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Chemistry Weekly Exams Material

Level M Grade 11
Week: 8

From: Oct 16 Till Oct 20

Exams Time Table:

Sunday

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

AMS/HW
Material AMS: 31006
Sample Questions Exam

1, 32. An electrolyte is a substance


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)

that contains metal.


that produces electricity.
that conducts an electric current
whose aqueous solution conducts an electric current.
which dissolves in water to give positive and negative ions.
that is made up of ions in the pure state.

2. An operational definition is
a) a definition of an operation.
b) a definition that satisfies a number of mathematical conditions.
c) a definition based on set of actions that can be performed in the lab.
d) a definition based on a theoretical concept.
e) a definition based on a single property.
3, 27, 28. Which of the following is (or is a part of) the operational definition of an acid?
a) It contains hydrogen.
b) It contains oxygen.
c) Its aqueous solution conducts an electric current.
d) If its aqueous solution is added to zinc metal, hydrogen gas is liberated.
e) If blue litmus paper is dipped in its aqueous solution, it turns to red.
f) If red litmus paper is dipped in its aqueous solution, it turns to blue.

Chemistry Weekly Exams Material


g) It tastes sour and bitter at the same time.
h) If feels slippery, like soap.
Which of the following is a property of HCl(aq) solutions?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

It gives a pale blue precipitate with aqueous copper (II) sulphate.


It gives a white precipitate with aqueous barium nitrate.
It releases ammonia gas when heated with ammonium sulphate solid.
If its aqueous solution is added to zinc metal, hydrogen gas is liberated.
It tastes bitter.

Acids react with bases, carbonates and metals. Which of the following reactions produces gases?
[-A-]
[-B-]
[-C-]
[-D-]
[-E-]

base carbonate

metal

4. Which of the following is an example of (or contains) an acid?


a) Vinegar.
b) Ammonia solution.
c) Yoghurt.
d) NaOH.
e) H2SO4

5. A conceptual definition is
a) a definition of a concept.
b) a definition that satisfies a number of mathematical conditions.
c) a definition based on set of actions that can be performed in the lab.
d) a definition based on a theoretical concept.
e) a definition based on a single property.
6. Which of the following is (or is a part of) the conceptual definition of an acid?
a) It contains hydrogen.
b) It contains oxygen.
c) It can increase the [OH(aq)] in aqueous solution.
d) Its aqueous solution conducts an electric current.

Chemistry Weekly Exams Material


e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)

If its aqueous solution is added to zinc metal, hydrogen gas is liberated.


It can increase the [H+(aq)] in aqueous solution.
If blue litmus paper is dipped in its aqueous solution, it turns to red.
If red litmus paper is dipped in its aqueous solution, it turns to blue.
It tastes sour and bitter at the same time.
If feels slippery, like soap.

7. Which of the following is (or is a part of) the operational definition of a base?
a) It contains hydrogen.
b) It contains oxygen.
c) Its aqueous solution conducts an electric current.
d) If its aqueous solution is added to zinc metal, hydrogen gas is liberated.
e) If blue litmus paper is dipped in its aqueous solution, it turns to red.
f) If red litmus paper is dipped in its aqueous solution, it turns to blue.
g) It tastes sour and bitter at the same time.
h) It feels slippery, like soap.
An excess of acid in the stomach causes indigestion and can be cured by anti-acid tablets. These
tablets are:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

acidic in nature.
basic in nature.
neutral substances.
indicators.
litmus solutions.

8. Which of the following is an example of (or contains) a base?


a) Vinegar.
b) Ammonia solution.
c) Yoghurt.
d) NaOH.
e) H2SO4
9. Which of the following is (or is a part of) the conceptual definition of a base?
a) It contains hydrogen.
b) It contains oxygen.
c) It can increase the [OH(aq)] in aqueous solution.
d) Its aqueous solution conducts an electric current.
e) It can decrease the [H+(aq)] in aqueous solution.
f) If its aqueous solution is added to zinc metal, hydrogen gas is liberated.
g) It can increase the [H+(aq)] in aqueous solution.
h) If blue litmus paper is dipped in its aqueous solution, it turns to red.

Chemistry Weekly Exams Material


i) If red litmus paper is dipped in its aqueous solution, it turns to blue.
j) It tastes sour and bitter at the same time.
k) It feels slippery, like soap.
10. Which of the following equations shows that the underlined substance is a base?
water

a) HCl(g)

H+(aq) + Cl(aq)

b) NaOH(s)
Na+(aq) + OH(aq)
c) CH3COOH(l) H+(aq) + CH3COO(aq)
11. A strong electrolyte is a substance
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

that contains metal.


which dissolves in water and exclusively gives positive and negative ions.
which dissolves in water to give positive and negative ions.
that is made up of ions in the pure state.
whose particles in water dissociate only partially into ions.

