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VPP SITE REPORT

For Construction Work Sites


Recommending

APPROVAL
Cianbro Corporation
East Alburg Road
Alburg, Vermont
September 12-14, 2006
September 14, 2006

Evaluation Team
Team Leader: Dan Whipple
Backup Team Leader /Hygienist: Mike Jennings
Safety Specialist: Van Belanger
Safety Specialist: George Walker
Administrative/SGE: Debbie Martin

Cianbro-Final Report

I. Purpose and Scope of Review


An on-site pre-approval evaluation was conducted at Cianbro Corporation, in Alburg, VT
from September 12-14, 2006 to determine the site's eligibility for participation in the
Vermont Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (VOSHA) Voluntary
Protection Programs (VPP). The VOSHA VPP review team consisted of Team Leader;
Dan Whipple, Industrial Hygienist & Back-up Team Leader; Mike Jennings, Safety
Specialists; Van Belanger, George Walker, Administrative/SGE; Debbie Martin.
II. Methods of Data Collection
This report is based on information provided in the application, safety and health program
documentation reviewed on-site, interviews with employees and a complete tour of the
plant worksite.
III. Employees at the Worksite
45
IV. The Worksite
East Alburg Road
Alburg, Vermont
V. Worksite Hazards
Falls, silica, electrical hazards from generators, drowning, struck by cranes,
traffic, entanglement, pinch points from various equipment pieces, noise,
chemical and heat burns and weather related exposures.

VI. Injury and Illness Rates


The three year average total Corporate case incidence rate (TCIR) and the days away,
restricted, or job transfer (DART) case incidence rate for 2003 to 2005 are __6.0___ and
__.9___, respectively. The three year TCIR is __6__ percent below, and the three year
DART is __74__ percent below, the respective average rates for 2003 for the industry,
SIC Code, which were published by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
VII. VOSHA Activity
No VOSHA activity at this job site in the past three year.

VIII. Elements of the VPP Review/Program Changes

Cianbro-Final Report

The VOSHA VPP review team has examined each of the required elements of the sites
safety and health program and, in accordance with the site's application, found it to be
consistent with the high quality expected of VPP participants.

IX. Areas of Excellence


Project management planning, work planning, work activity planning and
meetings.

X. Recommendation for Participation


The VOSHA VPP review team recommends that Cianbro Corporation be approved for
participation as a ___STAR____ site in the VOSHA Voluntary Protection Programs,
Construction Project.

OSHA Recordkeeping
A review of the OSHA 200 and 300 logs was made. The following are the total
incidence and lost workday case rates since 2003:

Year

Hours

Total # of
Cases

Total
Case
Incidence
Rate
(TCIR)

Number of
Cases Involving
Days Away from
Work,
Restricted
Activity or Job
Transfer
16
n/a
8
0
25
0
49
0

2003
4,168,283
144
6.9
*2003
n/a
n/a
n/a
2004
3,236,805
86
5.3
*2004
53,261
0
0
2005
3,680,168
102
5.5
*2005
62,911
2
6.4
11,085,256
332
Total
116,172
2
*Total
6.0
Three-Year Rate (2003-2005)
3.4
*Job Site Rate
(2004-2005)
6.4
BLS National Average for 2004 (NAIC
2373)
*2006 YTD
50914.15
1
3.9
1
NOTE (*) Denotes Job Site Specific Injury/Illness Data

Cianbro-Final Report

DART
Rate

.8
n/a
.5
0
1.4
0

.9
0
3.4
3.9

For the period 2004-2005, the site's:

The Total Case Incidence Rate (TCIR) is ___3.4__ (__47% below the 2004 BLS
industry average for SIC 2373).

The Days Away, Restricted, or Job Transfer (DART) case incidence rate is
_1.7__(_50% below the 2004 BLS industry average for SIC 2373).

The information on the OSHA 200 and 300 logs supports the information provided in the
application, and the company's first report of injury forms support the data in the logs.
The job site safety specialist is responsible for the entries on the OSHA logs and verified
the accuracy of the records. The safety coordinator understands the recordkeeping
requirements. Based on interviews conducted with management and associates, the logs
accurately reflect the injury and illness experience at this plant.

Cianbro-Final Report

VPP SITE WORKSHEETS


Recommending

STAR APPROVAL
For

Cianbro Corporation
East Alburg Road
Alburg, Vermont 05440
September 12-14, 2006
Report Date
September 14, 2006

Evaluation Team
Team Leader: Dan Whipple
Backup Team Leader /Hygienist: Mike Jennings
Safety Specialist: Van Belanger
Safety Specialist: George Walker
Administrative/SGE: Debbie Martin

Observation

Doc Review

Section I: Management Leadership & Employee Involvement

Interview

How Assessed
Yes
Or
No

A. Written Safety & Health Management System


A1.

Are all the elements (such as Management Leadership and Employee


Involvement, Worksite Analysis, Hazard Prevention and Control, and Safety
and Health Training) and sub-elements of a basic safety and health
management system part of a signed, written document? (For Federal
Agencies, include 29 CFR 1960.) If not, please explain.

A2.

Have all VPP elements and sub-elements been in place at least 1 year and
those job site specific elements in place for at least 2 months? If not, please
identify those elements and the degree that they were not applied.

