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LASVEGASNFLSTADIUMSITESTRAFFICASSESSMENT

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LASVEGASNFLSTADIUMSITESTRAFFICASSESSMENT

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LASVEGASNFLSTADIUMSITESTRAFFICASSESSMENT

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Contents
Section

Page

SummaryofFindings

IntroductionandOverview..............................................................................................................................1
1.1
Purpose..................................................................................................................................1
1.2
Background............................................................................................................................1
1.3
PotentialStadiumSitesandAffectedRoadways..................................................................2
StadiumRelatedTrafficAssessment...............................................................................................................4
2.1
TripGenerationandModeChoice........................................................................................4
2.2
TrafficAssignment.................................................................................................................5
2.2.1 BaselineScenarios.................................................................................................5
2.2.2 TypicalDays...........................................................................................................5
2.2.3 StudySegments.....................................................................................................6
2.3
DeterminationofTrafficEffects............................................................................................8
2.4
EffectsbyPreferredStadiumSites......................................................................................13
2.5
OrderofMagnitudeTrafficEffectAssessment..................................................................16
2.6
TrafficEffectsofEachSite...................................................................................................16
ImprovementNeedsontheRegionalTransportationSystem.......................................................................17
3.1
LeveragingPlannedandProgrammedProjects..................................................................17
3.2
ProjectDevelopmentProcess.............................................................................................24
RecommendationsandNextSteps.................................................................................................................25
4.1NDOTAccomplishments.............................................................................................................25
4.2LeveragingOtherImprovements...............................................................................................26
4.3RecommendationsforAdvancingProjects................................................................................26
References.....................................................................................................................................................29
Appendices
AppendixA:TripGeneration
AppendixB:BaselineTrafficAnalysis
AppendixC:InventoryofPlannedandProgrammedProjects

ThisdocumentwaspreparedforNDOTbyCH2Mspecialistsinplanning,traveldemandmodeling,traffic
operationsengineers,economicanalysts,andprojectdevelopmentandimplementation.

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SECTION1

IntroductionandOverview
LasVegas,Nevadaisunderconsiderationasapotentiallocationforthedevelopmentofasportsstadium
complextosupportaNationalFootballLeague(NFL)team.Thisstadiumwouldseatapproximately
65,000fans,andbeusedforplayinghomegamesduringtheNFLseason;aswellashostother
professional,collegiate,andamateursports,concerts,andothermajorevents.
MorethanonethirdofLasVegaslocaleconomyisdependentontheregionsleisureandhospitality
industryandits42millionannualpatrons(LVCVA2015).DevelopmentofanewNFLstadiumwouldbean
attractionforlocalsandvisitorsalike.

1.1 Purpose
ThistrafficassessmentwascommissionedbytheNevada
DepartmentofTransportation(NDOT)toprovideahighlevel
overviewofstadiumtrafficeffectsonstatemaintainedroadways
andtounderstandopportunitiesthataddresspotentialtraffic
PURPOSE
demands.Whiletherearesomesimilarities,thisassessmentisnot
atypicaltrafficimpactstudy(TIS)thatassessesprojectrelated
Nontraditionalhighlevel
deficienciestodevelopaspecificlistofmitigationmeasures.A
evaluationoftraffic
moredetailedTISwillneedtobesubmittedbythestadium
effectsandresultant
developmentteamoncethepreferredsitehasbeenselectedanda
orderofmagnitude
siteplandeveloped.Instead,thisreportsummarizesanon
investmentnecessaryto
traditionalhighlevelevaluationoftrafficeffectsand
improvestatemaintained
roadways.
recommendationsforacceleratingtransportationprojectsthat
havealreadybeenplanned/programmedorareintheconceptual
phase.Theoverarchinggoalistodeterminethehighlevelrangeof
statehighwayimprovementneedsinthisregionthatcanbe
acceleratedorinitiatedtosupportanewstadium.Otherpotential
improvementneeds(e.g.,transit,localstreets,pedestrianandbicyclefacilities)areaddressedaswell.

1.2 Background
NDOTmaintainsportionsoftheregionalfreewaysystemandmajor
arterialsintheLasVegasvalley.AlthoughtheLasVegasregionisnot
newtoaddressingtransportationconcernswithhostingmajor
highvolumeevents,thedevelopmentofanewNFLstadiumwill
invariablyaffecttheperformanceandoperationsoftheregional
roadwaynetworkduringspecialevents.
Basedonexperiencesinothercities,itistypicalforastadium
developertoconstructtransportationimprovementsinthe
immediateareasurroundingthestadium,includingaddressingsuch
issuesasaccess,parking,andcirculationinandoutofthestadium
site.NDOTplansforandisinterestedintransportationsolutionsthat
meetregionaldemands.Thistrafficassessmentconsiders
transportationprojectsfromvarioussources,includingtheStatewide
TransportationImprovementProgram(STIP,shortterm),Regional
TransportationPlan(RTP,longterm),theTransportationInvestment
LASVEGASNFLSTADIUMSITESTRAFFICASSESSMENT

Amajordevelopment
likeanNFLstadiumwill
haveregional
transportation
implications,which
shouldbeapproached
proactively,ratherthan
reactively.

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SECTION1INTRODUCTIONANDOVERVIEW

BusinessPlan(TIBP),projectsthatmaybefundedcontingentonthecontinuationofFuelRevenue
IndexinginClarkCounty(FRI2BallotQuestionNo.5,November2016)andothermodesofregional
transportationsuchastransit,highspeedrailandextensionstotheLasVegasMonorail.Itisrecognized
thattheseprojectshavevariousprojectsponsorsanddifferingtimelinesforprojectdevelopmentand
construction,buttheypresentanopportunityforcollaboration.Thetimelineformajorfreeway
improvementscantraditionallystretch5to10yearstocompleteplanning,NationalEnvironmentalPolicy
Act(NEPA),design,rightofwayacquisition,andconstruction.

1.3 PotentialStadiumSitesandAffectedRoadways
Sevencandidatestadiumsiteswereinitiallyunderconsiderationbythestadiumdeveloperandusedas
thestartingpointforthisanalysis.ThosesevensitesillustratedinFigure11arelistedbelow:

BaliHaiGolfCourseSite

RussellRoadSite

FertittaSite

UNLV,ThomasandMackCenterSite

WynnGolfCourseSite

MGMRockinRioSite

CashmanFieldSite

Whiletheyarealllocatedwithinthemetropolitancore,eachsitewasfoundtohavedifferent
opportunitiesandissuesrelatedtotransportationandotherfactors.AsofSeptember2016,theBaliHai
GolfCourseandRussellRoadsiteshavebeenidentifiedbytheDeveloperasthepreferredoptions,with
theRussellRoadsiteasthepreferredchoice.Theanalysisprovidedherefocusesonbothofthesetwo
sitessinceaformalsiteselectionhasnotbeenannounced.
Figure11alsoillustrates(darkbluelines)thoseroadwaysunderNDOTsjurisdictionthatwere
consideredtobethecorridorsthataremostlikelybeaffectedbyeitherofthetwostadiumlocations.
Thesecorridorsaretheprimaryfocusofthisanalysis.Thelightbluelinesshowthebroadernetworkof
statemaintainedroadwaysinthestudyarea.
Notethatthefreewayanalysiswasfocusedonthemainlinelanesonly.Expresslanes,HighOccupancy
Vehicle(HOV),andCollectorDistributor(CD)roadsareimportantpartsofthefreewaysystem,but
analysisatthatlevelofdetailismoreappropriateforfuture,moredetailedstudies.

