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THE LIBRARY

OF
THE UNIVERSITY
OF CALIFORNIA
LOS ANGELES

THE LOEB CLASSICAL LIBRARY


FOUNDED BY JAMES LOEB,

LL.D.

EDITED BY
| T.

E.

CAPPS,

E.

ph.d.,

PAGE,

ix.d.

C.H., LITT.D.

H. D.

ROUSE,

litt d.

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH

BARLAAM & IOASAPH.


FROM FRENCH MANUSCRIPT OF THE XIV1V
CENTURY, ECERTON.M.S. 745

JOHN
DAMASCENE
ST.

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH


WITH AN ENGLISH TRANSLATION BY THE

LATE REV.

G.

R.

WOODWARD,

M.A., Mus.D.
SOMETIME SCHOLAR OP GONVILLE AND CAIUS COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE

AND

H.

MATTINGLY,

M.A.

ONETIME CRAVEN SCHOLAR AND FELLOW OF GONVILLE AND CATUS


COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE; ASSISTANT KEEPER IN THE DEPARTMENT OF
COINS AND MEDALS, BRITISH MUSEUM

LONDON

WILLIAM HEINEMANN LTD


CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS

HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS


MCMXXXVII

First printed, 1914

Reprinted, 1937

PRINTED IN GREAT BRITAIN

RBADttiU ttttOM-OWW

PREFACE
The Tale
There

is

no doubt that the author of Barlaam and

Ioasaph himself regarded his story as a true narrative


of the lives of real characters and that this view

was universally held until quite recent times. The


names of Saint Barlaam and Saint Ioasaph have
figured in the Calendars both of the Roman and of
the Greek Church and still retain their place in the
latter.
To-day, however, this view can be no longer

comparison of the story with the wellof Buddha must convince every openminded reader, that the outline of the plot is derived
held.

known legend

the same Eastern source ; in spite of all


difference in detail, the general resemblance is quite
undeniable.
In the Martyrologium of Pope Sixtus

from

the Fifth (1585-1590) under date of 27 November,


"the holy saints Barlaam and Josaphat, of India,
whose wonderful acts Saint John of Damascus has

are

1
Thus Buddha takes his place as a
Christian saint, for Joasaph is a corruption of the title
The writer himself tells us, that the
Bodhisatta.

described."

story was brought to him from India, and it is highly


probable, that what he heard was simply a version of

the

life

to their
1

of Buddha, adapted by Christians of the East


own use. But we should be going too far, if

Rhys Davids, Buddhist Birth

4GS934

Stories, p. xxix.

PREFACE
we sought

for traces of

Buddhist influence in the

No

doctrinal teaching of the story.

real relationship

has ever yet been proved between Christian and


Buddhist monasticism
in fact, in spite of certain
;

obvious resemblances, the two differ profoundly in


The aim of the Buddhist monk is mainly
spirit.

negative deliverance from the evils of the flesh


that of the Christian has also a positive aspect

of the semblance of happiness in this


world in order to gain the reality hereafter, the
"
"
laid up for the righteous in
aTropprjTa ayaOa

surrender

Heaven.
The main aim of the author was the

glorification

of this Christian monasticism.


of social and business

life,

Marriage, the cares


the duties of citizenship

these, though not represented as inconsistent with


Christian living, appear only as a second best.
The
ideal is the complete devotion of the whole personality to religious contemplation, the renunciation of
all

wealth and pleasure and the mortification of the


In his enthusiasm for the monastic life, as too

flesh.

in

his

passionate

defence

of

the

veneration

ot

Images, our author shows himself clearly an obstinate


adversary of the great Iconoclastic movement of
the eighth century

Our book
the

a.d.

roughly into three distinct parts


the thread on which the whole

falls

narrative

the speeches many of them

length containing long expositions of

is

strung

doctrine, confessions of Faith


vi

of great
Christian

and hymns of

praise,

PREFACE
and frequent long quotations from early Christian
writers *
and the Apologues, 2 fables or parables,
;

introduced in the speeches to illustrate pictorially


some moral truth. The whole work is steeped in
the language of the Bible and of the Christian
Fathers and it is this fact that has led the trans;

adopt a style modelled on that of the


Authorised Version. The task is not easy or without
its perils
but in no other way, we believe, could the
lators to

unity of

the

book

be

maintained

quotations, frequent as they are,


badly with a more modern style.

the Biblical

would harmonise

Books, like men, have their vicissitudes of

The

fate.

work of one generation may be the


laughing-stock of the next; and the "edifying story
of Barlaam and Ioasaph," which once
enjoyed a
favourite

popularity comparable to that of the "Pilgrim's


Progress" and furnished material for story-books and
romances, for sermons and plays, has fallen into deep

That it will ever regain this lost fame is


hardly to be expected its world of thought is far
removed from ours and its controversies have in
oblivion.

ceased to concern us very deeply.

But the
and vigour it is no corpse of a book
that we are dragging from its tomb we found it, as
the seekers found the bodies of the dead Saints,
Barlaam and Ioasaph, " ovSev tov Trporzpov xpwros

many cases
tale

has

still life

TrapaAXarrov, 6\oK\ijpov Se xal


1

d/vpi/Jcus iuyiS."

For Apology of Aristides see below,


See below, p. vii.

p. viii.

vii

PREFACE
The Apologues
It is

probable that these picturesque and effective


came with the main narrative from an

little stories

Eastern source. 1

The

first

ten are put into the

mouth of Barlaam, the last into that of Theudas, and


all are used to point some moral truth.
The style is
simple and graphic and to some readers the Apologues

may form the most attractive part of the book.


The best known is, of course, the tale of the
Caskets, made famous by its repetition in Shakespeare's Merchant

of

Venice.

The Apology

of Aristides

1889 Professor Rendel Harris discovered a


Syriac version of the Apology of Aristides in St.
While engaged
Katharine's Convent on Mt. Sinai.
on a study of the new text Dr. Armitage Robinson
was reminded of a passage in Barlaam and Ioasaph,
In

and, on turning to the text made the interesting


discovery, that the speech of Nachor (pp. 396-425)

was nothing but the Apology in a Greek dress, fitted,


with some deftness, into its new context. 2 For all
details we will refer to Dr. Armitage Robinson's work.

We

need only remind our readers here, that, according


"
"
to Eusebius of Caesarea, the
Apology was a defence
of Christianity presented by Aristides, a philosopher
1

For details see

Max

Miiller,

Contemp. Review

(J u!y, 1870).

Cp. p. 424 'Iva yvys, Si fiaaiAev, on ovk atf' i/xavrov ravra


Ktyw, rats \"po.<pais iyicvtpas twv XpHTTioivuiv eup-ijaeis ovSev
i^oiQtv rys aKrjdtius /xe hiyeiv.
2

viii

PREFACE
Emperor Hadrian, when on a
modern scholars have found
assigning the work to the reign of

of Athens, in 124 to the


visit to that city; that

some reasons

for

Antoninus Pius, but that beyond all question, it is


an early and authentic Christian document. The
tone is calm and reasonable and the appeal made is
rather to common-sense and plain facts than to
subtleties of logic or to exalted emotion.

The Authohsiiip
The question of the authorship of Barlaam and
Ioasaph cannot be passed over in silence, but considerations of space will only allow us to sum
the

up
arguments and conclusions as briefly as possible.
Throughout the Middle Ages down to quite recent
times the book was almost universally attributed to
St. John of Damascus. 1
No other attributions need
be seriously considered, and the only question for
us to decide is whether we can accept the traditional
authorship of the Damascene or must let the book
remain anonymous. The earliest MSS. mention
as

author a certain

"John

the

Monk

"

but a Latin

MS. of the twelfth century in the British Museum


gives it to John of Damascus by name, and after
that time the tradition becomes
increasingly strong in
his favour.
But in 1886 H. Zotenberg, in an
elaborate
St.

monograph, attempted to prove that


John could not have been the author, and many

writers

have

accepted
1

his

See below,

conclusions

in

simple

p. xiii.

ix

PREFACE

We

trust.

arguments
(1)
St.

He

will
:

sum up the more important

of his

points out that the definite attribution to

John does not occur

The importance

in the earliest

MSS.

the

questions of the
two natures and the two wills of Christ suggests
an earlier date than the eighth century a date
(2)

of

nearer to the time of the

great controversies

on

these subtle points.


(3)

There

is

absolutely no mention of the

medan religion.
(4) The style

is

quite unlike that of St.

MohamJohn

in

works of certain authenticity.


Zotenberg has a few other arguments that seem
and he has also
to us to carry no weight whatever
much
to
without
success,
dispose of the
attempted,
his

definite

arguments in favour of the traditional

bution.

attri-

These arguments must now be stated


most striking re(1) Our work exhibits the
semblances on points of doctrine and use to the
in many passages the
doctrinal works of St. John
resemblance amounts almost to verbal identity.
from favourite
(2) There are frequent quotations
authors of St. John, especially from St. Gregory or
Nazianzus and St. Basil.
:

(3)

The defence

of

Images, coupled with the

of Idolatry, the enthusiasm for the


monastic ideal, and the scant regard shown for the

denunciation

bishops and the secular clergy, almost compel us to


x

PREFACE
work

the

place

in

the time of the

Iconoclastic

The position, taken up and defended,


Controversy.
is
and we
exactly that of the Icon-venerators
;

regard this fact alone as conclusive evidence for an


eighth century date.
In answer to Zotenberg's arguments we may say
(1) That "John the Monk," to whom the earliest
:

MSS. assign the work, may very well be St. John of


Damascus he seems to have been commonly known
;

under
(2)

this

name.

The

references to the controversies over the

two natures and two

wills of Christ are not nearly

so frequent or so pointed as are those to the Icon


This argument, in any case, does not
Controversy.
tell

seriously against the traditional date.

(3)

The

lack of any mention of Islam is more


But St. John had stood in friendly
with the Mohammedans, and, as they

remarkable.
relations

were

infidels indeed,

but not idolaters, they did not

He was
special scope of his attack.
" favourer
actually accused by his enemies of being a
of Mussulmans."
Hence his silence on this point,
come within the

though
(1)

striking, is not inexplicable.

The question

of style

is

rather a difficult one.

Zotenberg's treatment of the subject is not very


successful, and he has made several gross blunders,
which justify serious doubts of his competency to

pronounce on the subject.


thus

The

case seems to stand

parts of the speeches, dealing with points of


doctrine, are strikingly like St. John's doctrinal
:

xi

PREFACE
other parts of the work, particularly the
works
narrative sections, are less similar, but are not unlike some of St. John's homilies.
On such a point
attainable.
think it may
is
hardly
certainty
;

We

safely be said that the style certainly does not rule


some
out the possibility of St. John's authorship
readers will go further and maintain that it actually
;

confirms

it.

Our general conclusion then


tradition in favour of St. John

is

of

There is a
Damascus as the
The book was

this.

of Barlaam and Ioasaph.


undoubtedly written dun'ng the Iconoclastic Controversy, in the eighth century, probably at a time
when the Iconoclasts were in the ascendant
It was written either by St. John of
(c. 750 a.d. ?).
Damascus himself or by another monk bearing the
name of John, who was intimately acquainted with
the works of the Damascene, quoted freely from the
same authors, held the same views on general points
of doctrine and took the same side in the Iconoclastic
We have examined Zotenberg's arguControversy.
ments and found them insufficient his followers have

author

or nothing to his case.


Langen, after a
thorough inquiry, accepts the tradition Max Midler
characterises the arguments brought against it as

added

little

We think therefore that the name of


very weak.
John of Damascus has still a right to appear on the

St.

title-page.

xn

BIBLIOGRAPHY
The Greek Text, employed in this present book, and upon
which the accompanying English Translation is based, is that
of J.

F. Boissonade, occurring in vol. iv., pp. 1-365, of his

Anecdota Graeca, Paris, 1832.


Boissonade's is the First Printed Greek edition of Barlaam
and Ioasaph, and is founded on certain MSS. in the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris. These are four in number viz.,
Codex 903 (of the eleventh cent.) which Boissonade labels A;
Codex 904 (of the twelfth cent.) B
Codex 1128 (of the
fourteenth cent. C and Codex 907 (also of the fourteenth
D.
But
to
this last-named codex Boissonade refers
cent.)
only when dealing with the Apology of Arislides, pp. 243251.
Boissonade appears to have favoured Codex 904 most
of all, and, on p. vii of his preface, he informs us that, for
the sake of brevity, he has noted only a few variations of A
and G.
His hopes of a new edition by Schmidt and
Kapitar have not yet been fulfilled. When seeking for the
best Greek text of Barlaam and Ioasaph, Migne availed
himself of the labours of Boissonade, and this text he has, more
or less faithfully, reproduced in his third vol. of St. John
Damascene's writings in Tome xcvi. of the Patrologiae
Graecce Cursus Completus.
In 1884 there was published at Athens, under the editorship of Sophronius, Monk of Mount Athos, another printed
edition of Barlaam and Ioasaph.
This was based upon
parchment MSS. belonging to the Skete of St. Anne on the
aforesaid Holy Mount.
In addition to Codices 903, 904, 907 and 1128, Boissonade
enumerates 16 other Greek MSS. in the Bibliotheque
Nationale in Paris.
And H. Zotenberg, in his Notice sur le
livre de Barlaam et Ioasaph, p. 3, gives us their numbers,
and dates, ranging from the eleventh to the sixteenth
but says nothing about their genealogical
centuries,
classification.
He also supplies a valuable list of Greek
MSS. elsewhere. Six examples are said to be preserved in
;

xiii

BIBLIOGRAPHY
four in the Ro\*al Library
the Imperial Library at Vienna
Munich ten in different Libraries at Oxford.
Single
copies exist in the British Museum, in the Libraries of
the
of
and
Rome
Grotta
abbey
Ferrata, at
Heidelberg,
at
Florence, at Venice, Turin, Madrid, the Escurial
Moscow, in the patriarchal Library at Cairo, at the convents
of Saint Saba (whereof St. John Damascene was monk) and
of Iveron, and of St. Anne on Mount Athos.
Dr. Armitage
Robinson in his Appendix to The Apology of Aristides,
pp. 81, 82, adds to this Ions; list a Greek MS. at Wisbech,
and
apparently of the beginning of the eleventh cent.
another, of the seventeenth cent., in the Library of Pembroke
;

at

College, Cambridge.
glance at the Catalogue of Romances in the Department
1
of MSS. in the British Museum alone is sufficient to prove
the immense popularity of Barlaam and Ioasaph in the
Middle Ages, and to show what material it provided for

romancers, poets preachers, teachers, dramatists, writers of


2
mystery plays, Moralities, and the like.
After the appearance of Barlaam and Ioasaph in the
literary works of St. John Damascene, and following its embodiment, about the middle of the tenth cent., in Simeon

Lives of the Saints, it was translated into


3
From
Latin, certainly not later than the twelfth cent.
this and from other Latin versions the history of Barlaam
and Ioasaph passed easily into nearly every language in

Metaphrastes'

Europe.
To speak only of England. Here, as elsewhere, Barlaam
and Ioasaph was probably chiefly known by means of the
Dominican Monk Jacobus de Voragine 5 and his famous

H. L. D. Ward, vol. ii, pp. 111-149.


Barlaam's Apologue of the man and his three friends
is suggestive of the old Morality Everyman.
Ioasaph's
temptation by the fair damsels and the fair princess is
anticipatory of Parsifal, the flower maidens and Kundry.
1

Witness Add. MS.

From the

17,299.
original Greek it is also said to have been
translated at an early date into Arabic, Ethiopic, Armenian,

Syriac and Hebrew.


5

Native of Varraggio on the Gulf

died in 1298.

xiv

of

Genoa, born

c.

1230,

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Legenda Aurea, which is n collection of Lives of Saints.
Barlaam and Ioasaph appear in this work, not as St. John
1
Damascene wrote the history, but in an abridged form.
But with the invention of the Printing Press copies were
The first edition of Legenda Aurea is
greatly multiplied.
and of
supposed to have been printed at Basel about 1470,
this Latin edition Caxton made a translation and Fynysshed'
Since then many a
it at Westminster, on Nov. 20, 14S3.
been made. In 1672
reprint of these Golden Legends has
these was also published in London, in English prose, The
or The Wonderful
History of the Five Wise Philosophers
Relation of the Life of Iehoshaphat the Hermit, Son of
A Treatise, both PleaAvenerio, King of Banna in India.
sant Profitable, and Pious. This was written by H. P(arsons).,
Gent.
Subsequent editions of this work appeared in 1711,
1725 (?) and 1732; and the above was reprinted by K. S.
Macdonahl, Calcutta, 1895.
Dr. Armitage Robinson considers it 'remarkable that this
work, which at one time enjoyed such extraordinary
into print in its
popularity, should not have found its way
.'
Perhaps it
original language before the nineteenth centur}
is scarcely less remarkable that it has been reserved to
'

the year 1914 to give a full translation in English, as is now


done for the first time, of this edifying and charming halfGreek, and half-oriental story.'
'

1
In the first part of the fourteenth cent, a prose Legende
Doree, founded on the earlier one, was written by a French

monk, Jean de Vignay, and from this writer, and from others,
there were drawn prose and verse translations in English,
MS. copies of which are still to be found in the British
Museum, and in the Bodleian Library and some of these
have been printed by K. S. Macdonald, and others by Carl
Hortsmann in his Altenglische Legenden. For other foreign
metrical versions, see that of Gui de Cambrai that of an
Anglo-Norman poet, Chardry and the long epic of Rudolf
von Ems. See also, in prose, the Speculum historiale by
;

Vincentius Bellovacensis, Lib. xvi. caps. 1-64

Strasburg,

1473.

XV

SOME USEFUL BOOKS OF REFERENCE


Michel Lequien.

St.

John

of

Damascus.

vols.

Paris,

1712.

Fr. K. Kopke. Barlaam und Josaphat. Konigsberg, 1818.


Boissonade. Anecdota Graeca. Paris, 1832. Vol. iv.
H. Zotenberg und P. Meyer. Barlaam und Josaphat.

J. F.

Stuttgart, 1843, etc.


J. P.

Migne.

ff.

J. P.

J.

P.

Athanasii Vita Sancti Antonii.

S.

835-978.

Migne.
Migne.

Paris, 1857.
Tom. xxix-xxxii.
S. Basilius.
S.

Tom.

xxvi.

Paris, 1857.

Tom. xxxv.-

Gregorius Nazianzenus.

xxxviii.
Paris, 1857-8.
P. Migne.
S. John Damasccnus.
Patrologiae Cursus
Completus. Series Graeca, Tom. xciv, xcv, xcvi. Paris,
1S60.
J. P. Migne.
Agapeti Diaconi Capita admonitoria. Tom.
Paris, 1860.
lxxxvi, Pars i, if. 1163-1186.

J.

John Mason Neale.

Hymns

Lon-

Eastern Church.

of the

don, 1862, 1863, 1S66, 1870.

Christ (Wilhelm) and Paranikas (Math.).


Anthologia
Graeca carminum christianorum.
Lipsia?, 1871.
Langen (Joseph). Joh. von Damaskus. Gotha, 1879.

Max

Mui.ler.

Migration of Fables in Contemp. Review


Idem. Selected Essays (London, 1881).
J. H. Lupton.
St. John of Damascus.
London, 1882.
H. Zotenberg. Notice sur le livre de Barlaam et Joasaph.
(July, 1S70)

Paris, 18S6.

Harris &

Rendel

Armitage Robinson.
The
Cambridge, 1891.
H. L. D. Ward. Catalogue of Romances in the Department
of MSS. in the Brit. Mus. especially vol. ii. pp. 111-149.
London, 1893.
Kuhn.
Barlaam und Ioasaph, in Abhandlungen der K.
baytr Akad. d. Wissensch.,1. Klass., xx. (Munich, 1S93),

J.

Apology

sect.

K.

S.

J.

of Aristides.

i.

Macdonald.

The Story

of

Barlaam und Ioasaph.

Calcutta, 1895.

Hauck,

Albert.

Realencyklopadie,

Leipzig, 1897.
A. Vacant.
Diet, de Theol. Cath.

The Catholics Encyclopaedia.


York.
xvi

Imprimatur, 1907.

ii.

Band

410.

Vol.

ii.

ii.

405.

f.

Paris, 1905.
p. 297.

New

LIFE OF

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

who from the place of his birth derives


Damascene, was born in or about the year
676, and died, it is thought, after 754 but before
For details of his life we depend entirely upon
787.
John, Patriarch of Constantinople and Martyr,
from whom we gather that St. John
963-969
Damascene was of gentle blood, and came of
Christian ancestors, whose family name was Mansur,
His father was given to good
the Arabic for victor.
works, and made no secret of his religion, nor was
this considered by the Saracen as any bar against his
and in
holding high office at the Court of Damascus,
this respect he was not unlike Joseph in Egypt, and
St. John,

his title

Daniel in Babylon before him.

The old Mansur had a son, John by name


besides him, he had an adopted son called Cosmas.
When John and his foster-brother Cosmas were old

enough, their education was committed to the charge


of an elderly and learned Sicilian Monk and Priest,
whose name also happened to be Cosmas. He had
been carried away captive from Sicily, and was
standing in the market-place at Damascus, doomed to
death or slavery, when the old Mansur pleaded with
the Caliph for his life, ransomed and took him to his
own home. There the old Monk Cosmas, fearing

xvn

LIFE OF

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

the judgement threatened to the slothful servant


who possessed the talent * but made no use of it,
soon fell to work and began to instruct his two
pupils in rhetoric, dialectic, philosophy, natural
history, music, astronomy, and above all in theology.
This done, old Cosmas withdrew from Damascus to
On
the Monastery of St. Sabas, 2 near Jerusalem.
the death of his father, John Mansur was summoned
to court and pressed to accept the office of irpwrocrvfx(3ov\o<;

or chief-councillor.

To

this request, after

some little persuasion, he consented.


At that time the Eastern Church was in the throes
of the Iconoclastic heresy. 3 In 726 Leo the Isaurian
passed

his

first

royal

edict

against

the

vener-

Cp. Barlaam and Ioasajih, p. 4.


Thither he was followed by both his pupils, as well as by
St. John Damascene's nephew, St. Stephen the Sabalte.
3
'No controversy has been more grossly misapprehended
none, without the key of subsequent events, could have been
1

Calvinism, and its daughter


Rationalism, showed the ultimate development of Iconoclastic
principles, it must have been well-nigh impossible to realise
the depth of feeling on the side of the Church, or the greatWe may,
ness of her interests attacked by her opponents.
perhaps, doubt whether even the Saints of that day fully
understood the character of the battle; whether they did
not give up ease, honour, possession, life itself, rather from
an intuitive perception that their cause was the cause of the
Catholic faith, than from a logical appreciation of the results
to which the Image-destroyers were tending. Just so, in the
early part of the Nestorian controversy many and many
a simple soul must have felt intuitively that the title of
Theotocos was to be. defended, without seeing the full consequences to which its denial would subsequently lead. The
supporters of Icons, by universal consent, numbered amongst
their ranks all that was pious and venerable in the Eastern
Church. The Iconoclasts seem to have been the legitimate
development of that secret creeping Manichaeism, which,
so difficult to appreciate.

xviii

Till

LIFE OF

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

At Damascus St. John


of sacred images.
entered the arena against him, and vigorously
defended this practice as the ancient and lawful
Moreover he
heritage of the Christian people.
stirred up the Faithful to resist and ignore the edict.
In 730 there followed a second royal decree, more
than the former. To this St. John
arbitrary
Damascene replied with greater zeal and eloquence
than before. No marvel, therefore, if the Emperor
resented the contradiction of this able and learned
opponent, who sheltered himself, as he considered,
under the wing of the Caliph of Damascus. So,
being unable to overwhelm St. John Damascene by

ation

force or argument, Leo determined to compass his


For which purpose he forged
ruin by stratagem.
letters addressed to himself, purporting to be written
in the hand-writing of St. John at Damascus, privily

informing the Byzantine Emperor that the guard


Damascus was weak and negligent, and promising
Leo that, if he sent sufficient troops, he could easily
capture the city, and might count on the writer's
This forged letter was then desco-operation.
and for a while the latter
the
to
Caliph
patched
believed that his once faithful 7rpwToa-v/j.(3ov\o<; had

at

been guilty of base treachery. Nothing short of a


miracle, which the historian relates, cleared up the
mystery, and finally restored the Damascene to his
master's favour and confidence.
Soon after this, being constrained to 'forsake all
and follow Christ,' St. John begged the Caliph to
relieve him of his office, and at last with difficulty
under the various names of Turlupins, Bogomili, or
so long devastated Christ's fold.' J. M. Neale,
the Eastern Church, London, 18UH, pp. 14, 15.

Goodmen,

Hymns

of

xix

LIFE OF
obtained

ST.

permission

JOHN DAMASCENE
to

retire

from

public

life.

Having sold all his worldly goods, and distributed to


the poor, with but one coat on his back, he retired,
together with the younger Cosmas, his former playmate (hereafter to be known as Cosmas the Melodist,
and Bishop of Maiuma), to the monastery of St. Saba,

whither his old tutor, Sicilian Cosmas, had already


'
gone, esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches
than the treasures in Syria, and accounting the dry
desert better than ' Abana and Pharpar, rivers of
Damascus.' Here later on he was ordained Priest of
Here he fasted and prayed.
the church of Jerusalem.
Here he composed his famous Canons, Odes, Idiomela,
Stichera, Cathismata, Troparia, Theotokia, and the
Here he set in order the Greek service books,
like.
supplying that which was lacking for the Eastern, as
did St. Gregory the great for the Western church.
And lo he, that was once dubbed by his enemies
'
Mamzer {Hehraice c bastard '), ' a cursed favourer of
'

'

c
a traitorous worshipper of images,' ' a
of
Jesus Christ,' ' a teacher of impiety,' and
wronger
1
a bad interpreter of the Scriptures,' is now, from his
defence of sacred images, fitly styled 'the Doctor of
Christian Art,' is surnamed ' Chrysorrhoas
(the
Golden-stream), and has 'deservedly won the double
honour of being the last but one of the Fathers of
the Greek church and the greatest of her Poets.'

Saracens'

'

xx

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH

BAPAAAM

KAI IOAIA^>

yTXn*EAH2 EK TH2 ENAOTEPA2 THN AI0IOrmN


TH2 INAHN AErOMENH2, DP02 THN AITAN nOAIN
METENEX0EI2A AIA IHANNOT MONAXOT, ANAP02 TIMIOT
KAI ENAPETOT MONH2 TOT AHOT 2ABA- EN HI O BI02
BAPAAAM KAI mA2A4> TUN AOIAIMUN KAI MAKAPIflN.
I2TOPIA

XfiPA2,

nPOOIMION
Rom.

viiL

"Oaoi
viol

eoO

ovrol

elcrcv

Be
<pi]alv 6 Oelos 'A7roo"roA,o?* to

Uvev-

UvevfiaTL

eoD,

dyovrat,

Nazianz.

fiaTOS dyiov afjiadijvat /ecu viovs eov yeveaOcu


TU> V OpKTO)V VTrdpX^ TO etryaTOV, KCll OV JVO-

Attiaiias

pivots

irda^ Oewpias

386,34

frrai.

T/}?

avdiravcris, /ca6co<s yeypaOVV V7Tp(pVOV<i TaUT7]<i KCU TOiV icpeTCOV

oi
atcpordrris pbatcapLOTqTos i)^Lcodriaav eirirvyelv
air" aicovos dyioi Bid T/79 twv dpercov epyaaia^' oi

Heb.

xii. 4

fiev fiapTvpiKcos

d6\rjaavre<;

zeal /xe^/3i<?

atfiaTos

dpapriav avriKaraaravre';, oi Be da/cr)tikcos dycovcadpievoi,, real rr\v arevrjv ftahiaavTes

777)0? rrjv

Mat.

vii.

14

oBov, teal pLaprvpes

Lukexiii.

rfj

Trpoaipetrei yevofievoc.

cov

2
dptareias koX rd KaTopdcopbara, rcov re Bi
oV
/cal rcov
crews
reXeccodivTCOv
dcrrerj
aipbaro^
pbi[i7)aapievcov, ypacpfj
tt]v dyye\i/cr)v TroXneiav
TrapaBt,B6vat, kcu dperrjs vTroBeiy/xa rats pererrena
rd<;

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH


AN EDIFYING STORY FROM THE INNER LAND OF THE ETHIOPIANS, CALLED THE LAND OF THE INDIANS, THENCE
BROUGHT TO THE HOLY CITY, BY JOHN THE MONK (AN
HONOURABLE MAN AND A VIRTUOUS, OF THE MONASTERY
OF SAINT SABAS); WHEREIN ARE THE LIVES OF THE
FAMOUS AND BLESSED BARLAAM AND IOASAPH.

INTRODUCTION
As many as are led by the Spirit of God The author
they are sons of God saith the inspired Apostle, ^"h the
Now to have been accounted worthy of the Holy purpose of
sons of God is of all
Spirit and to have become
and, as it is written,
things most to be coveted
'They that have become his sons find rest from
This marvellous, and above all else
all enquiry.'
desirable, blessedness have the Saints from the
beginning won by the practice of the virtues, some
having striven as Martyrs, and resisted sin unto
'

'

blood, and others having struggled in self-discipline,


and having trodden the narrow way, proving Martyrs
in will.
Now, that one should hand down to
memory the prowess and virtuous deeds of these,
both of them that were made perfect by blood,
and of them that by self-denial did emulate the
conversation of Angels, and should deliver to the

generations that follow

a pattern of virtue,

thib

3
b 2

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

Trapairepireiv yeveals, eze tcov deqyopcov AttocttoXcov zeal puazeap'icov YlaTepcov >) tov Xptarov irape'iXrjcpev 'EfCtcXrjaLa, eirl crcoTrfpca

tovto

vopLoOerrjcrdvTwv.

rj

tov yevov<i

yap

7rpo9

r)p,cov

dperrjv

cpepovaa 6S09 rpa^eld Ti9 io~Ti zeal dvavrr)*; zeal


p-dXiara rots pb^irco p,eTa0epevois 6'A.ov? eavTovs
iirl rov K.vpiov, dX)C eze tt/9 tcov nradwv rvpavBid TOVTO koX iroWcov
vlBos Tl 7ro\ep,ovpLevoL<i.
BeopueOa tcov 7rpo9 avTrjv irapazeaXovvTcov

tovto

p,ev irapacveaecov,

tovto Be

r)p,d<i,

zeal fticov

Ictto-

plas tcov ezeelvrjv irpocoBevzeoTcov, o zeal pbdWov


dXinrcos <fie\/cTai 7rpo9 avTriv zeal p,r) diroyivcocrzceiv Trapaatcevd^ei tt}? Tropeias to
BvazeoXov.
eirel zeal tco p,eXXovTt ftaBi^etv 6Bbv Bvairopov zeal

Tpayelav irapaivcov
i]8j)

Tre'icreiev'

\vcravTa<i
Gal. ti. ig;
Phil. iii. 16

p-ev

T9

zeal

irpoTpeiropLevo^

Be

ttoXXovs avTrjv
BteXOovTas, etTa zedv tco TeXei zeaXco<? zeaTa-

tjttov

iropeLas

virohetzevvcov

ovtco Treicreie p,d\Xov zeal avTov av TJ79


tovtco ovv eyco cttoi^cov tco

d-^raaOai.

KaV Q VL> dWcos

Be zeal tov eir^pTripevov tco BovXco

zeivBvvov vcpopcopievos, 09, \aj3cov irapd tov BeairoMat. xxv.

tov to TaXavTov, 6t9 yrjv ezeelvo zeaTcopv^e zeai to


BoOev irpos epyaaiav ezepv^rev dirpaypaTevTOv,
e^7)jT]acv yp-v%cocpe\r) ea>9 epuov zeaTavTi]aaaav ovBap.cos tTicoirrjcropaf yivirep p,oi dcpi]y>]cravTO dvBpes
tt?9
ei)Xa/9et9
ivBoTepas tcov AWlottcov ydtpas,
ovaTivas 'IvBovs oiBev 6 X0709 zeaXelv, e^ vTTop,vr\paTcov TavTijv d\jrevBcov pLeTacppdaavTes,
OVTCO<i.

e^et Be

BAKLAAM AND IOASAPH


hath the Church of Christ received as a tradition
from the inspired Apostles, and the blessed Fathers,
who did thus enact for the salvation of our race.
For the pathway to virtue is rough and steep,
especially for such as have not yet wholly turned
unto the Lord, but are still at warfare, through
the tyranny of their passions.
For this reason also
we need many encouragements thereto, whether
it be exhortations, or the record of the lives of
them that have travelled on the road before us
which latter draweth us towards it the less painfully, and doth accustom us not to
despair on
account of the difficulty of the journey. For even
as with a man that
would tread a hard and
;

path by exhortation and encouragement


one may scarce win him to essay it, but rather by
pointing to the many who have already completed
the course, and at the last have arrived safely.
So
difficult

walking by this rule,' and heedful of the


hanging over that servant who, having
received of his lord the talent, buried it in the
earth, and hid out of use that which was given
him to trade withal, will in no wise pass over in
silence the edifying story that hath come to me,
the which devout men from the inner land of the
I

'

too,

danger

Ethiopians, whom our tale calleth Indians, delivered


unto me, translated from trustworthy records.
It

readeth thus.

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

'H twv 'lv&cov Xeyopevi] %<wpa iroppw pev BidKenai t/}? KlyinrTov, peydXt] ovcra Kal ttoXvdi'9pa>7To<i- 7repiK\v^Tai, Se 9aXdaaats Kal vchiaiTropois TreXdyeai

tw

/car

Aoyv7TTOv peper

Ik Se

irpoaeyyi^et to<? opioid Hepathos,


r/Ti? iraXai pev ra>
elhwXop,avia<i epeXalvero
^6(f>(p, els dfcpov eK/3ef3ap/3apa)p,ei>r] /cal Tals d6e6t 8e 6
apois eKSeSujrijpevr] tcov irpd^ewv.
p,ovoyevr)S tov eoD T109, 6 wv et? tov koXttov
tov Tlarpo<i, to eavrov irXacrpa pr] (f>epcov opav
rjTreipov

t?]<;

t%

John i.18

dp,apTia hovXovpevov, Tot? OLKeioLS irepl rovro


cnrXdyxyois e.TTLKap<^9eis, a><f>0r) /cad' rjpa<} d/xapBaruchiii.
Tta? ycopLS, KCLl, TOV TOV IIo-TOO? 9 pOVOV UL7)
/
37 John
* '*'</ <

~
y-r
a
14; Heb. iv. cnroMTTtev,
Viapuevov (pKTjcre oi r)p,a<;, iv rjpecs
Uke1
tov
Te
iraXaiov
KaTOiK^awpbev tov<; ovpavovs,
2r'42
Tnd>paTos dva/cXrjOwpev, Kal tt}<$ dpapTtas diraXXayoypev, ttjv irpoTepav vloOeatav diroXafiovTeq,
Kal, Tzdaav pev tt]v Std crapKos virep rjpcov *
TeXecra? oiKovopiav, cnavpov Te Kal OdvaTov
KaTaSe^dpevos Kal toI$ enrovpaviois irapaho^ws
ev otto ti] a as xa eirlyeia, dvaaTas 8e ex veKpwv Kal
Mk. xvi. 19
p,eTa Bo^rjs els ovpavovs dvaXr](f>9els Kal ev Se^ia
iob. i. 3
t//9 tov UaTpbs peyaXooavvijs Ka9icras, to TrapdkXi]tov Tlvevpa tols avTOTTTais avTOv Kal pvaTais,
>

1.

,.

'

KaTa
Acts

ii.

Mat.

iv.

Mat.

jLxvlii;

16

iirayyeXiav, ev e'iSet yXcocraoov Trvpivwv


e^aireaTeiXe, Kal eTreptyev avTovs els irdvTa to,

Wvi]

Tr]v

(pcoTtcrac Toil?

ev o~kot1 t>/9 dyvolas Ka9rj-

^evovs, Kal fiaTTTL^eiv avTovs els to ovopa tov


TiaTpos Kal tov Tiov Kal tov 'Aytov Uvevp,aTos,
6

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

i.

3-4

The country
and

of the Indians, as

populous, lying far

it is

beyond Egypt.

called,

On

is

vast How

the side

of Egypt it is washed by seas and navigable gulphs,


but on the mainland it marcheth with the borders of
with the gloom ot
Persia, a land formerly darkened
to the last degree, and wholly
But when 'the
unlawful
to
practices.
up
given
in
the bosom of
is
which
of
Son
God,
only-begotten
the Father,' being grieved to see his own handiwork
in bondage unto sin, was moved with compassion for
the same, and shewed himself amongst us without
idolatry, barbarous

sin,

dwelt
and, without leaving his Father's throne,
womb for our sakes, that

for a season in the Virgin's


we might dwell in heaven,

and be re-claimed from

the ancient fall, and freed from sin by receiving


ao-ain the adoption of sons; when he had fulfilled
in the flesh for our sake, and
every stage of his life
endured the death of the Cross, and marvellously
united earth and heaven when he had risen again
from the dead, and had been received up into heaven,
and was seated at the right hand of the majesty of
the Father, whence, according to his promise, he sent
;

Comforter, the Holy Ghost, unto his eyewitnesses and disciples, in the shape of fiery tongues,
and despatched them unto all nations, for to give
in the darkness of ignorance,
light to them that sat
and to baptize them in the Name of the Father, and of
the Son, and of the Holy Ghost whereby it fell to the

down the

the

j^^
?GolU
to the

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.
&><?

ivTevOev tovs

p.ev

avTwv

ra<i

ewa?

\i]^ei^,

tou?

Be ra<; eo-irepiovs Xa^ovra^ Trepiep^eaOai, fiopeid


Te /cal vona Btadeeiv Kh.Lp.aTa, to Trpoareraypievov

Acts

i.

avTois TrXTjpovvras, Bidyye\p,a tot Kal 6 lepwTarof Ba)/i,a9, el? virdpywv t/}<? BwBeKapiOpov
(fcaXayyos row paO^Twv tov XpicrTov, 7T/30? ttjv

13

Twv 'IvBwv
Mk.

xvi. 20

Ens. h.e.,
i.

13

iii.

Socr. H.E.,
i.
19; iv. is

ktjpvttwv avTols to aw-

e^7repL7TTO,

tov

K.vp[ov Be avvepyovvTos 5
Kal tov \6yov fiefiaiovvTos Bta twv iiraKoXovQovvtwv ar)p,elwv, to p.ev t% Beiai8aip,ovLa<; airiq

~
/
n
'f i
Kauti o~/coTO? kgli, twv eiowAiKwv airovoaw T /cat
T7)piov

-*

j,

Ki']pvyp.a,

>

c>

poe\.vypaTO)v aTraK\ayevTes,TT) airXavet TvpoaeTe6>]o~av TTtaTei, rcai, ovtw rat? a.7roo-To\i/cai<i p.eTa7r\aa0evT<i yepcri, XpiaTw Bid tov /3a7TTLcrpaTO<;

wKeiwO^aav, Kai, tol^ /caro

p.epo?

Trpoo-drjiccus

avavop,evoi, irpoeKoirTov iv tjj dpwpa'iTw irio~Tei,


KK\rjata<; T dva irdaa^ wKoBopovv tcls %wpa<i.
'E7rel Be Kal iv Klyvirrw i)p%a,TO p.ovao~Tr)pia

avvLCTTaadai Kal to. twv povaywv dOpoi^eaOai


Kal t?}? iKelvwv dpeTrjs Kal dyye\op.ip,i]Tov

rr\7]0r],
Ps. xix. 4

Biaywyrjs rj (pijpi] to, irepaTa 8ie\dp,/3ave tj}?


oiKovpevrjs, Kal et? lvBovs r\Ke, Trpos tov opoiov
^f]Xov Kal tovtou<; Bw'iyeipev, &>? ttoWovs avTwv,

wdvTa KaTaXtTTovTas,
Kai iv acopbaTc dvrjTw

KaTa\aj3elv
ttjv

to-?

ipr/p.ov<;

iroXiTeiav dveikticpevai

ovtw Ka\w<? iyovTwv twv 6


dawpaTwv.
irpaypbaTwv, Kal xpvaais Tnepvfy, to Br) Xeyopevov,
tojv

eh ovpavovs ttoWwv dvnrTapevwv, dviaTaTal


f3aai\ev<; iv

ti<;

avTjj ywpa, 'A{3evvr)p Tovvop.a,


p.eyas p.ev yevopevo<; ttXovtw koI BuvaaTeia Kai
iv
Trj KaTa rav dvTLKip,evwv vIktj, yevvalos T
8

tj}

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

46

i.

of some of the Apostles to travel to the far-off


East and to some to journey to the West-ward, while
others traversed the regions North and South, fullot

then it was, I say, that


filling their appointed tasks
one of the company of Christ's Twelve Apostles, most
holy Thomas, was sent out to the land of the Indians,

The Lord
preaching the Gospel of Salvation.
working with him and confirming the word with signs
following,' the darkness of superstition was banished ;
'

and

men were

delivered from idolatrous sacrifices and

abominations, and added to the true Faith, and being


thus transformed by the hands of the Apostle, were

made members

of Christ's household by Baptism,


with fresh increase, made advanceever
and, waxing
ment in the blameless Faith and built churches in all
their lands.

Now when

monasteries began to be formed in Of Ai>enner


the king
E<rvpt, and numbers of monks banded themselves and hi
i idolatry
together, and when the fame or their virtues and

iii/-

<-

was gone out into all the ends


and came to the Indians, it stirred
them up also to the like zeal, insomuch that many
of them forsook everything and withdrew to the
Angelic conversation

of the world

'

'

and, though but men in mortal bodies,


While matters
the
spiritual life of Angels.
adopted
were thus prospering and many were soaring upward
to heaven on wings of gold, as the saying is, there
deserts

arose in that country a king named Abenner, mighty


in riches and power, and in victory over his enemies,
9

Sr.

JOHN DAMASCENE

nroXepuois, zeal p,eye8et croopaTos a/xa

Be /cal irpo<r-

copaioTTjTi,
aepvvvopLevos, TtaaL re to??
/cal
Oclttov
Ko<TfjUfcol<;
p&paivop.evoi<$ irpoTeprjpacnv
(jottov

Kara ^jrv^v Be layajri 7ue%6p,evo$


TTTU/yeia /cal ttoXXoIs /ca/cols o-vp,7rvcy6pLvos, 7-7)9
eWrjvi/erj? vnrdpywv poipas, /cal acpoBpa irepl rhv
BeiaiBaip,ova TfXdviqv rcov elBcoXcov 7rTor)p,evo<>.
iy/cavxcopLevos'

ttoXXt) Be av(ov outo9 rpvcf)f) /cal airokavaei twv


yBetov /cal repTTvwv tov fiiov, /cal iv ovBevl rcov

OeXrjp.drcov ical hnOvpumv avTov airocnepovpLevoSy


ev et^e to ttjv eveppocrvvr/v avra> ey/coirrov /cal

peplpvais avTov p3dXXov

to

ttjv "tyvyrp),

t?}?

are-

Bid
epypLos yap vTrdpywv
(ppovTbBos el^e 7ToXXt]<; ottcos, tov toiovtov XvOel?
Beapiov, re/evcov /cX^Oe'tr) "jraTijp, rrpdypM, rots
toiovtos piev 6 (BacriXev<;,
iroXXols ev/cratoraTov.

/cvias

/ca/cov.

iralBcov,

ovtcos eywv Trjs yvcopir)<;.


Be ev/cXeeo-rarov yevos

/cal

To
ret,

ra)v p,ovayoiv

/3ao~iXea><;

TrXt'}Qr\

creftas,

/cal

twv ^piartavcov

/cal

trap ovBev Qepevoi to tov


ttjv

avTov

p,rj

BeBoi/coTes

bXcos cnreiXijv, Trpoe/coirTov ttj tov XpiaTov ydpiTi,


el?
Xoyov Kpe'iTTOva irXrjOvv eiriBiBovTes, /cat
Ppa^iiv piev iroiovpievoi tov fiaatXecos Xoyov, TOiv
Be 7T/?o9 Oepairelav cpepovTcov eov BiacpepovTcos
e~%op,evoi.

fcal

Bid tovto 7ro\Xol

Bi/crjv eiTavrjprjpievayv

tmv

ttjv px>va-

Ta^iv, irdvTa pev eiriarj^ Ta


777909 ev Be piovov tovto

evTavda Teprrvd BieirTVov,

ei^ov epooTLKO)^, tt\v evcre(3eiav, ical tov virep


XpicrTov ddvaTov iBtywv, /cal rfj<; etceWev copeyovTO p,a/capioTr)To<;.
eKtjpvTTOV ovv, ov <>o/3o
Tivl
ctt<m9

10

/cal

vTrocrToXr),

dXXd

ical

Xiav evTrapprjcrid-

to tov eoO crwTTjpiov ovopia,

/cal

ovBev

ti

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

r.

6-7

brave in warfare, vain of his splendid stature and


comeliness of face, and boastful of all worldly honours,
But his soul was utterly
that pass so soon away.

crushed by poverty, and choked with many vices, for


he was of the Greek way, and sore distraught by the
superstitious error of his idol-woi ship. But, although
he lived in luxury, and in the enjoyment of the sweet
-

and pleasant things of life, and was never baulked of


any of his wishes and desires, yet one thing there
was that marred his hapjiiness, and pierced his soul
For being
with care, the curse of childlessness.
without issue, he took ceaseless thought how he
might be rid of this hobble, and be called the father
of children, a name greatly coveted by most people.
Such was the king, and such his mind.
Meanwhile the glorious band of Christians and How,
the companies of monks, paying no regard to the threats

and in no wise terrified by his


advanced in the grace of Christ, and grew
number beyond measure, making short account

king's

majesty,

threats,
in

the king's words, but cleaving closely to


For
everything that led to the service of God.
this reason many, who had adopted the monastic
rule, abhorred alike all the sweets of this world,
and were enamoured of one thing only, namely
of

godliness, thirsting to lay

down

their lives for Christ

and yearning for the happiness beyond.


Wherefore they preached, not with fear and

his sake,

trembling, but rather even with excess of boldness


the saving Name of God, and naught but Christ
II

of

theChriii-

JjJjJtmo*^
pered

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

Xp^cTTo? avrols Bid arop,aro<; rjv, rrjv re


pevari]v /ecu evpidpavrov (pvaiv rci)v rrapovreov teal
to rrdyiov ical d<pOaprov rr)<; p,eXXovo~r)<; &>//9
fxrj

ical

(pavepo}<; rrdcrtv vrreBeiicvvov,


Col. iiL 3

olovel

acpopfids

rrapelyov teal aire.pp.ara rrpb<i to olfceiuvs yeveadai


Qe< ical rrjs ev Xpiarep tcpvirropevrps d^ioiOrjvai
evrevdev rroXXol, tj}<? rjBiarTp; e/ceivr)*;
^corj<i.
Bi8aatcaXia<;
dirdrrj^

aTroXavovTes, rov piev

rntcpov

tj}?

Be

yXvtcei

rf]<;

ctkotovs,

dcplaravro

ra>

dXrjOeias epcorl rrpoaerlQevro' o>9 teal rtvas roiv


evBo^cov ical T779 avyieXipov (BovXrjs rrdvra drrorideaOai rd rov /3iou fidpr) ical Xoirrbv ylveadai

'

fiova)(ov<;.

'O Be fiao-iXevs,

C09

jj/covcre

on

ravra, opyrjs

7rXt]po)0eh ical r<p dvpiw inrep^ecra<;,


avritca e^eOero, irdvra Xpiartavov /3td-

7rX.acrT779

Boypia

rov

teadai
tcaivd

p,ev

eirerrjBeve,

e^opLvvadai

tear

avrwv

tcaivoi><;

Be

rrjv

eiBrj

60ev

evcrifieiav.

fiaadveov eirevoei

rpbrrov^ Oavdrcov

ical

rjireiXei.

ypdpbjxara Kara rraaav rr\v viroreXy) avrw


%(opav e7repnrero dpyovai ical i)yepi6cn, ripieoplas
ical

icard
fxeva.

row

evae/3cbv teal cr(payd<; dBi/covs dirocpaivoBe Kara rwv rov piovaBitcov


e^atperco<i

a%rjp.aro<;

rov
roi

7T/309
teal

XoydBwv

avrovs
iroXXol

Ovpiopiaybbv, dairovBov r/yeipe


ravrrj
dtc?)pvtcrov iroXepiov.

teal

p,ev

dveaaXevovro, aXXoi

rwv

rricrroyv

rrjv

Bidvoiav

rds ffaadvov? p.r) Bvvi]dOeparo) avrov eltcov irpoa-

Be,

devres inrevey/ceiv, rep


ol Be rov piovaBitcov rdyp,aro<i rjyepordypiari.
ves ical dp%rjyo[, ol piev, eXey%ovre<> avrov rrjv
dvopiiav, to Bid puaprvpiov vTn'jvey/cav reXo<; teal
tt}? dXi'jicrov errervyov piatcapi6rr)ro<i' ol Be ev
12

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

i.

7-8

to
lips, as they plainly proclaimed
the transitory and fading nature of this
present time, and the fixedness and incorruptibility
of the life to come, and sowed in men the first
seeds, as it were, towards their becoming of the

was on their

all

men

that life which


Wherefore many, profiting by
this most pleasant teaching, turned away from
the bitter darkness of error, and approached
insomuch that certain
the sweet light of Truth
of their noblemen and senators laid aside all
the burthens of life, and thenceforth became

household of God, and winning

is

hid

in

Christ.

monks.
But when the king heard thereof, he was

filled

How the
'

with wrath, and, boiling over with indignation, wr fh


passed a decree forthwith, compelling all Christians permuted**
the Faithful
to renounce their religion.
Thereupon he planned
and practised new kinds of torture against them,
and threatened new forms of death. So throughout
all his dominions he sent letters to his rulers and
governors ordering penalties against the righteous,

and unlawful massacres. But chiefly was his displeasure turned against the ranks of the monastic
orders, and against them he waged a truceless
and unrelenting warfare. Hence, of a truth, many
of the Faithful were shaken in spirit, and others,
unable to endure torture, yielded to his ungodly
decrees. But of the chiefs and rulers of the monastic
order some in rebuking his wickedness ended their
lives by suffering martyrdom, and thus attained
to everlasting felicity

while others hid themselves


13

ST.
iprjfj,lai<;

Mat. x. 23

JOHN DAMASCENE

Kal opeaiv direKpvTTTovTO, ov Beet rcov


aX)C ol/covofiLa rtvl deio-

rjireikiifievwv fiacrdvcov,

repa.
II

T?}<?

roiavTrjt;

rcaTa\af3L>vcn]<;,

ovv aKOTOpbtfvijs tt)v twv 'IvBcov


Kal tcov fiev ttmttcov irdvroOev

eXavvopievwv, tmv Be t?}? daefieias vTracnricrTcov


KpaTvvofievcov, aip.aat re Kal Kvlaais rcov dvcricov
zeal avrov Br) tov depo<; fioXwofievov, el? rcou tov
(SaatXecos, dp^Lcr ar pdirr}^ tt)v d^iav, -v/rir^?}? irapaaT7 jp,ari, pieyeOet re Kal fcdWei, Kal irdatv aXXocs,
f

oh

copa ad)fiaro<; real yevvaioTT)? ^V)(rj<; dvBpeia<i

-yapaKTript^eaOat 7recpvKe, rwv dXXcov eTvyyave


to dae/3e<; ovv eKelvo TrpocrTay/xa
BicKpepwv.
d/couo-as o5to9, yaipeiv elircov rfj /xaTala ravirj
zeal Karco crupofMevrj Bo^rj re Kal Tpvcfry, ral<; twv

fjiova^wv Xoydaiv eavrbv eyKctrepii^ev, virepopios


yevopievos ev epij/Aois tottois, vrjGTeiais re Kal
dypvirviais Kal rfj ray Oelwv Xoyicov eTrifieXel
p.e\eTT) Ta<? alo-0?}o~eL<> apiara e/cfcaOdpas, Kal ttjv
y ru
l
XV v > 7r " cr?? > diraXXd^a^ ep,7radov<; a^eaeo)<;, tm
<

t/}?

diraQeia<$ (fxorl Kare\djj,irpvvev.

Xev<5,

irdvv tovtov obiXwv Kal Bid

rjKovcre

ravra, iiXyriae

p,ev Tr)v

6 Be j3ao~i- 9

Tip,i}<;

-^rv^v

dycov, &)?

eirl tj)

tov

(piXov cnepijaei, e^eKavO?] Be irXeov tij Kara tcov


Kal Brj Kara ^rjTrjcnv avrov
fxova^ovTcov opyfj.

iravTaypv diroareiXa^, Kal Tcavra XiOov Kivrjcra?,


to tov Xoyov, ware tovtov ecpevpeiv, /zera ovv
"fcpbvov iKavbv oi els i7ri^Ttjcnv avTov nepicpdevTes,
to? rjaOovTo ev iprf/xois avTov t<x<? oIk/jo-ci? e^ovTa,
14

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

i.

8-n. 9

in deserts and mountains, not from dread of the


threatened tortures, but by a more divine dispensation.

II

Now

while the land of the Indians lay under of the chief


,

satrap and
1
i>i
shroud of this moonless night, and while how he
the Faithful were harried on every side, and the christian
champions of ungodliness prospered, the very air
reeking with the smell of bloody sacrifices, a
certain man of the royal household, chief satrap
,

the

rank, in courage, stature, comeliness, and in all


those qualities which mark beauty of body and

in

nobility of soul, far above all his fellows, hearing


of this iniquitous decree, bade farewell to all the
grovelling pomps and vanities of the world, joined

the ranks

border into

of the

monks, and retired across the


There, by fastings and

the desert.

and by diligent study of the divine oracles,


he throughly purged his senses, and illumined a
soul, set free from every passion, with the glorious
vigils,

light of a perfect calm.

But when the king, who loved and esteemed How King
him highly, heard thereof, he was grieved in spirit aentforto
P rchend
at the loss of his friend, but his anger was the more j"f

And so he sent
hotly kindled against the monks.
everywhere in search of him, leaving 'no stone
unturned/ as the saying is, to find him. After
a long while, they that were sent in quest of him,
having learnt that he abode in the desert, after
15

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

SiepevvrfcravTes Kal crvXXa/36p,evoi, too tov /3acriIStov t)e avTov iv


Xea>9 irapearrjaav /3i]p:aTC.
Treviyjpa Kal Tpa^vTaTrj icrdr/ri tov ~kafi7rpoi9 TTore l/Mariois rj/Mpiecr/jLevov, Kal tov iroXXfj

ovtco

av^covTa

tct apiyevp,kvov

Tpvcpr)

da kt] crews ay coy fj, Kal tov


tcl

irepLKeifievov

Kepdaas,

ecfrr/

t/?9

o/xov

ical

tov \6yov

a/xcfrolv

avTov

7T/3o?

'Q dvot]Te Kal

tcai,

o-fcXrjpa

Xv7n]<;

yvoopia/xaTa,

eTreirXi'ipooTO,

0/37/7?

tt)

eprj/xiKOv /3lov evapycos

(ppevo/3\a/3es, tlvos

ydpiv dvTrjX-

aicr^vvrjv, Kal T/79 XapLirpds 80^779


tj)v do"V7]/xova TavTrjv Iheav ; o irpoehpos
6/4779

Xdoo

T/79

ti/jL7]<;

r%

fiaaikeias Kal dpyj.cn paT7]yo<;


as, iralyvLOV pLeipaKLtov

pcovov T/79 7)pbTepa<;

T/79 6/4779

aeavTov KaTaaTrjcra^, ov

cf>iX[a<;

Kal Trappr/alas puaKpdv

dXXa Kal

auT/79
Kal pbrjSe t5>v Ihuov
Xaftoov, ttXovtov t Kal irdaav tiiv
(bdveiav els ovSev Xoyiadp,evos,

XrjOrjv 7re7roi7]Koos,
T/79

cpvaeco^,

dho^iav

SvvacrTei-

KaTe^avaaTas
tckvcov oIktov

tov (3Lov irepiToaavTtjv

ttjv

TrepifiXeirTOV irpoeKpivas S6>79,


Tt croc yev7]Tat ; Kal tL evTevOev Kep&rjcreis,
T779

iva
oti

dvdpcoiTcov tov Xeyopievov


7rpoTTipLr)Ka<; ^\rjaovv, ical tj)v aKkrjpdv TavTrjv
Kal hvcreipLOva dycoyrjv toov rjSecov Kal diroXavcrTiKO)V TOV yXvKVTUTOV fiiov ;
Tovtcov aKovcras 6 tov BeoO avOpwrros eKelvos,
yaptevTtos dyua Kal opiaXcos direKpivaTO' Et Xoyov

ttuvtoov

77/309 tie

Oeoiv

Te

Kal

crvvdpai deXeis, eo ftaaiXev, toi>9 eydpovs


tov hiKaaTi)piov iroLrjcrov, Kai Tijvt-

crov Ik /xecrov

KavTa

diroKptvovpLai

fj-adelv CKelvcov
71-/309 o~e

16

A0709.

croi

irepl

tov

av

77^70-779

crvpLirapovTCOv croi, ovBels ep.ol


e'T09 Be Xoyov Tificopec, acpaTTe,

yap

10

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


diligent search,

n.

9-10

apprehended him and brought him

before the king's judgement seat.


When the king
saw him in such vile and coarse raiment who before

saw

him, who had


the lap of luxury, shrunken and wasted
by the severe practice of discipline, and bearing
about in his body outward and visible signs of his

had been clad

lived

in rich apparel,

in

filled with mingled grief and


speech blended of these two passions,
he spake unto him thus
'O thou dullard and mad man, wherefore hast The king
thou exchanged thine honour for shame, and thy him with

hermit-life,
fury, and, in

he was

unseemly show ? To what


end hath the president of my kingdom, and chief
glorious estate

for

this

ns y

commander of my realm made himself the laughingstock of boys, and not only forgotten utterly our
and fellowship, but revolted against
nature herself, and had no pity on his own children,
and cared naught for riches and all the splendour
friendship

world, and chosen ignominy such as this


rather than the glory that men covet ? And what
of the
shall

and

it

profit

thee to have chosen above

men him whom

preferred this rough life


and delights of a life of

When

the

man

of

all

gods

Jesus, and to have


of sackcloth to the pleasures

they

call

bliss.

God heard

made

these words, he The

reply, at once courteous and unruffled:


be thy pleasure,
king, to converse with

'

O
me,
remove thine enemies out of mid court; which done,
I
will answer thee
concerning whatsoever thou

it

chief

If eththekhT"

mayest desire to learn for while these are here,


I
cannot speak with thee. But, without speech,
;

17

put

Desire out

ofcourt

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

Gal. vi. 14

TTotei

/cdyco

tw

Xo$.

ifiol yap 6 /coa/xos iaravpatrai,


Koaficp, (prjalv 6 Oelos /cal e'/xo? BiBdcr/catov Be f3acn\e(o<; elirovTos, Kal TtVe? oi

OeXei?'

e%0pol ovroi, ou?


creis

e/c

pAaov iroi^o-ai p,e 7rpo<Trdcr'O 6vpo<; /cal rj irnOvpla'

(pr/alv o Oelos avi]p'

ravra yap i

dp%r)<i puev avvepyol tt}<j (pvaeco<; vtto


tov 8y)p,LOvpyov 7raprj)^0r]aav, /cal vvv dxravrcos

Rom.

viii. 4

%ovcri toI<$ p,7] /card cjdp/ca TroXiTevopevois, dXXa


/cara 7rvevp.a- ev vplv Be, oiTtves to oXov eare
o~dptce<;,

pujBev e^ovre^

yeyovaai,

/cal

irpaTTOVTai.
rjBovr/v

p.ev,

tov TrvevfiaTOS, dvTcBi/coi

twv e^Opoiv /cal iroXep-lcov Biayap eTTiOvpia ev vp.lv, evepyovpLevrj

to,

i)

icaTapyovpevi]

eyelpei,

Be,

0vp,6v.

direaTw ovv ravra arjp,epov dirb aov, irpo/caOe^eaOwaav Be et9 d/cpaaaiv TOivXeyopcevwv /cal /cpictlv

i)

povi]cn<i /cat

Bi/catoavvrj. el

rj

/cat tyjv eiridvpLiav e/c

p.eaov

yap tov OvpJov

7roi?/cret?,

dvTeicrdei<z
Be rr)v (ppovrjcriv /cal t/)v Bi/caioavvrjv,
cpiXaXrjOwi
iravTa Xe^w aoi.
7rp6<; ravra 6 ftacriXevs ecpyy
IBov, ei'a? aov rfj d^uoaei, e/cf3aX5i tov avveBpiov
ri'jv re eirtOvpiiav /cal rov Ovfiov, pead^eiv Be rrjv

(ppovrjaiv /cal rrjv Bt,/caioavvt]v iroirjaw.


\eye p.01
Xonrov aBecbs iroOev aoi rj roaavrrj eyevero irXdwr),
/cal to TrpoTtfidv rd ev tcevals eXTriat t6>v ev
yepal

plXeiropAvwv.

Et rrjv dpyeyove tcov

KiroicpiOels Be 6 eprjpiTrjs elirev


oi)
^r/Tel<i,
ftaaiXev, rrodev poi

yrjv

Trpoo-tcaipwv

Tal$

accovLois

r]p.epai<i

p.ev

vTrepiBelv,

eiriBovvai

dpxaiais,

en

oXov

eXiriaw,
/cop.iBfj

Be

epavTov

d/covcrov.

veo<;

ev

vTrdpywv,

i]/covad ti pfjpia dyaOov ical awTtjpiov, /cat pie


/car
d/cpas i) tovtov Bvvapas elXe, /cai, oicrnrep

18

11

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

n.

io-ii

"
me, do as thou wilt, for the world
is
crucified unto me, and I unto the world," as
The king said, 'And
saith my divine teacher.'
who are these enemies whom thou biddest me
The saintly man answered
turn out of court ?
For at the beginning
Desire.
and
and said, Anger

torment me,

kill

'

'

these twain were brought into being by the Creator


to be fellow-workers with nature; and such they
flesh
still are to those "who walk not after the

but after the Spirit." But in you who are altogether


are
carnal, having nothing of the Spirit, they
and
of
enemies
the
and
part
adversaries,
play

For Desire, working in you,

foemen.

stirreth

up

but, when made of none effect, Anger.


let these be banished from thee,
therefore
To-day
and let Wisdom and Righteousness sit to hear
pleasure,

and judge that which we say. For if thou put


room
Anger and Desire out of court, and in their
I will truthbring in Wisdom and Righteousness,
fully tell

thee

all.'

Then spake the

'

king,

Lo

out of the
thy request, and will banish
make Wisdom
assembly both Desire and Anger, and
and Righteousness to sit between us. So now,
yield to

thou so greatly
tell me without fear, how wast
taken with this error, to prefer the bird in the
bush to the bird already in the hand ?
The hermit answered and said, f O king, if thou
'

askest

the cause

how

came

to

despise things
whole self to the

Heexcuscth
u

Xthe

temporal, and to devote my


ggg^ a
me. In former wholesome
hope of things eternal, hearken unto
that
still but a stripling, I heard a
days, when I was
J^JSJ"in
its
him,
certain good and wholesome saying, which, by
and the remembrance
force took my soul by storm
1

c 2

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

Ti? 6eco<i airopos, t) tovtov pvt'pxri, rfj ep,fj (frvrev6elo~a Kaphia, d^copiaro<i els del hteTi]p7)0)) &>9

pifa&rjvai, zeal etc/3XaaTi]aai, Kal ov 6pa<;


he tov p>]pcno<}
t)
Kapirbv iveyxeiv ev epol.
hvvapus roiavTT] Tt? tjv "ESo|e, (pr/al, toi<> dvotjtois t6)v ovtcov pCev KaTacppovelv &>9 pbT) OVTCOV,
tow p,i) ovrcov he C09 ovtcov ciVTe^eaOai Te Kal
o
p,rj
yevo-dp,evo$ ovv ttjs tcov
7repie%eo~6ai'
ovtcov yXvKVTrjTos, ov hvvtjoeTai tcov p,?) ovtcov 12
/ecu

l 28

Cor.

KaTapadeiv
avTcov

ttjV

Xoyos
tov ivTavda
yjrevBo/J,4v7jv
(pev,

(pvaiv

7)

at]

fiiov

WTTOvad

Tit.

vii.

iii.

25

iii.

tt)v
0Z9,

TTpoaifKcoTai

p-ov ttiv

%coT7]po<i fjpLcov

dXX

Tpv<pr)v
to

Kal

fiacriXev,

Tt)v

/ca/cco<;

Kaphia.
tcdyco Be iroTe
1) tov ptjpaTos hvvapbis,

-^rv^v dhiaXeLirTcos,

i^rfyeipe

14

15

Seov e^eXeaOat

p,e

tyjs

xa ~

eKeivr)<; al^pbaXcoaias, evia^yae p-ov tov


vovv Trepiyeveadai tov vop,ov t^<? dp,apTta<;, Kal
hajvoitje p,ov tovs ocpOaXpLovs Sia/epCveiv to (fravXov diro tov KpetTTovo<;. totc hrj, Tore KaTevoKai eihov, Kai ihov irdvTa tcl irapovTa
r\aa
pLaTaiOTii<i Kal TrpoaipeaL<i 7rvevp,aTo<;, KaOd ttov
Kal "2,oXop.wv
aocp"coTaTO<; ev rot? avTov e<pr)
avyypdp.paac ToTe Trepiiipedr) -7-7)9 Kaphias p,ov
Xeirt)<;

2 Cor.

7ra>9

hecrpLcov pe, ttj TrpocnvaQeia tcov irapovTcov al-^pbdXcotov tcaTelyev.


"Ore he evhoKiiaev 77 xpiio-TOTrjs Kal dyaBocrvvr)

i.

/caTap.aOcov he,

tov tjyepova vovv et<? etcXoyrjv tov Kpe'iTTovov


he vopos ttJs dp,apTLa<;,
6
dvTitTTpaTevopevos
TCp VOpLCp TOV voos p,ov, Kal W9 TLCTL CT ih7]pOTTehaL<i

tov

Eccies.

teal

ewipepiav

tovtcov dvTeiyopjr)v

Rom.

p-rj

oina pev ovv eKciXeaev 6


virepo-^reTai;
to. cucovia /ecu pn] aaXevopieva p,r) ovtcl he

20

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

n.

n-12

some divine seed, being planted in my


unmoved, was preserved ever until it took
root, blossomed, and bare that fruit which thou
Now the meaning of that sentence
seest in me.
" It seemed
was this
good to the foolish to
despise the things that are, as though they were
not, and to cleave and cling to the things that
are not, as though they were.
So he, that hath
of

it,

like

heart,

never tasted the sweetness of the things that are,


will not be able to understand the nature of the
And never having understood
things that are not.
them, how shall he despise them?" Now that
"
"
the things
things that are
saying meant by
"
"
eternal and fixed, but by
things that are not
the
that
deceives,
earthly life, luxury,
prosperity

whereon, O king, thine heart alas is fixed amiss.


Time was when I also clung thereto myself. But
the force of that sentence continually goading my
heart, stirred my governing power, my mind, to
make the better choice.
But " the law of sin,
warring against the law of my mind," and binding
me, as with iron chains, held me captive to the love
!

of things present.
1
But "after that the kindness and love of God and of his
"
was pleased to deliver me from that ^[ the"*
our Saviour
harsh captivity, he enabled my mind to overcome law oi S1U
the law of sin, and opened mine eyes to discern
-

good from evil. Thereupon I perceived and looked,


all
and behold
things present are vanity and
vexation of spirit, as somewhere in his writings
Then was the veil of sin
saith Solomon the wise.
lifted from mine heart, and the dullness, proceeding
from the grossness of my body, which pressed
!

21

ST.

to /cdXvfifia

JOHN DAMASCENE

t?}?

afxaprta^, Kal

ira^vTrjTO'i eiriKeipevr] tt}

rj

"^v^y

i/c

o~(opaTiKr}<;

p,ov afiavpayais 13

fcal eyvcov els b


yeyova Kal oti
pe irpbs 70V Srjpiovpybv dvafirjvai, Sta t/]?
TWf ivToXwv epyaaias. oOev, irdvra Ka7a\nr(ov,

BieaKeBdadrj,

Set

Kal evyapiaiw tw 0ec3 Sid


iyaov X.pcarov tov KvpLov rjpMV, oti ipvaaro

avrcp rjKdXovOriaa
Ex.

i.

Eph.

14

tov irrfkov Kal T?/9 irXivdelas, Kal tov dinivovs


Kal oXeOptov ap^ovTOs tov o~kotovs tov alojvos
toutov, Kal eSei^e poi 6Sbv avvTopiov Kal paSiav,

/i

vi. 12

2 Cor. iv. 7

Si

TjS

8uVl]CTOp,CU iv TU>

OaTpaKLVW TOVTO)

CTOOpaTl

dyyeXiKrjv dairdaaadai iroXtTelav, r\virep


<p0daai ^r/royv, rrjv arevrjv Kal Te6Xipp,evr]v etXofSaSi^eiv oSbv, irdvv Karayvovs t?/? twv
pbrjv
irapovTwv paraioTyjros Kal t?}? uaTarou (popds
TOVTWV Kai TTepKpOpds, Kai pL7] 7TlOop.l'0<; aXXo Tl
tt)v

Mat.

vii.

Eccles.

ii.

14

'2

koXov ovopidteiv

irpo

tov ovtos koXov, ovirep av

Bieppdyr]? Te Kal Siearrjs.


oOev Kal r)p,ei<; SieaTrjpev crov Kal SirjpeOrjpiev,
8td to els aacfrrj Kal oopioXoy^pev^v ere Te KaraTTiiTTeiv diroiXeiav Kai irpbs icrov KaTevey^Oijvai
Kal i)pds kivSvvov dvayKa^eiv. ecos pev yap irepl
a>

eXeeivoiS,

p,6vr)v

T>]i>

fSacriXev,

Koap,(,K7]v

GTpaTeLav

e^Ta^bpeOa,

ovSev twv SeovTcov i)p.eis eveXi7rop,ev papTvpyjcreis


p,OL Kai avTos oTtirep ovSe padvpnav Tivd ovSe
dpieXeidv ttot eveKX?j6i]pLv.
'E7rel Be Kal ai)TO twv KaXcov
ecpiXoveiK^cras

d<fieXea6ai

Kal

Sebv

tov

t)pids,

to

KecpdXaiov

rrjv

evae/3eiav,

rrjv ea^drriv Tavnpy


tovto Kal (piXoTipiias dvapiovk dpadcos e^eiv o~e tov koXov

Qipioiaai

{rjpiav, Tipicbv Te Sea


pvr/crKeis,

SiKaicos

7rco?

dv

etiroipii,

otl

Kal nrapafidXXeis

oX(o<;

14

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

u.

12-14

upon my soul, was scattered, and I perceived the


end for which I was created, and how that it
behoved me to move upward to my Creator by
Wherefore
the keeping of his commandmenls.
I
thank God
I
left all and followed him, and
through Jesus Christ our Lord that he delivered
me out of the mire, and from the making of
bricks, and from the harsh and deadly ruler of
the darkness of this world, and that he showed
me the short and easy road whereby I shall be
able, in this earthen body, eagerly to embrace
the Angelic life.
Seeking to attain to it the sooner,
I
chose to walk the strait and narrow way,

renouncing the vanity of things present and the


unstable changes and chances thereof, and refusing
to call anything good except the true good, from
which thou, O king, art miserably sundered and
Wherefore also we ourselves were alienalienated.
ated and separated from thee, because thou wert
falling into plain and manifest destruction, and
wouldst constrain us also to descend into like
peril.

of

as long as we were tried in the warfare


world, we failed in no point of duty.
thyself wilt bear me witness that we were

But

this

Thou

never charged with sloth or heedlessness.


'
But when thou hast endeavoured to rob us of the Heconvictchiefest of all blessings, our religion, and to deprive of^erroAnd
p uttf th
us of God,' the worst of deprivations,
' and,
' in this in mind,him
x
of
intent, dost remind us of past honours and prefer- the infinite
of
goodness
1
iiT
i 1
.1
ments, now should 1 not rightly tax thee with God
ignorance of good, seeing that thou dost at all com;

23

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

avra

irpbs a\\i]\a, evae(3eidv

(f>r)p,i

irpb<;

rov Sebv

cpiXiav dvdpoo7rivi]v teal So^av tt)v icra irapappeovaav vSciti; ttms Se croi teai teoivwvol eaop.e0a
teal

tovtg), teal ov)(i, TOvvavTiov, teai fyihiav, teal


retevwv teai el ti
fiel^ov
rifX7]v, teai aropyijv

eirl

aWo

dpvi]a6p,e0a ; bpoiVTes o~e pidWov, (a f3aai\ev,


dyvcojAOVovvra Trpbs tov eov, tov teai avro croi
to elvai teal to dvairvelv irape'yop.e.vov, 6? ecni

rjv,

T^croO?,

X/kctto?

&v

crvvdvap)0<;
Ps. cxix. 73

Kvpios

rebv

dirdvTcov,

09

tovs
yrjv virocmqaa^, tov

teal crvvatSios ru>

Uarpl

teal

ovpavovs tw \07ro teal rrjv


avdpwnruv re yepalv ol/eetais eSrip.iovpy)]ae
dOavaaia tovtov eTi^rjcre, teal /3aai\ea twv

teal
irrl

Karear/jcraro, teaOdirep Tiva /3acri\eia to


ted\\io~TOV aTrdvTcov aTTord^aq avrw, tov irapd-

yr/<;

Wisd.

24

ii.

6 Si, (f)06va> teXarrel^ teal rjSovfj (<pev fioi) 15

Seiaov.

Se\eaa6ei<;, d6\l(D<; tovtcov e^eireae irdvTwv teal


6 irplv %t]\oi)t6<; eXeeivbs u>pdro teal Satepveov Sid,
John L

1-3

Ti]V

av/Mpopdv

6 7r\dcra<; toivvv ?;yua? teat


i\av6 pdnrois irak.iv IScov ocfidaX-

cl^ios.

&}]fiiovpyt]<ra$
to to)v clteelwv

fjLol^
p,r)
r-p.

Heb.

iv.

yeipwv epyov, to 0eo9 elvai


p,eTa(3a\oov, oirep rjv air dp^rj^, iyeveTO 6V
dvap,apT7]T(o^ oirep

7;/z.a9

?)fXTepa>
teal,

QdvaTOV

teal

ertco?

teafiev, eteei

r)pid<;

24

Triiepd<i

Tr)v

Ti/xfj<; d^iwaas.
iraOovTa teal toiovtwv
KaTa^iwcravra, tovtov ai>TOS dOeTels

fxei^ovo<i
St)

aTavpbv e/eovdvwOev tw

tov

eteeivr)? ar^aa\<y<xta9 dvairpoTepav direSwtee (pi\aydd(D<;


teai, '69ev Sid tj)v trapateo^v eKireTTTooirdXiv Sid cf)iXav0pco7nav r)p,d<; e-navi)-

t?)9

awadpievo^,
eXevOepiav,

Tov

teal

yevei fiacrteaivovTa teaTej3a\e TroXepnov,

y)p,a<;

yaye,

i)p:ei<;,

vTrop.eiva'i,

rj/jid<; rj

TOiavTa oV

nrctXiv

irpoTepov

rjpias

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

n.

14-15

pare these two things, righteousness toward God,


and human friendship, and glory, that runneth away
And how, in such case, may we have
like water ?
rather deny ourfellowship with thee, and not the
selves friendship and honours and love of children,
and if there be any other tie greater than these ?

see thee, O king, the rather forgetting


toward that God, who giveth thee the
reverence
thy
power to live and breathe, Christ Jesus, the Lord of
all who, being alike without beginning, and coeternal
with the Father, and having created the heavens and
the earth by his word, made man with his own hands
and endowed him with immortality, and set him king
of all on earth and assigned him Paradise, the fairest

When we

But man,
place of all, as his royal dwelling.
the
beguiled by envy, and (wo is me !) caught by
bait of pleasure, miserably fell from all these
So he that once was enviable became a
blessings.
of
piteous spectacle, and by his misfortune deserving
Wherefore he, that had made and fashioned
us, looked again with eyes of compassion upon the
work of his own hands. He, not laying aside his

tears.

God-head, which he had from the beginning, was


for our sakes, like ourselves, but without
sin, and was content to suffer death upon the Cross.
He overthrew the foeman that from the beginning
had looked with malice on our i\ice he rescued us
from that bitter captivity
he, of his goodness,
restored to us our former freedom, and, of his tender
love towards mankind, raised us up again to that
place from whence by our disobedience we had fallen,
granting us even greater honour than at the first.
'
for
Him therefore, who endured such sufferina;s
~
our sakes, and again bestowed such blessings upon

made man

25

and f th
vanity of
this world

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

tov eKeivov aravpbv diroaKooTTTeis ; oXos


tov acoptaTos Kal toIs oXedplois
TrpocnfXwpbevos irdOeai, Oeovs dvayopevets tcl tt)s
aTtpttas Kal ala)(vvrjs etScoXa ; ov ptovov aeavrbv
zeal

8e

els

rpv(pfj

rf)

tPjs twv ovpav'twv dyadoiv crvvacpetas dXXorptov


/career icevacr as, dXXa /cat irdvras tovs TreiOoptevovs

tois aols 7rpoardyp.acn


/cat

eywye
croi

Tavrr/s

ijSrj

Ktvhvvcp irapehwKas.
ov iretaOijaoptal aoi, ovre

yjru)(iKU)

rr/s

TOiavTifs els rbv

direppi^as, 16

icrOi to'ivvv d>s


p.i]v

/coivwvrfcro)

Sebv dyapto-Tias, ov&e

tov eptov evepyeTYjv Kal HcoTr/pa

dpvi]crop,ai, el Kal
Orjptois dvaXoiaets, el ^Icpei Kal nrvpl irapahwaets

a ttjs o-f/s e^ovcrtas ecnlv. ovTe yap Odvarov


Se&oiKa, ovTe iroSoi ra irapovTa, iroXX^v avroiv

pie,

KaTayvovs
yap aiiTOiv

ttjv

daOevetav Kal piaTaioTrjTa.

y^pjjaipiov,

rj

p,oviptov,

rj

t'l

SiapKes; Kal

ov tovto piovov, dXXa Kal ev avTrp tw elvai iroXXr)


avvvndpyei avrots 1) TaXanrcopta, ttoXXt] ?) Xinrrj,
ttoXXtj Kal dSida-iracTTOs r) piepipiva.
tt} yap ev(ppoavvr/ avTcov Kal diroXavaei irdcra avve^evKrai
Kart]<peia Kal oovv>]' 6 ttXovtos avroov Trrcoy^eta
earl, Kal to v\jros avTcov Taireivcoais etxya.Tr). Kal
e^api9pt/]crei to, tovtcov
pr/paTcov vTreSei^e pot 6
t'is

Uohnv.
'

'

KaKa
epos

direp 81 oXtycov

deoXoyos.

(prjal

yap' 'O Koaptos oXos ev tw Trovrjpu) Kelrar Kal,


Mr) ayairaTe tov Koaptov, /J.i]de Ta ev tcu Koapup oti
irdv to ev tG> Kocrptcp r) eirtOvptta Tr)s aapKos Kal
r)
eTTidvptta twv ocpdaXptwv, Kal ?; dXa'Qovia tov
fiiov Kal,
Koaptos irapdyeTat Kal rj eiriOvpia
ai/Tov' 6 Be 7Tot(bv to 6eXrjpa tov (deov pevet els
tov alwva. tovto eyu> ^tjtwv to OeXrjpa tov eoO
to dyadov, dcpfjKa Trdvra, Kal eKoXX/]Or/v tois tov
26

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


us,*

him dost thou

and

reject

n.

scoff at

15-16
Cross

his
.

?
,

from which
he himself

And, thyself wholly riveted to carnal delights and hath been


idols of shame
deadly passions, dost thou proclaim the
and dishonour gods ? Not only hast thou alienated
of heavenly felicity
thyself from the commonwealth
same all others
from
the
also
severed
hast
but thou

who obey thy commands,

to the peril of their souls.

not obey thee, nor join


thee in such ingratitude to God-ward neither will
I
deny my benefactor and Saviour, though thou slay

Know

therefore that

will

wild beasts, or give me to the fire and sword,


thou hast the power. For I neither fear death,
nor desire the present world, having passed judgement on the frailty and vanity thereof. For what is

me by
as

there profitable, abiding or stable therein ?


Nay, in
the pain,
very existence, great is the misery, great

Of its
and ceaseless the attendant care.
are
the
and
dejecyoke-fellows
enjoyment
gladness
its loftiness
Its riches is poverty
tion and pain.
the lowest humiliation and who shall tell the full
tale of its miseries, which Saint John the Divine
"
hath shown me in few words ? For he saith, The
"
whole world lieth in wickedness" and, Love not the
great

For
world, neither the things that are in the world.
all that is in the world is the lust of the flesh, and
And the
the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life.
world passeth away, and the lust thereof, but he that
doeth the will of God abideth for ever." Seeking,
then, this good will of God,
thing,

and joined myself

have forsaken every-

to those

who

possess the
27

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

Ps.

riiil.

15

i.

Lukexvi.
Jas.
1

i.

Cor.

avrbv KeKTripevocs iroOov Kal tov avrbv eK^rjTOvcrt


Seov iv oh ovk eo~Tiv epis ?) (})06vo<;, Xvirai re

liii.

17
ii.

Ps.lv. 8

>-.

-.

17

Kai pepipvai, aX\a iraVTes tov laov rpe^ovai


hpbpov, 'iva Karakaj3coai Ta? alwvias p,ovd^, a?

yTotpaaev 6 Tlar^p T(hv (pcoTcov tois dyaircoaiv


toutou? iyd> yevv/]Topa<;, tovtovs dhe\(fyovs, TOVTOVS (f)i\ov<i zeal <yvu>(JTOv<i eKTrjudpriV'
row he Trori pov (fiiXcov Kal dhe\(f)0jv 'EpaKpvva
avTov.

Kal i]v\taOi]v iv rfj ipi]p(p Trpoahexbtov


tov crco^ovrd p,e dirb 6\cyo- Tr V)(ia<;
Seov,
p,evos
Kal drrrb KaTaiyihos.
Tovtcov evKaipw^ ovto) Kal 7]8eco<; tw tov eov
cfivyahevcov,

dvdpwirw inrayopevdevTwv, 6 /3acrfA,eu9 iKivelro


pev virb tov Ovpov, Kal TTiKpa)<; aiKi^eiv tov dyiov
r]f3ov\eTO, coKvet, he irakiv Kal dveftdWeTO, to
alhecnpov

avTov

VTTo\a[3a)V he

Kal

ecpr] 777)0?

7rept<paves

ev\a{3ovp,evo<>.

avTov.

UavTa^oOev, cldXie, ttjv aeavTov eKpe\eTi]aa<;


dirooXeiav, 777509 TavTiiv, &)? eoiKev, viro t?}? tit^???
r]Kuvi]cra<; tov vovv dpa Kal tj)v
b9ev daacpPj Tiva Kal paTalav (3aTTO\oyiav hie^rjXOes. koI el /at) KaT dp^ds tov \byov
eTniyyeCkdprjv aoi eK pecrov tov avvehpiov tov
Ovpov 7roty)aaa9ai, vvv av irvpi o~ov Ta<; adpKa?

avveXavvopevos,

yXwTTav

eirel he 7rpo\af3(i)v toiovtois pue KaTrjirapehwKa.


acpaXiaa) toI<; pijpacriv, dveyopal aov tov Qpdcrovs, t/}<? irpoTepas pov eveKev irpbs ae (pi\[a<;.
dvaaTas ovv, Xocttov (pevye if- 6(p0a\po)v pov,
pM]KeTi ae o^o/iai Kal KaKws diroXecroi.
Kai ee\0a)v 6 tov 0eoO dvOpwiros dve^coprjaev
et? tt)v epr/pov, \v7Tovpevo<i pev otl ov pepap1

2 Cor.

l.

ii

Tvp)]Ke,

28

papTvpoiV he Kad t)pepav

rfj

avvechtjaei 18

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


same

desire,

and

seek

after

the

n.

16-18

same

God.

envy, sorrow or
Amongst
that
race
like
run
the
all
but
may obtain
they
care,
those everlasting habitations which the Father
of lights hath prepared for them that love him.
Them have I gained for my fathers, my brothers, my
friends and mine acquaintances. But from my former
these there

is

no

strife or

" I have
friends and brethren
got me away far off,
and lodged in the wilderness" waiting for the God,
who saveth me from faintness of spirit, and from the

stormy tempest.'
the man of God had made answer thus How the
itJ king waa
in good reason, the king was stirred W10 th, and
and
gently
e
e
the
cM C f sa t rap
by anger, and was minded cruelly to torment

and
hesitated
he
but
saint
delayed, regarding j^T*^
again
So he answered and
his venerable and noble mien.

When

said
'

Unhappy man, that

made thy tongue

hast contrived thine

own

utter

ween, by fate, surely thou hast


Hence thou
as sharp as thy wits.

ruin, driven thereto,

and ambiguous babblings.


not promised, at the beginning of our converse,
to banish Anger from mid court, I had now given thy
body to be burned. But since thou hast prevented
and tied me down fast by my words, I bear with
thine effrontery, by reason of my former friendship
with thee.
Now, arise, and flee for ever from my
and miserably destroy
sight, lest I see thee again
hast uttered these vain

Had

thee.'

man

God went

out and withdrew to the cmed the


" ksthe
desert, grieved to have lost the crown of martyrdom,
e
'
and
in
his
a
but daily
conscience,
wrestling fiercely
martyr

So the

of

29

ST.

Eph.

vi. 12

JOHN DAMASCENE

Kal dvrnraXatoov 77750? ra? ap^a? Kal i$jovcria<;,


77/909 T0U9 KOapOKpdrOpa^ TOU CTKOTOVS TOV alSiVO?
TOVTOV, 77/909 TO- TTVeVpLCLTlKa T?}? TTOVripiaS, ft)?
eiceivov p,ev ovv diro(pr/crlp
p,atcdpio<; HavXos.
Siiptfo-avros, irXeov 6 {3aai\evs opyiadels Suoy/xov

acpoSporepov Kara rov p.ova-yiKov eKpeXera rdyp,aro$, rrXetovo<i he ripr}? rov<; r&v elhooXoov d^ioc
Acts xix. 35

depairevrd^ re

/ecu

'EiV roiavrrj he

vecoKopovs.

0W09 rov

/3aaiXeo)<; irXdvr) heivrj

Kal dirdrr], yevvdrai avrcp rtaihiov, rrdvv evpiop(porarov, Kal e|f avrrj$ T//9 eirav9ovo~7]<; avra>
eXeyero yap
d>paiorr]To<; to peXXov rrpoatipialvov.
p,rj$ap,ov iv rfj yfj eKe'tvy roiovrov irore cpavrjvai
yapikcrrarov real 7repiKaXXe>i iraihiov.
%apa<; he
eVt rfj yevvrjeret rov iraihbs 6 fiao-iXevs
7rA-?;cr#e/9, rovrov pcev 'Icodcracp eKaXeaev, avrbs he
77/509 toi>9 el8(o\ifcov<; vaovs dvoi)ra><; dirrjei, Tot9
dvoi]rorepoi<; avrwv deols Ovacov Kal evyapiarr)-

pieyLart]<i

rebv KaXwv
pLovs vpbvovs d7To8(Do-(DV, dyvocbv Tt9
drrdvrwv dX^Ows a'trios, 777309 ov ehei rrjv rrvev-

pariK7]v dvacf)epeiv Ovalav. Ktvo<; ovv, Tot9 dyjrviraihbs


%o*9 Kai fccocpois rijv air lav t?}9 rov

yevvrjaew^ dvariQel^, rravra^ov hieirep,ire avvayaKal t)V


yelv rd irXijOi] eh rd rovrov yeveOXia'
thetv irdvras avppeovras rS> ($6/3(0 rov fiacriXlcDS,
iirayofievovs re rd 777)09 rrjv Ovaiav evrpeinaplva,
a>9 eKaarco 1} %el/3 eimopet Kal 1) 77/309 rov /3aatXea
evvoia er^e.
p,dXicrra he avrovs rjpeOi^e rrpbs

(piXonptav avros, ravpov^ KaraOvaac


Kal

cpeprov

on

vp,eyedei$, Kal ovrco rrdvhtipov


eoprrjv reXeaas, irdvra<; ecjjtXortpieiro hoopoes oaot

irXeiarov;

30

19

BARLAAM AND 10ASAPH,

n.

18-19

the rulers
against principalities and powers, against
of the darkness of this world, against spiritual

wickedness

'

as saith Blessed Paul.

But

after his

and
departure, the king waxed yet more wroth,
devised a yet fiercer persecution of the monastic
order, while treating with greater honour the
ministers and temple-keepers of his idols.

While the king was under this terrible delusion


error, there was born unto him a son, a right
goodly child, whose beauty from his very birth was

and

Nowhere in that
prophetic of his future fortunes.
seen so charming
had
been
there
ever
land, they said,
and lovely a babe. Full of the keenest joy at the
1
birth of the child, the king called him Ioasaph, and
in his folly went in person to the temples of his

and offer hymns of praise to


unaware of the real giver
to
whom
he should have offered
good things,

idols, for to

his

of

still

all

do

more

sacrifice

foolish gods,

He then, ascribing the cause


the spiritual sacrifice.
of his son's birth to things lifeless and dumb, sent
out into all quarters to gather the people together
to celebrate his son's birth-day and thou mightest
have seen all the folk running together for fear of
the king, and bringing their offerings ready for the
:

according to the store at each man's hand,


But chiefly the
toward his lord.
king stirred them up to emulation. He brought full
many oxen, of goodly size, for sacrifice, and thus,
making a feast for all his people, he bestowed

sacrifice,

and

his favour

i.e.

The Lord

gathers.

31

Of tho birth
of the prince

loaaaph,
birth feast

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

T6 t>/9 /3ovXrjs rjcrav Kal tcov iv TeXet, kcu oaoi


Trepi to arpaTicoTiKov, oaoc Te tcov evTeXcov Kal
dcnjficov.

Ill
'Et> avrfi Be rfj tcov

yevedxicov tov 7raiSo9 eoprr}

crvvr/XOov 7T/30? tov /3acriXea i iTriXoyy}*; avBpes


coael TrevTTjKovTcnrevre, irepi rrjv aarpoded/xova

XaXBaicov io-^oXaKOTes aocplav.

tcov

iyyvTUTO)

Trapct(TT7]crdfjLevo<;

/cal

tovtovs

o /3aert\eu9 dv7]pd>Ta

i^enrelv e/cacnop tl fieXXec eaeaOat to yevviidev


avTco iraiBiov. ol Be, 7roXXa BLaaKeyjrd/xevoL, eXeyov
\xeyav avTov eaeaOau ev re ttXovtco kcu BvvaaTeia,
teal inrepfidWeiv irdvTa^ tow; irpo avTov /3e/3ao~iXevKoras. el? Be tcov daTpoXoycov, 6 tcov avv

avTco irdvTCOv BiacfoopcoTaTOS, eiirev 009, E cov fie


BiBdcrKovaiv ol tcov dcTTepcov Bpo/xoi, cb f3aaiXev,
tov vvvl yevvrjdevTOS <rot TraiBb? ouk
r] TrpoKOirrj
iv ttj afj ecTTac fSaatXeta, dXX" iv eTepa KpeiTTOvi
Bokco Be kcu Trjs
Kal do-vyKpiTcos inrepfSaXXovcrr).
avTov
aov
tcov
irriXafSeaOai
BicoKOfievr)^
irapd
XpiaTtavcov 0py]aKia<;, Kal ovk eycoye olpuai tov
okottov iKelvov Kal tt)9 iXiriBos tyevaOijcrecrOai.
TavTa fiev eiirev
irdXai
darpoXoyos, cocrirep
Num.

xxii.-

BaXaa//., 011 Tr/i daTpoXoyias dXri6evovcrr]s, dXXa


tov @eot) Bid tcov ivavTicov ra tP]s: dXiiOeias irapa- 20
BeiKvvvTO<z, coaTe irdaav tois daefSeai irpocpaaiv
TrepicupeOrjvcu.
f
Be [SaaiXevs,

tyjv

avTco
32

BieKOTTTev.

iv

i]K0vcre TavTa, /3apeco<;


Xvirr/ Be Trjv evcf)poavvr]v
7roXei Be o/ncos IBia^ovar]

C09

dyyeXiav iBe^aTO,

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


largesses on
all

all

his soldiers,

his counsellors

and

n.

and

officers,

the poor, and

all

20

19-111.

men

and on
of low

degree.
Ill

Now on his son's birth-day feast there came unto of the


the king some five and fifty chosen men, schooled in the
the star-lore of the Chaldaeans. These the king

pro-

called into his presence, and asked them, severally,


After
to tell him the future of the new-born babe.

long counsel held,

they said that he should be

mighty in riches and power, and should surpass all


But one of the
that had reigned before him.

most learned of

astrologers, the

thus

'

From

that which

all his fellows,

spake

learn from the courses of

the stars, O king, the advancement of the child, now


born unto thee, will not be in thy kingdom, but in
another, a better and a greater one beyond compare.
Methinketh also that he will embrace the Christian
religion,

which thou persecutest, and

trow that he

not be disappointed of his aim and hope.'


Thus spake the astrologer, like Balaam of old, not
will

that his star-lore told


signifieth the

him

truth by the

true, but because

mouth

God

of his enemies,

all excuse may be taken from the ungodly.


But when the king heard thereof, he received How the
kin set '" s
i
i
i
the tidings with a heavy heart, and sorrow cut son in a
Howsomever he built, in a city set apart
short his joy.

that

-I

33

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

TrepiKaXXes Kai Xapurpd^


tov iraiha e6ero kcitotfcelv, pera tt)v avpLTrXijpwcriv ri]<; 7rpd)T7]<i aura)
ijXifcias, aTTpolrov re elvai irapeKeXevaaTO, ttcli-

irdkaTiov
oIkicis

hei[idjxevo<i

(pi\oT)(vr]<Ta'i,

itcel

tcai virrjpeTas fcaraaTTJaas, veov<;


yXi/cia kcli rfj opaaei wpaiOTaTOVs, 7ria/C7J\f/a<i
auroi? p,r]8ev tow tov /3lov aviaptov KardhrfKov

Baycoyovs avrcp
tj)

avra>

TToirjaaaOai,

voaov,

p.7]

puevov

rt)i>

Odvarov,

pr)

ireviav, pi]

pvq yrjpas, p,r)


tl Xvirrjpbv kcli Bvvdavrrp BiaKOTrreiv, uXXa

dXXo

evcfipoavvr/v

7rdvra rd repirva Kai diroXavaTiKa 7rpori6evai,


Iva rovToa 6 vovs clvtov Tep7rop,6vo<; Kai ei'Tpvcf)(ov
p,7]8ev

t&v pueXXbvTwv BiaXoyi^eaOai


rl ^ ^ p'lparos rd
j
irepl tov
twv avTov BoypaTcov a/covcreiev.

bXcos ire pi

layyaeie, p?]T p^XP L


ical

"

XpiaTov
tovto yap p.d\iara ttuvtcov diroKpv^ai avT(p
BievoeiTO, tt\v tov darpoXoyov irpoaybpevaiv v<fioel riva Be tmv V7n]perovvr(ov
avrw
pcopevos.
voo-tjaai avvefo], tovtov p,ev
etceldev irapeKeXeveTO, erepov Be

OarTov K/3aXelv
dvr avrov crcfcpi-

Kai eveKTovvTd eBiBov, Iva p,t]Bev 6'Xw9


oi tov TraiBbs 6(p6a\uol Oedcraivro.
o p,ev ovv fiao-iXevs ovrco ravra BievoeiTO re Kai
7TOLr ftXeirwv yap ov% ccopa, Kai ukovcov ov

yojpra

dvcopaXov
is. vi.

Mat.

9;

xiii.

IS

crvviei.

hlaOcov Be Tivas twv pbova^ovrwv ert Trepiaoowv prjBe l^yos InroXeXii^Oai i&otcei, Ovpov
v7repe7rip,7rXaTO Kai o^vrara Kar avTwv eKivelro,
K7]pVKa<i re dvd irdcrav ttjv ttoXlv Kai ttjv yjwpav
eKeXeve BiaOeeiv, eV/^ooiWa? p,7]Bap,ov rivd to
irapdirav perd rpels rjpiepas rov twv pLOva^ovTcov
^ecrdai,

TaypaTo<; evpeOfjvai.

34

el

Be Tives evpeOeiev p,erd

21

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

in.

20-21

apart,
r ~

an exceeding
beautiful *palace, -with cunningly
devised
gorgeous
chambers, and there set his son to

dwell, after he had ended his first infancy and he for;

v,

bade any to approach him, appointing, for instructors


and servants, youths right seemly to behold. These he

where
none or the
annoys of
life might
come nigh
him,

of life,
charged to reveal to him none of the annoys
nor
nor
old
nor
neither death,
disease,
poverty,
age,
nor anything else grievous that might break his

happiness

but to place

before

him everything

in
pleasant and enjoyable, that his heart, revelling
these delights, might not gain strength to consider
the future, nor ever hear the bare mention of the
tale of Christ

and

his doctrines.

For he was heedful

of the astrologer's warning, and it was this most that


he was minded to conceal from his son. And if any

of the attendants chanced to

fall sick,

he commanded

to have him speedily removed, and put another


plump and well-favoured servant in his place, that

the boy's eyes might never once behold anything to


Such then was the intent and doing
disquiet them.
of the king, for, ' seeing, he did not see, and hearing,
he did not understand.'
But, learning that some monks still remained, of and how he
i

harried the

i
he fondly imagined that not a trace was christians
ie
and his fury m 0re
left, he became angry above measure,
was hotly kindled against them. And he commanded
heralds to scour all the city and all the country,
proclaiming that after three days no monk whatsoBut and if any were
ever should be found therein.

whom

j.

35
n 2

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

ra<; 8ia>pio-peva<;

tS> Sid irvpbs /cal i(f)ov<i

ypepas,

oXeOpw 7rapaSo07]Tcoaav Ovtol 'yap (cprjatv) dva7rei0ov(Ti tov Xabv &>? ea> irpoakye.iv tu> iaravpwpevep.
icf)'

eirl
(p

Kara

rcov

ev 8e rtp

pera^v

o-vve/3rj icai tl

rrXeov yjaXerraivcov

r)V

tolovtov,

/3acnXev<; Kal

pova^ovrcov bpyi^opevos.

IV
Avrjp yap T(?, tuiv ev reXei ra irpoiTa (fiepcov,
iv Tot? (BacnXeioLs eTvyyave,rbv pev (BLov e7riet/c7J<;,
eucre/3rj<i 8e ttjv tt'io'tiv' Kai, ttiv eavrov acorrjpiav,
olov re, ep,Tropev6pevo<;, XavOdvcov rjv 8id
o>9

rbv <^ofiov tov {3ao-i\ico<;. oOev Tives, r% et?


rov fiaaiXea irapprjcria^ tovtw fiaa/c/jvavres,
8ia{3dXXeiv avrbv epeXeTcov, ical tovto avTois
Sid

(fcpovTcSo?

rjv.

teal

trore

8i]

eeX96vTi rep /3acriXet perd

t??5

777509

67'ipav

avvrjdow; avra>

r)v tojv crvvOr/pevToov teal 6 dyaObs


irepiiraTovvTL he avT& Kara p.6va<i,
etc
Oeuas tovto avpfidv, C05 olpai, oltcovop,ia<>,
evpio-Kei dvdpwTTOv ev Xoypur) tivI KaTa yfjs eppep-

8opvcpopias, el?
etcelvo^ dvt'jp.

pievov, /cal Seiva)?


pevov, 05, I8a>v

tov irbha inrb Orjpiov o-WTerpip- 22

avTov irapibvTa,

ehvcraiTrei

p,r)

irapahpapelv, dXk! oltCTeipai avTov t>75 o~vp,<fiopd<;,


teal el<i tov l8iov dirayayelv oltcov, a pa /cal tovto
wpoo-Tideis, &>5 Ovk dvovTjTos aoi teal iravTeXws
dvevepyrjTOS, (ptjaiv, evpeOe'nqv eyu>. 6 8e Xapirpb<i
etceivos dvr)p Xeyei avTcb' 'E7C0 pev 81 ai/Tov tov

kuXov

tt]v cpvcriv irpoaXri'^ropai ere teal Oepaireias,

oarj Svvapus, d^icocro}'

36

dXXa

7-/9

r)

ovrjcris, rjv

irapd

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

m.

21-iv.

22

after the set time, they should be


'
For/
delivered to destruction by fire and sword.
said he, 'these be they that persuade the people
Meanwhile a
the Crucified as God.'
to

discovered

worship
thing befell, that

and

made the king

bitter against the

still

more angry

monks.

IV

There was

at court a

rulers, of virtuous life

man pre-eminent among


L

own

while working out his

might, he kept

it

the Of

a certain

virtuous

But senator and


in religion.
a beggari
salvation, as best lie ma n

and devout

secret

-,

fear

for

of

the

king.

Wherefore certain men, looking enviously on his free


converse with the king, studied how they might
On a
slander him and this was all their thought.
;

the king went forth a-hunting with his


day,
man was of
bodyguard, as was his wont, this good
he
was
While
the hunting party.
walking alone, by
divine providence, as I believe, he found a man in
a covert, cast to the ground, his foot grievously
crushed by a wild-beast.
Seeing him passing by,
the wounded man importuned him not to go his way,

when

but to pity his misfortune, and take him to his own


I
hope that I shall not be
home, adding thereto
useless unto thee.'
nor
found unprofitable,
altogether
1
'

For very charity I


will take thee up, and render thee such service as I
may. But what is this profit which thou saidest that

Our nobleman

said unto him,

'

37

How certain
malignant
slandered

ST.

aov

JOHN DAMASCENE

eaeadai

pot,

ecfrrjaas;

do-0evtj<t, 'E76J, (fyrftrCv,

ydp irore ev pr']paaiv rj opcXlaif;


KaKwais evpeOeirj, teaTaXXr)Xoi<;
ravra Oepatrevaoi, tov prj TrepatTepw

el

prjfiaTcov'

irX^yi]

6 he irevt]^ eteeivos teal

avOpwirbs elpi OepairevTr)?

Tt?

r)

<f)apjAaKoi<;
to tea/cbv ywpi)<j<xi- 6
e/ceLvot to Xe-^Oev dvr

pev ovv

evae/3r]<;

dvrjp

ovSevbs rjjijaaro, iteelvov


he. hid, Ti]v
ivToX?)V dirayayelv ot/eaSe irapeteeXevaaro, teat tt}<? it poarjK ovary? eTTipeXeias ovte
uTreaTeptjaev. ol he. irpopvrjpovevOevTe^ <f)6ovepol
eicelvoi, teal ftaa/cavoi, i)v irdXai r^hivov teatc'iav et?
0w? TrpoeveyicovTes, hiaftdXXovat tov avhpa 777)09
tov fiacnXea, &>9, ov pbvov t?}<? clvtov (piXias eiri-

XaObpevos,

r]X6yrjo-e t??9 7T/J09 to;;? 9eov<;

Oepcnrelas
heiva
KaTa rrj? avTov peXeTa /3acrtXeta?, tov o^Xov hiaaTpecfxov teal eavTw trdvTas olieeiovpevo*;. 'AX\', el
teal 7r/)09

yLpiaTiavLo-pov direteXivev,

dXXa koX

ftovXei, (fiacn, j3e[3ai(o6r)vai prjhev r)pa<; TreirXaapevov Xeyeiv, teaXecras avTov Ih'iws, eiire Treipd^wv

fiovXeaQai ae, teaTaXnrbvTa tt)v irtiTpiov Oprjcriee'iav Kal rr)v hb^av tt}? fiaaiXeias,
XptaTiavbv
yeveadat, teal to pova^itebv TrepifiaXtaOat a^rjpa,
o nrdXai ihiw^as, a>9 ov teaXws hrjOev tovtov
ol
yeyevrjpevov.
yap TavTa heivco? teaTa tov 23

yheiaav t^? avTov yvwprj?


ev/eaTuvvKTOv Trpoaipeaiv, a>9, el TOiavTa
irapa tov ftao-t,Xecos dteovaeiev, eteeLvw pev to,
tepetTTOva (3ovXevaapevqy yvcop7]v hoocreie prj dvaftaXeaOcu 777)09 to, /caXa>? fieftovXevpeva, teal
dvhpo<; aKi]i7Topevoi

Ti]v

e/c

tovtov

XeyovTes eteelvoi evpeOelev.


ttjv tov dvhpb<; 777)09 avTov
evvoiav oirbat] pr) dyvocbv, dirldavd t
rjyeiTo

38

dXi]dP)

he /3acnXev<i,

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


I

should receive of thee

'

iv.

The poor

22-23

man

sick

the senator

am

If ever in
a physician of words.
answered,
or
wound
be found,
converse
or
damage
any
speech
'

I will heal it with befitting medicines, that so the evil


spread no further.' The devout man gave no heed
to his word, but on account of the commandment,
ordered him to be carried home, and grudged him not
But the aforesaid
that tending which he required.

envious and malignant persons, bringing forth to


light that ungodliness with which they had long been
that
in travail, slandered this good man to the king
not only did he forget his friendship with the king,
;

and neglect the worship of the gods, and incline to


Christianity, but more, that he was grievously intriguing against the kingly power, and was turning
aside the common people, and stealing all hearts
'
'
if thou wilt prove
But,' said they,
that our charge is not ungrounded, call him to thee
privately and, to try him, say that thou desirest to

for himself.

leave thy fathers' religion, and the glory of thy kingship, and to become a Christian, and to put on the

monkish habit which formerly thou didst persecute,


having, thou shalt tell him, found thine old course
evil.'

The authors of this villainous charge against


knew the tenderness of his heart, how

the Christian

if he heard such speech from the king, he


would advise him, who had made this better choice^
not to put off his good determinations, and so they
would be found just accusers.
But the king, not forgetful of his friend's great How the
kindness toward him, thought these accusations in- triafof hini

that,

39

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

teal tyevhP] tcl Xeyo/xei'a,

Tavra irpoahe^eardai
Kal

Kal

hel,

on

pur)

a^aaavtcrrw^

hoKipbdaai

ttjv hiaf3oXi]v SteatceyfrctTO.

icai,

to irpdyp.a

7rpoo~fca\ecrd-

ecprj 7reipda>v OiSa?, w


toli re \eyopevoi<; p,ovdvvvl he, perd%ouai Kal irdai tols XpuTTiavois.

fievos

avrbv

(friXe,

baa

tear

ihiav,

ei>ehei%dp,7-jv

iirl tovto) yevopevos Kal Karayvovs twv


rcapovTwv, eKeivwv p3ov\op,ao yeveaOai rdv e\irihcov oiv \ey6vTG)v avrwv aKr'iKoa, ddavdrov twos
ySacrtXeta? et? aXXrjr (3ioti]v peWovcn]? eaecrdar
rj
yap Trapovaa Oavdrw 7rdvTG)<; SiaKOTrrerai.
ovk av a\X&)9 he tovto KaTopdcoOrjvat p,oi hoKh)
Kal pur] hiapaprelv tov o-koitov, el p,r] XpiaTiavos
Te yevcopiai, Kal yaipeiv eiiraiv rfj ho^rj t?}? e/^'}?
(3acn\eias Kal to?? Xonrots r)hecri Kal Tepirvols
tov fiiov, toi)? do-K7)Ta<; eKeivow? Kal pbovd^oina^

/xeXo?

^r]T)]aa<; brrov itot av elev, ov<; dhiK(i)<; aTn'fXacra,


eKeivois eavTov eyKarap-i^co.
7T/50? Tavra rl (/)?/?
avros, kul oirotav SiSw? ftovXijv; elrre, rrpb^

olha yap d\r]0f] Kal evyvcoavrt)<$ t^9 d\t]6e'ia<i.


pova elvai ae virep irdvras. o he dyadbs dvrjp
e/celvos, (09 Tavra rjKovcre, u7)hoXu><i top eyKeKpvpbpievov eiriyvovs hb\ov, Karevvyrj rrjv i/ru^V, Kal 24

haKpvai avyKe^vpevos dirXoiKWs drreKplvaro'


alcovas ^t)8l' /3ov\t)v yap
Dan. vi 21 RaatXev,
et? toi)?
dyaOrjv Kal aconjptov e(3ov\evo~a>, on, Kav ovo~evperos rj rwv ovpavwv {3ao~i\ei'a, d\X op,o)<; hei
Luke xi. 10; ravrrjv Tracr-p hvvdpet tyiTelv 'O Qitwv yap, (f)r/alv,
~
Mat. vii. 8
\
'a
be to)v irapovrcov airoXauaa,
evpijeret. avrijv.
7)
Kav T(p (f)aivop,eva> repTrr) Kal ijhvvTj, dXXd Ka\bv
avT7py drrd>aaa8ar ev avrCp yap tw eivai ovk
'

'

eari,

40

Kal

'

ov<;

ev(ppaivei

'

errraTrXaaicos

av8i<;

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

iv.

23-24

and false and because he might not accept


the fact and
without
them
proof, he resolved to try
So he called the man apart and said, to
the charge.
all
my past dealprove him, 'Friend, thou knowest of
ings with them that are called monks and with all
credible

But now,

the Christians.

have repented in this

matter, and, lightly esteeming the present world,


would fain become partaker of those hopes whereof

have heard them speak, of some immortal kingdom


the life to come for the present is of a surety
cut short by death. And in none other way, methinks,
can I succeed herein and not miss the mark except
I become a Christian, and, bidding farewell to the
I

in

and all the pleasures and joys


glory of my kingdom
of life, go seek those hermits and monks, whereso-

whom

have banished, and join myself


sayest thou thereto,
and what is thine advice ? Say on I adjure thee in
the name of truth; for I know thee to be true and
ever they be,

number.

to their

Now what

wise above

all

men.'

The worthy man, hearing

this,

but never guessing now

in spirit, and, melting


pitfall, was pricked
into tears, answered in his simplicity, O king, live
Good and sound is the determination
for ever
for though the kingthat thou hast determined
dom of heaven be difficult to find, yet must a man

the hidden

'

" He that
seek it with all his might, for it is written,
seeketh shall find it." The enjoyment of the present
life,
is

though

in

seeming

well thrust from

being

it

us.

ceaseth to be,

give delight and sweetness,


At the very moment of its
and for our joy repayeth us

it

4i

the

takeninT"
snaro

ST.

rd re yap dyaOd

Xvirel.
Cp. Wisd.
9-11

v.

JOHN DAMASCENE
avTrjs

rd re Xvirripd

iariv

daOevearepa, /cat,, &)? ^X vrl V7 ^


TTOVTOTropovcrris 7] opveov tov aepa Biepyopevov,
darrov dcfiavi^ovTai. i) Be twv pieXXovTcov eXirt^,
cr/cias

KiipvTTOVGLV o! XpicrTiavoL, J3ej3aia earl teat


da^aXeaTarr)' 6\li\riv Be e%ei ev rq> Koo~pb(p.
dXXd rd fiev rjfierepa vvv -iiBea 6\t,yo%p6via,
eVet Be oXcos ovBev i) KoXaaiv p,6vov irpo^evovvra
/cal Tipwpiav et9 alwvas p,7) Xvopevriv to yap
r)8u tovtcov irpocrKaipov, to Be oBuvrjpbv Sirjve/cis'
to)V Be XpicrTiavwv to p,ev Itzittovov irpoaKaipov,
to Be r)Bu /cat %pi)o~ip:ov dOdvaTov. KaTevQvvQe'ir)
ovv >) dya07] tov fSacriXews ftovXrj' KaXbv yap,
acpoBpa KaXbv tcov (pOapTwv Ta alcovta dvTctXXdi)v

%aa0at.

TavTa

6 f3aaiXev<> Kai Xiav iSua^i- 25


Be o/i&)? tt)v opyrjv, real ovBev retw?
6
avveTo<; wv /cal
Be,
XeXdXrj/cev.