12. Which of the following oxides is/are acidic?


a) CaO
b) CO2
c) N2O
d) P4O10
e) K2O
f) CuO
g) H2O
h) MgO
i) ZnO
13. Which of the following oxides is/are basic?
a) CaO
b) CO2
c) Na2O
d) P4O10
e) K2O
f) CuO
g) H2O
h) MgO
i) ZnO
14. Which of the following oxides is/are amphoteric?

Chemistry Weekly Exams Material


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)

Al2O3
CO2
Na2O
P4O10
K2O
CuO
H2O
MgO
ZnO
PbO

15. Which of the following oxides is/are neutral?


a) CaO
b) CO2
c) CO
d) P4O10
e) K2O
f) CuO
g) H2O
h) NaO
i) Al2O3
j) NO
16. A weak electrolyte is a substance
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

that contains metal.


which dissolves in water and exclusively gives positive and negative ions.
which dissolves in water to give positive and negative ions.
what is made up of ions in the pure state.
whose particles in water dissociate only partially into ions.

17. Which of the following statements about electrolyte is true?


a) an electrolyte conducts electricity strongly if it is a strong electrolyte, weakly if it is a
weak electrolyte.
b) an example of a strong electrolyte is HCl.
c) an example of a weak electrolyte is acetic acid, CH3COOH.
d) an example of a strong electrolyte is NaOH.
e) an example of a strong electrolyte is HNO3.
18. Which of the following is true about water at 25C?
a) Water is a weak electrolyte.

Chemistry Weekly Exams Material


b)
c)
d)
e)
f)

All of the particles in pure liquid water are H2O(l)


[OH] = [H+] = 1.00 107 M.
[OH] = [H+] = 1.00 1014 M.
Water is a good example of a strong electrolyte.
Kw = 1 1014

19. Soluble salts are prepared by


a) the action of an acid upon a metal
b) the action of an acid upon a basic metal oxide
c) precipitation reactions
d) the action of an acid upon a carbonate (hydrogen carbonate)
e) the action of an acid upon sulphites
f) the action of an acid upon sulphides
g) the action of a base upon ammonium salt
h) the action of an acid upon metal hydroxide
i) direct combination of two elements (a metal and a nonmetal).
20. Insoluble salts are prepared by
a) the action of an acid upon a metal
b) the action of an acid upon a basic metal oxide
c) precipitation reactions
d) the action of an acid upon a carbonate (hydrogen carbonate)
e) the action of an acid upon sulphites
f) the action of an acid upon sulphides
g) the action of a base upon ammonium salt
h) the action of an acid upon metal hydroxide
i) direct combination of two elements (a metal and a nonmetal).
21. Solid salts are prepared by
a) the action of an acid upon a metal
b) the action of an acid upon a basic metal oxide
c) precipitation reactions
d) the action of an acid upon a carbonate (hydrogen carbonate)
e) the action of an acid upon sulphites
f) the action of an acid upon sulphides
g) the action of a base upon ammonium salt
h) the action of an acid upon metal hydroxide
i) direct combination of two elements (a metal and a nonmetal).
22. Which of the following is true about water at 25C if either H+(aq) or OH(aq) are added to
it?

Chemistry Weekly Exams Material


a) [OH] = [H+] = 1.00 107 M
b) [OH] [H+] 1.00 107 M
c) If only [OH] is added, [H+] still = 1.00 107 M
d) If only [H+] is added [OH] still = 1.00 107 M
e) [OH] [H+] = 1.00 1014 M
23. Which of the following is true about an aqueous solution where [H+] = 1.00 1010 M?
Kw = 1.00 1014 M

