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Value Added Tax (VAT)

Value-Added Tax is a form of sales tax. It is a tax on consumption levied on the sale, barter, exchange
or lease of goods or properties and services in the Philippines and on importation of goods into the
Philippines. It is an indirect tax, which may be shifted or passed on to the buyer, transferee or lessee of
goods, properties or services.
Who are required to file vat returns?

Any person or entity who, in the course of his trade or business, sells, barters, exchanges,
leases goods or properties and renders services subject to VAT, if the aggregate amount of
actual gross sales or receipts exceed One Million Nine Hundred Nineteen Thousand Five
Hundred Pesos (P1,919,500.00).

A person required to register as VAT taxpayer but failed to register

Any person, whether or not made in the course of his trade or business, who imports goods

Monthly VAT Declarations


Tax Form
BIR Form 2550M - Monthly Value-Added Tax Declaration (February 2007 ENCS)
Documentary Requirements
1. Duly issued Certificate of Creditable VAT Withheld at Source (BIR Form No. 2307), if applicable
2. Summary Alphalist of Withholding Agents of Income Payments Subjected to Withholding Tax At
Source (SAWT), if applicable
3. Duly approved Tax Debit Memo, if applicable
4. Duly approved Tax Credit Certificate, if applicable
5. Authorization letter, if return is filed by authorized representative.
Procedures
1. Fill-up BIR Form No. 2550M in triplicate copies (two copies for the BIR and one copy for the taxpayer)
2. If there is payment:

File the Monthly VAT declaration, together with the required attachments, and pay
the VAT due thereon with anyAuthorized Agent Bank (AAB) under the jurisdiction
of the Revenue District Office (RDO)/Large Taxpayers District Office (LTDO) where
the taxpayer (head office of the business establishment) is registered or required
to be registered.

The taxpayer must accomplish and submit BIR-prescribed deposit slip, which the
bank teller shall machine validate as evidence that payment was received by the
AAB. The AAB receiving the tax return shall stamp mark the word "Received" on

the return and machine validate the return as proof of filing the return and
payment of the tax.

In places where there are no duly accredited agent banks, file the Monthly VAT
declaration, together with the required attachments and pay the VAT due with the
Revenue Collection Officer (RCO) or duly authorized Treasurer of the Municipality
where such taxpayer (head office of the business establishment) is registered or
required to be registered.

The RCO or duly authorized Municipal/City Treasurer shall issue a Revenue Official
Receipt upon payment of the tax.

3. If there is no payment:

File the Monthly VAT Declaration, together with the required attachments with the
RDO/LTDO/Large Taxpayers Assistance Division, Collection Agent or duly
authorized Municipal/ City Treasurer of Municipality/City where the taxpayer (head
office of the business establishment) is registered or required to be registered.

Deadline

Manual Filing

Not later than the 20th day following the end of each month

Through Electronic Filing and Payment System (eFPS):


Business Industry
Period for filing Monthly VAT
Declarations

Group A
Insurance and Pension Funding
Activities Auxiliary to Financial Intermediation
Construction
Water Transport
Hotels and Restaurants
Land Transport
Group B
Manufacture
Manufacture
Manufacture
Manufacture
Manufacture
Manufacture
Manufacture
Manufacture
Manufacture
Manufacture
Manufacture
Manufacture
Manufacture
Manufacture
Manufacture
Manufacture

and Repair of Furniture


of Basic Metals
of Chemicals and Chemical Products
of Coke, Refined Petroleum & Fuel Products
of Electrical Machinery & Apparatus N.E.C.
of Fabricated Metal Products
of Food, Products & Beverages
of Machinery & Equipment NEC
of Medical, Precision, Optical Instruments
of Motor Vehicles, Trailer & Semi-Trailers
of Office, Accounting & Computing Machinery
of Other Non-Metallic Mineral Products
of Other Transport Equipment
of Other Wearing Apparel
of Paper and Paper Products
of Radio, TV & Communication Equipment/

25 days following the end of the month

24 days following the end of the month

Apparatus
Manufacture of Rubber & Plastic Products
Manufacture of Textiles
Manufacture of Tobacco Products
Manufacture of Wood & Wood Products
Manufacturing N.E.C.
Metallic Ore Mining
Non-Metallic Mining & Quarrying

Group C
Retail Sale
23 days following the end of the month
Wholesale Trade and Commission Trade
Sale, Maintenance, Repair of Motor Vehicle, Sale of Automotive
Fuel
Collection, Purification and Distribution of Water
Computer and Related Activities
Real Estate Activities
Group D
Air Transport
Electricity, Gas, Steam & Hot Water Supply
Postal & Telecommunications
Publishing, Printing & Reproduction of Recorded Media
Recreational, Cultural & Sporting Activities
Recycling
Renting of Goods & Equipment
Supporting & Auxiliary Transport Services
Group E
Activities of Membership Organizations, Inc.
Health and Social Work
Public Admin & Defense Compulsory Social Security
Research and Development
Agricultural, Hunting, and Forestry
Farming of Animals
Fishing
Other Service Activities
Miscellaneous Business Activities
Unclassified