"H/coucre

KaTeaye

paive,
to>

dvBpl
dyyivovs, eireyvoi

Ta

pt'ipuaTa

pd^cov.

avTov

/3a/3eco?
fcal oti

vTroo-Tpe^ra<i

Be^aadai tov /3aaiXea


BoXcp

rjv

civtov

e/cirec-

Be ot/caBe r}via.T0 /cal eBvcr-

t'ivi
tov
Tpbirco
Oepairevaei
Kai itcfyvyrj
tov eTnjpTijpievov ai)T(p
dviTim Be oXrjv Trjv vvkto. BtaTeXovvTi
KivBvi'ov.
eVl pLvijp,r]<; rpXOev ai)T(p 6 tov TroBa avvTeeavTov dyaycov, e(prj'
Tpip,pevo<;, Kai, tovtov Trpbs

cpopei,

dtropoiv

(3aaiXea

crou

M.ep,v>)p.a(,

elprjtcoTos

KeKaKwpevcov inrdpyeiv ae.


el

OepairevTiiv
o Be,

prjpbdTWV

Nat, c^ert* Kai,

to, tt}? eVicTr??//.?;?.


xprj^ei';, eTriBel^op.ai

Xafiwv Be

vtto-

avyfcXrjTiKb<? a^iyrjaaTo auT(p tt\v


"vpos r v fiaaiXea evvoiav auTov, Kai

el;

fjv

eKeKTTjTO TrappTjcriav, Kai ttjv evayxps TrpoTe-

42

dpXV

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

iv,

24-25

with sorrow sevenfold. Its happiness and its sorrow


more frail than a shadow, and, like the traces of a
ship passing over the sea, or of a bird flying through
But the hope of the life
the air, quickly disappear.
to come which the Christians preach is certain, and
as surety sure
howbeit in this world it hath tribulaare

whereas our pleasures now are short-lived, and


in the beyond they only win us correction and
For the
everlasting punishment without release.
pleasures of such life are temporary, but its pains
tion,

while the Christians' labours are temporary,


but their pleasure and gain immortal. Therefore
well befall this good determination of the king for
eternal

right

good

it

is

to

exchange the corruptible

the

for

eternal.'

The king heard these words and waxed exceeding now the
wroth: nevertheless he restrained his anger, and for marked the
the season let no word fall. But the other, being pie^ rdels
and was sad
shrewd and quick of wit, perceived that the kino;
o thereat
word
and
was
his
took
ill,
craftily sounding him.
"

So, on his

coming home, he

fell

into

much

grief

and

distress in his perplexity how to conciliate the king


and to escape the peril hanging over his own head.

as he lay awake all the night long, there came to


remembrance the man with the crushed foot so
he had him brought before him, and said, 1 remem-

But

his

'

ber thy saying that thou wert an healer of injured


'
'
Yea,' quoth he, and if thou wilt I will give
speech.'
of
skill.'
The senator answered
thee proof
my
and told him of his aforetime friendship with the
king, and of the confidence which he had enjoyed,
and of the snare laid for him in his late converse

43

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

Oelaav avrw BoXepdv bptXiav, /ecu ottco<; avro?


pev dyaOd aireKpivaro, eVeit-o? Be Bva-^epcb<; Be%ddXXotooaei ttjv
fxevos tov Xoyov, rfj tov 7rpocrco7rov

Dan.
Acta

iii.
11.

10;
14

ivBopLvy^ovcrav avrw bpy-qv iveBeu^aTO.


'O Be irewqs i/celvos Kal dcr6evr)<; BiaaKe-^rdfievo^
FvOiaTOV eCTTU) <JOl, ivSo^OTaTG, TTOVrjpaV
(f>r)'
tov fiacriXea, C09 ore
ere
gylJ>
77-po?

v7ro\-)]yjriv

Karao-yelv avrov
ere

et-nev

ttjv

direp

pd^cov
Keipas crou rrjv Kopi]v,

fiaaiXeiav fyreU, Kal

irei-

avaaras ovv, Kai


Kal eicfiaAcov ra Xap,irpa

el-nev.

Tavra, Tpiyjiva Be dpb(pie<jdpevo<;, dpa 26


tov Be irvvQavoTrpbaeXOe tu> /3aaiXel.
tovto
; airoKpicroi
to
Tt
ftovXeraL
cr^r/pa
puevov,
eo fiaaiXev,
wv
(jopiXijcras,
0i)tlpboi
%#e?
Uepl
IBov irdpeipn, ev eToipw tov dKoXovdrjcrai aot ttjv
boevaar el yap Kal iroQeivi)
6Bbv fjv
IpLciTia

irpcol

7rpoe6vp.r]6ij<i

eaTtv

7]

Tpv(pr)

Kal

rjSiaTTj,

dXXa

par)

pot yevoLTO

t%

Be
dpeTfp;
pueTa ere TavT^v dvaBe^aadar i]
6S09, t)v /ze'Wet? ftaBL^eiv, k&v Bvo-koXos eari Kal
dXXa perd aov ovtl paBia pot, avTrj Kai

Tpayela,
evKoXos Kal iroOeiviy

co? yap koivwvov pe ecr^e?


twv evTavda KaXwv, ovtco Kal twv Xvirrjpcbv e|ei<?,
6 Be
Xva Kal twv pLeXXovTwv (rvyfCOtva>vq<ra) croi.
tcl p^para
eKelvo<i
dvroBe^dpevos
dvrjp,
Xapirpbs
tov dadevovs, eiroir^ae Kadd Brj Kal avTW XeXdXt]Kev bv IBwv 6 /SaertAet"? Kal dKOvaa^, rjo-Q-q pev
eirl tovtw, dydpevos Xiav tj]V ek avrbv evvoiav,
Kar avrov XaX^Oevra yvovs, irXet,-tyevhr) Be ra
ovos avrbv Tifi>~]<; Kal t?}? efc avrbv Trapprjo-ias
diroXaveiv ireirouiKev Kara Be rcov p,ova^6vro)v
vTre peTTiparXaTO, eKeivwv elvat ravra
0/377)9 al6i<;
Xeycov ra BiBdypLara, to direx^o-Oai tovs dvdpda-

44

BARLAAM AND

10 ASAPH,

iv.

25-26

with the king; how he had given a good answer, but


the king had taken his words amiss, and by his
change of countenance betrayed the anger lurking
within his heart.

The sick beggar-man considered and said, Be it


known unto thee, most noble sir, that the king
'

harboureth against thee the suspicion, that thou


wouldest usurp
his kingdom,> and he spake, as he
1
!->

>

Arise therefore, and crop thy


spake, to sound thee.
hair.
Doff these thy fine garments, and don an
hair-shirt, and at daybreak present thyself before the
king.

And when

this apparel

he asketh thee, What meaneth


answer him, a It hath to do with thy

Behold,
yesterday, O king.
ready to follow thee along the road that thou
art eager to travel
for though luxury be desirable

communing with me
I

am

and passing sweet, God forbid that I embrace it


after thou art gone
Though the path of virtue,
which thou art about to tread, be difficult and rough;
yet in thy company I shall find it easy and pleasant,
for as I have shared with thee this thy prosperity so
!

now

will I share

thy distresses, that in the future, as


Our nobleman,
may be thy fellow."
approving of the sick man's saying, did as he said.
When the king saw and heard him, he was delighted,
and beyond measure gratified by his devotion
towards him.
He saw that the accusations against
his senator were false, and promoted him to more
honour and to a greater enjoyment of his confidence.
But against the monks he again raged above
in the past,

'

measure, declaring that this was of their teaching,

45

and how by
beggarc u "

j^f^e
i
"? ga " ed
the king s
favour
,

ST.
rcov

ttous

JOHN DAMASCENE

rou fiiov

fjSecDV

real

dBrjXots

ovetpo-

rroXeladai iXirtatv.

'R^ep^opevos &e avOcs els 6r\pav, opa Svo povaXovs Kara rtjv epr/pov htep^opevovs, ovs Kparr)9r\vat Kal tw avrou Trpoaa^Orjvat oyJ]part KeXevaas,
opytXcos re avrots evtScov, Kal irvp, to tov Xoyov,
irveuaas,

Ovk

7]KOvaare,

to

27

Tr\dvot Kal aira-

rcov wypvKcov hiapp^ht-jv fiocovrcov prj rtva


KaKohaiptovias perct rpets i)pepas ev

recoves,
t*}<?

e<prj'

vptcov

iroXet

X<*>pa rr)s eptrjs evpedrjvai e^ovaias, rj


rrvptKavaros carat; 01 Be piovayo'f 'l$ov
(cpaal) Kada &>] Kal irpoaera^as, e^epyopeBa aov
rcov iroXecov Kal rcov ^copcov /uaKpas 8e rjplv rrjs
oSou irpoKetpev^s rod cnreXdelv irpbs rovs i)pe~
i)

rriivrcos

repovs dSeXcpovs, ivSecbs e^ovres rpocprjs, ravrrjv


eiropi^opeOa, rod eyetv ret icpoSia Kal pr) Xtptov
r
irapavdXcopa yeveaOat. o 8e ftaatXevs ecprj'

Oavdrov

SeSotKcos drretXi]v ovk

els iro-

da^oXetrat
ptapbv (3pcopdrcov. Xeyovatv 01 povaarai' KaXcos
eiiras, co f3aatXev' 01 ddvarov hehotKores Stct eppovrtSos e^ovat ttcos avrbv eKcpvycoat.
rives Se elatv
ovrot, dXX' 7) 01 rots pevarols rrpoarerrjKores Kal

Mat.

vii.

Luke

xiii.

14 ;
24

rovrois eirrorjptevot, chives, prjSev dyaObv eXirt^ovres evpeiv eKelOev, hvaarroairdarcos eyovat
rcov irapovrcov, Kal Stct rovro SeSotKaat Odvarov ;
rjpels 8e ol rrdXai ptai]aavres Koapov Kal rot ev
Koapco, Kal Tijv arevt]v Kal
reOXippevtjv Sta
"
v
/D
'$*
''
o

js.ptarov paotQovres ooov, oure uavarov oeooiKaovre
ret
pev,
irapovra rroOovpev, dXXa rcov pteXXovrcov i(piepte6a povov.
eVet ovv o Trap vptcov
v

>

enrayopevos rjptv Odvaros htafiarrjptov ylver at

46

'

rr}s 28

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

iv.

26-2S

that men should abstain from the pleasures of life,


and rock themselves in visionary hopes.
Another day, when he was gone a-hunting, he How the
These he twcfmonks
espied two monks crossing the desert.
ordered to be apprehended and brought to his de Se rt and
chariot.
Looking angrily upon them, and breathing
'
Ye vagabonds and deceivers,' he
fire, as they say,
'
have ye not heard the plain proclamation of
cried,

the heralds, that

if any of
your execrable religion
were found, after three days, in any city or country
within my realm, he should be burned with fire ?
'

The monks answered, Lo obedient to thine order,


we be coming out of thy cities and coasts. But as
'

the journey before us is long, to get us away to our


brethren, being in want of victuals, we were making
provision for the way, that we perish not with hunger.'
Said the king, He that dreadeth menace of death
busieth not himself with the purveyance of victuals.'
'

'

Well spoken,

king,' cried

the monks.

that dread death have concern

And who

are

how

these but such as

'

They

to escape

clina:

to

it.

thinjrs

temporary and are enamoured of them, who, having no


good hopes yonder, find it hard to be wrenched from
this present world, and therefore dread death ?
But
we, who have long since hated the world and the
things of the world, and are walking along the
narrow and strait road, for Christ his sake, neither
dread death, nor desire the present world, but only
long for the world to come. Therefore, forasmuch
the death that thou art bringing upon us proveth
47

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.
dlSi'ov

&)%

teal /cpeLTTOvos, 7ro#?/To?

<f)o/3epo<; icTTtv

rj

tifxiv

fiaWov

ovros.

'Eft ot? e dy^ivo'ia^ ZrjOev 6 /3acnAet>? eVi-

\a/3eadao rwv fiovayow f3ov\6p,evo<;, ecpr)' Tt Se ;


ov irpo putcpov elirare vno^wpelv vfia<i, tca6d hrj
tcau Trpoaera^a ; tcai, el ov SeSoltcare rhv Odvarov,
7TW9

(f>vyfj

e^pwaade

ISov

/cofATrd^ovres Sceyjrevo-aade.

ravra

teal

direKplO^aav

vayof Ov rbv irapd

o~ov

SeSoifcores

dX)C eXeotWe?

it

(pevyop^ev,

pbdrrjv
ol fxo-

direCKov^ievov Odvarov
ere, "va p,r)

epic a or ep as KaraKplaews alrto'i

croc

yevcopbeda,

7rpoe6vp,7]0)]p:ev inro^wpelv errei, to ye et<? f]p,a<;


tjkop, ou8o.\&>? aov rd<; diretXas rrore 8et\io)p,ev.
77/90? ravra 6 fSacriXevs dpyiadeh e/ceXevaev av-

rovs 7rvpiKavcrT0v<; yeveaOar /cat ere\eidi6r]aav


rod y^piarov depdirovres Sid rrvpos, row fiaprv-

oi

pitcwv rv^ovres arec^dveov.


hoy pa re i^edero, el
7rov ris evpeOfi p.ovd^o)v, dve^erdarw^ (faovevecrdai.
teal ov8el<i
V7re\el(p0>] ev etceivrj rfj ~)(<x>pa rod roiovrov rdyparos, el p,j) ol ev opecn real cnrr-jXaioLs

hat rait orrals t% yq<; eavrovs tcaTatcpvyp-avres.


fiev ovv Sr) roiavra.

ravra

O
apXV$

avTw

Be rov /3aat\eu><;
elrrelv

Mpfiiirai,

rrdaav

e\0(bv rraihelav,

48

ev

ov 6 \6yos air

rw KaraaKevaaOevri

rraXartcp dupo'lro^ wv, rrjs ecpijfSov rj-^raro 29

TiXtKias,

awp,a

vlo<;, irepl

evcpvrjs

r?)v KlOivirwv teal


ovtc ekarrov rrjv

wv

teal

TVepawv
yjrv^v

wpalos, vowe^i'is T

p.errj

to

Ka '

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

28-v. 29

iv.

but the passage to that everlasting and better life,


it is rather to be desired of us than feared.'
Hereupon the king, wishing to entrap the monks,
Said ye not
as I ween, shrewdly said, How now ?
(

but this instant, that ye were withdrawing even as I


commanded you ? And, if ye fear not death, how
Lo this is but another of
to be fleeing ?
came

ye

and

your idle boasts


'

The monks answered,

lies.'

Tis not because we dread the death wherewith

thou dost threaten us that we flee, but because


we pity thee. 'Twas in order that we might not
that we were
bring on thee greater condemnation,
are never a
we
ourselves
for
Else
to
escape.
eager
At this the king and waxing
whit terrified by thy threats.'
r
.
autny baae
waxed wroth and bade burn them with fire, ho by burn them
,

fire

-r

-,

ci

were these servants of God made perfect, and

with

fire

And the king


the Martyr's crown.
be found leading
published a decree that, should any
a monk's life, he should be put to death without
Thus was there left in that country none of
trial.
the monastic order, save those that had hid them in
mountains and caverns and holes of the earth. So
received

much then concerning

this matter.

king's son, of whom our tale How


Ioisnph,
,,
1
n
l
from the palace pre- grown to
never
to
tell,
departing
began
He
manhood.
of
to
the
JJesircdTto
age
pared for him, attained

But meanwhile, the

e
had pursued all the learning of the Ethiopians jJ ^
and Persians, and was as fair and well favoured imprisonmerit
j
in
mind as in body, intelligent and prudent,

49

js

ST.
cfrpoVLfLOS

KTt'j/xaai,

kcu

JOHN DAMASCENE

ttcloi

i]T7J/jLa.Ta

&takd/uL7rcov

re (pvai/ca

dyaOol<; irXeoveBiBd7T/90? tov<;

avTOV

irpofiaWopievos, a>s /cd/ceivov?


Oavfid^eiv eirl rfj tov 7ratSo9 ay)(ivoia /cal avveaei,
eKTrXrjTTeaOaL Be ical tov (3ao-i\ea to re yapieaTatov tov irpoawirov /cal to tP/9 ^rv-^r)^ /caTacrTr]p,a.
evTo\d<i tc eBiBov roi9 avvovatv avTw, putjBev to
-napdirav twv tov ftlov dvtapoiv avT&> yvcopt/xov

(jkovtcls

elvai, m>7' oti 6'Xw? ddvaTOS to, irapoina Tepirvd


icevals Be e-ntipeiBeTO iXincn, /cat,
BiaBeyeTau.

TO TOV \6yOV, 19 OVpClVOV TO%VlV e7Tl7r&k <ydp av /ecu BieXaOev dvd pwirivrj
^eipwv.
01/ p,evToi ovBe tu> iraiBl BieXaOe.
6
OdvaToq;
(pvaec
tov
Trdcrr) yap avveaei KaTaKopuov e^wv e/ceivo<;

TOVTO

B>]

Xoyiap,6v, ea/coirei /cad? eavTov tivi Xoyw avTov


Te dirpoLTOv elvai 6 iraTrjp /caTehi/caae /cal iravTi
Toj fiovXofievG) tt)V et'9 avTov oi) avyx (t) pei eiaoBov.

tov

iraTpos
eyvco yap icaO^ eavTov p,r) dvev r>}9
o/x9 rjBecTO epanrjaai
Trpoo-Tayrjs tovto elvai.
avTov tovto p,ev diridavov eivai Xeycov, pir] Ta

avpxpepovTa avTu> tov iraTepa BiavoeiaOai, tovto


tov TraTpos eVrt
av avTU> Ta T779

Be G/coiTOiV, a>9, el KaTa yvoopir)v


to irpdypua, /cav ipwTrjarj, ov/c

oOev Trap' dXXcov, /cal fir) nrapd


eva Be tcov
tov iraTpos, TavTa p,a9eiv Bieyvco.
tu>v
7raiBayooycov nrpoa^iXeaTaTov /cal ol/ceioTaTOV
Xonrcov /ce/CTrjp,evo<;, eirl irXelov oi/ceiayadfievos /cal
d\r]dela<; yvcopiel.

Beopeats

cf)iXoTlp,oi<;

Begieoadfievos,

eirvvddveTO

av /3ovXoito tco fiaaiXel r\ ev tw


/cal &>9
TvepiTeiyLo-paTi e/ceivw tovtov icdOeip^is,
Et tovto, cprjai, aacpm BiBdgeis pie, Trpo/cpiTo?
irdvTwv ear/ p.01, /cal Biad/j/crjv cpiXlas Biyve/covs
irap

50

avTov

ti

30

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

v.

29-30

and shining in all excellencies.


To his teachers
he would propound such questions of natural history
that even they marvelled at the boy's quickness and
understanding, while the king was astounded at the
charm of his countenance and the disposition of his

He

soul.

charged the attendants of the young

prince on no account to make known unto him any


of the annoys of life, least of all to tell him that

death ensueth on the pleasures of this world. But


vain was the hope whereon he stayed, and he was
like the archer in the tale that would shoot at the

For how could death have remained unknown


sky.
to any human creature ?
Nor did it to this boy for
;

mind was

and he would reason


within himself, why his father had condemned him
never to go abroad, and had forbidden access to all.
He knew, without hearing it, that this was his
father's express command.
Nevertheless he feared
to ask him
it
was not to be believed that his
father intended aught but his good
and again, if it
were so by his father's will, his father would not
reveal the true reason, for all his asking. Wherefore
he determined to learn the secret from some other
source.
There was one of his tutors nearer and How he
dearer to him than the rest, whose devotion he won onTof his
even further by handsome gifts. To him he put the tutors
question what his father might mean by thus enclosing
him within those walls, adding, ' If thou wilt plainly
his

fertile of wit,

>

tell

and

me
I

this, of all

will

thou shalt stand first in my favour,


a covenant of everlasting

make with thee

51
E 2

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

Be rraiBaywyo^, execppwv real


rov 7rat8o? avverrjv
teal reXelav (pp6vt]acv, real G09 ovtc dv avra> yevocro
teivBvvov irpo^evos, irdvra avrep /card piepos Bcrjyr]-

avTos vrrdp'ywv,

craro,

rov

croi.

SiaOyjao/iaL

teal elBcos rrjv

rov Kara rcov ^Kpiariavcov redevra irapd


Bicoyptov icai

/3ao~i\ea)<;

Kara

e^aiperco<;

reov

re dirrfkaO^crav real e^ep3\t]6i]aav


t/}? rrepiydipov itceivr]<>, old re yevvrjOevros avrov
01
darpo\oyot rrporiyopevaav. "Yv ovv, (pr\cTi, prj,
077-C09

aaKrjroiv,

d/covcra?

t%

etceevcop

rf}<?

BiBayrjS, ravrrjv

f)p.erepa<; OpiqaKela^,

p,r)

TrpcKpivrjs
croc iro\-

TrpoaopiXelv

d\X evapiO p,n]rov^,


Bevaaro, evro\d<i rjpiv Bovs

\ov<i,

/3ao~i\ev<;

pirjBev

o~oi

eirerr]-

rcov

rov

dviapwv yvwpiaai. Tavra co? rjKovaev 6 veavia<; ovBev erepov rrpoaeOero \aXijaac
i]\jraro Be
avrov \6yo<; acoryjpios, teal r/ rov
7-779 KapBuas
UapateXijrov %a/K9 rov<; vorjrovs avrov ocpOaXpovs

/3iov

Biavolyeiv

eire^eiprjcre,

ycoyovaa Seov,

d><i

737309

rov

dyjrevBf]

X0709
avrov

rrpo'ioov

yeipa31

BrfXooaeie.

rov 7rarpo<;
teal p3aacXeco<;
tear a Qeav rov rraiBbs epyopbkvov (ay amy yap
Be

Xv%vco<;

virepfiaXXovcrr) ecpiXet avrov), ev pud, Xeyet, avrw


o
vl 09*
Madeiv re erred vprjaa irapd aov, Si

Beenvora
teal

teal

Be

-^rv^j-jv.

flacriXev,

rrari]p,

rroOeivorarov,

7/9

Odrrov avrrjv

els

teat (pt^alv

iral^'

rj

pee,

Ae'76 poi, re/evov


ere

crvveyovcrd

yapdv

Xvinp

zeal

pierapelyjrat arrovBdaco.

T/9 6 rpoiros

teaOeip^ecos, ore evrb<?

52

it;

a>
Xvm~i Birjveterjs
KareaOiet pbov rrjv
avrcov rcov prjpidroov

rd airXdy^va, e$ny

d\yt]cra<;

.eXetcrd?

eef)

dBiaTravcrros

p,epipLva

reiyewv

drrpolrov irdvrt]

evOdBe
itvXwv aweadeaiov rracri

T/79 epbfjs

teal
teal

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


The

v.

30-31

himself a prudent man,


was the boy's wit
and
mature
bright
and that he would not betray him, to his peril, discovered to him the whole matter the persecution
of the Christians and especially of the anchorets
decreed by the king, and how they were driven
forth and banished from the country round about
friendship.'

tutor,

knowing how

also the prophecies of the astrologers at his birth.


'
'
'Twas in order,' said he, that thou mightest never and leamt

hear of their teaching, and choose it before our him


religion, that the king hath thus devised that none
but a small company should dwell with thee, and
hath commanded us to acquaint thee with none of

When the young prince heard this


life.'
he said never a word more, but the word of salvation
took hold of his heart, and the grace of the
Comforter began to open wide the eyes of his underhand to the true God,
standing, leading him by the
the woes of

as our tale in its course shall

tell.

father came oftentimes to see How


the king
his ii.
_
loasaph
,
11
/"v
j
a day besought
Un
his boy, for he loved him passing well.
that
is
'There
his son said unto him,
something
jJjJjjEto
the king, by reason
long to learn from thee, my lord
of which continual grief and unceasing care con-

Now

sumeth

my

the very

soul.'

His father was grieved at heart at

word, and

'

said,

Tell me, darling child,

the sadness that constrain eth thee, and


to turn it into
straightway I will do my diligence
'What
is the reason of
The
said,
boy
gladness.'
here ?
mine
Why hast thou barred

what

is

imprisonment

me

within walls and doors, never going forth and


53

ST.
p.e

JOHN DAMASCENE

KaracrTijaas; Kal o Trarrjp

e^>rp

Ov

(3ov\op,ai,

&

re/cvov, iSeiv ere ti rcov drj8i^6vTcov ttjv Kap8iav


crov Kal iy/coTTTOVTWi' o~oi tt)v eveppoavvrjv.
ev

yap Sir/ve/cec ical X a P9 7ril(T !) Ka ^ 0Vfirf8ia


%r\aai ere rbv diravra 8iavoovpiai alcova. 'AAA' ev
tw
ccr6i, to heairoTa, cpr/alv 6 vibs tw 7rarpt,
l V^ a &, ev
v
ev
a
Kai
tovtw
ovk
f
rpenrco
X P?
rpvcpf]

6\i"^rei 8e p,d\Xov Kal


avri-jv Tt]v j3ptoa'iv re

cnevoywp'ia iroWfj, o>9 teal


Kal irbcriv dijSi] fiot /caraito0co yap opdv irdvra to
cpaivea0at Kal iriKpdv.
el ovv (Bov\ei ev 68vvrj
kco rcov ttvXcov tovtcov.
KeKevcrov
p,rj ^i)v p.e,
7Tpoepxeo-0aL Ka0w<; f3ov\op,ai,
Kal Tepireo0ai ryv tyv)(i]V rfj 0ea rcov yevo/xevcov
Te<w? d0edrcov p,oi.
'EXu7D^>7 6 /3aai\ev<; t? rjKovae ravra, Kal 32
SieaKoirei &)<>, el KcoXvaec rf)<; alrrfcrecos, 7r\eiovo<;
avrto dvias Kal p,epip,vi]s 7rp6tjevo<; ecnai. Kal Eyto
crov, reKVov, elirtov, rd Kara0vpbia iroi^crto. nnrovs
avTLKa K\eKTOV<i Kal Sopvcpopiav rrjv /3aai\el

irpeirovaav evTpe7na0f)vai KeXevcras, 7rpoepxeo-0ai


avrbv ore j3ov\otro BicoplaaTO, eiricTKi^a^ T049
avvovaiv avrco p,>]8ev dr]8e<i ei'9 crvvavrijaLv avrco
rrdv 6 ri KaXov Kal repyjriv epuroLovv,
dyetv,
rovro vTTohetKvveiv rco 7rai8i, Popovs re avyKporeiv
ev rats 68ol<; 7ravapp,oviov<; Kporovvrcov co8d<; Kal
TTOtKiKa 0earpa crvviarcovrcov, ware tovtois rbv

dWa

vovv avrov dTraaxoXelo-OaL Kal evi]8vvea0ai.


^Ap,e\et ovrcoal avyyd^av ev rals rrpob8oL<i 6
rov /3acrikeco<; vibs elBev ev pica rcov rj/iepwv, Kara
\i]0r)v

rcov

vmjpercov, dv8pa<;

XeXco^rjpievo'i, TuepXbs

Kal dr}8ia0el<i
54

rrjv

8vo,

8e 6 erepo<; rjV

yfrvx })''i Xeyet

cov

p.ev

0&9 18 cov,

tois p-er avTov'

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


seen of none

'

His father replied,

'

v.

31-32

Because

I will

not, my son, that thou shouldest behold anything to


I intend
embitter thy heart or mar thy happiness.
that thou shalt spend all thy days in luxury un-

But,'
broken, and in all manner joy and pleasaunee.'
said the son unto his father, know well, Sir, that
thus I live not in joy and pleasaunee, but rather in
'

'

and great straits, so that my very meat and


drink seem distasteful unto me and bitter. I yearn to
If then thou
see all that lieth without these gates.
wouldest not have me live in anguish of mind, bid
affliction

go abroad as I desire, and let me rejoice my soul


with sights hitherto unseen by mine eyes.'
Grieved was the king to hear these words, but, How the
perceiving that to deny this request would but in- granted his

me

crease his boy's pain and grief, he answered,


son, I will grant thee thy heart's desire.'

'

My

desire

And

immediately he ordered that choice steeds, and an


fit for a king, be made ready, and gave him
license to go abroad whensoever he would, charging
escort

companions to suffer nothing unpleasant to come


way, but to show him all that was beautiful
and gladsome. He bade them muster in the way
his

in his

troops of folk intuning melodies in every mode,


and presenting divers mimic shows, that these might
occupy and delight his mind.
So thus it came to pass that the king's son often now
went abroad. One day, through the negligence of his goings'
his attendants, he descried two men, the one maimed, ^' n
and the other blind. In abhorrence of the sight, he onemaimed, and one
,,,,
i
1
cried to his esquires, Who are these, and what is blind,

'

'

55

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

TiVe9 outol, Kal nrorair't-i


ol Be, p,rj Bvvdpevoi to
airoicpv-^rai,

ecp^aav

Tuva, ariva

v\t)<;

e'

r\

Bva^ep^

et?

avro)v Sea;

opaaiv avrov i\6oi'

UdOi] ravra elaiv dvOpoaBiecpOappevrji /ecu awfiaros

rots /3/90TOi9 (TVpi/3aLViv etcoOe.


Tidat to6? dv9pd)Troi<; ravra
6
7rat?*
(pijatv
crrai avpbftalveiv; Xeyovaiv etcetvoc
Trdcriv,

Ka/co-^vpiov

Ov

oh dv

etcodev,

ovs

dXkd

yu.eA.Xef

dW

rcov yyptov
avdis ovv eirvvOavero o irais Et ov

eKrpairelr] ro vyieivov

pLoydijplas.
irdai, (firjai,

teat

eWc-

e/e

t/)?

rovro rots dvOpooiroL?


riaiv,

ravra

crvpbftaLveiv

dpa yvcoarol

KaOearrjKao-iv,
Kara\r]^ea6ai rd Beivd; rj

dBioptara><; /cal drrpooirro)^ vcptararat;


K.al Tt? rcov dvOpcoircov rd
eicelvoi'

avviBelv Bvvarai

\eyovcnv

pceWovra

/cal aKpiftcos iiri/yvmvac;

Kpelrrov
rovro, Kal puovots drroKkr)Kal iiravaaro p.ev 6
pcoOev T049 dQavdrois Oeols.

yap
rov
Cp. Dan.

iii.

dv9pa>7Tivrj<; cpvcreax;

/3a<xtXe'&)9

u/09

eirepcorcov,

aySvvijOrj

Be

rrjv

KapBlav eVl rep opaOevri, Kai r/XXoicoOr] -q pbopepr)


rod Trpoadnrov avrov rep davvijOei rov irpdypiaros.
Me-r' ov 7roXXa? Be i)p,epa<; avdi<; Biepxopevos
evrvy^dvei yepovri

rreiraXaicopLevcp

ev

i]pLepai<>

7roXXat9, eppiKvcopuevco pcev ro irpotrcoirov, rrapeipuevip


Be rd<; Kvrjfias, crvyxeKvcpori, Kav 6X&>9 Tre7ro\ico-

Kal iyKeKop,p.eva
puevcp, eo-repy]p,ev<p tou9 oBovras,
\a\ovvri. eKTrXrj^LS ovv avrbv \ap.{3dver Kal Br]
TrXrja'iov rovrov dyayoov eirr/pcora /xaOelv ro rr}<;
ol Be crvp,7rap6vre<; elrrov
6ea<; irapdBo^ov.
ifKelcrrcov
virdpyei, Kal Kara
Xpovcov r)Br)

Ovro<;

puKpbv
Be
p.iov/xep7]<; avrco 7-779 lo-%vo<;, e^aaOevovvrcov
rcov pe\C)v, et'9 rjv op&s eepdacre ra\aincopiav.
Kal ri, (prjal, rovrov ro TeXo9; ol Be elrrov avrco'
56

33

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


'

this

distressing

spectacle

v.

32-33

They, unable to con-

what he had with his own eyes seen, answered,


'These be human sufferings, which spring from
corrupt matter, and from a body full of evil humours.'
The young prince asked, ' Are these the fortune of
all men ?
They answered, Not of all, but of those
ceal

'

whom

turned away by
Again the youth
f
asked, If then this is wont to happen not to all,
but only to some, can they be known on whom this
terrible calamity shall fall ? or is it undefined and
in

the principle of health

is

the badness of the humours.'

unforeseeable

'

'

What

man,' said they,

'

can

dis-

cern the future, and accurately ascertain it ? This


is beyond human nature, and is reserved for the

The young prince ceased


immortal gods alone.'
from his questioning, but his heart was grieved at
the sight that he had witnessed, and the form of his
visage was changed by the strangeness of the matter.

Not many days after, as he was again taking his and again
walks abroad, he happened with an old man, well a nd feeble,
stricken in years, shrivelled in countenance, feeblekneed, bent double, grey-haired, toothless, and with

The prince was seized with


old man near,
astonishment, and, calling the
desired to know the meaning of this strange sight.
His companions answered, ' This man is now well
broken utterance.

in years, and his gradual decrease of


with
increase of weakness,' hath brought
~
strength,
'

and queshim to the misery that thou seest.' ' And,' said he, tinned his

advanced

'what

will

be his end?'

They answered,

'

Naught
57

about them

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

Ov&ev aXXo

i)

OdvaTOs avTov BiaSe^erai.

'AXXd

to?? avOpanrois tovto irpbnraaiv,


e</>?7,
Kirat ; i) Kal tovto ivlot<i avrcov avp,/3ai,vet;
zeal

uTreKpldijaav efceivor Et fii) 7rpoXaf3a>v 6 ddvaros


riva ro)v evTevdev, dSvvarov, twv

p,eTaaTr)o~ei

eh

TavTrjs eXOelv tt/v


o irah' ev iroaoc;
ovv eTeo~i tovto eirep^eTai tlvi; Kal et, TravTcos
TvpoKeiTai o QdvaTOS, Kal ovk ecrTi p,edo$o<; tovtov
7rapa8pap,eiv, Kal fitjSe eh TavTr/v eXdetv Trjv

Xpovwv TrpofiaivovTwv,
irelpav

Tci^eco^.

tt}<?

p,rj

Kal

(pTjcriv

TaXanrwpiav; Xeyovcriv ai>T(p' 'Ez^ oySoijKOVTa piev


Kal eKaTov eTeaiv eh tovto to yijpas KaTavTOiaiv ol avO pcoiroi, elTa dirodv^aKovat,, p,rj aXXws
ev8e~%opt,evov. %peo9 yap (pvaiKov 6 ddvaTO? eaTiv,
e'lr a PXV^ ZTrnzdzv T h dv0pc!)7roi<;, Kal dirapalT'qto? tj tovtov e7re\evo-i<;.

?}

TavTa irdvTa a)<? elhe T Kal i]KOvaev o crvveTos


eKeivos Kal cppovipios veavias, OTevd^as e/c fiddovs
KapStas, ecpr)' TIiKpos o /3io<? o5to? Kal irdarj^ bhvel Taina ovtcos
vr]<; Kal drjSia<; avdrrXews,
e~%ei.
koI 7Tfo)9 dfiept/nv/jcrei T9 rfj 7rpoaSoKLa tov dSijXov
OavaTov, ov r] eXevo-is ov puovov aTTapaiTr)TOS, dXXa
Kal db'rjXos, KaOoos e'liraTe, virapyei; Kai dirrpXOe
TavTa o-Tpe<pa>v ev eavTw, Kal diravGTW^ StaXoyt6p,evo$, Kal 7TVKvd<; Troiovpuevos irepl tov OavaTov
ra? v7ro/Liv)]cris, ttovols re Kal d@vp,lai<; e.K tovtov
eXeye yap
av^ci)v Kal i'nravaTOV eywv tt\v Xvtttjv.
*

ev eavTU)'

hpd

Kal Tt? eo~Tai o

ttotc pie o

QdvaTOS KaTaX^yjreTat;
ddva1

p,vr)pjr)v

p-ov Troiovp^evo ; p,eTa

tov, tov y^povov irdvTa TrjXydr] irapaSiSovTos; Kal


el diroOavwv eh to p,?] bv BiaXv0)]aop.ai ; ?} eaTi
Tt9 aXXi] /3ioti] Kal ere/jo? KoapLos; TavTa Kal tcl

58

34

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


but death will relieve him.'
the appointed

doom

of

some ?
happen
death come before hand

all

'

v.

33-34

But/ said he,

mankind

'

is

this

Or doth

it

'

'
They answered, Unless
to remove him, no dweller
on earth, but, as life advanceth, must make trial of
this lot.' Then the young prince asked in how many
years this overtook a man, and whether the doom of
death was without reprieve, and whether there was
no way to escape it, and avoid coming to such
(
They answered him, In eighty or an
misery.
men
arrive
at
this
old age, and then
hundred years
none
other
since
there
is
way for death is
they die,
a debt due to nature, laid on man from the beginning,

only to

and

approach is inexorable.'
our wise and sagacious young prince saw How
and heard all this, he sighed from the bottom ofgo^f^J^
its

When

his heart.

of

all

'Bitter

is

this

pain and anguish,


r

cried he,

life,'

if this

.1

be

so.

and

fulfilled

And how

can a body be careless in the expectation of an


unknown death, whose approach (ye say) is as
So he went away,
uncertain as it is inexorable ?
all
over
these
things in his mind.,
restlessly turning
pondering without end, and ever calling up remem'

brances of death. Wherefore trouble and despondency


were his companions, and his grief knew no ease
for he said to himself, And is it true that death shall
one day overtake me ? And who is he that shall make
mention of me after death, when time delivereth all
;

'

?
When dead, shall I dissolve
nothingness ? Or is there life beyond, and
Ever fretting over these and the
another world ?

things to forgetfulness
into

'

59

^jf^
had seen
a "d heard

ST.
tovtois

JOHN DAMASCENE

aTravarax; hiei>0vpLovpLevo<> oo^picbv


O^iV he TOV 7TaT/30?, ore (TVVefirj
a<pifcea9ai, irpoaeiroieiTo to [Xapbv Kal

6/jboia

KaTTt']KTO, K(IT

tovtov

dXvirov, psr) /3of \o/xero? et? yvwaiv ra> iraipl ra


eiroOei he aKaTao-yertp
avru) fieXeroo/jbeva eXOelv.
rivl irbQtp Kal iyXi^ero ivrvxelv tivl tw hwaptevco
aurov irXripofyoprjaai Kaphiav, Kal Xoyov
rt]V

dyaObv Tat? avrou tiKoals


Tbv irpopuviipuOvevQeina

evrf^rjaat.

he

irathaycoybv avdis
tov hvvdpuevov avrw
avpuficikeaOai irpb<i rb iroOovpuevov, Kal tov vovv 35
avTOV /3e/3aio)crat, heivws IXiyyiwvTa ev tois XoyiKal fit) hvvdpievov a7rof3aXe<j0aL ttjv irepl
ap,ol<;
eirrjpcoTa, et irov iiva yivaxr/cei

tovtcov cppovTiha.
eTTipLvrjaOels,
6 7rar?]p oov
ire pi

eXeyev

6 he, tu>v irpoeipypuevcov iraXiv


Yilirov o~oi Kal irpbiepov 07T&)?

tovs acxpovs eKelvovs Kal daK7]Ta<; del

twv Toiovioiv (piXoaocpovvTas, ou?

puev dveVkev,
0D9 he pber 007/7? ihiw^e, Kal ov yivobaKa) vvvl rwa
iroXXov he eVt
rotouTOV ev rfi irepiyd>p(p ravTy.
TOUTOt? d%0ov<; eKelvos irXr)p(oOei<;, Kai ttjv yjrv^rjv

heivws KararpoiQel^, ecpKei dvhpl Orjaavpbv diro-

XeaaviL fieyav Kal et? rrjv avrov ?/-n/<xtz/ o\ov


avTOV top vovv da^oXov[xev(p. evrevOev dywvi
htr veKet Kal fiepifivr) arvvetyj, Kal irdvra rd y'jhea
Kal lepirvd tov Koapuov rjv ev 6<pOaXpiol<; avTov &>?
oi/t<w? ovv e^ovTt tw veco
a'709 ti Kal /3heXvyp,a.
t

Kal iroTVioipLevcp KaTa yjrv^rjv to dyadbv evpelv,


avTov 6 irdvia /SXeircov ocpOaXpLo*;, Kal ov
irapelhev 6 deXcov irdvias crwQiivai Kal et? eirtyvwglv d\f]deia<$ eXdeiv, dXXd, ttjv avvijdr/ avTu>
(f)iXav0p(oirLav koI eirl tovtw Set|a?, eyvctiptaev
bhbv r)v ehei iropeveaOai Tpbirw Toi&he'
elhev

Tim.

ii.

Ps. cxiiu. 8

60

BARLAAM AND lOASAPH,

v.

34-35

like considerations, he waxed pale and wasted away,


but in the presence of his father, whenever he
chanced to come to him, he made as though he were
cheerful and without trouble, unwilling that his
But
cares should come to his father's knowledge.
he longed with an unrestrainable yearning, to meet
with the man that might accomplish his heart's desire,
and fill his ears with the sound of good tidings.
whom we and again
Again he enquired of the tutor of
have spoken, whether he knew of anybody able ^SSi of
to help him towards his desire, and to establish a his tutor
mind, dazed and shuddering at its cogitations, and
unable to throw off its burden. He, recollecting their
f
have told thee
I
former communications, said,
with the wise
hath
dealt
already how thy father
men and anchorets who spend their lives in such
and others he
philosophies. Some hath he slain,
hath wrathfully persecuted, and I wot not whether
Thereat
any of this sort be in this country side.'
the prince was overwhelmed with woe, and grievously
wounded in spirit. He was like unto a man that
hath lost a great treasure, Avhose whole heart is
lived
occupied in seeking after it. Thenceforth he
in perpetual conflict and distress of mind, and all
the pleasures and delights of this world were in his
While the youth
eyes an abomination and a curse.
was in this way, and his soul was crying out to discover that which is good, the eye that beholdeth
all things looked upon him, and he that willeth
all
men should be saved, and come to the
that
knowledge of the truth,' passed him not by, but
showed this man also the tender love that he hath
toward mankind, and made known upon him the
Bcfel it thus.
path whereon he needs must go.
'

61

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

VI
'ILyevero
T?, ao(f)b<;

yap kclt iicetvov tov Katpbv piova^os


ra Oela, /3i&) re icai Xoyw /coa/Aov/xevos,

36

Kal eh anpov iraaav p,ova^cKr]V pbereXOoov ttoXireiav' bdev p,ev oppuofievos Kal e/c ttolov yevovs ovk
Gen. x. 10
xi. 2
1

ii

^\>/

Dan.

he rcvi rrjs SevaapiTthos


Xeyetv, ev iravepi]pL(p
t
/'
\
/
TTOLOV
OlKi]<Tl<;
pbeVOS, KCLI TYj^ lepOOCTVVTJS
7?f
TeTe Xeicopievo<; rrj ydpiri.
BapXaap, rjv ovo/na

h^w

xiv.

r.

T" a<?

Is. xi.
i.

tw yepovri. OVTO<? ovv d7roKa\v\jri tlvl


OebOev avrcp yevopuevr] yvovs ra Kara, tov vlbv rov
j3aaikeoi<^, e^eXdoov t?;? eprffjiov, 7T/30? ttjv oIkovKal, a/zei-v/m? to eavrov cr\r]p,a,
p,evt]V tcaTTJkde.
Ifidnd re KoapuKa dp.cptaadpLevo ?, Kal vijbs eVt/Sa?,
d(f)LKTO els rd rcov 'lvhcov /3aaiXeia, Kal eparopov
tovto)

Trpoawirelov, ttjv itoXlv KaraXapifidvei,


tov (3acnXew<; vlbs to iraXaTiov ei%e.
Kat, j)p,epa<; Siarptyas eKelae TroXXdi, r)Kpif3o-

inrohvs

evda

Brj 6

Xoyi]aaro

ra KaT

avrbv Kal rives

tovtw

oi

TrX^aidc^ovTes.
puaOcov ovv tov dvcoTepw p^Oevra
Traihaywybv ttuvtcov avrw p,aXXov ol/ceioTaTov
elvai, TrpoaeXOoov avrop
Cp.

Mat

X11L 45

KaT

Ihlav,

ecpr]'

FivdoaKeiv ere /3ovXop,ai, Kvpie piov, oti ep,Tropo<;


n

,
/
\
eyco eK piaKpas eXrjXvua ^copas, Kai wrrapyei pcoi
'

XlOos TipLios, cp irapopLOLOs TTcoirore ov% evpeOrj.


Kal ovhevl p^ey^pi tov vvv tovtov ecpavepcoaa'
aol
he KardhrfXov ?/?/ ttolw, avverbv re Kal vovve\r\
fiXeirwv ere dvhpa, &>9 dv elcraydyys p,e rrpos tov 37
vlbv tov fiaaiXecos, Kal eTuhcocrcd tovtov avrcp.
TrdvTcov yap tcov KaXcov dcrvyKplrcos virepe^eL'
hvvarai Kal TvepXofc rf) Kaphia 0w9 hcopeZadai
62

BAULAAM AND IOASAPH,

vi.

35-37

VI

There was

at
11.

monk, learned

that time a certain


i

Of Bariaam,
tne monk,

heavenly things, graced in word and deed, a and his


Whence jho'plac^
model follower of every monastic rule.
he sprang, and what his race, I cannot say, hut he j h
dwelt in a waste howling wilderness in the land was
of Senaar, and had been perfected through the
in

Bariaam was this elder's


grace of the priesthood.
name. He, learning by divine revelation the state
of the king's son, left the desert and returned to the
world.
Changing his habit, he put on lay attire,
and, embarking on ship board, arrived at the seat of
the empire of the Indians.
Disguised as a merchant
was the palace of
where
the
he
entered
man,
city,

the king's son.

There he tarried many days, and

enquired diligently concerning the prince's affairs,


and those that had access to him. Learning that
the tutor, of whom we have spoken, was the prince's

most familiar friend, he privily

approached him,

saying,

would have thee understand, my lord, that I


n
e
j
merchant man, come trom a tar country; and
was
like
of
which
the
I
a
precious gem,
possess
never Jvet found, and hitherto I have shewed it to
no man. But now I reveal the secret to thee, seeing
thee to be wise and prudent, that thou mayest bring
me before the king's son, and I will present it to
'

am

Bariaam

telleth the
tutor of a

him.
things

Beyond compare,
;

for

on the blind

it

surpasseth

in heart

it

all

beautiful

hath virtue to

63

genTthat

would
*
lam show
the prince,

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

dXdXois re
pwaiv Tot? voaovai rrapeyeiv

aofy'ias, tca)(f)wv Be (bra avouyeiv,

BiBovai, Kai
d<f)pova<>

aocfri^ei, Baip,ova<i

KcCkov Kai epda/xiov

8ia>/cei,

d(j)Q6vco<s

(fxovrjv

tou9
Kai rrav 6 ri

tw

^oprjyel

zce/crr)-

avrov.
\eyei irpos avrov o TraiBaywyo ;'
'Opw ae dvQpwirov araQepov Kai {3e/3r]Koros (ppov^ficLTOS' rd Be prjfiaTa aov djierpd ae KavyaaQai
XiQovs yap Kai p.apyapira<> rro\vreifjuhaivovai.
\ei<i Kai 7ro\vTL/u,ov<i 7rco9 dv aoi Bir/yjjaaipirjv
1

pievcp

oaov<; eoopa/ca; e^ovra^ Be roiavra^ ds etpi]Ka<;


Bvvdpieis ovre elBov, ovre tftcovaa. o/xca imoBet^ov

avrov, Kai, el eari Kara to prjfid aov, Qdrrov


eiadyco rovrov irpo<i rov rov f3aai\e(o<; vlbv, Kai
Ti/ias on pieylara^ Kai Bcopeas Xrj-^rrj Trap avrov.
irpivr\ Be ftej3aioiQr)val [xe rfj d\jrevBei rcov 6<pQa\-

fioi

fiwv bpdaei, dBvvarov fioi r& ep.S> Beairorr) Kai


/3aai\el rrepl irpdypiaros d(f)avov<; ravra Brj rd
virepoyKa drrayyeTkai. 6 Be BapXaa/u, e(pr)' KaA.co?
eliras

fxyre

ecopaKevai

irdorrore

fiijre

aKifKoevai

roiavTas Bwdfieis Kai evepyeias' o yap irpbs ae


fxov \0709 oh irepi rov rv^6vro<s earl irpdyparos,
uWa Qavpiaarov nvbs Kai fxeydXov. on Be e^rjTrjaas rovrov QedaaaQai, aKovaov rtbv ificov
pjj/xdrcov.

'O \l0os OUT09

7roXuT6yU,09 pierd roiv irpoeipy]-

Kai Swd/xecov, en Kai ravrrjv


KeKrrjrai rrjv layyv ov Bvvarai QedaaaQai avrov

fjbevwv evepyeitov

Ik rov rrpoyeipov 6 /xi] eycav eppw/Jievr/v p-ev rrjv


opaaiv Kai vyiaivovaav, dyvbv Be ro awjjia Kai
el yap ns, py rd Bvo ravra
Trdvri] d[xb\vvrov.

Ka\d

ey^wv, 7rpo7rero)<; efi(3\ey\reie

rovrw, Kai avrrjv


64

tw

rip,i(p

XiQw

Brj7rov fjv e%ei oirnKrfv Bvvap.iv

38

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

vi.

37-38

bestow the light of wisdom, to open the ears of the


deaf, to give speech to the dumb and strength to
It maketh the foolish wise and driveth
the ailing.
without stint furnisheth its possessor
and
devils,
away
with everything that

is

lovely

and

desirable.'

The

thou art a

man

to tell thee the full tale of the costly


gems and pearls that I have seen.

and
But

'

to all seeming,

tutor said,
Though,
of staid and steadfast judgment, yet thy words prove
thee to be boastful beyond measure. Time would
fail

me

precious

gems, with such power as thou tellest of, I never


saw nor heard of yet. Nevertheless shew me the
stone and if it be as thou affirmest, I immediately
bear it to the king's son, from whom thou shalt
receive most high honours and rewards.
But,
before I be assured by the certain witness of mine
own eyes, I may not carry to my lord and master so
;

swollen a tale about so doubtful a thing.'


Quoth
thou
that
said
hast
thou
hast
Well
Barlaam,
'

never seen or heard of such powers and virtues for


my speech to thee is on no ordinary matter, but on
a wondrous and a great.
But, as thou desiredst to
;

behold it, listen to my words.


c
This exceeding precious gem, amongst these its and of its
"
powers and virtues, possesseth this property besides, ma^fk
vutue8
It cannot be seen out of hand, save by one whose
eyesight is strong and sound, and his body pure and
If any man, lacking in these
thoroughly undented.

two good
stone, he

qualities,
shall,

do rashly gaze upon this precious


suppose lose even the eyesight
65
E

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

ra<; (ppevas irpocrairoXeo-eiev.


iyo) Be, ovk
dp,vrjTOS ti)s laTpiKrjs i7ricrTi]fxrj<; virdpyxav, kclQopw crov tovs 6cp0aXp,ovs pr) vyiws eyovTas, Kal

Kal

BeBotKa

p,r)

%V)'](T(o.

dXXa tov

Kal

e%eis opdaecos crTepyaiv irpovibv tov fiaaiXecos u.Ki'jKoa fiiov

tjs

adxppova, tovs ocpOaXpovs Be wpaiovs


Kal vyiws opcovTas' tovtov ydpiv e.-celva) viroBel^ai
rov drjaavpbv tovtov TeOdpprjKa. av ovv p,rj dp,e-

p-ev eyeiv

X&>9 Trepl tovtov BiaTeOrjs, pi]Be irpdypaTOs tolovtov tov Kvpiov crov aTrocrTepyjo-rjs. 6 Be Trpos avTov,

Kat

el

\L6ov

TavTa,

(pt]alv,

ovtcos

e~%ei,

paf]

p.oc

tov

ev

dpuapTiais yap iroXXais 6


/9to?
p.ov eppinrcoTar
ovy vyiojs Be Kal ttjv
aU' 701, toIs
opacriv, Kadd>s elrras, KeKTrjpai.
cols Treiadeis pypaai, yvwpiaat TavTa tw Kvpup
pov Kai (BaaiXel ovk okvyjctw. enre TavTa, Kal
eloeXOcov KaTa pepos ixdvTa tu> vl(p tov ftacriXecDS
vjroBet^rjS'

eKelvos Be, &)<? r\Kovcre Ta tov TraiBtwos Kal 6vp,rjBlas


pijpaTa, yapds
avTov eparvevadar^s
TTvevpaTiKr\s
ttj
fjcrdeTo,
KapBia, /cat, evdovs cocnrep yevopuevos ttjv ^vyrjv,
eKeXevcre BaTTov elaayayelv tov dvBpa.
fls ovv elcrrjXdev 6 JiapXadp, Kal BeBeoKev avT<p
d7r?]yyeiXev.

aycoyov

Luke

x. 5

ttjv

irpeirovaav

elprjvijv,

eireTpe^ev avTov Kad-

ecrOrjvai, Kai, tov 7rai$aya>yov VTroycoprjaavTOS,


Xeyei 6 'Icodcracp tco yepovTC 'TiroBet^ov p,ot tov 39

iroXvTipov XiOov, jrepl ov peydXa Tivd Kal davp.acTTa Xeyeiv ae 6 epos TraiBaycoybs BiTjyTjcraTO.
6 Be HapXadp, ovtws aTn'jp^aTO ttjs irpos avTov
BiaXefjews' Ov BUaiov eaTiv, & (3aaikev, "tyevBws

t%

aijs

BrjX(o6evTa

aoi

ti Kal direpicTKkiTTws irpbs to virepeyov

Bofyjs Xeyetv

66

pue'

rrdvTa yap

to,

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


that he hath, and his wits as well.

vi.

Now

38-39
I,

that

am

the physician's art, observe that thine


I
not
are
may cause
healthy, and I fear lest
eyes
But
thee to lose even the eyesight that thou hast.
a
leadeth
he
of the king's son, I have heard that
initiated in

sober

life,

healthy.

and that his eyes are young and fair, and


Wherefore to him I make bold to display

Be not thou then negligent herein,


nor rob thy master of so wondrous a boon.' The
other answered, ' If this be so, in no wise show me
the gem for my life hath been polluted by many
I am not possest of
sins, and also, as thou sayest,
this treasure.

good eyesight.

I am won
by thy words, and
make known these things unto

But

will

not hesitate to

my

lord the prince.'

So saying, he went

in,

and,

word by word, reported everything to the king's son.


He, hearing his tutor's words, felt a strange joy and
breathing into his heart, and, like

spiritual gladness

one inspired, bade bring in the man forthwith.


So when Barlaam was come in, and had in due How
order wished him Peace!, the prince bade him be was bright
Then his tutor withdrew, and Ioasaph said ^asaph,
seated.
unto the elder,

<

Shew me the

as

cerning which,
tellest such great

my

precious gem, con- ^j^Jj


with him
narrated, thou
Then
marvellous tales.'

tutor

hath

and
It is
with him thus
to
discourse
Barlaam
began
not fitting, O prince, that I should say anything
'

unadvisedly to thine excellent majesty.


All that hath been signified to thee from me is

falsely or

67

f2

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.
nap

Mat.

xiii.

LukJvik

aXrjdrj

i/jLOV

etai Kal

aU,

dvapKpiXeKTa.

irporepov hoKipirjv t>/? ai)<i Xd/3a> (ppovtfaeoos,


ov depus to [JLVcrTrjpiov cpavepcoaai aoi.
(prjal
yap 6 6/xo? i^eairoTr]^- 'E^fjXOev 6 airelpwv tov
cnreipai tov airopov ai/Tov- real iv tG> aireipeiv
avTov, a piev eireae irapd ttjv ohov, Kal rjXOe

el

fjir)

tci ireTeivd koI KciT6(payei> avTii' dXXa he eireae


irapd tci TreTpoohi), oirov ovk el%e yrjv iroXXrjV,
/cal evOewq ifiXdaTqae, Sid to pit] e%eiv ftdOos

ffKiov

<yj}?-

dvuTeiXavTO? eKavp,aTiaQr\,

he.

/cat,

eyeiv pi^av, ifjrjpdvOr)' dXka he eireaev


iirl ra? dicdvQas, kcu dve$r\aav al dicavOai real
direirvi^av avTa- aXXa he eireaev iirl tyjv yrjv

hid to

pur)

Kal ehihov Kapirbv eKaToaTevovTa.


ovv yrjv eupco iv tj) /caphia aov Kapiro<popov
/cal dyaOrjv, ovk 6kv)]<tco tov delov airopov epupvTevaai aoi Kal (pavepwaai to pieya p,vaTr\piov'
he ireTp<x>hi]<> avTtj Kal aKavOdohrjs iaTi, Kal
el

Ti]V

koXtjv,

el piev

ohbs iraTovpiivt) t)
pnjhoXcos

airopov
ireieivols

tovtov
Kal
Kal

ei?

iravTi, KpeiTTOv
tov aa)T>jpiov KaTafiaXeiv
hiapirayr)v avibv Oelvai to?9

p3ovXop,ivu>

hr)

Orjplois,

&v epurpoaOev oXw?

pir]

dXXa

ire-

Mat.

vii. o

plaXelv toi>9 piapyap'iTas ivTeTaXp,ai.

Heb.

vi. 9

Treiapiai

KpeiTTOva Kai i%opieva 40


irepl aov Ta
acoiypias, oti Kal tov XiOov 6'yei tov aTipi^Tov,
Kal ttj aiyXrj tov </>coto9 ai/Tov (pw<; Kai avTO<;
d^iwOrjay yeveaOai, Kal Kapirbv eveyKj) ; eKaToaTevovTa. hid ae yap epyov edepiyv Kai piaKpdv hi?jvvaa ohov, tov virohei^ai aoi a ov%
1

ewpaKas
Et7re

ircoiroTe

he

irpea/3vTa

68

irpbs
Tipiie,

Kal hihd^ai a ovk aKr]Koa<;.


avTov 6 'laidaacp' Ryco piev,
iroOrp Tivl Kal epcoTi aKaTa-

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


true

vi.

39-40

and may not be gainsaid.

make

trial

of thy mind,

it is

But, except I first


not lawful to declare to
" There
master

for my
saith,
thee this mystery
and, as he
went out a sower to sow his seed
the
fell
seeds
wayside, and the
by
sowed, some
fowls of the air came and devoured them up some
fell upon stony places, where they had not much
and forthwith they sprang up, because they
earth
had no deepness of earth and when the sun was
;

and because they had no


And some fell among
root, they withered away.
thorns and the thorns sprung up and choked them
but others fell upon good ground, and brought forth

up, they were scorched

thine heart
not be slow
to plant therein the heavenly seed, and manifest to
But and if the ground
thee the mighty mystery.
and
the
and
be stony
wayside trodden down
thorny,
all who will, it were better never to let fall this
by
seed of salvation, nor to cast it for a prey to fowls
and beasts, before which I have been charged not to
But 1 am " persuaded better things of
cast pearls.
fruit

an hundredfold."

Now,

if I find in

fruit-bearing ground, and good,

shall

how
thee, and things that accompany salvation,"
that thou shalt see the priceless stone, and it shall
be given thee in the light of that stone to become
fruit an hundredfold.
Aye, for
light, and bring forth
thy sake I gave diligence and accomplished a long
journey, to shew thee things which thou hast never
seen, and teach thee things which thou hast never
heard.'

said unto him, 'For myself, reverend


have a longing, an irresistible passion to

Ioasaph
elder,

69

ioasaph
P ra y eth

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

ayeiep tyro) \6<yov ciKovaai kcuvov nva /ecu


ayaOov, Kal irvp ev8o6ev ev if) icaphia fiov
i/cfcefcavTao
Seivcos <fi\eyov fie Kal
irapop/xwv
pcadelv dvayKCLLas riva<; crvty]T7]crei<;' ovk eivyov
8e peypi rov vvv civdpcoirov Svvafievov irXrjpocpoel 8e
prjaaL p,e irepl rourwv.
ivyja aocfiov nvos
Kal eiriairjpLOVO^, Kal cikovo-co \6yov (Jteirjpias,
ovie ireieivols, &>9 otp,ai, ioviov ckSc/octcd, ovie
Oripiois, ovre p.rjv ireipoo8r)<; efiavtjcropLai, &)9 ecprjs,
ovre aKav6o)hr]<;, dWa Kal evyveop6va><; 8e%optai
Kal el8r)p,6va)<> ir}pi]erco.
o~v 8e, el 11 ioioviov
8iaKpv^rr]S air epuov, aXA,' avayyap rjKovcra e'/c paKpas dxpiKeadai
ere 7/}?, ycrdr] pov rj
^rvyr], Kal eveXiris iyevopirjv
81a erov rov iroOovpevov eiruvyelv.
8ta iovio

eiriaiaaai,

yetkov

Kal

purj

&>9

pbOL.

danov

ere irpos p,e Kal


irpoar]vo)<;
itva iwv crvv/]da>v p,ot Kal
rjXtKtcoicbv, elirep ov \Jreva6)jcrop:aL tj/9 e\iri8o<;.
Kai
HapXaap, (/>?/ KaA.&>9 eirocijaas iovio Kal

e8e^dpir)p,

d^(,(o<i
p,r)

if]

irjs

eio~r)yayov

wcrirep

<r?}<?

/3acrc\iKf]<;

<fiaivop,evr]

peyaXoirpeireia<;, oil 41

irpoaeayes evieXela, aXXa

irjs

KKpvpp,evi]<; eyevov IXttlBo^.


'Hy yap Ti9 fiaatXevs p,eya<; Kal ev8o%o$, Kal

eyeveio, 8iepyop,evov aviov e\/>' app,aio<; ypvaoKoXXijiov Kal t?/9 ftacnXei it peirovarj^ 8opvipnpla<i,
viravifjaac 8vo av8pa<i, Bteppeoyoia puev r)p,epLeapLevous Kal pepvira)p,va, Kiei7]K0ia<{ 8e 1a irpoeraiira Kai \iav Kaiwypioipevovs' rjv 8e yivwcrKcov
ioviovs
ftacnXevs i&> vircoiriacrpw 10O erot)p,aios
Kal to?9 rrjs aaKi)aea)<; i8pcocri 16 erapKiov eK8e8ael8ev aviovs, Kaiairrj8r'jcra<i
ft>9 ovv
iraviyeoias.
evdvi rov app,aio<i Kal eirl ir\v yr\v ireacov, irpocr-

70

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

vi.

40-41

new and goodly word, and in mine heart


kindled fire, cruelly burning and urging
me to learn the answer to some questions that
will not rest.
But until now I never happened
on one that could satisfy me as touching them.
But if I meet with some wise and understanding man, and hear the word of salvation, I shall
hear some

Rariaam to

there

hin^his

is

treasure

not deliver it to the fowls of the air, I trow, nor


nor shall I be
yet to the beasts of the field
found either stony or thorny-hearted, as thou saidest,
but I shall receive the word kindly, and guard it
So if thou knowest any such like thing,
wisely.
When I
conceal it not from me, but declare it.
heard that thou wert come from a far country,
my spirit rejoiced, and I had good hope of obtaining
through thee that which I desire. Wherefore I
called thee straightway into my presence, and
received thee in friendly wise as one of my
companions and peers, if so be that I may not
Barlaam answered,
be disappointed of my hope.'
'
Fair are thy deeds, and worthy of thy royal
seeing that thou hast paid no heed to
majesty
mean
show, but hast devoted thyself to the
my
hope that lieth within.
There was once a great and famous king and apologue
;

'

it

in

his

there

11

to

met him two men,

i.

THE KINO'S
brother
AND THE
his royal
guard, that TRUMPET
OF
m
.
,
X-,,-,
.,
clad in nltliy rags, with death

pass, when he
golden chariot, with
&

came

-J.
J
on a day
was riding

and pale as death. Now the king P^ ?*


that it was by buffetings of the body and much to tha
poult
by the sweats of the monastic life that they had
thus wasted their miserable flesh.
So, seeing them,
he leapt anon from his chariot, fell on the ground,
-1

fallen-in faces,

knew

7i

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

Kal dvacrrd<; TrepierrXaKr} avrois irpocrol Be pbeyiardves


(frtXiarara Karaarra^bfjLevo<i.
avrov /cal dp^ovres iBvay^epavav irrl rovrw,
e/cvvr/ae,

ai'd^ia T//9 /3aai\iKrj<; Bo^rjs rverroi^Kevai


<

vopbi^ovres'

eXey^eiv,
XaXr/crai

ovrwal

ro\[M(ovre i

firj

rbv

tw

avrov

yvt'jcriov

ftacrCXel,

Be

fir/

avrov

Trpocrwirov

dBe~X(fc>bv

eXeyov

to vyfros rov BiaByj/iaros

tov Be

fcaOvfipi^eiv.

Kara

elirovro<i

ravra

ra>

/cal Karapie^yp-apievov rrjv ciicaipov avrov


afiifcpoXoylav, BeBcoKev avrq> drroKptaLv 6 fiacri-

dBeXcpw

Xeu9,

fjv

ov avvrjKev 6

avrov.

dBe\(f)b<;

tw

fiaaiXel, orav drrofyaaiv Oavdrov Kara tlvo? eBLBov, fajpvfca els


rrjv avrov Ovpav dirocrreXXeiv puerd o-dXrriyyos

'E#09 ydp

KLV(p

rjv

reraypLevrjs et9 rovro' /cal rfj


i/ceLVT] ?
yaOovro rrdvres

cfxovf} r/79

709

e/celvov brrdpyeiv.

eo-7repa<;

ovv

Oavdrov

adXrnyevo%ov

tcaTaXafiovcrr)*;, 42

drrecrreCXev 6 /3aaiXev<; rrjv crdXrnyya tov Oavd-

rov aaXm^eiv errl rfj Ovpa rov ockov rov dBtXcfrov


avrov.
&)9 ovv yKovaev i/ctvo<; rrjv acCXmyya
rov Oavdrov, drreyvco t?}9 eavrov acorrjplas teal
BieOero ra /car

avrov oXrjv

rr\v vv/cra'

djxa Be

/xeXava /cal rrevO^p^, pera


yvvaiKO ; Kal reKvwv drrepyerai et'9 rrjv Ovpav
rov TTaXariov /cXaiwv Kal oBupo/xevos.
elcraya7<yf Be avrov 6 fBacrCXevs, Kal ovrcos IBcov
clcppov, el
6Xo<fivp6p:ei ov, ecptj' 'O davvere Kal
aii ovrcos eBeCXiacras rbv KiqpvKa rov o/xorlfiov
aov dBeX(pov, rrpbs bv ovBev oXa><; eavrov r)p,aprijKevai yivcoaKeis, 7T<W9 efiol pLepL\jriv err )}y ayes iv
raireivdiaei ao~7rao-ap,ev(p rovs KrjpvKas rov eo)
rrpwt,

d/u,(f)iao-d/jLVO<;
1

fxov, roi'9 eiirj-^earepov

72

adXTrtyyos {irjvvovrds

fiot

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


and did obeisance.

Then

greeted them

rising,

But

tenderly.
counsellors took offence thereat,

vi.

41-42

he embraced and
noblemen and

his

deeming that

their

But
kingly honour.
bade
him
to
the
to
not daring
face, they
reprove
the king's own brother tell the king not thus to
When he had
insult the majesty of his crown.
sovran

had

disgraced

his

thereof, and had upbraided him


untimely humility, the king gave his brother
an answer which he failed to understand.
'
It was the custom of that king, whenever he
sentenced anyone to death, to send a herald to
told

the king

for his

his door, with a trumpet reserved for that purpose,


and at the sound of this trumpet all understood
that that man was liable to the penalty of death.
So when evening was come, the king sent the
death-trumpet to sound at his brother's door who,
when he heard its blast, despaired of his life,
and all night long set his house in order. At
day-break, robed in black and garments of mourning,
with wife and children, he went to the palace
The king fetched
gate, weeping and lamenting.
him in, and seeing him in tears, said, " O fool,
and slow of understanding, how didst thou, who
hast had such dread of the herald of thy peer
and brother (against whom thy conscience doth
not accuse thee of having committed any trespass)
blame me for my humility in greeting the heralds
of my God, when they warned me, in gentler tones
than those of the trumpet, of my death and fearful
;

73

ST.

ddvarov

JOHN DAMASCENE

rrjv
cpoftepdv rov Aeairorov
rroXXa Kai pieydXa ep,avrbv rjpapTTjfcevai, e-nicrrajxai; Ihov to'ivvv rr/v ar/v eXey^cov
dvoiav tovto) hrj r<2> rpoTrco e\pr)o-dpj)]v, wenrep
ovv fcal rov? viroOe/JLevovs gov rrjv /car ifxov
/ecu ovrco
fie/x^rtv Odrrov dvor\raiveiv eXey^co.
Oepcnrevcras rov dheXcpbv avrov /cat dxpeXijaas
o?Kahe direareiXev.

rov

vira\n7]Giv,

Cp. Merchant of
Venice,
l\i'

Act

antUx

teal

c5

he

'E/ceXevcre
r

i/c

yeveaOai
\

ftaXdvria

vXa>v

-\

'

KCII TCI fieV OVO 7TpiKakv ya? 7TCIVT0Te&0~Cipa.


'
ev XP v<T l(9> Kai oard ve/cpojp ohcohora fiaXoov

ev

ra

avroLi,
he

xpvaais

dXXa

irepovais

KarijacfyaXuaaro'

Kara-^piaa^ ical dcrcfiaXrcocras,


XlOwv
eirX^pcoae
tl/mcov kcu p,apyapirwv iroXvrriacrr]

Tijxwv kcli TTaarj^ fxvps-^riK?j^ evcohia<i.


o-yoivioi<i 43
re rpt^cvoi^ ravra rreptacpiy^a^, eKciXecre rovs

em

avrw fieyicrrdvas
rcav
p.ep."^rap,evovs
rfj
dvhpcov e/ceivcov crvvavrr^crei, real rrpokOero avrols
ra reaaapa (3aXdvria,rov

d7rorifi7]o-aa6ai rrbcrov

ravra, rroaov he e/celva ripr)p,arb<i


ol he ra puev hvo ra Ke^pvcrcofxeva

fxev

irXeicrTris

iv

elvai

hicopt^ovro.

avTGis {3acnXL/cd

rd

elcrtv

aia.
ore

rip,fj<;

e^eari ydp,

(pjjcrlv,

hiahijpiara /cat ^covas airo-

rfj Trio-err) KaraKe-^pia fieva Kai


evreXovi nvbs Kai oiKrpov rtfiij6 he fiacnXevs ecpr] 777309 avrovf
/a<xto? virdpyet.
Olha Kuyco roiavra Xeyeiu v/na<>' rots ala8rjrol<i
yap 6(p0aXfiol<; ttjv alaOr^rrjv 6"^nv Karavoelre'

KelaOctL'
rfj

dacpdXrco

Kai

p,rjv

ov^

he

ovtcix; hel iroielv.

dXXa

rots evhov

dpupuaai rr/v evrbs diroKeip,ev7]v ^PV fiXeireiv eire


Kai eKeXevaev dvoiyrjvai
elre drtpulav.
rip,r)v

ra Ke^pvaco/xeva fiaXdvria.
74

hiavoi^Oevrcov

he,

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

vi.

42-43

meeting with that Master against whom I know


Lo then,
that I have often grievously offended ?
!

it

was

in reproof of thy folly that

this turn,

even as

played thee

will shortly convict

of vanity

those that prompted thy reproof." Thus he comforted


his brother and sent him home with a gift.

'Then he ordered four wooden caskets to be made,

Two

apoloquk

with gold, and, four


CASKETS
bones therein, Baiiaam
dead
men's
mouldering
placing
secured them with golden clasps. The other two Mother apt
of these he covered over

he smeared over with

pitch

all

and

tar,

but

fiU e d

them with costly stones and precious pearls, and


He bound
all manner of aromatic sweet perfume.
them fast with cords of hair, and called for the
noblemen who had blamed him for his manner
Before them
of accosting the men by the wayside.
he set the four caskets, that they might appraise
the value of these and those. They decided that the

golden ones were of greatest value, for, peradventure,


But
they contained kingly diadems and girdles.

were be-smeared with pitch and tar,


were cheap and of paltry worth, said they. Then
said the king to them, " I know that such is your
those, that

answer, for with the eyes of sense ye judge the


objects of sense, but so ought ye not to do, but

ye should rather see with the inner eye the hidden


worthlessness or value."
Whereupon he ordered
the golden chests to be opened.

And when

they
75

illustration '

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

T9 ewvevcre SvacoSia Kal arjhecrrdrr] oopdOt}

Seivt]

6ea.

Qrjdiv ovv 6 /3aai'\v<;- Outo9 o tvito<; twv ra


\ap,7rpd [xev Kal ev$oa rjpL^tecrpbevwv, TroWf)
So^rj Kal hwaareia o~o/3apevop,ev(ov, teal ecraidev
Cp. Mat.
xxiii. 27

eira Kal
diro^ovTcov veKpcov Kal Trovrjpcbv epycov.
jd ireincrcrcopieva Kal KaTt]a(pa\TMp.eva KeXevaas
dvaKa\v<fi0rjvai, irdvTas evefipave tou? irapovras
tcov ev avrols uTTOKei/xevcov (paiSporyjTt Kal

rfj

evcoSia.

Se Trpbs avTOVs'

ecj)r]

ravra; tois

ra7reivoi<i

KetLievois ivSv/xara,
a-^rj/xa, vftpt.p

ttov

avrcov

mv

v/xeis

rjyijaaaOe rrjv

7rl

77)9

OtSare

envois Kal
to
ifirjv

TrpocrKvirjcriv'

tlvl bpioia

evre\rj trepi-

e/cT09

opcovres

Kara irpoaweyco

8e,

rots

voepols 6pip,a(TL to tl/hiov avrcbv Kal irepiKaWes

twv -^rv^cbv, eveBo^dad'rjv p,ev ttj


tovtwv nrpoo^avcrei, 7ravro<; Be o~Te(f)dvov Kal
7rdar]<i fSacriXi-Kijs dXovpyiBos TiLiMOTepov? avrovs
ovtws ovv avToij<; rja^vre, Kal ehiha^e
rfyrjad/xr/v.
KaTavoi}cra<;

Tot? <$>aLVop.evoL<; irKavdaOai, ciXXd to?9 voovKar eKeivov to'ivvv tov evaefir)
pievois irpoaeyeiv.
fir)

Kal aocfibv {3ao~i\ea Kal


eXirlSt irpocrBe^dpLev6<;

eywye

Tavra
o"Tft)9*

olpiai.

o~v
fie,

Treiroi'>iKa<i, rf)
779

ou

bv

ft>9

avTov 6 'Icoacrdcp.
iravra KaXobs eiiras Kal evap/xo-

elire

Be

777509

puev Brj
aAA.' eKelvo 6e\a> fiaOeiv,

Aecr7roT779,

dyaOfj

yjreva6>]ar},

Kar

dp%d<;

ra icniv 6 crbs
tov \6yov rrepl rod

aTTopiax; eKeivov elprjKevai ekeyes.

44

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


thrown open, they gave

were

vi.

43-44
loathsome

out

smell and presented a hideous sight.


1
Said the king, " Here is a figure of those

lin.i

who

display of power and


stink of dead men's bones

and works of iniquity."


he
commanded
the
Next,
pitched and tarred caskets
also to be opened, and delighted the company
with the beauty and sweet savour of their stores.
And he said unto them, " Know ye to whom these
are like
in

vile

They

apparel,

beheld, and

down

are

like

whose

deemed

it

those

outward

lowly men, clad


form alone ye

outrageous that

bowed

do them obeisance.

But through the eyes


of my mind I perceived the value and exceeding
beauty of their souls, and was glorified by their
touch, and I counted them more honourable than
any chaplet or royal purple." Thus he shamed
his courtiers, and taught them not to be deceived
by outward appearances, but to give heed to the
to

of the soul.
After the example of that
devout and wise king hast thou also done, in that
thou hast received me in good hope, wherein, as I
ween, thou shalt not be disappointed.'
Ioasaph
said unto him, ' Fair and fitting hath been all
thy

things

but now I fain would learn


speech
Master, who, as thou saidest at the
concerning the Sower.'
;

with the
Interpret*thereof

honour, and make great Won


glory, but within is the

are clothed in glory and

who
first,

is

thy

spake

77

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE
VII

Av0i$ ovv dvaXa/3d>v rbv Xbyov 6 JiapXadfi,


Et rbv ifibv /3ovXec Aeo-rroTrfv fiaOelv, 6

elirev

Js.vpto<; ecTTiv T17C70O9 XptcrTO?, 6 fiovoyevrpi T109


TOV eoO,
fiaKUplO<i Kal fLOVOS SwdcTTr)?, 6
BacrtXeu? twv fSaatXevovrcov Kal Kvpios TOiv
KvptevovTCOv, o fiovo<z exiV dOavaoiav, ^>W9 oIkwv

Tim. vL

o~vv

kclL
dyuo Tlvevfiari
yap eyd> tcov tovs 7roXXovs tovtow; kcli draKTOVi dvayopevovrcov 6eov<>,
real
tcl
wyjrvya ravra real /caxpd creftofievoov

dirpoanov,

ovk

Soa.%6pLvo<;.

Tlarpl

elf/1

dXK eva 0ew yivdiaKw Kal bfioXoyw ev 45


viroardaeat bo^a^bfievov, Harpl, (frrjfii,
rpialv
n'
t
r
tt
/

/
s>\
kcli I iq), kcli aytw ilvev fiari, ev fiia be (pvaei
kciI ovcria, ev fitd So^rj Kal /3aaiXeua fir] fiepiovtos ovv 6 ev rptcrlv viroaTdaecnv
^ofievrj.
els @eo?, avapxps re Kal dreXevrrfTos, alcovios
re koI dibios, aKTtGTOs, arpejnos re kcli dad)-

elSwXa'
Mat. xxviii.
19

:
'

iii.

16.'

17

doparos,

fiaros,
Gen.

i.

L 14

direpLypaTrros,

dyaObs Kal SiKaLos

Rom.T'20' ovtcov

iieb.

fiovos,

v7roar7]o-df/evo<i,

rd

direpivbriTos,

rd irdvTa
re

opend

e.K

Kal

fir)

rd

aopara, irpwrov fiev 6)]fiLovpyel rd<; ovpaviovs


owdfieis Kal dopdiovs, dvapidfnfrd riva irXi^Qr)
duXa re Kal do-cofiara, XeirovpyiKa irvevfiara
t/}? tov (*deov fxeyaXetoTi'iTO^' eirena rbv bpd>Koa/xov tovtov, ovpavbv re Kal yrjv Kal
ddXaacrav, ovnep Kal cpcorl (paibpvvas KareKoo-firjcrev, ovpavbv
rfklw Kal aeXrivrj Kal
fxev
rot? daTpois, yrjv 8e 7ravrotoi<; f3XaaT>]fiaai Kal

fievov
rrjv

bcacpopois

78

^(pois,

ttjv

re

OdXaaaav

iraXiv

tg5

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

vn.

44-45

VII
Again therefore Barlaam took up

and

his parable

Dariaam

thou wilt learn who is my Master, it is his divine


Wd& er
Jesus Christ the Lord, the only-begotten Son of
" the blessed and
the
'

said,

If

'

God,

only

of kings, and Lords of lords

King

potentate,

who

only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can


approach unto" who with the Father and the Holy
;

I am not one of those who


from
the
proclaim
house-top their wild rout of gods,
and worship lifeless and dumb idols, but one God do

Ghost

is

glorified.

I
acknowledge and confess, in three persons glorified,
the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, but in one
nature and substance, in one glory and kingdom
undivided.
He then is in three persons one God,

without beginning, and without end, eternal and


everlasting,

increate,

immutable and incorporeal,

incomprehensible, alone good and


all things out of nothing,
who
created
righteous,
whether visible or invisible. First, he made the
invisible, infinite,

heavenly and invisible powers, countless multitudes,


immaterial and bodiless, ministering spirits of the
majesty of God.

Afterward he created this visible


earth and sea, which also he

world, heaven and

made glorious with light and richly adorned it the


heavens with the sun, moon and stars, and the earth
with all manner of herbs and divers living beasts,
;

and the sea

in turn with all kinds of fishes.

"He
79

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.
ira^iirXriOel
Ps.

cxMii. 5

Gen.

ii.

7;

i.

rwv

avrbs 64776, KaX


KCU KTia6i]aav.
yepcriv IBiais,

raura irdvra,

ad)fxaro<;, riqv Be "tyvyrjV Xoyi/crjv


oiKelov ipifyv a ij pharos avrco

Bia rov

voepav

8ov<i,

yevei.

avrbs ivereiXaro
elra Brjpaovpyel rbv dvQpwnov
%ovv p.ev XafSwv euro rr}<; yijs et?

BidrrXaaLv rov
/eat

vi)ktoiv

iyevvr]6rjo-av,

tear

r}ri<;

eltcova

real

o/aolcoctiv

rov

eov

elubva fiev,
BeBripuovpyrjadai yeypairrat' Kar
Bid to voepbv /cal avre^ovaiov, tcad^ opLOiojaiv Be
Bid rr)v Tr;? dperf]<; Kara to Bvvarbv bp.oi<ocnv.

rovrov rbv dvOpwrrov avre^ovcnorrjrt icai a6a- 46


vaaia rip.r\o-a<$, fiaaiXea rosv iiri yr/s Karecrrrjcrev
Gen.

ii.

is

irrotrjae Be e

avrov rb

dr/Xv, fiorjdbv avrat tear

avrov.
Gen.

ii.

Kal (pvrevaas rrapdBeiaov

roXds,

evtfipocrvvrjs

Kal

iv 'ESe/i

6vp,i]8ia<;

Kara ava-

rrdar}^ TreirXr]-

pa>p.evov, edero iv avra> rbv dvOpwnov bv errXaae,


irdvrwv fxev rcov i/ceiae delwv (pvroov KeXevaas

a.Kw\vTu><i /xere^eiv, eVo<? Be [xovov $ep,evo<; ivrop.r) yevaaaOai, orrep vXov rov yivcoGKetv KaXbv Kal rrovrjpbv KekXrjrai, ovra>$ elirojv.
o dv rjfiepa, (f)dyr)re arr' avrov, Oavdro) drrodavelade.
el? Be rdv elprjp-evcov dyyeXtKOiv Bvvd-

\yjv oA-co?

Gen.

ii.

17

crrparias rrpoor oar drr)<;, ovBoXws iv


rrapd rov Ai)p,iovpyov Kan'ias (fivcri/cr}?
iaxV KCO<> iX v S dX\ eV dya6a> yevofievo?, avree'/c
rov kclXov et? rb
ovaMp rrpoaipeaei
erpdirrj
~
'

/
^
zi
a -\ n \
kcikov, teat ein)po7] rf) arrovota, avrapat povX'quei?
ra> Aearrorr/ kcu eco.
Bio d7re/3Xi]drj r?}? rdea><;
avrov koX rrjs aia9, /cat, dvrl r/}? p,aKapia<;
B6^T]<i iKeivr]<i KaX dyyeXucrjs 6vop,aa[as, Bid/3oXo(;
Xaravas rrpoawvoiiaarai. eppi-^re
i/cXi'jOr) Kal
peoov,

ficas

eavru)

Cp. Ezek.
xxviii. 12-15

'

80

>

>

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

vn.

45-46

he comspake the word and these all were made ;


manded and they were created." Then with his own
hands he created man, taking dust of the ground for
the fashioning of his body, but by his own in-breathing
giving
as it

him a reasonable and intelligent soul, which,


written, was made after the image and

is

likeness of

and

free

God

will

after his image, because of reason

after his likeness,

because of the

Him he
likeness of virtue, in its degree, to God.
endowed with free will and immortality and appointed
sovran over everything upon earth ; and from man he
made woman,

to be

an helpmeet of

like nature for

him.

And he

full and telieth


planted a garden eastward in Eden,
and all heart's ease, and set therein the ma icoo f
e e
man whom he had formed, and commanded him
1

of delight

'

trees therein, but


freely to eat of all the heavenly
forbade him wholly the taste of a certain one which
was called the tree of the knowledge of good and
" In the
day that ye eat thereof ye
evil, thus saying,
But one of the aforesaid angel
shall surely die."
he bore in
powers, the marshall of one host, though

himself no trace of natural evil from his Maker's

hand but had been created for good, yet by his own
free and deliberate choice turned aside from good to
to the desire to
evil, and was stirred up by madness
take up arms against his Lord God. Wherefore he was
cast out of his rank and dignity, and in the stead of
his former blissful glory and angelick name received
the name of the "Devil" and "Satan" for his
81
o

ST.

Re*,

xii. 4

Rev. xii 7-9

JOHN DAMASCENE

yap avrbv 6 eo? &>? dvdtjiov t>)<; dvcoOev 86%r)<;'


avvaireai: da Or} 8e avT(p icai avvaTrefiXyjOr) Kai
vir
avrov rdyparo<; tow
7rX?}^o? ttoXv tov
dyyeXcop, oirive<i, fcatcol yeyovores ttjv irpoaipeaiv, 47
Kai, dvTL rod dyaOov rfj dirooTaaiq itjaKo\ovd>']aavre<i tov dpyovTos avroiv, 8atp,ove<i owop-dadr/aav, ft)? irXdvoi Kai a7raT0)V6<i.
^

wisd.

ii.

24

Kpvrjadpev 09 ovv iravTi) to dyaObv 8id(3oXo<;,


koI 7ropr]pdv 7rpoo-\a/36pievo<; (f)vaiv, (fiOovov dveoeaTO 77-/909 tov dvQpuynov, opwv eavTov pev eK
Ti]\tKavTr)<; drroppupOevTa 8ot]<;, eKeivov 8e 777209
TOLavTt-jv Tifxrjv dvayopievov, Kai iprj-^avrjoaTo
K/3aXeiv avTov t/}? p,aKapia<>

tov 6<piv ovv ipyaaTi'ipiov

Cp.

Gen.

Tim.

ill.

23

e/ceiy>?9

SiayooyPjS.

\a/3opevos, 81 avTov dopiiXr/cre tt} yvvaiKi, Kai, ireicra^


auTr)v (payeiv ck tov
dirrjyopevpevov eKeivov
81
i\7rl8i
QecocrecDS,
avTrjs rjTruTrjae Kai
%vXov
TOV 'ASa'/i, OUTG) TOV 77 pOOTOlfXaaTOV KXllQeVTOS.
tj}? I8ia<; irXavrp;

Kai cf)aycov 6 7rpcoTO<> avOpwiros tov (pvTod Trjs


irapaKor]^ e!;6pio~To<; yiveTai tov irapaheiaov Ti)<;
Tpvcprj? v7ro tov AyjpiLovpyov, Kai, uvtI tj}? ixaKapias V?79 eKe'iv>i$ Kai dvoiXeOpov Biaycoyfjs, els
tt)v dOXiav TavTTjv Kai TaXaiirwpov {(p e ^ fjLOld
/3ioTr]v

epnr'nrTei,

Kai

OdvaTOv

to

TeXevTalov

KaTa8iKa%Tai. evTevdev lo")(yv 6 8id/3oXos Xaftoov


Kai ttj vlkyj iyKav%(opvos, 7r\r)0vv9evTo<t tov
yevovs tow dvOpooiroov, irdaav KaKia<; o8ov avTois
InredeTo. a>9, evTevOev hiaKo^rai ttjv iroXXrjv t/}?
dpxipTias (popav /3ov\6p,evo<;,

0to9 KaTaKXvcrpiov

eirrfyaye tj) yfj, a7ro\eaa<i nrdaav -^rv^rjv ^aycrav


eva 8e piovov evpoov 8'iKaiov iv ttj yevea eKeivy,

tovtov
&2

crvv

yvvaiKi Kai tkvois iv KificoTq) tivi

4S

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


title.

God banished him

as

vn.

46-48

unworthy of the glorv

And

together with him there was drawn


forth a great multitude of the
and
hurled
away
of
angels under him, who were evil of
company
in place of good, to follow in the
and
chose,
choice,
above.

rebellion of their leader.

These were called Devils,

being deluders and deceivers.


'Thus then did the devil utterly renounce the
and he congood, and assume an evil nature
as

man, seeing himself hurled


from such glory, and man raised to such honour
and he schemed to oust him from that blissful
state.
So he took the serpent for the workshop
of his own guile.
Through him he conversed with
the woman, and persuaded her to eat of that forceived

spite

against

hope of being as God, and


her
he
Adam also, for that was the
deceived
through
first man's name.
So Adam ate of the tree of disbidden tree in the

obedience, and was banished by his maker from that


paradise of delight, and, in lieu of those happy days
and that immortal life, fell alas
into this life of
!

misery and woe, and at the last received sentence of


death.
Thenceforth the devil waxed strong and
boastful through his victory

multiplied,

wickedness.
sin,

and, as the race of

he prompted them

in

all

man

manner of

So, wishing to cut short the

growth of

God brought a deluge on

every living soul.

God

the earth, and destroyed


But one single righteous man did

find in that generation

and him, with wife and


33

and
fail

of the

of

man,

ST.
7re/9icrcocra9,

Tjvtfca

8e

JOHN DAMASCENE

fiovdirarov eh ttjv
iraXiv eh

yp^aro

yrjv KariaTrjaev.
to tcov
7r\rj9o<i

avOpoiirwv yevos yjtupelv, eireXddovTO tov eoO


Kal eh %etpov aae/3eta$ TrpoeKoijrav, Btacpopots
hovXwOevres dpapT^paat, Kal Setvoh Karacf)dapevres ctTOTrtfpacrt, Kal eh troXva^thrj if\avr\v
BiapeptadevTes.
Ol pev yap auropdroy; cpepeadai to irav
evoptaav, Kal airpovo^Ta iSoypaTtcrav, a>9 p*]Sevos ecpeaTTj/coTos AecmoTOV aWoi elptapptevqv
tt} yeveaet to irav eirtTpe^avTe^'
aWoi ttoWovs 6eov<i /ca/covs kcu iroXviraOeh eae-

elcr7]yi]cravT0,

fidadrjcrav,

Sewwv

tov eyeiv avTOv? tojv thiwv ttciOow Kal

irpd^ecov avvrjyopovs,

wv

/cal

ptopcf)coptaTa

TVTrcoaavTes dveaTrjXcocrav %6ava Kaxfia real dvaiaOrjTa e'iScoXa, Kal avyKXetcravTe^ ev vaoh TrpocrRom.

i.

25

e/cvin]o-av,

Y^TiaavTa,
/cal

Toh

XaTpevovTes
ol pev T&5

ao-Tpois

irape^etv tw

tt)

rfK.lw

a WeTO

KTtcret
/cal

irapa
rfj

tov

aeXrjvrj,

6 fe)eo? 777309 to (f>avatv

Koapw, ayjrv^d Te
irpovoia tov Aijptovpyov
cf)MTi^6peva Kal hiaKpaTOvpteva, ov pr)v he oiKodiv
Tt hvvdpeva' ol 8e tS> irvpl Kal Toh vBaat Kal 49
ireptyeia)

ovTa Kal dvaio-OrjTa,

tovtco

rfj

Toh Xotiroh

aToi^e'tots ttjs 7779, a-^rvxoi^ /cal


avaia$iJToi<; overt' Kal ovk rjcr^vvdrjcrav ol epy}rv-

Kal XoytKol to, TOiavTa crefteadat' aXXot


KTYjVeat TTpa7r68ot<;
Orjp'tOLS Kal e/37T6T04? Kal
to cre/9a? enrevetptav, KT^vcoSeaTepov^ tow crefiopevwv eavTOVs ciiroSeiKVvvTes' ol 8e dvOpcoircov
Ttvwv ato"Xpcov Kal evTeXwv p,op(j>copaTa dveTVTrooaavTO, Kal tovtov? Oeovs eKuXeaav, Kai tou9
pev avTtop clppevas, Tivas Se drfkelas wvoptaaav,
yot

Rom

1.

23

84

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

to. 48-49

children, he saved alive in an Ark, and set him utterly


desolate on earth. But, when the human race again
to multiply, they forgat God, and ran into

began

worse excess of wickedness, being in subjection to


sins and ruined in strange delusions, and
wandering apart into many branches of error.
divers

that everything moved by mere


r
-j
chance, and taught that there was no Providence,
since there was no master to govern. Others brought
and committed everything to the stars at
in
1

Some deemed

fate,

Others worshipped many evil deities subject to


them
many passions, to the end that they might have
to advocate their own passions and shameful deeds,
whose forms they moulded, and whose dumb figures
birth.

and senseless idols they set up, and enclosed them


"
in temples, and did homage to them,
serving the
Some worshipped
creature more than the Creator."
the sun, moon and stars which God fixed, for to give
things without soul
light to our earthly sphere
or sense, enlightened and sustained by the providence
;

of God, but unable to accomplish anything of themOthers again worshipped fire and water, and
selves.
the other elements, things without soul or sense;

and men, possest of soul and reason, were not


ashamed to worship the like of these. Others
and four-footed
assigned worship to beasts, creeping
more beastly than the
things, proving themselves
Others made
things that they worshipped.
and named
and
worthless
vile
of
men,
images

some of whom they called males,


females, and they themselves set them

gods,

them
them
and some
forth

as

85

of the
delusions of

fallen

man,

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

avrol itjeOevro poiyo 1)9 elvai Kal


opyiXovs /cal fyXcoras Kal Ovjjlcivtikovs,
7ra,TpOKTOvov*i Kal aheX(poKTOvov<iy /cXe7rra9 /ecu.
apTrayas, ^&)\ou9 Kal kvXXovs, /cal <$app,aK0v<;,
Kal puaivopLevovs, Kal tovtcov Tivds fiev rereXevTr]ovs

i/ceivoi

(fioveis,

Koras,

riva<i

Kal

8e

KCKepavvcoptevovs,

/cal

kottto-

Kal

SeSovXevKOTas
dvOpcoirois, Kal (pvydhas
yevopcevovs, Kal e/9
^wa fierapbopipov/jLevovs i-rrl irovi]pals Kal alcr-

p,evovs,

6prjvovfievov<;

%pat9 pit^eaiv

odev,

XapcfidvovTes

01

dvdpwrrot,

dewv avrcov, aBecos KaTepiaiaKaQapaia. Kal Seivrj KaTelye gko-

a<popp,a<; airo tcov

vovto
Ps. xiv. 3

r,en.

XXV.

ircKjrj

Twais to yevos i)/j,wv ev eKeivois Tot? %p6vocs,


Kat ovk rjv
crvvuov, ovk tjv
eK^rjTwv tov %eov.

xt\

ev 6KLvrj
Aftpacip, 8e rt9
~

ja<i

'/J'

aiau^aea

TJ79

y i'%>;9
,

rrj yeved pbovos evpe0r)

~
/
V
A
eppaypuevas eywv, 09 ttj

Oewpia t6)v KTHrpidrcov eireyvco tov Ar]p:iovpy6v.


K.aTavoi]aa<; yap ovpavbv Kal yrjv Kal OdXacraav,
ijXiov Kal aeXrjvTjv Kal to, Xonrd, e6avp,aae ttjv
evappubviov TavTTjv BiaKoapajaiv I8d>v 8e top
Koapbov Kal Ta ev avTw iravTa, ovk avTopLciTcos
yeyevrjaOai Kal avVTr/peladac evbpuaev, ovTe purjv 50
T049 <TTOt^eto(9 t^9 77)9 rj T049 d^rv^oi^ el8ooXois
ttjv aWiav 7-979 ToiavTTjs 8iaKoap,i]o-ea><> Trpoaave6eTO' dXXa tov dXr/Orj ebv 8td tovtcov eizeyvoo,
Kal avTOV etvai Arjpuovpybv tov -iravTos Kal

avvoyea

avvPjKev.

dirohe^dpievos 8e tovtov ttjs

evyvcopLocrvv7]s Kal dpO?]S Kpcaecos, 6 eo9 eveepdvcaev eavTov avT(p, ov Kadd><; eyei epverews (Seov
ISetv yevvrjTf] <pvo~ei dBvvaTOv), aXX' oIkovopuKai? Tiai deocpaveiais, 609 dlBev avTos, Kal
TeXeooTepav yv&atv evOels avTov Ty ^v^fj, e8686

yap

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


adulterers,

wrath,

murderers,

slayers

of

vn.

49-50

of anger, jealousy,
of brothers,
slayers

victims

fathers,

and robbers, lame and maim, sorcerers and


madmen.
Others they showed dead, struck by
thieves

thunderbolts, or

beating their breasts, or being


over, or in enslavement to mankind, or
exiled, or, for foul and shameful unions, taking
the forms of animals. Whence men, taking occasion

mourned

by the gods themselves, took heart to pollute themmanner of uncleanness. So an horrible


darkness overspread our race in those times, and
" there was none that did understand and seek after
God."
1
Now in that generation one Abraham alone was
found strong in his spiritual senses and by contemplation of Creation he recognized the Creator. When
he considered heaven, earth and sea, the sun, moon
and the like, he marvelled at their harmonious
ordering.
Seeing the world, and all that therein is,
he could not believe that it had been created, and
was upheld, by its own power, nor did he ascribe
such a fair ordering to earthly elements or lifeless
idols.
But therein he recognized the true God, and
understood him to be the maker and sustainer of the
whole.
And God, approving his fair wisdom and
right judgement, manifested himself unto him, not
as he essentially is (for it is impossible for a created
selves in all

being to see God), but by certain manifestations in


material forms, as he alone can, and he planted in

Abraham more

perfect

knowledge

he

magnified
87

of

Abra-

and Aaron,

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

edero Oepdirovra, 09, Kal Kara


e avrov irapairepj^a^ rrjv evaefteiav, rbv a\r}6?) yvwpl^eiv i8b8a%e eov. 81b Kal
els 7r\rj$o<; arreipov ro aireppa avrov eXOeiv 6
Aeo"7roT?79 evSo/crjae, Kal Xabv rrepiovcnov avrcp
%acre, Kal

OL/celov

BiaSo^rjv tcu9

Exod. xix.

Kal BovXcodevras avTovs eQvei Klyvirrifp


Q?apaS> nvi rvpavvat arifielois Kal repaai
(pptKrols Kal e^aiaiois
e^/jyayev eKeWev 81a
Mcocrew? Kal Aapojp,- dvBpcov ayiwv Kal ^dpiri

Tit. iL 14

oDvofiacre,

Kal

So^aadivrcov 81 wv Kal tovs AteKoXaaev dico$ rrj<; avrwv Trovrjpias, Kal


rows lo-parfkcras (ovrai yap
\ao9 eKeivos rod
'A/9/3aa/z dwoyovos KK\rjro) Sid
%r\pd<; rrjv
EifwOpdv ddXaaaav Sitfyaye, Biacryjia 6 evrwv rwv

7rpocpr)reia<;

yv7TTL0v<;
Exod. xiv.

vBdrcov Kal refyos K Se^tcov Kal reiyo<i e eva>vvpcov yeyev7]p,epcov tov 8e <>apa(b Kal rwv
Kiyvirr'iwv kut t'^09 avrwv elaeXObvrwv, eir-

avaarpacpevra ra vSara ap8t]v avrovs dircoXeaev.


dav^aai peytcrroi^ Kal 0eocpavelai<; iirl
%povoi<; reaaapuKovra 8iayayd>v tov Xabv ev rfj
eira
Ex

xvi.

Exod. xx.
ucur,. y.
iieb. x. 1

Kal aprw ovpavlw 8iarpecpcov, vbpiov 8e8a>Ke


XiOivais deoOev yeypap,/nevov, bvrrep eve'xjeipiae ra) Mcoaei eiu tov opovs, rvirov ovra Kai
a Ktay patyiav roiv pueXXovroiv, rcov p.ev elScoXcov
Kal irdvrcov rwv rrovTjp&v drrdyovra rrpd^ecov,
jxovov Be 8i8do~Kovja top 6Vt<u9 ovra Sebv crifieaOai, Kal rcbv dyaOcov epywv dvre%eo-0ar
roiavrais ovv reparovpyia^ elcnp/ayev avTOvs
et9 ayaOrjv riva yr\v, r/vrrep irdXai rw irarpidpyr)
ipi)p,u>

TrXaifl

KLv(p

Afipadp, enr^yyeiXaro
Kal p,aKpbv av el'rj

cnrepfiari.

eh avrov?
88

eveBei^aro pueydXa

Scocretv

avrov

BiTjy/jcracrOat,

Kal

ra>

baa

Oav/xacrrd,

51

BAKLAAM AND

10 ASAPH,

vn.

50-51

Which
him and made him his own servant.
Abraham in turn handed down to his children his
own righteousness, and taught them to know the true
God Wherefore also the Lord was pleased to multiply
his seed beyond measure, and called them "a peculiar
people," and brought them forth out of bondage
.

Egyptian nation, and to one Pharaoh a tyrant,


by strange and terrible signs and wonders wrought
by the hand of Moses and Aaron, holy men, honoured
with the gift of prophecy; by whom also he punished
the Egyptians in fashion worthy of their wickedness,
and led the Israelites (for thus the people descended
from Abraham were called) through the Red Sea
upon dry land, the waters dividing and making a
But
wall on the right hand and a wall on the left.
when Pharaoh and the Egyptians pursued and went
in after them, the waters returned and utterly
destroyed them. Then with exceeding mighty
miracles and divine manifestations by the space of
forty years he led the people in the wilderness, and
fed them with bread from heaven, and gave the Law
divinely written on tables of stone, which he delivered
unto Moses on the mount, "a type and shadow of
"
leading men away from idols and all
things to come
manner of wickedness, and teaching them to worship
only the one true God, and to cleave to good works.
By such wondrous deeds, he brought them into a
certain goodly land, the which he had promised aforetime to Abraham the patriarch, that he would give it
unto his seed. And the task were long, to tell of all
the mighty and marvellous works full of glory and
to the

89

ST.

wv ovk ecrriv apiu/xos, 01


to airovha^ofievov 7racr^9
dOecrpov XaTpecas Kal irpd^ecos to tcov dvO pcoiraiv
airoairdaai yevos, Kal eh rr/v dpyalav iiravayayeiv KardaTaaiv. dXXa Kal kri irj avTovopla
t/}? irXdviy; ihovXovTO rj (pvais r)p,o)v, Kal i/3aalXeV TCOV av6p(t)7TU)V 6 daVClTOS, TTj TVpawltl TOV
8ca/3oXov, teal rrj KaraSUr] tov aSov TrdvTas
evoo^a re

icai

TTcivrcov

oiv

Rora. v. 14,

JOHN DAMASCENE
e^atata,

tovto

rjv

i: a p aire pur cov.

Et9 TOiavrrjv ovv avp,(popdv Kal TaXaiirwplav


iXOovTas i)pds ov irapelhev 6 irXdcras Kal etc tov

6W09 et9 to elvat irapayayccv, ov8e dcprjKev eh


reXo9 diroXeo'Qai to tcov )eipcov avTOv epyov,
dXX* ev&orcla tov 0eou Kal Uarpo? Kal crvvepyla 52
tov dylov UvevpiaTos, 6 p,ovoyevr)<; T/09 /cal
A07O9 TOV eOV, 6 WV eh TOV KoXlTOV TOV IIaT/309,
6 opLOovcuos T6J UaTpl Kal TO) dylw YivevpbaTi, 6

fj,)]

John L 18

John i

7rpoaicovio<>, 6 avap^os, 6 iv
top @eop /cal UaTepa 6w, icai

T049

(ppaaTOv

Johni

13, 14

Luke L

26

Matt.

20

@eo9

<*>v,

ojv,

/cal

777309

avy/caTa-

eavTov

SovXots o~vy/caTd/3aaiv dd/caTaXijirTov, /cat, Heo<; wv TeXeios,


dvdpcoTTO^ TeXeios ylveTai i/c TlvevpaTOS dylov /cal
Ma/3tcf9 t?)? dylas YlapOevov icai QeoTo/cov, ovk
fialvei

Lukci. 35

dpxfl

teal

e/c

crireppaTO'i dv8po<>,

iv

tj)

1)

OeXi'ipaTos,

rj

crvvacpelas,

d^pdvTU) pirjTpa tt}9 TiapOevov avXXycpOeh,


dXX' e/c UvevpuaTos dylov, /cadco? /cal irpb t%
eh tcov dp^ayyeXcov direo-TaXT)
o-vXXijyjreoos
pyjvvcov tt} YlapOevcp ttjv f^evqv avXXrjyJnv e/ceivrjv

i.

Kal

tov

dcppaaTov to/cov. dairopco^ yap avvT/09 tov OeoO ere TlvevpaTO<$ dylov, Kal
eavTM iv ttj p-r\Tpa tt)<; TiapOevov
o~vpTrrfea<i
adpKa epstyvyov p.evr\v ^v^fj XoyiKrj Te Kal voepa,

Jer. xxxi. 22 eXj')<pdri

90

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

mi.

51-52

wonder, without number, which he shewed unto them,


human race
by which it was his purpose to pluck the
from all unlawful worship and practice, and to bring
men back to their first estate. But even so our
nature was in bondage by its freedom to err, and
death had dominion over mankind, delivering all to
the tyranny of the devil, and to the damnation of
hell.
'
So when we had sunk to this depth of misfortune
and misery, we were not forgotten by him that
formed and brought us out of nothing into being, nor
did he suffer his own handiwork utterly to perish.
By the good pleasure of our God and Father, and

the co-operation of the Holy Ghost, the only-begotten


Son, even the Word of God, which is in the bosom of
the Father, being of one substance with the Father
and with the Holy Ghost, he that was before all
worlds, without beginning, who was in the beginning,
and was with God even the Father, and was God,
he, I say, condescended toward his servants with

an unspeakable and incomprehensible condescension and, being perfect God, was made perfect man,
of the Holy Ghost, and of Mary the Holy Virgin
and Mother of God, not of the seed of man, nor of
the will of man, nor by carnal union, being con;

ceived in the Virgin's undefiled womb, of the Holy


Ghost as also, before his conception, one of the
Archangels was sent to announce to the Virgin that
For
miraculous conception and ineffable birth.
without seed was the Son of God conceived of the
Holy Ghost, and in the Virgin's womb he formed for
himself a fleshy body, animate with a reasonable and
;

91

of the
f

our Lord

cifilst,

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

Bvo Be Tat?
rf) vTrocnacrei,
Beo?, Kal TeXeio^ dvdpco7ro<;, a(pdopOV T7]V TTapOei'LCtV T7]<i TKOVarj<; Kal pLCTa TOV
TOKOV (bvXdPaS, fCdl V TTadlV 6 pLOlOTTadr) ? fjpULV

TrporfkOev

ev

fua

(pvaecri, TeXeios
Ezek. xliv. 2

Heb.

iv.

Mat.

vii.

Rom.

1G
7
v. 12

iii.

/
\
a
yevopevo? %w/9t9 apapTias, ras acrueveLas i]p,0)V
eirel yap
dvekafie Kal ra? vocrovs efidaTacrev.
Bi ap\,apria<i elai)Xdev 6 OdvaTos eh tov Koapbov,
eBet tov XvTpovaOai pceXXovTa dvap,dpTi]TOV elvat 53
Kal p,i] T davdrrp Bia t??9 cipapTias virevQvvov.

Be xpovois tois dv6pd>7rot<;


ev
ra>
e$(nnio~Qr)
lophdvrj
avvavaaTpacpeh,
7TOTapuu) viro \ccdvvov, dvBpos dyiov Kal irdvTWv
roiv 7rpo(fir)T(oi> v7repKeip,evov.
j3airTLa6evTo^ Be
avTov, (poovrj rjve'xPv ovpavodev etc tov eov Kal
05to? eaTiv o Tto? p,ov 6
TlaTpos, Xeyovaa'
'EjTtI

Mat.

\f

'

13,

rpicLKOVTa
y

Mat.

xi. ii

Mart. iv. 23

Acts

ii.

Kal to Tlvevpua to
evBoKrjaa.
TrepLaTepds KaTrpXOev eV avTov.
Kal drcoroTe rjp^aTO <rr)p:ela Troielv pLeydXa Kal
OavpLaaTa, veKpovs dvtaTcov, TV(p\ov<; (pooTL^wv,
Baipovas direXavvwv, Kaxpovs Kal kvXXovs depairevwv, \eirpov<$
KaOapl^wv, Kal iravTa^oOev
dvaKaivtfov Tip TraXaicodelaav rjpcov cpvatv, epyw
Te Kal Xoyw iraiBevcov Kal BiBdo~KOiV ttjv tij<;
dyaTrrjTos

"Ayiov
22

ev

iv

eltBei

r%

pev cp9opd<; dirdywv, 777909 Be ttjv


^mtjv TroBrjycov ttjv alojviov. odev Kal p.a6^Ta<; e-

dpeTrjS oBov,
Lukovi. 13

eXe^aro

Boode/ca, 01/9

Kal dirocrToXovs eKaXeae- Kal

KrjpvTTeiv avTois ineTpeyfre ttjv ovpdviov iroXiTeiav, fjv rjXOev enrl Tt}<; 77)9 evBei^aaQai, Kal ovpavLov<; tol9 Taireivovs rjpid<; Kal eiTLyeiovs 777 avTov
Mat. xxvii

otKOvopla TeXeaai.
QQovto Be ttjs OavjiaaT?]^ avTov Kal deoTrpeirov^
7roXt,Tela<; Kal tcov airelpwv 6avp,dTQ)v 01 a^tepet?

92

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

vn. 52-53

soul, and thence came forth in one


in two natures, perfect God and
but
substance,
perfect man, and preserved undefined, even after
He,
birth, the virginity of her that bore him.
being made of like passions with ourselves in all
and bare
things, yet without sin, took our infirmities
our sicknesses. For, since by sin death entered into
the world, need was that he, that should redeem the
world, should be without sin, and not by sin subject

intelligent

unto death.

'When he had lived thirty years among men, he


was baptized in the river Jordan by John, an holy
man, and great above all the prophets. And when
he was baptized there came a voice from heaven,
from God, even the Father, saying, "This is my
beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased," and the
Holy Ghost descended upon him in likeness of a
From that time forth he began to do great
dove.
signs and wonders, raising the dead, giving sight to
the blind, casting out devils, healing the lame and
maim, cleansing lepers, and everywhere renewing
our out-worn nature, instructing men both by word
and deed, and teaching the way of virtue, turning
men from destruction and guiding their feet toward
Wherefore also he chose twelve
life
eternal.
disciples, whom he called Apostles, and commanded
them to preach the kingdom of heaven which he
came upon earth to declare, and to make heavenly
us who are low and earthly, by virtue of his
Incarnation.
'
But, through envy of his marvellous and divine
conversation and endless miracles, the chief priests

93

of his

miLi^ry,

ST.
Kal

dp^ijyol

JOHN DAMASCENE

row 'lovhaiwv, evda

peva davpaard
Matt xxvi.

Matt. xxviL

o-r\pela

Kal

or)

8iarpi/3d<; irrotelro, p,avevres, ola-nep

Kal repara

rd

rd<;

rrpoeipr]-

rreiTOLi'jKei,,

dp,vr]p,ov/]cravTe<; irdvrwv, Bavdrw avrov KareStKaaav, eva rwv p.aOyjTMv avrov els rrpohoaiav avvapirdaavre^' Kal, Kpar>]aavre<i avrov, rots eOveaiv
e/cSorov rr\v ^(orjv row drrdvroiv erroirjcravro,
eicovaiq (3ov\fj ravra xara8eapivov avrov. rj\6e
yap Si' r)p,d<; rrdvra rraOelv, 'iv i)p,d<i rcov rraOow

5-1

7ro\\d 8e et? avrbv iv8eidp,evoi,


aravpS) rb reXevralov KarehiKaaav. /cal rrdvra
V7rep.eive rfj (pvaei tt}? crap/co?, ^9 e rjpcov dveXdySeTo, rf)<i 0elas avrov (pvaeux; drraOovs pbeivdarj^.
Svo yap (pvcrecov vrrdp^cov, t?}? re 6eta<i ical 179 e'
i\ev6epcoar].

rrpoaaveXd^ero, y p.ev dvOpcoireia (pvais


enaOev, f) Be 9eori~js dirad^ hiepetve /cal dOdvaros.
eo-ravpcoOr] ovv rfj aapicl 6 Ku/oto? i)pwv 'Ir/aovs
dpaprtav yap ovk
X/9iO"T09, o)v dvap-dpr^ro^.
erroirjcrev ovSe evpeOi) S0A.09 ev rut arbpari avrov,
rjpo)i>

Pet.

is.
1

ii.

22

mi. 9

Pet. iv. 1

Pet.

Eph.

iii.

19

iv. 9

19

Sta T779 dpaprias ydp,

ov%

vrreiceiro

o)9

ical

rrpoelirov, 6 Odvaros elarfxOev els tov


dXXa 8l f/pMS direOave aap/ci tv t]p.d<;

Kocrpov
KarrjXrrjs rod Qavdrov Xvrpcoarjrat, rvpavviSo?.
6ev ei9 a&ov, Kal rovrov avvrptyas, Ta9 air
alowos eyKetc\eio~pL6va<; i/cetae -ty-v^ds r/Xevdepcoae.
redely ev rdcf)q)

John xx.

davdrw'

ical

rrj rpirrj i)p,epa

e^aviary], vucr)aa<$

rbv Odvarov Kal rjpuv rr/v vtKr/v ocopi]crdp,evo<; icar 55


avrov, Kai, d<p0apricra<; rr/v adpKa 6 rrjs dcpdapcua9 rrdpoyos, axpdtj rots paO^rals, elpijvqv avrols
Sojpovpei'os Kal 8i avrow rravrl ra> yevei rcov
dvdpcorrcov.

