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CHINA SHIPPING (GROUP)

COMPANY
Measures of Anti-Piracy
By Captain Quanming Hu
15 May,2013 Shanghai
LIoyd's Marine Workshop
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1Introduction
China Shipping (Group) Company (China
Shipping), whose headquarter is located in
Shanghai.

CHINA SHIPPING

1Introduction
China Shipping is a super-large shipping
conglomerate that mainly operates
shipping across different regions, fields,
countries and ownership.
China Shipping main service is container,
oil tanker, bulk carrier, passenger ship, car
carrier and special transportation.

1Introduction

China
Shipping

1Introduction
The ships China shipping hold or controlled
are as follows:
180 containers,
83 oil tankers,
208 tramps
32 other ships
Total 503 ships, 608,600 TEU 30,200,000
DWT
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1Introduction
China Shipping has 6 holding companies in
Hong Kong, North America, Europe, Southeast Asia and West Asia, Africa and more
than 100 overseas branches, agencies and
representative offices, over 400 sales
offices in 108 countries and regions.

1Introduction
China Shipping worldwide network.

1Introduction
Somali pirate activity:
The number of attacks on merchant ship in
the GoA (Gulf of Aden),off the coast of Somali
and Arabian sea increased from 2008(2012
decreased), the attacks cause serious danger
to the life of crew and safety of the ship.

The President of China Shipping attaches


importance to anti-piracy matters.
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1Introduction
World Wide Piracy Annoyances Was Reported:
Crew
Attacks
Attacks
by Somali

2008

293

2009

Hijacks

Crew

hijacked by

by Somali

Hijacked

Somali

889(8dead)

815

1050

867

Hijacks

111

49

42

217

49

47

406
2010
445

219

53

49

11818dead

1016

439

237

42

28

802(6dead)

450

297

75

28

14

5856dead

2011

2012

2Principle of Anti-Piracy
China Shipping anti-piracy principle
Prevention First
Self Protection and Self Salvation
Convoyed and Saved by Warship
Hire Security Company
China Shipping strongly believes that vessels self
protection measures is most important way to
reduce the risk of a successful hijacking and
provide time for military forces in the area to
respond.
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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


(1)Implement Government Requirements
and Establish Anti-piracy Organization
(2) Establish and Perfect Anti-piracy Procedure
(3) Provide Shore-based Support
(4)Establish and Adjust Monitoring Area
(5)Collect Information
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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


(6) Apply for Warship Convoy, Hire Security
Company,Attend Group Transit
(7) Increase Capital Input
(8) Provide Training and Inspirit
(9) Carry out Exercises and Drills

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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


3.1 Implement Government Requirements,
Establish Anti-piracy Organization

China Shipping has set up an anti-piracy


organization led by the President on 4 Dec,
2008.

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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


President
Vice President
General Capt.

Coordinator

Vessels

Vice GM

GM of Safety Dep.

Coordinator

Vice GM

Vessels

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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


From 2008 to today, China Shipping has
hold 11 anti-piracy meetings according to
new problem, new intention, new situation
appeared from worldwide, and issued a
series of prevention measures.

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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


3.2 Establish and Perfect Procedure
Establish procedure for vessels sailing
through the GoA (Gulf of Aden), off the
coast Somali and Arabian sea.
Define vessel anti-piracy manual.

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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


The procedure or manual includes shorebased support and monitoring, convoy
application, ship report, preparation prior
to transit, measures taken in GoA, action
taken if a piracy attack is imminent, etc.

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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


The procedure or manual also includes the
contents of BMP (Best Management
Practices) , such as useful contact details,
checklist of GoA security measures, etc.
Modify the anti-piracy emergency plan in
the SMS and SSP.

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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


3.3 Provide Shore-based /company Support
The shore-based provide enough supports: avoid
pirate area(Company safety department etc,carry
out a risk assessment for new voyage order),
purchase pirate insurance, advise passage plan,
equip the ship with anti-piracy installations,
rebuild safety enclosed spaces , set up emergency
procedure, provide training, apply for convoy,
release information, etc.
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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy

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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


3.4 Establish and Adjust Monitoring Area
The initial monitoring area/High Risk Area

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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


The adjusted monitoring area
High Risk AreaBouned by Red sea 15
N and Gulf of Oman South WardsSri
Lanka/078E West Wards(include Arabia
n Sea) To East Madagasikara 20S/065
30E and Coast of Mocambique.

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The up-to-date monitoring area

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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


3.5 Collect Information
Collect or download information from
www.icc-ccs.org, www.mschoa.org,
www.msa.gov.cn, etc. then assess and
analyze the information.

