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UENR1278-04

August 2013

VIEW OF AREA B
A

994H Wheel Loader


Hydraulic System

DWC1-UP

B
75

22

52

33

53

23

76

40

FRONT FRAME AND AXLE - RIGHT SIDE VIEW

FRONT FRAME AND AXLE - LEFT SIDE VIEW

VIEW OF AREA A

REAR FRAME - FRONT

Volume 1 of 2: Steering and Brake Circuits

2013 Caterpillar, All Rights Reserved

45
1

Printed in U.S.A.

32

36

Component Location

17

78

25
56

50

49
16

55

VIEW OF AREA A (ACCUMULATORS REMOVED)

24
67

77

51

B
A
34

VIEW OF AREA B (STEERING PUMP REMOVED)


REAR FRAME - BRAKE COOLING TANK AND BRAKE ACCUMULATORS

31
12

REAR AXLE

BRAKE COOLER - REAR FRAME END


68

15

BEHIND AND BELOW


TANK

66

39

COMPONENTS
INSIDE TANK

37

26

27

4
6

46

21

G2

G1

35
63

30

44

42
43

72

Part
Machine Schematic
Number Location Location

Description
Accumulator GP - Brake

348-9290

Brake GP - Parking

116-1339

J-3

Breather - Hydraulic (Brake Cooling Tank)

9T-1119

B-4

Breather - Hydraulic (Steering and Brake Tank)

9T-1119

C-7

Connector

143-4218

B-13
G-12

Connector

8C-0564

Control GP - Foot Brake

305-5531

I-6

Cooler - Brake

355-1657

C-3

Core GP - Oil Cooler

9Y-8890

F-7

Cylinder GP - Steering (LH)

6E-0529

10

I-14
I-13

Cylinder GP - Steering (RH)

9T-9019

11

Filter GP - Oil

6E-0874

12

F-7

Filter GP - Oil (Hydraulic Case Drain LH)

115-2129

13

B-10

Filter GP - Oil (Hydraulic Case Drain RH)

115-2129

14

B-11

Fitting - Orifice

110-0778

15

B-13
C-5

Pump GP - Brake

102-4226

16

Pump GP - Brake Cooling

116-7341

17

B-3

Pump GP - Secondary Steering

6E-0868

18

G-9

Pump GP - Steering (LH)

263-5065

19

D-10

Pump GP - Steering (RH)

263-5064

20

C-11

Pump GP - Steering and Brake Oil Cooler

6E-0867

21

D-6

Screen - Front Left

164-3306

22

E-3

Screen - Front Right

164-3306

23

E-2

Screen - Rear Left

164-3306

24

D-3

Screen - Rear Right

164-3306

25

D-2
B-7

Screen AS - Return

7J-2656

26

Screen AS - Return

9T-9227

27

B-8

Screen GP - Steering Pump LH

251-2451

28

F-10

Screen GP - Steering Pump RH

251-2451

29

E-11

Screw - Purge (Steering Cylinder LH)

9F-2167

30

H-13

Screw - Purge (Steering Cylinder RH)

9F-2167

31

H-13

Sensor GP - Temperature (Brake Cooling Oil)

288-8390

32

B-3

Sensor GP - Temperature (Front Axle Oil)

288-8390

33

J-5

Sensor GP - Temperature (Rear Axle Oil)

288-8390

34

G-5

Sensor GP - Temperature (Steering and Brake Oil)

288-8390

35

B-9

Switch - Oil Level (Brake Cooling)

306-6875

36

B-5

Switch - Oil Level (Steering and Brake)

306-6875

37

B-6

Switch As - Limit (Park Brake)

171-7085

38

I-3

Switch AS - Pressure

255-2282

39

F-6

Switch As - Pressure (Brake)

175-3244

40

H-4

Switch As - Pressure (Park Brake Oil)

327-4608

41

J-2

Switch AS - Pressure (Oil Filter Bypass LH)

339-4361

42

B-10

Switch AS - Pressure (Oil Filter Bypass RH)

339-4361

43

B-11

Switch AS - Pressure (Secondary Steering Pump)

313-5104

44

B-13

Tank GP - Hydraulic (Brake Cooling)

248-2584

45

A-4

Tank GP - Hydraulic (Steering and Brake)

307-4606

46

B-7

Valve GP - Brake Control (Parking)

106-1774

47

I-2

Valve GP - Brake Control (Service)

247-1295

48

I-5

Valve GP - Check

122-3359

49

C-4

Valve GP - Check (Brake Accumlator)

128-6847

50

E-5/D-5

Valve GP - Check (Brake Pump)

9T-6005

51

D-5

Valve GP - Check (Front Left)

9T-3752

52

E-3

Valve GP - Check (Front Right)

9T-3752

53

E-2

Valve GP - Check (Neutralizer, Steering)

149-4617

54

F-13

Valve GP - Check (Rear Left)

9T-3752

55

C-3

Valve GP - Check (Rear Right)

9T-3752

56

C-2

Valve GP - Check (Steering Pump LH)

6E-1252

57

E-10

Valve GP - Check (Steering Pump RH)

6E-1252

58

D-11

Valve GP - Cooler Bypass

264-6867

59

F-6

Valve GP - Diverter (Secondary Steering)

163-5465

60

G-10

Valve GP - Flow Compensator (Steering Pump LH)

6E-1024

61

E-9

Valve GP - Flow Compensator (Steering Pump RH)

6E-1024

62

D-12

Valve GP - Fluid Sampling

8C-3446

63

E-6

Valve GP - Pilot (Stic Steering)