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SECTION1INTRODUCTIONANDOVERVIEW

Figure11.StudyAreaMap

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SECTION2

StadiumRelatedTrafficAssessment
Theproposedstadiumisexpectedtoseat65,000people.Tounderstandtheeffectsofasoldoutevent
ontheregionaltransportationsystem,theanalysisfollowedaseriesofstepstodeterminetheeffectsof
stadiumtraffic,asillustratedinFigure21.Thisisaplanninglevelanalysisandtheseassumptionswillbe
refineduponfinalsiteselection,siteplan,andadiscussionofplannedaccommodations.
Figure21.TrafficAssessmentSteps

TripGeneration:
estimatethetotal
numberof
additionalvehicles
expectedonthe
roadwaynetwork

Traffic
Assignment:
decidewhatroutes
peoplewilltaketo
thestadium

ModeChoice:
predicthow
attendeesare
travelingtothe
event

Determinationof
TrafficEffects:
understandwhat
roadwaysmaybe
moreconstrained
thanothersandthe
necessary
improvements

2.1 TripGenerationandModeChoice
Thefirststepisestimatingthenumberoftripsthatwillbegeneratedbyastadiumwith
anassumedcapacityof65,0001seatswastoconsiderthevariousmodalchoices,orthe
meansofgettingtothestadium.Forthisstep,trip
generationassumptions(thenumberofnewtrips)
werebasedonstatisticsfromotherNFLstadiumsin
similarurbanenvironments,pairedwiththe
Gamedaysand
uniquenessofLasVegasvalleyandlocalknowledge
othermajorevents
ofthecandidatesiteslocationswithintheregional
couldadd15,000to
transportationsystem(i.e.,proximitytothe
18,000additional
LasVegasStripandsurrounding
vehiclestothe
transportationfacilities).
roadwaysystem.
InLasVegas,attendeesareexpectedtotraveltothe
gameinoneoffourways:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Automobile;
Transitorshuttles;
Walkingorbiking;or
Other,suchastaxis,limos,orrideshareserviceslikeUber.

Eachoftheseoptionscarryadifferentnumberofpeoplepervehicle.Forexample,acar
mayaveragethreepersons,whileabusmayholdmorethan40.Theseassumptionson
transportationchoice,combinedwithnumberofpersonspermode,equatestoatotal
numberofvehiclestravelingtoandfromthestadium.Anotherimportantconsiderationintripgeneration
isthehighpercentageofeventattendees(estimatedat40to50percent)thatareassumedtobevisitors,
primarilystayingintheResortCorridor.Visitorsaremorelikelytotaketransitorothernon
automobilemodes.

165,000seatswasusedfortheanalysis.Amodestincrease(to70,000seats)wouldnothaveamaterialeffectontheresultsandconclusions.
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SECTION2STADIUMRELATEDTRAFFICASSESSMENT

Whileconsideringthe7potentialstadiumsites,itwasestimatedthatgamedaysandothermajorevents
couldadd15,000to18,000additionalvehiclestotheroadwaysystem.Thenumberofnewvehicletrips
generatedfortheBaliHaiandtheRussellRoadsitesisapproximately16,000trips.Detaileddataare
providedinAppendixA.Theestimatesofanticipatednewvehicletripsreflectavailabilityofmodechoices.
Theseestimatesoftripsdonotaccountforancillarytripssuchasdeliveries,freight,etc.Thosetripsare
relativelyminorcomparedtotheanticipatedspecialeventtrips.

2.2 TrafficAssignment
2.2.1

BaselineScenarios

Thetrafficassignmentstephadmultipleelements.Beforeconsideringtheeffectsofnewstadiumtraffic,
itwasfirstimportanttounderstandtheexpectedperformanceofthestreetnetworkwithoutthestadium
inplace.Thisbaselinescenario(withoutthestadium)wasstudiedusingthreecomparativeyears:

ExistingConditions(Year2015):establishesthecurrentleveloftrafficandmobilityconditionsinthe
studyarea,usingexisting(available)trafficcounts.

Baseline(Year2019):representsthetrafficconditionsexpectedin2019,whichistheanticipated
openingyearofthestadiumandincludesplannedimprovementsanticipatedtobecompletebythen.

Baseline(Year2035):representsthetrafficconditionsexpectedin2035withoutthestadium,
accountingforallplannedimprovements;thistimeperiodevaluatesthelongtermeffectsof
stadiumrelatedtrafficontheroadwaynetwork.

TheRTCofSouthernNevadastraveldemand
model(RTC,2016)wasusedtodeterminethe
baselinescenarioforyears2019and2035,which
includesallplannedimprovementsintheregion
thatareexpectedtobecompleteinthose
timeframes,andusesthatfuturestreetnetwork
toforecasttransportationconditions.Asthe
regionaltraveldemandmodeliscomprisedofall
plannedlandusesandimprovementsincludedin
theRegionalTransportationPlan(RTP),itis
thereforeconsistentandreflectsallofthe
approvedtransportationplansofNDOT,RTCof
SouthernNevada,ClarkCounty,andthecitiesof
LasVegas,NorthLasVegas,andHenderson.

2.2.2

TheRTCtraveldemandmodelincludesthe
regionsroadwayandtransitnetworks,pairedwith
populationandemploymentdatatocalculatethe
expecteddemandfortransportationfacilities.
Withinthemodel,mathematicalequationsare
usedtorepresenteachpersonstripdecision
makingprocess:whereandwhenaretheygoing,
howwilltheygetthere,whyaretheytraveling,
andwhatmode/routewilltheytaketomakethe
trip?Themodelresultsfortheseindividualchoices
arecombinedtounderstandtheimpactand
averagetraveltimesthatallthesevehicleshaveon
theroadwaysystem.

TypicalDays

Theanalysisforthebaselinescenariowasconductedforaweekdayeveninggameorconcerteventanda
SundayafternoonNFLgame.

WeekdayPM:istheworstcasescenario.Alateafternoontrafficpatternwouldincludenormal
afternoonpeakcommutertrafficcombinedwiththeaddedstadiumrelatedtrips.

SundayPM:reflectsSundaygamedaytraffic,compoundedwithtouristsleavingtownfroma
weekendvisittoLasVegas.ThistrafficisgenerallyconcentratedintheResortCorridor/I15
Southarea.

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Atypicalcommunityexperiencestwopeaktrafficperiodseachweekday:2to3hoursinthemorning
andanother2to3hoursintheafternoon.Thesetypicalrushhourperiodsdonotequatetothe
normaltrafficconditionsinLasVegas.WhilemanyjobsoperateMondaythroughFridayduringthe
day,thepreferredstadiumsitesarewithintheResortCorridorarea,whichattractsvisitorsand
conventionrelatedbusinesstravelers.Thesevisitorstravelallweeklongandatalltimesoftheday,
andaresupportedbythreelocalworkdayshifts(day,evening,night)atthehotels,casinos,and
relatedestablishments.Whilethesepeaksarelessdefinedthaninothercities,thetypicalday
scenariosusedinthisanalysisisrepresentativeofexpectedfutureconditionsandneeds.

2.2.3

StudySegments

Thestatemaintainedcorridorsunderreviewinthisanalysisincludedthreefreewaycorridors(I15,
I515/US95,andI215/AirportConnector)andsegmentsofthreearterials(FlamingoRoad,Tropicana
Avenue,andRussellRoad).
Eachroadwaycorridorwassplitintoaseriesofsegmentstoisolatetrafficeffects,resultingin35total
segments.ThesecorridorsegmentsareillustratedinFigure22.