Luke

Me#'

xxiv.

50

94

i)p,epa<;

8e recraapaKovra els ovpavovs dv-

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


and
on

rulers of the

Jews (amongst

whom he had wrought

vn. 53-55

whom

also

he dwelt,
and

his aforesaid signs

miracles), in their madness forgetting all, condemned


him to death, having seized one of the Twelve

of his

harrowing
he

And, when they had taken him,


betray him.
him
to the Gentiles, him that was
delivered
they

to

the

life

thereto

of the world, he of his free will consenting


for he came for our sakes to suffer all

things, that

he might free us from

sufferings.

But

when they had done him much despite, at the last


they condemned him to the Cross. All this he
endured in the nature of that flesh which he took
from us, his divine nature remaining free of suffering
for, being of two natures, both the divine and that
which he took from us, his human nature suffered,
while his Godhead continued free from suffering and
death.
So our Lord Jesus Christ, being without sin,
was crucified in the flesh, for he did no sin, neither
was guile found in his mouth; and he was not subject
unto death, for by sin, as I have said before, came
death into the world but for our sakes he suffered
death in the flesh, that he might redeem us from
the tyranny of death.
He descended into hell, and
having harrowed it, he delivered thence souls that
had been imprisoned therein for ages long. He was
buried, and on the third day he rose again, vanquishing death and granting us the victory over death
and he, the giver of immortality, having made flesh
immortal, was seen of his disciples, and bestowed
upon them peace, and, through them, peace on the
whole human race.
'
After forty days he ascended into heaven, and
:

95

of Ms Resur ettl0I1

>

ST.

ovtws iv Be^ta tov TJarpos KaOe^eepyeaQai tcplvai ^Mvra^


kcu veKpovs, zeal diroBovvai e/cdcTTa) Kara ra epya
avrou. puera Be ttju evBo^ov avrov els ovpavovs

i.

1-11

ecpol-Tijcre, real

Tim.

iv. i

tcu, o? kcll pieXXei ttoXlv

Acts
2

JOHN DAMASCENE

Mat. xvi. sr

Acta

ii. 3,

avaXrj-tytv,

direcTTeCke

to

iravdyiov

UveDpuz

eirX

dyiovs avTov pLa6r)Tas iv elBei irvpos, kcu


yp^avTO evats yXooaacus XaXelv, Kadcos to

tovs

Uvevpa
Mat. xxviii.

ivTevdev ovv Trj


TrdvTa tcl edvr), kcu

iBlBov dirocpdeyyeaBaL.

ycipiTi avTov BieaTrdprjaav


eKrjpv^av tt}v bpOoBo^ov

els

tviq-tiv,
ftcnrTi^ovTes
clvtovs els to ovopLa tov UctTpos, KCU TOV Tiov, KCtl
tov dylov TlvevpLaTOS, BiBdo~KovTes Tr/peiv irdcras

rds ivToXas tov ^coTTjpos.

rd

ireifkainipieva, koX

toov elddoXcov KCLTr)pyr)o-av.


TTjV fjTTCtV

icpcoTtaav ovv

ttjv BeiaiBaipiOva

kuv

/a?)

TToXepOVS KCU VVV KCtQ^

to. edvr)

irXdvtpj

(pepcov 6 i)(dp6<;
l)p6i)V

TWV

7TiCT-

tcov eyeipei, 7rel6(ov tovs deppovas kcu davveTOvs 56


eVt t/}<? elBcoXoXaT peias dvTeyeodcu, cfiOC daOevrjS

Bvvapis civtov yeyove, kcu at pop<palai avTov


IBov
tjj tov XpiaTov Bvvdpei.
aoi tov epuov Aea7roT?]V kcli ebv kclI %a>Tr)pa Bi

Ps. ix. 6

r)

ep

eh TeXos i^eXnrov

oXlycov eyvcopiaa pi]paTcov TeXeooTepov Be yvwplaeis, el tt)v ydpiv avTov Be^r] iv ttj ^v^f} gov kcu

BovXos avTov KaTa^io)0f}<; yeveaOcu.

VIII
Actaix.

r\Kovae tmv pr/piuTcov o tov plaacXews


avTov Trepiiqo-Tpa^fe Ti]V yjrv^v KCtl
i^avacrTas tov Qpovov eK ireptyapelas, koI irepiirXaKels tu> BapXadp:, e<pr)' Hd^a ovtos Igtiv,

Tovto)v

vl 6<>,

96

(p6)<;

co?

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

vn. 55-vni. 56

sitteth at the right hand of the Father.


And he and glorious
s e
shall come again to judge the quick and the dead, n to
i

heaven
according to his works.
After his glorious Ascension into heaven he sent
forth upon his disciples the Holy Ghost in likeness
of fire, and they began to speak with other tongues as
the Spirit gave them utterance.
From thence by his of the
grace they were scattered abroad among all nations, theEMy
and preached the true Catholic Faith, baptizing ^the and
them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, *Pread of
and of the Holy Ghost, and teaching them to Cathoiick
observe all the commandments of the Saviour.
So

and

to reward every

man

they gave light to the people that wandered in


darkness, and abolished the superstitious error of
idolatry.
Though the enemy chafeth under his
defeat, and even now stirreth up war against us, the
faithful, persuading the fools and unwise to cling to
the worship of idols, yet is his power grown feeble,
and his swords have at last failed him by the power
of Christ.
Lo, in few words I have made known
unto thee my Master, my God, and my Saviour ;
but thou shalt know him more perfectly, if thou
wilt receive his grace into thy soul,
become his servant."

and gain the

blessing to

VIII

When the king's son had heard these words, there How
flashed a light upon his soul.
Rising from his seat Voiced to
in the fulness of his joy, he embraced Barlaam,
say- Balaam'
'
Most honoured sir, methinks this might be that good tidings
ing
:

97

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

eiKa^w, TtpadiTare tcov dvOpcoircov, o XlOos

<w? eya)

ev pivaTrjpiw et/coT<u? Kar(SovXopAvcp tovtov oeiKvvaiv,


dXX' ot9 epptovrcu ra rfjs -^u^i)? alaOrjTjjpta. ISov 57
yelp, Co? TCLVTa ra p/jpara iSe^dpLt/v Tat? a/coat?,
Kal to
<w? yXvKvraTOv elae&v pov rfj /capSta,
to
eicelvo
ttoXvv
tj}?
Xvirrjf; KaXvpupa,
rjhr)
fiapv
ypovov TrepifceLfievop ry icaphiq pov, Ocittov irepiel ovv /faA,&>? eiKa^o), avdyyecXov p,or el
rjpedrj.
ifceivos 6 arifii]Tos, bv
e

X e6<?

7Tavr l T y

'

>

H'V

Be Kal

fcpecTTov

rcov

elpr)p,evcov

yivd>o~Keis,

pvr]

dvafidXXov e avTrjs (pavepoyaal p,oi.


AvOis ovv 6 BapXadp, uTre/cptvaTO' Nat p-rjv,
Kvpie p-ov Kal f3acriXev, tovto iari to peya puvaCoL

i.

T7]piov to diroKeKpvpbpbevov aTTo tcov aloovcov Kal


aTrb tcov yevecov, eV eayaTcov Be tcov yjpovoov
cpavepcodev tG> yevei tcov dvOpcoircov, ov rrjv

26

(pavepcoaiv irdXat rf) rov deiov UvevpaTO? ydpni


7r
po^yyeiXav iroXXol 7rpo(pi]rai Kal St/catot, iroXv-

Heb. L i

Kal TToXvTpoirws p.vi] Oevres'


(pcovoos KO,TayyeiXavTes, Kal irdvTe^

Kal p,eyaXo-

pepco<;

Luke
Mat.

Mk.

x. 24
xiii.

17

xvi. 16

acoTr/plav irpoopoovTes, IttoOovv

Kal

a\V

ovk iOedaavTO'

rj^iojOr)

to

ovv Kal

/3

acoTrjpiov

an Tier 6 els

KataKpid ijaerai.
'O Be 'lcodcracp
avevhoidarco'i

Bo^d^co (")e6v.
gov, kuI tl pie

yvcoptaov.

98

dedaaadai

Be^acrOai.

Tavrrjv,

yeved avTi]

eo'yd'TT]

7riarevaa<;

awO^crerai, o he d7rtar?)cra<;

Udvra ra

etprf

/cat

elpr\p,eva

crot

ov

KarayyeXXes
fiovov dirXavcos p,oi ravra cracpyjviSet iroielv aKpificos BlBa^ov
dXXd
iriarevco,

Kal to /3a7TTiapa tl

Be^aadac

Ttjv eaopievr/v

etprjs,

io~Tiv,

b tov<>

7naTevovTa<>

KaT aKoXovOtav avrcp iravra

pioi

58

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

vm. 56-58

which thou dost rightly keep

priceless stone

secret,

not displaying it to all that would see it, but only to


For lo, as
those whose spiritual sense is strong.
these words dropped upon mine ear, sweetest light

entered into

was

in

true

my

now

heart,

and the heavy

veil of sorrow,

long time enveloped my heart,


an instant removed. Tell me if my guess be
or if thou knowest aught better than that

that hath

this

which thou hast spoken, delay not to declare

it

to

me.'
'
Yea, my
Again, therefore, Barlaam answered,
and prince, this is the mighty mystery which

lord

hath been hid from ages and generations, but in


these last days hath been made known unto mankind the manifestation whereof, by the grace of
;

Holy Ghost, was foretold by many prophets and


righteous men, instructed at sundry times and in
the

divers manners.
it,

be

and
:

all

this

In trumpet tones they proclaimed


looked forward to the salvation that should

they desired to see, but saw

it

not.

But

this latest generation was counted worthy to receive


salvation. Wherefore he that believeth and is baptized

be saved but he that believeth not shall be


damned.'
Said Ioasaph, ' All that thou hast told me I believe
without question, and him whom thou declarest I
glorify as God.
Only make all plain to me, and
shall

teach

me

clearly

on to

tell

me what

I must do.
But especially go
that Baptism which thou sayest

what
is

that the Faithful receive.'

99

h 2

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

'E/cet^o? he 77750?

Taurus

zeal

pL'Ca cocnrep

avrbv cnreicpivaTO'

afjLW/u-tjrov

kcu

T?)9 dyias
Xpicniavcov iriaTeco^
virofiddpa rj rod deiov

tcov

darcpaXrj<s

virdpyev %dpL<;, 7rdvrcov tcov ctirb


yevecrecos dfiapTij/jLarcov KciOapaiv eyovoa, kcu
Travrekr) pv^iv tcov dirb /cd/cias eTreiaeXOovTcov

/3a7TTLa/u.aro<;

Johniii. 5

fioXva/jLarcov.

ovtco

yap

coTiqp

evere'tXaro hi

vhaTos dvayevvdoOai kcu YlvevpiaTOS, Kal els to


dpycuov eiravdyeaQai d^icofia, oV evTev^ecos hr/Xahi)
Kal tj}? acorrjptov eirLKX^aeco^, iirityontovTO*; tco
vSari tov dylov UvevfiaTo?. ficnn i^OfieB a toivvv,
Kara rbv Xoyov tov K.vpiov, et'9 to ovo/xa tov
liaTyao?, kcu tov liov, kcu tov aytov Ll.vevp,aTO<;'
Kal ovtcos evoiKel tov dyiov UvevfxciTos y) %/>9 rf}
tov /3cnrTia0ei>To<; "^v^f), Xa/n7rpvvovo~a avTr)v kcu
Qeoeihi) direpya^opievrj, kcu to kcit eiKova kcu KaQ
6/noicoaiv aiiTTJ dvaKaivi^ovaa' Kal Xolttov irdvTa
Ta iraXaid Tr}? KaKias epya aTTopptyavTes, trvvebv hevTepov fiiov Kal dpyj]v
7T/909
$/]K)]v
Ka6apcoTepa<; TroXneias Troiovfieda, o!)9 av Kal
]

Mat. xxviii.

pen.

i.

26

avjKXrjpovo/jiOt

dvayevvrjOevTcov

ecrop.eOa

Kal

ttjs

tcov 7r/?09 dcpdapcriav


alcovlov crcorrjpias ein-

%&>/H9 he /3a7TTia/j,aTO<; ovk eart t?}?


eXirihos
eKeivrjs eirtTvyelv, Kav irdvTcov 59
dya6r}<i
tcov evcrefiwv evaefteaTepos T9 yevrjTai. ovtco yap
Xa/3ofievcov.

tov yevovs rjficov ivavdpcoirrjcras


0eo9 A070? etirev
Afirjv Xiyco vpuv, edv fXT)
dvayevvrjdrjTe 6Y vhaTO<i Kal UvevpiaTos, ov fit)
6 eirl crcoT7)pia

John

iu. s

eh ttjv fiaaiXeiav tcov ovpavcov. 816


irdvTcov dfyco ae 777 fiev tyvxfl he^aadai ttjv
ttlcttiv, irpocreXOeZv he evOvs Kal tco /3a7TTia/j,aTi
elcriX0)]T6

7T/30

ttqQm OepixoTUTCp Kal jAt]86Xco$ 7rpo9 tovto dvaftdX100

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


The other answered him

'

thus,

vm. 58-59

The
sii

root

and sure
r>

foundation of this holy and perfect Christian l^aith is


the grace of heavenly Baptism, fraught with the
cleansing from all original sins, and complete purification of all defilements of evil that come after.
For thus the Saviour commanded a man to be born
to
spirit, and be restored
by supplication and by calling on the Saving Name, the Holy Spirit brooding
on the water. We are baptized, then, according to
the word of the Lord, in the Name of the Father,
and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost and thus
the grace of the Holy Ghost dwelleth in the soul of
the baptized, illuminating and making it God-like
and renewing that which was made after his own
image and likeness. And for the time to come we
cast away all the old works of wickedness, and we
make covenant with God of a second life and begin a
become fellowpurer conversation, that we may also

again of water and of the


his first dignity, to wit,

heirs with them that are born again to incorruption


and lay hold of everlasting salvation. But without
Baptism it is impossible to attain to that good hope,
even though a man be more pious than piety itself.
For thus spake God, the Word, who was incarnate

the salvation of our race, " Verily I say unto you,


except ye be born of water and of the Spirit, ye
shall in no wise enter into the Kingdom of Heaven."
Wherefore before all things I require thee to receive
faith within thy soul, and to draw near to Baptism
anon with hearty desire, and on no account to delay
for

101

Bariaam
discourscth
of

Holy

ap v

ST.

\ea0ar

JOHN DAMASCENE

erriKivhvvov

yap

r)

hid

avafio\r\,

to

dhrfkov eivai rov Oavdrov rrjv irpoOecrpiav.

O he

Icodcracp rrpbs

avrbv

elire'

Kal

ti?

rj

dyaOr/

(3a7rricrparo<$ prj iiritfvrrep /3aai\etav rcov

e'A,7rt? e/ceLvr), 7/9 e<f)7]<; %ft)/3i9

rvyydveiv; Tt9 he

ecrriv

ovpavcov aTrotcaXels; rroBev he rd rov ivavOpwrrrjaavTos eou pr]para crv aKrjKoas; Tt9 he r) rov

Oavdrov

ahr/Xos irpodeapla, irepl 779 peptpva


ttoWt), rfj Kaphici pov ever/city aaa, ev \virais
Kal ohvvais hairava pov ras crdpicas, Kal avrojv

KaB dirrerai; Kal el reBvt]^6pevoi


bv hiaXvBcopev 01 dvBpwiroi, r) eariv
dWrj Ti? ftcoTt) perd rrjv evrevBev eKhrjpiav;
ravra Kal tovtois etrbpeva paBelv eireBvpovv.
'O he BapXadp roiavra<; tovtois ehlhov Ta9 60
ht]

et'9

row

ocrrecov

to prj

d7roicpiaeL<;'

pev dyaBr)

eXTris, r)v e'tprjKa,

/3acrtAe/a9 earl rcov ovpavcov

(Bporeiq to irapdirav virdpyet dveK(f>pacrro<i' (prjcrl


yap r) Vpacpiy
6<pBa\pb<; ovk elhe, Kal 011$ ovk
rjKOvae, Kal iirl Kaphlav dvBpojrrov ovk avefirj, a
eo9 T049 dyairoxriv avrov. orav he
tjTOipLao-ev
d^icoBcopev, rb ira\v rovro diroBepevoi aapKiov,
l

lxiv. 4
1 Cor. ii. 9
is.

t%

avrrj he ykd>o~ar)

paKapibri]70^ iKetvrj? ernrv^elv, Tore avros,


Kara^uoaas fjpds p,rj hiapaprelv rr)<; e'\7uSo9,
hthd^ei Kal yvcopiel rcov dyaBoiV eKeivcov rrjv
irdvra vovv virepeyovo-av ho^av, to deppacrrov
0W9, rrjv prj hiaKornopevrjv t,cor)v, rrjv perd dyye\wv hiaycoyrjv. el yap d^tcoBcopev ew avyyeveaBai Ka9^ oaov ecpiKrbv dvOpwrrivr] <pvaei, irdvra
elaupeBa Trap avrov d vvv ovk ccrpev. rovro yap
eyco, K rf}<; rcov BeoTrvevcrroov Ypacpcov p,epvr\p,evo<i
t>")9

102

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

vm. 59-60

herein, for delay is parlous, because of the uncertainty


of the appointed day of death.'

Ioasaph said unto him, And what is this good


hope whereto thou sayest it is impossible without baptism to attain? And what this kingdom
which thou callest the kingdom of Heaven ? And
how cometh it that thou hast heard the words
of God incarnate ? And what is the uncertain
day of death ? For on this account much anxiety
hath fallen on my heart, and consumeth my flesh
in pain and grief, and fasteneth on my very bones.
And shall we men, appointed to die, return to
'

ioasaph
Cth
Bai-iaam
yet further

nothing, or is there some other life after our


departure hence ? These and kindred questions
I have been longing to resolve.'
Thus questioned he and Barlaam answered thus Bariaam
1
The good hope, whereof I spake, is that of the f utU re
kingdom of Heaven. But that kingdom is far felicity,
beyond the utterance of mortal tongue for the
"
Scripture saith,
Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard,
neither have entered into the heart of man the
things which God hath prepared for them that
love him."
But when we have shuffled off this
gross flesh, and attained to that blessedness, then
will that Master, which hath granted to us not
to fail of this hope, teach and make known unto
us the glory of those good things, whose glory
that light ineffable,
passeth all understanding
that life that hath no ending, that converse with
For if it be granted us to hold communion
Angels.
with God, so far as is attainable to human nature,
then shall we know all things from his lips which
now we know not. This doth my initiation into
the teaching of the divine Scriptures teach me
:

103

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

Travrwv fidXiara fSacriXeiav ovpavwv


yeveadau rfj Oecopia tt}? ay Las
/cat eoa/^t/c?79 TptdBos, Kai tw dirpoairw (fiwrl
avrrjs; eXXaixfyOrjvai, rpavorepov re Kai xaOapcojepov Aral dva/ce/<a\v fifievai 7rpoaa>7rq> tijv dpprjrov
el Be fii) Bwarov
avrr) ? Botjav KaroTrrpi^eadai.
ttjv Bo^av ifceLvrjv Kai to (><? /cat ra airopprjTa
ay add nrapaoTtjo-ai \6ya>, Oavfiacrrov ouBev ov/c
dv yap rjcrav fieydXa ical i^aipera, el <ye rjfj.lv, tois
eTnyeiOLS fcal abdapTois Kai to f3apv tovto /cat

BiBa^V^'

TiOeiiai, to ifKrja'iov
1

Tim.

2 Cor.

vi.

iii.

16

18

efjLTraOes

aapKiov

Kare\afj.f3dvovro
fiev

ovv

Be^ov
Kai Bi

Br)

irepl

61

re

rfi>
Xoytatifi)
7repifceifievoi<;,
real rfi> \6yq> TrapiarfiiVTO. ovra>

tovtcov

dvevBotdcrrcos

iBu><;

rfj

irtaret

ireii\aafievov

firjBev

fiovrj,

eyeiv,

epya>v dyaOcov eTreiyQijTi rrjs dOavdrov


fSacrikeias eKelvrjs e7r ika [3 ecr 6 at, rjcnvep drav eiritvxV*) fJ.a6r]CT7) to reXetov.
tlepl o>v Be r)pwTi]o-a<;, 7TW?

toO crapKco6evro<; Seov

TLvayyeXiOiV ladi iravja ra


fiLas

t)fj.d<i

fiefiadrjKevat.

r)fj,el<;

roix;

X070U9

aKij/coafiev, Bed tcov tepcov


rrjs

ovtco

deavBpacrjs olkovoyap i) ay la BeXro?

KeKXrjrat, &>9 aVe dOavaaiav /cat d(p6apaiav Kai t^co/jv alaovtov real dfiapTifiiv d(peaiv /cat

eiceivrf

Lukci.

fBaaLkeLav ovpavfiiv TOt9 0v)jrol<; r)fj,lv Kai <pdapTol<;


Kai eiriyeloLS evayyeXi^o/xivrj rjvnep yey pd (fiacnv 62
01 avTOTrrai Kai viriiperaL tov Aoyov, 0D9 avwrepco
6 1,corrjp
el'pijKa, OTi fiadrjrds Kai diroaroXovs
Kai irapeBcoKav rjfj.lv
r\fifi>v Xpto"T09 i^e\e^aro'
iyypd<fiw<;,

fiera rrjv

evBo^ov tov Aecnrorov

et9

avrov 7ro\tTeta9 Ta9


re BiBao-KaXias avrov Kai rd davfiara, Kara ro
eyywpovv ypachfj rrapaBovvat. ovtq) yap 777209
ovpavovs dvoBov,

104

rrj<;

eirl yrjs

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

vm. 60-62

to be the real meaning of the kingdom of* Heaven ;


to approach the vision of the blessed and life-giving
Trinity, and to be illumined with his unapproachable
light, and with clearer and purer sight, and with
unveiled face, to behold as in a glass his unspeakable

But, if it be impossible to express in language


that glory, that light, and those mysterious blessings,
glory.

what marvel ? For they had not been mighty


and singular, if they had been comprehended by
reason and expressed in words by us who are
earthly, and corruptible, and clothed in this heavy
garment of sinful flesh. Holding then such knowledge in simple faith, believe thou undoubtingly,
but by good works be
that these are no fictions
urgent to lay hold on that immortal kingdom,
to which when thou hast attained, thou shalt
;

have perfect knowledge.


f
As touching thy question, How it is that we
have heard the words of the Incarnate God, know
thou that we have been taught all that appertaineth
to the divine Incarnation by the Holy Gospels,
for thus that holy book is called, because it telleth
"
us, who are corruptible and
earthly, the
good
"
of immortality and incorruption, of life
spell
eternal, of the remission of sins, and of the kingdom

This book was written by the eyeof heaven.


witnesses and ministers of the Word, and of these
that our Lord Jesus Christ
I have already said
chose them for disciples and apostles
and they
delivered it unto us in writing, after the glorious
Ascension of our Master into Heaven, a record
;

on earth, his teachings and miracles,


was possible to commit them to writing.
For thus, toward the end of his volume, saith he

of his

life

so far as it

>5

of the

Holy
Gos P els
>

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

rod \6yov 6 e^aiperos rcov deloiv erceiveov


evayyeXiarwv etprj/cev "Eari, (f>t]ai, icai aXka
7ro\\a baa eTroirjcrev 6 'Ir^croO?, driva edv ypd(f>r)rai kcl& ev ovhe avrbv oJfiat rbv Kocrpiov -ywpr\crai
ra ypacpop,eva /3if3\ia.
Ev rovrw ovv tw Oetordrw Evayye\ia> ificfreperu> re\ei

Johnxxi.25

rai t^9 Te craptcwcrecDS,


OavpLcircov,

Tivevfiari

t?}?

tw

re dvahet^eco<;,

re

rwv re Trpayp.drcov avrov r) iaropia


eou yeypanip-evq, eiretra icai rrepi rov

ovirep virep,eive hi i)p.a<; 6


Te
Kupto?, tt)?
dyias icai rpnjpiepov eyepcreax;, /cal
t?}? et? ovpavovs dvbhov, 777)09 he koX tj)? ivho^ov

irddovi

dxpdvTov

icai (f)o/3epd<;
Mat. xxv. 31
1 Thes. iv.

yap irdXiv

10

fxera

Rev. xx. 13

Gen. u. 7

1-

avrov hevrepas rrapovo-ias.


T/09 rod eov eXdelv eVl
"
\-v'/3
icat
i

fieWei
rt)<i

yrjs,
'

ttKtjuovs tj/9 ovpaviov


appi)rov
arpancts, icplvai to yevos ripuoiv icai dtrohovvai
ercacrra) Kara ra epya avrov.
rbv yap dvdpcoiTov
i dpy/i}*; 6 eo9 eic yfj<; hiairXdaas, icadd hrj icai
oo^rjf

7rpo\a/3cbv elirov aoi, evetyvarjcrev et? avrbv ttvo?)v,


re icai voepd rrpoaayopeverar 63

tjtis ^\rvx>l Xoyi/c?]

eVel

he

ddvarov

Karetcp[drjp,ev,

d7ro8vr]cricofiev

rravres, icai ovk ecrrt rb rrorrjpiov rovrb riva rwv


ecrri
he 6 ddvarov
dvdpcoTTcov irapahpapuelv

^wpia/uib^

i|ru^^9

fiei>

ovv to

ti}?

-^rv^rj^,

etc
el<i

7/79

eicelvo
rov crco/Liaro*;.
hiairXaaOev awp,a, ywpio-dev

dirb

yrjv

viroarpecfyet, e

rjcnrep

hiaXverar rj he
aOavaros ovaa, rropeverai evOa ice\evei
e\ij(f)dr), icai

(f>0eip6fievov

icai

^rv^rj,
o Arj-

fxdWov he icado)? avrrj rrporiroifiacrev


tca9a><;
eavrfj icardXvfia ere ra> aapicUp crvvovaa.
yap Ti? 7ro\irevcniTaL evravOa, fxeXXei arroXap,ftdveiv eiceidev.
/xiovpyos,

06

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

vm. 62-63

the flower of the holy Evangelists, "And


also many other things which Jesus
the
which, if they should be written every one,
did,
could not
I
suppose that even the world itself
contain the books that should be written."
'
So in this heavenly Gospel, written by the
that

is

there are

of the

the history of his coming of


Spirit
our Lord
Incarnation, his manifestation, his miracles and acts.
innocent
the
of
it
telleth
suffering
Afterward,
which the Lord endured for our sake, of his
his Ascent
holy Resurrection on the third day,
into the heavens, and of his glorious and dreadful
of

God,

is

recorded

'

for the Son of God shall come


second coming
and with
again on earth, with unspeakable glory,
a multitude of the heavenly host to judge our
race, and to reward every man according to his
works.
For, at the beginning, God created man
;

out of earth, as I have already told thee, and


breathed into him breath, which is called a reasonBut since we were
able and understanding soul.
and it is not
sentenced to death, we die all
:

Now
pass any man by.
cup
the separation of the soul from the body.
that body which was formed out of earth,
severed from the soul, returneth to earth from

possible for this

death

And
when

to

is

also it was taken, and, decaying, perisheth


but the soul, being immortal, fareth whither her
Maker calleth, or rather to the place where she,
while still in the body, hath prepared for herself
lodgement. For as a man hath lived here, so shall

whence

he receive reward there.


107

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

EtTa fiera irXelarov^ %p6vov<; eXevcrerai Xpt6 eo9 rjfxwv Kplvai rov Koapbov iv Bo^rj

ctto?

(poftepa
Lukexxi.20 /i9 TCOP

Kal dveKBirjyrjroi, ov ra> (f>6/3<p at BvvdOVpaVWV GCtkevO >](TOVTai, Kal TTaucu, at

arparial
1

Thess.

iv.

Job. xix. 26

TTLOV

ayyeXwv

roiyv

TOT

dVTOV.

rrapiaravrai

rpopLO)
(pCOvfj

dp%ayyeXoV

adXinyyt, eov dvaanjaovrat ol vexpoi, Kal irapaeari Be r)


(TTtjo-ovrat rS> cj)o/3ep(p avrov dpovco.
dvdaraais avvd(f>eia irdXiv ^f%^9 re Kal acoparos.
avro ovv to cr&)p,a, to (f)Oeipop:evov Kal BtaXvoavro dvaarrjcreraL d(f>daprov. Kal prjBapbco'i
aoi drnarla^ Xoytapb<i rrepl rovrov eireXOoi' ovk
dBvvarel yap rq> it; dpyr\<i e'/c rrj<i
BiarrXd- 64
aavri avro, elra arroarpa^ev et? yrjv it; r)<;

ipuevov,
Ezek.
xxxvii. 1-14

evdi-

Kal iv

7%

'>'//]

Kara

ekr)(pui],

avdw

rrjv

el

avaarrjaai.

ovrwv

rov"a
Ar/piovpyov

iiroirjaev 6

yap

a7ro(paaiv,

iroaa it; ovk


aoi karat avrrj

ivvo7Jaet<;

eo?, txavrj

Kal yap yr)v Xafioov eirolrjaev avOpco7T&J9 ovv r) yr)


yeyovev dvOpunros; 7rw9 Be avrrj ovk ovaa iraprjyero; wo'iav Be viroftdOpav eyei; 7rco9 Be e avrr/s
7raprf)(0r)o-av rd rwv dXoycov direipa yevrj, rd
row aireppidrcov, ra roov (pvrwv; dXXd Kal vvv
Karavorjaov iirl rrjs yevvrjaeco ; rrj<; r)perepa<;- ov
diroBei^i^.
rrov,

yy)v

ovk ovaav rrporepov

aireppia
/i/jrpav

j!5pa)(y

avro;

ivierai

rroOev

ovv

ei<i
r)

ri)v viroBe^opev^v
roaavrr) rov ^coov

BidirXacns;
T&> ovv ravra rrdvra Brjpiiovpyijaavri K pir)
ovrav Kal en Br/piiovpyovvri ovk dBvvarov eK yt]<;
ra veveKpoipieva Kal BiafyQ apevr a acop,ara avaarrjaai,

ovrod'
108

iva

eKaaros diroXdj3rj Kara rd

Epyaaias ydp,

(f)i]alv, 6

epya

irapcbv Kaipos,

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


'

Then,' after

our

Ions;
seasons, Christ

come to judge the world

vm. 63-64

in awiul

God

shall
j

beyond
words to tell; and for fear of him the powers of
heaven shall be shaken, and all the angel hosts
glory,

of the Resurrcctioii
f

the dead,

him in dread. Then, at the voice


the archangel, and at the trump of God,
shall the dead arise and stand before his awful
Now the Resurrection is the re-uniting
throne.
So that very body, which
of soul and body.
stand beside
of

decayeth and perisheth, shall arise incorruptible.


And concerning this, beware lest the reasoning of
for it is not impossible for
unbelief overtake thee
him, who at the beginning formed the body out of
hath
earth, when according to its Maker's doom it
returned to earth whence it was taken, to raise the
;

consider how many created out



me~
of
out
nothing, this proof e 8.
things
He took earth and made man,
shall suffice thee.
though earth was not man before. How then did
And how was earth, that did
earth become man ?
not exist, produced ? And what foundation hath it ?
And how were countless kind of things without
reason, of seeds and plants, produced out of it!
Nay, now also consider the manner of our birth.
Is not a little seed thrown into the womb that receiveth it? Whence then cometh such a marvellous
fashioning of a living creature ?
f
So for him, who hath made everything out of of thedayof
1X1 s emen
nothing, and still doth make, it is not impossible to
from
the
bodies
and
raise deadened
earth,
corrupt

same again.

If thou wilt but

God hath made

that every

works

for

man may be rewarded


"
he

saith,

according to his
is the time for

The present

109

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

eirel ttov ro Sikciiov


'
'

avacrraai^ rjv; ttoXKol 'yap,


hiicaioL ovres, iroXXd ev tw irapovri /3tft> kclkov-

Be pJXXcov dvraTroBoaeco^.
~
>

Nazianz.
Orat. ix.
i>. io2

<>

>

/nv

T0U Weov,

et,

-\

-v

/xrj

yrjdevT<i real ripo)prj6evre<i /SiaCcos dvypedrjaav


evioi he, acre/3et9 ovre$ /cat irapavopboi, ev rpv(pjj
zeal ewjpepia ri]V Trapovaav t,wr)v dvrjXa)o~av 6 he

eo9,

dyados ecrri
dvaardoewi Kal

eTrei&r]

rjpiipav

teal

hiKaios,
r

erdaeco^,

iva,

Sipiaev
airo-

Xaftovaa eKacrrrj yfrv^rj ro ihcov crcafxa, o pev


fcatcS?, evravBa ra dyaOd a7roXa/3dov, eicel irepl
5)v i']p,apTe KoXaadfj, 6 8e dyaOos, evravda rip,co-

rwv dyaOtov /cXrjpo'Afcovaovrai


vopLO<; yevrjrar
yap, (prjalv 6 Kvpio<;,
ol ev roil p,vr)p,eioi<i tt}<? <fc(ovfj<; rov Tlov rov Heou,
Kal e^eXevcrovrai ol ra ayaQa Troufjcravres el<;
pr/dels Trepl oov i'ipLaprev, eKel

Johnv.

25,

ol he ra cpavXa irpd^avre^ eh
dvdaraariv Kpiaewi, i^viKa Kal dpovoi reOrjaovrai,
/cat 6 TlaXatos rwv rj/xepwv /ecu irdvroov Arjp,iovpybs irpoKaOlaei, Kal /3t/3Xot dvoiyrfaovrai
irdvrwv r)pL(ov rd$ irpd^eis, rov? Xoyovs, rd<; ev6vfirjcreL<i eyyey papbpevas eyovaai, Kal 7roT/i09
irvpo<i eX/cerai, Kal irdvra ra fce/cpvp/neva dvaKaXvirrovrat. ovhel<; e/cei avv/jyopos, i) iriOavbrT]^
/
a
i\
prjpbarcov, t) 'yevorjs cnroh.oyia, i] ttaovtou ovva-

dvdaraaiv &>%,

Dan.

vii.

Rev. xx. 12

Greg. Naz.
Orat. xv.
230

p.

>>'*-./

areua,

rj
diG)p,drcov byKos, r)
hoaeis, /cXe^ai rrjv opOrjv icpicriv

hcopcov

5.

a<f>9ovoi

la^vovaiv

aX-A,'

6 d8e/cao~TO<; eicelvos zeal dXr)0ivd<; &ifcao~Tr]S ^vyols

Sifcaioavvrjs
John

v.

29

Xuyov Kal

dyaOd
Mk.

xii.

25

irdvra

Sia/cpivet,

Biavo7]fj.a.

7roi)jo-avre<;

et'9

Kal

koX

irpdJ^iv Kal
ol ra

iropevaovrai

^corjv alcoviov,

et9

ro

cf)w<}

dveK(ppdarov, per a dyyeXcov evfypaivopevoi,


rwv diroppi]rwv dyadojv dwoXavovres, Kal rfj
ro

no

65

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

vm. 64-65

work, the future for recompense." Else, where were


the justice of God, if there were no Resurrection ?

Many

men

righteous

in

this

present

life

have

and torment, and have died


violent deaths and the impious and the law-breaker
hath spent his days here in luxury and prosperity.
But God, who is good and just, hath appointed a day
of resurrection and inquisition, that each soul may
receive her own body, and that the wicked, who
received his good things here, may there be punished
for his misdeeds, and that the good, who was here
suffered

much

ill-usage

chastised for his misdeeds,

may

there inherit

his

For, saith the Lord, "They that are in the


of God, and
graves shall hear the voice of the Son
done
have
that
shall come forth
good unto the
they

bliss.

and they that have done evil


Then also shall
unto the resurrection of doom."
thrones be set, and the Ancient of days and Maker of
all things shall sit as Judge, and there shall be
opened books with records of the deeds and words
and thoughts of all of us, and a fiery stream shall
revealed.
issue, and all hidden things shall be

resurrection of

life,

There can no advocate, no persuasive words, no


false excuse, no mightiness of riches, no pomp of
rank, no lavishment of bribes, avail to pervert
For he, the uncorrupt and
righteous judgement.
Judge, shall weigh everything in the
balance of justice, every act, word and thought.
And they that have done good shall go into life everin the fellowlasting, into light unspeakable, rejoicing

truthful

bliss ineffable, standing


ship of the Angels, to enjoy

in

of the joy

righteous,

ST.
Mat. xxv. so
is.

ixvi. 24

xxv

Mat.

Mk.

ix.

Mat.

30

43

xiii.

42

JOHN DAMASCENE

ayia TpidSt, zeadapay? iraptardfievoi' ol Se t 66


zeal
epavXa Trpd^avT<; zeal iravres ol dcrefieh
f
"
KOA,Cl(TLV
i<?
atCOl'LOV,
7/T49
JVVa
UfiapTtOKOL
\ey ercu Ka \ (TKOTOS it;(OT6pOV, KaX CT ZC(i)Xr)% dzeOL'

-v

p,t]TO<;,

>

zeal

'-v

/3pvyp,d<>

'

oSovtcov,

zeal

dXXa

pbvpia

pbdXXov Se, to iravroov ^aXeTrcorarov,


to dXXoTptcoOyvai diro eoO zeal cnrepplfyOai tov
yXvzcvrdrov 7rpoaco7rov avrov, zeal ttjs S6%)]<>
eKelvrj<;
areprjdrjvai r/79 dvezcSujytjTov, zeal to
tcoXacTTijpia,

Dan. xiL 2

Luke

7rapa8etyp,aTiad)}vac 7rl irdcrys rfj<; KTtaews, kcu


to alcryyvOrjvaL alo")(yv7]v ire pas ovze e^ovaav.
pueTa yap to SoOfjvat tijv (ppizcTt)v ezee'ivrjv diro-

xvi. 26 (faacriv,

Mat. xxv.

pi]Te

irdvTa

Tr}<;

twv

aTpeiTTa puevel
Sizcalcov (paiSpas

zeal

dvaXXoucoTa,

Siaywyrjs

iy^ova-rj<i

TeA.09, pbi]Te Trjs tcov

dpiapTcoXwv TaXanraipias zeal


zcoXdo~ew<; Xapu/3avovar]<; irepa<;' ovTe yap zcpiTr]*;
p.eT eieelvov v^jrrjXoTepos, ovTe diroXoyia Si epycov
SevTepwv, ov irpoOeapla p,eTa7rot7]cre(o<;, ovzc aXXr)
Tf?

pWoSos

Tol<i

zcoXa^opuevots, o-vv8iaia)viovcrr)<;

ai>To2<$ Trj<i TipbcopLas.


2 Pet.

iii.

11

ToVTCOV OUTO)9

e")(pVTU>v,

ITOTaTTOV^ Set U7rdp%tv

iv dyiais duaar poepah zeal evcrefSeat ttoXlTeicu9, iva zcaTa%iw96ipev izecpvyelv tz)v pueXXovcrav
aiveCXriv zcai aTaOrivai eze SePiwv tov Tlov tov
7-jp.ds

Mat. xxv.

r)eov; avTrj

yap

1)

aTacris Teov oi/caccov rot9 oe

e eveovvpeov dTrozeezcXrjpcoTac iravadXta pueph. ezeeWev Se tow? p,ev Sizcaiov? evXo- 67


yr)p.evov<; dirozeaXwv o Aeo~7roTT]<i eh Tt)v aTeXevdpLapTcoXois

t)

tt]tov zSaaiXeiav elcrdyei, tol>9 Se ap,apTcoXov<;, p,eT


opyrjs zeal dpd<; izcplaXobv tov irpoadiTrov avTov tov
rjpepov zeal yaXrjvov, to irdvTCov TTizepoTaTOv apa
zeal

112

-^aXeTrduTaTov,

eh

zeoXaaiv

ezeirepLTrei aiioviov.

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

vm. 66-67

But they that


ungodly and sinners,
shall go into everlasting punishment, which is called
Gehenna, and outer darkness, and the worm that
dieth not, and the gnashing of teeth, and a thousand
other names of punishment which meaneth rather
alienation from God, the being
bitterest of all,
cast away from the sweetness of his presence, the
being deprived of that glory which baffleth dea spectacle unto the
scription, the being made
whole creation, and the being put to shame, and
shame that hath no ending. For, after the passing
of that terrible sentence, all things shall abide immutable and unchangeable. The blissful life of
the righteous shall have no close, neither shall
the miserv and punishment of sinners find an end
because, after him, there is no higher Judge,
and no defence by after-works, no time for amendment, no other way for them that are punished,
their vengeance being co-eternal with them.

in purity before the

have done

evil,

and

Holy

all

Trinity.

the

'Seeing that this is so, what manner of persons


ought we to be in all holy conversation and godliness, that we may be counted worthy to escape
the wrath to come, and to be ranged on the right
hand of the Son of God ? For this is the station
but to sinners is allotted the
of the righteous
Then shall the Lord
station of misery on the left.
call the righteous "Blessed," and shall lead them
:

into his everlasting

kingdom.

But, as for sinners, and

with anger and curse he will banish them from his


serene and gentle countenance the bitterest and
hardest lot of all and will send them away into

everlasting punishment.'

"3
1

^n

of the

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE
IX

Kcil

Cp.Ps.lv.
5

Is.

xix.

is

avrov

8e Icod(ra<f) 7T/)o?

Oavpaard irpdypara

ecpr).

Xeyeis

WLeydXa riva
dvOpcoire,

fioi,

KCU TpOjJbOV Cl^UX, t TaVTiX y


"
'-.
\
n
0UT609 eyei, tcai eari ttuXiv, p,era to airoaavetv
koI eh re(ppav Kal koviv hiaXvOrjvai, dvdaraac<i
Kal nraXiyyevecria, dp,oif3al re Kal evQvvai tmv (3etls i) tovtcov a7r68etj;i<; ; Kal 7rw?,
[3m>pLevwv.
to Tew9 prj OeaOev paOovres, outux; dpaporax;
tcai dvap,($)L\eKTais eTTLarevaare; rd p,ev yap ifir)
Trpa^Oevra /ecu epyots (pavepcoOerra, /edv avrol
<fioj3oV
'i

TToXXoV

>>

>

dWa

dXXa

tu>v

ov/c

c'lhere,

7TW9

Be, zeal irepl roiv

/cal

inrepoy/ea

lo~ropr)o~dvT(ov rjKovaare'
p,eXXdvT(ov roiavra pueydXa

/crjpvTTovres,

dacpaXrj

avTMV /cefcrrjcrOe irX^pocpoplav;


Kal (prjcnv 6 TSapXadp,' 'E rwv

ijSi]

rljv

irepl

TTpa-yOevrtav

Kal rcov p,eXX6vT(ov Trjv irXripocpoplav


ol yap ravra Krjpv^avTes ev ov8evl t>}<? dXrjOtlas
8cap,apr6vre<;, dXXa arjpeloLS Kal repacri Kal ttolklXais 8vvdp,eac rd XeyOevra ep.7re8a>adp,evot,, avrol
Kai irepl row pbeXXovrcov elo~i)yi)o~ai>TO.
cocnrep 68
ovv evravOa ovBev crKaibv Kal TrerrXao-pLevov
ihtha^av, dXXa iravra (patSporepov rjXlov eXap,tyav baa re elirov Kal eirol^aav, ovrco KaKel
dXrjdcva ehoy pidi ia av drtva Kal aurbs 6 Kvpios
r/p,d)v Kai 8ea7TOTr)<; \^aov<i Xpio~T09 Xoycp re Kal
e/CTijcrdpLyjv

John

v. 25,

epyw

on

eirLaroicraTO.

epyerai wpa, ev

aKovaovTai
dKovaavres
114

tv)<?

ydp, cfyrjal, Xeyco iipuv


iravres ol ev Tot? p.vrjpLelois

^Apbrjv
f)

(pwvijs

fyjcrovTai'

tov T'tov tov Seov, Kal ol


Kal av0i<i' "Ep^erac copa,

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

ix.

67-68

IX
IoASAPH said unto him, 'Great and marvellous, sir, loasaph
are the things whereof thou tellest me, fearful and prooTof
terrible, if indeed these things be so, and, if there be sayings
after death and dissolution into dust and ashes, a
resurrection and re-birth, and rewards and punish-

ments for the deeds done during life. But what is


the proof thei'eof ? And how have ye come to learn
that which ye have not seen, that ye have so steadfastly

and undoubtingly believed

that have already been done and

As for things
made manifest in

it ?

deed, though ye saw them not, yet have ye heard


them from the writers of history. But, when it is
of the future that ye preach tidings of such vast
import, how have ye made your conviction on these
matters sure

'

(
Quoth Barlaam, From the past I gain certainty Barlaam
about the future ; for they that preached the Gospel, them with
without erring from the truth, but establishing their *f et ^ro, ds
'

sayings by signs and wonders and divers miracles,


themselves also spake of the future. So, as in the
one case they taught us nothing amiss or false, but
made all that they said and did to shine clearer than
the sun, so also in the other matter they gave us
true doctrine, even that which our Lord and Master
Jesus Christ himself confirmed both by word and
" 1
"
deed.
say unto you, the
Verily," he spake,
hour is coming in the which all that are in the
graves shall hear the voice of the Son of God and
they that hear shall live:" and again, "The hour

"5
I

Scriptures,

ST.

Mk.

xii. 26,

xx! 37 38

JOHN DAMASCENE

ore ol vetcpol aKovaovrai rrj<; (fxovrjs avrov, Kal


eKiropevaovrai, ol ra dyaOa rroirjcravres els dvdaraaiv &>>}9, ol Be rd cfravXa rrpd^avres et9 dvdcrraaiv Kpiaew Kal rrd\iv rrepl rrj^ dvacrrdcreax;
Vvk aveyvcore to prjvev v/jlcv
<p>?o- to)v venpoiV
V7rb rov 0ecu Xeyovro^- eyco elpu o 0eo9 Wfipadp,
Kal 6 0eo? 'Icraa/c /cat 6 0eo9 'Ia/c&;/3; oltc eariv

0eo9 0eo? vexpoiv, dWa ^covrcov "Qairep yap


avXXeyerac rd fy^dina Kal irvpl Kaierai, ovrcos
earai iv rfj crvvre\ela alwvos rovrov dirocrreXel
o I<o? tou rJeov to'j? ayyeAov? avrov /cat avA.ke^ovcri irdvra rd a KavBaXa koX tow? ttolovvto,? ttjv
dvopiiav, Kal fiaXovaiv avrovs et9 T?;y Kapuvov
rov rrvpoi' Ki earai 6 K\av9p.b<; Kal o fipvypios
6

Mat.

xiii.

rojv oBovrcov rore ol BiKaiot iKkdpL^rovcnv &>9 o


ravra
iv rf] fiaaLkela rov Uarpbs avrwv.

)J\lo<;

elrrcov,

rrpoaedero' "O

ToiouTOt?
rr]v

John

xi.

Cor. xv. 23

Col.

L 13

ru>v

fiev

acoptdrcov

eywv

Xoyois
IjpLcbv

(bra aKOvetp aKoverco.

Kai erepois rrXeloari


dvdaracriv o Kvptos 69

icpavepcoaev epyco Be rovs \oyov$ irno'roiaaro,


rroWovs iyeipas veKpovs, 7rpb<; Be rw rekei t%
irrl 7779 avrov iroXiretas, Kal rerapralov tjBt)
Kara<pOapepra Kal 6Ba>B6ra Ad^apov riva (ptXov
eavrvv e'/c rod pLinjp,aro<; /ca\ecra9, Kal ^covra rov
errl rovroi<; Be Kal
d-nvovv rrapaarrjadpievos.
aLT09 6 Ku/3io? dirap^r) t>}9 reXelas Kal /xrjKeri

Oavdrw vrromirrovo'^ dvaardaews yeyove, aapKi


rov Oavdrov yevadfievos, dvaaras Be rpir)pLepo<i
Kal ro)v veKpoyv rrpwrbroKO's yevop-evos.
rjyipOr)o~av pbev yap Kal aWoi K rcov veKpwv,
avdis
drredavov Kal ovk ecpdacrav ecKova rrj^ fieWovcn]?
dvao-rdaecos rrapaarrjaav fj.6vo<i Be
d\i]6ivf]<i

dW

116

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

ix.

6S-69

shall hear his voice, and shall


they that have done good unto the
resurrection of life, and they that have clone evil
unto the resurrection of damnation." And again
he said concerning the resurrection of the dead,
" Have
unto you
ye not read that which was spoken
I am the God of Abraham, and the
God,
saying,
by
God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. God is not the
God of the dead but of the living." " For as the
tares are gathered and burned in the fire, so shall
The Son of God shall
it be in the end of this age.
send forth his Angels, and they shall gather all
which do iniquity, and
things that offend, and them
there shall
shall cast them into the furnace of fire
be Availing and gnashing of teeth. Then shall the
in the kingdom of
righteous shine forth as the sun

cometh when the dead

come

forth,

Thus spake he and added this


hath ears to hear, let him hear."
'
In such words and many more did the Lord
make manifest the resurrection of our bodies, and
confirm his words in deed, by raising many that
were dead. And, toward the end of his life up6n with the
e
earth, he called from the grave one Lazarus his Lazaus,
and
dead
four
been
had
that
days
friend,
already
stank, and thus he restored the lifeless to life.
Moreover, the Lord himself became the first-fruits
of that resurrection which is final and no longer
had in the flesh tasted
subject unto death, after he
of death and on the third day he rose again, and
became the first-born from the dead. For other
men also were raised from the dead, but died once
more, and might not yet attain to the likeness of
But he alone was the
the future true resurrection.
their

father."

thereto,

"Who

117

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

avrb<; t?)? avaara(jeu)<; eKeivTi^ dp%r)yb<; eyevero,


Luke

i.

7rp6)TO<i tt)v dddvarov eyep6el<; dva.<nacnv. ravra


01 CLlf dp)(fj<i aVTOTTTCll Kal V7Tr)p6Tai yCVOpeVOL

Kal
Tov

Xoyov i/ajpv^av. (fyrjcrl yap 6 paKapios


UavXos, ov rj /cXr/cns ovk ef dvO punrwv a\X
in
j
/(x
f
ovpavouev yeyove' Vvwpi^w vpw, aoe\<poi, ro
KvayyeXcov 6 ev7]yye\iadpirjv vpuv rrapehoiKa
yap vp.lv ev 7rpd)T0L<i o ical 7rape\a/3ov, on
Xptcrro? direQavev inrep tmv dpbaprtcov rjpuwv,
Kara to.? T papas' el Se XpicrT09 Kr)pvo-aeTai, otc

>

Gal
1

i.

Cor. xv.

ib.

>

t-i

r.

>

-\

'

veKpoyv eyy'iyeprai, 7TW9 \eyovcn rives otl dvd- 70


ovk eanv; el yap veicpoi ovk eyeipovrai,
oboe. X.piaTos iy/jyeprar el 8e Xpo-T09 ovk ey-qetc

orao~i<i

yeprai, parala

i)

iriaTts rjp,wv,

dvoputais vpiwv el ev rfj


eapev ev X.pio~T(p povov,
dv6pco7ro)v eapev.

veKpwv,

dirapyji

^cofj

en eare

ev ral<;

Tavrri ?]\7riK0Te<i

ekeeivorepoi navroov
vuvl 8e XpicrTO? eyijyeprat ck
rcov KeKoipbTipevcov yevopevos'

yap Si' dvOpcoTrov 6 Odvaros, Kal 8i


dvdpooirov dvdaTaais veKpcov wairep yap ev tw
'ASa/i irdvres diroOvT^GKOvcnv, ovtco Kal ev tw
iireiBr)

XpicrTft) Trdvres ^(ooiroiTjdyjaovTai.


l

Cor. xv.

53-55

Kal pier 6\iya-

Ae? yap to (pdaprbv tovto evhvaaadai dcpOapaHav


^
"
"
v\/J

Kai to uvtjtov tovto evovaaauac auavaacav OTav


he to (pOapTov tovto evhvo"tiTat d<p9apaiav Kal
to Ovtjtov tovto ev8vcrT]Tai ddavaalav, tot 7t\t]>

'

>

po)dy]aeTai 6 \0y09 6 yey pa pupevo^' K.aT7r60r>


QdvaTO^ et? vIko?' ttov gov, Odvare, to KevTpov;
irov oov, aorj, to vIkos; KaTapyeiTai yap TeXeov

OavaTOv hvvapus

tot Kat acpavi^CTai,


o\&)9 evepyovaa, dU' dOavaaia \olttov
Kal dtpdapata SlSoTai tcls dv0poo7roL<; aldovios.
7)

tov

prjKeTL

118

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


leader of that resurrection, the
the resurrection immortal.

first

ix.

69-70

to be raised to

'
This was the preaching also of them that from
the beginning were eye-witnesses and ministers of
the word for thus saith blessed Paul, whose calling and with
a
was not of men, but from heaven, "Brethren, I ingof
e s sed
declare unto you the Gospel which I preached unto P) u 1
For I delivered unto you first of all that which
you.
;

also received, how that Christ died for our sins


Now if Christ be
according to the Scriptures.
I

preached that he rose from the dead,


For

if

And

if

the dead rise

in Christ,
is

say

some

is

Christ be not raised, your faith

yet in your

now

how

no resurrection of the dead ?


not, then is not Christ raised.

that there

among you

is vain, ye are
If in this life only we have hope
But
are of all men most miserable.

sins.

we

and become the


For since by man

Christ risen from the dead

first-fruits

of

them

that slept.

by man came also the resurrection


For as in Adam all die, even so in
And after a little
Christ shall all be made alive."
"
while, For this corruptible must put on incorruption,
and this mortal must put on immortality. So when
this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and
this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall
be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death
O death where is thy
is swallowed up in victory.
O grave, where is thy victory ? " For then
sting ?
the power of death is utterly annulled and destroyed,
no longer working in us, but for the future there
is given unto men immortality and incorruption for

came

death,
of the dead.

evermore.

119

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

"JLarai ovv, carat dvap,cpiXeKrco<i tj rcov veKpoiv


dvduracri^, Kal tovto dvevSoidaTcos iriarevofiev
dXXa zeal dp,oi/3d<i kcu evOvva? rcov j3e(3Lcop,evcov
<yiv(ocrKo/jLV kcctcl
2 Pet.

iii.

rrjv

cpo/3epav rjp:epav

T%

TOV

Xpiarov rrapovcnas, At' ?}? ovpavol 7rvpovjnevot


XvO^aovrat Kal aroi^eia Kavaovpceva rrjKerai, w?
(frrjai Ti? rcov Oer\ybpcov, Kaivovs Be ovpavom Kal
Kaivrjv yr\v, Kara to errdyyeXpia avrov rrpoaBoKcop,ev. on yap dp,oi/3al Kal evOvvai elcrl rcov epycov
Kei,

Kal ovSev

oA.o>? rcov

dyaOcov

rj

rcov Trovrjpcov

dXXa

Kal epywv Kal ptjpbdrcov Kal


dvra7roB6o~ei<;
drroKeivrai, BfjXov
ev6vpn]crecov
(prjol
yap 6 'Kvpw O? edv irorlarj eva rcov
piKpcov rovrcov 7roT7]piov tyvxpovv ptovov els ovopLa
Kal
fiaOrjrov, ov p,t) drroXearj rov pnaOov avrov.
rrdXiv Xeyec "Orav eXOy 6 T/o? rov dv6 pcorrov iv
n
/
*
\
f frj) oo^rj avrov, Kai rravres oi ayiot ayyeXoi p,er
rore
avrov,
avva^Orjaovrai epirrpoadev avrov
rrdvra rd Wvy] Kal dcpopiet avrovs air dXXrjXcov,
rrapocpd ijaerai,

<x

Mat. x. 42

Mk.

ix. 4i

Mat. xxv.
31-36

'

coarrep 6

'

>

7roiptr]V

eptcpcov,

Kal

yi][xevob

rov

dcpopi^eu

rd

>'

-.

rd rrp6j3ara drro

'

rcov

7rp6/3ara K Se^icov
avrov, rd he epicpia el; evcovvp-cov rore epel 6
/3ao-iXevs rol<; eK Setjiwv avrov' Aevre, ol evXo-

xii. s

Harpos

p,ev

p,ov,

KXr}povop,i]aare

rr\v

vpZv fiacnXeiav diro Kara(3oXr}<;


Koap,ov erreivaaa yap Kal iBcoKare [xot, cpayelv,
iSl^jnjcra Kal erroriaare pie, fjevos i)fir)v Kal arvvrjydyere pee, yvp,vbs Kal 7repie/3dXere fie, rjaOev^aa
Kal erreaKe^racrOe pie, ev cpvXaKfi rjfirjv Kal ijXdere
tovto Xeycov; ra<i ytvopievas nap
7T/309 fxe.
rjfjmv ei? tov<; Beopbevovs evrroua^ eavrco oIkccovKal ev erepco Xeyer Ud<; ogtis opuoXoytfcrei
/xevo<i.
i)roipiacrp,evT]V

Luke

o~T?jo-et

120

71

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


'

Beyond

ix.

70-71

question, therefore, there shall be and of reof the dead, and this we believe punish."
Moreover we know that there shall |wfl? after

all

a resurrection

undoubtingly.
be rewards and punishments for the deeds done in
our life-time, on the dreadful day of Christ's coming,
"wherein the heavens shall be dissolved in fire and
the elements shall melt with fervent heat," as saith
one of the inspired clerks of God ; "nevertheless we,
according to his promise, look for new heavens and
a new earth."
For that there shall be rewards and

punishments for men's works, and that absolutely


nothing, good or bad, shall be overlooked, but that
there is reserved a requital for words, deeds and
The Lord saith, " Whosoever
thoughts, is plain.
shall give to drink unto one of these little ones a cup
of cold water only, in the name of a disciple, he shall
in no wise lose his reward."
And again he saith,
"When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and
all the holy Angels with him, then before him shall
be gathered all nations, and he shall separate them
one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep
from the goats. And he shall set the sheep on
his right hand, but the goats on the left.
Then
shall the King say unto them on his right hand,

Come ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom


prepared for you from the foundation of the world.
For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat I was
I was a stranger, and
thirsty, and ye gave me drink
ye took me in naked, and ye clothed me I was
'

sick,

and ye
'

visited

me

in prison, and ye came


saith he this, except he

was

unto me.'
Wherefore
count the kind acts we do unto the needy as done unto
himself?
And in another place he saith, " Whoso121

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

ifiol eparpoadev ro>v dvOpcorrcov, opboXoyrjaco


Kayco iv avrco epLrrpoadev rov Tlarpos p>ov rov iv
ovpavols.
'ISou 8ia rrdvrcov rovrcov Kal dWcov irXecovcov
ihrfXcocre {3e/3aia<; elvat Kal dacfraXei*; ras dp,ot/3d<; 72
rcov dyaOwv epycov dXXa Kal rcov ivavrlcov ev6 was diroKeladai irpoKarip/yeiXe Bid 7rapa/3oXcov
Qavp.aaicov Kal i^aialcov, as 7) irr\yr] rijs aocpias
irore p,ev ttXovctiov riva
7rav(To(pu><i hiriyiiaaro'
7rapiadyci)v 7rop<fivpai> Kal ^vaaov iv8e8vpLevov,
Kal Ka6* 7]p,epav Xaparpcos evcppaivopcevov, dpberdSotov 8e Kal dviiXer) rrpos robs 8eop,evovs virdpyovra, cos Kal irrcoyov riva Ad^apov 6vop.arc
rov irvXcova avrov /3/3\i]p.evov irapa77-009
(3\e7reiv, Kal ov8e avrcov rcov rijs rpaire^is avrov
yjri-^Lcov iirihihovaL
avrcp' drroQavdvrcov ovv dp,iKeivos Kal 7)XKCop.evos
Trevrjs
cborepcov,
pcev
n
aiT7)vk )(9r}, (f)7]o~LV, els rov koXttov 'Aftpadp,, rr\v

iv

Eecius. L 5

Luke

xvi.

rcov

hiKaiwv avvavXlav ovrco 8i]Xcoaas'

crios TrapehoOi) tfcXoyl

irpbs bv Aj3padp:

6 8e ttXoviriKpds f3ao~dvov iv rco ahy

eXeyev

o~ov iv rfj ^cofj gov, Kal

vvv 8e ovros
Mat. xxii.

p.ev

AireXafies

Adtapos

o~v

op-oicos

rd dyaOd
rd KaKa'

irapaKaXelraL, av 8e dovvacrai.

'Krepcodc 8e irapeiKa^wv rrjv rcov ovpavcov j3aaiiXelav, Xeyec Op,oia iarlv 7) /3aatXela rcov ovpavcov
rfo

dvdpcorrcp
vlcp

avrov,

oarcs iiroiTjae ydp.ovs


pueXXovaav evcppoavv7]v Kal

fiacriXel,
ttjv

77730? dvOpcorrovs yap


Xaparporrjra ovrco 8i]Xcov.
rarreivovs Kal rd iiriyeia c\>povovvras rov Xoyov
rroiovpevos iK row avv>]$cov avrols Kai yvcopip,cov
ov pievroi 8e ydpuovs Kai
i8l8ov to? 7rapa/3oXds-

r pane fas iv
122

iiceivtp

TrapehijXov rco

alcovi

elvar

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


me

ever shall confess


confess before
'

certain

and

these

all

Lo, by
he proveth

before men,

Father which

my

that the

is

ix.

him

71-72
will

also

in heaven."

examples and many more


rewards of good works are

Further, that punishments are in

sure.

he foretold by parables strange


and wonderful, which he, the Well of Wisdom
most wisely put forth. At one time he brought into
his tale a certain rich man which was clothed in
purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every
day, but* who was so niggardly and pitiless toward the
store for the bad,

Barlaam

parableof
Lazarus'

as to overlook a certain beggar named


Lazarus laid at his gate, and not even to give him of
the crumbs from his table.
So when one and other

destitute

were dead, the poor man, full of sores, was carried


away, he saith, into Abraham's bosom for thus he
describeth the habitation of the righteous but the

rich

man was

in hell.

time

delivered to the

To him

receivedst

fire

of bitter torment

"

Thou in thy lifeAbraham,


thy good things, and likewise

said

evil things, but now he is comforted,


tormented."
'And otherwhere he likeneth the kingdom of The parable
heaven to a certain king which made a marriage- wedding
feast for his son and thereby he declared future fca3t
For as he was wont
happiness and splendour.

Lazarus his

and thou

art

'

to speak to humble and


earthly minded men, he
would draw his parables from homely and familiar
Not that he meant that marriages and
things.

feasts exist

in

that

world

but in condescension
123

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.
ciXXci

ovtois

t$ avrcov avyKaTafialvcov irayyT^ri,


ovoixaat

/xeWovra
Prov. ix. 3

yvcopiaai
irdvra^ /xev

Ke^prjrai,

j3ovXo/uevo<i.
crvvefcdXecrev 6 (3a<Ji\ev<i

avroiv

roi-

ra

(p^ai, 73

ovv,

v\jrr)Xco KrjpvypLtiTi avvtou9 ydp,ov<; kcl\ epLC^op^dfjVai tcov


diropprjTcov dyaOcov eneivcov TroXXol Be tcov icefcXijpLevcov dpLeXijaavres ovk dirrjXOov, dXX dira-

eXOelv

el<i

a^o\7]cravT<i eavrovs, oi p,ev et? dypovs, oi Be et?


epuropia^, oi Be et? veovvpucpow; yvvalfcas, aTrecrTeprjcrav eavrovs t^9 Xap,7rp6rr}TO<; tov vufxpwvos.
eKeivcov Be edeXovTi aXXorpiwOevTcov t/}9 Tep7rvfj<;
ev(ppoavp7]<;, dXXoi, ttpoa eic\y]9 rjcrav

ydpuos dva,Ketp,evcov.

Oedaaadat tow
ttov

/ecu eTrXijcrOr)

eiaeXOcov Be 6 fiacriXevs

dva/ceipLevovs

elBev e/cel

ovk evBeBvpevov evBvpa ydp:ov, kcu

dvOpcoXeyei

avrco- 'Kralpe,

7rco<? elar/Xde^ coBe pi] eywv evBv/.ia


rore einev
/3acriXev<;
yafiov; 6 Be icpificodr).
rot? BiaKovow AijcravTes aurov ^elpa<; kcu ttoBcis,
ctpare avTov, kciI efifidXere et? to ctk6to<; to

i^corepov

efcet

earai

/cXavdpibs kcu

/3pvy/j,b^

ovv 7rapani]o-dp.evoL kcu


fir]B6Xco<; t?}? KXtfaeco<; vuaKovcravTes elcr\v oi pur)
TrpoaBpapLovres rfj tov XpicrTov iriarei, aW' etre
rfj elBcoXoXarpeia, elre aipecret rivl epupieivavre^'
6 Be pbrj e%cov to tov ydpuov ei'Bvpia ecrrlv 6
inaTevaa^ p,ev, Tcpd^ecn Be pvirapals to votjtov
evBvpua K)]XiBci)rra<;, 09 kcu Blkcllcos i'gefiXrfdr) tj}?
tcov

oBovTcov.

yapd<$ tov
Mat. xxv.
1-12

oi

puev

vvp,c\>c>n>o<;.

Kat

ctXXrjv Be 7rapa/3oXr)V tcivt}] avvaBovaav


TrapeOrjKe, Beica tivcls irap6evov^ TVircoaa^, 'flv ai
puev

irevre

arrives

124

rjcrav

pbcopa'i,

(ppovLpioi,

ai

Be izevie

ficopaL

Xa/3ovcrat tu<; XapLTrdBa<; cxvtcov, 74

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

ix.

72-74

to men's grossness, he employed these names when


he would make known to them the future.
So,
as he telleth, the king with high proclamation

called all to

come

to

the marriage to take their

of his wondrous store of good things.


But
of them that were bidden made light of it and
fill

many
came

and busied themselves some went to their


farms, some to their merchandize, and others to
their newly wedded wives, and thus deprived themselves of the splendour of the bride chamber.
Now
when these had, of their own choice, absented themselves from this joyous merriment, others were
bidden thereto, and the wedding was furnished with
not,

And when the king came in to see the guests,


he saw there a man which had not on a wedding
"
Friend, how
garment, and he said unto him,
earnest thou in hither, not having a wedding garment?" And he was speechless. Then said the
"
king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and
take him away, and cast him into outer darkness ;
there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth."
Now they who made excuses and paid no heed
to the call are they that hasten not to the faith
of Christ, but continue in idolatry or heresy. But he
that had no wedding garment is he that believeth,
but hath soiled his spiritual garment with unclean
acts, and was rightly cast forth from the joy of the
bride chamber.
'
And he put forth yet another parable, in harmony
with this, in his picture of the Ten Virgins, " five
guests.

-irand five

of whom were wise,


that were foolish took
_

were foolish. They


their lamps and took no
125

and the
rabl e of

P wise
and foolish
vu gms
.

"

ST.

ovk kXafiov

JOHN DAMASCENE

pceO

eavrwv eXacov ai he

<f>pbvcp,oc

eXaj3ov eXaiov hid tov eXaiov tt/v tcov dyaOcov


Metrr/? he tt}? vvktos,
epycov KTr)cnv crTipcaivcov.
'Ihov 6 vvpccpcos ep^eratcpyjac, fcpavyrj yeyovev
hid tov pceao6t<? airavTr\(jiv avrovvvktcov to ahifXov rf}? rjpepas eKelwqs Trapacmjaas. Tore rjyep07]crav irdaai ai irapOevoc e/celvac'
ifjepxeaffe

Ac pev ovv eTocpoc i^ijXdov eh airavr^acv tov


vvpc\>cov, Kac ectrrjXOov peer avrov ets tovs ydpcovs,
tcai

itcXeiaOti

i)

9vpa

ai he dveToipcoi, a? eiKoTcos

rds Xapnrdhas
a/3evvvpeva<i
eavTcov opcoaai, dirijXQov dyopdaac eXaiov. irapa-

pew pa$

etcdXecre,

yevbpcevai he tcXecaOeco-rp;

Xeyovaac

rjhr}

ttjs

Ovpas, e/cpa^op

Kvpce, avoi^ov rjfilv 6 he,


<py]aiv, diroKpiQels eiirev
'Apr/v, Xeyco vpeev, ovk
ocha vpbds' hed tovtcov ovv dirdvTcov hfjXov ecrriv

Kupte,

avrairohoacv eivac ov pebvov tcov evavTicov irpd^ecov,


fcal p7]pdrcov real avTcov tcov ev0vpC7]crecov.

dXXa
Mat.

xii.

36

yap 6 XcoTtjp- Aeyco vpcv otl irdv pr\p-a


dpybv b eav XaX^crcoacv oi dvdpcoiroi, dirohtocrovcTc
Kac av9i<;'
irepl avrov Xbyov ev 7)p.epa Kpccrecoi.

ecirev

Mat. x. 30

Tpccov he, cpr/ac, Kac ai Tpfyes ttjs KecpaXrjs


7)pc0pr)pevai eccrr hid tcov Tpiywv Ta XeirTOTaTa
TOiv htaXoyccrpccov Kac evOvpbrjcrecov TrapahyiXtocras. 75
cTvvcpha he tovtois Kac b paKapios hthdaKei

Heb.

'Ldiv yap, cprjacv, o Xbyos tov eoO Kal


Kal
TopccoTepos inrep iraaav pudyacpav
evepyrjs,
h'ccTTopov, Kac hc'iKvovpcevos d'XP ppio~Pv tyvx^fi
T Kac irvevparos, dppccov Te Kac pveXcov, Kac
KpiTiKos iv0vp,7)CTcov Kac evvoccov Kaphcas' Kal ovk
earc ktcctcs dcjbavrjs evcoiriov avTov, irdvra he

iv. 12,

TLavXos'

1,

126

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

ix.

74-75

with them, but the wise took oil." By the oil


he signifieth the acquiring of good works. " And at
"
'
midnight/' he saith, there was a cry made, Behold
the bridegroom cometh, go ye out to meet him.' "
oil

By midnight he denoteth the uncertainty of that


Then all those virgins arose. " They that
were ready went forth to meet the bridegroom and
went in with him to the marriage, and the door was
shut."
But they that were un-ready (whom rightly
he calleth foolish), seeing that their lamps were
going out, went forth to buy oil. Afterward they
drew nigh, the door being now shut, and cried,
But he answered
saying, "Lord, Lord, open to us."
time.

and said, " Verily I say unto you, I know you not."
Wherefore from all this it is manifest that there is a

requital not only for overt acts, but also for words
and even secret thoughts
for the Saviour said,
"I
say unto you, that for every idle word that
men shall speak they shall give account thereof
in the day of
judgement." And again he saith,
" But the
very hairs of your head are numbered," by
the hairs meaning the smallest and slightest
phantasy
;

or thought.
And in harmony herewith is the
teaching of blessed Paul, "For the word of God,"
saith he, "is quick and powerful, and
sharper than

any two-edged sword, and piercing even to the


dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints
and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and
intents of the heart.
Neither is there any creature
that is not manifest in his sight but all
things are
:

127

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

Kal rerpa^Xicr p.eva tois bcpOaXfiois avrov,


ov i)p2v 6 Xoyos.

yv/jtva
717)09

Tavra Kal

ol 7rpo(prjTai rcpb %p6vu>v ttoXXwv


TlvevfAaTos Xap,Trbp.evoi yjLipiri dpiSrj\6rara KaT>']yyecXav. cpijal yap 6 H.o~ata<;' 'Eyco
tcl epya avrayv icai tov? XoyLcrpLovs eirtcnapLai /ecu
avrairoBooaoi avTols'
ISov avvayayelv epyopuai
ttj

tou

is.

lxvi.

trdina ra
6-yjrovrat

edvrj

/catvbs Kal

1)

Kal ras yXcoacra<;, Kal r\^ovai, icai


Kal earat 6 ovpavbs
pbov.

So^av

rr/v

yrj

fcaivt],

iya>

ttolo)

p,ev evcoiribv

/cal r'j^et iracra


fj,ov
o~ap rov TrpoGfcvvrjcrai
ivcoiTLov fxov, Xiyet, Kvptos, teal i^eXevcrovTac, /cal

oyp-ovrai

ra

/c6)\a

fieftrj/coTCdv iv

e'/W*

TeXevrijo-ei, /cal rb
/cal

twv
irvp

eaovrai eh opaaiv

irepl T77? i)fiepas eiceivr)<;


is.

xxxiv, 4

18

irdcrr]

crap/cc.

/cal

avdis

Xeyef Kal tXrjO/]crTai 6


Travrct rd darpa ireaovv-

ovpavos ft)? (3ij3Xiov, icai


rat &)9 (pvXXa it; dpbireXov IBoiiyap i)p,epaK.vplov
epyerai, dvlaros Ovpuov /cal opyrjs, Oelvat ri]v
oi/covp,evi]v

is. v.

avOpciiiroov, twv irapayap <t/c(o\i] avjwv ov


avrow ov o-ftecrOijcreTai,

oXr/v

epi]piov

/cal

to\j<;

dp^aprcoXovf;

diroXiaai e avrrj^' 01 yap dcrrepes rod ovpavov


Kal
Tlpiwv /cal 7ra? o /coapLos tov ovpavov rb 76
(/>w? avrcop ov Scoaovai, /cal aKOTia6i']aerat rov
i)\lov dvareWovTos, /cat tj aeXrjvrj ov Bdiaet to
Kal diroXw vfipiv dvopxov Kal vfipiv
cpws avT7]<f
Oval
v7repi](pdvG)v Tairewwaa). Kal irdXiv Xeyer
01 eTnarrcopievot ras dpiaprias avrcbv &>9 a^oivlw
p,aKp(p Kal ft)9 "C,vyov tpidvTi BapidXeax; rd<; dvopia^'
oval 01 Xeyovres to irovrjpov KaXbv Kal to KaXbv
7TOV>]p6v, ol Tl6eVT<> TO aKOTOS epebs Kal to (pcb<i
a kotos, ol TiOevTes to TTLKpbv yXvKv Kal to yXvKv
128

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


naked and

we have

laid bare

ix.

unto the eyes of him

75-76
witli

whom

to do."

These things also were proclaimed with wondrous


by the prophets of old time, illumined
" I
by the grace of the Spirit. For Esay saith,
know their works and their thoughts," and will
"
Behold, I come to gather all nations
repay them.
and all tongues and they shall come and see my
And the heaven shall be new, and the
glory.
And all flesh shall
earth, which I make before me.
'

clearness

come to worship before me, saith the Lord. And


they shall go forth, and look upon the carcasses of the
men that have transgressed against me for their
worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be
quenched and they shall be a spectacle unto all
flesh."
And again he saith concerning that day,
" And the heavens shall be rolled
together as a
scroll, and all the stars shall fall down as leaves from
the vine.
For behold, the day of the Lord cometh,
cruel with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the whole
world desolate and to destroy the sinners out of it.
For the stars of heaven and Orion and all the
constellations of heaven shall not give their light,
and there shall be darkness at the sun's rising, and
the moon shall not give her light.
And I will
cause the arrogancy of the sinners to cease, and will
lay low the haughtiness of the proud." And again he
" Wo unto them that draw their
saith,
iniquities as
with a long cord, and their sins as with an heifer's
Wo unto them that call evil good, and
cart-rope
good evil that put darkness for light, and light for
darkness that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for
:

129

Bariaam

appeal to
e
ds

$B

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

ovai oi io")(yovTes vfi<ov oi 8vvdo~rai,, oi


to oitcepa, oi hucaiovvTes top dcrefir)
evexev Scopcov Kal TO SiKdlOV TOV SlKCllOV atpovres,
01 KK\lVOVTe<$ Kpiaiv
tttco^cov Kal dpTrd^OVTSS

iTiKpov.

KipvoiiVTes
Is. x.

TrevrjTwv,

apirayrjv

[s. v.

ware

elvai

avrols

^jjpav e/9
Kal ri
7toi/](tovo-i rfi rjp^epa t//9 eT7iaK0irrj<;; Kal 7rpo?
Ttva Kara^ev^ovrai rov f3orj0rj0r)vai; Kal irov
KaTaXel-yjrovac ttjv $6j;av avrutv rov fir) efnreaelv
et? drraycoyrjv; op Tpoirov Kav6/]crrai KaXdfir) virb
avOpaKOS Trvpos Kal av<yKav07]o~eTai virb 0X0709
dvr]fifiev)]<i, 1) pl^a avroov G09 xvovs earai, Kal rb
ov yap
dv9u<i avTcbv &J9 KoviopTOS dvaf3rjo-Tar
rov
to
i)de\rjo-av
vbfiov K.vpiov Xaf3ao)0,
Kplfia

24

Kal

et?

opcfxxvbv

irpovofirjV.

dWa

Zeph.

\oyiov rod dyiov 'laparjX Trapco^uvav.


ToVTQ) awdScov Kal 6T6/909 7Tp0(pr)Tt]<; (prjCTLV
/
t
-it
V-_
'T7
hiyyv<t rj rjfiepa iS.vpLov ?; fieya\rj, eyyv<i Kai TayjLvi) 77
a<p68pa' (pcovrjr) r)fiepa<; K.vpiov iriKpd Kal o~K,\rfpd

i.

'

14-18

'

TeraKraf

Swart)

t'lfiepa 0X[y{rea)<i

Kal

i)fiepa

/^.

opyrjs

r)

rjfiepa

eKclvrj,

di>dyKt]<;, rjfiepa Ta\ai7ra>pLa<;

Kai d(pavicr/j,ov, ijfiepa o~kotov$ Kal yvo<f>ov, rjfiepa


Kal
rjfiepa
vefyekrjs Kal
ofiiyXrr^,
ad\7riyyo<;

Kal K0Xiyjro) rovs irovrjpov^, Kal iropevKal


rvcpXou, ore tw Kvpcw i^rjfiapTOV'
to dpyvpiov avrcbv Kal rb \pvaiov ov fir) SvvrjTai
Kpavyrjs'

aovrai

oj?

e%e\eo-0ai avroix; ev rjfiepa opyrjs JJLvpiov ev irvpl

yap

ty'jXov

avrov Karava\a>0rjaeTaL iraaa

rj

yrj,

hioTt avvjeXetav iroujo'ei eirl irdvra^ tov$ KaioiPi.

1.

s,

Kovvras rrjv yrjv. Trpbs tovtois Kal AavtS 6 {3acrtKal 7rpo(f)rJT7]<i f3oa- 'O 609 eficpavcos rjljei, 6
09 r/fiwv, Kal ov irapaaLoymjaerat. irvp evdririov
avrov Kav0)'jarai, Kal kvkKw avrov Karaiyls
A.ei>9

130

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


Wo unto those of you that

bitter!

ix.

76-77

are mighty, that are

which justify the


princes, that mingle strong drink,
wicked for reward, and take justice from the just, and
turn aside the judgement from the needy, and take

away the

right from the poor, that the

what
to

widow may

spoil and the fatherless their prey


will they do in the day of visitation,

And

And where

will

be their

whom

will

flee

for

and

help
they
?
they leave their glory, that they fall not into arrest
Like as stubble shall be burnt by live coal of fire, and
consumed by kindled flame, so their root shall be
as foam, and their blossom shall go up as dust,
for they would not the law of the Lord of hosts, and
provoked the oracle of the Holy One of Israel."
'
In tune therewith saith also another prophet, and of other
prop "
" The
great day of the Lord is near, and hasteth
The bitter and austere voice of the day of
greatly.
the Lord hath been appointed. A mighty day of
wrath is that day, a day of trouble and distress,
a day of wasteness and desolation, a day of blackness
and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness,
And I will bring
a day of the trumpet and alarm.
distress upon the wicked, and they shall walk like
blind men, because they have sinned against the
Lord.
Neither their silver nor their gold shall
be able to deliver them in the day of the Lord's
wrath for the whole land shall be devoured by the
fire of his jealousy, for he shall make a riddance of all
Moreover David,
them that dwell in the land."
" God shall come
the king and prophet, crieth thus,
silence
visibly, even our God, and shall not keep
a fire shall be kindled before him, and a mighty
;

131
k 2

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.
acpohpd'
<y?iv,
?b. lxxxii. 8

Ps.lxxvi.il
Ps. lxxii. 12

tov

irpoaKaXeaerai top ovpavbv avco Kal Tipj


Kal av@i<>'
oca/cpivai, tov Xabv avrov,

Kplvov Ttjv yrjv, ore evQvpiov


dvOpooirov e^opioXoyrjiTeTai aoi' Kal av air oh co a e is
icd<TTq> Kara rd epya avrov. iroXXa he Kal erepa
'AvdtrTa,

<f)7)cri,v,

roiavra 6 re

(*)eo9,

i}raXp,a)h6s

Kal irdvre^ ol

irpocprjTai,

Oeio) TrvevpMTi p.vrj9ivre<i ire pi tj/9 pLeXXovar]?

Tfti

Kpiaecos

Kal dvTaTroSoaecos

X070U9 Kal

eKrjpv^av

5)V

rovs

dacpaXeaTaTa /3e/3aicoaa<;,
ehiha^ev rjfids 7riareveiv dvdaraaiv veKpwv Kal
avrairohoaiv tmv pJefiuopevcov ^u>/)v t dreXevTi)2<wtt)/3

tov rod p,eXXovTO<> alwvos.

X
O

he

looaaacp, Kararv^ero^ TroWfjs iirl tovtois

Kal <prjal 7T/J09


TrX^pwdeis, avvhaKpvs 0X09 v)V.
Tlavra p,oi aa(pa)<; eyvooptaas, Kal
tov yepovra'
da<pa\io<; 8t%fjX6e<; rt]v (f)piKTr)v Tavrrjv Kal 6avtovtojv ovv 7rpoKet.p:evcov rjpuv,
puaaTiiv Si7)yi]crLV.
tI %pr) Trotelv, rod eK(pvye?v ra9 r)roip:aapLiva<; rot9
dpLapTOiXoi'i KoXdaecs, /cat d^iwdr\vai T?j9 %apa<;
Toov hiKaiwv;
Acts H.
3 '~39

Kat 6 liapXadp, dweKpivaTO' Teypcnrrai, otc 81hdaKovTos Trore tov IleTpov tov Xaov, 09 Kal Kopvtwv uTroaroXwv, Karevvyriaav rfj
(jf>at09 eK\i]0r)
Kaphia, KaOdirep Kal av ai)p,epov, Kai, elirovTwv
avTcov Tt iroirjaopev; 6 HeTpos e<pt] 7rpb<; auroiV
Merazw/eraTe, Kal {3a7rTiad/]T(D e/eacrT09 vpucov eh
dobeaiv dpapTiSiv, Kal Xifaeade Ti]v hcopedv tov
132

78

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

ix.

77-x. 78

tempest round about him. He shall call the heaven


from above, and the earth, that he may judge his
And again he saith, "Arise, O God, judge
people."
thou the earth, because the fierceness of man shall
turn to thy praise.' And thou shalt reward every
f

'

man

'

And many

other
such things have been spoken by the Psalmist, and
all the Prophets inspired by the Holy Ghost, concerning the judgement and the recompense to come.

according to his works.'

Their words also have been most surely confirmed


by the Saviour who hath taught us to believe the
resurrection of the dead, and the recompense of the
deeds done in the flesh, and the unending life of
the world to come.'

X
But Ioasaph was
tion,

filled

and was melted into


'

elder,

Thou

me

hast told

hereby with deep compunctears


and he said to the
everything plainly, and hast
;

ioasaph

^e may 'bo*
8aved

completed unerringly thy terrible and marvellous


With such truths set before us, what must we
do to escape the punishments in store for sinners,
and to gain the joy of the righteous ?
Barlaam answered f It is written of Peter, who Bariaam
was also called chief of the Apostles, that once when thew^of
he was preaching the people were pricked in their salvation
tale.

'

>

heart, like thyself to-day : and


"What shall we do?", Peter

when they

asked,

said unto them,


and
be
one
of you for the
Repent,
baptized every
remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the

"

*33

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

vpiv yap icrriv r) eirayyeXia


KCU TTCUTl TOt? 6t9 fiatCpaV

'Ayuov Uvev/iiaTos.

KCLl TO?9 TKVOl<i VfJLCOV

6aov<; av jrpocncaXea^Tai

IBov ovv

avTOv,
Uab.

ii.

is

icaL

eVl

virapyovTa

ov

dXXa

Kco(f)ot<i

(*)eo9

i)p,dov.

ere

rfj yi>cop.rj

6eol<$,

Kv/)(o?

e^eyee to rrXovaiov eX-eo?


TrpoaetcaXeaaTO ae, tov puaKpav avrov

real

Kav

dXXoT piots Xarpevovra

icai

haipuoaiv

avai<T0i)Toi<>.

oXeOpcois
Sio

/cal

teal

^odvois

irpb

irdvTGjv

tw /ce/cXrjKOTi, irap ov Xrj-^rr] twv opcoKai twv dopdrcov dtyevor) tt)v yvooatv.
el
Se pierd to /c\r)0f)vat ov 0eXei<; r) (3pa$vvei<;, Si/cata
TrpoaeK.de

puevcov

eoO Kpicrei aTTOKXrjpo'i ear], tu> p,r) OeXrjaai pur) 79


ovtoj yap nah 6 <xuto9 diroaToXos
OeXiiOeis'
/

tt/

^
a
-\
-\
'-\
llerpo9 7T/0O9 Tiva twv paurjTwv XeXaXr/Kev. eyco
Se TuaTevco oti kcli virrjKOVaa^ tj/9 KXrjaews, Kai

Acts viii.
22,23(?)

Mat.

Mk.

x. 38
viii.

Pet.

ii.

34

TpavoTepov viraKovaas dpeis top aTavpbv koX


aKoXov07]aet<; Tffl kclXovvti ae eco /ecu Aea7roTr),
09 irpoaKaXeiTai ae drro QavaTOv et'9 a>r)v Kai
ciTTO a/coTov<; et9
to) ovtl yap 7) tov eoG
</>&>9.
ctl

dyvoia

ct/coto9 e'er fcal

SovXeveiv eloooXois
piOL

ho/cel

elvai

eV

OdvaTOS

6Xe0pa>

^rvyrjs, /cal

to

(pvaewi Trdarjs
koX
dcppoavvr]<;

t?}9

dvaia07iala<i

eireKewa.

O&9

Tivi opLoiooaco, icai TroTairrjv

a 01

elicbva

Tr)<;

tovtcov dfieXTrjplat; irapaaTiqau); dXXd aoi irapaBtjaw v7ro8eiyp,a irapd twos dvhpbs ao(p(OTaTov

Xe^Oev 777)09 pe.


EXeye yap oti'
'

TTpoaKVvrjTal

Op:oioi, elaiv ol

dvdpcoTTO)

l^evTfi,

09

twv

elodtXatv

KaTeayev ev

tow apuiKpOTaTOiv aTpovOiwv drjSova tovto KaXovat.


Xafioov 8e fid%aipav tov aepd^ac ai)To
Kal (payelv, eSodrj tjj a7]hbvi (poovr) evapOpos. Kai
r

34

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

x.

78-79

Holy Ghost. For to you is the promise, and to your


and to all that are afar off even as many as
the Lord our God shall call." Behold therefore upon
children,

thee also hath he poured forth the riches of his


mercy, and hath called thee that wert afar off from
him in heart, and didst serve others, not Gods, but
pernicious devils and dumb and senseless wooden
Wherefore before all things approach thou
images.

him who hath called thee, and from him shalt thou
knowledge of things visible and
But if, after thy calling, thou be loth or
invisible.
receive the true

slack,

thou shalt be disherited by the just judgement

of God, and by thy rejection of him thou shalt be


For thus too spake the same Apostle
rejected.
But I believe that thou
Feter to a certain disciple. 1

when thou hast heard


wilt
take
thou
up thy Cross, and
plainly,
follow that God and Master that calleth thee, calleth
thee to himself from death unto life, and from
darkness unto light.
For, soothly, ignorance of God
and to serve idols,
is darkness and death of the soul
to the destruction of all nature, is to my thinking
the extreme of all senselessness.
'
But idolaters to whom shall I compare them, and
hast heard the call, and that,

it

more

and

to

Well,

what likeness
will set before

shall I liken their silliness

thee an example which

theTolly of

I idolatry

by

heard from the lips of one most wise.


th e Fowler
'"Idol worshippers," said he, "are like a fowler ^ndht ^ e
who caught a tiny bird, called nightingale. He
took a knife, for to kill and eat her but the night- aiologdk
,

ingale, being given the


1

power of

articulate speech,

Simon Magus (?).

^5

in.

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

top l^evrrjv Tt crot ocpeXos, dvOpcoire, 80


ov hvvi]ar) yap 81 epiov tt)v
dXX' ei fie tcov Seaficov
arjv ifi7rXr)<jac jaarepa.
eXevOepcocreis, Scoaco croi evToXa? Tpels, a? (frvXdr-

(j)t]cn 7T/30?

tj)?

(rcpayr/v;

e'/A?'}<?

tcov pceydXa Trap' bXi~jV crov ttjv ^coi]v axpeXrjOijcrr).


6 he, 0api/37]del<i rfj ravrrj<; XaXta, einqy yelXaro, el
Kaivbv tc Trap" avTrjs aKovaeie, Ocittov eXevtt}? /carols.
eiricTTpcMpelo-a Be r) drjhoov
tco dvOpcoTTco- Mrjhe7Tore tivo<; tcov dve-

Oepwaai
Xeyei

(piKTcov e7ri)eipT]<Tr)<; ecpifcecrOat,, kcu


irrl

TTOitrore

it icrr ever ri<;.

fir)

fir]

fieTdfieXov

kcu cnricrrov
ravTa? 8r) ra9

ivapeXOovn,

irpdyfiaTi

ivToXa? cpvXa-TTe,

prjfia
Tpel<;

ev aoi yevrjTai.

tcai

dydp.evo<;
Be 6 dvi]p to evavvoiTTOv kcu avveTov tcov pt]fidtcov, Xvaa<; avTi)v tcov heaficbv fcctTa tov depos

ovv diihcov deXovaa fiadelv el


r)
e^cnrecTTeiXev.
eireyvco 6 dvqp tcov Xe^OevTCOv avTco prificiTcov
Trjv hvvafiiv icai el ifcapTrcocrciTO Tiva cocpeXetav,
Xeyei irpbs avTov iTCTafievrf ev tco depr Qev
aov t*}? d/3ovXia<>, dvOpcoire, oirolov 0r/aavpbv a/jfiepov dircoXeaas;' virdpyei yap ev tois

ey/cdTOi<; fiov

fiapyap'tTrj^,
cobv.

ctt povdoKafirfKov

6 ItjevT?]*;,

e^eepvyev

go?

virepe^cov tco fieyeOei


ovv iiKovae TavTct

tt) Xv7ttj fieTtifieXofievos oti


driheov eKeivr/ t<x? yelpas avTov' icai,

avve^yOrj
rj

7retpo)p.evo<; avOis KaTaa^elv avTijv, elire'


ev tco oiKco fiov, kcu, <pi\ocppovria dfievbs ae
ivTip.co<i

NOf

e^anroaTeXoi.

eyvcov laynjpco<;

yap tu Xe^evra aoi


aas,

ovhefiiav

elirov aoc

136

fir)

e1~

r)

he

drjhcov

dvoijTalveiv
tt

ere'

ecprf

Aevpo
KaXcos,
avTco' 81

hei^dfievos

pod v jxa<i koX cheats d/cov-

ai/Tcov

fieTapeXetaOai.

dxpiXeiav eiretcTijo-co.
irpdyfiaTL irapeX-

iirl

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

x.

80-81

Man, what advantageth it thee to


be able by my means to
fill
Now
free
me
of my fetters, and I will
thy belly.
give thee three precepts, by the keeping of which
said to the fowler/
slay

me ?

for thou shalt not

thou shalt be greatly benefited all thy life long.' He,


astonied at her speech, promised that, if he heard

anything new from her, he would quickly free her


from her captivity. The nightingale turned towards
our friend and said, ' Never try to attain to the
unattainable never regret the thing past and gone
and never believe the word that passeth belief.
Keep these three precepts, and may it be well
:

with

The man, admiring the

thee.'

lucidity

and

sense of her words, freed the bird from her captivity,


and sent her forth aloft. She, therefore, desirous to
know whether the man had understood the force of

her words, and whether he had gleaned any profit


'
therefrom, said, as she flew aloft,
Shame, sir, on
thy fecklessness

What

a treasure that hast lost

have inside me a pearl larger than an


When the fowler heard thereof, he
ostrich-egg.'
was distraught with grief, regretting that the bird
had escaped out of his hands. And he would fain
have taken her again. ' Come hither,' said he, ' into
my house I will make thee right Avelcome, and
send thee forth with honour.'
But the nightingale
said unto him, ' Now I know thee to be a mighty
fool.
Though thou didst receive my words readily
and gladly, thou hast gained no profit thereby. I
bade thee never regret the thing past and gone and
to-day

For

137

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.
teal

Ooi'TL'

ISov avve)^vdr)<;

rfj Xvirr)

on aov

yeipa? e^eepvyov, perapeXopevos eVi


o~oi

eveTeiXdprjv

TrapekOovTL.

teal

pr)

ra?

irpdypari

einyeipelv twv

ncncKjyelv pe,
hvvdpevos tj}? iprjs ecpi/eecrdai TropeLas. 7rpo<;
touto<9 he teal clttigtov pr) pa pr) Tncrreveiv aoi
dvecfriKTcov

i(f)LKea0ai,

ireipa

pi]

a\V

8ieaTei\dpr]v
tois

iy/caroL?

peipov

rr)<;

Ihov 7riarevaa<; virdpyeiv ev

pov papyaptrrjv vTrep/3atvovTa to


ovk i^povqea^
r)Xiieias /j.ov, teal

crvvtevai otl o\rj eyu> ovk e<pi/<vovpca ru> peyedet


tcov rod arpovOoKapi)Xov u>cov, Kal 7rco? papyap'nr)v tolovtov eyd>pr)o~a ev epoi;
Ovra><; ovv dvorjTaivovcri fcal 61 TreTroidores eir\

tois elScoXoiS' elpydaavro yap Tavra rais "%epcrlv


avrojv, /cal irpoaKwovcnv a eiroir)aav oi haKTvXoi

is. xvii. 8

avTOJV, Xeyovre^' Ovtoi


7TW9 ovv TrXaaTOvpyoix;

oi

irXao~Tovpyol

toi>9

vir

avrwv

r/pcov.

hrjpi-

hiairXaaOevTa^ vopl^ovcnv; dXXd


Kal TTjpovvTes aura ev dacfiaXeia, rov pr) vtto
/c\e7TT(t)v au\r]6f]vai, (pvXaKa<; aTroKaXovvrat t%
Kat rot ye Troarjs ravra deppoa(f)6)v o~a)T7]pia<;'
teal
to
avvr]<;,
pr) ytvcoa/ceiv on, ovk ej;apKovvTe<;
eavrovs cpvXdaaecv teal ftor]6elv, 7TW5 aXXoi? ye- 82
volvto (f)vXaKe<i Kai crwTrjpe^;
ydp, (p'rjaiv,
eK^rjTodat rrepl tojv ^oovtcov tou? vetcpovs; tcaraovpyr)0ei/Ta<i /cal

'a.

viii.

19

tcevovai -^prj/xara, o-Ti'fkas tois haipoai teal

para

iyeipat, teal (pXr)va(povaiv

dydX-

dyaOwv irapoyovs

avrojv Xafieiv
ovre pi)v ere kti')drrep ovre Trdnrore i/crijcravTo,
'
aovrat. Sib yey paTnav Ofxoioi ai>Tol<; yevoivro
'

\
_ /
oi 7roiovvTe<i avra teat Travres ol TveiTOiv ores err

avTov^ inrdpyeiv, alrovvres irap


Pss. cxv. 8;

exxxv.
i.

xivL

18'
6,

auTot?* oXrLves,

133

(prjai,

/)'>'

ptaOcoadpevoL y^pveroyoov,

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

x.

81-82

behold thou art distraught with grief because I have


escaped out of thy hands there thou regrettest a
I
thing past and gone.
charged thee not to try to
attain to the unattainable, and thou triest to catch

thou

canst not attain to my path.


bade thee never believe a word past
and behold thou hast believed that I had

me, though

Besides which,
belief,

inside

me

a pearl exceeding the measure of


my size,
to see that my whole body

and hadst not the sense

doth not attain to the bulk of ostrich eggs.


"
then could I contain such a pearl ?

How

'

'

Thus

senseless, then, are also they that trust in


be their handiwork, and they worship
that which their fingers made, saying, " These be our
idols

for these

How then deem they their creators those


which have been formed and fashioned by them-

creators."

selves

?
Nay more, they safeguard their gods, lest
be
stolen
they
by thieves, and yet they call them
And yet what folly not
guardians of their safety.
to know that they, which be unable to guard and
aid themselves, can in no wise guard and save others
" For" saith
"
he,
why, on behalf of the living, should
"
seek
unto
the
dead ?
they
They expend wealth,
for to raise statues and images to devils, and
vainly
boast that these give them good gifts, and crave to
receive of their hands things which those idols never
Wherefore it is
possessed, nor ever shall possess.
"
written,
May they that make them be like unto
them, and so be all such as put their trust in them,
who," he saith, "hire a goldsmith, and make them
!

139

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

eiroirjaav %eipo7roLr)ra, /cal Kvtyavres rrpoaeKvvr\crav avTols.


alpovaiv avrd eVl rcov a>p,cov /cal

iropevovrai' edv Se
pbevel ev

avrw, ov

7rpo? avrd, ov
is. xiii.

ov

17

fir)

crcoar)

alooviov,

ol

fii]

avrd

6&>cnv

pvr)

eirl

rov tottov,
av fto/jo-p

tcai o?

KivrjOfj.

elaaKovcrrj avrov, drrrb tcaicwv

Aib al(jyyvdr]re ala^vvrjv

avrov.

ireiroidore^

eirl

Tot?

yXvirrols,

ol

Deut. xxxii.
17 '

11

is. in.

2 Cor. vi. 17

Acts

ii.

40

Mic.

ii.

io

Xeyovres to?? 'XpyvevTols' T/iet<> ecrre deol i)ficbv.


"Edvaav ydp, </>>;crt, Saipoi'Lois Kai ov e&>, 6eol<$
0I9 ovk rjSeiaav ol irarepes avrcov rcatvol Kai

irpba^aroi rjKacnv, ore yeved eeo~rpap,p:V7] earl


Kai ovk eart 7ricrTt9 ev avrois.
'E/c ravrr)<; ovv tt)? Trovrjpas yeveas Kai airiarov
rrpoaKaXelrai ere Kvpios, \eya>v aor "Qe\0e iic
fieCTOV aVTWV Kai dopio~6r)ri, Kai aKaOdprov pir)

bfiiv

Cor.

Col.

i.

viii.

dWd

acoOrjn etc rr)$ yeved<; tj}? cr/co\ta<;


TavTrjs' dvdarrjdi Kai rropevov, on ovk ecrri o~oi
avTr/ dvairavcn^' r) yap iroXvap^ia roiv Trap'
d^rrj,

15, 16

dewv Kai draKrov Kai Graaiwhes Kai

e ov rd rrdvra Kai tjpiels et'9 avrov Kai et? Kuoto9


'I^crou? Xo0"to9, oV ov Ta rrdvra Kai r)fii<; SV
avrov, 09 eariv eiKoov rod eov rod dopdrov,

trpwrbroKos

dirdcrris

rr)<;

Kricrews Kai rrdvrwv rcov

alwvcov, ore ev avrcp eKriaOr]


ovpai>ol<;

John

i.

John

vi.

rrav- 83

re\co$ dvinrapKTOV. rjfiiv Se ov% ovrcos eariv, ovSe


TToWol 0ol Kai KVpiOl' d\\ i? Heo?
Tlarrjp,

Kai

rd

ttI

rd rrdvra, rd ev rois
rd opara Kai rd

rrfi yf/s,

dopara, elre Spovoi, etre K.vpiori]re<;, e'ire 'Ap^at,


Ta rrdvra Si avrov eyevero, Kai
ovBe ev b yeyove' Kai ev
eyevero
%&)/H9 avrov
"
co rd rrdvra, rbv
ev
tov,
Ay
Ylvevpa
Kvpiov Kai

elre 'Ei^ovaiai-

63

^(oottoiov,

140

ebv Kai

0eo7roiovv, Uvedfia dyaOov,

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

x.

82-83

i^ods, and they fall down, yea, they worship them.


They bear them upon the shoulders, and go forward.
And if they set them in their place, they stand

therein

they

not remove.

shall

Yea, one shall

cry unto them, yet can they not answer him, nor
save him out of his trouble."
"Wherefore be ye
ashamed with everlasting shame, ye that trust in
graven images, that say to the molten images, Ye
are our gods." " For they sacrificed," he saith, " unto
devils, and not to God ; to gods whom their fathers
knew not. There came new and fresh gods ; because
it is a froward generation, and there is no faith in

them."
'
Wherefore out of this wicked and faithless genera- Barlaam
tion the Lord calleth thee to him, saying, " Come out mT faith
from among them, and be thou separate, and touch in the Holy
no unclean thing," but " save thyself from this untoward generation." " Arise thou, and depart, for
"
for that divided lordship, which
this is not thy rest
;

your gods hold, is a thing of confusion and strife and


hath no real being whatsoever.
But with us it is not
so, neither have we many gods and lords, but one God,
the Father, of whom are all things, and we unto
him and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all
the
things and we by him, "who is the image of
"
invisible God, the first born of every creature
and
of all ages, "for in him were all things created that
are in the heavens and that are upon the earth,
visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or
" All
dominions, or principalities, or powers."
things
were made by him, and without him was not anything
"
and one Holy Ghost, in whom
made that was made
are all things, " the Lord and Giver of life," God and
"
making God, the good Spirit, the right Spirit, the
:

141

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.
John

xvi. 7

itom.viii. 16

Uvevpa

evdes,

YIvevp,a
vio9e<TLa<;.

rovrwv

Oewpovpevov

o>9

7rapd/c\i)Tov,

(*)eo9 fiev

TLvevpba

eKaarov Ka0' eavrb

6 Tiarijp /ecu 6 T/09, &)9 6 T/09


et? Se eo? ev rpial, pia

Kal to Tlvevfia to' Ayiov,

pua /3aai\eia, p.la 8vvap,i<;, pla ho%a, pita


els
ovaia, Scaiperr) reus viroardaeo'L Kal piovov.
yap
Ylari]p, a> Kal iSiov 1) ayevvrjala' els Se 6
povoyevrjs Tf'09, Kal Ihiov avrw 1) yevvr/ai<;' ev
"
he to Ayiov Uvevpa, Kal thiov avrw ?) eKTropevaa.
ovrco yap rjpbels, K epeoros rov Uarpos $a>? rrepi- 84
Xapcpdevres rov Tlbv iv (pcorl r<p" Kylw Uvevp,ari,
paav ho^d^opev Oeorrjra iv rpialv vrroardaeai'
Kal avros iariv akrjOivos Kal p,ovos eo?,
iv
Tpidhi yivcoaKopevos, on it; avrov Kal 6Y avrov
Kal et? avrov ra rravra.
1 OVT'
vtou rrj ^apiTi ra Kara ere yvovs Kayoo air-

<pvat<;,

John

Uom.

xv. 26

xi.

36

e<rrd\rjv hihd^ai ae
Mk.

xvi. 16

p,ep,d6i]Ka Kal rer^prjKa i

dpxfjs eh rrjvhe rrjv TToKidv.


Kal /3arrrLa0rjs, crcoOijarp el he
KpL07]ar].

el

ovv mcrrevereis

a7riari]crei<;,

Kara-

ravra yap a

ai]p,epov opas Kal 049 creKal rpvepr) Kal o rrXovros Kal

re ho^a
rov ftiov drrdrrj, oaov ovirco rrapepyerai,
eKJ3a\ov(JL he ae Kal />) fiovXopevov ivrevOev.
Kal to puev ercop-a KaraKXeia07]aerac apuKpordru)
pvvvr],

rrdaa

rj

r)

fivrjfiari

povcorarov KaraXei.(p8ev,

rrderrjs

re airo-

errep^Qev (piXcov Kal ervyyevcov eraipelas' olyr)ererai he ra reprrva rov Kocrpiov, Kal rroXXi] drjhca
Kal hvacohrjs <p6opd, dvrl rf]<i vvvl KaXXovrjs Kal
evoerpuias, rrepiyyQ^jererar
rrjv he yfrv%r]v gov
(3aXovcriv ev Tot9 Kara-%0ovloi<; rr/s 77)9, iv rfj KarahiKrj

i)viKa

142

rov aoov,
irdXiv

e<9

tt/9

reXevralas

drroXafiovo-a

r)

dvao~rdo~eoo<;,

yp-v^rj

to

eavrrj<; 85

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

x.

83-85

"the Spirit of adoption." Of


these each person, severally, is God. As the Father is,
so also is the Son, and as the Son, so also the Holy
And there is one God in three, one nature,
Ghost.
Spirit the Comforter/'

one kingdom, one power, one glory, one substance,


One is the
distinct in persons, and so only distinct.
Father, whose property it is not to have been beone is the only-begotten Son, and his
gotten
and one is
property it is to have been begotten
the Holy Ghost, and his property it is that he
Thus illuminated by that light, which
proceedeth.
is the Father, with that light, which is the Son, in
that light, which is the Holy Ghost, we glorify one
Godhead in three persons. And he is one very and
;

only God, known in the Trinity: for of him and


through him, and unto him are all things.
'
By his grace also, I came to know thy case, and andtelleth
was sent to teach thee the lessons that I have thTdoom
learned and observed from my youth even to these of sinners,
grey hairs. If then thou shalt believe and be baptized,
thou shalt be saved but if thou believe not, thou
All the things that thou seest
shalt be damned.
;

pomp, luxury, riches,


to-day, wherein thou gloriest,
and all the deceitfulness of life, quickly pass away;
and they shall cast thee hence whether thou wilt or
And thy body will be imprisoned in a tiny grave,
no.

left in utter loneliness, and bereft of all company of


kith and kin. And all the pleasant things of the world
shall perish ; and instead of the beauty and fragrance
of to-day, thou shalt be encompassed with horror and
the stink of corruption. But thy soul shall they hurl

into the nether-regions of the earth, into the condemnation of Hades, until the final resurrection, when
re-united to her body, she shall be cast forth from

143

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.
acopta

e/cpi(f)d/)aeTai.

e/c

Kvpiov,

irpoad/irov

ical

7rapaho6i]a6Tai irvpl yeevvrjs dreXevrrjTa <fi\oyiravrd aoi avp,(Br]aeTai ical 7roXka> rov^ovarjs.

rwv yeipova,
Et be
et?

el e'/i/xeii^? rfj airicrria.

7rpo6vp.co<;

acoTrjpLav,

/cat,

vira/covaeis

tw

/caXovvrc

ere

irpoabpapbdiv avr<*> iroOca ical

yapa, tco (pearl avrov arjpLeuoO-rjar), ical dpberaarpeTnl clvtS) dicoXovO/jaeis, irdvra p.ev dirapvr\adp.evo'i, aura) piovw /cetcoWiip:epo<s, 07roia? rev^r]
Prov.

iii.

24,

da<pa\eia<$

ical

evcppoavvi]*;

d/covaov

'Edv KaOrj,

eav be tcauevbys, ?;oew? vTrvwcreis,


a(popo<; ear]'
ical ov cf)o/3r]0)]ar] TTTorjaiv eireXOovaav, ovhe opfids

dWa

Prov. xxviii.
is. li.

ro)v daeftcov Saiptovcov eVe^o/ief a?rropevarj


rreiroiQco^ &)? Xecov, ical ^rjay /xer ev(ppoavvi]<i ical

dya\\tdparo<; alwviov

11

dyaWiaais
9 /xo9"

is. xiiii.

25,

i.

20

i.

18,

errl

yap

a'tveat<;, ical

rrjs

fcecpaXrjs

aov

einppoavvrj KaraXr]-

ev6a drrebpa obvvrj, \virr) ical arevaytot6 payijaerai 7rp(oip,ov to <eo? aov, koX rd 86
IdpLard aov Ta%v dvare\el, /cal irpoiropevaerai
eparpoaQev aov ?) biicaioavvy) aov, fcal rj So^a rov
tyeov TreptareXei ae'
Tore /3oi]ar), teal 6 eo?
ISov
elaatcovaerai aov en XaXovvros aov epel'
eya> ydp elpa 6 iaXL<pcov to? dvopias
TrdpeipLL'
aov /cal ov pivrjaOSi' av 8e pbvrjaOrjTt /cal tcpiOcbXeye av rd<> dvopLias aov, Iva bt,/caia>6f}<;.
p,ev
ical eav waiv al dpiapTiai aov ft)? (poiviicovv, ft>?
\iova Xevicavoy eav be watv ft)? kok/civov, ft)? epiov
to yap aropa Kvplov eXdXrjae raina.
Xev/cavo).
y\rerai ae'

is. iviii. 8,

teal

144

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

x.

85-86

the presence of the Lord and be delivered to hell


fire, which burnetii everlastingly.
These, and far

worse haps than these, shall be thy destiny, if thou


continue in unbelief.
'
But and if thou readily obey him that calleth and the
thee to salvation, and if thou run unto him with ofUM?8"
desire and joy, and be signed with his light, and righteous
follow him without turn, renouncing every thing,
and cleaving only unto him, hear what manner of
" When thou
security and happiness shall be thine.
sittest down, thou shalt not be afraid of sudden fear.
When thou best down, sweet shall be thy sleep." And
thou shalt not be afraid of terror coming or the assaults
of evil spirits, but shalt go thy way bold as any lion,
and shalt live in bliss and everlasting joyaunce. For

"joy and praise

shall

crown thy head, and gladness


where pain and sorrow and

befall thee there,


wailing shall flee away."
shall

"

Then shall thy light break


forth as the morning, and thine health shall rise
speedily and thy righteousness shall go before thee,
:

and the glory of the Lord shall be thy reward."


Then shalt thou call, and the Lord shall answer
while thou art yet speaking, he shall say, "Here am I."
"
I, even 1, am he that blotteth out thy transgresPut me in
sions, and will not remember them.
remembrance let us plead together declare thou
thy sins that thou mayst be justified." "Though thy
sins be as scarlet, I will make them white as snow
though they be red as crimson I will make them
white as wool, for the mouth of the Lord hath
spoken it."

'

45

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE
XI

Aeyei Trpbs avrbv 6 'Icodaacf)- Tldvra aov ra


icaka /cal Oavfiaard elai, /cdyco eirlaTevcra
teal
irKTTevo), nraaav /mev elBco\o\aTpeiav airo
KapBla<; fiiarjaa^' kcl'i, irpb tov elae\8elv yap ere
pi'l/iara

7rpo?

fxe,

BieiceLTO
Cp.
Ps.

cxxxfx.

efjLLcrr)cra,

teal

22

ttjv

TloOco
elirep

ifkayico^ 7reo9 k<x\ BicrTa^cov 777509 ravTrjv


vuvl Be Tekeiov /xiaos
fiov rj tyvx?j'
/xadcov itapd aovrrjv \iaTaibrr)Ta tovtcov
deppoavvrjv tcov avrols XarpevovTcov.

Be tov d\r]6ivov Seov BovXos yeveadat,


ovk dircoaeTai fie rbv dvd^tov Sid t<z? e/id<;

dWa

dvofiias,
7to? cov teal

d^icoaei

fie

eTOt/xco?

eyjx>

trdvra oaa

<jvyyjx>pr\(jeL

fiot,

iravra, (pikdvdpco-

evairXayxyos, tcadd BiBae/ceis, tcai


BovXov avrov yeveadai. t]Bt) ovv
koX to fSdirTicrfia Be^aadai, teal

47177?

fioi

<f)v\dai.

rl

Be

^prj

fie

to f3d7rriafia; tcaX el dpicel rouro


fibvov 777)09 acoTrjpiav, to iriarevaaL ko\ fSaini- 87
rivd Bel irpoaTtdevai;
a6?]vai, 7) KaX
TroLelv fierd

aWa

Kat
tl

Bel

cprjen

iroielv

a/xa/3Tta? real
Jas.

ii.

777)0?

avrbv 6 T5ap\ad/i- "Atcovcrov

fierd

to

fSdirTiafia'

fiev

Bofielv Be eirl tco OefieXcco t)}? opdoBo^ou iriaTecos


ttjv tcov dpercov epyaaiav, iireiBrj ttlo-tis %&7)4?

26

tcov epycov vetcpd ecrTiv, coairep ical


Cp.
Gal. v. 16

irdaiyi

nravTOS ird6ov<i direyeadai, eiroiKO-

ff.

epya

77-4'crTeco?