249-5615

64

C-13

Valve GP - Pressure Control (Secondary Steering)

1U-2226

65

B-12

Valve GP - Pressure Control (Steering)

1U-2226

66

B-13

Valve GP - Relief (Direct Operated)

367-5058

67

D-5

Valve GP - Relief (Pump Backup)

9J-8225

68

G-12
G-14

Valve GP - Relief (Steering Cylinder Crossover)

6E-0859

69

Valve GP - Relief (Secondary Steering)

9J-0460

70

G-10

Valve GP - Shuttle

4T-1860

71

G-13

Valve GP - Steering

154-5236

72

G-13

Valve GP - Steering Neutralizer (LH)

296-5662

73

E-13

Valve GP - Steering Neutralizer (RH)

296-5662

74

E-14

Wheel GP - Final Drive and Brake (Front Left)

137-3505

75

E-3

Wheel GP - Final Drive and Brake (Front Right)

137-3505

76

E-2

Wheel GP - Final Drive and Brake (Rear Left)

137-3505

77

D-3

Wheel GP - Final Drive and Brake (Rear Right)

137-3505

78

D-2

Check Part Numbers in the Parts Manuals for your Specific Machine.

59

71

14

11
65

69

20

13

VIEW OF AREA B
9

57
62

BRAKE AND STEERING OIL COOLER CIRCUIT


COMPONENT
NOT SHOWN

61

19

64
74

18
10

54
73

60
70
COMPONENT
INSIDE VALVE

VIEW OF AREA A

REAR FRAME - FRONT

VIEW OF AREA C
29

58

28

STEERING AND BRAKE HYDRAULIC TANK AND STEERING PUMPS

E-4

Tap Location
Pressure and Sampling
Tap
Number

Description

Schematic
Location

Accumulator Pressure

H-3

Service Brake Pressure

H-4

Service Brake Pressure (Front)

I-5

Service Brake Pressure (Rear)

G-5

G1

Steering Cylinder Pressure (Left)

H-14

G2

Steering Cylinder Pressure (Right)

H-13

G3

Left Steering Pump Discharge Pressure

E-12

G4

Right Steering Pump Discharge Pressure

F-10

G5

Brake Cooling Pump Discharge Pressure

B-3

G6

Cooler Pump Discharge Pressure

E-6

G7

Front Brake Accumulator Pressure

E-4

G8

Rear Brake Accumulator Pressure

D-5

(Dimensions: 48 inches x 35 inches)

47

36 Page,

48

UENR1278-04 VOL 1 of 2

38

41

14

13

12

11

10

(2) BRAKE GP
PARKING
367-8636

FRONT AXLE

(Dimensions: 48 inches x 35 inches)

