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1.

Is there any significant correlation between trainee teachers perception and


implementation of school based assessment?
x: trainee teachers perception
y: implementation of school based assessment

x
40
39
39
39
39
46
36
39
40
35
50
39
32
40
41
40
40
50
36
37
32
33
36
23
30
31
41
29
35
38
39
40
40
37
40
40
40
40
39

Table 1 : Use to answer question 1.


y
xy
x2
32
1280
1600
39
1521
1521
38
1482
1521
39
1521
1521
31
1209
1521
44
2024
2116
31
1116
1296
40
1560
1521
37
1480
1600
31
1085
1225
40
2000
2500
40
1560
1521
34
1088
1024
38
1520
1600
27
1107
1681
26
1040
1600
40
1600
1600
50
2500
2500
36
1296
1296
40
1480
1369
17
544
1024
25
825
1089
34
1244
1296
25
575
529
34
1020
900
29
899
961
24
984
1681
35
1015
841
37
1295
1225
30
1140
1444
35
1365
1521
34
1360
1600
35
1400
1600
32
1184
1369
31
1240
1600
38
1520
1600
31
1240
1600
38
1520
1600
33
1287
1521

y2
1024
1521
1444
1521
961
1936
961
1600
1369
961
1600
1600
1156
1444
729
676
1600
2500
1296
1600
289
625
1156
625
1156
841
576
1225
1369
900
1225
1156
1225
1024
961
1444
961
1444
1089

40
40
39
40
40
50
36
41
23
30
31
x = 1890

37
32
40
37
26
50
34
24
25
34
29
y = 1698

1480
1280
1560
1480
1040
2500
1224
984
575
1020
899
xy = 65168

1600
1600
1521
1600
1600
2500
1296
1681
529
900
961
2
x = 72922

1369
1024
1600
1369
676
2500
1156
576
625
1156
841
2
y = 59682

1890 (1698)
50

65168
= 983.6

1890 2
50

72922
= 1480

1698
50

59682

= 2017.92
r=

983.6
1480(2017.92)

= 0.5692
Weak positive correlation
r2 = (0.5692)2
= 0.3240
H 0:

=0

H 1:

= 0.01, v = 50 2
= 48

Critical region of t
0.005, 60

0.01
2

40

=t

0.005, 40

Critical region of t

0.01
2

60

=t

= 2.704

0.01
Critical region of t
2

48

=t

=t

= 2.660

0.005, 48

0.005

40

2.6602.704
)
6040

x8

= 2.704 + ( 0.0176)
= 2.6864

Critical point of t = 0.569

48
1 0.3240

= 4.7947

Since 4.7947 > 2.6864, there is enough evidence to show that there is a
positive significant correlation between trainee teachers perception and
implementation of school based assessment. Hence H 0 is rejected at 1 %
significance level.

2. Is there any significance difference between genders towards feedback on


implementation of school based assessment?
1: Population mean feedback on implementation of school based assessment
among male trainee teachers.
2: Population mean feedback on implementation of school based assessment
among female trainee teachers.

x1
: Sample mean feedback on implementation of school based assessment
among male trainee teachers.

: Sample feedback on implementation of school based assessment among

male trainee teachers


s1: Sample standard deviation feedback on implementation of school based
assessment among female trainee teachers
s2: Sample standard deviation feedback on implementation of school based
assessment among female trainee teachers
n1: Number of sample feedback on implementation of school based
assessment among male trainee teachers
n2: Number of sample feedback on implementation of school based
assessment among female trainee teachers
Table 2 : Use to answer question 2.
Feedback of implication on school
Feedback of implication on school
based assessment among male

based assessment among female

trainee teachers
4.00
3.10
4.00
4.00
3.40
3.80
2.60
4.00
5.00
3.60
4.00
3.40
2.40
3.50
3.70
3.00
3.50
3.40
3.50
3.10
3.80
3.30
3.70

trainee teachers
3.20
3.90
3.80
3.90
3.10
4.40
3.10
3.70
2.70
1.70
2.50
2.50
3.40
2.90
3.20
3.10
3.80
3.20
3.70
2.50
3.40
2.90

4.00
2.60
5.00
3.40
2.40

x1

= 3.5429
s1 = 0.63563
n1 = 28

2 = 3.2091
s2 = 0.61327
n2 = 22

H0 : 1 = 2, 1 2, 1 - 2 = 0
H 1 : 1 2 , 1 - 2 0
Assume population standard deviation, equal

= 0.01, v = 28 + 22 2
= 48

Critical region of t
=t

0.01
2

40

=t

Critical region of t

0.005, 40

0.01
2

0.005, 60

= 2.704

Critical region of t

0.01
2

=t

48

0.005

= 2.660

=t

40

0.005, 48

2.6602.704
)
6040

= 2.704 + ( 0.0176)
= 2.6864

x8

60

Critical point of t = (

(3.5429 3.2091) 0
)
0.17833

= 1.8718

Since 1.8718 < 2.6864, there is enough evidence to show that there is no
significance difference between genders towards feedback on implementation
of school based assessment. Hence H0 is failed to reject at 1 % significance
level.

