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Running Head: Gender Gap in Journalism

Gender Gap in Journalism


Leslie Sariana
University of Texas at El Paso
Professor Nugent
RWS 1302

Gender Gap in Journalism

Since the beginning of journalism, men have always dominated the field. Women are
underrepresented in the newsroom. There have always been more men than women working in
journalism receiving bylines and working in higher positions. This subject is addressed through
two genres that not only present more information on the issue, but also advocate for change to
be made. A report publishes online by the Katti Gray, who is part of the Womens Media Center,
The Media Gender Gap presents studies and statistics on the number of men compared to the
number of women working in multiple forms of media, and Megan Kamericks Ted Talk, Women
Should Represent Women in Media speak about the marginalized presence of women in the
media, both as the reporters and the ones being reported on. Kamerick is a journalist and former
president of the Journalism & Women Symposium. Women should be included in the newsroom
more there needs to be a gender balance to eliminate bias, and men have always dominated the
field. Throughout the analysis, these genres will be further examined to address the main issue.

Audience and Purpose


The reports audience is anyone who works in the media, the public that is interested in
any media outlets, and women in general. The report shows the truth about how
underrepresented women are in broadcast, film, print and other medias, without being biased.
Kamericks target audience is very broad, although it is more likely to appeal to women and all
avid newsreaders. Kamerick focuses on the role women play in the news. Unlike the second
genre, the first genre provides information that makes the report appealing to anyone without
them having had previous knowledge of the different types of media outlets that exist, or the jobs
under those media outlets.

Gender Gap in Journalism

The purpose of both genres is to inform and bring light to the ongoing
underrepresentation of women in journalism. Both genres hope to inform their audiences of the
drastic gender gap that has always existed in journalism. The second genre goes further in
purpose by trying to persuade a change in the gender gap. It also talks about men being used
more as sources in comparison to women. The report goes more into depth on the situation with
statistics on multiple media platforms, while the second genre focuses on strictly informative
media. Both genres utilize visuals to present information.

Ethos
Ethos is very present in both genres, but the report utilizes it the most. The report relies
heavily on presenting facts and credible information to validate the issue of not having enough
women in the media. All of the information in the report is current and includes graphs and
statistics taken from studies. The Womens Media Center takes yearly reports in the U.S. of
women in the media in jobs such as writers, creator, television producers, and reporters. The
report provides a graph where they did a comparison of bylines given to men and women in
multiple major news outlets and found that overall men receive 62% of bylines, while women
only receive 37%. Some of the news outlets included in that graph are, The New York Times,
USA Today, Daily News, The Washington Post, and The Wall Street Journal. Information from
Kamericks talk is a bit more outdated, but still reflective of the last decade in news. Although
she does not provide graphs, she does state, recent global surveys show 73% of the top media
managements are still held by men. Most of Kamericks credibility comes from her career in
journalism and her own research. She supports her statements of women not being included in

Gender Gap in Journalism

media, through comparison of different technology magazine issues of the same year. Both
genres build credibility through multiple news outlets.

Logos
The talk given by Kamerick emphasizes the difference that women make when
included in news stories. She uses logos by showing that stories written by women are more
likely to challenge stereotypes and provide more context than it would if a man were writing it.
She concludes that to get the whole picture, women need to be included as sources just as
much as men are. The report talk about entertainment being directed mainly by men, therefore
things get told through the eyes of men, allowing the audience to make the implication that
stories are hardly told through women, which doesnt allow everyone to relate or connect with
the story being told. Both genres showcase logos by getting the audience to realize the difference
in media according to which gender is in control of the story.

Pathos
The report emphasizes through statistics just how little women are present in media
platforms. The gap between men and women is grand enough to provide pathos on its own. The
research from the report found that menweremorelikelytowriteorreportonthetopicsof
politics,criminaljustice,science,sportsandtechnology.Thispigeonholeswomenintocovering
theremainingtopics.Thereportindicatesthatwomensrepresentationinmediaplatformsis
minimalandunfair.Thesecondgenreuses pathos by comparing the story of a child rape victim
as written by a man then rewritten by a female. When the story was first written for The New
York Times by a man, he focused on the offenders and questioned what could have drawn them to

Gender Gap in Journalism

commit the act, suggesting that it wasnt entirely their fault. The story was later revisited by a
woman and included information on the victim, her abusive life at home, and more context on
the assault. Kamerik further evokes pathos when comparing the different reactions to Laura
Logan (CBS correspondent) and Anderson Cooper being attacked while reporting in Egypt
during 2011. She mentions that Laura was sexually assaulted and the general reaction was that
women shouldnt be sent to cover those stories. Not much was reported about Anderson Cooper
who was attacked covering the same story. Both genres give information that evokes pathos so
the audience understands how the underrepresentation of women in media affects the way
medias are delivered.

Conclusion
Bothgenresdemonstratethegendergapthatexistsinjournalismandthebiasinmedia
thatcomeswithit.Ifwomeninthemediacantgetaheadorcovertopicssuchaspolitics,
technologyoreconomics,italsosetsbackthewomeninotherfields.Womenneedtobeableto
representandberepresentedfairly.Through the analysis both genres have given substantial
reasons to close the gender gap.

Gender Gap in Journalism

References

Gray,K.(n.d.).WMCDivided2015:TheMediaGenderGap.RetrievedSeptember20,2016,f
romhttp://www.womensmediacenter.com/pages/2015wmcdividedmediagendergap

Kamerick,M.(2011,September)Megan Kamerick: Women should represent women in media


Retrieved from
https://www.ted.com/talks/megan_kamerick_women_should_represent_women_in_medi
a#t-529507