave train
width is (7 samples F width F 32 samples); 1 sample = 2
microseconds
preceding negative arrival has at least an area equal to
1/5 its own area

Primary CBL Calibration


The process consists of:
1.

Finding the first arrival within a window of 200 microseconds


centered on the theoretical value PPT. The start of the CBL
gate is displayed in the scope.
At the start of the process and each time the user enters R to
the SLCT R)ECAL, P)RINT, D)ONE, C)ANCEL question in the
Primary calibration, a re-calibration is performed. The user
can override the FSYSCB's choice of the first arrival by
moving the CBL gate manually.

2.

Optimizing the surface gain so that the maximum sample of the


first arrival is as close as 5 volts as possible without being
larger than 5 volts.

3.

Calculating the area of the first arrival half-cycle of the


wave train. This area is equated to 100% CBL (Engineering
Units High) by using a provisional multiplicative factor.

4.

Calculating the offset and the Additive (A) and Multiplicative


(M) factors.

Remember to return to the correct downhole gain setting after you


cycle the ledex.
If during the calibrating process the 40% step reads more than
acceptable, use a lower step of the downhole position as the 100
position. Larger pipes usually will require higher gains (#1
downhole position) and smaller pipes may require lower gains (#3
downhole position).

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 30

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1987

Let's assume that we calibrate the CBL instrument in a downhole


switch position so that the 40% position actually reads 60%. If
the instrument was not saturated it would read (60/40)*100 = 150%
in free pipe.
It is important to position the CBL instrument far from a collar to
calibrate it. After the system has been calibrated the free pipe
of the well should be searched to make sure that the CBL was
calibrated in the free-est pipe. If the CBL curve reads over 100%
and goes into its back-up trace consistently, the CBL must be
re-calibrated.
The MIN POS reading is used to determine the combined offset of
Card 11 in the 3764, the offset of the High Speed Analog to Digital
converter and the difference in the potential of the different
grounds.
Secondary Calibration
A Secondary calibration allows the user to partially modify a
Primary. This is not a true calibration in the sense that no true
calculation of the Multiplicative factor is done. The user can
re-position the gates.
The Multiplicative factor is affected by a correction factor that
depends on the pipe weights of the Primary and Secondary
calibrations.
Let's assume that xx.xx is the pipe weight entered in the Primary
and that yy.yy is the pipe weight entered in the Secondary.
The correction factor will be
Factor = Kyy.yy / Kxx.xx
where
Kxx.xx = 100/{Cs - 10 ** [As + Bs * (xx.xx)]}
and
Kyy.yy = 100/{Cs - 10 ** [As + Bs * (yy.yy)]}
The constants As, Bs, Cs are dependent on the T-R spacing.
T-R Spacing
3
4
5
6

ft
ft
ft
ft

As

Bs

Cs

0.8386
***
1.2729
***

0.0224
***
0.0134
***

115.12
***
130.25
***

*** Not determined yet

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 31

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1987
COMMANDS
AMP CBL,ON (OFF)

Presents (removes) a X.2 CBL curve

AMP LCBL, ON (OFF)

Presents (removes) a X.2 LCBL curve

PCBL

When the Scope Monitor Switch in the 3764 SRP


is in position 7, the scope displays a pick
pulse at the START OF THE CBL (and LCBL if
alternate) GATES. This is the default pick
pulse presentation.

PSRT

Same as above, but now the display is the


computed SRT (and LRT if alternate) pick.
This command calls the routine to move the
gates.
CAUTION:
THE SRT (LRT) PICK WILL BE PRESENT
APPROXIMATELY HALF-CYCLE TO THE LEFT OF THE
LEADING EDGE OF THE FIRST ARRIVAL.

MCBG

(Standby Only)
This command calls the routine to move the
gates.
CAUTION:
The use of this command does not
change the calibration parameters.
It only
changes the position of the gates. Use only if
not using Secondaries.

RCBG

Restores the CBL,LCBL gates to the calibration


gates. (Standby Only)

PIPE #

Puts in active state the calibration for the


pipe named with "#". PIPE 0 will activate the
Primary calibration. PIPE 1 (or 2 or 3) will
activate the corresponding Secondary
calibration.