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Figure22.StudyCorridorSegments

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2.3 DeterminationofTrafficEffects
Thedeterminationoftrafficeffectsforeachcandidatestadiumsitefollowedfoursteps,asillustratedin
Figure23.
Figure23.TrafficEffectsDetermination

Determine
DetermineTraffic
TrafficVolumes
Volumes
Gatherexisting
Gatherexisting
NDOTdatafrom
NDOTdatafrom
fieldcountsand
fieldcountsand
theRTCmodel.
theRTCmode

Determine
AffectedSegments
Identifyfreeway
andarterials
segmentsthatwill
attractstadium
traffic

Conduct
Volume/Capacity
(V/C)Analysis
Determinebaseline
V/Cratios(without
stadiumtraffic)

AssessStadium
RelatedTripEffects
Calculatethe
increaseinV/Cratio
associatedwith
eachstadiumsite
oneachsegment

1.DetermineTrafficVolumes

Table21.TrafficScenarios

Fortheexistingandbaselineyearscenarios,averagedaily
traffic(ADT)andpeakhourvolumeswereidentifiedforeach
segment,eachyear,andeachday(Table21).Existingyear
ADTcomesfromNDOTtrafficcountsfor2015(NDOT,2016).
Existingandprojectedpeaktrafficvolumesarefromthe
RTCtraveldemandmodel(RTC,2016).

Scenario

Year

Existing

2015

Day
MondayPM
SundayPM
MondayPM

2019

2.DetermineAffectedSegments

SundayPM

Foreachofthetwostadiumsites,thosesegmentsthatare
mostlikelytogainasignificantamountoftrafficoneventdays
wereselectedasthefocusofthatsitesanalysis.Thesegments
weredeterminedbyconsideringthelikelyoriginsforstadium
traffic,andtherouteorroutestheywouldmostlikelyuse.Trips
includedlocalresidentialtrips,resortcorridortrips,andairport
trips.Capacityestimateswerepreparedforthe
affectedsegments.

Baseline
MondayPM
2035
SundayPM
MondayPM
2019
SundayPM
Stadium
MondayPM
2035
SundayPM

3.ConductVolumetoCapacityAnalysis
Theprojectedtrafficvolumesandcapacitieswereusedtocalculatethevolume/capacity(V/C)ratiofor
eachroadwaysegment.AV/Cratioof1.0roadwayoperatingapproximatelyatcapacity,althoughmany
roadwayshavevolumesgreaterthancapacitytheyoperateundercongestedconditions.Thefollowing
graphicsaresummariesofconditionswithoutthestadiumrelatedtrips(detailsareprovidedin
AppendixB):

Figure242019WeekdayPMBaselineScenario

Figure252019SundayPMBaselineScenario

Figure262035WeekdayPMBaselineScenario

Figure272035SundayPMBaselineScenario

4.AssessStadiumRelatedTripEffects
ThelaststepwastocalculatetheincreaseinV/Cratiosassociatedwitheachofthetwostadiumsites.For
theaffectedsegmentsidentifiedinStep2,thenumberofvehiclesto/fromeachsitewasdetermined.
Fromthere,thechangeinV/Cratiowascalculated.TheseresultsareprovidedinSection2.4.
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Figure24.2019WeekdayPMBaselineScenario(withoutstadiumrelatedtrips)

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Figure25.2019SundayPMBaselineScenario(withoutstadiumrelatedtrips)

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Figure26.2035WeekdayPMBaselineScenario(withoutstadiumrelatedtrips)

Note:The2035baselinetransportationnetworkassumesallplannedprojectsintheRTParecomplete.

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Figure27.2035SundayPMBaselineScenario(withoutstadiumrelatedtrips)

Note:The2035baselinetransportationnetworkassumesallplannedprojectsintheRTParecomplete.

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2.4 EffectsbyPreferredStadiumSites
TheevaluationsforthetwopreferredstadiumsitesarepresentedinFigures28and29.Thesetwo
figuresillustratetherelativecongestionlevelsassociatedwithstadiumtrafficonNDOTmaintained
roadways,basedontheanticipatedincreasesintheV/Cforthedefinedroadwaysegments.Themaps
showdataonacombinationof2019and2035.Thecombinationofthetwoyearswasusedtocapture
bothopeningyearandthelongertermeffectswhenotherplannedandprogrammedprojectswillhave
beenconstructed.
Table22isasummaryoftheNDOTmaintainedroadwaysegmentsthatareanticipatedtobemost
affectedbythetwopotentialstadiumsites.
Table22.AffectedNDOTMaintainedRoadwaysforEachStadiumSite

Site

BaliHaiGolf
CourseSite

RussellRoad
Site

MostCriticalAffectedNDOTMaintainedRoadways
Freeways
I15fromI215toFlamingo
Road
I215fromDecaturRoadto
AirportConnector
AirportConnectornorthof
I215
I15fromI215toFlamingo
Road
I215fromDecaturRoadto
AirportConnector
AirportConnectornorthof
I215

Interchanges
I15/RussellRoad
I15/TropicanaAvenue
I15/I215
I215/LasVegas
Boulevard

LocalStreets
RussellRoadfromValleyView
toI15
TropicanaAvenuefromDean
MartintoLasVegasBoulevard

I15/RussellRoad
I15/TropicanaAvenue
I15/I215

RussellRoadfromValleyView
toI15
TropicanaAvenuefromDean
MartintoLasVegasBoulevard

NotethattheBaliHaisiteisconstrainedonthreesides:McCarranInternationalAirport(east),I15(west),
andtheUPRRcorridor(south)allofwhichlimitaccesstothesite.Thismayresultinhigherlevelsof
congestionatspotlocationsnearthesite,asopposedtotheRussellRoadlocation,whichmayexperience
agreaterdispersionoftraffic,particularlytothewest.

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Figure28.2019and2035TrafficEffectsofBaliHaiStadiumLocation

Note:The2035baselinetransportationnetworkassumesallplannedprojectsintheRTParecomplete.

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Figure29.2019and2035TrafficEffectsofRussellRoadStadiumLocation

Note:The2035baselinetransportationnetworkassumesallplannedprojectsintheRTParecomplete.

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2.5 OrderofMagnitudeTrafficEffectAssessment
Basedonthetypeoffacility(freeway,interchange,freewaymainline,majorarterial)andlevelofV/C
increaseanticipatedforeachsegment,anorderofmagnitudeleveloftrafficeffectswasdeterminedfor
thetwostadiumsites(Table23).
Forexample,acongestedfreewaywhichexperiencesa20percentorhigherV/Cincreasewithstadium
trafficwasdeterminedtobetheworstcasescenario.Ontheotherendofthespectrum,anuncongested
arterialwhichwilladdlessthan10percenttrafficfromastadiumsiteisnotlikelytodramaticallyaffect
trafficoperations,andthereforetheleveloftrafficeffectsofthestadiumdevelopmentonthatroadway
wasdeterminedtobelow.

Table23.DegreeofTrafficEffects
V/CIncrease
Facility

Freeway
Segment

BaselineV/C
0to10%

10%to
20%

20%ormore

0.0to0.8

0.8to1.0

1.0to1.1

1.1andup

10

0.0to0.8

0.8to1.0

1.0to1.1

1.1andup

0.0to0.8

0.8to1.0

1.0to1.1

1.1andup

MajorArterial

Thoseunderperforming
segmentswiththehighest
abilitytoimpedereliable
travelofferthegreatestrisk
tothetransportation
systemandareahigher
prioritytoaddress.Those
segmentsthatarenotlikely
toexperiencemuchchange
intrafficarelowerriskand
canbeaddressedina
longertimeframeorby
otherprojects.

