Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 46

BSI BS*5463: PART*L O L W L b 2 4 b b 9 0518010 631

BRITISH STANDARD
~

Specification for

High-voltage
switches
Part 1: High-voltage switches for rated
voltages above 1 kVand less than 52 kV

(Implementation of CENELEC HD 355.1 S3

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Iiiterrupteurs hau1.e tension


Preinirr partie' Interrupteurs haute tension
pour tensions assignes suprieures 1 k V et
infrieures 52 k V

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Hochspannungs- Lastschalt e r
Teil i: Hochspannungs-Lustschalter fr
Neiinspannungen fiber i k V und unter 52 k V

Not for Resale

BS 5463 :
Part 1 : 1991

BSI BS*5463:
BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

...

PART*L 01 D 1624667 05L80Ll.t 5 7 8

Cornmittees responsible for this


British Standard
--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

The preparation of this British Standard was entrusted by the Power Electrical
Engineering Standards Policy Committee (PEL/-) to Technical Committee
PEL/92, upon which the following bodies were represented:
ASTA Certification Services
Association of Manufacturers Allied to the Electrical and Electronic Industry
(BEAMA Ltd.)
British Railways Board
Copper Development Association
Department of the Environment (Property Services Agency)
ERA Technology Ltd.
Electricity Supply Industry in England and Wales
GAMBICA (BEAMA Ltd.)
Health and Safety Executive
Transmission and Distribution Association (BEAMA Ltd. )
The following bodies were aLso represented in the drafting of the standard,
through subcommittees and panels:
Association of Consulting Engineers
Association of Supervisory and Executive Engineers
Electrical Installation Equipment Manufacturers Association (BEAMA Ltd. )
Engineering Equipment and Materials Users Association

This British Standard, having


been prepared under the
direction of the Power Electrical
Engineering Standards Policy
Committee, was published
under the authority of the
Standards Board and comes into
effect on 31 October 1991

Amendments issued since publication


.

Amd. No.

Date

o RSI 1991
The following BSI references
relate to the work on this
standard:
Committee reference PEW92
Draft for comment 85/21817 DC
ISBN O 580 19705 O