*FPAT x.x

Command to enter the Free Pipe Attenuation for


the SATT (Single Receiver Attentuation Curve)
when this curve is available.

*AMX xx.x

Command to enter the CBL Maximum for the BI


(Bond Index) curve when available.

*AMN xx.x

Command to enter the CBL Minimum for the BI


curve.

*NOTE:

FSYSCB D008 VER. 1 will not support computed curves and


their related commands.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 32

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1987
GAIN COMPUTATION

The variable parts of the Surface and Downhole gains are computed
as follows:
SG = (1.4142) ** (SSP)
DG = (0.4000) ** (DSP - 1)
Name

Description

Units

SG
DG
SSP
DSP

Surface Gain, variable part


Downhole Gain, variable part
Surface switch position, range (0...15)
Downhole switch position, range (1...6)
In position #6 most instruments have a gain of 0
Surface gain step, square root of two (3.01 dB)
Downhole gain step, 60% decrement (7.9588 dB)

none
none
none
none

1.4142
0.4000

none
none

GENERAL
1.

SRT Detection Method


The SRT is detected at a zero crossing. This means that if the
offset is very small, the so-called stretching problem will
not exist. If there is a negative bias, the stretch will be so
that when the amplitude of the arrival decreases, the SRT will
decrease. If there is positive bias, when the amplitude of the
arrival decreases, the SRT will increase.
The software uses the trailing edge of the arrival as a
detection point; then it subtracts two half cycles to
determine SRT.
This scheme should give a reasonable match between SRT and PPT
in most cases if the instrument is wired with the correct
polarity.
The Engineer should check offset in Card 11, 3764 Panel so
that it is slightly positive.

2.

Area Method
Different companies use different methods to evaluate the
energy of the first arrivals.
With the introduction of the first CLS units capable of
recording CBLs, it was found that by measuring the area of the
first arrival rather than the amplitude, the result was a CBL
reading less susceptible to noise.
The area method may be an advantage over the peak measurement
when centralization of the CBL instrument is a problem. The
peak value seems to decrease faster than the area of the first
arrival when the instrument is not properly centralized.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 33

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1987

The CBL Gate (time window over which the area is computed) is
larger than the width of the first arrival. In effect, it is
approximately equal to one complete period of the acoustic
compressional arrivals. Up to approximately 15 microseconds
change in SRT due to fluid change will not have an important
influence in CBL readings.
The offset is measured during the calibration process. It is
used to affect the CBL readings. If the offset is positive,
it will be properly taken out to compute CBL. If the offset
is negative, the system cannot properly compute CBL at very
low signals.
If the log exhibits sections where the CBL or LCBL curves are
clamped at the low values, the diagnostic is that the offset
is negative.
The Engineer should check offset in Card 11, 3764 Panel so
that it is slightly positive.
3.

Tool Configuration
Although 4, 5, 6, and 7-ft T-R spacings are allowed for CBL
calculation (the software will support it), only the 3-ft
spacing is recommended.
For VDL and SIG, 5-ft spacing is recommended.
As can easily be observed in the Dresser
Interpretation Charts (Table 8-7; Cement
from Acoustic Cement Bond Log), the 3-ft
spacing gives a better resolution in the
amplitudes of the acoustic signal.

4.

Atlas Log
Compressive Strength
transmitter--receiver
CBL readings at low

Factors That Affect a Cement Job


Following is an incomplete list of factors that may affect the
cement job.
-

Cement Setting Time


Bottom Hole Temperature
Pressure
Depth
Type of Cement
Cement Additives
Mud Additives
Quality of Cement
Cement Injection Rate
Reservoir Fluids
Borehole Fluids
Hole Size
Hole Deviation
Casing Size and Weight
Centralizers
Scratchers
Damage to Bond by Perforating
Damage to Bond by High Pressure Squeezing

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 34

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1987
5.

Factors Affecting the Acoustic Signal


Factors that may affect the acoustic signal before processing
as an indicator of bondness and travel time.
Difficult to predict or compensate for:
-

Fluid characteristics
Pressure
Presence of external pipes
Pipe diameter

We can measure, predict and then control or eliminate the


effects of:
6.

