Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 32

SingleRAN

Access Control based on 802.1x


Feature Parameter Description
Issue

01

Date

2014-04-30

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2014. All rights reserved.


No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions


and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the
customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the
purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information,
and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or representations
of any kind, either express or implied.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address:

Huawei Industrial Base


Bantian, Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
People's Republic of China

Website:

http://www.huawei.com

Email:

support@huawei.com

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

Contents

Contents
1 About This Document..................................................................................................................1
1.1 Scope..............................................................................................................................................................................1
1.2 Intended Audience..........................................................................................................................................................2
1.3 Change History...............................................................................................................................................................2
1.4 Differences Between Base Station Types.......................................................................................................................3

2 Overview.........................................................................................................................................4
3 Technical Description...................................................................................................................5
3.1 Operating Principle.........................................................................................................................................................5
3.2 Protocol Stacks...............................................................................................................................................................6

4 Application of Access Control based on 802.1x.......................................................................8


4.1 Typical Network Topology............................................................................................................................................9
4.2 Auto-Discovery with Access Control based on 802.1x..................................................................................................9
4.2.1 Automatic Base Station Deployment by PnP..............................................................................................................9
4.2.2 Application on Existing Base Stations......................................................................................................................13

5 Related Features...........................................................................................................................14
6 Network Impact...........................................................................................................................15
7 Engineering Guidelines.............................................................................................................16
7.1 When to Use Access Control based on 802.1x.............................................................................................................17
7.2 Required Information...................................................................................................................................................17
7.3 Planning........................................................................................................................................................................17
7.4 Deployment on the NodeB/eNodeB/eGBTS Side........................................................................................................18
7.4.1 Requirements.............................................................................................................................................................18
7.4.2 Data Preparation........................................................................................................................................................19
7.4.3 Precautions.................................................................................................................................................................19
7.4.4 Activation..................................................................................................................................................................20
7.4.5 Activation Observation..............................................................................................................................................22
7.4.6 Deactivation...............................................................................................................................................................23
7.5 Performance Monitoring...............................................................................................................................................23
7.6 Parameter Optimization................................................................................................................................................23
7.7 Troubleshooting............................................................................................................................................................23
Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

ii

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

Contents

8 Parameters.....................................................................................................................................24
9 Counters........................................................................................................................................26
10 Glossary.......................................................................................................................................27
11 Reference Documents...............................................................................................................28

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

iii

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

1 About This Document

About This Document

1.1 Scope
This document describes Access Control based on 802.1x, including its technical principles,
related features, network impact, and engineering guidelines.
This document covers the following features:
l

LOFD-003015 Access Control based on 802.1x.

TDLOFD-003015 Access Control based on 802.1x.

In this document, the following naming conventions apply for LTE terms.
Includes FDD and
TDD

Includes FDD Only

Includes TDD Only

LTE

LTE FDD

LTE TDD

eNodeB

LTE FDD eNodeB

LTE TDD eNodeB

eRAN

LTE FDD eRAN

LTE TDD eRAN

In addition, the "L" and "T" in RAT acronyms refer to LTE FDD and LTE TDD, respectively.
Any managed objects (MOs), parameters, alarms, or counters described herein correspond to
the software release delivered with this document. Any future updates will be described in the
product documentation delivered with future software releases.
Table 1-1 lists the definitions of all kinds of macro base stations.
Table 1-1 Definitions of all kinds of base stations

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Base Station
Name

Definition

GBTS

GBTS refers to a base station deployed with GTMU.


Huawei Proprietary and Confidential
Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

1 About This Document

Base Station
Name

Definition

eGBTS

eGBTS refers to a base station deployed with UMPT_G .

NodeB

NodeB refers to a base station deployed with WMPT or UMPT_U.

eNodeB

eNodeB refers to a base station deployed with LMPT, UMPT_T or


UMPT_L.

Co-MPT multimode Co-MPT multimode base station refers to a base station deployed with
base station
UMPT_GU, UMPT_GL, UMPT_GT, UMPT_UL, UMPT_UT,
UMPT_GUL, or UMPT_GULT, and it functionally corresponds to
any combination of eGBTS, NodeB, and eNodeB. For example, CoMPT multimode base station deployed with UMPT_GU functionally
corresponds to the combination of eGBTS and NodeB.
Separate-MPT
multimode base
station

Separate-MPT multimode base station refers to a base station on which


different modes use different main control boards. For example, base
stations deployed with GTMU and WMPT are called separate-MPT
GSM/UMTS dual-mode base station.

1.2 Intended Audience


This document is intended for personnel who:
l

Need to understand the features described herein.