'Ev TrvevfiaTi
'AttocttoXo?*
yap
Bfya. cf)rjal
\

\
/
Kai
izepnraTeiTe,
einvvfiiav crap/cos ov fir) TeKecrrjTe' (pavepd Be eo~Ti to. epya Trjs aapKo<i aTivd
e<TTi, fioiyelai, iropvelai, aKadapalai, daeXyeiai,

\'/)/

>

-.

elBt\o\aTpelai, cpapfia/celai, eyOpai, epis, 77X04,

146

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xi.

86-87

XI
'
Ioasaph said unto him, All thy words are fair and
wonderful, and, while thou spakest, I believed them
and still believe them; and I hate all idolatry with
And indeed, even before thy coming
all my heart.
hither, my soul was, in uncertain fashion, doubtBut now I hate it with a perfect
of it.
ful

since

hatred,

vanity thereof,
idols

and

have learned from

and the

thy

folly of those

lips

loasaph
bis faith,

desire to be

baptized

the

who worship

yearn to become the servant of the

true God, if haply he will not refuse me, that am


unworthy by reason of my sins, and 1 trust that he
will forgive me everything, because he is a lover
of men, and compassionate, as thou tellest me, and

count me worthy to become his servant. So I


ready anon to receive baptism, and to observe
But what must I do after baptism?
all thy sayings.
And is this alone sufficient for salvation, to believe
and be baptized, or must one add other services
will

am

'

thereto

Barlaam answered him,

Hear Avhat thou must do

Barlaam

Thou must abstain from all sin, and JJJSJJl


after baptism.
the foundation sation of
every evil affection, and build upon
of the Catholick Faith the practice of the virtues ; christian
meu
for faith without works is dead, as also are works
without faith.
For, saith the Apostle, Walk in
>

the
the

Spirit,
flesh.

shall not fulfil the lust


of
the works of the flesh are
are these
Adultery, fornication,

and ye

Now

manifest, which
lasciviousness,
uncleanness,

idolatry,

witchcraft,

147
l 2

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

Bi^ocrraatai,

iplOetcu,

dvfjboi,

aipiaeis,

(pdovoi,

(povoi, cpiXapyvpicu, Xoihopiai, (piXrjSovLai, p,e6cu,

kw[xol,

koX

V7repy](pavtai,

vplv, Kadoos

rrpoXeyco

ofioia tovtow
nrpoelirov, 6tl 01

to,

real

a
ra

roiavTa Trpdaaovres ftaaiXeiav Seov ov tcXr/povop,7]aovaiv 6 8e Kapiros tov irvevfiaro^ iariv

yapd,

dydirrj,

elprfvrj,

p,aKpodvp,ia,

^prjaTorr)^,

iyfcpdreta, dyiacrp.b<;
"^v^rjs kcli crdypuzros, Taireivcoais Kaphias
real crvvTpi/3/], iX.er}fioavvrf, dfivrjai/caKia, obiXavdypvirvia, p.eTavoia d/cpi/3r)<; ttuvtcov
OpcoTria,
it'lcttis,

dyaflooavvi],

irpaoTJ]^,

TOiv Tvpoyeyovoroiv a(paXp,dTO)v, Sd/cpvov


e&>?,

7Tv6o<;

Ttov tov

TrXrjCTLov,

rives

wenrep

teal

lyoyievai,

ovpavbv

tt)v

Prov. xxvi.

2 Pet.

ii.

Et

/3adpi8e<;
xiir

puerd

to

(3dTniap.a,

evavriwv direyeaOai.
&e puerd to Xafieiv

tiiv

dvrkyeaQai,

eiriyvwa iv

rrp;

twv

avdis eV iXrj\fr 6 pie8'a


irporepcov
ve/cpoiv epycov, kcu &>? kvcov eVt tov lBiov epuerov
a\r)6eLa<>,

eTnarpeyp-opiev,
Cp. Lukexi.

kcu,

Karavv-

twv Ihicov dp^apneov Kal


rd tovtois opioia, drcva,

kcu tcXipLaices dXXrfKcov


dXXrjXcov crvyfcpoTovp.vai, et? 88
ISov tovtwv
^frv^rjv dvcupepovcriv.

evrerd\p,eOa,

twv

re

virep

crvpb(3i'iaerai

i)puv

to

virb

tov

Kvpcov elprjpievov. 'Otclv ydp,$T)o-i,TO dicdOapTOV


Uvevpia i^eXOj] dirh tov dv9 poovrov (ttj ydpLTi
tov Sa7TTicr/xaT09), 8iepx,eTcu oY dvvSpcov
^tjtovv avdiravcriv, Kal ov% ei/pia/cei'
pu)
(pepov 8e eVt ttoXv aoiKov Kal areartov
irepLirXavdadai, Xeyer 'ETrtaTpeylrco ei? tov oXkov
8j]\a8i)

tottwv,

odev i^rjXOov. Kal, eXOov, evplo-Ket aeaapcopievov Kai KeKoapiiipievov, Kevov Se kcu ayoXd^ovTa,
p.oVy

pa) v7ToSef;dpLvov tt}v

148

epyaaiav

Trj<;

yapiTos,

pLr)&e

BAULAAM AND IOASAPH,

xi.

87-88

hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions,


murders, love of money, railing,
heresies,

envyings,

love of pleasure, drunkenness, revelling, arrogance,


and such like, of the which I tell you before, as I
in time past, that they which do
have also told

you

such things shall not inherit the Kingdom of God.


But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longgentleness, goodness, faith, meekness,
and body, lowliness
temperance, sanctification of soul
of heart and contrition, almsgiving, forgiveness of
suffering,

injuries, loving-kindness, watchings, perfect repentance of all past offences, tears of compunction,
sorrow for our own sins and those of our neighbours,
and the like. These, even as steps and ladders that
and are clinched together,
support one another
conduct the soul to heaven. Lo, to these we are

commanded

to cleave after baptism,

and

to abstain

from their contraries.


1
But if, after receiving the knowledge of the wameth
like a against
truth, we again lay hold on dead works, and,
r
it shall happen unto us
our
to
return
vomit,
dog,
baptilm,
"
Lord
for," saith
according to the word of the
;

the unclean spirit is gone out of a man"


"
the
grace of baptism) he walketh through
(to wit, by
none."
But
dry places, seeking rest, and finding
enduring not for long to wander homeless and
hearthless, he saith, "I will return to my house
he,

"when

out." And, when he cometh, he


swept and garnished, but empty and
of
unoccupied, not having received the operation
filled itself with the riches of the
nor
having
grace,
149

whence

findeth

it

came

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

eavTov tw tt\ovtm tu>v aperwv.


tots TTopeverai koX Xap,p3dveL /ie#' eavTov erepa
eiTTa Hveup-ara irov^porepa eavTov' teal elae\06vra Karoucel i/eel' teal ylveTai ra ea^ara
tov avd poiirov e/ceivov yeipova t<x>v irpajTcov. to

irXappaicravTa

Col.

ii.

14

'yap ft cittt i a p.a Tcov p.ev Trpoiip-aprrjpievwv irdvTcov

yeipoypacpa, t<5 vhan evBdnvTov, iravTeXel


dcpavicrpiu) Trapahihwat, teal els to e>}? reiyos 89
Tjp.LV icTTtv dacpaXes teal Trpoirvpyiov teal otrXov
fcpaTdLov et? ttjv tov e\9poi> irapaTa^LV ov pur)v
Be dvaipel to avTe^ovaLov, ovTe tcov p,eTa to

to

Rph.

iv. 5

Mat. xxviii.
19,20

Mat.

v.

3ff.

pldTTTiapLa dpLapTavop-evcov e%ei cTvyycopycrLV, oi/Te


SevTepas teoXvp,/3>j0pa<; KaTaBvaiv. ev yap op,o-

\oyovp.ev f3a7rTio~pLa' teal XPV ^day cpvXaKrj


TT)pelv eavTOvs, p,i] BevTepois epLTreaelv p.oXvap.OL<;,
dXXa tcov h'To\o)v eTriXafiiaOai tov K.vpiov.
elircov yap 77730? tou? 'AttocttoXov ?, TlopevOevTe?
p,a9i]TevaaTe irdvTa tcl edvr\, /3aTTTL^ovTe<> a&Tovs
eh to ovopca tov UaTpbs teal tov Tlov teal tov
AyLov HvevpLaTos, ov p-eXP 1 t vtov eaTrp dXXa
TrpoaeOeTo, AtSacr/co^Te? avTOV? Trjpelv irdvTa oaa
eveTeiXdp.T]v vplv.
"EtveTeiXaTO he
p,aTi,

p,ev

elvaL

pLaieapi^eL teal
d%[ov<; diroteaXel.

t?}?

/3ao~iXeLa<;

vTTOTiOeTaL

iv a

TTTcoyovs

ou?

ovpavcov
TrapovTL

(3lco,

7rapaicXi]o-eois

d%Lco0cop.ev,

del

teal

TreivcovTas

eWa

irvev-

irevOelv ev

/eaOapovs

tw

p:eXXovcn]<;
re elvaL teal

ttjv

BiKaioavvqv,

eXe7]p,ovds Te teal evpceTaBoTov;, olKTipp-ovas

avpuradels,

tcov

tt}?

irpaels

BL^rcovTas

tu>

KapBla,

teal

dTreyoptevovi 90

dtrb wavTos pLoXvcrpiov crap/ebs teal 7rvevp.aT0<>,


elpyvoTTOiov'i 7T/)o? Te tov<> TrXrjaiov teal 77-/009 ttjv

15

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


virtues.

Then

and taketh

goetli he,

xi.

88-90

to

him seven

other spirits more wicked than himself; and they


enter in and dwell there and the last state of that
:

man becometh worse than

the

first."

For baptism

burieth in the water and completely blotteth out the


hand-writing of all former sins, and is to us for the
future a sure fortress and tower of defence, and a
strong weapon against the marshalled host of the
but it taketh not away free will, nor
enemy
;

alloweth the

immersion

forgiving

in the font a

of

sins

after

second time.

baptism, or

For

it is

one

baptism that we confess, and need is that we keep


ourselves with all watchfulness that so we fall not
into defilement a second time, but hold fast to the

For when he said to


Go make disciples of all nations,
them in the name of the Father, and of

commandments
the Apostles,

of the Lord.

"

baptizing
the Son, and of the Holy Ghost," he did not stop
there, but added, "teaching them to observe all
I have commanded
you."
he commanded men to be poor in spirit, and
such he calleth blessed and worthy of the kingdom of
heaven. Again he chargeth us to mourn in the present
life, that we may obtain comfort hereafter, and to
be meek, and to be ever hungering and thirsting
after righteousness to be merciful, and ready to distribute, pitiful and compassionate, pure in heart, abstaining from all defilement of flesh and spirit, peacemakers
with our neighbours and with our own souls,

things whatsoever
'

Now

5i

and
C

of tho
a

of Christ

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

kavroiv ^jrv^v, vTroTa^avTWi hrfkovoTL to %elpov


KCtl
TOV p,Tai;V CtUTOW Sl7]VKrj
Kpe'lTTOVL
T(p
viroiroXepbov opOfj
KpLcrei
elprjvoTroirjcravTas,
fieveiv re TTcivTa Sicoyp,bv koX irdcrav dXtyfriv /cal
oveihio-piov, evetcev Sitcaiocrvvr]*; virep tov ovofiaros

avrov

?)p,iv iirayopbevov, 'iva tyj^ alwviov ^apa?


iv rfi Xapbirpa tcov Scopcov hiavop.fi d%ia>dwp,ev.
aXXd koX iv tm Koap.(p ovtcos iraparceXevsTai

Xapcireiv to 0co? rjp.wv epmpocrQev


Ihwcri,

oiTco<i

Kxod. xx.
13;

eu

t.

(prjai,

ra

/caXd

twv dvdpwircov,

epya

vp.cov,

tca\

So^dacoai tov UaTepa vpucov tov iv T019 ovpavois.


'O p:ev yap tov M&)crect)9 vo/jlos, 6 irdXai So#et9
T0 ? l <T p a ^\[ rai ^ Q v (povevaeis, Xiyei, ov puoiov ^revSop.apTvpijcrei*;' 6 8e
%evo~6i<i, ov /eXey}rei<;,
XptcTTO? cf)7]aiv, otl Ila? o 6pyL%bp,evos T6> a8e\(pq)
avTOV elfcf], evo^os ecrTcu Trj icpicrei. 09 8' av etwr),
Mcope, eVo^o? eaTai els t))v yeevvav tov 7rvp6<;real otl, 'Eaz> Trpoafyeprj^ to Scopov crov iirl to
,

Mat. v. 21

ff.

6vaiao'T?]ptov, rcd/cel p.vr]a6f}<; otl o dSeX<p6<; crov


eyzi ti kclto, crov, defies itcel to Scopov crov eVt to
dvcnacrTjjptov, teal direXOcov irpoiTov StaWdyijOi
T<p d8e\(pu> crov teal otl Ila? o ip,/3\e7rcov yvvai/ca

to

7T/309

Exod. xxi.
28: Deut.
xix. 21

Mat.

v. 39ff.

i7ri0vfifjcrai, i]8y]

ipol)/evaev avT))v ev

tt} 91

Kaphla avTOv' tov p.oXvcrp.bv t?}? tyvx^ kcl\ ttjv


tov irddow; ervyieuTdOecrLV puoiyeiav /eaXeaa<;.
dXXd teal tov vop.ov ttjv iiriopniav kcoXvovtos, 6
XpicrTos ovSe oXoos ofxvvetv, ttXtjv tov Nat real tov
Ov, eveTi\aTO. 6<p6a\p.bv uvtI 6fy6ak.iJ.ov ko\
~ n
>
obovTa uvtl ooofTO? Kr evTavua oe* '//U<tti$ ere

'

5> '

pairicreL
(prjcrL,

real

152

et'9

'

5. '

r-

>

ttjv Setjidv criaybva,

tcai T7]v

aWi]v Katrw

'

crTpeyjrov avTa>,

OeXovTL

tov %iT(ovd crov Xafieiv, acpes

croi

KpiOrjvai

avTW

icai

to

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xi.

90-91

by bringing the worse into subjection to the better,


and thus by a just decision making peace in that
continual warfare betwixt the twain also to endure
all persecution and tribulation and reviling, inflicted
upon us for righteousness' sake in defence of his
;

name, that we may obtain everlasting

the

felicity in

rewards.
Ay, and in
this world he exhorteth us to let our " light so shine
before men, that they may see," he saith, "your
glorious

of his

distribution

good works, and glorify your Father which

is

in

heaven."
1
For the law of Moses, formerly given to the showing
111011
" Thou shalt not kill thou shalt
not moTe"
Israelites, saith,
commit adultery thou shalt not steal thou shalt ? x ceiient
"
not bear false witness
but Christ saith " Whosoever Gospel
is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in law of
os
danger of the judgement; and whosoever shall say,
Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire:" and, "if
thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath aught against thee,
leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way and
first be reconciled to thy brother." And he also saith
" Whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after
her,
hath committed adultery with her in his heart."
And hereby he calleth the defilement and consent
of the affection adultery.
Furthermore, where the
law forbade a man to forswear himself, Christ commanded him to swear not at all beyond Yea and
we read, " Eye for eye and tooth
Nay. There
"
" Whosoever shall smite
for tooth
thee
here,
on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.
And if any man will sue thee at the law, and take
;

153

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

Kal oans o~e dyyapevcrei fxlXtov ev,


ru> alrovvri ere 8l8ov, teal
vrraye peer avrov 8vo'
rov 6e\ovra drrb aov haveiaaaOat yu,j; drroarpa(f)fj(;-

Ifu'iTiow

dyarrdre rovs e^Opovs vp,a>v, ev\oyeire tovs kclt<xpa)pLevov<i vpias, /ca\(o<i rrotelre tch9 /xiaovcnv vp.d$,

Mat.

vii. i

6 VI

ut

14

19

ma.

vi.

19

Kal rrpoaevyeaQe vrrep twv eTrrjpea^ovrcov 17x129


Kal SlCOKOVTCOV, 07TC09 yeV7)0~6e Viol TOV ITaT/309 bpLQlV
rov ev Tol<; ovpavols, on rov rfXiov avrov dvarekXei eVt rrovTjpov'i Kal dyaOovs, Kal ftpe^t eirl
cu/ccuof 9 Kal dhiKOW?. pvr) Kpivere, Lva fir) Kpidrjre'
Oiqaavpi^ere
fir)
^4>eT Kai u(p0)]crerai, vpuv.
vpuv Orjcravpovs eirl t??9 yi)<;, orrov ar)? Kal f3p(oat<;
a&avi^ei Kal orrov KXeirrai Siopvaaovai Kal
KKeirrovaf Or/aavpl^ere Be vplv 0r)o-avpov<; ev
ovpavu>, orrov ovre ar)<; ovre fip5)cn<i acpavL^ei Kal
orrov KkerrraL ov Biopvaaovatv, ovhe Kkerrrovcnv 92
ottov yap eanv 6 0rjaavpo<; vp,5)V, e/cet earao Kal
'

7)

KapSla

(fidyrjre

Hid.

vi.

26

vyuoiv.

Kal rl

avpiov
7Md.

vii. 13,

fieptfivdre rfj ^v-^fj

au>p,an

{ificov

ri

vficov rt iv-

olSe yap 6 Uarrjp vpicov 6 ovpdvio<; on


hvcrrjaOe'
Xpy^ere rovrcov drrdvrcov 09 ovv rr)v ijrvxrjv 8ov<>
Kal rb acop,a, hooaei rravrca Kal rpocpr)v Kal
evBvpua, 6 rd rrereivd rov ovpavov rpecpcov Kal rd
Kpiva rov dypov roiavrj] Koa/xwv oopaiorrjn.
^rjrecre 8e, cpTjal, rrpebrov rrjv (3aa Ckeiav rov eov
Kal ri]v hiKaioavvrjV avrov, Kal ravra rrdvra

7rpoare9t]aerai
ibid. vii. 12

p,rj

rritjre, pLTjSe ra>

7)

vplv.

pvr)

p,epip,v7)a7]re

yap avpiov rd

eavrr)<;

a'9

rr]v

fiept/xvrjcrei.

rrdvra oaa dv 6e\r)re "va rroiwcnv vp.lv 01 dvdpoielaekdere


rroi, ovroi Kal vpieis rroieire avrol^.
hid t^9 arevrj^i rrvXrj^, on rr\arela r) rrvXr) Kal
evpv%(i)po<;

154

7)

0S09

7)

drrdyovaa

els tt)v drrwikeiav,

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xi.

91-92

him have thy cloke also. And


compel thee to go a mile, go with
him twain. Give to him that asketh thee, and from
him that would horrow of thee turn not thou away.
Love your enemies, bless them that curse you,
do good to them that hate you, and pray for them
which despitefully use you and persecute you that
ye may be the children of your Father which is
for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil
in heaven
and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on
coat, let

away thy

whosoever

shall

the unjust. Judge not, that ye be not judged. Forgive,


and ye shall be forgiven. Lay not up for yourselves

upon earth, where moth and rust doth


corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal :
but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where
neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves
do not break through nor steal for where your treatreasures

Take no thought
your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall
drink nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on
for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need

sure

is,

there will your heart be also.

for

He therefore that gave life and


these things."
he that
will assuredly give food and raiment
feedeth the fowls of the air and arrayeth with such
"
But, seek ye first," saith
beauty the lilies of the field.
" the
Christ,
kingdom of God, and his righteousness ;
and all these things shall be added unto you. Take
therefore no thought for the morrow for the morrow
Thereshall take thought for the things of itself.
fore all tilings whatsoever ye would that men should
of

all

body

do to you, do ye even so to them. Enter ye in at


for wide is the gate, and broad
the strait gate
is the
way that leadeth to destruction, and many
:

155

ST.

Mat.

vii.

Mat.

x. 37.

Tim.

21

iy. s

JOHN DAMASCENE

Kal rroXXoi elcriv oi elaep^ofievot, oV avrr/s' arevrj


Kal Ttd\i/jL[ievr) 7) 080s r) dirdyovaa et? rrjv ^corjv,
Kal oXiyoi elalv oi evpicrKovres avrr/i'.
ov ira<; 6
Xeycov fioi, Kvpie, Kvpie, elaeXevaerat eh rr/v
fiao-tXeiav rwv ovpavwv, aXk 6 iroioiv rb 0eXrjp,a
rod Uarpos piov rod iv ovpavois. 6 (piXwv irarepa
rj fj/rjrepa virep ipe ovk ecrri pov a^ios, Kal 6 (piXcov
vibv 7] 6 vy are pa virep ipe ovk ecrrt pov agios' Kal
o? ov Xap/3dvei top aravpbv avrov Kal aKoXov0ei
OTTtaco pov, ovk ecTi pov af^ios.
ISov ravra Kal
rd rovrois opoia ivereiXaro o Xcorrjp roi<> diro- 93
Kal ravra
aroXots StSdo-Keiv toi>9 iriarov<i'
rrdvra ocpeiXopev (pvXdrreiv, el-rep rro0ovpev t?;?
reXeior7]ro<; iTnrv^etv Kal roiv d(f)0dprcov crre<pdvcov

di(o07]vai t/}<? 8iKaioavvrj<i, ov<> dirohoyaei,


K.vpio<; iv iKelvj) rfi ripepa 6 SiKaios Kpirt)<; rrdai

roll r/yam-jKocn rr\v imfydveiav avrov.

Aeyei 6 'lcodaacp 7T/30? rbv yepovra' Tavrrjs


ovv rrjs aKpcfieLas rcbv Soypdrcov j^pTi^ovcni^ Kal
ravrrjv TroXtreiav, idv perd rb
rrjv aKpaupv?]
{Sdirriapa avp./3f) pe evb<; rj Svo rcov ivroXwv rovrcov Stapapreiv, dpa Siapaprdvcov ecropai oXov
rod o-kottov, Kal pLaraia earai irdaa r) iXrrh;
'O Be BapXadp ecprj' M?) ovrcos v7roXdp/3ave
ravra.
6 yap eVl arcorrjpia rod yevovs rjpcov
ivav0pco7T7]o~a<; eo? A0709, elSios rriv ttoXXtjv
da0eveiav Kal raXatTrcopiav r?}? (pvaea)<; rjpcbv,
ovSe iv rovrq) ru> pepet

voaeiv

dXX

009

a<pfj/e6V

r)pd<;

dvidrpevra

iarpo'i rfj

6Xicr0i]pa
o~vvepie rb
(pdppaKOV t/)? peravoia<i, K7]pv^a<; ravrriv eh
perd yap rb Xafietv r)/xd<; rrjv
dcpeacv dpapricov.

r/pwv

156

Kai

7rdvo~ocpo<;

(piXap,apr7]p,ovt

yvcopjj

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


there be which go in thereat.
the way which leadeth unto

is

xi.

Strait
life

92-93

and narrow

and few there

Not every one that saith unto me,


Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven

be that find

it.

but he that doeth the will of


is

in heaven.

He

my

Father which

that loveth father or mother

more

not worthy of me and he that loveth


son and daughter more than me is not worthy of me.

than

me

And he
after

is

that taketh not up his cross and followeth


Lo these and the
is not
worthy of me."

me,

like of these

manded
all

his

be the things which the Saviour comand


Apostles to teach the Faithful

these things

we

desire to attain to

bound to observe, if we
perfection and receive the inare

corruptible crowns of righteousness, which the Lord,


the righteous judge, shall give at that day unto all

them that have loved

his appearing.'

'
Ioasaph said unto the elder, Well then, as the ioasaph's
strictness of these doctrines demandeth such chaste concerning
conversation, if, after baptism, I chance to fail in one

baptism

two of these commandments, shall I therefore


utterly miss the goal, and shall all my hope be vain?'
Barlaam answered, Deem not so. God, the Word,

or

'

made man

for the salvation of our race,

aware of the
exceeding frailty and misery of our nature, hath not
even here suffered our sickness to be without remedy.
But, like a skilful leech, he hath mixed for our
unsteady and sin-loving heart the potion of repentance, prescribing this for the remission of sins.

For
J

57

Bariaam
the baptears

and

re P entance

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

tj}? dXr)6eia<$, real

imyvaxriv
fcal

dycaa07]vat BS vBaTos

Trdat]^ re afxaprias Kal ttclvtos 94


KaOapOiivac, edv au/x/3fj ev tlctl

irvev/JLaro^,

pvTTOV dfioyrjTl

TrapcnTTcopLaaiv ij/xas dp.apTT]p,dTcov eparecrelv, ovk


ecrTi fiev Bed /3a7TTLo-piaTO<> Bevrepa dvayevv7]ai<; ev

vBart rfj? fco\vp,/3i']0pa$ Bid rod irvevpaTO^ eytovto


yivopbevr/ k<zl reXetco? i)p.d<; dva%covevovcra.

dWa

Bid pLeravoias
Bcoprjpia a7ra BeBorar
eparovov Kal 6epp,cov Sa/cpucov, kottcov re /cat IBpcorcov, yiverai KaOapiapLos Kal crvy^coprjcri^ tcov
TTTaicr piaTcov hid cnt\dyyya eKeovs eoO i')p,<hv.

yap to

Luke

i.

78

yap i/cX/jOr] /cai


Kara yapiv rod AecnroTOv,
{3d7rTi<T/Aa

Beopievov

t)

rcov Ba/cpvcov 7n]yr],

dWa ttovov teal ypovov

Kal 7roAAoi>? rcov 7roWcov Bieacoaaro


fcaOort ovk eanv dpbapjia viKcoaa

TrTato-pcdrcov'
ttjv

Seou

rou

p.eTavoPjaat,

cpiXavdpcoTriav,

real

d7roviy\raa6ai, Kal
Ps. vi. 5

Bd/cpuai
p,j]

Eccies. x. is

Rev. xxi. is

aXo~yo<;

7rpo\a/3cov 6 ddvaros pepvirco-

ovk eart yap


pievovs i)p.d^ eV/5aXet rcov ivrevOev
ev rep aBrj e^op.o\6yrjcri<;, ovBe pberdvoia'
e&><? Be
ev Tot? ^coaiv wptev, rod OepieXiov

Cp.

cpOdaopiev

eiTrep

TrraicrpidTcov

7ricrTeco?

dppayov^ BiapuevovTos,

t%

kclv ti

6p9o86ov
T/79

Bokco-

^ T?^ ? ivBopnjaecos irapaXvOfj, e^ecrTi to


aaOpcoOev T019 rrTatapLaai ttj pberavoia avOis
aea)(;

dva/caivLaai.
pbfjcrai

Kal

7rA,?}#09

fieye0o$

yap

oiKTippicov
avTOv
e'Xeof?

eov dpiOpierpfjcrai

dBvvarov

dp.apT?]p:aTa Be old irep dv coat Kal


TrraiapLara pierpco viroKeivrat Kal dpiB'/i?|Ta elvat

ra ovv pierpco Kal dpidpco viroKeipieva


crvp^ftaivei.
Trraicr piara i)p.wv to dpLerprjrov eXeo? Kal rov<; 95
dvapiQ pur)Tov<$ olKTippbovs rod
Bvvarai.
158

Qeou

viKrjcrat.

ov

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xi.

93-95

we have received the knowledge of the


and have heen sanctified by water and the
and cleansed without effort from all sin and

after that

truth,
Spirit,

defilement, if we should fortune to fall into any


transgression, there is, it is true, no second regenera-

all

tion made within us by the spirit through baptism in


the water of the font, and wholly re-creating us (that
but, by means of painful
gift is given once for all)
repentance, hot tears, toils and sweats, there is a
purifying and pardoning of our offences through the
:

For the fount of tears is


tender mercy of our God.
also called baptism, according to the grace of the
Master, but it needeth labour and time and many
hath it saved after many a fall because there is no
;

clemency of God, if we be quick


and purge the shame of our offences, and
death overtake us not, and depart us not from this life
for in the grave there is no confession
still defiled
But as long as we are among
nor repentance.

sin too great for the

to repent,

the living, while the foundation of our true faith


continueth unshattered, even if somewhat of the
outer roof-work or inner building be disabled, it is
allowed to renew by repentance the part rotted by
It is impossible to count the multitude of the
mercies of God, or measure the greatness of his

sins.

compassion

whereas

sins

and

offences, of

kind, are subject to measure and

whatever

may be numbered.

So our offences, being subject to measure and number,


cannot overcome the immeasurable compassion, and
innumerable mercies of God.
159

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

Alb ov nrpoGeTayOripiev eirl T019 rjptapTiipLevois


diroyiVooGKeiv, aX)C eiriyivcoGKeiv ttjv dya6oTr)Ta
tov eov, Kal fcarayivcocrfceiv tcov dfiapTij/xdrcov
Trpo/ceiTai 8ia tpiXavO pcoTriav tov
virep tcov dp,apTicov rjpicov to lSiov
i^eyeev alp,a.
nroXXaxoOev 8e T/79 ypacprj<; 818acov

dcpecrfi

i]

X/3(tto{),

Mat.

iv.

17

09

GKop,e6a rrjv Bvvap.Lv t?}? pbeTavotas, kcu pbaXiara


K tcov TrpoaTaypuiTcov Kal irapa/3oXcov tov Kupiou i)puoiv 'Irjcrov XptGTov. 'Atto t6t yap, (pr/GLV,
6

ijp^aro

Xeyeiv Mera-

SiSda/cetv teal

'I^troO?

fiaGtXeia tcov ovpavcov.


i'jyyiKe ydp 1)
aXXd Kal iv irapafioXfj vlov Ttva eiayyelTai,
XafiovTa Tr/v tov Trarpb^ ovalav Kal eh ycopav
diroSijpirjaavTa p,aKpdv, KUKec ev aGCOTia irdvTa
voelre-

Luke xv.

11

KaTavaXcocrai'Ta, eWa, Xipiov Kara ttjv ycopav


KiV7]v yevopcevov, direXObvTa Kal KoXXr/OevTa
ei'l
tcov 7rovrjpcov ttoXctcov tt?9 iroXvapiapTi]TOv
y^copas

eKeiV)]<;'

09

Kal

avTov,

eirepi^rev

cpr/Gtv,

avTov

rou9

/36o~Keiv yoipovs'
tt/v
dypov?
TpayyTaTr]v Kal /38eXvpdv ap,apTiav ovtco KaXeet'9

cra9.

TToXXci

ovv

pLoyijGas,

Kal

et9

t%

etry^aTijv

iXr/XaKtos TaXanrtopiav,

co?

tcov yolpcov Tpofirjs

Ihiav itryyeiv epmX^Gai


eXOcov t/}9
6^\re TTOTe

et'9

tj-jv

p,rjSe

/3pop.co8ov<;

Gvva'ioQi]Giv

yacrTepa,
rocavTT]^ alayyvri^, Oprjvcov eavTov eXeye' Tloaoi 06
pa'adioi tov iraTpos puov irepicraevovTai dpTOiv,
dvao~Ta<; 7ropevGop,ai
eyco he Xipbio diroXXvpiat.
tov irarepa p.ov, Kal epco avTcp- Hdrep,
77-/509
yp-aprov 6t9 tov ovpavbv Kac ivcoiriov gov, Kat
ovk elpX dio<; KXi]0i}vai wo? o~ov ttoit]Gov p.e 009

eva tcov p-iaOicov gov.


tov iraTepa avTov. 6
160

Kal dvaGTas tjXOe Trpos


avTov,

he, iroppcoOev Ihcov

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


'

xi.

95-96

Wherefore we are commanded not to despair

for Bariaam

our trespasses, but to acknowledge the goodness of


God, and condemn the sins whereof forgiveness is
offered

us

Christ,

who

many

reason

by

for our sins

of

the

of

loving-kindness

shed his precious blood.


In
we are taught the power of

places of Scripture

repentance, and especially by the


parables of our Lord Jesus Christ. For

and

precepts
it

saith,

" From

'
that time began Jesus to preach and to
say, Repent
"
for
the
of
heaven
is
at
hand.'
Moreye,
kingdom

over he setteth before us, in a parable, a certain son


that had received his father's substance, and taken
his journey into a far country, and there
spent all in
riotous living.

Then, when there arose a famine

in

that land, he went and joined himself to one of the


citizens of that land of iniquity, who sent him into
his fields to feed swine, thus doth he
designate the
most coarse and loathsome sin. When, after much
labour, he had come to the utmost misery, and might
not even fill his belly with the husks that the swine
did eat, at last he came to perceive his shameful

plight, and,

"

bemoaning

hired servants of

my

himself, said,
father's have bread

to spare, and I perish with


go to my father, and will

hunger

How many

enough and
will arise and

'
say unto him, Father, I
have sinned against heaven and before thee, and am
no more worthy to be called thy son make me as
one of thy hired servants.'" And he arose, and
:

came

to his father.

But,

when he was yet a


M

great
161

the parables
Prodigal

on

'

ST.

ia7r\ayx v ^ cr ^ h
real crv [ait ad
)

6i><;

JOHN DAMASCENE
Kai

TrpoaSpapcoov

KaT(f)iXr)ae'

Kai

evrjy/cakiaaTO
tj/9

Trporepas

a^icocras Tififj? eoprrjv yapp^bavvov eVl rfj

dvevpeaei
arnevTov.

Luke xv.

avrov

eTroi/jaaro,
fiocr^ov tov
l8ov TavTtjv rrjv TrapafioXijV irepl tcov
e dfxaprtcop vTroarpecpovrcov real iv fieravoia
7rpoa7riTTT6vT(ov rjfilv i^tjyyjaaTO. dXXa Kai irotp,eva TLvd dyaObv avdis SrjXol e/carbv eayyjKoTa

Ovaas

7rpo/3ara Kai, tov

ei>09

tov

diroXwXbTos, KaTaXnrbvTa

rd

evevij/covraevvea, els iiri^Ttjaiv tov dXcop,ei>ov


i%eX6elv, e&)9 eupcov avTO, Kai toIs a>p,oi<> dvaXa/3o)v, rot? dirXaveat a-vy/care/xi^e,

GvyKaXecras

Kai roiif yeirovas a? evwylav iv rfj


tovtov evpecret. Ovrco, cprjalv 6 ^wri'ip, yapd karat
tol>9 (piXovs

iv ovpavop 7rl evl d/xapTcoXa) fieravoovvrc, i) iirl


ivev7]K0VTaevvea SiKatots, oXtlvcs ov ype'av eyovoi
[xeTavoia<;.

twv /xaOrjrcbv UeTpos,


Kar avrbv rbv Katpbv tov

'AyneXei Kai o Kopvcpatos


rj

tP)<;

7TiO"Tea)9 irirpa,

irddovs,

ao)Trjp[ov
olKovofiiKf)

tivi

dv0pa)7rLvii<>
Lukexxii.

777309

puKpbv iyKaTaXeicpdels
&>9 dv yvw
T/79
to evTeXes Kai TaXai-

iyKaTaXei-^ret,,

dadeveias

irwpov, dpvr)aco<; 7repi7re7TTCOK6V iyKXriiiaTL' etT


eiiOvs fjLVi]a0el'i tcov tov Kvpiov pi]p:dTO)v, i^eXdcov 97
eKXavae 7rcKpd)<i' Kai T0Z9 Oepfiols eKeivois
kl;a>

rjTrav dvaKaXeadp.evo<; eTepaXKea


ip7recpo7rbXe/jLOS yap oov,
elpydaaTO.
el
Kai ireTTTWKev, ovk i^eXvOr], ov& direyvoy
eavTov a\\' dvairyih^aas irpocr^yaye iriKpoTaTa
BaKpva dirb Kaphias 0Xi/3op,evT]S' Kai irapavTiKa

haKpvat
ttjv

ttjv

lktjv

avTa, coenrep biro (pXoyos


t9
a(f)o8poTaTr]<;
o^eis (pXeyopievos, aTTeTTi^hrjae
b TroXepLios QeaadjAevos

162

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


way
ran,

xi.

96-97

his father saw him, and had compassion, and


and embraced him, and kissed him tenderly,

off,

and, restoring him to his former rank, made a feast


of joyaunce because his son was found again, and
killed the fatted calf.

Lo, this parable, Jesus spake

to us, concerneth such as turn


again from sin, and
fall at his feet in
repentance.
Again, he repre- and

senteth a certain good shepherd that had an hundred


sheep, and, when one was lost, left the ninety and
nine, and went forth to seek that which was gone
astray, until

he found

it

and he

laid

it

on

of the

shepherd,

his

shoulders, and folded it with those that had not gone


astray, and called together his friends and neighbours

"
to a banquet, because that it was found.
Likewise,"
saith the Saviour, "joy shall be in heaven over one

sinner that repenteth, more than over


ninety and
nine just persons which need no repentance."
f
And, in sooth, even the chief of the disciples, Peter, and of the
the Rock of the Faith, in the very season of the Saviour's rising again
of St Puter
Passion, failing for a little while in his stewardship,
that he might understand the worthlessness and
1

'

misery of human frailty, fell under the guilt of denial.


Then he straightway remembered the Lord's words,

and went out and wept bitterly, and with those hot
tears made good his defeat, and transferred the
Like a skilful man of war,
victory to his own side.
he
was
not
nor did he despair,
fallen,
undone,
though
but, springing to his feet, he brought up, as a reserve,
bitter tears from the agony of his soul
and straightwhen
the
saw
that
way,
enemy
sight, like a man
whose eyes are scorched with a fierce flame, he leaped
;

163

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

(pevycov fiaKpav /cal Beivws o\o\v(ov. 6 Be Kopv(patos /copvcpalos r\v av6i<i, wairep BiBda/caXo<;

t%

olfcovp,6V7]s %eipoTOin]0L<;, ovrco

ical

pueravoia^
puerd Be rrjv deiav dve-

Johnxxi.
16, 17

Btj

v7roypapLp,b? yevopevo'i.
o Xpio*T09, Uerpe, cpiXet<;
yepcriv rpirov irpoaenrcov
\

J
N
/
p.

to

/)

'

r.

rpiaaov ri)<i apvijaews OLcopoooaaro, rov


diroaroXov diro/cpivopuevov Nat, Kvpie, av olBas
p,e;

bri cpiXw

ere.

OVV TOVTCOV Kdl dXXcOV 7ToXX(t)V KCU

'Etf TTCll'TCOV

apiOpbov inrep/ceipieva)v TrapaBeiyixdrwv puavddvopiev


rhv hvvap.iv rcov Baicpvcov ical rr)s p,eravoia<;'
pubvov 6 T/907TO? ravri]^ di6Xoyo<;, yevea0a> etc
Biadeaeoos /3BeXvo-aop,ev>]<; rrjv dpbapriav, puaovcrrp;
re ravrrjv ical KarayivwaKovo-rp^, Bd/cpvcri Be
fcaOcos

/ce\py)pevr)<$,
Ps. vi. 6

(pijcriv

T)/v

iv

rS>

arpwpv^v pbov fipe^G).


TWV dpLCtpT7]p,UTG)V

/cal

ptapb<i

aiparos rov Xpiarov, ev


is.

i.

is

ra>

Xonrov

6 /caBa-

Bid

yV>]<TTat

rov

p,eyedei rov e\eovs

avrov, icai tw irkrjOei rwv oi/crippuoiv rov eov


rov elirovro^ on, Fsdv wcriv al dpapriai vpuwv a>9
(poivifcovv,

Tavra
Cp. l Tim.
ii. 4; iv. 3

AavlB'

7rpocf)?]rr]<i

arevayp,(p p,ov Xovaco /ca& 98


eicdarr/v vvKra r?)v kXu'tjv fiov iv Bd/cpvai pov

'E07rta<Ta

p<v

Be,

-)(p}]

d^twOPjvac

to fyap

voXXol

yjLova Xev/cavcb, /cal

rd

ovv

ovra><i iricrrevo-

ovra><i e'^et

ical

e%rj<$.

pierd to Xafieiv rrjv eiriyvuxnv rrjt

/cal

d\rj9eia<i

irdcrrj

ft>9

puev

tt}?

/ecu

dvayvv)jaea><;

pbvanipiwv

/cal

viodecria<;

yevaaodai

Oeiwv,

dacfiaXi^eadai rov prj irlirreiv.


TTiirreiv ov TTpeirei ru> ddXrjrfj, eireiBr)

Bvvdpuei

Trecrovres dvaarrjvai ov/c rjBvi't'jOrjcrav

oi

pev, to?9 rrddeai dvpav dvolavre<i, ical Bvaairo-

aTrdarco^ avrols irpoapeivavre<;, ov/c

164

en

ta^vcrav

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


and

oft'

xi.

97-98

So the chief
howling horribly.
as
he
had
before
been chosen
again,

fled afar,

became chief

teacher of the whole world, being now become its


And after his holy resurrecpattern of penitence.
tion Christ

made good

this three-fold denial with the


three-fold question, " Peter, lovest thou me ? ", the

Apostle answering,

"

Yea, Lord, thou knowest that

love thee."
f

So from

all

beyond count

these and

we

other

many

learn the

of

virtue

examples
and

tears

Only the manner thereof must be


must arise from a heart that abominateth

repentance.

noted

it

proving

power of
repentauce

'

and weepeth, as saith the prophet David, " I am


weary of my groaning every night will I wash my
bed and water my couch with my tears." Again the
sin

cleansing of sins will be wrought by the blood of


Christ, in the greatness of his compassion and the

multitude of the mercies of that


"
Though your sins be as scarlet,
white as snow," and so forth.
'

Thus therefore

it is,

God who saith,


make them

I will

and thus we

receiving the knowledge of

believe.

But

but bidding

and ta^heed
e a
and
as
and
winning regeneration
sons,
adoption
tasting of the divine mysteries, we must strive hard
to keep our feet lest we fall.
For to fall becometh

after

the

truth

not the athlete, since many have fallen and been


unable to rise. Some, opening a door to sinful lusts,
and clinging obstinately to them, have no more had

165

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.
7rpo?

fierdvoiav

iraXtvhpopbrjaar

ol

8e,

irpoav-

tov Oavdrov, /cal put] cpddcravTes


hid pbtrayvwo'eo)^ eavTovs rov pvirov 7-779 afiaprias
/cal Bia tovto eVtiicirXvvai, /caTehi/cdcrd^crav.
Kivhvvov to TTLirreiv ev ouoBijirore irdQef edv he
avp,/3r) Trecreiv, evdvs dvairrjhrjaai XPV> Kal o~ttjvcu
irdXiv el? rov icaXbv uycova- /cal ogclius av tovto 99
avp,/3jj, /cd/cecvo clvtLkcl eo~T(o to t% eyepcreo)<; /cal
apTraaOevres

Zcch.

i.

crTacrea)?

iiirb

e&)9

t//9

^ETriarpdc^^Te yap
vpias, Xiyei

TeXevTr/s.

/cal

einaTpacprjaopai, irphs
Kvpios 6 eo9.

7r/3o?

p,e,

XII
17/509

TavTa

Icodaacf)

elire'

[Iw9

ovv T?

cpv\d%ei eavrbv p,eTa to fidirTicrpa Kadapbv drrb


irdar]<i dpiapTLas ; /cdv yap eaTcv, &>9 Xiyeis, tois
TTTaiovcn p,eTavoia, a\V ev /cbircp /cal ttovw, /cXavdT /cal Trivdei, airep ov/c ev/caTopdwTa T049
pb(p
7roAAot9 elvai p,oc ho/ccb'
evpecv ohbv tov (pvXaTTetv

pbaTa rov eov


puera

Tip

dXXa paXXov
d/cpi/3u><; to,

teal pit) e/c/cXiveiv air

crvy%(i>p-qo~iv

rjdeXov

irpoaTay-

avTcov,

pLrjhe,

twv

irpoTepa/v /ca/cwv,
yXv/cvTarov Aeo-Trorrjv

irapopyi^eiv avOi<; tov


teal %eov.
O he BapXadp, ecpiy Ka\w9 eliras TavTa, /cvpie
piov f3ao-i\ei>'

tovto

dXX epywhes

iart

/cal ip,ol
/cal

icaTaBvpiov inrdp^ei'
dhvvaTov to irvpl

Kopbihfj

avvaiaaTpecpopevov Tiva p.rj Kairvl^eaOai. hvo~KaTopOcoTOv ovv /cal Xiav avavTes hehep,evov rofc
tov /3lov Trpdypiacn /cal t<Z9 ai/TOV da^oXovpbevov
166

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xi.

98-xii. 99

and others,
strength to hasten back to repentance;
not
being untimely snatched by death, and having
made speed enough to wash them from the pollution
And for this cause
of their sin, have been damned.
affection
parlous to fall into any kind of sinful
But if any man fall, he must at once
whatsoever.
leap up, and stand again to fight the good fight and,
as often as there cometh a fall, so often must there
at once ensue this rising and standing, unto the end.
" Turn
For,
ye unto me, and I will turn unto you,"
saith the Lord God.'
it is

XII

To

this said

shall a

But how, after baptism, loasaph


Ioasaph,
himself clear from all sin ? For how hemay
'

man keep

if there be, as thou sayest, repentance for them 8 etffrom


f;llhn
that stumble, yet it is attended with toil and trouble,

even
with

weeping

and

mourning

methinks, are not easy for the

But
the

desired rather to find a

things

which,

many to accomplish.
way to keep strictly

commandments of God, and not swerve from them,

and, after his pardoning of my past misdeeds, never


again to provoke that most sweet God and Master.'

Barlaam answered, Well said, my lord and king.


That also is my desire but it is hard, nay quite
f

man

with fire not to be


blackened with smoke for it is an uphill task, and
one not easy of accomplishment, for a man that is
tied to the matters of this life and busied with its cares
impossible, for a

living

167

Bariaam

him

of the

lons

|^^

this world,

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

Kal Tapanis, ttXovtw t Kal rpv<})fj av6Bbv rwv evToXotv tov


Kvplov, Kal KaOapov eavTov e/c tovtcov TTepiadxraOvBels hvvarai Bval
adai.
(prjal yap 6 K.vpio<i'
r)
yap tov eva pnaijaec Kal 100
/cvpiois BovXeveiv
tov eTepov dyaTTtjaei, i) tov evbs dvOe^eTai Kal tov
ov BvvaaOe 0ew BovXeveiv
eTepov KaTa$povr)o~ei'
Kal p.ap,a>va.
ypdfpei Be Kal 6 ryyaTrrjfievos avTov
Kal deoXoyos,
fxa0iiTrj$, 'Iwdvvrjs 6 evayyeXiaT^s

/xepi/xvais

i^oivra, a,Kkivo)<i fiah'i^eiv rrjv

Mat.

vi.

24

Xlrj ayairaTe
tt) KaT avTov eiriaToXfi ovtoos'
"
i

"/
v
p.\
\
tov koct/jlov, /irjoe Ta ev tw Koapup' eav tj<? ayana
tov Koafxov, ovk eo~Tiv t) dydir-q tov IIaT/J09 ev
avToo, otl Trdv to ev tw Koo~p.(p, r) iiridv/jua Trjs
aapKos Kal r) liridvpia twv 6(p0aXpL(ov Kal r) dXa^ove'ta tov filov, ovk eaTiv eK tov TlaTpos, aAA,' e/c
tov Koap-ov io~TL. Kal o koo~/jlo<; TrapdyeTai Kai ?}
eiriBvpia avTov- 6 Be iroioyv to OeXrjpia tov Seov
fievei els tov alwva.
TavTa ovv ol deloi Kal deo<popoi UaTepes rj/xcov
KaTavoi!](javTes, Kal tov PlttogtoXov aKovaavTes,
Acts xiv. 22 otl Bid ttoXXwv 6Xiy\rewv Bel i)p,d<; eiaeXdelv els
ttjv fiacriXelav tu>v ovpavwv, ecnrevaav pueTa to
dyiov /3a7rTia/xa dpLWpiov Kal aKrjXiBcoTov to t%
dcpdapalas BiaTrjprjaai evBv/xa' 69ev ol p.ev avTcov
Kal eTepov TrpoaedevTu /3d7TTto~p,a Trpoo~Xa/3ecrdai,
to Bi' ou/iaTO? (pr)fj,L Kal Bid fiapTvplov ftaTTTio-fia
yap Kal tovto a)i'6p,acrTat, Kal irdvv ye TifiicoTatov Kal alBeaipbWTaTov BevTepois yap ov pioXvvemk. x. 88, 39 Tat dpbapTias pioXvo-fiols' oirep Kat o K.vpio<; rjpLwv

John

n.

iv

15-17

>

virep

rjpbwv

eKaXeaev.
yevbp-evoi,

168

>

KaTaBe^dp-evos fidirTio-p-a cIkotcos


evTevOev avTov pupirjTal Kal ^rjXoiTal
ol
avTOTTTai avTov
irpoTepov jxev

]0l

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


and troubles, and liveth

in riches

xn. 99-101

and luxury, to walk

unswervingly in the way of the commandments of


the Lord, and to preserve his life pure of these evils.
" no man can serve two
"
For," saith the Lord,
will
hate the one and love
he
masters
for either
;

the

other

the

despise

Mammon."

or

he

else

So

will

hold to the one and

Ye cannot

other.

serve

God and

also writeth the beloved Evangelist

and Divine in his Epistle, thus saying, " Love not the
If
world, neither the things that are in the world.
of
love
the
Father
is
the
man
the
love
world,
any
For all that is in the world, the lust of
not in him.

the

flesh,

and the

lust of the eyes,

and the pride of

not of the Father, but is of the world.


the world passeth away, and the lust thereof

And

life, is

but

he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever."


'
These things were well understood by our holy and and
and mindful of the Apostle's word that
inspired fathers
;

we must through much tribulation


the Kingdom of Heaven, they strove,
that

to

baptism,
spotless

keep

enter into
after holy

garment of immortality
Whence some of them also

their

and undefined.

thought fit to receive yet another baptism I mean


For this too
that which is by blood and martyrdom.
is called
baptism, the most honourable, and reverend
of all, inasmuch as its waters are not polluted by
fresh sin
which also our Lord underwent for our
;

sakes,

and rightly called

and followers of him,

it

first

baptism.

So

as imitators

his eyewitness, disciples,

169

other

the baptism
yr

dom

ST.
/cal fia0)]Tal

JOHN DAMASCENE

ical

airoarokoi, eireira 8e

ical iras

tcov dylcov ptapTvpcov j(op6s, Tots OepairevTals tcov


elScoXcov pJaaiXevcri ical Tvpdvvots eavTovs inrep

Ol'OpaTOS TOV XpiCTTOV /cSoPTS, ITOLV t8oS


KoXacnrjplcov inriptetvav, Or) plots TrpocroptiXijaavTes
KOI TTVpl KaX %l(f)Cri, KCLI, TTJV KaXrjV OptoXoylaV
optoXoyrjaavTes, top Spoptov TeTeXe/coTes ical rrjv
it lot iv TTr)pr)fc6T<?, tcov Trjs StKatocrvvris kirkrvyov

TOV
1

Tim.

iv. 7

ftpafietcov,

Hpiarov
Ps. xix. 4

tcov

'AyyeXcov

Kings

Op. Mat.

r)

tov

dperr)

eXapttyev, cos eh iraaav rrjv yr)v tov


(f>06yyov avTcov i^eXOelv, ical els ra vrepara tt}<?
olKOVptevrjs tcov KaTopOcoptaTcov avTcov dcrTpd^at

ov Ta prjp,aTa puovov ical

i
\
\
avTa Ta atptaTa /cat Ta ocrTa

aXXa

ra

xix 12

cov

toctovtov

Cp. 2 Kings rr)v XaptTrrjSora.


tovtcov,
xiii. 21;
>/

\
\
\
'-v-vV
/cat
Eceius.
epya,
Acta' Vis'-

ical

optoSlaiTot

crvytcXr/povoptot yevofievoi'

7r ^" 77?

</

dytoTrjTos 7rX?jpr) virdpyovat, Salptovas ptev


Se voarjpLaTcov

Kara KpaTOS iXavvovTa, dviaTcov

ical
Idaets Tots irtcTTet irpoa^avovat irapkyovTa'
IptaTia 8e ical et Tt aXXo Tots Ttpttots avTcov
7rpoar')yytcTe crcoptacri, Trj KTlcret irdcrr) irdvTOTe
ecniv alheatp-a.
irepl cov ttoXvs ecTTtv 6 \6yos
icaTa p-epos Tas avTcov cipicxTetas BirjyijcraaOat.

Ta

'Kirel Se ol p.ev dirrjvels e/cetvot ical OrjpicoSets tvicaicol ica/ccos dtccoXovTO, ical o Stcoyptbs

pavvot

eiravae, paatXets oe iriaTot

ava iraaav

Tr)v ot/cov-

ifiaalXevaav, BiaSe^ciptevot GTepot ical puptt)- 102


adptevot tov ^rjXov e/celvcov ical tov Oelov iroOov,
Xeyco Se tcov ptapTvpcov, ical tco avTco epcoTt Tas
p.evrjv

yfrv^as TpcoOevTes, dptcTTa htecncoirovv appviravTOv


Cp.

Rom.

xii. 1

Ti)v yjrv^rjv ical

irdcras rds tcov


teal

170

iravTos

to

crcopta tco K-vptco 7rapaaTr)crat,


nraOcov Trepiicd^avTes evepyelas,

ptoXvaptov

crapKos

teal

trvevptaTos

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xn.

101-102

and Apostles, and then the whole band of holy


martyrs yielded themselves, for the

name

of Christ,

kings and tyrants that worshipped idols, and


endured every form of torment, being exposed to
wild beasts, fire and sword, confessing the good conto

and recoim.
glories of

fession, running the course and keeping the faith.


Thus they gained the prizes of righteousness, and
became the companions of Angels, and fellow-heirs

with Christ.

Their virtue shone so bright that their


all lands, and the splendour of

sound went out into

good deeds flashed

like lightning into the ends


these men, not only the words and
works, but even the very blood and bones are full of
all sanctity, mightily casting out devils, and giving

their

of the earth.

to

such

incurable

as

Of

touch them in

diseases

faith

the

healing

of

yea, and even their garments,


that hath been brought near

and anything else


honoured bodies, are always worthy of the
reverence of all creation. And it were a Ions tale
to tell one by one their deeds of prowess.
'
But when those cruel and brutal tyrants brought
their

their miserable lives to a miserable end,

and per-

secution ceased, and Christian kings ruled throughthe world, then others too in succession

out

emulated the Martyrs' zeal and divine desire, and,


wounded at heart with the same love, considered
well how they might present soul and body without
blemish unto God, by cutting off all the workings
of sinful lusts and purifying themselves of every

171

Barlaam
the hermits,

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

eVel Be ovk aXXcos tovto,


Bed tt)? (pvXaKijs toiv evToXwv tov HpicrTOV
KdTopOovaOai eyvcoaav, rrjv Be cpvXaicrjv tcov
ivToXcov Kal ttjv ipyaaiav tcov dpercov Bva^epco<;

eavrovs etcKaOcipavTes.

dXXa

iv puiaco tcov tov koct/aov


KaTevorjcrav,
Mat. xix. 29

aXXov Tivd

dopv/Scov rrpoay'ivecrOai

fiiov

evov Kal ivrjXXay-

fievov kavTol<s eireTi)hevaavTO, Kal, KaTa Tt]v Oeiav


cprovrjv, TTcivTa KaTaXtiTovTes, 701^66?, TKVa, cfilXovs,

avyyeveis, ttXovtov koI Tpvcprfv, Kal irdvTa


KotJfJbcp
Cp. Heb.
37, 38

xi.

tci

ivTco

fiLcr^aavTe^, irpbs Ta<; ipi'ipow;, oyairep Tives

KaKOvcoyovTO, rvaTepovp.evoi,0Xi/36pievot,
cpvydBes,
/
/
v
\
A
Xovpievoi, ev eprjpnais nrXavcofievot, Kai opeai /cat
airt]XaLoi<i Kal Tats duals t?}? y>}?, ttclvtcov tcov
eVl y/}? Tepwvcov tc Kal cnroXavaTiKcov eavTOvs
1

>

>

avTOv Be tov dpTov Kal aKeirdXiav


Bvo TavTa irpayivBews
a/xaTO'i
eyovTes'
tosv
p,aTevo~dp.evoi, iva, p-rj opwvT<; Ta<? vXas
fjtaKpvvavTes, Kal

Tradwv, irpoppi^ovs avTCov Ta<; 7ridvp.ias e/e tt}?


fV X ^ dvaarrdacoo-i, Kat, ra? avTcov i^aXeltyavTes
"r
p,V))p.as, epcoTa Kal ttoOov tmv deicov Kal ovpavlcov
iv eavTois epL^>VTevacoar
irpos tovtois, iva, Bid
Trj<i KaKOTTade'ia^ to crapKiov eKBairav^aavTe^ Kal
1

ttj irpoaipecrei yevop.evoi, p-rj diroTv-ywcn


evKXeias toji^ BC ai'p,aTO<; TeXetcoOevTcov, dXXa
p.ip,r]Tal Kal avToc tcov tov Xpio~TOV TraOrjpidTcov,
ocrov to eV avTols, yevop^evoi, Kal ttj<; aTeXevTrjTOV
ySacriA-eta? o~vp.p.eToyoi ecrovrat. ovtcos ovv dpicTa
BiaaKeyp-dp-evoi, tov p-ovdBa Kat rjav^iov p.eTr)Xdov

p.dpTvpe<;
t?)<>

f3lov, Tives p-ev

aWpiot BiaKapTeprjaavTes,

tco cf>Xoy-

tov Kavtrcovos Kal Kpvpois dypiois Kal opifipois


KaiTapayals dvep.cov Ta\aiircopovp.evor olBe,KaXvp,co

/3a<>

172

irrj^dpLevoi,

r)

aTrrjXaioL^ Kal dvTpoi? viroKpv-

103

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xn.

102-103

defilement of flesh and spirit. But, as they perceived


that this could only be accomplished by the keeping
of the commandments of Christ, and that the keeping
of his commandments and the practice of the virtues
difficult to attain in the midst of the turmoils of of their
iii
i
-ip.i
poverty and
the world, they adopted for themselves a strange self-doaial,
and changed manner of life, and, obedient to the
voice divine, forsook all, parents, children, friends,

was

kinsfolk, riches and luxury, and, hating everything in


the world, withdrew, as exiles, into the deserts,
being destitute, afflicted, evil entreated, wandering
in wildernesses and mountains, and in dens and
caves of the earth, self-banished from all the

pleasures and delights upon earth, and standing


This they
in sore need even of bread and shelter.

did for two causes


objects of sinful

firstly,

lust,

that never seeing the


might pluck such

they

by the root out of their soul, and blot out the


memory thereof, and plant within themselves the
love and desire of divine and heavenly things and
desires

secondly, that, by exhausting the flesh by austerities, of their aim


au
ope
and becoming Martyrs in will, they might not miss
'

the glory of them that were made perfect by blood,


but might be themselves, in their degree, imitators
of the sufferings of Christ, and become partakers of
the kingdom that hath no end.
Having then come
to this wise resolve, they adopted the quiet of
monastic life, some facing the rigours of the open air,
and braving the blaze of the scorching heat and fierce
frosts and rain-storms and tempestuous winds, others
spending their lives in the hovels which they had
builded them, or in the hiding of holes and caverns.
.

173

ST.
(3evre<;,

JOHN DAMASCENE

Sietyaav.

ovtco 8e ttjv dperrjv fierep^o-

irapdKXrjcnv Kal dvacrap/ci/crjv


reXos ainjpv/jcravTO, Xaydvwv oopwv

irdcrav

pevoi,
iravcriv ei9

Kal j3oravciov, rj a/cpo8pva>v, rj aprov ^Tjpov kcli


irdvv crtc\r)pov aTot^aavTe<; htany, /xr/ rrj ttoiottjti pbvov dTrora^dpievoL tmv r)8ea>v, dXXa, rat
irepiovTi tt}9 iyKparelas, Kal 737509 ttjv 7roaoTr)ra
to (piXoripov eavTcov 7rapartvavT<i. toctovtov
yap Kal avrwv tcov evreXiov Kal dvayKaiordrwv
p,reXdp,fiavov ftpfopdrcov, oaov anro^rjv
ol pev yap avroiv, oXas rd<; tt}? i/38opd8o<i

p,ovov.
r]p.epa<;

dcriTOL SiareXovvTes, ttj KupiaKfj rpocpr/s /A6T6Xdp,/3avov ol 8e &U tt}<; e/38op,d8o<; ravTr]<; p,epvrjpivor aXXoi Se nrapd p,iav, rj Kal Kad ecnrepav,
iaiTOVvro oaov p,6vov Tpo<p7]s diroyeveo-Oai. ev%GU9 re Ka l CtypVTTViaiS p,LKpOV 7T/309 TOV Th)V

dyyeXcov irapt]p,iXXr]67]aav filov, yaipeiv ecirovTes


Kal dpyvpiov rfj Knqaei iravrdiraai,
irpdo-eis re Kal
dyopaala'i iiriXaOopievot, eivai
yjpva'iov
6'\<W9

iv dvOpooTrois.

Qdovos he Kal 7rapai<;, ol p,dXio~ra rot? dya0oi<;


epyow ukoXovO elv elwdore*;, ovk eayov yd>pav iv
avrols. ovhe yap 6 iXdrrcov iv toi? t?}? acr^cre&)9
ISpayac Kara tov p,dXXov hiaXaparovTO^ fiaaKavias
Xoyiapubv o\&>9 iv eavrfo uTreSe^eTO- ovh av irdXiv
tov p,eydXa 'Karopdovvra Kara rwv daOeveaTepcov
717309

olrjaiv iirrjpev

TrXrjaLov,

i)

r)

dXa^ovela r) i^ovdevelv tov


rf} aaK^aei, Kal p,eyaXo-

iyKav^dadai

(jipovetv iirl to?9

KaTopOcopacriv, dirarrjo-acra.
aperrfv, ov ttovois 18lol<;,

yap to irXeov ex wv et<?


dXXa eov hvvdp,ei, to
(fipovi

'74

yvonpur)

eireiOev

itav iwiypdcpaiv, Taireivbp,rjhev 0X.W9 ipyd-

eavrbv

104

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xii.

103-104

Thus, in pursuit of virtue, they utterly denied themselves all fleshly comfort and repose, submitting to a
diet

of uncooked

hard

herbs and worts, or acorns, or

not merely saying good-bye to


dry
in
their
delights
quality, but, in very excess of
temperance, extending their zeal to limit even the
bread,

For even of those common


quantity of enjoyment.
and necessary meats they took only so much as was
sufficient to sustain life.

Some

of

them continued

fasting the whole week, and partook of victuals only


of a Sunday : others thought of food twice only in

the week

at eventide

others

that

is,

ate every

other day,

or daily

In

took but a taste of food.

prayers and watchings they almost rivalled the life


of Angels, bidding a long farewell to the possession
of gold and silver, and quite forgetting that buyings
sellings are concerns of men.

and

Tiiii

But envy and pride, the evils most prone to follow


good works, had no place amongst them. He that was
'

weaker

-i

in ascetic exercises entertained

-i

>

no thought 01

malice against him of brighter example.


Nor again
was he, that had accomplished great feats, deceived

and puffed up by arrogance to despise

his

weaker

brethren, or set at nought his neighbour, or boast of


his rigours, or glory in his achievements.
He that
excelled

in

labours,

but

of

virtue
all

ascribed

to the

nothing to his

power of God,

mind persuading himself that

own

in humility

his labours

were
175

and commendeth
the rigours
alJ d purity
of their life,

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

dXXa

^eaOat,
(j)i](Tiv

Ltike xvii.

raydevra

irXeiovwv ocpeiXeTr/v eivai, KaOd


Troirjo-rjTe irdvra rd SiaXeyere, OTt, 'Avoetot SovXoi ecr/xev,

/ecu

6 Ku/3iOs*
vfjuv,

"Orav

Ill

OTt

uxpeiXop,ev

iroitfaai

01

ireiroiiiKapev.

be

rrdXiv ovSe iroirjaai 7rore rd Siarerayp,eva errei6ov eavrovs, dXXd rrXeiova eivai rcov r)Sr) kcltreal 6 eXarrovpievos
a>p6a>pevcov rd eXXeirrovra.
irdXiv ev

rf]

dcrfC7]o~ei,

Sid aa)fiaTi/a)v

'lacos

da6e-

e^evreXi^e raXavi^wv eaurov, paOvfiia


ovyl (f)uaea><; dadeveia, to varepr}p,a
yvaiprjs,
Xoyi^ofievos. ovrcos ovv aXXos dXXov Kai irdvres
veiav,

dirdvrwv

rjcrav p,rpia>repor KevoSo^ias Be rrdOos


dvdpcoirapeo-fceias rrov ev e/ceivois; oinves, rrjv
Sia rovro ol/covai
rr)v
oiKovp,evt)v cf)vy6vre<z,

f)

ovk dvOpcoirois, dXXa 0e&5 rd KaropOcop,ara SeiKVvvai ftovXopievoi, irap ov Kai ra>v
Karopdcop-drcov rds dpoifias eXwi^ovai, koXm?
eTriarupievoi oti ai Sid KevoSofyav ernreXovpevai
eptipov,

eiraivov
do~K7)o~i$ dpuaOoi, Si
teal ov Sid rbv 0eof yivovrar
ol

dSiKOvvrai, to

rotovroi

Kai p.iaOov
opeyopevoi
t/}<?

p,r)

teal

XapftdvovresTrpbs

ravrrjv

yap dvOpunrcov,
odev

teal

SnrXtos

acopa Karart]KOvre<;
ol Se rrjs dvco

eireiybpevoi

S6j~r}<;

irdarjs

emyeiov Kai dv9 pwKivr]^ Kare^povqaav.

"E^oucrt Se rds oi/C7]crei<; ol piev ev rravreXel


Kai piovia rbv dytova Siavvovres,
paKpvvavres eavrovs T779 rcov dvOpdorrwv avvavXias Trap' oXov avr6)v rbv tvjs %(ot)<; y^pbvov Kai
0e&> irXrjaidaavres' oi Se, iroppu>6ev dXXi]Xcov

dvaywpi')o~ei

rds

ot/o/cret? Tni^dpevoi, rais JyvptaKais els e.KKXyialav piiav (fioirwcri, Kai rcov Oeiwv p,vart]piwv
Koivwvovai, rrj<; dvaip,aKrov (p7]pl Ovaias, rov

176

105

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xn.

104-105

nought and that he was debtor even for more, as


u When
ye shall have done all those
'
We are
are
commanded
which
you, say,
things
we have done that which was
unprofitable servants
Others again persuaded themour duty to do.'
selves that they had not done even the things which
they were commanded to do, but that the things left
undone outnumbered the things already well done.
Again, he that was far behind in austerity, perchance and their
through bodily weakness, would disparage and blame God and
saith the Lord,

''

attributing his failure to slothfulness of


rather than to natural frailty. So each excelled

man

himself,

mind

each, and

all

excelled

all

in this

sweet reasonable-

But the spirit of vain glory and pleasing


For they
of men what place had it among them ?
had fled from the world, and were dwelling in
the desert, to the end that they might show their
virtues not to men, but to God, from whom also they
hope to receive the rewards of their good deeds,
well aware that religious exercises performed for
vain glory go without recompense
for these are
done for the praise of men and not for God. Whence
all that do thus are
doubly defrauded they waste
their body, and receive no reward.
But they who
yearn for glory above, and strive thereafter, despise
all earthly and human glory.
f
As to their dwellings, some monks finish the He describcontest in utter retirement and solitude, having
dwellings
removed themselves far from the haunts of men and assemthroughout the whole of their earthly life-time, and
Others build their
having drawn nigh to God.
homes at a distance one from another, but meet on
the Lord's Day at one Church, and communicate of
ness.

177

ST.

a\pdvTOV

JOHN DAMASCENE

aco/j,aro<i

tov

/cal

rifiiov

a'i/xaro<;

tov

X/MCTToO, h TOt? 7TiO"TOt9 19 dcpeaLV a/ACipTlCOV,


(pcoricrpov re /cal dyiaapJov ~^V)^rj<i teal acbp.aTO<;
6

Kvpios

i&copijcraTOtcov Oelcov

ical,

ecrTttovres

dXXrjXovs

rats rj6i/cal<;
irapaiveaeai, rov<; re /cpvTrrovs tcov dvTiTrdXcov
St]p,oaieuovT<; 7roXep,ovs, oicne p,r) dXcovai tovtois
Tivd t?/9 TrdXrjS dyvoovvTa rrjv p,edohov, ot/caSe 106
iraXiv e/cacxTO<i iwavep^ovTai, to Tr/s apeTf/9 fieXi
yvp,vaa'ia

/cal

Xoycov

to?? aip,f3XoL<i tcov /capdtwv cfiiXoTipcos evarroTLQevTes, /cal yeoopyovvTes /caprrbv yXv/cvTaTov /cal
tj}9

lirovpavlov TpaTrefy)? iird^iov.

"AXXol
7rX)]0i]

Be /coivo/3ia/cbv peTtpyovTai /3lov ol'Tives,


TToXvdvQpwrra eVt to ai/TO ddpoicrOevTe^,

vcp' kvl Ta^idpxj] teal irpoeaTcoTt, tu> irdvTCov BiacpopcoTaTco, eavTOvs eTa^av, irdv 6eXi]pa eavTcov

p.ayaipa

T)]<i

d)vr]TOv<;

eavrovs

dXX

ii.

20

ov/c

Xoyicrdp,evoi,

gti

Sid tov tov XpiaTOv irbOov


eavTovs /caOvTreTa^av ol/cetoTepov Se pidXXov
ClTTelv, ^MCTIV (iVK Tl eaVTOlS, %fj & V ai>Tol<i 6
X/CKcn-69, cp rjKoXov0)]crav irdvTa dirapirjadpievoi.

eavTols ^0)crw,

Gal.

/covo~L(o<;

SovXovs

ical

vira/coi)^ diroacfid^avTes'

tovto yap

ecTTiv

a>

/cocrpov

dva^oop-qcri^,

e/covcriov

yutcro?, /cal dpin]cri<; (pvaeco'i irbdco tcov virep cpvaiv.

ovtol Tolvvv

009

dyyeXoi eVt

t?)? 7/79

TroXiTevovTai,

tu>
6p,o0vp,aBbv
Kvplcp
d8ovT>i, ical 6/j.oXoyr/Tal tois dd\oi<>
viraKor)^
XpijpaTi^ovTes' i<f> ot9 /cal to SecnroTi/cov irXrjyjraXp,ov<;

ical

vpvov<;

t%

Mat. xviii.
20

yap'
i\)\v
to epov

povTai Xoyiov.
/
crvv^ypevoi

avTWv,
ovofitiTi

178

ov/c

et9

et'9

avrov

(f)>]al

"Ottov

ovop-a,

elcrl

e/cet

tovto to p,eTpov

avvaycoyqv

>

8vo
\

r)

Tpets
/

et/u ev pecrco
ttjv

eirl

TrepucXeiaas,

ro5

dXXd

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

hi.

105-106

the Holy Mysteries, I mean the unbloody Sacrifice of


the undefiled Body and precious Blood of Christ,
which the Lord gave to the Faithful for the remission
of sins, for the enlightenment and sanctification of
soul and body.
They entertain one another with
the exercises of the divine Oracles and moral exhortations, and make public the secret wiles of their adversaries, that none, through ignorance of the manner

may be caught thus. Then turn they


his own home, eagerly storing the
to
each
again,
honey of virtue in the cells of their hearts, and husbanding sweet fruits worthy of the heavenly board.
of wrestling,

Others again spend their life in monasteries. He telleth


These gather in multitudes in one spot, and range orde'rs'and
themselves under one superior and president, the of their
best of their number, slaying all self-will with the
sword of obedience. Of their own free choice they
consider themselves as slaves bought at a price, and
no longer live for themselves, but for him, to whom,
or
for Christ his sake, they have become obedient
rather, to speak more properly, they live no more
for themselves, but Christ liveth in them, whom to
This is retirement, a
follow, they renounce all.
voluntary hatred of the world, and denial of nature
by desire of things above nature. These men therefore live the lives of Angels on earth, chanting
psalms and hymns with one consent unto the Lord,
and purchasing for themselves the title of Confessors
'

by labours of obedience. And in them is fulfilled


the word of the Lord, when he saith, " Where two or
three are gathered together in my name, there am I
in the midst of them."
By this number he limiteth
"
not the gathering together in his name, but by two
179

n 2

ST.
Bid tcov Bvo

JOHN DAMASCENE

rpiwv dBibpiarov rbv dpiBpbv BrfKw6\iyoi, elre ttoXXoI Bid rb dyiov


avrov avva^Qoiaiv ovopa, avrq> Biairvpw Xarpevovres ttoOw, eicel irapeivai rovrov iriarevopev iv
pi(T(p TWV aVTOV SovXcOV.
TouTOi? Tot9 TU7TOK? Kai rai<; roiavrai<; dywyais
ol yi)ivoi Kal %0'i/col rbv /3iov e&jXaxrav rcov
oupaviwv, iv vi]areiai<; Kal ev^al^ kcu dypvnvlai's,
iv BaKpvat deppols Kal dpiereoypiarcp 7rev6ei, iv
^evireia /cat pv/]p,rj Oavdrov, iv 7rpa6rrjri kcu dopyrjo-ia, iv aiwirfj -^eiXecov, iv aKT7]poavvr) kcu tttwX ^ a iv ayveia kcu aoycppocrvvrj, iv raireivocppovi
eire

aas.

i)

yap

>

Ps. xix. 4

yvwprj kcu t)av)(ia, iv dydirr) reXeia 777309 rbv Sebv


Kal rbv 7r\r)cri,ov, tov rrapbvra iKreXeaavre<; ftiov
Kal dyyeXoi rol<; rpbiroi<i yevbpevoi.
oOev Beo9
Kal
Kal
TroiKiXais
Oavpaai
o~)]p,eiot<;
Bvvdp.eaiv
at/robs KareKoo-p.rjae, Kal rbv (pOoyyov rfjs Oavp,aarf]<i avrtov iroXire'ia<; el<s rd irepara Birj^elo~6ai t?;9 oiKOvpem]? rreiro'niKe.
Kal elirep o~oi rbv
[Biov evb<i

avrwv

iirl

aroparos

cfrepcov

Kara

pepo<;

Siriyrjcropai, 09 Kal dp^iiyb^ yeyevPjcrdai t??9 Kara


pbova-^ov^ rroXireias Xiyerai (' Avrd)vio<? Be ovopa
avrco), yvoocrr) irdvrcos e/c rod e^09 BevBpov rcov

bpoyevoiv Kal bp,oeiBcov Kapirwv rr)v yXvKvrijra,


Kal 0'iav iKivo<; edero rfjs daKJjaea><; V7ro/3d0pav,
o'lav Be rrjv 6pocp))v iirr)t_aro, Kal bnroicov tj^iiodi]
7roXXol
irapd rov X(orfjpo<; rv^elv ^apiap-drcov.
Be Kal aXXoi pier iKelvov rbv taov dycoviadpevoi
dyoyva rcov bpioicov erv^ov arecpdvcov re Kal yepcov.
hlaKapiui ovroi Kal rpicrpaKapioi ol rbv ebv
dyairrjaavre^, Kal Bid rr)v dyamr\v avrov Karacppovr]cravre<;

rjpepas

180

rrdvrcov.

Kal

WKr6<i,

iBaKpvaav yap rrevOovvres


'iva

rfjs

dXi]Krov

rvyutai

107

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


or three" signifieth tliat the

xu.

number

For, whether there be

106-107
is

indefinite.

or

few, gathered
many,
together because of his holy name, serving him with
fervent zeal, there we believe him to be present in
the midst of his servants.
By these ensamples and such like assemblies of their
men of earth and clay imitate the life of heavenly nff.Vnd of
01 ^
beings, in fastings and prayers and watchings, in hot their^
found
er,
tears and sober sorrow, as soldiers in the field with
death before their eyes, in meekness and gentleness,
in silence of the lips, in poverty and want, in
chastity
'

and temperance, in humbleness and quietude of


mind, in perfect charity toward God and their neighbour, carrying their present

life

down

to the grave,

and becoming Angels in their ways. Wherefore


God hath graced them with miracles, signs and
various virtues and made the voice of their marvellous life to be sounded forth to the ends of the
world.

If

open

my mouth

to declare in every
is said to have

point the life of one of them who


been the founder of the monastic

life, Antony by
name, by this one tree thou shalt assuredly know
the sweet fruits of other trees of the like kind and
form, and shalt know what a foundation of religious
life that great man laid, and what a roof he built,
and what gifts he merited to receive from the
After him many fought the like fight and
Saviour.
won like crowns and guerdons.
Blessed, yea, thrice blessed, are they that have them
loved God, and, for his love's sake, have counted thelr^uffer
every thing as nothing worth. For they wept and ings here
mourned, day and night, that they might gain gjo ry ifere-

everlasting

comfort

they

humbled

themselves
181

after

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.
Mat. xxiii.

irapaKkrjaew^' iraireivoyaav eavrovs etcovaLw;, Xv


e/cel v-yjrcoOoxjr
Kcnerrj^av ra<; eavTwv crap/cas
ireivr]

tcll

gov

2 Cor. vi. 10

Gal. vi. 14

Mat. xxv.

Eph.

vi.

31

14

Mat. xxv.

re

teal Bt^rr] teal dypvirviq


teal
r) rpv(f)r)

'iv

etcel

dyaWtaais tov

avrovs

BiaBe^rj-

irapaBet- 10S

yeyovaai tov dylov Uvevp,aTos rf)


KadapoT7]TL Trjs tcapBtas, tcaOax; yeypciTnar RvoiKijcrco iv avrols teal epnrepnvaTi^aw
earavpuxrav
eavrovs rep tcoapLCp, lv etc Be^coov tov aravpcoOevTOS
araOcoar irepie^cocravro ras oaepvas avrwv ev
uXr/Oeia, teal erot/xou? eayov del rd$ \apL7rdBas,
TTpoo-hotcwvTes Trjv eXevaiv tov dOavdrov vv/icpLov.
crK7]pa>/xa

voepov<;

Biyvetcws

yap KT^adp-evoi 6(p9a\povs,


topav

(ppiKTrjv

ti-]V

7rpoecopu>v

e/ceivrjv,

Ti]V

ts

Oewpiav tmv peWovTdov dyaOSiv /cal ttj<; aiwviov


Ko\daew<; dyd>pio~Tov tj}? eavrcov ecryov KapBla^'
/cal eairovBaaav /cap,etv, Tva TJ79 aiBiov 00^779 purj
diroTvywai.
KOI VVV pL6T

yeyovaaiv d7ra0el<i wo-nep ayyeXor


yopeVOVGlV, WV KCU TOV /3lOV

KLV(t)V

ipupujaavro. fia/capioi ovtol kcli rpicrpLa/capLOL,


OTt, dirXavecn Tot? tov vob$ dcpOaXpLols /caTevorjcrav
ttjv

twv irapovTwv

piaTaioTr/Ta, tcai Tr)$

dvdpw-

evTrpayias to clo-tcitov /cal dvwp-aXov, tcai,


Tai)T7]v dirapyqadpievoL, to. alu>via eavTols eOrjaavTTivr]^

Mat.

vi.

20

ptaav dyadd,

ical

t?}?

pbrjBeiTOTe

SicnriTTTOVcrr]*!

OavaTcp BiaK07TTopiv}]<; eireXdfiovTO eo%.


Tovtovs ovv tou<? dav/uacriovs teal oaiovs avBpas
ical i){iei<; 01 euTeXet? teal avdljioi pup.elo~0ai o"novpi>]T

Bd'^o/j,ev, ovtc i(j)i/cvovfxe6a Be

ttoXitov

avTwv

tw

v\jrei t?}9

t% daOevovs /|/jw/' teal


tov filov avTMV yapaKTypl^opiev
TrepiftefiXi'ipeOa,

182

ovpavo- 109

dXXd, tcaTa to evov


TaXanrwpov Bwafxew^,

Biaywyr/S'

kclv

tow

teal

to

cryrjpia

epycov Biap,apTavu>p.ev.

BARLAAM AND 10ASAPH,

xn.

107-109

might be exalted they


hunger and thirst and
that there they might come to the pleasures

willingly, that there they


the flesh with

afflicted
vigil,

and joys of Paradise. By their purity of heart


they became a tabernacle of the Holy Ghost, as
it is written, "I will dwell in them and walk in
them." They crucified themselves unto the world,
that they might stand at the right hand of the Crucified
they girt their loins with truth, and alway had
:

lamps ready, looking for the coming of the


immortal bridegroom. The eye of their mind being
enlightened, they continually looked forward to
that awful hour, and kept the contemplation of
future happiness and everlasting punishment immovable from their hearts, and pained themselves to
labour, that they might not lose eternal glory. They
became passionless as the Angels, and now they
weave the dance in their fellowship, whose lives also
their

they imitated. Blessed, yea, thrice blessed are they,


because with sure spiritual vision they discerned
the vanity of this present world and the uncertainty
and inconstancy of mortal fortune, and cast it aside,
and laid up for themselves everlasting blessings, and
laid hold of that life which never faileth, nor is
broken by death.
These then are the marvellous holy men whose with their
examples we, that are poor and vile, strive to imitate, ^c^ntrast
but cannot attain to the high level of the life of eth the
these heavenly citizens.
Nevertheless, so far as is
possible for our weakness and feeble power, we take
f
i
the stamp 01 their lives, and wear tlieir habit, even
fail
their
works
for we are
we
to
though
equal
1

183

a n ^misery
ofthi a
present
world,

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

yap dv a papier Las to delov eirdyyeXpa


tovto Kal avvepyov tt}? e'/c tov Oetov ft cnrTLcr pa-

irpo^evov

Eccles.

i,

14

icai,
rol Bodeiarjs ?)plv a(p6apcna<; eirio-TapeOa.
TOt9 \6yoi$ kiropevoi tmv pa/capicov eiceivoov, irdvv
KajayiVwaKopev rwv cpOaprcov tovtcov Kal im/cr]ev oh ovBev eariv
pzov tov /3lov TTpaypdrcov,
evpetv fieftaiov, ovSe 6pa\ov, ovSe iirl row avrow
paraiorrj^ e'en ra iravra Kai
icndpLevov

dWd

TTpoaipecns irvevpaTOS, 7roXXa? ev dropw tyepovTa


ra? pL6~aj3o\d<i' oveipwv yap Kal GKids, Kal avpas
Kara tov depa 7rveovcri]<;, elalv do~6evecrTepa
p,iKpd Kal 7rpo9 oKiyov i) %a/CU9, Kal ovSe ydpi^
%

aKXd

7r\dvr) rt9 Kal dirdTrj t?^9 tov Kocrpov KaK8e p,d\\ov e'/c
fir] dyairdv 6X&)9, fucreiv

las, oi'Trep

Kaphlas SeSiSdypeOa. Kal eart ye Kara d\i)0eiav


piar]TO<i OUT09 Kal direvKTalos' oaa yap SaypeiTai
T0Z9 (pi\oi<; auTov, per opyrjs avOis ai/Ta acpapTrd^ei, yvpvovs 8e iravTos dyaOov Kal ala)(yvrjv
r/pcpieapevovs, (popTta Te TrepiKeipevovs fiapea,

ttj

alwvla Trapairep^reL 6\i^\ret- 0&9 h av irdXiv v-yjrot, 110


OaTTOv Taireivol TaXatTrwpLa, vttorfj ea^drr)
7ro8tovs avTOus TiOels Kal eiriyappa irdvTcov tmv
Toiavrat ovv al ^dptTes aiiTov'
eydpwv ai)T0)v.
TocavTa to. Scop/jpara avTOu.
eyBphs yap eo~Ti
TWV (pi\0)V ailTOV, KOI 7Ti/3ov\o<i TTaVTCOV TO)V
ttolovvtwv avTOu tcl OeX/jpara, Kal KaTapaaacov
Seivo)<i tou9 eirepeihopevovs eV avTov, Kal eKvevpia>v

tous

iir

perd tmv

avTW

ireTroiBoTa^.

o-vv6r]Ka<; TiOrjai

Kal

eTrayyeXeias -^revhels,
r
iva
povov avTovs e nio"nd(jr)Taf eKeivwv oe
dyvo)/j.ovrjadvTOiV, dyvu>po)v avTos Kal ifrevSr)?
d(ppovo)v

BiaSeiKVUTat,

184

p,r)Sev

wv avveOero

dTroTrXijpoJv.

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xu.

109-110

that this holy profession is a means to


perfection and an aid to the ineorruption given
us by holy baptism.
So, following the teachings of
these blessed Saints, we utterly renounce these
corruptible and perishable things of life, wherein

assured

may be found nothing stable or constant, or that


continueth in one stay but all things are vanity and
vexation of spirit, and many are the changes that which
;

they bring in a moment for they are slighter than


dreams and a shadow, or the breeze that bloweth
the air.
Small and short-lived is their charm, that
is after all no charm, but illusion
and deception
of the wickedness of the world; which world we
have been taught to love not at all, but rather to
hate with all our heart.
Yea, and verily it is
of
hatred
and
abhorrence
for whatsoever
worthy
;

friends, these in turn in passion


it taketh
away, and shall hand over its victims,
stripped of all good things, clad in the garment of
gifts it

giveth to

its

shame, and bound under heavy burdens, to eternal

And those again whom it exalteth, it


abaseth
to the utmost wretchedness, making
quickly
them a foot-stool and a laughing stock for their
enemies. Such are its charms, such its bounties. For
tribulation.

is an
enemy of its friends, and traitor to such as
dasheth to dire destruction all
carry out its wishes
them that lean upon it, and enervateth those that

it

It maketh covenants with


put their trust therein.
and fair false promises, only that it may allure
them to itself. But, as they have dealt treacherously,
it proveth itself treacherous and false in
fulfilling

fools

185

is

treacherous,

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

yap fipco/xacriv iiheai rbv (pdpvyya


KaraXedvas, Kara ft pea p-a to?9 e^OpoU
oXovs avrov? avpiov ridrncri. at'iptepov fiacriXea
rivd heiKwai, teal avpiov SovXeia nvl rrovrjpa
rrapahihcoai' arj^epov p-vpiois evd^vovpievov dya-

cnjfiepov

avrwv

n.mosth.
ll0

'

16

#ot9, avpiov irpoaalrrjv /cal oiKorpifScov oiKorpif3a. Ill

enjpepov o-T6<pavov S6t;t]<; avrov rfj Kopvcpfj Imriavpiov to irpoacoiTov rfj yfj Karapacraei.
a/jfiepov teocrpiei rov rpd^r/Xov avrov Xapnrpals
avpiov raireivol criSrjpois
Tipiais'
d^icop-drcov
07]triv

kXoiois heo-fiovfJLevov.
irodrjrov irpbs piiKpbv rol<;
irdai rovrov epyd^erai, fiicrrjrbv he pier oXiyov
teal

Icr-^ypw?

ifSSeXvy/xevov.

o-rjfiepov

evcppaivei,

Kal avpiov dpijvois avrov /cal Koireroi? Kararrj/cei.


07toiov Be rovrcov Kal rb TeA.09 ernriOrjaiv d/covaov
oi/cijropa ; yeevvrjs rovs rjya7rrj/c6ra<; avrov eXeei1

roiavrrjv
direpydilerai.
roiavrrjv irpbdeaiv dre^voi?.
vo)<;

e^et

yvdipniv

del,

ovre rovs rrapeX66vra$ Oprjvei, ovre 7-01)9 KaraXeicj^Oevraf ol/creie/ceivov? yap 8eu>(o<; dirarrjaa? Kal
rol<;
pei.

dpKvaiv avrov KaraKXelcras, 777209 rovrov? avdis


rd T779 7riar^/j.r}<i fxereveyKeiv rreipdrai, /at) deXcov
riva roiv ^aXeiroyv avrov eKcpvyeii' rraylhwv.
Toy? fiev ovv roiovrw hovXevovra? dirrivet Kal
rrovripw SecrTrorrj tov dyaOov Kal <piXav9 pwirov
(ppevo[3Xaf3w<; eavrov? jxaKpvvavra?, el? rd trapovra ok Ke^rjvora? irpdyfiara Kal rovroi? TrpoarerrjKora?, pnjSoXco? rS)v fxeXXovrcov Xap.f3dvovra?
evvoiav, Kal el? fiev rd? crcopiariKa? drroXavaei? 112
dSiaXeiirrco? e7reiyop,evov?, rd? 8e yfrvya? ewvra?
Xifir?)

KarartjKeadai Kal fxvp'oi? raXairrwpeiaQai


o/xoiov? elvai hoKW dvhpl <j>evyovri dirb

Kaicol?,

186

BARLAAM AND
none of

its

pledges.

10 ASAPH,

To-day

it

xn.

no-112

tiekletli their gullet

with pleasant dainties to-morrow it maketh them


nought but a gobbet for their enemies. To-day
;

it

maketh a man a king

to-morrow

it

delivereth

him

into bitter servitude.

To-day its thrall is fattening


on a thousand good things to-morrow he is a beggar,
and drudge of drudges. To-day it placeth on his head
a crown of glory to-morrow it dasheth his face upon
the ground.
To-day it adorneth his neck with
brilliant badges of dignity
to-morrow it humbleth
him with a collar of iron. For a little while it
causeth him to be the desire of all men but after a
time it maketh him their hate and abomination.
To-day it gladdeneth him but to-morrow it weareth
him to a shadow with lamentations and wailines.
What is the end thereof, thou shalt hear. Ruthlessly
it bringeth its former lovers to dwell in hell.
Such
is ever its mind, such its
purposes. It lamenteth not
its departed, nor pitieth the survivor.
For after that
it hath cruelly duped and entangled in its meshes
the one party, it immediately transferreth the re;

its ingenuity against the other, not


willing
that any should escape its cruel snares.
'These men that have foolishly alienated them- an d maketh
11
11
selves from a
good and kind master,' to seek the vby !,?
}
tne tale
service of so harsh and savage a lord, that are all of the man

sources of

'"!

-ii-ii

AND THK

tor present joys and are glued thereto, that unicorn


take never a thought for the future, that always grasp a loque
after bodily enjoyments, but suffer their souls to
waste with hunger, and to be worn with myriad ills,
these I consider to be like a man flying before the

agog

187

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

7rpoaco7rov jxaivojievov fiopoKepcoTO?, 09,

top

yx ov

T7') >
<

avTOV

aW

fiorjs teal

top

fir)

(pepwv

cfiofiepbv

avTOv

la^vpcos diroSiSpdaKcop tov fir)


yepeaOai rovrov /caT(i/3pa)fia, iv tG> Tpe^eip avTOP
6e(o<; fieyakw tipI irepnreTTTGiKe [366pw' iv Be
tw ifnriineip avrw, t<z? %elpa<; eKTelva?, Kal
fiVKi)9p,ov,

(pvTov tipos Spa^dfiepos, fcparaiws tovto KaTecrye,


Kal 7rl fidaeoo? twos tov<$ irbSas arrjpi^as, eSo^ep
ip eipi'p'r) Xoittop elpai Kal dacpaXela.
f3Xeyjra<;
Se opa Svo fivas, XevKov fiep top epa, fieXapa
Se top erepov, SieadioPTas

tov

(f)VTov,

ov

r)p

diravaTWs

e^rjpTrjfiipos,

Kal

ti)p

pi^av

ocrov

ovum

/caTaPOijcras Se top
/3v6pov, Spd/copTa elSe cfiofiepbp 777

eyyit^ovras TavTi)p eKTefietp.

T7u6p.epa tov
dea, Trvp TTpeopra ko\ SpifivTaTa fiXoavpovvTa,
to crTOfia Te Seivco<; irepiyda kopt a Kal KaTairielv

avTov

eireiyofiepop.

eKeipr),

i(p'

Teao~apa<;
7T

fj

elSe

tovs

TroSas

rfj

fidcrei

elyep epi)pet,o-fiepov<j,
dcnriScop tov Tolyov

KefiaXas
ov e7recrTijpiKTO.

pof3e/3\rjKv[,a<>, e^>'
Se tov<; 6(f>0a\fiov$,

eKe'tPov

dTepicras Se avOis

dpa/3Xe-yjra<i

opa e/c tmv KXdSwp tov cpvTov


edcras ovp SiafiiKpbp diroaTa^op fieXi.

aKe^rao-Qai irepl twp Trepteyovaodp avT& avficpoP'<)p,ottws %u>6ep fiep 6 fiovoKepcos Seivcos eKfiapels 113
l^rjTel tovtop KaTacpayelp, KaTwQev he 6 iriKpbs

SpaKwv Ke)(rive icaTairtelp, to Se cfivTOP b irepieSeSpaKTo oaop ovtt(o eKKoirTeadai efieXXe, tov$
t 7ro8a<; eir' oXtaOrjpa Kal dvlaT(p fSdcrei eireaTr)piKTO' TO)P TOaOVTCOV OVP Kal TOIOVTWP cf)piKTO)P
OeafiaTcop dXoyccrTcos eiriXadofieios, oXm pot fieXiT09 eKeivov tov fiiKpov yeyove Tr)s r)8vTr)TO<;
eKKpefii]?.

188

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xn.

112-113

face of a rampant unicorn, who, unable to endure


the sound of the beast's cry, and its terrible bellowran away at full speed.
ing, to avoid being devoured,
But while he ran hastily, he fell into a great pit The

and

as

he

fell,

,,,..,Ins

he stretched forth

hands, and laid


1

hold on a tree, to which he held tightly. There he


established some sort of foot-hold and thought

moment in peace and safety. But


he looked and descried two mice, the one white, the
other black, that never ceased to gnaw the root of the
tree whereon he hung, and were all but on the point

himself from that

Then he looked down to the bottom


of severing it.
and
of the pit
espied below a dragon, breathing fire,
for
fearful
eye to see, exceeding fierce and grim,
agape to swallow him.
whereon his feet
Again
rested, he discerned four heads of asps projecting
from the wall whereon he was perched. Then he
lift up his eyes and saw that from the branches of
the tree there dropped a little honey. And thereat he
ceased to think of the troubles whereby he was surrounded how, outside, the unicorn was madly raging
to devour him
how, below, the fierce dragon was
him how the tree, which he
swallow
to
yawning
had clutched, was all but severed and how his feet
rested on slippery, treacherous ground. Yea, he forall those sights of awe and terror,
gat, without care,
with terrible wide jaws,

all

looking closely at the ledge

and

his

whole mind hung on the sweetness of that

tiny drop of honey.

1S9

pit, the
dragon, and
the dripping

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

A#t?7 i] ofioicoafi T(ov rfj airdrrj tov irapovTO^


TTpourerriKOTwv fiiov, r\airep t))v aacpjjveiav clvtiKa Xe^a) aoi. 6 pev povoKepa><; tv7to<; av eit) tov
Oavdrov, tov StooKOVTOS del /cdl KaraKaftelv
iireiyopevov to KBapnaTov yevo<i' 6 Be ftodpos
6 Koapos eorl irX^pr]^ virdp^cov iravTolcov /ca/ccbv
Kal 6avaT7](f)6p(ov TrayiBoiv to cfrvrbv Be to virb
row Bvo pvwv d.7rav(7Ta)<i a vyKorrTop,evov, b wepiehehpaKTO, 6 BiavXo^ virdp-yei r/}? e/cdaTov &>?}9,
6 Bcnravcopevos kal dvaXiaKopevos Bid, twv wpwv
TOV IJpepOVVKTLOV Kal TJ} eKTOpf] KCLTCL piKpbv
tt poa eyyt^wv al Be
Teao~ape<; dairlSe^ Tt]v eVt
Tecradpwv oa\epo}i> Kal daTUTcov GToiyeiwv
avaracnv tov dv6 payneiov acopaTos clIvLttovtcli,
(bi> dra/cTOui'TCOv
Kai TapaTTopei'cov rj rov aa>paToq KaTakverai avaraai^' 777509 tovtois Kal
6
eKeivof Kal d7T)]vt)<i
7Tvp(i)8r)<;
BpaKcov ttjv
''

(poftepdv etKovt^ec tov aBov yaaTepa, ty]v p,aipdo~-

crouaav
t6)v

tou9

InroBe^aaOai

to,

irapbvTa

peWovTOiv dyaOwv irpoKpivovTa^.

Tepirvd

6 Be

tov

pe\iTO<; o~Ta\aypb<^ Ti]v yXvKVTrjTa epfyaivei to)v


tov Kocrpov TjBecov, Be' 979 eKelvos diraTOiv tov<;

eavTov

cj)t\ov<i

ovk ea

t/}?

o~(pwv

7rpovorjaaa6ai

aojTt)p[a<;.

XIII
Tavrrjv
7rapa(3o\i)v,

'Icodaacf) Xiav diroBe^dpevos rrjvUA


Q<; d\ij6r]<; o \0y09 ovto$ Kal

ecpij'

Tvdvv dppo&iojTaTos.
pi] ovv 6kv?]o~j]<; toiovtovs
pot, TV7rov<; viroBeiKvveiv, 'iva yvw aKpifi6)<;
x
o7ro09 virdpyei 6 Kaff ypas /3i09, Kal rlvcov to9
dei

eavTov

(f)iXoi<i

irpb^evos yiveTai.
1

7j/uas,

I90

Bois.

v/jtas (?).

BARLAAM AND IOASAFH,


'This

the likeness of those

is

xn.

113-xm. 114

who

cleave to theTheinter.

the interpretation
deceitfulness of this present lite,
whereof I will declare to thee anon. The unicorn is

pretation of
the tale

the type of death, ever in eager pursuit to overtake


The pit is the world, full of all
the race of Adam.

manner of

ills

and deadly snares.

The

tree,

which

was being continually fretted by the two mice, to


which the man clung, is the course of every man's
and consuming itself hour by
life, that spendeth
hour, day and night, and gradually draweth nigh its

The

severance.

fourfold asps signify the structure

body upon four treacherous and unstable


elements which, being disordered and disturbed,
of man's

Furthermore, the
bring that body to destruction.
cruel dragon betokeneth the maw of hell that
fiery

hungry to receive those who choose present pleaThe dropping of


sures rather than future blessings.
denoteth the sweetness of the delights of the
is

honey

world, whereby

them

suffereth

it

to

deceiveth
take

its

own

friends,

timely thought

for

nor
their

salvation.'

XIII
Ioasaph received this parable with great joy and
said,

'

How

true this story

not, then, to

may know
and what

and most apt

shew me other such

for certain

it

is,

Grudge

like figures, that I

what the manner of our

hath in store for

life is,

its friends.'

191

loasnph
heareth the
t.<ie with
joy

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

'O Be yepwv elirev "Ofioiot avd'ts elaiv ol eparwv tov (3iov reprrvow teal rfj tovtov

aOevres

y\vKav6evTe$ tjSvt^ti, rebv fieWovTcov re Kai p,i)


aaXevoptevcov ra pevara Kai daOevrj irpoTip,}]cravres, avOpwirw Tivl Tpels ia^KoTi (pt\ov<;, wv
rovs fxev hvo TTepnraO&s irifia, Kai acpoSpcos rfy
avrwv dydirr]^ awe'iyero, ^XP l @avaTOV virep
'

avTtov

Ka\ nrpoKivhwevetv alpov


tov Tp'nov ttoXXtj ecpepero KaraTipLr/s, pa'/Te
tt}?
Trpoa^KOvar)^

dywvt^op-evo^

pievos' 777009

he

(ppovtjaei, firjre
avjov TrcoTTore dt(i)o~a<; dydirii^, dXX ?} puKpdv
Tiva Kai ovhapuviiv et9 avrov TTpoairoiovp.evo^

4>i\Lav.
KaTa\a/u,f3dvovo~iv ovv iv pact (poftepol
Tife? Kai e^alaioi arpaTioirai, airevhovTe<i Tayyttjti ttoWji 777309 tov fiacriXea tovtov dyayelv,
Xoyov air ohd>a ovi a inrep ocpeiXf)^ [xvpiwv Ta\dv-

tmv.
cTTevoxco pov pbevos he eKelvos i^iJTei ftorjOov,
tov avvavTiXa^eaOai avTto iv tm cppiKTw tov
f3acri\ea><;
\oyo6eaiw hvvdfievov.
hpapiaiv ovv
7T/509 TOV TTp5)T0V aVTOV Kai TTaVTWV yV7]0-ld)TaTOV
Cp. John
xiii. 37

<pt~k.ov,
/

Y VX

Xeyei.'vOihaq,
"

V At0U V7re l) o~ov

o)

(piXe,
v
v

del iOepbt^v tijv

C09
1

<r

'

'

vvvi be yprj^w poijueias ev

tTj i)p>epa TavT7) Trj<;


KaTeyovcrr]^ pie dvdyKr]^.
7roacov ovv eirayyeWr] avvavTLXaj3ea6ai /not vvv; 115
Km Tt9 f) irapd aov irpoayLVopievr] p,oi e\iri<i,
diroKptOels ovv eKelvos eepi]'
irpoacpiXeaTaTe;

Ouk
el.

elpui oov (piXo<;, dvOpwire' ovk


aXXovs yap e^&> 7rpoa(piXet<i
>

eirio'Tap.ai Tt9
&v Set pie

p.ed^

m'jpepov eixppaiveadai, Kai <p[Xovs ai)Tov<; eh to


e/}9 KT^aaaOai.
irapeyw he aoi Ihov paKia hvo,

tov eyeiv ae TavTa ev tj) ohw r/ iropevrj, aTtva


ovhev ae to irapdirav dxpeXijcrovat.
Kai p.rjhepilav
192

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xm. 114-115

The elder answered, 'Again, those who are enamoured of the pleasures of life, and glamoured by the sweet-

Bariaam
tale of the

ness thereof, who prefer fleeting and paltry objects to )Vi Three
those which are future and stable, are like a certain Friends
APOLOGUE
man who had three friends. On the first two of these
V

his honours, and clave


passionately to their love, fighting to the death and
But
deliberately hazarding his life for their sakes.

he was extravagantly lavish of

to the third he bore himself right arrogantly, never


once granting him the honour nor the love that was

but only making show of some slight and


Now one day he was
inconsiderable regard for him.
apprehended by certain dread and strange soldiers,
his due,

made speed to hale him to the king, there to


render account for a debt of ten thousand talents.
Being in a great strait, this debtor sought for a helper,
able to take his part in this terrible reckoning with
the king.
So he ran to his first and truest friend of
" Thou
and
that I ever
that

wottest, friend,

said,

all,

Now to-day I
jeopardied my life for thy sake.
a
in
that
presseth me sore.
necessity
require help
In how many talents wilt thou undertake to assist
me now ?

What

the hope that 1 may count upon


"
dearest friend ?
The other
"
answered and said unto him,
Man, I am not thy
I know not who thou art.
friend
Other friends
at thy hands,

is

O my

whom I must needs make merry to-day,


and so win their friendship for the time to come.
But, see, I present thee with two ragged garments,
that thou mayest have them on the way whereon thou
goest, though they will do thee no manner of good.
I

have, with

193

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

aXXrjv Trap" ep,ov 7rpoa8oK)']ar]<; eXiriha. tovtwv


ciKovaas eKelvos Kal diroyvovs tjv if; avrov /3oi']Oeiav ifXiri^e, Trpbs rbv erepov iropeverai (piXov,
Kat <f)i](ri' Mep,v7]aai, Si eraipe, ocrrjs a7n']\avcra<;
irap epov rtpy]<i Kal evyvoip:oavvr]<i' crrjpiepov he,
Kal avpcpopa pteytarrj, %py<Q
OXt-yjrei Treptireacbv
rrbaov
ovv
Mryvei } pot avyKoiridaat;
avvepyov.
1

e auT?}<? yvcopiaov ptot. o 8e (pr](rtv' Ov cy^oXd^co


pteptpvats yap
aijpepov avvaycovtaaaOai aor
Kayu> Kal ireptardaecrt irepnrecrotiv iv OXt^et elpt.
ptiKpbv 8' optco<; avvoSevaoo aot, kclv p/qhev cocpe-

Xijaw crc Kat, darrov vTroarpetyas otKaSe, rats


IStais eaoptat da^o\ovp,evo<; ptept/jtvats.
Kevals
ovv KaKeWev v7roarpe\fra<; ^epalv 6 dv6pu>Tro<i Kal
iravroOev drropovptevo^, iraXdvi^ev eavrbv tt)<;
raiv

e'XTrtSo?

paratas

dyvcop.6vcov

avrov cptXwv,

Kal tojv dvovrjTWv TaXaiTrcopiwv )v iiirep t%


Klvcov ciydirrj<i
\otirbv
vrrearr).
drrkpyerat
rbv rp'trov (ptXov avrov, bv ovBerrore 116
7rpo9
eOepdrrevaev, ovhe koivcovov tt}? kavrov eveppoavvqs TrpoaeKaXeaaro' Kat (prjert wpbs avrov
Karija^vpupevrp re Kal Karrj(pLO)vrt tw irpocr-

Ovk

d)7T(p'

(TKCOV

aropa Stdpat

e^co

UKpLJ3oi<i

evepyT7]aavTo<i ae,
a\A,'

OV

OTC
rj

rrpbs

pptV7]0~at

pOV

ere,

ytveo7TC07T0T6

7rpoacpiXcb<i 8iare6evro<; aot.

errel

ervpepopd pte KareXafte yaXe-KOirdri],


ov8ap60ev 8e twv XonrSiv piov (ptXcov evpov crcorripias
el

hart

cryeiv

eXiri8a, irapeyevoprjv rrpbs


<joi

ptoi.

icr^i/?,

ptrj

ovv dirayopevo~r)S,

dyvcopocrvvr)*;.
TrpoaooTrq)'

194

puKpdv rtva

Nat

6
8t)

8e

(pr^atv

ere,

hvawjrwv,

/3o7)0etav rrapaptrjvicrat; ptov

t^9

CXapw Kal yapievn

cplXov eptbv yv>]aicorarov opto-

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xm. 115-116

Further help from me thou mayest expect none."


The other, hearing this, despaired of the succour
whereon he had reckoned, and went to his second
rememberest how much
friend, saying," Friend, thou
hast
thou
kindness
and
honour
enjoyed at my hands.

and sorrow, and


To-day I have fallen into tribulation
then canst thou
need a helping hand. To what extent
"
"
Said
once.
me
at
Tell
?
he, I have
share my labour
on leisure today to share thy troubles. I too have fallen how they
in tribulation, themselves
among cares and perils, and am myself
with
a
little
thee, even if I shall Jgjg^
way
Howbeit, I will go
fail

Then will

to be of service to thee.

turn quickly

homeward, and busy myself with mine own anxieties."


So the man returned from him too empty-handed
and baulked at every turn and he cried misery on
himself for his vain hope in those ungrateful friends,
and the unavailing hardships that he had endured
he went away to
through love of them. At the last
the third friend, whom he had never courted, nor
With countenance
invited to share his happiness.
ashamed and downcast, he said unto him," I can scarce
;

well

with thee, knowing full


lips to speak
have never done thee service, or shown thee
now remember.
any kindness that thou mightest
But seeing thai a heavy misfortune hath overtaken
me, and that I have found nowhere among my
friends any hope of deliverance, I address myself
to thee, praying thee, if it lie in thy power, to
Bear no grudge for my
afford me some little aid.
The other
refuse me not."
past unkindness, and
with a smiling and gi-acious countenance answered,
I have
"Assuredly I own thee my very true friend.

open
that

my

195
o 1

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

Xoyo) ae hirdpyeiv
fievos
aoi.

aov

einroiias,

/cat, tt}? puicpds; efceivrjs p,ep.vr)-

avv tokco

aij/xepov cnroSdocra)

Se&Lur eyu> aov yap


TTpoiTopevaoixai, eyw 8vao)7r?jaco virep aov tov
j3aaiXea, Kal ov pur) irapahw ae el$ %et/3a? eyOpwv
crov.
Odpaei ovv, irpoacpiXeaTaTe, Kal /nr) \v7r0v.
Tore Karavvyels efcetvos eXeye fxera hatcpvcov
(po/3ov to'ivvv,

fit]

tl

Oipuoi

Trpcorov;

irpS)TOV
t/}<?

TraOeias

et<?

ijfevSei*;

/jLrjSe

dpr/vrjaa>,

real

tL

K\avao/xai

/zaTata? fiov KaTayvcoaofiat irpoatovs dp,vi]piova<; teal d^aplarov^ Kal

(f)i\ov<;

eKeivow;;

rj
rt]v
cppevofiXafSr)
ijvrrep t&> dXrjQei tovto) 117

TaXaviao) dyvcopioavi'rjv,

zeal yvi]ai(p ive&eitjdpirjv cpiXcp;


,
Be
](oaaa(p, /ecu tovtov

puera

OavpaTOS

tov Xoyov, ti-jv crcHp/jveiav etyJTei.


/cat
HapXadpi' O 7rpwTo<; (piXo<; av elr) r) tov
cpijaiv
ttXovtov irepiovala Kal 6 ttjs <piXoyprjpLaTLa<;
8edp,evo<;

ep&K,

e'0'

puvpLois 6 dvOpcoiros irepLTniTTeL kiv-

to

Kal TroXXas inropuevei TaXanrwpLas' iXdovarp; Be t?}<? TeXeurata? tov OavaTOV irpod ea p,ia<;
ovhev eK ttuvtcov eKeivoav, el firj to. 7rpo? /ojSelav
Bvvots,

dvovi]Ta

pd/cia, Xap,0dvC.
Ke/cXi]Tai yvv)') T kuI T6/cva

yeveis ts
Xr]p,ivoi

teal

ol/ceioi,

wv

SvaaTrocnrdaTw;

tjj

SevTepos Be (plXos
Kal 01 XolttoI avyTrpoairaOeia

/ce/coX-

e^opiev, avrrjs tT/9 yfrv^rj^

Kal tov croj/xaTO? eveKev t% avTcov virepopoiVTe?


ovSepuds Se Tt? e avTOiv diroovaTO
axpeXeLas t{} wpa tov davdrov dXX rj /xovov
p^eypi tov pv/jpaTOS avvoBevovaiv avTU> Trapeirdydrnjs'

ev0vs eiravaaTpafyevTes, twv IBioav


Kal irepiaTaaewv, ovk eXaTTOv
p,P)jp,r)v, rj to ato/na tov ttqts 7rpoa(fitXov<>

ojievot,

etr

kyovTai

fieptpLPOiv

Xi'jdr] ttjv

196

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xm. 116-117

and
not forgotten those slight services of thine
Fear
not
interest.
with
I
will repay them to-day
I will go before thee
afraid.
be
neither
therefore,
:

and will by no means


of thine enemies.
hands
deliver thee into the
dear
of
be
friend, and fret
Wherefore
good courage,
not thyself." Then, pricked at heart, the other

and entreat the king

said with tears,

lament, or

which

"

for thee,

Wo

first

me

Which shall I
deplore? Condemn my
is

first

vain

for my forgetful, thankless and false


blame the mad ingratitude that I have
"
shown to thee, the sincere and true ?
heard this tale also with amazement and
Ioasaph
1
r
rri
-j t>
asked the interpretation thereof. 1 hen said iSarlaam,
The first friend is the abundance of riches, and love
of money, by reason of which a man falleth into the
midst of ten thousand perils, and endureth many

preference

friends, or

.1

'

miseries:

but when at

last

the appointed day of

come, of all these things he carrieth away


cloths.
By the second
nothing but the useless burial
and the
children
and
wife
our
friend is signified

death

is

remnant of kinsfolk and acquaintance, to whom


we are passionately attached, and from whom with
difficulty

soul

did

we

tear ourselves away, neglecting our very


But no help
for the love of them.

and body

man

ever derive from these in the hour of death,

accompany and follow him


and then straightway turning them

save only that they will


to the sepulchre,

homeward again they

are occupied with their own


his memory in oblivion as

cares and matters, and bury


they have buried his body

in the grave.

But the
197

and the
interpretat iou thereof

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

/cakvij/avTes rdcfxo. o S'

av rpiros

cf)iXo<i

o irapeui-

ica\ (fropriKos, 6 p-rj

7rpoairo<;,dXXa cpevKrbs
Kai olov aTTorpoiraios, 6 rwv dpicrroov epycov %opo9
KadearrjKev, olov irlans, eXm?, dydirrj, eXerjpoavvrj, (f)i\.av6pco7ria, Kai 6 Xonros rwv dperwv

papevoq

opiXos, 6 Svvdpevos TTpoiropeuecrdac rjpwv e^ep^op.kvwv rov acoparos, virep r)po)v re Svacoirrjaai rov
.

