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Cornell Notes


Name: Mark Uribe

Evolution Unit

Class/Period: 4
Date: 9/25/16

Essential Question: How does the theory of evolution support the idea that all organisms developed from a
Common ancestor?
What was Darwins theory
of evolution? L1

What can you infer

based off of
Darwins example
of beak types on
finches? L2

How can a long

beaked bird be
more fit in its
compared to short
beaked bird? L3

Compare and
Contrast between
Darwin and
theories of
evolution. L3

Evolution: Change overtime/process by which organisms come
from ancient organisms
Darwins Theory
- Darwin believed the steps to evolution were;
1. An apparent struggle to survive is necessary
2. Lower fit animals die out, while the fit survive
3. Descendants passed down traits are from fit parents

Darwin had made observations in the Galapagos Islands

where hed noticed the diversity within the finches, as well as
fossils of which Darwin had already been studying, showing
similarities in the animals depending on their climate

Darwin first began noticing different beaks on the same kind

of finch, depending on their location, and came up with the
theory of natural selection

Natural selection is when less fit animals die, while more

adapted organisms strive, AKA survival of the fittest

This lead Darwin to believe that all organisms originate from

a common ancestor, but adapted to become their own
individual species

Lamarcks Theory
- Lamarck believed that acquired traits would be passed down
to descendants, and over time these acquired traits would
create a brand new species

He believed that the phenotype would affect the genotype of

an organism, when a genotype affects a phenotype

His theory of use and disuse, and inheritance of acquired

traits was proven wrong by Darwins theory


What is artificial
selection? L1
What trait in every
dog is apparent to
have in order for
their survival? L2

Natural Vs Artificial Selection

When a human is to breed any specific animal in order to

have the outcome of offspring having specific traits, this is
known as Artificial selection ???

When organisms mate and reproduce on their own this

process is known as Natural selection/breeding

An example of this are wolves and dogs, as dogs now were

once wolves, but artificially bred in order to have specific
traits within the animal, although wolves still reproduce in
the wild

If a common
ancestor is fact,
then how might
Further Proof of Common Ancestor
Lamarcks theory of
evolution have
- Fossil Record Comparison of fossils to current organisms
been different than
- Geo Distribution Similar but unrelated species
the one he
- Embryology Similar early stages of organisms
presented? L3
- Homologous Body Structures Developed sim, diff function
- Vestigial Organs Organs with reduced size/similar organs

Summary: The theory of evolution supports that all organisms have a common ancestor, as it refers to all parts of genetics
and structures, and adds up almost perfectly. The theory of evolution proves that struggle and reproduction play factors in
the evolving of an organism, so survival of the fittest mustve applied to an original ancestor. Traits passing on through
genetics and offspring shows how a common ancestor mustve gone through many mutation adaptions and breeding
processes before creating multiple species and organisms. Unique traits are used for unique and specific climates and
animals depending in where they are. This proves how a common ancestor mustve mutated and started the diversity of
organisms on Earth today. With the migration of organisms around environments evolution changed them making them into
what they are today. So in short, evolution provides direct evidence that there was once a common ancestor.