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Observability testing and identification of maximal observable islands are accomplished by numerical processing on the echelon
form of a rectangular test matrix, which is based on the reduced network
graph properties. The method uses a noniterative scheme to select a minimal set of nonredundant pseudo measurements which make an
unobservable network barely observable. The existing numerical methods are based on the number of zero pivots obtained during the triangular
factorization of the gain matrix. Due to round-off errors, the zero pivots
may be misclassified. In the proposed method, the non-zero values of the
processed test matrix are +1 or -1, resulting in better numerical conditioning and accurate detection of zero pivots. The test matrix is generally
sparser than the reduced network gain matrix. As a consequence, the proposed method is faster either for observability testing or multiple measurement placement. Several test results are presented.
Keywords Observability analysis, reduced model, supemodes, observable islands, rank deficiency, graph theory.
Preprint Order Number: PE-172PRS (08-2002)
Discussion Deadline: January 2003

Power System Dynamic Performance

Modeling Combined-Cycle Power Plant

for Simulation of Frequency Excursions
Kunitomi, K; Kurita, A.; Tada, Y; Ihara, S.; Price, WW;
Richardson, L.M.; Smith, G.R.
Author Affiliations: Tokyo Electric Power Co., Japan; GE Power
Systems, USA.
Abstract: The maximum continuous power output of a combined-cycle power plant depends on the system frequency and the ambient temperature. The temperature control of a gas turbine limits the
exhaust temperature by reducing the fuel flow as the air flow decreases
with the shaft speed. A simple model of a combined-cycle power plant
is derived from a detailed design model for an example plant. The
model is suitable for long-term simulation of power system dynamic
performance involving abnormal frequency conditions.
Keywords Gas turbines, dynamic modeling, combined-cycle
power plants.
Preprint Order Number: PE-107PRS (08-2002)
Discussion Deadline: January 2003

Power System Operations

Application of Fuzzy Logic for Reactive Power

Computing Dominant Poles of Power
System Multivariable Transfer Functions
Martins, N.; Quintao, P

Author Affiliations: CEPEL, Brazil; Fundacao Padre Leonel

France, Brazil.
Abstract: This paper describes a numerical linear algebra algorithm to compute the dominant poies of multiinput/multioutput
(MIMO) high-order transfer functions. The results presented are related to the study of electromechanical oscillations in large electric
power systems, but the algorithm is completely general. The computed
dominant poles may then be used to build modal equivalents for MIMO
transfer functions of large linear systems, among other applications.
Keywords: Small-signal stability, oscillations, transfer function,
dominant poles, transfer function residues, modal analysis, dynamic
equivalent, model reduction, multivariable systems, large-scale systems, eigenvalue, numerical linear algebra.
Preprint Order Number: PE-409PRS (08-2002)
Discussion Deadline: January 2003

PAT: A Power Analysis

Toolbox for MATLAB/Simulink
Schoder, K.; Hasanovic, A.; Feliachi, A.; Hasanovic, A.
Author Affiliations: West Virginia University, USA; American
Electric Power, USA.
Abstract: A power system simulation environment in
MATLAB/Simulink is presented in this paper. The developed Power
Analysis Toolbox (PAT) is a very flexible and modular tool for load
flow, transient and small signal analysis of electric power systems.
Standard power system component models and a wide range of FACTS
devices are included. Its data structure and block library have been
tested to confirm its applicability to small- to medium-sized power systems. Its advantages over an existing commercial package are given.
Keywords: PAT, simulation, transient stability, Simulink.
Preprint Order Number: PE-522PRS (08-2002)
Discussion Deadline: January 2003

Compensation of Radial Distribution Feeders

Mekhamer, S.F.; Soliman, S.A.; Moustafa, M.A.; El-Hawary, M.E.

Author Affiliations: Ain Shams University, Egypt; Dalhousie University, Canada.
Abstract: A new algorithm determines the exact optimal solution for
capacitor allocation in radial distribution feeders. Results of previous
work using fuzzy and heuristic strategies, on this feeder, are compared
with the exact reference solution. The effect of varying some parameters
in the membership functions to get better results is discussed. Also, the
effect of selection of parameters that should be used in the fuzzy modeling is investigated. The advantages of the fuzzy and heuristic methods
presented are combined in a new fuzzy-heuristic idea. This combined
technique is verified, by the application to test feeders, to give better results. Different fuzzy decision-making forms are applied to the fuzzy
modeling problem. A recommendation is made for the most efficient
way to get a solution equal or very close to the optimal.
Keywords: Capacitor placement, fuzzy set theory, fuzzy decision-making, radial distribution feeder.
Preprint Order Number: PE-412PRS (08-2002)
Discussion Deadline: January 2003

Determination of Power System Coherent

Bus Groups by Novel Sensitivity-Based
Method for Voltage Stability Assessment
Aumuller, C.; Saha, TK.
Author Affiliations: University of Queensland, Australia.
Abstract: This paper presents a method that is used to determine

the coherent bus groups of a system with similar reactive reserve basins. The differences between this proposed method and another widely
accepted voltage stability analysis method are highlighted, and results
obtained from the proposed method are discussed. This method is more
efficient and requires comparatively less VQ curve computations. Definitions are proposed for the categorization of buses by the cause of their
loading limitation. Results obtained from the test systems support the
method's validity and the validity of the bus categories proposed. By
determining the reactive reserve margin, it is possible to determine
which generators will have an impact on the maximum permissible
loading of a bus and which will not. This information is particularly
useful for performing voltage stability analysis.
Keywords Coherent bus groups, voltage stability, sensitivity analysis.
Preprint Order Number: PE-654PRS (08-2002)
IEEE Power Engineering Review, November 2002