A3.

The Safety and Health Awareness Raises Excellence (S.H.A.R.E) committee has only
been in place in its current form, for approximately one month. The site management
contends that the committee has been in place for longer, but that only management
was involved. The corporate office has instructed that a more traditional approach of
including an even balance of craft workers and site management be implemented. The
site has pledged to continue this format, and increase the responsibilities of the
committee as experience is gained.
Is the written safety and health management system at least minimally
Yes
X
effective to address the scope and complexity of the hazards at the site?
(Smaller, less complex sites require a less complex system.) If not, please
explain. MR;.

A4.

Have any VPP documentation requirements been waived (as per FRN page
656, paragraph F5a4)? If so, please explain.

No

B. Management Commitment & Leadership


B1.

Does management overall demonstrate at least minimally effective, visible


leadership with respect to the safety and health program (considering FRN
items F5 A-H)? Provide examples. MR;.

Yes X

The employer conducts meetings daily with both site managers and employees
(craft workers).
The employer engages a safety observation program called CAPP (Cianbro Accident
Prevention Program), whereby employees are encouraged to examine job practices and
fill out a report.
The site superintendent is visible throughout a typical workday conducting walk
around audits.
The safety supervisor is visible conducting daily walk around audits as well.

Cianbro-Final Report

Section I - 1


B2.

Doc Review

Section I: Management Leadership & Employee Involvement

Observation

Yes
Or
No

Interview

How Assessed

The site superintendent and safety supervisor, also exercise safety authority over site
subcontractors.
How has the site communicated established policies and results-oriented
X
X
X
goals and objectives for worker safety to employees?

The site primarily uses the morning stretch meetings, which all site employees
must attend, to communicate safety and health information. The information
relayed is related to all issues including safety and health. Any changes to the daily
work schedule are reviewed at this meeting as well. Also, any CAPP observations
that identified any deficiencies are reviewed as well. In addition the S.H.A.R.E
committee, (safety committee) is used to bridge the communication gap between
management and line workers.
Do employees understand the goals and objectives for the safety and health Yes X

B3.

program? If not, please explain.

B4.

Are the safety and health program goals and objectives meaningful and
attainable? Provide examples supporting the meaningfulness and
attainability (or lack thereof, if answer is no) of the goal(s). (Attainability
can either be unrealistic/realistic goals or poor/good implementation to
achieve them.) (See: TED Chapter 3 II C1a)

B5.

The site uses a combination of methods to set goals and measure performance based on
the assessment. Some goals, (such as 0 injury rates for the year) are set at the corporate
level. Some goals are set by the job site. These goals tend more to be based on the
hazards of the individual site and how the site will deal with them. These goals can be
assessed through the project management plan as well as the daily activity plans.
A very good method used for assessment of performance is the X-Ray, which is a
comprehensive annual inspection of the job site safety and health management system.
A combination of corporate and site members conduct this inspection. The site is
graded on compliance with CIANBRO policies. A follow up visit is conducted to gage
the sites performance with meeting the goals of the X-Ray. This process is surprisingly
critical and thorough in its determination.
How does the site measure its progress towards the safety and health
program goals and objectives? Provide examples.

Yes X

As mentioned previously the site uses the X-Ray, to a great extent, to measure the sites
progress.
In addition, the site S.H.A.R.E committee is used to measure progress on a more
frequent basis (weekly).

Cianbro-Final Report

Section I - 2

Doc Review

Section I: Management Leadership & Employee Involvement

Observation

Yes
Or
No

Interview

How Assessed

C. Planning
C1.

How does the site integrate planning for safety and health with its overall
management planning process (for example, budget development, resource
allocation, or training)?

C2.

The site uses a system starting with a Project Management Plan (PMP). The PMP is a
master plan of the complete project and the major operations associated with it. From
the PMP, major work plans are developed. These plans address the major operations
that take place in the overall project. From the major work plans, the site foreman
develops daily work plans. These plans detail the daily function, including the required
safety and health provisions of each major work plan.
Maintenance and inspection plans are developed for all jobsite equipment.
Training plans are developed for each employee. The corporate office keeps these
plans and the associated schedules, with reports generated for the site.
Is safety and health effectively integrated into the sites overall
management planning process? If not, please explain.

Yes X

D. Authority and Line Accountability


D1.

Does top management accept ultimate responsibility for safety and health
in the organization? (Top management acknowledges ultimate
responsibility even if some safety and health functions are delegated to
others.) If not, please explain. MR;.

D2.

How is the assignment of authority and responsibility documented and


communicated (for example, organization charts, job descriptions)?

D3.

Yes X

There are organization charts with specific responsibilities assigned for all operations
on the job site including safety and health.
Each job has a specific operations plan that designates procedures for implementation
and supervisors responsible.
Do the individuals assigned responsibility for safety and health have the
Yes X
X
X
authority to ensure that hazards are corrected or necessary changes to the
safety and health management system are made? If not, please explain.

MR;.
D4.

How are managers, supervisors, and employees held accountable for


meeting their responsibilities for workplace safety and health? (Annual
performance evaluations for managers and supervisors are required.)

Cianbro-Final Report

Section I - 3

D5.

