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Ex No: 1

Date: 27/01/2015

USING THE SPREAD SHEET TO CALCULATE THE DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS


Aim:
By using the Spread sheet to calculate the Descriptive Statistics like it includes the calculation
of Arithmetic Mean, Median, Mode, Measures of Dispersion, Standard Deviation, Kurtosis, Sample
Variance, and Standard Error.
Procedure:

Click start Go to all Programs Microsoft office open Microsoft Excel sheet.
Launch a blank sheet Type the gathered relevant data in required format.
Go to the menu bar select the data tab Data Analysis tool
New Data analysis Window will appear select the Descriptive Statistics
Go to the Descriptive Statistics window
Select the input range whether the column wise or row wise whichever is applicable.
Go to the output options select the new worksheet ply.
Select the list of output required, like summary statistics, confidence level of mean, Kth largest

and Kth smallest.


Click ok
In the new work sheet the results are displayed and view the results.

Result:
The Results are Mean, Median, Mode, Standard Error, Standard Deviation, Sample Variance,
Kurtosis, Skewness, Range, Maximum, Minimum, Sum, Count, Largest, Smallest and Confidence
Level are to be displayed in results work sheet.

Exp no: 1.1

Date: 27/01/2015
CALCULATION OF DESCRIPTIVE STATISTIC EXP-I
List of Students marks
1

Roll
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

Marks
45
34
53
17
51
44
46
48
50
36
45
36
39
35
31
29
40
36
47
35
15
19
51
34
16

Output Received
Student Marks
Mean
Standard Error
Median
Mode
Standard Deviation
Sample Variance
Kurtosis
Skewness
Range
Minimum
Maximum

37.28
2.267539048
36
36
11.33769524
128.5433333
-0.389279151
-0.649210384
38
15
53
2

Sum
Count
Largest(1)
Smallest(1)
Confidence Level(95.0%)

932
25
53
15
4.679970547

Exp No. 1.2

Date: 29/01/2015
CALCULATION OF DESCRIPTIVE STATISTIC EXP-II
Baby Birth weight
3

Birth Wt.
58
120
Birth
123Wt.
Mean
110.5
104
Standard Error 121
4.63709301
Median
116.5
111
Mode
104
91
Standard Deviation
20.73771037
104
Sample Variance 128
430.0526316
Kurtosis
1.271166414
133
Skewness
-1.293829875
118
Range
76
86
Minimum
58
134
Maximum
134
132
Sum
2210
68
Count
20
121
122
115
106
115

Exp No. 1.3

Date: 29/01/2015
CALCULATION OF DESCRIPTIVE STATISTIC EXP-III

A Certain lake is observed for the number of bids visiting every hour. The data recorded
is given below. Organize the data and calculate two measures of central tendency and two
measures of dispersion.
105
55
60
85
125
135
255
140
45
65
85
95
100
25
35
65
155
185
205
215

Column1
Mean
Standard Error
Median
Mode
Standard Deviation
Sample Variance
Kurtosis
Skewness
Range
Minimum
Maximum
Sum
Count
Largest(1)
Smallest(1)
Confidence
Level(95.0%)

111.75
14.387837
52
97.5
85
64.344365
48
4140.1973
68
0.2393328
83
0.7440672
76
230
25
255
2235
20
255
25
30.114089
95

EX. No: 2

Date: 03/02/2015
HYPOTHESIS PARAMETRIC TESTS

Aim:
By using the Spread sheet to work out the Hypothesis Parametric tests like it includes the
calculation of Analysis of Variance, F Test, t Test, Z test for small mean and large Population, one
sample and two sample tests

Procedure:

Click start Go to all Programs Microsoft office open Microsoft Excel sheet.
Launch a blank sheet Type the gathered relevant data in required format.
Go to the menu bar select the data tab Data Analysis tool
New Data analysis window will appear select the ANNOVA
Select the suitable ANNOVA Test / t test / Z test / F test.
Select the input range whether the column wise or row wise whichever is applicable.
Go to the output options select the new worksheet ply.
Click ok
In the new work sheet the results are displayed and view the results.

Result:
The Results are summary of the table, ANOVAs / t test / Z test / F test table will appears in that
table, between groups and within groups the results are to be displayed. Find the table value and
compare it draw the conclusion whether the hypothesis are accepted or rejected.