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

B S I B S r 5 4 b 3 : PARTaL O 1

3b24bb 0538032 404

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

Contents

Inside front cover


Commit tees responsible
Fore word
2
Specification
Scope and object
4
Normal and special service conditions
5
Definitions
5
Rating
6
Design and construction
11
Type tests
14
Routine tests
22
Guide to selection of switching devices for service [under
consideration)
23
Information to be given with enquiries, tenders and orders (under
consideration)
23
10 Rules for transport, storage, erection and maintenance
23
Appendix
AA Single-phase tests with single-pole switches combined in a three-pole
unit but operated pole after pole
24
Annexes
ZA National B-deviations [informative)
30
ZB Special national conditions (normative)
30
'ibles
I
General purpose switches - Co-ordination or rated values (based on
practice in Europe)
9
II General purpose switches - Co-ordination of rated values (based on
current practice in t h e United States of America and Canada)
10
III Untitled
12
IV Untitled
17
Figures
1
Three-phase circuit for mainly active load breaking tests
26
2
Single-phase circuit for mainly active load breaking tests
27
3
Three-phase circuit for closed loop breaking tests
27
4
Single-phase circuit for closed loop breaking tests
28
5
Representation of specified transient recovery voltage for closed loop
breaking tests
28
Three-phase test circuit for earth fault breaking current t e m
29
6
7 Three-phase test circuit for cable charging breaking current tests
under earth fault conditions
29
~~

~~~

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

BSI BSU54b3: PARTUL 01 m L b 2 4 b b 0 5 L B O L 3 340 m


BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

Foreword

This Part of BS 5463 has been prepared under the direction of the Power
Electrical Engineering Standards Policy Committee. It supersedes BS 5463 : 1977
which is withdrawn.

A United Kingdom national deviation to the CENELEC Harmonization Document


is given in annex ZA. A special national condition applicable to Belgium is given
in annex ZB.

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

,'$A
A

This Part of BS 5463 is based on IEC 265-1 : 1983 'High voltage switches.
Part 1 : High-voltage switches for rated voltage above 1 kV and less than 52 kV',
as amended by Corrigendum (February 1990) and Amendment No. 1
(August 1984)and Amendment No. 2 (July 19M)It implements CENELEC')
Harmonization Document HD 355.1 S3 .

In this British Standard the following print types are used to differentiate
between requirements, test specifications and explanatory matter.
Requirements: in roman type

Test specifications: in italic type


Explanatory matter in small roman type

The CENELEC Harmonization Document was approved by the CENELEC


Technical Board on 11 September 1990.
The following dates were fixed:

- latest date of announcement of the HD at national (doa) 1991-03-15


level
latest date of publication of a harmonized national (dop) 1991-09-15
standard
- latest date of withdrawal of conflicting national
(dow) 1991-09-15
standards

For products which have complied with HD 355.1 S1 before 1991-09-15, as


shown by the manufacturer or by a certification body, this previous standard may
continue to apply for production until 1996-09-15.

High-voltage switches for rated voltages of 52 kV and above are covered by


BS EN 602652 : 1994

')European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization.


Copyright British Standards Institution
Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

. /.

B S I BS*5463:

PART*:L

O1

1624669 05180L4 2 8 7 W

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

International standard

Corresponding British Standard

IEC 50 (441)

BS 4727 Glossary of electrotechnical, power,


telecommunication, electronics, lighting and colour terms
Part 2 Terms particular to power engineering
Group O6 : 1985 Switchgear and controlgear terminology
(including fuse terminology)
(Technically equivalent)
BS 5311 : 1988 Specification for high-voltage
alternating-current circuit-breakers
(Identical)
BS 5622 Guide for insulation co-ordination
Part 1 : 1979 Terms, definitions, principles and rules
(Identical)
BS 5253 : 1975 Specification for alternating current
disconnectors and earthing switches
(Identical)

IEC 56

IEC 71-1

IEC 129

')

HD 448 S3 : 1995
( E C 694 : 1980 + Al : 1985 + A2 : 1993)

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Cross-references

BS 6581 : 19952) Common clauses for high-voltage switchgear a


controlgear standars
(identical)
Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity from
legal obligations.

in preparation.

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

3
Not for Resale

3624667 05LBOL5 113

HD 355.1 s3
Auguct 1995

Supersedes HD 355.1 S2 . 1991

UDC 621.316.542.027.51 7
ICs 29.120.40
Descriptors: Switches, high-voltage, tests, characteristics

English version

High-voltage switches
Part 1: High-voltage switches for rated voltages above 1kV and
less than 52 kV

interrupteurs haute tension


Partie 1: Interrupteurs haute tension pour
tensions assignes suprieures 1kV et
infrieures 52 kV
(CE1 2651 : 1983 + Al : 1984 + A2 : 1994)

Hochspannungs-Lastschalter
Teil 1: Hochspannungs-Lastschalter fr
Nennspannungen ber 1 kV und unter 52 kV
(IEC 2651 : 1983 + Al : 1984 + A2 : 1994)

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

(iEC 265-1 : 1983 + Al : 1984 + A2 : 1994)

This Harmonization Document was approved by CENELEC on 19954744.


CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CENXENELEC Internai
Regulations which stipulate the conditions for implementation of this
Harmonization Document on a national level.
Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
implementation may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to
any CENELEC member.
This Harmonization Document exisis in three official versions (English, French,
German).
CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria,
Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and
United Kingdom.

CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnica Standardization
Comit Europen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europisches Komitee fr Elektrotechnische Normung
Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 35, B-1050 Brussels
O 1995 Copyright reserved to CENELEC members

Ref. No. HD 355.1 S3 : 1995 E


Copyright British Standards Institution
Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

BSI BS*5463: P A R T * & O L

Lb24669 0 5 L O L b 05T

Page 2
HD 355.1 S3 : 1995

Foreword
The text of the internationa Standard IEC 2651 : 1983
with its amendments 1 : 1984 and 2 : 1994, prepared by
SC 1 7 4 High-voltage switchgear and controlgear, of
IEC TC 17, Switchgear and controlgear, was submitted
to the Unique Acceptance Procedure and was
approved by CENELEC as HD 355.1 S3 on 199507-04
without any modincation.
The following dates were k e d
-

latest date by which the


existence of the HD has to
be announced at national
level
(doa) 199641-01
latest date by which the
HD has to be implemented
at national level by
publication of a
harmonized national
standard or by
endorsement
(dop) 199607-01
latest date by which the
national standards
conflicting with the HD
have to be withdrawn
(dow) 1996-07-01

For products which have complied with HD 355.1 S2 :


1991 before 1996-07-01, as shown by the manufacturer
or by a cercalion body, this previous standard may
continue to apply for production uni 2001-0741.
Appendices and annexes designated normativeare
part of the body of the slmdard. Annexes designated
informativeare given for information only. in this
standard, appendjx AA and annexes ZB and ZC are
normative and annex ZA is informative. Annexes ZA,
ZB and ZC have been added by CENELEC.

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

~~

~~

BSI BS*54b3: PART*L 01

Lb24669 05LBOL7 T7b M

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

HIGH-VOLTAGE SWITCHES
Part 1 : High-voltage switches for rated voltages above I k V and less than 52 k V

I.
1.1

Scope and object


Scope

This standard is applicable to three-phase alternating current switches and switch-disconnectors designed for indoor and outdoor installation for rated voltages above 1 k V and less
than 52 k V and power frequencies up to and including 60 Hz.
I t is also applicable to the operating devices of these switches and to their auxiliary
equipment.

1.2

Except where special clarification is required [he ierm -switch" i s used to refer to a l i hirid\ of \witche\
and switch-disconneciors within the scope ofthis standard.

Earthing switches forming an integral part ora switch are covered by I EC Publication 129. Alternating
Current Diseonnectors (Isolators) and Earthing Switches. If the earthing switch has a rated Fhort-circuit
making current the making tests shall be madeaccording to the requirements in this standard

Object
The main object of this standard is to establish uniform requirements for all switches a n d
switch-disconnectors used in normally continuously fed parts of distribution svstems. Such
switches, called *general purpose switches". shall comply \ k i t h the folIo\\ i n g w i n ict' applic'itions:

carrying their rated normal current continuously;


carrying short-circuit currents for a specified time;
switching of loaded sections of a distribution network up to their rated normal current:

switching of closed loop currents up to their rated normal current:

switching of no-load current of unloaded distribution transformers up to a transformer


rating of 1 250 LVA;
switchingof unloaded cables or overhead lines of limited length;
making short-circuit currents.
A further object ofthis standard is to establish requirements for the following ,witche\:

increased operating frequency switch;


limited purpose switch;
- motor switch;
- single capacitor-bank switch;
- switches operated under fault conditions in systems with isolated neuual or in resonant earthed systems.

No!e

The requiremenis of switches intended to be used for back-to-back capncitor bdnk\ a r e subject to
ngreemeiit bsttQeennianufacturer and user. pariicularly with regdrd to the peak \alue ,ind frequency of the
inrush curreni.

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Norec I

B S I BS*54b3:

PART*L O 1

1b24bb7 0538038 922

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

I t is assumed that opening and closing operations are performed according to the manufacturers instructions. A making operation may immediately follow a breaking operation but i t
is strongly recommended that a breaking operation shall not immediately follow a making
operation since the current to be broken may then exceed the rated breaking current of the
switch.

2.

Normal and special service conditions


The requirements of I EC Publication 694: Common Clauses for High-voltage Switchgear
and Controlgear Standards, are applicable.

3.

Definitions

For the definitions of general terms used in this standard, reference is made to the following
I EC publications: Publication Nos. 50(44i): International Electrotechnical Vocabulary
(IEV), Chapter 441: Switchgear and Controlgear, 71 - i : Insulation Co-ordination, Part 1:
Terms, Definitions, Principles and Rules, and 694: Common Clauses for High-voltage
Switchgear and Controlgear Standards.
3.101

Switch
A switching device capable of making, carrying and breaking currents under normal circuit
conditions which may include specified operating overload conditions and also carrying for a
specified time currents under specified abnormal circuit conditions such as those of short
circuit.

3. i 02

Switch-disconnector
A switch which, in the open position, satisfies the isolating requirements specified for a
disconnector.

3.103

General purpose switch

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

A switch capable of performing with currents up to its rated breaking currents ail making
and breaking operations which may normally occur in distribution systems and capable o f
carrying and making short-circuit currents.

3.104

Increased operating frequency switch


A general purpose switch which can switch mainly active load with a specified operating
frequency higher than necessary in continuously fed distribution systems.

3. i 05

Limited purpose switch


A switch which complies only with one or more but not with all service applications of a
general purpose switch.

3.106

Motor switch
A switch intended for switching of motors under steady-state and stalled conditions.

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

5
Not for Resale

BSI BS+5463: P A R T * 1 O 1

1624669 0518019 869

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

3. i 07

Single capacitor-bank switch


A switch intended for switching of a single capacitor bank with charging currents up to its

rated single capacitor-bank breaking current.


3. I08

Closed loop breaking current

The breaking current when opening a closed loop circuit, .e. a circuit in which both sides of
the switch remain alive after breaking and in which the voltage appearing across the terminals
is substantially less than the system voltage.
3. I 09

Mainly acfive load breaking current


The breaking current when opening a mainly active load circuit in which the load can be
repreFented by resistors and reactors in parallel.

3.110

Earth fault breaking current


The breaking current in the faulty phase of an isolated neutrai or resonant earthedsystem when clearing
an earth fault on an unloaded, cable or overhead line on the load side of the switch.

3.11 1 Cable charging breaking current under earth fault conditions

The breaking current in the sound phases of an isolated neutral or resonant earthed system when
switching off an unloaded cable or overhead line with an earth fault on the supply side of the switch.
4.

Rating

I EC Publication 694 is applicable with the exceptions and additions indicated below.

4. i

Rared voltage

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

I EC Publication 694 is applicable for rated voltages less than 52 kV.


Norr. - The rated voltage 27 kV is also used in the United States of America and Canada

4.2

Rared insulation level

I E C Publication 694 is applicable for rated voltages less than 52 kV.


4.3

Rated frequencji

I E C Publication 694 is applicable.


4.4

Rared normal current and remperature rise

I E C Publication 694 is applicable with the following additions:


The rated normal current of a general purpose switch is that which the switch:
a ) can carry continuously at its rated frequency without exceeding the temperature rise in
Sub-clause 4.4.2 of I EC Publication 694, and

b) is capable of switching in a closed loop circuit, and


c) is capable of switching in a mainly active load circuit.
For general purpose switches preferred values of rated normal currents are given in Tables
I and 11, pages 19 and 21.
Copyright British Standards Institution
Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

BSI BS*5463: P A R T * 3 0 1

L b 2 4 b b 0538020 5 8 0

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

The rated normal current of a limited purpose switch, motor switch and single capacitorbank switch, is that which the switch:
Sub-clause 4.4.2 of i EC Publication 694, and
e ) is capable ofswitching the specified number of times when loaded under the conditions for
which it is intended.
4.5

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

d ) can carry continuously at its rated frequency without exceeding the temperature rise in

Rated short-time withstand current


1 EC Publication 694 is applicable with the following addition:

The rated short-time withstand current of an earthing switch forming an integral part of a
switch shall be at least equal to the rated short-time withstand current of that switch, unless
otherwise agreed between manufacturer and user.
4.6

Rated peak withstand current


I EC Publication 694 is applicable.

4.7

Rated duration qfshort-circui t

I EC Publication 694 is applicable.


4.8

Rated supply voltage of closing and opening devices and auxiliary circuits

I E C Publication 694 is applicable.


4.9

Rated wpplv frequency of operating devices and auxiliary circuits

I E C Publication 694 is applicable


4.1O

Ratedpressure of compressed gas suppl.v,for operation

I EC Publication 694 is applicable.


4.101

Rated breaking currents of a general purpose switch


A general purpose switch is characterized by the following rated breaking currents:

rated closed loop breaking current:


rated mainly active load breaking current;
- rated cable-charging breaking current;
- rated no-load transformer breaking current.
-

The rated breaking currents are based on:


-

the assigned power frequency recovery voltage equal to the rated voltage with the
exception of the rated closed loop breaking current for which it is equal to 20% of t h e rated
voltage;

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

7
Not for Resale

!
BS 5463 : Part 1

1991

the prospective transient recovery voltage of the supply circuit under short-circuit conditions equal to the rated TRV for terminal faults specified in I EC Publication 56-2: Highvoltage Alternating-current Circuit-breakers, Part 2: Rating, with the exception of the
rated closed loop breaking current for which the values specified in Sub-clause 6.101.8
apply.
Rated closed loop breaking current

4.102

The rated closed loop breaking current is equal to the rated normal current.
Rated mainl-y active load breaking current

4.103

The rated mainly active load breaking current is equal to the rated normal current.

Rated cable-charging breaking current

4. I04

The rated cable-charging breaking current is 10 A. Highe; values selected from the RIO
series may be stated by the manufacturer.

Rated no-load transformer breaking current

4.105

The rated no-load transformer breaking current is the no-load current of a distribution
transformer rated 1 250 kVA.
4. I06

Rated breaking currents of motor switches

4.106.1

Rated breaking current in steady-state condition


The rated breaking current in steady-state condition is equal to the rated normal current.
The power frequency recovery voltage is equal to 20% of the rated voltage.

4.106.2

Rated breaking current with stalled motor

Unless otherwise specified, the rated breaking current with stalled motor is eight times the
rated normal current.
The power frequency recovery voltage is equal to the rated voltage.

4. I07

Rated breaking current of a single-capaciror bank switch


The rated single-capacitor bank breaking current is equal to 0.8 times the rated normal
current of the switch.
Note.

4.108

- The factor 0.8 takes into account the harmonic content of capacitor-bank currents.

Rated short-circuit making current

All switches shall have a rated short-circuit making current equal to its rated peak withstand current.
Copyright British Standards Institution
Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