Work with Huawei products

1.3 Change History


This section provides information about the changes in different document versions. There are
two types of changes, which are defined as follows:
l

Feature change
Changes in features of a specific product version

Editorial change
Changes in wording or addition of information that was not described in the earlier version

SRAN9.0 01 (2014-04-30)
This issue does not include any changes.

SRAN9.0 Draft B (2014-02-28)


This issue includes the following changes.

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

1 About This Document

Change Type

Change Description

Parameter
Change

Feature change

None

None

Editorial change

Added the descriptions about the feature and function


differences between different site types. For details, see
section 1.4 Differences Between Base Station Types.

None

SRAN9.0 Draft A (2014-01-20)


Compared with 02 (2013-07-30) of SRAN8.0, Draft A (2014-01-20) of SRAN9.0 includes the
following changes.
Change Type

Change Description

Parameter
Change

Feature change

Added the LTE TDD mode support the Access Control


based on 802.1x feature.

None

Huawei mobile network management system M2000 is


renamed U2000.

None

None

None

Editorial change

1.4 Differences Between Base Station Types


Feature Support by Macro, Micro, and LampSite Base Stations
None.

Function Implementation in Macro, Micro, and LampSite Base Stations


Working in either UMTS only or LTE FDD only mode, micro base stations do not support GSM,
LTE TDD, co-MPT, or separate-MPT scenarios. As integrated entities, micro base stations do
not involve such concepts as boards, cabinets, subracks, slots, or RRUs.

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

2 Overview

Overview

IEEE 802.1x is an IEEE standard for port-based network access control. It is part of the IEEE
802 group of networking protocols. With port-based network access control, the authentication
access equipment in the local area network (LAN) performs identity authentication and access
control on users or devices connected to its ports. Only the users or devices that can be
authenticated are allowed to access the LAN through the ports. Access Control based on 802.1x
prevents unauthorized users or devices from accessing the network, which ensures transport
network security.
Huawei base stations support Access Control based on 802.1x. The authentication is
unidirectional and is based on Extensible Authentication Protocol-Transport Layer Security
(EAP-TLS). That is, the authentication server performs unidirectional authentication on the
digital certificates of base stations. Figure 2-1shows the network topology for Access Control
based on 802.1x.
Figure 2-1 Network topology for Access Control based on 802.1x

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

3 Technical Description

Technical Description

3.1 Operating Principle


Access Control based on 802.1x usually adopts the client/server architecture, as shown in Figure
2-1. The authentication access equipment receives authentication packets from users or devices
and then forwards the packets to the authentication server. The authentication server
authenticates the identities of the users or devices. If the authentication succeeds, the data flow
of the users or devices can pass through the ports of the authentication access equipment.
Access Control based on 802.1x involves the following components:
l

Authentication client (a device to be authenticated, such as a base station): initiates an


802.1x-based access control procedure. An authentication client is also referred to as a
suppliant. To support port-based access control, the authentication client needs to support
the Extensible Authentication Protocol over LAN (EAPoL).

Authentication access equipment (such as a LAN switch): receives and forwards EAP
authentication packets between the base station and authentication server at the Media
Access Control (MAC) layer. Authentication access equipment is also referred to as an
authenticator. The authentication access equipment also controls the status (authorized or
unauthorized) of controlled ports based on the authentication result at the authentication
server.

Authentication server: performs authentication on clients. The servers commonly used are
Remote Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS) and Authentication, Authorization
and Accounting (AAA) servers.
NOTE

The functions of RADIUS and AAA servers are similar. This document uses the RADIUS server as an
example to describe Access Control based on 802.1x.

Figure 3-1 shows the operating principle of Access Control based on 802.1x.

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

3 Technical Description

Figure 3-1 Operating principle of Access Control based on 802.1x

NOTE

Port access entity (PAE) is a port-related protocol entity that processes protocol packets during an
authentication procedure.

A physical Ethernet port of the authentication access equipment consists of two logical ports:
one controlled port and one uncontrolled port:
l

Controlled port: A controlled port can be in the unauthorized or authorized state, depending
on the authentication result at the authentication server.
A controlled port in the authorized state is in the bidirectional connectivity state and
data flow can pass through the port.
A controlled port in the unauthorized state does not allow any data to pass through.

Uncontrolled port: An uncontrolled port is always in the bidirectional connectivity state.


Only EAPoL packets can pass through an uncontrolled port. This ensures that the
authentication client can always transmit and receive authentication packets.