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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


Upload the information on the Company
website to let subsidiaries to implement
the requirements.
China Shipping: WWW.cnshipping.com

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3.6 Apply for Warship Convoy, Hire Security
Company,Attend Group Transit

We have 456 ships transit the risk area in


2012,among:
(1) Apply for Warship convoy-- 6 vessels .

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(2) Hire Security Company --21 vessels. Major
is MAST,REDFOUR, NMS and China hxza.

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(3) Others Attend group transit

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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


3.7 Increase Capital Input
(1) Build and rebuild safety enclosed spaces.

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Safety enclosed spaces entry door, it is very

covert.

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Prepared drink water

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Safety enclosed spaces emergency escape

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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


CCTV and monitoring table

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Telephone and antenna

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Sewage system

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(2) Anti-piracy Equipments
Physical barriers

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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


New kinds of physical barriers

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The crew are installing the
physical barriers.

China Shipping regulates that all tankers or


bulk carriers should be installed with the
physical barriers prior to transit.

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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


3.8 Provide Training and Inspirit
(1) Provide sign on training to master, chief
engineer, chief mate and SSO.
(2) Provide allowance to crew for ship
passing throughout GoA or Somali waters.

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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


3.9 Carry out Exercises and Drills
(1) Preparation
The Company vice GM must have a
telephone communication with the master
to inspirit the crew prior to transit.

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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


The ship should keep good maintenance,
design the passage plan, install physical
barriers, prepare anti-piracy equipments,
test the communicating devices, etc.

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(2) convene crew meeting prior to passage
to ensure that the crew are thoroughly
briefed, mobilized and familiar with their
duties.

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(3) carry out drills or exercises

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(4) prepare an emergency communication
plan, include all essential emergency
contact numbers and pre-prepared
messages, the emergency numbers should
be ready at hand or permanently displayed
near the communications panel (eg
telephone in numbers of MSCHOA, IMB,
UKMTO, CSO), define vessel anti-piracy
emergency plan and evacuation plan,

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3Review of Anti-piracy Policy


(5) keep sharp Watchkeeping, add
additional lookouts, enhance vigilance,
patrol around the vessel.
(6) if a potential attack commences, sound
the alarm, activate the emergency plan,
alter Large course and carefull manoeuvre
the ship. activate the SSAS, contact the
China Navy, the Combined Navy with VHF
16, report to MARLO, IMB, UKMTO,
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4Review of Annoyance , Attack


China Shipping suffered total 23 pirate
annoyances or attacks from 2008, no
vessel was hijacked.
The most violent pirate attack was
happened on Feb. 1, 2011. The bulk carrier
JIA NING SHAN was attack by two skiff in
three hours.

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4Review of Attack, Annoyance


The vessel was attacked three times

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4Review of Attack, Annoyance


The ship was hit by more than 400 bullets,
three cannonballs. More than 170
cartridges were found on board.

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4Review of Attack, Annoyance


The defensive guard was penetrated.

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4Review of Attack, Annoyance


The accommodation was penetrated.

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4Review of Attack, Annoyance


The pipes were penetrated
by cannonballs
The unburned cannonballs

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4Review of Attack, Annoyance


Our action:

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4Review of Attack, Annoyance


Finally, the ship succeeded in deterring the
pirate to board the ship by crew own
efforts.

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5Future Plan
5.1 The pirate areas should be avoided,
deviating sometimes can be taken to
keep away from the pirate areas.
5.2 Summarize and adhere to the
former good practices and stick to the
Company anti-piracy principle.

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5Future Plan
5.3 Adhere to warship convoy or group
transit. Suggest the government to set up
civilian security company. Before the
civilian security company is set up, if
appropriately, arrange the external security
company to
send arm forces
onboard .

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5Future Plan
5.4 Increase capital input. The
applicable anti-piracy equipments
must be equipped on board, The
safety enclosed spaces rebuilding or
constituting rate must be up to 100
percent. The ventilation must be good,
the communicating antenna must be
covert.
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5Future Plan
5.5 Amend and perfect the emergency
procedures, intensify drills and
exercises.

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5Future Plan
5.6 Intensify the information
communication, communicate with
RCC, China Navy, MSCHOA, IMB,
UKMTO, MARLO, etc.

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Any Question?

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Thanks!

Quanming Hu

Captain

678

Tel:
Mobile:
Fax:
E-mail:
Website:

CHINA SHIPPING(GROUP)COMPANY
No.678,Dongdaming Road, Shanghai 200080,China

+86-(0)21-6596 6827
+86-13641724437
+86-(0)21-6596 6908
qmhu@cnshipping.com
www.cnshipping.com

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