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il

m-w:r.

lSeries : SMA/tl

Code No.

55/1/2

Candidates must write the Code on


the title page of the answer-book.

~ \1JTq CoR~ fcf;- ~ >w-1-lT;f ll ~ ~ 11

>w-1-lT;f ll ~ ~ Cf>l3ffi" ~ ~ cnTs ~ cnT ~ "3W-~ ell~-~ 1R fu"cl I

~ \1JTq CoR~ fcf;- ~ >w-1-lT;f ll 30 >w-1

~~q;r~~w~~~,~q;r~~~

~ >w-=r-lT;f cnr 1liR ell ~ 15 fl:RG Cl)f ~


TfCIT t 1 >w-=f-1T;I" Cl)f fc:Rur- ~ 1l 1o.15 ~
~ ~ I 10.15 ~ ~ 10.30 ~ (TCfi~ ~ >w-=f-lT;f ~~~~ell~ "<t "3W~1Rcnft"3W~~ I

Please check that this question paper contains 11 printed pages.

Code number given on the right hand side of the question paper should be written on the
title page of the answer-book by the candidate.

Please check that this question paper contains 30 questions.

Please write down the Serial Number of the question before attempting it.

15 minutes time has been allotted to read this question paper. The question paper will be
distributed at 10.15 a.m. From 10.15 a.m. to 10.30 a.m., the students will read the
question paper only and will not write any answer on the answer script during this period.

I
1

~1foC6 rn#11W1 (~oalf~Cfi)


PHYSICS (Theory)
f.:rWtrr ~ : 3

erutJ

[~:#q;": 70

[Maximum marks: 70

Time allowed : 3 hours]

(i)

"RW7 ~ a#rcrr<f f

(ii)

w~_rr:rifrpr30 ~f 1~ 1 #8 nq;-cf;-~31frr-HEJ,3f1'<J2f ~f3#rrrfi!CTn!'lf


3{q;- CfiT

(iii)

~9

# 18

"if~~ rj 3fq;- CfiT

t, ~ 19 # 2 7 "if~~ rfFr 3{q;- CfiT t fi'2TT ~

28 # 30 "if~~ rfhrajq:;"Cfif t I
55/1/2

[P.T.O.

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---

----------~-----------------------

if WHr W cnJt fcrcm;rr -#f t I ~ ~ 3{qff CfTff f!Cfi"JIH if, rfFr 3{qff CfTff f!Cfi"
if ahr riff~ 3fqif CfTf'f rft;:rf mf if 31/PftRCh 'qGFf ~ fcn<:rr Tp:ff t I # mf if
31T1FiiT .,.q 'qGFf if - ~ f!Cfi"J!H tt CfiRT t 1
(v) c~wtij?H2'< cF ~ W 3F]11frr ;:riT' t I ~
2H/CI:t4Ch ~aT 3fJf7 HEjiJUJCh74 ~ CfiT
rrcifTr CfiC~ ff" I
(vi) ~ 31/C/NCh ~ 3fJf7 RAMfism ~ R4rtiChl' cf;- rrRf CfiT ~ Cfir ~ t:

(iv)

JIH-TT:f

JIH

c = 3 x 10 8 m/s

h = 6.63 x 10-34 Js
e = 1.6 x 10- 19 C .
llo

47t x 10-7 T mA- 1

1
- -=9 x 109 Nm2 c-2
47tE 0
me= 9.1 x 10-31 kg

General Instructions :
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) There are 30 questions in total. Question Nos. 1 to 8 are very short answer type
questions and carry one mark each.
(iii) Question Nos. 9 to 18 carry two marks each, Question Nos. 19 to 27 carry three
marks each and Question Nos. 28 to 30 carry five marks each.
(iv) There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in one
question of two marks, one question of three marks and all three questions of five
marks each. You have to attempt only one of the choices in such questions.
(v) Use of calculators is not permitted. However, you may use log tables if necessary.
(vi) You may use the following values of physical constants wherever necessary :
c = 3 x 10 8 m/s
h = 6.63 x 10-34 Js
e= 1.6 x 10-19 C
llo = 47t x 10-7 T mA- 1
1
- -=9 x 109 Nm 2c-2
47tE 0
me=9.1 x 10-31 kg
1.

2.

~~Cf;T~~ ~' ~~~"!R', ~~c);'~Cfl!T~


~?
Why must electrostatic field be normal to the surface at every point of a charged
conductor?