22 days following the end of the month

21 days following the end of the month

Quarterly Value-Added Tax Return


Tax Form
BIR Form No. 2550Q - Quarterly Value-Added Tax Return (February 2007 ENCS)
Attachments to the Return
1. Duly issued Certificate of Creditable VAT Withheld at Source (BIR Form 2307), if applicable

2. Summary Alphalist of Withholding Agents of Income Payments Subjected to Withholding Tax At


Source (SAWT), if applicable
3. Duly approved Tax Debit Memo, if applicable
4. Duly approved Tax Credit Certificate, if applicable
5. Previously filed return and proof of payment, for amended return
6. Authorization letter, if return is filed by authorized representative

Procedures
1. Fill-up BIR Form 2550Q in triplicate copies (two copies for the BIR and one copy for the taxpayer)
2. If there is payment:

File the Quarterly VAT Return, together with the required attachments, and pay
the VAT due thereon with any AAB under the jurisdiction of the RDO/LTDO where
the taxpayer (head office of the business establishment) is registered or required
to be registered.

The taxpayer must accomplish and submit BIR- prescribed deposit slip, which the
bank teller shall machine validate as evidence that payment was received by the
AAB. The AAB receiving the tax return shall stamp mark the word "Received" on
the return and machine validate that return as proof of filing the return and
payment of the tax.

In places where there are no duly accredited agent banks, file the Quarterly VAT
Return, together with the required attachments and pay the VAT due with the
Revenue Collection Officer (RCO) or duly authorized Treasurer of the Municipality
where such taxpayer (head office of the business establishment) is registered or
required to be registered.

The RCO or duly authorized Municipal/City Treasurer shall issue a Revenue Official Receipt upon
payment of the tax.
3. If there is no payment:

File the Quarterly VAT Return, together with the required attachments with the
RDO/LTDO/Large Taxpayers Assistance Division, Collection Agent or duly
authorized Municipal/City Treasurer of Municipality/City where the taxpayer (head
office of the business establishment) is registered or required to be registered.

Reminders:
1. Only one consolidated Monthly VAT Declaration/Quarterly VAT Return shall be filed covering the
results of operation of the head office as well as the branches for all lines of business subject to VAT.

2. The Quarterly List of Sales and Purchases shall be submitted in magnetic form using 3.5-inch floppy
diskette following the format provided under Section 4.114-3(g) of RR No. 16-2005.
3. The Quarterly List of Sales and Purchases shall be submitted through electronic filing facility for
taxpayers under the jurisdiction of the Large Taxpayers Service (LTS) and those enrolled under
the eFPS.
Deadline
Within twenty five (25) days following the close of taxable quarter.

Tax Rates

On sale of goods and properties - twelve percent (12%) of the gross selling price or gross value
in money of the goods or properties sold, bartered or exchanged
On sale of services and use or lease of properties - twelve percent (12%) of gross receipts
derived from the sale or exchange of services, including the use or lease of properties
On importation of goods - twelve percent (12%) based on the total value used by the Bureau of
Customs in determining tariff and customs duties, plus customs duties, excise taxes, if any,
and other charges, such as tax to be paid by the importer prior to the release of such goods
from customs custody; provided, that where the customs duties are determined on the basis of
quantity or volume of the goods, the VAT shall be based on the landed cost plus excise taxes, if
any.
On export sales and other zero-rated sales - 0%

Who are liable to register as VAT taxpayers?


Any person who, in the course of trade or business, sells, barters or exchanges goods or properties or
engages in the sale or exchange of services shall be liable to register if:
a. His gross sales or receipts for the past twelve (12) months, other than those that are exempt under
Section 109 (A) to (U), have exceeded One Million Five Hundred Thousand Pesos (P1,500,000.00): or
b. There are reasonable grounds to believe that his gross sales or receipts for the next twelve (12)
months, other than those that are exempt under Section 109 (A) to (U), will exceed One Million Five
Hundred Thousand Pesos (P1,500,000.00).
When is a new VAT taxpayer required to apply for registration and pay the registration fee?
New VAT taxpayers shall apply for registration as VAT Taxpayers and pay the corresponding registration
fee of five hundred pesos (P500.00) using BIR Form No. 0605 for every separate or distinct
establishment or place of business before the start of their business following existing issuances on
registration.
Thereafter, taxpayers are required to pay the annual registration fee of five hundred pesos (P500.00)
not later than January 31, every year.
What compliance activities should a VAT taxpayer, after registration as such, do promptly
or periodically?
The following compliance activities must be performed by a VAT-registered taxpayer:

a. Pay the annual registration fee of P500.00 for every place of business or establishment that
generates sales;
b. Register the books of accounts of the business/occupation/calling, including practice of profession,
before using the same;
c. Register the sales invoices and official receipts as VAT-invoices or VAT official receipts for use on
transactions subject to VAT. (If there are other transaction not subject to VAT, a separate set of non-VAT
invoices or non-VAT official receipts need to be registered for use on transactions not subject to VAT);
d. Filing of the Monthly Value-added Tax Declaration on or before the 20th day following the end of the
taxable month (for manual filers)/on or before the prescribed due dates enunciated in RR No. 16-2005
(for e-filers) using BIR Form No. 2550M and of the Quarterly VAT Return on or before the 25th day
following the end of the taxable quarter using BIR Form No. 2550Q, reflecting therein gross receipts
(for seller of service)/ gross sales (for seller of goods) and output tax (VAT on sales); purchases of
goods and services made in the course of trade or business/exercise of profession and input tax (VAT
on purchases), other allowable tax credits as in the case of advance VAT payment and VAT withheld by
government payors, and VAT payable or excess input VAT, whichever is applicable, with the accredited
agent banks (AABs) of the BIR or Revenue Collection Officers (RCOs) of the BIR (in areas without AAB),
for returns with payment, or with the RDO/LTDO having jurisdiction over the taxpayer (home
RDO/LTDO), for returns without payment. (The monthly VAT Declaration and the Quarterly VAT Return
shall reflect the consolidated total for all the taxable lines of activity and all the establishments - head
office and branches);
e. Submit with the RDO/LTDO having jurisdiction over the taxpayer, on or before the deadline set in the
filing of the Quarterly VAT Return, the soft copy of the Quarterly Schedule of Monthly Sales and Output
Tax (if the quarterly sales exceed P2,500,000.00), and the soft copy of the Quarterly Schedule of
Monthly Domestic Purchases and Input Tax/ the soft copy of the Schedule of Transactional/Individual
Importation ( if the quarterly total purchases exceed P1,000,000.00), reflecting therein the required
data prescribed under existing revenue issuances.
How do we determine the main or principal business of a taxpayer who is engaged in mixed
business activities?
In determining the main or principal business of a taxpayer, we apply the predominance test. Under
this test, if more than fifty (50%) of its gross sales and/or gross receipts comes from its business/es
subject to VAT, its main/principal business falls within the VAT system making its status as a VAT
person. Otherwise, he can not be considered as a VAT person eligible for the election provided for
under Section 109(2) of the Tax Code.
What is the liability of a taxpayer becoming liable to VAT and did not register as such?
Any person who becomes liable to VAT and fails to register as such shall be liable to pay the output tax
as if he is a VAT-registered person, but without the benefit of input tax credits for the period in which
he was not properly registered.
Who may opt to register as VAT and what will be his liability?
1. Any person who is VAT-exempt under Sec. 4.109-1 (B) (1) (V) not required to register for VAT may, in
relation to Sec. 4.109-2, elect to be VAT-registered by registering with the RDO that has jurisdiction
over the head office of that person, and pay the annual registration fee of P500.00 for every separate
and distinct establishment.
2. Any person who is VAT-registered but enters into transactions which are exempt from VAT (mixed
transactions) may opt that the VAT apply to his transactions which would have been exempt under
Section 109(1) of the Tax Code, as amended [Sec. 109(2)].

3. Franchise grantees of radio and/or television broadcasting whose annual gross receipts of the
preceding year do not exceed ten million pesos (P10,000,000.00) derived from the business covered
by the law granting the franchise may opt for VAT registration. This option, once exercised, shall be
irrevocable. (Sec. 119, Tax Code).
4. Any person who elects to register under optional registration shall not be allowed to cancel his
registration for the next three (3) years.
The above-stated taxpayers may apply for VAT registration not later than ten (10) days before the
beginning of the calendar quarter and shall pay the registration fee unless they have already paid at
the beginning of the year. In any case, the Commissioner of Internal Revenue may, for administrative
reason deny any application for registration. Once registered as a VAT person, the taxpayer shall be
liable to output tax and be entitled to input tax credit beginning on the first day of the month following
registration.
What are the instances when a VAT-registered person may cancel his VAT registration?
1. If he makes a written application and can demonstrate to the commissioner's satisfaction that his
gross sales or receipts for the following twelve (12) months, other than those that are exempt under
Section 109 (A) to (U), will not exceed one million five hundred thousand pesos (P1,500,000.00); or
2. If he has ceased to carry on his trade or business, and does not expect to recommence any trade or
business within the next twelve (12) months.
When will the cancellation for registration be effective?
The cancellation for registration will be effective from the first day of the following month the
cancellation was approved.
What is the invoicing/ receipt requirement of a VAT-registered person?
A VAT registered person shall issue :
1. A VAT invoice for every sale, barter or exchange of goods or properties; and
2. A VAT official receipt for every lease of goods or properties and for every sale, barter or exchange of
services.
May a VAT-registered person issue a single invoice/ receipt involving VAT and Non-VAT
transactions?
Yes. He may issue a single invoice/ receipt involving VAT and non-VAT transactions provided that the
invoice or receipt shall clearly indicate the break-down of the sales price between its taxable, exempt
and zero-rated components and the calculation of the Value-Added Tax on each portion of the sale shall
be shown on the invoice or receipt.
May a VAT- registered person issue separate invoices/ receipts involving VAT and Non-VAT
transactions?
Yes. A VAT registered person may issue separate invoices/ receipts for the taxable, exempt, and zerorated component of its sales provided that if the sales is exempt from value-added tax, the term "VATEXEMPT SALE" shall be written or printed prominently on the invoice or receipt and if the sale is
subject to zero percent (0%) VAT, the term "ZERO-RATED SALE" shall be written or printed prominently
on the invoice or receipt.
How is the Value-Added Tax presented in the receipt/ invoice?