Interchange

Scale:0:noeffects10:greatesteffects

2.6 TrafficEffectsofEachSite
Thetrafficeffectswerecompiledbysiteoneachofthe25freewaysegmentsand10arterialsegments.
Foreachsegment,arelativetrafficeffect,onascalefrom0to10,wasassessed,asdescribedin
Table23.Thefreewayresults(bysystemcomponentandoverall)andarterialsweresummarized
separately.Theresultsforthetwopreferredsites,RussellRoadandBaliHai,areidenticalatthislevel
ofanalysis.

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SECTION3

ImprovementNeedsontheRegional
TransportationSystem
Thetrafficassessmentbuildsuponthealreadyplannedtransportationimprovementsintheregion,in
additiontoprojectsthatareinconceptorideastagethathavenotyetbeenfullydevelopedor
documentedinanyofficialstudy.Thenextstepintheprocesswastodeterminethelevelofimprovement
neededonthestatemaintainedroadwaysandotherfacilities(localstreet,transit,nonmotorized)to
addresstheadditionofeventtrafficprojecttypes,schedule,andplanninglevelcosts.Akey
considerationwasthepotentialtoleverageotherprojectsinthepipelinethatwouldbebeneficialtobe
acceleratedorenhancedtoaddressstadiumtrafficneeds,asthestadiumnecessitatesaccelerationof
certainprojectsthatcouldpotentiallyprovidereliefandcanbeimplementedinareasonabletimeframe
aheadorshortlyafterthestadiumsopeningin2019.Theimprovementneedsdescribedinthissection
addressareaswheretheadditionofstadiumtrafficwillnegativelyaffecttrafficconditions.

3.1 LeveragingPlannedandProgrammedProjects
Thisstepintheprocessivnentoriedtheplannedandprogrammed
projectsthatareunderactivestudyandprojectdevelopmentin
theLasVegasvalley.AppendixCisadetailedlisting,andFigure31
andFigure32aregraphicalviewsoftheprojectsinthevicinityof
thetwohighprioritystadiumsites.
Theseprojectsareatvaryinglevelsoftheprojectdevelopment
stage(planning,NEPA,design,construction)andaredependenton
fundingandimplementationbydifferententities(e.g.,NDOT,RTC,
ClarkCounty).Togethertheyrepresenttherangeofanticipated
multimodaltransportationimprovementsthataremostlikelytobe
completedovernext20years:

Whilemanymajor
transportation
investmentsareunderway
todayandothersare
plannedinthefuture,
theseprojectsareneeded
regardlessofthedecision
tolocateanNFLstadium
inLasVegas.

Figure31includesprojectsintheStatewideTransportation
ImprovementProgram(STIP),afiveyearprogramofprojects
thathavebeenfunded;andtheRegionalTransportationPlan
(RTP),a20yearprogramofprojectsthatareexpected,butwitharangeoffundingavailability.

Figure32illustratesthoseprojectsproposedtobefundedundertheFuelRevenueIndex2(FRI2)
whichincludesotherprojectsthatareunderconsideration,andifpassedbythevotersattheballot
box,willgeneratesubstantialfundingtocompletehundredsofprojectsinSouthernNevada.

Inaddition,Figure33andFigure34showsotherprojectsthatarenotyetprogrammedbut
recommended,orintheideastage,fromcurrentplanningefforts,includingRTCsTransportation
InvestmentBusinessPlan(TIBP).

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Figure31.PlannedandProgrammedProjectsintheVicinityoftheStadiumSites

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Figure32.ProposedFRI2ProjectsintheVicinityoftheStadiumSites

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FRI2FuelRevenueIndexing
Ensuringefficientinterconnectivityandmobilityformorethan2millionresidentsintheLasVegas
valleyand41millionannualvisitorsisparamounttotheregionscontinuedeconomicprosperityand
sustainability.Whilecostsfortransportationconstructionprojectscontinuetoincreasewithinflation,
budgetstocompleteroadprojectshavenot.
FuelRevenueIndexing(FRI)isprovidingthenecessaryfundstomoveforwardwithtransportation
projectsthatwillbenefitthousandsofresidentsandvisitorseveryday.Eachtimeamotoristfillsup
theirvehiclewithgas,FRIfundsaregenerated(approximately4centsperdayforthe
averagemotorist).
FRI1referstothethreeyeartrialoccurringrightnowandassistingwithcompletionofover
220transportationprojects.A10yearextensionisproposedandwillbevotedoninNovember2016.
FRI2referstotheproposedprojectsthatcouldbefundediftheextensionissuccessful.The
continuationofFRIcouldfundsuchprojectsas:

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Figure33.TIBPRecommendationsintheVicinityoftheStadiumSites

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TransportationInvestmentBusinessPlan
RTCcompletedtheTransportationInvestmentBusinessPlan(TIBP)inDecember2015,whichisa
comprehensiveblueprintforadevelopingamoderntransportationsystem.Theplanhadfour
purposes:
1. TomaintainandgrowSouthernNevadaspositionastheworldspremierdestinationfor
conventionandleisuretravel;
2. Connectkeycentersofeconomicactivitytoreducecongestionandthecostofmovement;
3. PositionLasVegasasanattractiveplacetodobusinessandstimulateourlocal,regional,andstate
economies;and
4. Improvesafetyforpedestriansandautosalike.
TheTIBPprovidestransportationandinfrastructurerecommendations(freeway,surfaceroadway,
pedestrian,andhighcapacitytransit)forLasVegasResortCorridorandthesurroundingareas.These
recommendationsaremeanttoalleviatecongestionandimproveconnectivityinahighgrowtharea
thatcontinuallyhostsmajoreventsthatdrawtensofthousandsofattendeesatatime,similartoan
NFLgame.
TIBPincludesover55policyandinfrastructurerecommendations,withnocurrentfundingidentified
forimplementation.TorealizethegrowthenabledbyprojectsrecommendedintheTIBP,LasVegas
willneedtoleverageexistingfundingandfinancingopportunities,implementnewandinnovative
strategies,andfostercollaborationbetweenthepublicandprivatesectors.

LASVEGASNFLSTADIUMSITESTRAFFICASSESSMENT

PAGE22

SECTION3IMPROVEMENTNEEDSONTHEREGIONALTRANSPORTATIONSYSTEM

Figure34.OtherProjectRecommendationsintheVicinityoftheStadiumSites

LASVEGASNFLSTADIUMSITESTRAFFICASSESSMENT

PAGE23

SECTION3IMPROVEMENTNEEDSONTHEREGIONALTRANSPORTATIONSYSTEM

3.2 ProjectDevelopmentProcess
Transportationprojectsareexpensiveandtimeconsuming,particularlyonmajorstatemaintained
freewayfacilities.Evenasingleinterchangeisresourceintensive,andfreewaycorridorprojectsare
hundredsofmillionsofdollars.Someexamplesofconstructioncostsforrecentandongoingprojectsare
asfollows(costsdonotincludepreconstructionexpensessuchasdesign):

I15NorthDesign/Build(SpaghettiBowltoCraigRoad)$250million(constructioncompleted
in2009)

I15SouthDesign/Build(BlueDiamondRoadtoTropicanaAvenue)$247million(construction
completedin2012;fundedbyAB595/roomtax)

I15ProjectNEON(SaharaAvenuetoSpaghettiBowl/US95)$559million(currentlyunder
construction)

I15South/StarrAvenueinterchangeproject$58to$83million(estimated,notincludingthe
planningandenvironmentalphases)

Freewayprojectsthatrequirefederalenvironmentalclearancehavehistoricallytakenseveralyearsfrom
theplanningphasestostartconstructionandseveralmoreyearsbeforeitiscompletedandopento
traffic.Figure35presentstheprojectdevelopmentprocessandthemajorcomponentsthatmustbe
completed.
Figure35.TransportationProjectDevelopmentProcess

Giventhecostandtimetobuildtransportationprojects,thenextstep
inthisevaluationwastoassessthepotentialneedsforlargescale
(freeway,interchange,majorarterial)projects,aswellassmallerscale
roadwayandmultimodalimprovements.