~~~~

Not for Resale

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Nore. - This rated value covers also the charging current of overhead lines

BSI BSt5463: P A R T * L 01 W L b 2 Y b b 0538022 353 m

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

If an earthing switch forming an integral part of a switch has a rated short-circuit making
current this shall be equal to its rated peak withstand current.

Switches backed by current limiting fuses

4.109

Short-circuit ratings of switches backed by current-limiting fuses may be selected by taking


into account the limiting effect on the duration and the value of the short-circuit current of the
associated fuse with the highest rated normal current.

4. i 10

Co-ordination of rated values


Tables I and I I give guidance for co-ordination of rated voltages, rated short-time withstand currents and rated normal currents for general purpose switches. They are not manda tory.
A general purpose switch with another combination of values is therefore not outside the
scope of this standard.

TABLE
I

General purpose switches - Co-ordination or rated values [based on practice


in Europe)

Rated voltage
(r.m.s value)
(kV)

Rated short-time
withstand current
(r.m.s value)
(kA)
10

3.6

7.2

8
12.5
16

8
I25

16
20
25

400
630

1250

200 400
200 400
400 630
400 630
200 400
400 630
400 630
400 630

8
12.5
16

200 400
200 400 630

24

8
12.5
16
20

200 400
200 400 630
400 630
400 630

36

8
12.5
16

200 400
200 400 630
400 630

Not for Resale

i 2%

200 400

17.5

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

(A)

16
25

25

12

Rated normal current


(r ms.kalue)

I250

~~

BSI BS*5463:

:
?

PART*3 O3

3624669 0538023 29T

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

TABLEI I
General purpose switches - Co-ordinarion of rated values (based on current
practice in rhe Unired Stares of America and Canada)

Rated voltage
(r.rn.s. value)
(kV)

Rated short-time
withstand current
( r m s. value)
(kA)

4 76

8 25

15.0 and
15.5

25.8 and
21.0

38.0

48.3

Rated normal current


(r.m.s. value)
(A)

12.5
25
38.1
43 8
50.0

400

12.5
25
38.1
43.8
50.0

400

12.5
25
38. I
43.8
50.0

400

12.5
25
38.1
43.8
50.0

400

12.5
25
38.1
43.8
50.0

400

12.5
25
38. I
43.8
50.0

400

630
630
630

630
630
630

630
630
630

630
630
630

630
630
630

630
630
630

1250
1250
1250

1250
1250
1250

1250
1250
1250

1250
1250
1250

1250
1250
1250

1250
1250
1250

1600
1600
1600

2000
2000
2000

1600
1600
1600

2OOO
2000
2000

1600
1600
1600

2000
2000
2000

1600
1600
1600

2000
2000
2000

1600
1600
1600

2000
2000
2000

1600
1600
1600

2000
2000
2000

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Nore - Current practice in the United States of America and Canada primarily rounds
630 to 600 and 1 250 to 1 200. Gradual change to the RIO numbers is anticipated.

4.11 1 Rated earth fault breaking current

The rated earth fault breaking current is the current in the faulty phase the power frequency recovery
voltage being U/fiand the ransient recovery voltage that of the faulty phase in an isolated neutral system.
The rated earth fault breaking current shall be stated by the manufacturer and selected from the RIO series.
Note. - The TRV of an isolated neutral system is more severe than the TRV of a resonant earthed system. even if detuned.

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

10

Not for Resale

i
BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991
--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

4.1 12 Rated cable charging breaking current under earth fault conditions
The rated cable charging breaking current under earth fault conditions is the current in the sound phases
at rated power frequency voltage. The rated cable charging breaking current under earth fault conditions
shall be stated by the manufacturer and selected from the R10 series.

6 times the cable charging current occumng in


normal conditions. This covers the most severe case which OCCUIS with screened cables.

Noie. - The maximum cable charging current under earth fault conditions is

5.

Design and construction


I EC Publication 694 is applicable with the following exceptions and additions:

5. I

Requirements for liquids in switches

I EC Publication 694 is applicable.


5.2

Requirements for gases in switches

I E C Publication 694 is applicable.


5.3

Earthing of switches

I E C Publication 694 is applicable.


P

5.4 Auxiliary equipment

I EC Publication 694 is applicable.


5.5

Dependent power closing


Closing mechanisms for dependent manual operation are not allowed.

5.6

Stored energy closing

I EC Publication 694 is applicable.


5.1

Operation of releases

I EC Publication 694 is applicable.


5.8

Low and high pressure interlocking devices

I EC Publication 694 is applicable.


5.9

Nameplates

I E C Publication 694 is applicable with the following addition:


The nameplate of a switch shall contain information according to Table I I I .

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

11
Not for Resale

-~

~~

BSI B S X 5 Y 6 3 : P A R T * 1 O 1

L b 2 4 6 6 7 0 5 1 8 0 2 5 Ob2

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

TABLEI I I

4bbreviation

Unit

Switch

Operating
device

Condition: marking
requiredonly if.

Manufacturer
Ilesignation of type
Serial number

Rated voltage
Rated lightning impulse withstand
voltage

Different from 50 Hz
and 60 Hz

Rated frequency

Rated normal current


Number o f operations with mainly
active load

Different Prom 20

(i h

Different from I s

Rated short-time withstand current

Rated duration of short circuit


Rated
cable-charging
current

Higherthan I O A

breaking

~~

Different from 8 I.,

Rated breaking current with stalled


motor (motor switches only)
POP

MPa

l x

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Rated pressure of compressed gas


supply for operation
Rated supply voltage
~

Rated short-circuit making current

Different from -5C


indoor or -25C
outdoor

Temperature class

x:

The marking of these values is mandatory; blanks indicate the value zero.

(x): The marking of these values is optional.

y:

The marking of these values is subject to the conditions in column (6).


- Abbreviations in column (2) may be used instead of terms in column ( i ) . When terms of column ( i ) are used the
word rated need not appear.

Note.

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

B S I BSmSLib3: P A R T * L

O1

162Ybb9 0 5 3 8 0 2 b T T 7

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

5. iO1

Making and breaking operations


All switches shall be designed so as to be capable of making the circuits to which their rated
breaking currents apply.

All switches shall be designed so as to be capable of breaking at the assigned recovery


voltage any current up to and including their rated breaking currents.