.ni;e

xvi. 9

K.vpiov, Kai

Beivwv

rwv eyOpow rjfias Xvrpovpevos Kai


rwv Xoyodeaiov rjplv iriKpbv

(fropoXoycov,

ev ra> depi klvovvtcov, Kai


ovros eanv o
^r/rovvrcov.

dyaOos,
pvijpi)<>

yeipwcraadai TriKpcos
evyvwpcov (piXoq Kai

Kai rrjv p,iKpdv rjpwv evirpayiav errl 118


(pepwv Kai avv tokg> i/plv iraaav d7ro8i8ov<;.
6

XIV
Kv6l<;

ovv

Ia>daa(f>,

Ev

aoi yevoiro rrapd

Kvpiov rov eov, Si aocpcorare rwv dvOpwirwv.


evcfrpavas yap pov rrjv yjrv^ijv rol<; KaraXXyXoi?
gov Kai apiOTois pijpaai. rotyapovv dvarvirwabv
pot Kai ere eiKova
Kai 7rai9 av T9 ev

r?j<;

paraLorr)ro<; rod Koap,ov,

elprjvrj

Kai datyaXeia

rovrov

SieXdoi.
}

AvaXa/3wv Se rov Xbyov 6 ISapXadp ecprj,


"Akovo-ov Kai rovrov 8rj rov 7rpoftXr']paro<; bpo'iwcriv.
ttoXiv riva pepddiiKa peyaX^v, ->;? oi iroXlrai, roiavrijv ea^Keaav eKiraXai
crvv?]9eiav, rb
i7riXap./3dvo-6ai evov rivbs Kai dyvwarov dvhpbs,
pr/8ev rwv vbpwv rr)s 7roXew<; Aral Trapahoaewv
6'X9 einarapevov, Kai rovrov fiaaiXea KaOiarav

eavrols,

198

rrdat^ diroXavovra

e^ovaias

Kai

rwv

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

was altogether neglected and held

third friend, that

whom

cheap,

shunned and
deeds,

approached, but rather


the company of good

fled in horror, is

faith,

whole band of

we

man never

the

xm. 117-xiv. 118

hope, charity, alms, kindliness, and the


virtues, that can go before us, when

quit the body, and may plead with the Lord on our
and deliver us from our enemies and dread

behalf,

who urge

creditors,
in the air,

and try

that strict l'endering of account


mastery of us.

bitterly to get the

is the grateful and true friend, who beareth in


mind those small kindnesses that we have shown
him and repayeth the whole with interest.'

This

XIV
Again

said Ioasaph,

'

The Lord God prosper

thou wisest of men!

my

soul

with

thine

Wherefore sketch

me

vanity of the world, and

thee,

apt

and excellent

ioasaph
desireth

For thou hast gladdened

.vet

another

parable

sayings.

yet another picture of the

how

man may pass through

peace and safety.'


Barlaam took up his parable and said, ' Hear then Bariaam
telleth of
t
i
r
r
a similitude or this matter too.
1 once heard tell of the city
it in

a great city

whose

citizens had,

from old time, the

that had
strangers
for its kings,

custom of taking some foreigner and stranger, who apologue


of their laws and traditions, and of

knew nothing
making him

their king, to enjoy absolute power,

199

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

avTod 0e\i]fxdra)v aKwXvTcos eyofievov, a%pL

eW

iviavaiaiov ypovov.

TrXr)pcoaeco<;

crvfi-

e^ai(pvr)<i

avrov rvy^dvovTO^ dfiepi /xvla, rpvcpwvTos


cnraTaXowTos d8eco<i, Kal avvhiaicovi^etv

ev -rraar]
re Kal

fSaaiXeiav elaael Sokovvtos, eireyeLavrov, Kal tijv /3aaiXiKr)v dcpeXoaToXrjv, yv/xvov re dva iraaav dpiafifiev-

avrco

ri]v

kclt

pofievoL
fievoL

aavTes

Tr)v iroXiv,

e^opiarov

dirMKiafievi]V Kal fieydXrjv


eviropcov

&iaTpo<firj<;

fii'jTe

eire/xirov et?

nvd

fiaKpdv

vr\aov, ev f],
evhvfiaTcov, ev

/u,i]T

\if.ia>

Kal yv/ivoTrjTL hecvuis Karerpvyejo, t?/? nap eXiriSa


8odei(T>]<; avT(p Tpvcpijs Kal dufiifhia^ et? Xvirrjv
av9i<; Kal irap eXirlSa iraaav Kal irpoa&OKiav
fierafieicf)0Lar)<;. Kara to irapaKoXovOfjaav tolvvv
eOos twv itoXltcov eKeivwv, nrpoeyeipKjQrj tis dvi)p
els rr)V fSaaiXeiav avveaei iroXXfj top Xoyiafibv 119
1

KaraKOfiov X WV *> avrcKa fir) avvapiraadelf


rf)
e^ai(pv^ avrco irpoaireaovarj evOr]vla, pr)8e
tow 7rpo/3e(3a(TtXevK6Tcov Kal ddXtcos eKfSXrj>

Oevrcov

rrjv

dfiepifiviav

tyfXcoaas,

ififieptfivov

eiX e Ka-l evaycovLov rr)v yfrvxyv ttcos av rd kclt


avrov ev SicWoito. rr) avyvfi
H-eXzTr) dKpLfiwadfievos, eyvco Sid rivos ao^cordrov avp-fSovXov
Ti)v awndecav rcov itoXltcov, Kal top tottov t%
Bir)i>Kov<>
eopca<;' oirco<; T %pr) eavTOV dacpaXtaaaOai dirXavco<; iBiSaxBrj. tclvt ovv &>? eyvco,
Kal otl hel avTov oaov ovirco eKelvrjv KaTaXa/ifSd-

veiv

ttjv o eiriKTrjTOV TavTtjv Kal


/3aaiXeLav
dXXnrpiav
aXXoTpioLs av0L<; KaraXifiirdveiv, dvoi^as tovs Orjaavpovs avTov covirep
re&)9 dvei/xevrjv elye Kal ukcoXvtov Tip xP r)~ iv >
Kai XafScov xptifiaTwv irXi)0o<>, xpvaov T Kal

200

ttjv

vr/aov,

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xiv.

118-119

his own will and pleasure without hindrance, until the completion of a year. Then suddenly,
while he was living with never a care in rioting

and follow

and wantonness, without fear, and alway supposing


that his reign would only terminate with his life,
they would rise up against him, strip him bare of
his royal robes, lead him in triumph up and down
the city, and thence dispatch him beyond their
borders into a distant great island there, for lack of
food and raiment, in hunger and nakedness he
;

would

waste

miserably

away,

the

luxury

and

pleasure so unexpectedly showered upon him changed


In accordance therefore and
as unexpectedly into woe.

with the unbroken custom of these citizens, a certain


man was ordained to the kingship. But his mind was
of understanding, and he was not carried away
this
sudden access of prosperity, nor did he
by
emulate the heedlessness of the kings that had gone
fertile

before him, and had been miserably expelled, but


was plunged in care and trouble how he

his soul

might order his affairs well. After long and careful


search, he learned from a wise counsellor the custom
of the citizens, and the place of perpetual banishment,
and was taught of him without guile how to ensure
himself against this fate. So with this knowledge that
within a very little while he must reach that island
and leave to strangers this chance kingdom among
strangers, he opened the treasures whereof he had
awhile absolute and unforbidden use, and took a great
store of money and huge masses of gold and silver and
201

of the

kirTgthat
tohis future
welfare

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

XiOwv tl/aiwv ahpoTCtrov dyKov,


teal
7rtcTTOTaTOi9 irapaBovs oltceTais, et? eKeivrjv nrpokdpyvpov

avvTrepL-^rev, eh i)v epieXXev dirdyeaOai, vr\aov.


TeXeadevTOs Be tou epbTrpoOeapbov eviavrov, araaidcravTes ol ttoXItcii yvpjvov avTov, (09 Kal tovs
ol pt,ev ovv
irpo aurov, rrj e^opia irapeTrepi-^rav.
dvorfTOi Kal irpoaKaipoi /SacriAet? Beiva)<;
eXificoTTov 6 Be, tov ttXovtov TrpoairoQepbevos 120
e/ceivov,
BitjveKet
ev6r\vla
av^wv /cat Tpvcpijv
dBdiravov e^cov, (f)6/3ov re iravTairacnv airoo~ei(xdpLevo'i roiv drd/cToov Kal Trovijpwv it oXit u>v,

Xotirol

tt)? aocpcoTarTjq

eavTov ifia/cdpi^ev ev/3ovXia<>.


pioc top pbdraiov tovtov Kal
iroXira<i Be rd<; dp%d<; Kal

YloXiv ovv voei


dirareoira Kocrpbov,
Eph.

vi. 12

Job. x. 21

ra? e^ovaLas twv Baipuovwv tov<; KocrpLOKparopas


tov ctkotovs tov altovos tovtov, tovs BeXed&VTas
rjpid'i tw Xeiw T779 rjSovrjs, Kal C09 irepl dcpOdprcov
Biavoeiadai tcov (p0apT(ov teal
vTTOTidepLevovs
are avvBiacavt^ovai]^ i)puv /cal
eixiKi)p(ov, &)?
dOdvara r?}? tovtcov avwnapypva^ diroXav<xe&>9.
ovtcos ovv awaT^devTcov rjpcov Kal firjBepuav irepi roiv pLOVLpioov efcelvayv Kal alwviwv
pJovXevaapcevoov, firfre ti Tapuevo~ap,evcov eauroi?
el? rbv eicelQev p3iov, al<fii>lBio<; i)pu,v ifpiaTarat
rod OavaTOv. Tore Brj tots yvpevov?
6Xe0po?
?)pbd<i to)v evTevOev ol irovripol Kal iriKpol 8edTroXlTai tov o-kotovs, &>9 e/celvois tov
pievot
diravTa irpoaavaXodcravTa? %p6vov, dirdyovaiv
et9 yTjV o-KOTeivrjv Kal yvocpepdv, els yfjv gkotovs
aloiviov, ov ovk eaTL (peyyos, ovBe opdv %a>7]v
Be dyaOov, tov TaXijdrj
fipoTMV.
avp,/3ovXov
irdvTa yvcopiaavTa Kal tcl acoTTjpia BiBd^avTa
,

202

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xiv.

119-120

to trusty
precious stones and delivered the same
servants and sent them before him to the island

whither he was bound. When the appointed year


came to an end, the citizens rose against him, and
sent him naked into banishment like those that
went before him. But while the rest of these foolish
kings, kings only for a season, were sore anhungred,
he, that had timely deposited his wealth, passed his
time in continual plenty mid dainties free of expense,

and, rid

of

fear of those mutinous and evil


count himself happy on his wise fore-

all

citizens, could

thought.
'
Understand thou, therefore, that the city is this The intervain and deceitful world ; that the citizens are the the parable,
of the devils, the rulers
principalities and powers

darkness of this world, who entice us by


the soft bait of pleasure, and counsel us to consider
of the

corruptible and perishable things as incorruptible, as


though the enjoyment that cometh from them were

with us, and immortal as we. Thus


then are we deceived we have taken no thought
concerning the things which are abiding and eternal,
and bave laid up in store for ourselves no treasure
for that life beyond, when of a sudden there standeth
over us the doom of death. Then, then at last do
co-existent

those evil and cruel citizens of darkness, that received


for all
us, dispatch us stript of all worldly goods,
our time has been wasted on their service and carry
us off " to a dark land and a gloomy, to a land of
eternal darkness, where there is no light, nor can
one behold the life of men." As for that good
counsellor, who made known all the truth and taught

203

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

tw avverw Kal

eTriTr/SevfiaTa

(to^xjotcltco /3acri\i,

v7ro\dpf3ave evreXr/ ^OapaXbTiiTa, 09


T7]V dyadipj 6&6v teal aifKavrj inroSeL^ai aoi rjKW,
tols aloovloi*; p,ev Kal aTeXevTijTOis ivdycov tcd/celae
Train a avp,/3ov\evo)v cnroOeadaL, enrdycov 8e tov
ir\dvov Koafjiov tovtov, ovrrep Kayo) Bvarv)^co<;
i(f)l\ovv, teal roiv avTov avTeiyopuqv Tepirvwv re
Kal diro\av<jTLK,on>.
fcaTavoijaas &e tois a7r\aT))V ip,?)v

veai tov vobs 6(f)6a\p,ol<; 7rw<> iv tovtois ira?


ru)v dvOpdnrutv KaTarpifieraL
tcov
/3to?,
pev
Trapaytvop-evcov, tcov 8e drraipovTcov, Kal p,r)8evb<;
exovTOS to GTacnpov re Kai fieftacov, pn']Te tow

TtXoVTOVVTCOV iv TU>
iv

TJj

av

iayyl,

pLrjTe

7rXoVTO), p,/]T TOiV hwardv


iv tt) aocf)ia, pbifb^

twv aotywv

tmv

evrjp.epouvTcov iv t?)
ewjpiepia, pujre
iv TT)
TO)V
CTTTaTaXr],
p,?]T
dacf>aXo)<; Sokovvtojv j3iovv iv rfj p,aTala aiiTOiv
Kal dhpaveaTaTr] da(f)a\eia, puine iv aX\a> tlvl
TOiV

toiv
Greg. Naz.
Orat. xvi.
p.

2ii

TpV(f)d)VTCOV

ivTavda iiraivovpukvwv,

aAA.' eoiKe to

irpaypa
daXdacn]? iponyeipdppoiv irapoZqi
dpiTpr']TCp
"
^
\
>
\
a a
f
tttovtcov
pvaa> [pevaTa yap ovtojs eiac Ta
rrdvTa
Kal
t
a><?
rrapovTa
wpoaKaipa), avviJKa
TOiavTa pbdraia cvpuravTa Kal bvijais aiiTOiv
oiairep Ta irpoTepov iravra Xr)6r)
ovSepta,
/

'

aW

<'

'

etVe

ho^av etVoi?, erre ftacriXeiav,


d^iu>p.dr(ov \ap7rpoT7)Ta<i, etVe 8vvaaTela<;
oyKOV, etVe Tvpdvvcov OpacrvTrjTa, etVe ti twv
KeKpvTTTai,
erre

ToiovTOiv, outcos Kal Ta iveaTO)Ta els tovs e%r)<;


Kal peTeirena xpovovs a puav pw6 riaeTai.
ownep
Kayo) eU virdpyoiv tjj avvr']det 'irdvTwq dWoicoo-ec
inroTreaovpai, Kal Kadcbs ol irpb ipiov 8i' alwvos
Tepireadai toIs Trapovatv ou auve)^ojptjd)]aav,

204

121

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xiv.

20-1 21

that sagacious and wise king the way of salvation,


understand thou that I, thy poor and humble servant,

who am come hither for to shew thee the


and
infallible way to lead thee to things
good
eternal and unending, and to counsel thee to lay
up all thy treasure there and I am come to lead

am

he,

thee away from the error of this world, which,


to my woe, I also loved, and clave to its pleasures
and delights. But, when I perceived, with the which
i

11

it
me

Barlaam

app iieth to
unerring eyes ot my mind how all human
when ^sdt^" tc sfe
wasted in these things that come and go
the prince
I saw that no man hath aught that is stable and stednor
the
rich
in
his
the
neither
wealth,
mighty
fast,
in his strength, nor the wise in his wisdom, nor the
the luxurious in
prosperous in his prosperity, nor
his wantonness, nor he that dreameth of security of
f.

is

that vain and feeble security of his dreams,


man in any of those things that men on
earth commend ('tis like the boundless rush of torrents
that discharge themselves into the deep sea, thus
life in

nor any

and temporary are

all

present things) then,


such things are vanity,
and that their enjoyment is naught and, that even
as the past is all buried in oblivion, be it past glory, or
of rank, or amplitude
past kingship, or the splendour

fleeting
I

say, I

understood that

all

of power, or arrogance of tyranny, or aught else like


them, so also present things will vanish in the
darkness of the days to come. And, as 1 am myself
of the present, I also shall doubtless be subject
to its accustomed change
and, even as my fathers
before me were not allowed to take delight for ever
;

in the present world, so also shall it

be with me.
205

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

outws earai Kal en

epoi.

/carelSop

yap

oia

Tupavvos ovtos /ecu rapa^a)8r)<i


dvOpwirovs
KaTepyd^eTai KocrpLOS, peTaridels avTovs evrevQev
KuKelOev, 0&9 pev eK ttXovtov irpbs ireviav, ou<? he 122
K Trevias i9 ho^av, tovtovs pev iiire^dyoov tov
6

toi>9

aXXovs he av0i<; dvTetadycov, Tuvas puev croKal


avveroix; dirohoKipd^iov, aTipovs re /cat
0oi/?
eureXels tovs Tcpiovs Kal Trepifyavels epya^opevos,
aXXov? he dcroCfbovs re Kal dcrvverovi eirl dpovov
KaOi^wv hot;ri<;, Tipiovs t tov<; dripovs Kal

ftiov,

dffbavets iracn heiKvvcov.


Kal earcv Ihelv to

twv dvOpcoirwv yevos

prj-

hoXws Kara

irpoacoirov t//9 ainov aTrr/vovs rvpavvihos e\ov ardent'' dX\\ co? brav irepiaTepd,
(peuyouaa derbv eire lepaKa, T07rov<; ck tottcov

vvv pev rovrcp tw hevhpw, avda eKeiva>


Bdpvip, elr evdvs TpcoyXais twv ireTpwv Kal
iravTolaL'i aKavdai^ eavTijv Trpoaapdaaovcra, Kai

dpet/3r),
Tffl

eupuTKOvaa vpoafyvyLov da<$a\e<$, ev


Kal TaXavrwaet, TaXaLirwpelraL 8irjveKet,
elaiv oi to?9 irapovaLv eTTTOiipevot, vd>
ovTO)<i
opprjs pev aXoyicrrov dOXioos irovovvTes, pi]h6\co<;
he ti eyovres /3e/3atov r) da<pa\e<;, pr)T eirLcrTapevoL ei9 birolov KaTavTwai TeXos, Kal irov tovtol>9 o paTaios dyei j3ios, a> KaOvirera^av eavTOv?
Xiav hvarv^o)^ Kal dOXi(o<;, Trovi]pd pev eXopevoi
dvTl dyaOwv, peTe\06vTe<; he KaKiav uvtI XPV~
o"tot?/to9, rj Tt? o T9 ^jrv^pa^ twv ttoXXoiv Kal

ovhapou
o~d\(p

poydr]poiv
Trlas,

ovhe

<p[Xo<i

TroXepios.

206

avTwv Kapdrcov hiahe%dpevo<;

e'ire

6'A.&>9

r)

eiriKap-

dXXoTpios' Kal 7roXXd/ci<;


yvcoaTos, dXX! i%0pb<> Kal

oiKelo<;, etVe

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xiv.

21-122

have observed how this tyrannical and troubleshifting men hither and
thither, from wealth to poverty, and from poverty to
honour, carrying some out of life and bringing others
in, rejecting some that are wise and understanding,
making the honourable and illustrious dishonoured
and despised, but seating others who are unwise and
of no understanding upon a throne of honour, and
making the dishonoured and obscure to be honoured
For

some world treateth mankind,

of

all.

One may see how the race of mankind may


never abide before the face of the cruel tyranny
11
r> x
1
j
n
r
f,i
the world.
iJut, as when a dove fleeing from
an eagle or a hawk flitteth from place to place,
'

Bariaam
the vain
restlessness
(

human

tJfiiethof

this tree,' now against


that theway f
beating
ft
against
o
peace
bush, and then anon against the clefts of the rocks
and all manner of bramble-thorns, and, nowhere

now

finding any safe place of refuge, is wearied with


continual tossing and crossing to and fro, so are
they which are flustered by the present world.
painfully under unreasoning impulse,
on no sure or firm bases they know not to what
goal they are driving, nor whither this vain life
leadeth them
this vain life, whereto they have

They labour

in

miserable

evil

folly

of

instead

subjected themselves, choosing


and pursuing vice instead

good,

of goodness and they know not who shall inherit


the cold fruits of their many heavy labours, whether
;

be a kinsman or a stranger, and, as oft times it


haps, not even a friend or acquaintance at all, but

it

an enemy and foeman.


207

ST.

Tavra

JOHN DAMASCENE

TrdvTct Kal

ra tovtol?

eTrofxeva htaKpivas

tov avp,iravTa puov /3lov tov iv toIs p,aTatoi<i dvaXwOev^ra,


iv

T(f>

t>}?

"tyvx*!^

ep,Lcrr)<ja

KpinipLti),

bv Sn'jyayov tois Trepl 7?}? ttovols

7rpo<jTeTr)/c(i><i.

Tr\v to vtcov 123


irpoairddeiav Kal diroppityavTi KaTecpavrj ra tw
ovtl dyaOd, to cpo^elaOat tov Qebv Kal irotelv
avTOU to OeXripa. tovto <ydp eyvcov ttuvtcov tcov

tnro{3a\\op,ev(p

Ps. cxi. 10

Se

dyadcov /cecf)d\aiov

p,oi

T/79

^vyj]^

VTrdpyecv

tovto

teal

dpxv

aotpias XeyeTac Kal crocpia TeTeXeicopiivi]' ^corj yap


iaTiv ii.XvTTO'i Kal dveTnipeao-TOS T049 dvTe%op,evot<;
avTr/*;, teal

Tot? iirepeihopbevoi,^

eV

avTrjv 009 iirl

Kvpiov da<pa\7)<;, i7riaTi]cra<; ovv pov tov XoyiPs. cxix. 32 crpbv


Trj
dirXaveaTdTr] bha> tcov ivToXcov tov
Prov. via. 8 Kvptov, kcu yvovs aKpiftw*; pjTjhev iv avTrj gkoXibv tj ctt payyaXico&es VTrdp^eiv, pbrjTe cpapdyycov
kcu GKoireXcov ciKavOcov Te kcu TpifioXcov nreaXX' oXrjv Xetav Ka9eaTi]Kevai kcu
ttXi~i pco pbevrjv
opiaXtji',
Tepirovaav pev tou? bcpQaXpuovs tcov
auTijv bhevbvTcov rai? cpavoTaTaa Oecopiais copatis. iii. 7
^ovaav Se tou? 7roSa?, kclI virohvovcrav ttjv 6tolRom. x. 15 paaiav tov evayyeKiov t?)9 eiprfvi]?, tov dacpaXcos
Kph. vi. 15 t kcu avvTopco^ fiahi^eiv rjvrrep ttuvtcov hiKaicos
irpoeKpiva, kcu otKoSopiecv r/p^dpajv ttjv Treaovcrdv
p,ov t% "^^X^ Kai ^dapelcrav oiKiav.
OvTca pov to, kcit ipLavTOv 8iaTi6ep,evov Kal
to acpaXepov tov vobs inravopOovvTOS, prjpaTcov
:

aKipcoa

aocpov tlvo<; SiBaaKaXov TOiavTa p,oi


'K^eXOeTe, ecpr], irdvTes ol irodovvTes

ipifiocovTos'

acoOrjvar
i

Cor. vii.si

dTroyjopicrdy)Te

tt}<}

p.aTatoTTjTO'i

tov

irapayei yap to o"x)pba avTov puKpbv


ocrov, Kal Ihov ovk ecnai. itjeX0eT dp,eTaaTp7TTi,
208
Kto~pbov

1:24

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


'

On

all

xiv.

122-124

these things, and othei's akin to them,

held judgement in the tribunal of ixiy soul, and


came to hate my whole life that had been
I

wasted

in

these

vanities,

while

still

lived

But when I had put


engrossed in earthly things.
off from my soul the lust thereof, and cast it from
me, then was there revealed unto me the time
for this I saw
good, to fear God and do his will
This also is called
to be the sum of all good.
the beginning of wisdom, and perfect wisdom.
;

without pain and reproach to those


by her, and safe to those who lean
as
her
upon the Lord. So, when I had set
upon
my reason on the unerring way of the commandments of the Lord, and had surely learned that
there is nothing froward or perverse therein, and
that it is not full of chasms and rocks, nor of
thorns and thistles, but lieth altogether smooth
and even, rejoicing the eyes of the traveller with
For

life

is

that hold

the brightest sights, making beautiful his feet,


and shoeing them with " the prepax'ation of
the Gospel of peace," that he may walk safely
and without delay, this way, then, I rightly chose
above all others, and began to rebuild my soul's

which had fallen into ruin and decay.


In such wise was I devising mine estate, and Of the voice
establishing mine unstable mind, when I heard the Barlaamto
words of a wise teacher calling loudly to me thus, come out
"
" Come
ye out," said he, all ye that will to be saved. wor id
Be ye separate from the vanity of the world,
for the fashion thereof quickly passeth away, and
behold it shall not be. Come ye out, without
habitation,
'

209

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

irpoiKa Be Kal dpuo-Qi, aXX' icpoBca cf)epopevoi


alwviow paKpdv yap p,e\\eTe (3ahi^eiv 686v,
iroWwv eyovaav y^peiav tcov ivTev0ev i<poBioiv.
Kot KaTaXapfidvere tov aldjvtov tottov ^Gopa?

pr)

Vo/)9

eyovTa Bvo, TroWas iv eavrais pova<> i^ovaa^, wv


Tijv pev piav 7]T0ip,aaev o 0eo? tois ayairwaiv
avTov Kal ra<; avTov (pvXarrovacv evTo\as, iravto'iwv ovaav dya0wv ireTrXrjpwpeviiv, rjairep 01
iv d<p0apai'q tyjcrovTai hcrjveKel, tj)?
du(t)\e0pov diroXavovTes d0avaala<^, ev0a direBpa
68vm}, \v7tj] Kal GTvayp6<;' i) he hevTepa, a/co-

dgio00evTe<;
is.

xxxv. 10

tov<;
Mat. xxv. 41

ovaa

Kal

pecrTr)

teal

0Xi,yjreco<;

oBvviis,

tw

BiafSoXro i)TOipaarai real to?9 dyyeXois avrov, iv

p /3\rj0>jcrovTai kcu
Tavrtjv
alcoi'Lcov

o'l

oY epywv

ra

iroviipociv

eavrols

d(f)0upTU)v Kal
Trapovra dvTaXXa^dpevoc kcl\ oXov<;

7rpo%v/]cravT<;,

ol

ru>v

eavrovs fcardftpw/jLa tov alwviov

Trovq-

irvpos

adp,evoi.
Tclvtii<; iyu> t?}?

avTys

(f)(ovrj<;

d/covcra*;

kcu to d-^revhes

KaraXa^uv to KardXvpa
irda^ p,ev dirifXXaypevov

iTrtyvovs, iKelvo

to
i0epr\v,
re Kal \v7rr)?, roaavT)]? Be da<f)aXei,a<; kcu
toiovtcov dya0div TrX-p/pe? vTrdpyov, &v rj yv6)ai<;
vvvl p,ev iK pepovs iarlv iv ipuoi, v?;m&> re ovti

epyov

68vv>i<;

Cor. xiii.

rtom.

vii.

Rom.

Mii.

25

jr)V TTVeV paTLK7]V IjXlKiaV Kal ft>9 Bi iaOTTTpWV KOI


alviypaTcov rd iKeWev fSXiirovTi' ore Be eX0r/ to 125
TeXeiov, Kal iiriyvwoopai irpoacoirov irpos irpoo-eva}7rov, totc to e'/c pepov<i KaTa pyii0 ijcreTai
yapio~TM toivvv T(p %eop Bta 'Itjo-ov XpjcrToO tou
Kupiov yjpoiv o yap vopo<; tov irvevpaTos tt}<?
W}9 iv XpiaTM hiaov 7]Xev0epwcre pee drrb tov
vopov t?}? apaprla^ Kal tov 0avaTov, Kal 8irj.

io

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xiv.

124-125

turning back, not for nothing and without reward,


hut winning supplies for travelling to life eternal,
for ye are like to journey a long road, needing

much supplies from hence, and ye shall arrive at


the place eternal that hath two regions, wherein are
many mansions one of which places God hath
;

prepared for them that love him and

commandments,
and they that
in incorruption,

full

of

attain

all

keep

his

manner of good things

thereto

shall

live

for

ever

enjoying immortality without death,

where pain and sorrow and sighing are fled away.


But the other place is full of darkness and
tribulation and pain, prepared for the devil and
his angels, wherein also shall be cast they who
evil

by

deeds have deserved

it,

who have

bartered

the incorruptible and eternal for the present world,


and have made themselves fuel for eternal fire."
1

When

heard

truth, I did

that

is

security

ledge

fi*ee

and

now

this

voice,

and recognized the

diligence to attain to that abode,


from all pain and sorrow, and full of

my

all

good things, whereof

only in part, being

have

know

but a babe in

my

and seeing the sights yonder as through


but when that which is perfect
mirrors and riddles
spiritual life,

then that which


Wherefore I thank
God through Jesus Christ our Lord for the law of

is

come, and

is

in part shall

shall see face to face,

be done away.

the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free


from the law of sin and of death, and hath opened mine
211
p 2

Barbara
ioasaph to
r

h\ni"eif
t
treasure

heaven

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

vot^e fiov tov<; 6(p6aXpLov<; airXavws /caTiheiv ort


to (ppovi)p,a t?}? aapicos OdvaTOS, to he (ppovijpia

rov TTvevpLcnos for) real elprjvrj.


iyw, tq)v irapovTwv eirvyvovs

/cat,

fcaOdirep ovv

Tt)v

pLarcuoTrjTa,

TeXeiov avra

ovtco

ep.lar)aa

pulao-i,

hrj

kcli

ae

yivcoafcetv irepl rovrcov avpb(3ovXevw, iva co? aXXorplois SictTeOfjs auTot? fcal Ocittov irapepypp.evoi^,
d<peXopievo<;

S'

ivrevdev irdvra, 6r)aavpiar)^

ae-

avr(p ev T(p u(p9dpT(p alwvL 6r)aavpov aavXr)TOV,

wXovtov dhaTrdv^TOV, evOa ae


wopevdrjvai, 'iva, orav cnreXOyq,
ear),

dXXa ttXovtw

tovtcov

dve9epir)v

jBpWcov,
dvorrepco

Set

dwirepOerwi

ovy^ vaTepovpLevos

KaOdirep aoi

tt)v

KaTaWr)\ordrr)v

eittova.

XV
Aeyei he 6 'loodaacp rep yepovrr IIa>9 ovv hvvrjaopiai 6t)aavpou<i y^pi)p,aTOiv K<xi ttXovtov e/ceiae 126
77

dv davXov avrwv teal dvcoXeOpov


diroXavaiv direXdcov evpco; Trios he hei^io to

poire pnreiv, a)?

rr)v
77/309

rd irapovTa

piov puaos,

/cal

twv

alcovicov

kcli (pr)aiv o
p,a\a aa<pi)Viaov fioi.
YiapXadp,- 'H p.ev rod ttXovtov tovtov Trpos top
alcoviov tottov TrpoTTopLTri) Tai<; X e P ai yw eTCU r & v
TreviJTwv.
(pi)al yap Tt9 twv irpo(pi)Tcov, Aavir)X 6

dvOe^opiai;

Dan.

Luke

iv.

24

xvi. 9

aocpioTaTos, Tip {SaaiXei Baf3v\6)vo<;' Aid tovto,


fiaaiXev, r) /3ov\r] pov dpeaaTCO aof koX Ta?
apiapTias aov ev eXer)p,oavvai<; XvTpioaai koX

Ta? dhi/cLd? aov ev olicTippiols irevtJTiov. Xeyei he


Kai o *l,o)Ti')p' Ylocqaare eavTois (piXovs etc tov
212

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xiv.

125-xv. 126

eyes to see clearly that the will of the flesh is death,


And
but the will of the Spirit is life and peace.
of
the
I
discern
as
did
even
present things
vanity
and hate them with a perfect hatred, so likewise I
counsel thee to decide thereon, that thou mayest

something alien and quickly passing


all thy store from earth
and lay up for thyself in the incorruptible world a
treasure that can not be stolen, wealth inexhaustible,
in that place whither thou must shortly fare, that
when thou comest thither thou mayest not be desti-

treat

them

as

away, and mayest remove

tute, but

be laden with

manner of
showed thee.'

riches, after the

that aptest of parables that

lately

XV
Said Ioasaph unto the elder,
able to send before
riches, that,

when

How then

shall I

be

me thither treasures of money and


I

depart hence,

may

find these

unharmed and unwastcd for my enjoyment ? How


must I show my hatred for things present and lay
hold on things eternal ? This make thou right plain
Quoth Bariaam, The sending before thee
home is wrought by the
money
'

unto me.'
of

to that eternal

For thus saith one of the


the poor.
Daniel the wise, unto the king of
"
Wherefore, O Prince, let my counsel
Babylon,
be acceptable unto thee, and redeem thy sins by
almsgiving, and thine iniquities by showing mercy
The Saviour also saith, " Make to
to the poor."
hands of
prophets,

213

Bariaam
the virtue of
a

msglvlDg

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

fiafxoova t?)9 dStKia<;, "v


Cp. Lukexi.
41
xii. 88 ;
;

y/xa? ei?
.

ra? alcovcovs
)

<

kutco Xoyov o

xjx.8; Mat. kcll

orav

teai

!leo"rroTr]<;

Se^covTai
iroXvv avco re

eteX'nrriTe,

a/cr)va<i.

'

*>

-7-779

eXetjfioo-vvrj'i KCLL

/xeTaS6aeco<; tcov TrevrjTcov 7roielrat, teadco<; ev

tm

ovtcos fiev ovv dacfraXeTZvayyeXlco p-avdavojiev.


arara Xiav eteeiae "TrpoTTepL^reLs Trdvra rat'; tcov
Mat. xiv. 40 8eO/J-VCOV

%pCTlV'

Odd yap

6t9

TOVTOVi

TTOlrjaeiS,

eavTQ) 6 AeaTTorr]^ oltceiovpLevos TroXvirXacncos

dvTapuei^eTai'

vitea

yap

del

to.!?

ere

tcov Scopecov 127

dvTiSoaecn tou9 dyaircovTa? avTov. tovtco p,ev


ovv r(p rpoiroi Teco9 TOf? Orjaavpovs tov atcorovs
tov alcovos tovtov o"u\?/cra9, co reraXanroop^Kaf;
7roXvv ij8r) %povov eteSovXevcov, /ca\a>9 ete tovtcov
777)09 to fieXXov ecpoBiacrOtjaj], teal tov dXXoTpiov
dfyeXofievos aeavTco irdvra 7rpoa7ro6>]crr), 8cd tcov
pevarcov tovtcov teal irpoateaipcov ra earcora real
p,evovra e^covrjad{xevo<i' eTteiTa, tov %eov crvvepyovvTos ctoi, tcaravoijcrei*; to aararov tov teatr/iov
teal dvcofxaXov, teal, yaipeiv iracnv elrccov, 77-009 to
tc\
irapahpafxcov
fiev
eXiri^o/jbevoi^ he teal laTafievoiS TTpotneOrjo-r), teal to ateoTO<; [xev diroXtTTcov

fieXXov

fx,e6op/j.ia6i]o-r),

7rapaTpi%ovTa,

avv
Eph.
1

vi.

Tim.

lUc

12

vi.

viii.

16
84

Trj

ateia

TOt9

tov Oavdrov,

p,ta>jaa<; he

tov

koct/jlov

teal

KoapLotcpuTopa, teal ttjv cpOetpofievijv adptca


tyOpav eavTco Xoyiadfievos, tw cpcorl Trpoahpajiys
teat, tov aTavpov eV wpLcov apa$,
avrco dfieTaaTpeiTTi, Iva teal avv
avTcp co%ao9f]<; teal t/}9 ovtc eVt fieTairnrTovaris

Tea

airpoaiTm,

uteoXov8))o-i<;

%cor)<;

ovhe dTraTijXrjs dvahei^dfl^


oe

To

teXr}poi>6/jLO<;.

ituvtcov ovv, cpr/aiv, virepicelv teal eiriTrovov ovtcos dvaXafteadai fiiov, tca-

214

Icodaacp'

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xv.

126-127

mammon of unrighteousyourselves friends of the


ness that, when ye fail, they may receive you into
And, in divers places, the which
everlasting habitations."
1
Master maketh much mention of almsgiving and ^nJath"
commended
as we learn in the Gospel,
liberality to the poor,
Thus shalt thou most surely send all thy treasure
;

"

before thee by the hands of the needy, for whatsoever thou shalt do unto these the Master counteth
done unto himself, and will reward thee manifold
he ever surpasseth
for, in the recompense of benefits,

So in this manner by seizing


that love him.
the treasures of the darkness of this
thou
world, in whose slavery for a long time past

them

for awhile

means make
and
plundering
by
thy journey,
good
another's goods thou shalt store all up for thyself,
with things fleeting and transient purchasing for
Afterstable and enduring.
thyself tilings that are
hast been miserable, thou shalt by these
provision for

wards, God working with thee, thou shalt perceive


the uncertainty and inconstancy of the world, and
remove thy barque to
saying farewell to all, shalt
anchor in the future, and, passing by the tilings that
that we look
away, thou shalt hold to the things
pass

the things that abide. Thou shalt depart from


darkness and the shadow of death, and hate the
world and the ruler of the world and, counting thy
thou shalt run toward
perishable flesh thine enemy,
the light that is unapproachable, and taking the
Cross on thy shoulders, shalt follow Christ without
be glorified with
looking back, that thou mayest also
never
him, and be made inheritor of the life that

for,

changeth nor deceiveth.'


of despising

all

thou spakest a minute past ^oaus


a life of know
things, and taking up such

Ioasaph said,

When

21

ain

ST.
Odirep
ifc

dvcorepco, irapaBocris icrrcv

e'lprj/cas

tv;?

twv

evayxos

diroaToXcov

ft)?

bv

IT/50?

it.

xix. ig

Mk-. x. 21

tov

rfj

dpyaia

BiBa^r)^;
voo<;

r)

i>p,wv

KpeiTTOV etcXe^apievoL<; tovto;

yepcov

ecprj'

Ov

vop,ov 7rpoo~0aT&>? 128

ae

(prj yevoiTai), dXX* eiaraelrrev yap 6 Ku/^o? irXovaiw

BtBdo~tea)

Lukexviii

Kanovaa

eTrivevorjTai

vp.lv

7ri(TT1]pr),

JOHN DAMASCENE

eiaeve^OevTa
Xat BotievTa rjplv.

Tn '^ eTrepcoT7](TavTt avTov, Tt Troirjaas ^corjv


alooviov Kkrjpovopiriaw; Kal
irdvra
Kav^a>p,ev(p
r/
(f)v\d^ai rd yeypapp,eva iv tm vopo), F,v crot, <prjalv,
viraye,

varepet'

oaa

irdiXrjaov

e^et?

Kal

So?

dijaavpov iv ovpavoW Kal


6 Be
Bevpo d/coXovOei p,oi, dpa<; rov aravpov.

7TTft)^;ot?,

kcu,

eet?

ravra uKovaas
crio?

Lukexviii.

TrepiXviro^ iyevero'
IBoov Be

avrbv

rjv

yap ttXov-

T^crou? TtepiXvirov
yevop.evov, etire' H <y? BvaKoXcos ol rd ^pij/xara
e^oj'Te? elcreXevcrovrai ei? ttjv fiaaiXelav rov (deov.
eutcoTTcoTepov yap ecrrc Kap,r}Xov Bid rpvp,aXia<;
pac/jt'So? BieXOecv, ?) irXovaiov et? rrjv ftaaike'iav
tov Beot) elaeXOetv.
rai>Ti]<; ovv t?}? ivroXrjs
acpoBpa.

7ravTe<;

aKOvaavre^

ol

dyioc

diroywpio-drpjai
hvatcoXias
i(f)p6vriaav' /cal irdvia OKopTTio~avTe<;, ical Bid
BiaBoaeax; ttXovtov eavTols
t/}? tow
7rev7)T(ov
Trdvrr)

t?/?

TOiavrr]<;

tov

ttXovtov

auoviov TTpoaTToOepevoi, rjpav tov aTavpov /cal tw


XptaTCp r)ieoXov6rjaav, ol p.ev papTvpiK&s, Kadd
Br] teal eiTTOv croi, TeXeiwOtvTes, ol Be daKrjTiKws
dyoiviadpLevoi, Kal p-qhev eiceivwv diroXiTrovTe^ tt)
t^?

evdXi)6tvf]<i tout??? (piXoaocpias.


TavTrjv elvai ylvwaice XpiaTOV tov 129
fiaaiXewi rjpiMV Kal (")eov, dirdyovaav 77/xa? tcov

aycoyf]

toXtjv ovv

cpOapTcov, teal tcov diBtcov pceTo^ov; epya^op.evt]v.

216

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


toil,

xv.

127-129

was that an old tradition handed down from the

teaching of the Apostles, or

is

this a late invention

by what

^Haam'

of your wits, which ye have chosen for yourselves as speaketh


a more excellent way?
The elder answered and said, ' I teach thee no law Bariaam
'

introduced but yesterday, God forbid but one given thVc.mFor when a certain rich young g^istto
unto us of old.
all and
man asked the Lord, " What shall I do to inherit ?eU
i
11 follow him,
had
all
he
observed
that
and
boasted
life?"
eternal
!

iiii

that was written in the Law, Jesus said unto him,


" One
Go sell all that thou
thing thou lackest yet.
hast and distribute unto the poor, and thou shalt have
treasure in heaven, and come, take up thy cross and
But when the young man heard this
follow me."
he was very sorrowful for he was very rich. And
when Jesus saw that he was very sorrowful, he said,
" How
hardly shall they which have riches enter
For it is easier for a
into the kingdom of God
camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a
"
rich man to enter into the kingdom of God
So,
:

Saints heard this command, they thought


fit by all means to withdraw from this hardness of
riches.
They parted with all theirgoods, and by this
distribution of their riches to the poor laid up for themselves eternal riches and they took up their Cross and

when all the

followed Christ, some being made perfect by martyrdom, even as I have already told thee and some by
the practice of self-denial falling not a whit short
of those others in the life of the true philosophy.
Know thou, then, that this is a command of Christ
our King and God, which leadeth us from things
evercorruptible and maketh us partakers of things
;

lasting.'

217

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

Ua\aid<i

ovv,

(fcrjalv

'laydcracp,

/cat

ovtws

dvaytcaias ovar/s r/}? roiavrrj^ cfiiXo aortas, 7T&)?


ov iroXXol tyiXovcri a>)piepov tovtovi tov {3iov;

'O 8e yepcov

TioXXol

efyyy

piev

efyXcoaav

Xovaiv, ol TrXelaroi he o/cvovai


Mat.

vii.

Luke

13

xiii.

'OAt'yot ydp,

ohov
/cat

Kadd

cp^aiv 6 Kjj/ko?, ol

/cal redXiLiLtevrj^

TrXareias

ol

dXovres,

rfj

twv

8urra7roa7rd(TT(o<;

ho^r],

houXov^ eavrovs

oc

rr)<i

arevry;

yap Kauaira^

tt}?

(piXr)hovia<;

he /cal pbaraia

/cevfj

/cat ??-

dvahuovrar

ohonropoi, rrjs dveiLievrjs he

Trkeiovs.
/cal

(j)i\oxpr]p:aTLa<;

teal

avrwv

e/coucrtco?

vtto

/catccov

ir po a Terete ot?

go?

are

dirp,7roXi]cravTe<i

dX-

eyovcriv,

XorpiM heaTrory, /cat air evavnas lard/ievoi t&5


ravra eTriTurrovTi 0ew, /cat heapiioi avrw /careyo-

yap KaOdirat diroyvovaa rrjs ot/ceta?


Ta?
rjvias avrrj<; evhovaa Tat? dXoyois
crwTrjpla^,
eir id v p-icus,
iravTayov Trepupiperai. hid tovto

fievoi.

^fvyr)

oXocpvpo/xevos 6 Wpo^i^Tq^ rrjv Trepi/ceyyLievrjv


dvoiav rai^ TOiavrais -^ri/^at?, /cat Try? eTriKeiLievrjs
Ps. iv. 2

auTat? dyXvo?

t))v

TrayyrrjTa 6pi]vwv, eXeyev Tlol

dvBpdiTTWv, e&)9 7TOT6 (3apv/cd phioi ; Ivarl dyaTrdre


piaraioTqTa /cat ^r/Telre \jrevhos; otw tis /cal rcov
Greg. Naz.
Orat. ix.
p.

161

OeoXoyi/cooTaros
ypierepoiv
aocpwv / hihaa/cdXoiv,
i
r
/
^
/
if
/i
avrjp, (Tuvaocov, /cat riva Trap eavrov irpoariueis,
eicfioa iraaiv go? e uttotttov tivos /cat vyjrrjXordT^s 130
>

TrepicoTrrjs-

Tiol dvOpcoircov, e&)? irore f3apv/cdphioi;

ivaj'i

dyairdre LiaTaiorrjTa /cat tyrelre yfrevhc;;


Lteya n tov evravOa /3iov /cat rrjv rpvcprjv /cat to
pwepov ho^dpiov /cal ttjv Taireivrjv hwao-jeiav /cal
rrjv
p.i]

218

yp-ev8oLiev>]v

TOiv

evrjLieplav

VTroXapifidvovTes, a
r) to)v eXTriadvTO)v,

eyoviwv p.dXXov earlv

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


Said Ioasaph,
so ancient

xv.

129-130

then, this kind of philosophy he


salutary, how cometh it that so

If,

and so

'

few folk now-a-days follow it ?


The elder answered, Many have followed, and do and of the
follow it hut the greatest part hesitate and draw hack, ^"ifwho
For few, saith the Lord, are the travellei's along the w iu not
strait and narrow way, but along the wide and broad ^11")
way many. For they that have once been taken
'

by the love of money, and the evils that


come from the love of pleasure, and are given up to

prisoners

glory, are hardly to be torn therefrom,


have of their own free will sold
that
they
seeing
themselves as slaves to a strange master, and setting
idle

and vain

themselves on the opposite side to God, who gave


these commands, are held in bondage to that other.
For the soul that hath once rejected her own salvation, and given the reins to unreasonable lusts, is
Therefore saith
carried about hither and thither.
the prophet, mourning the folly that encompasseth
such souls, and lamenting the thick darkness that
lieth on them, " O ye sons of men, how long will ye
be of heavy heart ? Why love ye vanity, and seek
"
And in the same tone as he, but
after leasing ?
adding thereto some thing of his own, one of our
wise teachers, a most excellent divine, crieth aloud
to all, as from some exceeding high place of vantage,
"O ye sons of men, how long will ye be of heavy
heart ? Why love ye vanity and seek after leasing ?

Trow ye that this present life, and luxury, and


these shreds of glory, and petty lordship and false
things which no
prosperity are any great thing?"
more belong to those that possess them than to
them that hope for them, nor to these latter any
more than to those who never thought of them

219

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

ovSe tovtwv fxaXkov r) tcov ov&e Trpoa&o/crjcrdvTow,


wcnrep %ovs v7ro XalXairos ciXXotc els aXXovs
/cal fierappiTTTOv/jLeva, rj oicrirep Kcnrvos
pi7TL^6fjbPa
hiappeovra, kcu d>s ovap irai^ovra, real d>s o~Kid
ovre airovra hvcrekincxra tois ov
pvi) Kparoup,pa,
K6KT7] pivots, ovre irapoina mard tols eyovcriv.
Ovtcos ovv rod %a>T?]pos ivTeXK.op.evov, rwv
UpocprjTwi re zeal KiroaroXcov icrjpvr tovtwv, kcu
twv dyiwv ttovtwv epyco Te zeal Xoyw els tt)v ttjs
dpeTi)s avvoidovvToyv rjpids dirXaveaTdTijv 68ov,
'

k<zv bXiyot 01 TavrrjV ohevovTes, irXeiovs Be 01

ttjv

evpvyoypov kcu irpbs dircoXeiav dyovaav irpoKpivovT69, OVK K TOVTOV 7] TToXtTeia TYjS evdeOV TaVTTjS
/caTaa piK pvvO r]o-eTCU (pcXoaocpias, ciXXd, /caOdirep
]

rjXios, els (pavaiv trdaiv dvaTeXXwv, depdovcos


avTov Tas d/CTivas irpoivep/Kei irdvTas <pu>TL^ea6ai
irpoTpeiropevos, ovtw kcu r) d\i]0r)s (piXoaocpla

tovs avTrjs epacTTas t)Xlov Slktjv (pwTaycoyel kcu


kcu Xapirpovs drroheiKwaiv.
el he
Tives, pvaavTes tovs ocpOaXpovs, KCtTiSeiv avTov
to (peyyos ov 0e\7]aovaiv, ovre pbepurTeos irapa
TOVTO 6 J)XlOS OVTe TOIS XoiTTOtS T! CL pOTTT"609 0VTG

irepidakirei

p,rjv

?)

So|a

tt)s

avTov XapTrpoTtjTos Sid

tt)s eKet-

dXX* eKelvoi puev


tov (pcoTOS eavTovs diroo'Tepi'iO'avTes d>s TVcpXol

vcov dTipLaaOiicreTcu dfieXTrjpias'

ToXyov, ttoXXoIs he epLireaovvTcu


Kal
ttoXXclis
eKKevTrjd >}o-ovtcu t9 oifreis
(3o6pots,
aKavOais, o Se rjXios eVl ttjs ISlas laTapuevos Xap:yjr7]\a(prjcrovai

TrpoTtjTOS (pcoTiel tovs dvaKeKaXv pLp^evw Tvpoadnrcp


to cpeyyos avTov kcltotttpi'C.opuevovs tov civtov 8r)

TpOTTOV KCU TO TOV XpicrTOV (pCOS (pCtLVl piev TTaCTC


TrXovaioos, pieTaSiSbv ripuv ttjs avTov Xap,7rr)S6vos'

220

131

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xv.

130-131

things like the dust carried and whirled about to


and fro by the tempest, or vanishing as the smoke,
or delusive as a dream, or intangible as a

which,

them

when

shadow

absent, need not be despaired of

that have

them

not, and,

when

by

present, cannot

be trusted by their owners.


'This then was the commandment of the Saviour

pit>i

iaj-1

preaching or the rrophets and Apostles


in such wise do all the Saints, by word and deed,
constrain us to enter the unerring road of virtue.

this the

And though few walk

therein and more choose the

broad way that leadeth to destruction, yet not for


this shall the life of this divine philosophy be minished in fame. But as the sun, rising to shine on all,

doth bounteously send forth his beams, inviting all


to enjoy his light, even so doth our true philosophy,
like the sun, lead with her light those that are her

and warmeth and brighteneth them. But if


any shut their eyes, and will not behold the light
thereof, not for that must the sun be blamed, or

lovers,

still less shall the glory of his


scorned by others
dishonoured
be
through their silliness.
brightness
:

But while they, self-deprived of light, grope like


men along a wall, and fall into many a ditch,
and scratch out their eyes on many a bramble bush,
blind

the sun, firmly established on his own glory, shall


illuminate them that gaze wpon his beams with
Even so shineth the light of Christ
unveiled face.

on

all

men

abundantly, imparting

to

us

of

his

221

who

are like

those that
shut their
the blessed

^n

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

baov

fieri^et Be eKao~TO<i Kad^

irpoOvpla^' ovre
Mai.

iv.

pevcov avT(p evctTevL^eiv 6 ?j\to9

out

/3td^Tat

p,ijv

tovs

dXXa

eKXeyop.evovs'

IBia

e&>?

avre^ovaia) irpoaipeaei,

tj}<?

ev

tS)v (BovXoBiKaioavvi]*;,

to

ctkotos

e/cracrro?

icfyeircu

e/covcTLax;

rfj

e^et /ecu

ecj)ecreco<;

yap diroaTepel riva

tw irapovn

/3t&>

0"Tt.
Cp. s.

John

Dam.

I)e

fideorth.

Tov
\

Be Twaerac/) irvOopevov Tt to avre^ovatov

>*i Tt

Bk. II. ch.


\i p,ev
xxii.-xxvii

irpoaipea^,
eart ^f%*}?

j\'/pair

cf)t)aLi>

o ye

a'5-

'

AvTe^ouaiorr]<;

XoyiKijs OeXrjcns, aKOiXvTws


oirep dv ftovXono, etVe ciperip
etVe KciKtav, ovtoos vtto tov A^paovpyov yevopvr]<i.
tcivovp,ev7]

7T/90?

avreovo- lott)*; avOis eari voepd<i "tyvxfjs Kivrjais


Trpoaipeais Be eanv dpei<i fiovavroKparrj^.
XevTiKr] tcov
icp'

e<'

rjpuv,

i)

etpiepeda irpoaipovpievoL.
tyiT)]Ti/cr]

fiovXevcrts ope/cn/ci]

tov yap irpoKpidevTos

i)plv

e/c

Try;

tow

fiovXrj?

ftovXrj he ecniv

ope^t?

irepl tcov ecp' ijpuv irpaKTifccov yivoftevi]'

/3ov\everac

yap

Tt9,

el

axpeiXe

pereXOelv

to

ov. elra Kpivei to KpetTTov, /cal y'tveTat


irpdyp-a
eWa BiaTideTai koX ay air a to etc T/79
Kplcns.
rj

fiovXrjs KpiQev, /cal XeyeTai yvoopLty

Kal

p,r\

edv yap

BiaTedf} 7rpo9 to KpiOkv, iy/ovv

Kpivrj,

ayaTTtjar) 132

eiTa peTa Tr]v BidOeaiv


ovto, ov XeyeTai yvcoprj.
ylveTai irpoalpeai^, rjyovv eTriXoyrj' irpoaipeais
yap ecrTi 8vo irpoKeipevwv to ev aipeiaOai /cal
Kal tovto
e/cXeyeaOat, tovto irpo tov eTepov.
cpavepov, OTt /3ovX/] ecrTi peT eiriKpiaew^
pecris, Kal ei; avT-Py; tt]<;
yap ecrTi to eTepov irpo

Be irpoKpivei Tt

222

p.rj

i)

Trpoai-

eTvpoXoyias' irpoaipeTov
tov eTepov alpeTov ovSel?

(3ovXevadp.evo<;, ovBe irpoaipel-

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xv.

131-132

But every man shareth thereof in proFor the Sun of


his desire and zeal.
of them that
none
righteousness disappointeth
would fix their gaze on him, yet doth he not
lustre.

portion

to

but
darkness
compel those who willingly choose
as he is in this present life, is
so
man,
long
every
committed to his own free will and choice.'
is choice?' Bariaam
Ioasaph asked,' What is freewill and what
The elder answered, ' Free will is the willing afgJ^S
a reasonable soul, moving without hindrance toward and choice,
whatever it wisheth, whether to virtue or to vice, the
soul being thus constituted by the Creator. Free will
soul.
again is the sovran motion of an intelligent
;

Choice is desire accompanied by deliberation, or


deliberation accompanied by desire for things that lie
in our power ; for in choosing we desire that which we
have deliberately preferred. Deliberation is a motion
about actions possible to us ; a man
towards
enquiry

deliberateth whether he ought to pursue an object


Then he judgeth which is the better, and
or no.
Then he is inclined towards
so ariseth judgement.
so judged by the deit, and loveth that which was
liberative faculty, and this is called resolve for, if he
judge a thing, and yet be not inclined toward
the thing that he hath judged, and love it not,
not called resolve. Then, after inclination
it
is
toward it, there ariseth choice or rather selection.
For choice is to choose one or other of two things in
And it is
view, and to select this rather than that.
;

manifest that choice

is

deliberation plus discrimina-

and this from the very etymology. For that


which is the "object of choice" is the thing chosen
And no man preferreth a
before the other thing.
tion,

thing without deliberation,

nor maketh a choice

223

ST.

rat

ra

/x?)

JOHN DAMASCENE
iireiBr)

7Tpotcpiva<;.

r)p,iv

ev eyeiv

et<?

Tore Trpoalpeais

yap ov irdvTa ra B6av-

epyov dyayeiv Trpo6vp.ovp.ed a,


irpoaipeTov yiverai to irpo-

teal

Kpidev etc rrjs f3ov\r)s, orav TrpoaXdfiy tijv ope^iv.


Kal ovtco avvdyeTai it poai pea iv elvai opetjiv
{3ov\evTi/cr)V tcov

(/>'

r)plv

etc rrj<{

tov ydp TTpOKpidevTO?


Trdaa ydp

ftov\i}$ ecpiep-eda Trpoaipovp.evoi.


/3ov\r) Trpd^ecos evetca Kal Sid irpd^iv

Kal ovtco

Trdarjs p.ev Trpoaipeaeoos f3ov\r) r)yeiTai, irdar]^ Be

Trpd^ecos
%ei<;,

it

poai pea is.

dWa

tcai

Bid tovto ov p,6vov al irpd-

ra Kara Bidvoiav, ariva

ra<;

irpoaipeaei? Trapiarwai, /cal areepdvovs teal tco\daeis Trpotevovaiv.


dpyy] ydp dp,apria<i /cal BiKai07rpayia<i

Trpoaipeais

ianv

ev tois

ecp*

r)p.lv

/carayopiev)]' cov yap al evepyeiai eft i)plv, tovtcov


teal al Trpd^eis al Kara ttjv evepyeiav icf) rj/xlv
ecf)'

i)plv he al

Kara

ttjv dperrjv evepyeiai, e$' r)p.lv

dpa Kal al dperai' Kvplcos yap eft rjp.lv eari rd


ovtco?
yfrv)(i/cd irdvTa Kal irepl cov /3ov\ev6p,eda.
avre^ovacca {3ov\evop,evcov tcov dv8 pcoTTcov Kal 133
avTeovaico<; irpoai povpuevcov, Kad oaov dv Tt9
TrpoatprJTai, Kara ToaovTOV Kal /ie-re^et tov Oeiov
(pcoros Kai irpoKOTTTei ev to?9 t% cpiXoaocpla? eVtKal
TrjSev/xaai' Biacpopal yap vrpoaipeaeoxi elal.
KaOdirep Tives Trrjyal vButcov e'/c twv t?}? yi]<;
Xayovcov dvaTrep.ir6p.evai, al p.ev eTriTro\alco<; t//9
al Be piiKpov tl (3a6vTepov, al Be
Xiav (3a6ecos, tovtcov Be twv vButcov Ta p.ev Trpoae^w9 eKJ3\v^ovTa Kal Trj yevaei y\vKea, Ta Be
fiaOecos e%epxop.eva Kal d\p,vpi^ovra i) Oeafyi'C.ovTa,
Kal Ta p.ev depdovco? eKBiBopeva, Ta Be Kara p.iKpbv
yr/S eKf3\vovaiv,

224

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xv.

132-133

without having conceived a preference. For, since


we are not zealous to carry into action all that
seemeth good to us, choice only ariseth and the
deliberately preferred only becometh the chosen,
when desire is added thereto. Thus we conclude
that choice
things that
that which

is

desire

lie

accompanied by deliberation for


power in choosing we desire

in our

we have

All dedeliberately preferred.


liberation aimeth at action and dependeth on action ;
and thus deliberation goeth before all choice, and
For this reason not only
choice before all action.
our actions, but also our thoughts, inasmuch as they
give occasion for choice, bring in their train crowns
or punishments. For the beginning of sin and righteous dealing is choice, exercised in action possible
Where the power of activity is ours, there and
to us.
too are the actions that follow that activity in tatvirtue
Virtuous activities are in our power, lieth within
our power.
oirp01
therefore in our power are virtues also; for we are

absolute masters over all our souls' affairs and all


our deliberations. Since then it is of free will
that men deliberate, and of free will that men
choose, a man partaketh of the light divine, and
advanceth in the practice of this philosophy in
for
there
are
exact measure of his choice,
And even as water-springs,
differences of choice.
issuing from the hollows of the earth, sometimes
gush forth from the surface soil, and sometimes from
a lower source, and at other times from a great
depth, and even as some of these waters bubble
forth continuously, and their taste is sweet, while
others that come from deep wells are brackish or
sulphurous, even as some pour forth in abundance
while others flow drop by drop, thus, understand

225

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

ard^ovra' ovtco<; Kal eVt tcov irpoaipeaecov voei,


ras puev Ta^eta? eivai Kal \iav OeppLOTdras, ras he
vcoOpas Kal -drvypds, Kal Ta<? pev o\cos enrl ra koXcl
n]V po7ri]v K6KTr]p,eva<;, t? be 7rpo? to evavTiov
Kara yovv Ta?
TTcicrr)
Swdpuet ajro/cXtvovaas.
avro)v 8ia6icrL<i Kal al 737)09 Ta? Trpd^eis atcokovdovoLV oppat.

XVI
Aeyei be o 'Icodcracp Tpbs tw yepovTa' JLlalv ovv
Kal erepoi rives vvv 01 Kara ravra KrjpvTTOvre<;
coairep av; r) piovos et a>jp,epov o ravTa SiSdaKcov
Kal ovtco<; p.iar)Tov tov irapovra (Siov Sirjyovp,evo<;;
'O Be diroKpi,6el<; elrrev 'Ev rfj Kaff u/ia? 134
Svcrru^eardTy X^P a Ta ^ r V ovheva yivcocKco. t)
yap tov gov Trarpos Tvpavvls puvpiois tovtovs
Oavdrois 7repief3a\e, Kal epyov eOero pr) to
crvvoXov aKoueadai iv vplv to rrjs deoyvcoaias
iv irdaais he ral<; Xonrais yXcotro-ai<i
Kijpvyp,a.
aSerac Tavra Kal Sotja^erai, ot? piev opOordrco
Xoyco, aXXois oe Biearpappevcos, rov troXepiiov
tcov r)p.eTepcov tyvycov
Troir/aapLevov

Cp. 2 Pet.

Kai

KK\ivew avrovs

tj}?

evOela^

aXXoTpuuis

KaTapepio~ap,evov
86l*ai<;, Kal prjcrea Tivds tcov Tpacpcov aXXcos Kal
ov Kara rov iyKelp-evov vovv pbeOeppLrjveveiv 6i8davTos.
pia Be eartv r) dXrj$eia, r) Krjpv)(6elaa
hid tcov ivBotjcov diroaToXcov Kal tcov Beocpopcov
iraTepcov, Kal iv Trj KaOoXiKrj 'E/c/<:A.?;crta Trj diro
irepaTcov e<w? irepaTcov

SpoTepov

t%

BcaXdprrcjvaa,

8ibdo~KaXo<; dTreo-TaXrjv

226

olKOvpevrp; jjXiov cbaifjcnrep

o~oi,

iyco

Krjpv^

Kal

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xv. 133-xvi.

134

thou, is it also with our choices. Some choices


are swift and exceeding fervent, others languid
toward virtue,*
and cold some have a bias entirely
J
:

while others
opposite.

with

incline

And

their

all

force

to

its

like in nature to these choices are

the ensuing impulses to action.'

XVI
unto the elder, ' Are there now ioasaph
the same doctrines as thou ? father's evil
others, too,
Or art thou to-day the only one that teacheth this Practices
hatred of the present world ?
Ioasaph

said

who preach

>

'

The other answered and said, In this your most


unhappy country I know of none the tyranny of
'

thy father hath netted all such in a thousand forms


of death
and he hath made it his aim that the
preaching of the knowledge of God be not once
heard in your midst. But in all other tongues these
;

doctrines are sung and glorified, by some in perfect


for the enemy of
truth, but by others perversely
;

our souls hath made them decline from the straight


road, and divided them
by strange teachings,
and taught them to interpret certain sayings of the
Scriptures falsely, and not after the sense contained
But the truth is one, even that which was
therein.
preached by the glorious Apostles and inspired
Fathers, and shineth in the Catholick Church above
the brightness of the sun from the one end of the
world unto the other and as an herald and teacher
of that truth have I been sent to thee.'
;

227
Q 2

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

Et7re Be 6 'Icodaacf) 777509 avTov


tovtcov
e/i.o? fiefidOrjKS Trar/jp;

OvBev ovv

Kcu (firjcrtv 6 yepo>v Tpav6)<; pev zeal mpoarjkovtw; ovBev pepdOrjzce' f3v(ov yap ra? aiadijcreis,
to dyadbv ezecov ov TrpoaSe^erai, 7T/0O9 to zeazebv
avToirpoaipeTG)*; ttjv poirrjv zceieT-qpevos.
'AAA.' tfdeXov, <f)r)cr\v
Icodaacf), zeaKelvov

Mat. xix. 20
>ik. x. 27

Cp.
Vil.

1 Cor.
16

raOra
Ta
'O
Be
irapd
pinjdrjvai.
yepeov
diOpcoTrois,
eiirev, dBvvaTa, irapd to> 0e irdvTa BvvaTa eaTt.
ti yap olBas ei crv acoaeis tov rraTepa gov, icai
n
n
a
TpoTTw oavfiaai(p yevvr/Tcop tov o~ov ^pripaTiaei^
'

'

'

yevvryropo^; 'Azeijzeoa yap ftaaiXea Tivd yey ovevai 135


irdvv zeaXw<; Ttjv eavTOV olzeovopovvTa /3ao-t\eiav.

Te

7rpdo)<;

iv

Xaw,

teal

tw
pbvw

rjTruas

tovtcp

Be

ai/Tov zee^p^pevov

vit

irXovTelv tov t?}? 0eoyva>cna<s (pcoTtapov,

tmv

irXdvr)

elBcoXcov

avpfiovXov dyaObv
ttj

tc Trpbs tov

evapeTO)
eirl

ttj

avrov

TravToioy^

ebv evae/Sela

o~ocf)[a'

^X e

KaTe^eaOai.
real

pi]
ttj

TLva

zee/eocrpr)pevov

real ttj Xoiirfj irdarj

d^Oofievo'; zeal

09,

tw
dXXa

crcfraXXopevov,

Bva^epaivwv

tov fiao-iXeccs zeal fiovXopievos


tovtov iXey^ac, dveyaiTi^eTO T/79

irXavr)
irepi

opprjt;, BeBoi/eoos p>/ zeazeoiv

irpu^evos eaurcp Te zeal

avTOv Taipoi<i yevoiTO zeal ttjv yivopevrjv oV


avTov 7ro\\cbv o)(pe\eiav Trepizeoyjreiev. ii]Tt Be
opws zcaipbv evOeTov tov eXtcvaai avTov 777)09 to
ovv ev pea vvktI 777109 avTov 6
dyaOov.
(f)i]crlv
Tot9

ftacriXcvs'

awpev

ttjv

Aevpo

Btf,

ttoXlv,

e^eXdcopev

el

irov

Tt

/eat

epirepnraTr)-

tcov

dxpeXovvTcov
ipTrepcrraTovvTcov Be avTwv Tr/v ttoXiv,
elBov <&>to9 avyi]v diro tivos TpvpaXids Xdpnrov-

o^ropeQa.

crav

228

/eat,

TavTjj

7-01)9

6<p0aXpov<; e7Ti/3aXovTe<;,

BARLAAM AND

IO ASAPH,

xvi.

134-135

Ioasaph said unto him, Hath my father then,


learned naught of these things ?
The elder answered, ' Clearly and duly he hath
'

'

learned naught for he stoppeth up his senses, and


will not admit that which is good, being of his own
;

free choice inclined to


'

evil.'

Would

God,' said Ioasaph,


instructed in these mysteries
'

'The

things

that

are

'

that he

too

were

and desiretii

The

elder answered, therefrom


impossible with men are
!

For how knowest thou whether


possible with God.
thou shalt save thy sire, and in wondrous fashion
be styled the spiritual father of thy father ?
'
I have heard that, once upon a time, there was a

Bariaam

king who governed his kingdom right well, and the king
dealt kindly and gently with his subjects, only counsellor
was not rich in the j^roaTh?
failing in this point, that he
the city for
light of the knowledge of God, but held fast to the t
see sights,
,,
n
i-i
which
was
had
a
Now
he
of
errors
counsellor,
idolatry.
ATOLOOUK
vn
a good man and endued with righteousness toward
God and with all other virtuous wisdom. Grieved
and vexed though he was at the error of the king,
and willing to convince him thereof, he nevertheless

^i'tit

drew back from the attempt, for fear that he might


earn trouble for himself and his friends, and cut
short those services which he rendered to others.
Yet sought he a convenient season to draw his
One night
sovereign toward that which was good.
" Come
the king said unto him,
now, let us go forth
and walk about the city, if haply we may see someNow while they were walking
thing to edify us."
about the city, they saw a ray of light shiningthrough

an

aperture.

Fixing

their

eyes

there-

229

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

fiXeirovaiv viroyeibv

avrpoihes

iv

oircrjfia,

u>

Trpov/caOe^ero av^p iaydrrj avtwv irevia /ecu


euTeXrj rtva nrepuceipLevos paKia. irapiaTaio he rj
rov he dvhpbs ttjv
yvvij avTov olvov Kipvcoaa.
tcvXi/ca

67rl

xeipas

Xiyvpbv ahovcra

XaftovTos,

avrw

iveiroiei opyovp,kvr) Kal


ol rrepl rov
ey/ccofiiois KaraOeXyovaa.

peXo<; eKelvrj repyfrtv

rov dvhpa
fiaaiXea rolvuv, eVt topav
ovvres,

lfcav?]V ravra /caravoidavpa^ov on, roiavrrj me^opevoi irevla

olkov eviropelv pyiyr eaOrjro'i, oi5t<w?


rov
Kal obrjaiv 6 /3a<xAeu9 136
fi'iov htrjyov
evdvpLWS
'O rov Qavp,aro<$,
r<p 7rp(OToavp./3av\o) avrov'
on e/xot re Kal o~ol ovhe ovrox; o Kaff" i)pd<;
cf)L\e,
irore ypeae /j/09, rocravrrj ho^y Kal rpvcpf) rrep
hiaXdpLTTfov, &)? r) evreXr/s avrrj Kal raXalirwpos
&)?) TOvrov<i hrj rov<; dvo^rov<; repirei, Kal rjhvvei
Xeios avTois Kal 7rpoo-}]vr]s 6 rpa~)(i)<i ovtos Kal
ft)?

pi]T

tnrevKTalos;

hpaPdpevos

aot ye, ftaatXev,

evKalpov he

Kara(paiv6p,evo<>.

/3ie>9

6 7rpcoroo'v/bi/3ov\o<;

wpas,

e<pi]'

'AWa

rovrcov (paiverai fiiorr\;


JlavToov, (pr)o~LP
f3aaiXev<;, (ov rroorrore ecopaKa
d^hecrrdrr} Kal hvaTv^ecrrdrr/, /38c\ukti] re Kal
rore Xeyei 777309 avrbv 6 rrpcoroairorpoTrato<;.
o-vp,/3ovXo<;, Ovrco, ovv, ev Xodi, fiacriXev, Kal iroX7rco9

Xrp ^aXeircorepos 6
T0t9 iiroTnai? Kal
iKeivr)<;

Kal

rwv

17

Kaff"

ypds XeXoyiarai

pvaraa
irdvra

7-7)9

vovv

dihi'ov

j3io<;

So|??9

i>Trepj3aiv6vrwv

a'i re -^pvacp KaraarLXfiovaai oiKiai


dyaOSiv
Kai ra Xapuirpa ravra ivhvpara, Kal ?] Xofrrrj rov
fiiou rovrov rpv(p)'/, crKv/3dXo)V re Kal dpavpoiv
elaiv di-jhearepa 7-049 ixpOaXpuols rojv el86rrov rd
Hob.

i>:.

11

dveKhtijyrjra

230

KaXXrj

rcov iv ovpavols
d^etpoTeu-

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xvi.

135-136

cavernous chamber, and

on, they descried an


1
r
r
in the forefront or

underground
f-i-ii
which there sat a

and clad

in poverty,

in

man, plunged
Beside him
rags and tatters.

man

of the
<*nd his

wife

whom

making

When the man took ^reme*


stood his wife, mixing wine.
the cup in his hands, she sung a clear sweet melody, P verty>
and delighted him by dancing and cozening him
with flatteries. The king's companions observed this
for a time, and marvelled that people, pinched by
such poverty as not to afford house and raiment, yet
passed their lives in such good cheer.

The king

said to his chief counsellor, " Friend, how marvellous


a thing it is, that our life, though bright with such

honour and luxury, hath never pleased us so well as


this poor and miserable life doth delight and rejoice
these fools and that this life, which appeareth to us
so cruel and abominable, is to them sweet and
:

"

alluring

The

chief counsellor seized the

happy

" But to
thee, O king, how seemeth
"Of all that I have ever seen," quoth
their life?"
the king, " the most hateful and wretched, the most

moment and

said,

loathsome and abhorrent."


counsellor unto him, "Such,

Then spake the


know thou well, O

and even more unendurable


by those

who

mysteries

of

is

our

life

chief and how


king, lortaught

reckoned

meaning

of*

are initiated into the sight of the thatsight;

yonder

everlasting

glory,

and

the

Your palaces
understanding.
and
with
these
glittering
gold,
splendid garments,
and all the delights of this life are more loathsome
than dung and filth in the eyes of those that
blessings that pass

all

know the unspeakable

beauties of the tabernacles


231

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

deovcpdvrov re aroXrj<; Kal


T&v acpdaprew hiaBrjpdrwv, a ?)rolpacrev 6 Beo?
icai
toZ<? dyaircocriv avrov, 6 rrdvrcov At]puovpyo<;
137
ovroi
dvortralveiv
bv rpbrrov yap
tjpiiv
Kvpios.
ol tw Koapcp
irXeov
ttoXXco
i^/iet?,
eXoyla0rjo-av,
iv rfj Ajrei/SoTrepnvXavcofievoi Kal avrapeaKodvre^
Kal
iapev
dpijvcov
dvoi'jrcp rpvcpf/,
pevrj ravrj] ho%r)
dhoi Kal 'taKpuwv iv 660aXpoU rcov yevaap,evcov
KT(i)V (TKTlVCD/XaTWV,

jp.jaa.i.12

t%

T>?9 ry\VKVT7]TO<i T(tiV

ayaUCOV KiVO)V.

'O Be fiacriXevs rovrcov

aKOvcras, Kal ivvebs

ovv eKelvoi elaiv 01


oiairep <yev6p,vos, ecpip Tlves
TlavKaff"
i7/xa<? KeKrt]p.evoi ^corjv;
Kpeirrova rf/9
ra auoiia
T69, cprjalv 6
Trpcoroo-vpbfiovXos, ol
av0t<; ovv rov
rrporiprjaavre^ rcov rrpocrKalpcov.
ra aicovta,
rlva
ty]rovvro<;
/xadelv
p3acTi\eco<i
Kal ^corj
4>t]ct\v 6 dvi'ip- BaaiXela aStaSo^09,

v7T0Kip,vr) 0avdrco, Kal rrXovro^ piiBeirore ixpoptopevos nrevlav, %a/) re Kal evcppocrvvr] rrdarpi

Kal elptjvr)
Kal
cptXoveiKLas.
Bn]veK?)s i\ev0epa
k\0pa^
rovrcov ol Kara%Lfo0evTe<; drroXaveiv fiaKapioi,
Kal rovro ttoXXukis' aXvrrov yap Kal apioy0ov
Xv7n]<i

a/xeT0^09

Kal

dx0r)86vo<;,

7rdar]<i

aloivas

els

>'](jovo~iv

^cotfv,

rravrcov

rcov

rjdecov

rov Qeoi) fiacnXelas dp.oyyirl


diroXavovre^, Kal tw Xpiarco dreXevrrjra avp,/3aKal

repirvcov

cnXevovres.

rfj<;

Kal,

rov

elrrovros

IY9

ate>9

/3acrA.e&)9,

rovrcov
eKelvos

irrLrvyelv;
direKpivaro-

eKeiae drrayovai^ oBov Bpa^dpevoc


eio~oBo<; TOi9 0eX?'jaaac piovov.
rj
6 Be fiacriXevs' Kal Ti9> cprjcrlv, r) eKelae cpepovcra
rplfios; 777309 bv ecpr) 6 Xap,irpb$ rr)v ^Vjn]V 138

Tldvre<; ol

t%

uKcoXvros yap

John

xvii. 3

eKeivOS'

232

To

yiVCOGKCCV rov p.ovov dXr)0ivbv 0eoV,

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xvi.

136-138

heaven made without hands, and the apparel

in

woven by God, and the incorruptible diadems which


God, the Creator and Lord of all, hath prepared
For like as this couple
for them that love him.
were accounted fools by us, so much the more are
we, who go astray in this world and please ourselves
in this false glory and senseless pleasure,
lamentation and tears in the eyes of those

worthy of
who have

tasted of the sweets of the bliss beyond."

'When the king heard this, he became as one


He said, " Who then are these men that

dumb.

how the

tokLwof

" "
tbe
than ours ?
All," said the chiefthe
to
eternal
the
who prefer
temporal."
to know what the
Again, when the king desired
eternal might be the other replied, "A kingdom
that knoweth no succession, a life that is not subject
unto death, riches that dread no poverty joy and
no share of grief and vexation
gladness that have
of
peace free from all hatred and love

live a life better

counsellor "

perpetual
strife.
Blessed, thrice blessed are they that are
Free from pain
found worthy of these enjoyments
and free from toil is the life that they shall live for
and
ever, enjoying without labour all the sweets
of God, and reigning
pleasaunce of the kingdom
with Christ world without end."
"
tet And who is
worthy to obtain this ? asked the
"
hold on
that
The other answered, All they
king.
the road that leadeth thither for none forbiddeth
entrance, if a man but will."
Said the king, " And what is the way that
!

That bright spirit answered,


beareth thither?"
" To know the
only true God, and Jesus Christ, his
233

matter

>

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

Kal 'Irjaovv Xpiarbv tov p-ovoyevrj avrov Tibv


to "Aytov Kal ^wottolov Uvevfia.

teal

'O Tolvvv (3acn\ev<;, t^9 d\ovpyi&o<; avvecriv


ej^wv d^lav, efin irpbs avrov K.al t to KwXvadv
L Tv v ^ v I^V
o~e
yvwpiaai fioc irepl tovtwv;

^XP

ovk

ava(3o\r}<i yap /cal


vTrepOeaew; aid puoc
SoKel virdpyeiv Tavra, el ye dXrjOrj Tvy^dver el

Be dp,(fii{3o\d icrTiv, epbirovw; Set t^Trjcrai pe^piS

otov to
(prjalv

dvap.(pi\eKTOv

avi)p,

rj

evpotptt.

paOvptta

Ovk

apte\eta,

avveyop^evo^;,

tovtwv ojKVTjad cot yvwpio~at,

dXrjOrj

nvep

irepl

bvra

to virepeyov
iravTif)
dvapL(pt\eKTa, dXXa
alhovpcevos t?}<? 0-7)9 So?i9, p^rj ttot6 6)(\r]poTepo<i
el ovv irpoaTao'o'ei^ t&> trw otKerrj
aot (pavelrjv
vtrop-if-ivrjo-KeiV 001 eh to e^rjs trepl tovtwv tw
Kal

aw

eaoptat

(f)i)o~\v

Kit)

KaOvTnqpeTwv

fiacriXevs,

t^' e/ca<7T?/s

kws dvaKalvi^e'

ptrj

wpas

irpoaTaypaTt.

icaO
ty/v

rjptepav ptovov,

tovtwv

Nat,

dWa

ptvrpxrjv Sirjve-

ovk dpteXws yap ^prj tovtois


Kal \iav Oepptw Kal airovhaiw*;.

irpoaeyeiv, dXkd
\\Kr]Koap,ev ovv, (prja\v 6
tov fiacriXea tovtov ^rjaat to

V>ap\adpt, evcre/3w<i

Kal aKVptdvTws
irapbvTa SiavvaavTa (Btov, ttj<; pLeWovar/s
el tolvvv Kal
tw
ptrj diroTvyeiv /^a/cap/OT^TO?.
o~co
ToiavTa
ev
T9
eTTtTrjSe'tw
irpoaviroirarpl
ptv>jaet Kaipw, Taya avvi]o~et Kal yvwaerai oaoa 139
crvveayedr] Ka/cols, Kal tovtwv eKK\tva$ eKXe^erat
to dyadov eirel to ye vvv eyov TvebXos ecrTi,
puvwira^wv, tov dXr/dtvov <J)wtos eavTov airoaTe?]<;,

tov

1 Pet.

i.

pi)cras,

aKOTOS.

234

avTopioXwv

he.

irpos

to

tt}9

daefteias

BARLAAM AND lOASAPH,


and
only-begotten Son,

the

xvi.

138-139

Holy and quickening

Spirit."
c
The king, endowed with understanding worthy and was led
" What hath hindered
of the purple, said unto him,
thermal
thee until now from doing me to wit of these things ? &JJ5JJ
to me too good to be put off or
For

they appear
be true and, if they be
passed over, if they indeed
doubtful, I must search diligently, until I find the
truth without shadow of doubt."
'
The chief counsellor said, " It was not from
I delayed to make
negligence or indifference that
is
true and beyond
for
it
unto
known
this
thee,
I reverenced the excelbecause
'twas
but
question,
think me a
lency of thy majesty, lest thou mightest
If therefore thou bid thy servant put
meddler.
;

thee in mind of these things for the future, I shall


"Yea," said the king, "not and lived
obey thy behest."
renew in me the {J^SuSm
every day only, but every hour,
remembrance thereof: for it behoveth us not to turn and joy
our mind inattentively to these things, but with
very fervent zeal."

'We

have heard,' said Barlaam, 'that this king


the time to come, a godly life, and, having
an end, failed
brought his days without tempest to
If
not to gain the felicity of the world to come.
then at a convenient season one shall call these
he
things to thy father's mind also, peradventure
shall understand and know the dire evil in which
he is held, and turn therefrom and choose the good;
"he is blind and cansince, for the present at least,
lived, for

not see afar off," having deprived himself of the true


lieht atid being a deserter of his own accord to the
darkness of ungodliness.

235

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

Et7re Be 6 'Ia>acra<

777309

avrov Ta

pcev

tov

/ceXever avTcp
ifiov irarpbs ajoiro Ku/ko9 Kadcos
ydp, fcada B?] kcu eliras, irdvra huvara KaOeaTTjKe
ra irapd dvOpdjirots dBvvara' eyco Be, Bia twv

ao>v dvvTrepftXiJTO>v p7]/xdr(ov, ttjs touv irapovTCOV


Karayvov<i fjiarai6Tr]TO<i, cnrocnr)vcu piev tovtcov
irdvTrj hiavevorifiat, Kal jxera aov to Xocttov tt)?
^coP^ pov Biavvaai, 'iva per) Bid rcov irpoaKaupoiv
rovrwv Kal pevaTcov T/79 twv altoviwv Kal dcpOdptwv eKTriaco diroXavaecos.
Hpbs bv 6 yepcov direKpivaro' Et tovto ttoitjveaviaKw tlvi (ppovipLwrdrfp,
aeis, opuoios ear/
irepl

ov aKrjKoa irXovaiwv yeyovevai Kal evBb^tov


corivt

yoverov

irari/p pbvqaTevadpievos
tcov evyeveia Kal ttXovtw

Ovyarepa tivos

ttjv

Bia-

Xiav wpaioTUTrjV, KoivoXoyi)adp:evo<;


(pepovrcov
Be 7rpo9 tov iralBa irepl tov ydpiov, Kal envois
r)v

avTui pbeXeroopieva aTrayyeiXas, aKOvaas e/cetKal cltottov diroaeia dpuevos

yo?, Kal C09 dirrj^es tl

to

it

paypea, (pvyds w^ero KaraXnraiV tov

TTopevopievos Be ^evi^eiai ev oiKia


Trevrjros,

tov Kavacovos

tt)s rjpiepas

7rarepa.

yr/patou

twos

eavrbv Bcava-

-rravaiv.

'H Be 9vyaTiip tov irevi]TO<;, p,ovoyevrjS ovaa 140


Kal irapOevos, KaOe^o^evr] irpb twv Ovpcov, elpydt,eTO piev Tais -y^epal, tw Be aTop-aTi daiyijTcos
tov ebv evXoyet evyapiaTOvaa avru> eK ftaOewv
y rv
r ^ v Ta ^ T, ? > & vpLvcov aKovaas 6 veos
!
X^
Tt aov, yvvai, to eTTLTf]Bev[xa; ydpiv Be
ecpr)'
twos, ovto) jrep ovaa evTeXrjs Kal TCTOiyJ], 009 eVt
Tiai p,eydXois B(opi]p.aaiv ev^apiaTels, tov BorPjpa
'

<

<i

vpivovaa;

236

Be

777309

avTov direKpivaTO'

Ovk

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xvi.

139-140

Ioasaph said unto him, 'The Lord undertake my


he ordereth
For, even as thou

father's matters, as

sayest, the things that are impossible with men, are


But for myself, thanks to thine
possible with him.

ioasaph

flcTfrom
tlic wor1

'

unsurpassable speech, I renounce the vanity of things


present, and am resolved to withdraw from them

and to spend the rest of my life with


by means of these transitory and fleeting
lose the enjoyment of the eternal and

altogether,
thee, lest,
things,

incorruptible.'

The

'
This do, and thou Barlaam
him,
of
youth
great understanding of ioasaph to a
whom I have heard tell, that was born of rich and [ |e""
For him his father sought in from a rich
distinguished parents.
and noble
the
exceeding fair young daughter of a bride
marriage
But when he com- apoloquk
man of high
b rank and wealth.
VIII
muned with his son concerning the espousals, and
informed him of his plans, the son thought it

elder answered

shalt be like unto a

,1

-,

ii/.

strange and ill-sounding, and cast it off, and left


his father and went into exile.
On his journey he
found entertainment in the house of a poor old man,
where he rested awhile during the heat of the day.
Now this poor man's daughter, his only child, a and, meet,00r
virgin, was sitting before the door, and, while she n a n
wrought with her hands, with her lips she loudly daughter,16
sang the praises of God with thanksgiving from the rather to
marr.v her,
ground of her heart. The young
o
o man heard her for ner
pictv
"
of
and
and
what
is
thine
wit,
said,
Damsel,
praise
hymn
'1

and wherefore, poor and needy as


thou thanks as though for great
to the Giver?"
She
blessings, singing praise
" Knowest thou not
answered,
that, as a little

employment
thou

art,

givest

237

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

olaOa

oti, KaOuirep (pdppazcov pizcpbv izc p,eydXa)v


voatjpaTcov 7roXXdzeis puerai tov dvdptoTrov, ovtco
ra> 0e&>
Si) zeal to eTTi tols puzcpols ev^ixpLGTelv

peydXoov irpo^evov yii>6Tai; eyco tolvvv, Ouydrijp


ovaa yepovTOs 7TTa>)ov, ev^apLcnta eVl toIs
zeal evXoyco t6v eov, elSvla &>?
p,izepol<; tovtois
zeal
6 ravra Sovs zeal pei^ova hvvarat hovvcu.
p-ev rrepl twv eya>9ev zeal ov% rjpLerepoov,
i% cov ovtg Tot? iroXXa zce/cTi]pevoi<i rt "rcpoayiVtcu zcepSos (Jva prj eiirco oti /eai %r\pia ttoX-

ravra

ovre

Xdzci<;),

/3\d/3r],
/ecu

eKarrova Xafiovcriv eirep^erai


dpufyorepwv ohevovrwv 68bv

tol<;

avrrjv

T7]v

to avTo eireiyopbevwi' tcXo?" ev Be rot?

77/509

zeal

avay/ecuoTaTois

Xauaa

141

zeal

/ccupiwTdTois

iroXXtov

AeairoTou

p^eylaTcov rod

p,ov

enrr)-

Bwpi]-

ovp,evovv e^ovTeov dpi0p,bv rj el/eacrp,a>


KdT eizcovci yap eou yeyev)]picu
vttottltttovtwv.

pLUTwv,

r^9 avTov yvooaeoos i^Lwp,ai, zcai Xoyeo irapa


irdvTa to, fwa zee ze 6a pi] p. at, zeal eze OavaTov 7rpo9

zeal

LukeL78

Ti/v

coi)v

eov

t'lpLwv,

dva/cezcXr]pLai
zeal

Sid

pLeTe^eiv p,vcrTi]pi(ov
tov irapaBeio-ov Ovpa

e^ovaiav eXafiov, zeal i)


dvewKTai, dzecoXvTov, elirep

twv

pot th]V eXcroBov.


8cop>]pdTo)V,

u>v

TreviiTes, d^lu><;
dBvvaTov, el Be zeal

Xoylav oh Trpoad^co
aTToXoy'tav;
'O he vecoTepos

TraTepa,

238

auPt-aiv,

Ao?

irapeyoverd

p,Te%ovo~L

ev^apiaT^aai,

irXovaioi T
irdvTT]

p,oi

tt)v puzepdv TavTi]v vpvo-Wl


tS> Bcoprjaap,ivu), iroiav ea>

tz)v

tov

puoi,

0eXi]o~(o,

toctovtcov ovv zeai tolovtwv

eiriar]<i

zeal

p,daa<i

airXdy^ya eXeovs

twv avTov

ttoXXtjv
avrrj<;

<prjal,

ttjv

avTrjs virepdav7rpoo~zeaXecrdp,evo<;

QvyaTepa

crow

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


medicine often times delivereth a

xvi.

140-142

man from great


God for

ailments, even so the giving of thanks to

Therefore

small mercies winneth great ones?

I,

the

daughter of a poor old man, thank and hi ess God for


these small mercies, knowing that the Giver thereof
shown in
And this applieth
able to fe
give even &
greater s
gifts.
' r
her thanksbut to those external things that are not our own givinga to
from whence there accrueth no gain to those who

is

possess

much

often
(not to mention the loss that

harm to those who have


ariseth), nor cometh there
less; for both sorts journey along the same road, and
hasten to the same end. But, in things most necessary

and

vital,

enjoyed of

my

great the blessings I have


Lord, though indeed they are without

many and

number and beyond compare.

have been made

in

the image of God, and have gained the knowledge of


him, and have been endowed with reason beyond all
the beasts, and have been called again from death unto
and have
life, through the tender mercy of our God,
received power to share in his mysteries and the
gate of Paradise hath been opened to me, allowing
;

me

to enter without hindrance, if

for gifts so

many and

will.

Wherefore

so fine, shared alike

by

rich

can indeed in no wise praise him as I


ought, yet if I fail to render to the Giver this little
hymn of praise, what excuse shall I have?"

and poor,

'

The youth, astonished

father,

and

said unto him,

at her wit, called to her

" Give

me

thy daughter

239

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

r/yaTrrjaa yap ttjv avvecnv avrr\<i /ecu evcre/3eiav.


6 Be ykpwv <piy Ov/c k^ecrri croc ravrrjv Xafielv
ttjv

Ovyarepa,
Nat,

7rew)]T0<;

av6is

Be

veos,

L7rep ov/c dirayopevei<;'

arevrni evyevcov

ovri

ttXovctlwv
(pr/crt,

ravrrjv

dvydrrjp yap

/cal ttXovo-lwv,

<yovecov.

Xrj-^ropbai,
pioi

pLepbvrj-

ravrrjv drro-

/cat,

creicrdpLevos (pvyfj i-^pr/a dpbrjv t>}<? Be crrjs


Bid rrjv els %ebv evcre/3eiav /cal rrjv

Ovyarpb^
vovve^i)

avveaiv epaadeis, avvaxpOfjvai, avrfj ttpored vp,r]6 Be yepu>v 7rpb<; avrbv e<pr)crev Ov Bvvap,ai
p.ai.
croi ravrr/v Bovvat rov dirayayelv ev rep oi/cco
rov irarpo<; crov /cal rcov epbwv ywpiaai dy/caXwv
pbovoyevr)<i

yap

p,ol

icniv.

AAA'

eyd>,

cptjah'

veav'iaKOS, Trap vpZv puevo), /cal rrjv vpuwv dvaBe^opat rroXtrelav. elra /cat ri]V Xap,7rpdv drrode-

rd rov yepovros alrrjcrdp,evo<;


iroXXa Be e/celvo<s e/CTreipdcras
avrbv /cal ttoik,l\g><; rov avrov 8o/ap,dcra<; Xoytaavrov Biavoias
pLoi>, &)? eyvco araOepas virdp^eiv
puevos

ecrdP/ra,

rrepiepldXXero.

teal a)? ov/c

rrjv

epcoridcppocrvvrj^/care^opbevos alrelrat
epcori evo-e(3eia<; eiXero

avrov Ovyarepa, dXX'

irevi-^pws %y v > i~avTi)v rrpo/cplvas


/cal

evyeveias, /cpar>jo~a<; avrbv

rr)<;

t%

avrov

B6r)<?

'xeipos, elarj-

ei? rb eavrov rapuielov, /cal vrreBei^e 7rXovttoXvv diro/ceipLevov avrut /cal


%prjp,drcov
dvapiQp-^jrov by/cov, ocrov ov redearo irdnrore 6

yayev
rov

veavla/co^.

icai (fir/at

Trpbs

avrov

Te/cvov,

ravra

BiBwpa, dvQ^ Siv r]periaw tt}? ep.r)<i


6uyarpb<; dvrjp yeveaOat, yeveaOac Be /cal /cXrjpovopLos rfjs ip^fjs ovcrias.
"jvnep /cXr)povop.iav /cara-

rrdvra

croc

o")(u>v e/ceivos irdvras vireprjpe


/cal 7rXovaiovs.

yfj<;

240

rov<;

evBo^ovs

rfj<;

143

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xvi.

142-143

her wisdom and piety." But the elder said,


not possible for thee, the son of wealthy
a beggar's daughter."
Again
parents, to take this
"
the young man said,
Yea, but I will take her, and, being
for a daughter of noble and hisdesire,
unless thou forbid
been betrothed unto me in to
hath
wealthy family
and taken to flight,
marriage, and her I have cast off
But I have fallen in love with thy daughter because
of her righteousness to God-ward, and her discreet
wisdom, and I heartily desire to wed her." But the
old man said unto him, "I cannot give her unto
for I love

" It

is

gg^

away to thy father's house, and depart


her from mine arms, for she is mine only child."
" I will abide here with
"
your
But," said the youth,
of life." Thereupon he
manner
folk and adopt your

thee, to carry

and asked
stripped him of his own goodly raiment,
When
for the old man's clothes and put them on.
the father had

him

in

fixed,

much

tried his purpose, and proved


knew that his intent was

manifold ways, and

and that

it

was no light passion that led him

to ask for his daughter, but love of godliness that


constrained him to embrace a life of poverty, prehim
ferring it to his own glory and noble birth, he took

by the hand, and brought him into his treasure-house,


where he showed him much riches laid up, and a vast
heap of money, such as the young man had never
beheld. And he said unto him, "Son, all these things
give I unto thee, forasmuch as thou hast chosen to
become the husband to my daughter, and also thereby
So the young man
the heir of all my substance."
all the famous
and
the
inheritance,
surpassed
acquired

and wealthy men of the

land.'

241

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

XVII
Et7T6 8e 6 'Iroocrac/) 7Tp09 rbv ~Bap\adfi' Tlpoar)Kal avrt] rd /car ep,e irapiar^aiv rj

Kovrm

Sujyrjcrw '66ev

dWa

Sokco.

araOepbv

croi

Tt<?

f)

r?}? ipfj<i

Kal rrepl ip,ov ravra XeXe^dat


rrelpa 8c ??? yvcbvac 17x6*9 to
Scavoias;

Kal

o yepcov e(pr)- 'E70J /uep /cat rreireipaKa i]8r]


i)(e$povo<i /cat
V7rdp)(ec<;
eyvcoKa 6iroia<s

Kal

araOepas

dWa
Bph.

iii.

14

i.

17-19

TOUTOf

TaVTfl.

tw

tw

6Vrt ev6vrdri]<i.

AcaTa ere rrpd^ews j3e(3acd>aei


r
X^P lV K dpVKTlO T <* /OVard flOV

tt}<?

eV TomSt 8o%a^6pevov @ebv rjpwv, rbv


rrdvrwv Brj/jLioupybv oparcbv re Kal dopdrcov, rov
6V'T&>9 oWa. /cat del ovra, p,r/re dpy))v eo-^y]Kora
rrdiirore t?]<; iv86tjov inrdp'geax; avrov, fiijr eyovra
TeA.09, rbv (frofiepbv Kal iravro8vvapov, dyadbv
re Kal evGTr\ayx 0V ^va 4>0)T ^'V T0V S 6(f)9a\povs
77/30?

Eph.

8iavola<; Kal "^u%>}?

to T6X09

i'

>

Kapoias aov, Kal 8a>)] aoc irvevpca aocpias


Kal aTTOKaXv^rewi ev eircyvoyaec avrov, et? to
elBevac ae ti? ecrrcv rj ekrrls r?}? K\i]crea)<i avrov,
Kal T19
7tXoi)to? rr)<> 86%)]<; T7}? Kkrjpovopias
rb virepfiaWov
avrov ev rocs dy'cocs-, Kal
rrfi

els
r}pa$ rov<;
8vvdpea><; avrov
marevovras, "va pi]Kerc %evo<$ ear) Kal rrdpocKOs,
o-vpi7ro\irrj<i rwv dyecov Kal ocKecos eov,

pceyeOos
Eph. 1L

tt}?

dWa

e7ro>Ko8op>]pevo<; errl

Kal

irpocp'qroyv,

Kvpiov

r&

ovros

rwv diroaroXwv
aKpoycovcacov avrov rod
6epe\i(p

i)pcov '\rjo-ov l^piarov,

Sopti avvapp-oXoyovpivj] av^ec

Kvpi(p.

242

ev

&5

irdcra ocko-

eh vabv dycov

ev

144

BAHLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xvn. 143-144

XVII
Said
fitly

Ioasaph
forth

setteth

unto

Barlaam,

mine own

'

This

estate.

story

also ioasaph

Whence also
mind when

tSbto his*

own case
thinketh that thou hadst me in
But what is the proof whereby
thou spakest it.
thou seekest to know the steadfastness of my

me

'

purpose ?
'
Said the elder, I have already proved thee, and Barlaam
6
know how wise and steadfast is thy purpose, and {hat
But the end JjJJjJJ he
how truly upright is thine heart.
For
confirm
it.
this cause I opened to
shall
of thy
fortune
J
see the

bow my knees unto our God glorified in Three glory of God,


Persons, the Maker of all things visible and invisible,
who verily is, and is for ever, that never had
beginning of

glorious being, nor hath end,


almighty, the good and pitiful,
enlighten the eyes of thine heart,
his

the terrible and


that he

may

and give thee the spirit of wisdom and revelation


in the knowledge of him, that thou mayest know
what is the hope of his calling, and what the
riches of the glory of his inheritance in the Saints,

and what

the exceeding greatness of his power


believe that thou mayest be no
more a stranger and sojourner, but a fellow-citizen
with the Saints, and of the household of God,
being built upon the foundation of the Apostles
and Prophets, Jesus Christ our Lord himself being
the chief corner-stone, in whom all the building
unto an holy temple
fitly framed together groweth
in the Lord.'
to us-ward

is

who

243

ST.

'O

JOHN DAMASCENE

Be 'lcodaacf), acpoBpa Karavvyels ttjv icapTavra Br) nravra Kayco rrodcov yvwvat

Btav, efoy

aov

Beop.ai

yvuypiaov fioi tov re ttXovtov tt}?


ical to vTrepfidXXov r?}? avrov

S6>/9 tov

eoO

Bwdfiecos.
Ei7re Be

777)09

BiBd^ai ae ravra,

BapXaa/i T< e ei5ical rrjv yvwaiv rwv

tjj

^v^fj- eVel irapd dv-

avrov

yop,ai
toiovtcov evOelvai aov
6po)7roi<; ttjv

avrov Xe^dtjvai Bo^av

ical

Svvap.iv

to rrapdirav dBvvarov, icdv iraaai at rwv vvvl


rcov
John L 18

rroiTTOTe

yevcovrai.

Sebv

deoXoyos,

ovoels

T/09,

real

dvdpd)7rcov yXcoaaat ev
yap, cptjalv o evayyeXiarr)^ /cal

yevopuevcov

ecopaice

ircoTrore'

puovoyevr)^

tov koXttov tov Uarpo?, eicelvos


tov Be dopdrov /cal virepaireipov

6 cov ei?

e^yrjaaro.
ttjv
86av /cal Ti]v p,eyaXcoavvrp> rU layyaei
yrjyevtov KaraXafieaOai, el p,rj to av avrbs drroKaXvyjrr/ icat^ oaov fiovXerat, coairep rot? irpoavrov /cal drroaroXoL'i drreicdXv^rev;
cpi]rai<;
?}/zet? Be e/c tov Krjpvyp.aro<; avrcov koX it; avrrfi

t%
p. xix. l

Rom. L

20

Tjp.lv

rcov irpayp-ariov cpvaeco<;,

Xeyei yap

p.av6dvop.ev.

KaTa to ey^copovv
r)
Tpa<piy 01 ov-

pavol BtrjyovvTai Bo^av Seov, 7rott)atv Be yeiptov


auruv dvayyeXXei to arepecop.a' icat, Ta dopara
avrov diro KTiaetos Koap,ou T019 7roi7)p,aai voovre dtBios avrov Bvvap.i<; /cal
fieva icauopdrai,
i'j

6eoTr)<;.

KaOaTrep yap

ti$,

ol/clav

IBoov

Xap,7rpto<;

koX

cr/ceOo?
i)
eVre^;&)9 icarea /cevaa p,evr/v
evcf)Vco<;
avvrjpp.oapevov, tov oiKoBopuov rj re/crova evOvs
av evvotjaas 6avp,daeiev, ovrco /cdyw, eic p,rj ovrcov

BiarrXaaQels

244

/cal

el<;

to bv TTapay6eL<i,

el ical

tov

145

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xvn.

144-145

'
Ioasaph, keenly pricked at the heart, said, All
thee
make
and
I
heseech
learn
this I too long to
:

known

me

to

the riches of the glory of God, and

the exceeding greatness of his power.'


Barlaam said unto him, ( I pray God to teach which
thee this, and to plant in thy soul the knowledge human
of the same
his glory

of

all

men

combined
Divine,

"

since with

men

it

is

impossible that

pcn

told, yea, even if the tongues


that now are and have ever been were

and power be
in one.

For, as saith the Evangelist and


at any time ; the

No man hath seen God

only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the


But the glory and
Father, he hath declared him."
and
infinite
of
invisible
the
God, what son of
majesty

comprehend it, save he to whom


he himself shall reveal it, in so far as he will, as he
hath revealed it, to his Prophets and Apostles ? But
earth shall skill to

we learn it, so far as in us lieth, by their teaching,


and from the very nature of the world. For the
Scripture saith, "The heavens declare the glory
of God, and the firmament sheweth his handi-

work"; and, "The invisible things of him from


the creation of the world are clearly undei-stood by
the things that are made, even his eternal power
and Godhead."
'

Even

man, beholding an house splendidly He showcth


or a vessel fairly framed, taketh n 'adeg0ry
builded,
skilfully
note of the builder or workman and marvelleth *" lfest to
as a

and

thereat, even so I that was fashioned out of nothing


and brought into being, though I cannot see the

245

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

ifKaaTrjV /ecu irapoyka dedcraaOai ov BeBvvr)p,ai,


d\\' K Trj<; evapp,6arov /cal QavjxadiwraTY]^ fiov
KaTaaicevris el<S yvwaiv rfkOov 7775 avrov cro</>ia<?,
ov kci9^ 6 ri eariv, ciWd Ka6d BeBvvr]p,ai voelv,

on

ovk auTO/xdru)^ Trapr))(9rjv, ovBe a<' eavrov


aAA' avrbs eirXacre p.e Kadoos rjftovrrdvrwv [jeep irpoKardp^ecv rda<i roiv
\i/6>),
Knap,droiv, rivwv Be /ecu eXarrojaas, Kal avvrpi-

<yeyevr]fxcu,

/3evra ttuXiv /cpeirrori dvafcaivLaet dvenikderas,


elra /cat inretjdycov rcov evrevdev rep Qe'icp avrov

rrpoardypiari Kal 777509 erepav pierariOel^ ftiorrjv


tlreXevrijrov kcu alcovtov, ev ovBevl rovrcov BvvaMat.

vi.

27

pcevov piov dvdiaraaOai rf) lo-yyl ttj<; avrov izpovcias, /xrjre ri rrpoariQevai epavrcp pLrjre v^aipelv, 146
elre fca0' i)\iKiav eire Kara to rrj<i p,opcf)f)<; etSo?,
to,

7re7raXaicop,era p.oi dvaKaivi^etv eicrxyaai, ^i]re to Bie<fiOapp,eva eiravopOovv. ovBels


yap row dvdpojTrcov rovrcov rt, Xayyo'e. irore KarepydcraaOai, ovre /3aai\ev<;, ovre cro(/jo9, ovre ifkov/i/;T6

crto9,
wiad.

vii. 5,

ovre Bwdarrj^, ovre 779

aWos

avQ pdmiva

pberepxop^ei'o^ iTTirrjSevpLara' OvBels yap, cprjcri,


fiacnXecov r) rcov ev virepoxcu<i ovtcov erepav ecr^e
yevecrecos

dpyjp>, p.ia Be irdvrcov et'0-0809 et9 rov


re tar).

fiiov, e%oB6<;

'E rovrcov ovv rcov irepl ip.e et? yvwcnv rf)<;


rov Ai]piovpyov pbeya\ovpyia<; yeipaywyovp.ai'
crvv rovroc; Be /cal rrjv evdppLoarov /caraa/cevrjv
Kal avvrrjprjcnv rrj<; KTierew? ci7rdo~T]<; evvocbv, on
aura p-ev KaO^ eavra rpowfj vrroKeivrai irdvra /cal
clXXotojaei, ra p,ev vorjra Kara rrpoaipeaiv, rr]v re
ev rep KaXfb rrpoKOTTr\v Kal rr\v eK rod KaXov enro<f>oirrjcnv, ra, Be

246

aiadqrci Kara, yeveaiv Kal <p0opdv,

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xvn.

145-146

maker and provider, yet from his harmonious and


marvellous fashioning of me have come to the
knowledge of his wisdom, not to the full measure
but to the full compass of my
have
seen that I was not brought
yea
forth by chance, nor made of myself, but that
he fashioned me, as it pleased him, and set me
to have dominion over his creatures, howbeit making
me lower than some that, when I was broken, he
re-created me with a better renewal
and that he
shall draw me by his divine will from this world
and place me in that other life that is endless and
eternal and that in nothing I could withstand the
might of his providence, nor add anything to myself
nor take anything away, whether in stature or bodily
form, and that 1 am not able to renew for myself
that which is waxen old, nor raise that which hath
For never was man able to acbeen destroyed.
complish aught of these things, neither king, nor
wise man, nor rich man, nor ruler, nor any other
For he saith,
that pursueth the tasks of men.
" There is no
king, or mighty man, that had any
For all men have one
other beginning of birth.
entrance into life, and the like going out."
So from mine own nature, I am led by the hand and in the
to the knowledge of the mighty working of the Nation
and at the same time I think upon the
Creator
well-ordered structure and preservation of the whole
of that wisdom,

powers

creation, how that in itself it is subject everywhere


to variableness and change, in the world of thought
by choice, whether by advance in the good, or

departure from it, in the world of sense by birth


and decay, increase and decrease, and change in
And thus all things
quality and motion in space.
247

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

fxetaxriv, real rt]v Kara iroibrr^ra


p,era/3o\i]v Kal ro7rcKr)v KLvr/aiv, Kal i/c rovrcov
ciktigtov
/aipvTTOVcri (pcovais dXaXrjrois viro rov

av^ialv re Kal

Kal drperrrov Kal dvaWoicorov yeyevr)a6at %eov, 147


avve^eaOai re, Kal avvrtjpeladai, Kal det, irpovoelaOac.
77-009 yap dv al evavriai cpvcreis 49 evbs
Koap-ov <jvpuTr\r}pu>(Jiv aXA.77A.cu9 avve\r\KvQeiaav
Kal dhiakvroi fiep,ev7]Keio-av, el p,t] T49 iravro8vvap,o<; 8vvap,i<> ravra avvefSlftaae Kal del avvewisd.

xi.

25

dScdXvra; Il&k yap epbeivev dv ri, el fir)


auTo? rjOeXrjcrev; ?} to fir) K\r/6ev inr avrov 77-009
dv Sierr)pi]0r]; (pyjaiv r) Tpacprj.
El yap ttXocov aKvfSepvrirov ov crvvicrrarai,
d\7C ei)/roA,&)? Kararrovrl^erat, Kal oiKta fiiKpd
ovk dv arfj ^copls rov irpovoovvros, 77-009 dv 6

r>)pei

errl roaovrwv -^povcov avvecrrrj, hrifiiovpovrco fiev fieya, ovrco Be koKov Kal davfiaarbv, dvev evSb^ov rivbs Kal p,eyd\rj<z Kal
Koo~fio<;

yrjfia

6avfiaarr)^ 8iaKv{3epv)]<T(0<i Kal 7ravcr6<pov irpoIhov yap 6 ovpavbs iroaov e^et y^pbvov,
vo'ta<;;
Kal ovk rjfiavpwOiy t}<? 7^79 r) Svvafiis ovk r)rbvrjae,

roaovrov TLKrovaa y^pbvov al

irriyal

ovk

e ov

yeyovacriv r\ 6d\acraa, roaovrovs Se^Ofievrj nrorafiov^, 0V X, u7reP'


to fierpov 01 hpbfioi rov r]\lov Kal rr)<;
e/3r)
al rdei<; rijs r)p.epa^
o-e\tjvr)<i ovk rjWoicovrac
Kac tP]<; vvktos ov fiererpdirrjaav.
e/c
toutwv irdvrwv r) d(paro<; tov eoO Svvafiis Kal
eTreXiTrov

dvafSXv^eiv

/jLeya\o7rpe7reia

wo

rjfilv e/Mpavl^erai,
TrpocprjTwv Kal a7roaro\o)v

148
fiaprvpovfiivri
1
ovSels Kar

dW

d^tav vo^aai i) eixprffirjaai rr)v hb^av avrov Svvijaerai.


irdvra yap rd re vorjrd Kal oaa inrb rr)v
248

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xvn.

146-148

cannot be heard, that they


proclaim, by voices that
were created, and are held together, and preserved,
and ever watched over by the providence of the
Else
uncreate, unturning and unchanging God.
how could diverse elements have met, for the

consummation of a single world, one with another,


and remained inseparable, unless some almighty
power had knit them together, and still were
" For how could
keeping them from dissolution ?
been his will ?
if
it
had
not
have
endured,
anything
"
as saith
or been preserved, if not called by him ?
the Scripture.

and proreth
a
ship holdeth not together without steersman,
shall
house
not
and
a
small
world subfoundereth
but easily
'

stand without a protector.

How then

could the world

a work
ages,

so great, and
have subsisted for long
without some glorious mighty
so fair and wondrous,
and marvellous steersmanship and all-wise providence ? Behold the heavens, how long they have
and the earth
stood, and have not been darkened
hath not been exhausted, though she hath been

bearing offspring so long. The water-springs have


not failed to gush out since they were made. The
sea, that receiveth so many rivers, hath not exceeded

her measure. The courses of Sun and Moon have


not varied
the order of day and night hath not
all these objects is declared unto us
From
changed.
:

the unspeakable power and magnificence of God,


witnessed by Prophets and Apostles. But no man
For the
can fitly conceive or sound forth his glory.

249

by

divine

Prcmdence

>

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

a a 6 rj a iv 6 6elo<$ 'A7rocrTo\o9> o rbv Xpiarbv eywv


'E/e
iv eavrw XaXovvra, Karavorjcras elrrev
i

Cor. xiii.

Kal i/c /xepovs rrpocprjrevopLev


to reXetov, rore to etc p,epov$
8ib icai, eKirX^rropievos tov
KarapyrjO^aerai.
vrrepdrreipov rrXovrov rfj? crocpias avrov ica>
p.epov<; <yiv(D(7K0fiev

orav

Rom.

si. 33

8e

kX0r)

yvcoaecos, 8iappi]8r)v ecptjcrev

Kal

avrov,

tc\

Kpl/xara
avrov.
2 Cor. xii. 2,

'Q ftddow; rrXovrov,

eov'

/ecu yvcocrea><;

ao<pia<;,

Kal

a>9

dve^epevvrjra
ai 080I

dvefyyyiao~roi

E6 8e eKelvos, 6 p*XP L TP^ T0V <f>0do~a<} ovpavov


Kal dppijrcov ciKovaa^ pripbdrwv, roiavra<; d(f}f)/ce
Tt'9 rcov tear
epue oXcos dvro<p$a\fifjo-ai
ra?9 d/3vao~oi<; row roaovrwv lo"%vaeie pLvarrjpLcov,
Kal elirelv rt /card yvcop,r)v, rj evOvpuqOrjvai at&)9

(pwi'ds,

ro)v Xeyopuevcov hvvy'jcrerai, el

p.i)

avrb<; 6 T779

rwv daocpcov 8iopdcorrj<; rrapdyap rfj X ei P auT v Ka l V/^^ Ka ^

aocf)ia<i %opr7yo9, 6

iv

cryoi.
01

Xoyoi

rjpioiv,

rraad re

(ppov7]cn<;

Kal

o~vveo~i<;

rrap avrS) nai avveaeco'; erno'rrjpLri' teal avro<i i)p,lv


SeScoKe r?]V ro)v ovrcov yvwcriv difrevSr/, elhevai

Cp. Wisd.

avaraaiv koct/aov Kal evepyeiav aroiyeiitiv, apyj)v


T6 Kal reXos Kal pueaortjra ^povwv, rporrwv 8iaXXayd<; Kal p,eraf3oXd<; Kaipwv, Kal on irdvra
to yap p,eydXci)s 149
fjuerpro Kal araOpbw Scera^e.
layyetv avrCa irdpeari rrdvrore,
%lovo<>

avrov

Ti9

icai

avrtar^aerai; ore

Kpdrei fipa&>9

porrr)

e'/c

/cooyz.09 evavriov avrov, Kal


rrXaariyyaiv 0X09
&J9 pavl? 8poaov 6pdpivf]<; KareXOovaa errl yrjs'
iXeel 8e rravra^, on irdvra 8vvarai, Kal rrapopa
dp,aprrjp.ara dvOpcoTrcov els p.erdvoiav ovhev yap

/38eXvcraerai, ov8e drtOGrpe^erai

250

rlhv rrpoarpe-

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xvn.