Exp. No: 2.1

Date: 03/02/2015
ANNOVA WITH SINGLE FACTOR OR ONE WAY
Input Table

Hypothesis
H0= There is no significance difference between the marks
H1 = There is significant differentiating between the marks
School
s
A
B
C
D

8
12
18
13

Marks of the Students


10
12
8
11
9
14
12
16
6
9
12
16
Output Table

Anova: Single Factor


SUMMARY

7
4
8
15

Su
Groups

Count

Varianc

Average
14.3333

e
10.3333

43

3
10.6666

3
2.33333

10

32

7
12.3333

3
12.3333

12
8
7

3
3
3

37
36
27

3
12
9

3
28
31

ANOVA
Source of
Variation
Between Groups
Within Groups

PSS
47.3333
3
168

df
4
10

MS
11.8333

F
0.70436

value
0.6067

F crit
3.4780

3
16.8

215.333
Total

14

Result:
If Calculated value F= 0704365 and table value is 3.49, so CV<TV H0 is Accepted.
Exp. No: 2.2

Date: 05/02/2015
t TEST

An IQ test was administered to 5 persons before and after they are trained. The results are given
below.
Hypothesis
H0= There is no change in I.Q. after the training
H1 = There is change in I.Q. after the training
Input Table
Candidates
IQ Before
Training
IQ after
Training

II

III

IV

110

120

123

132

125

120

118

125

136

121

Output Table

t-Test: Paired Two Sample for Means


IQ Before Training
Mean
122
Variance
64.5
Observations
5
Pearson Correlation
0.746079288
Hypothesized Mean Difference
0
df
4
t Stat
-0.816496581
P(T<=t) one-tail
0.230025376
t Critical one-tail
3.746947388
P(T<=t) two-tail
0.460050753
t Critical two-tail
4.604094871

IQ after Training
124
51.5
5

Result:
If calculated value is lesser than tabulated value. If calculated value -0.816 is lesser than the table
value 4.60. So H0 is accepted.
Exp No: 2.3

Date: 05/02/2015
Z TEST

You are given the following information relating to purchase of bulbs from the manufacturer A
and B.
Manufacture
r
A
B

Standard
No. of Bulbs bought
50
70

mean life deviation


1980
80
2010
60

Is the difference between the standard deviation significant @10% level of significance.
H0: The Standard Deviation of the two manufacturers does not differ significantly.
H1: The standard deviation of the two manufacturers differs significantly.
Output Table:
z-Test: Two Sample for Means
Manufacturers
Mean
Known Variance
Observations
Hypothesized Mean Difference

B
1015
80
2
10

1040
60
2

z
P(Z<=z) one-tail
z Critical one-tail
P(Z<=z) two-tail
z Critical two-tail

4.183300133
1.43654E-05
1.281551566
2.87308E-05
1.644853627

Result:
The Calculated value 2.87 > table value 1.645 so there is significant difference between the
standard deviations of two manufacturers. H1 is accepted.

Exp No: 2.4

Date: 10/02/2015
F TEST

The Random samples are drawn from two populations and the following results were obtained.
Sample X

Sample Y

6
1
9

17

18

22

23

1
9
2
5

20
26

1
2

2
2

24

26

27

30

31

32

35

36

Find the variances of two populations and test whether the two samples have same variance.
H0: The two samples are having the same variances.
H1: The two samples are not having the same variances.
Output Received:

F-Test Two-Sample for Variances


Sample X
Sample Y
Mean
21
28
Variance
14
27.09091
Observations
10
12
df
9
11
F
0.516779
P(F<=f) one-tail
0.165481
F Critical one-tail
0.322322

Result:
If the Calculated value 0.516779 < Table value 2.6458 so accept the H0.
EX. No: 3

Date: 12/02/2015
HYPOTHESIS NON - PARAMETRIC TESTS

Aim:
By using the Spread sheet to work out the Hypothesis Non Parametric tests like it includes the
calculation of Chi-Square Test.

Procedure:

Click start Go to all Programs Microsoft office open Microsoft Excel sheet.
Launch a blank sheet Type the gathered relevant data in required format.
Calculate the expected frequency from the observed frequency
After calculating the expected frequency go to the formula Ribbon Bar
Select the More Functions Statistical Chi test
Select the input range Observed frequency and select the input range of expected frequency
Click the enter the calculated value will be displayed.
Compare calculated value with table value find the result and interpret.

Result:
The calculated value is the result we can find out from the experiment. This calculated value
can be compared with the Table value and interpret the results.