5.1 02

Requirements f o r switch-disconnectors
Switch-disconnectors shall in addition comply with the requirements specified for disconnectors in I EC Publication 129.

5 . i03

Mechanicalstrength
Switches shall be capable of bearing the mechanical force on the terminals when installed
according to the manufacturers instructions as well as electromagnetic forces without
reduction of their reliability or ability to carry current.

5.104

Position of the movable contact system and its indicating or signalling device

5 . i04.1

Securing the position

Switches including their operating devices shall be so constructed that they cannot come
out of their open or closed positions by forces arising from gravity, vibration, reasonable
shocks or accidental touching of the connecting rods of their operating devices, or by electromagnetic forces.
Switches or their operating devices shall be designed to allow the application of means to
prevent unauthorized operation.

5.104.2

Indication ofposition

I t shall be possible to know the open and closed position of the switch. This requirement is
met if one of the following conditions is fulfilled:
-

the gap, in the case of a switch, or the isolating distance, in the case of a switch-disconnector, is visible:
the position of each movable contact is indicated by a reliable indicating device.

Noies I

- A visible moving contact may serve as the indicatingdevice.

2. - I n the case where all poles of a switch are so coupled as to be operated as a single unit, it is permissible
to use a common indicatingdevice.

5.104.3 Auxiliary contacts f o r signalling

Signalling of the closed position shall not take place until it is certain that the movable
contacts will reach a position in which the rated normal, peak withstand and short-time withstand currents can be carried safely.
Signalling of the open position shall not take place until the movable contacts have reached
a position such that the corresponding gap or isolating distance is at least 80% of the total gap
or the isolating distance, or until it is certain that the movable contacts will reach their fully
open position.
--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

13
Not for Resale

BSI B S X 5 4 6 3 : P A R T * & 01 m 3b29bb9 0538027 935


BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

6.

Type tests
I E C Publication 694 is applicable with the following exceptions and additions:

6.1

Dielectric tests
I EC Publication 694 is applicable.

6.2

Radio interference voltage tests


Radio interference voltage tests are not applicable.

6.3

Temperature-rise tests

I EC Publication 694 is applicable.


6.4

Measurement of the resistance of the main circuit

I E C Publication 694 is applicable.


6.5

Short-time withstand und peak withstand current tests

I E C Publication 694 is applicable.


Making and breaking tests

6. I O 1
6.1O I . 1

Arrangement of the switch f o r tests

The switch under test shall be mounted complete on its own support or on an equivalent
support. Its operating device shall be operated in the manner specified and in particular, if it
is electrically or pneumatically operated, it shall be operated at the minimum voltage or air
pressure respectively, unless current chopping influences the test results. In the latter case, the
switch shall be operated at a voltage or air pressure within the specified tolerances chosen so
as to obtain the highest contact speed at contact separation and maximum arc extinguishing
properties.
It shall be shown that the switch will operate satisfactorily under the above conditions on
no-load. The travel of the moving contacts shall be recorded, if practicable.
Switches with independent manual operation may be operated by an arrangement
provided for the purpose of making remote control possible.
Due consideration shall be given to the choice of the live side connections. When the switch
is intended for power supply from both sides and the physical arrangement of one side of the
switch differs from that of the other side, the live side of the test circuit shall be connected to
one side so as to represent the most onerous conditions. In case of doubt, part of the operations shall be carried out with the supply connected on one side and part with the supply
connected on the other side.
Making and breaking tests on three-pole switches the poles of which are operated simutaneousiy shall be made three-phase unless otherwise specified.
--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

14

Not for Resale

BSI B S * 5 4 6 3 : P A R T * l O 1

3624669 0538028 871

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

Making and breaking tests on single-pole switches combined in a three-pole unit but
operated pole after pole shall be performed single-phase (see Appendix AA) with the
exception of the breaking tests of capacitive loads for which special requirements exist.

For switches other than liquid- or gas-filled switches, and for switches other than vacuum
switches, if there is appreciable emission of flame or metallic particles, it may be required that
the tests shall be made with metallic screens placed in the vicinity of the live parts and separated from them by a safety clearance distance which the manufacturer shall specify. The
screens, frame and other normally earthed parts shall be insulated from earth but connected
thereto by a suitable device to indicate any significant leakage current to earth.

6 . I 0 I .2

Earthing ofthe tesi circiiit

The switch (with its frame earthed as in service) shall be connected in a three-phase test
circuit having either the neutral point of the supply, or the neutral point of the load, earthed.
In the first case, the zero-sequence impedance shall be less than three times the positive
sequence impedance on the supply side. The connections used shall be indicated in the test
report.
Earthing of three-phase test circuits for cable charging current breaking tests shall be made
in accordance with the relevant requirements of I EC Publication 56-4: High-voltage Alternating-current Circuit-breakers, Part 4: Type Tests and Routine Tests.
The test circuit and the frame of singlepole switches shall be earthed so that the voltage
conditions between live parts and earth within the switch after arc-extinction reproduce
service voltage conditions. The connections used shall be indicated in the test report.

6. I 0 1.3

Test.frequency

Switches shall in principle be tested at rated frequency with a tolerance of k 10%. However,
for convenience of testing, some deviations from the above tolerance are allowable; for
example, when switches rated at 50 Hz are tested at 60 Hz and vice versa, care should be exercized in the interpretation of the results, taking into account all significant facts such as the
type of the switch and the type of the test performed.
Note

6. I O I .4

I n some cases, the rated characteristics of a switch when used on a 60 Hz system may be different from
those when used on 3 50 H z system.

Breaking current

The current to be interrupted shall be symmetrical with negligible decrement. The contacts
of the switch shall not be separated until transient currents due to the closing of the circuit
have subsided.
The breaking current is the average of the currents interrupted in all poles. The difference
between the average of these currents and the values obtained in each pole shall not exceed
10%of the average value.
The tolerance for breaking current is z!,oa/o
test duties.
--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

of the rated value. Exceptions are stated in the

BSI BSx54b3: P A R T * 1 O 1

~~

1624669 05L8029 708

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

The breaking capacity shall be stated in termsof:

a ) the test voltage;


b) the breaking current:
c) the circuit power factor:
d ) the test circuit.
6. I O I.5

Tesr volrage

The test voltage is the average of the phase-to-phase voltages and shall be measured immediately after the interruption of the circuit, with the exception of capacitive loads where it is
measured immediately prior to opening the contacts.
The voltage shall be measured as close as practical to the terminals of the switch, i.e.
without appreciable impedance between the measuring point and the terminals.
The test voltage in the case of three-phase tests shall as nearly as possible be equal to the rated voltage
of the switch, except for tests with closed loop breaking currents for which the test voltage shall be 20%
of this value.
Test voltages for single-phase tests on switches which are operated pole after pole are given
in Appendix AA.
The tolerance of the test voltage is k 5% of the specified value.
The power frequency recovery voltage shall be maintained at least for 0.1 s after arc
extinction.
6.1 O 1.6

Applied voltage before short-circuit making rests

The applied voltage before the short-circuit making tests is the r.m.s value of the test voltage
immediately before the tests.
In the case of three-phase tests the average value of the applied voltages shall be not less
than the rated voltage and shall not exceed this value by more than 10%without the consent of
the manufacturer.
The difference between the average value and the applied voltages of each phase shall not
exceed 5 Yo of the average value.
The applied voltage for single-phase tests on switches which are operated pole after pole is
stated in Appendix AA.
6.1 O 1.7

Short-circuit making current

The making current on short-circuit shall be expressed by the maximum value of the
making current in any pole.
The tolerance is I~o'?/o of the specified value.

