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RECTILINEAR MOTION

Christine Widya Puspamareta*), Husnul Patimah Rahman, Yunita, Zahidah Aliatu Zain
Fundamental Physics Laboratory Department of Physics FMIPA
Universitas Negeri Makassar 2015
Abstrack. Have performed experiments "Linear Motion" where the first activity, using the 3 members of the
group to walk across a similar path, and the second activities use a tube motion along a straight line. In this
experiment purpose to understand the difference between distance and displacement, can determine the average
velocity and the average speed, can determine the relationship between distance and interval time an object a
constant velocity motion along a straight line. and can understand the constant velocity motion. In the first
activity use of 3 people to traveled the same path of this activity can be calculated how long it takes each to
traveled a path with constant velocity but the steps used by every person different. While in the second activity,
will be calculated the time it takes bubbles to move from the starting point to point end, with a certain height.
From this experiment it can be concluded that the relationship is inversely proportional to the speed and time,
where the faster the speed of an object, then the time needed to traveled a path the less, as well as the higher
path that will be passed to an object, the time needs to be more and lot.

Keywords: a constant velocity motion, distance, speed, time, velocity

Problem Formulation
1. How to determine the quantities of the distance and displacement
2. How to determine the average velocity and average speed
3. How to determine the relationship between distance and time (t) an object moving a
constant velocity motion (CVM)
4. How to determine a constant velocity motion along a straight line.
Purpose
1.

Students can determine the quantities of the distance and displacement.

2.

Students can determine the average velocity and average speed.

3.

Students can determine the relationship between distance and time (t) an object
moving a constant velocity motion (CVM)

4.

Students can understand a constant velocity motion along a straight line

EXPERIMENTAL METHODOLOGY
Basic of the theory
From thousands years ago, the concept of motion has been understood by human being.
However, scientific formulation of motions was intensively formulated at the 16 th and 17th
centuries by Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) and sir isaac newton (1642-1727). The study of the
motion of objects, and the related concepts of force and energy, form the field called
mechanics. In general, mechanics is subdivided into two parts, I,e. kinematics, which is the

description of how objects move, and dynamics which deals with force and why objects
move as they do. (zaki suud, 2006)
Any measurement of position, distance, or speed must be made with respect to a reference
frame, or frame of reference. Therefore to determine whether an object is in moving state or
at rest, we should first determine the reference time. Therefore, moving state or at rest
arrelative, it depends on the reference frame. An object is called as moving is relative to the
its position relative to the reference change with time. Distance is the length of a path
followed by a particle. Displacement is defined as the change in position of the object. That
is, displacement is how far object is from its starting. Displacement is the quantity that has
both magnitude and direction. Such quantities are called vectors. On the other hands, distance
has only magnitude, so that it is scalar. (Tipler)
The term speed refers to how far an object travels in a given time interval, regardless of
direction. If a car travels 240 kilometers (km) in 3 hours (h), we say its average speed was 80
km/h. in general, the average speed of an object is defined as the total distance traveled
alongs its path divided by the time it takes to travel this distance.

Average speed =

distance traveled
time elapsed

x
v =
t
note :
v : speed (m/s)
x

: distance traveled (m)


: time elapsed (s)

The terms velocity and speed are often used interchangeably in ordinary language. But in
physics we make a distinction between the two. Speed is simply a positive number,with units.
Velocity, on the other hand, is used to signify both the magnitude (numerical value) of how
fast an object is moving and also the directionin which it is moving, (velocity is therefore a
vector). There a second difference between speed and velocity: namely, the average velocity
is defined in terms of displacement, rather then total distance traveled;
Average velocity =

displacement
time elapsed

x
= t
note :
: velocity (m/s)
x
t

: displacement (m)
: time elapsed (s)

A constant velocity motion is a motion of particle along a straight line track with constant
velocity.
Apparatus
1. Meter
2. Stopwatch
3. CVM tube
4. Stationery
5. Stative
Identification of Variables
Activiy 1
1 Controlled variable : Distance and displacement
2 Manipulated variable : Time
3 Response variable : Speed and velocity
Activity 2
1 Controlled variable: Displacement
2 Manipulated variable: Time
3 Response variable: Speed
Defined Operational Variable
Activity 1
1 Controlled variable:
a Distance is a length of the track from one point to another point, such as length of point A to B.
b Displacement is the amount of the change of position from initial position to final position.
With another word, the difference between final position with initial position. Such as the
difference between position B and position A .
2 Manipulated variable
Time is the process of the object pass the track from one point t another.
3 Response variable :
a Velocity is amount of the distance passed by the object between one point to another point per
time needed by the object to pass the track.
b Speed is the amount of displacement from initial position to final position per time needen to
pass the track.
Activity 2

2
3

Controlled variable
The displacement on this situation is the difference position between final position and initial
position on GLB tube. Such as point A and point O.
Manipulated variable
Time is the process of the bubble on GLB tube to pass the track between one point to another.
Response variable
Speed is the amount of displacement of the bubble in every time needed by the bubble to move.

