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BRITISH STANDARD

Short link chain for


lifting purposes
Safety
Part 5: Chain slings Grade 4

The European Standard EN 818-5:1999 has the status of a


British Standard

ICS 53.020.30

NO COPYING WITHOUT BSI PERMISSION EXCEPT AS PERMITTED BY COPYRIGHT LAW

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BS EN
818-5:1999

BS EN 818-5:1999

National foreword
This British Standard is the English language version of EN 818-5:1999.
The UK participation in its preparation was entrusted to Technical Committee
MHE/1, Chains and fittings, which has the responsibility to:
aid enquirers to understand the text;
present to the responsible European committee any enquiries on the
interpretation, or proposals for change, and keep the UK interests informed;
monitor related international and European developments and promulgate
them in the UK.
A list of organizations represented on this committee can be obtained on request to
its secretary.
Cross-references
The British Standards which implement international or European publications
referred to in this document may be found in the BSI Standards Catalogue under the
section entitled International Standards Correspondence Index, or by using the
Find facility of the BSI Standards Electronic Catalogue.
A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application.
Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity
from legal obligations.

Summary of pages
This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, the EN title page,
pages 2 to 19 and a back cover.
The BSI copyright notice displayed in this document indicates when the document
was last issued.

This British Standard, having


been prepared under the
direction of the Engineering
Sector Committee, was published
under the authority of the
Standards Committee and comes
into effect on 15 September 1999
BSI 09-1999

ISBN 0 580 32561 X

Amendments issued since publication


Amd. No.

Date

Comments

EUROPEAN STANDARD

EN 818-5

NORME EUROPENNE
EUROPISCHE NORM

May 1999

ICS 53.020.30

English version
Short link chain for lifting purposes Safety Part 5: Chain slings Grade 4
Chanes de levage maillons courts Scurit
Partie 5: Elingues en chanes Classe 4

Kurzgliedrige Rundstahlketten fr Hebezwecke


Sicherheit Teil 5: Anschlagketten Gteklasse 4

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 16 April 1999.


CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the
conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date
lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the
Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other
language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the
Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland and United Kingdom.

CEN
European Committee for Standardization
Comit Europen de Normalisation
Europisches Komitee fr Normung
Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels
1999 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national
Members.
Ref. No. EN 818-5:1999 E

Page 2
EN 818-5:1999
Contents
Page
Foreword
Introduction
1 Scope
2 Normative references
3 Terms and definitions
4 Hazards
5 Safety requirements
6 Verification of safety requirements
7 Marking
8 Manufacturers certificate
9 Information for use
Annex A (normative) Alternative method of rating and marking a chain sling for a specific
lifting application and not for use in general lifting purposes
Annex B (informative) Bases for calculation of working load limits
Annex C (informative) Designation system for chain slings Grade 4
Annex D (informative) Identification tags for chain slings
Annex ZA (informative) Relationship of this European Standard with EU Directives

3
4
4
4
5
8
9
12
13
14
14
15
16
17
17
19

BSI 09-1999

Page 3
EN 818-5:1999

Foreword
This European Standard has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 168, Chains, ropes, webbing,
slings and accessories Safety, the Secretariat of which is held by BSI.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text
or by endorsement, at the latest by November 1999, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the
latest by November 1999.
This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the
European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).
For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative annex ZA, which is an integral part of this standard.
According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following
countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
The other parts of EN 818 are:
Part 1: General conditions of acceptance
Part 2: Medium tolerance chain for chain slings Grade 8
Part 3: Medium tolerance chain for chain slings Grade 4
Part 4: Chain slings Grade 8
Part 6: Chain slings Specifications for information for use and maintenance to be provided by
the manufacturer
Part 7: Fine tolerance chain for hoists, Grade T (types T, DAT, DT)
This is the first edition of this part of EN 818.