[OH-] = [+] = . = 1.00 104 M


[OH] = 1.00 104 M

24. Look at the equation 2CrO42 (aq) + 2H+(aq) Cr2O 72 (aq) + H2O
When a few drops of acid are added to CrO42 (aq), the colour changes to orange. This is
because according to Le Chateliers principle, adding H+ shifts the equilibrium to the left.
a) according to Le Chateliers principle, adding H+ shifts the equilibrium to the
right.
b) H+(aq) is orange in colour.
c) H+(aq) is red in colour (red and yellow make orange)
d) Cr2O 72 (aq) is orange in colour
25. The dissociation of water is endothermic. Which of the following statements is true if the
temperature of the system was increased? H2O(l) + 57.2kJ H+(aq) + OH-(aq)
Kw =
+
-14
[H ][OH ] = 10
a) Equilibrium will be reached more rapidly but Kw remains constant.
b) Kw would decrease with increasing temperature.
c) With increasing temperature the equilibrium will shift to the right, increasing the
concentrations of [H+] and [OH-], so increasing the value of Kw.
d) With increasing temperature the equilibrium will shift to the left, decreasing the
concentrations of[H+] and [OH-], so decreasing the value of Kw.
26. Which of the following equations shows that the underlined substance is an acid?

a) HCl(g)

H+(aq) + Cl(aq)

water

b) NaOH(s)
Na+(aq) + OH(aq)
c) CH3COOH(l) H+(aq) + CH3COO(aq)

Chemistry Weekly Exams Material


29, 30. Which is/are true about ions of elements of Group 1, all nitrates and all acetates?
a) All their salts are soluble in water.
b) All their salts give positive and negative ions in water.
c) Only NH4+ ions form insoluble salts.

31. Which of the following three sentences about electrolytic solutions is/are true?
a) Ions in an electrolytic solution may have been present as ions in the pure solute and the
water pulls them apart, as in: HCl(g) + water H+(aq) + Cl-(aq)
b) Ions in an electrolytic solution come from a solute made up of molecules that are
broken up into ions by the water, as in: H2SO4(g) + water H+(aq) + HSO4-(aq)
c) Ions in an electrolytic solution come from a solute containing ions that are split by
water into more ions, as in: HSO4-(g) + water H+(aq) + SO42-(aq)
33. To test for the ion Pb2+ in an aqueous solution, which of the following is correct?
To a sample of the solution to be tested add a few drops of
a) Hydrogen chloride solution. If Pb2+ ions are present, a white precipitate forms and
this precipitate will not dissolve in HNO3. This precipitate will dissolve if the water
is boiled but will reappear if it is cooled again.
b) Barium nitrate solution. If Pb2+ ions are present, a white precipitate forms and this
precipitate will not dissolve in HCl.
c) Sodium carbonate solution. If Pb2+ ions are present, a white precipitate forms and
this precipitate will dissolve in HCl.
d) Nitric acid. If Pb2+ ions are present, a gas will be evolved, and this gas will turn lime
water milky.
e) Sodium hydroxide solution. If Pb2+ ions are present, a gas will be evolved, and this gas
will turn red litmus paper to blue.

Chemistry Weekly Exams Material


Material HW: CMH16-WRCC
Sample Questions Exam
CMH16: 1, 4, 7, 14-23
1-3. Three methods are used for salt preparation:
Method A: using a burette and an indicator.
Method B: mixing two solutions to obtain a salt by precipitation
Method C: addition of an excess base or metal to a dilute acid then removing the excess
by filtration.

For the following salt preparations, choose method A, B or C and name any reagent needed and
complete or write the reactions.

The soluble salt, potassium chloride, from the soluble base, potassium hydroxide.

Method: A
Reagent : Hydrochloric acid
Equation KOH (aq)+HCl (aq) KCl (aq) + H2O(l)

The insoluble salt, lead (II) iodide from the soluble salt Lead (II) nitrate.
Reference: Chemistry Level m, Chapter 3

Method: B
Reagent : Potassium iodide or any soluble iodide
Equation: Pb2+ (aq) +2I-(aq)PbI2 (s)

The soluble salt, zinc sulphate from the insoluble base zinc oxide.

Method: C

Chemistry Weekly Exams Material


Reagent: Sulphuric acid
Word equation: Zinc oxide + sulphuric acid zinc sulphate and water

4. Name the reagent needed to form zinc sulphate from the zinc oxide.
acid

Sulphuric

5. Name the salt formed when sodium hydroxide reacts with sulfuric acid.
sulphate

Sodium

6. Complete the following word equation: zinc oxide + hydrochloric acid zinc chloride +
water
OR zinc hydroxide

7, 8. Copper sulphate solution was prepared by reacting excess copper oxide with dilute
sulphuric acid. The diagram below shows the method used.