LASVEGASNFLSTADIUMSITESTRAFFICASSESSMENT

NotethatNEPAisrequiredonly
whenafederalactionisneeded.
Federalactionsincludeprojects,
activities,orprogramsfundedin
wholeorinpartunderthe
jurisdictionofafederalagency,
theneedtoutilizeFederallands,
and/orachangeofaccess
conditionsalongtheInterstate
HighwaySystem.Nonfederal
projectsbecomefederalactions
whentheprojectcannotbeginor
continuewithoutpriorapprovalof
afederalagency.Forexample,a
pedestrianbridgemight
traditionallybeanonfederal
project,buttheconstructionofa
pedestrianbridgerequiring
permissiontoaccessorcrossan
interstatehighway(i.e.,I15)
wouldrequireafederalaction.
NDOTwillassistincoordination
withanyfederalactions

PAGE24

SECTION4

RecommendationsandNextSteps
Section2describedhowtheregionaltransportation
systemwasassessedinlightofadditionaltrafficfromthe
stadiumsites.Section3outlinedarangeofpotential
improvementsthatmaybeneededandprojectsthat
wouldbeidealtoacceleratetoaddressdeficienciesinthe
statehighwaysystemaspartofthecurrentmenuof
plannedandprogrammedimprovements,andbeyondthat
list.Thelaststep,describedinthissection,wastoassess
thelikelytransportationneeds.

4.1NDOTAccomplishments

Thelevelofanalysis
performedinthishighlevel
assessmentisnotadequate
todetermineadetailedlist
ofimprovementsneeded.
Leveragingand
acceleratingongoingwork
fromotherstudiesand
projectsisessential.

Inrecentyears,NDOThasdeliveredmultiplemajor
transportationprojectstomeetSouthernNevadas
regionalmobilitydemands.NDOTiscurrentlyconstructing
theStateslargestinfrastructureprojectonI15(ProjectNEON)intheurbancoreofLasVegas.Projects
liketheI15ExpressLanes(BlueDiamondRoadtoSaharaAvenue)andI15SouthDesignBuild(Silverado
RanchBoulevardtoTropicanaAvenue)aretwootherexamplesofprojectsthathavebeeninstrumentalin
helpingtoreducecongestion,improvesafety,andeaseaccesstotheLasVegasResortCorridorfor
visitorsandresidents.
Planningprojectswillultimatelyleadtomoreconstruction,andNDOTrecentlycompletedandisactively
engagedinseveralmajorplanningefforts.TheseprojectsincludetheI15UrbanResortCorridorStudy,
theSouthernNevadaHOVMasterPlanUpdate,andtheI15/TropicanaAvenueInterchangeModifications
FeasibilityStudy.CoveringthewholeregionistherecentlyinitiatedSouthernNevadaFreewayTraffic
StudybyNDOT.Thegoalofthatstudyistoevaluatetheneedsoftheregionsfreewaysystem,develop
improvementstrategiestomeetshorttermandlongtermtransportationneeds,andmaximizebenefits
ofNDOTsinvestments.
NDOTfrequentlyworkscloselyandpartnerswithlocalagenciestoimplementprojects,includinguseof
localfundingsourceswhereapplicable.Inthecaseofthe2012I15SouthDesignBuildproject,the
projectinvolvedcollaborationbetweenNDOT,theLasVegasConventionandVisitorsAuthority(LVCVA),
ClarkCountyandtheRTC.TheprojectwasprimarilyfundedbybondsissuedbytheLVCVA,agreedto
duringthe2007LegislaturetocommitfundstotransportationprojectsintheResortCorridor.Clark
CountyprovidedfundingforSunsetRoadfromLasVegasBoulevardtoValleyViewBoulevard,includinga
bridgeoverI15.Throughouttheprojects30monthconstructionschedule,theRTCprovidedcrucial
trafficcontrolcoordinationviatheFreewayArterialSystemofTransportationsystem.
Completedin2012,theI15SouthDesignBuildprojectincludedwideningofI15,additionofCD
roads,adirectconnectramptoBlueDiamondRoad,fiveredesignedinterchanges,26newbridge
structures,36retainingwalls,1.5milesofsoundwalls,10milesofdrainageimprovements,andahost
ofintelligenttransportationsystem(ITS)improvements.

LASVEGASNFLSTADIUMSITESTRAFFICANALYSIS

PAGE25

SECTION4RECOMMENDATIONSANDNEXTSTEPS

4.2LeveragingOtherImprovements
Improvingtheregionaltransportationnetwork,bothforstadiumtrafficandfuturegrowth,willrequire
substantialinvestmentintheregionaltransportationnetwork.Whiletheanalysisinthisreportisavery
highlevelassessmentandpreliminaryinnature,itwasbasedondetailedtrafficdata(fromNDOT
databasesandtheRTCRegionalModel),andleveragedsubstantialknowledgeofthelocalroadway
conditionsandregionalongoingregionalplanningprioritiesandplanned/programmedimprovements.
Whilemanyprojectsarealreadyinthepipeline,theremaybeaneedandopportunitytoaccelerate
neededprojectsonthestatehighwaysystem.However,therecommendationhereistoleverageongoing
projectsthatarealreadyintheplanningstages.
Thereismorethan$1.2billioninplanned/programmedimprovementsintheaffectedstudyareaofthe
twopotentialstadiumsites:nearly$25millionintheSTIP,$845millionintheRTP,and$370million
proposedunderFRI2(TIBPandotherpotentialprojectsarenotincludedinthisestimate).
Themainthrustofthissectionistoprovideasetof
recommendationsforimprovementprojectsthatwillneed
tobeacceleratedtobedeliveredbeforeorshortlyafterthe
stadiums2019openingyear.2
Withouttheseimprovements,itwillnotbepossibleto
maintainthebaseline(i.e.,thesameoperationsaswithout
thestadiumonatypicalday).Ofcourse,thestadiumwillnot
operateeveryday,butifthereisaregularcalendarofsports,
concerts,andotherevents,thetransportationinvestment
willbeessentialtomeetthetraveldemandandoverall
visitorexperience.

Traditionally,NDOTplans
andbuildsstatehighways
tomeettypicaldemand
onanaverageweekday,
notspecialevents.
Projectsrecommendedto
beacceleratedshould
serveabroadersetof
regionalneeds.

Todeterminetheprioritiesfornextsteps,the
planned/programmedandconceptualtransportation
projectsidentifiedinSection3.1werereviewedinlightof
thetrafficeffectsassessedinSection2.Then,assessmentsoftherelativeimportanceofeachproject
wereconductedusingfactorssuchasthetypeoftransportationfacility,proximitytothesite,baseline
V/Cratio,increasedtrafficduetothestadium,andmagnitudeofpotentialimprovement.

4.3RecommendationsforAdvancingProjects
Asetofrecommendationswasdevelopedthatwillserveasimmediateactions.Theseprojectsare
expectedtoprovidesignificantmobilityandaccessbenefitstosupportthedevelopmentofastadiumsite
oneitherofthetwopreferredsites(RussellRoadorBaliHai).
ThespecificrecommendationsforadvancingprojectsaresummarizedinFigure41anddescribed
thereafter.