00

oo

fcRf m .q ~ ~

55/112

31qqd1iCfl cpr ~ "ffif,


~ .q ~ 1R' "Cflfq Cf>1 ~ iR:'
~Cf>1~~~?
Under what condition does a biconvex lens of glass having a certain refractive index
act as a plane glass sheet when immersed in a liquid ?

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3.

it-W"ffi cit 4RCfl<'"F1131T "Cfll ~

State de-Broglie hypothesis.

4.

~ ~WT q)f -;::rrq ~ ~ f.:rqffi- # l1R, 1 mm ~~cit~ mrrr ~ 1600 A

cit 4<t~t41

fqfct~<ofi ~mm~t

Name the physical quantity which remains same for microwaves of wavelength
0

1 mm and UV radiations of 1600 A in vacuum.

5.

00 mq # ~Jicf~}11 q)f f.:n:;:r fcrqq ~ ~ fcrqq cit am- ~ m


fen mq ~ ~ ~Jtct?}1 ~ tr ~ -q llfu "Cf)"{ wt ?

t, CflfT ~ ~ ~ t
1

When electrons drift in a metal from lower to higher potential, does it mean that all
the free electrons of the metal are moving in the same direction ?

6.

~~a00sr#~OK~, mrcit~#~~~~mwt ~~~~mq~


~ {WT) "Cfll ~OK cit ~ ~ ~ ~ v ~ ~ \lWf "ffi ~ # mt'f ~~cit~
Cflffffl?

~0
v

Predict the direction of induced current in a metal ring when the ring is moved
towards a straight conductor with constant speed v. The conductor is carrying current
I in the direction shown in the figure.
'-'

~0
v

7.

OO~lR~~iJ'4Cf;r:\<~ ~q)f ~~B tafu"cffi"tK~ctilur 60


~~iji4c:6lll ~~~~q)fl1R~Wrr?

I ~lR

The horizontal component of the earth's magnetic field at a place is B and angle of
dip is 60. What is the value of vertical component of earth's magnetic field at
equator?

oo~~cit~citON-~"Cfll~mq;<~ll~,

Show on a graph, the variation of resistivity with temperature for a typical


semiconductor.

9.

~ ~ 'Q' ~ ~ 'r' ~~. (i) ~~(E) ~ (ii) ~ fcrqq (V) ~ 4RCI~'1


"Cflloo~m~mlfl<~~ 1

Draw a plot showing the variation of (i) electric field (E) and (ii) electric potential
(V) with distance r due to a point charge Q.
55/112

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10.

~ 4R'1tf<1Cflt

Cfl1 ~ l '*t ~~COR: CfiT ~A t I ~ "Qfu ~~if

.q;u"Cfl1~nt I ~~~<Cfifcp);~~m-q=f~ I

Derive the expression for the self inductance of a long solenoid of cross sectional
,
area A and length /, having n turns per unit length.

11.

~ ~ ~ -w:r ~ ~ ~

~ t 1 w 'R ~ ~ Cfl1 ~
lfiFf "Cfl1T
m, w m-ur q;r ~ CfiTuT

q;r -3"14Cict'1iCfl <~-tg)

m-ur, ~ ~ ~. ~ ~ t&T ~ '84t<ff<

~m?

A ray oflight, incident on an equilateral glass prism (1-tg = ~) moves parallel to the
base line of the prism inside it. Find the angle of incidence for this ray.

12.

am~~ if~~ CfiT lffi (~ rnA), 4l?ilf~~ICfl ~if~~~ lffi ( ~ ~-tA) ~


~m-ort 1 m-m-~~q;r~ 4l?ilf~~'Cf) ~ifCFit~\i'ffffi"t?

The current in the forward bias is known to be more (~rnA) than the current in the
reverse bias (-~-tA). What is the reason, then, to operate the photodiode in reverse
bias?

n( f.sf~c:!?l (~ ('MT Q'1ti?lllt <~ fur.lffiif 3RK(~ ~


/.
m:rcrr
~~if, f.:p"'""ff<1Psi1 if~~ ~Cfir:t q;r ~ ~
(i)

d'"*l'S:l*i <

(ii)

~ (lj'1<1CictCfl)

(iii)

g:1'"*1l"flco< ~

(iv)

~tff{Cfl~

.._

Distinguish between 'Analog and Digital signals'.