Exp No : 3.1

Date: 12/02/2015
CHI-SQUARE TEST

Problem:
In a survey of 200 boys of which 75 were intelligent, 40 had educated fathers while 85 of the
unintelligent boys and uneducated fathers. Do these figures support the hypothesis that the educated
fathers have intelligent boys? Value of 2 test @ degrees of freedom 1% level is 3.841.
H0: The education of fathers has no effect on the intelligence of boys.
H1: The education of fathers has effect on the intelligence of boys.
Narration of observed Frequency
Intelligent

Unintelligent

Boys

Boys

Total

Fathers
Uneducated

40

40

80

Fathers

35

85

120

75

125

200

Educated

Calculation of Expected frequency


Intelligent

Unintelligent

Boys

Boys

Fathers
Uneducated

30

50

Fathers

45

75

Educated

Result:
The Calculated value of Chi-square test is 0.002869.The table value of 2 test @ degrees of
freedom @1% level is 3.841. So the CV<TV So Accept H0.

Ex No: 4

Date: 24/02/2015
CORRELATION

Aim:
By using the Spread sheet or excel to work out the correlation
Procedure:

Click start Go to all Programs Microsoft office open Microsoft Excel sheet.
Launch a blank sheet Type the gathered relevant data in required format.
Go to the menu bar select the data tab Data Analysis tool
New Data analysis window will appear select the ANNOVA
Select the Correlation.
Select the input range whether the column wise or row wise whichever is applicable.
Go to the output options select the new worksheet ply.
Click ok
In the new work sheet the results are displayed and view the results.

Result:
The Results are summary of the table, correlation between the two factor value will be appear

Exp. No: 4.1

Date: 24/02/2015
CORRELATION

Find the correlation co-efficient between the heights of brothers and sisters from the following
data
Input Data

heights of brothers

heights of Sisters

(in cm)
65
66
67
68
69
70
71

(in cm)
67
68
66
69
72
72
69

Output Table

heights of brothers (in cm)


heights of Sisters (in cm)

heights of brothers (in

heights of Sisters (in

cm)

cm)

1
0.668153105

Results:
From the above data shows that the height of the brothers and heights of the sisters found that the
correlation co-efficient is 0.668

Ex No: 5

Date: 26/02/2015
REGRESSION

Aim:
Using the excel spread sheet to prepare the regression line and chart to interpret that result in a useful
manner.
Procedure:

Click start Go to all Programs Microsoft office open Microsoft Excel sheet.
Launch a blank sheet Type the gathered relevant data in required format.

Go to the menu bar select the data tab Data Analysis tool
New Data analysis window will appear Regression
Select the Input Range Y values and X values click the Labels Select the confidence level
In Residuals select the Line fit Plots ( Fit a Straight line method)
Click ok New work sheet the result will appeared
Highlight the required information like co efficient intercept and X value

Result:
The result of the summary table shows that Y=a=b (x), so a considered the co-efficient intercept, b is
considered that X co efficient.

Exp. No: 5.1

Date: 26/02/2015
REGRESSION

Problem:
Fit a straight line of Y on X from the following data.
X
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

Y
2
1
3
2
4
3
5

SUMMARY OUTPUT
Regression Statistics
Multiple R

0.802955069

R Square
Adjusted R Square
Standard Error
Observations

0.644736842
0.573684211
0.878310066
7
ANOVA
Significance

df

SS

MS

Regressio
n
Residual
Total

1
5
6

7
3.8571
10.8571

F
9.07407407

F
0.02967650

7
0.771429

Co

Intercept

efficient

Standard

Error

t Stat

P-value
0.07264795

1.35714

0.59846743
0.16598500

2.267697

0.5

3.01232

Residual Out Put


Observation
Predicted Y
1
1.357142857
2
1.857142857
3
2.357142857
4
2.857142857
5
3.357142857
6
3.857142857
7
4.357142857

Upper

Lower

Upper

Lower 95%

95%
2.89555

95.0%

95.0%
2.89555

6
0.02967650

-0.1812648
0.07332197

2
0.92667

-0.18127
0.07332

2
0.92667

Residuals
0.642857143
-0.857142857
0.642857143
-0.857142857
0.642857143
-0.857142857
0.642857143

Straight line Equation


y= 1.357 +0.5X

X Line Fit Plot


6
4

Y 2

Predicted Y

0
0

3
X

Result:
From the above table shows that the straight line equation can be drawn from the calculation excel
work sheet. Y = a+bx.
y= 1.357 +0.5X is derived as an output from the experiment.