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Page 4
EN 818-5:1999
Introduction
This European Standard has been prepared to be a harmonized standard to provide one means of complying with
the essential safety requirements of the Machinery Directive and associated EFTA regulations.
The extent to which hazards are covered is indicated in the Scope. In addition, lifting equipment shall conform
as appropriate to EN 292 for hazards which are not covered by this standard.

1 Scope
This part of EN 818 specifies the requirements related to safety, methods of rating and testing of single-, two-,
three-, four-leg and endless chain slings, assembled by welding, using short link grade 4 medium tolerance chain
conforming to EN 818-3 together with the appropriate range of components of the same grade in accordance
with prEN 1677-5 and -6. These chain slings are intended for lifting objects, materials or goods.
NOTE Instructions for use and maintenance of chain slings are covered by prEN 818-6.

The hazards covered by this part of the standard are identified in clause 4.
Annex A gives an alternative method of rating and marking a chain sling for a specific lifting application.
Annex B contains the bases for calculation of working load limits.
Annex C gives an example of a designation system for chain slings.
Annex D gives an example of identification tags for chain slings.
Annex ZA gives the relationship with EU Directives.

2 Normative references
This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These
normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter. For dated
references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of any of these publications apply to this European Standard
only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the publication
referred to applies.
EN 292-1, Safety of machinery Basic concepts General principles for design Part 1: Basic terminology,
methodology.
EN 292-2:1991/A1:1995, Safety of machinery Basic concepts General principles for design
Part 2: Technical principles and specifications.
EN 818-1, Short link chain for lifting purposes Safety Part 1: General conditions of acceptance.
EN 818-3, Short link chain for lifting purposes Safety Part 3: Medium tolerance chain for chain slings
Grade 4.
prEN 818-6, Short link chain for lifting purposes Safety Part 6: Chain slings Specification for
information for use and maintenance to be provided by the manufacturer.
prEN 1677-5, Components for slings Safety Part 5: Forged steel lifting hooks with latch Grade 4.
prEN 1677-6, Components for slings Safety Part 6: Links Grade 4.
EN ISO 9001:1994, Quality systems Model for quality assurance in design/development, production,
installation and servicing. (ISO 9001:1994)
EN 1050:1996, Safety of machinery Principles for risk assessment.

BSI 09-1999

Page 5
EN 818-5:1999
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this part of EN 818 the terms and definitions given in EN 818-1 apply, together with the
following.
3.1
chain sling
an assembly consisting of chain or chains joined to upper and lower terminals suitable for attaching loads to the
hook of a crane or other lifting machine (see Figures 1 to 4)
3.2
nominal size of chain sling
the nominal size of short link chain, in millimetres, used in the manufacture of the chain sling
3.3
grade of chain sling
for the purpose of designation in accordance with annex C, is the same as the grade of the short link chain used
in the manufacture of the chain sling, i.e. 4
3.4
master link
a link forming the upper terminal of a chain sling by means of which the chain sling is attached to the hook of a
crane or other lifting machine (see Figures 1 to 4)
3.5
length of a chain sling
for a finished chain sling, the length from the lower bearing point of the lower terminal to the upper bearing
point of the upper terminal (see Figures 1 to 4)
3.6
intermediate master link
a link used to connect one or two legs of a chain sling to a master link used during the assembly of a three- or
four-leg chain sling (see Figures 3 and 4)
3.7
lower terminal
a link, hook or other device fitted at the end of a leg of a chain sling, remote from the master link or upper
terminal
3.8
joining link
a welded link fitted to the end of a chain to connect it either directly or through an intermediate link to an upper
or lower terminal or intermediate master link (see Figures 1 to 4) or in the case of an endless chain sling to the
other end of the chain
3.9
intermediate link
a welded link used to form a connection between the terminal and the joining link fitted to the chain
(see Figures 1 to 4)
3.10
manufacturing proof force (MPF) of a chain sling
a force applied, during manufacture, as a test to the whole chain sling or a force applied as a test to a section of a
chain sling
3.11
working load limit (WLL) of a chain sling
the maximum mass which a chain sling is authorized to sustain in general lifting service

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Page 6
EN 818-5:1999
3.12
competent person
designated person, suitably trained and qualified by knowledge and practical experience, and with the necessary
instructions to enable the required tests and examination to be carried out
NOTE EN ISO 9001:1994, 4.18 gives guidance on training.