OR
Mention the function of any two of the following used in communication system :

(i)
(ii)

Transducer
Repeater

(iii) Transmitter
(iv)

Bandpass Filter

JY' 00 '1klq)l<'l m Cfl1 '1kl<il<'l ~ 2.6


mt

~~ql-1JU1Tq;r~~

1o-5

I 4~iltR4 fq; <:ffl" fctm m

q;r '1klq)\<:j
2

The susceptibility of a magnetic material is 2.6 x 1o-5. Identify the type of magnetic
material and state its two properties.
55/1/2

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15.

~~ CfiT ~ ~~ (t.~.~.) E 3l1r diH'IRCfl ~ 'r' ~ I~~ -CflT -eJ ~


~ R 1 3l1r R 2 (MT ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ l"](:IT ~ I ~ ll ~ CfiT llR f.:ll=iifCbo
'qT{ fciN;:;:r

(i)
(ii)

~ lll1f1TI l"](:IT ~

~~"Jl-CflTt~~~~ I
~~ll~R 1 ~~I

(iii)

~ ~ ll R 1 (MT R2 ~ ~ ll ;8;q)f~ct

(iv)

~ ~ ll R 1 (MT R 2

m ~ ~ ll :8'41f~o t

~ 'qT{ 4Rf-Mfr1'4'i ll ~ 't-ffilaTI ~ llR, 0.42 A, 1.05 A, 1.4 A (MT 4.2 A


I ~' ~
dilcF(liCfl ~ ~ fcf;- ~ 't-ffilaTI ~ ~ llR ~ ~ ~ ~ ll it if I ol, ~
~~~m~"ll~'t-ffil~llRcril~~ 1

A cell of emf E and internal resistance r is connected to two external resistances R 1


and R 2 and a perfect ammeter. The current in the circuit is measured in four different
situations :
(i) without any external resistance in the circuit
(ii) with resistance R 1 only
(iii) with R 1 and R 2 in series combination
(iv) with R 1 and R 2 in parallel combination
The currents measured in the four cases are 0.42 A, 1.05 A, 1.4 A and 4.2 A, but not
necessarily in that order. Identify the currents corresponding to the four cases
mentioned above.
16.

-eJ~ ~i'IICfll{ ~ ~ P(M"[Qll~ctft~r~ I~~~: I (MT 21 ~


~ m- -dT ~ 1 <t -e:r ~~ "4"{"~ 311r-eJ;:IT criT ~it~~ ~ o

~ ~ 1R -eJ;:IT ll ~ 't-ffiT ctft Rm ~ ~ ~ ~ I ~ '0' -eJ;:IT ~ ~ "WlH


~ lR~ I oT ~ '0' lR~ iJ)kiiChlll ~ CfiT llR "ffiO ~ I

pe : JJ
I

Two identical circular loop:eand Q,

21

~ch of ~8' r and carrying currents I

21

and 21 respectively are lying in parallel planes such that they have a common axis.
The direction of current in both the loops is clockwise as seen from 0 which is
equidistant from the both loops. Find the magnitude of the net magnetic field at
point 0.
55/1/2

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17.

'L' ~cit~~cit~~' 'ro' ~~~W~croR~~fq;; ~~


fuu 'L' ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ crw:r (RlT) ~ ~ 1K \iW ~ ~ 3fu" ~ fuu crw:r cit~
W ~ ~ I ~cit croR ~' crffi cWD ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 3fu" qw:r ~w:mR ~ ~
~ I ~ ~ (fliT ~ W1R 'qklc:6\4 ~ B,

00 fqJqH

~ I crffi

(RlT) ~ ~ (fliT crffi ~

q'T:qt_~.~- ~~tWI)~fu-4~~~~ I
A metallic rod of 'L' length is rotated with angular frequency of 'ro' with one end
hinged at the centre and the other end at the circumference of a circular metallic ring
of radius L, about an axis passing through the centre and perpendicular to the plane
of the ring. A constant and uniform magnetic field B parallel to the axis is present
everywhere. Deduce the expression for the emf between the centre and the metallic
ring.

1s.

oo ~ ~ em oo m.m. ~ 'lWT tR:U ~ ~ ~ \Jffi'IT ~ m- q# ~


~ ~ mm-, ~, ~.m. <~flllctctl) 'lWT ~ CfiT ~ ~ 1K ~ 'lWT ~ mm
~ ~ I ~-'IWT cit 'tiCb0HI ~ a:rrtm" 1K ~ O!WqT ~cit -m ~ ~?

When an ideal capacitor is charged by a de battery, no current flows. However, when


an ac source is used, the current flows continuously. How does one explain this,
based on the concept of displacement current ?
19.

:mm- # ~ CfiT ~~orr AB ~ l1'IT ~, Fm# ~ ~ ~ ~ ~f.:J<:Io


(3iqR:c:tt~1>

E2

fcMcr w:rrRIT (1mf) ~ 1 G:T ~m-rr em,~~ ~GR'f ct.~.~-) E1 (fliT


ll ~ llCt ~ 'tilllf\il~ ~ ~ ~ I ~ fu"4 ~ ~ ~ (~

:mm-

~A fut ~ 120 em (fliT 300 em~ 1K mt<l