Chemistry Weekly Exams Material


25 cm3 of dilute sulphuric
acid was poured into a

copper oxide was

beaker
spatula

Graduated cylinder

tripod

a)
Fill in the empty boxes.
b)
Explain what is meant by excess.
What is left over unreacted at the end of a
reaction
c)
Draw a diagram to show how the mixture is filtered.
Stand
Filter paper

Filter funnel

Chemistry Weekly Exams Material


beaker

9. What is meant by the term saturated solution?


A solution in which no more solid or solute can dissolve at that temperature.

10--13. This question is about the oxides.


aluminium oxide

Al2O3

calcium oxide

CaO

carbon dioxide

CO2

carbon monoxide

CO

magnesium oxide

MgO

sulphur dioxide

SO2

Which of the oxides listed above


(i)
can react with hydrochloric acid but not with aqueous sodium hydroxide.
To react with acid and not with base, the oxide must be basic. CaO and MgO are
the answers as they are basic oxides.
(ii)
can react with aqueous sodium hydroxide but not with hydrochloric acid.
To react with base and not with acid, the oxide must be acidic. SO2 and CO2 are
the answers as they are acidic oxides.
(iii) can react with both hydrochloric acid and aqueous sodium hydroxide.
To react with both, acid and base, the oxide must be amphoteric. Al2O3 is the
answer as it is an amphoteric oxide.
(iv)
cannot react with hydrochloric acid or aqueous sodium hydroxide.
To react with neither acid nor base the oxide must be neutral. CO is the answer
as it is a neutral oxide.

14. Calculate the [H+] and the [OH] in a solution of 0.40 g of NaOH dissolved in 10 cm3 of
solution.
Given: mNaOH = 0.40g, Vsoln= 10 cm3
R.T.F: [H+] = ??, [OH-] = ??
m 0.40
Number of moles of NaOH =
=
= 0.010 moles
M
40
n
0.010
[OH-] =
=
= 1.0 M
V 10/1000
Kw = [H+] [OH-]
1 10 -14 = [H+] [OH-]

[H+] = 1.0 10-14 M

Chemistry Weekly Exams Material


15. The diagrams below are for three methods of separation.
1

What is the correct name of each method of separation?


1-

filtration

2-

chromatography

3-

simple distillation

16. Fe+3(aq) + SCN(aq)

FeSCN+2(aq)

The reactants and products in the above reaction are at equilibrium. What would happen to the
[SCN(aq)] and [FeSCN+2(aq)] respectively if Fe+3(aq) is removed by adding phosphate ions?
Removing Fe3+ means decreasing the concentration of [Fe3+]. The system wants to increase
the [Fe3+]. To do so the equilibrium shifts to the left consuming the FeSCN2+ while
producing Fe+3 and SCN-. Therefore, the [SCN-] increases and [FeSCN+2] decreases.

17. Use L.C.P to predict the effect of a decrease in temperature on the equilibrium concentration
of SO3(g).
SO2 (g) + O2 (g)

SO3 (g) + 96kJ

Imposed change: Decrease in temperature


To partially counteract the imposed change: system tries to increase temperature by
shifting in the exothermic direction
This happens by: shifting forward producing more energy. SO2 and O2 react to
form more SO3.
Final concentration at equilibrium: [SO3] increases

Chemistry Weekly Exams Material


18.
a)
What, specifically, is equal in a chemical reaction that has attained a state of
equilibrium?
b)

Why are chemical equilibria referred to as dynamic?

a)

Rate of forward reaction is equal to the rate of backward reaction.

b)
Due to the existence of two equal but opposing microscopic processes that continue
to take place simultaneously at the same rate with no macroscopic changes.

19. Consider the following system: 2 SO2 (g) + O2 (g) 2 SO3 (g)
State the effect of adding a catalyst to the system on the position of equilibrium?
A catalyst does not affect the position of equilibrium. It offers an alternative pathway with
lower activation energy. All concentrations remain the same.

20. Calculate the [H+] and the [OH] in a 0.010 M solution of LiOH.
R.T.F: [H+] = ??, [OH-] = ??

Given: [LiOH] = 0.010M

[OH-] = 0.010M
Kw = [H+] [OH-]
1 10 -14 = [H+] [OH-]

[H+] = 1.0 10-12 M

21, 22. Calculate the [H+] and the [OH] in a 0.010 M solution of HCl.
Given: [HCl] = 0.010M
R.T.F: [H+] = ??, [OH-] = ??
[H+] = 0.010M
Kw = [H+] [OH-]
1 10 -14 = [H+] [OH-]

[OH-] = 1.0 10-12 M

23. What is the reaction that occurs between a strong acid and a strong base called?
Neutralization reaction