G7

G8

(41) SWITCH AS
PRESSURE
(PARK BRAKE OIL)
327-4608

(33) SENSOR GP
TEMPERATURE
(FRONT AXLE OIL)
288-8390

G6

G4

G5

(7) CONTROL GP
FOOT BRAKE
305-5531

(10) CYLINDER GP
STEERING (LH)
6E-0529

(11) CYLINDER GP
STEERING (RH)
9T-9019

G3

36 Page,

UENR1278-04 VOL 1 of 2

VIEW OF AREA A
TAPS

(40) SWITCH AS
PRESSURE
(BRAKE)
175-3244

(47) VALVE GP
BRAKE CONTROL
(PARKING)
106-1774

(38) SWITCH AS
LIMIT
(PARK BRAKE)
171-7085

(48) VALVE GP
BRAKE CONTROL
(SERVICE)
247-1295

(31) SCREW
PURGE
(STEERING CYLINDER RH)
9F-2167

(30) SCREW
PURGE
(STEERING CYLINDER LH)
9F-2167
H

G2

G1
(69) VALVE GP
RELIEF
(STEERING CYLINDER
CROSSOVER)
6E-0859

(60) VALVE GP
DIVERTER
(SECONDARY STEERING)
163-5465

(70) VALVE GP
RELIEF
(SECONDARY STEERING)
9J-0460

(72) VALVE GP
STEERING
154-5236

(18) PUMP GP
SECONDARY STEERING
6E-0868

(71) VALVE GP
SHUTTLE
4T-1860

BRAKE RETURN

(34) SENSOR GP
TEMPERATURE
(REAR AXLE OIL)
288-8390

FRONT BRAKE SUPPLY


(6) CONNECTOR
8C-0564

(59) VALVE GP
COOLER BYPASS
264-6867

(28) SCREEN GP
STEERING PUMP LH
251-2451

(68) VALVE GP
RELIEF
(PUMP BACKUP)
9J-8225

(54) VALVE GP
CHECK
(NEUTRALIZER, STEERING)
149-4617

REAR BRAKE SUPPLY

REAR AXLE

(9) CORE GP
OIL COOLER
9Y-8890

(52) VALVE GP
CHECK (FRONT LEFT)
9T-3752

G4
(74) VALVE GP
STEERING NEUTRALIZER
(RH)
296-5662

(29) SCREEN GP
STEERING PUMP RH
251-2451

(73) VALVE GP
STEERING NEUTRALIZER
(LH)
296-5662

(61) VALVE GP
FLOW
COMPENSATOR
(STEERING PUMP LH)
6E-1024

(57) VALVE GP
CHECK
(STEERING PUMP LH)
6E-1252

(12) FILTER GP
OIL
6E-0874

(63) VALVE GP
FLUID SAMPLING
8C-3446

G3
(62) VALVE GP
FLOW
COMPENSATOR
(STEERING PUMP RH)
6E-1024

(39) SWITCH AS
PRESSURE
255-2282

(58) VALVE GP
CHECK
(STEERING PUMP RH)
6E-1252

G6

(1) ACCUMULATOR GP
BRAKE
348-9290
(50) VALVE GP
CHECK
(BRAKE ACCUMULATOR)
128-6847

(64) VALVE GP
PILOT
(STIC STEERING)
249-5615

(66) VALVE GP
PRESSURE
CONTROL
(STEERING)
1U-2226

(44) SWITCH AS
PRESSURE
(SECONDARY
STEERING PUMP)
313-5104

(43) SWITCH AS
PRESSURE
(OIL FILTER BYPASS RH)
339-4361

(15) FITTING
ORIFICE
110-0778

(76) WHEEL GP
FINAL DRIVE AND BRAKE (FRONT RIGHT)
137-3505

G8

(78) WHEEL GP
FINAL DRIVE AND BRAKE (REAR RIGHT)
137-3505
(16) PUMP GP
BRAKE
102-4226
(24) SCREEN
REAR LEFT
164-3306

(67) VALVE GP
RELIEF
(DIRECT OPERATED)
367-5058

(25) SCREEN
REAR RIGHT
164-3306

(8) COOLER
BRAKE
355-1657

(4) BREATHER
HYDRAULIC
(STEERING AND
BRAKE TANK)
9T-1119

(42) SWITCH AS
PRESSURE
(OIL FILTER BYPASS LH)
339-4361

(23) SCREEN
FRONT RIGHT
164-3306

(75) WHEEL GP
FINAL DRIVE AND BRAKE (FRONT LEFT)
137-3505

(51) VALVE GP
CHECK
(BRAKE PUMP)
9T-6005

(20) PUMP GP
STEERING (RH)
263-5064

(22) SCREEN
FRONT LEFT
164-3306

G7

(21) PUMP GP
STEERING AND BRAKE
OIL COOLER
6E-0867

(19) PUMP GP
STEERING (LH)
263-5065

(53) VALVE GP
CHECK (FRONT RIGHT)
9T-3752

(77) WHEEL GP
FINAL DRIVE AND BRAKE (REAR LEFT)
137-3505

(56) VALVE GP
CHECK (REAR RIGHT)
9T-3752
(55) VALVE GP
CHECK (REAR LEFT)
9T-3752

(49) VALVE GP
CHECK
122-3359
(37) SWITCH
OIL LEVEL
(STEERING AND BRAKE)
306-6875

LINE PATTERNS
Pressure Line

(3) BREATHER
HYDRAULIC
(BRAKE
COOLING TANK)
9T-1119

Pilot / Load Sensing Pressure

G5

Drain / Return Lines


Component Group

(17) PUMP GP
BRAKE COOLING
116-7341

Air Line

CALLOUTS
YY

Callout Number
(Machine Location from
Component LocationsTable)

PS

PS

HS

HS

(36) SWITCH
OIL LEVEL
(BRAKE COOLING)
306-6875
(26) SCREEN AS
RETURN
7J-2656
(65) VALVE GP
PRESSURE CONTROL
(SECONDARY STEERING)
1U-2226

(5) CONNECTOR
143-4218

(14) FILTER GP
OIL
(HYDRAULIC CASE DRAIN RH)
115-2129

(13) FILTER
OIL
(HYDRAULIC CASE DRAIN LH)
115-2129

(35) SENSOR GP
TEMPERATURE
(STEERING AND BRAKE OIL)
288-8390

(27) SCREEN AS
RETURN
9T-9227

(32) SENSOR GP
TEMPERATURE
(BRAKE COOLING OIL)
288-8390

Taps (Pressure, Sampling, Sensor - by letter)


(52) VALVE GP - CONTROL
138-1234
Part Number

Component
Name

STEERING PUMP OUTPUT


STEERING AND BRAKE OIL COOLER PUMP OUTPUT
SECONDARY PUMP OUTPUT
STEERING CIRCUIT
SUPPLY LINE
BRAKE CIRCUIT
DRAIN / RETURN LINE
BRAKE PUMP OUTPUT
PARK BRAKE CIRCUIT
BRAKE COOLING CIRCUIT
ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS

(45) TANK GP
HYDRAULIC
(BRAKE COOLING)
248-2584

THIS SCHEMATIC IS FOR THE 994H WHEEL LOADER HYDRAULIC SYSTEM


VOLUME 1 of 2: STEERING AND BRAKE CIRCUITS
MEDIA NUMBER: UENR1278-04
SCHEMATIC PART NUMBER: 327-5451, CHANGE: 01, VERSION: - (STEERING)
SCHEMATIC PART NUMBER: 248-2712, CHANGE: 03, VERSION: - (BRAKES)
Components are shown installed on a fully operable machine with the key and engine off, transmission shifter
in neutral and with parking brake set.
Refer to the appropriate Service Manual for Troubleshooting, Specifications and Systems Operations.

