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API 653 Certification

Data Sheets
Answer

Reference Documents

Reference

API 579

653: 1.1.6

Fitness for Service (FFS)

API 580

653: 6.4.2.2.2

Risked Based Inspection

API 620

653: 2.1

Low Pressure Storage Tanks

API 651

653: 6.3.4.1

Cathodic Protection

API 652

653: 4.4.3.4

Tank Bottom Linings

API 2201

653: 9.14.2

Welding on In-Service Equipment containing Flammables

ASME Sect
V

650: 8.1.3.1,
8.2.1, 8.3.2.2,
8.4.1

NDE Procedure Guidelines

ASME Sect
8, Div 1

650: 8.1.5

Acceptance Standards for RTs of Welds

ASME Sect
8, Div 2

653: 4.3.3.6

Alternative evaluation for pits and LTAs

10

ASME Sect
IX

653: 11.1.1

Welder Qualification

11

ASME Sect
IX

653: 11.1.1

Weld Procedure Qualification

12

ASTM
A370

650: 4.2.8.7

Impact Testing Method and Equipment Requirements

13

AWS

653: 7.4

Requirement for new welding electrodes

14

ASNT SNTTC-1A

650: 8.1.3.2,
8.3.2.4

NDE Personnel Qualification (RT & UT Flaw Detection)

15

Appendix F

653: 4.2.4.1

API 650 Appendix for Frangible Roofs

16

Appendix M

653: 4.2.4.3

API 650 Appendix for Hot Tanks

Answer
1

AIRR

653: 1.1.1

JUIC

653: 3.3

JOC

653: 3.3

MSTS

Class Abbreviations

Reference

API 653 Scope (Alteration, Inspection, Repair, Reconstruction)

API 653 AIs Employer (Jurisdiction, User, Insurance


company, Contractor)
API 653 Repair Organization (authorized by Jurisdiction,
Owner, Contractor)

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Answer

Dimensions

Reference

Definitions - Length of shell-to-bottom weld that if repaired is


considered a major repair or alteration
Linings - Typically anchor profile of steel surface required for
the installation of a tank bottom lining

> 0

1.5 4.0
mils

1/64

650: 8.5.2.b

Welds - Maximum undercut of a vertical weld & nozzle weld

1/32

650: 8.5.2.b

Welds - Maximum undercut of a horizontal weld

3/32

650: 8.5.2.c

Welds - Maximum diameter of a surface porosity cluster

1/8

IX: QW-163

Weld Qualification - Max allowed discontinuity in a Bend Test

5/32

650: 10.1.1
653: 13.1.1

Nameplates - Minimum size of nameplate letters

3/8

653: 4.4.5.7

Bottoms - Minimum external projection of bottom plate on an


existing tank (from toe of shell-to-bottom FW)

1/2

653: 10.5.4

Reconstruction - Max amount of peaking allowed in vert welds

10

> 1 or 2t

653: 4.3.3.1
(definitions)

11

653: 9.3.2.3

12

V: T-642.b

13

V: T-741.1.b

14

653: 10.5.5

15

650: 5.1.3.5

16

650: 5.4.2

17

650: 8.6.5

18

653: Fig. 9.13

19

653: Fig. 9.13

Shell Calcs When calculating tmin for shell LTA, minimum


distance away from a weld where E is always 1.0
Shell Patch - Minimum overlap of shell lap-patch used to cover
a hole (edge of hole to edge of patch)
NDE - When performing a PT examination, minimum distance to
clean beyond the area to be examined
NDE - When performing a MT examination, minimum distance
to clean beyond the area to be examined
Reconstruction - Maximum amount of banding allowed in a
horizontal welds
Bottoms - Minimum overlap required for single-welded lap
joints
Bottoms - Minimum external projection of bottom plate on a
new tank
Vacuum Box - Minimum overlap of previously test surfaces
when using a vacuum box
Bottom Patch - Minimum overlap of bottom lap-patch used to
cover corroded area (edge of corrosion to edge of patch)
Bottom Patch - Minimum distance bottom lap-patch fillet weld
to the nearest existing bottom weld

20

653: 9.3.1.4

21

653: 10.3.2.1

22

653: 10.3.4.1

MSTS

653: 3.18.g
652: 7.5

Shell Patch - Minimum radius of a shell lap-patch


Reconstruction - If reusing bottom plates, min distance to cut
from existing bottom welds (if plates are not deseamed)
Reconstruction - If reusing roof plates, min distance to cut
from existing roof welds (if plates are not deseamed)