Tool Centralization
Line attenuation
Tool configuration and combinations
Gain of the downhole amplifiers; saturation; uncertainty
Transmitter output efficiency
Receiver sensitivity
Noise (reverberation) from the previous firing
Transmission-scheme induced (baseline distortion)
Gain added by the surface panel
Surface Offset
Surface Distortion (filtering)
Digital Noise added by the surface system

Equations Used in the Software


BOND-NESS
CBL
LCBL
M
M'
A
A'

=
=
=
=
=
=

RELATED:

A + M * SSUM
A'+ M'* LSUM
(100 - 0) / (SSUMc - S0)
(100 - 0) / (LSUMc - L0)
100 - (M * SSUMc)
100 - (M * SSUMc)

Name

Description

Units

CBL

Cement Bond Log (measures the energy of the


first arrival, short space, as a percentage
of the energy of the same arrival in free pipe)
Long Cement Bond Log (same as CBL for long
space)
Area of the current positive first arrival
short space*
Area of the current positive first arrival long
space*
Area of the calibrated positive first arrival
short space*, or HIGH RAW OR PHYSICAL UNITS
Area of the calibrated positive first arrival
long space*, or HIGH RAW OR PHYSICAL UNITS

none

LCBL
SSUM
LSUM
SSUMc
LSUMc

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

none
HSAD
HSAD
HSAD
HSAD

CBL 35

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1987
Name

Description

Units

A,A'
M,M'
HSAD

Additive factor
Multiplicative factor
High Speed Analog to Digital Convert Unit is
equivalent to [10 V / (2 ** 8)] ** 2 E-06
sec = 7.8125 E-08 Volt-sec at the usual
sampling frequency (2 microseconds)

none
none
7.8125 E-08
Volts-sec

*This measurement is made over one period of the corresponding wave


train. The width is variable and depends on several factors, mainly
transmitter, receiver, fluid and pipe characteristics.
TIME RELATED:
SRT
LRT
PRT
PPT
LPPT

(mics)
(mics)
(mics)
(mics) = SSPC * 57 + (PID - TRD) * ((DTF/12)2 - (57/12)2)1/2
(mics) = LSPC * 57 + (PID - TRD) * ((DTF/12)2 - (57/12)2)1/2

Name

Description

SRT
LRT
PRT

Single Receiver Time, Short Space


mics
Single Receiver Time, Long Space
mics
PROCBL Single Receiver Time, Short Space
This curve SHOULD NOT go to camera.
It's provided for the computation of PROCBL only.
Predicted Pipe Time, Short Space
mics
Predicted Pipe Time, Long Space
mics
Transmitter-Receiver, Short Space
ft
Transmitter-Receiver, Long Space
ft
Pipe Inside Diameter
inches
Transducer Diameter
inches
Fluid Intrinsic Travel Time
mics/ft
Steel Intrinsic Travel Time
mics/ft

PPT
LPPT
SSPC
LSPC
PID
TRD
DTF
57

COMPUTED CURVES:

(Note:

Units

Not supported in FSYSCB D008 VER 1.)

SATT(dB/ft or dB/m) = - FPAT + (20 / SSPC) * SATF * LOG


(CBL/CBLc)
Name

Description

SATT
FPAT
SSPC
CBL
CBLc
SATF

Single Receiver Attenuation Curve


Free Pipe Attenuation, user entry
Short Spaced Spacing, usually 3 ft
Current CBL Value
CBL Value at Calibration (100)
Units Factor; SATF = 1.0000 if Units = E
SATF = 0.3048 if Units = M
Unit of Attentuation
1 dB = 20 * LOG (output/input)
Logarithm base 10

dB
LOG

CONFIDENTIAL

Units

P/N 149406-915

dB/ft; dB/m
dB/ft; dB/m
ft
none
none
none

CBL 36

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1987
COMPUTED CURVES: (Cont'd)
BI ( ) = (LOG (AMX /CBL)) /(LOG (AMX /AMN))
Name

Description

Units

BI
AMX
AMN
CBL
LOG

Bond Index
Amplitude CBL, Expected Maximum Reading
Amplitude CBL, Expected Minimum Reading
Current CBL value
Logarithm base 10

none
none
none
none

Internal Formulae:
SRT (Single Receiver Time Short Space) (mics) Computation
-

SRT (mics) is the computed time from the sync pulse up to the
trailing edge of the first arrival minus two times the width
of the first arrival short space wave train.
LRT (Single Receiver Time Long Space) (mics), same as SRT but
using the Long Space wave train.