14

13

12

11

10

HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT COLOR DESCRIPTIONS

(46) TANK GP
HYDRAULIC
(STEERING AND BRAKE)
307-4606

UENR1278-04
August 2013

Component Location

103 104 105 106


191
107 108 109 110
111
147

99 100 101 102

128
151
136

91
169
98 97 96 95

90
125

OIL COOLING

LIFT AND TILT CYLINDERS


123

121

158

127 122
174
124

149
160

141

168

93
182
126

166

181

86

157
184

156

88

132
163

154

183

152

188
189
84

129

245-2975

80

F-12

217-6720

81

G-9

Actuator GP - Pilot Control (Dump, Operator Right Valve, Right Tilt Cylinder)

217-6720

82

H-6

Actuator GP - Pilot Control (Lower, Operator Left Valve, Left Lift Cylinder)

217-6720

83

G-10

Actuator GP - Pilot Control (Lower, Operator Right Valve, Right Lift Cylinder)

217-6720

84

H-5

Actuator GP - Pilot Control (Rack, Operator Left Valve, Left Tilt Cylinder)

217-6720

85

H-9

Actuator GP - Pilot Control (Rack, Operator Right Valve, Right Tilt Cylinder)

217-6720

86

I-6

Actuator GP - Pilot Control (Raise, Operator Left Valve, Left Lift Cylinder)

217-6720

87

H-10

Actuator GP - Pilot Control (Raise, Operator Right Valve, Right Lift Cylinder)

217-6720

88

H-5

Connector AS

222-6869

89

E-12

Connector AS - Left Lift Cylinder Head End

8I-6347

90

J-10

Connector AS - Left Lift Cylinder Rod End

8I-6347

91

J-10

Connector AS - Operator Left Valve

8I-6347

92

H-9

Connector AS - Operator Right Valve

8I-6347

93

H-7

179-3642

94

C-12

Cooler GP - Brake

150

HYDRAULIC TANK

Accumulator GP - Pilot
Actuator GP - Pilot Control (Dump, Operator Left Valve, Left Tilt Cylinder)

82

Cylinder GP - Lift Left (Extended High Lift)

322-1579

95

J-10

Cylinder GP - Lift Left (High Lift)

288-4468

96

J-10

Cylinder GP - Lift Left (Standard Lift)

193-4076

97

J-10

Cylinder GP - Lift Left (Super High Lift)

247-4565

98

J-10

Cylinder GP - Lift Right (Extended High Lift)

322-1579

99

J-5

Cylinder GP - Lift Right (High Lift)

288-4468

100

J-5

Cylinder GP - Lift Right (Standard Lift)

193-4076

101

J-5
J-5

Cylinder GP - Lift Right (Super High Lift)

247-4565

102

Cylinder GP - Tilt Left (Extended High Lift)

322-3142

103

J-9

Cylinder GP - Tilt Left (High Lift)

341-6034

104

J-9

Cylinder GP - Tilt Left (Standard Lift)

353-3913

105

J-9

Cylinder GP - Tilt Left (Super High Lift)

353-4654

106

J-9

Cylinder GP - Tilt Right (Extended High Lift)

322-3141

107

J-6

Cylinder GP - Tilt Right (High Lift)

341-6033

108

J-6

Cylinder GP - Tilt Right (Standard Lift)

353-3912

109

J-6

Cylinder GP - Tilt Right (Super High Lift)

353-4653

110

J-6

Filter GP - Cooler

6E-0874

111

C-12

Filter GP - Hydraulic Case Drain 1

115-2129

112

C-9

Filter GP - Hydraulic Case Drain 2

115-2129

113

C-8

Filter GP - Oil 1

341-1861

114

B-9

Filter GP - Oil 2

341-1861

115

B-7

Filter GP - Hydraulic Oil

353-0454

116

E-12

Fitting - Quick Disconnect (Operator Center)

6V-3965

117

C-9

Fitting - Quick Disconnect (Operator Left) 1

6V-3965

118

C-6

Fitting - Quick Disconnect (Operator Left) 2

6V-3965

190

C-6

Fitting - Quick Disconnect (Operator Right)

6V-3965

119

C-10

Gauge - Sight (Oil)

147-9560

120

A-9

Pump GP - Implement (Operator Center)

315-3144

121

E-8

Pump GP - Implement (Operator Right)

325-9799

122

E-10

Pump GP - Implement (Operator Left)

330-9389

123

E-7

Pump GP - Pilot System Hydraulic Oil Cooler

245-0963

124

D-12

Screen AS

9T-9227

125

A-10

Screen AS - Operator Center

6E-5065

126

C-8

Screen AS - Operator Right

6E-5065

127

C-10
A-11

Screen GP

7J-2656

128

Screen GP - Implement (Operator Center)

251-2451

129

E-8

Screen GP - Implement (Operator Left) 1

251-2451

130

D-6

Screen GP - Implement (Operator Left) 2

251-2451

131

C-6

Screen GP - Implement (Operator Right)

251-2451

132

E-10

Screw - Purge (Left Tilt Cylinder Head End)

9F-2167

133

I-9

Screw - Purge (Left Tilt Cylinder Rod End)

9F-2167

134

J-9

Sensor - Oil Level

306-6875

135

A-9

Sensor AS - Temperature (Hydraulic Oil)

256-6453

136

A-12

Sensor GP - Pressure (Implement Pilot)

349-1178

137

E-12

Sensor GP - Pressure (Left Lift Cylinder Head End)

349-1178

138

J-10

Sensor GP - Pressure (Left Lift Cylinder Rod End)

349-1178

139

J-10

Sensor GP - Pressure (Operator Left Valve)

344-7391

140

H-9

Sensor GP - Pressure (Operator Right Valve)

344-7391

141

H-7

Switch AS - Pressure (Filter Bypass)

