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THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN JKR/PWD AND PAM CONTRACT

JKR/PWD
- Standard form of contract for
government and
public sector
project.

PAM
- Standard form of contract for private
sector and traditional general contract
- PAM covered building work only.

- JKR/PWD covered all building and


engineering work.
- Standard form for JKR/PWD are :
I.
203 (Rev 10/83) without
quantities
II.

203A (Rev 10/83) with


quantities

III.

203N (Rev 10/83) for NSC

IV.

203P (Rev 10/83) for


nominated suppliers

V.

PWP Form DB/T (2000 Edn) For


Design And Build Turnkey
Contracts

I.
II.

Miscellaneous :
CIDB Form for building contracts
2000 Edn
Modified JKR/PWD Forms, eg LPK,
MHA etc

- PAM contract not covered


I.
Engineering construction
contract (other than building
II.
Package deal / Turnkey
III.
Management type
IV.
Domestic subcontract
V.
Serial contract
VI.
Periodic /Term contract
VII.
Continuation control
VIII.
Other miscellaneous contract
- Standard form for PAM :
(Building Works)
I.
PAM 98 with quantities
II.
III.

PAM 98 without quantities


PAM NSC 98

ISSUES PERIOD OF
INTERIM
CERTIFICATE

ISSUE OF
INTERIM
CERTIFICATE
OF SITE
VALUATION

PERIOD OF
HONOURING
THE
CERTIFICATE

ISSUING
PERSON

AMOUNT
TO BE
PAID

CONTRACT
FORM

PWD
203A

One month
[Clause 47(a)]

14 days after
site
valuation
[Clause 47
(b)]

30 days from
the
date of the
issuance
of the Interim
Certificate
[Clause 47(d)]

Superintending Value of
Officer (S.O)
Work
Done +
90%
Material On
Site

PAM
1998

One Month
[Clause 30.2)

Upon the
receipt of
Contractors
details
and particulars
[Clause 30.2]

14 days from
the date
of the
issuance of
Interim
Certificate
[Clause 30.2]

Architect

Value of
Work Done
+ 90%
Material On
Site

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CONTRACT FORM JKR 203A & PAM


PWD 203A Standard Form of Contract (Ed.1983)
This form of contract contain no expressed provision that allows the Contractor to suspend the
works if his payment was unduly delayed or he is not getting his payment at all.
In the PWD203A Form of Contract (2007), it is stipulated that the period for honouring the
certificate is 30 days from the date of the issuance of the certificate. Clause 30.1 of the PAM
Form of Contract (2006) stated that the period of honouring certificate is within 21 days after the
issuance of the certificate. Any payment made later than the stipulated time frame can be
considered as late or delayed payment
PAM Form of Contract 1998
There is no express provision that permits the Contractor to suspend his work when he is not
paid or his payment was not forthcoming in due time after receiving the Interim Certificate.
Clause 25(1) (ii) and Clause 23.4 state that the Contractor is to proceed regularly and diligently
and he is to use his best endeavours to prevent delay. The clauses clearly demand the
Contractor to show a good performance and continue with the work to prevent disruption to the
progress of the project.
PAM Form of Contract 2006
But the new PAM 2006 contains provision that give the Contractor to suspend the progress of
work if the Contractor is faced with problem of delayed or non payment by the Employer. It is
clearly stated in clause 30.7. But it requires the Contractor to give a written a notice to Employer
with reason to suspend the works until the Employer has paid the amount due to the Contractor