The amount of the tax shall be shown as a separate item in the invoice or receipt.
Sample:
Sales Price
VAT
Invoice Amount

P 100,000.00
12,000.00
112,000.00

What is the information that must be contained in the VAT invoice or VAT official receipt?
1. Name of Seller
2. Business Style of the Seller
3. Business Address of the Seller
4. Statement that the seller is a VAT-registered person, followed by his TIN
5. Name of Buyer
6. Business Style of Buyer
7. Address of Buyer
8. TIN of buyer, if VAT- registered and amount exceed P1,000.00
9. Date of transaction
10. Quantity
11. Unit cost
12. Description of the goods or properties or nature of the service
13. Purchase price plus the VAT, provided that:

The amount of tax shall be shown as a separate item in the invoice or receipt;
If the sale is exempt from VAT, the term "VAT-EXEMPT SALE" shall be written or
printed prominently on the invoice or receipt;
If the sale is subject to zero percent (0%) VAT, the term "ZERO-RATED SALE" shall
be written or printed prominently on the invoice receipt; and
If the sale involves goods, properties or services some of which are subject to and
some of which are zero-rated or exempt from VAT, the invoice or receipt shall
clearly indicate the breakdown of the sales price between its taxable, exempt and
zero-rated components, and the calculation of the VAT on each portion of the sale
shall be shown on the invoice or receipt.

14. Authority to Print Receipt Number at the lower left corner of the invoice or receipt.
What is the liability of a taxpayer not registered as VAT and issues a VAT invoice/ receipt?

The non-VAT registered person shall, in addition to paying the percentage tax applicable to his
transactions, be liable to VAT imposed in Section 106 or 108 of the Tax Code without the benefit of any
input tax credit plus 50% surcharge on the VAT payable (output tax). If the invoice/ receipts contain the
required information, purchaser shall be allowed to recognize an input tax credit.
What is the liability of a VAT-registered person in the issuance of a VAT invoice/ receipt for
VAT-exempt transactions?
If a VAT-registered person issues a VAT invoice or VAT official receipt for a VAT-exempt transaction but
fails to display prominently on the invoice or receipt the words "VAT-EXEMPT SALE", the transaction
shall become taxable and the issuer shall be liable to pay the VAT thereon. The purchaser shall be
entitled to claim an input tax credit on his purchase.
What is "output tax"?
Output tax means the VAT due on the sale, lease or exchange of taxable goods or properties or
services by any person registered or required to register under Section 236 of the Tax Code.
What is "input tax"?
Input tax means the VAT due on or paid by a VAT-registered on importation of goods or local purchase
of goods, properties or services, including lease or use of property in the course of his trade or
business. It shall also include the transitional input tax determined in accordance with Section 111 of
the Tax Code, presumptive input tax and deferred input tax from previous period.
What comprises "goods or properties"?
The term "goods or properties" shall mean all tangible and intangible objects, which are capable of
pecuniary estimation and shall include, among others:
a. Real properties held primarily for sale to customers or held for lease in the ordinary course of trade
or
business;
b. The right or the privilege to use patent, copyright, design or model, plan, secret formula or process,
goodwill,
trademark,
trade
brand
or
other
like
property
or
right;
c. The right or privilege to use in the Philippines of any industrial, commercial or scientific equipment;
d. The right or the privilege to use motion picture films, films, tapes and discs; and
e. Radio, television, satellite transmission and cable television time.
What comprises "sale or exchange of services"?
The term "sale or exchange of services" means the performance of all kinds of services in the
Philippines for others for a fee, remuneration or consideration, whether in kind or in cash, including
those performed or rendered by the following:
a. Construction and service contractors;
b. Stock, real estate, commercial, customs and immigration brokers;
c. Lessors of property, whether personal or real;
d. Persons engaged in warehousing services;
e. Lessors or distributors of cinematographic films;
f. Persons engaged in milling, processing, manufacturing or repacking goods for others;