1
2
3
4

Master link
Intermediate link (if required)
Joining link
Chain

5 Joining link
6 Intermediate link (if required)
7 Hook or other lower terminal

NOTE L = length of chain sling.

Figure 1 Single-leg chain sling

BSI 09-1999

Page 7
EN 818-5:1999

1
2
3
4

Master link
Intermediate link (if required)
Joining link
Chain

5 Joining link
6 Intermediate link (if required)
7 Hook or other lower terminal

NOTE L = length of chain sling.

Figure 2 Two-leg chain sling

1
2
3
4

Master link
Intermediate master link
Joining link
Chain

5 Joining link
6 Intermediate link (if required)
7 Hook or other lower terminal

NOTE L = length of chain sling.

Figure 3 Three-leg chain sling

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Page 8
EN 818-5:1999

1
2
3
4

Master link
Intermediate master link
Joining link
Chain

5 Joining link
6 Intermediate link (if required)
7 Hook or other lower terminal

NOTE L = length of chain sling.

Figure 4 Four-leg chain sling

4 Hazards
The release of a load due to failure of lifting accessories such as chain slings or their component parts puts at risk
either directly or indirectly the safety or health of those persons within the danger zone of lifting equipment.
In order to provide the necessary strength and durability of lifting accessories this part of EN 818 lays down
requirements for the design, manufacture and testing to ensure that specified levels of performance are met.
Fatigue failure has not been identified as a hazard when chain slings having the specified levels of performance
given in this part of EN 818 are used in general lifting service.
Since failure can be caused by the incorrect choice of grade and specification of lifting accessories this part of
EN 818 also gives the requirements for marking and the manufacturer's certificate.
Errors in fitting together welded chain slings can also lead to premature failure and this European Standard
contains dimensional requirements to allow correct fit.
Those aspects of safe use associated with good practice are given in prEN 818-6.
Table 1 contains those hazards which require action to reduce risk identified by risk assessment as being specific
and significant for chain slings grade 4.

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Page 9
EN 818-5:1999

Table 1 Hazards and associated requirements


Hazards identified in EN 1050:1996,
annex A

1e)

15

Mechanical hazard due to


inadequacy of strength

Errors of fitting hazard

Relevant clause of EN 292-2:1991/A1:1995,


annex A

Relevant clause/sub-clause in this


part of EN 818

1.3.2

4.1.2.3
4.1.2.5
4.2.4
1.7.3
4.2.4
1.5.4

5
5
6
7
8
5.2

5 Safety requirements
5.1 Components of a chain sling
5.1.1 Chain
The chain shall conform to EN 818-3.
5.1.2 Links
Master links and intermediate master links shall conform to prEN 1677-6.
Lower terminal links shall conform to prEN 1677-6 except for those clauses related to link dimensions.
Joining links and intermediate links shall conform to prEN 1677-6 except for those clauses related to link
dimensions.
Lower terminal links, joining links and intermediate links shall satisfy the appropriate requirements of 5.2.
5.1.3 Hooks
Forged steel lifting hooks with latch shall conform to prEN 1677-5.
5.2 Design and construction
5.2.1 Assembly of chain slings
5.2.1.1 Pear-shaped links shall not be used as terminals.
5.2.1.2 Joining links and intermediate links shall have a working load limit not less than that of the chains to
which they are connected in a chain sling.
5.2.1.3 The dimensions of joining links and intermediate links shall be such as to ensure adequate articulation
with parts of the chain sling which they connect.
5.2.2 Endless chain slings
Endless chain slings shall be manufactured by the use of a welded joining link of the same size or one size larger
than the nominal size of the chain.

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Page 10
EN 818-5:1999
5.2.3 Tolerance on length of the chain sling
5.2.3.1 When constructing a chain sling the actual length of each leg shall be the nominal length with a tolerance
of

+2
0

chain link pitches.