During initial access, the base station is not authenticated, and therefore the controlled port is in
the unauthorized state. At this point, only EAPoL packets can pass through the uncontrolled port
and be sent to the authentication server. After the authentication server authenticates the base
station and the authentication access equipment authorizes the controlled port, the controlled
port becomes authorized and data from the base station can pass through the controlled port in
the authorized state. This process ensures that only authorized users and devices can access the
network.
Port-based access control can be based on a physical port (such as the MAC address) or a logical
port (such as the VLAN). Huawei base stations support only port-based access control based on
the MAC address. That is, the authentication message sent by a base station contains the MAC
address of the Ethernet port that connects the base station to the transport network. If
authentication succeeds, the authentication access equipment performs access control on data
flow based on this MAC address.
For details about IEEE 802.1x-based access control, see IEEE 802[1].1x-2004.

3.2 Protocol Stacks


In IEEE 802.1x-based access control, the authentication client and the authentication server
exchange authentication messages using the EAP protocol. Between the authentication client
Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

3 Technical Description

and the authentication access equipment, EAP data is encapsulated in EAPoL frames so that the
data can be transmitted in the LAN. Between the authentication access equipment and the
authentication server, EAPoL frames are re-encapsulated in EAP over RADIUS (EAPoR)
frames so that the data can be transmitted using the RADIUS protocol.
Figure 3-2 shows the protocol stacks for Access Control based on 802.1x.
Figure 3-2 Protocol stacks for Access Control based on 802.1x

Access Control based on 802.1x uses the EAP protocol for authentication. The EAP protocol
supports multiple authentication methods. Huawei base stations adopt unidirectional EAP-TLS
authentication, that is, the authentication server authenticates base stations using digital
certificates. The AM parameter specifies the authentication method used by IEEE 802.1x-based
access control.
In an IEEE 802.1x-based access control procedure, the base station sends its digital certificate
to the RADIUS server in an EAPoL frame. The RADIUS server authenticates the base station
by using the Huawei root certificate or the operator's root certificate.
For details about the EAP protocol, see RFC 3748.
For details about the EAP-TLS protocol, see RFC 2716.

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

4 Application of Access Control based on 802.1x

Application of Access Control based on


802.1x
This chapter describes the application of IEEE 802.1x-based access control on a base station.

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

4 Application of Access Control based on 802.1x

4.1 Typical Network Topology


To implement IEEE 802.1x-based access control, an authentication server and authentication
access equipment (generally a LAN switch directly connected to the base station) supporting
IEEE 802.1x-based access control, need to be deployed in the network. Because Huawei base
station adopts unidirectional EAP-TLS authentication based on IEEE 802.1x and is
preconfigured with Huawei-issued device certificates and Huawei root certificates before
delivery, the authentication server needs to be preconfigured with the Huawei root certificate.
Figure 4-1 shows a typical network topology for IEEE 802.1x-based access control.
Figure 4-1 Typical network topology for IEEE 802.1x-based access control

IEEE 802.1x-based access control of Ethernet ports can be activated by using the ACT
DOT1X command and deactivated by using the DEA DOT1X command. By default, IEEE
802.1x-based access control is activated on Ethernet ports of base stations before delivery.

4.2 Auto-Discovery with Access Control based on 802.1x


4.2.1 Automatic Base Station Deployment by PnP
When Access Control based on 802.1x is activated in the network, a base station must pass the
IEEE 802.1x-based authentication before automatic deployment by plug and play (PnP). To
ensure the base station's adaptability to the network, after being powered on, Huawei base
stations perform as follows depending on network conditions:
l

If the network supports IEEE 802.1x-based access control, and IEEE 802.1x-based access
control is activated on the Ethernet port that connects the base station to the transport
network:
The base station initiates an IEEE 802.1x-based access control procedure. After the IEEE
802.1x-based access control succeeds, the base station sends a Dynamic Host Configuration
Protocol (DHCP) Discover packet to the authentication access equipment to start the DHCP
procedure. After the DHCP procedure is complete, the automatic base station deployment
procedure starts.

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

If the network supports IEEE 802.1x-based access control, but IEEE 802.1x-based access
control is deactivated on the Ethernet port that connects the base station to the transport
network:
Huawei Proprietary and Confidential
Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

4 Application of Access Control based on 802.1x

The base station does not initiate an IEEE 802.1x-based access control procedure. Instead,
the base station first sends a DHCP Discover packet and the DHCP module queries whether
IEEE 802.1x-based access control is activated on the Ethernet port that connects the base
station to the transport network. If IEEE 802.1x-based access control is deactivated and
authentication is not performed, the base station triggers an IEEE 802.1x-based access
control procedure. Because the network uses IEEE 802.1x-based access control, the DHCP
Discover packet cannot pass through the authentication access equipment, and therefore
the DHCP procedure fails. The base station waits for the authentication result. After the
IEEE 802.1x-based access control succeeds, the base station resends a DHCP Discover
packet. After the DHCP procedure is complete, the automatic base station deployment
procedure starts.
For example, the main control board of the base station has an incorrect configuration file,
in which IEEE 802.1x-based access control is deactivated on the Ethernet port that connects
the base station to the transport network. In this case, the DHCP procedure triggers the
IEEE 802.1x-based access control procedure during automatic base station deployment.
l