Ex No: 6

Date: 03/03/2015
FORECASTING

Aim:
Using the excel spread sheet to forecast the future requirement or sales interpret that result in a useful
manner.
Procedure:

Click start Go to all Programs Microsoft office open Microsoft Excel sheet.
Launch a blank sheet Type the gathered relevant data in required format.
Go to the formula menu select the Statistical select the trend
A new window will appear Select known Ys Select the known Xs.
Allocate the Proper place for getting new Xs Give the logical Functions Whether True or

False.
Click ok the result will appear
Finally the drag the values so that you can get the forecast results for the required period.
After getting the result insert button go to chart select the line chart select the line
with markers type Select the data Chart will appear.

Result:
The result found that the forecasting of sales / Production / Rawmeterial requirement/ Labour
working hours. It is the easiest method of the forecasting. And also you can get the chart basis
presentation

Exp No: 6.1

Date: 10/03/2015
FORECASTING

year
year1

Year 2

Year 3

year
4

quarte
r
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4

Sales
(1000
s)
4.8
4.1
6
6.5
5.8
5.2
6.8
7.4
6
5.6
7.5
7.8

1
2
3
4

6.3
5.9
8
8.4

Output Received
year 5

1
2
3
4

5.29
6.0665
6.8555
75
7.5827
2

Sales (1000s)
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

Sales (1000s)

Ex No: 7

Date: 12/03/2015
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT TOOLS

Aim:
Using the excel spread sheet to conduct the various financial tools like calculation of installment
amount or EMI, Interest rate, Net present value (NPV Method) Internal Rate of Return( IRR) Method
and to interpret that result in a useful manner.
Procedure:

Click start Go to all Programs Microsoft office open Microsoft Excel sheet.
Launch a blank sheet Type the gathered relevant data in required format.
Go to the formula menu select the Financial select the suitable formula
A new window will appear Select the relevant data
Click ok the result will appear
Finally the drag the values so that you can get the financial results.
After getting the result interpret the result in an useful manner.

Result:
The result found that the Interest rate / Installment amount or EMI amount / NPV Value / IRR
Value and to make the effective interpretation is highly useful for taking the good decision.

Exp No: 7.1

Date: 12/03/2015
EMI CALCULATION OR INSTALLMENT AMOUNT

Suppose if you want to take a loan of Rs.2, 00,000 at an annual interest rate of 14%. The loan has to be
repaid in 15 years in equal monthly installments. Find out the EMI.
Particulars
Loan Amount
Interest Rate
Tenure for
Repayment

2000
00
14%
15
Years

Procedure
Go the Formula Bar Financial Select the PMT for EMI Calculation

Result
From the above calculation shows that the 14% of interest rate and 15 years tenure is having the
EMI of 2664 for the principal amount of 200000

Exp No: 7.2

Date: 12/03/2015

CALCULATION OF INVESTMENT PERIOD FOR REACH THE EXPECTED AMOUNT


You can afford only Rs.500/- per month. If you are crediting this amount in a bank that pays an annual
interest of 12% compounded monthly. How long will it take for your investment to accumulate to
Rs.50, 000?
Particualars
Deposit Amount
500
Interest Rate
12%
Expected Amount 50000

Result
From the above calculation shows that the Rs. 505 per month expected principle and interest
amount, so in order to reach the amount of Rs. 50000 we invest up to 99.3 months approximately
100 months.

Exp No: 7.3

Date: 17/03/2015
CALCULATION OF NPV

Small Wonders Ltd is a small manufacturer of microcomputers. The Board of Directors of the
firm is faced with the problem of evaluating four proposals and deciding which, if any, of the
alternatives are acceptable. The table shows the expected cash flows of the project and available
capital (Rs.000s) over the next four years. Cash inflows are shown in positive and cash outflows are
shown in negative and cost of capital is assumed as 15% per annum.
Proposals
1
2
3
4
Capital Available for

Year1
-60
-50
-40
100

Year 2
0
-30
-80
-35
100

Year 3
40
50
100
110
50

Year 4
70
100
90
-50
50

each year
Solution:
Proposals

Year1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

NPV

-60

40

70

$16.2
7

-50

-30

50

100

$27.4
7

-40

-80

100

90

$25.2
3

-35

110

-50

$22.8
4

100

100

50

50

Capital Available
for each year

Interest Rate

15%

Result
From the above calculation shows that the Proposal 1 NPV is 16.27, Proposal 2 NPV is
27.47, Proposal 3 NPV is 25.23 and Proposal 4 NPV is 22.84. If we compare the entire four
proposals the Proposal 2 shows higher NPV. So we suggest the Small Wonders Ltd to go for the
Proposal 2 is best.
Exp No: 7.4

Date: 17/03/2015
CALCULATION OF IRR (INTERNAL RATE OF RETURN)