5.2.3.2 When constructing a multi-leg chain sling, the differences in length between the longest and shortest legs
which are nominally the same length shall, when measured under equivalent tension, be not greater than 6 mm
for nominal leg lengths up to and including 2 m and not greater than 3 mm/m for nominal leg lengths over 2 m.
5.3 Working load rating
5.3.1 Single-leg chain slings
Single-leg chain slings shall be rated at a working load limit in accordance with Table 2.
5.3.2 Multi-leg chain slings
Multi-leg chain slings shall be rated for symmetrically distributed loads only and in accordance with Table 2.
Each chain sling shall have a single working load limit for the range of angles from 0 up to and including 45 to
the vertical or additionally a working load limit for the range of angles from 45 up to and including 60 to the
vertical.
NOTE 1 An alternative method for rating and marking of chain slings for a specific lifting application is given in annex A.
NOTE 2 For rating of chain slings with asymmetrically distributed loads see prEN 818-6.

5.3.3 Endless chain slings


Endless chain slings shall be rated for choke-hitch only, and shall be in accordance with Table 2.

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Page 11
EN 818-5:1999

Table 2 Working load limits


Working load limits, t, for

Nominal size
of chain sling

Single-leg
chain
slings

mm

Two-leg chain slings

Three- and four-leg chain slings

0 < 45

45 < 60

0 < 45

45 < 60

Factor 1,4

Factor 1,0

Factor 2,1

Factor 1,5

7
8
10

0,75
1
1,6

1,06
1,4
2,24

0,75
1
1,6

13
16
18

2,65
4
5

3,75
5,6
7,1

2,65
4
5

19
20
22

5,6
6,3
7,5

8
8,5
10,6

23
25
26

8
10
10,6

28
32
36
40
45

1,6
2,12
3,25

Factor 1,6

1,12
1,5
2,36

1,25
1,6
2,5

5,6
8,5
10,6

4
6
7,5

4,25
6,3
8

5,6
6,3
7,5

11,8
13,2
16

8,5
9,5
11,2

9
10
11,8

11,8
14
15

8
10
10,6

17
20
22,4

12,5
15
16

13,2
16
17

12,5
16
20

17
22,4
28

12,5
16
20

25
33,5
42,5

18
23,6
30

20
25
31,5

25
31,5

35,5
45

25
31,5

53
67

37,5
47,5

40
50

NOTE The convention for marking of chain slings should be to indicate WLLs below 1 tonne in kilograms.

BSI 09-1999

Endless chain
slings in choke
hitch

Page 12
EN 818-5:1999
6 Verification of safety requirements
6.1 Qualification of personnel
All testing and examination shall be carried out by a competent person.
6.2 Components of a chain sling
The verification clauses of EN 818-3, prEN 1677-5 and prEN 1677-6 shall be fulfilled for the chain, hooks and
links respectively used in the construction of the chain sling.
6.3 Manufacturing proof force test for the chain sling
6.3.1 General
If the whole chain sling is heat treated it shall be subjected to the manufacturing proof force(s) and subsequently
examined. The manufacturer shall also verify that all components remain in accordance with the appropriate
standards specified in 5.1.
If only the inserted links are heat treated they and any parts of the chain sling affected by their processing shall be
subjected to the manufacturing proof force(s) and subsequently examined, provided that the chain and all other
components have been certified as having been subjected to the manufacturing proof force test as specified in:
a)

EN 818-1 and EN 818-3 for short link chain of grade 4;

b) prEN 1677-6 for links and prEN 1677-5 for forged steel hooks with latch.
6.3.2 Manufacturing proof force factors
Sections of welded chain slings shall be subjected to manufacturing proof forces in kilonewtons, at least
equivalent to loads calculated by multiplying the working load limit of the relevant chain size by the factors
given in Table 3.
Table 3 Manufacturing proof force factors
Section to which manufacturing proof
force is applied (see Figure 5)

MPF1
MPF2
MPF3
MPF4

Manufacturing proof force


factors

2,0
2,8
3,2
4,2

6.3.3 Post-test examination


After completion of the manufacturing proof force test, and the removal of the force, the chain sling shall be
examined. Any faulty chain or component shall be replaced, and the chain sling re-tested and re-examined.