The Site uses CAPP Observation sheets to conduct employee behavior and hazard
assessments.
The employer uses job evaluations to identify likely hazards, safety objectives and
performance standards.
The site has a disciplinary policy that is documented for managers, supervisors and
employees.

Are adequate resources (equipment, budget, or experts) dedicated to


ensuring workplace safety and health? Provide examples. MR;.

D6.

Yes X

The employer provides adequate resources to ensure workplace safety. There is a


full time safety specialist on site.
The employer provides all PPE required for the employees. Management provides
additional monetary resources to ensure safe and healthful work conditions. The
additional resources exceeded the original budget and were not questioned by
management.

Is access to experts (e.g., Certified Industrial Hygienists, Certified Safety


Professionals, Occupational Nurses, or Engineers) reasonably available to
the site, based upon the nature, conditions, complexity, and hazards of the
site? If so, under what arrangements and how often are they used?

Doc Review

Section I: Management Leadership & Employee Involvement

Observation

Yes
Or
No

Interview

How Assessed

Yes X

The site has a fulltime safety specialist. The site has access to a corporate safety
professional and a certified health professional to provide expert safety and health
evaluations and assistance.

E. Contract Workers
E1.

Does the site utilize contractors? Please explain.

E2.

Yes X
X
X
The site uses subcontractors to perform various jobs throughout the construction site.
The subcontractors on site at the time of the audit included a road paving subcontractor
and an excavation subcontractor.

Were there contractors on-site at the time of the evaluation?

E3.

Yes X
X
X
The VOSHA VPP audit team conducted 4 formal and 2 informal interviews with
subcontractor employees.
When selecting onsite contractors, how does the site evaluate the
X
X
X
contractors safety and health programs and performance (including
rates)? (See: TED Chapter 3 IV 3-19).

The employers contracting division reviews subcontractor injury and illness rates and
historical data prior to accepting a subcontractor. The subcontractors must submit their
own safety and health plan for their job site activity and comply with the employers

Cianbro-Final Report

Section I - 4

How Assessed
Doc Review

E4.

Are contractors and subcontractors at the site required to maintain


effective safety and health programs and to comply with all applicable
OSHA and company safety and health rules and regulations? If not, please
explain.

Yes X

E5.

Does the sites contractor program cover the prompt correction and control
of hazards in the event that the contractor fails to correct or control such
hazards? Provide examples. MR;.

Yes X

Section I: Management Leadership & Employee Involvement


safety and health programs.

E6.

Interview

Observation

Yes
Or
No

The sites contractor program covers the prompt correction and control of hazards in
the event the subcontractor fails to control or correct such hazards.
The employer identifies safety hazards associated with a subcontractors work activity
and notifies the contractor to correct it.
When employees of the paving subcontractor were found without required hearing
protection the employers safety specialist notified the subcontractors foreman and
corrected the condition.
Failure to take prompt action and comply with safety and health standards can result in
the removal of the subcontractor from the site.
How does the site document and communicate oversight, coordination, and
X
X
X
enforcement of safety and health expectations to contractors?

E7.

The employer requires subcontractors to provide their own safety and health work plan
and to comply with the employers safety and health plan. The employer provides a
safety worksite briefing to all subcontractors and their employees before they begin
work on the site. The employer inspects the subcontractors activity while on site and
takes action to correct any identified hazards.
The employer should consider incorporating subcontractors into the CAPP program
and provide written safety and health evaluations to the subcontractor on a routine
basis during the course of their work at the job site.
Have the contract provisions specifying penalties for safety and health
Yes X
X
X
issues been enforced, when appropriate? If not, please explain.

E8.

How does the site monitor the quality of the safety and health protection of
its contract employees?

Cianbro-Final Report

Section I - 5

Doc Review

Section I: Management Leadership & Employee Involvement

Observation

Yes
Or
No

Interview

How Assessed

Subcontractors are observed through the sites safety and health inspection activity
program. Subcontractors are notified of any unsafe condition and are directed to
correct it. If the subcontractor requires assistance in correcting the unsafe condition, the
employer is prepared to provide it.

E9.

If the contractors injury and illness rates are above the average for their
industries, does the site have procedures that ensure all employees are
provided effective protection on the worksite? If not, please explain.

Yes X

E10.

Do contract provisions for contractors require the periodic review and


analysis of injury and illness data? Provide examples.

No

E11.

There is no provision in the contract for periodic review of injury and illness data.
Based on your answers to the above items, is the contract oversight
minimally effective for the nature of the site? (Inadequate oversight is
indicated by significant hazards created by the contractor, employees
exposed to hazards, or a lack of host audits.) If not, please explain.

Yes X

MR;.

F. Employee Involvement
F1.

How were employees selected to be interviewed by the VPP team?

F2.

How many employees were interviewed formally? How many were


interviewed informally?

F3.

Employees were selected on a random basis, using a formula for 20% of the total
employees. The formula directed the team to select every sixth employee from a
general roster, submitted by the employer.
X

Formal:12
Sub-Contractors: 4
Informal: 12
Do employees support the sites participation in the VPP Process? MR;

Cianbro-Final Report

Yes X

Section I - 6

F4.

