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IEC 61869-2

Influences of the new standard on


testing with the CT Analyzer

IEC 61869-2
The new standard for current transformer testing
The IEC 61869-2 standard (Instrument transformers Part 2:
Additional requirements for current transformers) combines
two former standards:
> IEC 60044-1
Instrument transformers Part 1: Current transformers
> IEC 60044-6
Instrument transformers Part 6: Requirements for
protective current transformers for transient performance
This revision was initiated to reflect the technological advances and
improvements in and around current transformers and their field of
application.
The CT Analyzer incorporates this standard in the new
software version 4.30.

This over view includ


es the most importa
nt
new features with
respect to the use of
the
CTAnalyzer to test
to the IEC 61869-2
standard.

Markus Jger, CT An

aly zer Product Ma

nager

An overview of the changes


Method for calculating the transient dimensioning factor
A revised method for calculating the
transient dimensioning factor (Ktd) now
also takes into account the latest protective devices, which can detect and react
to faults more quickly.
For automatic reclosure (AR), special
attention was focused on the transformers saturation behavior and to
remanence decay.

A more precise calculation of the current


transformers transient response in the
overall system can contribute to significant
optimization of the dimensioning. The size
advantage resulting from this not only
offers direct cost advantages for the transformer itself, it also simplifies deployments
at locations where space is at a premium, for
example, in gas-insulated switchgear (GIS).

IEC 61869-2 Ktd curve


K
9
8

Ktfp,Max

7
6
5
4

Ktf,Max

3
2
1
ttf,Max
0s

KtfMax

ttfp,Max
0.05 s

0.1 s

0.15 s

Ktfp

Ktd
0.2 s
t

Extended load range for


all measurement classes
The optional extendable load range up to
1 VA can be applied to all measurement
classes with the new standard.
This results in greater consideration of
the digital systems used, which present
lower loads when compared with analog
systems.

IEC 60044-1
standard

IEC 61869-2
standard

Class 0.1

Class 0.2

Class 0.2S

Class 0.5

Class 0.5S

Class 1

Class 3

Class 5

Uniform measurement definitions


IEC 60044-1 IEC 60044-6 IEC 61869-2
Axis standard standard
standard

When recording the magnetization curve,


RMS or peak values were measured,
depending on the standard used. The
new IEC61869-2 standard combines
these measurement definitions.
As such, measurements are now easier
to perform and the risk of faults due to
confusion has been reduced.

RMS (Ie)

Peak (Ie)

RMS (Ie)

RMS (Uct)

Avg. cal. in Avg. cal. in


RMS (E.M.F.) RMS (E.M.F.)

New definition of the


maximum saturation flow
In the previous definition, the maximum
saturation flow sat was defined by the
transition from the unsaturated to the
saturated area of the magnetization
characteristic curve.

sat

Ie

The new IEC 61869-2 standard now redefines this value shifting the reference into
the saturated area. The saturation flow
value, which was previously defined as too
low, has therefore been corrected.

P1
P1

Ip
Ip

Np:Ns
Np:Ns

Ie
IXm

Alternative measurement method

Xm
IXm

The new standard defines an alternative


method for measuring the ratio error in
compliance with the measuring principle
employed by the CT Analyzer.

Xm

RCT
IRm

Ie

R
IRm m

E.M.F.
E0

Rm

E.M.F.
E0

RCT

P2

S1

Is

Us
Us

Np
= Is + Ie
Ns

Ip

Np
= IsIe+ Ie
Ns

Ip

Re
Is RCT
Us
E.M.F.
Us

Is

Is

s
E.M.F.
s

Ie

IXm

Ie

Im
Im
IXm

IRm
IRm

Ie
Ip
Ip

Rb
Rb
Xb
Xb

S2
Re
Is RCT

Is

S2

P2

In contrast to the direct method, this


reduces the measurement time and the
measuring technology required. As a
result, it greatly simplifies routine measurements performed during production
and maintenance work in the field.

S1

Working with the new standard


1

New software version


You can download the new software version for the CT Analyzer free-of-charge in
the Customer Area at www.omicron.at.
A detailed description of the installation
process and further details on taking
measurements with the CT Analyzer in
line with the new standard can be found
in the CT Analyzer user manual.

OMICRON Customer Area

CT Analyzer user manual

Activating the standard


on the CT Analyzer
Once the latest version of the CT Analyzer
software has been downloaded, you can
activate the new IEC 61869-2 standard in
the menu.

Activating the standard

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OMICRON L2107, November 2012


Subject to change without notice.