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ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES:

PROJECT

ARNEL PACIANO D. CASANOVA

PRESIDENT & CEO, BASES CONVERSION AND DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY

CREATING NEW ENGINES OF GROWTH

Prime Real
Estate

41,500 Has.

Landholdings
Value

USD 10 Billion

PORO POINT FREEPORT ZONE

CAMP JOHN HAY SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONE

1 Tollway
2 Seaports
Public-Private
Partnerships

CLARK FREEPORT ZONE & AIRPORT

3 Airports
Major Real
Estate
Developments

SUBIC-CLARK TARLAC EXPRESSWAY

BATAAN TECHNOLOGY PARK


Preferential
tax rates
Fiscal & NonFiscal
Incentives

Zero VAT
Exemptions on
Real Property
Tax

SUBIC BAY FREEPORT ZONE


BONIFACIO GLOBAL CITY, MCKINLEY HILL,
MCKINLEY WEST, NEWPORT CITY

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

MANDATES UNDER R.A. 7227

Accelerate the conversion


of former US military bases in Clark and Subic and their extensions into alternative
productive uses.

Raise funds
through the sale of Metro Manila Camps to finance the conversion of former US
military bases.

Enhance the benefits


of conversion to promote the socio-economic development of Central Luzon,
in particular, and the country, in general.

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

CORPORATE POWERS

To construct, own, lease, operate and maintain public utilities as well as


infrastructure facilities.

To acquire, own, hold, administer, and lease real and personal properties,
including agricultural lands, property lands, property rights and interests and
encumber, lease, mortgage, sell, alienate or otherwise dispose of the same at
fair market value it may deem appropriate.

To exercise the right of eminent domain and other special powers.

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

CREATING NEW ENGINES OF GROWTH

Bonifacio Global City


Approx. 240 Hectares

Photo credit: yenbaet.com

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

CASE OF AN URBAN BIG BANG


Image Credit: http://www.hdtravelpics.com

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CITIES

Source: NSCB

36.3%
CONTRIBUTION
TO GDP
(2014)

638 11.85M
km
2

TOTAL LAND
AREA

19,000

POPULATION
(2010)

persons/km2

2.02%

POPULATION
DENSITY
(2010)

AVG. GROWTH
RATE
(1990-2010)

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

METRO MANILA:
A Historical Timeline

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

Intramuros & Binondo, ca. 1900s

1900

1930

1950

1970

1990

2000

BULACAN

Intramuros
Binondo

Intramuros
RIZAL

Legend:
CAVITE
Present-Day

Metro Manila Boundary


Urbanized District
Urban Center LAGUNA

Escolta

Binondo

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

Escolta Street, ca. 1930

1900

1930

1950

1970

1990

2000

BULACAN

Binondo

Intramuros
RIZAL

Legend:
CAVITE
Present-Day

Metro Manila Boundary


Urbanized District
Urban Center LAGUNA

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

Cities of Makati & Quezon, ca. 1950s 60s

1900

1930

1950

1970

1990

2000

BULACAN

Quezon City

RIZAL

Makati

Ayala Avenue, 50s

Cubao, 60s

Legend:
CAVITE
Present-Day

Metro Manila Boundary


Urbanized District
Urban Center LAGUNA

Ayala Avenue, 60s

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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Makati, Muntinlupa & Ortigas, ca. 1970s


Ortigas
Ortigas

1900

1930

1950

1970

1990

2000

BULACAN

Ayala Avenue

Pasig
RIZAL

EDSA-Guadalupe

Legend:

Muntinlupa

CAVITE
Present-Day

Metro Manila Boundary


Urbanized District
Urban Center LAGUNA

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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Taguig, Makati, Mandaluyong, Quezon City, ca. 1990s


Bonifacio Global City

Ortigas
Ortigas

1900

1930

1950

1970

1990

2000

BULACAN

Ayala Avenue

Mandaluyong
RIZAL

Eastwood City

Taguig

Ayala Avenue
EDSA-Guadalupe

Legend:
CAVITE
Present-Day

Metro Manila Boundary


Urbanized District
Urban Center LAGUNA

Ortigas Center

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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Taguig & Pasay, ca. 2000s


Bonifacio Global City

1900

1930

1950

1970

1990

2000

BULACAN

McKinley Hill

RIZAL

Pasay

Legend:
CAVITE
Present-Day

Metro Manila Boundary


Urbanized District
Urban Center LAGUNA

Newport City

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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Growth will happen


whether we plan for it or not.