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EN 818-5:1999

a) Single-leg chain sling

b) Two-leg chain sling

c) Three-leg chain sling

d) Four-leg chain sling

Figure 5 Sections of chain slings to which manufacturing proof force is applied

7 Marking
7.1 General
Each chain sling shall be marked in accordance with this clause.
The information specified in 7.2 and 7.3 shall be either:
a)

marked on a metal tag as shown in the example given in annex D, permanently attached to the master link
or to a link immediately adjacent to it; or

b) marked on the master link, provided that the mechanical properties of the master link are not impaired.
7.2 Single-leg chain slings
The following information shall be marked:
a)

the working load limit in tonnes or kilograms (see Table 2) (units to be included: t or kg);

b) the individual identification mark (related to the manufacturers certificate);


c)

the grade of the chain sling, i.e. 4;

d) the chain sling manufacturers name or symbol;


e)

the number of legs, i.e. 1

NOTE The nominal size may also be marked.

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EN 818-5:1999
7.3 Multi-leg chain slings rated for a range of angles from 0 to 45 to the vertical
The following information shall be marked:
a)

the working load limit and the range of angles


EXAMPLE
16 t 0 to 45;

b) the individual identification mark (related to the manufacturers certificate);


c)

the grade of the chain sling, i.e. 4;

d) the chain sling manufacturers name or symbol;


e)

the number of legs.

NOTE 1 The tag or a separate additional tag attached in a similar manner may be marked with the working load limit applicable for use at
45 to 60 to the vertical.
EXAMPLE
11,2 t 45 to 60.
NOTE 2 The nominal size may also be marked.

8 Manufacturers certificate
Each assembled chain sling shall be provided with a dated certificate stating conformity to this part of EN 818
and giving at least the following information:
a)

the name of the chain sling manufacturer including date of issue of the certificate and authentication;

b) number of this part of EN 818, i.e. EN 818-5;


c)

the identification number or symbol of the chain sling;

d) a description of the chain sling;


e)

the nominal size of the chain sling and grade mark 4;

f)

the nominal length;

g) the working load limit (WLL) related to the angle ;


h) the manufacturing proof force or proof forces applied;
i)

the name of the person or establishment which carried out the manufacturing proof force test and final
examination.

9 Information for use


Information for use shall accompany the chain sling and shall be in accordance with the relevant clauses of
prEN 818-6.

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EN 818-5:1999
Annex A (normative)
Alternative method of rating and marking a chain sling for a specific lifting application
and not for use in general lifting purposes
A.1 General
The rating of a chain sling used for a specific application is given in A.2 and may be used as an alternative to the
method of rating given in 5.3.
The chain sling shall be rated at a working load limit according to the particular angle of the legs to the vertical
at which the chain sling is to be used. The manufacturer shall ensure that the master link selected possesses
mechanical properties appropriate to the application.
A.2 Alternative method of rating
A.2.1 Two-leg chain slings
For two-leg chain slings used at an angle to the vertical, the working load limit (WLL), in tonnes, shall be as
given by the following formula:
WLL = 2 WLL for a single leg cos .
A.2.2 Three-leg chain slings
For three-leg chain slings used at an angle of any leg to the vertical, the working load limit (WLL), in tonnes,
shall be as given by the following formula:
WLL = 3 WLL for a single leg cos .
A.2.3 Four-leg chain slings
For four-leg chain slings used at an angle of any leg to the vertical, the working load limit (WLL), in tonnes,
shall be as given by the following formula:
WLL = 4 WLL of a single leg cos
NOTE This assumes that there is an equal distribution of the load between each leg.