2Giventhescaleandthetimeframestoimplementmajorityoftheseplannedimprovements,itisnotrealistictoassumethatNDOTcandeliver
alloftheseplannedimprovementsbythepresumedopeningyear(2019).
LASVEGASNFLSTADIUMSITESTRAFFICASSESSMENT

PAGE26

SECTION4RECOMMENDATIONSANDNEXTSTEPS

Figure41.SummaryofRecommendationsforAdvancingProjects

LASVEGASNFLSTADIUMSITESTRAFFICASSESSMENT

PAGE27

SECTION4RECOMMENDATIONSANDNEXTSTEPS

NDOTrecommendationsofSouthernNevadaprojectprioritiesthatwillbeprovidedtotheState
TransportationBoardforApproval/Actionmayinclude:
o

Accelerate/fasttrackNEPAandpreliminaryengineeringforanewI15/HaciendaAvenueHOV
interchange.

Accelerate/fasttracktheNEPAandpreliminaryengineeringforanewI15/HarmonAvenue
HOVinterchange.

ContinuewiththenextphaseoftheI15SouthCorridor,includingenhancementstotheHOVand
CDroadsystems.

IdentifyneartermfreewayandinterchangeoperationsimprovementsonI15(fromTropicana
AvenuetoSaharaAvenue,i.e.,theGapStudy)andI215(fromDecaturBoulevardtoAirport
Connector)aspartoftheongoingSouthernNevadaFreewayTrafficStudy.

Continuewiththenextphase(NEPA)oftheI15/TropicanaAvenueinterchangeproject.While
theseimprovementswouldnotbeinplacebeforetheproposedstadiumopening,capacity
enhancementsareneededassoonaspossible.

Thereareanumberofneartermmultimodalimprovementprojects(pedestrian,roadwayand
transit)underdevelopmentbyotherprivateorpublicagencies.Theseeffortswillhavesignificant
mobilityandaccessbenefits,andtheyareconsistentwiththemultimodaltransportationneedsatthe
stadiumsites.Thetripgenerationestimatesdevelopedforthisstudywerebasedonexpectationof
multimodal(transit/shuttle,bicycle,pedestrian,etc.)use,sothereisaclearneedfortransportation
improvementstosupportthesemodes.Whilethesemultimodalprojectswillnotprovideasmuch
additionalhighwaycapacityasfreewayimprovements,theyareanimportantpartofthesystemic
solution.Thespecificmultimodalimprovementsinclude:
o

Monorailextension(MGMtoMandalayBay)(byLasVegasMonorailCompany)

Pedestrianbridges(acrossFrankSinatraDrive/I15/DeanMartin,andMandalayBayMonorail
StationtoI15pedestrianbridge).ThesepedestrianbridgesareonlyforRussellRoadsite.They
willbedevelopedfunded,withNDOTassistancewithFederalreviewsandapprovals.

RTCwillevaluatetheneedforadditionaltransitsolutionsand/ortransitservicechangesonce
moredetailsonthepreferredsiteandaccessconditionsareknown.

Onceapreferredstadiumsitehasbeenchosenandasiteplanhasbeendeveloped,severaladditional
stepswillbenecessarybyothersaspartofthestadiumdevelopmentprocess.Theseinclude:
1. TrafficImpactAnalysisincludinganassessmentofnonNDOTtransportationfacilitiesand
improvementneeds(suchaspedestrianfacilitiesandtransitserviceexpansionorenhancement).
2. ParkingNeedsAnalysisasdeterminedbythedeveloper,alongwithaplanidentifyingpedestrian
andvehicularaccess(includingbusandshuttleservices)particularlyifadditionaloffsiteparkingis
needed.
3. ComprehensiveTrafficManagementPlanforeventdaymanagementofaccess/routingpreceding
andfollowingtheevent
Oncethesestepsarecompleted,NDOTandthelocaljurisdictions(inthecaseofthetwopreferredsites,
ClarkCounty,RTCofSouthernNevada,andRTCFAST)willreview,commentandincollaborationwiththe
stadiumdevelopers,determinetheextentofoffsiteimpacts,necessaryimprovementsandcosts
associatedwithimplementingthem.

LASVEGASNFLSTADIUMSITESTRAFFICASSESSMENT

PAGE28

SECTION5

References
AECOM.2015.SanDiegoStadiumReplacementEIR,TrafficImpactAnalysisReport.Availableat:
https://www.sandiego.gov/sites/default/files/legacy/cip/pdf/stadiumeir/draftstadiumeir_appendix_j.
pdf
Henao,Alejandro.2012.ParkingatSportingEventStadiumsinDenver,Colorado.Availableat:
http://docs.trb.org/prp/135043.pdf
HexagonTransportationConsultants.2009.SanFrancisco49ersSantaClaraStadiumTransportation
ImpactAnalysis.Availableat:http://santaclaraca.gov/home/showdocument?id=12778
HortonStreet,LLC.2012.SeattleArenaMultimodalTransportationAccessandParkingStudy.Availableat:
http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/docs/arena/Seattle%20Arena%20052312.pdf
LasVegasConventionandVisitorsAuthority.2015.LasVegasVisitorProfileStudy.Availableat:
http://www.lvcva.com/statsandfacts/visitorstatistics/
NDOT.2016.TrafficRecordsInformationAccess(TRINA).AnnualAverageDailyTrafficCounts.Available
at:http://apps.nevadadot.com/trina/
RegionalTransportationCommissionofSouthernNevada(RTC).2015.RegionalTravelDemandModel.
RegionalTransportationPlan20132035;(Appendix4A).Availableat:http://www.rtcsnv.com/wp
content/uploads/2012/10/Final_RTP201335Redetermination0214131.pdf

LASVEGASNFLSTADIUMSITESTRAFFICANALYSIS

PAGE29

AppendixA:TripGeneration

ModeChoiceAssumptions1

PersonsbyMode
Other3

Avg
Persons/
Vehicle

AvgPersons/
Transit
Vehicle

TotalVehicles
Traveling
to/from
Stadium

5,200

3,900

2.9

42

15,613

15,600

3,900

6,500

2.9

42

16,061

44,200

14,300

4,550

1,950

3.0

42

15,724

4%

42,900

13,000

6,500

2,600

3.0

42

15,476

13%

5%

37,050

16,250

8,450

3,250

2.8

42

14,780

25%

12%

5%

37,700

16,250

7,800

3,250

2.8

42

15,012

19%

1%

4%

49,400

12,350

650

2,600

3.0

42

17,627

Capacity
(seats)

Auto

Transit/
Shuttle2

Walk/
Bike

Other3

Auto

Transit/
Shuttle2

Walk/
Bike

1 BaliHaiGolf
Course

65,000

62%

24%

8%

6%

44,300

15,600

2 RussellRoadSite

65,000

60%

24%

6%

10%

39,000

3 FertittaSite

65,000

68%

22%

7%

3%

4 UNLV,Thomas&
MackCenter

65,000

66%

20%

10%

5 WynnGolfCourse

65,000

57%

25%

6 MGMRockinRio

65,000

58%

7 CashmanField

65,000

76%

SiteLocation

Notes:
Thesitelocationmodechoicematrixisapreliminaryanalysisbasedonavailabledetailsfortheproposedstadiumprojectandtheexperienceofsimilarstadiumsin
comparablemarkets.Thispreliminaryanalysisnotwithstanding,werecognizethatsouthernNevadaandthisprojectareuniqueinmanyimportantwaysincluding,without
limitation,thestadiumprojectsproximitytotheLasVegasResortCorridor.Assuch,additionalresearchandanalysismayberequiredtorefinetheseassumptionas
additionalinformationabouttheprojectbecomeavailable.