Image Credit: http://www.earthzine.org/


14GREEN CITY
PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK

NEED FOR A WELL-PLANNED NEW CITY

EARTHQUAKE RISK

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

An Alternative Future:

CLARK GREEN CITY

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

A NEW PHILIPPINE METROPOLIS

Economic Drivers and Trends


Growing Population / Urbanization
Located in a thriving center and ease of doing
business in Clark
Booming Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) Industry
Clark Airport, Seaport, Rail and Road Infrastructure

Development
Secured Business Regime
Residential Requirements
Need for Smart and Green City to sustain momentum
in economic growth

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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MASTERPLANNED METROPOLIS

INTERWEAVING GREEN
ASSETS TO CREATE A
HOLISTIC, VIBRANT,
AND SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT.

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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A SAFE METROPOLIS

ZAMBALES MOUNTAINS

CLARK
GREEN CITY

PROTECTED FROM MOST TYPHOONS


BY MOUNTAIN RANGES ON BOTH
SIDES

SIERRA MADRE
MOUNTAIN RANGE

CLARK GREEN CITY


CLARK INTERNATIONAL
AIRPORT

METRO MANILA
LOWEST ELEVATION IS AT 56 M
ABOVE SEA LEVEL

43m

146m
MANILA

CLARK GREEN CITY ELEVATION PROFILE

Flooding & Storm Surge Hazard

9m

2m

56m

MAKATI

2m
BGC

PATEROS

METRO MANILA ELEVATION PROFILE

MANILA
BAY

METRO
MANILA

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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Earthquake
& Volcanic
Hazard

A SAFE METROPOLIS
CLARK GREEN CITY

METRO MANILA

NO FAULT LINES UNDER


CLARK GREEN CITY

URBAN AREA IS 30-KM


FROM MT. PINATUBO

WEST VALLEY FAULT TRAVERSES


METRO MANILA; POSSIBLE 7.2
MAGNITUDE QUAKE AS PER
JICA STUDY

EAST VALLEY FAULT

OUTSIDE THE 10-KM


PINATUBO PERMANENT
DANGER ZONE

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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CONCEPTUAL MASTER PLAN


CLARK GREEN CITY
TOTAL LAND AREA

9,450 Has.

BUILDABLE AREA

3,250 Has. (34%)


SPECIAL ECONOMIC

ZONE
KEY FEATURES

SMART
GREEN
DISASTER-RESILIENT
CLARK
INTERNATIONAL

MAJOR
INFRASTRUCTURES

AIRPORT
SUBIC BAY SEAPORT
3 EXPRESSWAYS
RAIL TO MANILA
(PLANNED)

The Clark Green City is


designed to protect the
delicate balance between
nature and the built
environment.

1. Public Realm Mall


2. Commercial Center
3. Central Park
4. Expo
5. Retail/Interchange
6. Sports Hub
7. Institutional Block
8. Memorial Shrine Park
9. Residential District Commercial Ctr.
10. Civic/Government Center
11. Civic Plaza
12. Civic Corridor
13. CBD Iconic Towers
14. Financial Center
15. Institutional Zone/Research Center
16. Retail Plaza
17. Light Industrial and R&D Office Zone
18. Worker Housing
19. Industrial Park
20. Administration Building
21. Mid-Rise Residential Aprtments
22. Hill Side Residential Apartments
23. Hill Side Residential and Eco-Tourist Resort
24. Campus
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25. Urban Farming Landbanks
26. Future Industrial Land
27. Mountain Trail
28. Tunnel

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20
19
21

18
16

15

12
14

14

11

13

17

18

10

3
4

14
24

2
1

25

21

28

24

22

23

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS

RESOURCE
MANAGEMENT

ACCESSIBILITY

IDENTITIY

LEADERSHIP &
GOVERNANCE

DIVERSITY & DENSITY

ECONOMIC
VIBRANCY

RESILIENCE

Air Quality

Reduced
Automobile
Dependence

Good Public Spaces

Collaboration

Compact
Development

Stimulate
Sustainable Growth

Assess Climate
Threat

Biodiversity

Alternative Modes of
Transportation

Heritage & Culture

Management

Mixed-Use
Neighborhood
Centers

Improve Quality of
Life

Avoid Traps &


Vulnerabilities

Universal Design

Public Health &


Service

Planning

Mixed-Income
Communities

Develop Local Skills

Prepare for LongTerm Adaptability &


Short-Term Hazards

Neighborhood
Schools

Local Food
Production

Water Conservation

Energy Efficiency
Materials

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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POPULATION & EMPLOYMENT