mm ~ I mmO' ~

(i)
E/Ez
(ii) ~E~~~~~~(~~Cfft~ I
~ Cfft ~~~+~n<"'~l CfiT ~ ~ \Jffi'IT ~?
r-----11

11---..1\Nt(/\/1.,.----.

300 em---+
120 em ---i>

IE---

A \--------...---z-----' B

,_

t-f,___e

e1

fq;r~:nlfl ~ R<mT q;r ~ crmt ~ ~ # amm ~ R q;r lW1 m<r ~,


4
~~q#~~~m IAa:fttD~~~Cf;fllR.qfm<f~ I
l.Q

55/1/2

4.Q

l.Q

I
9V

6V

3V

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In the figure a long uniform potentiometer wire AB is having a constant potential


gradient along its length. The null points for the two primary cells of emfs E 1 and E2
connected in the manner shown are obtained at a distance of 120 em and 300 em
from the end A. Find (i) E 1/E 2 and (ii) position of null point for the cell E 1.
How is the sensitivity of a potentiometer increased?
.....-----1 111----'VV'VV\r---.,

300 em ---+
120 em---+

IE----

A \----------:r--:~---'B

...,

OR
Using Kirchoffs rules determine the value of unknown resistance R in the circuit so
that no current flows through 4 n resistance. Also find the potential difference

between A and D.

l.Q

20.

4Q

I
9V

6V

3V

anW cfq;r) .q ~ TT<) ~. ~ ~ LCR ~ ll L = 4.0 H, C = 100 ~F


R= 60Q ~I~ 240 V'Cfll~ ~~~~TFITt, oT q\):Cfl<1=1 ~

om
3

4:
(i)
(ii)
(iii)

+c
L

~ 'Cfll ~ ~\1fT ~ lR" ~coT q\):=cuf~d

'Cfift ~

~~lR"~"CfllllR
cl;" ~ Cf1Tl1JU.T ~ <31'1\.~.~-) fcrqq_rm=r
cl;"
~ lR"
A series LCR circuit with L = 4.0 H, C= 100 ~F and R = 60 n is connected to a
variable frequency 240 V source as shown in.

m m-u

f:

+c

Calculate:
the angular frequency of the source which derives the circuit at resonance;
(i)
(ii) the current at the resonating frequency ;
(iii) the rms potential drop across the inductor at resonance.
55/112

[P.T.O.

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__j

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21.

-mm

-m-

t?

(31)
C4focn<ol ml{f ~ ~m cn~lfiiilos
q;r iRr ~ ~lq!?<:Jcn
(~) *r ~
it-mu
-q A. o{ll~t4 ~ ~ 1Acflm ~ q)f ~ M 1l<:fT t 1
Frml~~~~W~~ A. lAcflmCfll~ K ~~tIm,~

oo

~WlAcflmCfll~~~~W~ 23A.t
(a)
(b)

22.

Why are coherent sources necessary to produce a sustained interference pattern?


In Young's double slit experiment using mono-chromatic light of wavelength
A., the intensity of light at a point on the screen where path difference is A., is K
2
units. Find out the intensity oflight at a point where path difference is /....
3

m t

em x 5 em ~ ~~ ~14olcnl< 1lm 0rT) ~ 1 A Cfll ~ ~ m- I


m1l~rrt~~~~orr, ~4A ctrmu~mm-t ~1lm0rT>~
f.:rcfiG~t 17WOR"~"tlm~m~1lmm~~:
(i)
-qm 0rT) lK ~ ~-~ ~ ~
(ii) orr1l ~ ~ mu ~cmur, -qm wwr-l qg ~ q;r llR ~ ~ tm- 1

00 2

I=4A
~2em

---+1

5 em

lA

lem

A rectangular loop of wire of size 2 em x 5 em c~es a steady current of 1 A. A


straight long wire carrying 4 A current is kept near the loop as shown in the figure. If
the loop and the wire are coplanar, find (i) the torque acting on the loop and (ii) the
magnitude and direction of the force on the loop due to the current carrying wire.
I=4A
~2em

---+1

5 em

1A

lem

23.

~1~'1R01~'1 q)f lAcflm-~ ftJilCf){UI ~ I~~ Cfll ~ Wilcn{UI q;f ~-+:{ktchi4


PClfCfl<on ~l:filiR-m ~~ mu ~ ml{f M \ill~
1Acfim ~ WlTCf ~ &!" ~ ~ q)f ~ ~ ~ ~ ftGlCf){UI ~ ~ ~
cx:rr&IT Cfll \ill ~ I

t?

Write Einstein's photoelectric equation. State clearly how this equation is obtained
using the photon picture of electromagnetic radiation.
Write the three salient features observed in photoelectric effect which can be
explained using this equation.
55/1/2

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24.

(31)

~ ~ ~ CfiTufr<.T "WfrT ~ CfC!I;:i)Cfi{UI ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ fcf;


