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# Code No: R22032

SET - 1

R10
II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations August - 2014
KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY
(Com. to ME, AME, MM)

Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

## a) Define the following terms?

ii) Kinematic pair
iii) Degrees of freedom
(6M+9M)
b) What are the inversions of double slider crank chain? Describe any two with neat sketches.

2.

## a) What is pantograph? What are its uses?

b) Prove that the peaucellier mechanism generates a straight-line motion.

(5M+10M)

3.

## a) What is the significance of coriolis components of acceleration? Explain any two

mechanisms in which it occurs with a configuration diagrams?
b) Explain the procedure to determine the velocity and acceleration of a four-bar mechanism by
Kleins construction?
(8M+7M)

4.

a) What is a double Hookes joint? State the conditions to be satisfied in a double Hookes joint
in order to provide a uniform velocity ratio throughout a revolution.
b) Deduce the condition for the equal speeds of two shafts connected by a Hookes joint from
the expression for the ratio of their angular velocities. Also deduce the expression for the
angular acceleration of the driven shaft.
c) With a neat sketch explain the construction and working of a Davis steering gear?
(4M+6M+5M)

5.

## a) Define the following terms of cam

i) Base circle
ii) pressure angle
iii) pitch circle
b) Derive the expressions for velocity and acceleration of the follower when it moves with
constant acceleration and deceleration.
(6M+9M)

6.

## a) Differentiate the cycloidal and involute profiles of gear teeth?

b) Derive an expression for the velocity of sliding in a gear drive?

(6M+9M)

7.

a) Derive the equation for the limiting ratio of the tensions at the two ends of a belt, which is in
contact with a flat pulley?
b) The initial tension in a belt drive is found to be 500 N and ratio of friction tensions is 1.6.
The mass of the belt is 0.6 kg/m length. Determine the velocity of the belt for maximum
power transmission. Also determine the tension on the tight side of the belt when it is started
and when running at maximum speed?
(7M+8M)

8.

a) Define a gear train? Explain the procedure to analyze an epicyclic gear train?
b) Sketch a sliding gear box and explain its working with its field of applications?

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(7M+8M)

SET - 2

R10

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations August - 2014

KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY
(Com. to ME, AME, MM)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

## a) Define the term degree of freedom of a mechanism with suitable sketch?

b) Prove the DOF for a planar mechanism is equal to 3m-2j according to Grubulers Criteria?
(6M+9M)

2.

Show that for Tchebicheffs straight-line motion, the point P that bisects the link BC will lie in
a straight line parallel to AD. When it is directly above the midpoint of AD, the proportions of

3.

(15M)

## a) State and Explain Kennedys theorem?

b) In the mechanism shown in Fig. 1 the crank OA makes 400rpm in the counter clockwise
direction. Find i) angular velocity of the link OA and

## ii) velocity of the slider at B. The

lengths of the links are OA= 60mm, OB= 220 mm and BC = 300mm.

4.

(5M+10M)

## a) Differentiate the Davis and Ackermann steering gears?

b) In a Davis steering gear the distance between the pivots of the front axle is 80cm and the
wheel base is 200 cm. When the vehicle is moving along a straight path, find the inclination
of the track arms to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle?
c) Sketch polar velocity diagram of a Hookes joint and mark its salient features.
(5M+4M+6M)
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## Code No: R22032

SET - 2

5.

Draw the profile of a cam that gives a lift of 30 mm to a rod carrying a 15 mm diameter roller.
The least radius of the cam is 40 mm and the axis of the roller follower passes through the
center of the cam. The follower is to be lifted with simple harmonic motion in a quarter
revolution of the cam followed by a dwell for 30 degrees. Then the follower is to be lowered
with uniform acceleration and deceleration during 150 degrees of the cam rotation. If the cam
rotates at a uniform speed of 100 rpm, calculate the maximum velocity and acceleration during
the descent period.
(15M)

6.

## a) State and explain the law of gearing?

b) Two mating gears have 10 teeth per cm diametral pitch and are generated on the 20 degrees
full depth involute system. If the tooth numbers are 15 and 50, what maximum addenda may
they have if interference is not to occur? Take addendum= one module.
(5M+10M)

7.

a) Name the materials used for flat belts, V-belts and ropes?
b) A belt is required to transmit 22.5 kW from a pulley of 1.5 m diameter running at 200 rpm.
The angle of embrace is 160 degrees and the coefficient of friction is 0.3. if the safe working
stress for the leather belt is 2.5 N/mm2 , density is 1 g/cm3 and thickness is 10 mm,
determine the width of the belt required, considering the centrifugal force?
(5M+10M)

8.

The epicyclic gear train shown in Fig.1, has a compound gear P-C carried on by the arm R and
the annular wheel A held fixed. Determine the speed of the output arm R if the speed of input
wheel S is 900 r.p.m. Also determine the holding torque on A if 4 kW is delivered to S at 900
rpm with an efficiency of 90%. The number of teeth on S is 18, on P is 24, on C is 12 and on A
is 72.
(15M)
A

Fig. 1
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SET - 3

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations August - 2014

KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY
(Com. to ME, AME, MM)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

## a) Explain the Grueblers criterion for planar mechanisms?

b) Define an inversion? Perform the inversions on double slider crank mechanism? (5M+10M)

2.

a) Explain Scott Russell mechanism through a neat sketch. Show that it generates a straightline motion?
b) Distinguish the Grasshopper of watts mechanisms with a legible sketch?
(11M+4M)

3.