Assuming the initial investment of Rs. 1, 00,000, Results in 12 Cash Outflows as given below. You
are required to find out the Internal Rate of Return.
Month
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Month
0
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Interest rate

Cash Inflows
-100000
13200
15000
13000
2000

Cash Inflows
13200
15000
13000
2000
12400
16000
14000
16450
17690
16550
16500
12200
Rate of
Return

Answer

IRR @ 15%

8.16126176
7%

12400
16000
14000
16450
17690
16550
16500
12200
15%

25%

Result:
The IRR for this Proposal is 8.161261767 @ 15% interest rate and 81.6126177 @25%
interest rate.
Ex No: 8

Date: 21/03/2015
SPSS (STATISTICAL PACKAGE FOR SOCIAL SCIENCES)

Aim:
Using the SPSS software to calculate the various statistical tools like chi-square, ANNOVA,
Descriptive Statistics, compared means, general linear model, multiple correlation and multiple
regression etc and to interpret that result in a useful manner.
Procedure:

Click start Go to all Programs SPSS Inc PASW Statistics 18.


A Window will appear Select the Type in Data.
A new blank sheet will appear Sheet contain the Two view Data View and Variable view
Select the variable view first Create the variable as you required or as per your

questionnaire.
After creating the variables go to the data view and enter the required data as per your

questionnaire..
Go to the analyze ribbon bar and select the appropriate tool for analysis and get the report.
After getting the result interpret the result in an useful manner.

Result:
The result found that in the chi-square, ANNOVA, Descriptive Statistics, compared means,
general linear model, multiple correlations and multiple regression etc and to interpret that result in a
useful manner.

Exp No: 8.1

Date: 21/03/2015
SPSS (STATISTICAL PACKAGE FOR SOCIAL SCIENCES)
Create the Labels in Variable View

Calculate the frequency distribution. Create a data file with the following variables.
Label for the variables

Age: 1 (< 20), 2 (20-25), 3 (25-30), 4 (30-40), 5 (>40).


Gender: 1 (Male), 2(Female).
Education: 1 High school, 2 Graduate in Arts and Science degree , 3- Graduate in
Professional degree, 4-Post graduate degree.
Working Experience (years) : 1 (< 1 year) 2(1-5 years ), 3(5-10Year), 4(10-20), 5(>20).

Enter your own data set (minimum 25 data set) in the data view of SPSS than Calculate the
Frequency distribution. Graphically represent the variables in the form of BAR Chart.
INPUT
S. No
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.

AGE
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
5
4
2
2
5
4
3
3
4
3
5
3
1
3
1
5
3

Gender Education Experience


1
5
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
5
1
1
3
1
2
4
1
5
2
2
4
1
1
1
2
2
2
5
1
1
2
2
2
5
1
1
3
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
5
1
5
2
1
4
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
3
1

Statistics
Age of the
Respondents
N
Valid
25
Missing
0
Mean
2.72
Std. Error of Mean
.280
Median
3.00
Mode
1a
Std. Deviation
1.400
Variance
1.960
Skewness
.348
Std. Error of Skewness
.464
Kurtosis
-1.042
Std. Error of Kurtosis
.902
Range
4
Minimum
1
Maximum
5
Sum
68
a. Multiple modes exist. The smallest value is shown

Working
Experience
25
0
2.24
.290
2.00
1
1.451
2.107
1.055
.464
-.206
.902
4
1
5
56

Frequency Table
Age of the Respondents
Cumulative
Valid

<20
20-25
25-30
30-40
>40
Total

Frequency
6
6
6
3
4
25

Percent
24.0
24.0
24.0
12.0
16.0
100.0

Valid Percent
24.0
24.0
24.0
12.0
16.0
100.0

Percent
24.0
48.0
72.0
84.0
100.0

Working Experience
Valid

Histogram

<1year
1-5 Years
5-10 years
10-20 years
>20 Years
Total

Frequency
10
8
2
1
4
25

Percent
40.0
32.0
8.0
4.0
16.0
100.0

Valid Percent
40.0
32.0
8.0
4.0
16.0
100.0

Cumulative
Percent
40.0
72.0
80.0
84.0
100.0

Exp No: 8.2

Date: 02/04/2015
SPSS (STATISTICAL PACKAGE FOR SOCIAL SCIENCES)

ANNOVA
Deepak wants to know the sales in four different cities of India in Christmas Season. He assumes
the sales contrast of 5: 3: 4: -4 for Delhi: Bangalore: Mumbai: Hyderabad, respectively. He
collects sales data from 10 respondents each from the four cities, collecting a total of 40 sales
data.
City Sales in (Rs Crores)
Delhi