~~~~1"1'1 cit neff ~ Wqfu "ll, ~M<:f?:t'1 cit ~ Cf;f l1R" ~ c~Jlct?:i'1 ~
tt"~ o{ll~tzl ~llR" Cf;f n 1f1T
t I

mm

0D

M- t:l~~1"1'1 'f:R111Ulll ~ ~Mct?i'1 ~ .q: m-oo~ ~ .q: t 1 ~ ~ ~Jlct?l'1


~ f-1'"'1ct4 ~ <-3lW ~ 1l 'qffi" ~or :::sff!Mct m
-crrRt ~ :nm,m

m-

cit~~~Wit?

(a)

Using Bohr's second postulate of quantization of orbital angular momentum


show that the circumference of the electron in the n1h orbital state in hydrogen
atom is n times the de Broglie wavelength associated with it.

(b)

The electron in hydrogen atom is initially in the third excited state. What is the
maximum number of spectral lines which can be emitted when it finally moves
to the ground state ?

2s. ~~~~~~M-~mumu~~~citO!ffi9!n~,
~ 11cfim ~ mu wftt<:r t

*mn
3

*tmlcit~CI1T~~~~~lf1T"ctit~~m. ~~~

~~~~~"IR"CFITW11Cl~?

Use Huygens's principle to explain the formation of diffraction pattern due to a


single slit illuminated by a monochromatic source of light.
When the width of the slit is made double the original width, how would this affect
the size and intensity ofthe central diffraction band ? .

26.

27.

'f:Rl1fUl ~ (A) ~ 30 q- 170 ~ ql-:q 11RT, ~ m, ~ ~~ ~ ~ (BE/A) ~


l1R" ~fuR-~ cit O!ffi9!n '"<{<ffil4 ~ ~ fcfm" ~ ljUT ~ IDU cit \ifT ~ t ?
(ii) ~ fcp ~ ~ ~ fcmro 1lfu:K .q: ~ Cf;f tR"fCT fuR- ~ "ffiiT t afu- ~
S\0<441'1 ~(A) "~Roo ca:m~ 1it m-m 1

(i)

(i)

What characteristic property of nuclear force explains the constancy ofbinding


energy per nucleon (BE/A) in the range of mass number 'A' lying 30 < A <
170?

(ii)

Show that the density of nucleus over a wide range of nuclei is constantindependent of mass number A.

~ fjklthl4 WriT ~ ~ cit -ffi;:r ~ ~


~ ~-llfu:rr cit
~~ ~
Wfffi
~I

{fqmaTI)

Cf;f

~ ~ ~ I 40 MHz ~
~ ~ cit ~ ~ croR

Name the three different modes ofpropagation of electromagnetic waves. Explain,


using a proper diagram the mode of propagation used in the frequency range above

40MHz.
55/1/2

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2s.

'i{~:?ICflCfft~mCfft~('MT~m~~

00 mz 'i{~l?lCfl * ~ 31tt ~ Cfft ~ ~ ~: 150 em ('MT 5 em t I ~


'i{~:?ICfl ~ 3 km ~ Wl, 1oo m ~ CJCR Cfil ~ ~ m31Rm !:lfuf<itkl Cfft ~ fcm;;:ft Wfr
~ J:lfctf<ilkl ~ ~ 25 em~ trr ~ I
~

~mq;r~'i{~l?ICfl*~~~mfiF:rmor~?

OO~*~('MT~qft~~~: 1.25 em ('MT 5 em


I
~ 3o ~ ~ mq:r "Cfl8 *m, Cffii q;r ~*~~ ~ Rmftr ~. ~
~ q;r ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ fll41~ct: ~ \;ffiiT ~?
Define magnifying power of a telescope. Write its expression.
A small telescope has an objective lens of focal length 150 em and an eye piece of
focal length 5 em. If this telescope is used to view a 100 m high tower 3 km away,
find the height of the final image when it is formed 25 em away from the eye piece.
OR
How is the working of a telescope different from that of a microscope ?
The focal lengths of the objective and eyepiece of a microscope are 1.25 em and
5 em respectively. Find the position of the object relative to the objective in order to
obtain an angular magnification of 30 in normal adjustment.

29.

CE ~

"# 00 ?(if-ii'R:{ ~

*m

3lTW ~ I wtr "CflT<t ~ Cfil