A crank and rocker mechanism ABCD has the following dimensions: AB =0.6m, BC =1 m,
CD =0.8 m, AD =1.2 m and CF = 400 mm. AD is the fixed link. F lies on BC produced. Crank
AB has an angular velocity of 20 rad/s counter clock-wise and a deceleration of 100 rad/s2 at
the instant angle DAB= 600?
Find: i) The instantaneous linear acceleration of C and F and ii) The instantaneous angular
velocities and accelerations of links BC and CD?
(15M)

4.

a) What is the condition for the correct steering? Sketch the two main types of steering gears
b) A Hookes joint connects two shafts, which are having 160 degrees as the included angle.
The driving shaft rotates uniformly at 1000 rpm. Find the maximum acceleration of the
driven shaft and the maximum torque required if the driven shaft carries a flywheel of mass
7 kg and 80 mm radius of gyration?
(8M+7M)

5.

The reciprocating radial roller follower of a plate cam is to rise 50 mm with simple harmonic
motion in 180 degrees of cam rotation and return with simple harmonic motion in the
remaining 180 degrees. If the roller radius is 10 mm and the prime circle radius is 50 mm,
construct the displacement diagram, the pitch curve and the cam profile for clockwise cam
rotation?
(15M)

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SET - 3

6.

## a) Explain about interference in gears.

b) A gear with a module of 8mm/tooth and 22 teeth is in mesh with a rack and the pressure
angle is 25 degrees. If the addendum and dedendum are one module and 1.25 times module
respectively, determine the lengths of path of approach and recess and contact ratio.
(5M+10M)

7.

a) Derive an expression for centrifugal tension in a belt passing round a pulley rim?
b) A V-belt weighing 1.5 kg/m length has an area of cross section of 600 mm2. The angle of lap
is 160 degrees on the smaller pulley that has a V-groove of 40 degrees. If the maximum
allowable stress is 10 N/mm2, determine the power that can be transmitted by the belt at a
speed of 15 m/s. Take the coefficient of friction between the belt and groove as 0.15?
(6M+9M)

8.

A compound epicyclic gear is shown in Figure 1. Wheels A, D and E are free to rotate
independently on spindle O, while B and C are compound and rotate together on spindle P, on
the end of arm OP. All the wheels have teeth of the same pitch. A has 12 teeth, B has 30 and C
has 14 teeth cut externally. Find the number of teeth on wheels D and E, which are cut
internally?
(15M)
E
B
A
O

P
C

D
Figure 1

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SET - 4

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations August - 2014

KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY
(Com. to ME, AME, MM)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

a) What is the major functional difference between machine, mechanisms, structure and super
structure?
b) Describe the following inversions
i) Crank and slotted lever mechanism

2.

(5M+10M)

## a) Classify straight line motion mechanisms?

b) Prove that a point on one of links of a Harts mechanism traces a straight line on movement

3.

(5M+10M)

A Four-bar chain ABCD has a fixed link AD= 700mm, the driving crank AB= 200mm, the
driven crank CD= 400 mm and the connecting link BC= 900mm. Find the velocity and
acceleration of point P midway between Band C when the angle BAD =600 and AB rotates
anti-clockwise at a uniform speed of 600rpm.

4.

(15M)

a) For a Davis steering gear, derive the expression for the angle of inclination of the track arms
to longitudinal axis of the vehicle in terms of the distance between the pivots of the front
axle and wheelbase.
b) Two shafts are connected by a Hookes joint. The driving shaft revolves uniformly at
300rpm. If the total permissible variation in speed of a driven shaft is not to exceed = 4% of
the mean speed, find the greatest permissible angle between the centerlines of the shafts.
Also determine the maximum and minimum speeds of the driven shaft.

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(7M+8M)

5.

SET - 4

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## a) Classify the mechanical cams mentioning its suitable field of applications?

b) Derive expressions for velocity and acceleration for convex cam with a roller follower.
(6M+9M)

6.

## a) Define the following terms for gears

i) Arc of contact

## iii) pitch circle

b) A gear has 20 degrees involute teeth, cut full depth, with a diametral pitch of 2 teeth per 2.5
cm and 22 teeth. Find the thickness of the teeth at the base circle and the addendum circle.
Take Addendum = 1 module and dedendum= 1.25 module for full depth teeth.

7.

(6M+9M)

## a) Describe the classification of chains used for power transmission?

b) A rope drive is required to transmit 900 kW power from a pulley of 1 m diameter running at
300 rpm. The safe pull in each rope is 2500 N and the weight of rope is 15 N/m. The angle
of lap is 150 degrees, the groove angle is 40 degrees and the coefficient of friction between
the rope and the groove is 0.3. Determine the number of ropes required if allowance is made
for the centrifugal stress?

8.

(6M+9M)

a) What is the sun and planet gear? Give the procedure to analyze such a gear train?
b) An epicyclic gear consists of a pinion, a wheel of 80 teeth and an annulus wheel with 120
internal teeth concentric with the wheel. The pinion gears with the wheel and annulus. The
arm that carries the axis of the pinion rotates at 90 rpm. If the annulus is fixed, find the
speed of the wheel?

(6M+9M)

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SET - 1

R10

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations August 2014

MACHINE DRAWING
(Com. to ME, AME)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
Note: Part A: Answer any TWO of the following questions:
PART-B is compulsory.
PART- A
(15M2=30M)

1.

Conventionally represents Wood, Plastic, Steel, Glass, Rubber, Gear, and Bearing.

2.

Draw the sectional elevation, side view and top view right half in section of a solid journal
berating for a 30 mm diameter shaft.

3.

Draw the single riveted lap joint of 16 mm thick plates using snap headed rivets. Show at least
three rivets in the plan view and add a sectional elevation. Mark the dimensions in terms of the
rivet diameter d.
Part B: Assembly drawing

4.