g. Proprietors, operators or keepers of hotels, motels, rest houses, pension houses, inns, resorts,
theatres, and movie houses;
h. Proprietors or operators of restaurants, refreshment parlors, cafes, and other eating places,
including clubs and caterers;
i. Dealers in securities;
j. Lending investors;
k. Transportation contractors on their transport of goods or cargoes, including persons who transport
goods or cargoes for hire and other domestic common carriers by land relative to their transport of
goods or cargoes;
l. Common carriers by air and sea relative to their transport of passengers, goods or cargoes from one
place in the Philippines to another place in the Philippines;
m. Sales of electricity by generation, transmission, and/or distribution companies;
n. Franchise grantees of electric utilities, telephone and telegraph, radio and/or television
broadcasting and all other franchise grantees, except franchise grantees of radio and/or television
broadcasting whose annual gross receipts of the preceding year do not exceed Ten Million Pesos
(P10,000,000.00), and franchise grantees of gas and water utilities;
o. Non-life insurance companies (except their crop insurances), including surety, fidelity, indemnity
and bonding companies; and
p. Similar services regardless of whether or not the performance thereof calls for the exercise of use of
the physical or mental faculties.
The phrase "sale or exchange of services" shall likewise include:
a. The lease of use of or the right or privilege to use any copyright, patent, design or model, plan,
secret formula or process, goodwill, trademark, trade brand or other like property or right;
b. The lease or the use of, or the right to use of any industrial, commercial or scientific equipment;
c. The supply of scientific, technical, industrial or commercial knowledge or information;
d. The supply of any assistance that is ancillary and subsidiary to and is furnished as a means of
enabling the application or enjoyment of any such property, or right or any such knowledge or
information;
e. The supply of services by a nonresident person or his employee in connection with the use of
property or rights belonging to, or the installation or operation of any brand, machinery or other
apparatus purchased from such non-resident person;
f. The supply of technical advice, assistance or services rendered in connection with technical
management or administration of any scientific, industrial or commercial undertaking, venture, project
or scheme;
g. The lease of motion picture films, films, tapes and discs; and
h. The lease or the use of or the right to use radio, television, satellite transmission and cable
television time.

What is a zero-rated sale?


It is a sale, barter or exchange of goods, properties and/or services subject to 0% VAT pursuant to
Sections 106 (A) (2) and 108 (B) of the Tax Code. It is a taxable transaction for VAT purposes, but shall
not result in any output tax. However, the input tax on purchases of goods, properties or services,
related to such zero-rated sales, shall be available as tax credit or refund in accordance with RR No.
16-2005.
What transactions are considered as zero-rated sales?
The following services performed in the Philippines by VAT-registered person shall be subject to zero
percent (0%) rate:
a. Processing, manufacturing or repacking goods for other persons doing business outside the
Philippines which goods are subsequently exported where the services are paid for in acceptable
foreign currency and accounted for in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Bangko Sentral
ng Pilipinas (BSP);
b. Services other than processing, manufacturing or repacking rendered to a person engaged in
business conducted outside the Philippines or to a non-resident person engaged in business who is
outside the Philippines when the services are performed, the consideration for which is paid for in
acceptable foreign currency and accounted for in accordance with the rules and regulations of the
Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP);
c. Services rendered to persons or entities whose exemption under special laws or international
agreements to which the Philippines is a signatory effectively subjects the supply of such services to
zero percent (0%) rate;
d. Services rendered to persons engaged in international shipping or air transport operations,
including leases of property for use thereof; Provided, however, that the services referred to herein
shall not pertain to those made to common carriers by air and sea relative to their transport of
passengers, goods or cargoes from one place in the Philippines to another place in the Philippines, the
same being subject to twelve percent (12%) VAT under Sec. 108 of the Tax Code starting Feb. 1, 2006;
e. Services performed by subcontractors and/or contractors in processing, converting, or
manufacturing goods for an enterprise whose export sales exceeds seventy percent (70%) of total
annual production;
f. Transport of passengers and cargo by domestic air or sea carriers from the Philippines to a foreign
country. Gross receipts of international air carriers doing business in the Philippines and international
sea carriers doing business in the Philippines are still liable to a percentage tax of three percent (3%)
based on their gross receipts as provided for in Sec. 118 of the Tax Code but shall not be liable to VAT;
and
g. Sale of power or fuel generated through renewable sources of energy such as, but not limited to,
biomass, solar, wind, hydropower, geothermal and steam, ocean energy, and other shipping sources
using technologies such as fuel cells and hydrogen fuels; Provided, however that zero-rating shall
apply strictly to the sale of power or fuel generated through renewable sources of energy, and shall not
extend to the sale of services related to the maintenance or operation of plants generating said
power .
The following sales by VAT-registered persons shall be subject to zero percent (0%) rate:
a. Export sales

The sale and actual shipment of goods from the Philippines to a foreign
country, irrespective of any shipping arrangement that may be agreed upon
which may influence or determine the transfer of ownership of the goods so
exported, paid in acceptable foreign currency or its equivalent in goods or
services, and accounted for in accordance with the rules and regulations of
the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP);
The sale of raw materials or packaging materials to a non-resident buyer for
delivery to as resident local export-oriented enterprise to be used in
manufacturing, processing, packing or repacking in the Philippines of the
said buyer's goods, paid for in acceptable foreign currency, and accounted
for in accordance with the rules and regulations of the BSP;
The sale of raw materials or packaging materials to an export-oriented
enterprise whose export sales exceed seventy percent (70%) of total annual
production;
Sale of gold to the BSP;
Transactions considered export sales under Executive Order No. 226,
otherwise known as the Omnibus Investments Code of 1987, and other
special laws; and
The sale of goods, supplies, equipment and fuel to persons engaged in
international shipping or international air transport operations; Provided, that
the same is limited to goods, supplies, equipment and fuel pertaining to or
attributable to the transport of goods and passengers from a port in the
Philippines directly to a foreign port, or vice-versa without docking or
stopping at any other port in the Philippines unless the docking or stopping
at any other Philippine port is for the purpose of unloading passengers and/or
cargoes that originated from abroad, or to load passengers and/or cargoes
bound for abroad; Provided, further, that if any portion of such fuel, goods or
supplies is used for purposes other than the mentioned in this paragraph,
such portion of fuel, goods and supplies shall be subject to twelve percent
(12%) output VAT.

