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# 1

Notebook # 1

Base Units
Unit name

Symbol

Scenario

Mass

Kilogram

kg

Length

Meter

1 m= 3ft 3.37in

Time

Second

Electric

Ampere

Temperature

Kelvin

## 1K= -457.87 Fahrenheit

Amount of substance

Mole

mol

Luminous intensity

Candela

cd

Derived units
Quantity

Unit name

Symbol

British units

Definition

Absorbed dose

Gray

Gy

or person.

## Amount of energy deposited in any medium

(water, tissue, air)

Charge

Coulomb

esu

## Force of 2 electrically charged

bodies attract or repel one
another depends on product of
the charges (coulombs)

1C=6.24x10^18
If polarities are same (- & -)(+ &+), the coulomb
force is repulsive repels.
If polarities are different (+ & -), the force is
attractive.

2
Electric potential

Volt

## Difference between excess

electrons at one end & lack of
electrons at other end of circuit

release energy

Energy

joule

ft/lb

## The ability to do work

Exposure

Coulomb/ kilogram

C/kg

Roentgen

## Measure of ionization of air due to ionizing

radiation from photons (gamma and x rays)

Hertz

Hz

(cps)

## Rate will be proportional to

proportional to the square of
the distance
1 Hz = 1 cycle/sec
Rate of rise and fall of a wave

Frequency

Force

Newton

## Cause an object with mass to

change its velocity to accelerate

object

Magnetic flux

Weber

Wb

## Magnetic flux density

Tesla

Power

Watt

Bequerel

Bq

Quantum theory
(Planks Constant)

4.15x10^-15

Gauss

Curies (Ci)

## Moving from north round to

south
Joule per second J/s
P=W/t
decays per sec
-some isotopes are used in
treatment of cancer
-sterilize medical instruments
-preparing synthetic elements
-detecting faults in metal
structures
-tracer for medical diagnosis
Exists at the speed of light
-Amplitude is lower at beginning
of wave
-Photon energy directly
proportional to photon
frequency & inversely

second

## The number of magnetic field lines passing

through a closed surface
Around the magnet there is a magnetic field and
this gives flow of magnetic energy
Rate of doing work
Amount of energy given per unit time
Atoms that have unstable nucleus- exist in in an
unnaturally excited state
Release nuclear particles and become another
element
only exist as packets of energy- photons
E=hf
E-photon energy
h-Plancks constant
f- photon frequency

## Inverse square law

Measure for
Intensity

proportional to photon
wavelength
Measure intensity

## Law of electrostatics that states the force

between 2 charges is directly proportional to the
product of their magnitudes and inversely
proportional to the square of the distance
between them.

SI units
Becquerel (bq)

Common units
Curie (Ci)

Absorbed dose

Gray (Gy)

Dose equivalent

Sievert (Sv)

Rem

## 1rem= 0.01 sievert (Sv)

1(Sv)=100 rem

Exposure

Coulomb/kilogram (C/kg)

Roentgen (R)

1R=0.000258
coulomb/kilogram (C/kg)
1(C/kg)=3880 roentgens