349-6097

142

E-12
C-9

Switch AS - Pressure (Oil Filter Bypass) 1

339-4361

143

Switch AS - Pressure (Oil Filter Bypass) 2

339-4361

144

B-9

Switch AS - Pressure (Oil Filter Bypass) 3

339-4361

145

C-8

Switch AS - Pressure (Oil Filter Bypass) 4

339-4361

146

B-7

Switch GP - Pressure (Cooler Filter Bypass)

255-2282

147

C-12

Tank - Expansion (LH)

321-7838

148

A-8

Tank - Expansion (RH)

321-7838

149

A-9

Tank GP - Hydraulic

336-6665

150

A-11

Tube AS

322-1673

151

G-5

Tube AS

322-1674

191

F-10

Valve - Float Check, Operator Left Valve

6E-1291

152

G-10

Valve - Operator Left Valve 1 (Load Check)

102-4156

153

H-9

Valve - Operator Left Valve 2 (Load Check)

102-4156

154

I-10

Valve - Float Check, Operator Right Valve

6E-1291

155

G-6

Valve - Operator Right Valve 1 (Load Check)

102-4156

156

H-6

Valve - Operator Right Valve 2 (Load Check)

102-4156

157

H-6

Valve GP - Breaker Relief

133-1963

158

A-6

Valve GP - Breaker Relief (LH)

220-0812

159

A-7

Valve GP - Breaker Relief (RH)

220-0812

160

A-8

Valve GP - Check

239-1132

161

G-11

Valve GP - Check

4T-5896

162

I-11

Valve GP - Check and Relief (Operator Center)

275-4098

163

D-7

Valve GP - Check and Relief (Operator Left) 1

275-4098

164

D-5

Valve GP - Check and Relief (Operator Left) 2

275-4098

165

C-5

Valve GP - Check and Relief (Operator Right)

275-4098

166

D-9

Valve GP - Control (Operator Left Valve)

326-7714

167

I-11

Valve GP - Control (Operator Right Valve)

326-7715

168

I-5

Valve GP - Cooler Bypass (Hydraulic Oil)

264-6867

169

C-12
D-12

Valve GP - Fluid Sampling

8C-3446

170

Valve GP - Makeup (Right Lift Cylinder Rod End)

160-7439

171

I-5

Valve GP - Manual Lower

112-1817

172

H-11

Valve GP - Pressure Reducing

370-0438

173

I-11

Valve GP - Relief (Hydraulic Oil Cooler Bypass)

245-4891

174

C-11
I-10

Valve GP - Relief (Left Lift Cylinder Head End)

352-2906

175

Valve GP - Relief (Left Tilt Cylinder Head End)

129-8293

176

I-9

Valve GP - Relief (Left Tilt Cylinder Rod End)

352-2907

177

I-9

Valve GP - Relief (Operator Left) 1

143-8912

178

D-6

Valve GP - Relief (Operator Left) 2

143-8912

179

C-6

Valve GP - Relief (Right Lift Cylinder Head End)

352-2906

180

I-5

Valve GP - Relief (Right Tilt Cylinder Head End)

129-8293

181

I-6

Valve GP - Relief (Right Tilt Cylinder Rod End)

352-2907

182

I-6

Valve GP - Relief (Operator Center)

143-8912

183

D-8

Valve GP - Relief (Operator Right)

143-8912

184

D-9

Valve GP - Sequence

336-4809

185

E-12

Valve GP - Shuttle

4T-1860

186

I-10

Valve GP - Solenoid

151-7455

187

G-11

Valve GP - Solenoid (Load Sensing Operator Left Valve)

173-7455

188

F-10

Valve GP - Solenoid (Load Sensing Operator Right Valve)

173-7455

189

G-6

994H Wheel Loader


Hydraulic System
DWC1-UP

Volume 2 of 2: Implement System

2013 Caterpillar, All Rights Reserved

Printed in U.S.A.

FLUID POWER SYMBOLS


BASIC COMPONENT SYMBOLS
MAIN

PUMP OR MOTOR

FLUID CONDITIONER

SPRING

CONTROL VALVES

VARIABILITY

SPRING
(ADJUSTABLE)

LINE RESTRICTION
(VARIABLE)