b. Foreign Currency Denominated Sales


The sale to a non-resident of goods, except those mentioned in Sections 149 and 150 of the Tax Code,
assembled or manufactured in the Philippines for delivery to a resident in the Philippines, paid for in
acceptable foreign currency and accounted for in accordance with the rules and regulations of the BSP.
c. Sales to Persons or Entities Deemed Tax-exempt under Special Law or International Agreement
Sale of goods or property to persons or entities who are tax-exempt under special laws or international
agreements to which the Philippines is a signatory, such as, Asian Development Bank (ADB),
International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), etc.
Where will taxpayers file their applications for VAT zero-rating?
Taxpayers shall file their application directly with the Audit Information, Tax Exemption and Incentives
Division (AITEID) under the Assessment Service, or with the LTAID I and II, BIR National Office, as the
case may be.
What is a Contractor's Final Payment Release Certificate and where should taxpayers file
their application for this?
The Contractor's Final Payment Release Certificate is issued by the BIR before a government contractor
is fully paid for his contract with the government. Taxpayers may file their application at the BIR
National Office at the Audit Information, Tax Exemption and Incentives Division (AITEID)
What transactions are considered deemed sales?

The following transactions are considered as deemed sales:


a. Transfer, use or consumption, not in the course of business, of goods or properties originally
intended for sale or for use in the course of business. Transfer of goods or properties not in the course
of business can take place when VAT-registered person withdraws goods from his business for his
personal use;
b. Distribution or transfer to:

Shareholders or investors as share in the profits of the VAT-registered person;


or
Creditors in payment of debt or obligation

c. Consignment of goods if actual sale is not made within sixty (60) days following the date such
goods were consigned. Consigned goods returned by the consignee within the 60-day period are not
deemed sold;
d. Retirement from or cessation of business, with respect to all goods on hand, whether capital goods,
stock-in-trade, supplies or materials as of the date of such retirement or cessation, whether or not the
business is continued by the new owner or successor. The following circumstances shall, among others,
give rise to transactions "deemed sale";

Change of ownership of the business. There is a change in the ownership of


the business when a single proprietorship incorporated; or the proprietor of a
single proprietorship sells his entire business.
Dissolution of a partnership and creation of a new partnership which takes
over the business.

What is VAT-exempt sale?


It is a sale of goods, properties or service and the use or lease of properties which is not subject to
output tax and whereby the buyer is not allowed any tax credit or input tax related to such exempt
sale.
What are the VAT-exempt transactions?
a. Sale or importation of agricultural and marine food products in their original state, livestock and
poultry of a kind generally used as, or yielding or producing foods for human consumption; and
breeding stock and genetic materials therefore;
b. Sale or importation of fertilizers; seeds, seedlings and fingerlings; fish, prawn, livestock and poultry
feeds, including ingredients, whether locally produced or imported, used in the manufacture of finished
feeds (except specialty feeds for race horses, fighting cocks, aquarium fish, zoo animals and other
animals considered as pets);
c. Importation of personal and household effects belonging to residents of the Philippines returning
from abroad and non-resident citizens coming to resettle in the Philippines; Provided, that such goods
are exempt from custom duties under the Tariff and Customs Code of the Philippines;
d. Importation of professional instruments and implements, wearing apparel, domestic animals, and
personal household effects (except any vehicle, vessel, aircraft, machinery and other goods for use in
the manufacture and merchandise of any kind in commercial quantity) belonging to persons coming to
settle in the Philippines, for their own use and not for sale, barter or exchange, accompanying such
persons, or arriving within ninety (90) days before or after their arrival, upon the production of

