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Activity: I.4

Activity Name:

Group: ____________

Applying the knowledge to solve problems

Stages Objectives:
1- Analyzes the contribution of chemistry in the advances of science and technology to develop a critical
attitude on its effects in the modern world


1. Read your textbook pages 55 to 64 and define the following key terms: (20)
a) Matter:

b) Pure substance:

c) Compound:

d) Element:

e) Mixture:


Homogeneous mixture:

g) Heterogeneous mixture:

h) Physical methods to separate mixtures (at least 3)


Physical property:

Chemistry I Portfolio 1



Chemical property:

k) Physical change:


Chemical change:

m) Change of state:

n) Melting point:

o) Freezing point:

p) Boiling point:

q) Evaporation:

r) Condensation:

s) Sublimation



Chemistry I Portfolio 1

Group: ____________


Group: ____________

2. According to the reading, make a concept map using the following terms: matter,
pure substance, compound, element, mixture, homogeneous mixture,
heterogeneous mixture, physical property, chemical property, physical
change, chemical change. (10) (All the terms 5, examples of each 5)
Dont forget to include examples.

Chemistry I Portfolio 1


Group: ____________

3. Complete the following table with the information requested: (9)

State of matter




Chemistry I Portfolio 1

Picture or
representation of
particles (particle

Properties of
particles (atomic



Group: ____________

4. Solve the following exercises from the chapter 2 of your textbook: (32)
2.14 Classify each of the following as an element, compound or mixture:
a. a soft drink: _________________________
b. propane (C3H8) _________________________
c. a cheese sandwich_________________________
d. an iron (Fe) nail_________________________
e. salt substitute (KCl) _________________________
2.16 Classify each of the following mixtures as homogeneous or heterogeneous:
a. nonfat milk _________________________
b. chocolate-chip ice cream: _________________________
c. gasoline: _________________________
d. peanut butter sandwich _________________________
e. cranberry juice _________________________
2.18 Indicate whether each of the following describes a gas (G), a liquid (L) or a
solid (S):
a. The substance has a definite volume, but takes the shape of the container. ______
b. the particles in this substance are very far apart. ______
c. this substance occupies the entire volume of the container. _____
d. the particles in a substance are held in a rigid structure. ____
2.20 Describe each of the following as physical or chemical property
a. Neon is a colorless gas at room temperature _________________
b. Apple slices turn brown when exposed to air _________________
c. phosphorus will ignite when exposed to air _________________
d. at room temperature mercury is liquid ________________
2.22 What type of change, physical or chemical takes place in each of the following
a. gold is hammered into thin sheets_________________
b. A silver pin tarnishes in the air _________________
c. a tree is cut into boards at a sawmill _________________
d. food is digested _________________
e. a chocolate bar melts _________________
2.24 Describe each property of the element zirconium as physical or chemical
a. melts at 1852oC _________________
b. is resistant to corrosion_________________

Chemistry I Portfolio 1


Group: ____________

c. has a grayish-white color_________________

d. is a shiny metal_________________
2.49 Identify each of the following as an element, compound or mixture

2.50 Which diagram illustrates a heterogeneous mixture? Explain your choice.

Which diagram illustrates a homogeneous mixture? Explain your choice.

Total of questions: 71
Total of checkmarks: ____________ x 0.15= __________ POINTS

Chemistry I Portfolio 1