(45M)
Parts of a steam engine connecting rod end are shown in the figure. Assemble them and draw
the following views:
a) Elevation
b) Plan

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## Code No: R22036

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SET - 1

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SET - 2

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations August 2014

MACHINE DRAWING
(Com. to ME, AME)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75

## Note: Part A: Answer any TWO of the following questions:

PART-B is compulsory.
PART- A
(15M2=30M)
1.

## Conventionally represent Bolts, Keys, Gears, Stone, Diamond knurling?

2.

Sketch sectional elevation and end view of the assembly of shaft and collar fitted with taper
sunk key. The diameter of the shaft is 30 mm and that of the collar is 50 mm for a length of
60 mm. Indicate the dimensions on the keys as per the standard practice.

3.

Draw the three views of a hexagonal nut suitable for M30 bolt. Enter all dimensions in terms
of bolt diameter d. Retain all the construction lines.

## Part B: Assembly drawing

4.

(45M)
Parts of a simple type steam stop valve are given in figure 2. Assemble them and draw the
following views:
a) Full sectional elevation
b) Plan

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## Code No: R22036

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SET - 2

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SET - 3

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations August 2014

MACHINE DRAWING
(Com. to ME, AME)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
Note: Part A: Answer any TWO of the following questions:
PART-B is compulsory.
PART- A
(15M2=30M)

1.

Draw single riveted single strap butt joint of 10 mm thick plates using snap headed rivets.
Show at least three rivets in the plan view and add a sectional elevation. Mark the dimensions
in terms of the rivet diameter d.

2.

Draw the half sectional front view and side view of a split muff-coupling suitable for a shaft of
50 mm diameter?

3.

Sketch half sectional elevation of a bush type footstep bearing assembly suitable to a shaft size
50 mm in diameter.
Part B: Assembly drawing

4.

(45M)
Parts of square tool post are given in figure. Assemble them and draw the following views:
a) Half sectional front view
b) Top view

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## Code No: R22036

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SET - 3

R10

SET - 4

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations August 2014

MACHINE DRAWING
(Com. to ME, AME)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
Note: Part A: Answer any TWO of the following questions:
PART-B is compulsory.
PART- A
(15M2=30M)

1.

Draw double riveted zigzag lap joint of 12 mm thick plates using snap headed rivets. Show at
least three rivets in the plan view and add a sectional elevation. Mark the dimensions in terms
of the rivet diameter d.

2.

Draw the half sectional front view and side view socket and spigot joint suitable for shaft of
50mm diameter?

3.

Draw half sectional elevation of a solid muff coupling fitted on a shaft of 36 mm diameter.
Use standard proportions for the coupling and dimension the view.

## Part B: Assembly drawing

4.

(45M)
Parts of valve and the valve seat are given in figure. Assemble them and draw the following
views:
a) Full sectional elevation
b) Plan

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## Code No: R22036

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SET - 4

SET - 1

R10

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, August - 2014

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
(Com. to ME, AME, MM)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

a) Define Bulk modulus. Derive a relation between young's modulus of elasticity and bulk
modulus.
b) An assembly of a steel bar of 70 mm diameter enclosed in an aluminium tube of 80 mm
internal diameter and 120 mm external diameter is compressed between two rigid parallel
plates by a force of 400 kN. The length of the assembly is 1 m. Determine the stresses in the
tube and the bar if the young's modulii of elasticity of steel and aluminium are 200 GPa and
80 GPa respectively.
(7M+8M)

2.

## a) Derive the relation between shear force and rate of loading.

b) Draw shear force and bending moment diagrams for a beam of 6 m long and loaded as
shown in Fig.1 and indicate the main values.
(4M+11M)
10 kN

15 kN

1m
A

D
B
1m

C
3m

2m

Fig. 1

3.

## a) What are the assumptions made in the theory of simple bending?

b) A simply supported beam made of cast iron has a length of 1 m and a square cross section of
20 mm size. The beam fails on applying a load of 400 N at mid span. Find the maximum
uniformly distributed load that can be applied safely to a 50 mm wide x 80 mm deep cross
section and 1.5 m long cantilever made of the same material as that of the simply supported
beam.
(4M+11M)

4.

a) What are the assumptions taken in the analysis of shear stress in beams?
b) Determine the maximum shear stress in a beam with rectangular cross-section of depth D
and width B if a shear force F acts on the section. Also compare it with its mean shear
stress.
(4M+11M)

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5.

SET - 1

R10

## a) What are statically determinate and statically indeterminate frames?

b) Determine the forces in all the members of the frame shown in Fig. 2. Use method of joints.
(4M+11M)
E

75 kN

4m
C

4m
A

8m
Fig. 2

6.

a) Derive the differential equation for the elastic line of a beam subjected to deflection.
b) Obtain the deflection equation for the beam shown in Fig. 3. The length of the beam is L and
the flexural rigidity is EI. Use Macaulay's method.
(15M)
W
A

B
a

b
Fig. 3

7.

a) Drive an expression for volumetric strain in a thin cylinder subjected to an internal pressure
p. The ends of the cylinder are closed by circular plates.
b) A thin cylinder of 250 mm inside diameter and 3 mm thick has its ends closed by rigid
plates. It is filled with water under pressure. If an external axial pull of 50 kN is applied to
the ends, the water pressure falls by 0.1 MPa. FInd the value of poisson's ratio if the bulk
modulus is 2000 MPa young's modulus is 150 GPa.
(5M+10M)

8.