A.3 Manufacturing proof force


Where the alternative method of rating is adopted, welded chain slings with accessories shall be subjected to a
manufacturing proof force test generally in accordance with 6.3 except that the manufacturing proof force factors
shall be as given in Table A.1.
Table A.1 Manufacturing proof force factors for the alternative method of rating
Section to which manufacturing
proof force is applied (see Figure 5)

MPF1
MPF2
MPF3
MPF4 3 leg
MPF4 4 leg

BSI 09-1999

Manufacturing proof force factors

2
4
4
6
8

Page 16
EN 818-5:1999
A.4 Marking of chain slings rated by the alternative method of rating
A.4.1 General
The information specified in A.4.2 shall be either:
a)

marked on a metal tag permanently attached to the master link or to a link immediately adjacent to it; or

b) marked on the master link provided that the mechanical properties of the link master are not impaired.
A.4.2 Multi-leg chain slings rated by the alternative method
The following information shall be marked:
a)

the working load limit and the angle at which rated;


EXAMPLE
16 t 27;

b) the individual identification mark (related to the manufacturers certificate);


c)

the manufacturers name or symbol;

d) the grade of the chain sling, i.e. 4;


e)

the number of legs.

NOTE The nominal size may also be marked.

Annex B (informative)
Bases for calculation of working load limits
B.1 Calculated values of working load limit (WLL) for single-leg chain slings
The values of working load limit are based on the full calculated WLL values determined using the following
formula:

WLL =

2 p 100 d n 2
g 1 000

WLL = 0,016 017 7dn2


where:
WLL
g
dn

is the working load limit in tonnes;


is the acceleration due to gravity (9,806 65 m/s2);
is the nominal size of the chain sling.

The values given in Table 2 for single-leg chain slings are from the R40 series of preferred numbers and
represent the nearest lower R40 value relative to the full calculated value of WLL.
B.2 Calculated values of working load limits (WLL) for multi-leg chain slings
The values of WLL for multi-leg chain slings are derived from the full calculated values for single-leg chain
slings, multiplied by the appropriate factors given in Table 2 and the R40 preferred number being the next lowest
number to that of the product,
e.g. for the 22 mm nominal size the calculated WLL = 7,752 1,4 = 10,85.
The next lowest R40 number is 10,6.

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EN 818-5:1999
Annex C (informative)
Designation system for chain slings Grade 4
General format
EN 818-5

-4-

10x30

2500

EN and part number block


Grade of chain sling
Size of chain sling
Lower terminals
Hook - H
Link
-L
Special - S
Number of legs
Welded construction
Length of a leg in mm

Annex D (informative)
Identification tags for chain slings
D.1 General
For the purpose of identification of chain slings, where used, tags shall have the information for marking given
in 7.2 legibly and permanently embossed or stamped.
Lower terminals of chain slings should not be marked with the working load limit.

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EN 818-5:1999
D.2 Tags for chain slings
In the case of tags for chain slings the diameter of the circumscribed circle of the tag should be approximately
70 mm and the examples are given in Figures D.1 and D.2.

1
2
3
4

Number of chain legs


Code number denoting size of chain, in mm
Manufacturers name or symbol
Individual identification mark

Figure D.1 Tags for single-leg chain slings

Front side
(rear side left blank)

Front side
Rear side
(if the particulars are displayed on both sides)

1 Number of chain legs


2 Code number denoting size of chain, in mm

Figure D.2 Tags for multi-leg chain slings

BSI 09-1999

Page 19
EN 818-5:1999
Annex ZA (informative)
Relationship of this European Standard with EU Directives
This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the
European Free Trade Association, and supports the essential requirements of EU Directives:
Machinery Directive 89/392/EEC;
its amendments 91/368/EEC and 93/44/EEC.
Compliance with this standard provides one means of conforming with the specific essential requirements of the
Directive concerned and associated EFTA Regulations.
WARNING Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the
scope of this standard.

BSI 09-1999

BS EN
818-5:1999

BSI
389 Chiswick High Road
London
W4 4AL

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