If the network does not support IEEE 802.1x-based access control, and IEEE 802.1x-based
access control is activated on the Ethernet port that connects the base station to the transport
network:
The base station initiates the IEEE 802.1x-based access control procedure for three times
at an interval of 25 seconds. If the base station does not receive any response from the
network, the base station determines that the network does not support IEEE 802.1x-based
access control. The base station then sends a DHCP Discover packet. The DHCP Discover
packet can pass through the authentication access equipment. After the DHCP procedure
is complete, the automatic base station deployment procedure starts.

The rest of this section describes automatic base station deployment by PnP in the preceding
three scenarios.
NOTE

During automatic base station deployment by PnP, the IEEE 802.1x-based access control procedure uses
the preconfigured Huawei-issued device certificate of the base station for authentication.

Scenario 1
Figure 4-2 shows automatic base station deployment when the network supports IEEE 802.1xbased access control and IEEE 802.1x-based access control is activated on the Ethernet port that
connects the base station to the transport network.

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

10

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

4 Application of Access Control based on 802.1x

Figure 4-2 Automatic base station deployment (1)

The automatic base station deployment procedure in this scenario is as follows:


1.

After the base station is powered on, it sends an EAPoL-Start packet to the authentication
access equipment, to initiate an IEEE 802.1x-based access control procedure.

2.

The base station, authentication access equipment, and authentication server perform the
IEEE 802.1x-based access control procedure. The base station can initiate the IEEE 802.1xbased access control procedure on the same Ethernet port a maximum of three times at an
interval of 25 seconds.

3.

If the IEEE 802.1x-based access control procedure succeeds, the base station initiates a
DHCP procedure. After the DHCP procedure is complete, the automatic base station
deployment procedure starts.

4.

If the IEEE 802.1x-based access control procedure fails, the base station initiates a DHCP
procedure. However, the base station does not receive any response to the DHCP procedure,
and therefore the DHCP procedure fails. The base station attempts to initiate IEEE 802.1xbased access control and DHCP procedures on the next Ethernet port.
NOTE

In the IEEE 802.1x-based access control procedure, the EAPoL-Start packet is a multicast packet and its
destination MAC address is 01-80-C2-00-00-03; other packets are unicast packets.

Scenario 2
Figure 4-3 shows automatic base station deployment when the network supports IEEE 802.1xbased access control but IEEE 802.1x-based access control is deactivated on the Ethernet port
that connects the base station to the transport network.

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

11

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

4 Application of Access Control based on 802.1x

Figure 4-3 Automatic base station deployment (2)

The automatic base station deployment procedure in this scenario is as follows:


1.

After a base station is powered on, it sends a DHCP Discover packet to the authentication
access equipment because IEEE 802.1x-based access control is deactivated on the Ethernet
port that connects the base station to the transport network.

2.

The DHCP module queries whether IEEE 802.1x-based access control is activated on the
Ethernet port that connects the base station to the transport network. If IEEE 802.1x-based
access control is deactivated and authentication is not performed, the base station triggers
an IEEE 802.1x-based access control procedure on this Ethernet port.

3.

Because the controlled port of the authentication access equipment is in the unauthorized
state, the base station does not receive any DHCP response. The DHCP procedure fails.
The base station waits for the authentication result.

4.

When the IEEE 802.1x-based access control procedure succeeds, the base station resends
a DHCP Discover packet through the Ethernet port. After the DHCP procedure is complete,
the automatic base station deployment procedure starts.

Scenario 3
Figure 4-4 shows automatic base station deployment when the network does not support IEEE
802.1x-based access control and IEEE 802.1x-based access control is activated on the Ethernet
port that connects the base station to the transport network.

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

12

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

4 Application of Access Control based on 802.1x

Figure 4-4 Automatic base station deployment (3)

The automatic base station deployment procedure in this scenario is as follows:


1.

After the base station is powered on, it initiates an IEEE 802.1x-based access control
procedure. The base station resends the EAPoL-Start packet three times at an interval of
25 seconds but does not receive any response. Therefore, the base station determines that
the network does not support IEEE 802.1x-based access control.