148-149

holy Apostle, that had Christ speaking within him,


after perceiving all objects of
know in part,
still said,

"We

thought and sense,


and we prophesy in

But when that which is perfect is come,


part.
then that which is in part shall be done away."
Wherefore also, astonied at the infinite riches of his
wisdom and knowledge, he cried for all to understand,
" O the
depth of the riches both of the wisdom and
knowledge of God how unsearchable are his judg!

ments, and
'

Now,

his
if

"

ways past finding out


he, that attained unto
!

the

third winch

heaven and heard such unspeakable words, uttered


such sentences, what man of my sort shall have
strength to look eye to eye upon the abysses of such
mysteries, or speak rightly thereof, or think meetly
of the things whereof we speak, unless the very
giver of wisdom, and the amender of the unwise,

For in his hand are we and


vouchsafe that power ?
our words, and all prudence and knowledge of wisdom
And he himself hath given us the true
is with him.
understanding of the things that are to know the
structure of the world, the working of the elements,
the beginning, end and middle of times, the changes
of the solstices, the succession of seasons, and how he
hath ordered all things by measure and weight. For
he can shew his great strength at all times, and who
may withstand the power of his arm ? For the whole
world before him is as a little grain of the balance,
yea, as a drop of the morning dew that falleth down
upon the earth. But he hath mercy upon all for he
can do all things, and winketh at the sins of men,
because they should amend. For he abhorreth
;

251

Sun's understandui g

ST.

yovrtov

avrCp,

SecnroTrjs'
Cp. Dan.
52 (Sept.)
k

iii.

JOHN DAMASCENE
6

dyadbs

p,6vo<>

evXoyyjpievov

ecr)

real

fyiXotyvxps

to ovofia

rrjs

86%i]<;

CIVTOU TO aylOV KoX V7TpVfXV>]T0V KCtl VTTepW^OV A


'

'
Afirjv.
puevov et? tou? atwvas.
i

XVIII
Et7re Se 7roo? avrbv 6 'lcodaacp- Et 7rai>i/ ttoXvv
Xpovov iaK07n]cra<;, aocpcoraTe, irw<i av dptara
rrjv Xvaiv tojv 7rpop3X7]8evT(ov trjrr/p,dr(ov r)puv
aacprjviaais, ovk av dpietvov tovto piot, 7roirjaai eho/ceis, r)

TOiauTci

puoi

Xeywv

Srjpuovpyov p:ev irdvrwv

oirold p,oc vvv e^elnras,


icai

avvoyea rbv ebv

8idd%a<;, dKardXr/TTTOv be Xoyiapiols dvOpwrrivois


rrjv

bo^av

T>}? pt,eyaXa>avvr]<i

avTOv Xoyois dvav-

rippiJTOiS air obeli; as, /ecu otl ovk aXXo<; T? layveu

icpiKeadai, dXX' ot? av avrbs, /cad' oeroi/]50


bio aov rrjv XoyKordrrjv
KeXevei, a7roKaXvyp~eie.
tcivtt]<;

inrepTeOavpLatca ao<fiiav.

'AHa pioc (ppdaoi', pia/capuoTare, iroawv piev


Xpovcov auTO? virdpyeis, ev ttoiois be. tottols t9
biarpi/3d<; KeKrr/aai, rivas be robs avpufiiXoao(f)OVVTa<; aoi e%et<;.
Kparaiw*; yap pcov r) ^rvyrj
ttjs ar)s ifjtjpTr/Tai, koli ovbapuax; aov tov irdvra
p,ov y^povov

t>~;9

be yepcov

w?}? ywpiaQr)vai deXco.


e<pT)'

Xpovcov

recra apaKOvrairevre' ev

btdyoov

Be

yr/sXevadp
irpbs tov
dvui Tropeias avpurovovvTWi /cal avv-

avvaywvtards

bpopiov rt}<;
a piiXXoo pcevovs.

252

puev et/xt, co? ei/ca^co,

ipf)pLoi<;

/cefCTr/piai.

rr}<;

tol/9

BARLAAM AM) IOASAPH,

xvn. 149-xvm. 150

nothing, nor turneth away from them that run unto


him, he, the only good Lord and lover of souls.
Blessed be the holy name of his glory, praised and
exalted above all for ever
Amen.'
!

XVIII
Ioasaph said unto him, If thou hadst for a long
time considered, most wise Sir, how thou mightest
'

roasaph
thanksfto

the explanation of the questions Barlaam


that I propounded, methinks thou couldest not have
done it better than by uttering such words as thou
hast now spoken unto me.
Thou hast taught me
best declare to

that

and

me

God
in

is the Maker and


preserver of all things
unanswerable language thou hast shown me

that the glory of his majesty is incomprehensible to


human reasonings, and that no man is able to attain
thereto, except those to
revealeth it.
Wherefore

whom, by

am

his

lost

in

behest, he
amaze at

thine eloquent wisdom.


in

'But tell me, good Sir, of what age thou art, and
what manner of place is thy dwelling, and who

are thy fellow philosophers

for

my

soul

hangeth
never be parted from

on thine, and fain would I


all the days of
my life.'
The elder said, Mine age is, as I reckon, forty and
five years, and in the deserts of the land of Senaar
do I dwell. For my fellow combatants I have those
who labour and contend together with me on the

fast

thee

'

course of the heavenly journey.'

253

andasketh
bis

abode"

ST.
Ilcos",

feeiva

JOHN DAMASCENE
ravrd poc Xeyeis;

cpijalv 6 'Icodcrcuf),

ydp

avrcov.

/xoi

ovv

Tt9

Tairevre (BovXerat %povcov; ov Sofceis


rovrco dXr/deveiv.

Ware

Be

irre-

tcov e/38ofiiJKOvrd irov eviA.0709 (jol tcov recraapaKov-

cpaivrj

HapXaafi

rrpo<;

yap

avrov Et

p,oi

pcev

ev

row;

yeveaecos %p6vov<> fiov fiadecv ^Tet?, /caXcos


tovtovs ciTrelfcacras erreKeiva tcov eftSopLrJKOVTa
cltto

virdpyeiv dXX* epuoiye ovSoXcos et'9 fierpov


iXoyLcrdrjcrav oaoi rfj p,arai6ri]Ti rod Koa/xov
ore yap e%cov rat capKico SeSovSeoarrdvijvro.
XcopLevos rai? afxapriai^, veicpos i]/x7]v rov ecrco
rov<; ovv tj}<> veKpcooecos ypovovs ovtc
dvOpcorrov.
CIV 7T0T6 &>% OV'0 jXCia at fll
KOCT/MOS
i OTOV Be
irov

a>>}9

Gal. vi. 14

Eph.

iv.

22

earavpcorai, tcdyco tw KoopLCp, icai, drrodep,evos rov rraXatbv avOpccrrov, rov (p6eipo/xevov
epiol

Kara ra? imdvfiias


Gal.

ii.

20

aapKL, aXXa
Trio-ret

cravros

p,e

Lpy

t?}? d7rdri]<; )

ov/c ert

ev epboi o Apiaro?,

%co

rfj

oe Qco ry

rov Tlov rov eov, rov ayarryKal rrapahovro^ eavrbv vrrep ep-ov,

rfj

ical w?7<? %p6vov<; teal ?//xepa?


awrripias KaXeaaipn, ovs rrepl rd reaaapaKOvraTvevre crvvapiOpbcov ert], Kara Xoyov ool Kal ovk
Kal
drro ctkottov rrjv rovrcov e^elirov dptOpbycriv.
av rolvvv rov toiovtov eyov Xoyiapuov eKaarore,

rovrov<; et/coTco?

p,i]86X(d<;

p,ev

7T/50?

v7ro\api/3dvcov rov<; veveKpco/xevovs


iracrav dyaOoepyiav, ^covra? Se rat?

%r\v

dp.apriai'i Kal rco KoapbOKpdropt KaQvrrovpyovvras


tcov Karco avpop,evcov, ev rjBovais re Kal eiriOv-

dXXa
Trovripals rov ftiov haTravcovras'
reOavarcopuevov^ rovrov<i ev tcrdt rvyyjdveiv Kal

pLLacs

veveKpcd/xevovs

254

rfj

t%

%corj<s

evepyela.

rrjv

yap

151

BAHLAAM AND IOASAPH,


What

'

sayest

seemest to

me

thou

xvm. 150 151

'

'

quoth

Ioasaph.

speakest thou of forty and


thou tellest not the truth.'

five

Thou

ioasaph is
perplexed

How

by Bar-

Herein methinks

laam's
answer,

of seventy
upwards
1
J Jyears old.

Barlaam said unto him, ' If it he tlie number of but leameth


from him
truly to
years from my birth that thou askest, thou hast well bow
number the
reckoned them at upwards of seventy. But, for years of life
myself,

count not amongst the number of my days


I wasted in the
vanity of the world.

the years that

When

lived to the flesh in the

bondage of sin, I
and those yeai's of
deadness I can never call years of life. But now the
world hath been crucified to me, and I to the world,
and I have put off the old man, which is corrupt
according to the deceitful lusts, and live no longer to
the flesh, but Christ liveth in me and the life that
I

was dead

in the

inner

man

live

live, I

loved

me and

by the

Son of God, who

faith of the

gave himself for me.

And

the years,

that have passed since then, I may rightly call years


of life, and days of salvation. And in numbering these
at about forty

and not
this

off

reckoning

them

and

five, I

the mai'k.
;

reckoned by the true

So do thou

tale,

alway hold by
and be sure that there is no true life
also

that are dead to

all good works, and live


and serve the world-ruler of them that are
dragged downward, and waste their time in pleasures
and lusts but rather be well assured that these are
dead and defunct in the activity of life. For a wise

for

in sin,

255

ST.
Basil,

de

Hom.

trist.

JOHN DAMASCENE

Bavatov tj}? ddavarou ^rv^r)^ G0(p6<>


dpaprlav
>/
>/ N
\
\
<>\
j
a
Tf? eKaXeaev eiKOTW (prjai be kcli o Attoo-toXo ;r

'

'

-\

'

Rom.

vi.

10

Ore SovXot

eXevOepou r/re 152


Sitcatoavvy rlva ovv Kapirbv er^ere Tore, i(p'
vvv errata yyveoQe; to yap Te'A.09 eiceivwv

rf)

oh

r)re

t?}<?

dp,apTLa<i,

vvvl Se e\ev6ep(odevre<; drrb

Odvaros.
Ti<x9,

SovXwOevTes Se

vp,o)v

ei<;

to>

t%

dpap-

Beep, e%ere tov Kapirbv

dyiao~p,ov, to Se Te'A.09 ^(or)v alcoviov.

ra

yap 6-yjroovia T/7? apapTias OdvaTos, to Se ydpiapa tov Qeov &>>/ alcovios.
hiLire be
Icoaaacp 737309 avrov i^ireiTrep 7) ev
o~apn\ fat) ovk ev pberpw 0)779 o~oi XeXoytcrTai,
ovSe tov Qdvarov tovtov, ov vcpLaTavrai irdvTe<;,
Odvarov aoi Xoyi^eadac XPV'
Se yepwv direKpivaTO'
AvapcpiXeKTcos Kal
irepL tovtcov ovtcos evft), pii]So\(os tov it poo Kaipov
TOVTOvl daVUTOV TpepLCOV, p,i)Te daVCLTOV avrov
6Sbv rcov
T))v
rorrapdirav diroKaXSiv, el ye
ivroXcbv tov eo0 ftaSl^ovrd p.e Kara\dj3rj, Sia/3ar/jptov Se p,aXXov Ik Oavdrov 777509 oor)v rrjv
KpeiTTOva Kal reXeiorepav koX ev Xpio-rw /cpv-

Col.

iii.

'

TTTopevTjV,

rrdvv

rfj

'

2 Cor. v. 1-4

iiarrep

rrodovvres

rvyelv

rrapovar) eSvayepaivov.

Sio

ol

ayiot

cpijaiv

AttogtoXos' OiSapev on, edv t) erriyeLos rjp,ebv


oiKba tov aKiivows fcaTaXvdfj, oiKoSopi)v e'/c eou

eyopev

ol/ciav

ovpavols'

Kal

dyeipoTrolrjTOV, alcovtov, ev tois


yap ev tovtw crrevd^opLev, to

errevSvaaadai
ol/crjr/jpiov i)/jLO)v to e ovpavov
errnroOovvTes, el ye Kal evSvadpevot ov yvpbvol
euped)]a6peda' Kal yap ol oWe9 ev tu> CK^vei 153
arevd^opev (3apovp.evoi, etf> to ov 6e\op.ev ckSv-

aaaOai,
256

aXV

errevSvaaadai,

iva

KarairoOf)

to

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


man hath fitly called sin
And the Apostle
soul.

.win.

51-153

the death of the immortal


" When
were
also

ye

saith,

ye were free from righteousness.


What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye
are now ashamed ? for the end of those things is
death.
But now being made free from sin, and
become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto
holiness, and the end everlasting life. For the wages
of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life."
'
Ioasaph said unto him, Since thou reckonest not
the life in the flesh in the measure of life, neither
CJinst thou reckon that death, which all men undergo,
as death/
The elder answered, ' Without doubt thus think Barlaam
I of these matters also, and fear this
temporal death the true
o
never a whit, nor do I call it death at all, if only it death
overtake me walking in the way of the commandments of God, but rather a passage from death to
the better and more perfect life, which is hid in
Christ, in desire to obtain which the Saints were
Wherefore saith the
impatient of the present.
" We know that if our
earthly house of
Apostle,
this tabernacle be dissolved, we have a building
of God, a house not made with hands, eternal in
For in this we groan, earnestly
the heavens.
desiring to be clothed upon with our house which
if so be that being clothed we shall
is from heaven
For we that are in this
not be found naked.
tabernacle do groan, being burdened
not for that
we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that
And
mortality might be swallowed up of life."
the servants of

sin,

257

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.
Rom.

vii.

24

Ovrjrbv vtto t?}9


eyco

Phil.

i.

23

civdpcoiros,

a>f}<>.

119

fie

km

ttoXiv

pvcreTat

eic

tov Oavdrou tovtov; koX avOw


Xvaac ical crvv XpccrTcp elvav. 6
T16t

tov

?]t;(o,

C*)eoO;

Se

6(p0i)(rofidi tco
oti Se ical ifiol tco ttcivtcov
<j)i)(TL,

Tep'p ov86Xco$ tov


Bo/cel,

TaXaLTrcopo<;

tov acafiaTo^
Ei7ridvp,co ava-

etjeaTL

croi

ical

alaO)]Tov
yvSivat

Odvarov

tco Trap

Upocf)7]T7}<; >

Trpoacoircp

eXayjLGToSeSoiKevat

ovSev defievov

Tip tov crov TTctTpos aTreCkrjv aSe9 irapayeveaOat 7rpb<; ere ical tov crcoTi]piov croi KciTayyelXat, Xoyov, dicpiBcos irep elhoTct &>9, el e\0oi

fie

ovtco et9 yvcocrtv TavTa, fivpioa fie, et, owcitov,


KaOviroBaXel OavciTOis. aXX' eycoye, tov tov
(r)eov Xoyov miVTCov Trpo/cptvcov ical avTOV ttoOmv
OavaeirtTV^elv, ovTe irTOOVfiai tov Trpocncaipcv
tov, ovie tt}? TOiavTi]<; avTOV TrpoerTjyopLas ci^iov
airoKaXco, tt\ Aea7TOTiicr] ireidofievos evToXrj,
Xeyovar]' M?; cfioBeicrOe diro tcov aTro/CTeivovtcov to crcofia, TijV 8e "yffv^rjv fir) hvvafievcov enroKTelvaf cpoj3/]6)]Te he fidXXov tov Svvdfievov ical
oXco<?

Mat.

r.

25

Trj

^rv^jv teal crcofia ciTroXecrai ev yeevvrj.


'YavTCi fiev ovv, cf)))crlv o Icodcracj), tt/9 aXrjOivP)*;
vficov (piXoaocpLas to, icciTopOcofiaTa, virepavaBe(3r]KOTa Xitiv Trjv tcov yyf/vcov t\>vaiv tcov SvcrkoX
7roT7racrT&>9
TTapoveni^ eyovTcov %cor)<;

t%

fia/cdpiot,
yvcofi))<i.
epij/jLco

i)

vpels TOiavTTjq e^ofievoi


Tt? he crou koX tcov crvv crol
8ta.Tpo<f)>'i,

7r60ev

Be

tcl

dvSpeiOTaTiis 154
ei>

tj)

TOLavTrj

ivSv/xaTa

TTOTaird, yvcopiaov fiot cf)i\aX/]dco<;.


'O 8e TlapXaap, <pi]atv.
fiev SiaTpocpi)

253

tcov

eaTlv dicpoSpvcov /cal BoTavcov cov rj


Tpecpei, hpoaco TTOTi'^ofievi) ovpavico ical ttj

evpicrtcofievcov
epn/JLOS

e/c

/cal

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xvm. 153 -154

"O

wretched man that I am! who shall


"
And
from the body of this death ?
"
Christ."
with
I desire to depart and be
once more,
And the prophet saith, " When shall I come and
"
Now that I
appear before the presence of God ?
the least of all men, choose not to fear bodily death,
thou mayest learn by this, that I have set at nought
and
thy father's threat, and come boldly unto thee,
again,
deliver

me

have preached

to

knew

thee the tidings of

salvation,

came

to his
though
knowledge, he would, were that possible, put me to
But I, honouring the word of
a thousand deaths.
and
all
God afore
longing to win it, dread not
things,
it at all worthy of such
nor
reckon
temporal death,
an appellation, in obedience to my Lord's command,
which saith, " Fear not them which kill the body,
but are not able to kill the soul but rather fear him
which is able to destroy both soul and body in
I

for sure that, if this

'

hell."

'These then,' said Ioasaph,

are the good deeds of

that true philosophy, that far surpass the nature of


these earthly men who cleave fast to the present
life.

Blessed

are

ye

that

hold

to

so

noble

me

truly what is thy manner of


purpose
life and that of thy companions in the desert, and
from whence eometh your raiment and of what sort
!

But

tell

? Tell me as thou lovest truth.'


'
Our sustenance consisteth of
Barlaam,
we find in the desert, watered
that
herbs
acorns and
of
dew
the
heaven, and in obedience to the Creaby

may

it

be

Said

259
s

loasaph
after his life
111

ST.
Gen.

i.

29,30

Cp. Xeu.
1 **

iii.

JOHN DAMASCENE

Trpoard^ec tov is^puiovpyov eiKovaa, ecp oils ovSea


ear iv o ^a^o/xevo^ tj/jllv Kal i\oveiKwv icai to
ir\eov tyl rMV dpird^eiv tu> T*qs irXeove^ias 6pu>
re Kal \oy(p' ciAA' d<f)0ova)S irdcn irpoKeiTai
dvtjpoTos rpocpr) Kal avToo~%eBio<> rpdrre^a. el Be
Trore Kal twv ifkqcria^ovTwv Tt? iriarSiv dBeXcpwv

dprov evejKOi evXoyiav, &>? irapa tj}? irpovotas


7rep,cp0evTa Be)^6p,e0a tovtov eV evXoyi'a twv
to he ei>Bvp,aTa drro
7T<tt<x>9 irpoaeveyKovroiv.
paKLOiv elcrl Tpiyivwv k<xi pafkoiTapiwv rj o~e/3evvivwv, 7re7ra\aicop,eva iravra Kal iroXvppatya,
irdvv KaraTpvyovra to daOeves tovto aapKiov.
to avTO yap r)p,lv eari 7repi{3o\aiov 0epov<$ re Kal

Cp. Joh.

xetpLowos,

p 43i

oirep

eKhvaaaOat
Bia<f>0apfj.
aea)<;
2 Esd.

ii.

45

twv

ovhokws,

0ep,is,

outco

otov

yap Tat? toO Kpvovs Kal

dvayKais TaXanrcopovpievoL

t?}?

evhvaojieOa, 155

/te^pt? dv 7raXacco0ev reXeov


Tt]v TOiV

<f)\oyci)-

/xeWov-

d(pdapaia<; evhvpbdrwv iropi^op-eOa eavrols

dpifyiaoiv.
'lou Be lojdaa<f) elirovro^'

IloOev Be gov tovto


to ipLaTiov o TTpi/3e/3\y]aai; 6 yepcov ecpy 'Ey
%f>>)o~eL tovto rrapd tivoi twv ttio~twv dBeXcpwv
etXi](pa, Tt]v 7T/309 o"e pueWcov izopeiav 7roc>]aaa0ar
ov yap eBei p,e rw avv>')0ei evBvfiaTi irapayeveaOaL. KaOdirep Tt? eywv irpoa^ikearaTov avyye.vi) al^p-dXwTov iv dWoBairel dirayBevTa Wvei,
Kal tovtov fiovXo/xevos eKeWev e^ayayetv, d-no0ep,evos avTOV Trjv ea6i)Ta Kal to twv VTrevavTiwv
viToBbs irpoawnelov ttjv eKelvwv KaTa\d/3oi ywpav, Kal 7roXuTy907T(y? tov OLKtiov tj)? iriKpas
e\ev0epwo~eie TvpavviBov tov avrhv Bt] Tpoirov
Kayd) to KaTa ae /xvijdels, tovto Trepi0ep.evo<;

260

BARLAAM AND
tor's

command

and

10 ASAPH, xvm. 154


for this there is

none

155

to fight

seeking by the rule and law of


covetousness to snatch more than his share, but in

and quarrel with

abundance

for all

us,

food provided from unploughed


But, should any

is

lands, and a ready table spread.

of the faithful brethren in the neighbourhood bring


a blessed dole of bread, we receive it as sent by

providence, and bless the faith that brought it.


Our raiment is of hair, sheepskins or shirts of palm
fibre, all thread-bare and much patched, to mortify

We wear the same clothing


the frailty of the flesh.
winter and summer, which, once put on, we may on
no account put off until it be old and quite outworn.
For by thus

afflicting

of cold and heat

our bodies with the constraints

we purvey

for ourselves

the vesture

of our future robes of immortality.'


(
But whence cometh this garment Balaam
Ioasaph said,
?
The elder answered, 'I received he cometh
wearest
that thou
to be clad in
n
n
f ..1 n 1
t
,1
from one ot our faithful brethren, other attire,
it as a loan
'

when about

to

make my journey unto thee

for

behoved me not to arrive in mine ordinary dress.


If one had a beloved kinsman carried captive into a
foreign land, and wished to recover him thence,
one would lay aside one's own clothing, and put
it

on the guise of the enemy, and pass into their


country and by divers crafts deliver one's friend
from that cruel tyranny. Even so I also, having
been made aware of thine estate, clad myself in
261

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

to

yX6oi> top airopop rov

6et'ov K^pvyKcnaftaXelv
t%
Kaphia, Kal
jxaTos rfj
afi
houXttas XurpcoaaadaL rov heivov Koa/xoKpatcai pup Ihov t[] tov %eov hvpdp,ei, baov
Topo9.
to eV ipioi, tyjv hiaKovtav p:ov iriirolrjKa, rrjv
clvtov KaTayyuXas ooi
yvwcnv Kal to tow
kcu
diroaToXcov
yvw piaas ta'ipvypa,
ivpo^TOiv
o-y^ipsa,

hihd^as T tnrXavtos /ecu (piXaX//6o)<; ttjp tow


irapovTwv p,aTaioTi]Ta kcu oicov kcikwv 6 Koap,o<;
yep.ei, ^a\e7roj? airarow tov<; avTco Treidopepovs
Kal 7roXuTpo7roi<i avTOvs irayihevcop.
Xolttop ttoSet
66
ev
Kal
TrjpiKavTa,
iXrj\v6a.
pevOrjval fie
rb dXXoTpiov tnrodepLevos 0"%r)p,a, to thcop eaopiai
ivSeSvfievo?.

Avo-anret Tot'vvv top yepoPTa 6 'lfodo~a<p 6<p6Pjt&> avv/]6ei auTOV ephvpiaTL.


tot 6

vai avTco

TSapXaap,
ipLtiTtov,

yap

aTreKhvadpuepo^

6eap.a

Ttdaa

6j<f)6i]

?p>

7rep(/3ef3X7)pLepo$

cpnfiepbv tco

'I&)a'(7a</).

rjp

o~apKos ttoiottjs hehairaprihe to hepp.a etc ttj<; ifkiaKr)<{


/nev-rj, p-ep,eXava>/jLevov
(pXoydicreodi Kal TrepiTCTapLepop tols baTeois, &><?
et Tt9 hopdv Tiva TrepiTeivet iv XeirTols KaXdpLOW
Tpi^LVOv he Ti paKos eppiKvwp,evoi> Kal Xlav Tpx^v
r)

peep

TrepietyjdvvvTO

he

tovtov

e'

t/}<?

oaepvos P-^XP 1

iraXXtov

yovaTwv

7repie{3e/3Xi]TO

6p,oiop
tcop

KaTti

6)pL(DP.

T7repdavp,daa<i he o lwdaatp
to eiriTrovov,
TavTrjs
hiaya)yr)S

t?}?

Kal

o~KXi]pd<;

to

tj}?

KapTepLas v7rep/3dXXov eKTrXayeis, o~cpohpo)<; ehdKpve, Kal (prjert, 7rpb<i top yepoPTa- 'Ejireu p,e

262

J5G

BAKLAAM AND IOASAPH,


this dress,

message

xvm.

155-156

and came to sow the seed of the divine


thine heart, and ransom thee from

in

the slavery of the dread ruler of this world.


And
now behold by the power of God, as far as in me lav,
I
have accomplished my ministry, announcing to
thee the knowledge of him, and making known

unto

thee

the

of

preaching

the

Prophets

and

Apostles, and teaching thee unerringly and soothly


the vanity of the present life, and the evils with

which

them

this

teems, which cruelly deceiveth

world

them
whence

that trust therein, and taketh

Now must

a gin.

return thither

and thereupon doff this robe belonging


and don mine own again.'

in

many

came,

to another,

Ioasaph therefore begged the elder to shew andshowetb


himself in his wonted apparel. Then did Barlaam owd
strip off

sight

the mantle that he wore, and lo, a terrible


for all the fashion of
loasaph's eyes

met

beneath the
cloak

was wasted away, and his skin blackened


by the scorching sun, and drawn tight over his
bones like an hide stretched over thin canes. And
he wore an hair shirt, stiff and rough, from his loins
to his knees, and over his shoulders there hung
his flesh

a coat of like sort. 1

But Ioasaph, being sore amazed at the hardship of his ioasaph


austere life, and astonished at his excess of endurance, K0 with
burst into tears, and said to the elder,
1

The Latin pallium.

Epiphanius and others.

'

Since thou

or ir&Wiov, is used by
A. Sophocles' Greek Lexicon.

Ko.wijf,
Set: E.

263

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

TriKpas tov hia/36\ov

ttj<;
Ps. cxli. o

reXos aov

i)KeLq,
e/c

Trjv

cf)v\a/cfj<>

hovXeias eXevOepoiaai

evepyeaia, e7udel<;

rfj

kclL,

fxov,

-^rv^yjv

'E^dyaye

TtapaXaftcov 157

fierd aov, aycoiiev evTevOev, iva TeXeov XeXvrpcofjievos rfjs rod kogliov aTrdrrj^ ttjv acppayloa
Lie

Ti]vifcavTa he^coLiai tov o~WTi)piov /BaTTTiafj.aro'i,


Kal koivcovos aoi
6avLiaaTrj<i ravrr)^ (f)t\o-

t%

Kal v7repcpvov<i do-fci)crea)<; yevoifxaL.


Elite he J^apXad/x irpbs avibv Neffpov hopicd-

<xo(j)[a<>

So?

erpetpe

rt?

ra)V

ttXovo-'lwv.

avri]

rds

%ei.

e^eXOovaa tolvvv

ipt]/j.ov<>

eirodei,

rfj

av^ydelaa he

<f)vo~itcf)

eXKOjxevq

ev /xia, evpiaicei dyeXrjv

hopKahoiv fioaKOLievcov /cai eyoiievr] tovtcov irepLi)yev ev tois Trehiois tov hpvfxov, viroarpe^ovaa
tmv
fxev to 7T/0O9 ecTTrepav, d/xa he
irpwt, tj)
vTrovpyouvTcov d/xeXeia, e^ep^oLtevq Kal T049 deKelvwv he iroppwrepw
ypiois awayeXd^ovaa.
iieradefievcov ve/xeadai, crvv7]KoXov0r)ae Kal avri],
01 he rov ir\ovaiov virrjpeTai, tovto alaOo/xevoi,
ecf lttttcov dvaftdvTes, KaTehico^av oiriaw avTwv,
Kal Trjv Liev Ihiav hopKaha ^wyp^cravTe^, Kal
eiravaaTpey\ravTe<i ocKahe, drrpblTOv tov Xoittov
eOevro'

T?)<i

he

Xoi7rP]<;

dyeXrjs to.?

Liev

dtreKTeivav,

Ta$ he KaKw<i hteOevTO. tov avTov ht] Tpbirov


hehoLKa yeveaOai Kal e<^ rj/xas, el avvaKoXov6i]crei<; p.or
LiryrroTe Kal
t?}? o"?}? diroaTepriOo)
avvoLK))aeo)<i, Kal KaKOiv ttoXXcov tocs eTaipots
fiov yevw/xai irpo^evos Kpifxaro^ Te alwviov tu>
aw yevvrjTopi. dXXd tovto ere [SovXeTai 6 Kvpios,
vvv Liev a7]Lietco0Fji'ai Ty acppaylhc tov deiov
/3a7TTt'a/xaT09,

dvTeyojj.evov

264

Kal

/xeveiv

eucre/3aa?

Kal

eVl
t?}?

^copa?,
tcov

irdar}^

evToXtov

-BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xvm. 156-157

come to deliver me from the slavery of the devil,


crown thy good service to me, and " bring my soul
out of prison," and take me with thee, and let us

art

go hence, that I may be fully ransomed from this


deceitful world and then receive the seal of savingBaptism, and share with thee this thy marvellous
philosophy, and this more than human discipline.'

But Barlaam said unto him,


once reared the fawn of a gazelle

'

A
;

man
when grown

certain rich

which,

Buri&am
the tame

up, was impelled by natural desire to long for the herded with
tbe Wlld
desert. So on a day she went out and found an herd
'

of gazelles browsing and, joining them, she would


roam through the glades of the forest, returning at

i*

but issuing forth at dawn, through the


heedlessness of her keepers, to herd with her wild
companions. When these removed, to graze further
evenfall,

afield,

she

followed

them.

But

the

rich

man's

when they

learned thereof, mounted on


horseback, and gave chase, and caught the pet fawn,
and brought her home again, and set her in captivity
servants,

But of the residue of the


some
and
herd,
they killed,
roughly handled others.
Even so I fear that it may happen unto us also and
for

if

the time to come.

thou follow

me

may be deprived of thy to loasaph's


case
many ills to my comrades,

that

fellowship, and bring


and everlasting damnation to thy father. But this
is the will of the Lord
concerning thee thou now
indeed must be signed with the seal of holy Baptism,
and abide in this country, cleaving to all righteousness, and the fulfilling of the commandments of
;

265

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

eirdv he Scot) /caipbv 6 158


rrdvrcov hori)p rcov KcCkoiv, rrjviKavra kcu eXevaj]
vrroXoirrov tt)<; rrapovai]^
7rpo? rivets, fcal to
ireiroiQa he rco
dXX/]Xoi<; avvoiKijaaipiev.
>>);}<?

rov Xpiarov epyaaia<$.

K.vpico Kal ev rfj pceXXovaf) hiayooyf]

dhiaardrov;

ilfius elvai.

'Iwdaacp haKpvcov (pr]al rrpos avrov


ho/cel, ro
OcXrjpa avrov
Xoirrov
tm deito
ovv
reXeicoaas
fie
yeveaOco.
^airrlapari, Kal Xafioov irap epiov \pr}p.ara Kal
Ifidria et? hiarpo(fii)v Kal dpufiiaaiv aov re Kal
rcov eraipcov aov, drreXOe e/? rov rorrov rr)<;
cio~K7Jcrea)<; aov, rfj rov eov elprfvy cppovpovp,evo<;.

\v6is he

tw Kvpicp ravra

JLl

Kcifiov
aoifii

/X7]

hi,a\i7rr)<;

r?}?

e\7rt'So9

hire pev^opievos, tva


fiov,

dXXd

p,r)

eKire-

darrov layyaca

KaraXafielv ae Kal ev r/av^ia f3a0<ia t>}<> irapd


aov urroXaveiv cocpeXeias.
'O he TSapXadp, k'cprj' Ti]v piev rov Xpiarov ae
Xa/3eiv a<fcpayiBa to kcoXvov ovhev.
evrpernaov
Xoirrbv aeavrbv /cat, rov Kvpiov avvepyovvro<;,
reXeico6t]ar].

rrepl

cov

he eirras

eraipoi<; f.iov irapaayelv, irco?

^prjpbdrcov

tols

karat rovro, ae rov

rrXovaiois eXe7]/ioavvi]v hihorai; ol


rrXovaioi yap del toi>? irev^ra^ evepyerovaiv,
ov p,riv he ol drropoi rov? eviropov^.
o
yap
7rev>]ra rol<;

ea^aro^ ttcivtcov rcov eraipcov pov 7rXovatcorep6<;


aov davyKpirw<i KaOearriKti'. dXXa irerroiOa et?
rovs oiKrippiovs rov (deov Kal ae baov ovirco
virepirXovrrjaaf Kal ovk evfierdhoros rrjviKavra
>/

ear].
l'./7re

pioi

266

he

rov Xbyov,

'Icodaa<p 7rp6$ avrov Xacpijviaov


rrcos o rrdvrcov ea)(aro<i rcov acov

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xvm. 158

but when the Giver of all good things


thee opportunity, then shalt thou eome
to us, and for the remainder of this present life
we shall dwell together and I trust in the Lord
also that in the world to come we shall not be parted
Christ

shall give

asunder.'

Again Ioasaph, in tears, said unto him, 'If this be ioasaph


For the rest, aimstcf"
the Lord's pleasure, his will be done
Then receive at my andWsoomperfect me in holy Baptism.
!

hands money and garments for the support and


clothing both of thyself and thy companions, and
depart to the place of thy monastic life, and the
But cease not to make
peace of God be thy guard
supplications on my behalf, that I may not fall away

iainons '

from my hope, but may soon be able to reach thee,


and in peace profound may enjoy thy ministration.'
Barlaam answered, 'Nought forbiddeth thee to

Make

thee ready now


and, the Lord working with thee, thou shalt be
But as concerning the money that thou
perfected.
didst promise to bestow on my companions, how
receive the seal of Christ.

shall this be, that thou, a

poor man, shouldest give


alms to the rich ? The rich always help the poor,
And the least of all my
not the needy the wealth}'.
comrades is incomparably richer than thou. But I
trust in the mercies of God that thou too shalt soon
be passing rich as never afore and then thou wilt
:

not be ready to distribute.'


'
Ioasaph said unto him, Make plain to me this
how
of all thy companions
the
least
saying
;

267

butBarlaam
this,

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

ru>
rrXoviw, ovarrep
fiov
eratpcov virepKeirai
rroXXfj av^rjv aKrr]p.oavvr} Kal ea^drr] Ta\aL7ra>- 159
pelaQai irrwyeia irpb /xiKpov eXeyes, 7TW9 he viv

^erijrd fie diroKaXels, orav he vrrepirXovri^aoi


ovk ~~| fxerdSorov yeveadai Xeyeis rov ev/ierdhorov
vvv KadeartiKora;
'O he BapXadpu drreKplvaro' Ov rrrwyela
tovtovs e(f)i]v TaXanrcopeiadai, dXXa rrXovrw
p,ev

ro
yap ael rots y_pr)pacn
KOfidv dfcevcoTU).
irpoaTiOevai ^p^pcara, Kal fir) t?}? 6pp.fj<; %aXfvovadaL, dXXa teal rrXeiorepwv d/copeo-rais opetou? he rwv
yeaOai, rovro rrevias eo"^drr]<; ean.
rrapbvrwv fiev virepihovTas rroQw rcov alcovioov,
Phil.

iii.

fcal

o-Kv/3aXa ravra

r)y rj a a fievov<;>

Xva

Xpiarov

rraaav he fSpcofidrcov Kal evhvdiroOefievovs fiepipvav Kal ra>


Kvpiw

fibvov fcepSijcrwai,

fidrwv

he
ravrrjv eirippi^ravTa*;, evcppaivopevovs
rfj
dfCTrjala, oj? ovk dv 779 twi/ (piXoKoa/xcov eixppav-

rrXovrw Kal ~xpi]fiao~L /3pida>v, Kal rov


6eii]
rrXovrov tt)? dperrjs depdovoos eavrols crvvayrio%ora9, Tat? eXirLai re rcov dreXevrj]rcov rpecpofievov<; dyaOwv, eLKorcos rrXovaicorepovs crov Kal
rov
rrdcni<i ri)<i emyeiov f3acrtXeia<; KaXecraifii.
he ("deov avvepyovvros trot, em\i}^\rrf Kal avrbs
rr)s

roiavrr)^ TrvevfMzriKrjs

datpaXela

rrjpcov

Kal

7reptovata<;, rjvrrep

rov rrXecoros del

ev

htKa[co<;

ovk dv OeXi-jaeia^ ri ravrrjs KaraKevovv


oXw?. avrrj yap eariv dXrjdr)<; rrepiovo-ia- 6 he
rov alaOijrov rrXovrov 07/C09 /3Xd\p-ie fiaXXov
eiKorcos ovv
toi>9 avrov cpiXovs r) oy^eX^o-etev.
rreviav eo~ydrt)v ruvrov direKaXetra, ovrrep 01
ecptefievos,

epaaral rwv ovpavicov dyaOcov rrdvrr] dirapvrjad268

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


surpasseth

me

in riches

thou

they lived in utter penury,

xvm. 158-159

saidest but

now

that

and were pinched by

extreme poverty and why thou callest me a poor


man, but sayest that, when I shall be passing rich, I,
who am ready to distribute, shall be ready to
distribute no more.'

Barlaam answered, I said not that these men showing


that it is his
were pinched by poverty, but that they plume companions
that possess
ij.it?
tor to the true
themselves on their inexhaustible wealth,
wea
be ever adding money to money, and never to curb
'

.,

the passion for it, but insatiably to covet more and


But
more, betokeneth the extreme of poverty.
those who despise the present for love of the eternal
and count it but dung, if only they win Christ, who
have laid aside all care for meat and raiment and
cast that care on the Lord,

and

rejoice in

penury as no

world could rejoice, were he rolling


who have laid up for themselves
in
riches,
the
plenteously the riches of virtue, and are fed by
more
without
of
end, may
fitly be
hope
good things
termed rich than thou, or any other earthly

lover of the

God working with

kingdom.

But,

lay hold

on such

keep
thou
This

spiritual

thee, thou shalt

abundance that,

if

thou

and ever rightfully desire more,


wish to dispend any part of it.
true abundance but the mass of material

in safety
shalt never

it

is

riches will

damage rather than

benefit

its

friends.

Meetly therefore called I it the extreme of poverty,


which the lovers of heavenly blessings utterly
renounce and eschew, and flee from it, as a man
269

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

pevoi ecfyvyov air avrov, eo? (pevyei rts dirb 6cf>eco<i. 160
el he, bv aireKieivav eyQpbv ical to?9 iroal avveirdTi]crav ol o~waa/c)]Tai pou ical avarpaTccbrai,, rovaov Xaficiov avrot<;
tov
avOis ^wvia irapd
direvey/cco, teal irpo^evo<i
iroXepcov koX iraOcbv

yevwpai,

ecropat,

avTots irdvicos dyye\o<;

irovr]po<>'

oirep pi] yevoiro pot iroir\crai.


Td aura he pot voec ical ir.epl evSvpdrcov.

tois
iraXacoTrjros /cara(pdopdv teal to tt;9 irapa/corp; evhupa, oaov rb eir
avTols, diro0epevoi<;, rbv X/)ic7Toy he &>9 Ipdriov

yap direKhuaapevoi<;
GaL

in. 27

acorrjpiov

/cal

ti-jv

rrjs

yjuwva eixppoavvqs evhehvpAvois,

avrovs irdXiv tou9 Sepparivovs dpcpido-aipi


yiTMva^ ical to t?)9 alo-yyvT]<i irepiO/jcropac irepij36\aiov; dWa T01/9 pev euovq eiaipow; prjhevbs
7T6)?

tcov ToiovTOiv eir iheopevou<; yivoocTKoov, rfj rf]<; epi']he dp/covpevow; daK)]aec /cal rpv<p7]v Tavrrjv

pov

\oyi^opei'OV<s

dX^Oeardrrjv,

id

yp/jpara

/cal

direp iovtois e\eye<; irapacryeLv, TOt9 irevriat


hiaveipa<$, Or/aavpov eaviu> eh rb peXkov aav\ov

1/j.dita,

6i]aavpio~ov, ibv f)ebv eavi5> Tat? eiceivwv eu%al<;


eiriKovpov depevos' outco yap paWov cruvepyep tw
irXouKp 777509 id fcaXa ypijaaio. eira ical rrjp
Bph.

vi.

tou irvevpaTO<i ireptftaWopevos, /cal


pev bacpuv ev d\y]0eia irepi{(ocrdpevo<i, evhvadpevos he teal iov tj/9 hacaioauvi]? dcopa/ca, irepiOepevo$ Te ical rrjv irepacecpaXaiav rov acoitipiov,
ical TOU9 iroha<i ev eroipaaia rov
KvayyeXlov t>}9
elpyjvijs virohrjadpevos, y^eid yelpds re ibv t% irlarecos uvaXaftcov Oupeov, ical irjv iov irveupaio^
pd%aipav, r\ eart, pr\pa Seou, ical irdvroOev dpiaia
iravoirXiav
T>jv

icaOoirXiaOel^; ical irepuppa^dpevos, outco

270

ireiroi-

161

1JARLAAM
fleeth

AND IOASAPH,
But

from an adder.

if

xvm. 160-161

take from thee and

whom my

comrades
slain and trampled
and
battle
have
discipline
under foot, and carry him back to them, and so be
the occasion of wars and lusts, then shall I verily be
unto them an evil angel, which heaven forfend
1
Let the same, I pray thee, be thy thoughts about Ho

so bring

back to

that foe,

life

in

raiment.

As

tor

them

/r

have

that

put

ott

.1

tne

biddeth

loasaph give
a

ma tothe

corruption of the old man, and, as far as possible, '^thereby


g
cast away the robe of disobedience, and put on of theLord
Christ as a coat of salvation and

how

shall

again clothe

garment of gladness,

these

in their

coats of

and gird them about with the covering of shame?


But be assured that my companions have no need of
such things, but are content with their hard life in
the desert, and reckon it the truest luxury and
bestow thou on the poor the money and garments
which thou promisedst to give unto our monks, and
hide,

time to come, treasure


lay up for thyself, for the
that cannot be stolen, and by the orisons of
for thus
these poor folk make God thine ally
;

an help toward
employ thy
noble things. Then also put on the whole armour
of the Spirit, having thy loins girt about with truth,
and having on the breast-plate of righteousness, and
wearing the helmet of salvation, and having thy feet
shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace,
and taking in thine hands the shield of faith, and
the sword of the spirit, which is the word of God.
And, being thus excellently armed and guarded on

shalt thou

i-iches

as

271

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

does 7rpo? tov Kara tj}? aaefteias e%e\6e iroXefiov,


&)? av, rauTi]v Tpo7rcoo~apuevo<i Kal tov avrrjs dp-

XT/ 0V
VLK1)<;

Bid,3o\ov
(TT(f)dvOLS

et<?
yrjv Karappd^a*},
KOO~ /J,)]d 1]<TT] i/c t?}<?

TOi?

t?}?

^coap^cK7]<;

Sepias tov Aeo"7TOTOU.

XIX

Ps. iv. 5

To?9 toiovtois ovv Soy/iaai Kal \6yois ctcott)piois KaTt]XV aa ^ o T$ap\ad/x tov tov j3aat\ew<i
Vlbv Kal 7T/30? TO 06LOV /3d7TTlO~JJ,a eVT peTTiaa^, VTjGTeveiv T Kal ev)(eaOac evTeiXapievos, KaTa to
ucavas rj/iepwi, ov BieXnre crv^vd^ayv
edos, i(f)
7T/30? ai/Tov, Kal Trdcrav Soy/u,aTiKi]v <fia>vt]v tj}?
6pOo86^ov 7rtcrTea)9 eK^iSdaKcov Kal to delov
ILvayyeXiov virayopevwv avTU), 777)0? he Kal tcls
aTTOo-To\iKa<i Trapaiveaets Kal Tas 7rpo(f)rjTLKa<;
deoSi&aKTOs yap wv 6 avi-jp
p/]<Ti<i kpfxrjvevfov
irdaav eirl aTOfiaTos TlaXaidv T Kal K.aivr)v
Tpacprjv e(pepe, Kai, tu> 8eiw Ktvov/xevos Uvev/iaTi,
iv
icfcojTiaev ainov irpos t^v d\i]Qr) Oeoyvwalav.
Be Trj 7]/xepa ore (3aTTTia6rjvai kfieWe,
ai/Tfj
BtBdaKcov avTov, eXeyev
'IBov ttjv tov XptaTOv
eTreiyt] \aj3elv crfypaylBa, Kal ra (fxoTC crrjpeia)Oqvai tov TrpoaojTrov l\vptov. Kal vios f^ev yivr)
(~)eov, vab<i Be tov dyiov Kal ^wottolov YlvevftaTo^.
Trio-Teve To'ivvv et? UaTepa, Kal Tlov, Kal "Aytov
WveOfxa, t?]V dyiav Kal (oa PX tK V v TpidBa iv
Tpicrlv viroaTaaeai Kal /xia OeoT^TL Bo^a^o/xevrjv, 162
SiaipTT]V /jbiv Tat<? VTroaTaaeai Kal Tali virocrTaTiKals lBioTi]criv, yvoofievijv Be Trj ovaia' eva filv

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xvm. 161-xix. 162

the warfare
every side, in this confidence go forth to
ungodliness, until, this put to flight, and
its prince, the devil, dashed headlong to the earth,
thou be adorned with the crowns of victory from the

against

right

hand of thy master, the Lord of

life.'

XIX
With such

like

doctrines and saving words did Bariaam

Barlaam instruct the king's son, and fit him for holy
Baptism, charging him to fast and pray, according to
custom, several days

ioasaph

fo.

ap lsm

and he ceased not to resort unto

him, teaching him every article of the Catholick


MoreFaith and expounding him the holy Gospel.
over he interpreted the Apostolick exhortations and
for, taught of God,
Barlaam had alway ready on his lips the Old and
New Scripture and, being stirred by the Spirit, he

the sayings of the Prophets

enlightened his young disciple to see the true knowBut on the day, whereon the prince
ledge of God.
'
should be baptized, he taught him, saying, Behold
thou art moved to receive the seal of Christ, and be
signed with the light of the countenance of the

and thou becomest a son of God, and temple


Holy Ghost, the giver of life. Believe thou instruct^
therefore in the Father, and in the Son, and in the doctrine 1
Holy Ghost, the holy and life-giving Trinity, ^nity?
glorified in three persons and one Godhead, different
indeed in persons and personal properties, but united
Lord

of the

73

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

eoz> dyevvrjTov,

tyivwGfccov

tov Ylarepa, eva

<yerV7]TOV Kvpiov, tov Tiov,

0X1)6 ivov K

twv

Heov

Be

0&jto9> tyeov
(poos
aXi)6ivou, yevvi)6evTa Trpb irave/c

rcov alcovcov

dyadov yap Tlarpos dya6b<z


T/09, (pooro*; Be tov dyevvrjTov <&>9
e^e\ap,\fre to d'lBiov, /cal i/c t/;? 0W&J9 00?}? 1)
^woTrotbs irporjkde 7ri)yij, ical i/c t>}? ai>ToBvvdp.ea>^
TOV TlOV 8llVap,lS i^Cpdv7), 09 eCTTlV OH CLVy CLO jCL
1)
Tt]<> oog J?9 Kai A0709 ev v TroaTaTOs, ev apyp u>v
iyei>v7J6rj

Wisd.

vii.

Johni.

2,

tov %ebv fcal eo9 dvapyos re Kal diBtos' 6V


ov tcl irdvTa eyeveTO Ta opaTa teal to, dopara'
"
Kal V elBd>1 II vevpLd Ay L0V, TO i/C TOV IIaT/309
eKiropevbpevov, %ebv TeXeiov, Kal ^ooottoiov, real
717)09

John xv. 26

dyiacrpLOv TtapeKTixov, TavTo6e\e<;, TavToBvvapiov,


ovtuh; ovv irpocncvvei
o~vvat8iov, ei'ViroaTaTov.
tov IlaTepa /ecu tov Tibv Kal to "Ayiov Uvevp,a ev

Tptalv viroaTaaeaLV, eiT ovv


puci-

ainoiv

(pvcris,

i)

fiia

ovaca,

i)

p,[a

Greg. Naz.

Aeia, pica Bvvapus, pia e^ovala'

ra
1G

fcaVAylw
TlaTpbs

p.ev

Bb^a, p,ia fiaaikolvov Be T/<>

tov UaTpos, iBiov Be tov 163


dyevv7)o~ia, Tiov he 1) yevvt)o~i<;,

IlvevpLaTC to

TlvevpiaTos Be

koi 6ebri)Ti
6eoTi)s, koX pcia

18i6ti)cti,

yap twv Tpiwv

/coivbv fiev

i)

1)

eic

eKirbpevcns.

Ovtco p,ev ovv TavTa iriaTevetov Tpoirov T//9 yevvtjaeo)^ i) rf}?

KaTa\af3elv Be
efC7ropevo~ea>s

p.i)

Pa. cxix. 7

yap)- ev ev6vTi)Tt fcap8ia<;


6 YlaTrjp /cal 6 T/09
otl
dnrepiepyo)^ irpoo-Beyov
Kal to "Ayiov Tlvevp.a /cara irdvTa ev elcri, rrXrjv
tj}9 ayevvr)GLa^ icai Ti)s yevv)'j<jea><; Kal rf}$ e/C7ropevaeco^, Kal otl 6 pbovoyevt)*? T/o 9 Kal A0709
tov (")eov Kal eo9 Bid ttjv i)p:eTepav aanijpiav

Bph. t b

KaT?)\6ev

eTTifyjreL (aKaTdXr)iTTo<i

274

eirl

rr;9

7%

evBoKiq, tov

UaTpbs Kal

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xix.

162-163

in substance; acknowledging on: God unbegotten,


the Father and one begotten Lord, the Son, light
of light, very God of very God, "begotten before all
worlds for of the good Father is begotten the good
Son, and of the unbegotten light shone forth the
everlasting light and from very life came forth the
;

life-giving spring, and from original might shone


forth the might of the Son, who is the brightness of
his glory and the Word in personality, who was in

the beginning with God, and God without beginning


and Avithout end, by whom all things, visible and
invisible, were made
knowing also one Holy Ghost,
which proceedeth from the Father, perfect, life-giving and sanctifying God, with the same will, the
same power, coeternal and impersonate. Thus therefore worship thou the Father, and the Son, and the
Holy Ghost, in three persons or properties and one
Godhead. For the Godhead is common of the three,
and one is their nature, one their substance, one
their glory, one their kingdom, one their might, one
but it is common of the Son and of
their authority
the Holy Ghost tJiat they are of the Father and it
is proper of the Father that he is unbegotten, and of
the Son that he is begotten, and of the Holy Ghost
that he proceedeth.
'
This therefore be thy belief; but seek not to and chargunderstand the manner of the generation or pro- "cceput in
:

In uprightness of
it is incomprehensible.
heart and without question accept the truth that the
Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost, are in all
points one except in the being unbegotten, and
and that the onlybegotten, and proceeding
Word
of
the
God, and God, for our
begotten Son,
salvation came down upon earth, by the good
cession, for

275

unquestton

ST.

Mat.

i.

avvepyia tov dycov NvevficiTOS, da7ropa><i o-vXXtjiv Tjj fl)]Tp(l T/}? dylaS UctpdeVOV KCU 60tokov Ma^ia? Sid HvevpuciTos Ayiov, Kal cMpOopw?
e'^ avT
yevv^OeLs, Kal civOpwiros TeA.eto? yevopLevos, Kal on avrbs eo? reXeios iari Kal avOpco-

20,23 </)#et?

Lukei.35;
is.

JOHN DAMASCENE

vn. 11

yevop,6vo<; K 8vo fyvaewv, OeoTr/To$


re Kal dv6 p(t)7roTi]TO<i, Kal iv Svo (pvaeai voepals,
6e\i]TiKai<; re Kal ivepyrjTiKais Kai avTe^ovaioi^,
Kal Kara irdvra TeXetw? i%ovo~ai<; Kara tov
eKaaTTj irpeirovra opov re Kal Xoyov, BeorrjTi,
Kal av9 pwiroTifTi, fiia oe avvOeTw viroara(f)r/p-L,
aei. Kal ravra tnrepiepyw; Se^ov, p,r)8oXa><i tov
7709 reXeios,
l

Phu.

ii.

Tpoirov p^aOeiv k^]to)v, 7TW9 kavrov eKevcoaev o


T/o? tov eoi) Kal dvOpunros yeyorev Ik irapdevi- 164
Kiov aipLUTOiv ao"7rop&)9 Te Kal a<fiddpTco<;, rf ti? r)

tow hvo
7rio~Ti

(pvaecov ev

yap

Tavra

pad vTroaTciaet crvveXevo-is;


i8i8d%0ripLev Kare^eiv Ta

OeuoScos rjpuv eK tt)? 9eia$ Tpacpr/s elpr)p,eva' tov


Be Tpoirov Kai dyvoovpiev Kal Xeyeiv ov 8vvdp.eda.
Luke

i.

78

Yliareve tov Tibv tov ^)eov, tov 8ia airXdy^ya


dvOpwirov, iraVTa Te dvahktaaOai to, rrjs dvOpwrroT^TOS (f)vaiKci Kal d8id{3Xi]Ta
7rd9>) (eVeiz^cre ydp, Kal iSiyp-rjae, Kal inrvoiae,
Kal eKOTriaae, Kal t)yu>viaae (f>vaec t>}? dvQpw7Tot?;to9, Kal inrep twv dvopudn* i)p.6)v ^X^l ^
OdvaTOV, iaTavpco6rj, Kal ird(pr), OavaTov yevadpievos, T?j<i deoTfjTO^ diraBov^ Kal aTpeirrov oiafxeivdaii^' ov8ev yap oXco? twv nraQwv tt) drraOel

iXeovs yevop-evov

irpoadirTopev (pvaer aX\d toj TrpoaXijpipiaTt, yivouo~Kop,ev avTov rraOovTa Kal Tacpevra, Kal t?j de'ia
8ofyj eK
2

Tim.

iv. i

ovpavovs
276

veKpwv dvaardvTa, iv d(p0apaia re


dveXrjXvOoTa),

Kal

fj^eiv

et<?

irdXtv p.erd

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xix.

163-164

pleasure of the Father, and, by the operation of the


Holy Ghost, was conceived without seed in the

womb

of Mary the holy Virgin and Mother of God,


by the Holy Ghost, and was born of her without
defilement and was made perfect man and that he
is
perfect God and perfect man, being of two
natures, the Godhead and the manhood, and in
two natures, endowed with reason, will, activity,
and free will, and in all points perfect according to
the proper rule and law in either case, that is in the
Godhead and the manhood, and in one united
And do thou receive these things without
person.
to know the manner, how
question, never seeking
the Son of God emptied himself, and was made man
of the blood of the Virgin, without seed and without
defilement or what is this meeting in one person
For by faith we are taught to hold
of two natures.
fast those things that have been divinely taught us
;

out of Holy Scripture; but of the manner we are


ignorant, and cannot declare it.
'Believe thou that the Son of God, who, of his
tender mercy was made man, took upon him all the
affections that are natural to man, and are blameless
(he hungered and thirsted and slept and was weary
and endured agony in his human nature, and for our
transgressions was led to death, was crucified and
was buried, and tasted of death, his Godhead
continuing without suffering and without change
for we attach no sufferings whatsoever to that nature
which is free from suffering, but we recognize him
as suffering and buried in that nature which he
assumed, and in his heavenly glory rising again
from the dead, and in immortality ascending into
heaven) and believe that he shall come again, with

277

Heteiiethot
Passion of'
the Lord
Christ,

ST.
ho%r)<;

\6yois
John

v.

hitca[oi<i avrou aTaOfioh.


dpacrTJ]aovrai yap ol verepol Kal iyepOijaovrai ol iv rols
Kal ol Liev ra<; tov XpicrTOv (f)v\dfivi]jjLLot<;'
civt<; evToXds /calrfj 6p0fj avvaireXdovre^ TTLarei

xii. 2

viii.

Kpivai ^wvTas Kal ve/cpo^s 0*9 avrb<> olSe


deoeiheaTepov awLiaTOS, Kal airohwaeiv

e/cd<TT(p T0Z9

28

Cp. Dan.

John

JOHN DAMASCENE

24

S' ev
apLapriais 165
iiacXivavTSs
iriarecci
aiT% 6p6i)<;
eh Kokaaiv alannov direXevaovTai. Triareve /u?;
ova'tav riva elvai tov kclkov i) fiacriXeiav, pirjSe

fcXrjpovofirjcrovcn ^oorjv aloivtov, ol


,

Kara(f)dapVT i
Mat.

xx v.

46

dvapyov avrrjv vwoXati^ave rj Trap" eavTr)<; inroi)


irapa tov eou yevoLievrjv diraye

crracrav,

tt/9 droTTLWi' \\ rj/xerepov epyov tovto Kal rov


8ia/3oXov, k rrj<; r)/jLTepa<s cnrpoae^la<i eireio-eXObv
i]pXv Sid rb avTe^ovalovi ?)/za9 yeyevrjcrOai, Kal
avroirpoaiperu) fiovXrjaei tovto i/c\eyeo-6ai, etVe

Eph.

iv. 5

Kal (pavXov.
irpos tovtois OLioXoyei,
e v8aTO<; Kal UrevLiaTOs els
acpeaiv dpiapTiwv.
A.e%ov Kal ttjv jAeTdXr)\\riv twv dypdvTcov tov
Xp/crToO fiuo-Tijpioov, nriOTevoiv ev dXrjOeia acbfxa
Kal alfia virdpyeiv XpiaTOV tov Qeov t/licov, a

dyaOov,
ev

Cor. xi.
23-25
1

Mat. xxvi.
20-28

Mark
19,20

SeSooKe ro?9 iriaToh t9 dcpeaiv d[xapTi6)v.


ev TTj
vvktI yap fj irapehlhoTO, Sia6i]Kijv Kaivijv BiedeTO
to?9 dytoa avTov Lia0>]Tah Kat diroaToXois,
Kal Si avTMV irdai to?9 et9 avTov nricrTevovaiv,

xiv.

eliraiv AdfieTe, (payeTe'

xxii.

VTrep

22-24

Luke

et're

ftdiTTicrfAa

o/xolcos

vlimv
Be

k\(o/jLvov

Kal

avToh, Xeycov

27S

to
llleTe

tovto

eh

eo~Ti

dpiapTicov.

Xaftcov SeScoKev
avTov TrdvTe^' tovto

iroTi'ipiov
e'

to aco/Aa /nov

dcfreaiv

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xix.

164-165

judge quick and dead, and by the words,


which himself knoweth, of that diviner body, 1 and to
reward every man by his own just standards.
For the dead shall rise again, and they that are in
their graves shall awake
and they that have kept
the commandments of Christ, and have departed
glory, to

this life in

the true faith shall inherit eternal

and they, that have died in their


turned aside from the right faith,

sins,

life,

and have

shall go away
punishment. Believe not that there
is
any true being or kingdom of evil, nor suppose
that it is without beginning, or self-originate, or
born of God out on such an absurdity but believe
rather that it is the work of us and the devil,
come upon us through our heedlessness, because
we were endowed with free-will, and we make
our choice, of deliberate purpose, whether it be
good or evil. Beside this, acknowledge one Baptism,
by water and the Spirit, for the remission of sins.
(
Receive also the Communion of the spotless

eternal

into

Mysteries of Christ, believing in truth that they


are the Body and Blood of Christ our God, which
he hath given unto the faithful for the remission
For in the same night in which he was
of sins.
betrayed he ordained a new testament with his
holy disciples and Apostles, and through them
for all that should believe on him, saying, " Take,
eat this is my Body, which is broken for you, for the
remission of sins."
After the same manner also he
took the cup, and gave unto them saying," Drink ye all
of this: this is my Blood, of the new testament, which
:

Greg. Naz. Orat

5e, ois

xl. 45.
ovk tri
aurus olSe \6yois, deotifitcnepou

fx\v

aapKa, ovk aaw/xarov

(Ta7.1a.T0s,

k.t.A.

279

and of the
Eucharist

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.
to alp-d

eari
virep
Heb.

iv. 12

/xou,

to

t/}?

eK^vvu/xevov

vfiSiv

Kaivrjs

et?

8ta0r]Krj<;,

to

dfiapri6)i>'

cicpecriv

tovto iroieire eh ttjv ifi7]v uvd/jLvrjatv. auTO? ovvHM


A07O ? TOV OV 6 6}V, Kal iv6py/]^, Kal TTaVTO,
1

TTOiCov rf] 8vvd/xet avTov, iroiel Kal {leTaatcevd^ei,


Sid tt}? 0ta<i ivepyeias tov dprov Kal tov olvov
Cyril. Cat.
xxiii. 19

T7)<i
'

aO)fXa
7Tp00~(f)0pd<i
" '
'

John Damascene,
fid.

De

orth. iv.

rr

tov

(XVTOV KCU

alp,Ct, TJ]

'

<

eTTMpOlv
v

Aytov LlvevpaTos, et? ayiaapiov kcli


(pOOTKTflOV TMV TToOo) p,Ta\ap.^av6vTQ)V.
kcli dcnraKouevo*; TO
UpoaKvvet ttkttws Tiixoiv
~

a
a
aepaapuov eKTV7rcop,a tov tXevnoTiKov yapaKTT]po<; tov oV -?;/x9 ivavdpannjcravTOS Seov Aoyov,

rrjcrei

>

Basil,

De

Spiritu
Sancto,

CIVTOV 8oKO)V TOV K.7LO-T7]V Opdv V TY) Lk6vC.


6TU
TlfXI] yap T*} ? eiKOVOS, (f10~L Ti9 TOiV dyL(OV,
'
'
r'
>
r>
C- '
T TipWTOTVTTOV OiapCUVei' 7TpC0T0TV7T0V oe eaTi
1

ch. is

T^

eiKovi^o/j-evov,

ttjv

yap

iv

vobs 6<fi6a\p.oi<;
Iheav ov ioTiv
Tijv

tov

81

777)0?
7)

rj/jids

dW

it;

ov to irapdywyov

eIkovl ftXeirovTes ypacfitjv,


ttjv dXr]6ivr)v

yiveTCU.
tocs toO

8ia/3a[vop,ev

lkcov,

evcreftws Trpoo'KvvovvTe.^
o~apKQ)0evTO<; p:op(j))jv, ov deoiroL-

etKova tov aapKu>6evTO<; @eo0


Kal dydirr) tov kvol>oavTos eavTOV 81 rjp,a<; p>z%pi Kal 8ov\ov /jiop(f>f)<;'
Kal Tf}? d^paVTOV AIrjTpb<? CLVTOV Kal
John Dam- OpLOLWS
'

'
'

\'
ascene, De
TTUVTWV TO)V ayiWV Ta 6KTV7TO)p,aTa TOVTO) T(p
fid. orth. iv.
10
ooaavTOis 8e Kal tov
Xoyro 7Tept7TTvaaop.evoi.
tvttov tov ^oioiroioi) Kal cr/3ao-p,lov aTavpov
ibid. 11
7rio~Te.L nrpoGKVvwv KaTaaird^ov 8id tov
Kpe/iaadcvra iv avTto aapKi iirl aaiTrjpia tov yevovs 167
TjpLWV XpiCTTOV TOV 0OI> Kal %0)Tt)pa TOV KOa/JLOV,
Kai 86vTa 1) fj.lv tovtov o~vp,(3o\ov t>;9 KaTa tov 8caCp. Wisd.
fioKov
VLKy]<i' (pptTTei yap Kai Tpe/xci, [Ay)
(pepcov
Cyril Cat.
ovpevoi,

Phil.

ii.

xiii 30

a)?

KaTaaira^opievot

2 gQ

iro6u>

>

'

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


is

in

xix.

165-167

shed for you for the remission of sins


remembrance of me." He then, the

this

do

Word

of

God, being quick and powerful, and, working all


things by his might, maketh and transform eth,
through his divine operation, the bread and wine
of the oblation into his own Body and Blood,
by

the

visitation

sanctification

of

the

Holy

Ghost,

for

the

and enlightenment of them that with

desire partake thereof.


1
Bariaam
Faithfully worship, with honour and reverence,
the venerable likeness of the features of the Lord, ioasaphin
iP
the Word of God, who for our sake was made man, ^ images
in
Creator
himself.
the
behold
to
Image thy
thinking
" For the honour of the
Image, saith one of the

Saints, passeth over to the original." The original is


the thing imaged, and from it cometh the derivation.
For when we see the drawing in the Image,
in our mind's eye we pass over to the true form

of which it is an Image, and devoutly worship


the form of him who for our sake was made flesh,
not making a god of it, but saluting it as an

image of God made flesh, with desire and love


of him who for us men emptied himself, and even
Likewise also for
took the form of a servant.
this reason

we

Mother, and of

salute the pictures of his undefiled


In the same spirit
all the Saints.

faithfully worship and salute the emblem of


the life-giving and venerable Cross, for the sake
of him that hung thereon in the flesh, for the
salvation of our race, Christ the God and Saviour of
the world, who gave it to us as the sign of victory
over the devil for the devil trembleth and qtiaketh
also

281

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

ev to?9 toiovtois
KciOopav avrov rrjv ovva/iiv.
Soypaai Kal fiera 70iav7rjs iriarew^ ^airriadi')(jr}, arp7TTOv ravT)]v Kal dpnyf) 7rdar)<; alpeaea><;

(f)vXa77(ov

tclvt]]

rfj

Xvaaov,
Gal.

i.

eayarvt]^ dvaTrvorjs. irdaav


iracrav 8oypa7LKi]v (j)cov/]V,

p,e)pi<;

StSacrKaXlav

he

/cat

ap,(op.ijr(p dvdcarapevi]v nrtcnei, ft&eeoi).


teal dWorpicocnv Xoyi^ov elvai

yap o 'A7rocrToA.09, brt K.dv rjp.ei<i i] dyyeXos


ovpavov evayyeXi^rjTat, vpiv reap o emjyyeXiov/c eari yap aXXo
crdueOa vpZv, dvddepa k'o-rco.
YjvayyeXiov kul aXXrj 7rio~7is, irXr-jV r/ Sta tmv

(f)7)crl

e'

u7roar6\coi> KTqpvyQeZaa, koX Sid rwv deofiopeov


Ylarepcov ev 8ia<f>6poi<> crvvoSots /3e/3aia>0etaa, Kal
1

KaOoXiicfi 'E/c/cX^crta fie/SaicoOeiaa.

rfj

Tavra

a.d. 825

Mat. xxviii.

BapXadpi, Kal to rrj<i TTiareox;


aupj3oXov to e/CTeOev ev rfj Kara Nt/cami> avvoSco
hihd^as Tov 7ov fiaaiXews vlov, e/3diT7iaev ai)7bv
els to ovopa 7od TIa7p6s, Kal 7ov Tiov, Kal 70v
eliroov 6

'Ayiov Uvevpa70S els 77)v KoXvp,/3/]6pav 70i> vSa70S


7rjv ovcrav ev tw irapaheiaw av70v. Kal rjXdev eir
av7ov i) X ''P L ^ T v 'Ayiov Y\vevpa70s. eiraveXOcov
he els 7ov av7o0 K0L7wva, Kal 7t]v lepdv eirne(

Xeaas

pvo-7aycoylav

pe7eSu>Kev
Luke

Pet.

x. 21

i.

s, 4

p,va7r]pt(jov,

7t]S

dvaipaK70v

0vcnas,

d^pdv7wv 70V Xptcnov


Kal rjyaXXidaa70 t& Uvevp:a7i, So^av
X.pio~7U) 7w Be&>.

ai)7(p

70)V

dvaTrep-TTCov
Elite Be irpos

av7ov o liapXadp,' EvXoyr)7bs 6


eo? Kal Tla7t)p 7ov Kvpiov rjpuwv Irjcrov Xpio~7ov, 6 Ka7a 76 iroXv eXeos aviov dvayevvi)aas
ae els eXirlda ^waai', els KXrjpovopLtav dcf)0ap7ov
Kal

dplav7ov,
1

282

Kal

dpbdpav70V,

re7))p>]p,evtiv

misprint for Trapadoduaa.

iv

16S

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


at the virtue thereof,

xix.

167-168

and endureth not

to behold

such doctrines and

In

in

such

faith

shalt

it.

thou

baptized, keeping thy faith unwavering and


But
pure of all heresy until thy latest breath.
all teaching and every speech of doctrine contrary
to th's blameless faith abhor, and consider it an
alienation from God.
For, as saith the Apostle,
"
or
an
we,
Though
angel from heaven, preach
any other gospel unto you than that which we
have preached unto you, let him be accursed."
For there is none other Gospel or none other
Faith than that which hath been preached by
the Apostles, and established by the inspired

be

Fathers at divers Councils, and delivered to

the

Catholick Church.'

When

Barlaam had thus spoken, and taught the


the Creed which was set forth at the
Council of Niea-a, he baptized him in the name
of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy
Ghost, in the pool of water which was in his garden.
king's son

And

there

Holy

Spirit.

Ioasaph

is

came upon him the grace of the


Then did Barlaam come back to
his chamber, and offer the holy Mysteries of the
unbloody Sacrifice, and communicate him with the
and Ioasaph rejoiced
undefined Mysteries of Christ
:

in spirit, giving thanks to Christ his God.


Then said Barlaam unto him, ' Blessed be the

God

and

Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which


according to his abundant mercy hath begotten
thee again unto a lively hope, to an inheritance
incorruptible and undefiled, that fadeth not away,

283

Barlaam
SJI^jL to
God, and
Vvirlrl ->tli

roasaph
Wlllk

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

ovpai>oi<;, iv X/3<<tt&) 'Irjaov

Rom.

vi.

Rom.

xiii.

22

11

vevpaTos dylov.

cnfjpepov

rq>

Kvpi,(p rjp.o)V 8id


airo

yap iXevdepwOels

dpapTias i8ovXd)0)j<; tu> 0e&>, rbv dppaficova


8edpevo<; t>/9 alcovlov ^wtjs, /cat, to ctkotos airoXnrcov, cpcos ivehvaw, KaTaTayels els ttjv iXevOeplav t?}? 8o^r\s twv retcvwv tov eov- "Oaoi yap,
r>]<i

Rom.viii. 21

john

i.

12

eSco/cev avrols i^ovcrlav


(py]a[v, eXafiov avrov,
reKva &eov yevkaOai, tols 7riarvovaiv els to
ovopa avTOV' ware ovkctl el 8ovXos, dXX* v ('09

Gal. iv. 7

2 Pet.

Jas.

ill.

ii.

14

26
12

'

Orat'xi!
p.146, tupra
1

Pet.

ii. 1,

Ka\ KXrjpovopLOs Seov 81a T^croO XpiaTov iv


TlvevpaTi Ayitp. 810, ayairrire, airovhaaov acrmXos Kal dpci)pb>]Tos avrw evpeOtjvai, ipya^opevos
to dyaObv iirl rep 6ep,eXi(p ttjs ircaTecos' tv'igtis
J^P X^P^ %P ri U)V veKpd gtlv, wenrep Kal epya
Si%a. iriaTews, Kadoos Kal irporepov pep,vrjp,ai
XaXijaas aoc.
diroOepLevos ovv Xoittov iraa av 169
KaKiav, Kal iravra ra epya tov iraXaiov dv-

dpamov
$vp,ias

XoyiKov
irielv,

Kph.

iv. 13,

ra (pOeipop-eva Kara

p,io~)}o~a<>

Cor. xiv.

Eph.

iv. 1

Eph.

iv. 17,

Xva iv avru>

a^^?,

Kal (pddarjs els rrjv

ivToXow tov Tiov tov eov, els


els perpov rjXiKLas tov irX^poipaTos tov Xpio-Tov, p,r\KeTL v/]7rio<; &v Tats (ppeao,

twc

dXXa

tt}

dXrj Kal

pev KaKia
vqirid^wv, irpbs 8e to dyadbv aTepepviov Kal
7reiTayio)p,ivov eywv tov vovv, koI d^lcos irepiiraTWV tijs KXijaecos ^9 iKXijdijs iv (pvXaKrj
twv ivToX6)v tov Kvplov, diroaeiadpievos eavTov
TpiKvpia

Kal
18

eVt-

iiriyvcocnv tow
av8pa reXeiov,

KXv8(ovt^6pevos Kal irepicpepopevos


1

ra<i

dirdrrj^, d>s dpTcyevvrjTov fipecpo? to


Kal d8oXov ydXa rcov dpercov iiriiroOyiaov

ttjs

Tepas

284

iradoiv,

dXXoTpiwaas
dvao-TpocpfjS,

ttjv

tt)

paTaioTtjTa

Ka6u>s

to,

edvr)

t%

irpo-

TrepnraTtl

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xix.

168-169

reserved in heaven in Christ Jesus our Lord by the worthy


Holy Ghost; for to-day thou hast been made
free from sin, and hast become the servant of God,
and hast received the earnest of everlasting life
thou hast left darkness and put on light, being
:

enrolled in the glorious liberty of the children of


God. For he saith, " As many as received him,

them gave he power to become the sons of God,


even to them that believe on his name." Wherefore
thou art no more a servant, but a son and an heir of
to

God through

Jesus Christ in the Holy Ghost.


Wherefore, beloved, give diligence that thou mayest
be found of him without spot and blameless, working
for
that which is good upon the foundation of faith
faith without works is dead, as also are works
without faith even as I remember to have told thee
afore.
Put off therefore now all malice, and hate all
the works of the old man, which are corrupt
according to the deceitful lusts and, as new-born
babe, desire to drink the reasonable and sincere milk
of the virtues, that thou mayest grow thereby, and
attain unto the knowledge of the commandments
of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the
measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ that
thou mavest henceforth be no more a child in mind,
tossed to and fro, and carried about on the wild
and raging waves of thy passions or rather in malice
be a child, but have thy mind settled and made steadfast toward that which is good, and walk worthy of
the vocation wherewith thou wast called, in the keeping of the commandments of the Lord, casting off
and putting far from thee the vanity of thy former
conversation, henceforth walking not as the Gentiles
:

285

of

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

iv rf) fiaTatorrjTi rod vobs avrcov, iaKoriapevoi


tov
rf) Stavola kuI dirrjWoT puofxivoi rr)<; hb^rjs
fyeov, viroTeraypievoi rais iiriQvpuiai^ avroiv k.cli

dXoyoa oppals.
Eph.

v.

%0)VTL

he,

wairep 7rpoaf]X0e<i 0e&)


&7)

K<x\

ft)?

u/09 ^)(UTO<? 170

yap tcapirhs rov Uvevparos iv


irepiirdi^aov.
irdarj dyaOoavvrj, Kal SiKaioavvy, Kal dXrjdeta,
Kal tov ivdudevra a 01 arjfiepov veov dvOpwrrov
pLijKeri
rfj
irpcnepa KaTacpOeipys iraXaLOTrjTr
dX\' civaKaivi^ov Ka9 eKaaTrjv iv SiKaioavvy,
Kal oaLorrjTL, Kal d\r/6ela- hvvajov yap tovto

Gal. v. 22

p.

av

Kal oXtjOlvS), OVTCO

tw ftovXopevw, KaOt'nrep aKoveis on iovTeKva Seov yevecrOai toI<; iriarevovcnv


et? to ovop.a avrov, ware ovKert Bvvdp.e6a Xeyecv
ore dhvvaros i)p,lv rj KTrjo~i<; twv apercov vko\o<;
yap rj 080s Kal paSia. el yap Kal arevr) nrca Kal
iravrl

281

criav SeScoKe

Mat.

Cp.

vii.

14

Cor.

ix. 27

'

Eph.

v.

15

Eph.

v.

17

Eph.

vi.

Eph.

KeKXyjTac hia tov vircoTnaaphv tov


'
'
\
-v-v'"
/3
z)
\
acoparo?, aXX op,w<; iroueivi) eo~Ti Kai oeta 01a
Tr]V iXTTLoa ro)V p^eXXovTcov dyadcov to?? p,rj do~6<? TrepnraTOvaiv, dXX aKpiftcbs avviovcri rl to
0eXr)p,a tov eou, Kal rrjv iravoTrXiav avrov dpnr-

Te0Xtpp,evr)

vi.

11

is

>

e^opevoi<i a'9 irapdra^iv tcov pieOoheiwv tov dvTiKetpevov, Kal iv irpoaevyfj Kal 8ei]o~ei et? avrb
tovto dy pvir v ov a iv iv irdcnj inropLovf) Kal iXirihi.

av ovv, KaOd)<i r)Kovaa<i Trap ip,ov Kal e'o\Sa^#>?9,


Kal /3e/3aiav KarefidXov Kpryirlha, iv avrfj neptaKal irpoKOTTTwv, Kal rt)v
crevov, av^avopevos
1

Tim.

i.

is,

iTim.vi.11

KaXrjp o-TpaTvop,evo<$ cTTpareiav,

eywv

7tlo~tlv

Kal

dyaOrjv avvelhrjO'Lv 81 epycov dyaOwv p,aprvpovp,evrjv, Kal Siojkcov SiKaioavvyjv, eva^/3eiav, tt'iotiv,
dydiT7)v, vTTOpiov/jv, irpaoTTjra, i7riXaf36p,evo<i t?}?
iracrav he i]hovr]v
^(orj<i et? rjv iKX>]d>]<i.

aiwvtov
286

171

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xix.

169-17

walk in the vanity of their mind, having their understanding darkened, alienated from the glory of God,
their lusts and unreasonable
in
to
subjection
But as for thee, even as thou hast
affections.
approached the living and true God, so walk thou as
for the fruit of the Spirit is in
a child of light
and no
all goodness and righteousness and truth
of
works
the
old
man
the
the
longer destroy by
new man, which thou hast to-day put on. But day
;

by day renew thyself in righteousness and holiness


and truth for this is possible with every man that
:

willeth,

as

hearest that unto them that


name he hath given power to become
God so that we can no longer say that

thou

believe on his

the sons of

the acquiring of virtues is impossible for us, for the


road is plain and easy.
For, though with respect to
the buffeting of the body, it hath been called a
and narrow way, yet through the hope
strait
of future blessings

is it

desirable

and divine

for

such

walk, not as fools but circumspectly, understanding what the will of God is, clad in the whole
armour of God to stand in battle against the wiles of
the adversary, and with all prayer and supplication

as

watching
Therefore,

thereunto, in

even

as

thou

patience and hope.


hast heard from me, and
hast laid a sure found-

all

and been instructed, and


thou abound therein, increasing and
ation, do
advancing, and warring the good warfare, holding
faith and a good conscience, witnessed by good

works, following after righteousness, godliness, faith,


charity, patience, meekness, laying hold on eternal
whereunto thou wast called. But remove far
life

287

to

smii^'pot*
less before

God:

ST.
Kal

JOHN DAMASCENE
twv iraOwv

eTTiQvjxiav

Tat9 Kar

aov
yap

ti)v

ai

evvoiav ivdv^jaeaiv,
^rv^ijv

rrpd^eis,

[xovov

p.i)

airo

[xaKpvvrjs

evepyeiq,

TTpci^iv

aov,

rfj

Kara

aWa

icai

av a/xo\vvTov

a>?

tw Sew

ov /xovov
viroheL^ris.
Kal al evOvpujaeis rj/j.wv,

aWa

dvcvyparrToi ovaai, are^avwv r\ Tip-wpiwv irpo%evoi ylvovTav rats KaOapals he Kaphiais evoiK6tv rbv Xpiarbv dpua Uarpl Kal Kyiw UvevLiaTi
a>9 8' av ituXiv Kairvos p.e\iaaas,
eTTio-Ta/Aeda.
'

ovtw tovs
rov

ti]V

hio

eKhiwKeiv

7rovi]pov$ Xoyta/xovs

Oeiov

e7rcp.e\ws

Uvevp.aT0<; ydpiv

tovto

77/309

e%wv

r']/j.wv

p,ep,a0yJKafiev.
-rruvra
hia\o-

yiapMv epLiraOeias diraXei^lr as tj/9 -^rvyiis, ra9


dplaTas i/ncf)VTvaou evvoias, vaov aeavTov itoiwv
rov Xytov TLvevp.aro<i. K twv hia\oyiap,wv yap
Kal 7T/309 Ta9 /car evepyetav irpd^eis ipy^opieOa'
'

Kal

irdv

epyov,

irpoKoirrov,

Tat9

Kara

diro

evvoias

Kal

7ri\ap.{3dveTai.

LiiKpds

fiiKpbv av^tjaeaiv

els

evQvjx^aews
apyrjs,

elra

p.eyd\a Kara-

\yjyet.

Aid tovto

/nrj&e

edarjs KaKi'jv,

dWa

6\ws

crov

veapas

Kvpievaai avvi]6eiav
ovarjs, k^e\e crov

en

Kaphias tj)i> irovTjpav pi^av, 'iva /*?;, epicpveiaa


Kal ev T(p ftddei ra-9 pi^as e/nr/j^aaa, ypbvov Kal
hid tovto yap del
Ko7rov hei)@f) tov eKpi^co6P)i>ai.
ttjs

twv dp.apTt]/j,uTwv eireiaepyeTai rjfitv


Kal KaraSwaaTevet twv rj/xeTepwv ^jrvywv, otc to,
t<z p,eiova

iXaTTOva SoKovvTa
Menander;
(\

Cor. XV.

33>

eivat, olov evOvpa^aeis iroviipai, 172

6p.t\tai KdKai, ttjs 7rpoai]Kovai]s


\byoi dtTpeireis,
"

'
>
\

ZJ
ov rvyyavei oiopvwaews.
oicnrep yap ev tois
'

awp,aaiv

01

arjirehovas

288

p-iKpwv KaT(i(ppovijaavTe<; Tpavp.aTwv

TroWaKLS Kal Odvarov eavTols

irpoe^e-

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


from thee

71-17 2

pleasure and lust of the affections, not


and operation, but even in the thoughts

all

only in act
of

xix.

thine

thou

that

heart,

soul without blemish to God.

mayest present thy


For not our actions

only, but our thoughts also are recorded, and procure us crowns or punishments
and we know
:

that Christ, with the Father and the

Holy Ghost,
But, just as smoke driveth
learn, do evil imaginations drive

dwelleth in pure hearts.

away

bees, so,

out of

us

we

the

Holy

Spirit's

grace.

Wherefore

take good heed hereto, that thou blot out

every
imagination of sinful passion from thy soul, and plant
good thoughts therein, making thyself a temple
of the Holy Ghost.

also to actual deeds,

For from imaginations we come


and every work, advancing from

thought and reflection, catcheth at small beginnings,


and then, by small increases, arriveth at great
endings.
'

Wherefi re on no account

suffer

any evil habit to and he


yet young, pluck the MmTo
1 8
evil root out of thine heart, lest it fasten on and thT"
strike root so deep that time and labour be required bfgiimiiigs
master thee

but, while it

is

'

And the reason that greater sins assault


it.
us and get the mastery of our souls is that those
which appear to be less, such as wicked thoughts,
to uproot

unseemly words and

evil

fail

communications,

to

For as in the case of the


receive proper correction.
body, they that neglect small wounds often bring mortification

and death upon themselves, so too with the


289

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

vqaav,

ovrco

Kal rcov

Prov. xviii.
"

Pr

xxvi

11
2 Pet.

ii.

22

ol

-^rv^cov,

rcov

piiKpcov

dfiapr^/xdrcov, rd fiel^ova
erreiadyovcn' fcad' oaov Be t fiei^ova erreicrepXerat, avrols, ev eei yivofievt] rj "tyvxh ^ara'Acre/3^? jdp, (pyjaiv, eXOcov et? /3d0o<;
cppovel.
v7repopcovres iraOoyv

/cat

KaK & v

/caracppovel, Kal Xonrbv oiorzep u? eyKvXivBovfievo; /3op/36pco i]8erai, ovtco Kal rj


^v^rj
'
l Ke lvl ^ Tals kclkoLs avvi]9etai<i KaraywaQeio-a,
tcov d^iaprrjixdrcov
ovBe aiaOrjaiv \apij3dvet,

t%

BvacoBias,

dXXa

evijBvverai, co?
Kciv 6"^re

fiAvrj'

reprrerai /xdXXov avracs Kal


dyadov nvo<i tPjs /ca/CLas avre^o;; rrore avavevovcra els alaOijaiv

K07rcp ttoXXco Kal ISpcorc eXevOepovrai, ol?


e9e\ovrl KareBovXevaev iavrrjv rfj Trovr/pq, crvvekOt],

rjdeiq.

Aid rovro irdcrrj Bvvd/xei fidfcpvvov eavrbv drrb


irdai]^ ivvoias Kal ivdvfj,7]o~eto<; rrovripas
7rdo~7)$
epmaOovs avvrjOe'w fxaXXov Be ral$ dperals

km

eOi^e eavrbv /ecu ev e^et t?}? rovrcov yevov epyael yap puicpbv Komdaeis ev avrols Kal ev
o~la<;.
e^ei

yeveadai

t'cr^ucrei?,

BeoO avvepyeia
uperrjs

rfj

ukottco^ Xoirrbv

rtpoKO^rei^.
Troicodecaa,
'tyvxil

rj

00?

yap
are

rfj

et?

rov
rrj$

(pvaiKijv

avyyeveiav rrpbs avrr}V e^ovaa /cal rbv ebv


avvepybv /ce/cryj/ievr), Bvtr /Aerd/SXr/ros yiverai /ca\
Xiav da<pa\eardrrj, fcaOtos opqs ore i] dvBpela
Kal

(fipovrjtTi*;,
aco^poavvq re /cal Si/caioavrrj
Svap.erd/3X7]rai, elaiv, e^eis ovcrai t?}9 tyvx*]? Kai
7roiorr]re<; Kal evepyeiai Bia (3d6ov<; Kexcopr/Kviat.

yap rd rrdOrj rfjs /ca/a'a?, ov (pvcriKa ?)p,lv bvra,


dXX* e^coOev eneiaeXOovra, rjvtKa ev e^ei yevcovrai,
hva^erdftXrjrd elat, 7t6ctm p.aXXov rj aper/j, Kal
el

290

173

BAALAAM AND IOASAPH,

xix.

172-173

thus they that overlook little passions and sins


on greater ones. And the more those greater
sins grow on them, the more doth the soul become
accustomed thereto and think light of them. For he
" When the wicked cometh to the
saith,
depth of evil
things, he thinketh light of them": and finally, like
the hog, that delighteth to wallow in mire, the soul,
that hath been buried in evil habits, doth not even
perceive the stink of her sin, but rather delighteth
and rejoiceth therein, cleaving to wickedness as it
were good. And even if at last she issue from the
mire and come to herself again, she is delivered
only by much labour and sweat from the bondage
of those sins, to which she hath by evil custom
soul

brinj;

enslaved herself.
'
Wherefore with all thy might remove thyself far aud to
from every evil thought and fancy, and every sinful virtue
and school thyself the leather in virtuous
custom
deeds, and form the habit of practising them. For if
thou labour but a little therein, and have strength
to form the habit, at the last, God helping thee,
For the habit of
thou shalt advance without labour.
virtue, taking its quality from the soul, seeing that
it hath some natural kinship therewith and claimeth
God for an help-mate, becometh hard to alter and
as thou seest, courage and pruexceeding strong
dence, temperance and righteousness are hard to
;

alter, being deeply seated habits, qualities and acFor if the evil affections, not
tivities of the soul.

being natural to us, but attacking us from without, be


hard to alter when they become habits, how much
harder shall it be to shift virtue, which hath been by
291
u 2

form
'

ST.
<f)V(rifcw<; rjjxlv

avrbv

Kal

aap.evo)v

JOHN DAMASCENE

efKpvrevOetcra virb rod Arjpuovpyov

err'iKovpov

ijpiosv,

eyovaa,

ev e^et pt^eodfj

el,

puiKpbv dywvi-

rfj -tyv^fj,

hvap,erd-

/3\?7to? carat,;

XX
"06ev

p,oi ravrijs epydrTjs Snjy/jaaro tj?, ore


rb rrpoa\aj3ea6aL fie r>]v Qelav Oewplav ev
e^et /3e/3aiordrrj Kal rfj ravrijs pueXerrj rroLwOrjvai

Merd

rijv

^vynjv, j3ov\ij9ei<; irore d-nbrreipav avrfjs

ttoltj-

aaadai, Karea\ov rbv vovv puov, jjli] crvy^copijaat;


rfj Kar edos eirifBaXeZv fieXery Kal eyvcov avrbv
dvicop,evov Kal 8va(popouvra Kal 777309 avrr/v da^erco erreLybjxevov rrbQw, p,rj86Xco<; 8e rrpb? evavriav riva evQvjirjcnv diroKXlvat layyovra' rjv'iKa he
piKpbv eveScoKa ra? ijvLas, b^vhpbpbws ev0v<; dvehpa/xe 7T/50? rt]V eavrov epyaalav, Ka6d (f>i]o-iv 6
Tloocburvs' Qv rooirov ermroOel n eXacbos eirl rd<i
'

Ps. xiii.

vSdrcov, ovroos eTwrodei rj "fyv%/j p,ov


rbv %ebv, rbv layvpov, rbv l^covra.
drroheheiKrai ovv ck irdvroyv rovrcov, &>? e'0' ijp.lv
ianv i) KTfjcris rr/s aperr}?, Kal 7//iet? ravrrj^

Trriyds roiv
777309

Kvpioi

KaOeor/jKapcev

elre

6eXi]crop.ev

avrf)<;

ol
dvOe^eaOai, elre rijv a/xapnav rrpoicplvai.
piev ovv Bov\co6evre<i rfj KaKta hvaairoaTraar(o<i

Luke

i.

78

avrrjs eyovai, Ka6d Sr) 7rpo\a/3a)v eiirov.


Xv Se Xolttov eXevOepojOels ravrijs 8td airXdy^va eXeov<; (~Jeov ijpLwv, Kal rbv Xpicrrbv evSeSvrod Oeiov IIvevp,aro<; ydpiri, oXov
p.evo<; rfj

oeavrbv fxerdOes
292

eirl

rbv Kvpcov,

Kal /xrjSoXoo?

174

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xix.

173-xx. 174

nature planted in us by our Maker, and hath him


for an help-mate, if so be, through our brief

endeavour,
soul

it

shall

have been rooted in habit in the

'

XX
'

Wherefore

a practician of virtue once spake to Bariaam


divine meditation the^aso of

me on this wise "After I had made


my constant habit, and through
:

the practice f ad made

had received her right quality, I once


resolved to make trial of her, and put a check

my

it

soul

practice of

upon her, not allowing her to devote herself to her


wonted exercises. I felt that she was chafing and
fretting, and yearning for meditation with an ungovernable desire, and was utterly unable to incline
No sooner had I given
to any contrary thought.
her the reins than immediately she ran in hot haste
to her own task, as saith the Prophet, ' Like as the
hart desireth the water brooks, so longeth my soul
"
after the strong, the living God.'
Wherefore from
all these proofs it is evident that the
acquirement of
virtue is within our reach, and that we are lords over
whether we will embrace or else the rather
it,
choose sin. They then, that are in the thraldom, of
wickedness, can hardly be torn away therefrom, as I
have already said.

'But thou, who hast been delivered therefrom, He biddeth


of our God, and hast put on Jo^aph
through
B the. tender mercy
hold coni
tt i
/~ci
Lhnst by tbe grace or the
Holy Ghost, now transfer verse with
thyself wholly to the Lord's side, and never open a
.

/>

praw

293

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

en

Cp. Acts

ical

Tot? Tradecn

Ovpav avoirs' dXXd

rfi

evo^Sia

aov

Xa/x7rp6rr)Ti ro>v dperoiv tcoafirjaas

rrjv

vaov avr/)V Trovrjaov rf)<i ayias TpLa&os,


tcivttjs Oioipta Trdaas o~ov ra? rod vobs Svvd-

"ifrv%'rjv,

rfj

el yap /3acnXel Tt? eiriyeiw


p,is u7ra(T)^o\)]aa<;.
avvStdycov /cal SiaXeyopevos p,a/capiarb<; irdcn

6 %eu> SiaXiyeaOai /cal avvelvai rco


KCLTa^iwOeLs irbarj<; drroXavcrerai pbcucapioTt]TO<;; avrov ovv evoirrp't^ov irdvrore, ical avra>
8e 7rpoaopiXijaL<; ew; rfj
7ra><?
TrpoaoplXei.
did 7rpoo~ev)(ri<; /cal oVj;<xeco9 777309 avrov iyyvrr/ri.

Sel/cvvrai,

vol

tto9(o

yap

/cal

Oeppbordrw
irdvrcov

Trpoo-ev)(opuevo<i>

/capSia, /ce/caOappbevj]

rwv

p,ev

XdpaL^)]\(ov p:a/cpvva<; tov vovv,


ivcoTTicp

irapio-rdp.evo'i

tw

ras Se^cret? avrco

rpopLcp

avrw

o/xiXet

/cal

e&>,

vXikmv

rrpoadywv,

Trpoacoirov

/cal

ivdnrios
re
(p6/3u>

&)9

777309

8e
ical

toiovtos 175

rrpbo'wrrov

avrw SiaXeyerai.

Hdpean yap
t??9

iravrayov

dyaObs

eiraKovcov rcov elXi/cpivavi

/cal

ijpitov

Ae<x7ro-

icaOapoy? rrpoa-

epxopevcov aiirw, /caOdrrep (pijalv 6 Ylpocpijrrjs'


O(f)0aXpol Kvp[ov eVl hacaiovs, /cal &ra avrov
joim aim. et9 Serjaiv avrwv.
/cal Sid rovro 01 TIarepes rrjv
Ps. xxxiv. 5

-nidus 28;
h y
Orat!i & 2
deOrat.

irpoaev^v evcoaiv avapooTrov 777209 vyeov


^0VTat Ka ^ epyov ayyeXwi' ravrrjv KaXovai,
>

7-779

pieXXovar]^ evcppoavvrj^ irpoolp^iov.

enrel

opiicaX

yap

iyy vnjra /cal dewpiav


rrjs Ayta? TptdSos TrXeov irdvrwv ridevrai, 777309
rovro he /cal t) rr}<? ev^f}? -rrpoo-ehpeia rbv vovv

jBaaiXeiav ovpavow

rtjv

%eipay(oyi, el/corax; irpooLpiiov /cal olovel rrpoeiKovia^ta i/cetv>]<; tt/9 pia/capiorrjro'i /ce/cXrjTai avrt).
,
ov irdcra he ev%r) ovrcoal /caOear))/cev, dXX r)

294

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xx.

174-175

door to thy passions, but adorn thy soul with the sweet
savour and splendour of virtue, and make her a temple
Trinity, and to his contemplation see thou
He that liveth
the powers of thy mind.
and converseth with an earthly king is pointed out
by all as a right happy man what happiness then

of the

devote

Holy
all

must be
spirit

who is privileged to converse and be in


God Behold thou then his likeness alway,

his

with

and converse with him.

God

How shalt thou converse with

By drawing near him in prayer and supplication. He that prayeth with exceeding fervent desire
?

and pure heart, his mind estranged from all that is


earthly and grovelling, and standeth before God, eye
to eye, and presenteth his prayers to him in fear and
trembling, such an one hath converse and speaketh
with him face to face.

Our good Master is present everywhere, hearken- and


ing to them that approach him in purity and truth, as to h^the*
of
saith the Prophet, " The eyes of the Lord are over
r
'

p^f/

the righteous, and his ears are open unto their


For this reason the Fathers define Prayer
cry."
as " the union of man with God," and call it " Angels'
work," and "the prelude of gladness to come." For
since they lay down before all things that " the kingdom of heaven" consisteth in nearness to and contemplation of the Holy Trinity, and since all the

prayer leadeth the mind thither,


"
" the
and, as it
prayer is rightly called
prelude
"
"
of that blessedness.
But
were, the
fore-glimpse
not all prayer is of this nature, but only such prayer as

importunity of

295

ST.
t>}?

JOHN DAMASCENE
Tavrrjs

7rpocr7]yopia<>

oVr&>9

dla,

(debv

r)

e^ovaa BiBdaKaXov, rov BiBovra ev^iv r&> ev^opevw, r) irdvrwv rwv enrl 7% virepapOelaa Kal tw
Aecr7roT7; 0e< dpeaco?

aeavrw

evrvyydvovaa.

Kal et9 Tavrrjv


dycovi^ov rip 7rpofC07T7]V iKavrj yap inrdpyei e.K
ovk dTrapaaxevcos
yr/<; et? ovpavovs avu^frwacu ae.

TavTTjv

Be Kal &>9

twv

erv^e

ireparoiov,

TrpoKoyp-eis iv

ravrrp dXXd, irdv-

^rv^-qv 7rpoKaddpa<i, xal


irdar)^ trovripds ivOvprjcrecos Tavrrjv diToaprj^a^
&)9 Kadapbv Kal veoaprjKTOv eaowrpov, irdcni^ re 176
rcov

iraOdiv

rrjv

pvrjaiKaKias Kal pijviBos aeavrbv paKpvvas, ijri<;


rrXeov rravrcov rds r)perepa<; ev%d<; 777)09 (debv
dvdyeaQat KwXvei, rrdai re TOi9 r)papri]Koat aoi
drrb KapBlas dcfrels rd 7r\rjppe\i]para, Kal ev
rhv evyhv
eXerjpoavvais Kal / oiKrippol^ rrev^rwv
~

\
/-v
a
7rrepa>aa<;,
rrpoaayaye ru> vyew pera ueppoiv

Schoi. on

Scala by
John ciim.

p- 443

ovtcos evy^ojievo^ Bvvrjaj} elirelv &)9

BaKpvcov.

paKapcos Aav'iB' ovtos yap fiaaiXevs cov ko\


Be row
(ppovriai, rrdvrwv
pvpuais ekKopevos
iraOoyv TTjv "^v-^tjv avrov KaOapiaas, eXeye 7t/do?
rov eov ABiKiav epiarjaa Kal efiBeXv^dprjv,
\
/
e
r
^\
rov oe vopov aov r/yaTrrjaa' eirraKis 7-779 rjpepas
rjvecrd ae eirl rd Kplpara 7-779 BiKatoavvrjs' ecpvXa^ev 7] ^\rv)(rj pov rd paprvpid aov Kal r)yd-

Ps. cxix.

163

7rrjaev avra a(p6Bpa'


ivd)7ri6v aov, Kvpte'
is. iviii. 8,

r*

eyyiadrco r) Beijals pov


Kara to Xoytov aov avve-

rcaov pe.
Ovtcos ySow;T09 aov 6 609 eiraKovaerar en
XaXovvros aov, epel' 'lBov rrdpeipi. el roiavrr/v
ovv KTTjap evfcrjv, paKapios ear}' dpiqyavov yap

avOpwnov, pera
296

roiaur>]<;

7rpodvpia<>

evyopevov

111

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


is

xx.

worthy of the name, which hath God

who

to

175-177

for its teacher,

him that prayeth

prayer
giveth prayer
which soareth above all things on earth and entreateth
directly with God.
'
This acquire thou for thyself, and strive to advance
thereto, for it is able to exalt thee from earth to
But without preparation and at hap-hazard
heaven.
thou shalt not advance therein. But first purify thy
soul from all passion, and cleanse it like a bright and
newly cleansed mirrour from every evil thought, and
banish far all remembrance of injury and anger,
which most of all hindereth our prayers from ascending
and from the heart forgive all those
to God-ward
that have trespassed against thee, and with alms
and charities to the poor lend wings to thy prayer,
and so bring it before God with fervent tears. Thus
praying thou shalt be able to say with blessed David,
who, for all that he was king, and distraught with ten
thousand cares, yet cleansed his soul from all passions,
and could say unto God, " As for iniquity, I hate and
abhor it, but thy law do I love. Seven times a day
do I praise thee, because of thy righteous judgements.
My soul hath kept thy testimonies, and loved them
;

as

shown

in

f blessed

DaTld

>

exceedingly.

Lord

give

Let

me

my

complaint come before thee,

understanding according to thy

word."
'

While

thou art calling thus, the Lord shall


while thou art yet speaking, he shall
If then thou attain
say, "Behold I am here."
to such prayer, blessed shalt thou be
for it is

hear thee

impossible for a

man

praying

and

calling

upon
297

prayer,
^llltth men
to hcaven

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

tov 0ew, purj Ka9' e/cdaTTjv


T&) dyadco fcal iraacov vTrepiirTaiv
TrpoKOTTTeiv
G0ai roiv tov eyQpov rraylhcov. 6 yap Siadeppidvas
avTOV ttjv Stdvoiav, KaOdirep tis tcov dy'icov ecfrrjcre,
Kal TrapciKakovvTa

which

of

XT

tVipm?

Kat

ttjv

yv^v

'

'

>

irpos tov ovpavov


tov Aeo~7TOTi]v tov

civ ao~Ti] eras, kcli

kavrov /jLeTOLKLaas, Kal ovtco


eavTov KaXeaas, /ecu tcov ihtcov
dvaiAvrjcrOeis, koX irepl rrjs

d/j,apTy]fxaTcov

avy^cop faeces tovtcov

SiaXexOels, Kal Sd/cpvcri OeppuoTaTOis SerjOels cXeco


yevetrOai avTco tov cpCKavQ pcoirov , airo tt}s ev
toli Xoyocs Kal SiaXoyierpiols tovtols oiaTpifirfi
irdaav diroTideTai /3ccoTiKr)v (ppovTiSa Kal tcov
dvd pcoirivcov vraOcov v^njkoTepo^ ytveTat, Kal &eco
trvvopLiXos

KXi]6rjvai'

d^iouTai

dv

ovirep

tl

yevoiT

ere
ii^ryfKoTepov;
pbaKapid>Tepov
Ol/V KvpiOS TTjS TOiaVTT)^ kmTvyjfiv p aKapioTr]TO i.
'ISou <ydp eroi ttjv 6Sbv vireSe^a tcov cvtoXcov
tov K.up[ov, Kal ovSev v7reaTLXdfiy]v tov pcrj

afjiMcrai

t)

<

Acts xx. 27

ret.

dvayyelXav eroi irdaav ti)v j3ovXrjv tov eo0.


Kal iyco p,ev rjhrj ttjv rrpbs ere p,ov huiKoviav
T6T6XeKa- Xonrbv avTos ava^coa dp.evos ttjv oerepvv
t?}? hiavoias erov, KaTa tov KaXecravTa ere dyiov,
Kal ai)To<; dycos ev Trderr) dvacrTpocpf} yevov- "Ayioi
oioTi eyco ayios et/u, Xeyei is^vpios.
6
Se
Kal
ypdepet
KopvcpaioTaTos tcov diroaToXccv
Ed HaTepa, cprjalv, eirtKaXelcrOe tov aTrpocrccnro-

yap yiveaue,

Xijtttcos

tov

KplvovTa KaTa to eKcicrTov epyov, iv

cpo[3cp 178

TrapoiKias vpicov ^povov dvaerTpacprjTe,


elSoTes oti ov cpdapTols, dpyvpico rj ^pverlco,
eXvTpcoOrjTe e'/c T/79 fiaTaias vpicov avao~Tpo(pf)<;
tt}<;

TraTporrapahoTov, dXXa ti/mo) aipbaTi,


dficopuov Kal daTTiXov, XpiaTov.

298

co?

dpevov

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


God with such purpose not

xx.

177-178

to advance

daily

in

good, and soar over all the snares


" He
of the enemy.
For, as saith one of the Saints,
that hath made fervent his understanding, and
hath lift up his soul and migrated to heaven,
and hath thus called upon his Master, and rethat which

is

his own sins, and spoken concerning


the forgiveness of the same, and with hot tears
hath besought the Lover of mankind to be merciful
such an one, I say, by his continuance
to him

membered

such

in

and

words

considerations,

layeth

aside

and waxeth superior to


human passions, and meriteth to be called an
Than which state what can
associate of God."
be more blessed and higher ? May the Lord
every care

of

this

life,

vouchsafe thee to attain to this blessedness


Lo I have shown thee the way of the command- Bariaam
ments of the Lord, and have not shunned to declare f^gaph
unto thee all the counsel of God. And now I once more
!

'

It remaineth
ministry unto thee.
loins of thy mind, obedient
to the
Holy One that hath called thee, and
be thou thyself holy in all manner of conversation
" Be
for,
ye holy for I am holy," saith the Lord.
And the chief prince of the Apostles also writeth,
" If
saying,
ye call on the Father, who without
respect of persons judgeth according to every
man's work, pass the time of your sojourning here
in fear
knowing that ye were not redeemed with

have

fulfilled

my

that thou gird

up the

corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your


vain conversation received by tradition from your
fathers, but with the precious blood of Christ,
as of a lamb without blemish and without spot."

299

his redemptl0D >

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

Tavra ouv rrdvra ev KapBia, TiOe/xevos, p,ep,vr]cro


ahiaXe'nrTws, irpo 6(p6a\ficov eywv del rov <fio{3ov
rod &eou Kal ro (ppLKwBes avrov Kptrtjpiov, rrjv
(patBporrjrd re rwv BiKaicov r)v pueWovcriv ev
aiToXafieiv ra> alwvi, Kal rrjv

Karijcpetav
ev ra> andrei ra> fiadvrdrw, rrjv
daOeveidv re Kal fiaraiorrjra rthv rrapovrwv Kal

i/ceivtp

rwv dp.apTG>\wv
is. xi. 6

to rtov fieWovrcov dreXevrr/rov, on TYdaa aap%


ical rrdaa B6a dvOpcoirov co? dvdo<z %oprov
e^fpdvdrj 6 %6pro<; Kal ro dv9o<i avrov e^eireae,
ravra
to Be pr)pa K.vptou puevei et? tov alwva.
pceXera Bid rravros- /cal rj elprjvq tov BeoO eir)

Xopros

puerd

crov,

(pcori^ovcrd

ere

/cal

avveri^ovaa

ical

6Bov dyovaa T/75 Gwrrjpia^, teal rrdv


8e\rjpia rrovrjpov iroppw BuoKovaa rov voos aov,
a<fipay[^ovaa Be tijv ^v^ijv aov ru> rov crravpov
croi rrXYjaidar} rwv rov rrovripov
o~r)fiel(p, Tva pcrjBev
6t?

ttjv

CTKavBdXoiv, dX)C d^iood-rjs ev rrdar] reXeiorrjTC rcov


pbeWovcn]? emrvyelv dre\evri']rov ical

dpertov

t%

dBiaBo^ov ^aat\ela<i,Kal

ra> cpwrl TrepCkap.$6r\vai

t?}5 p.aicapLa<; ical ^oiapyjiKr]^ TpidBos, t?)5 ev


Kal Tico ical dytco IIvevpLari Bo^a^opuevrj^.

Uarpl

XXI
TotouTOt5 ovv rjOiicois pr]p,acn vov0er>]o~a<> 6
Tipudiraros yepwv rov rod ftao-i\eod<$ vlov, et5 ttjv 179
IBlav dirrjei ^eviav. ol Be vrnqperai rov veov Kal
rraiBaycoyol rrjv ov%i>7]v avrov elaekevaiv ev ra>
rraXarlrp

eyovrwv
3

Be rwv irpoel<>
opowres edavpia^ov.
ev aurols, bv C05 rnarorarov Kal evyvco-

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xx.

178-xxi. 179

'

All these things therefore store thou up in of the


thine heart, and remember them unceasingly, ever
^fg^jfof
keeping before thine eyes the fear of God, and judgement
ocomo
his terrible judgement seat, and the splendour
of the righteous which they shall receive in the
world to come, and the shame of sinners in the
depths of darkness, and the frailty and vanity
of things present, and the eternity of things
" All flesh is
hereafter
for,
grass, and all the
of
man
as the flower of grass.
The grass
glory
withereth, and the flower thereof falleth away
but the word of the Lord endureth for ever."
Meditate upon these things alway and the peace
of God be with thee, enlightening and informing
;

thee,

and leading thee into the Avay of

salvation,

thy mind every evil wish,


and sealing thy soul with the sign of the Cross,
that no stumbling block of the evil one come nigh
thee, but that thou mayest merit, in all fulness
of virtue, to obtain the kingdom that is to come,
without end or successor, and be illumined with
the light of the blessed life-giving Trinity, which,
in the Father, and in the Son, and in the Holy
Ghost, is glorified.'
afar

chasing

out

of

XXI
With such moral words
i

>

did the reverend elder

ii

exhort the king s son, and then withdrew to his own


But the young prince's servants and tutors
hospice.
,

marvelled to see the frequency of Barlaam's visits to


the palace; and one of the chiefest among them,
301

Zardan, a
tutor of
ioasaph,
troubled

is

about
Barlaam's
visits

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

j3aai\evs errl rov rraXariov


rov vlov avrov, ZapBdv /ca\ov/j,evo<;, <f>7]al 7T/90?
rov rov (3aat\ew<; vlov OlBas rrdvroi^, & Beairora,
6a 09 eV' e'/xoi o rod aov rrarpos (f)6{3o<; Kal oar)
Bio fie &>9 oiKerr\v
fiov ?} 777:09 avrov irians'

fiova Karearr/aev 6

rnarorarov

KaOvirrfperelv

aoi

rrapeKeXevaaro.

dvBpa rovrov rov evov av%vco<i opcov


6jju\ovvrd aoi, BeBoiKa fxij irore ri)^ rcov Xpiartavvvl Be rov

Xlav a7re^#co9 6 ab<;


Oavari^cpopov evpeBi)e'ire ovv rco fSaaiXei
ao/xai vTrevdvvos ^n'](^ov.
ra rrepl avrov yvojpiaov, eire rov Xonrov rravaai
rovro) rrpoaop-tXelv el Be firj, cfc/3a\6v fie rov aov

voiv

6pr\aKela^, 777509

el'ij

Kal

rrar^p BiaKeirai'

rjv

tt}9

rrpoadnrov, C09 av fit] fiefnrreos &, ical


a'injaai rov irarepa aov dyayeiv evraiiOa.
'O Be rov j3aai\eco<i vlos ecptj 777509

Tovro
a6i]ri

rrdvroiv,

77750

c5

ZapBdv,

iroirjaov.

av evBoOev rov rrapairerda fiaro<s,

aov 7-779 avrov 77-/509 fie o/iiXias'


XaX?;o"<w aoi ri oei rroirjaai.
Me\\oz'T09 Be rov Ba/oXaa/y,

aal

fioi

ra

tj}9

Kparaiorepov

avrov
Kade-

zeal cikov-

et#' ovrcos

elae\6elv

777509

ZapBdv evro'i rov irapatw yepovrr i\va/ce(pa\ai(0evdeov aov BiBaa/<a\la<i, C09 av

ela/jyaye rov
7rerdap.aro<i, Kal \eyei

avrov,

/cal

dWov

'

e/ufpvrevOj} fiov

rfj

/capBia.

inro-

\a/3div Be 6 V>ap\adpb rroWd irepl Seov Kal 7-779


avrov
649 avrov evaefteias i(pO eyy ero, Kal a>9
p.ovov Bel
y

dyarrdv

/v XV'i > KaL

e'

e'

0X779 KapBla<i, Kal e 0X779

0X7^9 T/79 Biavolas,

Kal

rd<;

avrov

Kal on
cf)v\drreiv ivroXas <fcof3<p re Kal ttoOm.
avro<i eariv
77-04777-7)9
opaiwv re ndvrwv Kal

dopdrwv.
302

ccp

0I9

Kal

r?)v

rov rrpd>rov uvOpcoirov

180

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


whom,

for his fidelity

xxi.