evidence satisfactory to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, that such persons are actually coming
to settle in the Philippines and that the change of residence is bonafide;
e. Services subject to percentage tax under Title V of the Code, as amended;
f. Services by agricultural contract growers and milling for others of palay into rice, corn into grits, and
sugar cane into raw sugar;
g. Medical, dental, hospital and veterinary services except those rendered by professionals;
h. Educational services rendered by private educational institutions duly accredited by the
Department of Education (DepED), the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) and the Technical
Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) and those rendered by the government
educational institutions;
i. Services rendered by individuals pursuant to an employer-employee relationship;
j. Services rendered by regional or area headquarters established in the Philippines by multinational
corporations which act as supervisory, communications and coordinating centers for their affiliates,
subsidiaries or branches in the Asia-Pacific Region and do not earn or derive income from the
Philippines;
k. Transactions which are exempt under international agreements to which the Philippines is a
signatory or under special laws except those granted under P.D. No. 529 - Petroleum Exploration
Concessionaires under the Petroleum Act of 1949;
l. Sales by agricultural cooperatives duly registered and in good standing with the Cooperative
Development Authority (CDA) to their members, as well as of their produce, whether in its original
state or processed form, to non-members, their importation of direct farm inputs, machineries and
equipment, including spare parts thereof, to be used directly and exclusively in the production and/or
processing of their produce;
m. Gross receipts from lending activities by credit or multi-purpose cooperatives duly registered and in
good standing with the Cooperative Development Authority;
n. Sales by non-agricultural, non-electric and non-credit cooperatives duly registered with and in good
standing with CDA; Provided, that the share capital contribution of each member does not exceed
Fifteen Thousand Pesos (P15,000.00) and regardless of the aggregate capital and net surplus ratably
distributed among the members;
o. Export sales by persons who are not VAT-registered;
p. The following sales of real properties are exempt from VAT, namely:
1. Sale of real properties not primarily held for sale to customers or held for lease in the ordinary
course of trade or business;
2. Sale of real properties utilized for low-cost housing as defined by RA No. 7279, otherwise known as
the "Urban Development and Housing Act of 1992" and other related laws, such as RA No. 7835 and RA
No. 8763;
3. Sale of real properties utilized for specialized housing as defined under RA No. 7279, and other
related laws, such as RA No. 7835 and RA No. 8763, wherein price ceiling per unit is P225,000.00 or as
may from time to time be determined by the HUDCC and the NEDA and other related laws;

4. Sale of residential lot valued at One Million Five Hundred Thousand Pesos (P1,500,000.00) and
below, or house and lot and other residential dwellings valued at Two Million Five Hundred Thousand
Pesos (P2,500,000.00) and below where the instrument of sale/ transfer/ disposition was executed on
or after July 1, 2005; Provided, that not later than January 31, 2009 and every three (3) years
thereafter, the amounts stated herein shall be adjusted to its present value using the Consumer Price
Index, as published by the National Statistics Office (NSO); Provided, further, that such adjustment
shall be published through revenue regulations to be issued not later than March 31 of each year.
q. Lease of residential units with a monthly rental per unit not exceeding Ten Thousand Pesos
(P10,000.00), regardless of the amount of aggregate rentals received by the lessor during the year;
Provided, that not later than January 31, 2009 and every three (3) years thereafter, the amount of
P10,000.00 shall be adjusted to its present value using the Consumer Price Index, as published by the
NSO;
r. Sale, importation, printing or publication of books and any newspaper, magazine, review or bulletin
which appears at regular intervals with fixed prices for subscription and sale and which is not devoted
principally to the publication of paid advertisements;
s. Sale, importation or lease of passenger or cargo vessels and aircraft, including engine equipment
and spare parts thereof for domestic or international transport operations; Provided, that the
exemption from VAT on the importation and local purchase of passenger and/or cargo vessels shall be
limited to those of one hundred fifty (150) tons and above, including engine and spare parts of said
vessels; Provided, further, that the vessels to be imported shall comply with the age limit requirement,
at the time of acquisition counted from the date of the vessel's original commissioning, as follows: (a)
for passenger and/or cargo vessel, the age limit is fifteen (15) years old, (b) for tankers, the age limit is
ten (10) year old, and (c) for high-speed passengers crafts, the age limit is five (5) years old; Provided,
finally, that exemption shall be subject to the provisions of Section 4 of Republic Act No. 9295,
otherwise known as "The Domestic Shipping Development Act of 2004";
t. Importation of life-saving equipment, safety and rescue equipment and communication and
navigational safety equipment, steel plates and other metal plates including marine-grade aluminum
plates, used for shipping transport operations; Provided, that the exemption shall be subject to the
provisions of Section 4 of Republic Act No. 9295, otherwise known as "The Domestic Shipping
Development Act of 2004".
u. Importation of capital equipment, machinery, spare parts, life-saving and navigational equipment,
steel plates and other metal plates including marine-grade aluminum plates to be used in the
construction, repair, renovation or alteration of any merchant marine vessel operated or to be
operated in the domestic trade. Provided, that the exemption shall be subject to the provisions of
Section 19 of Republic Act No. 9295, otherwise known as the "The Domestic Shipping Development Act
of 2004".
v. Importation of fuel, goods and supplies engaged in international shipping or air transport
operations; Provided, that the said fuel, goods and supplies shall be used exclusively or shall pertain to
the transport of goods and/or passenger from a port in the Philippines directly to a foreign port, or viceversa, without docking or stopping at any other port in the Philippines unless the docking or stopping
at any other Philippine port is for the purpose of unloading passengers and/or cargoes that originated
form abroad, or to load passengers and/or cargoes bound for abroad; Provided, further, that if any
portion of such fuel, goods or supplies is used for purposes other that the mentioned in the paragraph,
such portion of fuel, goods and supplies shall be subject to 12% VAT;
w. Services of banks, non-bank financial intermediaries performing quasi-banking functions, and other
non-bank financial intermediaries, such as money changers and pawnshops, subject to percentage tax
under Sections 121 and 122, respectively of the Tax Code; and
x. Sale or lease of goods or properties or the performance of services other than the transactions
mentioned in the preceding paragraphs, the gross annual sales and/or receipts do not exceed the
amount of One Million Five Hundred Thousand Pesos (P1,500,000.00). Provided, that not later than

January 31, 2009 and every three (3) years thereafter, the amount of P1,500,000.00 shall be adjusted
to its present value after using the Consumer Price Index, as published by the NSO.
What are the previously exempt transactions that are now subject to VAT?