2.

The base station sends a DHCP Discover packet to the authentication access equipment.

3.

After the DHCP procedure is complete, the automatic base station deployment procedure
starts.

4.2.2 Application on Existing Base Stations


After a base station obtains the configuration file, it restarts. If the state of its Ethernet port
changes from DOWN to UP and IEEE 802.1x-based access control is activated on this Ethernet
port, the base station initiates an IEEE 802.1x-based access control procedure. By default, IEEE
802.1x-based access control and SSL authentication use the same certificate:
l

If the certificate used for SSL authentication in the configuration file is set to the operatorissued device certificate, the IEEE 802.1x-based access control procedure uses the operatorissued device certificate to authenticate the base station.

If the certificate used for SSL authentication in the configuration file is set to the Huaweiissued device certificate, the IEEE 802.1x-based access control procedure uses Huaweiissued device certificate to authenticate the base station.

If the SSL authentication method is cryptonym authentication, by default the IEEE 802.1xbased access control procedure uses the Huawei-issued device certificate to authenticate
the base station.
NOTE

During base station deployment using a USB flash drive, the certificate used in the IEEE 802.1x-based
access control procedure is specified in the configuration file. Because the base station is preconfigured
with the Huawei-issued device certificate, the certificate for SSL authentication can be set only to Huaweiissued device certificate in the configuration file. If the certificate for SSL authentication is set to the
operator-issued device certificate, the IEEE 802.1x-based access control procedure fails.

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

13

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

5 Related Features

Related Features

Prerequisite Features
l

GBFD-113526 BTS Supporting PKI

WRFD-140210 NodeB PKI Support

LOFD-003010 Public Key Infrastructure(PKI)

TDLOFD-003010 Public Key Infrastructure(PKI)

GBFD-118601 Abis over IP

WRFD-050402 IP Transmission Introduction on Iub Interface

Mutually Exclusive Features


None

Impacted Features
None

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

14

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

6 Network Impact

Network Impact

System Capacity
No impact.

Network Performance
When the Access Control based on 802.1x feature is enabled, the time for base station
deployment by PnP is prolonged by about 75 seconds.

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

15

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

7 Engineering Guidelines

Engineering Guidelines

This chapter describes how to deploy the Access Control based on 802.1x feature in a newly
deployed network.

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

16

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

7 Engineering Guidelines

7.1 When to Use Access Control based on 802.1x


If the operator's transport network is located in an open network, the devices in the transport
network are vulnerable to unauthorized access and malicious attacks. In this case, it is
recommended that the Access Control based on 802.1x feature be activated to authenticate the
users or devices that attempt to access the transport network. This feature prevents unauthorized
users and devices from accessing the network and ensures transport network security.
The Access Control based on 802.1x feature uses the Huawei-issued device certificate to
authenticate the base station. Therefore, the PKI feature also needs to be activated.

7.2 Required Information


Huawei base stations support only unidirectional EAP-TLS authentication and port-based access
control based on the MAC address. Therefore, before you activate the Access Control based on
802.1x feature, check whether the authentication server supports unidirectional EAP-TLS
authentication and whether the authentication access equipment supports port-based access
control based on the MAC address.
l

If the customer requires that Access Control based on 802.1x use the Huawei-issued device
certificate to authenticate the base station, the PKI feature does not need to be deployed in
the network.

If the customer requires that Access Control based on 802.1x use the operator-issued device
certificate to authenticate the base station, the PKI feature needs to be deployed in the
network. For details about how to deploy the PKI feature, see PKI Feature Parameter
Description.

7.3 Planning
Hardware Planning
NE

Board Configuration

Board That Provides a Port Type


Port for Connecting to
the Transport Network

eGBTS

UMPT

UMPT

Ethernet port

UMPT+UTRPc

UTRPc

Ethernet port

UMPT

UMPT

Ethernet port

UMPT+UTRPc

UTRPc

Ethernet port

LMPT

LMPT

Ethernet port

UMPT

UMPT

Ethernet port

LMPT+UTRPc or
UMPT+UTRPc

UTRPc

Ethernet port

NodeB

eNodeB

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

17

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

7 Engineering Guidelines

NE

Board Configuration

Board That Provides a Port Type


Port for Connecting to
the Transport Network

Multimode
base station

UMPT T

UMPT

Ethernet port

LMPT

LMPT

Ethernet port

LMPT+UTRPc or
UMPT+UTRPc

UTRPc

Ethernet port

7.4 Deployment on the NodeB/eNodeB/eGBTS Side


Before you activate the Access Control based on 802.1x feature, configure the PKI feature as
well as the related managed objects (MOs). For details about how to configure the PKI feature,
see the "Engineering Guidelines" section in PKI Feature Parameter Description.