Do employees feel free to participate in the safety and health management


system without fear of discrimination or reprisal? If not, please explain.

Doc Review

Section I: Management Leadership & Employee Involvement

Observation

Yes
Or
No

Interview

How Assessed

Yes X

MR;

F5.

Please describe at least three ways in which employees are meaningfully


involved in the problem identification and resolution, or evaluation of the
safety and health program (beyond hazard reporting). (See: FRN Chapter
3 Paragraph II.C.1.b)

1. CAPP: This is a behavior based safety process that allows all employees to
participate in safety improvement by being involved in an observation process that
identifies positive workplace practices and at-risk behavior or practices. CAPP consists
of an observation sheet that a trained CAPP Team employee-member completes upon
observation of safe and/or unsafe practices. The CAPP sheet identifies and explains the
safe or at risk behavior but does not identify the employee involved in the act. The
sheet identifies method of abatement or corrective action in at-risk behavior and can
detail positive efforts in a safe observation.
2. SHARE Committee: This group is the site safety committee composed of
employees and management. The SHARE committee at this site is 4 weeks old even
though the SHARE program has been in service for many years with the employer as
an organization. The group today that is the SHARE committee has met in the past as a
supervisor safety committee where employees did not participate but had adequate
input and involvement.
3. Work Activity Planning. This tool is used when a special work activity must be
performed that may be an extraordinary task unusual to the normal activities at the job
site. This activity is a planning tool that begins with a hazard analysis and identification
and plans for elimination and control of those hazards, and training. All employees are
involved in the work activity.

F6.

Are employees knowledgeable about the site's safety and health


management system? If not, please explain.

Yes X

F7.

Are employees knowledgeable about the VPP program? If not, please


explain.

Yes X

Cianbro-Final Report

Section I - 7

F8.

Are the employees knowledgeable about OSHA rights and responsibilities?


If not, please explain.

Yes X

F9.

Do employees have access to results of self-inspection, accident


investigation, appropriate medical records, and personal sampling data
upon request? If not, please explain.

Yes X

Cianbro-Final Report

Doc Review

Section I: Management Leadership & Employee Involvement

Observation

Yes
Or
No

Interview

How Assessed

Section I - 8

Section I: Management Leadership & Employee


Involvement
Merit Goals:

(Include cross reference to section, subsection, and question, e.g., I.B2)

1.
15 -Day Items:

1. Cianbro must develop a means to review the safety performance of subcontractors, either
periodically and/or at the completion of the contract. This must be a documented discussion
between the site management and the subcontractor and must include both positive and negative
feedback.
Best Practices:

Comments including Recommendations (optional)

1. The employer should place a higher level of safety performance in the evaluation of the Project
Superintendent. The site has an annual X-Ray, which is designed to evaluate the safety
performance and compliance rate of the site. It is not clear however, by examining the performance
evaluations of the project superintendent, that there is any weight given to this performance
measure. Additionally the subsequent interviews with the project manager/superintendent
confirmed that there is no mechanism to use the X-Ray as an accountability tool in the evaluation.
Documents Referenced, Programs Reviewed (optional):

Doc Review

Section II: Worksite Analysis

Observation

Yes
Or
No

Interview

How
Assessed

A. Baseline Hazard Analysis


A1.

Has the site been at least minimally effective at identifying and documenting the common
safety and health hazards associated with the site (such as those found in OSHA regulations,

Cianbro-Final Report

Yes X

Section III - 1

Doc Review

Section II: Worksite Analysis

Observation

Yes
Or
No

Interview

How
Assessed

building standards, etc., and for which existing controls are well known)? If not, please
explain. MR;.
A2.

What methods are used in the baseline hazard analysis to identify health hazards? (Please
include examples of instances when initial screening and full-shift sampling were used. See
FRN page 45657, F5.B.2.b )

The baseline hazard analysis methods include; air monitoring for silica and lead and other heavy metals,
noise dosimeters are available and used for analysis of various jobs and site locations. Cianbro Corp has
a significant investment in sampling equipment. They use this equipment for baseline hazard analysis to
assist in protecting the health and well being of employees. Initial screening is used for noise levels on
particular jobs and lead analysis is also done on jobs where lead is a particular concern. Gas detection
instruments are used for initial screening in analysis of combustible gases, oxygen levels, or toxic gases.
Personal Air sampling is the gold standard for baseline hazard analysis. Area sampling, grab sampling
and Task Based Exposure Assessment Methods are also used. There are numerous examples of personal
sampling for silica. Air sampling sheets and chain of custody records were provided for my examination.
Sample log forms were audited for personal air sampling for lead and paint chip analysis. It is
recommended that the company use OSHA standard methods for calibration of cyclones.
A3.

Does the site have a documented sampling strategy used to identify health hazards and assess
employees exposure (including duration, route, and frequency of exposure), and the number
of exposed employees? If not, please explain.

Yes X

A4.

Do sampling, testing, and analysis follow nationally recognized procedures? If not, please
explain.

Yes X

A5.
Does the site compare sampling results to the minimum exposure limits or are more restrictive
exposure limits (PELs, TLVs, etc.) used? Please explain.

Yes X

A6.

Does the baseline hazard analysis adequately identify hazards (including health) that need
further analysis? If not, please explain.