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Answer

Dimensions (continued)

Reference

Shell Pitting - Maximum allowed vertical length of pits on a


tank shell
Bottom Pitting - Maximum allowed length of pits in the critical
zone that can be repaired by weld-buildup

23

2 in 8 line

653: 4.3.2.2.b

24

2 in 8 arc

653: 9.10.1.6.a

25

653: 3.10

Bottoms - Radial length of critical zone measured from shell

26

3-4

650: B.3.2

Bottoms Suggested pad thickness

27

650: 8.5.2.c

Welds - Min distance between clusters of surface porosity

28

653: 9.3.1.7

Shell Patch - Minimum dimension of a shell lap-patch

29

653: Fig 9.1 R


dimension

Shell Patch - Minimum radius of a shell flush-patch

30

653: 4.3.4.1

31

653: 9.10.1.1.b

32

653: Fig 9.9 or


9.10.1.2.b

33

653: 10.3.3.1.c

34

650: 8.1.2.8
653: 12.2.1.7

35

IX: QW-302.2
IX: QW-304.1

36

IX: QW-302.2

37

653: 9.3.1.5

38

6 12

575: 7.2.10

Corrosion Area to dig when checking for soil-to-air corrosion

39

6 - 24

577: 9.3.1.e

NDE Distance of eye-to-part to count as a Visual Exam

40

6 x 30

650: 8.6.1

Vacuum Box - Typical size of a vacuum box

41

12

653: 9.2.2.1

Shell Patch - Minimum dimension of a shell flush-patch

42

12

650: 5.1.5.4.2

43

12

653: 9.10.1.1.a

44

12

650: B.3.1

MSTS

Shell Calcs When calculating tmin for shell LTA, minimum


distance away from a rivet where E is always 1.0
Bottom Patch - Minimum size of bottom lap-patch that does
NOT cross a bottom seam
Bottom Patch - Minimum distance between a bottom lap-patch
and the shell for patches that do NOT extend to the shell
Reconstruction - If reusing shell plates, min distance to cut
from existing shell welds (if plates are not deseamed)
RT - Minimum diagnostic length of a RT for vertical or
horizontal welds
Weld Qualification - Minimum length of RT when qualifying a
welder with RT using a coupon or 1st production weld
Weld Qualification - Minimum length of RT when qualifying a
welding operator with RT of a test coupon
Shell Patch Minimum distance to overlap a shell weld when
using a lap-patch

Bottoms - Minimum dimension that a 3-lap joint can be from:


other 3-laps, the shell, or annular plate joints
Bottom Patch - Minimum dimension of bottom lap-patch that
crosses a bottom seam
Foundations - Suggested height above grade for new tank
bottoms

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Answer

Dimensions (continued)

Reference

Shell Patch - When adding a shell flush-patch that extends to


a horizontal shell weld, minimum distance to cut the
horizontal weld past the new vertical welds
Shell Patch - Dimension of a shell flush-patch that is
considered either a major repair or alteration
Definition - Dimension of a shell vertical weld if repaired or
replaced is considered a major repair or alteration

45

12

653: Fig 9.1


Note 2

46

> 12

653: 3.19.c

47

> 12

653: 3.19.e

48

24

653: Fig 9.13


Note 3

Bottom Patch Max width of bottom patch in the critical zone

49

24

650: 5.1.5.4.3
& 5.5.2

Bottoms - Minimum radial width of annular plate (distance


between shell and nearest bottom fillet weld)

50

24

575: 8.2.1

NDE Max distance of eye-to-part to count as a Visual Exam

51

36

653: 9.14.1.2

52

36

IX: QW-305.1

53

36

653: 10.5.4 / 5

54

36

650: 9.4
11.2.2

55

48 x 72

653: 9.3.1.7

56

10

653: Fig B.2

57

10

650: C.3.1.6

Roofs Maximum shunt spacing on floating roof

58

32

653: Fig B.1 /


12.5.1.2

59

50

653: 12.2.1.2
b&c

Settlement - Maximum distance between tank settlement


survey points around the outside diameter of the tank
NDE - Maximum distance between RTs in horizontal welds
when welding to existing shell plates