A steel cylinder of 300 mm external diameter is to be shrunk on to another steel cylinder of 150
mm internal diameter. After shrinking, the diameter at the junction is 250mm and radial
pressure at the common junction is 30 N/mm2. Find the original difference in radii at the
junction. Take young's modulus as 200 GPa.
(15M)

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SET - 2

R10

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, August - 2014

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
(Com. to ME, AME, MM)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

## a) Derive the relationship among the three elastic modulii.

b) A composite bar made up of aluminium and steel is rigidly attached to the end supports as
shown in Fig 1. Find the stresses in the two portions of the bar when it is heated to a
temperature of 80oC from 20oC when (i) the ends do not yield (ii) the ends yield by 0.3 mm.
The young's modulii of elasticity for steel and aluminium are 200 GPa and 80 GPa
respectively. Coefficients of expansion for steel and aluminium are: steel = 11.7 x 10 6 / oC
and alu min ium = 23.4 x 10 6 / oC ; Cross sectional areas of aluminium bar and steel bar are
250 mm2 and 375 mm2 respectively.

(7M+8M)

Aluminium

steel

450 mm

900 mm
Fig. 1

2.

Draw shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam shown in Fig. 2. Determine the
magnitudes and locations of maximum bending moment for the portions of the beam AB, BC
and CD.
(15M)
12 kN

16 kN/m

C
A

16 kN/m
D

B
3m

2m

3m

Fig. 2

3.

## Derive the bending equation according to the theory of simple bending.

4.

A 60 mm wide and 120 mm deep I-beam is acted upon by a shear force of 10 kN. The web
thickness is 4 mm and the flange thickness is 6 mm. Determine the tranverse shear stress
neutral axis and at the top of the web. Also find the ratio of the maximum shear stress to the
mean stress based on the assumption of uniform distribution over the web. What is the
percentage of shear force carried by the web? Take the moment of inertia of the section as
2.2 x 106 mm4 and the area is 960 mm2.
(15M)
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(15M)

5.

SET - 2

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## a) Explain the terms: i) perfect frame

ii) deficient frame
iii) redundant frame
b) Determine the forces in all the members of the frame shown in Fig. 3.Use method of joints.
(3M+12M)
60 kN

120 kN

4m
H

4m
A

4m

4m
Fig. 3

6.

A simply supported beam of length L carries a concentrated load of P at a distance L1 from one
end. Determine i) the deflection under the load ii) maximum deflection iii) slopes at the two
ends. Use Moment-area method.
(15M)

7.

a) A spherical tank for storing gas under pressure is 30 m in diameter and is made of structural
steel of 20 mm thick. The yield strength of the material is 250 MPa and the factor of safety
is 2.5. Determine the maximum permissible internal pressure, assuming the welded seams
between various plates are 80 percent as strong as the solid metal.
b) A copper tube of 75 mm internal diameter, 1 m long and 3 mm thick is filled with water
under pressure. Find the change in pressure if additional volume of 3000 mm3 of water is
pumped into the tube. Assume that there is no distortion of end plates. Take young's
modulus as 100 GPa, bulk modulus as 2000 MPa and poisson's ratio as 0.25.
(5M+10M)

8.

A cylinder of external diameter 300 mm and internal diameter 250 mm is shrunk over another
cylinder of external diameter of 250 mm and internal diameter 200 mm. The radial pressure at
the junction after shrinking ia 10 N/mm2. Find the final stresses set up across the section, when
the compound cylinder is subjected to an internal pressure of 90 N/mm2.
(15M)

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SET - 3

R10

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, August - 2014

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
(Com. to ME, AME, MM)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

## a) Draw stress-strain curve for steel. Explain its salient features.

b) A 30mm thick and 200mm wide steel plate tapers uniformly to 20mm thickness and 150 mm
width over a length of 2 m. Determine the increase in length when a pull of 20 kN is applied
Take young's modulus of elasticity as 210 GPa.
(7M+8M)

2.

Draw shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam shown in Fig. 1 and indicate the
main values.
(15M)
12 kN/m
20 kN-m
D

4m

2m

1.5 m

Fig. 1

3.

The tension flange of a girder of I-section is 200 mm x 40 mm, whereas the compression flange
is 150 mm x 20 mm. The web is 300 mm deep and 20 mm thick. If the girder is used as simply
supported beam of 10 m span, determine the load per unit run if the allowable stress is 100MPa
in compression and 40 MPa in tension.
(15M)

4.

Determine the maximum shear stress induced in a beam with the following cross-sections when
subjected a shear force of F. compare it with its mean stress.
a) Square cross section with the diagonal horizontal and the length of the diagonal is B.
b) Triangular cross section with its depth D and base W.
(8M+7M)

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## Code No: R22031

5.

a) What are the assumptions made in the analysis of frames and trusses?
b) Determine the forces in the members CE, GE and GB of the frame shown in Fig. 2 using
method of sections. D and E are the mid points of AC and BC respectively.
(6M+9M)

6.

Determine the deflection at the points B and C of the beam shown in Fig. 3. The flexural
rigidity of the beam is 90,000 kN-m2. Use double integration method.
(15M)
40 kN

90 kN

1m
A

D
B
1m

C
3m

2m

Fig. 3

7.

a) What are the assumptions made in the analysis of thin cylinders? Derive the expressions for
hoop and longitudinal stresses developed in them.
b) A cylindrical boiler drum has hemispherical ends. The cylindrical portion is 1.5 m long and
720 mm in diameter and 18 mm thick. It is filled with water at atmospheric pressure.
Determine the volume of additional water required to be filled in the drum to raise the
pressure in the drum to 12 MPa. Assume the hoop strain at the junction of cylinder and the
hemisphere to be the same for both. Take young's modulus of elasticity as 200 GPa, Bulk
modulus as 2100 MPa and poisson's ratio as 0.3.
(6M+9M)

8.