Yes X

A7.

Do industrial hygiene sampling data, such as initial screening or full shift sampling data,
indicate that records are being kept in logical order and include all sampling information (for
example, sampling time, date, employee, job title, concentration measures, and calculations)?
If not, please explain the deficiencies and how they are being addressed.

Yes X

Cianbro-Final Report

Section III - 2

Doc Review

Section II: Worksite Analysis

Observation

Yes
Or
No

Interview

How
Assessed

B. Hazard Analysis of Significant Changes


B1.

When purchasing new materials or equipment, or implementing new processes, what types of
analyses are performed to determine their impact on safety and health? Are they adequate?

B2.

The occupational health care program is vigorous and includes ongoing health programs such as
medical evaluations for respirator use, audiometric testing, and air sampling for hazardous chemicals.
A medical group (physicians services) has joined NIOSH as well as CIANBRO, in conducting a
research project in the study of early warning signs for occupational disease associated with silica,
noise, etc. The Cianbro, Missisquoi Bay Bridge project has representative numbers of employees that
are trained in first aid and CPR. Local response teams are located in Alburg and Swanton, Vermont.
When implementing/introducing non-routine tasks, materials or equipment, or modifying
processes, what types of analyses are performed to determine their impact on safety and
health? Are they adequate?

The occupational health practice physician, contracted by Cianbro performs complete physicals on
employees and is attempting to work with NIOSH to improve methods of early warning signs for
occupational disease. This use is appropriate considering the relationship of injury and illness to job
practices and use of engineering controls and PPE.

C. Hazard Analysis of Routine Activities


C1.

Is there at least a minimally effective hazard analysis system in place for routine operations
and activities? MR;.

Yes X

C2.

Does hazard identification and analysis address both safety and health hazards, if
appropriate? If not, please explain.

Yes X

C3.

What hazard analysis technique(s) are employed for routine operations and activities (e.g., job
hazard analysis, HAZ-OPS, fault trees)? Are they adequate?

C4.

Observation, sampling, area and personal, activity plans.


Are the results of the hazard analysis of routine activities adequately documented? If not,
please explain.

Yes

D. Routine Inspections

Cianbro-Final Report

Section III - 3

Doc Review

Section II: Worksite Analysis

Observation

Yes
Or
No

Interview

How
Assessed

D1.

Does the site have a minimally effective system for performing safety and health inspections
(i.e., a minimally effective system identifies hazards associated with normal operations)? If
not, please explain. MR;.

Yes X

D2.

Are routine safety and health inspections conducted monthly, with the entire site covered at
least quarterly (for construction: entire site weekly)?

Yes X

D3.

How do inspections use information discovered through the baseline hazards analysis, job
hazard analysis, accident/incident analysis, employee concerns, sampling results, etc.?

D4.

Inspections use the data, discovered through the various methods of hazard identification, to focus
assessments in specific areas where violations or hazards had previously existed and were corrected.
This procedure ensures that trends or repeats of the hazards do not develop. The information is also
used to gage the understanding of safety & health training by employees and used to identify if
retraining is necessary.
Are those personnel conducting inspections adequately trained in hazard identification? If not, Yes X
X
please explain.

D5.

Is the routine inspection system written, including documentation of results? If not, please
explain.

Yes X

D6.

Do the written routine inspection reports clearly indicate what needs to be corrected, by
whom, and by when? If not, please explain.

Yes X

D7.

Did the VPP team find hazards that should have been found through self-inspection? If so,
please explain.

Yes

During the site walk around, a metal chemical storage barrel, located on the bridge deck, was
equipped with a label that is not visible to the chemical user. This issue was abated.

E. Hazard Reporting

Cianbro-Final Report

Section III - 4

E1.

Does the site have a reliable system for employees to notify appropriate management
personnel in writing about safety and health concerns? Please describe.

Yes X

Doc Review

Section II: Worksite Analysis

Observation

Yes
Or
No

Interview

How
Assessed

Yes. Employees have the ability to take part in the CAPP program. This is a safety observation
program where employees observe both safe and at risk safety behavior. The CAPP Program is one
method of reporting safety & health concerns. However only CAPP trained employees can utilize this
method. Employees who are not members of the CAPP program have written reporting resources, to
report safety and health issues by using the anonymous reporting system. This system allows
employees to report a concern anonymously. All concerns are dropped into a mailbox near at the
employee safety & health board at the site trailer. The concerns are then reviewed, and action is taken
to affect correction.

E2.

Do the employees agree that they have an effective system for reporting safety and health
concerns? If not, please explain.

Yes X

E3.

Is there a minimally effective means for employees to report hazards and have them
addressed? If not, please explain. MR;.

Yes X

Hazard Tracking
F1.

Does the hazard tracking system address hazards found by employees, hazard analysis of
routine and non-routine activities, inspections, and accident or incident investigations? If not,
please explain.

Yes X

F2.

Does the tracking system result in hazards being corrected and provide feedback to employees
for hazards they have reported? If not, please explain.

Yes X

F3.

Does the tracking system result in timely correction of hazards with interim protection
established when needed? Please describe.

Yes X

F4.