50,48,47,49,40,42,50,98,86,69

Bangalore

40,38,43,38,39,87,69,48,41,40

Mumbai

41,10,89,39,36,39,49,29,59,40

Hyderabad

28,29,59,99,39,34,30,31,29,39

Frame the required hypothesis, Analyses through One-way between groups ANOVA with
Planned comparisons, Calculate F ratio along with Post Hoc analysis.
Samp
le
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Delhi
50
48
47
49
40
42
50
98
86
69

Sampl
e
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

Bangal
ore
40
38
43
38
39
87
69
48
41
40

Samp
le
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

ONEWAY Sales BY Samples


/STATISTICS DESCRIPTIVES HOMOGENEITY
/MISSING ANALYSIS
/POSTHOC=TUKEY T3 ALPHA(0.05).

Oneway

Mumb
ai
41
10
89
39
36
39
49
29
59
40

Sample
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

Hydera
bad
28
29
59
99
39
34
30
31
29
39

Notes
Output Created
Comments

24-Apr-2015 15:58:50

Input

Data
Active Dataset
Filter
Weight
Split File
N of Rows in Working Data
File
Definition of Missing

Missing Value Handling

Cases Used
Syntax

Resources

D:\Untitled1.sav
DataSet1
<none>
<none>
<none>
40
User-defined missing values are treated
as missing.
Statistics for each analysis are based on
cases with no missing data for any
variable in the analysis.
ONEWAY Sales BY Samples
/STATISTICS DESCRIPTIVES
HOMOGENEITY
/MISSING ANALYSIS
/POSTHOC=TUKEY T3 ALPHA(0.05).

Processor Time
Elapsed Time
Descriptives

00:00:00.016
00:00:00.016

Sales in Different Places


N
1
2
3
4
Total

Mean
57.90
48.30
43.10
41.70
47.75

10
10
10
10
40

Std. Deviation
19.762
16.479
20.513
22.156
20.115

Std. Error
6.249
5.211
6.487
7.006
3.180

95% Confidence Interval for Mean


Lower Bound
Upper Bound
43.76
72.04
36.51
60.09
28.43
57.77
25.85
57.55
41.32
54.18

Descriptives
Sales in Different Places
1
2
3
4
Total

Minimum
40
38
10
28
10

Maximum
98
87
89
99
99
Test of Homogeneity of Variances

Sales in Different Places


Levene Statistic
df1
.175

df2
3

Sig.
36

.913
ANOVA

Sales in Different Places


Between Groups
Within Groups

Sum of Squares
1615.500
14164.000

Total

Post Hoc Tests

15779.500

df
3
36
39

Mean Square
538.500
393.444

F
1.369

Sig.
.268

Multiple Comparisons
Dependent Variable:Sales in Different Places
(I) Samples
(J) Samples
Mean Difference
(I-J)
Tukey HSD
1
2
9.600
3
14.800
4
16.200
2
1
-9.600
3
5.200
4
6.600
3
1
-14.800
2
-5.200
4
1.400
4
1
-16.200
2
-6.600
3
-1.400
Dunnett T3
1
2
9.600
3
14.800
4
16.200
2
1
-9.600
3
5.200
4
6.600
3
1
-14.800
2
-5.200
4
1.400
4
1
-16.200
2
-6.600
3
-1.400
dimension3

dimension3

dimension2

dimension3

dimension3

dimension3

dimension3

dimension2

dimension3

dimension3

Std. Error
8.871
8.871
8.871
8.871
8.871
8.871
8.871
8.871
8.871
8.871
8.871
8.871
8.137
9.007
9.389
8.137
8.321
8.732
9.007
8.321
9.548
9.389
8.732
9.548

Multiple Comparisons
Dependent Variable:Sales in Different Places
(I) Samples
(J) Samples
95% Confidence Interval
Tukey HSD

1
dimension3

2
dimension3

dimension2

3
dimension3

4
dimension3

Dunnett T3

1
dimension3

2
dimension3

dimension2

3
dimension3

4
dimension3

Homogeneous Subsets

2
3
4
1
3
4
1
2
4
1
2
3
2
3
4
1
3
4
1
2
4
1
2
3

Lower Bound
-14.29
-9.09
-7.69
-33.49
-18.69
-17.29
-38.69
-29.09
-22.49
-40.09
-30.49
-25.29
-14.32
-11.59
-11.34
-33.52
-19.30
-19.21
-41.19
-29.70
-26.59
-43.74
-32.41
-29.39

Upper Bound
33.49
38.69
40.09
14.29
29.09
30.49
9.09
18.69
25.29
7.69
17.29
22.49
33.52
41.19
43.74
14.32
29.70
32.41
11.59
19.30
29.39
11.34
19.21
26.59

Sig.
.702
.355
.278
.702
.936
.879
.355
.936
.999
.278
.879
.999
.798
.496
.444
.798
.987
.967
.496
.987
1.000
.444
.967
1.000

Sales in Different Places


Samples
Subset for alpha
= 0.05
N
Tukey HSDa
dimension1

4
3
2
1
Sig.