1
ModeChoiceSources:
SportsAuthorityField,DenverBroncos(Henao2012)
CenturyLinkField,SeattleSeahawks(HortonStreet2012)
QualcommStadium,SanDiegoChargers(AECOM2015)
LeviStadium,SanFrancisco49ers(Hexagon,2009)
2

Mayrequireadditionalinvestmenttosupportincreasetransitservice(costsareunknown)

Otherincludessuchoptionsaslimosandrideshareservices

AppendixB:BaselineTrafficAnalysis

Location
Facility

Existing

Segment

Length(mi)

Direction

ADT

Capacity1 WeekdayPM2

Baseline2019
SundayPM3

ADT

Baseline2035

Capacity1 WeekdayPM2 SundayPM3

BaselineV/CRatio4

ADT

Capacity1

WeekdayPM2

SundayPM3

109,646
120,004
169,562
150,796
192,680
172,452
169,804
189,662
206,544
175,049
149,221
162,472
99,817
99,358
109,291
108,593
161,055
168,033
148,815
158,222
149,945
147,840
117,896
122,474
73,976
75,462
101,000
85,000
88,000
90,000
95,000
94,000
93,451
94,912
128,001
134,780
99,529
115,665
101,605
105,257
96,803
94,485
82,931
87,935
82,072
84,541
68,971
71,239
74,950
75,359

10,000
8,000
10,000
10,000
12,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
14,000
14,000
12,000
14,000
6,000
6,000
9,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
12,000
12,000
9,000
9,000
6,000
6,000
12,000
11,000
7,000
7,000
7,000
7,000
6,000
6,000
9,000
9,000
8,000
8,000
8,000
8,000
8,000
8,000
6,000
6,000
8,000
8,000
6,000
6,000
6,000
6,000

6,322
8,365
8,986
9,714
11,072
10,244
10,397
10,297
13,822
9,701
9,975
9,244
6,551
5,693
7,810
6,382
11,616
8,797
10,658
8,380
8,318
8,209
7,827
7,105
5,161
4,949
8,100
6,800
7,000
7,200
7,600
7,500
5,313
5,938
8,326
7,934
7,256
6,203
7,434
5,542
5,261
7,065
5,961
5,266
5,735
5,061
5,003
4,347
3,229
6,293

5,735
7,566
7,800
7,034
8,923
7,925
8,287
8,920
12,781
8,513
8,553
8,421
4,230
4,626
5,078
4,385
6,909
6,605
6,470
6,487
5,249
6,413
6,850
6,433
3,597
3,898
6,053
4,323
4,374
4,375
4,921
4,798
3,450
4,397
5,107
5,936
4,372
4,041
4,300
4,020
3,318
4,974
3,718
3,845
3,631
3,481
4,897
4,511
2,503
4,375

2019WD 2019WE

2035WD 2035WE

Freeways
betweenBlueDiamondRoadandI215

1.38

betweenI215andTropicanaAvenue

1.01

betweenTropicanaAvenueandFlamingoRoad

0.96

betweenFlamingoRoadandSpringMountainRoad

0.81

betweenSpringMountainandSaharaAvenue

1.39

I15
betweenSaharaAvenueandUS95/I515

1.20

betweenUS95/I515andWashingtonAvenue

0.71

betweenWashingtonAvenueandLakeMeadBoulevard

1.11

betweenSummerlinParkwayandJonesBoulevard

1.25

betweenJonesBoulevardandValleyViewBoulevard

1.80

betweenValleyViewBoulevardandRanchoDrive

1.00

betweenRanchoDriveandI15

1.08

betweenI15andCasinoCenterBoulevard

0.80

betweenCasinoCenterBoulevardandCharleston
Boulevard

3.25

I515/US95

betweenCharlestonBoulevardandFlamingoRoad

3.15

betweenFlamingoRoadandTropicanaAvenue

1.05

betweenDecaturBoulevardandI15

1.58

betweenI15andMcCarranAirportConnector

1.75

betweenMcCarranAirportConnectorandWarm
SpringsRoad

1.90

betweenWarmSpringsRoadandWindmillLane

1.10

I215

AirportConnector

betweenWindmillLaneandEasternAvenue

1.85

betweenEasternAvenueandValleyVerdeDrive

3.15

betweenValleyVerdeDriveandStephanieStreet

0.87

betweenStephanieStreetandI515

1.59

AirportConnector(SR171)betweenI215andSunsetRd

0.64

NB
SB
NB
SB
NB
SB
NB
SB
NB
SB
NB
SB
NB
SB
NB
SB
WB
EB
WB
EB
WB
EB
WB
EB
WB
EB
NB
SB
NB
SB
NB
SB
EB
WB
EB
WB
NB
SB
EB
WB
EB
WB
EB
WB
EB
WB
EB
WB
NB
SB

58,288
63,122
111,841
78,684
147,724
141,418
123,999
131,425
144,249
151,940
145,880
144,138
73,026
53,755
84,976
86,484
113,376
114,365
116,777
117,325
116,588
114,783
64,711
64,441
72,247
97,390
69,267
66,783
66,590
68,038
68,699
69,528
90,430
88,808
104,693
103,125
87,222
68,375
79,858
83,098
70,960
71,889
59,917
65,213
56,842
59,884
48,687
51,862
45,160
49,630

6,000
6,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
11,000
11,000
8,000
8,000
6,000
6,000
8,000
8,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
12,000
12,000
7,000
7,000
6,000
6,000
7,000
7,000
7,000
7,000
7,000
7,000
6,000
6,000
9,000
9,000
6,000
6,000
8,000
8,000
6,000
6,000
7,000
7,000
7,000
7,000
7,000
7,000
6,000
6,000

4,146
5,171
7,308
6,456
9,757
9,649
7,750
7,811
8,844
9,320
9,154
8,513
5,862
3,467
6,743
6,559
10,036
7,572
10,079
7,640
9,795
7,561
4,326
4,304
5,573
6,583
4,769
5,390
5,388
5,616
5,510
5,821
6,905
6,326
8,552
7,524
7,578
5,228
7,270
5,716
5,943
5,231
6,844
5,954
6,443
6,121
3,569
3,513
3,016
4,425

3,761
4,677
6,344
4,675
7,863
7,465
6,177
6,766
8,178
8,179
7,849
7,755
3,785
2,817
4,384
4,507
5,969
5,685
6,119
5,914
6,182
5,907
3,786
3,897
3,884
5,184
3,564
3,427
3,367
3,413
3,568
3,724
4,484
4,685
5,246
5,629
4,566
3,406
4,205
4,146
3,749
3,683
4,269
4,348
4,079
4,210
3,494
3,646
2,338
3,076

85,846
83,551
134,593
110,808
166,077
147,405
145,670
150,690
171,467
153,665
154,362
132,092
101,043
80,327
85,979
88,156
137,699
145,209
135,633
135,114
124,437
122,162
106,243
109,736
73,853
75,731
66,061
68,197
65,983
68,350
71,745
71,342
86,965
85,397
120,065
125,121
91,360
107,748
93,437
96,806
89,067
86,808
69,972
73,338
66,272
68,310
54,470
56,615
76,315
71,527

10,000
8,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
11,000
10,000
12,000
10,000
6,000
6,000
8,000
8,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
12,000
12,000
8,000
8,000
6,000
6,000
7,000
7,000
7,000
7,000
7,000
7,000
6,000
6,000
8,000
8,000
8,000
8,000
8,000
8,000
8,000
8,000
6,000
6,000
6,000
6,000
6,000
6,000
6,000
6,000