## a) Derive Lame's equations.

b) Determine the thickness of metal necessary for a thick cylindrical shell of internal diameter
160 mm to withstand an internal pressure of 10 N/mm2. The maximum hoop stress in the
section is not to exceed 40 N/mm2.
(8M+7M)

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R10

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, August - 2014

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
(Com. to ME, AME, MM)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

a) A bar of 3 m long and 15mm diameter, hangs vertically and has a collar attached at the lower
end. Determine the maximum stress induced when a weight of 100 kg falls through a height
of 20 mm on to the collar.
b) A steel bar of 15 mm diameter is subjected to an axial load of 15 kN. If the change in
diameter is found to be 0.0024 mm, determine the poisson's ratio, modulus of elasticity and
bulk modulus. Take rigidity modulus as 78 GPa.
(6M+9M)

2.

Draw shear force and bending moment diagrams for the overhanging beam shown in Fig. 1and
indicate the main values.
(15M)
10 kN
20 kN/m
1m
16 kN/m

C
A

B
3m

2m

2m

2.5 m

Fig. 1

3.

## a) A 300 mm x 80 mm I-beam is to be used as a simply supported beam of 7 m span. The web

thickness is 10 mm and the flanges are 15 mm thickness. Determine the magnitude of
concentrated load that can be carried at a distance of 3 m from one support if the maximum
permissible stress is 90 MPa.
b) Compare the bending resistances of a beam with square cross section placed with two sides
horizontal to that with a diagonal horizontal for the same stress in each case.
(10M+5M)

4.

Determine the shear stress induced in a beam at its neutral axis with the following crosssections when subjected a shear force of F. compare it with its mean stress.
i) Hexagonal cross section with two parallel sides horizontal and the length of each side is B.
ii) Circular cross section of diameter D.
(8M+7M)

1 of 2

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5.

SET - 4

R10

## Code No: R22031

Determine the value of the force P which produces a force 200 kN in the member AB of the
cantilever frame shown in Fig. 2. Also determine the forces in the members GH and AG.(15M)
P
A

P
B

4m

G
3m

E
6m

6m

2P

Fig. 2

6.

Determine the deflection at the free end of the beam shown in Fig. 3 and the maximum
deflection between A and B. Assume young's modulus of elasticity as 200 GPa and I = 12 x 106
mm4.
(15M)
6kN

4 kN/m

B
E

1m

3m
Fig. 3

2m

1m

7.

a) What are the stresses developed in a thin spherical shell and find the expressions for the
stresses and volumetric strain.
b) A thin spherical steel shell of 1.5 m diameter and uniform thickness is filled with water at a
pressure of 2.5 MPa. The relief valve attached to the shell is opened to allow the water to
escape until the pressure inside the shell drops to atmospheric pressure. If the volume of
water escaped is 4500 c.c., determine the thickness of the plates of the shell. Take young's
modulus of elasticity as 200 GPa, Bulk modulus as 2100 MPa and poisson's ratio as 0.3.
(5M+10M)

8.

A steel tube of 200 mm external diameter is to be shrunk onto another steel tube of 60 mm
internal diameter. The diameter at the junction after shrinking is 120mm. The difference of
diameters at the junction is 0.09 mm before shrinking on. Calculate the radial pressure at the
junction and the hoop stresses developed in the two tubes after shrinking on. Take young's
modulus of elasticity as 200 GPa.
(15M)

2 of 2

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SET - 1

R10

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, August -2014

METALLURGY AND MATERIAL SCIENCE
(Com. to ME, AME, MM)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

## a) Explain crystallization process in pure metals.

b) What is bonding energy, bond length and atomic radii? Explain them.

(7M+8M)

2.

## a) Distinguish between interstitial compounds and interstitial solid solutions.

b) What are the conditions that are favourable for extensive solid solubility of one element in
another? Explain them.
(8M+7M)

3.

a) What do you understand by the term equilibrium diagram? Explain with an example.
b) What is lever rule? Explain how it is useful.
(8M+7M)

4.

## a) Write the classification of steels.

b) Explain the microstructure, properties and applications of Spheroidal cast iron.

(8M+7M)

## Explain the following:

i) Cryogenic treatment of alloys
ii) Hardenability

(8M+7M)

5.

6.

7.

## a) Write the properties and applications of crystalline ceramics.

b) How are ceramic components formed? Explain.

8.

(15M)

(8M+7M)

## a) What factors do influence the final properties of composites?

b) What is a hybrid composite? Mention two important advantages of hybrid composites over
normal fibre composites.
(7M+8M)

1 of 1

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R10

SET - 2

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, August -2014

METALLURGY AND MATERIAL SCIENCE
(Com. to ME, AME, MM)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

2.

3.

## a) Discuss various types of bonds in solids and explain them.

b) Explain the effect of grain boundaries on the properties of metals/alloys.

(8M+7M)

## a) Distinguish between alloy and alloy system with suitable examples.

b) Explain Hume Rotherys rules in detail.

(8M+7M)

## a) Explain the various applications of phase diagrams.

b) Describe peritectic system with an example.

(8M+7M)

4.

## a) Explain the structure and properties of plain carbon steels.

b) Write a short note on the following:
ii) Malleable cast iron

5.

## a) Normalized steels are stronger than annealed steels. Explain.

b) Explain the effect of alloying elements on Fe-Fe3C system.

(8M+7M)

## a) Explain the important features of alpha and alpha-beta alloys of titanium.

b) Why do aluminium alloys respond to age hardening? Give some examples.

(8M+7M)

## a) Write the properties and applications of cermets.

b) Describe two methods for preparing ceramic raw materials for processing.