60

< 60

651: 6.2.1

CP Typical tank size for Galvanic CP systems

61

> 200

62

5t

650: 5.1.5.2.b

63

Full Fillet

650: 5.1.5.4.3

MSTS

653:

653: 4.3.3.4

Hot Tap - Minimum height of liquid above new nozzle during


the hot tap operation
Weld Qualification - Minimum length of RT when qualifying a
welding operator with RT of first production weld
NDE - Length of sweep board used when checking for banding
or peaking
Welds - Maximum distance between welder ID stamps on a
tank weld
Shell Patch - Maximum size of shell lap-patch (vertical &
horizontal dimensions)
Settlement - Maximum distance between tank settlement
survey points across the inside of the tank

Shell Calcs - Tank diameter when variable point design method


should always be used to calc shell minimum thickness
Shell Minimum offset between vertical welds in adjacent
courses
Bottoms Minimum size of bottom welds

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Answer
1
2
3

< 2 NPS
> 2 NPS
3 NPS

(3-1/2 O.D.)

4 NPS

> 12 NPS

Answer

Line Sizes

Reference
650: 5.7.2.1
653: 9.8.6

V: T-271.2.b
653: 9.14.1.1.b.1

653: 3.19.a

Repad - Nozzle size that never requires a repad


Repairs On existing tank, new nozzle must use insert plate if
shell is over thick and shell material does not meet
current MDMT requirements
RT - Maximum pipe size when using a RT elliptical shot (doublewall technique, double-wall view)
Hot Tap - Maximum nozzle size that can be hot tapped when
course thickness is > and shell has unknown toughness
Definition - When adding a new nozzle, nozzle size to be
considered a major alteration

Percentages

Reference

RT Film Density - Limits of weld as compared to the IQI


(range)
AI Amount of time inspector must be involved in inspection
activities - required to maintain API 653 certification
RT Reconstruction - % to of weld intersections (new welds to
old welds) to be RTd
Maximum relative humidity when performing abrasive blasting
for tank bottom linings

-15 to +30%

V: T-282.2.a

20%

653: D.5.2.a

25%

653: 12.2.1.5

80%

652: 7.4

80%

652: 8.3

Maximum relative humidity when installing tank bottom linings

100%

653: 12.2.1.8

% to RT when installing a new insert plate with a nozzle into an


existing shell plate

MSTS

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Answer

Temperatures

Reference

< 0 oF

653: 10.4.2.3

Reconstruction - Base metal temp where welding is not allowed

0 - 32 oF

653: 10.4.2.3

Reconstruction - Base metal temp when hand-warm pre-heat is


required

652: 7.4

Linings - Minimum temp when performing abrasive blasting

652: 8.3

Linings - Minimum temp when installing tank bottom linings

3
4

5 oF above
dew point
5 oF above
dew point

Corrosion The corrosion rate of steel tank bottoms may


double with this rise in temperature
UT Calibration - Calibration Block must be within what
temperature of the part to be examined

18 oF

651: 5.4.1 Note

25 oF

577: 9.9.1

40 - 125 oF

650: 8.6.6

Vacuum Box - Standard temperature range for VB exam

40 - 125 oF

V: T-652/653

PT - Standard temperature range for a PT exam

< 50 oF

650: 9.2.2.3

10

> 60 oF

653: Fig 5.1

11

> 100 oF

653: 9.10.1.2.3

12

< 110 oF

653: 6.4.2.1.2.1

13

140 oF

653: 10.4.2.3

Preheat - Approximate temp of a required hand-warm pre-heat

14

> 150 oF

571: 4.3.10.6c
575: 7.4.3

15

200 oF

653: 10.4.4.3

16

> 200 oF

Corrosion - Temperature when high strength caustic causes


serious corrosion in CS and 300 SS
Preheat - Required pre-heat temperature for shell welds over
1.5 thick during Reconstruction
Bottom Lap Patches - Metal temperature where lap-patches
are NOT allowed in the critical zone on CS tanks

17

200-500 oF

653: 9.10.1.2.3

Impact Test - Design metal temperature that requires weld


procedure used for vertical welds to be impacted tested
Brittle - Tank metal temperature where brittle fracture is
NOT a concern
Bottom Lap Patches - Metal temp where lap-patches are NOT
allowed in critical zone on SS tank
Intervals - If tank product solidify below this temperature,
the code maximum interval rules do not apply