PRESSURE
COMPENSATION

TWO POSITION

P T

SHIFTED POSITION

BASIC
SYMBOL

INFINITE POSITION

SPRING
LOADED

SHUTTLE

PILOT
CONTROLLED

FLUID STORAGE RESERVOIRS

PRESSURIZED

VENTED

RETURN ABOVE FLUID LEVEL

RETURN BELOW FLUID LEVEL

MEASUREMENT

PRESSURE

ROTATING SHAFTS

TEMPERATURE

FLOW

UNIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

COMBINATION CONTROLS

SOLENOID

SOLENOID
OR MANUAL

SOLENOID
& PILOT

SOLENOID &
PILOT OR MANUAL

SERVO

THERMAL

DETENT

MANUAL CONTROL SYMBOLS

PUSH - PULL LEVER

GENERAL MANUAL

MANUAL SHUTOFF

PUSH BUTTON

PEDAL

PILOT CONTROL SYMBOLS

RELEASED PRESSURE

INTERNAL RETURN

SPRING

REMOTE SUPPLY PRESSURE

131

SIMPLIFIED

LINES CROSSING

SINGLE ACTING

HYDRAULIC MOTORS
FIXED
DISPLACEMENT

VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
NON-COMPENSATED

BIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

DOUBLE ACTING

INTERNAL PASSAGEWAYS

VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
NON-COMPENSATED

UNIDIRECTIONAL

INTERNAL
SUPPLY PRESSURE

HYDRAULIC & PNEUMATIC CYLINDERS

LINES JOINING

UNIDIRECTIONAL

178

COMPLETE

CROSSING & JOINING LINES

GAS CHARGED

FIXED
DISPLACEMENT

INFINITE
POSITIONING

3 POSITION

FLOW IN ONE
DIRECTION

PARALLEL
FLOW

CROSS
FLOW

2 POSITION

FLOW IN
EITHER
DIRECTION

HYDRAULIC OIL COOLER COMPONENTS


AND LOAD SENSING VALVES

130

FRONT FRAME - REAR LEFT VIEW

161

FOUR - WAY

CHECK VALVES

HYDRAULIC PUMPS

80

THREE - WAY

P T

NORMAL POSITION

SPRING LOADED

165

117

ATTACHMENT

A B

EXTERNAL RETURN

VIEW OF AREA C

190

LINE RESTRICTION
(VARIABLE & PRESSURE
COMPENSATED)

180

179

187

TWO - WAY

CONTROL VALVES
AB

PUMP
(VARIABLE & PRESSURE
COMPENSATED)

VALVE PORTS

THREE POSITION

ACCUMULATORS

164

HYDRAULIC
PNEUMATIC
ENERGY TRIANGLES

PUMP
(2 - SECTION)

Check Part Numbers in the Parts Manuals for your Specific Machine.

171

153

LINE RESTRICTION
(FIXED)

VALVES

VALVE ENVELOPES

ONE POSITION

RESTRICTION

AUX

G3
119

G4

G2
ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS TABLE

118
G1

HYDRAULIC SYMBOLS (ELECTRICAL)

G5

148
159
144

114

G9

143 112

185

TRANSDUCER
(FLUID)

TRANSDUCER
(GAS / AIR)

GENERATOR

ELECTRIC MOTOR

PRESSURE SWITCH

PRESSURE SWITCH
(ADJUSTABLE)

TEMPERATURE
SWITCH

ELECTRICAL WIRE

142

VIEW OF AREA A

G6

116

140
92

167

177

133

120

170

134

85
176

G7

137
89

G8

Tap Location
Pressure and Sampling
Tap
Number
G1

Description
Right Implement Pump Discharge Pressure

Schematic
Location

ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS (ELECTRICAL)

E-9

G2

Center Implement Pump Discharge Pressure

E-8

G3

Left Rear Implement Pump Discharge Pressure

D-6

G4

Left Front Implement Pump Discharge Pressure

D-6

G5

Implement Pilot Pressure

E-12

G6

Lift Rod End Cylinder Pressure

I-10

G7

Lift Head End Cylinder Pressure

I-10

G8

Tilt Rod End Cylinder Pressure

J-9

G9

Tilt Head End Cylinder Pressure

J-10

PRESSURE
SWITCH

TEMPERATURE
SWITCH

LEVEL
SWITCH

FLOW
SWITCH

WIRE NUMBER IDENTIFICATION CODES

ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC EXAMPLE

HYDRAULIC SCHEMATIC EXAMPLE

CURRENT STANDARD

CURRENT STANDARD

HARNESS IDENTIFICATION CODE THIS EXAMPLE


INDICATES WIRE 135 IN HARNESS AG
WIRE

152

CIRCUIT NUMBER
IDENTIFICATION

325-AG135 PK-14

87

146

81

173

175
139

VIEW OF AREA B 162

WIRE

113

172

WIRE GAUGE

325-PK

WIRE COLOR

325-PK-14

145

CIRCUIT NUMBER
IDENTIFICATION

186

FRONT FRAME - REAR RIGHT VIEW

WIRE
COLOR

PREVIOUS STANDARD

115

138

83

CIRCUIT NUMBER
IDENTIFICATION

WIRE COLOR

TAP LOCATIONS

WIRE GAUGE

(EXAMPLE VALVE)

(Dimensions: 48 inches x 35 inches)

94

36 Page,

135

UENR1278-04 VOL 2 of 2

Machine Schematic
Part
Number Location Location

Description

13

12

11

(Dimensions: 48 inches x 35 inches)

10

(138) SENSOR GP
PRESSURE
(LEFT LIFT CYLINDER HEAD END)
349-1178
CYLINDER GP - TILT (LEFT)
(90) CONNECTOR AS
(105) 353-3913 (STANDARD LIFT)
LEFT LIFT CYLINDER HEAD END
(104) 341-6034 (HIGH LIFT)
8I-6347
(106) 353-4654 (SUPER HIGH LIFT)
(103) 322-3142 (EXTENDED HIGH LIFT)

CYLINDER GP - LIFT (LEFT)


(97) 193-4076 (STANDARD LIFT)
(96) 288-4468 (HIGH LIFT)
(98) 247-4565 (SUPER HIGH LIFT)
(95) 322-1579 (EXTENDED HIGH LIFT)

AIR
BLEED

(91) CONNECTOR AS
LEFT LIFT CYLINDER ROD END
8I-6347
(139) SENSOR GP
PRESSURE
(LEFT LIFT CYLINDER ROD END)
349-1178
(167) VALVE GP
CONTROL
(OPERATOR LEFT VALVE)
326-7714
(186) VALVE GP