179-180

and prudence, the king had

set

named Zardan, said to the


Thou
knowest
well, sir, how much I dread thy
prince,
how
and
is
father,
great
my faith toward him where-

over his son's palace,


'

fore

he ordered me,

Now, when

versing with thee,

thee.

for

my

faithfulness, to wait

upon

see this stranger constantly confear he may be of the Christian

religion, toward which thy father hath a deadly hate ;


and I shall be found subject to the penalty of death.

Either then

make known

to thy father this man's

business, or in future cease to converse with him.

me forth from thy presence, that I be not


blameable, and ask thy father to appoint another in
my room.'
Else cast

The
r

king's son said unto him,

first or all.

o-

bit thou

down

'

This do, Zardan,

ii-ii
behind the

hear his communication with

me

curtain,

and

and then thus

thee what thou oughtest to do.'


So when Barlaam was about to enter into his

will I tell

presence,

and

hid Zardan

Ioasaph

said to the elder,

divine

teaching,

that

within the curtain,

Sum me up the matter of thy


it may the more firmly be

Barlaam took up his


heart.'
and uttered many sayings touching God,
and righteousness toward him, and how we must
love him alone with all our heart, and with all
our soul, and with all our mind, and keep his
commandments with fear and love and how he
Maker of all things visible and invisible.
is the
Thereon he called to remembrance the creation
implanted

in

my

parable

33

Toasaph
admittx'tli

zardan
Bariaam's
discourse

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

htdirXacnv

ttjv re

virepLpLvrjo-tce,

Sodeiaav avTw

i>ro\7]v teal ttjv Tavrr)<; Trapuplaaiv, teal ttjv eVl rf)


Trapafidaei rod irXdaavTo^ tcaTaSiKrjv. elra tcaB-

ra ay add dirripidpeiro, wv dOeTijcravres ttjv


ivToXrjv kavrovs d iTtcXeio-ap ev' koX avOiS ip,ep,vrjto twv Xvtrripwv, oaa fierd rrjv ixeLvoov diroTvy^lav
tcarekaplev dOXico<; ?;/za?. eVt tovtols ra tj}? (friXav%?)<;

Opwnias

itrtjyev, 07r&>9 t/)?

r)p,eTepa<; (ppovTi^cov

pybs awTrjpias 8i8ao-fcd\ov<; aireo-reiXe teal


tov hlovoyevovs Krjpvrrovra^
ttjv
irpo(p7jTa<;

&.11 puov

crdp/cayo-LV

eireira teal ttjv etceivov tcddoSov, tijv

ivavOpcioTT^atv,

ra inrep

r)puo)v

aravpov,

ttjv

t9 ev6pyeata<i, ra 6avp,ara, tcai


twv d^aplarcov iraOrjpaTa, tov
Xoy^rjv, tov e/covaiov ddvajov

TeA.09, Ti]v

eiravopdwaiv r/pbwv, ttjv dvdtcXrjaiv, tijv


to rrpwrov dyadbv iirdvohov p,era raxna, ttjv
i/c8e)op,evr)v tovs d^iovs twv ovpavoov /3a<Ti\elav,
T))v diroiceipLevriv tols (pavXots fidcravov, rb pur]
apJeviwpevov irup, to p,i] Xyyov o-kotos, tov dOdvatov a/ccoXnjKa, teal oarjv dXXi]v ol ttj^ dpapnas
SouXoc icoXaaiv eavrols eOqaavpiaav.
ravra
8i6^eX0cov teal et? rj6ifci/v htoaatcaXiav tov Xoyov
619

reXecra?, iroXXd T irepl tcaOapoT^TOs p3iov


\e~)(9ei^,

teal

tmv

tyjs

trapovTwv

67a-

yu,aratoT^T09

tcaTayvovs, ttjv ddXioT^Ta T tcov tovtols irpoo'teal


TTrjtcoTwv 8ieXiya<;, et'9 zv)(r)v KareXij^e.
direpiTpeirTov

avrw

T6 tov
p4v,

Te'A.09

dirgec.

34

eirev^dpievo^ teal dtcXivr) ttjv


dveiriX^TTTov
iroXiTeiav, 6

t//9 opOoSb^ov iriarew^,


fiiov teal KaOapcoTarriv tijv

opoXoyiav

iirideU

ttj v)(j],

Trpos t?)V %eviav av6i<i

181

BAKLAAM AND

IO ASAPH,

xxi.

1S0-181

man, the command given unto him, and


transgression thereof, and the sentence pronounced by the Creator for this transgression. Then
he reckoned up in order the good things where from
of the

first

his

we excluded

ourselves by

commandment.

the

disannulling of his

Again he made mention of the

Bariaam

grievous misfortunes that unhappily overtook upfortho


Besides this he
the loss of the blessings.
after
man,
{^i'ng of
how t he Church
God's
love
toward
forward
mankind;
brought

many

our Maker, heedful of our salvation, sent forth


teachers and prophets proclaiming the Incarnation of
the Only-begotten. Then he spake of the Son, his
dwelling among men, his deeds of kindness, his
miracles, his sufferings for us thankless creatures, his
finally, of our
Cross, his spear, his voluntary death
;

recovery and

recall,

our return to our

first

good

the kingdom of heaven


are
as
such
worthy thereof of the torment
awaiting
the fire that is not
in store for the wicked
quenched, the never ending darkness, the undying
worm, and all the other tortures which the slaves of
estate

after

this,

of

When he
laid up in store for themselves.
he ended his speech
fully related these matters,
with moral instruction, and dwelt much upon purity

sin

have

had

the vanity of things


life, and utterly condemned
of such as
present, and proved the utter misery
cleave thereto, and finally made an end with prayer.
And therewith he prayed for the prince, that he

of

fast the profession of the Catholick Faith


without turning and without wavering, and keep his
life blameless and his conversation pure, and so
ending with prayer again withdrew to his hospice.

might hold

3o5
x

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

'O he tov /3aaiXeco^ vtos, rov Zaphdv irpoaKaXeadpevo? Kal rrjv avTOV yvp.vd^cov htdOeatv, etyry
"tl/cofcra<? owou'i

fjbot,

6 aireppoXbyo^;

rai, air ar i) a at fie rats Kevals

ovtos hiaXeye-

ainov 7rt9avoXoyLai<;

7r6ipco/ivos /cal airoareprjaai rrjs Tepirvy^ Tavrr)<i

ev(ppoavvr]<; Kai diroXavaews, icai %V(p XaTpevaai


6w; 6 he ZapSdv TY aoi eho^ev, ecprj, a> fiaaiXev, 182

ireLpd^eiv pue tov

elahvval aov

aov

ol/ceTrjv;

olha Kara fiddos

Kaphla tov<; Xoyovs tov avSpos'


el pur] yap tovto r/v, ovk dv avrq) ?/8ea)9 Te real
dia\eL7TTCD<; topLiXtis. Kal ye repels ovk dyvoovp.ev
rovrl to Ki]pvyp,a- dXX' e brov o abs Trarijp hiooyp,bv

Tjj

dairovhov

Kara

tcov HpiaTiavcov eh'y/ecpev,

a7r)]\d6i]aav avrol tmv evrevOev, Kal eat'yrjae to


el he vvv dpearbv aoi to hoy pa
Kt'jpvypa aiiTOiv.
KaTeepdvrj

Kal to

avahe^aaOac

para

el<;

aKXiipov avTOv

Icr^vei^,

to dyadbv.

Kal emirovov
KaTevOwOelrj aov tc\ deXrjeyoo he tl 7ronjaco, 777)0? p,ev

ToiavTTjv aK~k>]poTi]Ta pLrj& avTOcfyOaXpcrjaai


hvvdpevos, tw he <fib/3(p rov ftaaiXecos ttjv -^/v^tjv
Tt]V

ohvvais Kal dXy>jhbat pept^6p.evo<;; t'l diroXoy/jaopai avTu>, dpeXws tols ai/Tov hiaTeOels
nrpoaTaypaai, Ka\ tw dvhpl tovto* tt}? irpb*; ae
Trapaxojpjjaas elabhov;
"E0?7 he 7rpo? avTov 6 tov j3aaiXeco<i u/oV 'Eyco
ev

p,ev, t/}?

7roX\% aov

irpb<; p,e vyva>p.oavv>]<; p.r)he-

dp,oi/3i]V yivdiaKWV, TavTrjv Kai


evpipctos eir evepyeaca. ttj afj, Kard-

piav aXXijv d^iav


virepafyav

hi]Xov TroLTjaai aoi to virep (pvaiv

dyaOov epyov
tov yvwplaai ae et? b yeyevrjaai Kai
tov Arjpiovpyov eiTiyvwvai aTroXnrovTa t to
aKoros tw (pawl irpoaopapielv Kal ifXiri^ov dpa
Tieiroiipxa,

306

183

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxi.

181-183

But the king's son called Zardan forth, and, to try


rni
lliou hast heard
said unto him,
what sort of discourses this babbler maketh me,
1

'

his disposition,

isaph
triu th

Zardan, but
{fe^uiiebtm

endeavouring to be-jape me with his specious follies,


and rob me of this pleasing happiness and enjoyment,
Zardan answered, Why
to worship a strange God.'
'

me

that
prove
pleased thee,
?
I wot that the words of that man
servant
thy
have sunk deep into thine heart
for, otherwise,

hath

it

prince, to

am

thou hadst not listened gladly and unceasingly to his


words.
Yea, and we also are not ignorant of this
But from the time when thy father
preaching.
stirred up true-less warfare against the Christians, the
men have been banished hence, and their teaching is
silenced.

But

now

if

unto thee, and

their doctrine

commend

itself

thou have the strength to accept


its austerity, may thy wishes be guided straight
But for myself, what shall I do,
toward the good
that am unable to bear the very sight of such
austerity, and through fear of the King am divided
What excuse shall I
in soul with pain and anguish ?
if

for neglecting his orders,


fellow access unto thee ?
The King's son said unto him,
that in none other wise could

and giving

make,

this

'

knew

full well and


requite thee ^'^ niin
and therefore have to say
'

worthily for thy much kindness


I tasked
myself to make known unto thee this more
than human good, which doth even exceed the
worth of thy good service, that thou mightest know
:

to

what end thou wast born, and

thy
light.

Creator,

And

acknowledge

leaving darkness, run to the


hoped that when thou heardest

and,
I

37

the king

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

aKOvaai ae iroQas dayerro tovtco ukoXovaX)C i^evaOrjv, tcadoys opoi, tt}<; e'/\.7noo?,
6r\aai.
Bca)(Xiapa)<; ae f3\e7ra>v 77730? rd \a\rj9evra
tco

t&

Kelfievov.

Be

f3aai\ei

/cal

irarpi

p.ov

el

ravra BrjXtoaeis, ovBev erepov iroirjaet^ rj p.epifivai^


avrov koX Xvirais rifv ^v)(y]v drjBiaeit;. dW',
elirep avrw evyvwfiovels, /ir)BoX(t)<; cl^pt tcaipov rov
ravra
TrpocrrjtcovTOS avayyeiXys ri Trepl rovrcov.
Cp. Theogn. fiev

7rpo?

106, 107

>

peiv

avrov \a\'/)aas, e<b' vBdrcov eBo/cet, airei\


yep aavverov ovtc euaeKevaerai
.

>

>

-.

et9 YW^r-]V

aocpua.
Tfj eTravpiov Be 6
o
d)fii\ec

8rjfxa<>

BapXadp, e\0cov ra rr)<; drrorov rovrov fir) (pipu>v


Be,

ywpiafibv, rt]V ^v^rjv rjviaro fcai Baicpvoav rov?


ttoWo, Be 6 yepcov
6(pda\fiov$ 7r67r\r/p(0ro.
avru> BiaXe^deh, real d/cXovyjrov Bia/ieveiv ev rw
dyadqi fxaprvf dfievo<;, \6yoi$ re 7rapa/c\7irLKol<;

avrov ri]i> KapBiav, i\apw<> avrov e%airoareTkai t/^lov dp,a Be fcal irpoekeyev ov/c eh
o Be
fiarcpbv avrovi evovaOat evcocec dBtaiperto.
rov /SaaiXea)? u/09, fi>) Bvvdfievot eVt ir\elov
K07rov<; tw yepoiri irapeyeiv koX rf]<> it oQ ov fikvr)<$
arr)pi^a<i

avrov KcoXveiv 6Bov, dp.a he teal vcpopciofievos fiij


SfjXa rd irepl avrov
ZapBdv eKelvos rS> (Baatkel
TTOir)o-)]rai /cal rificoplais avrov viroftdXr), \eyei
7r/)o? avrov
'RireLTrep aoi rovro eBofje, irdrep
irvevfiariKe koX BiBaatcdXwv dpiare koX /caXov
7ravrb<i efiol irpo^eve, rov fcara\nreiv fie rrj rov
Koafiov

fiaiaiorrfrt

iropevOrjvai
ro770v, ovk
ro\fio).

308

eh rov
bri

cittiOl

avvavaarpecpeadai /cal ae
dvairavaews

rrjs Trvevfiarucrfi

ae Kareyeiv kol irapefiiroBi^etv


rrj rov eod elp/fvy eppovpov-

ovv

184

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


thereof

wouldst follow

thou

it

xxi.

183-184

with

irresistible

But, as I perceive, I am disappointed of my


hope, seeing that thou art listless to that which hath
been spoken. But if thou reveal these secrets to the
desire.

king my father, thou shalt but distress his mind


with sorrows and gi'iefs. If thou be well disposed to
him, on no account reveal this matter to him until a
convenient season.'

Speaking thus, he seemed to

be only casting seed upon the water ; for wisdom shall


not enter into a soul void of understanding.
Upon the morrow came Barlaam and spake of his
departure: but Ioasaph, unable to bear the separation,

was distressed at heart, and

made

with tears.

The

adjured him

to continue

elder

his

eyes

filled

a long discourse, and

unshaken

in good works,
and with words of exhortation established his heart,
and begged him to send him cheerfully on his way
and at the same time he foretold that they should
But
shortly be at one, never to be parted more.
unable
fresh
labours
on
the
to
elder,
impose
Ioasaph,
and to restrain his desire to be on his way, and suspecting moreover that the man Zardan might make
known his case to the King and subject him to punish'
Since it seemeth thee
ment, said unto Barlaam,
good, my spiritual father, best of teachers and
;

minister of

all

good to me, to leave

me

to live in

the vanity of the world, while thou journeyest to thy


place of spiritual rest, I dare no longer let and

Depart therefore, with the peace of


thy guardian, and ever in thy worl

hinder thee.

God

for

3Q

Barlaam
leave of

oasap

'

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.
pevo<;, kclI t?}?

e/z.779

dOXioTrjros ev ral<; ripiais aov

v%al<; Bid iravTos pLepuvrjao Bid tov Kvpiov, iva


hvvrjOo) KaTakafielv ae Kal to aov /3Xe7reiv tijjuov
iroir)aov Be pov piiav aiTrpoawirov irdvTOTe.

\a/3elv virep
Tt]cnv Kal, eireiirep ovk rjdeXr/adi
twv avvacrtajTwv aov, Be^ai Kav virep aeavTov
pLitcpov ti ^prjpa et? &taTpo(f)r)v Kal IpiaTiov et9
o Be 7T/0O9 avTOV aireKpivaTO' Et virep
dpcpiaaiv.
twv dBeXcfrwv pov ovk iBe^dpirjv rt irapd aov
(ovBe yap eicelvoi y^pifcovaiv eirCXafieadai tojv

vXwv tov
epLavTw
ei

piev

icoapLov

Ziv

e/cofTe?

epiaKpvvav),

7repi7ro(,7jaop,ai orrep eKeivois

jap KaXov

eiceivois

6~\e0piav
eiceLvovs,

rjv

av irpo

epiov

ttjv

avTwv

ovre

p,rjv

rj

Toiw

7rw<?

diriiybpevaa;

^p7)p,drcov KTrjais,
eirel Be

tovtcov pereSco/ea'

eiriaTapai

KTrjaiv,

ovre

epavrbv to?9 toiovtoi? v7ro/3aX(o

fipoxois.
'Q<; Be Kal ev tovto) ireiOeiv ovk el%e, Bevrepas
iKeTrjpia? dpyj), Kal Bevrepav ttoXlv airrjaiv ttoielrai, p.>j irdvjr] avTOv irapiBeiv t9 Beyjaeis, purjBe 185

irdaav avTtp Kaiayeai


XiTrelv

avTw to

tj)v dOvpiiav,

dXXa Kara-

ippiKviopevov IpiaTiov eKeivo Kal

Tpayy iraXXiov, apia p,ev eh


BiBaaKaXov daKi'jaew^, a/ua Be

pivtjprjv

tPjs

tov

e69

(pvXaKTrjpiov
avT(p diro Trdar\s aaTaviKrjs evepyeias, Xa/3eiv Be
II9 av, to Trap
Trap avrov erepov avr eKeivov
epov, <p7]ai, BoOev 6po)v, rrjv epu)v eirl pivi'ipi^
1

(pepys raTreivoTrjTa.
'O Se yepwv kept]'

To piev iraXaibv Kal Bceppcoyos Bovvai aoi Kal Xafietv Kaivbv evBvpia, ov
depus, Iva pirj rov piKpov kottov pcov tt)v dpotfirjv
evddBe diroXafielv Karaicpi66i' 'iva Be aov ttjv
3io

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxi.

184-185

Lord's sake, think upon my misery,


prayers, for the
that I may be enabled to overtake thee, and behold
But fulfil this my
thine honoured face for ever.

one request since thou couldest not receive aught


for thy fellow monks, yet for thyself accept a little
cover thee.'
money for sustenance, and a cloak to
unto
and
said
him, Seeing
But Barlaam answered
;

1.1
brethren

would not receive aught tor my


need not grasp at the world's chattels
(for they
which they have chosen to forsake), how shall I
which I have denied them?
acquire for myself that
If the possession of money were a good thing, I
But, as
should have let them share it before me.
that

I
I

and
retuseth
to take a

jJJaJg

understand that the possession thereof is deadly,


will hazard neither them nor myself in such

snares.'

had failed once again to per- ioasaph


But when Ioasaph
1
would

j
suade Barlaam, 'twas but a sign for a second petition, n e f keep
and he made yet another request, that Barlaam hSrshirt
and mantla
should not altogether overlook his prayer, nor plunge
him in utter despair, but should leave him that stiff
shirt and rough mantle, both to remind him of

and to safe-guard him from


the workings of Satan, and should take from
him another cloak instead, in order that When
thou seest my gift,' said he, thou mayest bear my

his teacher's austerities


all

'

'

lowliness in remembrance.'
But the elder said, ' It is not lawful for

me to give Barlaam
granteth
i.i
and
take one him his
out
worn
and
old
vestment,
thee my
desire
that is new, lest I be condemned to receive here
not
to
But,
the recompense of my slight labour.
>

31

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.
rrpoQvp'iav
efiatv

aov.

i n//c6y]f(o,

fir)

rraXaid Kal

paicr)

Xaftcov

/3aai\iKr)i

ravra Bobs tw yepovri, ra

Kal

rraXacd,

exeivov

eyaipe,

irdar]^

Kal

7rop(fcvpa<;

aXovpyLBos ripacorepa ravra

dcrvy-

rjyovp.evo<;.

Kpi,Ta><i

'O Be 6ecoraro<; BapXadpu, drnevat ocrov


fiovXopLevo?,
ra'iav avrw

ra

e/cS?7fua9

rfjs

BiBaaKaXlav

oopdXei, Kal

rrpoayyev

ovttco

reXev-

'ASeX</>e,

Kal reKVOv yXvKvrarov, b Sid


rov JLvayyeXtov eyevvrjcra, olBas rivi earparevOrj^
(BacnXel Kal irpos rlva rd<; bp,oXoyLa<s aov Biedov.
Bel ovv /3e/3ata? ravras cpvXd^ai, Kal ra tt}<?

Xeycov,
1 Cor. iv. 15

rwv

p,r)Bev

Biacpepovra earcocrav ra BiB6p.evd p.01 rrapa


tyir/jaas Be 6 rov /3acuXeco<; vibs rpi^iva

rjya7rrj/j.eve

arparelas TrpoOvpLcos reXeaai,


Trdcrr)^

^dprp

6pLoXoyia$

r?)<i

rfj

rrapovarjs

avfi/AapTvpovcnjt;,

opLoXoyrjdevra,
pajBev ovv

rr)<>

dpa

driva

rib

daa vireayov ev
rrdvrwv Aearrorrj, 1S6

errovpavlov

Kal

crrparui^

Be Kal diroypa<pop.evy]s

(pvXdrrcov

pbaKapLos

rwv irapovroiv QeoO Kal

ro)v

ra

eery.

avrov

ri yap av ovrw cpo/Sepbv eh]


iTpoKplvr]^ dyaOibv.
ribv irapbvrwv, co? yievva trvpbs alcoi iov, pL7)re rov

Kaiovros oXws
rrore

(pibs

Xi'p/ovros ;

ri

eyovros, p-^jre rov KoXd^ovros


Be irdXiv rwv TOV KOCTpLOV

KaXo)v rrfKiKOvrov evcppdvoi, a>9 eo9 avros eKelvo?


to?9 dya7D]craai yapi^bpievo^; ovirep to KaXXo<; piev
deparov, Bwacrreia Be dpay^os Kal r) B6a diBios'
ovrrep

ra dyadd, ra rois avrov (piXois ajroKeirwv opcopLevcov davyKpirco^ vrrepe-

p.eva, irdvrcov
l

Cor.

ii.

o<p$aXpib<i ovk eiBe, Kal ovs ovk rjKovae, Kal


Kaptiav dvQpdnrov ovk dveftrp o*v K\rjpov6pLO<;

X ei ^
'

eirl

312

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxi.

185-186

thwart thy willing mind, let the garments given me


by thee be old ones, nothing different from mine

So the king's son sought for old shirts of hair,


which he gave the aged man, rejoicing to receive
his in exchange, deeming them beyond compare
more precious than any regal purple.

own.'

Now
spake

saintly Barlaam,

all

but ready for to


3

'

his last lesson, saying,

start, and
biddeth
1.

and delivered Ioasaph


r
i
1
j j
Brotner beloved, and dearest

concerning his journey,

-1

-i

whom I have begotten through the Gospel, thou


knowest of what King thou art the soldier, and with
whom thou hast made thy covenant. This thou must
son,

of
steadfastly, and readily perform the duties
thy service, even as thou didst promise the Lord of all
in the script of thy covenant, with the whole heavenly
host present to attest it, and record the terms

keep

thou keep, thou shalt be blessed. Esteem


therefore nought in the present world above God
and his blessings. For what terror of this life can

which

if

be so terrible as the Gehenna of eternal fire, that


burnetii and yet hath no light, that punisheth

And which of the goodly things


?
of this world can give such gladness as that which
the great God giveth to those that love him ?
and never ceaseth

Whose beauty is unspeakable, and power invincible,


and glory everlasting whose good things, prepared
for his friends, exceed beyond comparison all that is
which eye hath not seen, nor ear heard,
seen
;

neither

have

entered

into

the

heart

of

man

3*3

him

farewell

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

di'CtBeixS eLT]S, tj)

rdrr]
f

el

P'-"

Be tov

p,evo<;,

tov 0eou (ppovpovpuevo<; Kparaio-

ftacnXews

rjvidro Kal

vios,

ya^aWe,

Sdrcpvcrt

avyKe%v~

187

(ftiXoaTopyov irarpo<i

koI BiBaaKaXov dpiarov aTroXei(pdfjvat

pirj

dveyo-

Tt? p.oi, (f)r)o-Lv, & irdrep, ttjv arjv


vtto t'ivl Be eyd> tolovtw Troifievc
rd^iv;
TrXrjpcoaei
Kal 68>77<w yfrvx^Kt]'; a(ory]pla<; yev7Jaop,ai; rv tov

Kal

p,evo<;'

crov irapayLvdiov ttoliJo-o/jlcu ttoBov;

Mat.

Cp. i.uke
79

iBov

yap

ep.e

dTToaTaTrjv tm e<
Kal KXypovo/juov /careirpoa/jyayes, Kal eh viov
diroXoiXoTa Kai opeiaX(OTOv,
crTTjcra? Ta^iv, zeal tov

tov

Ps

ixxwiii. 5

i.

BovXov Kal

7roi>rjp6v

tov iraini drjpco) eToipbOV ei9 popav, eQt]Tr]o-a<i,


Kal rot? dirXaveo-c xaTepu^as Seov TrpoftaToif
koX eBei^d<i pot tt)v eTTiTopLov t?)? dXrj0La<; oBov,
ctkotous Kal ttjs cr/aa? tov
p.e tov
e^ayaycov
/
v
/
\
/
/i
J
OavaTOV, Kai, tov? irooas uov p,Tayaya)v eK
Kal
koX
o-koXlcotut)]^
0avaTi]<p6pov
t?}? 6Xia0)]pd i
i

Kal KapL7rvXr)<; aTpairov, pueydXwv Kal Oavptacrioiv


dyaOwv, Kal wv ovBels
p,oi yeyovas irpo^evo^
vTrepe^ov Btr\yi]o'ao'dai.
e^apKeaeie Xoyos to
Kal
avTOs virep epuov tov p^iKpov
p,eydXcov
Beopewv Kal t>}9 e'yu%
pLeTaaxpi'i tov eoO
o /xovos
eu^a/3fO"Tta? vcrTepjjpua TrXrjpooaat YLvpcos,
vikwv Tats tcov Bcoped)v avTiBoaecn tovs avTov

dyaiTMVTa^.
f

Be

Ba/)Xaa/x,

t/}?

9prjV(pBla<i

avTov

eK-

eh

evxh v 'icrTaTO, Kal too


'O eo?, eXeye, Kal
ei P e ^ ovpavovs Bidpa<$'
X
YlaTrjp tov Kvptov ypbwv 'I?;eroO Xpio~Tov, 6
Ta irp\v eo-KOTiap,eva, Kal tt)v 6pa,T?)v
(proTicra<;
kotttcov,

TavTY]v

3M

dvao-Ta$

Kal

dopaTov

ktigiv

Ik

tov

p:r)

6vto<;

188

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


whereof mayest thou be shown an
by the mighty hand of God

xxi.

;86-i88

inheritor, preserved

'

king's son burst into tears of pain and


1
to bear the parting from a loving
unable
vexation,

Here the

father

and excellent teacher.

O my

'

And

ioasaph
gore
distrestat
is

who,' quoth he,

And whom

like
thy place,
unto thee shall I find to be shepherd and guide of

'

shall

fill

salvation

my soul's
in my loss

father

What

consolation

may

find

Behold thou hast brought me,


the wicked and rebellious servant, back to God, and
Thou hast
set me in the place of son and heir
sought me that was lost and astray on the mountain,
a prey for every evil beast, and folded me amongst
Thou hast
the sheep that had never wandered.
of thee

shown me the direct road to truth, bringing me out


of darkness and the shadow of death, and, changing
the course of

my

from the slippery, deadly,

feet

winding pathway, hast ministered


to me great and marvellous blessings, whereof
speech would fail to recount the exceeding excelGreat be the gifts that thou receivest at
lence.

crooked

and

And
God's hand, on account of me who am small
the Lord, who in the rewards of his gifts alone
overpasseth them that love him, supply that which is
!

may

'

lacking to

my

gratitude
Here Barlaam cut short his lamentation, and rose Balaam's
and stood up to pray, lifting up his either hand, prayed
and saying, O God and Father of our Lord Jesu
!

'

which didst illuminate the things that once


were darkened, and bring this visible and invisible
Christ,

3*5

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

irapayayo)v, o to aov eiriaTpe^ras irXaapa teat


idaas rjpd<i biriaoa t% d<ppoavvr)<; rjpwv
ixopeveadai, evyapiaTovpev aoi, teal rfj afj aoepia,
teal Bvvdpei ra> Kvplco i)p,eov 'h]aov XpiaTO), Be
ov teal tou? aiwvas iirolrjaas, ireabvTa^ re r/p,d<;

/jl7)

dreaTrjaas,
dtpr/tcas,

teal

7r7r\rjfipbe\rjKocri

7r\avi]devra<;

Ta<?

eiravriyayes,

apapTias

alxfJ-aXcoTi-

aOevras eXvTpcoaco, reOp^Kora^ e^oiiroujaas t&>


ae
Ti/ilw tov Tlov aov teal BeaTTOTi/ea) aifiari.
ovv etrueaXovpai, teal tov povoyevrj aov Tlov,
teal
to iravdyibv aov Tivevpa' eiriBe irrl to
Xoyiteov aov 7rpo{3aTov tovto, to irpoaeXObv
Si ifiov tov dva^lov eh Ovatav aoi, teal dylaaov
avTOV Ti)V -^vyjiv ttj afj Bvvdpei teal ydpiTi'
Cp. Ps.

eirla Ke-^rai Trjv

oia

tov

dpnreXov TavTrjv

teapvrocpoprjaai,

teapTrbv

avTov, /3e/3aicbv ev aiiTW

Biteaioavvr/s-

evlayvaov

ttjv Siad/]fC7]v aov,

tov

Sia/3oXov.

teal

ee\ov
aocpla
tov dyaOov aov HvevpaTO? BlBa^ov avTov iroielv
to OeXrjpd aov, teal ttjv fioi')Qeidv aov /at) depeXy ;
air auTOv, d^icbv avv epol tu> dy^pelw aov olteeTrj
rf)<i

Ps. cxiiiL 10

tijv epVTevOeiaav
tcai 00$ avTr\v

Ayiov aov VlvevpaTos,

diraTrj^

ttj

tow dTe\evT?]Tcov aov dyadwv ieXr\povbpov yevea9ai, otl ei/Xoy^TO^ el teal BeSo^aapevos eh tov<;
alcova ;.
1

dpr/v.

TeXeaas Be tjjv ev^v teal eiriaT panels, teaTi]arrdaaTO to tkvov ijOtj tov eiTOVpaviov liar/Do?.
elpi)vr]v

vtov,

Te

avTW eirev^dpevos

e^rfxOe

tov iraXaTtov,

ebyapiaTOW tm
bhbv avTov eh dyaObv.
teal

316

e<w,

acoTr/plav alu>-

teal

teal

t5>

dirfjei

yalpwv

evoScoaavTi

ttjv

1S9

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxi.

188-189

creation out of nothing, and didst turn again tins


thine handiwork, and sufferedst us not to walk after

we give thanks to thee and to thy


Wisdom and Might, our Lord Jesu Christ, by whom
thou didst make the worlds, didst raise us from
our foolishness,

didst restore
fall, didst forgive us our trespasses,
us from wandering, didst ransom us from captivity,
didst quicken us from death by the precious blood
of thy Son our Lord.
Upon thee I call, and upon

our

thine only begotten Son,

and upon the Holy Ghost.

thy spiritual sheep that hath come


unto thee through me thine unworthy servant, and do thou sanctify his soul with
Visit this vine, which was
thy might and grace.

Look upon

to

be a

this

sacrifice

planted by thy Holy Spirit, and grant it to bear


fruit, the fruit of righteousness.
Strengthen him,
and confirm in him thy covenant, and rescue him

from the deceit of the

devil.

With the wisdom of

thy good Spirit teach him to do thy will, and take


not thy succour from him, but grant unto him,
with me thine unprofitable servant, to become an
inheritor of thine evei'lasting bliss, because thou art
blessed and glorified for ever, Amen.'
When that he had ended his prayer, he turned Bariaam
him round and embraced loasaph, now a son of his tho palace

heavenly father, wishing him eternal peace and salvation, and he departed out of the palace, and went
his way, rejoicing and giving thanks to God, who
had well ordered his steps for good.
.V7

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE
XXII

'lcodaacp Be, p.erd to i^eXOetv rov BapXadp.,


eavrov ioLBov Kal BaKpvat 6epp,ordrois,
real eXeyev *Q eo?, ets tijv /3oi]0eiav p,ov rrpo-

ev\fi
Ps. lxx. i

Ku/Jie, eh rb fSorjOrjaal fiot arrevaov, on


aoi eyKaraXeXeirrrat o rrrco^b^, opcpavcp av rjaOa
ftorjOos' 7ri/3\e^rov eV
e/xe Kal eXeijaov p.e, o
rrdvra^ OeXcoi' aco0rjvai teal ei? erriyvcoaiv dXt]deia<; eXOelv, awaov pie Kal eviayyaov pie rov
avd^tov rov rropev6?]vai ryiv 6Bbv rcov dyicov
aov evroXcov, on i<ya> fiev da0evr)<i Kal raXatcr^e?.

Ps. ix .85

Ps. ixxxvi.
i

Tim.

ii.

ro dyaObv ov% iKavos' av


o irdvra rd opard Kal
rd dopara avyKparwv Kal avve^cov. pirj eaarjs
pie orrlaco rcov OeX^pbdrcov t% aapKos rcov irovr\pcov TropeveaOaf dXXd to aov BiBa^ov rroielv
OeXrjpia, Kal avvriqp^aov fie et<? rrjv alcoviov aov
Kal piaKaplav l^coijv. &> Udrep, Kal Tie, Kal delov
Tlvevpia, 7] 6[xoovato<i Kal dBiaLperos eoV???, ere
eiTLKaXovpiaL Kal ae Bo^d^co- ae yap vp,vei rrdaa
KTioa, Kal ae Bo^oXoyovaiv at voepal rcov
7rcopos

Be

Ps. cxiiii. io

Kal

aco^eiv

rroifjaat

pie

Bvvaros,

dfir/v.
dao)p,drcov Bvvdp.ei<; ei? row? alcovas.
"E/CTOT6 ovv irdar)
cpvXaKr) er/jpei kavrov,
KaOapoTijTa ^v^t]^ re Kal acop,aro<> eavrcp rvepiiroiovpievos, iyKpareta re av^cov kcil rrpoaev-^al^
ttoX- 190
oXovvktois Kal Betjaeaiv.
?;/i.e/oa? puev yap

Xukis irepLKOTnopievos rrj re rcov avvbvrcov avrcp


avvavXia, eatT ore Kal rfj rov fiaaiXecos 7T/30?
avrov iiriBijfiia i) rfj avrov et<? eKelvov pberaKXijaei, r) vu^ avrcp rd rrjs yp,epa$ dverrXijpov
3i8

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

ami.

189-190

XXII
After Barlaam was gone
unto prayer and bitter

self

forth, Ioasaph
tears,

and

gave him'
O God,

said,

haste thee to help me


Lord, make speed to help
me, because the poor hath committed himself unto
:

ioasaph

on God
forhel P-

thee; thou art the helper of the orphan. Look upon


me, and have mercy upon me thou who wiliest have
all men to be saved and to come unto the
knowledge
of the truth, save me, and strengthen me, unworthy
though I be, to walk the way of thy holy commandments, for I am weak and miserable, and not able to
do the thing that is good. But thou art mighty to
save me, who sustainest and boldest together all
Suffer me not to walk
things visible and invisible.
after the evil will of the flesh, but teach me to do
thy will, and preserve me unto thine eternal and
O Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, the
blissful life.
consubstantial and undivided Godhead, I call upon
Thou art praised by all creathee and glorify thee.
;

tion

thou art glorified by the intelligent powers of

Amen.'
the Angels for ever and ever.
From that time forth he kept himself with all and
vigilance, seeking to attain purity of soul and body, in vigil

and prayers and intercesIn the day-time he was often


sions all night long.
interrupted by the company of his fellows, and at
and living

in continency

times by a visit from the king, or a call to the king's


pi'esence, but the night would then make good the

3*9

P ra J

er

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

varepijjjiara, iv eui/ai? /cal Sd/cpvcri p-e^P 1 Bia(f>avfxaros iarap^evov avrov kcli rov eoy eTri/caXovpevov 69ev rb rrpo^riKov e/ceivo pfjp.a iir avrov
Ps.cxxxiii.2
(Sep '

eirX^povro' 'Ev rah vv\v eTrdpare to-9 y^elpa^


vpcov ei'9 ra dyia, Kai evXoyelre rov Kvptov.
'0 Be ZapBdv eKelvos, rr/v roiavrrjv avrov alo~66p,evo<i Btayayyrjv Kai Xvtttj^ 7r\>]pov/xeio<z, fxepipLvais re Beival? rrjv ~^rv)(j]v /3aXXop,evo<>, ovk el^ev
rfj dvia Karairovrj9ei<i, et9
rov kavrov a7reB/]pijaev oIkov, appcoaretv rrpoairoLovp-evos. Gt>9 Be e/9 yvcoaiv tw f3acnXel rovro eXt]-

b ti /cal Spdaeie- reXos,

Xv9ei,

aXXov

p,ev

clvt

avrov

rcov

Triarordrwv

Ka9v7r)]perelv rw> vim e^aTreareiXev avrb? Be, rrj$


rov ZapBdv e7Ttp,eXovp:evo<> vyeias, iarpbv avru>
rreprrec BoKip-corarov real cppovriBos ore vroXAf^
d^iol 9epairev9r)vai.
Be tarpon, eirel rep fiaaiXel ovros K%aptcrpevos t]V, impeXo)*; eireaice^aro, Kai, dpiara
avrov, r<p /3aaiXel Odrrov
hiayvovs rd Kar
avayyeXXei, (09 '706, (ptjai, ovoevbs voarjpiaros
alrtov ev ru> avOpojrrcp evpelv BeBuvrjpiai' ev9ev
rot koX vrroXapbj3dvu>, ddvpla rtvl rrjv
^jrv^v

Be f3acriXfj<i,
fiXrjOevra, rovrov pLaXaxiaOrjiai.
rovr(ov dtcovo-as rwv prjpdrcov, vrreXafte ftapecos
avrS) rov vlbv Btare9f]vai, /cal rovrov %dpiv

avrov

Xv7T7)9evra

vrcoywp^o-ai.
fiovXopevos,

irpciypLa

dfcoXov9co<i

ZapBdv,

C09

Kai

ere,

Avpiov eXevaopai,

ra

p.a9elv Be
8eB)]XcoKe

(prjai,
croi

t%

einavpLiSdo-rj^

Be,

ravrt]<; d/covaas

rb
rco

0e(opr)aai 191

Btayvcovat

appwarlaq.

ap,a

320

ZapBav
irpwi

rrepifSaXXopevos

rrj<;

avrov rb

dyyeXias,
lp,drtov,

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxn.

190-191

shortcomings of the day, whilst he stood, in prayer


and weeping until daybreak, calling upon God.
Whence in him was fulfilled the saying of the
'

In nights raise your hands unto


holy
and
bless ye the Lord.'
things;
But Zardan observed Ioasaph's way of life, and zardan is
was full of sorrow, and his soul was pierced with thereatand
and he knew not what to do. li^ess
grievous anxieties
At the last, worn down with pain, he withdrew to
prophet,

his

own home,

come

to the

his place

When this had


feigning sickness.
knowledge of the king he appointed in

another of
while

his trusty

he

men

to minister unto

himself, being concerned


Zardan's health, sent a physician of reputation,
took great pains that he should be healed.
his

son,

for

and

The physician, seeing that Zardan was in favour


with the king, attended him diligently, and, having
right well judged his case, soon made this report
(
I have been unable to discover
to the king
any The
**
in the man wherefore I suppose that cannot
disease
of
root
;

weakness is to be ascribed to distress of spirit.' f^ disease


But, on hearing his words, the king suspected that
his son had been wroth with Zardan, and that this
So, wishing to
slight had caused his retirement.
search the matter, he sent Zardan word, saying
1
To-morrow I shall come to see thee, and judge of
this

the malady that hath befallen thee.'


But Zardan, on hearing this message, at daybreak
wrapt his cloak around him and went to the king,
321

Zardan
the king

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.
TTopeverai

77/069

tov

avrw

irpoo-eKvvr)o~ev

Kal

fSaaiXea.

eirl

elcreX0a>v

Be /3ao~tA.eu9,

7779.

tj}<?

eavrov Trapayeveadat; avTOf


yap i]9eXov eTriaKe^raaOai ere, Kal iraai yvwpiaat
Tt, (pyal, 7rape/3idau>
ttjv 77/00? ere
e'/i?;,

yu.01;

fiacrtXev,

dppwaTtoiv

dvOpuyKois

cpiXiav.

dadeveia ovk

dXX

Be dvTecptjaev
tcov avvy]9u>v

<tti

i/c

Xvnripds

Kal

Kaphta<i oBvvcofxevr)<i avvcod(ppocrvv>] Be pcoc r)v ovtcos

ipL/j-eptpivov yffv^rj^ ttj<;

Bvv/)9>]

to

ao)[xa.

to abv Trapayeveadat,
Trpoafievew e&)9
tov (SaaCXew^ ovv
efiov tov oIk6tov a/cvXfjvai.
TTwOavoiievov rt? r) 7-779 d9vfiia<; avTOV aWLa,

eyovrd

tcpaTOi,

p.e fir)

dXXa

VTTo\af3u)v 6

BovXikcos

77/069

ttjv ar)v (3ao~cXeLav

ZapBdv, Meya?

kivBvvos, ecpry
d^ios, 7toXXcov Be
OavaTwv evo^os /caOeaTrj/ca, otl aov Tot? irpocrTayp,acriv afieXcos BiaTe9el<; dvLa<i aoi 7roXXi)<i

Kal fieydXcov

e/xol

Tifieopiwv

e'yeo

6o~ov ovheiroi irpo^evo's yeyova.


Av9i<; Be 6 (3acriXev<;, Kal ftva

av dfieXetav
Be to irepie^ov ere Seos; 'Ey
tt) irepl tov Kvpibv fiov tov vlbv aov dicpifteia
r)fieXi]fca<;;

iipeTO'

t'l

ecpt].
irovripos yap civ0pa>7ro<> Kal 76779
d>fiiXr]aev ai)TW t t>/9 9pt]aKia$ tcov Xpia-

Tj/j.eXrjKa,

iXOwv

TLavoiv.

etTa SirjyeiTai /caTa fiepos

t& ftaaiXel

to,

XaXr/OevTa irapd tov yepovTO<; 77/069 tov vlbv avTOV,


Kal fie(F o'er?/? i)Bovr)<i e'eti'09 tov Xoyov eBe^aTO,
Kal ct>9 6A.09 tov X.picTTOv iyeybvet.
77/069 Be Kal
ttjv KX-fjaiv eBr'jXov tov yepovTOs, RapXadp, tovtov
KciXelaOat eliroDv.
dKt]Koei yap Kal irpoTepov 6
ftaaiXevs Ta irepl tov WapXadp, Kal Trjs aKpoeo9 5' et? aKod? TavTa
TaTr)<; do-Kijaeoos avTOV.
r)X9e tcJ) ftaaiXei, kXqvw ev9u$ e/c T//9 irepnre322

192

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxn.

191-192

and entered and

fell in obeisance on the ground. The


'
king spake unto him, Why hast thou forced thyself
to appear? I was minded to visit thee myself, and so

make known
answered,

'

to

My

my

all

sickness,

friendship for thee.'

is

He

no

malady
common to man but pain of heart, arising from an
anxious and careful mind, hath caused my body to
suffer in sympathy.
It had been folly in me,
being
as I am, not to attend as a slave before thy might,
king,

but to wait for thy Majesty to be troubled to come


to me thy servant.'
Then the king enquired after
the cause of his despondency; Zardan answered and
said, 'Mighty is my peril, and mighty are the penal-

and many deaths do I merit, for


have been guilty of neglect of thy behests,
and have brought on thee such sorrow as ne'er before.'
ties that I deserve,

that

Again said the king, And of what neglect hast Zardan


been guilty? And what is the dread that totiie king

'
I have been
encompasseth thee ?
guilty,' said he, salaam
'

thou

'

of negligence in

my

close care of

my

lord thy son.

There came an evil man and a sorcerer, and communicated to him the precepts of the Christian
Then he related to the king, point by
religion.'
words
the
which the old man spake with his
point,
son, and how gladly Ioasaph received his word, and
how he had altogether become Christ's. Moreover
he gave the old man's name, saying that it was
Even before then the king had heard tell
Barlaam.
of Barlaam's ways and his extreme severity of life
but, when this came to the ears of the king, he was
;

323

v 2

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

{3dWerai, kou 6vp.ov 7r\r)Kal


povrai, fiifcpov
uTTOTrrj'yvvTai tG> aKovafiari.
Kal avTiKCL 7rpo<Tfca\elTcu 'Kpayfo riva ovtco
Kal rcov BevTepeicov pbera tov
Xeyopievov, 09
aovaj]<; avru> d6vp,ia<;

teal 7rp<WT0? avTCp iv 7rdo~ai<;


Tat? a7ro/cpv(f)Oi<> o~vfi/3ov\iai<; ervy^avev dfxa Be
Kal Trjf dcnpo\oyia<; eirtaTTipLccv rjv
7rpo<i
dvrjp.
bv irapayevopuevov to avfi/3dv 6 /3ao~i\ev<; avv
aQvpia ttoKXtj Kal dhq/xovla Sirjyeirai. 6 Be, tov
rapa'xpv avTOv Kal ttiv crvyyyGiv t?}? "^^>X^
6eaad[xevo<i,
Ardpa^d aoi, cprjai, earco Kal
aXvira, 'XI /3ao~i\ev' ovk dveXiriaTov yap i)puv
en to pbeTaireaelv avrov dXXa Kal Xiav j3e/3ai6rara yivcoaKco Odrrov avrov Kal e^apvtjaaaOao rr)v tov rrXdvov eKeivov BiBao~KaXiav, Kal

fiacriXea tj^lovto,

'

rep crco

avvOeaOai

Qe\r)p.ari.

Tovtois ovv TOi? prj/iacn rbv /SacriXea et'9 to


evOvpuorepov 6 'A/)a^^9 pberafiaXcov, rjj irepl to
Trpay/xa SiaaKe^reL pLeXerqv eiroLovvro. Kat- rovro,
cpr]aiv, co f3aaiXev, irpo iravrcov 7roi7]acofj.6v' KaraKal el
Xa/3elv crirevacofiev top Beivbv JSapXadp..
rovrov eiTtrvywpev, ovk daro)^?jaop:ev, ev olBa, 193

rod

aXX

ctkottov,

ovBe

yjrevcrdrjo'op.eOa

rr)<;

eXrrlBo^.

eKelvos avro<;,

i)

ptf/iaai inOavol^

rj

fiacrdveov

ireLcrOei^, aKcov av bpboXoKal 7re7rXavy]p-eva (pdaKetv, Kal tov


Kvpiov p.ov Kal vlov aov tov warptoov eyeadai
el Be eKeivov p-ev Karap-eraTrelaeie Boyptaro^.
Xaftelv ov Bvvijdeir/piev, erepov eyoo eiriaTap-ai

opydvots

TroXveiBecrt

yi'iaeie -^revBr)

7rpea/3vT7jv
bp.01.ov

tco

Biayvwvcu
324

pLOvepiipuinqv,
Na^ojp KaXovp,evov,
HapXadpu Kara irdvra, ov ovk ecrri
p,r)

eKeivov

virdpyeiv,

t^9

r)p,erepa<i

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxn.

192-193

straightway astonied by the dismay that fell on him,


and was filled with anger, and his blood well-nigh
curdled at the tidings.
call one The king
Immediately

J he bade
calleth
Araches, who held the second rank after the king for his

counsellor

and was the chief in


which the

man was

all his

private councils

learned in star-lore.

besides Araches

When

he

was come, with much despondency and dejection the


king told him of that whieb had happened. He,
seeing the king's trouble and confusion of mind, said,
f

We

king, trouble and distress thyself no more.

are not without hope that the prince will yet change
for the better

nay,

know

for very certain that

will speedily

renounce the teaching

and conform

to

By

thy

he

ot this deceiver,

will.'

these words then did Araches set the

king Araches
plotteth
e
i>
ii
iitheir how
ot
and
to
frame
turned
mind;
happier
they
recover
to
the
of
the
matter,
ioasaph
thoughts
thorough
sifting

to idolatry
f
do we first of all.
'This, O king,' said Araches,
in

-i

Make we haste to apprehend


If we take him, I am assured

that infamous Barlaam.


that

we

shall not miss

the mark, nor be cheated of our hope.


Barlaam
himself shall be persuaded, either by persuasion or by
divers engines of torture, against his will to confess
that he hath been talking falsely and at random, and

my lord, thy son, to cleave to his father's


But if we fail to take Barlaam, I know of an
eremite, Nachor by name, in every way like unto him it
He
is impossible to distinguish the one from the other.

shall

persuade

creed.

32 5

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

StSdaicakov eptbv ev rol$ fiaOrj-

So|?79 ovra, zeal

ptaat yevoptevov. tovtw VTrayopevaa<; eyco, vv/cTcop


eVra,
d-e\6a)i>, TTavTO, Kara puepo<; d^y^aop-at.
tovtov
KpaTrjdrfvai tov Bapkadpu Siacpi]p,7]cravTe<i,
ical Bapkadp, eavrbv ovoirapao-TTjaopieOa' o?
tojv
XpKTTiavwv Trpeafievetv irpoaiTOii)puiaas, ra

aercu,

ical

Kara Kpdros

Stake!; iv rjTTwpLevos,
ical

eKvtK7]6i]a-eTat.
&>9

Oecoptevos,

elra,

tovtovs 8ik8lkcov (pavijaerai.

picTa 7rokkr)v

ravra

Bap\aapb

tov fiaaikeais vtos

ptev

rjTTi'jdr],

to,

Se

vlkohtl ttovtw^ auvdi]aerai'


t)ptTepa virepvaca, rot?
alSeladat
/cal to tt)v o~r)v
tovtois
pteya 777309
rroielv
fiacnkeiav ical ra vol Kexapto-p,eva
rtOJical 6 to TTpoawirelov
i7riaTpa<p>)(rTai yap
ptevos.

tov Bapkadp,

Siafieftatcoaete.
"Ho-0-r) 6 fiacnkevs

dpiaTa fiovkevaaaOai
ekiricriv.

evdev

toi

ireifkav^adai avTOV

ical

viroSv<;,

eVt tols \a\i]9et<ri, /cal


eSoge, icevaU eirepetSoptevo^

ical

tov

Bapkadp, evayxos

\o*,aaa @ ai "rrV ^ e
et
fiaOoov vTToxwpjjaai, x P
irkeiov^
ra9
tmv
Sie^oScov
vot9 ovv ical XoxayoU
(

Sieikiicpoos,

pttav Se

vcpwpaTO,

avTos,

twv 6Sow,
(7r7rot9

tjv

iraawv piaXkov
dva tcpaTOS

7rt/3a9,

eSiome, Trpo/caTakafietv avTov eic iravTos Tpo-rov


ev okats Se e| r}p.epai<i iconido-a?,
Siavonvptevos.
elra, auT09 p>ev ev tivi
ptaTijv TeTakatTrcopiJKet,.
t6)v fiaaikt/cwv TraXaTtcov ev TOt9 dypols Sta/cet-

tov 'A/ja%/i' p>eTa iinreoiv ov/c


eVt 77oXiycov eco9 avTrjq 7-779 XevaapiTiSo<i eprjpov
Se
tov
tcaTa\a,6a)v
direo-TeCke
Bapkadpb.
T7)criv
Siei/ceivo? tov tottov, irdvTas 7-01)9 ireptoiicovs
ical TcovSe pur) eeopaicevai ttot tov dvSpa
Tapa^eptevco Trpoo-pLecvas,

326

194

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxn.

193-194

of our opinion, and was my teacher in studies. I


him the hint, and go by night, and tell him
the full tale. Then will we blazon it abroad that
is

will give

Barlaam hath been caught but we shall exhibit


Nachor, who, calling himself Barlaam, shall feign
that he is pleading the cause of the Christians
and standing forth as their champion. Then, after
much disputation, he shall be worsted and utterly
The prince, seeing Barlaam worsted,
discomfited.
and our side victorious, will doubtless join the
victors; the more so that he counteth it a great
duty to reverence thy majesty, and do thy pleasure.
Also the man who hath played the part of Barlaam
shall be converted, and stoutly proclaim that he hath
been in error.'
The king was delighted with his words, and The king
rocked himself on idle hopes, and thought it ex- Araches in
cellent counsel. Thereupon, learning that Barlaam ^laam
was but lately departed, he was zealous to take him
He therefore occupied most of the passes
prisoner.
with troops and captains, and, himself, mounting his
chariot, gave furious chase along the one road of
which he was especially suspicious, being minded to
But though he toiled
surprise Barlaam at all costs.
of
six full days, his labour was but
the
space
by
spent in vain. Then he himself remained behind
in one of his palaces situate in the country, but
sent forward Araches, with horsemen not a few,
;

wilderness of Senaar, in quest of


Araches arrived in that place,
he threw all the neighbour folk into commotion
and when they constantly affirmed that they had

as

f;ir

as

Barlaam.

the

When

327

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

eVl ras iprjfiovs 6 dp)(0)v rov<;


irokv re t% eprjftov
ir/C.
hido~rr)/j,a, oprj re TrepiKVKXcocras /cal

/3e/3aico(ra/jLV(DV,

eu<re/3et9

Orjpevcrcov

htohevaas

drpifiels cf)dpayya<; Tre^evaas /cal hvaftdrovs, p*era


ro>v avv aiirut 6-yXwv d/cpcopetdv riva icaraXaftoov,
/cal

aras

eir

opa Kara

avrr)<;,

rr)v

inrcopeiav (pd- 195

koX evOvs ra>


irepLirarovaav.
rov apyovros 7rpoardyp,ari rrdvre^ eir avrovs
deovaiv dirvevarl, dXXo<; dXXov rots hpop.oi<i

Xayya

epr)p,t,r(ov

/cal

(pOdaai (piXoveiKovvre?-%v6r)crav

avrol<;

/cvves

axrel

Trovrjpd riva ical /xiadvOpcorra'


rq> re eihet

avhpas

rov<i, /cal
eiTL
re<;

/cal

rrj

(p$dcravres,

iroXXol
/cal

rj

rrepie-

drjpia

Kparovat rovs

Karaardaei

cre/xvord

ra ar]p,avrpa

rdv irpoaooTTWv

rfjs iprj/juKr}? Kara<rrdaea><i


cpepovra^' /cal rovrov<;

crvpov-

apyovrt irapearrjaav, ov $opv/3r}devra<;


ovk dyevvh ri /ca\ a/cvdpwrrbv evhetija-

ra>

oXcos,

pbhovs
olovel

rj

cpdey^apevovs.

6 he

rrpodywv avru/v

/cal

eftdara^e rpi^Lvrjv,
p.eari)v Xectyavaiv it poe/cSriputjo' dvrcov rivdv dytcov
Ylarepwv.
Karavoi]aa<{ he avrovs 6 'Apa^?, to? ovk elhe
rov V>ap\adfL (eytvcoa/ce yap avrov),
avveyyOrj rfj
Hov eariv 6
Xvrrrj.
Xeyet he 7rpo9 avrov^'
arrareoov eKelvos, o rov vlov irXavrjo-a^ rov j3acri/ca07/yovp,evo<i

A,e&>?; o he rr)v iri']pav

eariv eKeivos ev i)p2v

ir/jpav

fiaard^wv dne/cpLvaro' Ovk


p,r]he

yevotro- cpevyei

yap

rov Xptarov hiu>Kop,vo<; %dpiri. ev vpuv


he rd<i olKijaea exec
6 dp-y<v
TivcaaKea
ecprjovv avrov; Nat, cpr/alv 6 eprjpilrr}^' olha rov
dirarewva Xeyoptevov, o? ecrriv 6 hid/3oXo<;, 6 p.eaov
r)p,a<; rfj

vpow KaroLKwv
328

/cal

Trap' vpa>v Xarpev6p,ei>6<; re

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxn. 194-195

never seen the man, he went forth into the desert


When he
places, for to hunt out the Faithful.
great tract of desert, and
the fells around, and journeyed

had gone through a

made the

circuit of

untrodden and pathless ravines, he and


Standing thereon,
plateau.
he descried at the foot of the mountain a company

a-foot over

his hosts arrived at a

of hermits

Straightway at their governor's

a- walking.

word of command

all

hreathless

vying

haste,

should arrive

first.

his

men
one

upon them

ran

with

another,

When

Araches

^bai"
of m01lks

>

in

who

they came

they arrived,
ahout the monks like so many dogs, or evil beasts
And they seized these men
that plague mankind.
of reverend mien and mind, that bore on their
faces the hall-mark of their hermit life, and
haled them before the governor; but the monks

showed no sign of alarm, no sign of meanness or


Their leader
sullenness, and spake never a word.
and captain bore a wallet of hair, charged with
the relics of some holy Fathers departed this life.
When Araches beheld them, but saw no Barlaam and
ne
he was overwhelmed thcm
for he knew him by sight
with grief, and said unto them, < Where is that ^rialm^

'

who hath

led the king's son astray ?


The
bearer of the wallet answered, ' He is not amongst

deceiver

God forbid
For, driven forth by the grace
of Christ, he avoideth us but amongst you he hath
us,

The governor

his dwelling.'

him then
that

is

'

'

called

who dwelleth

'

said,

Yea,' said the hermit,

the deceiver, which


in your midst and

Thou knowest
I know him
'

is

is

the devil,

worshipped
329

ST.
teal

JOHN DAMASCENE
6

depcnrcuofAevos.

VtapXadp,

6 Be p,ovaxos'

paOelv ttov eerrtv

ere

Uepl rov
Kal rovrov i)pbpjr)v

dpywv Xeyer

eyci) rrjv ^ijrrjaiv fya),

dXXrjvdXXa><; eXdXrjo-as, rrepl

(f1<jLV,

Kal

iva

n,

196

rov aTTari)-

rov vlbv rov ftaeriXews rr)v rrevaiv rrpoerayayoov; el yap rbv BapXadp. e^rjrets, eBet. ere
eV T/79 irXavrj^
Tlov eanv
TTcivrwi elirelv'
eTricrrpe^ra^ kcl\ erd>cras rbv rov ftaeriXeay; vlbv;
eKelvos yap d$eX(f)b<i r)p,wv vrrdp^ei Kal crvvacricr)Ik ttoXXwv Be ijBrj r)p,epa)V ov rededpeOa
T1JS'
6 Be Wpaxv'i' To o?Kr)p.a avrov, i]<7iv,
avrov.
Et dedera6 dcrK^rrj<i direxpivaro'
virbBei^ov.
aOai vp,d<; ijdeXev, eKetvo<; dv eh avvdvrrjaiv vp,oov
i^P/XOev. rjplv 8' ovv ovk e^eart, rb Bwpbdriov
o~avTO<;

avrov vplv
(dvpov
(pi]cn

yvoopterai.

rovrq) epLTripurXarai
dpj(wv, Kal
avrov, bpylXov dpa Kal 6t]pi(o8e<;

iirl

Trpbs

B,eva> vvvl davdrep vp,as Oavarcoerco,


i avrrjs rov JSapXaap, ov Trapacmjcrere piOL'
Kal Tfc, (prjcrlv 6 derKt]rrj<i, 60a? ev rjfuv, ovrrep

e/x/SXe'-v/ra?*

el

dvreyop,evoi BverairoaTr daru><i t)$ rrapovat]<; BiaKeicrbpeBa ^wT/9, Kal rbvrrapd erov enrayQiqo-bpevov
(f)o/3>]0o)pV

ddvarov;

opoXoyijcropev, ore

rrj<;

%dpiv

7 */

~ 0L

P-dXXov

dperfjs e%opevov<i rov j3iov

BeBoiKapxv yap ov p,iKpcb<; to rov


i^ip/ayes.
reXovs aBrfkov, pbr/ elBbres 7nw? eyovra^ r)p,a<;
KaraXrj-^rerai, p,r) ttov yvcop,7]<; 6Xicr6o<; rj enrrjpeid 197
ris

Baip.ovLKr]

rr)<;

7rpoaipecreci)<;

rrjv

evaraeriv

peraarpeyjnj, Kal erepa eppovelv rj iroteiv rrapd rd


t& (~)ea> a)po\oy>]p,eva p^erarrelaeiev. oOev rvyeiv
ow eXiri^ere oXeos dire lit 6vre<s, prj OKvrjarjre rr uelv
oiTf-p fiovXeerde.

33

ovre yap rb rov

0eo<j)t,Xov<; i)ptbv

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


and served by
Barlaam that

you.'

make

The governor
search, and

where he

of him, to learn

xxn.

is.'

195-197
'

said,
I

It is for

asked

thee

The monk answered,

And wherefore then spakest thou in this ambiguous


manner, asking about him that had deceived the
If thou wast seeking Barlaam, thou
king's son ?
" Where is he that
shouldest certainly have said,
"
and
saved
the king's son ?
error
hath turned from
Barlaam is our brother and fellow-monk. But now
for many days past Ave have not seen his face.'
'

Said

Show me his
Had he wished to

Araches,
'

'

answered,
have come forth to meet you.

abode.'

see you,

As

The monk
he would

for us, it is not

make known

to you his hermitage.'


the
governor waxed full of indignation, The
Thereupon
kS
and, casting a haughty and savage glance upon him, def"
Ayachei
die
no
Ye shall
said,
ordinary death, except ye
'
What,'
immediately bring Barlaam before me.'
said the monk, seest thou in our case that should
by its attractions cause us to cling to life, and be

lawful to

'

'

afraid of death at thy hands ?


Whereas we should
the rather feel grateful to thee for removing us
life in the close adherence to virtue.
For
dread, not a little, the uncertainty of the end,
knowing not in what state death shall overtake
us, lest perchance a slip of the inclination, or some
despiteful dealing of the devil, may alter the
constancy of our choice, and mis-persuade us to
think or do contrary to our covenants with God.
Wherefore abandon all hone of gaining the knowledge that ye desire, and shrink not to work
your will. We shall neither reveal the dwelling-

from

we

33 1

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

/cairoi ye elhoTes,
dheXcpov ol/crjTijpiov,
v-rrohet^oXavddvovTa fjbOvaaTrjpta
Ttva
ciXXa
ovre
vpTtv
fxev,
ravrr) tov Odvarov eK<pvyelv fcafcws

Trpohooaopiev,

dXXa

avexofievor

koXo)<;

fidXXov OavovfieBa,
vvv dvhpayadtas

Kal
iBpwTCL? aperfj? irporepov,
alfia, to> @e&) 7rpoaeve<y/cavTes.

Outo) irapp>iaiaaa[jievov<; ovk eveyKcov o aXtTt]dXXa 777)09 to yevvatov tov (ppovrj/xaTO<i


ptos,
o^vrara Ktvrjdels, 7roXXat<; avTov? irepiefiaXe
teal
&v to
TrXrjyaU Kal fiaadvotr
peyaXo^yxov
Kal
tu> Tvpdvvtp d^tov Oav/iaTOS evofiiaOt].
yevvalov
he fiTa 7roXXa9 TLfxctiptas ireiOetv ovk elx^v,
<o<?
ovts viroSelj-ai Ti9 clvtw tov BapXaa/A^ rjveix**
tvtttoXafiwv tovtovs, eVl tov fiaatXea KeXevet
it
po7r7]\aKt^Ofxerov<i dyeadat, (3aaTatwv Xettyavcov.
%ovTa<; Kal Ttjv Trrjpav

fxevovi Kal

XXIII
At' i-jfiepoiv he ovk oXiywv irpoadyet tovtov<; to>
eWa
fiaatXet, Kal to, KaT ai>Toi'<; hr/Xa TtOrjatv.
hetvet dvfiofiaavTOv
KaTCL
irpbawnov
TtapiaTa,

XovvToq.
/xaivojjbiva)

Kal 09 ihoDv ai)Tov<;, t<w 6vp,G> virep^eaas,


TVTTTeadal tc avTob<i dvrjXeGx;
ewKei.

ox; elhe rat9 7rXt]yai<i %aA.e7TW9 KaTa- 198


KOTrevTas, fioXi? tt?9 7roXXi)<; dveveyKoov fiavtas,
iravaaaQat T0U9 TvirTovTas KeXevet. Kal cpi]at

KeXevaas,

7rpo9 avTovs'
7rept(pepeTe;

el,

TV to, ogtcl TavTa twv TedvecoTcov


&v to, oaTa el at TrodovvTes, TavTa

fiaaTd&Te, TavTj) tt} 6)pa Orjao/xat Kal vficis jxct


avTMV, Xva, Ton> irodovfjievwv tu^wt69, X cl P iV P 01
33 2

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxn. 197-xxm. 198

place of our brother, whom God loveth, although


we know it, nor shall we betray any other monasteries unbeknown to ye.
We will not endure to

escape death by such cowardice.


Nay, liefer would
die honourably, and offer unto God, after the
sweats of virtue, the life-blood of courage.'
That man of sin could not brook this boldness Araches
of speech, and was moved to the keenest passion ^"monks'1
against this high and noble spirit, and afflicted and at the
e
the monks with many stripes and tortures. Their themTo
the kin s
and
won
admiration
even
from
courage
nobility

we

that tyrant.
But, when after many punishments
he failed to persuade them, and none of them
consented to discover Barlaam, he took and ordered
them to be led to the king, bearing with them
the wallet with the relics, and to be beaten and

shamefully entreated as they went.

XXIII
After many days Araches brought them

to the The king


Ve

Then he set them them


king, and declared their case.
before the bitterly incensed king: and he, when he ^thwhy
cany
saw them, boiled over with fury and was like to one they
relics in

He

mad.

it

-i
them to be beaten without
when he saw them cruelly mangled with
1

ordered

mercy, and,
scourges, could scarcely restrain his madness, and
Then said he unto
order the tormentors to cease.
'
them, Why bear ye about these dead men's bones ?
If ye carry these bones through affection for those
men to whom they belong, this very hour I will set

you

in

their

company, that

ye

may meet your


333

a wallet

ST.

opioXoyrjcryre.

Kal

ef;apxo<;
(3acri\eG)<i

JOHN DAMASCENE
8e t?)? delas

Ka8r]yr]rt)$

iteeivr}*;

Trap*

rideptevos direiXds,

&)<?

ov8ev

pL>]8evb<>

dvtapov, eXevOepa. (pcovfj


kcu rrjv evoiKovaav
rrporarro irpoaooircp
'
au/x/3e/37]/c6ro<i

Cp.

John

Dam. adv.
Constant.
2

chrys.

id

Romanes

Horn. 32

ii-\G\ xix.
ii. 12

teal
rfj

avrco
Xapu^Irvyrj

lv fy }' T bard ravra rd


x ilP/
/caOapd
?/">-> ~ rov
n
^at ayia Trepupepopev, co
irouov re
paaiXev,
d(j)oaiovp.evoc oov elai davfiaaiwv dv8pwv, teal r%
daKijaews avTwv /cat 0eod>i\ov<; iroXireias etc
v
\
\
\
pLviipirjv eavrov? ayovres feat rrpos rov opuotov oiedvdiravalv
re
yetpovre? t,rjXov, r^v
evorrrpt^opLevoi
Kal rpv(jji]v ev f) vvv 8idyovar
Kal rovrov? piev
1

aripbaivovTL
\

er

p,cifcapL%ovTe<>,
2 Kings xiii.
21
Ecclus.
xiviu. 13;

(pdXayyos
ras rov

>

</

dXXr/Xovs 8e rrapaQ^yovres

e.

roi<?

avroiv <-aKoXov6eiv tyveai a7rev8oaev.


7roo? 8e,
~ /)
\
/
\

^
/
/i
r
^ai Trjv rov uavarov
eavrois -nepiTroiov^eda puvr)v rjT<^ vv dxpeXi/xov ovaav Kal
rrpb<; tou?

t^9

>

daK)]<Tco<;

dywvas rrpodvp,ws dvairrepovaav, Kal

dyiaapbv Serf) rovrcov dpvopieda 7rpoa\}ravaei.


AvOts 8e o j3aaiXev$, Et dxpeXtpLos, (prjalv,
rov Oavdrov fivtjpr], Kadcos (pare, rl /x?) to??

?;

ev

vpuwv 6areoi<; rrjv rovrov inroherots oIklol<; vpilv Kal daov ovirw
(pOaprjo-opLevois, rjirep rot? dXXor plots rovrov Kal
Tot? adypiaaiv

%eer#e

fivtjfirjv,

8ie(p0app,evoi<;;
Kal 6 p,ovaxb<>,

Uevre

p:ev,

cptjaiv,

epiov

elpv-

Koros alrias rrj<; roiv Xenfrdvcov irepKpopds, Trpbs


p:iav avrbs avrarroKpLvopcevo^, ^Xeua^e/y
hpds
aXX' ivapyearepov, ev ta&i, rd row irpo8oKet<i'
rereXevr^Korcov bard rrjv rov Oavdrov rrapiaroyai
dXX\ eireiirep ravO'
/xv)jp,7]v, ijye ro)v
^covrcov.
ovrcof etvai yivoocrKets Kal rd ev rfj aapKi aov
oar a rov Oavarov croi vrrorvrrovaL, rl pur) Kal
334

199

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxm. 198-199

and be duly grateful to me.'


The
of* that
and
leader
captain
godly band, setting at
naught the king's threats, showing no sign of the
torment that he had undergone, with free voice and
radiant countenance that signified the grace that
lost

friends

in his soul, cried out,


We carry about these
clean and holy bones, O king, because we attest in
due form our love of those marvellous men to whom
they belong and because we would bring ourselves
to remember their wrestlings and lovely converand
sation, to rouse up ourselves to the like zeal
because we would catch some vision of the rest and

dwelt

'

Their
tdieth of
the virtue
of reliefs

wherein they now live, and thus, as we call


blessed, and provoke one another to emulate
because
them, strive to follow in their footsteps
moreover, we find thereby that the thought of death,

felicity

them

which is right profitable, lendeth wings of zeal to


our religious exercises; and lastly, because we derive
sanctification

from their touch.'

Again said the king, If the thought of death be


profitable, as ye say, why should ye not reach that
thought of death by the bones of the bodies that are
now your own, and are soon to perish, rather than by
the bones of other men which have already
'

'

perished

The monk said, Five reasons I gave thee, why and


we carry about these relics; and thou, making the^ing
'

answer to one only, art like to be mocking us. But


know thou well that the bones of them, that have
departed this life, bring the thought ot
death more vividly before us than do the bones
of the living.
But since thou judgest otherwise,
and since the bones of thine own bodv are to thee a
type of death, why dost thou not recollect thy latter
already

335

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

T/79 oaov ovttcc iXevaojievr)*;


T\evTr)<;, ev ra aeavTOv hiaridris,

avTos,

pLvripLovevrnv

aWa

tyv%?jv

T7]V

p.ev

crov

K$e8ci)fca<>

iracrais

7rapavopuai<;,

tou9 \arpevra<;
epaards, TOt9 purjhev
o~oi rjSi/crjKOTas, p,7]8e gov tcov irapovrwv ti avfip.epi^op,kvov<; rj dcpekeaOat cpiXovetKOvvTcts ;
'O Se ftacriXevs kcpty Tous Set-vovs vfid<i Kal

fiiaiax; Se fcai avrfXecas avaLpels

tov eo0 Kal

t%

evae(Beia<$

\ao7r\dvovs etVorw9 KoXd^co, oti irdvra<i aTrarare,


aTtkytcrQai t6)v repirvwv tov /3iou vrroTidip-evoi,
Kdl, dvTC tt)s

yXvKeias co%

real T779 7ro6eivordrrjf;

Kal pvird>Zr)
Kal invapav i/cXeyecrdai, dywyrjv i/cftta- 200
t^eaOe, Kal ttjv twv Oewv rifirjv tut T^crov drroveXva ovv p.i], rfj vpLTepa dirdrr)
p,uv Kr)pvTTT6.
i^aKo\ov0ovvre<i, oi Xaol epyj^ov ttjv yrjv KaTatmv iraTpiwv aTrocTTavT^ 6ewv,
\iTT(Jiai, Kai,
dXXoTpiw XaTpevacoat, Tipiwpiais v/xas Kal OavdTOi? viroftaXeiv SiKatov e/cpiva.
'O 8e pLOva'xos cprjaLV Et irdvTa^ pLSTe^iv twv
dyadwv tov fiiov opeyrj, tl /at) ttclcuv it lcrr)$ p-eTaSiSodS T779 Tpvcprjs Kal tov ttXovtov, dXX 01 p.ev
i7ridvp.La<; /ecu

iihovrj^,

tt)v <ric\r\pdv

ravrrjv

irevla TaXanrcopovvTai, av he tc\ avTwv


Trpocracpapird^cov tois kavTOv TTpoaTiOrj^', ovk dpa
irXe'iovs

Trjs

tcov

IHav

ttoXXmv cppovTt^eis

Tvialveis

crdpKa,

vXtjv

crctiTJjpLas,

dXXd

Toip.dcov

tt}

ttjv

tcov

Sid toiito, Kal tov tmv


o-kwXt'ikoov KaTafipcoaei.
nrdvTWV aTTapvTTadptvo<i%e6v,TOv<i p,T] ovTas irpocrrjyopevaa? Oeovs, tou9 ndcrr}^ Trapavoyuias ecpevpeTas, iva aoi, KaTcX pbipbrjaiv avTOiv dcreXyaivovTi
Kal TrapavopLovvTi, to p,ipLT]Tr)<; dvayopeveadai twv
Qefiiv

336

crov

TrpoayevrjTai.

ola yap oi deol

vp.o>v

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


end so shortly

to

xxm. 199-200

come, and set thine house in order,

instead of giving up thy soul to

all

kinds of iniquities,

and violently and unmercifully murdering the sei*vants of God and lovers of righteousness, who have
done thee no wrong, and seek not to share with thee
in present goods, nor are ambitious

them ?

to rob thee of

'

Said the king, ' I do well to punish you, ye clever The king
misleaders of the folk, because ye deceive all men, therewith
revihn g s
counselling them to abstain from the enjoyments of

and because, instead of the sweets of life and


life
the allures of appetite and pleasure, ye constrain
them to choose the rough, filthy and squalid way, and
;

preach that they should render to Jesus the honour


Accordingly, in order that the
people may not follow your deceits and leave the
land desolate, and, forsaking the gods of their
fathers, serve another, I think it just to subject you

due unto the gods.

to

punishment and death.'

The monk answered,

'

If thou art eager that all


should partake of the good things of life, why dost
thou not distribute dainties and riches equally
amongst all ? And why is it that the common herd
are pinched with poverty, while thou addest ever to
thy store by seizing for thyself the goods of others ?
Nay, thou carest not for the weal of the many, hut
fattenest thine own flesh, to be meat for the worms
to feed on.
Wherefore also thou hast denied the
God of all, and called them gods that are not,
the inventors of all wickedness, in order that, by
wantonness and wickedness after their example,
thou mayest gain the title of imitator of the gods.

337

Their leader
^

kingfor

^d^u

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE
^X l Kat

0l
^pocre-^ovre^ avTols
irKaviqv ovv pieydXrjv 7rehehoiKas he p,r\ rivas rov
Tc\din](jai, oi (3aai\ev.
~kaov
rots
ireiaaifiev,
avvdepuevov<;,
r)p,eTepoi<;

7rw?

errpa^av,

'

avOpwiTOL irpd^ovai;

aTToaryvai

o~ov

tPj<;

teal

yeipos

rd

rf}

iravra

$ e'^ 6i ? 7^P
7rpocroiK6ia)$f]vai X l P^'
elvai tovs inrovpyov<i t?}? ctt}? irXeove^ia^,

(jweyovari

ttoWovs

iv civtcI fiV TaXanreopcocri, crol he rd Trap' avrcov


bv rpoirov Kvva<; tis rpecpojv
irpoayevoiTo Kephi],
et<?
rj
Qi]pav TiOacraevopueva, irpo fxev tP/s
dpvea
6/]pa<i KoXafcevcov ravTa (pacvoiTO, ?)vL/ca he Kara- 201
aywai ti twv drjpevop.evoov, fiiaicos avrdiv rov
o~Top.aTO$ to 6iipev0ev d(pap7rder outgo hrj /cal

ttoWovs OeXwv %xeiv

av,

-rekr)

p,ev

r?}?

yrp;

/cal

avTwv

tov<;

(popovs

croi

icai

Kopi^ovras, \eyei<;

0a\dcrar]<;

cppovTL^etv crconipLas,

aTTcoXeiav

irpo^evwv aldoviov, rrpo he irdvTcov


oeavTW, Xva pcovov aoi 6 aKv/3d\cov /cal aaTrpicov
d^pr) tot epos ftpL8ono tt\ovtos, Xe\t]6a<; ctkoTO? dvTL (pooros Kateywv. aK\! dvdvrp^-ov rov
he

avrols

Kara)(6oviov virvov tovtov, hidvoi^ov crov tov<;


pLpLVfcora<;

6(p6a\pbov<?,

TTOVcrav irdai rov


p.s.

xciv. 8

Seov

/cal
rjp.cov

'ihe

tt)V

ho^av

aeavrov yevov' Xvvere yap, deppoves

/cal

irepiXap,av rrore

iv tco ~\aa>,

Trore (ppovrjaare, <p7]o~lv o TrpocpijTr)?'


avves on ovk earc Oeos, TrkrjV rov Seov ijpieov,
/cal ov/c earl o~a>Tripia, el pj] iv avrw.
/cal

pLOjpoi

'O he /3aai\ev<;' Trjs piwpas crov ravTrjs cp\viravadpLevos, rov HapXaap, avriKa /xot
viTohei^ov, rj ireipaaOrjar] KoXaaTyplcov opydvcov,
apta?

eov ovheirore irelpav et\r](pa<;.

6 p,eya\6(pp(/)v

Kal yevvaioTaros daKrjTi]? kcu

rfjs

338

ovv

ovpavlov cpiko-

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


For, as your gods have done,
men that follow them do

the

xxm. 200-201

should not also


Great then is the

why
?

error that thou hast erred,


king. Thou fearest that
we should persuade certain of the people to join with
us, and revolt from thy hand, and place themselves
in that hand that holdeth all things, for thou wiliest
the ministers of thy covetousness to he many, that
they may be miserable while thou reapest profit from

man, who keepeth hounds


hunt may
be seen to pet them, but, when they have once

their

toil;

as

just

tamed

or falcons

for hunting, before the

seized the quarry, taketh the game with violence out


So also thou, willing that there
of their mouths.

should be

to

many

pay thee tribute and

toll

from

land and water, pretendest to care for their welfare,


but in truth bringest on them and above all on thyand simply to pile up gold, more
self eternal ruin
worthless than dung or rottenness, thou hast been
;

deluded into taking darkness for light. But recover


thy wits from this earthly sleep open thy sealed
the glory of God that shineth
eyes, and behold
round about us all and come at length to thyself.
For saith the prophet, "Take heed, ye unwise among
the people, and, O ye fools, understand at last."
Understand thou that there is no God except our
God, and no salvation except in him.'
But the king said, Cease this foolish babbling, and
anon discover to me Barlaam else shalt thou taste
instruments of torture such as thou hast never tasted
:

'

before.'

That noble-minded, great-hearted monk,


of the heavenly philosophy, was not

that lover

339
z 2

showing the

hi/hraxt

ST.
cro(/)ta9

JOHN DAMASCENE

epaar^s

ovSeva

/car

rpbirov

/3aai\ew<i a.7retXaL<; p,ererpe7rero'


karoos eXeyev Ov rd irapd aov
Troielv, S) /3aaiXev, tt poarer dy p^ed a,

rov Aeanorov

i)p,cov

/cal

&eov

a'AA.'

rals

rov

drpepas

Oeam'^bp.eva

dXXa rd irapa

/ce/ceXevap,eva, 09

rov Traawv rwv


koX emOvpucov icparelv, kol dvhpeiav 202
-))8ovq)v
etjaa/ceiv, ware Trdvra rrbvov /cal rrdaav /cd/ccoaiv
auxppocrvvrjv

rjpds

e/c8i8da/cei

baa yovv
virep rrjs Sitcatoavv/]? viropueveiv.
eirdeis rjp^lv virep rrjs evae/3eta<i Seivd pudXXov
ovv b /3ou\ei* r/yitet? yap
iroiet
evepyerijaeis.
/ca6j']/covTO<; irpd^ai ri ovk dve%6p,e0a,
ov&e dpLaprla eavrovs e/cScaaopLev. pr) p,i/cpdv yap
ravrrjv vop,iaijs dpuaprtav, el rov avvaywviarrjv

e^w rov

tjpcov

teal

%elpas-

avarpariGoriyv els ras aas irpo8cbaop.ev


aXX* ov yap yeXdaeis tcaO' ijpiwv rov

yeXcora rovrov, /cav pvplois ypds irepifidXrjs


Oavdrots' ov^ ovrcos yap ?}/xei9 dvavhpoc, u>s (pbj3u>
rwv awv /3aadvu>v rrjv i)pberepav irpooovvat (piXoaocplav, /cal dvd^ibv ri Zpdaai rr)S Oeias vop,oOealas.
Phii.

i.

21

r>)piov

Xpiaros

irpbs

ravra

irdv,

el ri yivooa/ceis, dp,vv-

rjpiv
evrpeiri^e opyavov
eari, ical rb Qavelv virep

dpiarov.
'Eirl rovrois 6vpb&)

yap rb ^ijv
avrov icephos

i'| axp 6 e is o tcparwv e/ceXevae


deoXoyovs avrwv i/c/coirfji'ai yXcoaaas
e^opvyOfyai, 8e rovs bcpOaXptovs, j^elpds re bp,ov

ras

ptev

>'
real
iroSas.
rr/s
drrorpiTi]Or]vai
dirocpdaecos
ho6eiar)s, ol p,ev viraairiaral ireptardvres avrols

/cal

Sopvcpopot, puaavOpwircos /cat avr/Xews ?]Kpcoical rds puev yXcoaaas oyicivlaKots rcov 203

rripia^ov

aropdroov i^eX/cvaavres,
34

OijpicoSoos direrep,vov,

robs

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


moved by the
and

We

'

said,

win. 201-203

king's threats, but stood unflinching,


commanded to fulfil thy best, anddefieth

are not

Lord and God who

king, but the orders of our

of torture

teacheth us temperance, that we should be lords


over all pleasures and passions, and practise fortitude, so as to endure all toil

and

The more

for righteousness' sake.

all

ill-treatment

perils that

thou

subjectest us to for the sake of our religion, the

more

shalt thou be our benefactor.

thou

Avilt

for

we

shall

Do

therefore as

not consent to do aught

outside our duty, nor shall we surrender ourselves to


Deem not that it is a slight sin to betray
sin.

a fellow-combatant and fellow-soldier into thy hands.


Nay, but thou shalt not have that scoff' to make
no, not if thou put us to ten thousand deaths.
be not such cowards as to betray our religion

at us

We

through dread of thy torments, or to disgrace the


law divine. So then, if such be thy purpose, make
ready every weapon to defend thy claim for to us to
;

and to die

him

the best gain.'


Incensed with anger thereat, the monarch ordered The
the tongues of these Confessors to be rooted out, f the
mou 8
and their eyes digged out, and likewise their hands
and feet lopped off. Sentence passed, the henchmen
live is Christ,

for

is

and guards surrounded and mutilated them, without


And they plucked out their
pity and without ruth.
from
their
mouths
with prongs, and severed
tongues

them with

brutal severity, and they digged out their

34i

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

ocf)0aXp.ov<i Se aihrjpol^ e^ojpvrrov ovv^iv, apOpefiftoXois 8e opydvois t? y/etpa<; avrcov Kal 7-01)9
7ro<5a? i^apdpovvres direT[xvov.
ol Be fxaKapioi

Kal yevvaloi rbv XoytapLov,


ebwylav KaXovfievoi, dvhpeiws irpocr^pXOvto rats fiaadvois, aXXyXovs TrapaOrjyovTes
Kdl 7T/0O9 TOV Sid XpiaTOV 6dv<XTOV
dcj)6/3a><i
e/celvoi /cat aiS/jfioves

a>9

7T/?o?

ywpovvres.

Ev

roiavTcti?

KaprepiKa*; avraw

ovv iroXveiheat

Tip.copLat$

Ta9

yjrv%d<; rS>

Kvplcp irapeOevro ol
lepol datcrjTai, eirTaKaihetca rbv dpiO/xbv reXovvT9.
opt,oXoyovp,eva)<; ovv avro/cpaTCop ecnl twv

Josophus

nraQwv

Eleazar

7]pieTpa)i> ecpijaev, dOXow; Siyyovpievos


iepew<; /ecu 7rai8(ov eirrd avv

Mace.

vL,

6 evo-efiiys Xoyiap-o^,

vii.

KaOdirep 779 rwv ovx


vpeaj3vrov
6fi6<ppovL fiTjrpl, tou

irarpwov iiirepaOX-qaavroov vofxov, wv T/79 icaprepLa<; /cat iAeyaXoy\rw)(ia<; ovSev KaOvareprjaav ol

davpdaioi ovtol Trarepe? Kal

7-779

dvco 'JepovaaXrj/x

iTuXlrat, /eat /cXypovofioi.

XXIV
Tovtwv ovv

evaeftcos reXeicoOevTcov, 6 j3aaiXev<i

eXeyev 'Apaxy 7r/?o9 rrjv


Sevrepav d7rof3XeyJrai fiovXijv, rov it pcoT ov Siapiaptovtos, Kal tov
i/celvov TrpoaKaXeaaadai.
6 yovv 'Apaxv? vvktI
fiaOeiq to eicdvov KaraT(p

7rpc0Too-v/xffovXq)

Na^p

Xa/3(ov a7T7]Xaiov

(t9 epy^ovf yap wKei, putvTiKah crxoXd^wv Te^vat?), Kal irdvra avr5> rd
fiefiovXevpieva aacpyvlaa^, 77/309 rbv fiaaiXea djia
Kal St] lirireh avrw avOa
7rpo)L liravkpx^Tai.

342

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxm.,

xxiv.,

203

arms and legs


eyes with iron claws, and stretched their
those
But
off.
on the rack, and lopped them
blessed,
shamefast, noble-hearted

men went

bravely to torture

like guests to a banquet, exhorting

meet death

for Christ his sake

one another to

undaunted.

In such divers tortures did these holy monks lay The


triumph
down their lives for the Lord. They were in all of holy
seventeen.
is

By common

consent, the pious

mind

courage
over P ain

superior to sufferings, as hath been said by one,


us, when narrating the martydom of the

but not of

and of the seven sons with their equally


brave mother when contending for the law of their

aged

priest,

fathers whose bravery and lofty spirit, however,


was equalled by these marvellous fathers and citizens
and heirs of Hierusalem that is above.
:

XXIV
After the monks had made

this godly end, the Of the


of

king bade Araches,

his chief councillor,

now

plot

Araches
the

that and

king, and

had failed of their first plan, to look to the f the


thev
J
taking of
second and summon the man Nachor. At dead ofNachorthe
sorcerer,

night Araches repaired to his cave (he dwelt in the ^ho


desert practising the arts of divination), and told himself

him of

their

day-break.

and returned
Again he demanded
plans,

to the

king at

horsemen, and

343

to

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.
?7T?7cra?

eVl epevvav rov

BapXadp, e^ep^eadai
he

e^eXObvn

TrpoaeTToielro.

/cal

rd<;

204

eprjpovs

epireptTrarovvri opdrai avrS> dvrjp ri$ etc cpdpayrov he /carahiw/ceiv avrov


709 tivos i^ep'xppevo^.
/ceXevcravros, cpddvovo-L rb rd%o<>, ical crvXXafiovres 77,009 avrov ay oven, rov he irvvdavopevov
rfs re eirj /cal rroia<i 6pr)er/cela<; rj ri /caXovpevos,

yLpicTTiavbv pev e/ceivos eavrbv cnreicdXecre, TSapXadp, he a>v6pao~e, /caQdrrep hehiha/cro.


%apas he
TrXr/aOels 6 'Apor^?/9, &>9 ehec/cwe, rdyierra rovrov
Xaftcov, 7T/90? rov fiacnXea erravepyerai' /cal hr)
/cal eprjcnv 6 /3acnp,rjvvcra<> Trapierrrjcnv avrov.
Xei>9 els erri]Koov irdvroiv rcov

rrapiarapevwv 2u

rov haipovos epydrr)<i BapXaa/z; 6


eprjerev Tov Seov epydrr^ elp,c, /cal ov
rroXXds
povcov.
prj ovv pe Xothopei.
opuoXoyelv ydpiras 6cpeiXeri]<; el, on

he dvre-

el

roiv hat<ydp p,ot

rov

vlbv

gov deoaeftetv ehlha^a, irdo"i~i<i diraXXd^as drrdrris


teal T&) dXr/devo) /caraXXd^as ea>, /cal rrdaaviraL- 205
hevcras dperrjs Iheav. avdis he 6 fiacnXevs, opyi^bwenrep, ecpr)' "Khei pev ere prjhe Xoyov rb

pevo<;

rrapdrrav d^twaavra,

aXX' dvepcortfroos
aov rov Opd&ovs,
epiXavd pwirlas
aov.
/cal
el

d^iwOrjarp
'

el

eW

he

roirov diroXoyias hovra,

r)

Oavarwaai.
t>}9

aXX'

TrpocrrjKOvcnjs

dveyppbal
pot eve/cev

raKrfj t)pepa etjerdcra>

pev
put),

pot

rreia6tii]<i

/ca/ews diroXfi.

rd

irepl

avyyvd)pn]<i
ovrens elirwv

'

Kpayr) rovrov rrapahihcoaL, epvXdrreiv d/cpifiearara evrecXdp,evo<;.


Tfj he iiravpiov dva^ev^a? i/ceiOev, rrpbs rb
rep

thiov eirdveicn rraXartov.


6r\vai

344

ical

rbv BapXadp,, (bare

e^rj^overo leparrjrbv ftaatXeax;

teal

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

x.viv.

204-205

as though he went in quest of Barlaam. When


he was gone forth, and was walking the desert, a
man was seen to issue from a ravine. Araches gave
command to his men to pursue him. They took and

made

brought him before their master. When asked who


he was, what his religion and what his name, the

man

declared himself a Christian and gave his

as Barlaam,

name

even as he had been instructed. Araches

great show of joy, apprehended him and


returned quickly to the king, and told his tale and
produced his man. Then said the king in the hearing Nachoris
of all present, 'Art thou the devil's workman, before 'tho

made

Barlaam

'

But he denied

'

it,

saying,

am

God's

klIlg

workman, not the devil's. Revile me not for I am


thy debtor to render me much thanks, because I
have taught thy son to serve God, and have turned
;

him from error to the true God, and have schooled


him in all manner of virtue.' Feigning anger, again
'
spake the king, Though I ought to allow thee
never a word, and give thee no room for defence,
but rather do thee to death without question, yet
such is my humanity that I will bear with thine

If
effrontery until on a set day I try thy cause.
thou be persuaded by me, thou shalt receive pardon
With these words
if not, thou shalt die the death.'
he delivered him to Araches, commanding that he
should be most strictly guarded.
()asn h
On the morrow the kinff removed thence,' and Jheareth
P,
of
came back to his own palace, and it was blazoned the taking
abroad that Barlaam was captured, so that the Barlaam,
:

345

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

atcovaavTa vibv Beivws

ri)v "^v^r]V dXyrjcrai, Kal


Sa/cpvcov eyKpar?)<; Bvvaadat. eXvai.
<TTvay/j.oi<; 8e teal dpi]voi<$ rbv ebv eSvacoirei, Kal

/a?;86Xco9

twv

avrov eTreKaXelro rov yepovro<;. ov


avrbv 68vpo/J.evov 6 dyados' xprjarbs
ovv
rrapelhev
yap eari TOt<? VTrojjLevovcriv avrbv ev rj/xepa 6Xi\^e&)9, Kal yiveocTfcayv rovs evXa(jov[xevov<i avrov
09 Kal Tftj veto oY opd/Aaro? WKrepivov rrdvra
yvtopi^ei, Kal lo-%vv av T(p evrlOijat, Kal el<$ tov
ei9 (3oy]deiav

Ps. cxiv. 9

Ps. xx. 1

e^vrrvo^
irapaOappvvei dytova.
%a/)a9 re ifK^prj Kal Qdpaov<; Kal
$&)T09 yXvKvrdrov, rrjv irpo fxiKpov Xvrrov [xevrjv
avrov Kal dXyovcrav evpio~Kei KapBiav.
Be
/3acrtXeu9, ovrco ravra Bpdaas Kal ovrco Biavorj#ei9, eyaipe, KaXws Btaa Kerrread at oibixevos, Kal
evaefieia*;

rr}<i

Be yevopevos,

Tto
Ps. xxvi. 12

^Apa^fj

jieylcrrr\v dirove/xtov rrjv ycipiv.

i-yjrevaaro

1)

AaviB, Kal

7)

dBiKia eavrrj,

Oeiov

aXX,' 206

cpdvat

SiKaioavv)] viko, rijV avoptiav, reXeov

KaraftaXovaa Kal rb fjLvrjfiocrvi'ov avrrjs


diroXeaaaa fier i"]X 0V
y T0 * ? e^S BrjXdocretev
avrrjv

Ps. ix. 6

rb rov

>

'

A.0709.

Me-m yovv

Bvo lyxepas

(BaatXevs rrapaylverai
Kal rovrov et'9
viravrrjaiv e^eXOovro^, ovk iicrrdaaro avvijdcos
o rrarrjp- a\V, dyOojxevto toarrep Kal opyi^opuevto
eoiKcos, etaeX9u>v ev ru> (3aai\iKto koitoovi, (TKvdpcoelra, rbv vibv irpoo-KaXeadrrd^tov eKaOeadrj.
yu,eyo9, ecpr]' Tt9
Scrjxovad /xov rds aKoas (p?j/A7],
reKvov, Kai d0v/xiat<i fiov ri]v yfrv^v KararrjKovcra; ovheva yap rwv dvOptorrwv roaavri]^
efjoTiTrXdadat
^a/m9 rrore oljiat errl reKvov
yewr/crei, 6V779 iyo> irrl col ^erko-yov 6v^ir\B'ta^'
777309

ro

rov

viov

'}

346

iraXartov.

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxiv.

205-206

and was exceeding sad


king's son heard thereof
at heart, and could in no wise refrain from weeping.

With groans and lamentations he importuned God,


and called upon him to succour the aged man.

Nor did the good God despise his complaint, for


is loving with them that ahide him in the day
of trouble, and knoweth them that fear him.
Wherefore in a night-vision he made known the
whole plot to the young prince, and strengthened
and cheered him for the trial of his righteousness.
from sleep, he
So, when the
prince awoke
found that his heart, erstwhile so sore and heavy,
was now full of joyaunce, courage and pleasant light.
But the king rejoiced at that which he had
done and planned, imagining that he was well
But
advised, and showering thanks on Araches.
he

butlearneth
e

in a

sion

itself, to use the words of holy


David, and righteousness overcame iniquity, completely overthrowing it, and causing the memorial
thereof to perish with sound, as our tale in its sequel
shall show.

wickedness lied to

After two days the king visited his son's palace. The king
his son came forth for to meet him, instead I^sfph and
of kissing him, as was his wont, the father put
to
on a show of distress and anger, and entered the renounce

When

^^

rr>i

down frowning. Then


royal chamber, and there sat
'
Child, what is this
calling to his son, he said,
in
mine
soundeth
that
ears, and weareth
report
away my soul with despondency ? Never, I ween,
was man more filled with gladness of heart at
the birth of a son than was

at thine

and,

trow,

347

tl10

new

faith,

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

ovS' av ttoXiv \v7n)6rjvaL riva Kal kclko}$ irapa


iraihbs hiaTe9?}vai Sokco, a>? av p,e vvv 8ie0)]tca<;
Kal ri]V efxrjv rjTipaaas iro\idv, to (f)6)$ re 207

pov Kal Tt]v twv ip6)v


yap bv icpoftovprjv
vevpwv e^eKO^ras
iayyv\ (f)6{3os
"
/
a
>^
'
/D
f /
ov eoeoouceiv
avvrji'T7]ae
irepi aov t]\ue pot, /cat
teal
p,oi. /cal yeyovas twv e^Opwv puov eTriyappa '

/-.

airaioevTO)
T(ov
virevavTiwv pov KcnayeKws.
Kal vrymcohei yvwp-rj rols twv aTrarewvcov
<f)pevl
irepirjpas

Cp. Job.
iii.

25

Cp. Eccius.
xviii 31

tmv

-v

6(p6a\pLU)v

'

'

>

e^aKoXovOijaas, Kal rrjV fiovXrjv to)v


KdKofypovwv Trjq ept,rj<i TrpoKplvas ftovXr/s, Kal tmv
r/pereprov 6ewv to ae/3as Kara\i7ra)V, dWoTptw

piypaaiv

iva Tt, re/cvov, ravra ireirol-qeX-drpevaas e<w.


Kas; kcu ov r]\7ri^ov ev iraar) eKrpecfieiv dacfyaXeca
Kal tov yy]pws e%eiv ftaKrrjpiav kcu la^vv, Sta8o%OV T CipiCTTOV K AT Clh.1 pTT UV'6 IV T7J<i ficMTlXeiaS,
ra rdv eyOpwv ovk rjheaOris Kal TroXepiwv evhei^aadac els ep,e; ovk ehet ae e'/xot fiaWov ireiQeaQai Kal toIs epuols eireadat, Soyp-aaiv, r\ tov
SoXlov Kal aairpov yepovTos eiKeiv Tat? cf)\i]vdtov iriKpav aot dvrl ttjs
/xw poXoy tats,
(pots
yXvKeias viroOepevov fajjv, Kal dvrl tyjs iro6eivordryi<i Tpvcprjs ttjv akX^pdv Kal Tpayelav

bheveiv bbbv,
irerai, ov
opytjv,

pvr)

fjv 6

tyjs

Se&oiKas

Kepavvw

8e

Mapta? Tt'os levai irporpe- 208


tmv peylaTcov Oeoyv ri]v

ere

(3a\ovaiv,

rj

aKrjTTTw

davardjaovatv, r) ydap,aTi yrjs KaTaiTOVTiaovaiv,


dv& 0)v Tot? roaavra i)pds evrjpyerijKOTas Kal
8ia8ijpari fiao ikeias KaTaKOo-p,}jcravTa<;, Kal eOvrf
7ro\vdi>6po)Tra vTrord^avTas, Kal ae Trap eXTrlSa
Kal oe>'jaews yewi]6r\vai Kal tov
St'
ev^rj<; epbTjS
y\vKVTaTov p,eTe%eiv (pwTos tovtov irapaaKevd-

348

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


man

never was

so distressed

xxiv. 206-208

and cruelly treated

have now been by thee. Thou hast


dishonoured my grey hairs, and taken away the
light of mine eyes, and loosed the strength of
" for the
thing which I greatly feared
my sinews
concerning thee is come upon me, and that which
I
was afraid of hath come unto me." Thou art

by child

as

become a joy to mine enemies, and a laughingstock to mine adversaries. With untutored mind and into which
childish judgement thou hast followed the teaching baufbe^
of the deceivers and esteemed the counsel of the frayed him,
malicious above mine
thou hast forsaken the
worship of our gods and become the servant of
a strange God.
Child, wherefore hast thou done
;

this ?
I
hoped to bring thee up in all safety,
and have thee for the staff and support of mine
old age, and leave thee, as is most meet, to succeed
me in my kingdom, but thou wast not ashamed

play against me the part of a relentless foe.


shouldst thou not rather have listened to me,
and followed my injunctions, than have obeyed
the idle and foolish pratings of that crafty old
knave, who taught thee to choose a sour life instead
of a sweet, and abandon the charms of dalliance,
to tread the hard and rough road, which the Son
of Mary ordereth men to go ? Dost thou not fear
the displeasure of the most puissant gods, lest
thev strike thee with lightning, or quell thee with
thunderbolt, or overwhelm thee in the yawning
earth, because thou hast rejected and scorned those
deities that have so richly blessed us, and adorned
our brow with the kingly diadem, and made popu-andto
lous nations to be our servants, that, beyond my
to

And

^^irorship

hope, in answer

to

my

prayer and

supplication,

349

of ins gods

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

cravTas, 7rapcoadfi6vo<i fcal i^ovOev/]aa<;, ra> earav7rpoaKo\\7jdrj<i, Tat? pciTcdais ekTTtai


pci)/j,eva>
roiv avTou 6epcnr6vTG>v fyevaicLadeis, Kaivovs tlvas p,vdo\oyovvrcov alcova? /cal ve/cpcov acopLaTcov
dvaaraaiv XrjpovvTcov, Kal akXa p,vpia 7roo9

dXXd
cnrdrriv rwv dvorjTwv
irapeiaayovTwv;
ei rt p.01 ireWr] tw Trarpi,
vie,
vvv,
ye
(plXraTe
pcucpdv rot? /za/cpot? tqvtois \y'ipoL<i yaipetv
Ovaov

rrpoaeXOcov rots evpeveat, 6eo2<$, 209


avrovs Kal airovhal^ i/cpLeiXi^d)peQa, iva cvyyv(sip,r\v 001 rod TrraicrpaTos irapdar^oiVTO' Svvarol yap elai Kal la^vovre<; evepyerelv re Kal TificopecaOai, icai ctol 7rapdoetyp:a
eiTrcov,

efcaTopbfiacs re

01 avT&v eis ravrrjv


Kal
%dpiTa<; avrols rrj<;
dp%t]v TrpoeXOovres,

to)v

\eyopLeva>v,

T)]v

rd<;

evepyeala*;,
/cal

Ta?

7T/30?

rjp,el<i

01

re 7rpo? toi>? <re/3op,evou<; rcpuis


p,rj 7reidop,ivov<; avTOis dveiv

toli?

Ko\dcrei<; irapkyovTe^.

IIoA,Xa9 ovv roiavra<; /3aTTo\oyta<; rod /3aac-

rd p,ev yp^erepa 8taKcopL<p8ia/3dWoi>To$, rd rcov el8coX(oi> Be


OeioTaros
ey/ccopid^ovTOs /cal eiraivovvro^, I8u>v
veavlas &)? ov/c en 8elrai to 7rpdyfia ywvias Kal
eTTLKpv^reo^;, dXXd Xvxyias Kal irepioiirr)^, p,dXXov coare (pavepov airacn KaraaTrjvai, irappy]cria%
Kal Odpaovs VTroirXrja9ei<i, ecprj.

Xew?

hie%e~kdovTo<;,

Souvtos Kal

"O

pboi

irerrpaKjai, heaTrora, ovk dv dpvy]0elr\v.

to aKOTOS i^ecpvyov, tw

Kal
cficorl irpoahpapidiv'
irXdvrjv aTreXiirov, rfj d\r]0eia olKei(o9et<i'
Kal Tot? haipoatv dirora^dpievo^, ^Lptarw awe- 210
rat;dp,f]v, tco tou (~)eov Kal
Uarpos Tiro Kal
ttjv

Aoyro, ov

35

tw

prjpart traprj^drj to

irav

eK

p,T]

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxiv.

208-210

to be born, and see the sweet


and
hast joined thyself unto the
day,
Crucified, duped by the hopes of his servants who
tell
thee fables of worlds to come, and drivel
about the resurrection of dead bodies, and bring
in a thousand more absurdities to catch fools ?
But now, dearest son, if thou hast any regard

allowed
life

for

thee

of

me

thy father, bid a long farewell to these long-

winded follies, and come sacrifice to the gracious


gods, and let us propitiate them with hecatombs
and drink-offerings, that they may grant thee
for they be able and strong
pardon for thy fall
And wouldst thou have
to bless and to punish.
an example of that which I say? Behold us, who
by them have been advanced to this honour,
;

repaying them

their kindness by honouring


and chastising the runagates.'
Now when the king had ended all this idle
parleying, gainsaying and slandering of our religion,
and belauding and praising of his idolatry, the saintly
young prince saw that the matter needed no further
to be hid in a corner, but to be lighted and made
and, full of boldness and
plain to the eyes of all
courage, he said.
That which I have done, sir, I will not deny. loasaph
I have fled
from darkness and run to the light h"ss, fathcr
I
have left error and joined the household of boldI y.
truth
I have deserted
the service of devils, and
the
service
of
joined
Christ, the Son and Word
of God the Father, at whose decree the world was
for

their worshippers

'

351

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

ovrcov, 09 Kai, tov

etc

%oo9 Sia7r\dcra<;,
irapaheiaw re
Stairacrdai, -napafidvTa 8e
t/)?
Tpvcpr/s e6ero
avrov Kai tw Oavc'nm v7t68ikov
Tijv ivjoKrjV
yevopevov, rrj i^ovata re tov Seivov Koapuodvdpwrrov

ive<f)va^a

^wtlkijv

irvoi^v,

iv

/cpdropos vTrayQkvTa, ovic direaTrj irdvra ttoiwv


apyalav /3ov\6p.evos irravayayelv TipbTjv.

7T/309 rr)V

Sib avrbs 6
Mat.

i.

23

Baruch.

Phii.

ii.

iii.

7rdo~7]<i t?}9

dpapTias

1)

yaye Kai

Tim.

vi.

is

tov

Tvpavvis, 07r&>9 V irpoTepa KaTadvoiyfoai irdXiv i]plv al

dvaipeOfj, 07r&)9
ovpavov irvXai. e/cet
Slkt)

Rev. xix. 10

ttoititi]^ /cat

>)psTepov yevovi Sypiovpybs dv9pGnro<; iyeveTO 6Y


i\9oov e/c Tlap9evov dyta<; to?9
I'lpd*; ko\ iirl yrjs
dv9pco7roi<; <TVvaveo~Tpi<f>To, Kai virep rjp,(bv tow
dyvwpubvwv olkto)v 6 Ae<T7roT?;9 Odvarov KaTehei;aTO Kai GdvaTOV tov hid aravpov, 07rw9 \v0fj
t?}9

KTLO~ea><$

yap

Ti]v (f)vatv

avrj-

rjpicbv

dpovov 86tj>]<> KKa9iK, (3ao-iXeiav


Te T))v aTeXevTfjTOv iScopyjaaro T0i9 avrov dya-21)
irwai Kai dyaOd to. KpeiTTOva Kai \6yov Kai
avTos yap io~Tiv 6 KpaTaibs Kai puovos
d/coT/9.
Kai
SvvdaTi]?, 6 BacnXevs twv (3aai\ev6vTWV
/
*
\
xr
*
ov
tcov
to
KVpievovTOiv,
KpaTos
ap,ayov
Kvpios
Kai r) 8vvao~Teia dveiKaaTo<i, 6 piovos aytos Kai
iv dyioa dvairavopievos, 6 o~vv Tiarpl Kai Kyiu>
Kai
Uvevp,aTi So^a^opLevos, et9 d p3e/3a7TTiap:ai.
iirl

'

'

opoXoyoi), 8od(o ts Kai irpoo-KWOi eva


iv Tptalv vTvoo'Taaeaiv opLoovatov T6 Kai,

yyTov,

aKTicrTov

tg

Kai

dOdvaTov,

eoi>

davy-

aid>viov,

direipov, direpibpurTOV, daoop^aTOV, diradr), ciTpetttov, dvaWoicoTov, aopicrTov, irtiyrjv dya9oTr/TO<;


Kai BiKaioavvj]<; Kai (pcoTos dlSiov, ttuvtcov kti-

apaTOiv bpaTMV tc Kai dopdrcov


35 2

TroirjTrjV,

avve-

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxiv.

210 211

brought out of nothing; who, after forming


out of clay, breathed into him the breath of

and

man
life,

him to live in a paradise of delight, and,


when he had broken his commandment and was
become subject unto death, and had fallen into the
set

power of the dread ruler of this world, did not fail


him, but wrought diligently to bring him back to
his former honour.
Wherefore he, the framer of all
Creation and maker of our race, became man fov
our sake, and, coming from a holy Virgin's womb, on
earth conversed with

men

for us ungrateful servants

did the master

endure death, even the death of


the Cross, that the tyranny of sin might be
destroyed, that the former condemnation might be
abolished, that the gates of heaven might be open to
us again.
Thither he hath exalted our nature, and
set it on the throne of glory, and granted to them
that love him an everlasting kingdom and
joys
beyond all that tongue can tell, or ear can hear. He
the mighty and only potentate, King of kings and
Lord of lords, whose might is invincible, and whose
lordship is beyond compare, who only is holy and
dwelleth in holiness, who with the Father and with
the Holy Ghost is glorified into this faith I have
been baptized. And I acknowledge and glorify and confessing
worship One God in Three persons, of one substance, ciiristi
stian
and not to be confounded, increate and immortal faith
is

>

boundless, without body, without


passions, immutable, unchangeable, undefinable, the
fountain of goodness, righteousness and
everlasting
light, maker of all things visible and invisible,
eternal,

infinite,

353
A

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

yovra re irdvra Kai avvTijpovvTa,


voovfievov, KpciTovi'Ta
joim

i.

oure
avTOv, ovt
ovTa.

oOai

ti

re ttcivtcov

yap eyeveTo

tcov

ti

irdvTcov irpo-

Kai /3ao~iXevovtcov

%copi<i

avrov irpovolas dvev avnaraSuvarar auT09 yap eari ttcivtcov i) tcor),


t?)?

av(TTacn<s, ttuvtcov 6 cpcoTiap.o<;, 0A.09


rj
y\vKa<TpLO<s kcj.I eirtOupaa dic6pecno<2, Kai iravTcov
TO KaTa\l7T6lV OVV
TCOV 6tf)TCOV TO ClKpOiaTOV.

irdvTcov

ovtcov dyaQov, ovtco crocpov, ovtco hvvaTOv


eov, Kai Saifioaiv dfca6dpTOi<; 8^p,iovpyoi<i iravtcov tcov iraOoiV, XaTpevaai, %odvoi<; Te /ccotpoi';
Kai dXdXois ae(3a<; dirovel^ai, tol<; p>i]T6 overt,
tl pufjTe icrofievoLS, iroarj^; ovk dv eh] irepa dvoia<;
Kai Trapacppoavinj^ ; ttotg yap rjKovadr) n? XaXia2\2

top

Ps. oxiv. 5;

Xoyos Trap (ivtcov; iroTe Kav ap,tKpav airoKpiaiv tois ev)(op,evois avTols SeBcoKaai; ttotc irepie7rdT?]o~av r) al'a0>]aiv Tiva eSetjavro; ovt6 yap 01
t)

Basil, on
Is. x. 11

Ps. cxxxix.

Ka0e8pa<i ep,v)]crOt]o-av, ovts 01


tovtcov to eloaaTtivTes cocp0i]o-av.
e%de<; Kai SvacoSes Kai dvaiaOrjTov, eVt 8e Kai
tcop evepyovvTcov ev avTOis Kai oV avTtov vp,a<;
'
\
\
P
/>
/}
arraTcovTcov oaip,ovcov to aaupov Kai, ao-ueves
wapa di'Spbs dyiou puaOccv, Kai t>}? avTcov KaKias
KaTairTvaas, Kai TeXeiov p,cao<i p.Lcr/]cra<; avT0V<>,
tco ^covtc Kai aXrjOivco avveTa^dpi]v %ecp' Kai
avTco hovXevaco p,e\^pi TeXevTaias dvaTrvofjs, Tva
Kai 6t? ra9 auTOv %eipa<i eXOoi p,ov to irvevpa.
twv tolovtcov ovv avvavTt]advTCOV fioi av6K8n]yi'/TCOv clyaQcov, eyaipov fiev t9js SovXeias diraX8eivr)<;
Xaye\<i tcov iroin^poiv Satp.6vcov Kai tt}<>

laTa/xevoL

ttotb

KaS)']p.ei'oc

cti

'

'

'

dvaKX7]0el<;
Xap.cpOel'i

354

ai)(p,aXcoo~i,as,

tov

nrpoacoTrov

Kai,

tco

Kvpiov

cpcoTi

Trepi-

rjvico/xyv

Be

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


containing and sustaining
ruler and King of all.

all

21 1-2 12

xxiv.

provident for

things,

Without him was there

all,

nothing made, nor without his providence can aught


He is the life of all, the support of all, the

suhsist.

all, being wholly sweetness and insatiahle


the
summit of aspiration. To leave God,
desire,

light of

then, who is so good, so wise, so mighty, and


to serve impure devils, makers of all sinful lusts,
and to assign worship to deaf and dumb images,
that are

there
their

and never

not,

the extreme
ever
lips

shall

be,

were not that

When was
of folly and madness ?
heard utterance or language from

When

smallest answer

to

have

they

given

bedesmen

their

even

When

the
have

they walked, or received any impression of sense ?


Those of them that stand have never thought of
sitting down
seen to rise.

and those that

sit

have never been

From an holy man have

learned the

savour and insensibility of these idols,


and, moreover, the rottenness and weakness of the
devils that operate in them and by them deceive
ugliness,

you

ill

and

loathe their wickednesses and, hating


hatred, have joined myself to the

them with a perfect

living and true God,


latest breath, that

my

and him

will 1 serve until

spirit also

may

my

return into his

When

these unspeakable blessings came in


rejoiced to be freed from the bondage of
evil devils, and to be reclaimed from dire captivity
and to be illumined with the light of the countenance
hands.

my

path,

of the Lord.