(8M+7M)

6.

7.

8.

(7M+8M)

## a) Explain the various methods of component manufacture of composites.

b) What is MMC? Where are they used? Classify the MMCs according to the type of
reinforcement.
(8M+7M)

1 of 1

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## Code No: R22035

SET - 3

R10
II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, August -2014
METALLURGY AND MATERIAL SCIENCE
(Com. to ME, AME, MM)

Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

## a) Explain why we should study the crystal structure of metals.

b) Discuss various types of crystal imperfections, with the help of neat sketches.

2.

## a) Explain types of solid solutions in detail.

b) Write a short note on the following:
i) Intermediate alloy phases
ii) Electron compounds

3.

## a) Explain eutectic system with an example.

b) Discuss the Gibbs phase rule in detail.

4.

5.

## a) Explain the structure, properties and applications of White cast iron.

b) Write a short note on the following:
i) Tool and die steels
ii) Low alloy steels
a) Explain surface hardening methods in detail.
b) Discuss the effect of alloying elements on hardenability.

6.

7.

## a) Write the properties and applications of nano materials.

b) Compare the properties of crystalline ceramics and glass ceramics.

8.

(8M+7M)
(7M+8M)

(8M+7M)

(7M+8M)

(8M+7M)
(15M)

(8M+7M)

a) Define the term composite and explain what are advanced composites? Give few examples.
b) Explain the following:
(7M+8M)
i) C-C composites
ii) Fibre reinforced materials

1 of 1

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R10

SET - 4

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, August -2014

METALLURGY AND MATERIAL SCIENCE
(Com. to ME, AME, MM)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

a) Describe the reasons for high thermal and electrical conductivity in metallic bonded solids.
b) Write the properties of covalent bonded solids.
(8M+7M)

2.

## a) Write short notes on Hume-Rotherys rules.

b) What is an intermediate alloy phases. Explain in detail.

(8M+7M)

3.

## Explain the following:

i) Isomorphous alloy systems
ii) Equilibrium cooling and heating of alloys
iii) Lever rule

4.

a) Explain the difference in microstructure and properties of white and grey cast iron.
b) Compare the properties of plain carbon steels with those of alloy steels.
(8M+7M)

5.

## Explain the following:

i) Age hardening treatment
ii) TTT diagrams

6.

Discuss the various types of titanium alloys giving their composition, properties and uses.
(15M)
a) What is Nano material? Explain its applications.
b) Write the properties and applications of abrasive materials.
(8M+7M)

7.

8.

(8M+7M)

## a) Explain the classification of composites in detail.

b) Write a short on the following:
i) Particle reinforced materials
ii) Metal matrix composite

1 of 1

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(5M+5M+5M)

(7M+8M)

SET - 1

R10

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations August 2014

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

2.

3.

a) What are the factors to be considered before selecting the material for a pattern?
b) When do you use a i) Solid Pattern, ii) Split pattern and iii) Match Pattern?
Give reasons and an example in each case.
a) What are the factors which govern the choice of a particular type of furnace for
particular metal?
b) Describe the constructional features of a Cupola furnace.

(6M+9M)
melting a
(7M+8M)

## a) Explain the process of thermit welding and discuss its advantages?

b) Explain the classification of welding process.

(8M+7M)

4.

What are the reasons for various defects observed in welding? List out the welding
Suggest remedies?

defects.
(15M)

5.

a) Explain recrystallization and grain growth processes and their effect on properties of a metal
worked component.
b) Derive the expression for power required in rolling operation.
(8M+7M)

6.

a) What are the similarities and differences between piercing and blanking?
b) Why are multiple passes usually required in wiredrawing operations? Explain.

(7M+8M)

7.

What are the characteristics of any forging machine? Explain the process of closed die forging.
Explain the importance of flash.
(15M)

8.

a) Would you use thermosetting plastics for injection molding? Justify your answer.
b) Outline the precautions that you would take in processing plastics.
(8M+7M)

1 of 1

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R10

SET - 2

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations August 2014

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

2.

3.

4.

## a) Can ice is used for pattern material? Justify your answer.

b) What are different types of gates?

(7M+8M)

## a) Write the product applications of Semi-Centrifugal and Centrifugal casting methods.

b) Write the advantages, limitations and product applications of investment casting methods.
(7M+8M)
a) Explain how Oxy-acetylene torch can be used for both welding and cutting?
b) What does a thermit mixture consists of and what reactions take place in thermit welding?
(7M+8M)
a) What is the basic principle of explosive welding? Explain.
b) Describe the types of fluxes used in soldering and their applications?
(8M+7M)

5.

a) Describe forces and geometrical relationships in rolling and explain the effect of variables
b) Derive equations for torque and horse power required in rolling.
(7M+8M)

6.

## a) What are the various ways in which presses can be classified?

b) Explain shearing action in press working?

(7M+8M)

7.

a) Describe deformation in extrusion and explain possible defects and suitable remedies?
b) Derive an equation for ideal extrusion pressure.
(7M+8M)

8.

a) Describe the advantages of cold forming of plastics over other processing methods?
b) Name the major methods used in processing reinforced plastics?
(8M+7M)

1 of 1

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SET - 3

R10

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations August 2014

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

## a) What do you mean by an allowance? List out different allowances.

b) What points are to be considered before the selection of casting process for manufacturing
a component? Explain.
(8M+7M)

2.

## a) Differentiate between directional and unidirectional solidification.

b) Compare cold chamber and hot chamber method of die casting.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

## a) Describe the appearance and properties of

i) Neutral Flame
iii) Oxidizing flame.
b) How does straight polarity differ from reverse polarity?