650: 1.1.20

Temperature Range for API 650 App M


Corrosion - Most aggressive temperature range for CUI.
Range for API 575 and API 571
Preheat - Minimum pre-heat temperature, when pre-heat is
substituted for PWHT

18

120 200 F
212 - 250 oF

575: 7.2.7
571: 4.3.3.3.d

19

300 oF

653: 11.3.1.d

20

1000 oF

V: SE-797 8.5

Maximum temperature for UT readings

21

1100-1200 oF

650: 5.7.4.1/2

PWHT Temperature

22

MSTS

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Answer

Thicknesses

Reference

< 0.020

0.050

653: Table 4.4

0.050

653: Table 4.4

0.090 in
100 in2

0.100

653: 4.3.3.1.b
(definitions)

0.100

653: 4.4.5.7

0.100

653: Table 4.4

0.100

653: 9.10.1.6.b

0.100

653: 9.13.6.2

Roof Rim - Minimum allowed roof rim thickness

10

3/16

650: 5.10.2.2 &


C.3.3.2
653: 9.11.2.1 &
9.11.3.1

Roof - Minimum thickness of new roof plate (cone & floating)

11

3/16

653: 9.13.6.2

Roof Rim - Minimum thickness of new roof rim

12

1/4 ( 0.236)

650: 5.4.1

Bottom - Normal minimum thickness of new bottom plate

13

1/4

653: 9.10.1.2.a

Bottom Patch - Maximum thickness of lap-patch in critical zone

14

1/2

653: Fig. 5.1

Brittle - Thickness when brittle fracture is NOT a concern

15

1/2

653: 9.3.1.2

Shell Patch Max shell thickness when lap-patches are allowed

16

1/2

653: 9.3.1.3

Shell Patch Maximum patch thickness for a shell lap-patch

17

> 1/2

IX: QW-191.
2.1.a

18

> 1

653: 12.1.5.1.

19

> 1

650: 8.1.2.2.c

20

> 1-1/2

653: 10.4.4.3

Weld Qualification When can UT be used in lieu of RT to


Qualify a Welder/Welding Operator
NDE - When welding existing shell plate. Thickness that
requires 100% examination by RT and MT or PT.
NDE - Plate thickness which requires 100% of verticals weld to
be radiographed
Reconstruction - Shell plate thickness that requires all welds
to be preheated to at least 200 oF.

21

tmin

653: 4.3.2.2.a

MSTS

652: 3.33

653: 4.2.1.2

Linings - Thickness of a thin film lining


Bottom - Minimum allowed bottom plate thickness when there
is a Reinforced Liner that is > 0.050 thick
Bottom - Minimum allowed bottom plate thickness when there
is a means to Detect and Contain a leak
Roofs - Minimum allowed average thickness of corroded roof
plate
Shell - Minimum arbitrary shell thickness (used when
calculated minimum thickness is below this number)
Bottom - Minimum allowed thickness of bottom plate at toe of
the external shell-to-bottom fillet weld
Bottom - Minimum allowed bottom plate thickness away from
critical zone or an annular plate
Bottom - Minimum allowed plate thickness in critical zone that
can be repaired by weld-buildup

Shell Pits - Minimum remaining thickness allowed below a pit

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Answer

Time Intervals

Reference

5 seconds

650: 8.6.8

Vacuum Box - Minimum duration of each vacuum-testing exam

5 minutes

V: T-676.4.b
& T-777.2.b

10-60
minutes

4 hour

24 hour

653: 12.3.1

NDE - Minimum time an examiner should be in a darkened area


prior to using a black light for MT & PT exams
NDE - Final interpretation of a PT exam after application of
developer (time range)
Testing - Minimum time to let oil to penetrate when performing
a diesel oil test of shell-to-bottom weld
Testing - Minimum duration for a tank hydrotest to be held at
full height

1 day

V: T-762(a)

NDE - Max Calibrating Interval - Permanent magnet MT Yoke

1 month

653: 6.3.1.2

Intervals - Maximum Interval - Routine In-Service inspection

2 months

651: 11.3.2.2

CP - Maximum Interval - Routine check of CP impressed


current sources

90 days

V: T-262.1

NDE - Max Calibrating Interval - RT densitometer

10

180 days

653: 8.4.1

11

6 months

IX: QW-322.
1.a

12

1 year

V: T-762(a)