G9

(133) SCREW
PURGE
(LEFT TILT CYLINDER HEAD END)
9F-2167

G7

(87) ACTUATOR GP
PILOT CONTROL
(RAISE, OPERATOR LEFT VALVE, LEFT LIFT CYLINDER)
217-6720

(86) ACTUATOR GP
PILOT CONTROL
(RACK,
OPERATOR RIGHT VALVE,
RIGHT TILT CYLINDER)
217-6720

(85) ACTUATOR GP
PILOT CONTROL
(RACK,
TOR LEFT VALVE,
OPERA
LEFT TILT CYLINDER)
217-6720

RACK

RAISE

(171) VALVE GP
MAKEUP
(RIGHT LIFT CYLINDER ROD END)
160-7439
(180) VALVE GP
RELIEF
(RIGHT LIFT CYLINDER HEAD END)
352-2906

(175) VALVE GP
RELIEF
(LEFT LIFT CYLINDER HEAD END)
352-2906

(162) VALVE GP
CHECK
4T-5896

(168) VALVE GP
CONTROL
(OPERATOR RIGHT VALVE)
326-7715

(182) VALVE GP
RELIEF
(RIGHT TILT CYLINDER ROD END)
352-2907

(177) VALVE GP
RELIEF
(LEFT TILT CYLINDER ROD END)
352-2907

(173) VALVE GP
PRESSURE REDUCING
370-0438

CYLINDER GP - LIFT (RIGHT)


(101) 193-4076 (STANDARD LIFT)
(100) 288-4468 (HIGH LIFT)
(102) 247-4565 (SUPER HIGH LIFT)
(99) 322-1579 (EXTENDED HIGH LIFT)

(181) VALVE GP
RELIEF
(RIGHT TILT CYLINDER HEAD END)
129-8293

(176) VALVE GP
RELIEF
(LEFT TILT CYLINDER HEAD END)
129-8293

RACK

(88) ACTUATOR GP
PILOT CONTROL
(RAISE,
OPERATOR RIGHT VALVE,
RIGHT LIFT CYLINDER)
217-6720

RAISE

(156) VALVE
OPERATOR RIGHT VALVE 1
(LOAD CHECK)
102-4156
(141) SENSOR GP

(172) VALVE GP
MANUAL LOWER
112-1817

PRESSURE
(OPERATOR RIGHT VALVE)
344-7391
(153) VALVE
OPERATOR LEFT VALVE 1
(LOAD CHECK)
102-4156
(140) SENSOR GP
PRESSURE
(OPERATOR LEFT VALVE)
344-7391

HYDRAC

(187) VALVE GP
SOLENOID
151-7455

H
(93) CONNECTOR AS
OPERATOR RIGHT VALVE
8I-6347

ON/OFF

(82) ACTUATOR GP
PILOT CONTROL
(DUMP,
OPERATOR RIGHT VALVE,
RIGHT TILT CYLINDER)
217-6720

(92) CONNECTOR AS
OPERATOR LEFT VALVE
8I-6347

(161) VALVE GP
CHECK
239-1132

CYLINDER GP - TILT (RIGHT)


(109) 353-3912 (STANDARD LIFT)
(108) 341-6033 (HIGH LIFT)
(110) 353-4653 (SUPER HIGH LIFT)
(107) 322-3141 (EXTENDED HIGH LIFT)
AIR
BLEED