(7M+8M)
ii) Reducing Flame
(9M+6M)

a) Explain the reasons and suggest remedies for the following welding defects
i) Distortions
ii) Cracks.
b) Distinguish between TIG welding and MIG welding?

(8M+7M)

## a) What is the significance of recrystallization temperature in metal working?

b) Sketch common types of rolling mills and briefly state the products of each.

(7M+8M)

## a) Explain residual stresses in rods, wires and tubes drawn.

b) Explain the process of piercing. How does it differ from hot spinning? Explain

(7M+8M)

a) Describe forging equipment. Compare closed die forging with open die forging.
b) Suggest and explain the method of manufacturing collapsible tubes?

(8M+7M)

## a) Explain the steps involved in injection moulding of plastics.

b) What are different additive agents in plastics? Explain.

(8M+7M)

1 of 1

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SET - 4

R10

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations August 2014

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

a) What are the criteria to be used for designing the pouring basin? Discuss briefly.
b) What are split and multi piece patterns? What are the advantages of making them in two
or more pieces? Give examples.
(7M+8M)

2.

## a) Describe the solidification of a pure metal with a neat sketch.

b) Large castings are not made by investment casting. Comment.

(8M+7M)

3.

a) Describe the reaction that take place in an oxy fuel gas torch. What is the level of
temperature generated? Explain.
b) Describe the procedure to be followed in an oxy fuel gas welding operation?
(8M+7M)

4.

## a) Why do properties vary widely in most welding heat affected zones?

b) With the help of a neat sketch explain the inert gas welding process.

(7M+8M)

## a) How is neutral point defined in rolling? What is its significance?

b) List the parameters effecting coefficient of friction in rolling and explain them.

(8M+7M)

## a) Describe production of seamless pipes and tubes.

b) Explain rod and wire drawing processes.

(8M+7M)

5.

6.

7.

## a) Distinguish between forward extrusion and backward extrusion.

b) What are the various forging hammers? Discuss their advantages and limitations. (8M+7M)

8.

With the help of suitable figures explain the injection moulding process of plastics? What are
(15M)

1 of 1

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SET - 1

R10

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, August 2014

THERMAL ENGINEERING - I
(Com. to ME, AME)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

a) Explain the reasons for the difference between the air-standard cycles and the actual cycles
of Internal Combustion Engines.
b) What is the main loss in a Diesel engine? By means of a P-V diagram indicate the actual and
fuel air cycle for a two stroke Diesel engine.

2.

a) Explain the operation of High tension Magneto ignition system with a sketch.
b) Draw the typical distillation curve for Diesel fuel and explain the property Volatility.

3.

## a) Explain the phenomenon of knock in S.I engine with sketches.

b) Describe the following combustion chambers of S.I engine with line diagrams:

4.

a) What is the ignition delay period in C.I.Engine combustion? Explain the physical and
chemical delay periods.
b) Table the important characteristics that tend to reduce knock in C.I engines.

5.

During the trail of a single cylinder 4-stroke oil engine, the following results were obtained:
cylinder diameter 20 cm, stroke 40 cm, mep 6 bar, torque 407 Nm, speed 250 rpm, oil
consumption 4 kg/h, calorific value 43 MJ/kg, cooling water flow rate 4.5 kg/mnt, air used per
kg of fuel 30 kg, rise in cooling water temperature 450C, temperature of exhaust gases 4200C,
room temperature 200C, mean specific heat of exhaust gas 1 kJ/kg K. Find the indicated power,
brake power and draw the heat balance sheet for the test in KJ/h.

6.

A two stage air compressor with perfect intercooling takes in air at 1 bar pressure and 270 C.
The law of compression in both the stages is pv1.3 = constant. The compressed air is delivered
at 9 bar from the H.P cylinder to an air receiver. Calculate per kg of air (i) the minimum work
done, and (ii) The heat rejected to intercooler.

7.

a) Explain the principle of working of centrifugal compressor with the help of h-s diagram.
b) Describe the working cycle of the screw compressor, with a sketch.

8.

A multistage axial compressor is required for compressing air at 293 K through a pressure ratio
of 5 to 1. Each stage is to be 50% reaction and the mean blade speed is 275 m/s, flow
coefficient is 5 and stage loading factor is 0.3 are taken for simplicity as constant for all stages.
Find the flow angles and the number of stages required if the stage efficiency is 88.8%.
1 of 1

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R10

SET - 2

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, August 2014

THERMAL ENGINEERING - I
(Com. to ME, AME)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

a) Discuss the effect of the timing of the intake and exhaust valves on the volumetric
efficiency.
b) What is optimum spark advance? Show the effect of spark advance on the power output by
means of the P-V diagram of an S.I engine.

2.

a) Explain the working of a single cylinder Jerk pump type fuel injection system with a sketch.
b) Explain the principle of direct injection of gasoline into the cylinder of an S.I. Engine with a
sketch.

3.

a) Describe how the following parameters influence the flame speed in an S.I engine:
i) Turbulence ii) Compression ratio iii) Fuel-air ratio iv) Engine output v) Engine size.
b) Define Octane number and explain how the S.I. Engine fuels are rated.

4.

a) Compare the phenomenon of knock in S.I. and C.I. Engines, by means of P- diagrams.
b) Discuss the effect of compression ratio on maximum air temperature for C.I Engine
combustion by means of a graph.

5.

A four stroke, 4 cylinder gasoline engine has a bore of 60 mm and a stroke of 100 mm. On the
test it develops a torque of 66.5 Nm when running at 3000 rpm. If the clearance volume in each
cylinder is 60 cc, the relative efficiency with respect to brake thermal efficiency is 0.5 and the
calorific value of the fuel is 42 MJ/kg, find the fuel consumption in kg/h and the brake mean
effective pressure.