5,309
6,996
7,596
8,373
9,969
9,589
9,189
9,083
11,238
8,903
10,871
7,523
6,637
4,836
5,932
5,556
10,260
7,986
6,688
7,505
9,334
6,999
7,284
6,201
5,200
4,764
4,589
4,603
4,735
4,756
4,865
5,112
5,069
5,806
7,643
7,815
6,476
6,093
6,744
5,306
5,076
6,418
5,037
4,674
4,620
4,452
3,890
3,822
3,457
5,773

4,816
6,328
6,594
6,063
8,034
7,419
7,324
7,868
10,392
7,813
9,322
6,853
4,285
3,930
3,856
3,818
6,102
5,996
4,060
5,809
5,891
5,468
6,375
5,615
3,624
3,752
3,429
2,927
2,959
2,890
3,150
3,270
3,292
4,300
4,689
5,847
3,902
3,969
3,901
3,849
3,202
4,519
3,142
3,413
2,925
3,062
3,808
3,967
2,680
4,013

0.59
0.97
0.84
0.93
1.11
1.07
1.02
1.01
1.14
0.99
1.01
0.84
1.23
0.90
0.82
0.77
1.14
0.89
0.74
0.83
0.86
0.65
1.01
0.86
0.96
0.88
0.73
0.73
0.75
0.75
0.77
0.81
0.94
1.08
1.06
1.09
0.90
0.85
0.94
0.74
0.70
0.89
0.93
0.87
0.86
0.82
0.72
0.71
0.64
1.07

0.54
0.88
0.73
0.67
0.89
0.82
0.81
0.87
1.05
0.87
0.86
0.76
0.79
0.73
0.54
0.53
0.68
0.67
0.45
0.65
0.55
0.51
0.89
0.78
0.67
0.69
0.54
0.46
0.47
0.46
0.50
0.52
0.61
0.80
0.65
0.81
0.54
0.55
0.54
0.53
0.44
0.63
0.58
0.63
0.54
0.57
0.71
0.73
0.50
0.74

0.70
1.16
1.00
1.08
1.03
1.14
1.16
1.14
1.10
0.77
0.92
0.73
1.21
1.05
0.96
0.71
1.29
0.98
1.18
0.93
0.77
0.76
0.97
0.88
0.96
0.92
0.75
0.69
1.11
1.14
1.21
1.19
0.98
1.10
1.03
0.98
1.01
0.86
1.03
0.77
0.73
0.98
1.10
0.98
0.80
0.70
0.93
0.80
0.60
1.17

0.64
1.05
0.87
0.78
0.83
0.88
0.92
0.99
1.01
0.68
0.79
0.67
0.78
0.86
0.63
0.49
0.77
0.73
0.72
0.72
0.49
0.59
0.85
0.79
0.67
0.72
0.56
0.44
0.69
0.69
0.78
0.76
0.64
0.81
0.63
0.73
0.61
0.56
0.60
0.56
0.46
0.69
0.69
0.71
0.50
0.48
0.91
0.84
0.46
0.81

Location

Existing

Baseline2019

Baseline2035

SurfaceStreets
betweenDeanMartinDriveandLasVegasBoulevard

0.56

betweenLasVegasBoulevardandParadiseRoad

1.30

betweenParadiseRoadandEasternAvenue

1.75

TropicanaAvenue

betweenEasternAvenueandI515

2.00

betweenValleyViewBoulevardandI15

0.50

RussellRoad

FlamingoRoad

betweenI15andLasVegasBoulevard

0.55

betweenRainbowBoulevardandJonesBoulevard

1.00

betweenJonesBoulevardandI15

1.50

betweenI15andParadiseRoad

2.50

betweenParadiseandEasternAvenue

1.90

betweenEasternAvenueandI515

1.00

EB
WB
EB
WB
EB
WB
EB
WB
EB
WB
EB
WB
EB
WB
EB
WB
EB
WB
EB
WB
EB
WB

33,652
42,325
44,353
39,143
26,064
32,589
23,674
24,309
17,894
19,212
10,904
14,352
27,708
23,986
32,439
29,757
32,374
27,021
22,974
22,482
20,824
21,323

3,000
3,000
3,000
3,000
2,250
2,250
2,250
2,250
1,800
1,800
1,800
1,800
2,250
2,250
2,250
2,250
2,250
2,250
2,250
2,250
2,250
2,250

Notes:
1

Hourly;directionalforfreeways;bidirectionalforsurfacestreets

MondayNightFootball4to6PMcomingtostadium

Sundaydaygameendingat4:4to6PMleavingthestadium

2,232
2,594
3,150
2,314
2,156
2,359
2,211
1,718
1,239
1,649
829
1,258
1,382
1,776
2,058
2,106
1,979
1,732
1,989
1,684
2,122
1,810

1,863
2,356
2,799
2,514
1,761
1,982
1,480
1,446
1,145
1,353
698
1,011
1,505
1,357
1,762
1,683
1,933
1,723
1,585
1,349
1,322
1,150

50,784
51,999
44,549
41,963
26,737
33,948
29,290
30,546
19,700
22,958
13,261
13,722
27,189
27,073
41,436
42,330
46,632
41,969
28,886
31,350
29,521
30,980

3,000
3,000
3,000
3,000
2,250
2,250
2,250
2,250
1,800
1,800
1,800
1,800
2,250
2,250
2,250
3,000
2,250
2,250
2,250
2,250
2,250
2,250

3,037
3,463
2,737
2,363
1,915
1,926
2,007
1,646
1,366
1,836
702
1,409
1,668
1,658
2,256
2,615
2,932
2,117
1,985
1,722
1,958
1,745

2,535
3,146
2,432
2,567
1,564
1,618
1,344
1,386
1,263
1,507
591
1,132
1,816
1,266
1,931
2,089
2,864
2,106
1,582
1,380
1,220
1,109

54,294
55,348
47,140
44,276
29,137
36,921
31,260
33,195
21,106
24,229
14,901
13,902
28,418
28,425
35,705
39,707
47,734
43,445
31,205
33,839
31,772
33,871

3,000
3,000
3,000
3,000
2,625
2,625
2,250
2,250
1,800
1,800
1,800
1,800
2,250
2,250
2,400
2,550
3,000
2,250
2,250
2,250
2,250
2,250

2,918
4,540
2,927
2,555
2,163
2,134
2,151
1,731
1,376
1,847
912
1,476
1,751
1,765
2,244
2,194
3,046
2,186
2,146
1,824
2,104
1,854

2,436
4,125
2,601
2,777
1,767
1,793
1,440
1,457
1,272
1,516
768
1,186
1,906
1,348
1,922
1,754
2,975
2,175
1,710
1,461
1,310
1,177

1.12
1.28
1.01
0.88
0.95
0.95
0.99
0.81
0.84
1.13
0.43
0.87
0.82
0.82
1.11
0.97
1.45
1.05
0.98
0.85
0.97
0.86

0.94
1.17
0.90
0.95
0.77
0.80
0.66
0.68
0.78
0.93
0.37
0.70
0.90
0.63
0.95
0.77
1.41
1.04
0.78
0.68
0.60
0.55

1.08
1.68
1.08
0.95
0.92
0.90
1.06
0.85
0.85
1.14
0.56
0.91
0.86
0.87
1.04
0.96
1.13
1.08
1.06
0.90
1.04
0.92

0.90
1.53
0.96
1.03
0.75
0.76
0.71
0.72
0.79
0.94
0.47
0.73
0.94
0.67
0.89
0.76
1.10
1.07
0.84
0.72
0.65
0.58

AppendixC:InventoryofPlannedand
ProgrammedProjects

1Hourly;directionalforfreeways;bidirectionalforsurfacestreets
2MondayNightFootball4to6PMcomingtostadium
3Sundaydaygameendingat4:4to6PMleavingthestadium