In the case when the making current does not attain 100% of the specified value in both
tests, these tests are still valid provided the making current attains 100% in one test, and at
least 90% in the other, with the following exception.
Due to prearcing it is not always possible to reach these values: in this case, evidence shall
be given that the making currents attained are representative of conditions the switch is
required to meet in accordance with its rated short-circuit making current. The maximum
prospective peak current shall be not less than 100%o f the rated short-circuit making current
and shall not exceed I 10%of this value.
--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

16

Not for Resale

~~

BSI BS*5463: PART*(<L 01

~~~

Lb24669 0538030 42T D

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

The duration of the short-circuit current shall be not less than O. I s.


The short-circuit making capacity shall be stated in terms of:

a ) the applied voltage;


b) the making current.

Tesr circuits

6 . I O 1.8

a ) Mainly aclive load (test duties I and 3 )


The test circuit consists of a supply and a load circuit (see Figures I and 2, pages 52 and 53).
The supply circuit shall have a power factor not exceeding 0.2 and shall meet the following
requirements:

- the symmetrical component of the short-circuit current of the supply circuit shall neither
exceed the rated short-time withstand current of the switch nor be less than 50/0 of this
current:
-

the impedance of the supply circuit shall be between 12% and 18% of the total impedance
of the test circuit for test duty I . I f the manufacturer agrees, the impedance of the supply
circuit may be increased to 20% in order to combine test duty 2 with test duty 1 (see Subclause 6.1O I .9);

- the prospective transient recovery voltage of the supply side under short-circuit conditions
shall be not less severe than that specified in I EC Publication 56-2.
The load circuit shall have a power factor of approximately 0.7 (between 0.65 and 0.75) and
shall consist of reactors with resistors in parallel. These resistors shall consume the major part
of the active power.
Nofe

When, for convenience of testing, an impedance is inserted in series with the load (for instance, when a
transformer is used between the switch and the load), this impedance is considered to form part of the
supply circuit.

b) Closed loop (test duty 2)


The test circuit (see Figures 3 and 4, pages 53 and 54) shall have a power factor not
exceeding 0.3, and if a resistor is used, it shall be connected in series with the reactor.
The prospective transient recovery voltage shall be not less severe than that specified by
Table IV (see also Figure 5 , page 54).

TABLEIV

(kV)

Time
coordinate
'1

(kV)

(P)

I .2
2.5
4. I
6.0
8.2
12.4

1 IO

3.6
7.2
12
17.5

24
36

I10
I so
200
250
310

Rateofrise

Ti

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

T R V peak value

Rated voltage
U

40

First pole-to-clear factor I .S.

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

17
Not for Resale

BSI BSm5463: PARTUL 01

L b 2 4 b b 9 05L803L 3 b b

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

c) Cable charging(test duty 4)


The circuit on the supply side of the switch shall be as Specified for the mainly active load
breaking tests. The capacitive circuit shall be i n accordance with the corresponding circuit in
I E C Publication 56-4.
d) No-load transformer
For no-load transformer currents corresponding to a distribution transformer rating up to
1250 kVA it is assumed that a switch which has passed all breaking tests specified in Subclause 6.101.9 will also interrupt such no-load currents. Therefore no tests are specified.

For higher transformer ratings a test circuit is under consideration.


e) Motor

I EC Publication 470: High-voltage Alternating Current Contactors, is applicable.


JI SiHgle capacitor bank
Test circuits as specified in I E C Publication 56-4 shall be used.

6.101.9

Test sequencefor general purpose switches

The test duties shall follow each other in the order given without reconditioning of the
switch with the exception of test duty 5 which under specified conditions may be made on a
new switch.

In the closing-opening operations, the opening operation shall follow the closing operation
with an intentional time delay between the two operations sufficient for any transient current
to subside unless provided by the design of the switch itself. The closing and opening operations can be separated when design features of the switch or limitations of the test plant
require it. The time interval between closing and opening shall normally not exceed 3 min.

The manufacturer may indicate a minimum time interval between closing and opening
operations.
Test sequence for three-phase tests:
--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

test duty I : ten closing-opening operations with the rated mainly active load breaking
current.
test duty 2: ten closing-opening operations with the rated closed loop breaking current.
The value of the impedance of the supply circuit in test duty 1 may be raised to
approximately 20% of the total impedance of the test circuit and the number of
operations to 20, test duty 2 is then not required.
test duty 3: 20 closing-opening operations with 5 % of the rated mainly active load breaking
current.
test duty 4: 20 closing-opening operations with the rated cable charging breaking current.

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

18

Not for Resale

B S I BSmSYb3:

Lb24bb9 0538032 2T2 W

PART*L O3

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

test duty 5: two closing operations with the rated short-circuit making current.

I f it is evident or if it can be proved that the making capacity is not influenced by


the test duties 1 to 4, for convenience of testing test duty 5 may be made on
another switch of the same type.
Test sequence for single-phase tests on single-pole switches combined in a three-pole unit
but operated pole after pole is specified i n Appendix AA.
6.1O I . 1 O

Test sequence f o r increased operating frequencv swirches

The test sequence for general purpose switches shall be used, the number of closingopening operations for test duty 1 being 100.
6.101.1 1

Tesr sequencefor lirniwdpurpose swirches

The test sequence for general purpose switches shall be used deleting the tests corresponding to those applications for which the switch is not designed, and replacing the number
of operations by that stated by the manufacturer.

Tesr sequence f o r single capacitor-bank switches

6.1O 1. I 2

The test duties for breaking tests are specified in 1 EC Publication 56-4.
Two closing operations with the rated-short-circuit making current shall be performed after
the breaking tests without reconditioning the switch.
6.1O I . 13

Test sequence.for motor switches


I EC Publication 470 is applicable.

6. I O I . 14 Behaviour qf switch during tests


During operation, the switch shall neither show signs of excessi\.e distress nor endanger the
operator.
From liquid-filled switches, there shall be n o outward emission of flame, and the gases
produced together with the liquid carried with the gases shall be allowed to escape in such a
way as not to cause electrical breakdown.
For other types of switches, flame or metallic particles such as might impair the insulation
level of the switch shall not be projected beyond the boundaries specified by the manufacturer.
Overvoltages produced during cable-charging or capacitor current breaking tests shall not
exceed the maximum permissible switching overvoltages which are specified in I EC Publication 56-2.

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

There shall be n o indication of significant leakage current to the earthed structure, or


screens when fitted, during the tests. In case of doubt, the normally earthed parts, etc., should
be connected to earth through a fuse consisting of a copper wire of 0.1 mm diameter and
50 m m long.

No significant leakage current is assumed to have occurred if the fuse wire is intact after the
test.
Copyright British Standards Institution
Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

19

~~~~

BSI BS*54b3: PART*L O 1

L b 2 4 b b 9 0516033 1 3 9

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

6.1 o1 .I5 Condition of switch alter breaking tests


After performing the specified test duties 1 to 4. the mechanical function and the insulators
of the switch shall be in practically the same condition as before the tests. The switch
shall be capable of carrying its rated normal current without its temperature rise exceeding
the values specified, and its short-circuit making performance shall meet the requirements
specified

The isolating properties of a switch-disconnector in the open position shall not be reduced
below what corresponds to normal wear and ageing

Visual inspection and no-load operation of the switch after tests are usually SuffiCient for
checking these requirements.

If the insulating properties across open contacts of a switch or the isolating properties of a
switch-disconnector are doubted, a condition checking test according to 6.1.1 1 of IEC 694
is deemed sufficient to verify these properties. For switches with sealed-for-life
interrupters, the condition checking test is mandatory.

In case of doubt on the ability of the switch to carry the rated normal current after the
breaking tests a temperature-rise test shall be made to check that the specified temperaturerise values are not exceeded.

In the case of a single capacitor-bank switch required for very frequent operation, a special
agreement between manufacturer and user on the conditions of operation shall be made.
The arcing contacts or any other specified renewable parts may be worn.
The quality of the oil used for arc extinction may be impaired and its amount reduced under
the normal level.
There may be deposits on the insulators caused by the decomposition of the arc extinguishing medium.

6.I O 1.16

Condition ofswitch after short-circuit making lesis

After performing the specified shod-circuit making tests (test duty 5). the mechanical
function and the insulators of the switch shall be in practically the same condition as
before the tests. The switch shall be capable of making, carrying and breaking its rated
normal current.
The isolating properties of a switch-disconnector in the open position shall not be reduced
below what corresponds to normal wear and ageing

Visual inspection and no-load operation of the switch after lests are usually Sufficient for
checking these requirements
If the insulating properties across open contacts of a switch or the isolating properties of a
switch-disconnectof are doubted, a condition checking test according to 6.1.1 1 of IEC 694
is deemed sufficient to verify the properties. For switches with sealed-for-life interrupters.
the condition checking test is mandatory.