Medical services such as dental & veterinary services rendered by professionals;

Legal services;

Non-food agricultural products;

Marine and forest products;

Cotton and cotton seeds;

Coal and natural gas;

Petroleum products;

Passenger cargo vessels of more than 5,000 tons;

Work of art, literary works, musical composition;

Generation, transmission and distribution of electricity including that of electric cooperatives;

Sale of residential lot valued at more than P1,500,000.00;

Sale of residential house & lot/dwellings valued at more than P2,500,000.00;

Lease of residential unit with a monthly rental of more than P10,000;

II. RELIEF-Related Queries


What is "RELIEF"?
RELIEF means Reconciliation of Listing for Enforcement. It supports the third party information program
of the Bureau through the cross referencing of third party information from the taxpayers' Summary
Lists of Sales and Purchases prescribed to be submitted on a quarterly basis.
Who are required to submit Summary List of Sales?
VAT taxpayers with quarterly total sales/receipts (net of VAT), exceeding Two Million Five Hundred
Thousand Pesos (P2,500,000.00) are required to submit a Summary List of Sales.
Who are required to submit Summary List of Purchases?
VAT taxpayers with quarterly total purchases (net of VAT) of goods and services, including importation
exceeding One Million Pesos (P1,000,000.00) are required to submit Summary List of Purchases.
What are the Summary Lists required to be submitted?

Quarterly Summary List of Sales to Regular Buyers/ Customers Casual Buyers/


Customers and Output Tax
Quarterly Summary of List of Local Purchases and Input tax; and
Quarterly Summary List of Importation.

When is the deadline for submission of the above Summary Lists?


The Summary List of Sales/Purchases, whichever is applicable, shall be submitted on or before the
twney-fifth (25th) day of the month following the close of the taxable quarter -- calendar quarter or
fiscal quarter.
What are the penalties for failure to submit the Summary Lists?

For failure to file, keep or supply a statement, list or information required on the date
prescribed shall pay and administrative penalty of One Thousand Pesos (P1,000.00) for
each such failure, unless it is shown that such failure is due to reasonable cause and
not to willful neglect; and

An aggregate amount to be imposed for all such failures during a taxable year shall not
exceed Twenty-Five Thousand Pesos (P25,000.00).

III. What is the treatment for Withholding of VAT on Government Money Payments?

The goverment or any of its political subdivisions, instrumentalities or agencies,


including government-owned or controlled corporations (GOCCs) shall, before making
payment on account of each purchase of goods and/or services taxed at twelve
percent (12%) VAT pursuant to Sections 106 and 108 of the Tax Code, deduct and
withhold a Final VAT due at the rate of five percent (5%) of the gross payment.

The five percent (5%) final VAT withholding rate shall represent the net VAT payable of the seller. The
remaining seven percent (7%) effectively accounts for the standard input VAT for sales of goods or
services to government or any of its political subdivisions, instrumentalities or agencies including
GOCCs in lieu of the actual input VAT directly attributable or ratably apportioned to such sales. Should
actual input VAT attributable to sales to government exceeds seven percent (7%) of gross payments,
the excess may form part of the sellers' expense or cost. On the other hand, if actual input VAT
attributable to sale to government is less than seven percent (7%) of gross payment, the difference
must be closed to expense or cost.

The government or any of its political subdivisions, instrumentalities or agencies


including GOCCs, as well as private corporation, individuals, estates and trusts,
whether large or non-large taxpayers, shall withhold twelve percent (12%) VAT with
respect to the following payments:

1. Lease or use of properties or property rights owned by non-residents; and


2. Other services rendered in the Philippines by non-residents.

IV. In what grounds can the Commissioner of Internal Revenue suspend the business
operations of a taxpayer?
The Commissioner or his authorized representative is empowered to suspend the business operations
and temporarily close the business establishment of any person for any of the following violations:
(a) In the case of a VAT-registered Person:

Failure to issue receipts or invoices;


Failure to file a value-added-tax return as required under Section 114; or
Understatement of taxable sales or receipts by thirty percent (30%) or more
of his correct taxable sales or receipts for the taxable quarter.

(b) Failure to any Person to Register as Required under Section 236

The temporary closure of the establishment shall be for the duration of not
less than five (5) days and shall be lifted only upon compliance with
whatever requirements prescribed by the Commissioner in the closure order.