7.4.1 Requirements
l

Requirements for NEs:


An authentication server has been deployed in the network.
The authentication server supports the EAP protocol defined in RFC 3748 and supports
EAP-TLS authentication.
The authentication server is preconfigured with the Huawei root certificate. If the
customer requires that the operator-issued device certificate be used for authentication,
the operator' root certificate must be preconfigured on the authentication server.
The authentication access equipment supports IEEE 802.1x-based access control and
EAP packet processing.
The authentication access equipment supports port-based access control based on the
MAC address.

Requirements for licenses:


The license for the PKI feature has been activated.
The license for the Access Control based on 802.1x feature has been activated.

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Feature ID

Feature Name

License Control
Item

NE

Sales
Unit

LOFD-00301
5

Access Control
based on 802.1x

Access Control based


on 802.1x (per
eNodeB)

LTE
FDD
eNodeB

per
eNodeB

TDLOFD-00
3015

Access Control
based on 802.1x

Access Control based


on 802.1x (per
eNodeB)

LTE
TDD
eNodeB

per
eNodeB

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

18

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

7 Engineering Guidelines

7.4.2 Data Preparation


Table 7-1 lists the data that needs to be prepared before you activate the Access Control based
on 802.1x feature.
NOTE

"-" in Table 7-1 indicates that there is no special requirement for setting the parameter. Set the parameter
based on site requirements.

Table 7-1 Data to prepare before activating the Access Control based on 802.1x feature
MO

Paramete
r Name

Parameter ID

Setting Notes

Data
Sourc
e

DOT
1X

Cabinet
No.

CN

Netwo
rk plan

Subrack
No.

SRN

Slot No.

SN

Subboard
Type

SBT

Port No.

PN

Authentic
Method

AM

This parameter
indicates the
authentication method
used by the Access
Control based on
802.1x feature. The
feature supports EAPTLS authentication.

NOTE

l When you deploy this feature on a multimode base station, activate the feature only on the Ethernet
port that connects the base station to the transport network. The data preparation and initial
configuration of the multimode base station are the same as those of a single-mode base station.
l When a base station is working normally, the certificate used by IEEE 802.1x-based access control is
the same as that used by SSL authentication. For details about how to configure the certificate for SSL
authentication, see the "Engineering Guidelines" section in SSL Feature Parameter Description. If no
certificate is configured for SSL authentication, IEEE 802.1x-based access control uses the Huaweiissued device certificate by default.

7.4.3 Precautions
None

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

19

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

7 Engineering Guidelines

7.4.4 Activation
This section uses the eNodeB as an example to describe how to activate Access Control based
on 802.1x by using MML commands or the CME.

Using MML Commands


Run the MML command ACT DOT1X to activate Access Control based on 802.1x on the
Ethernet port that connects the base station to the transport network.

MML Command Examples


//Activating Access Control based on 802.1x on the NodeB/eNodeB/eGBTS side
//Activating Access Control based on 802.1x on the Ethernet port that connects the
base station to the transport network
ACT DOT1X: CN=0, SRN=0, SN=7, SBT=BASE_BOARD, PN=0, AM=EAP-TLS;

Using the CME to Perform Single Configuration


Set parameters on the CME configuration interface according to the operation sequence
described in Table 7-1. For instructions on how to perform the CME single configuration, see
CME Single Configuration Operation Guide.

Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Newly Deployed Base Stations
Enter the values of the parameters listed in Table 7-2 into a summary data file, which also
contains other data for the new base stations to be deployed. Then, import the summary data file
into the CME for batch configuration.
The summary data file may be a scenario-specific file provided by the CME or a customized
file, depending on the following conditions:
l

The MOs in Table 7-2 are contained in a scenario-specific summary data file. In this
situation, set the parameters in the MOs, and then verify and save the file.

Some MOs in Table 7-2 are not contained in a scenario-specific summary data file. In this
situation, customize a summary data file to include the MOs before you can set the
parameters.

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

20

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

7 Engineering Guidelines

Table 7-2 MOs related to Access Control based on 802.1x


MO

Sheet in the
Summary Data File

Parameter Group

Remarks

DOT1X

Common Data

Port No., Active


Sign, Authentic
Method

l For an Ethernet port on


which Access Control based
on 802.1X is activated, set
the Active Sign parameter to
ACTIVE.
l For an Ethernet port on
which Access Control based
on 802.1X is deactivated, set
the Active Sign parameter to
DEACTIVE and leave the
Authentic Method
parameter unspecified.