The tracking system provides a timely correction of hazards with interim protection for employees by
such means as removal of identified hazardous equipment from service and/or isolation of a hazard or
hazardous area from employee exposure. The tracking of any hazards are managed by company
safety and health management and monitored for permanent corrective action.
Does a minimally effective tracking system exist that results in hazards being controlled? If

Cianbro-Final Report

Yes X

Section III - 5

Doc Review

Section II: Worksite Analysis


not, please explain. MR;..

Observation

Yes
Or
No

Interview

How
Assessed

G. Accident/Incident Investigations
G1.

Is there a minimally effective system for conducting accident/incident investigations, including


near-misses? If not, please explain. MR;.

Yes X

G2.

Are those conducting the investigations trained in accident/incident investigation techniques?


If not, please explain.

Yes X

G3.

Describe how investigations discover and document all the contributing factors that led to an
accident/incident.

G4.

Incident investigations are conducted by the site superintendent and safety specialist to discover and
document the root cause and any contributing factors that led to the incident. A review of the incident
is conducted with the site superintendent and safety specialist, by representatives of the corporate
management team consisting of the CEO, HR and Safety and Health personnel. A report is generated
and reviewed with job site employees at the morning stretch activity.
Were any hazards discovered during the investigation previously addressed in any prior
No X
X
hazard analyses (e.g., baseline, self-inspection)? Please explain.

H. Safety and Health Program Evaluation


H1.

Briefly describe the system in place for conducting an annual evaluation.

The system used by the site is based on the X-Ray inspection, which is an annual inspection of the sites
safety and health management system. This inspection, which is conducted jointly by both site and corporate
officials, is designed to evaluate both jobsite physical hazards and such items as training, safety committee
activities, CAPP observations, and health related issues such as air monitored, hearing conservation,
respiratory protection and hazard communication. The system is a practical critique and includes follow-up.
The site is scored numerically based on compliance with Cianbro Safety and Health policy.
H2.
Does the annual evaluation cover the aspects of the safety and health program, including the
Yes X
X
elements described in the Federal Register? If not, please explain.

Cianbro-Final Report

Section III - 6

Doc Review

Section II: Worksite Analysis

Observation

Yes
Or
No

Interview

How
Assessed

H3.

Does the annual evaluation include written recommendations in a narrative format? If not,
please explain.

Yes X

H4.

Is the annual evaluation an effective tool for assessing the success of the sites safety and
health system? Please explain.

Yes X

H5.

The annual evaluation, when used in conjunction with the Project Management Plan, work plans, and
daily activity plans, is an effective tool to assess the sites safety and health system. The critical
nature of the evaluation allows for a practical evaluation of the programs. Follow-up is built in to the
evaluation and the site is held to task for getting the outstanding items abated. The nature of a
construction site demands an ability to continually evaluate the safety programs as they affect the
changing job. The PMP, work plans and daily activity plans,(which are reviewed with all site
workers in the morning stretch meetings) allows for this to happen.
What evidence demonstrates that the site responded adequately to the recommendations made
X
X X
in the annual evaluation?

The follow-up inspection related to the X-Ray, is a very good gage of the sites ability to meet the
safety and health goals. It is expected that the site will respond positively to the issues found during
the X-Ray. There is a numerical score applied to both the X-Ray and the follow up inspection.

I. Trend Analysis
I1.

Does the site have a minimally effective means for identifying and assessing trends? MR;.

Yes X

I2.

Have there been any injury and/or illness trends over the last three years? If so, please
explain.

Yes X

I3.

Trends have been identified at the corporate level in areas of hand and eye injuries.
In addition trending has been done in areas of industrial hygiene such as hearing and exposure to
silica
If there have been injury and/or illness trends, what courses of action have been taken? Are
X
X
they adequate?

I4.

The job site uses data generated at the corporate level to address possible trends. Examples of
measure taken as a result of this are the use of various types of gloves to protect hands, the use of
double eye protection for some tasks, and the use of Personal Floatation Devices (PFDs) for
employees accessing the aerial lifts located near or over water.
Does the site assess trends utilizing data from hazard reports or accident/incident
Yes X
X
investigations to determine the potential for injuries and illnesses? If not, please explain.

Cianbro-Final Report

Section III - 7

Section II: Worksite Analysis


Merit Goals

(Include cross reference to section, subsection, and question, e.g., II.B2)

15-Day Items

(Delete this section for final transmittal to National Office)

Best Practices
1. Work Activity Planning. This activity ensures safe execution of a special activity of any size within the job
site, and is a planning tool that includes hazard identification and controls. For example, at this bridge
construction project, the pouring of concrete was a more complex task than average. The employer instituted
the Work Activity Planning, which focused on activities related to the concrete pour and emphasized all
safety rules and procedures that applied, including any safety precautions for that activity.
2.
Comments including Recommendations (optional)

1. It is recommended that the worksite use OSHA methods to calibrate air testing equipment such as
cyclones. The calibration methods are available in the OSHA Tech manual, which is available on line at
www.osha.gov
2. The jobsite must do a better job at trending the types of injuries that happen at the site. During a review of
the injury reports, it became very clear that a number of injuries were of the ergonomic type, however no
evidence existed that there was any recognition of this trend. I spoke with the site management and it was
agreed that this area would be improved, and the information would be used to affect change.
Documents Referenced, Programs Reviewed (optional)

Cianbro-Final Report

Section III - 8

Doc Review

Section II: Worksite Analysis

Observation

Yes
Or
No

Interview

How
Assessed

How Assessed

Doc Review

A1.