The samples of the time series are two microseconds apart. The time
is computed with more precision than 2 microseconds by the use of
linear interpolation.
SRT, LRT Noise Gate:
There is a noise gate used when logging to avoid picking in noise.
The noise gate is calculated so that SRTs as small as the ones
resulting with formation travel times of 40 microseconds/ft travel
time and no gap between the pipe and the borehole is allowed. The
noise gate position is calculated as follows:
Find the SRT detection point at calibration (SRTc)
SRT noise gate = SRTc - ( (57 - 40) * (T-R spacing) )
SRT, LRT Threshold:
A threshold and other criteria are used to validate the first
arrival for SRT,LRT.
SRTH (A/D units) = (0.5 * SSUM) + 0.02 * SSUMc
LRTH (A/D units) = (0.5 * LSUM) + 0.02 * LSUMc
Name

Description

Units

SRTH
SSUM

SRT Threshold used to validate first arrival


Area of the current positive area inside the CBL
window
Area of the calibrated area, short space
LRT Threshold used to validate first arrival
Area of the current positive area inside the LCBL
window
Area of the calibrated area, long space

HSAD
HSAD

SSUMc
LRTH
LSUM
LSUMc

HSAD
HSAD
HSAD

An amplitude threshold of 10% is used for PRT.


CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

CBL 37

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1987

The PROCESS of the validation of the first arrival for SRT and LRT
is:
a.
At the right of the noise gate
b.

Find a positive to negative transition

c.

Measure the positive area before the transition over a half


period and compare to threshold for greater than

d.

Measure the negative area after the transition over a half


period and compare to threshold/2 for greater than

e.

If c and d are true, the potential first arrival is accepted.


END.

f.

ELSE find the transaction to the right of the previous one.


Go to back to c.

Offset:
CONVENTION:
Downhole position #1 is the one that provides largest
gain to the acoustic signal. Minimum position is the one that
provides no acoustic signal but only sync pulses. Usually this is
position #6.
Offset is calculated measuring the positive and negative samples
inside the CBL window.
The engineer is requested in the Calibration Process to switch the
downhole instrument to its minimum position. The software measures
the positive samples (positive area) and the negative samples
(negative area) within the CBL or LCBL window.
CBL OFFSET (CBL%) = short (positive area - negative area) * M
LCBL OFFSET (CBL%) = long (positive area - negative area) * M'
Name
M
M'

Description
Multiplicative factor for the short space
Multiplicative factor for the short space

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 149406-915

Units
none
none

CBL 38

CEMENT BOND LOG


CALIBRATION

JUNE 1987
7.

Conversion Factors

To Convert From

To

Multiply By

Acoustic Attenuation
dB/ft
dB/m
3.048 000 E-01
----------------------------------------------------------------Length
inch
meter (m)
2.540 000 E-02
foot
meter (m)
3.048 000 E-01
yard
meter (m)
9.144 000 E-01
----------------------------------------------------------------Mass per Unit Volume (Density)
kg/m3
1.000 000 E+03
g/cm3
3
kg/m3
1.601 846 E+01
lb/ft
1.198 264 E+02
lb/gal
kg/m3
----------------------------------------------------------------Pressure (Force per Unit Area)
kgf/cm2
lbf/in2 (psi)

CONFIDENTIAL

Pa
Pa

P/N 149406-915

9.806 650 E+04


6.894 757 E+03

CBL 39

CBL -- PM-1
CEMENT BOND LOG -- LEVEL 1 MAINTENANCE

1412

I.

VISUAL INSPECTION AND CLEANING


A.

With thread protectors in place, thoroughly clean the instrument.

B.

Remove the thread protectors and clean.

C.

Remove the collar locator and top sub.


1.
2.
3.
4.

II.

Seperate the collar locator and top sub.


Clean the subs thoroughly and inspect them for thread damage.
Inspect the O-ring seats for rust or pitting.
Replace all O-rings.

D.

Check the mandrel housing for cracks or excessive bowing.