For instructions about performing batch configuration for each base station, see the following
sections in 3900 Series Base Station Initial Configuration Guide.
l

For a NodeB: Creating NodeBs in Batches

For an eNodeB: Creating eNodeBs in Batches

For a separate-MPT multimode base station: Creating Separate-MPT Multimode Base


Stations in Batches

For an eGBTS or a co-MPT multimode base station: Creating Co-MPT Base Stations in
Batches

Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Existing Base Stations
Batch reconfiguration using the CME is the recommended method to activate a feature on
existing base stations. This method reconfigures all data, except neighbor relationships, for
multiple base stations in a single procedure. The procedure is as follows:
Step 1 Choose CME > Advanced > Customize Summary Data File from the main menu of an U2000
client, or choose Advanced > Customize Summary Data File from the main menu of a CME
client, to customize a summary data file for batch reconfiguration.
NOTE

For context-sensitive help on a current task in the client, press F1.

Step 2 Export the NE data stored on the CME into the customized summary data file.
l For co-MPT multimode base stations: Choose CME > SRAN Application > MBTS
Application > Export Data > Export Base Station Bulk Configuration Data from the
main menu of the U2000 client, or choose SRAN Application > MBTS Application >
Export Data > Export Base Station Bulk Configuration Data from the main menu of the
CME client.
l For separate-MPT GSM-involved multimode base stations or GO base stations: Choose
CME > GSM Application > Export Data > eGBTS Bulk Configuration Data from the
Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

21

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

7 Engineering Guidelines

main menu of the U2000 client, or choose GSM Application > Export Data > Export
eGBTS Bulk Configuration Data from the main menu of the CME client.
l For separate-MPT UMTS-involved multimode base stations or UO base stations: Choose
CME > UMTS Application > Export Data > Export Base Station Bulk Configuration
Data from the main menu of the U2000 client, or choose UMTS Application > Export Data
> Export Base Station Bulk Configuration Data from the main menu of the CME client.
l For separate-MPT LTE-involved multimode base stations or LO base stations: Choose CME
> LTE Application > Export Data > Export Base Station Bulk Configuration Data from
the main menu of the U2000 client, or choose LTE Application > Export Data > Export
Base Station Bulk Configuration Data from the main menu of the CME client.
Step 3 In the summary data file, set the parameters in the MOs listed in Table 7-2 and close the file.
Step 4 Import the summary data file into the CME.
l For co-MPT multimode base stations: Choose CME > SRAN Application > MBTS
Application > Import Base Station Bulk Configuration Data from the main menu of the
U2000 client, or choose SRAN Application > MBTS Application > Import Data > Import
Base Station Bulk Configuration Data from the main menu of the CME client.
l For separate-MPT GSM-involved multimode base stations or GO base stations: Choose
CME > GSM Application > Import Data > Import eGBTS Bulk Configuration Data
from the main menu of the U2000 client, or choose GSM Application > Import Data >
Import eGBTS Bulk Configuration Data from the main menu of the CME client.
l For separate-MPT UMTS-involved multimode base stations or UO base stations: Choose
CME > UMTS Application > Import Data > Import Base Station Bulk Configuration
Data from the main menu of the U2000 client, or choose UMTS Application > Import
Data > Import Base Station Bulk Configuration Data from the main menu of the CME
client.
l For separate-MPT LTE-involved multimode base stations or LO base stations: Choose CME
> LTE Application > Import Data > Import Base Station Bulk Configuration Data from
the main menu of the U2000 client, or choose LTE Application > Import Data > Import
Base Station Bulk Configuration Data from the main menu of the CME client.
----End

7.4.5 Activation Observation


Run the DSP DOT1X command to query whether Access Control based on 802.1x is activated
on the Ethernet port that connects the base station to the transport network.
Check the value of the Authentic State parameter in the command output. If the value of this
parameter is Authenticate Succeed, the port has passed IEEE 802.1x-based authentication.
The following is an example:
DSP DOT1X: CN=0, SRN=0, SN=7, SBT=BASE_BOARD, PN=0;%%
RETCODE = 0 Operation succeeded.
Display 802.1x
-------------Cabinet No. = 0
Subrack No. = 0
Slot No. = 7
Subboard Type = Base Board
Port No. = 0
Authentic Method = EAP-TLS authentic method

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

22

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description
Authentic State
Authentic Succeed Number
Fail Number
Fail Reason
Send EAP Packet Number
Receive EAP Packet Number
Abnormal Packet Number
(Number of results = 1)

7 Engineering Guidelines
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Authenticate Succeed
1
0
0
7
7
0

7.4.6 Deactivation
Using MML Commands
Run the MML command DEA DOT1X to deactivate Access Control based on 802.1x on the
Ethernet port that connects the base station to the transport network.