1
10
10
10
10

41.70
43.10
48.30
57.90
.278

Means for groups in homogeneous subsets are displayed.


a. Uses Harmonic Mean Sample Size = 10.000.

Exp No: 8.3

Date: 07/04/2015

SPSS (STATISTICAL PACKAGE FOR SOCIAL SCIENCES)


Spearmans rank order correlation
Pawan wants to see the relationship between monthly household income and retail purchase by
20 respondents through Spearmans rank order correlation.
Sl No
Househol

1
1

2
5

3
0.50

4
10

5
3

6
3

7
7

8
8

9
10

10
0.40

10

25

10

100

35

30

100

100

150

11
0.30

12
0.20

13
0.10

14
0.15

15
0.80

16
5

17
6

18
7

19
8

20
1

10

30

20

20

60

10

d
income
(Rs in
Lac)
Retail
purchase
(Rs. In
thousand)
Sl No
Househol
d
income
(Rs in
Lac)
Retail
purchase
(Rs. In
thousand)

Nonparametric Correlations
Correlations
Spearman's rho

Household Income

Correlation Coefficient
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
Retail Purchase
Correlation Coefficient
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
**. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).

Household
Income
Retail Purchase
1.000
.936**
.
.000
20
20
.936**
1.000
.000
.
20
20

Ex No: 9

Date12/04/2015
TRANSPORTATION MODEL USING TORA

Aim:
By using the TORA software prepare the transportation model and find the feasible solution.

Procedure:

Start program Select the TORA


Select the transportation Model
Select the input mode to enter the new problem.
Select the input format destination and sources and then go to the input screen
Enter the title of the problem No of sources No of destinations
Click enter and type the data input values
Click to solve the menu
Select the solve problem iterations North West Corner Rule
Click to go the output screen
The results are displayed in the output screen take the values and multiply and find the
solutions

Result:
Thus the Transportation Model Problem has been successfully executed and found the results

Exp No: 9.1

Date: 12/04/2015
TRANSPORTATION MODEL USING TORA

Determine the feasible solution to the following transportation problem using the North West
corner rule.
A
P
Q
R
Demand

2
1
3
3

B
11
4
9
3

C
10
7
4
4

D
3
2
8
5

E
7
1
12
6

Supply
4
8
9
21

Result:
From this table we see that the number of positive independent allocations is equal to m+n1=3+5=7. This ensures that the solution in non-degenerate basic feasible. Therefore the transportation
cost is 2*3+11*1+4*2+7*4+2*2+8*3+12*6=Rs.153.

Ex No : 10

Date:15/04/2014
ASSIGNMENT MODEL USING POM SOFTWARE

Aim:
By using the Software prepare the Assignment model and to find the feasible solution.

Procedure:

Start program Select the POM software


Go to the Modules select the Assignment Modules
Go to the file either create the New or Open the existing file.
Give the title for the sum Select the no of jobs and no of Machines
Select the maximize or minimize function
Define the Row Name and Column Name click ok
New input window will appear gather the required input data
Select the solve problem
After selecting the solve button there three window will appear
Assignment of Jobs , Marginal costs and Assignment list
The results are displayed in the above three window take the values

Result:
Thus the Assignment Problem has been successfully executed and the results are very useful to
allocate the jobs at minimum cost.

Exp No: 10.1

Date:15/04/2015
ASSIGNMENT MODEL USING POM SOFTWARE

Consider the problem of assigning the five jobs to five persons. The assignment costs are as
follows.
Input Table

Output Table
Assignment of the Jobs

Marginal Cost

Total Amount of Cost

Result:
The Optimum Assignment of schedule is given by
Job 1 = Machine 5
Job2 = Machine 1
Job3 = Machine 4
Job 4 = Machine 3
Job 5 = Machine 2
So the optimum cost is Rs.9/Ex No :11

Date:19/04/2015
PROJECT MANAGEMENT PERT /CPM USING POM SOFTWARE

Aim:
By using the POM software prepare the Critical Path Method and to find the feasible solution.