Population Projection, Clark Green City, Based on Different Capture Rate, 2020F to 2050F

approximately 1.2 M
population

1,679,800
Recommended @1.1
mil new + 233K
existing/resettled

1,277,000

929,600
5%
10%
15%
20%

Capture
Rate
Scenarios

419,950
288,400

319,250

232,400

72,100

2020

2030

2040

2050

Employment Projection, Clark Green City, Based on Different Capture Rate, 2020F to 2050F

1,288,400

more than 800,000


jobs
Capture
Rate
Scenarios

5%

10%

15%

20%

Recommended @1
mil

801,200

427,000
322,100
139,400

# Workers

200,300
106,750

34,850
2020

2030

2040

2050

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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CONCEPTUAL MASTER PLAN

Land Use
Distribution (in Hectares)

INDUSTRIAL
Featuring green industries that leverage
on the local trade and environmentallysensitive approach

COMMERCIAL

233
553
100

The Financial Center located at the heart


of the metropolis serves as the main
business hub of the Clark Green City

Kalangitan Road

FUTURE
CONNECTION
TO SCTEX

54
403
266
San Nicolas Road

91

314

Water Feature

Road ROW

Transport Hub

Sports & Recreation

Open Space

Industrial

Light Industrial

Institutional

Residential

Mixed Use

Commercial

*excludes 5,567-ha. Timber Area

CALRK-BAMBAN-CAPAS RD

318

Public spaces designed to be enjoyed by


all residents & visitors of CGC; features a
large Central Park which doubles as a
flood-mitigation measure

RESIDENTIAL

315
501

PUBLIC REALM

Will cater to the housing requirements of


the city for a variety of population from all
walks of life

INSTITUTIONAL

Includes a Government Center to provide


a business-ready atmosphere for private
investors; other areas cater to
educational, healthcare and R&D

FARMLANDS

Agriculture-centered communities with


adequate support facilities

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PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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CONCEPTUAL MASTER PLAN

INDUSTRIAL

MANUFACTURING ZONE

strategically located with access to Clark International


Airport, Subic Freeport, and to the region

AGRI-INNOVATION HUB

Kalangitan Road

will enable economic growth, diversification, trade


relations and technological innovations.

FUTURE
CONNECTION
TO SCTEX

RD RD
CALRK-BAMBAN-CAPAS
CALRK-BAMBAN-CAPAS

San Nicolas Road

Industrial Park

Manufacturing Sector

Agricultural Sector

Food Terminal

Farm

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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CONCEPTUAL MASTER PLAN

COMMERCIAL
FINANCIAL DISTRICT

lively urban core

scenic urban landscape with iconic structure

large central park at the center

mixed-use components

to create a distinct skyline and identity for CGC

COMMERCIAL CENTER
Kalangitan Road

FUTURE
CONNECTION
TO SCTEX

RD RD
CALRK-BAMBAN-CAPAS
CALRK-BAMBAN-CAPAS

San Nicolas Road

Commercial Areas

Expo

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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CONCEPTUAL MASTER PLAN

RESIDENTIAL

mix of typologies set within an active and varied


community
accessible to a wide range of income groups
pedestrian-friendly & live-work-play environment

MIXEDINCOME
HOUSING

CONDOMINIUMS

Kalangitan Road

LUXURY VILLAS

FUTURE
CONNECTION
TO SCTEX

RD RD
CALRK-BAMBAN-CAPAS
CALRK-BAMBAN-CAPAS

San Nicolas Road

Residential Areas

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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CONCEPTUAL MASTER PLAN

INSTITUTIONAL

HEALTHCARE CENTER

Business Continuity and Disaster Resiliency Center for National


Government Offices

Innovation District

New University of the Philippines (UP) Global Campus focused


on research and technology
University Campus

CIVIC CENTER
MIT RESEARCH
CENTER

Kalangitan Road

NEW UP
CAMPUS

SPORTS
CENTER
FUTURE
CONNECTION
TO SCTEX

Government Center

Stadium

RD RD
CALRK-BAMBAN-CAPAS
CALRK-BAMBAN-CAPAS

San Nicolas Road

Civic Plaza

Institutional Areas

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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CONCEPTUAL MASTER PLAN

OPEN SPACES
CAPAS SHRINE

links public realm facilities

preservation of heritage trees & endemic species

Central Park acts as water detention pond

Forest Reserve Area to be managed and preserved as


watershed

CENTRAL PARK
Kalangitan Road

FUTURE
CONNECTION
TO SCTEX

FOREST
RESERVE AREA

RD RD
CALRK-BAMBAN-CAPAS
CALRK-BAMBAN-CAPAS

San Nicolas Road

Institutional Areas

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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CGC Phase 1 (288 Hectares)