MML Command Examples


//Deactivating Access Control based on 802.1x
DEA DOT1X: SN=7, SBT=BASE_BOARD, PN=0;

Using the CME to Perform Single Configuration


None

Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration


The procedure for feature deactivation is similar to that for feature activation. The only difference
is the parameter setting, which is described in Table 7-2.

7.5 Performance Monitoring


None

7.6 Parameter Optimization


None

7.7 Troubleshooting
After Access Control based on 802.1x is activated, the base station may report ALM-26831
802.1x Authentication Failure.
For details about how to clear these alarms for each type of base station, see the following sections
in 3900 Series Base Station Alarm Reference:
l

"eGBTS Alarm Reference"

"NodeB Alarm Reference"

"eNodeB Alarm Reference"

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

23

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

8 Parameters

Parameters

Table 8-1 Parameter description


Parame
ter ID

NE

MML
Comma
nd

Feature
ID

Feature
Name

Description

AM

BTS390
0,
BTS390
0
WCDM
A,
BTS390
0 LTE

ACT
DOT1X

None

None

DSP
DOT1X

Meaning: Indicates the IEEE 802.1X authentication


method. Currently, only Extensible Authentication
Protocol Transport Layer Security (EAP-TLS), a
unidirectional authentication method, is supported.

LST
DOT1X

GUI Value Range: EAP-TLS(EAP-TLS authentic


method)
Unit: None
Actual Value Range: EAP-TLS
Default Value: EAP-TLS(EAP-TLS authentic method)

CN

SRN

BTS390
0,
BTS390
0
WCDM
A,
BTS390
0 LTE

ACT
DOT1X

BTS390
0,
BTS390
0
WCDM
A,
BTS390
0 LTE

ACT
DOT1X

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

None

None

DEA
DOT1X

Meaning: Indicates the number of the cabinet that


provides the port on which IEEE 802.1X authentication
is configured.
GUI Value Range: 0~7

DSP
DOT1X

Unit: None

LST
DOT1X

Default Value: 0

DEA
DOT1X

Actual Value Range: 0~7

None

None

Meaning: Indicates the number of the subrack that


provides the port on which IEEE 802.1X authentication
is configured.
GUI Value Range: 0~1

DSP
DOT1X

Unit: None

LST
DOT1X

Default Value: 0

Actual Value Range: 0~1

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

24

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

8 Parameters

Parame
ter ID

NE

MML
Comma
nd

Feature
ID

Feature
Name

Description

SN

BTS390
0,
BTS390
0
WCDM
A,
BTS390
0 LTE

ACT
DOT1X

None

None

Meaning: Indicates the number of the slot that provides


the port on which IEEE 802.1X authentication is
configured.

BTS390
0,
BTS390
0
WCDM
A,
BTS390
0 LTE

ACT
DOT1X

SBT

DEA
DOT1X

GUI Value Range: 0~7

DSP
DOT1X

Unit: None

LST
DOT1X

Default Value: None

Actual Value Range: 0~7

None

None

DEA
DOT1X

Meaning: Indicates the type of sub-board that provides


the port on which IEEE 802.1X authentication is
configured.
GUI Value Range: BASE_BOARD(Base Board),
ETH_COVERBOARD(Ethernet Cover Board)

DSP
DOT1X

Unit: None

LST
DOT1X

Actual Value Range: BASE_BOARD,


ETH_COVERBOARD
Default Value: None

PN

BTS390
0,
BTS390
0
WCDM
A,
BTS390
0 LTE

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

ACT
DOT1X

None

None

Meaning: Indicates the number of the port on which


IEEE 802.1X authentication is configured.

DEA
DOT1X

GUI Value Range: 0~5

DSP
DOT1X

Actual Value Range: 0~5

LST
DOT1X

Unit: None
Default Value: None

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

25

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

9 Counters

Counters

There are no specific counters associated with this feature.

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

26

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

10 Glossary

10

Glossary

For the acronyms, abbreviations, terms, and definitions, see Glossary.

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

27

SingleRAN
Access Control based on 802.1x Feature Parameter
Description

11

11 Reference Documents

Reference Documents

1.

IETF RFC 3748, "Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP)"

2.

IEEE Std 802.1x-2004, "Port-Based Network Access Control"

3.

IETF RFC 2716, "PPP EAP TLS Authentication Protocol"

4.

PKI Feature Parameter Description for SingleRAN

5.

SSL Feature Parameter Description for SingleRAN

Issue 01 (2014-04-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

28