(134) SCREW
PURGE
(LEFT TILT CYLINDER ROD END)
9F-2167

G8

G6

SHUTTLE
4T-1860

36 Page,

UENR1278-04 VOL 2 of 2

14

DUMP

LOWER

(83) ACTUATOR GP
PILOT CONTROL
(LOWER,
OPERATOR LEFT VALVE,
LEFT LIFT CYLINDER)
217-6720

(81) ACTUATOR GP
PILOT CONTROL
(DUMP,
OPERATOR LEFT VALVE,
LEFT TILT CYLINDER)
217-6720

(152) VALVE - FLOAT CHECK


OPERATOR LEFT VALVE
6E-1291

(84) ACTUATOR GP
PILOT CONTROL
(LOWER,
OPERATOR RIGHT VALVE,
RIGHT LIFT CYLINDER)
217-6720

LOWER

DUMP

(155) VALVE - FLOAT CHECK


OPERATOR RIGHT VALVE
6E-1291

(157) VALVE
OPERATOR RIGHT VALVE 2
(LOAD CHECK)
102-4156

(154) VALVE
OPERATOR LEFT VALVE 2
(LOAD CHECK)
102-4156

RIGHT LIFT
FLOAT

(189) VALVE GP
SOLENOID
(LOAD SENSING
OPERATOR RIGHT VALVE)
173-7455
(151) TUBE AS
322-1673

(191) TUBE AS
322-1674
F

LEFT LIFT
FLOAT
(80) ACCUMULATOR GP
PILOT
245-2975

(137) SENSOR GP
PRESSURE
(IMPLEMENT PILOT)
349-1178

(188) VALVE GP
SOLENOID
(LOAD SENSING
OPERATOR LEFT VALVE)
173-7455

(89) CONNECTOR AS
8I-6347

(185) VALVE GP
SEQUENCE
336-4809

(122) PUMP GP
IMPLEMENT
(OPERATOR RIGHT)
330-9389

CW

G5

CCW

P1

G1

(123) PUMP GP
IMPLEMENT
(OPERATOR LEFT)
325-9799

CW

(129) SCREEN GP
IMPLEMENT
(OPERATOR CENTER)
251-2451

(132) SCREEN GP
IMPLEMENT
(OPERATOR RIGHT)
251-2451

(142) SWITCH AS
PRESSURE
(FILTER BYPASS)
349-6097

(121) PUMP GP
IMPLEMENT
(OPERATOR CENTER)
315-3144
L2

L1
E

G2

Q MIN

T1

M1
P1

P1
(116) FILTER GP
HYDRAULIC OIL
353-0454

T2
R

Q
M
A
X

M1g

M1g

G1
A

AIR
BLEED
(124) PUMP GP
PILOT SYSTEM
HYDRAULIC OIL
COOLER
245-0963

(170) VALVE
FLUID SAMPLING
8C-3446

S1

ACTR
Q MIN

AIR
BLEED

D1

Q MAX
M2g

(111) FILTER GP
COOLER
6E-0874
(147) SWITCH GP
PRESSURE
(COOLER FILTER BYPASS)
255-2282

EHV
SA2

SA1

24 VDC

S1

(184) VALVE GP
RELIEF
(OPERATOR RIGHT)
143-8912

Q MIN

(166) VALVE GP
CHECK AND
RELIEF
(OPERATOR RIGHT)
275-4098

D1

(169) VALVE GP
COOLER BYPASS
(HYDRAULIC OIL)
264-6867

SA2

AIR
BLEED

SA1

R
T2
T1

G4

Q MIN

(126) SCREEN AS
OPERATOR CENTER
6E-5065

AIR
BLEED

(165) VALVE GP
CHECK AND RELIEF
(OPERATOR LEFT) 2
275-4098

(179) VALVE GP
RELIEF
(OPERATOR LEFT) 2
143-8912

AIR
BLEED

C
(113) FILTER GP
HYDRAULIC
CASE DRAIN 2
115-2129

(118) FITTING
QUICK DISCONNECT
(OPERATOR LEFT) 1
6V-3965

(146) SWITCH AS
PRESSURE
(OIL FILTER
BYPASS) 4
339-4361

(112) FILTER GP
HYDRAULIC
CASE DRAIN 1
115-2129
(144) SWITCH AS
PRESSURE
(OIL FILTER
BYPASS) 2
339-4361

G2
Q
M
A
X

24 VDC

(145) SWITCH AS
PRESSURE
(OIL FILTER
BYPASS) 3
339-4361

(119) FITTING
QUICK DISCONNECT
(OPERATOR RIGHT)
6V-3965
(143) SWITCH AS
PRESSURE
(OIL FILTER
BYPASS) 1
339-4361

(164) VALVE GP
CHECK AND RELIEF
(OPERATOR LEFT) 1
275-4098
(178) VALVE GP
RELIEF
(OPERATOR LEFT) 1
143-8912

Mb
B

EHV

C
AIR
BLEED

(183) VALVE GP
RELIEF
(OPERATOR CENTER)
143-8912

M1

(127) SCREEN AS
OPERATOR RIGHT
6E-5065

G3

Ma

(163) VALVE GP
CHECK AND
M2g
RELIEF
(OPERATOR CENTER)
275-4098

Q MAX

(117) FITTING
QUICK DISCONNECT
(OPERATOR CENTER)
6V-3965

(94) COOLER GP
BRAKE
186-0058

(174) VALVE GP
RELIEF
(HYDRAULIC OIL
COOLER BYPASS)
245-4891

ACTR

(130) SCREEN GP
IMPLEMENT
(OPERATOR LEFT) 1
251-2451

(131) SCREEN GP
IMPLEMENT
(OPERATOR LEFT) 2
251-2451

(115) FILTER GP
OIL 2
341-1861

(114) FILTER GP
OIL 1
341-1861

LINE PATTERNS
Pressure Line
Pilot / Load Sensing Pressure
Drain / Return Lines

Component Group

CALLOUTS
YY

Callout Number
(Machine Location from
Component LocationsTable)

(128) SCREEN GP
7J-2656

(135) SENSOR
OIL LEVEL
306-6875

(136) SENSOR AS
TEMPERATURE
(HYDRAULIC OIL)
256-6453

(120) GAUGE
SIGHT
(OIL)
147-9560

(149) TANK GP
EXPANSION
(RH)
321-7838

(160) VALVE GP
BREAKER RELIEF
(RH)
220-0812

(125) SCREEN AS
9T-9227

(148) TANK GP
EXPANSION
(LH)
321-7838

(52) VALVE GP - CONTROL


138-1234
Part Number

Component
Name

HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT COLOR DESCRIPTIONS

(158) VALVE GP
BREAKER RELIEF
133-1963

(150) TANK GP
HYDRAULIC
336-6665

Taps (Pressure, Sampling, Sensor - by letter)

PILOT PUMP OUTPUT


OPERATOR LEFT PUMP OUTPUT
CENTER PUMP OUTPUT
SUPPLY LINE
LIFT CYLINDER CIRCUIT
DRAIN / RETURN LINE
OPERATOR RIGHT PUMP OUTPUT
TILT CYLINDER CIRCUIT
BRAKE COOLING

(159) VALVE GP
BREAKER RELIEF
(LH)
220-0812

THIS SCHEMATIC IS FOR THE 994H WHEEL LOADER HYDRAULIC SYSTEM


VOLUME 2 of 2: IMPLEMENT SYSTEM
MEDIA NUMBER: UENR1278-04
SCHEMATIC PART NUMBER: 327-5422, CHANGE: 02, VERSION: Components are shown installed on a fully operable machine with the key and engine off, transmission shifter
in neutral and with parking brake set.
Refer to the appropriate Service Manual for Troubleshooting, Specifications and Systems Operations.

14

13

12

11

10