Does the site select at least minimally effective controls to prevent exposing
associates to hazards?

Yes X

A2.

When the site selects hazard controls, does it follow the preferred hierarchy
(engineering controls, administrative controls, work practice controls [e.g.
lockout/tag out, bloodborne pathogens, and confined space programs], and
personal protective equipment) to eliminate or control hazards? Please provide
examples, such as how exposures to health hazards were controlled.

Yes X

Section III: Hazard Prevention and Control

Interview

Observation

Yes
Or
No

A. Hazard Prevention and Control

A3.

The employer installed railings on work areas 6 feet or more above lower level e.g. bridge
deck section system to reduce the need for individual personal fall arrest systems for the
majority of the employees working in the area.
Use of HEPA vacuums, portable blowers and wet methods when necessary for lead and
silica removal and dust hazards.
Describe any administrative controls used at the site to limit employee exposure
X
X X
to hazards (for example, job rotation).

The employer conducts a daily stretching program every morning prior to work starting
and when necessary during the daily work schedule.

The employer implements a job rotation system as needed e.g. when demolishing and
removing concrete during the demolition and removal of Pier 11.

A4.

Do the work practice controls and administrative controls adequately address


those hazards not covered by engineering or administrative controls? If not,
please explain.

Yes X

A5.

Are the work practice controls (i.e., lockout/tagout, bloodborne pathogens, and
confined space programs) recommended by hazard analyses implemented at the
site? If not, please explain.

Yes X

A6.

Are follow-up studies (where appropriate) conducted to ensure that hazard


controls were adequate? If not, please explain.

Yes X

A7.

Are hazard controls documented and addressed in appropriate procedures,


safety and health rules, inspections, training, etc.? Provide examples.

Yes X

A8.

Yes, the site has a safety and health plan and safety bulletin program.
There are mandatory training and inspection programs used to evaluate compliance with
the site safety and health plans.
Are their written worker safety procedures including a disciplinary system?
Yes X
X
Describe the disciplinary system.

Cianbro-Final Report

Section III - 9

Doc Review

Section III: Hazard Prevention and Control

Observation

Yes
Or
No

Interview

How Assessed

Employees receive disciplinary action for failure to follow safety policies, procedures,
rules and regulations. Disciplinary action is directed through the chain of command
beginning with the immediate supervisor. Disciplinary action for violated safety
procedures falls under general terms of employment.

A9.

Has the disciplinary system been enforced equally for both management and
employees, when appropriate? If not, please explain

Yes X

A10.

Does the site have minimally effective written procedures for emergencies (TED
3-16 3h)? MR;.

Yes X

A11.

Are emergency drills held at least annually at the site? If not, please explain.

Yes X

A12.

Does the site have a written preventive/predictive maintenance system? If not,


please explain.

Yes

A13.

Did the hazard identification and analysis (including manufacturers


recommendations) identify hazards that could result if equipment is not
maintained properly? If not, please explain.

Yes

A14.

Does the preventive maintenance system adequately detect hazardous failures


before they occur? If not, please explain.

Yes

A15.

How does the site select Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)?

All employees on site must wear the minimum required personal protective equipment
mandated by the employer. This includes head, eye, and foot, protection at all times while
on site. Selection of PPE above the minimum requirement is determined by Job Hazard
Assessment, and relayed to employees at daily safety meetings. Job site planning is also
used to identify specific and unusual hazards related to specific tasks where additional
personal protective equipment is necessary.

Cianbro-Final Report

Section III - 10

A16.

Do employees understand the limitations and uses of PPE? If not, please


explain.

Yes X

A17.

Did the team observe employees using, storing, and maintaining PPE properly?
If not, please explain.

Yes

A18.

Is the site covered by the Process Safety Management Standard (29 CFR
1910.119)? If not, skip to section B.

NO

A19.

Which chemicals that trigger the Process Safety Management (PSM) standard
are present?

Doc Review

Section III: Hazard Prevention and Control

Observation

Yes
Or
No

Interview

How Assessed

N/A

A20.

Please describe the PSM elements in place at the site (do not duplicate if
included elsewhere in the report, such as under contractors, preventive
maintenance, emergency response, or hazard analysis).

N/A

B. Occupational Health Care Program and Recordkeeping


B1.

Describe the occupational health care program (including availability of


physician services, first aid, and CPR/AED) and special programs such as
audiograms or other medical tests used.

The occupational health care program is vigorous and includes ongoing health programs,
medical evaluations for respirator use, audiometric testing, and air sampling for hazardous
chemicals. A medical group (physicians services) has joined NIOSH as well as
CIANBRO, in conducting a research project in the study of early warning signs for
occupational disease associated with silica, noise, etc. The Cianbro, Missisquoi Bay
Bridge project has representative numbers of employees that are trained in first aid and
CPR. Local response teams are located in Alburg and Swanton, Vermont.

B2.