ALTERNATIVE URBANISM
CGC PHASE 1
288-Hectare Phase 1

Compact and Integrated Mixed-Use, Commercial and


Industrial Communities
Kalangitan Road

FUTURE
CONNECTION
TO SCTEX

RD RD
CALRK-BAMBAN-CAPAS
CALRK-BAMBAN-CAPAS

San Nicolas Road

Commercial
Mixed-Use
Residential
Institutional
Industrial
Open Space
Roads & Green

12.1
35.5
31.4
22
100.3
4.4
82.3

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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Roads are Being Built


On-going
construction of
Primary Access Roads

Future Clark Green City Interchange


at SCTEX
CLARK
GREEN
CITY

Leading to
MacArthur
Highway & SCTEX

FUTURE
CONNECTION TO
SCTEX

Direct link to
Clark Airport

Improvement of
existing local roads

Detailed design of
new road network

CALRK-BAMBAN-CAPAS RD

ALTERNATIVE ACCESS

Proposed Access Road Section


featuring Bike Lane
Primary Access Roads
Existing Roads for
Improvement
Proposed Major Roads

CLARK
FREEPORT
ZONE

CLARK
INTL
AIRPORT

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

Clark Rail Transit System

ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION

Connecting Clark & Metro Manila


Public-Private Partnership
100-Hectare Transport Hub at CGC
with retail component

Transit-Oriented Development at
stations
Mix of old and greenfield alignments
Direct link to Clark International
Airport

CLARK RAIL

Section: Commuter
Rail with Airport
Express Line (North
Line)
Length: 88 km
Location: Malolos Tarlac

NSCR PHASE 1

BCDA will implement


the CRTS thru PPP

DOTC will implement


The NSCR under ODA

Section: Commuter
Rail (North Line)
Length: 37 km
Location: Malolos Tutuban

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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Underground Utilities

ALTERNATIVE UTILITY SYSTEMS


TELECOM

Joint Venture partnerships for


development and operation of
utilities

Utility Tunnel +
Integrated
Operations Center

1. Power

Generation (RE)
Distribution
Backup/Storage
Energy Management

Supply
Wastewater
Management

POWER

Integrated Operation Center


Integrated Operation Center

2. Water

3. District Cooling
4. Telecommunications &
Information System
5. Solid Waste
Management
6. (Natural) Gas Supply &
Distribution

Allows for unobstructed


views of the city

UTILITY TUNNEL
WATER

Significantly reduce costs


and disruptions due to
recurrent excavation
works
Better access to utility
lines for maintenance
works/repair

GAS

Provides added
protection to utility lines
and real-time monitoring

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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University of the Philippines


Campus to Rise in CGC

ALTERNATIVE EDUCATION

UP CGC, 70 Has.

MOA between BCDA and UP to establish a


new campus at CGC
UPs new campus will focus on research and
internationalization

UP and BCDA are keen on forging


partnerships with foreign educational
institutions through the UP CGC

UP CGC

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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Mixed-Income Housing

ALTERNATIVE HOUSING
MIXED-INCOME
HOUSING, 25 Has.

2,000 units of affordable housing for future


employees at CGC
In partnership with Home Mutual Development Fund
for financing
Conceptual design is a result of a design
competition won by a team of Filipino architects
On-going bidding for detailed design
Target start of construction: 4Q 2016
PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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20-Megawatt Solar Farm

ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

25-hectare parcel

25-year lease by SSR C-Solar Power, Inc.,


renewable for another 25
First among several solar farm developments
in CGC

SOLAR FARM,
25 Has.

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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ALTERNATIVE GOVERNMENT CENTER

Business Continuity Center


Government District

Disaster recovery mechanism in the event of


big disaster hitting Metro Manila

GOVERNMENT CENTER

Set up Backup Offices of various government


agencies
BCDA to provide land/office space
Mitigate business and service interruption
during calamities

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

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Integrated Care
Development Center

ALTERNATIVE HEALTHCARE

MOU with Mhealth UK-based healthcare


developer
INTEGRATED CARE
DEVELOPMENT CENTER

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

ALTERNATIVE STANDARD

THIS VISIONARY
DEVELOPMENT WILL
TRANSFORM THE
WAY CITIES ARE
CONCEIVED AND
BUILT AND SET A NEW
BENCHMARK IN THE
PHILIPPINES AND THE
WORLD.

PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNERS NATIONAL CONVENTION 2015 ALTERNATIVE URBAN FUTURES: CLARK GREEN CITY

www.bcda.gov.ph

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