E.

Inspect the neoprene sleeve for evidence of swelling or oil leakage.

METER CHECKS WITH A SIMPSON 260 OR EQUIVALENT


A.

B.

Top sub:
INSULATION TO MASS

INSULATION BETWEEN CONTACTS

Infinity except:
#4 and #5 (0 ohms to each
other and to mass)

Infinity except:
#1 to #2 (0 ohms)

Electronics (Top pins to mass):


PIN

NEGATIVE LEAD ON MASS

POSITIVE LEAD ON MASS

#1
#2
#3
#4 and #5

Infinity
2 Kohms
100 Kohms
0 ohms

Infinity
800 ohms
16 K to 18 Kohms
0 ohms

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N130040-951

FEBRUARY 1991

CBL -- PM-2
CEMENT BOND LOG -- LEVEL 1 MAINTENANCE
II.

METER CHECKS WITH A SIMPSON 260 OR EQUIVALENT (1412 - CONT'D)

C.

Remove electronics section from the mandrel.

D.

Electronics (Bottom pins):

E.

III.

INSULATION TO MASS

INSULATION BETWEEN CONTACTS

Infinity except:
#1 (capacitive kick)
#4 (as low as 10 ohms, depending on
the state of the SCR)
#5 (0 ohms)

Infinity except:
#2 to #3 (0.58 ohms)

Mandrel (Top slip rings):


INSULATION TO MASS

INSULATION BETWEEN RINGS

Infinity except:
#5 (0 ohms)

Infinity except:
#2 to #3 (0.5 ohms)
#1 to #4 (0.25 ohms)

OPERATIONAL CHECKS WITH COMPUTER UNIT


A.

Connect top sub, collar locator and electronics to the mandrel, ensuring that all
O-rings have been replaced.

B.

Place the tool string in the calibration tube (standard CBL calibrator). Follow the
procedure described in Shop Procedures.

C.

Load the appropriate service table into the computer.

D.

Power up the tool with 150 Vdc at the cablehead.

E.

Monitor the signals as shown on Figures 951-1 and 951-2 on the following page.

F.

Generate a collar signal by running a screwdriver or other ferrous object along the CCL
measure point and ensure that the CCL signal does not interfer with the CBL signal.

G.

Step the ledex to the highest gain (position 1) and calibrate the instrument for free pipe.
The amplitude curve should show 100% unbonded pipe 4%.

H.

Step the ledex to position 2 and verify that the amplitude curve indicates 40% unbonded
pipe. Continue ledexing through the remaining 6 positions and verify that the % unbonded
pipe is 60% less than the previous step in each position.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N130040-951

FEBRUARY 1991

CBL -- PM-3
CEMENT BOND LOG -- LEVEL 1 MAINTENANCE
III.

OPERATIONAL CHECKS WITH COMPUTER UNIT (1412 - CONT'D)

3764 MONITOR SELECT:


Position 1

OSCILLOSCOPE:
CH 1
2 V/div
0.2 msec/div
- EXT/10 trigger

1400-1600 sec
CBL OFF
+RA

- RA
16 msec

FIGURE 951-1
OBSERVED SIGNAL (ref. FIG. 951-1): Sync pulse recurs at 16 msec intervals. Gating pulse
occurs 1400 to 1600 sec after sync pulse.

3764 MONITOR SELECT:


Position 7

OSCILLOSCOPE:
CH 1
2 V/div
0.1 msec/div
+ EXT/10 trigger

Picking pulse - start of CBL gate

100sec

FIGURE 951-2

I.

Power down the tool string. Follow the procedure described in Shop Procedures.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N130040-951

FEBRUARY 1991

CBL -- PM-4
CEMENT BOND LOG -- LEVEL 1 MAINTENANCE

1415

I.

II.

VISUAL INSPECTION AND CLEANING


A.

With thread protectors in place, thoroughly clean the instrument.

B.

Remove the top sub and adapter sub.


1.

Thoroughly clean the subs, inspect for thread damage, and inspect the O-ring
seats for damage and corrosion.

2.

Check that the banding is intact on the transmitter and receiver sections.

3.

Inspect the neoprene sleeve for cuts, wear, swelling or oil leakage.