How are licensed occupational health professionals used in the sites hazard
identification and analysis, early recognition and treatment of illness and injury,
and the system for limiting the severity of harm that might result from workplace
illness or injury? Is this use appropriate?

Yes X

The occupational health practice physician contracted by Cianbro performs complete

Cianbro-Final Report

Section III - 11

B3.

Doc Review

Section III: Hazard Prevention and Control

Observation

Yes
Or
No

Interview

How Assessed

physicals on employees and is attempting to work with NIOSH to improve methods of


early warning signs for occupational disease. This use is appropriate considering the
relationship of injury and illness to job practices and use of engineering controls and PPE.
Is the occupational health program adequate for the size and location of the
Yes X
X
site, as well as the nature of hazards found here? If not, please explain.

Cianbro-Final Report

Section III - 12

Section III: Hazard Prevention and Control


Merit Goals

(Include cross reference to section, subsection, and question, e.g., II.B2)

90-Day Items

(Delete this section for final transmittal to National Office)

Best Practices
1.
2.
Comments including Recommendations (optional)

Documents Referenced, Programs Reviewed (optional)

Cianbro-Final Report

Section III - 13

Doc Review

Section IV: Safety and Health Training

Observation

Yes
Or
No

Interview

How Assessed

A. Safety and Health Training


A1.

What are the safety and health training requirements for managers,
supervisors, employees, and contractors? OSHA 30 hr course, Orientation
training for employees

Managers must undergo specific supervisory training in addition to training dealing with
hazards such as, fall protection, water rescue, hazard communication, lock out/tag out,
hazard recognition, and electrical safety to name a few.
In addition, managers must attend the OSHA 30 hour course in construction, which is
administered by an authorized employee in the company, (Kris Ballard).
A2. Who delivers the training?. Management, and supervisors
X
X
Several people provide training to include; site safety supervisor, corporate safety and
health employees and line supervisors.
A3.

How are the safety and health training needs for employees determined?

A4.

X
X
Full planning, activity plans, daily plans and OSHA regulations also drive the program.
Does the site provide minimally effective training to educate employees
Yes X

regarding the known hazards of the site and their controls? If not, please
explain. MR;

A5.

What system is in place to ensure that all employees and contractors have
received and understand the appropriate training?

A6.

A7.

The site uses a system based on the corporate database to track employee training in
required areas.
Job site specific training is completed using the morning stretch meetings as a forum to
review upcoming events.
Who is trained in hazard identification and analysis?
X
X
All employees and management and supervisors are trained in hazard identification.
Most employees, (other than newly hired employees) are trained in the job sites, formal
hazard observation process known as CAPP.
Is training in hazard identification and analysis adequate for the conditions
Yes X
X
and hazards of the site? If not, please explain.

A8.

Does management have a thorough understanding of the hazards of the site?


Provide examples that demonstrate their understanding.

Cianbro-Final Report

Yes

Section IV - 1

Section IV: Safety and Health Training


Merit Goals
II.B2)

(Include cross reference to section, subsection, and question, e.g.,

90-Day Items

(Delete this section for final transmittal to National Office)

Comments including Recommendations (optional)

Documents Referenced, Programs Reviewed (optional)

Cianbro-Final Report

Section IV - 2

VPP TEAM COMPOSITION DATA SHEET


Name of Company: CIANBRO
Corporation
Site Address: East Alburg Road
Alburg VT 05440
Dates of Onsite: 9/12/2006
9/14/2006

Region: I
heck One:

Preapproval Visit:

Reported Drafted Onsite:

Evaluation Visit:

Yes:

No:

TEAM COMPOSITION
LAST NAME

ID

OSHA
Special Government
Employee

ROLE

Whipple, Dan

W9275

Team Leader

Jennings, Mike

T5122

Backup Team Leader/Hygienist

Belanger, Van

V5073

Safety Specialist

Walker, George

M5588

Safety Specialist

Martin, Debbie

P3536

Administrative

BEST PRACTICES CHECKLIST

XX

Ergo Program

Confined Space Program

LO/TO Program

PSM

Hazard Analysis

Contractor Program

Medical Program

Self-Inspections

Accountability

Industrial Hygiene

Employee Involvement

Tracking of Hazards

Pre-Job Analysis
STRATEGIC PLAN FOCUS AREA

XX

Amputations

Lead Exposures

Nursing Homes

Silica

Ergonomics

Logging

Food Processing

Shipyards

Cianbro-Final Report

XX

Construction

Appendix - 1

Site Information
Company
Name:

Cianbro Corporation

Site Address:

East Alburg Road , Alburg VT 05440

Mailing
Address:

28 East Alburgh Rd., Alburgh, VT 05440

Plant Manager:

Scott Tierney

Site VPP
Contact:
Site Telephone
Number:
Fax Number:

Scott Tierney & Brian Smith


802-796-4165
802-796-4376

E-Mail
Address of Site
Contact
Union Information (Production)
Union Name:

N/A

Local Number:
Site
Representative:
Mailing
Address:
Telephone
Number:
Fax Number:
E-Mail
Address:
Union Information (Maintenance)
Union Name:

N/A

Local Number:
Site
Representative:
Mailing
Address:
Telephone
Number:
Fax Number:
E-Mail
Address:

Cianbro-Final Report

Appendix - 2