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Absolute Value Equations

Absolute Value Equations: x = 4 , is an equation that contains an


absolute value expression.
The equation x= 4 means that the distance between 0 if 4. The
solutions of the equation are 4 and -4, because they are the only
numbers whose distance from 0 is 4.

Solving an Absolute Value Expression


The equation ax + b = c where
ax+b=c or ax+b=-c

c 0

is equivalent to the statement

Solve an absolute
value equation:

Solve x 3 = 8

To solve, rewrite the absolute value equation as 2


equations. Then solve each equation separately.

x 3=8

x 3 = 8

or

x = 11

x = 5

The solutions are 11 and -5.

Check your answer by plugging


and chugging both

numbers.

Try This: x + 4 = 3
When solving multi-step equations, you cannot solve work on numbers
inside the absolute value symbol until you get all other numbers out of

the equations first


Example: Solve 32x 7 5 = 4
First get the absolute value by itself

32x 7 5 = 4
32x 7 = 9
2x 7 = 3

Then solve the absolute value equation:


2x 7 = 3
2x = 10

2x 7 = 3
2x = 4

or

x =5

x =2

The solutions are 5 and 2.

Try This: 4 t + 9 5 = 19
No Solutions: The absolute value of a number is never negative. So,
when an absolute value expression equals a negative number, there

are no solutions.
Example:

3x + 5 + 6 = 2
3x + 5 = 8

Because the solution is -8, there are no solutions.

Absolute deviations: For a number from a given value is the absolute


value of the difference of x and the given value.
Absolute Deviation= x givenvalue
Example: Before the start of a professional basketball game, a
basketball must be inflated to an air pressure of 8 pounds per square

inch (psi) with an absolute error of 0.5 psi. find the minimum and
maximum acceptable air pressures for the basketball.
0.5 = p = 8

0.5=p-8
8.5=p

or

-0.5=p-8
7.5=p

The minimum and maximum acceptable pressures are 7.5 psi and 8.5
psi.
Try These:
2m 5 + 4 = 2
3 n + 2 7 = 10

The absolute deviation of x from 7.6 is 5.2. what are the values
of x that satisfy the requirement?