13

1 year

651: 11.3.2.3

14

1 year

651: 11.3.1.2

15

1 year

653: 13.2.3.d

16

1 year

650: 8.6.4.a

Vac Box Max Test Interval - Jaeger 2 eye test for VB oper

17

1 year

650: 8.2.3/8.4.3

NDE Max Test Interval - Jaeger 2 eye test for PT/ MT tech

18

3 year

653: D.5.1

AI Time period between API AI recertification

19

5 year

653: 6.3.3.2.a

Intervals - Maximum Interval - UT readings of a tank shell


when the corrosion rate is unknown

20

Lesser 5 yr
or life

653: 6.3.2.1

Intervals - Maximum Interval - External Inspection

21

6 year

653: D.5.3

AI Time period between API AI on-line recertification

22

10 years

653: 6.4.2.1

Intervals - Maximum Interval - Initial Internal Inspection


(without RBI or other special situations)

MSTS

V: T-676.1
650: 7.2.4.1.d
& 653: 12.1.6.1

Reconstruction - Maximum allowed age of last thickness


readings, used to design a reconstructed tank
Weld Qualification Maximum Time - Welder or operator
maintains qualifications for a welding process without
using that process
NDE - Max Calibrating Interval - Electromagnetic MT Yoke
CP - Maximum Interval - Detailed check of CP impressed
current facilities
CP - Maximum Interval - CP surveys (field potential
measurements)
NDE - Minimum Time - To keep RTs acquired during tank
repairs and reconstructions

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
23
24
25

Answer

Reference

10 years

653: 6.4.2.2.2

Lesser 15 yr
or life
20 yr or full
bttm life

653: 6.3.3.2.b
653: 6.4.2.2.1

Time Intervals (continued)


RBI - Maximum Interval - RBI reassessments
Intervals - Maximum Interval - UT readings of a tank shell
when the corrosion rate is known
Intervals - Maximum Interval - Internal Inspection when the
corrosion rate is known (without RBI assessment)

26

> 20 years

652: 6.2.1.c &


6.3.1.f

Linings - Typical life of a properly applied tank lining

27

Before &
after use

V: T-676.4(e) &
T-777.2(e)

NDE - Max Calibrating Interval - Check the light intensity of a


black light used in a MT or PT exam

Answer

Reference

Pressures

650: F.1.3 &


575: 3.3

Scope - Maximum internal pressure for tanks in API 650 & 653

650: 8.6.3

Vacuum Box - Normal vacuum required when vacuum testing

15 psig

650: 7.2.4.2
653: 12.1.6.2

Pressure Test - Pressure used when air testing the shell-tobottom weld

15 psig

650: 7.3.4

Pressure Test - Pressure used when air testing a repad

15 psig

575: 4.3.2

Scope - Maximum internal pressure for tanks in API 620

2.5 psig

3 - 5 psig

Answer
1

1:120

Slopes

Reference
650: 5.4.4

Minimum slope of normal tank bottom

1:16

650: 5.10.4.1

Minimum slope of cone roof tank (for water runoff)

2:12

650: 5.10.2.6.a.1

Maximum roof slope on tanks > 50 diameter (if roof is


considered to be fragible)

1:4

650: 5.7.1.7
653: 9.8.4.a

Maximum taper (steepest slope) allowed for an insert plate

MSTS

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Answer

Miscellaneous Numbers

Reference

Roofs - Maximum amount of primary seal that can be removed


for repair while tank is still in service
NDE - Minimum number of RTs required on a circular shell
replacement plate

1/4

1.0

653: Table 4.2

1.0

653: 4.3.4.1

1.0

653: 4.3.3.1
E defined

653: 10.3.5.2

IX: QW451.1

IX: QW452.1.a

V: T-271.2.b.1

10

2.0 4.0

11

V: T-271.2.a

12

650: 4.2.9.3

13

V: T-277.3

14

653: 9.14.3.2

15

IX: QW451.1

Weld Qualification - Number of bend tests to qualify a WPS

16

IX: QW452.1.a
Note 1

17

653: 4.3.2.1.c

18

653: 12.2.1.6.2

19

653: 12.5.1.2 &


Fig B.1

Weld Qualification - Number of bend tests required to qualify


a welder in welding positions 5G & 6G
FFS - Corrosion Averaging in a Shell LTA - Minimum # of UT
readings to take on each designated vertical line.
NDE - Minimum number of RTs required on a square or
rectangular shell replacement plate
Settlement - Minimum number of settlement points around
circumference