3. Is there any significant difference between age and perception towards


different between old curriculum revised and school based assessment?
Table 3: Use to answer question 3
Age(x)

25
25
23

Perception towards
difference between od
curriculum and SBA(y)
32.00
37.00
35.00

xy

x2

800
925
805

625
625
529

23
23
23
25
25
25
25
23
26
25
24
24
30
24
24
24
24
25
26
24
26
24
24
25
30
24
26
24
26
26
25
25
25
27
23
26
26
25
25
25
30
24
24
25
26
24
24
x = 1249

34.00
27.00
38.00
27.00
39.00
37.00
26.00
38.00
40.00
12.00
32.00
26.00
37.00
36.00
50.00
32.00
36.00
29.00
32.00
34.00
16.00
24.00
30.00
28.00
31.00
35.00
23.00
25.00
24.00
24.00
23.00
36.00
38.00
24.00
30.00
38.00
38.00
32.00
39.00
37.00
37.00
50.00
34.00
28.00
16.00
24.00
30.00
y = 1580

782
621
874
675
975
925
650
874
1040
300
768
624
1110
864
1200
768
864
725
832
816
416
576
720
700
930
840
598
600
624
624
575
900
950
648
690
988
988
800
975
925
1110
1200
816
700
416
576
720
xy = 39440

529
529
529
625
625
625
625
529
676
625
576
576
900
576
576
576
576
625
676
576
676
576
576
625
900
576
676
576
676
676
625
625
625
729
529
676
676
625
625
625
900
576
576
625
676
576
576
2
x = 31327

xy

xy

x y
n

(1249)(1580)
50

= 39440 = -28.4

xx

( x ) 2
n

= 31327 -

(1249) 2
50

= 126.98

s xy
s xx
b=

28.4
126.98

a
=

1580
50

1249
50

= - 0.2237

= 31.6

= 24.98

x
-b

= 31.6 (-0.2237)(24.98)
= 37.19

^y

= a + bx
= 37.19 - 0.2237x

4. Is there any significant difference between races and the implementation of


School Based Assessment?
Table 4: Use to answer question 4
Malay
17
25
26
27
25
30
31
25
32
34
33
35
32
36
37
32
35
38
37
38
38
37
39
37
17
T1 = 776
n1 = 25

Chinese
24
29
34
34
31
40
34
29
34
24
31
38

Indian
34
31
40
31
44
40

Others
35
40
50
40
39
40
50

T2 = 382
n2 = 12

T3 = 220
n3 = 6

T4 = 294
n4 = 7

Step 1 :
H0 :

1 =

2 =

H1 : Not all four population means are equal


Step 2:
F0.05, k-1, n-k = F0.05, 4-1, 50-4
= F0.05, 3, 46

2.76 2.84 6
60 40

= F0.05, 3, 40 +
= 2.84 + (-0.024)
= 2.8160
Step 3 :

x=
x 2=

776 + 382 + 220 + 294 = 1672


172 + 242 + 342 + 352 + 252 + 292 + 312 + 402 + 262 + 342 +

402 + 502 + 272 + 342 + 312 +


402 + 252 + 312 + 442 + 392 + 302 + 402 + 402 + 402 + 312 + 342 +
2
50 + 252 + 292 + 322 +
342 + 342 + 242 + 332 + 312 + 352 + 382 + 322 + 362 + 372 + 322 +
2
35 + 382 + 372 + 382 +
382 + 372 + 392 + 372 + 172 = 59006

SSB =

776 2 382 2 220 2 294 2 1672 2

750.36
12
6
7
50
25

SSW = 59006
Step 4 :

Source of
variation
Between

776 2 382 2 220 2 294 2

25
12
6
7

Degree of
freedom
3

Sum of
square
750.36

= 2343.96

Mean of
square

750.36
3
375.18

Within

46

2343.96

2343.96
46
50.96

Total
Step 5 :

49

3094.32

375.18
50.96

F=
= 7.3622

Since F-test > F-Critical, so reject H0. There is sufficient evidence that there

is a significant difference between races and the implementation of School Based


Assessment.

5. Is there any significant difference between numbers of trainee teachers who


have the opinion about continuation of school based assessment?
O: Number of trainee teachers
Table 5: Use to answer question 5
Opinion on school based
assessment

Disagree

25

1
3

50(0.3
3)
=16.5

=
0.33
Not sure

13

1
3
=
0.33

Agree

12

50(0.3
3)
=16.5

OE

25

1
6.5
= 8.5
13

16.5
=

3.5
50(0.3 12
3)
=

(OE)
E
2

(8.5)
16.5

= 4.38

(3.5 )2
16.5
= 0.74

1
3

16.5

=
0.33
Total

50

16.5
=

4.5

(4.5)
16.5
= 1.23
6.35

Ho: p1 = p2 = p3 = 0.33
H1: At least two proportions are not equal 0.33.
df = 3 -1

= 0.01

=2

0.01, 2

= 9.210

Since 6.35 < 9.21, there is enough evidence to show that number of trainee
teachers who have the opinion about continuation of school based assessment is
the same. Hence H0 is failed to reject at 1 % significance level.