Procedure:

Start program select the POM software


Go to the Modules select he Project Management PERT/CPM
Go to the file either create the New or Open the existing file.
Give the title for the sum Select the no of Tasks
Select the number of Precedence list
Define the Row Name click ok
New input window will appear gather the required input data and their corresponding

precedence lists.
Select the solve problem
After selecting the solve button there two window will appear
Project Management PERT/CPM results and Charts type select the precedence Graph.
The results are displayed In the above three window take the values

Result:
Thus the critical path can be identified and also to find the minimum cost. The diagrammatic
Representation is very useful to understand the critical path method.

Exp No: 11.1

Date:19/04/2015
PROJECT MANAGEMENT CPM USING POM SOFTWARE

Prepare the list of activities and also find the Critical Path Method to reach the destination.
Input Given

Output Received

Chart Received

Result:
From the above table shows that the critical path method for reaching the destination task 1
task 2 task 5 task7 task 8. So that the cost is 25+30+40+5+6=106.

Exp No: 11.2

Date:19/04/2015

PROJECT MANAGEMENT PERT USING POM SOFTWARE


Project Evaluation Review Technique (PERT)
Input Table

Output Table

Result:
The Project completion time is 36 weeks and the square root is 6 weeks. The way of
completion is 1,4,6,and 8

Ex No :12

Date : 21/04/2015
INVENTORY MANAGEMENT USING POM SOFTWARE

Aim:
By using the POM software prepare the Economic Order Quantity and to find the ordering
quantity and ordering level.

Procedure:

Start program select the POM software


Go to the Modules select the inventory management
Go to the file either create the New or Open the existing file
Give the title for the sum select the EOQ with Re-order level or without Re-order level
Give the input Parameters such as Demand Rate, Ordering cost, setup cost and unit cost.
Click the solve button
After selecting the solve button there two window will appear.
Inventory Results and cost curve or Economic order quantity chart

Result:
Thus the result shows that economic order quantity, Maximum inventory, Average inventory and
no of order per year.

Exp No: 12.1

Date : 21/04/2015
INVENTORY MANAGEMENT
Economic order quantity

Output table

Result
From the above analysis shows that the Economic order Quantity is 1200 units.

Ex No: 13

Date: 26/04/2015
REVENUE MANAGEMENT USING POM SOFTWARE
Break Even analysis

Aim:
By using the POM software prepares the Break Even Analysis and to find the Break Even point in
units where the cost and Revenue met together.
Procedure:

Start program select the POM software


Go to te Modules select the Break Even Analysis
Go to the file either create the New or Open the existing file
Give the title for the sum
Enter the Fixed cost ,Variable cost and Revenue cost per unit
Click the solve button
After selecting the solve button there two window will appear.
Break Even /Cost volume Analysis results and cost curve or Break even Analysis chart

Result:
Thus the result shows that Breakeven point in units and Rupees.

Exp No: 13.1

Date: 26/04/2015
REVENUE MANAGEMENT
Break Even analysis
Input Table

Output Table

Result
From the table shows that BEP in Units is 1500 and BEP in Rupees is Rs. 37500.

Ex No :14

Date: 05/05/2015
QUEUING ANALYSIS USING TORA

Aim:

By using the TORA software prepare the queuing Analysis and find the feasible solution

Procedure:

Start program select the TORA


Select the queuing analysis
Select the input mod to enter the new problem
Select the input format how many number and how many decimal point and then go to the

input screen
Enter the title of the problem no of scenarios
Click and enter and type the data input values like value and value.
Click to solve the menu
Select the solve problem save the problem select the output format no of N &D.
Click to go the output screen
eff
The results displayed in the output screen take the required values like Lda
&Ws

Result:
Thus the queuing analysis problem has been successfully executed and found the results

Exp No :14.1

Date:05/05/2015
QUEUING ANALYSIS USING TORA

Problem:
In a super market the average arrival rate of customer is 10 in every 30 Minutes following the
Poisson process. The average time taken by the cashier to list and calculate the customers purchases is
2.5 minutes, following the exponential distribution.

What is the probability that the Queuing length exceeds 6?

What is the expected time spent by a customer in the system?

Calculation of Mean Arrival rate


= 10/30 per minute = 0.333
= 1 / 2.5 per minute = 0.4

Result:
From the above analysis through we found that the results is Queuing size 0.3300 and Ws
Customer spent their time in the system is 14.96 Minutes.