6.

A two-stage single acting reciprocating air compressor draws in air at a pressure of 1 bar and
170C and compresses it to a pressure of 60 bar. After compression in the L.P. cylinder, the air
is cooled at constant pressure of 8 bar to a temperature of 370C. The low pressure cylinder has
a diameter of 150 mm and both the cylinders have 200 mm stroke. If the law of compression is
pv1.35 = C, find the power of the compressor, when it runs at 200 r.p.m. Take R=287 J/kg K.

7.

Draw the velocity diagrams for a centrifugal compressor at impeller inlet, impeller outlet,
diffuser inlet and outlet and explain the various terms.

8.

In an axial flow compressor, the overall stagnation pressure ratio is 4 with an overall stagnation
isentropic efficiency of 86%. The inlet stagnation temperature and pressure are 320 K and 1
bar. The mean blade speed is 190 m/s. The degree of reaction is 0.5 at the mean radius with
relative air angles of 300 and 100 at rotor inlet and outlet respectively. The work done factor is
0.88. Calculate the stagnation polytropic efficiency, number of stages, inlet pressure and
temperature.
1 of 1

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SET - 3

R10

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, August 2014

THERMAL ENGINEERING - I
(Com. to ME, AME)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

a) Explain the loss due to rubbing friction of an I.C.Engine. How will it vary with the engine
b) With the help of a P-V diagram for an S.I. Engine, explain the consequences of the finite
time of combustion.

2.

## a) Sketch and explain the working principle of pressure cooling system.

b) Explain the principle of working of Wankel engine.

3.

## a) By means of P- diagram, explain the stages of combustion in an S.I.Engine.

b) Describe few anti-knock additives for S.I. Engine.

4.

a) Explain the principle of operation of Lanova air-cell combustion chamber with a sketch
b) Define Cetane number and explain how the C.I. Engine fuels are rated.

5.

In a test of oil engine, under full load, the following results were obtained: ip 33 kW, brake
power 27 kW, oil consumption 8 kg/h, calorific value 43 MJ/kg, cooling water flow rate 7
kg/min, rate of flow of water through gas calorimeter 12 kg/h, rise in cooling water temperature
600C, final temperature of exhaust gases 800C, room temperature 170C, air-fuel ratio on mass
basis 20, rise in water temperature through exhaust gas calorimeter 400C, mean specific heat of
exhaust gas 1 kJ/kg K. Draw the heat balance sheet and find thermal and mechanical
efficiencies.

6.

A two-stage single acting reciprocating compressor takes in air at the rate of 0.2 m3/s. The
intake pressure and temperature of air are 0.1 MPa and 160C. The air is compressed to a final
pressure of 0.7 MPa. The intermediate pressure is ideal and intercooling is perfect. The
compression index in both the stages is 1.25 and the compressor runs at 600 r.p.m. Neglecting
clearance, determine (i) The intermediate pressure, (ii) The total volume of each cylinder, (iii)
the power required to drive the compressor, and (iv) the rate of heat rejection in the intercooler.
Take Cp = 1.005 kJ/kg K and R = 287 J/kg K.

7.

## a) Explain the significance of the following dimensionless parameters of centrifugal

compressors: i) Flow coefficient
ii) Head coefficient iii) Pressure coefficient
b) What are rotary compressors? Where do vane type compressors find application?

8.

A multi stage axial flow compressor delivers 18 kg/s of air. The inlet stagnation condition is
1 bar and 200C. The power consumed by the compressor is 4260 kW. Calculate: i) delivery
pressure ii) number of stages and iii) overall isentropic efficiency of the compressor. Assume
temperature rise in the first stage is 180C, the polytropic efficiency of compression is 0.9 and
the stage stagnation pressure ratio is constant.

|''|''|||''|'''|||'|

1 of 1
Code No: R22033

R10

SET - 4

## II B. Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, August 2014

THERMAL ENGINEERING - I
(Com. to ME, AME)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry Equal Marks
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.

a) Define volumetric efficiency and name the variables that affect the volumetric efficiency.
b) With the help of a P-V diagram for S.I.Engine, discuss the effect of 00 and 350 spark

2.

a) Explain the main metering and idling system of a carburetor for cruising and full throttle
operations.
b) Sketch and explain the working of a gear type lubricating pump.

3.

a)Describe the following two general objectives of combustion chamber design for S.I. Engine:
i) Smooth Engine operation
ii) High power output & thermal efficiency.
b) Explain the factors influencing flame speed in combustion of S.I. engines.

4.

## a) By means of P- diagram, explain the stages of combustion in a C.I.Engine.

b) Differentiate between compression and combustion induced swirl.

5.

A four stroke cycle gas engine has a bore of 20 cm and a stroke of 40 cm. The compression
ratio is 6. In a test on the engine the imep is 5 bar, the air to gas ratio is 6:1 and the calorific
value of the gas is 12 MJ/m3 at NTP. At the beginning of the compression stroke, the
temperature is 770C and pressure 0.98 bar. Neglecting residual gases, find the indicated power
and the thermal efficiency of the engine at 250 rpm.

6.

An air compressor takes in air at 0.98 bar and 200C and compresses it according to the law
pv1.2 = C. It is then delivered to a receiver at constant pressure of 9.8 bar. Determine: (i) the
temperature at the end of compression; (ii) the work done per kg of air; (iii) the heat transferred
during the compression; and (iv) the work done during delivery. Take R = 287 J/kg K and =
1.4.

7.

a) What is slip factor of centrifugal compressor? With the help of a velocity triangle diagram,