But

my soul w as
r

distressed

and divided
355

A A 2

abjuring
a

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.
ical

T7)V -^rv)(i-jV

epepi6p,r)v,

on

ical

/lit]

aurbs

BeairoTr)^ piou ical TraTrjp twv toiovtcov /xeret^e?


dXXd BsBolkoos aov Tr)<; yvcop:r)<; to
evepyeaiwv.

BvaTreiOes, /eardrop

ev

ep,avTU>

Xinrrjv, pr)

tt)v

ftovXopevos, tov Sebv Be dizavctt&)9 i/cerevov eXtcvaai ae irpbs kavrbv ical t/}?
pa/epdq dvaicaXecraadai, igopCas ?/9 avrbs irpoe- 213
ere

Trapopyiaai

%evr]aa<; aeavrto, BpairiTrjs ol'poi t?}? evaefSeias


yevopievos ical Ka/aa<i v7n]peT)]<; Trdarjs ical daeeirel Be avros, & Trarep, ei'9 epefiaves ra
/3et<x9.

kclt ip,e tfyayes, to irav Trjs epirjs a/cove yvcop,!)?'

ov

~tyevo~opuai

Pet.

Mk.

i.

19

xiv. 6

TLpblCp

aVTOV

Qavelv inrep
TOIVVV OVTCOS
eze,

Tat;

pov

Trpos X.pio~Tov

tov e^aycpaaavTa

ov, p,a

CLLpdTL,
clutov,

crvvdrj/cas,
tu>

BovXeias

tt}?

p,e

KCiV pLVplaKlS pie

Bel O.7T0-

tcl

Oavovpuai.
epov
irepl
KOTTOVS GeCLVTU) Trap-

CiBoJ^, pLTjIceTL

pbeTarreiOeiv

pie

einyeipitiv

t/)9 KaXijs;

bp-o-

ft)?
Xoyias.
yap croi tov ovpavov einXafteo-Qai
Bo^avTi Trj yeipl, rj to, OaXaTTia ^rjpdvac ireXdyr),
dirpaKTOv av to eyyeLprjpa rjv ical dvijvuTOv,
tovto ytpcocrice elvai. y toLvvv
outci) Br) teal

avTOS,

t^9

eprjs

oitceioi)9r]Ti, real

d/covaa<i

tow

Koivwvoi Te dXXrjXois iaup,eda,


ovtci)

Br)

/cal

tj}?

tu>

/3ovXrj<;,

inrep evvoiav Xr'^r)

irtaTeu)^'

rj

X.piaT(p

dyaOwv,

oicrirep t?}9 (pvcrewi,


-7-779

crf)<i

diroaTr)-

aopat, ev io~0i, v iottjtos, real tw e&> p,ov XaTpev- 214


aw Ka6apu> avveiBoTi.
TavTa ovv irdvTa &>? 7)/covo~ev 6 /3aaiXev<;,

o^vTaTa fcivr)0el<; ical dvpiw do-yeTw icaTaXycpOeis,


opyiXw; avT(p eXdXei, ical Tracpws tou9 6B6vTa<?
e(3pv)(,

tolovtwv
356

p,aivop,ei>(t>

not,

atrio9

eoiicd>s'

TOiv

Kal
/caxcov,

rt9,
rj

<pr)aiv,

ai>Tos

eyo)

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxiv.

212-214

asunder, that thou, my lord and father, didst not


share in my blessings.
Yet I feared the stubbornness of thy mind, and kept my grief to myself, not
but, without ceasing, I
wishing to anger thee
prayed God to draw thee to himself, and call thee
back from the long exile that thou hast imposed
upon thyself, a runagate alas from righteousness,
and a servant of all sin and wickedness. But sith
thou thyself, O my father, hast brought mine affairs
I will not be
to light, hear the sum of my resolve
false to my covenant with Christ
no, I swear it by
him that bought me out of slavery with his own
even if I must needs die a thousand
precious blood
deaths for his sake, die I will.
Knowing then how
matters now stand with me, prithee, no longer and
;

trouble thyself in endeavouring to persuade

me

to ^father

For as it were a
thankless and never ending task for thee to try to
grasp the heavens with thy hand, or to dry up the
waters of the sea, so hard were it for thee to
change me. Either then now listen to my counsel,
and join the household of Christ, and so thou shalt
gain blessings past man's understanding, and we
shall be fellows with one another by faith, even as
by nature or else, be well assured, I shall depart
thy sonship, and serve my God with a clear con-

change

my

good

confession.

to do
likewise

science.'

Now when

the king heard

all

these words, he was The king

and, seized with ungovernable


furiously enraged
anger, he cried out wrathfully against him, and

ln hot

casteth

'
And onMsson
gnashed his teeth fiercely, like any madman.
f
all
is
blameable
for
misfortunes
said
he,
who,'

my

357

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

croi BiaTeOeh Kal roiavra eirl aoi


epyaadpevos a ovSels irwiroTe tcov Trarepwv TTeiro'ir\Ke',
Bio aov t?}? yvcbpi)^ to gko\iov /ecu cpikoveiKov,

ovreos

Bvvapiv

rfi

e^ovaia irpoaXafibpievov, Kara

t%

hiKaLois ovv
Kecpa\r)<; /xavfjvac ae Treiroirjice.
rfj cry yevv/jaei ol darpoXoyoi Beivbv elirov 215

//.>} <?

ev

diTo(3/]aeadal ae real 7rap,7r6vr/pov dvBpa, dXa^ova


re Kal yovevaiv aTreidr).
vvv, el tt/v ep,r/v

dWa

UKvpcocreLS /3ov\r/v Kal tt)$ e'yur}? dTroarrjo-p vlorrjtos, co<? e~)(dp6<; aoi BiaTtdels, exeiva iroirjaco aoi,

direp ovBe iroXepiois T? eveBei^aTo.


AvOis Be efcelvos, Tt, cfrrjaiv, a>

ftaaikev,

ei9

6pyi]V dv7)(f)d /]<;; on toiovtcov iya> r)^icopai ciya66iv, XeXvirtjaai; Kal tls irore Trarrjp eirl rfj tov
vlov evTVJ(i.a dyQbpevos aypdOr/; rj 7TW9 Trcnrjp 6
real ov/c
i^Opo'i, XoyiadeLrj; ovkovv ovBe
tov XonroD ircnepa pcov ere KaXeaco' dXX*
u7roaT7]crop:aL aov, wairep t*? <pevyei dirb ocpecos,
el yvcoaop.ai
cpOovelv ae ttjv epijv acoTi;p!.av, et?
dirooXeiav Be /3iaia avvwOelv pe yeipl.
el yap
fiid^eiv p.e Kal rvpavvelv 0eX?]aeia<;, KaOd Br/ kcu

toiovtos,

eyd>

ovBev aXXo fcepBavel<;, ev laBi, rj to dvrl


rvpavvo'i Kal cpovevs K\r/0r)vac pbvov eizeX
pabv aoi derov i^veaiv etpiKeaOai Kal Kar avrbv
rov depa Binrraadai, r) tyjv ep,i]v fiera7rtaeti> l el$
Xpiarbv iriaTiv, Kal r)v avTcp oupLoXoyr/aa KaXr/v
eliras,

7rciTpo<;

Op. rroT.

aXXa awes, to rrdrep,


opioXoyiav.
Kai ayXvv diroTivd^as twv tov vobs
fiXe-^rov IBelv to trdai irepiXdpTrov
cpws, Kal avTos ttotc irepiKcipc^OriTi
tovtov

cpcoTL.

Iva tI

yap

6A.&)?

/j.eTaireideiv'!

353

Kal, rrjv Xijp,r/v

opipaTcov, dvd- 216

tov eoO pov


yXvKVTaToy

tu>

to?9 irdOeai Kal

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxiv.

214-216

but myself, who have dealt with thee so kindly, and


Hence the
cared for thee as no father before ?
perversity and contrariness of thy mind, gathering

gave thee, hath made


pate.
Rightly
prophesied the astrologers in thy nativity that thou
shouldest prove a knave and villain, an impostor and

strength by the licence that

thy madness to

fall

upon mine own

But now, if thou wilt make void my


and cease to be my son, I will become thine
enemy, and entreat thee worse than ever man yet

rebellious son.

counsel,

entreated his

foes.'

'
Again said Ioasaph, Why, O king, hast thou been
kindled to wrath ? Art thou grieved that I have
gained such bliss ? Why, what father was ever seen

Would
to be sorrowful in the prosperity of his son ?
not such an one be called an enemy rather than
Therefore will I no more call thee my
withdraw from thee, as a man fleeth
from a snake, if I know that thou grudgest me my
salvation, and with violent hand forcest me to
If thou wilt force me, and play the
destruction.
tyrant, as thou hast threatened, be assured that thou
shalt gain nought thereby save to exchange the
name of father for that of tyrant and murderer. It
were easier for thee to attain to the ways of the
eagle, and, like him, cleave the air, than to alter my

a father

father, but will

to Christ, and that good confession that


have confessed in him. But be wise, O my father,
and shake off the rheum and mist from the eyes of
thy mind, lift them aloft and look upward to view

loyalty
I

the light of

my God

and be thyself, at
most sweet. Why

that enlighteneth

all around,
enlightened with this light
art thou wholly given up to the

last,

359

loasaph

SuiL/tho
kin

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE
1

is.

Cp.

xL

6e\iipao~iv e^ehoOrjs rr}<i aapzeos, zeal avdvevcris


ovze eart; yvwOt ore irdaa adp^ %6pTO$ zeal iraaa

ho^a dvdpcoirov eo? av0o<; ^opTOV irjpdv6)] 6


^0/3x09 zeal to avOos avrov ezcTreTTTcozee, to he pF/pia
tov Kvpiov piou, to evayye\ia6ev eVl irdvia^,
pcevel et9 tov aloiva. tl ovv ovtcos ip.p,avco<i ciVTkyr)
zeai

irepie^r] t/}9 hi/erjv

tow eapivow avdkoav

p,apai-

vopLev-qs zeal depuvi^opLevrj^ ho^rjs, zeal t>}9 /3he\vpd<;


zeal hvo~d)8ov>z Tpvcpfjs, zeal tcov t*}?
zeal

VTTO

yCMTTepCl

leaipov

TTCldoJV,

pLlCtpCOTaTCDV

t?

i)8vvovo~l

ala9rjcreL<;

yao~Tpb<;
ClTlVa 7T/309

tcov

aiozjTcov,

VCTTSpOV pLeVTOL TTizepoTepa<i ^oX?}? ITOLOVVTCU T9 217


dva86aei<i,6Tav al p,ev a/eial avTai zeal to, evvirvia

tov pitiTCUov tovtov nrapekOcoa /3lov, ev ohvvrj he


irvpbs dapleaTov zeal crKOTetvov zeaTa/e\eiaOoyaiv ol tovtcov epacrTai, zeal t/}9 dvop.ia$ epydt,

8ii]vezeei

is.

ixvi. 24

Markix.
44. 46,

48

rai,kvda o ctkcoKt]^ avTovs o dzeoip,rjTO^ ciTeXevTTjra


zeaTeo-Ocei , zeal to Trvp ci\t]KTa zeal dzcaTdo~/3ecrTa
'

vi 5

Greg. Naz.

Orat
152

ix. D.

/!?,/
cov

>

acoivas /caTCtKaiet airepavTOVs; pea

/eat

avTOf

TToWa
iroWa
Ps.

6i9

zeaTaze\io-8ti<; zeal

p,ev pLeTayvwcrr} tcov

he 7TiriT7]o~ei<i t9

oipcoi

^a\e7rw9 ohwcopLevos,
8etvcov /3ov\evp,aTcov,
vvv i)pbepa<i zeal tcov

aU' 6<pe\o$ tt;s


ipcow eTripLvrjaOi'/a-p ptj/JUTcov
pLeTape\eta<; ovze eaTai. ev yap t> ahrj eopio\6yr)o"9 zeal p.eTavoia ou)( virdp-^etdX)C 6 nrapcov
'
'
v
'
'

/3
5'-v
(DpiTurj zeaipos Ti]<; epyaaias, o be pieWcov t?;9
'

avTa7rohoae(os.

el

piev

yap

rc\

TrapavTa Teprrva

acpaviapLCp v77ezeeiTo zeal per), dXXd avvhiaicovieiv ep,e\\e T019 avTow hecnroTaLS, ovhe ovtcos
ehei tcov tov XpiaTov hcopecZv zeal virep evvoiav
ovze

De baptismo usurpatum

Chr3'st. Caten. in Joh.

360

c. 3.

significat

emersionem, ap. Joh.

BARLAAM AND

IOASAPII,

xxiv.

216-217

and desires of the flesh, and why is there no


Know thou that all flesh is grass showing
looking upward ?
and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The vanity of
grass withereth, and the flower thereof falleth away ^^JSd
but the word of my Lord, which by the gospel is pleasures,
passions

preached unto

all,

shall

endure for ever.

Why

then

dost thou thus madly cling to and embrace that glory,


which, like spring flowers, fadeth and perisheth, and to
beastly unsavoury wantonness,
passions of the belly and the

and

to the abominable

members thereunder,

which for a season please the senses of fools,


but afterwards make returns more bitter than gall,
when the shadows and dreams of this vain life are
passed away, and the lovers thereof, and workers of
of dark
iniquity are imprisoned in the perpetual pain
and unquenchable fire, where the worm that sleepeth
not gnaweth for ever, and where the fire burnetii
without ceasing and without quenching through
endless ages ? And with these sinners alas thou too
!

shalt be imprisoned and grievously tormented, and


shaft bitterly rue thy wicked counsels, and bitterly

days that now are, and think upon


but there shall be no advantage in
repentance for in death there is no confession and
But the present is the set time for
repentance.
work the future for reward. Even if the pleasures
regret thy
words,

my

of the present world were not evanescent and fleeting, but were to endure for ever with their owners,

not even thus should any man choose them before


the gifts of Christ, and the good things that pass
361

ST.

job. xiv. 2
Ps. cxiiv. 4

Wisd.

v. 10

JOHN DAMASCENE

dyado)v ravra irpoKpivai- Ka6' oaov yap o i']Xio<i


t>}9 /3adeia<; earl wktos XapirpoTepo^ real hiavyeaTepos, roaovjov icai iroXXS) irXeov ra eirrjyyeXpeva dyadd tois dyairoiai tov %ebv irdar]^
eiriydov fiaaiXeias Kai ho^V? evho^oTepd re virdpyei Kai pbeyaXoirpeireo-Tepa, Kai ehei irdvTwq rd
puei^ova to)V evTeXecrrepcov irpoKplvat. eirel he kcu
pevend rd rfjhe iravra kcu <p6opa viroKeipieva &>?
ovap re tcai o>? a Kid Kai evvtrviov irapepyeTai Kai 218
dcpavL^erai, Kai avpaa pdXXov eari Tricneveiv
ov% iarap,evai<; Kai vrjbs TTOVTOiropovar]^ lyyeaiv rj

dv6 pdiTTWV ev^pepla,

iroar]^

evr)6eia<;

i],

pdWov

dvoias re Kai 7rapa(ppoavvrj<i ra <p6aprd


Kai 7TLKr)pa, dadevrj re Kai ovhapiivd, rcov d(f)6dpT(ov irpoKplvat Kai alojviajv, aKr\paT(>v re Kai
dreXevTiJTO)!', Kai rj) irpoaKaipa) tovtwv diroXavelireiv,

aei rr}<? dhiaho^ov areprjOyvai rcov dyaQwv eKe'ivwv diroXava e&>9; ov avvtjaeis ravTa, Si irdrep;
ov 7T a pah pa pels rd irapaTpkypvra, Kai irpoaOi'jarj
rols eiripevovoiv; ov irpoTi/jnjaei'i ti)v KaroiKi'av
t?}9 irapoiKia^, to (pax; tov ctkotovs, to Trvevpa
ttjs aapKos, Tr-jv alcoviov ^a>7]v t?}? o~Kids tov davd-

Xvopieva twv pebvTwv; ovk eKcpev^rj ttj<;


hovXeia? tov heivov Koap,OKpdropo<i,
tov 7rov))pov, (pi]pi, hiaftoXov, Kai tw dya9(p Kai
evairXdy)(y(p Kai iravoiKTippovi olKeiw6i']cnj AeaTToTrj; ov, Ttjs t5)v 7ro\Xd)v diroard^ Kai ijrevtov,

Ta

pr)

^a\e7ri]<i

Thess.

i.

hwvvpbwv 6ewv Xarpeia<;, tu> ev\ XaTpevcreis


dXi]0iv(p Kai ^covTi^ew; el yap Kai rjpapTes avTw,
iroXXa

dveXtov

olha, 6

dyaObs

362

Kai tous avTov depdirovTas


dXXa he^eTai o~e, ev 219
einaTpe-^ravTa Kai irdvrcov aov

/3\ao~<pr]p,7]o-a$

heivals

Ttpia)piai<z,

BARLAAM AND

IO ASAPH,

xxiv.

217-219

man's understanding.

Soothly, as the sun surpasseth in radiance and brightness the dead of


night, even so, and much more so, doth the happiness promised to those that love God excel in glory

and magnificence all earthly kinship and glory;


and there is utter need for a man to choose the
more excellent before the more worthless. And
forasmuch as everything here is fleeting and subject
to decay, and passeth and vanisheth as a dream, and
as a shadow and vision of sleep
and as one may
;

sooner trust the unstable breezes, or the tracks of a


ship passing over the waves, than the prosperity of and

what folly and madness


choose the corruptible and perishable, the

men, what
it is

to

simplicity, nay,

weak things of no worth, rather than the incorruptible


and everlasting, the imperishable and endless, and,
by the temporal enjoyment of these things, to

forfeit

the eternal fruition of the happiness to come


Wilt
thou not understand this, my father ?
Wilt thou
not haste past the things which haste pass thee, and
attach thyself to that which endureth ?
Wilt thou
not prefer a home land to a foreign land, light to
darkness, the spirit to the flesh, eternal life to the
shadow of death, the indestructible to the fleeting ?
Wilt thou not escape from the grievous bondage of
the cruel prince of this world, I mean the evil one, the
devil, and become the servant of the good, tenderhearted, and all merciful Lord ? Wilt thou not break
'

away from serving thy many gods, falsely so called,


and serve the one, true and living God ? Though thou
hast sinned against him often times by blaspheming
him, and often times by slaying his servants with
dread torments, yet, I know well, that if thou turn
again, he shall in his kindness receive thee, and no

the
1

stJadfast-*

nessof
eternal

ST.
afivrj/jLOPevaec
Cp. Ez.
xxxiii. 11

JOHN DAMASCENE

twv

/<<->&

6oov
i)p.wv,

Rom.

vii.

14

-v

v-^rwpLcnwv eirl ^7]T7]aiv twv 7rXavrj9evTcov


crravpov re zeal p.do~Tiya<; Kai davarov vtto-

pieivas BC ?)p.ds, Kai


Cp.

ov fiovXerat,

TrXy] pbp.eXrj pLaTwv

yap tov OavdTOV tov dpLaprwXov, &)<? /to eTTiarpeo


ycti Kai %7]v avrov, o e/c TOiV areKoniyiiTwv KareX-

ayopdaas
/

<

i)pd<;
>

apapriav.

tw

tovs
n

avTa>

1]

TipLiw

avrov

ireirpapLevovs

c> / 1

coa Kai

aip.ari i%vivo
ttjv

>

aiveai<i

eis

tow?

aloivas.

apajv.
Be fiaaiXews eKirXtj^ei re dpia Kai opyfj Xrj-

Tov

<p6evTOs, to p,ev eirl Ty tov TraiBbs avviaei Kai T0Z9


avavTippyjrois avTov prjpiacri, to Be e'<' w eKeivov

ov BieXurev iv8iaj3dXXo)v Oeovs Kai oXov avrov


fiVKTt]pL%a>v Kai ^Xevd^oyv tov j3iov, to p,ev tov
Xoyov (paiBpbv hid ttiv evBov ovk eBe^aTo tov

gkotovs TrayyT7]Ta, TipLu>py)oaa9ai Be auTov rj


KaKws Ti 8ia9ea9ai tt) cpvaiKrj fii] BvvdpLevos
o-Topyfi, to Be pLeTaiTeio~eiv uvtov direiXal<; iravTrj
diroyvov^, <pof3r)9e\s pa'], irXeiovas Kiinjcras Trpos
avTov Xoyovs, eKeivov irappipria^oixevov Kai Ta

tmv 6eo)v BiaKeopL'pBovvTos Kai ^Xevd^ovros, els


rrXeiova Ovpibv e^acp9ei<i, twv evavTioov els aindv
Ti Biarrpd^oiTO, pier' opyfjs
Et'#e p.i]86X(o<; eyevvrjdrjs,

dvaards, v7re^copi]aev,
eliriov,

p,>JT

els

<fi<o<;

irpo^XOes, TOiovros pieXXwv eaeaOai, /3\do~<prjpo<;


et9 tou9 deovs Kai ttjs TraTptKrjs airoaTUTrj^ cpiaXX ovk eis TeA.09 tmv
Xias re Kai vov9ecria<$.
dr)TTi]Tcov KaTapxoK)']o~r] Oecbv, ovBi' eirl ttoXv ^api]-

aovrai

ol

yoTjTelai.
9eoi<;

364

ai tovtwv la^vaovai
ev/]KOos yev>jcrr] p.oi Kai toi$ 220

virevavTioi, ovB
el pn)

yap

euyvojpicov, iroXXais

rcpoTepov

e/coa>cra9

o~e

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


more remember thine

xxiv.

219-220

offences
because he willeth
not the death of a sinner but rather that he may
turn and live
he, who came down from the un:

speakable heights, to seek us that had gone astray


who endured for us Cross, scourge and death who
bought with his precious blood us who had been

bondage under sin. Unto him be glory and


and ever
Amen.'
The king was overwhelmed with astonishment
and anger; with astonishment, at his son's wisdom
and unanswerable words with anger, at the persistence with which he denounced his father's gods,
and mocked and ridiculed the whole tenour of his
life.
He could not admit the glory of his discourse
sold in

praise for ever

because of the grossness of the darkness within,


but natural affection forbad him to punish his son,
or evilly to entreat him, and he utterly
despaired
of moving him by threats.
Fearing then that, if he
argued further with him, his son's boldness and
bitter satire of the gods might kindle him to hotter
anger, and lead

him to do him a mischief, he arose


wrath and withdrew. ' Would that thou hadst
never been born,' he cried, ' nor hadst come to

in

the light of day, destined as thou wert to be


such an one, a blasphemer of the gods, and a
renegade from thy father's love and admonition
Hut thou shalt not alway mock the invincible
gods, nor shall their enemies rejoice for long, nor
!

these knavish sorceries prevail.


For except
thou become obedient unto me, and right-minded
toward the gods, I will first deliver thee to
sundry

shall

365

The king
61

'

from"
ph lu

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

t fiw piais KaK^yKaKWs 1 davarooao),


vlq> aoi hiareOe'i^, dXX! &>9 ix^PV tivi koX

icai 7roiKi\ai<i

ovx

&>?

XXV
TavTd rod Trarphs direiXriaapievov
inrox w pwavTO<i, eU tov iavrov

opyi)<i

u/09 elcreXdojv, kcl\ 737)09 tov ol/ceiov


tov<s 6<p0aXp,ov<; avareivas, K.vpce, 6

peer

dywvodeTTjv

eo9 p*ov, Ik
yXvKela eA,7ri9 /cal

Cp. Ps.

cxxx.

real

icoiTwva 6

fidOovs dvefepa^e t% fcapSlas,


d-^revhi^ irrayyeXia, i) /cparcud /caTacpvyr]

roiv

crol 7rpocravaKeip,ei>(DV, t'Se p,ov rrjv o~WTpi/3r]v


rrjs
Ps. xxxviii. fcap8la<; iXeco /cat evpievel 6p.p,ari, /ecu p,r] iyKcna-

p^]Se dnrocnfit; dir

Xltttqs p,e,

Tr]V d\frev8r)

ava^Lov

Cp. Ps. xxv.

kcli

aov

epcov'

dXXd, /card
epov tov

v7r6o~x e(7iV > yevov p,er

evreXovs'
teal

o~e

yap

ycvoocrKco

kcll

bpuo-

it

povorjrrfv irdaii^ fCTiaecos.


pte eviayyaov iv tclvtt) rf) KaXfj opo-

Xoya>

Troir/Trjv

clvtos

ovv

Xoyiq pLeXP

1,

TeXevTCua? hiapielvai dvairvor]^'

{3\eyfrov iir' ip,e real iXe>]aov

eVi-

teal

Trapdcn-qOi
eK 7rdcrr]<i SiaTJjpwv pe aaravLKf]<; ivepyeias dXu>- 221
/3)]tov iirifiXe^ov, fiacnXev' StairecpXeKrai yap
laxvpo)<; rj ^f%; Pj0V T <p a V Trbdw, /cal itc/ceCp.

is. xiiv.

Ps

xlii

Ps. ixxiv. 19

Kavrai a>9 iv
TToOovaa ttjv

Scy^r)

p,,

Kavp,aTo<; iv dvvSpco,

dOavacrias.

ere

iiri-

irapato?9 Orjpiois ^uxh v i^opoXoyovpuivrjv aor


S(prj<i
t/}9 /r ^X% TOV 7TT(l>X 0v ~ ov PV TTlXd0)J 19 TeXof
irrjyrjv rrp;

//.?/

'

dXXa irapdaxov
ttjv

C0 V V
1

366

V7r ep

Also

p,oi ra>

tov

apbaprcoXw Trap oXrjv pov


ovopbaros Kal T?]<i 0~?]<>

o~ov

Ka.KiyKa.Kois, p.

236 of Boissonade.

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxiv. 220-xxv. 221

and then put thee to the cruellest death,


with
thee not as with a son, but as with an
dealing
tortures,

enemy and

rebel.'

XXV
In such wise did the father threaten and wrath- ioasaph
,
,

,
prayeth for
But the son entered his own bed- strength
fully retire.
and comfort
chamber, and lifted up his eyes to the proper judge
of his cause, and cried out of the depth of his heart,
.

'O Lord my God, my sweet hope and unerring


are wholly
promise, the sure refuge of them that
given up to thee, with gracious and kindly eye
look upon the contrition of my heart, and leave
me not, neither forsake me. But, according to
thine unerring pledge, be thou with me, thine

unworthy and sorry servant. Thee I acknowledge


and confess, the maker and provider of all creation.
Therefore do thou thyself enable me to continue
good confession, until my dying breath
upon me, and pity me and stand by and
keep me unhurt by any working of Satan. Look
for my heart is enkindled
upon me, O King
with longing after thee, and is parched as with

in

this

look

burning
well

of

thirst

in

the

desert,

Deliver

immortality.
soul that confesseth

desiring

not

to

thee,

the

the

wild

thee
forget not
but
the soul
ever;
grant me
poor
that am a sinner throughout my length of days
to suffer all things for thy name's sake and in

beasts

my

of

the

for

36 7

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

optoXoylas rrdvra rraOelv, Kal oXov iptavrov aoi


Karadvaar gov yap evSvvaptovvros Kal ol dadevels vrrepiayyaovo-tv,

on

flavor el o-vp,pta-)(os di)r-

bv evXoyel rrdaa Krlats


rbv SeSo^acr/xevov els robs atowas.
dpa']V.
Ovrcos eu^dptevos Betas r/aOero rrapaKXrjcreas
Kal Odpcrovs
rfj avrov errtcpotrqadcrrjs Kaphla,
SiereXeae
oXtjv
r-qv vvKra.
ip,rrXr}a6e\s ev^optevos
TJ7T09 /cal

6 8e
rci

@eo?

iXerjptoov,

fiaatXevs Wpa~)(fi
rov rratSos,

rrepl

rw

dpterdOerov
rrapprjalav
/3ovXi/v rtOerai (ptXtov
/cal

<ptX<p

/cal

rrjv

KotvoXoyrjadptevos
drroroptov

avrov

re

SrjXcoaas
yvooptrjv,
Apaj/rjs ore ptdXtara

OepairevTLKriv rrpos avrov rron'jaaadat rrjv


rals KoXaicetats eXrrt^wv 'taws ecpeX-

ojxiXiav,

KvaaaOat. ep^erat rotyapovv rfj erravptov rrpbs


rbv vlbv Kal KaOtaas eyyvrepov rovrov 7rpocre/caXeaaro.
etra rreptrrXaKets KarecptXei, rrpdeos
vrrepy^bptevos /cal //ttIohs, '12 refevov rroOeivbrarov,
elprjKcos,

Kal (piXovptevov, rtptrjaov

rr]v

rov aov

rrarpbs rroXidv, Kal, rr)s eptr/s aKovaas Serjaecos,


rrpoaeXOoav Ovalav rots deals rrpoadyaye. ourco 222
yap eKetvovs re ev /levels e^ets, Kal ptaKpoTtfra
rjptepow, ho^rjs re rrdaqs Ka\ ftaatXelas dverrrjpedarov Kal rravrolwv dyaOojv pterovatav Trap
avro)v drroXrj-ty-r), eptot re ra> rrarpt ear) Keyaptaptevos Bid, /3lov rravros, Kal rrdatv dvOpunrois
rlpttos re Kal erratverbs.
pteya yap els erratvov
Kat ptaXtara err
tw
iirraKOvetv,
Xbyov
nrarpl
rl Be, reKvov,
dyadrp Kal rfi els Oeovs evvo'ta.
vrreXa/3es ; rrurepov d>s eKcov rys dyadfjs eKKKivas
rrjv evavrlav levai rrpoeKptva, r) dyvola, Kal

68ov

diretpla

368

rov

dyaOov

rols

oXed plots

iptavrov

BARLAAM AND

10 ASAPH,

xxv.

221-222

the confession of thee, and to sacrifice my whole


self unto thee.
For, with thy might working in
them, even the feehle shall wax exceeding strong
for thou only art the unconquerable ally and merciful
God, whom all creation blesseth, glorified for ever
;

and

ever.

When

Amen.'
he had thus prayed, he

felt divine

comfort The

fulfilled with courage,


stealing over his heart, and,
he spent the whole night in prayer. Meanwhile the

king

communed with

his son's matters,

and

king

Tisiteth

son

Ms

'

Araches, his friend, as touching


signified to him his son's sheer

audacity and unchangeable resolution. Araches gave


counsel that he should, in his dealings with him,
show the utmost kindness and courtesy, in the hope,

perchance, of alluring him by flattering attentions.


The day following, the king came to his son, and sat

He embraced and
to his side.
him affectionately, coaxing him gently and
tenderly, and said, O my darling and well-beloved

clown,
kissed

and called him


'

listen to my
son, honour thou thy father's grey hairs
the
to
do
sacrifice
and
come,
gods thus
entreaty,
shalt thou win their favour, and receive at their hands
length of days, and the enjoyment of all glory and of
an undisputed kingdom, and happiness of every sort.
Thus shalt thou be well pleasing to me thy father
throughout life and be honoured and lauded of all
men. it is a great count in the score of praise to be
:

obedient to thy father, especially in a good cause,


and to gain the goodwill of the gods. What thinkest and
Is it that I have willingly declined tenderly
thou, my son ?
from the right, and chosen to travel on the wrong wi tlj hi n to
road or that, from ignorance and inexperience of his old ways
'

369
B B

ST.
e^eSco/ca;

oU',

avpucpepovTO?
irpoicpiveiv

JOHN DAMASCENE
el

piev

TrpoTipcdv

eKovra fie vopi^ei^ tov


ra icaita real ttjs 0)779

tov ddvarov, irdvv

/ioi

8o/cet9, re/cvov,

r)
ov)( opas
uTroafyaXrjVai Kptaews.
oarj KaKOvyia koX TaXanroopiq, TroXXd/cis epuavrbv
ev rat? kcltcl tcov e^Opcov i/carpaeichi&oopLi,
reta;?, 17 czXXais rial tov koivov 7rpoaTaalai<i

t/}<>

opdrjs

da-^oXovpuevo^,
Tre^oTTopias re

kclI

&>?
ical

Treivrjs

yapLaacoiTias,

re

kcli

ovtco

Styles,

Sefjaav,

real
ttXovtov he.
(peiaaaOai;
'yprj/xaTcov
ToaavTT) plot irpoaeariv vTepo^la re kclI Kcnaea6 ore ra Tapaela irdvra
(f)p6vrjat,<?, &>9 dcfrOovoos
tov epuov iraXaTLOV fcaTa/cevcoatu els to dvoiicooo-

firj

tovs tcov decov pbeylarov; vaovs /cal ttclvtolw


toutou9 KaraXapLTTpvvai KoapLW r) rots arpaTOTrehoi<; d(p06vco<; Siaveipicu rovs drjaavpov? tcov XPV~
TOLavTrjs ovv p,eTe%cov tcov diroXavaTipLciroov.
purjaai

t%

ev T0Z9 Seivois /capTepias,


kcov VTrepoy\ria<$ /cal
el
tcov YaXtXaiwv iytvcoa/cov
Tr/v
dpr)a/ceiav
KpeiTTOva Tr)<i ev %epalv virdpyeiv, Troarjs civ
e/cpiva to Trpdypia a7rovSP)<i d^tov, rrdvTcov 223
V7repi8etv real ttjv ipiavrov 7repi7roirjaaa8ai
acoTTjptav; el 8e dyvoidv puoi /cal direiplav tov

ov/c
piev

/caXov KaTayivwa Kei<;, avves oaas 7roXXd/ci<; vvKTa<i dv'7rvov<i SieTeXeaa, %V T V/J aT0 S tivos irpore'

0vto<>,

ea&*

6t

ov

real

rrroXv

dvay/caiov,

pbrj

dvairavatv, irplv r) tov


evir perreaT aTr\v evpoipn ttjv

napeyidv bXcos epiavTW


^rjTovpievov adept) /cal

Xvaiv.
Et ovv tcov irpoaicaipoiv tovtcov irpaypbaTcov
ovSe to apbi/cpoTciTov %o) evKUTacppovtjTOV, a^pes
ov irdvTa avpLcpepovTcos /cal eirl XvaiTeXeta tcov

37o

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxv.

222-223

the good, I have given myself to destruction ?


Well,
thou thinkest that I willingly prefer the evil to

if

the profitable, and choose death before

life,

thou

seemest to me, son, completely to have missed the


Dost thou not see to what disgoal in judging.
often expose myself in mine
expeditions against my foes, or when I am engaged in
divers other business for the public good, not sparing

comfort and trouble

myself even hunger and thirst, if need be, the


march on foot, or the couch on the ground ? As for
riches and money, such is my contempt and scorn
thereof, that

have at times ungrudgingly lavished

all

the stores of

for

the gods, and to adorn

my

palace, to build

mighty temples

them with

all

manner

of

splendour, or else to distribute liberal largess to my


soldiers. Possessing then, as I also do, this contempt
of pleasure and this courage in danger, what zeal

would I not have devoted to contemning all else,


and winning my salvation, had I only found that the
religion of the Galileans were better than mine own ?
But, if thou condemnest me for ignorance and inexperience of the good, consider

how many

sleepless

nights I have spent, with some problem before me,


oft-times no very important one, giving myself no
rest until I had found the clear and most apt
solution.

Seeing then that

reckon that not even the least of

these temporal concerns


all

be

fitly

completed

is

for

lie pro-

unworthy of thought
the advantage

until have learnt


of all and by teating
'

371
B B 2

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

dirdvTwv eirtTeXeaOelri, Kal ovBevl erepw


ftearepov

r)

t<x>v

&)9 olfiai, rfj

diroppyjTcov

vcprjXia)

BiepevvdoQai

ttuvtcop p,fiapTvpr)rai,

7TW9

d/cpi-

Bidyvwcris ev irdcnj,
tol

&)9

irapa

epbol

Kal a

Oela,

o~e-

QeoXoyelv depas, evKaTacppoviiTa av


iXoyiad/xrjv, Kal pbrj Trdarj arrovBrj, irdcrrj Bvvdet 9
Trl v
oXrj Ty "^VXV Kai ^" rP T V v0
pcei,
toutcov dTTrja^oX^cra ifxavrbv %i']Tr/aiv, tov evpelv
(3ea6ai Kal

'

'^>

zeal

rd\i]d>)
ev

kcll
ye i^rjTrjaa
taa tcu9 yj/Jbepais
ttoXXovs Be aocpovs Kac

TrpeircoSecrTara;

TroXXas p:ev
tovtois dvaXcoaas,

ip.Tr uv(os,

vvktcl<;

e7U<TTr]pL0va<; eh Ti'ivBe Tr\v /3ovXi)v avyKaXe<ra<>,


iroXXols Be Kal twv Xeyopteveov ^.picmavcbv opuKal rfj doKvw crv^r/rrjaei Kal Biairvpcp
Xijcras.
pcoc rj ttjs dXr/6eia<; 0809, rrapd
re Xoyiorrjri kcu avveaei reripbijpievwv
pLaprvpy]Oecaa &)9 ovk eariv aXXj] maris et pui
224
r)v
a>jpLepov rropevopieOa, T019 p.eyiaToi<; Oeols

evpeOtf

ipeuvrj

ao(p(bv

rfj

Xarpevovres /cal rrjs yXvKeias fiiorrjs icai iprjBovov avTeyop-evoi, Trjs irdaiv dvdpwrrois Trap

avrwv
arrjs

BeBaiprjpLeprjs,

teal

rjns reprrvonqros otl TrXet-

dvpcr/Bias rrerrXjjpcoTai, r)v 01

rwv YaXi-

Xaicov e^apyoi real fivaraycoyol deppovoos aTTooaavTO, &>9 Kal to yXv/cv tovto (pto<? /cat Ta TepTrva
iruvra,
]Tim. L

cirrep

Qeol, cXttlSi

01

els

ctTroXavaii'

eyapicravTo

twos erepas dBtjXov

TrpoieaOai, pu) elBores ri Xeyovaiv


8ia/3e/3aiovvrai.

%v

rjpuv

^coijs eroipccos
rj

rrepi

tlvcov

(piXrare vie, ra> gu> TctiadiiTL Trarpl 81


Kal dXrjOeardrrjs epevvrjs to ovtcos
KaXov eiiprjKOTi. IBoi) yap drroBeBeiKrai u>s ovre
eKUiV, ovTe purjv dyvoias TpoTrw, Btrj/jutpri v tov
Be,

d/cptftovs

372

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


seeiner that all (I

ween) bear

me

xxv.

223-224

witness that no
.

man

t,

sun can search out secrets with more


diligence than I, how then could I have considered
-,

under

tlie

divine

things,

consideration,

that

call

for

worship

and

the truth of
idol-

worship,

serious

unworthy of thought, and not rather

have devoted all my zeal and might, all my mind


and soul to the investigation thereof, to find out the
right

and the true?

sought

and

.Aye,

have laboriously

Many nights and days have I


many wise and learned men have I
council and with many of them that

thereafter.

spent thus
called to

my

are called Christians have

conversed.

By

untiring

enquiry and ardent search I have discovered the


pathway of truth, witnessed by wise men honoured
that there is none
for their intelligence and wit,
other faith than ours. This is the path that we tread
to-day, worshipping the most puissant gods, and
holding fast to that sweet and delightsome life,

given by them to all men, fulfilled with all manner


of pleasure and gladness of heart, which the leaders

and

priests of the Galileans


so that, in hope of

jected;
life,

they have readily cast

have in their

folly re-

some other uncertain


away this sweet light, and

those pleasures which the gods have bestowed


on us for enjoyment, and all the while know not

all

what they say, nor whereof they confidently affirm.


1
But thou, dearest son, obey thy father, who, by and biddoth
diligent and honest search, hath found the real follow'
Lo, I have shown thee that, neither willingly, ^"rod
good.
no, nor by way of ignorance, have I failed of the
5

373

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

dyaOov, dXX' evpov Kal


Kal

Se

ere

[xrj

aKoXovdfjaai.
ovk olSas
ireWeaOai Kal
?}

7rpocre\a(36{ir)v'

eirnroQw

TrXavdaOai, dXX i/xoi


al8icr6i]Ti ovv tov irarepa o~ov.
KaXov tm irarpi
ottoIov iari
dvor)TCO<$

avTW

ev

iracn

yapi"C,ea9ai;

eo?

eparaXiv oXkdpiov Kal eirdpaTOV to rrarepa Trapa225


TriKpaiveiv Kal Ta? avrou Trap' ovSev Tidevai
KaKol
tovto
KaKOiS
oaoi
evToXds;
eiroiriaav,
<ydp

oh

tnrociXovTO'

av, TeKvov, pirj avvapid pbTjOeirj'i'


tckovti Keyapio~p.eva ttoi&v, irdvrcov
eViTu^ot? tcov dyadoiv, Kal K\i]pov6p,o<; yevow
T/79 evXoyias tt)? ep:f]<> Kal /3ao"i\ei'a?.
'O Be pieyaXocppcov Kal evyevi]*; &>9 dXrjOeos
veavias rrjq tov 7raT/309 7repiTToXoyta<i Kal dvorjtov dvTi/3oXij<; aKovcras, Kal yvovs t<z9 tov
aKoXlOV SpaKOVTOS pj)]yaV d<i ft)9 K TCOV 8e%lO)V

dXXd, rd

Zech.

iii.

t&>

/i

Vs. cix. 5

>

avTov TOt9 iroaiv


ttjv

Oeoeihrj

"i]Toip.ao~e

-yv^v

irayioa, KaTaKapu-yai

Te^va^op^evo^

TrpoKeipcevov ipLTroKaai

Kal

7rpb<;

to

p3pap3eiov, to BecnroTiKov

ocpOaXpLMv eOeTO irpbaTaypia, Ovk rj\6ov


fiaXeiv elpjjvrjv, eiirovTOS, dXXa pid^r/v Kai puayaipav rjXdov yap Biydaai viov KaTa tov iraTpo<i

Mat. x.34ff. 7T/00

avTov Kal OvyaTepa KaTa ttjv purjTpbs avTrjs, Kai


Ta e^/79. Kai, OTi O (piXwv iraTepa rj pxjTepa
virep ipci, ovk eari piov a'^09, Kai, 'OaTis p.e
r

dpv>ja6TaL epLirpoaOev tcov dvOpcoircov, dpv)jaop.ai

avTov Kayd> hpuTrpoadev tov ilaTpos puov tov ev


ovpavols.
ttjv
Ecoies.

iii.

TavTa

^jrv^rjv

iviayvaa<i, to

KaTa

Xoyicrdp,6VO<;, Kal tw Oetw cpo/3(p


tS>
nrbOw tc Kai epo)Ti22Q

7re8ijo~a<;,

XoXop,6vTioi>

eKeivo

pP/pia

nravv

Katpbv eeXd/3eT0, Katpo9, (pdcrKov, tov


(piXrjaai Kal Kaipbs tov puo-rjo-ai, Kaipbs iroXepiOv
374

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxv. 224-226

good, but rather that I have found and laid hold


And I earnestly desire that thou too
thereon.
shouldest not wander as a fool, but shouldcst follow

Have respect then unto thy father. Dost thou


know how lovely a thing it is to obey one's
father, and please him in all ways ?
Contrariwise,
how deadly and cursed a thing it is to provoke a
father and despise his commands ? As many as have
done so, have come to a miserable end. But be not
me.
not

thou,

which

my
is

Rather do that
son, one of their number.
well pleasing to thy sire, and so mayest
happiness and

inhei'it

my blessing and

The high-minded and noble youth

listened to his

thou obtain

all
'

my kingdom
father's

windy discourse and

foolish opposition,

and

ioasaph,

snawPlaid

recognized therein the devices of the crooked serpent, 1^!


and how standing at his right hand he had prepared a & ain J r
a snare for his feet, and was scheming how to overthrow his righteous soul, and hinder him of the prize
'

up in store. Therefore the prince set before his


'
eyes the commandment of the Lord, which saith, I
came not to send peace, but strife and a sword. For I
am come to set a man at variance against his father,
and a daughter against her mother, and so forth and
He that loveth father or mother more than me is not
'
worthy of me' and Whosoever shall deny me before
I also deny before
him
will
men,
my Father which is in
When he had considered these things, and
heaven.'
fettered his soul with divine fear, and strengthened
it with longing desire and love,
right opportunely he
remembered the saying of Solomon, ' There is a time
a time of war, and a
to love, and a time to hate
laid

'

375

ST.

irpcora p,ev, Kara vovv


Kvpie, enrev, 6 eo9,
ekerjaov p,e, ore eirl aol TrercoiOev rj ^v^ij p.ov,
/cat, iv
rfi a/cut rcov rrrepvywv aov eXmay e<y<?
teal

Ps. ivii.i.2

Exod.xx.

JOHN DAMASCENE

Kaipoi

ev?dp,evo<;,

12

eiprfvi)?,

/cal

'EXerjaov

p,e,

ov 7rape\0rj rj dvo/xla.
rbv
/cetcpdgo/xat,
777)09
Seov rbv v^narov, rbv (debv rbv evepyertjaavrd
fie, koX ra egrjs rov ^raXfxov.
Etrd <f)i]ai 777)09 rbv f3aat\ea' To peev 6eparreveev rrarkpa /cal rot<; avrov vireiKeiv
irpoardyfiaaiv, evvola re ical <pkiq /cadvTrrjperelv, 6 /coivbs
rjfAa? 8i$da/cet Aeair6rr}<i, cpvai/cr)v rjpuv rrjv roiavorav Se
rt]v
rcov
eyicaraarreipa<i aropyr/v.
->)

avrov (pepy rov


Kivhvvov rrjv "^rvy^rjv ical rov
Ar/pnovpyov irbppco
7roifj, e/c/cbrrreiv ravrtjv rravrdrraai 7rpoarerdy'
~

yovecov ayeais

Mat. v. 29;
xviii. 9;
Mk. ix. 47

,,-/3

^ua,

Kai

real

'-v
fj,7]doA(o$

cpikia 777509

et/cetv

ri*

<

rots ^copt^ovaLv

i]fia<;

rov eov, uXka [lurelv rovrov^ tcai


diroarpecpeaOai, kclv irarrjp 6 rd drrevKrala ernrdrrmv elrj,
kclv

lThcss.

i.

/cdv (3aai\ev<$, icav

/xrjrrjp,

Sea

rcvpios.

ravra

ew

eve/ca

rov

ear 1.
dXh!

Sib fujre
rj

7-779

7-779

rrarpmi^

^corjs

peev

avrr/s 227

ay^eaew^

T &v dSvvdrwv fioi


fyllXLa>6>V lcu
aeavrw kottov^ Trapeze, pujre epioi
ireiaorjri, kolX tw tbvn dp,<pco xal dXrjdivcp

a yap vvv aefty eiScoXa elal,


yeiptov dvdpwnivwv epya, irvorjq eprjfia /cal Kcocpd,
fir]Sev oX&)9 ?} nov-qv dircoXeiav /cal rtpuopiav alcovcov Tot9 avra aej3opeevoi<i rrpo^evovvra.
Xarpevacopiev @eco-

Ps. cxv. 4

El 8k
Cp.

Rom.

ZoKelr.aiais,

rovro (Bovkoio, irolei 649 epee orrep aoi


ydp elpu rov Xpiarov, /cal ovre 6coovre KoXaaeat, t?;9 avrov
a7roar}]ao/xat
p.r)

Zov\o<i

ayaTry;, /ca6d Srj /cal rfj rrporepala, elrrov aoi,


fieaov ep./3a\u>v rb rov Aeo7rorov fxov 6vo xa /cal
t

376

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


First of all

time of peace.'

me

be prayed

226-227

in silence,

and

of me, Lord God, have mercy


soul trusteth in thee and under the

Have mercy

'

said,

of

xxv.

for

my

shadow of thy wings

shall

hope

till

wickedness

the highest God to God


overpass.
that did well to me,' and the rest of the psalm.
Then said Ioasaph to the king, ' To honour one's He
shall cry to

con-

and to obey his commands, and to serve him father of


UI
with good will and affection is taught us by the Lord |o
father,

of us

all,

who hath implanted in


But, when loving

natural affection.

our hearts this


devotion to our

parents bringeth our soul into peril, and separateth


her from her Maker, then we are commanded, at

and, on no account, to yield

all

costs, to cut it out,

to

them that would depart us from God, but

to

hate and avoid them, even if it be our father that


issueth the abominable command, or our mother,
Whereor our king, or the master of our very life.
fore

it

is

impossible for me, out of devotion to my


God.
So, prithee, trouble not thy-

father, to forfeit

nor me but be persuaded, and let us both serve


the true and living God, for the objects of thy present
worship are idols, the works of men's hands, devoid
of breath, and deaf, and give nought but destruction
self,

and eternal punishment to their worshippers.


'
But if this be not thy pleasure, deal with me
for I am a servant of Christ,
even as thou wilt
and neither flatteries nor torments shall separate
me from his love, as 1 told thee yesterday, swearing it by my Master's name, and confirming
:

377

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

dcrcpaXecrTaTa tov Xoyov epare8(ocTdpbevo<i.


e/cwv

fiijre

ecf>r]cras

/ca/covpyeiv,

/xi'/re

oti Se

litjv

ayvola

dXXa iroXXy ical epLTrovca


tovto kyvcos ovtcos elvai /caXov, to
elScoXoa Xcnpeveiv /cal tcu9 rjbovals tmv iraOcbv

Biafiaprdveiv tov dyadov,


av>]T)]aei

7rpo<rr]\ova6at, tca/covpyelv fiev ere ideXovTt ov/c


oti 8e ttoXXi'] aot Trepi/ceyyTai dyvcoXeyeiv.
cr/a? d%Xv<; ical a>9 ev oKorei -^rr-jXaxpyjra) Tropeuoe'%60

Ex. x. 21

ov8oXw<$ opds 0coto9 kclv pu/epdv riva


pbapfiapvyyjv, odev ttjv evOelav diroXeaas /cpr)/j,voi<;

/zez'o?

ical <f>dpayj;c Seivois TreptTreTrXdvrjaaL, tovto icdyai


imaTa/xai /cal ere, traTep, yivoocriceiv 228

/3e/3ai&>9

j3ovXofiat.

uvtI

816 (T/COT09

dXX

/caTe^rov /cal

g/)&)to9

davaTov wenrep &)% dvTexoLievos,


T609 fiefiovXevadai /cal XvaiTeXws

otei avp.(pepov-

evTeOvp-rjcrOai'

ovt yap direp


Basil, Com- o~e/3ij deou elcriv, dXXd aTfjXai 8aiLiov(ov, irdaav
merit, in
\
v
y
avTOiV Tijv /xvaapav evepyetav evoov eyovcrai' ovt
isaiam, x.
j

ov/c

'-%

I'lvirep

eaTi TavTa,

>

ov/c eaTiv.
>

r-

,/

airo/caXels /cal ev/]8ovov fiiOTijv,

yXv/celav

TepirvoTr]TO<i Te teal 0v/xij8i,a<; 8o/cei<> ireTiX^ipoio~6ai, t/)9 ToiavTrjs e^ei epvereoos, dXXa /38eXv/CTt)

koTiv avTi],
rrov. xxiv.
p.

186

/caTci

ye top

Trj<;

7roieiTai Ta9 dvaSoaeis, &)9


Heb.

iv. 12

/cal r]/covi]Lievt]

Kcu
Ps.

exxxix.

77W9

/cal

e/xos eabrj 8i8dcricaXo<i,

LtdXXov yuayaipas Sutto/aov.

civ croc

e^aptOfjujao/jLac

to,

TavTr)<> /cafed 8n]yr]craiLir]v;

ai/Ta, ical

inrep

aiip^ov

irXiiOvv-

tov 8iaj3oXov, a>9


8eXeap Tt]v /38eXvpdv TrepiKei/JLevr) ySov/jv, oV ov
TOU9 dir aT co ll^.v ov 9, 6t9 tov tov cLSov /cadeX/cei
a
n

a '
TTVVLieva.
Tav\
be irapa tov enov HecnroTOV eirqyQ)')o~ovTai.

rrov. xiv.
12 xvi. 25

dXijOelas Xoyov,

diroTpoTvaios.
7Ty909 Kaipov yap yXv/caivet /cai
Xeatvei top cpdpvyya, vaTepov 8e lu/cpoTepas %oA.t}9

ayicio~Tpov

yap

373

eo~Ti

'

'

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


the word

with

surest

saidest that thou

nor didst

But,

whereas thou

didst neither wilfully do wrong,

of the

mark through ignorance, but

much

laborious enquiry hadst ascertained that


was truly a good thing to worship idols and to

after
it

fail

oath.

xxv. 227-228

be riveted to the pleasures of the passions that


thou art wilfully a wrong doer, I may not say.
But
this I know full well, and would have thee know, O
my father, that thou art surrounded with a dense
mist of ignorance, and, walking in darkness that may
be felt, seest not even one small glimmer of light.
Wherefore thou hast lost the right pathway, and
wanderest over terrible cliffs and chasms. Holding
darkness for light, and clinging to death as it were
life, thou deemest that thou art well advised, and
hast reflected to good effect but it is not so, not so.
The objects of thy veneration are not gods but statues
of devils, charged with all their filthy power nor
is
the life, which thou pronouncest sweet and
pleasant, and think est to be full of delight and
but the same is
gladness of heart, such in kind
abominable, according to the word of truth, and to
be abhorred. For for a time it sweeteneth and
tickleth the gullet, but afterwards it maketh the
risings more bitter than gall (as said my teacher),
and is sharper than any two-edged sword.
'
How shall I describe to thee the evils of this life? and
I will tell them, and
they shall be more in number ^"oHh
than the sand. For such life is the fishhook of the approach of
Doom9diy>
devil, baited with beastly pleasure, whereby he deceiveth and draggeth his prey into the depth of hell.
Whereas the good things, promised by my Master,
:

379

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

yeXpeva ayaua, arrep av ad}]Xov

Qwi)s

eXmoa

oovopaaas, difrevB?] elai Kal dvaXXoicora, re\os


oi)/c oiSe,
(pdopa ov% vttokutcu' Xoyos ovk eariv 6
wapaarrjaai to pbeyeOos t/}? Bo^tjs eKevvv* Kal

layywv,

Tp7TV0Tr)T0<;
t?;9

irep
Ps. lxxxix.

*rr\s

yapas

avrbs

0/309,

avK\aXt)TOV, 229
yap, KaOdKal ovk eanv

ttjs

BniveKovs evcfypoavvrjs. iravres


diroQvi']<jKop,ev,

p.ev

tyjaercu Kal ovk o^reTai Odvarov


p.eXXop,ev Be nravres uv'icnao-dai, i]VLKa eXevaerai
Kvpios 'Irjcrovs X/h<tto9, 6 Tt'09 tov eoO, eV

dvQpwrros

09

dveKXaXl]TU) Kal Bwdp,ei (f)o/3ep&, 6 p,0V0S


BacriXevs t6)v fiaaiXevovrcoi' Kal Kvpios ra>v Kvplevovrwv, u> irdv ybvv Kap.^ei eirovpaviwv Kal eViyacov Kal Kara^Oovtcov Kal roaavrrjv epLTroirjcrei,
Tore rr)v eKaraaiv, 009 Kal auras eK7r\ayf]vai rds
Kal irapaarrjcrovTai avrco
ovpavlovs BwdpueLS'
rpop,(p yiXiai yjbXiaces Kat p:vpiai pbvpiaoes ayyeXcov Kal dpyayyeXwv, Kal irdvra karat <fio/3ov
Kal rpopov pueard.
adXiriel yap els rcbv dpyayyeXwv ev ad~\.7uyyi Seov, Kal evOvs 6 ovpavbs fxev

Lukexxi.25 So?7
i

Tim.

PMi.

Mk.

vi. 15

ii.

io

xiii. 25

i.ukexxi.

Oan.

vii.

io

Cor. xv. 52

is.

xxxiv. 4

el\Lyi]aeTat d>s /3i/3\lov,

7)

yrj

Be dvappr/yvvpievr]
twv Trdnrore

avairepL^et ra redveona acopara

ov yeyovev
ei;
7T/3wto9
avOpwiros 'ABdp, p^eypi ti)s iipepas eKelvrjs. Kal
tot irdvres oi air alwvos Oavovres ev piTrfj 6<f)0a\pbov ^owres 7rapaar/](70VTai ra> /3)'jpari rod dOavd- 230
rov keairoTOV, Kal eKaaros Xoyov Bcoaet. virep oov
ToVe oi BiKaioi \dpb^rovcnv &>9 rfXios, oi
eirpa^e.
irLarevaavres els Harepa Kal Tlbv Kal "Ayiov
Tlveup.a, Kal ev epyois dyadols reXeaavres rhv

\Cor.x-v.45yevop,ev(ov dvdpdiirwv,
1

Cor. xv. 52

Mat.

xiii.

43

irapovra

(3iov.

ttms Be

o~oi

BiTjyijaopai rr)v p,e\-

\ovaav avTOVs rore SmSe^ecr^ai B6av;


380

kciv

yap

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


which thou

callest

xxv. 228-230

" the
hope of some other un-

certain life," are true and unchangeable they


no end, and are not subject to decay. There
;

know
is

no

language that can declare the greatness of yonder


and the
glory and delight, of the joy unspeakable,
As
thou
everlasting gladness.
thyself seest, we all
die and there is no man that shall live and not see
;

death.

But one day we

shall all rise again,

when

our Lord Jesus Christ shall come, the Son of God,


in unspeakable glory and dread power, the only
King of kings, and Lord of lords to whom every
knee shall bow, of things in heaven, and things in
Such terror when the
earth, and tilings under the earth.
shall he then inspire that the very powers of heaven ^heavens
and before him there shall stand shall be
shall be shaken
in fear thousand thousands, and ten thousand times
ten thousand of Angels and Archangels, and the
whole world shall be full of fear and terror. For
one of the Archangels shall sound with the trump
of God, and immediately the heavens shall be rolled
and the earth shall be rent,
together as a scroll
and shall give up the dead bodies of all men that
ever were since the first man Adam until that
And then shall all men that have died since
day.
the beginning of the world in the twinkling of
an eye stand alive before the judgement seat of the
immortal Lord, and every man shall give account
Then shall the righteous shine forth
of his deeds.
as the sun
they that believed in the Father,
Son and Holy Ghost, and ended this present life
And how can I describe to thee
in jrood works.
the glory that shall receive them at that day ?
;

For though

compare their brightness and beauty


33i

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

rfkiaicCp irapaftdXX(o (ficoTt tyjv Xap,7rpoT7)Ta


avrcov fcal to fcdWos, kclv do~Tpairf] tij <fiavoTa.Tr),
ovBev tt}? \a/jL7rpoTr]TO<; iicelvi}^ dfyov ipo>. 6<fi0aXeiSe real ov<; ovk r]Kovo~e koX iirl icap//,09 yap ovk
Siav dvOpcoTTOV ovk aye/3?;, a rjTOipiaaev 6 @eo? Toh

T(p

is.

lxiv. 4

1 Cor. n. 9

dyairoycnv avTov iv
l

tt)

ftaaiXeca twv ovpavoiv, iv

Tim. vi 16 T(p (ficoTl t& dnrpoaiTW, iv


real aTeXevTrjTcp.

Cp. 2 Pet.

ho^r) ttj diropprjTG)

Kal ol [xev 8i/caioi tolovtcov Tev^ovTai twv


dyadcov ToiavTi]<$ he t?}? ixaicapioTr\TOS' ol he tov
oVtw? ovTa %ebv apvi]o~dfievoi, Kal tov TrXdaTTjv
Kal hij/niovpybv dyvo^craine^, haipioat he pnapoh
XaTpevcravTes, Kal elhoo\oi<; Koxfioh to o~e/3a<i
dirovelp-avTe^, ra? >)8ovd<; T6 tov pcaTaiov /3lov
tovtov 7rodr]cravT<?, Kal Blktjv 'xplpoav tw /3op/36pa> twv TvaOoiv KvXiaOevTes, Kal irdar]^ KaKias
eavTcov ^u^a? 7roit]adp,evoi,
o-Ta6i)aovTai yvpuvol Kal tt pajpfkia pievot , KaTycyxypbevoi Kal KaTrjcfieh, iXeeivol Kal t&> o~%?]p,aTC
oppLr\Ti')piov

Hci). iv. 13

Trj

Kal

Tfti

KTLcrei.

epyco,

Ta<;

TrpdypbaTi, oveiSos irpoKeipbevoi irdar]


irdvTa he avTwv tcl iv Xoyw, tcl
to,

iv

hiavoia,

irpb

irpoadiTrov

tj}

iv

avTcbv

iXevaovTai.

etTa, //.era tt)v aio~yyvr\v iKeivqv


yaXe.TTWTaTiqv Kal to oveihos iKelvo to
eh to irvp t?}9
dcfioprjTov, KaTahiKaadrjcrovTai
\
t
\
v>'r>
yeevvrjs to aarpecrTOV Kat, ayeyyes, et? to a koto?
'

N
v
\
'J- '
/0
/
to e^oiTepov, tov ppvy/xov tcov ooovtcov Kai aKoott)v

Mk. ix.43;
Mat. xiii.
42; Luk
xiii 28

>

>

XtjKa tov lo/36Xov.


avTf] r\ fiepl<; avTcoi', ovto<;
6 KXrjpos, oh eh alebvas crvveaovTai tou9 aTeXevTi]TOv<i TLpia>povpLvoi, dvO* wv, tcl iv iTrayyeXiais
dyaOd iraptoadpLevoi, Bid irpoaKaipov dp,apTta<;
inrep Brj
i]8ovr)v KoXacriv alwviov
i^eXe^avTO.

382

2.31

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxv. 230-231

to the light of the sun or to the 'brightest lightningshould 1 fail to do justice to their brightflash,

yet

Eye hath not

ness.

seen, nor ear heard, neither

man, the things which


that love him, in
them
for
hath
God
prepared
the kingdom of heaven, in the light which no

have entered into the heart of

man

can approach unto,

in

unspeakable and

his

unending glory.
and such bliss shall the righteous when the
Such Jiovs
J
. wicked
obtain, but they that have denied the only true God shall receive
their
and not known their Maker and Creator, but have punishment
1

and the

worshipped foul devils, and rendered homage to


,
f ,,
dumb idols, and loved the pleasures ot this vain
mire of sinworld, and, like swine, wallowed in the
,

-,

and made their lives a headquarters for all


wickedness, shall stand naked and laid bare, downin appearance
right ashamed and downcast, pitiable
and in fact, set forth for a reproach to all creation.
All their life in word, deed and thought shall come
ful lusts,

Then, after this bitter disgrace


and unbearable reproach, shall they be sentenced to
the unquenchable and light-less fire of Gehenna,
unto the outer darkness, the gnashing of teeth and
the venomous worm. This is their portion, this
their lot, in the which they shall dwell together

before their faces.

punishment for endless ages, because they rethem in promise, and,


jected the good things offered
in

for the

made

sake of the pleasure of sin for a season,


For these
of eternal punishment.

choice

383

righteous
their reward

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

ware t^? appyjTOV

tovtcov,

fiev

%a/5a?

e/ceivrjs

t%

Wisd. v.

eiTLTV^elv kcCl
diropprjTOV ho^rjs diroXavetv,
TOi? dyyeXois Se avTiXapareiv, /cal too dyaOco teal
yXvKVTaTO) AecnroTr/ pera 7rappr](Tia<; Trapicna-

a0ac,

Ta<?

Se Tipbooplas ical tneXev-

TU/cpoTUTas

T//Toy? /cat T^y ohvvr/pdv ifceivrjv e/ccjivyelv alo-yy-

ovk a^tov irpoeadai

vtjv, irocra
<T(Dfj.a.Ta,

he /cal

pdXXov

ical ^p-qpara
avras ras i^i^a?;

/cal 232
ti<?

acrweTO?, 009 prj


p,vplov^ vTroarP/vac irpoa/caipov^ davdrow;, u>a
tov alcovlov diraWayfi teal dreXevTrjrov davdrov,
outoj?

ttjv

T19

dyevvrjs,

^coijv

out&><?

Be /cXrjpovofii'/ar) tjjv
ical

dvooXeOpov,

too

pta<? ical ^wapyjiKi]^

(pcorl

p.atcapiav re ical

TrepiXapfydr) t?}? p,a/ca-

TptdBo?;

XXVI
Tovtcov dtcovcras
to

LTTepepivtov

ical

KoXaKeLais

fiacrtXevs tcov prjpciTCOv, ical


tov TraiSbs

dvevBoTOv ISoov

eifcovTos

p-i]Te
Xbycov TreiOol,
i@avp,ae p,ev eirl rrj
TridavoTTjTi tov Xoyov KCU Tal<i dvavTippi)T0i<i
diroKpLaecnv, rjXey^eTO Be vtto tov avveiBoTos,
dXyjdPj Xeyeiv avTov ical Blicaia virooeiKVvovTO^'
dXX dvOeiX/ceTO viro t/}? irovijpd^ crvvrjO eia<i ical

pLi]T

prj

tow
Ps. xxxii. 6

COV

Tip.'JcipLOJV

ev
6t)9

direiXals,

eei /3e/3aicodevTcov iv avTcp 7ra9c7jv, vcp'


iv K7Jfl(p KaTL^eTO KCLI "yaXlvCp, TCp (pOOTl

avy)(copovjievo<; irpocr^Xe^rat T/79 dXijOela*;.


66 ev nrdvTa Xidov, to tov Xoyov, tcivtov, ei^eTO
tov irdXai ctkotov, ttjv irpopeXeT^delcrav avTcp
tov 'Apa^Pj crtctj^riv et'9 epyov dyayelv
pbeTci
pi]

'

384

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


reasons

to

xxv. 231-xxvi. 232

obtain that unspeakable

that ineffable glory, to equal the

bliss,

Angels

to enjoy
in splen-

dour, and to stand with boldness before the good


and most sweetest Lord, to escape those bitter and

unending punishments and that galling shame


time after time, were it not worth men's while to
sacrifice their riches and bodies, nay, even their very
lives

Who

is

so cowardly,

who

so foolish, as not

endure a thousand temporal deaths, to escape


eternal and everlasting death, and to inherit life,

to

and imperishable, and to shine in the light


of the blessed and life-giving Trinity ?

blissful

'

XXVI
When

the king heard these words, and saw the The king
offereth to

ir.

steadfastness,

and unbuxomness
-,

01

Ins

son,

who

10 id

debate

truth
yielded neither to flattery, nor persuasion, nor threat, 1"^
he marvelled indeed at the persuasiveness of his religion

speech and his irrefutable anwers, and was convicted


by his own conscience secretly assuring him that
Ioasaph spake truly and aright. But he was dragged
back by his evil habit and passions, which, from long
use, had taken firm grip on him, and held him in as
with bit and bridle, and suffered him not to behold
the light of truth.
So he left no stone unturned, as
the saying is, and adhered to his old purpose, determining to put into action the plot which he and
Araches had between them devised. Said he to his

335
c c

ST.

Kal

(BovXapevo?.
Te/cvov,

Si

JOHN DAMASCENE

toZs

(firjcu

ijxol<i

tw

iraihi;

"E8et pev <re,


ev iraai

eiKeiv

dirXoos

TrpoaTaypaaiv uXX' eirel, atcXrjpb*; wv /ecu direi6r]S,


tV^fpw? oi;t09 avTearrjs puot, rr/v IZiav
irdvTCOV TTOir\ivLtrrd/jLevos yvd>p,rjv KvpcwTepav
aaa-dai, Sevpo

Si]

rfj

p,ajaia ivordcrei yaipeiv


Kal eirel

afufceo

eiVoWe?, ireidol TToXiTevaoipLeOa.

diTarrjo-a^

ere

BapXadp, oihrjpoheapio^

it

ap

Tvyy/wei, ifacXrjaido-as eKKXr/aiav p,eydXr)v,


Kal irdvrcvs i)peTepovq re Kal FaXiXaiov? eVl to

ipbol

avrb avy/caXeaas,

Kijpv/cds

re

SiapprjSrjv

/3odv

tov pb^heva tcop XpicrTiavcov SeSoiKevai,


dXX a0o/3w? TrdvTas crvveiaeXOelv, Koivfj Siaa/ceKal ij, TreioavTes, vpeis pera
frdyp.eOa yvcopb>].
tov vpuerepov BapXadp, rev^eade wv ea7rov8d/caT'
0(T7riaa<;

7],

ireiaOevTes, crvv eKovaict tTj yvcop^r) T049 irpocrvireiKeiv irpodvpLrjOeirjTe.

Taypaal pov
c

he (fipovipos rep ovtl

Kal

ex,e<f>poov

veavias,

tov debOev avTw ip,(pavccrdevTO<i opdp,aro<i


tt)v tov ftacuXew*i it pohehihay p,evo<; crKaiwpiav,
To OeXr/pa tov Kvpiov yeveaOw, Kal ecrrw
ecpr/Kadobs eKeXeuaa?- avTO? yap 6 dyaObs @eo<? Kal
hia

Ps. ivii. i

Aecr7ro-n;? Scor) rfjs evOeias


avT(p yap TreiroiOev r)

67r'

p,i)

TrXav^drjvai

pbov,
KeXevet 6

^jrv^i]

tote St] tot6


pe.
7rdvTa<; dBpoL^ecrPai elhwXoXaTpas
iXeijcrei

rjp,a<;'

Kal avTos
p3acriXev<i

Te Kal X\pia-

Tiavovs, ypap,p,dTU>v pev iravTayov hiairecfroiTrjKOto)p, KrjpvKcov Te dvd 7rdaa<; to.? Kwp,oiroXei<;
ftocovTcov tov parjheva tow XpiGTiavwv hehoiKevai
ojcttc dhoKiiTov Tt VTroaT?]vai, dXX! dhews 7rdvTa<;
KaO^ eTaipeiav Kal crvyyeveiav em to ai/TO crvveXdelv eirl cpiXaXijdei Kal ov /3e/3iacrp.evrj av^T^aei,

386

233

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


son,

xxvi.

'Although, child, thou oughtest

232-233

in all points

my commands, yet, because thou


stubborn and disobedient, and hast thus stiffly

simply to give in to
art

opposed me, insisting that thine own opinion should


prevail over

and

tance,

all,

bid

we now

let persuasion

farewell to vain insis-

be now our

policy.

forasmuch as Barlaam, thy deceiver,


prisoner in iron chains,

will

make

is

And,

my

here,

a great assembly,

and summon all our people and your Galileans, to one


and I will charge heralds to proclaim explace
none of the Christians shall fear, but
that
pressly
;

that

all

shall

muster without dread

hold debate together.

and we

will

If your side win, then shall

ye
and your Barlaam gain your desires
but if ye
lose, then shall ye with right good will yield yourselves to my commands.'
But this truly wise and prudent youth, forewarned,
;

by the heavenly

vision

sent

him, of his father

Be it
mischief, replied, 'The Lord's will be done!
according to thy command
May our good God and
!

Lord himself vouchsafe that we wander not from


the right way, for my soul trusteth in him, and he
shall be merciful unto me.'
There and then did the

king command
assemble.

all,

whether

idolaters or Christians, to

Letters were despatched in

all quarters
heralds proclaimed it in every village town that no
Christian need fear any secret surprise, but all might
come together without fear, as friends and kindred,
:

337
c c 2

The king

s christians
idolaters

ST.
fxera rov
Acts xix. 35

JOHN DAMASCENE
Ka6>iyep,6vo<; avrcav fieXa)aavToo<; 8e Kat tous
VtapXadp..

i^ap^ou Kal

Xovo-y yeveadai
T(t)V elhdiXcOV KCU aofyov?
/XUCTTa9 Kal V0)KOpOV<i
Tooi* ~Ka\8a[(iL>v Kal 'Ivhoiv, tovs Kara irdaav rqv
vtt' avrov ipxh v ovras, crvveKaXeaaro, icai rwai 234
o1wvo(tk.6ttov<; Kal yojjras Kat fiavreis, birco*; av
,

~KpicrTiavoov rvepiyevoivro.
Kal 8rj avv/jXdov 7rpo? rov /3aacXea

TrXrj0o<;

ttoXv
fivaapas avrov QprjGKelav Xpicrriavcov
8e eh evpedt] p,6vos ek (3o/]0etav eXOoov rov vo/mol p,ev yap
%op,evov BapXadfj,, bvbp.ari Bapa^ta?.
twv marcov Oavovres rjaav virb t?}? ru>v Kara
wokiv dp^ovruiv puavias Karaacpayevres' ol Be iv

t%

opeaiv d7TKpv7TT0VT0 Kal amfkaioi*; ru> <f>o/3(pro)v


dXXot Be iBeBotKeiaav ri^v
i7rinif.Levu)V Betv(hv.
direiXijV rov (3aacXeo)<;, Kal ovk iroX/xcov eavrovs
eh <a>9 dyayelv dXXa WKrepivol rjaav deoaefiek,
iv rw XeXrjdbri rw ~Kpiara> Xarpevovrei Kat fir)Be

Kelvo<;
fiovos,
Trappi]o-ia%6/jLevo(,.
tov rr)v -^/v^p, eh avvaycovcapiov r)X6e

8ap<co$

valos

yev7-779

dXrjOeias.

UpoKaOiaas

to'ivvv

6 fiaaiXev?

iirl

fiyjfiaTOS

avrw rov
vyjrrjXov re i<al fxereoypov, avveBpid^eiv
6 he, rf) 77/009 tov irarepa evXavlbv eKeXevaev.
rovro fir) 6eXn']aa<^ irotrjaai, eiri T//9
7^9 TrXrjaiOV avrov iKaOiae. rrapearrjaav toivvv
ol e7Tco-T7Jp,ove<; rl}<i yiwpavQelo-1]^ irapd rov f)eov
davvero<; KapBia, Kadcos (?/ao<pla<;, wv eTrXavijdr]
atv 6 'A7ro'crTo\o9* AoKovvres yap eivai ao(f>oi epuco- 235
pdvOrjaav, Kal tfXXatjav rr)v Bb%av rou d(j)0dprov
eoO iv 6{ioid>p.aTL Ovt]T(bv dv9 pcoircov Kal rerpafieia Kal ripifj

Cor.

i.

20

1)

Rom.

1.

rrbBwv

388

Kal eprrercov.

ovroi

avvfjXdov

avvdpai

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxvi.

233-235

the honest and unrestrained enquiry that should


be held with their chief and captain, Barlaam.
In
like manner also he summoned the initiate and the
temple-keepers of his idols, and wise men of the
Chaldeans and Indians that were in all his kingdom,
for

beside certain augurs, sorcerers and seers, that they


might get the better of the Christians.

Then were

there

gathered together multitudes

Baraobia*
a

jT)f*fv

ret 11

that held his loathly religion; but of the Christians as a chamwas there found one only that came to the help frueFaUh*
of the supposed Barlaam.
His name was Barachias.

For of the Faithful, some were dead, having fallen


victims to the fury of the governors of the cities ;

and some were hiding in mountains and dens, in


dread of the terrors hanging over them while others
had feared the threats of the king, and durst not
adventure themselves into the light of day, but were
worshippers by night, serving Christ in secret, and
in no wise boldly confessing him.
So noble-hearted
Barachias came alone to the contest, to help and
;

champion the

The king

truth.

down before all on a doom-stool high


and exalted, and bade his son sit beside him. He, in
reverence and awe of his father, consented not thereThere stood
to, but sat near him on the ground.
the learned in the wisdom which God hath made
foolish, whose unwise heai'ts had gone astray, as
sat

c
saith the Apostle
for,
professing themselves to be
became
fools, and changed the glory of
wise, they
the uncorruptible God into an image made like to
;

man, and four-footed beasts, and creeping


These were assembled for to join argument

corruptible
things.'

3S9

The king
judge the
cause,

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

7T/30? rov rov fiacnXews vibv Kal tou? rrepl


avrov, Kal errXiipovro err avrols rb t^? 7rapotp,[as,
on 7T/90? Xeovra Bop/<d<; pd)(7]<i rjirrero. 1 6 puevydp
rov T^narov edero Kara(pvy>]v avrov, Kal ev rrj

Xoyov

Ps. xci. 9

Ps. lvii.

Ps. cxivi. 2

Eph.

vi. 12

OKLO,

7 OiV

l]\'TTL0'6

aVTOV TTTepvyCDV

erreiToiQeaav rov

01

Be

TOi9

rovrov tois
KoopbOKpdropi rov okqtov*;,
aiowos

apyovaiv
Kar a pyov pevoi^ kcli rq>
& Kadvrrera^av eavroix; eXeeiv(b<; /ecu ddXiax;.
"Ayerat rolvvv o Na%(op rov BapXadp, vrroKal oi pev rrepl rov fiacriXea rov
Kpivopevo<i'
,

roiovrov elyovro okottov'

irepa Be rrdXiv t) croc/)?)


dvu>6ev cpKovopuei.
rrapiGrapevwv yap
rovrwv drrdvrcov cprjalv o /3acnXev<; rots p/iropaiv
rrpovoia

avrov Kai (f)iXoo~o(poi<;, paXXov Be T019 XeooTrXdvois


Kal davveroLs rrjv KapB'iav 'lBov Br) dyu>v vpiv
rrpoKeiraL Kai dycovcov o pLeyiaros. Bvoiv yap ddrepov yevqaerai vplv rj rd rjperepa Kparvvavras,
Kal rrXavdaOai rov BapXadp, Kal rov? crvv avru> 236
eXey^avras, Bo^rjs pueylarrj^ Kal ripi)^ Trap i-px&v
re Kal 7rao">/9 rvyelv rr)<; avyKX)'/rov Kal crrecfidvots
vikt]s

KaraarecpO Fjvai'

ala^vvr} KaKiyKUKax;

vperepa

ru>

B)jp(p

?;

i)rrrjOevra<i

avv

Trdarj

davaroiOrjvaL, rrdvra Be rd

Bo0P)vai,

0)9

dv rravrdrracnv
rd pev
77)9.

e^apOfi to pvrjpoavvov vpojv dirb rr\s

yap aojpara vpwv

Oiiptoi^ Bcoaco

irapavdXwpa, rd

Be reKva vpbwv Bt7]VKel KaraBovXooao) BovXeia.


Tovrcov ovrcos elprjpevwv rep plaacXet, 6 vibs

avrov

e<piy

Kpipa BiKaiov

crijpepov

eKpivas,

pr\v.
1

fir]

irhs

\4ovra

KaKfiyKOLKoos

390

&

Kparvvai K.vpio<; ravrr\v aov rrjv yvu>Kayu> Be rd avrd cfiypi rw epro BiBaaKaXw.

/3ao-tXeu'

on

Sop/car aipoo/mat [idxys.


p.

Suiclas, Lexicon.

220 of Boissouade above.

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxvi.

235-236

with the king's son and his fellows, and on


the proverb, ' Gazelle against lion.'

fulfilled

them was
The one

made the most High

his house of defence, and his


hope was under the shadow of his wings while the
;

others trusted in the princes of this world, who are


made of none effect, and in the ruler of the darkness

whom they have subjected themand wretchedly.


Now came on Nachor, in the disguise of Barlaam and biddcth
Ills 8T)OKOS~
and the king's side were like to reach their goal man be
but, once again, very different was the ordering thegrcatessofthe
of the wise 1providence of God.
When all the"issue
was
thus
the
to
his
come,
spake
company
king
orators and philosophers, or rather to the deceivers
of his people, and fools at heart, Behold now, there
lieth before you a contest, even the mightiest of
If
contests for one of two things shall befall you.
ye establish our cause, and prove Barlaam and his
friends to be in error, ye shall have your fill of glory
and honour from us and all the senate, and shall be
crowned with crowns of victory. But if ye be
of this world, to
selves miserably

'

worsted, in

ignominy ye shall pitiably perish,


your goods shall be given to the people, that
memorial
your
may be clean blotted out from off the
earth.
Your bodies will I give to be devoured by
wild beasts and your children will I deliver to

and

all

all

perpetual slavery.'
When the king had thus spoken, his son said, ' A adinonishioasaph.too,
,
,
,
/"v
righteous doom hast thou judged this day, (J king, ethhia
I
too have x'achor, the
The Lord establish this thy mind
c
the same bidding for my teacher.'
And, turning r ^am
.

l-ii-i

391

ST.
teal

JOHN DAMASCENE

erriarpacpels Xeyet

tw

HapXadpb elvar OiBas,


Bo^ij evpt^Kas Kal rpvcpiy
eireiads

Te

pie

co

Na^co/5, o? evopbi^ero
V>apXadpb, ev tlvc fie
kcll Xoyois irXelarois

rcov pcev irarpcocov a7rooTr)vai vopucov


Xarpevaat e&), dpprj-

eOcov, dyvcoarco Be
tivmv teal alcovicov

real

tcov

dyaOcov eirayyeXiats
rov vovv rocs crocs e^a/coXovdfjacu
Boypiaai Kal tov ep.ov irapairncpdvat nraTepa Te
Kal 8ea7TOT>]v; vvv ovv cos eiri rpvTcivrjs vopu^e
aeavrbv eardvai. el puev ydp, VLKrjaas ttjv irpoKei-

eXKvaas

fiov

irdXyv, dXrjOr) aov rd Boypuara Bei^eis a


eBlBa^as, irXavcopLevovs he iXey^ets tovs a/jpiepov 7]puv avTiTTiTTiovras, av p.ev Bo^aaOijajj cos
ovBels rcov TTcoirore yeyovorcov Kal Kijpvt; dXrjOelas
KXrjdijcTjj, 670) Be rfj crfi ep.p,evw BiBa^fj Kal rco
Xpiarcp Xarpevaco, /caOd Br) Kal Ki]pvas, p-^XP l
pt,evr)v

p,oi

ttjs

reXevraias pbov dvaTrvorjs'

etTe

BoXco eire dXr]6eia,

el

ala^vvijs

Be,

iprr/dels

plot

a?'jpepov

irpo^evos yV7], Oarrov eKBiKijaco p,ov rr)v vfipiv,


%epalv oiKelais rijv re KapBiav aov Kal rr)v yXcorrav e^opv^as, Kvai re fiopdv ravra ovv rep Xoittw 237
aov acoptaTi irapaBovs, "va iratBevOcoat Trdvres Bid

aov
Ps. vii. 16

Ps. xxxi. 5
Ps. xxxvii.

pur) TiXavdv viovs pJaaiXecov.


Tovtcov ciKovaas 6 Na^wp rcov pr]p,drcov, okvOpcoiros rjv Xiav Kal KaTijcp/]?, opcoi' eavrbv epariTTTOvra rco f360pcp co elpydaaro Kal rfj irayiBt y
eKpv-^re ovXXap,{3avop,evov, Kal njv popicpatav avrov els KapBiav avrov Karavocov eloBvop,evr)v.
^vXXoyiadptevos ovv KaO' eavrbv, rco tov j3aaiXecos vico pidXXov eyvco irpooTeOrjvaL Kal rd
eKeivov Kparvvai, tov Biacpvyelv rov e7nipri]p.evov

avTfp

39^

KivBvvov,

cos

eKeivov

evXoycos Bvvapievov

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxvi.

236-237

round to Nachor, who was supposed to be Barlaam,


he said, 'Thou knowest, Barlaam, in what splendour
and luxury thou foundest me. With many a speech
thou persuadedst me to leave my father's laws and
customs, and to serve an unknown God, drawn by the
promise of some unspeakable and eternal blessings,
to follow thy doctrines and to provoke to anger my
Now therefore consider that thou
father and lord.
If thou overcome in the
art weighed in the balance.
that
the
and
doctrines, which thou
wrestling,
prove
hast taught me, be true, and show that they, that
in error, thou shalt be magnified
try a fall with us, be
" herald
as no man heretofore, and shalt be entitled
of truth "; and I will abide in thy doctrine and serve
Christ, even as thou didst preach, until my dying
But if thou be worsted, by foul play or
breath.
thus bring shame on me to-day, speedily
and
fair,
with mine own
will I avenge me of mine injury
hands will I quickly tear out thy heart and thy tongue,
and throw them with the residue of thy carcase to be
meat for the dogs, that others may be lessoned by
;

thee not to cozen the sons of kings.'


When Nachor heard these words, he

was ex-

Nnchor,

and

downcast, seeing himself ioasaph,


*
destruction that he had made for
falling into the
\Ztihil
caus
~ drawn into the net that he had
other,> and beino,V'\i,
until

ceeding

sorrowful

good

laid privily,
own soul.

and feeling the sword entering into his


So he took counsel with himself, and

determined rather to take the side of the king's son,


and make it to prevail, that he might avoid the
danger hanging over him, because the prince was

393

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

Tifiwprjcracrdai avrbv, ecirep tt a pair tKpalvcov eupeto he rrdv rr\s delas rp> rrpovoias aocpws
Oelrj.

rd r)perepa

rcov evavricov

hcci

yap

els

Numb.

elhcoXcov

xxiL-xxiv.

^ a<

fc

^ItrpaifK,

/3e/3aiovar)s.

cos

Xoyovs r/Xdov dXXijXois ol puvcrrai rcov


Kal 6 Na%cop, KaOdirep rts aXXos Ba^1 T0 {) BaXa/c irore, eirapdcraoOai rbv
7rpo8ep,evos, iroXveiheaiv avrbv evXo-

yt]aev evXoylais, ovrcos Kal


Na^cb/5 la^vpcos
rols daocpois Kal davverots <ro<fiol<; dvriKadlararo.

K.a0e^op,evov

yap rov fiacnXecos eVt rov 0p6vov,

crvvehpid^ovros ko\ rov


Ps. lxiv. 3

is. lix.

vlov,

Kaddirep

ecpiipev,

rrapearcorcov he rcov otarrep popcpaiav ras yXcocrcras aKovycrdvrcov errl Ka0aipecrei rf)s dXi]0elas
daocpcov prjropcov, oi, ro rov
rrbvov Kal riKrovcrcv avopuav,

Hcra'iov, Kvovai
avveX0ovrcov he

6eav rov ay divas 6>are p.a0elv

diretpcov \acov els

viktjv diroicrerai, Xeyei rco


rcov avv avrco irdvrcov
el? rcov prjropcov,
o~v
el
ovrcos Kal
dvaia^vvrcos
hiacpopcoraros'

oirurepov pepos

ri)V

Na^wp

Irapuois els robs deovs f)fi)V e^vfipi^cov

Kal

rbv

cptXrarov

TrepifBaXoiv rfj

3apXadp,

rov /SaaiXecos roiavrrj


Kal rep earavpeopevco 81-

vlov

irXavrj

hd^as XarpeveLv; Kal

Eyco elpa, drrerovs 0eovs crov /xev


e^ovOevMV, KaOcos eipr)/ea$, rbv vlov he rov f3acriXecos ov irXdvr] 7rept,/3aXcov, dXXd TrXavrjs diraXXd^as Kal rco dXt]0ivco irpoaoLKetcoadp.evos ew.
Kal 6 p/jrtop' T6)v pbeydXcov, cpiiai, Kat davpuaencov
dvhpoyv row iraaav aocpi'as emcrrijpiw efjevpr)Korcov deovs vyjrrjXovs Kal dOavdrovs eKelvovs
6vop,a^6vrcov, Kal rrdvrcov rcov em yr)s ftacriXecov
kcu evho^cov avrois rrpoaKvvovvrcov Kal ae/3oKpivaro, eyco elpa

394

Na^cop-

Ba pXadp,,

238

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxvi.

237-238

doubtless able to requite him, should he be found to


all the work of divine
provoke him. But this was
that was wisely establishing our cause

providence
For when these
by the mouth of our adversaries.
crossed words, like another
idol-priests and Nachor
Barlaam, who, of old in the time of Balak, when
purposing to curse Israel, loaded him with manifold blessings, so did Nachor mightily resist these
unwise and unlearned wise men.
There sat the king upon his throne, his son beside
There beside him stood these
him, as we have said.
unwise orators who had whetted their tongues like a
sword, to destroy truth, and who (as saith
Esay) conceive mischief and bring forth iniquity.
There were gathered innumerable multitudes, come
to view the contest and see which side should carry
Then one of the orators, the most
off the victory.
'
eminent of all his fellows, said unto Nachor, Art thou
that Barlaam which hath so shamelessly and audaand hath enmeshed our
ciously blasphemed our gods,

sharp

well beloved son in the net of error, and


taught him to serve the Crucified?' Nachor ans'
wered, I am he, I am Barlaam, that, as thou sayest,
doth set your gods at nought but the king's son
have I not enmeshed in error but rather from error
have I delivered him, and brought him to the true
The orator replied, ' When the great and
God.'
marvellous men, who have discovered all knowledge
of wisdom, do call them high and immortal gods, and
kinsr's

when all the kings and honourable men upon earth


do wox-ship and adore them, how waggest thou tongue
395

JOHN DAMASCENE

ST.

p,eimv, 7TW9 avTO<; yXcoaaav kclt avrcov Kivels,


Kal oA&>? airodpaovveoQai ra roiavra ToXpds;

Acts

xiii.

16

Numb.

xxii.
28; 2 Pet. ii

16

Tt? he i) dirohei^t^ fir) tovtovs elvai deovs, dXXa


tov ecT avpuopevov; vTroXafiwv he 6 Ncr^cbp tov
fiev pijropa e/celvov ovhoXwi airoKplaewi rj^LcoaeKaTao~eio~a<; he rrj %e</H to ir\rjdo<; cnydv, dvot^as 239
to aToua avTOv, KaOdirep o tov BoXaau ovos, a
~
/
,
Q
^ ,
ou Trpoeuero
etireiv tclvtci XeXaXr/Ke- kul (prjai
tov
ftaaCXea'
7T/30?
.

>

/,.

XXVII
,

Seov ifxOov et? tov


tov ovpavov Kal yrjv Kal
oaXaaauv, ijXcov Te Kai aeXiji'rjv Kai Ta Xolttu,
eOavpaaa ttjv hiaKoap^aiv toutcov. lhd>i> he tov
Koapov Kal Ta ev avTW irdvTa, otl KaTa di dyKijv
KiveiTat,, o-vvP/Ka tov KivovvTa Kal hiaKpaTOvvTa
elvat Seov nrav yap to kivovv lo-yypoTepov tov
Kii'01'p.evou, Kal to htaKpaTovv layypoTepov tov
avrbv ovv Xeyco elvai
htaKpaTovpievov eaTiv.
foeov tov o~vaTr]adp.evov to. irdvTa Kal hiaKpaTodi'Ta, dvapyov Kal dthiov, dOdvaTOV Kal dirpoahefj, dvwTepov irdvTOiv tojv iradwv Kal eXaTTWpuTwv, opyrjs re Kal Xr/flrjs Kal dyvola<; Kal tow
oV avToO he to, irdvTa avveaTrjKev.
Xoi7ro)v.
ov
Ovaias Kal airovhrj^, ovhe izdvTO&v twv
"^prj'Cei
Eyoo, fiaaikev, irpovota

Cp. 2 Mace.

i.

17

Actsxvii.

it,

Cp. Col.

Koapbov

Kal

decop>]cra<;

<pmi'op.evGov irdvTes he aiiTOv -^prj^ovai.


Yovtwv ovTOis elprjpievoiv irepi QeoO, KaOax; epe

e^'oprjae

irepl

avrov \eyeiv,

eXOwpev Kal eirl


Tive<? avTwv

to di'dpcoTTivov yevos, oVa)? 'ihcopiev


peTey^ovai Tr}<; d\i]6eia<; Kal Tive<;

396

t?}?

irXavr]^. 240

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


against them, and, in brief,

mighty brazen-faced

What

xxvi. 238-xxvii.

240

how
is

durst thou be so
the manner of thy
'

proof that the Crucified is God, and these be none ?


Then replied Nachor, disdaining even to answer the
He beckoned with his hand to the multispeaker.

tude to keep silence, and opening his mouth, like


Balaam's ass, spake that which he had not purposed
to say, and thus addressed the king.

XXVII
'By the providence of God, O king, came I into
and when I contemplated heaven and
earth and sea, the sun and moon, and the other

the world

was led to marvel at their fair


order.
And, when I beheld the world and all that
therein is, how it is moved by law, I understood that
he who moveth and sustaineth it is God. That
which moveth is ever stronger than that which
is moved, and that which sustaineth is stronger than
Him therefore I call God,
that which is sustained.
heavenly bodies,

Nachor
inneth
k?J?

discourse
P

OF

ar istides)

who

constructed all things and sustaineth them,


without beginning, without end, immortal, without
want, above all passions, and failings, such as anger,
forgetfulness, ignorance, and the like.
By him all
He hath no need of sacrifice, or
things consist.
drink-offering, or of any of the things that we see,
but all men have need of him.
'Now that I have said thus much concerning God,
according as he hath granted me to speak concerning
himself, come we now to the human race, that we
may know which of them partake of truth, and

397

of idolaters,
ctoiatiaas

ST.
cpavepbv yap

JOHN DAMASCENE

eanv

i)puv, co

(3aat\ev,

6n

rpia yevrj

elalv dvOpcorrcov ev rw^e rw Koa/xcp' cov eicrlv oc


rcov Trap" vpcov Xeyofxevcov decov rrpoaKwqrai,
Kal 'lovBaloi, Kal \pianavol- avrol Se rraXiv,
oc rois rroWovs ae t3ouevoi Oeovs, els rpia Siatyevrj, X.a\8alovs re Kal "E\\)i'a? Kal
Xcyvirrlovs' ovroi yap yeybvaaiv dp^yol Kal
SlSaCTKaXoi TOi9 XoiTTOlS hOveai T.79 rCOV 7T0\VC0vv/jLoov Oecov Xarpelas Ka\ irpoaKWrjaecos.
l8co/iev
ovv rive? rovrcov fiereyovai, rr)s dXrjdelas Kal

povvrai

rives rr/s rrXdvrjs.

Rom. L

25

0/ /iev yap \a\Salot, 01 p.i] el Sores Qeov,


eir\avr\Or]aav orrcaco ron> aroiyeicov nai ijp^avro
aefieaOai rrjv Krlaiv rrapd rov Krlaavra avrovs'
cov

p.opcpci>p.ard riva

Kal

eKrvircojiaia

6a\daai]S,
aroiyeicov

rov

rjkjuov
rj

iroirjaavres

ovcavov Kal
re

rr)s

real ae\i]vi]s,

epeoar: pcov, Kal,

covopaaav

7%

fcal

rr/s

Kal rcov Xolttcov

avyK\elaavres vaols,

rrpoaKvvovai Oeovs KaXovvres, ovs koI rijpovaiv


Kal
dacpa\6)s Iva pvq Kkarrcoaiv vtto \rjorwv.
ov avvrjKav on rrdv rb r?]povv p.el^ov rov rrjpovrroioiv pel^cov earl rov iroiovp.evov earl, Kal
fxevov
rr)s

el

yap dovvarovaiv

ISlas acorrjplas,

ttcos

01

Oeol

aWois

avrwv

acorr)plav

rrepl

ya-

plaovrat; 7r\dvi]v ovv pLeyaXrjv irr\avi]0>]aav 01


\a\caioi, ae 3op.evot dydXfiara veKpa Kal dv<oKal 0avp,deiv pioi irrepyerac, co /3aai\ev,
cpe\/].
7TOJ9 01
\eyop.evoc cpi\oaocpot, airwv ovto\cos
t

on Kai avrd rd aroiyeia cpOaprd eanv.


ra arotyeia cpOaprd eari Kal vnoraaaop.eva
Kara dvdyKrjv, rrcos elac Oeol; el te rd aroiyela
avvrjKav

el

Be

39S

241

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxvn. 240-241

which of error. It is manifiest to us, O king, that


there are three races of men in this world those
that are worshippers of them whom ye call gods,
:

Christians. And again those who serve


are divided into three races, Chaldeans,

and Jews, and

many gods

Greeks and Egyptians, for these are to the other


nations the leaders and teachers of the service and
worship of the gods whose name is legion. Let us
therefore see which of these hold the truth, and
which error.
'The Chaldeans, which knew not God, went astray of idolaters,
first f
after the elements and began to worship the creature the
Chaldeans
rather than their Creator, and they made figures of
these creatures and called them likenesses of heaven,
and earth and sea, of sun and moon, and of the other
elements or luminaries. And they enclose them in
of gods,
temples, and worship them under the title

and guard them in safety lest they be stolen by


robbers.
They have not understood how that which
is ever greater than that which is guarded,
guardeth
and that the maker

is greater than the thing that is


the
for,
gods be unable to take care
of themselves, how can they take care of others?
Great then is the error that the Chaldeans have

made

if

worshipping lifeless and useless images.


to wonder, O king, how they, who
are called philosophers among them, fail to understand that even the very elements are corruptible.
in

erred

And

Hut

if

am moved

the elements are corruptible and subject to


how are they gods ? And if the elements

necessity,

399

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

Qeo'i, 7rw? tcl dyd\p.ara, a yeyovev et?


avTMV, Oeol virdpyovcnv;
"EXOw/iev ovv, a) fiacriKev, eirl avid ra aroiyela, 07r&)9 d7To8eL^cofiev ire pi avrcov oti ovk elcn
Oeol, dWa (fjdaprd Kal d\Xotovp:eva, i/c tov p,rj
1
ovtos irapayOevTa TrpoaTdyp.an rov ovtcos eov,
kcli
ical
re
ianv
dvaWoiu>Tos
05
aopadcpOapTos
T05 avrbs Be irdvra opa, icai, Ka6d>$ fiovkerai,
dXkoiol ical fMTa/3dWei. il ovv \eyco Tvepl rcov

ouk

eial

ti/jli]v

aTOtyeiwv;

01

7'0/i/^o^Te?

top ovpavbv

elvat,

Oebv irXavoiV-

Tpeiropievov /cac Kara


i/c iroWwv crvveo~TO)Ta'
kcu
Kivovpievov,
dvdytcriv
Bib kcu /coo"yu,o? KaXelrai.
Koapios Be KaTacrKevt]

rai.

opwp-ev

yap avTov

earl Tiz'05 reyvbTov rb KaraaKevaadev Be dpyr\v


Kal reXos eyei.
Kivelrai Be 6 ovparos Kara
avayKrjv

aarpa

aw
rd^ei

cn]p.elov

els

Tot?

avrov

Kal

BiaaTrjpLaTi

a>]p,e2ov,

ol

ra

yap

cpepopieva

diro

<pwaTi]pai'

pev

dvareWovai, Kal Kara Kaipovs

Bvovaiv,

01

Be

iropelav iroiovv-

tov aTToreXelv Oepi] Kal ^ecpiwva^, Ka6d


eirneraKTai avTols irapd rov Seov, Kal ov irapafiaivovat Tou? 18lov<; 6pov<;, Kara dirapaiTr]TOV
oQev
(pvaecos dvdyKrjv, avv tw ovpavup KoapiM.
rai

(pavepov

epyov

O/

eari

pit)

eivai

tov

ovpavov 6eov

dW

(~)eov.

Be vopit,ovre<i rr]V yrjv elvat 6edv eirkavijopoyp,ev yap avriju viro twv dvdpanrcov

6r\aav.

v/3pi^op.evrjv Kal KaraKvpievop,evr}v Kal cpvpopievr/v


Kal d^prjarov yivop,evi]v. eav yap ottt^OF/, ylverat
eri
veKpd' eK yap rov oarpaKov (pverat ovBev.
1
uvtos, Pemb. Coll. Camb. MS.

400

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,


are not gods,

honour, gods

how

xxvn. 241

are the images, created to their

'Come we then, O king, to the elements themwe may prove concerning them, that they

selves, that

are not gods, but corruptible and changeable things,


brought out of non-existence by the command of

him who

is

God

indeed,

who

is

incorruptible,

and

unchangeable, and invisible, but yet himself seeth


all things, and, as he willeth, changeth and altereth
What then must I say about the
the same.
elements ?
'They, who ween that the Heaven is a god, are in Nachor
For we see it turning and moving by law, that "the
error.
and consisting of many parts, whence also it is called elements
"
is the handiwork of gods,Cosmos Now a " Cosmos
and that which is wrought by jjg^
some artificer
And the
handiwork hath beginning and end.
firmament is moved by law together with its
The stars are borne from Sign to Sign,
luminaries.
each in his order and place some rise, while others
set: and they run their journey according to fixed
seasons, to fulfil summer and winter, as it hath been
ordained for them by God, nor do they transgress
their proper bounds, according to the inexorable law
of nature, in common with the heavenly firmament.
Whence it is evident that the heaven is not a god,
but only a work of God.
'
They again that think that the Earth is a god- nor Earth,
dess have gone astray. We behold it dishonoured,
mastered, defiled and rendered useless by mankind. If
it be baked by the sun, it becometh dead, for nothing
groweth from a potsherd. And again, if it be soaked
!

1
A play on the Greek word Kosmos which means
orderly arrangement, (2) Universe.

(1)

An
401

n o

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE

he zeal edv eVl irXeov plpa^fi, cpOeipeTat real avrr) 242


ol KCLpiroi avrrj^;.
KarairarelTai he inro re

/cat

tmv Xolttcov ^cocov, aipacrt (povevopevcov fiicuveTCtL, htopvaaerai, ve/cpoov 0?]Kr] yiverai crcopLUTcov.
tovtcov outcos ovtcov, ovk evheX eTai T h v JV V twai Oedv dXX* epyov Seov els
dv0pco7rcov real

y^pr)<riv dvOpcoircov.

Ol

he vo/AL^ovTes to vhcop elval

Oebv e7rXavijKaX avTO jap ets xprjcriv tcov dvOpcoircov


yeyove, Kal KaraKvpieverat vir^ avTcov, piaiverai
Kai cpOeiperai, /ecu dXXotovrat e^opevov Kal
dXXaacropievov ^pcopaat, Kal vtto tov /cpvovs
Tniyvvpuevov, Kal els irdvTcov tcov ciKaddprcov
irXvaiv dyop,evov.
htb dhvvcnov to vhcop eivat
Oebv dU' epyov QeoO.
Ol he vop-L^ovTes to irvp eivat debv irXavcovTai.
Kal avrb yap els xpfjcriv eyevero dvOpcoircov.
KaX KaTatcvpieverai vir avrcov, ireptcpepopevov eK
0>]aav.

TOTTOV 61? TOTTOV els e^rjCTlV KO.I OlTTlpJlV ITaVTOhairwv Kpeoiv, ert he tca\ veKpcov acoptaTcov.
cpOeipeiat

he

koX

Kara iroXXovs

Tpbirovs,

virb

dvO pcoircov a/3evvvptevov. hto ovk ephemeral


to irvp eivat Oebv dXX! epyov 0eoO.
Oi he vopt^ovTes r?]v reap dvepucov ttvotjv eivat
Oeav irXavwvTar (pavepbv yap eartv ore hovXevet
erepu>, Kal ")(.dpiv ray avO pcoircov KareaKevaarai
vtto
tov QeoO irpbs peTaycoyyjv irXoicov Kal
tcov

trvyKopuhas tcov ltit'icov, Kal els Xotirds avrcov


Xpelas av^et re Kal Xyyet, Kar eiriTayrjv BeoO.
hto ov vevop-iarat ttjv tcov dveptcov irvotjv eivat
6edv dXX' epyov 0eoO.
Ol he vopLt^ovres tov yjXlov eivat Oebv irXavcov-

402

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxvu. 242

overmuch, it rotteth, fruit and all. It is trodden


under foot of men and the residue of the beasts it
is
polluted with the blood of the murdered, it is
digged and made a grave for dead bodies. This being
so, Earth can in no wise be a goddess, but only the
work of God for the use of men.
'They that think that Water is a god have gone
It also hath been made for the use of men.
astray.
it
is
It is under their lordship
polluted, and
:

nor Water,

altered by boiling, by dyeing, by


congealment, or by being brought to the cleansing
Wherefore Water cannot be a
of all defilements.

perisheth

it

is

god, but only the work of God.


'They that think that Fire is a god are in error,
It is subject
It too was made for the use of men.

nor Fire,

to their lordship, being carried about from place to


all manner of
place, for the seething and roasting of

meats, yea, and for the burning of dead corpses.


Moreover, it perisheth in divers ways, when it is
quenched by mankind. Wherefore Fire cannot be

work of God.
'They that think that the breath of the Winds

a god, but only the

is

nor the

a goddess are in error. This, as is evident, is subject the winds


to another, and hath been prepared by God, for the

sake of mankind, for the carriage of ships, and the


conveyance of victuals, and for other uses of men,
it riseth and falleth according to the ordinance of
Wherefore it is not to be supposed that the
God.
breath of the

Winds

is

a goddess, but only the work

of God.
'

They

that think that the

Sun

is

a god are in Nor

403
n d 2

are the

ST.

JOHN DAMASCENE
\

rai.

opcofiev

Kal

y/crjv

clvtov

yap

rpeiropievov,

tcivovfievov

real

Kara ava-

pieraftaivovra

enro

cn]fielov, 8vvovra Kal dvareXXovra, 243


rod Oep/xaiveiv ra (pvra Kal (3\aara elq %prjcnv
twc dv6p(x)irm>, en 8e Kal p,epio~p,ov<; eyovra
p.erd rwv \oi7ro)V darepcov, Kal eXdrrova bvra
T0V OVpai'OV TToXv, Kal K\eL7T0VTa TOV (pOiTOS,

arjpLelov

Kal

ei<?

p,i]8epii,av

paarai rbv

01

avroKpdreiav eyovra. 8ib ov vevoaX)C epyov eoO.

rjXiov elvai Oeov

8e vopii^ovres rrjv ae\t]vr]v elvai Bedv ir\a-

bpwpiev yap avrrjv Kivovpbevqv Kara


Kal rpeiropievrjv, Kai p,era/3aivovcrav
dirb o~r)pi6iov 6? crrjpielov, 8vvovadv re Kal dva-

vwvrai.

dvdyKrjv

reXXovaav eh yjpeiav rcov dvOpoorrcov, Kal eXdrTova ovaav rov rfxiov, av^ofievrjv re Kal pueiovKal eKXeLtyeis e^ovaav. 8ib ov vevbpnarai
Qeav aKK epyov eov.
01 8e vop,iovre<; rbv dvOpcoirov elvai Oeov
rrXavwvrai.
opoypuev yap avrov Kivovp,evov Kara
dvdyKrjv, Kal rpe(popievov Kal yrjpdo-KOvra, Kal
Kal irore p,ev %aipei, rrore
p,rj OeXovros avrov.
8e \vrrelrai, Seopievos (Spcofidrcov Kal rrorov Kai
elvai he avrov bpyiXov Kal ^Xoorrjv
ea0r)To<;.
Kal erTiQvp,y]TTi}V > Kal p,erap,e\6pLevov, Kal rroWa
pievrjv,

rr\v aeXr\vr]v elvai

eXarrcopara eyovra. (pOeiperai 8e Kara ttoXXovs


rpoirovs, vrrb arovyeiwv Kal ^wcov, Kai rov eiriovk ev8e^erai ovv elvai
Keipievov avr(p Qavdrov.
rbv dvQpwrrov Oeov a\V epyov BeoO.
TrXdvrjv
ovv pieydXyv Tr\av7]0ijaav ol Xa\8aioi, biriaco
royv

7n0vpLr)p,dr(DV

ae/3ovrai yap ra
ra veKpa dytCX^ara, Kai

avrebv.

Kal

(pOaprd oroi^ela
ovk aladdvovrai ravra Qeorroiovp,evoi.

404

244

BARLAAM AND lOASAPH,


We

xxvu. 242-244

him moving and turning by law, and heavenly


bodies gods
neither
passing from Sign to Sign, setting and rising, to
warm herbs and trees for the use of men, sharing
error.

see

power with the other stars, being much less than the
heaven, and falling into eclipse and possessed of no
sovranty of his own. Wherefore we may not consider
that the Sun is a god, but only the work of God.

Moon is a goddess are


behold her moving and turning by law,
and passing from Sign to Sign, setting and rising for
the use of men, lesser than the sun, waxing and
'

They

that think that the

in error.

We

waning,

suffering

consider that the

eclipse.

Moon

is

nor tho

Wherefore we do not
a goddess, but only the

work of God.

'They that think that Man

We

see

old,

even against

god are in error. Nor again


may Man
law, growing up, and waxing himself be a
Now he rejoiceth, now he
will.
is

man moving by

grieveth,

his

requiring meat

and drink and raiment.

and
passionate, envious, lustful, fickle,
a
in
and he perisheth
full of failings
many way, by
Besides he

is

the elements, by wild beasts, and by the death that


ever awaiteth him. So Man cannot be a god, but only
Great then is the error that the
the work of God.

Chaldeans have erred

in following their

own

lusts;

and dead
they worship corruptible elements
are making
that
do
neither
they
they perceive
images,
for

gods of these.

405

ST.
v

KX0cop,ev ovv
Ti

et
Cp.
I.

22

Rom.

JOHN DAMASCENE
iiri

(ppovovai

roi"?

rrepl

"EXXrjva?, iva iSco/xev


ol
ovv "EXXrjves

eo0.

Xeyovres elvat ipbwpdvdi^crav yeipov rcov


\a\Balcov, 7rapeio-dyoi>re<} iroXXovf Oeovs <yeyevfjadai, rovs p,ev dppevas, rov<; 8e OrjXeca^,
nravTo'iwv iraddv real TravToSarrtov Sijpuovpyovs
oQev yeXola Kal pcoypd zeal dae^rj
avopuTqpbaTWv.
acKpol

"

roil?
*ra<?

ol

EXXijves, BaoiXev, p?]p,ara,


irpocrayopevovTes deovs, Kara
e7ridvfiia<i avrcov to-? irovqpdf, Iva, tovtovs

Trapeiayyayov
pur)

ovtcls

/caKias, pLOi^evcoatv,
cruvyp/opovs
e%ovre<i t?}?
dpird^cocn, (povevcocri, Kal t TrdvSeiva ttolcoctlv.
el yap ol 0eol avrcov roiavra iirolrjaav, rrcos Kal

ov

avrol
rcov

roiavra rrpd^ovaiv;

errirr]hev pidrcov

t/}?

e'/e

rrXdv^

rovrcov
o~vve/3i]

ovv
rov<>

dv0pcorrov<; rroXepiovs eyeiv ctv^vov;, real crcpayds


Kal al^paXcoo-'ias iriKpds. dXXa kcli Ka0^ eKaarov
rcov dewv avrcov el OeXrjaopuev ekOelv rco Xoyco,

7roW?]v

'O

6-yfrec

rrjv

drornav.

rrpcoros irapeiadyerai avrols rrpb rrdvrcov

6 Xey6p,evo<i Kpovos, Kal rovrco dvovai rd


tSia re/cva, o? ecr^e iraiSas ttoWovs eic t?}? 'Pea?,
Kal pbavels r)o~die rd iSia reKva.
cpaal Be rbv Ala
0eb<;

avrov rd dvaynala Kal /3aXelv elf rrjv


0dXaaaav, odev ^Acppoolrrjv pcvdeverai yevvdadac. 245
S??cra? ovv rov 'IBiov rrarepa 6 Zevf efiaXev eh rov
Koijrai

opas rr\v irXdvrjv /cat daeXyeiav i)v


'Ydprapov.
rrapeiadyovai Kara rov 0eov avrcov; ivSe^erai
ovv debv elvai heapnov Kal uttokottov; co t%
dvolas' Tt9 row vovv eyovrcov ravra cp/jaeiev;
Aevrepos rrapeicrdyerai 6 Zevs, ov (pacrt, (3acnXevcrai twv 0ecov avrcov, Kal pierapiopcj)ova0ai elf

406

BARLAAM AND IOASAPH,

xxvn. 244-245

Now come we to the Greeks that we may see


whether they have any understanding concerning
God. The Greeks, then, professing themselves to be
wise, fell into greater folly than the Chaldeans,
alleging the existence of many gods, some male,
others female, creators of all passions and sins of every
kind. Wherefore the Greeks, O king, introduced an
absurd, foolish and ungodly fashion of talk, calling
them gods that were not, according to their own evil
1

Of the errors
Greeks and

grange
ods

that, having these gods for advocates of


passions
their wickedness, they might commit adultery, theft,
;

all manner of
For if their gods
iniquity.
how should they not themselves do the like ?

murder and
did so,

Therefore from these practices of error it came to


pass that men suffered frequent wars and slaughters

But if now
captivities.
of
in
review
each
one
these gods,
pass
sight shalt thou see

and cruel

we choose

to

what a strange

and foremost they introduce the god whom


call
Kronos, and to him they sacrifice their own
they
children, to him who had many sons by Rhea, and in
And they say
a fit of madness ate his own children.
that Zeus cut off his privy parts, and cast them into
the sea, whence, as fable telleth, was born Aphrodite.
So Zeus bound his own father, and cast him into
Dost thou mark the delusion and lasTartarus.
f

First

Of Krouos,

civiousness tha