In case of doubt on the ability of the switch to make and break its rated normal current, two
closing-opening operations with the rated normal current may be made.
The arcing contacts or any other specified renewable parts may be worn.
The short-circuit making capacity may be materially reduced.
--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

20

Not for Resale

3 6 2 4 b b 0 5 3 8 0 3 4 075 M

BSI BS*5463: P A R T * 1 O 1

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

Test reports

6.1O I . I7

The test report shall contain the following oscillographic or other records relating to the test
duties:
1 ) Current in each phase.

2) Voltage between each phase and earth.


Nore. - Records of voltages between phases for the direct determination of the test voltage and of voltages

across the terminais of a pole for the direct determination of the phase recovery voltage may also be
desirable.

3) Instant of energizing the trip coil, if any.


6.101.18 Tests with breaking current for earth fault conditions
6.101.18.1 General
The tests may be made on a new switch. Arrangements for tests, measuring of breaking current and test
voltage shall be made in accordance with Sub-clauses 6.101.1,6.101.4 and 6.101.5.
6.101.18.2 Test circuits
For the tests with earth fault breaking current, a test circuit according to Figure 6, page 55, is used with
the impedance2 according to the impedance of the supply side for test duty 1for general purpose switches.
For the tests with cable charging breaking current under earth fault conditions, a test circuit according
toFigure7,page55,isusedwiththesupplysideofthetestcircuitoftestduty 1 of general purposeswitches
and one phase earthed on the supply side.
Non-inductive resistors R having a resistance not exceeding 10%of the capacitive impedance may be
inserted in series with the capacitors.
6.101.18.3 Test duties
The following test duties shall be performed:

- ten opening operations with the rated earth fault breaking current;
- ten opening operations with the rated cable charging breaking current under earth fault conditions.
The behaviour of the switch during the tests and the condition of the switch after the test shall
comply with Sub-clauses 6.101.14 and 6.101.15.
The test circuits according to Figures 6and 7 and the test duties shall also be used for testing threephase switches which are operated pole after pole.

6 . I02

Mechanical endurance test


Unless otherwise specified, the tests shall be made at the ambient air temperature of the test
location.
The supply voltage of the operating device shall be measured at the terminals of the device
with full current flowing. Auxiliary equipment forming part of the operating device shall be
included.
--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

21

BSI BS+54b3: P A R T * L O3

= 1 6 2 4 6 6 9 0538035

TO1

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

However, no intentional addition to the impedance (e.g. for regulation of the voltage)
between the voltage source and the terminals of the device is permitted.
The mechanical endurance test shall consist of I O00 operating cycles without voltage on or
current in the main circuit.
The test shall be made on switches equipped with their own operating devices. For
manually operated switches the handle may, for convenience of testing, be replaced by an
external power operated device, which approximates manual operation.

For a switch having a power operated device, the following operations shall be performed:
-

900 operating cycles at rated supply voltage and/or rated pressure of compressed gas
supply;

50 operating cycles at the specified minimum supply voltage and/or minimum pressure of
compressed gas supply;

- 50 operating cycles at the specified maximum supply voltage and/or maximum pressure
of compressed gas supply.
These tests shall be made at a rate such that the temperature rises of the energized electrical
components d o not exceed the specified values.
During the tests lubrication in accordance with the manufacturers instructions is permissible, but no mechanical adjustment is allowed.
The closed and open positions shall be attained during each operating cycle.
During the tests, satisfactory operation of operating devices, of control and auxiliary
contacts and of position indicating devices (if any) shall be verified.
After the tests, all parts, including contacts, shall be in good condition and shall not show
undue wear.
6.103

Operation under severe ice conditions


Type tests shall be performed on special request by the user. Tests are specified in 1 E C
Publication 129.

7.

Routine tests

I E C Publication 694 is applicable.


7.1

Power-frequency voltage withstand dry tests on the main circuit

I E C Publication 694 is applicable.


7.2

Voltage withstand tests on auxiliary and control circuits

I E C Publication 694 is applicable.


7.3

Measurements of the resistance of the main circuit


I EC Publication 694 is applicable.
--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

22

Not for Resale

BSI BS*5463: P A R T * 1 O 1

1624667 0 5 1 B 0 3 b 948

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

7.1 O I

Mechanical operating tests


Operating tests shall be carried out to ensure that switches comply with the prescribed
operating conditions within the specified voltage and supply pressure limits of their operating
devices.
During these tests, which are performed without voltage on, or current in, the main circuit,
i t shall be verified, in particular, that the switches open and close correctly when their
operating devices are energized or under pressure. I t shall also be verified that operation will
not cause any damage to the switches.
The tests shall comprise:
a ) at specified maximum supply voltage and/or maximum pressure of compressed gas

supply: five operating cycles;


b ) a t specified minimum supply voltage and/or minimum pressure of compressed gas supply:
five operating cycles;
c) if a switch can be manually operated besides its normal electric

or pneumatic operating

device: five manually operated cycles;

d ) manually operated switches only: ten operating cycles.


During these tests, no adjustments shall be made and the operation shall be faultless. The
closed and open positions shall be attained during each operating cycle.

8. Guide to the selection of switching devices for service


Under consideration.

9. Information to be given with enquiries, tenders and orders


Under consideration.
10.

Rules for transport, storage, erection and maintenance

I EC Publication 694 is applicable.


10.1

Conditions during transport, storage and erection

I EC Publication 694 is applicable.


10.2

Erection

10.3

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

1EC Publication 694 is applicable.

Maintenance

I EC Publication 694 is applicable.

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

23
Not for Resale

B S I BSX54b3: P A R T * 1 O 1

1b24bb9 0 5 1 8 0 3 7 884

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

APPENDIX AA
SINGLE-PHASE TESTS WITH SINGLE-POLE SWITCHES COMBINED I N A
THREE-POLE U N I T BUT OPERATED POLE AFTER POLE
AAI.

General
This standard is also applicable to switches designed such as to permit independent
operation of each pole irrespective of the state of the other poles. When such switches with
non-simultaneity of contact making and/or breaking are to be tested, the test voltages, test
currents and test duties are specified in this appendix; all other test parameters cornplying
with the requirements in the main part of this standard.

AA2.

General purpose switch


The test sequence specified in the following table shall be carried out o n one single-pole
unit without reconditioning. The number of the test duties corresponds to the number in the
main part of this standard.

Test
voltage

Test
current')

Number
of test+)

1.5 u
VD

Represents first phase to clear conditions

Represents second phase to clear conditions

1.5 u
-

y3
U

Remarks

Represents first phase to clear conditions

G I

Represents second phase to clear conditions

2,
2

IO

Represents first phase to clear conditions

IO

Represents second phase to clear conditions


Switches for universal application. Three-phase
test-circuit to be used

U
U

4c)

I)

4a) represents first phase to clear conditions

IO

4b) represents second phase to clear conditions

Switches to be used in earthed neutral systems


with screened cables. Single-phase test-circuit
to be used

u/j3

20

G I

Represents second phase to close conditions

I is the appropriate test current specified in Sub-clause6.101.9.


For switches with a higher or lower number of operations than specified for a general purpose switch (see Sub-clauses
6.1OI.IOand6.1OI.I1),thenumberoftests for therelevanttestduties(l.2or3)ischangedfromfiveorten teststo 50B/of
the specified number.

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

24

$ 1

IO

Not for Resale

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Test
duty

BSI BSa5463: P A R T * L O L

I0624669 051B038 710

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

AA3.

Single capacitor bank switch


The test voltage shall be U for universal application and UV'3 for switches intended to be
used in systems with earthed neutral, U being the test voltage specified in I EC Publication
56-4.
The test current Ishall be that specified in I E C Publication 56-4.

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

25
Not for Resale

BSI B S t 5 4 6 3 : P A R T * % 0% m L b 2 4 b b 05LB03 657 m

!
I

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

Alimentation
SUPPlY
Impdance de la source
Source imDedance

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Interrupteur
Switch

i
-

FIG. I .

2 78P3

Circuit triphas pour les essais de fermeture et de coupure de courant de charge


principalement active.
Three-phase circuit for mainly active load breaking tests.