~~~

~~ ~~~fcp~~qft~~ Ay = _PacRL'
\1fflT Pac- mu~,
ri
RL -~~('Mlri-R<ffi~~ I
~ ~ *m ~* 5!i011("4Cf)

mq;r CfliT ~ ~?

(31)

~ ~ ~ otTT iti5CCfll~l * m ~ 3llW ~ ~ p-n ~ ~ q;r ~


~ 1FIT
I wtr "CflT<t ~ Cfil ~ ~ ('MT f.rcffiT 31tt f.rto o{1r ~ Cfil ~ I
f141ifc:t>ct
A 31tt B
f.rto ~ ~ (Y) Cfil ~ :
(i)
OR l)c: ('MT (ii) NAND l)c:
ts
t1
t2 t3 t4 ts 4
t1

mw

*m
I

I
I
I

I
I

I
I

Draw a simple circuit of aCE transistor amplifier. Explain its working. Show that the
pR
voltage gain, Ay, of the amplifier is given by Ay =- a;. L, where Pac is the current

gain, RL is the load resistance and ri is the input resistance of the transistor. What is
the significance of the negative sign in the expression for the voltage gain ?
OR
55/112

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(a)

Draw the circuit diagram of a full wave rectifier using p-n junction diode.
Explain its working and show the output, input waveforms.

(b)

Show the output waveforms (Y) for the following inputs A and B of
(i)

OR gate

(ii) NAND gate


t2 t3
I

t4 ts t6

t1

ts
I
I
I

I
I

.....

3o. ~~ ~ ~~ CfiT ~ ~ f>rml ~ fl:tf('tlH

~ ~Cfft ~ ~ ~

v~t1

m
s

~ ~ CfiT ~ 4l'i1'11Cio ~ ~ 3fu" ~ ~ CfiT ~ ~ I cp:rr ~ ~ ~


~~~Cfft~mlRcnTt~mort?~~ 1
~

(at)

~ ~ Cfft ~ fufuJct

I ~ ~.~. (S.I.) liDrcP cp:rr t?

0D

Tlmf~Rcm~~~~~fcf>, oo~m~~ ~ 3FRf~

*mor1

~ ~ CfiRUT 00 ~liT~ ~ CfiT l1H, ~ ~ ~ ~ Cfft liT f.r4r ~

r=r>

~ ~ cn1

mrr cp:rr wrr, ~ m ~ (i) ~HI~fl('lo m(ii) 5fi011~fl('lo m?

Explain the principle of a device that can build up high voltages of the order of a few
million volts.
Draw a schematic diagram and explain the working of this device.
Is there any restriction on the upper limit of the high voltages set up in this machine?
Explain.
OR

55/1/2

(a)

Define electric flux. Write its S.l. units.

(b)

Using Gauss's law, prove that the electric field at a point due to a uniformly
charged infinite plane sheet is independent of the distance from it.

(c)

How is the field directed if (i) the sheet is positively charged, (ii) negatively
charged?

11

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