METER CHECKS WITH A SIMPSON 260 OR EQUIVALENT


A.

Electronics:
INSULATION TO MASS

B.

TOP CONNECTOR:

BOTTOM CONNECTOR:

#2 ( 18 Kohms)
#8 ( 120 Kohms)
#10 (0 ohms)

#2, #3, #4, #7, #10, #11,


#12 (0 ohms)
#13 ( 20 Kohms)

Mandrel:
INSULATION BETWEEN CONTACTS
#1, #5, #6, #8, #9 & #13 to mass - infinity (10 megohms minimum)
#2, #3, #4, #10, #11 & #12 to mass (0 ohms)
#1 to #13 (0 ohms)
#5 to #6 & #8 to #9 (capacitive kick)

C.

Remove the receiver section from the transmitter section.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N130040-951

FEBRUARY 1991

CBL -- PM-5
CEMENT BOND LOG -- LEVEL 1 MAINTENANCE
II.

METER CHECKS WITH A SIMPSON 260 OR EQUIVALENT (1415 - CONT'D)

D.

III.

Receiver section:
INSULATION TO MASS

INSULATION BETWEEN PINS

#1 through #6 & #8
( >10 megohms)

#7 to mass (0 ohms);
#1 to #2 and #3 to #4
(capacitive kick);
top sub to bottom sub pins
( >10 megohms)

E.

Replace all O-rings and re-connect transmitter and receiver sections.

F.

Replace the top sub and adapter sub.

OPERATIONAL CHECKS WITH COMPUTER UNIT


A.

Refer to 1412 PM procedure III.B. and continue.

1417

I.

VISUAL INSPECTION AND CLEANING


A.

With thread protectors in place, thoroughly clean the instrument. Exercise care when
cleaning the mandrel. High pressure steam placed in direct contact with the rubber
sleeve may cause the sleeve to rupture.

B.

Remove the adapter sub (if connected) and the top sub. Remove the thread protectors,
clean the subs, inspect for thread damage and inspect the O-ring seats for rust and
pitting.

C.

Replace the O-rings on the subs and apply a light protective coating on the subs.
Apply thread anti-seize compound to the threads and replace the subs into the
electronics.

D.

Check indent washer on mandrel. Washer should be bent into notches on outer
circumference of both subs to ensure proper locking.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N130040-951

FEBRUARY 1991

CBL -- PM-6
CEMENT BOND LOG -- LEVEL 1 MAINTENANCE
II.

METER CHECKS WITH A SIMPSON 260 OR EQUIVALENT (1417)

A.

Electronics:
CONTINUITY BETWEEN TOP AND BOTTOM CONNECTORS
TOP
1 .
2 .
3 .
4 .
5 .
6 .
7 .
8 .
9 .
10
10

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

to
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

BOTTOM
.
K
.
M
.
L
.
P
.
N
.
R
.
S
.
T
.
X
.
Z
. mass

INSULATION BETWEEN CONTACTS


TOP CONNECTOR:

BOTTOM CONNECTOR:

Infinity except:
#2(-) to #3(+) = 70 Kohms
#2(-) to #4(+) = 130 Kohms
#2(-) to #6(+) = 130 Kohms
#2(-) to #8(+) = 115 Kohms
#2(-) to #10(+) = 70 Kohms
#3(-) to #4(+) = 55 Kohms
#3(-) to #6(+) = 55 Kohms
#3(-) to #8(+) = 40 Kohms
#3(-) to #10(+) = 1 Kohms
#4(-) to #6(+) = 100 Kohms
#4(-) to #8(+) = 100 Kohms
#4(-) to #10(+) = 55 Kohms
#6(-) to #8(+) = 100 Kohms
#6(-) to #10(+) = 55 Kohms
#8(-) to #10(+) = 15 Kohms

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N130040-951

Infinity except:
E, F, G, H, J, U, V, W
and mass (0 ohms) ;
A to B & C to D ( 1 ohm) ;
a to h ( 8 ohms)

FEBRUARY 1991

CBL -- PM-7
CEMENT BOND LOG -- LEVEL 1 MAINTENANCE
II.

METER CHECKS WITH A SIMPSON 260 OR EQUIVALENT (1417 CONT'D)

B.

Mandrel:
CONTINUITY BETWEEN TOP AND BOTTOM CONNECTORS
TOP
K .
M .
L .
P .
N .
R .
S .
T .
X .
Z .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

to
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

BOTTOM
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

INSULATION BETWEEN TOP CONNECTOR CONTACTS


infinity except U, V, W and a to mass (0 ohms)
h (-) to mass (42 K to 70 Kohms);
h (+) to mass (infinity)
A to B & C to D (small capacitive kick)
Make the following insulation checks with a Megger set to 500V scale:
A, B, C, D and the ten through-wires (see above) to mass: >10 megohms
Insulation between the ten through-wires: >10 megohms

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N130040-951

FEBRUARY 1991

CBL -- PM-8
CEMENT BOND LOG -- LEVEL 1 MAINTENANCE
III.

OPERATIONAL CHECKS WITH COMPUTER UNIT (1417)

A.

Assemble the tool string in the configuration supported by the desired Service Table.
Load the Service Table into the computer.

B.

Place the mandrel into the standard CBL Calibrator. Follow the procedures described
in Shop Procedures.

C.

Energize string with 150 Vdc at the cablehead. When the 1417 is energized, it wil be
operating in the 5-foot mode at 100% gain.
1.

Modes are switched by advancing the voltage to 180 Vdc momentarily then
back to the operating voltage (150 Vdc). The modes switch from 5-ft. to 3-ft.
then to the alternating mode.

2.

Changing the gain step is done by depressing the CBL-NLL pushbutton switch
on the 3765 Line Control Panel.

D.

Monitor the signals as shown under the section titled SCOPE SIGNALS (1417).

E.

Place the MONITOR SELECT switch in position 7 with the scope in ALT CH 1 & 2.
Observe that the sync pulse is 100 sec wide and the pick pulse is at the start of the
CBL gate (refer to Figure 951-3 on the following page). Verify all modes of operation
of the instrument.

F.

Generate a collar signal by running a screwdriver or other ferrous object along the
CCL measure point and ensure that the CCL signal does not interfer with the CBL
signal.

G.

Verify that each signal displayed is 40% of the previous gain step.

H.

Power down the tool string. Follow the procedure described in Shop Procedure.

I.

Remove the cablehead, remove the instrument from the calibration tube, and replace
the thread protectors.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N130040-951

FEBRUARY 1991

CBL -- PM-9
CEMENT BOND LOG -- LEVEL 1 MAINTENANCE
III.

OPERATIONAL CHECKS WITH COMPUTER UNIT (1417 CONT'D)

100sec

3 ft SPACING

100sec

5 ft SPACING

FIGURE 951-3

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N130040-951

FEBRUARY 1991

CBL -- LQ-1
LOG QUALITY CONTROL -- 1417XA CEMENT BOND LOG
LOGGING SPEED
The maximum logging speed is 50 ft/min (15.2 m/min).
LOG HEADING - REMARKS
In addition to standard heading information (tool type, tool
centralizers, hole (bit) size, casing size and weight, BHT, BHP,
time of logging job, etc.), include the following in the Remarks
section:
T-R spacing used for CBL, SRT and VDL. (API recommended spacing is
3 feet for CBL and SRT, and 5 feet for VDL.)
Cement job information, containing at least the following data:

amount and type of cement, and chemicals added to the cement.

mud type, composition of preflushes.

date and time cement pumping stopped (total cement curing time
is determined by comparing with the log date and time in the
heading).

whether pipe was reciprocated during cementing.

whether returns were observed.

planned depth of cement top.

pressure during cementing, maximum internal pressure applied


to casing during setting time.

theoretical compressive strength of cement.

State how and where the tool was calibrated.


Location of repeat sections.
State whether logged under pressure or not.
A well sketch showing all casing sizes, weights, the depths at
which each string was set, perforations, centralizers, scratchers,
retainers, packers, float collars, DV tools, etc.
Cement squeeze job details (if any).
Anomalies on the log due to centralizers, DV tools, packers,
cement baskets, etc.
Directional survey information.
Open-hole caliper information.
Open-hole acoustic information, including fast formations logged.
CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 130040-982

NOVEMBER 1994

CBL -- LQ-2
LOG QUALITY CONTROL -- 1417XA CEMENT BOND LOG
EXAMPLE LOG

VDL EXAMPLE

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 130040-982

NOVEMBER 1994

CBL -- LQ-3
LOG QUALITY CONTROL -- 1417XA CEMENT BOND LOG
EXAMPLE LOG

SIGNATURE EXAMPLE

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 130040-982

NOVEMBER 1994

CBL -- LQ-4
LOG QUALITY CONTROL -- 1417XA CEMENT BOND LOG
REPEATABILITY
2% of reading for amplitude and transit time
LOG ACCURACY
1% of reading for amplitude and transit time
LIMITATIONS AND AMOMALOUS RESPONSES
If no free pipe of correct size is present or a valid master
calibration has not been performed, a quantitative CBL log cannot be
recorded due to the effect of casing weight on signal attenuation.
Centering the logging tool inside the casing is absolutely necessary
for accurate casing signal amplitude data. Tool centralization is
confirmed by monitoring the SRT (single-receiver travel time) log in
free casing. SRT measurement is very sensitive to the eccentering
of the downhole tool, and should show no more than 2 microseconds
variation over the free pipe interval, except in casing collars.
Record at least 200' of log in unsupported casing well above the
cement top to determine the travel time value for casing. In
unsupported casing the only factors which normally cause variations
in travel time are tool eccentering and casing collars.
The SRT should be a straight line with short increases in travel
time at the gap in casing collars. The travel time should be within
2 s of the expected value for a particular tool, casing size and
fluid density. This limit ( 2 s) allows for variations in casing
fluid weight, casing weight and manufacturing specifications. SRT
values outside these limits indicate tool eccentering giving poor
amplitude data.
Logging speed is normally dictated by the speed requirements for the
Gamma Ray (30 ft/min (9 m/min). Logging speed may be increased in
some cases, if necessary to improve collar picking, but road noise
must be kept to a minimum. Logging too fast may also cause early
arrivals (short SRT times) for direct-coupled signals.
Before- and after-log film verifications of free (or poorly
supported) pipe should be at same depth.
The main log should be recorded over the free pipe verification
interval or a 80 ft (25m) section must be logged over this interval
if it is remote from the logging interval.
Collars on the VDL, CBL and SRT should agree with the collar log,
and show correct T-R spacings for the individual measurements.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 130040-982

NOVEMBER 1994

CBL -- LQ-5
LOG QUALITY CONTROL -- 1417XA CEMENT BOND LOG
LIMITATIONS AND AMOMALOUS RESPONSES (Cont'd)
Plotter intensity should be set correctly to obtain a uniform
lightest gray base line.
CBL and SRT should generally agree with information on the VDL
taking into consideration that the long (5') VDL signal attenuates
more than the short (3') signal. In good bond conditions and fast
formations the CBL curve may appear anomalous with respect to the
VDL due to the first T-R arrival moving out of the fixed CBL gate.
The SRT in free (or poorly supported) pipe should read the PPT value
or slightly above. The difference is due to assumptions made in PPT
calculation about travel path and fluid travel time/velocity.
Collar indications on CBL and VDL should generally be apparent for
CBL greater than 20%, except in the case of microannulus.
Where good bond is indicated the formation signal correlates well
(in mirror image) with the open hole acoustic log on signature/VDL
plots.
When running CBL for free casing (i.e. for abandonment programs),
record 100 ft (30m) of cemented casing and log to surface to show
whether pipe is free over the whole interval to be cut and
retrieved.
Indications of a microannulus are usually shown as partial bonding
over at least several hundred feet. Re-logging with pressure in
the casing over the interval shows increased bonding and confirms
the presence of a microannulus.
CALIBRATION/VERIFICATION
CALIBRATION
Calibration is done in situ in a free pipe section of the well
being logged. Amplitude is set to 97% of the pipe value for the
well casing.
Surface system linearity is checked by varying a downhole precision
attenuator to 40, 16, 6.4, 2.6 and 1% of the full signal.
VERIFICATION
No primary or before log verification required. After log
verification repeats calibration steps above. Each verification
value should match the calibration within 3%.

CONFIDENTIAL

P/N 130040-982

NOVEMBER 1994