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

26

Not for Resale

~~~~

~~

BSI B S * 5 4 b 3 :

PART*& O3

L b 2 4 6 6 9 0538040 379

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

Alimentation
SUPPlY

Impdance de la source
Source impedance

Interrupteur
Switch

Charge cos 47 = O 7 f O O5
Load

I
'79fi3

FIG. 2.

Circuit monophas pour les essais de fermeture et de coupure de courant de charge


principalement active.
Single-phase circuit for mainly active load breaking tests.

Alimentation
SUPPIY

inductance
Reactor

Rsistance
Resistor

t nterrupteur
Switch

FIG. 3. - Circuit triphas pour les essais de coupure de boucle ferme.


Three-phase circuit for closed loop breaking tests.
--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

BSI BS*54b3:

P A R T * & O&

L b 2 4 b b 9 05L804L 205

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

Alimentation
Supply
Inductance
Reactor

Rsistance
Resistor
Interrupteur
Switch

FIG.

4. - Circuit monophas pour les essais de coupure de boucle ferme.


Single-phase circuit for closed loop breaking tests.

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Tension
Voltage

FIG. 5. - Reprsentation de ia tension transitoire de rtablissement spcifie pour les essais


d e coupure de boucle ferme.
Representation of specified transient recovery voltage for closed loop breaking
tests.

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

28

Not for Resale

BS 54-63: Part 1 : 1991

FIG. 6 . - Circuit triphas pour les essais au pouvoir de coupure en cas de dfaut la terre.
Three-phase test circuit for earth fault breaking current tests.

FIG. 7. - Circuit triphas pour les essais au pouvoir de coupure de courant de cble vide
en cas de dfaut la terre.
Three-phase test circuit for cable charging breaking current tests under earth fault
conditions.

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

..

29
Not for Resale

A'

Page 3HD 355.1 S3 : 1995

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Annex ZA (inormative)
B-deviations
B-deviation: National deviation Com an HD due to particular technical requirements, permitted for a specified
transitional period.
Clause

Deviation

Date of withdrawal

United Kingdom

2ooQ-09-11

An additional minimum ambient air


temperature class of -10 "Cfor oicfilled
applies in the UK.

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

SU&~S

BSI BSa5463: P A R T * L 01 m 2624667 05LA044 TL4 m


Page 3\
HD 355.1 S3 : 1995

Annex ZB (normative)
Special national conditions
Special national condition: National characteristic or practice that cannot be changed even over a long period,
e.g. climatic conditions, electrical earthing conditions. If it affects harmonization, it forms part of the European
Standard or Harmonization Document.
For the countries in which the relevant special national conditions apply these provisions are normative, for
other countries they are informative.
Special national condition
Belgium
Rated voltages
To take account of a special national condition where there are appreciable discrepancies between actual
network voltages and the next high test IEC rated voltages, two additional rated voltages are permitted, those
being 41,5 kV and 82,5 kV.
The rated lightning impulse withstand voltage and the rated one minute power-frequency withstmd voltage
related to these values are given in HD 448 S3.

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

BSI B S X 5 4 6 3 : P A R T * L 01 I3b24bb7 0538045 950

Page 3 t
HD 355.1 S3 : 1995

Annex ZC (normative)
Normative references to international publications with their corresponding
European publications
Tkis European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publicaons. These
n o d v e references Xe cited at the appropriate places in the'text and the publications are listeci hereafter. For
dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to thic European
Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the
publication referred to applies (including amendments).
NOTE. When an international publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD applies
EN/HD

Publication

Year

Ttie

IEC 50(441)

1974

IEC 56-2

19711)

Intemational electrotechnica vocabulary


Chapter 441: Switchgeaq controlgear and Juses
High-voltage alternating-current circuit-breakers

LEC 564
IEC 71-1

IEC 129
IEC 470
IEC 694

Part 2: Rating
1976') Part 4: !ype tests and routine tests
19762) Insulation eo-ordination
Part 1: T m , &finitions, principles and rules
19753) Alternating current diSconnectors (isolators) and
earthing switches
1974 High-volwe cllternating current contactors
1980 Cornclauses for high-voltage switchgear and
controlgear standards

3,

4,

HD 448 S3")

5 6 1 to IEC 566 are replaced by IEC 56 : 1987. IEC 56 : 1987 + A l . 1992 + A2 . 1995, mod., are harmonized as HD 348 S6 1995.
IEC 71-1 . 1993 is harmonized as EN 60071-1 : 1995.
IEC 129 1984, mod., is harmonized as HD 408 S2 : 1990.
IID 448 S3 includes Al : 1985 + A2 : 1993 to IEC 694

') IEC

2,

'

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

B S I BS*54b3:

PART*L 01

3624bbCl 0 5 3 8 0 4 6 897

BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991

Publication(s) referred to
See foreword.

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

BS 5463 :
Part 1 : 1991

BSI - British Standards Institution

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

BSI is the independent national body responsible for preparing British


Standards. I t presents the UK view on standards in Europe and at the
international level. It is incorporated by Royal Charter.
Contract requirements

A British Standard does not purport to include ali the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct
application.
Revisions
British Standards are updated by amendment or revision. Users of British
Standards should make sure that they possess the latest aniendrnents or
editions.

Any person who finds an inaccuracy or ambiguity while using this British
Standard should notify BSI without delay so that the matter may be
investigated swiftly.
BSI offers members an individual updating service called PLUS which ensures
that subscribers automatically receive the latest editions of standards.
Buying British Standards
Orders for ali British Standard publications should be addressed to the Sales
Department at Milton Keynes.
Information on standards
BSI provides a wide range of information on national, European and
international standards through its Library, the Standardline Database, the BSI
Information Bchnology Service (BITS) and its Technical Help to Exporters
Service. Contact Customer Information at Milton Keynes: E l : 0908 221 166.
Subscribing members of BSI are kept up to date with standards development,s
and receive substantial discounts on the purchase price of standards. For
details of these and other benefits contact the Manager, Membership
Development at Milton Keynes: Tel: 0908 220022.
Copyright
Copynght subsists in ail BSI publications. No part of this publication may be
reproduced in any form without the prior permission in writing of BSI. This
does not preclude the free use, in the course of implementing the standard, of
details such as symbols and size, type or grade designations. Enquiries about
copyright should be made to the Copyright Manager, Marketing at Milton
Keynes.

BSI
2 Park Street
London
W1A 2BS
BSI
Linford Wood
Milton Keynes
MK14 6LE
9110 - 8- O.65k- R
Copyright British Standards Institution
Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

PEL192

Not for Resale

B S I BS*54b3:

P A R T * 1 O 1 B 1 6 2 4 6 6 9 0518048 bbT

AMD 8964

Amendment No. 1
published and effective from 15 December 1995
to BS 5463 : Part 1 : 1991
Specification for high-voltage switches
Part 1. High-voltage switches for rated voltages above 1 kV and
less than 52.kV

Revised text

Front cover
Under the title, delete D 335.1 S2 and substitute HD 355.1 S3.
AMD 89681December 1995

- - - - _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - _ - _ - - - - -

Foreword
In paragraph 2, h e 4,after (August 1984) insert and Amendment No. 2 (July 1994)
In paragraph 2, h e 5, delete HD 355.1 S2 and substitute D 355.1 S3.
In the last paragraph, line 2, delete BS 5463 : Part 2 : 1991 and substitute
BS EN 602652 : 1994.
At the end of the list of cross-references insert the foilowing new entry:
HD 448 S3 : 1995
(TEC 694 : 1980 + A l : 1985 + A2 : 1993)

BS 6581 : 19952) Common clauses for high-voltage switchgear and


controlgear standards
(identical)

New HD title page and foreword


Immediately after the foreword, insert the attached new HD title page and foreword
P%e.

Text of British Standard


Amend the text of BS 5463 : Part 1 in accordance with the details given on the
attached pages.
AMD 8964lDecember 1995

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

AMD 89681December 1995


- - - - _ - - - - _ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - _ - - - - - - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~ - - - - - _ - - - - - ~ - - - - - - - - -

Product code 00647784


Copyright British Standards Institution
Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

PEi17/1

B S I BSx54b3: P A R T * 1 O 1

L b 2 4 b b 9 0538049 5 T b

Annex ZA (hfomative)
