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Notebook # 1

Base Units
Unit name

Symbol

Scenario

Mass

Kilogram

kg

23.4g= 0.0234kg decimal goes 3 to left

Length

Meter

1 m= 3ft 3.37in

Time

Second

1s= 0.0166667 minute

Electric

Ampere

1A= 1c of charge flows through conductor for 1s

Temperature

Kelvin

1K= -457.87 Fahrenheit

Amount of substance

Mole

mol

Luminous intensity

Candela

cd

Derived units
Quantity

Unit name

Symbol

British units

When used and why?

Definition

Absorbed dose

Gray

Gy

rad

Used to measure amount of


radiation absorbed by an object
or person.

Amount of energy deposited in any medium


(water, tissue, air)

Charge

Coulomb

esu

Force of 2 electrically charged


bodies attract or repel one
another depends on product of
the charges (coulombs)

1C=6.24x10^18
If polarities are same (- & -)(+ &+), the coulomb
force is repulsive repels.
If polarities are different (+ & -), the force is
attractive.

2
Electric potential

Volt

Difference between excess


electrons at one end & lack of
electrons at other end of circuit

Stored energy which has potential to do work,


release energy

Energy

joule

ft/lb

Used to produce electricity

The ability to do work

Exposure

Coulomb/ kilogram

C/kg

Roentgen

Measure of ionization of air due to ionizing


radiation from photons (gamma and x rays)

Hertz

Hz

Cycles per second


(cps)

Rate will be proportional to


radioactivity and inversely
proportional to the square of
the distance
1 Hz = 1 cycle/sec
Rate of rise and fall of a wave

Frequency

Force

Newton

Cause an object with mass to


change its velocity to accelerate

Any interaction that will change motion of an


object

Magnetic flux

Weber

Wb

Magnetic flux density

Tesla

Power

Watt

Radioactivity

Bequerel

Bq

Quantum theory
(Planks Constant)

4.15x10^-15

Gauss

Curies (Ci)

Moving from north round to


south
Joule per second J/s
P=W/t
1 curie=3.7x10^10 radioactive
decays per sec
-some isotopes are used in
treatment of cancer
-sterilize medical instruments
-preparing synthetic elements
-detecting faults in metal
structures
-tracer for medical diagnosis
Exists at the speed of light
-Amplitude is lower at beginning
of wave
-Photon energy directly
proportional to photon
frequency & inversely

# of wavelengths that pass a certain point per


second

The number of magnetic field lines passing


through a closed surface
Around the magnet there is a magnetic field and
this gives flow of magnetic energy
Rate of doing work
Amount of energy given per unit time
Atoms that have unstable nucleus- exist in in an
unnaturally excited state
-undergo radioactive decay
Release nuclear particles and become another
element
Ex: uranium - radium - radon
Planck theorized electromagnetic radiation can
only exist as packets of energy- photons
E=hf
E-photon energy
h-Plancks constant
f- photon frequency

Inverse square law

Measure for
Intensity

proportional to photon
wavelength
Measure intensity

Law of electrostatics that states the force


between 2 charges is directly proportional to the
product of their magnitudes and inversely
proportional to the square of the distance
between them.

Radiologic Units
Radioactivity

SI units
Becquerel (bq)

Common units
Curie (Ci)

Absorbed dose

Gray (Gy)

Rad

1rad= 0.01 gray (Gy)


1gray=100 rad

Dose equivalent

Sievert (Sv)

Rem

1rem= 0.01 sievert (Sv)


1(Sv)=100 rem

Exposure

Coulomb/kilogram (C/kg)

Roentgen (R)

1R=0.000258
coulomb/kilogram (C/kg)
1(C/kg)=3880 roentgens

1curie= 3.7 x 10^10 per sec.