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EUROPOL PUBLIC INFORMATION

EPMT 1 Y E A R S E

10 September 2016

Migration to Europe - Arrivals by sea (1 Jan - 28 August)

2015 354,618

2016 272,070

Source: International Organization for Migration. Last update: 2 September 2016.

The Central Mediterranean


route remains the primary
route for migrant smuggling
into the EU.

The main migratory ow


passes via Italy, Switzerland
and Austria.

New alternative routes via air,


sea and land are increasingly
used.

Source: Europol data


Timeframe: 2015 & 2016 (24/08/2016)
Suspects of which the nationality is known: N 2015= 4081; N 2016= 3992.
Total N of dierent nationalities reported in 2015= 107, 2016= 93.

95%

Eu

Male

5%

Fem.

More than

ol

76

Co

t r i b u ti o n s to

Increased reporting of labour


exploitation of irregular
migrants.

Key changes in nationalities of reported suspects

op

C N

Concealment in lorries and


trucks remains the most
common modus operandi
for secondary movements.

12 000

new suspects
reported in
2016
2016
Average
age

35

TOP 10 Nationality
of suspects
Romania
Egypt
Syria
Poland
Tunisia
Hungary
Bulgaria
Iraq
Turkey
United Kingdom

Jan-Aug

2015

TOP 10 Nationality
of suspects

350
336
261
259
180
178
166
135
107
103

48%
Turkey
Syria
Romania
Bulgaria
Egypt
Iraq
Ukraine
Poland
United Kingdom
Senegal

423
364
216
168
167
152
149
136
136
103

2016*

Variation in %
+295,3
+39,5
-38,3
+1,2
-50,3
+12,6
+156,9
-47,5
+32
+28,8

MS Contributors in 2016: Italy, United Kingdom, Greece, Austria, Belgium, Hungary, France, Spain, Ireland, Bulgaria,
*Top
Netherlands, Romania and Poland.

Polycriminality

Modes of payment

Tracking in
human beings

Source: Europol data


Timeframe variation S1-S2
updated 24.08.2016

20%

2015Labour

(+8%)

2016 ur

5% LEaxbpoloitation

0,2% Exploitation

ative

Altern Systems
%
7
2 Baanwkinalag )

tive

Migrant smugglers
main links to other
crime areas

Drugs
tracking

15%

erna
20% ABltanking Systems

64% Cash

52% Cash

Property
crime

23%

(-3%)

(H

(Hawala)

(-5%)

4% Others (Family in EU nanced the travel,


money service businesses, unknown)

27,8% Others (Family in EU nanced the


travel, money service businesses, unknown)

E R

Operational support

Capabilities

62
2
>500
274

High level investigations supported.

2
(1)
3

Europol Migrant Smuggling Centre (EMSC) was launched


in February 2016.
and analysts providing operational
42 Experts
and analytical support.
specialists deployed at the hotspots
in Greece and Italy.
15 Europol

Joint Investigation Teams (JITs).


Vessels of interest identied.

Cases on document fraud


contributed in 2016.

F E
Increased migratory pressure
on the South Eastern entry
route.

Emergence of bottlenecks
and informal camps on
intra-Schengen border areas.

Increased labour exploitation


of migrants in transit and
destination countries.

Increasing use of vessels in


poor conditions able to oat
only for a few hours.

EUROPOL THANKS EU MS & THIRD PARTNERS FOR THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS


EUROPOL PUBLIC INFORMATION

Continued use of private and


commercial vans for intra-EU
migrant smuggling.