Delete the existing annex ZA and substitute the attached new annex ZA.
AMD 8964JDecember 1995

___------_--___---______________________----

Annex Zl3 (nomiative)


Delete the existing annex ZB and substitute the attached new annex ZB.
AMD 8964lDecember 1995
- - - - - _ - - _ _ - - - - - - _ _ - - - - _ _ - - - - - - - - - ~ _ - - - - -

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

B S I BS*54b3:

PART*L

01

= Lb2Yhb

0518050 218

HD 355.1 S3

HARM0"IONDOCUMENT
DOCUMENT D'KRMO"ION
HAFiMO~UNGSD~NT

August 1995

Supersedes HD 355.1 S2 : 1991

UDC 621.316.542.027.51.7
ICs 29.120.40
Descriptors: Switches, high-voltage, tests, characteristics

English version

(IEC 2651 : 1983 + Al : 1984 + A2 : 1994)


Interrupteurs haute tension
Partie 1: Interrupteurs haute tension pour
tensions assignes suprieures 1 kV et
infrieures 52 kV
(CE1 2651 : 1983 + Al : 1984 + A2 : 1994)

Hochspannungs-Lastschalter
Teil 1: Hochspannungs-Lastschalter fur
Nennspannungen ber 1 kV und unter 52 kV
(IEC 2651 : 1983 + Al : 1984 + A2 : 1994)

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

High-voltage switches
Part 1: Highvoltage switches for rated voltages above 1kV and
less than 52 kV

This Harmonization Document was approved by CENELEC on 19954744.


CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal
Regulations which stipuiate the conditions for implementation of this
Harmonization Document on a national level.
Up-todate lists and bibhographicai references concerning such national
implementation may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to
any CENELEC member.
This Harmonization Document exists in three official versions (Enghsh, French,
German).
CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria,
Belgium, Denmark, Fnland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Itay,
Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and
United Kmgdom.

CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comit Europen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europisches Komitee fr Elektrotechnische Normung

Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 35, B-1050 Brussels


O 1995 Copyright reserved to CENELEC members

Ref. No. HD 355.1 S3 : 1995 E


Copyright British Standards Institution
Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

~~

BSI BSs5463: P A R T * & 01

3624669 0538053 154 W

Page 2
HD 355.1 S3 : 1995

Foreword
The text of the International Standard IEC 2651 : 1983
with its amendments 1 : 1984 and 2 : 1994, prepare by
SC 174 High-voltage switchgear and controlgear, of
IEC TC 17, Switchgear and controlgear, was submitted
b the Unique Acceptance Procedure and was
approved by CENELEC as HD 355.1 S3 on 1995-07-04
without any modification.
The following dates were fixed
-

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

latest date by which the


existence of the HD has to
be announced at national
level
(doa) 1996-01-01
latest date by which the
HD has to be implemented
at national level by
publication of a
harmonized national
standard or by
endorsement
(dop) 199647-01
latest date by which the
national standards
conflicting with the HD
have to be withdrawn
(dow) 1996-07-01

For products which have complied with HD 355.1 S2 :


1991 before 1996-07-01, as shown by the manufacturer
or by a certication body, this previous standard may
continue to apply for production untii 2001-07-01.
Appendices and annexes designakd normativeare
part of the body of the standard. Annexes designated
informativeare given for infonnation only. In this
standard, appendix AA and annexes ZB and ZC are
normative and annex ZA is informative. Annexes ZA,
ZB and ZC have been added by CENELEC.

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

BSI BSX5463: PARTUL 01

Lb24669 05L052 O90 W

Page 3
HD 355.1 S3 : 1995

6.1 O 1 . 15

Condition of switch after breaking tests

Replace the existing text of the first three paragraphs b y fhe following new text:

After performing the specified test duties 1 to 4, the mechanical function and the insulators
of the switch shall be in practically the same condition as before the tests. The switch
shall be capable of carrying its rated normal current without its temperature rise exceeding
the values specified, and its short-circuit making performance shall meet the requirements
specified.
The isolating properties of a switch-disconnector in the open position shall not be reduced
below what corresponds to normal wear and ageing

Visual inspection and no-load operation of the switch after tests are usually sufficient for
checking these requirements.
If the insulating properties across open contacts of a switch or the isolating properties of a
switch-disconnector are doubted, a condition checking test according to 6.1.1 1 of IEC 694
is deemed sufficient to verify these properties. For switches with sealed-for-life
interrupters, the condition checking test is mandatory.

6.1 01.16

Condition of switch after short-circuit making tests

Replace the existing texf of the first three paragraphs by the following new text:

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

After performing the specified short-circuit making tests (test duty 5 ) , the mechanical
function and the insulators of the switch shall be in practically the same condition as
before the tests. The switch shall be capable of making, carrying and breaking its rated
normal current.
The isolating properties of a switch-disconnector in the open position shall not be reduced
below what corresponds to normal wear and ageing

Visual inspection and no-load operation of the switch after tests are usually sufficient for
checking these requirements.
If the insulating properties across open contacts

of a switch or the isolating properties of a

switch-disconnector are doubted, a condition checking test according to 6.1.1 1 of IEC 694
i s deemed sufficient to verify the properties. For switches with sealed-for-life interrupters,
the condition checking test is mandatory.

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

BSI BS*54b3:

PART*i<L O3

Lb24bb9 0538053 T27

Page 4
HD 355.1 S3 : 1995

Annex ZA (informative)
B-deviations
B-deviation: National deviation from an HD due to particular technical requirements, permitted for a specified
transitional period.
Clause

Deviation

Date of withdrawal

United Kingdom

2000-09-11

An additional minimum ambient air


temperature class of -10 O C for o&jed suritches
applies in Uze UK

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

BSI BS*5463:

PART*i<L 01

Lb24bb9 0538054 963

Page 5
HD 355.1 S3 : 1995

Annex ZB (normative)
Special national conditions
Special national condition:National characteristic or practice that cannot be changed even over a long period,
e.g. climatic conditions, electrical e m g conditions. if it affects harmonization, it forms part of the European
Standard or Harmonization Document.
For the countries in which the relevant special national conditions apply these provisions are normative, for
other countries they are i n f o d v e .
Special national condition
Belgium
Rated voltages
To take account of a special national condition where there are appreciable discrepancies between actual
network voltages and the next high test IEC rated voltages, two aditional rated voltages are permitted, those
being 41,5 kV and 82,5 kV.
The rated lightning impuise withstand voltage and the rated one muiute power-frequency withstand voltage
related to these values are given in HD 448 S3.

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

BSI B S x 5 4 b 3 : P A R T * & O&

1624669 0518055 8TT

Page 6
HD 355.1 S3 : 1995

Annex ZC (normative)
Normative references to international publications with their corresponding
European publications
ThLs European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These
normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter. For
dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this European
Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the
publication referred to applies (including amendments).
NOTE. When an international publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD applies
Publication

Year

Title

IEC 50(441)

1974

intematiolzal electrotechnical vocabultlry

IEC 562

19711)

LEC 56-4
IEC 71-1

1976l)

E C 129

19753)

IEC 470
IEC 694

1974
1980

--``,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

19762)

Chapter 441: Switchgear, contmigear and fuses


High-voltage alternating-cun-mt circuit-breakers
Part 2: Rating
Part 4: Type tests and routine tests
Insulation Co-ordination
Part 1: T m , definitions, principles and rules
Amnuting current discmnectom (isolators) and
earthing switches
High-voltage alternating arrent contactors
C m m clausesfor high-voltage switchgear and
contmigear s t u h r c l s

'1 IEC 56-1 to IEC 56-6 are replaced by IEC 56 1987 IEC 56. 1987 + A l

1992 + A2 . 1995, mod., are harmonized as HD 348 C6. 1995

1' IEC 71-1 . 1993 is harmonized as EN 60071-1 : 1995.


4,

IEC 129 . 1984, mod., is harmonized as HD 408 S 2 . 1990.


HD 448 S3 includes A l : 1985 + A2. 1993 to IEC 694

Copyright British Standards Institution


Reproduced by IHS under license with BSI
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale