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LemnaceaeImagesofLemnaminor

Home KeysToGenera ListOfSpecies Search Lemna Spirodela Wolffia Wolffiella Wayne'sWord

Lemnaminor
Dorsalview(left)ofmatureplantwithsmoothsurface(lackingpapules).
TheplantatrightwithprominentapicalpapuleisL.aequinoctialis.
SeeImagesofLemnaaequinoctialis

ThreeduckweedsfromPinnaclesNationalMonumentincentral
California.A.Lemnaminor:Threeveinsarisingfrompointofroot
attachment(n),withoutdorsalrowofpapulesandreddishanthocyaninon
ventralside(asinL.turionifera)andwithoutwingedrootsheath(asin
L.aequinoctialis).B.Lemnavaldiviana:Onefaintveinextendingmore
than3/4distancefromrootnode(n)toapex(redarrow),plantbodyvery
thinandtransparentthroughoutandfloatingonorjustbelowwater
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LemnaceaeImagesofLemnaminor

surface(slippingunderplantbodiesofL.minorandL.minutainan
observationdish).C.Lemnaminuta:Oneveinextendinglessthan2/3
distancefromrootnode(n)toapex,veinnotextendingbeyondregionof
largerairspaces(redarrow),plantbodyslightlythickerinmiddle(notas
uniformlythinandtransparentasL.valdiviana),smallsize(only12
mmlong)orlargerwhengrowinginshade,floatingonwatersurface(not
submersedasinL.valdiviana).Phototakenwithsubstageillumination.

DuckweedfromLakeSutherlandinSanDiegoCounty,California
(collectedbyJ.P.RebmanandJ.GregoryinAugust2004).Thisappears
tobeLemnaminor:Ithasthreeveinsarisingfrompointofroot
attachment(node),withoutdorsalrowofpapulesandreddish
anthocyaninonventralside(asinL.turionifera)andwithoutwinged
rootsheath(asinL.aequinoctialis).Lemnagibbacanberuledout
becausetheplantbodyisnongibbousandwithoutevidenceof
anthocyanin.TheuninervedLemnaminutaandL.valdivianacanbe
ruledoutbecausethereareclearlythreeveins.
ItispossiblethatthepopulationalsocontainsL.turionifera.Thelatter
speciesiscommonthroughouttheinlandmountainsandvalleysofSan
DiegoCounty.Someofthesmaller,youngerplantshadafaintrowof
dorsalpapulessimilartoL.turionifera.Turionsaretypicallyproduced
duringthefallmonths,andreddishanthocyaninisbestobservedduring
thepeakgrowingseasonofsummer.Thesetwospeciesareverysimilar.
Infact,Dr.E.LandoltonceclassifiedthemasL.minorIandL.minorII
inhisclassicpaperontheecologyandtaxonomyofduckweedsin
California[Landolt,E.1957.Physiologischeundkologische
UntersuchungenanLemnaceed.Ber.Schweiz.Bot.Ges.67:271410.]
LandoltlaterdescribedL.minor1asLemnaturionifera.
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