653: 9.13.1
653: 12.2.1.6.1

V: T-282.1

FFS Current joint efficiency E in API 650


FFS Joint Efficiency E Calculating tmin for an LTA, when
LTA is away from rivets by > 6
FFS Joint Efficiency E Calculating tmin for an LTA, when
LTA is away from weld by greater of: 1 or 2t
Reconstruction - Number of sets of center punch marks
located on top and bottom edges of each shell piece
Weld Qualification - Number of tension tests to qualify a WPS
Weld Qualification - Number of bend tests to qualify a welder
or welding operator in welding positions 1G-4G
NDE - Minimum # of exposures to RT 360o of a weld using a
double-wall technique, double-wall view (elliptical shot)
NDE - RT film Density Range - allowed for the weld & IQI
when using a gamma ray source
NDE - Minimum # of exposures to RT 360o of a weld using a
double-wall technique, single-wall view
Impact Test - Number of test bars required in each set of
impact test specimens
NDE - When using a shim under a hole-type IQI, the number
of sides of the IQI that must be seen in the RT image
Hot Tap - Minimum number of UT readings around the
circumference of a new hot tapped nozzle

20
21
22

MSTS

10

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets

Answer

Reference

Miscellaneous Other

1/100
height

653: 10.5.2.1

Reconstructed Maximum allowed out-of-plumbness

< 5.0 pH

651: 5.3.2.1.g

Corrosion pH level that causes corrosion to increase

10 ppm

651: 5.3.2.1.h

Corrosion Chloride level where pitting on steel begins

10 lb.

V: T-762.b

NDE - Weight used to check magnetic strength of an AC yoke

25 ohm

575: 7.2.5

Grounding - Maximum electrical resistance permitted from


tank to earth

30 degrees

575: 8.2.1
577: 9.3.1

NDE Min angle of eye-to-part to count as a Visual Exam

40 lb.

V: T-762.c

NDE - Weight used to check magnetic strength of a DC yoke

100 ftcandles

V: T-676.3 &
T-777.1

NDE - Minimum light intensity when performing nonfluorescent MT or PT exams

100 ftcandles

650: 8.6.7

Vacuum Box - Minimum light intensity when performing vacuum


testing

10

1000 microW/cm2

V: T-676.4.c &
T-777.2.c

NDE - Minimum black light intensity when performing


fluorescent MT or PT exams

11

< 7000 psi

653: Fig 5.1

Brittle Shell stress when brittle fracture is NOT a concern

12

2T

V: T-283.1

NDE - Hole size that must be visible in RT when using a holetype IQI

13

2T

IX: QW451.1

Weld Qualification - Maximum allowed thickness on a WPS


based on the plate thickness (T) of a PQR test coupon

14

6G

IX: QW461.9

Weld Qualification The all-position test coupon

15

V: T-223

NDE - Lead letter used during RT to check for backscatter


radiation

16

V: T-277.1.b

NDE - Lead letter used during RT to indicate a film-side IQI

17

653: 12.2.3.2

NDE - Lead letter used during RT to indicate a repaired weld

18

P-1

653: 11.3.1.a

Repairs Material where pre-heat can be substituted for a


required PWHT

19

P1, P3, P4

653: 11.3.2.a

Repairs Materials where control deposition welding can be


substituted for a required PWHT

20

Ext Strong

653: Fig 9.10

Hot Taps Nozzle thickness for hot tapped nozzles

MSTS

11

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Answer

Reference

Miscellaneous Other (continued)

21

SMAW,
GMAW,
FCAW,
GTAW

653: 11.3.1.b
653: 11.3.2.b

Repairs Welding processes that can be used when


substituting Preheat or Controlled Deposition welding for
a required PWHT

22

Anode

651: 4.1.1.a

Corrosion In a corrosion cell, the part that corrodes

23

Cathode

651: 4.1.1.b

Corrosion In a corrosion cell, the part that doesnt corrode

652: 7.1

Linings Minimum surface prep prior to applying lining

IX: QW191.2.
3.a

Weld Qualification Rejectable in RT when qualifying a welder

24
25

NACE 2

Near-white

Crack, LoF,
IP

26

MSTS

12

October 2013