Work Procedures
Activity 1
1. Made three points are points is A, B, C which can form a right
triangle.
2. Measure the length of the path between the two points each using a
meter available.
3. Prepare 3 friends, as the object moves at different velocities
4. The first person standing at point A, then march to point b, and
measure the time it used to take the path from point a to point b
(Try crusty with constant velocity). continue with the second and
third person, record the results on the observation table!
5. Do step 4 with different trajectories, for instance from point a to the
point b to point c then. proceed with some of the other tracks,
recording the results in the table of observations
Activity 2
1. Took rectilinear motion tube and statif to drape one end of the tube
2. Mark of at least 4 points as points a, b, c, d on the tube (try having
the same hose)
3. Define / measure the path length of the tube base (0cm) to point a,
to point b, to point c, and to the point d
4. Hanging at one end of the tube at a certain height stative, start
from a height of about 5cm from the base
5. Lift the other end of the tube so that the bubbles in the tip of the
tube is raised
6. Had reached the lower end of the base so that the bubble will move
up, measure the time it takes a bubble to reach a point (when
bubbles start the stopwatch right across the 0 cm position on the
tube), repeat 3 times as much data retrieval

7. Repeat steps 4, 5, and 6 with different distance (to the point b, to c


and to d) record the result in the observation table.
EXPERIMENT RESULT AND DATA ANALYZE
Observation Result
Activity 1
Sketch of displacement
3m

2m

2m

D
3m

Rollmeters SSV = 0,001 m/scale


Stopwatchs SSV = 0,2 second/scale
Table 1. Measurement Result of Distance, Displacement, and Time
NO
Track
Distance (m)
Displacement (m)
Time (s)

A to B

A to B to C

A to B to C
to D

A to B to C
to D to A

|2.0000 0.0005|

|2.0000 0.0005|

|6.2 0.1|

|2.0000 0.0005|

|2.0000 0.0005|

|3.8 0.1|

|2.0000 0.0005|

|2.0000 0.0005|

|2.1 0.1|

|5.0000 0.0005|

|3.6000 0.0005|

|11.2 0.1|

|5.0000 0.0005|

|3.6000 0.0005|

|7.7 0.1|

|5.0000 0.0005|

|3.6000 0.0005|

|5.0 0.1|

|7.0000 0.0005|

|3.0000 0.0005|

|16.9 0.1|

|7.0000 0.0005|

|3.0000 0.0005|

|8.3 0.1|

|7.0000 0.0005|

|3.0000 0.0005|

|7.5 0.1|

|1.0000 0.0005|

|0.0000 0.0005|

|22.1 0.1|

|1.0000 0.0005|

|0.0000 0.0005|

|14.9 0.1|

|1.0000 0.0005|

|0.0000 0.0005|

|10.0 01|

Activity 2
Rulers SSV

Ruler ' s SSV =

Measuring Limit
Total scale

1 cm
10 scale

= 0,1 cm/scale
Stopwatchs SSV = 0,2 second/scale
Table 2. Measurement Resut of Distance and Time Needed on Rectilinear Motion
NO
Height(cm)
Distance(cm)
Time (s)

|12.50 0,05|

|24.50 0,05|
1

|5.00 0.05|
|36.50 0,05|

|48.50 0,05|

|10.00 0.05|
|12.50 0,05|

|24.50 0,05|

|36.50 0,05|

|12.50 0,05|

1.

|1.6 0.1|

2.

|1.5 0.1|

3.

|1.6 0.1|

1.

|3.2 0.1|

2.

|3.2 0.1|

3.

|3.2 0.1|

1.

|4.0 0.1|

2.

|4.7 0.1|

3.

|4.9 0.1|

1.

|6.6 0.1|

2.

|6.6 0.1|

3.

|6.6 0.1|

1.

|1.1 0.1|

2.

|1.2 0.1|

3.

|1.1 0.1|

1.

|2.3 0.1|

2.

|2.3 0.1|

3.

|2.3 0.1|

1.

|3.4 0.1|

2.

|3.3 0.1|

3.

|3.4 0.1|

4.

|1.6 0.1|

5.

|1.5 0.1|

6.

ANALIZE DATA
Activity (1)
1. Speed A to B

v =

x
t

v = x t

|vx| x+|vt | t

v =

v =

| |

( x t 1 )
( x t 1)
x+
t
x
t

v =|t 1| x+| x t 2| t

v =|t 1 x|+| x t 2 t|

||

v x t 1 x t 2 t
=
+
v
v
v

||

v x t
x t t
=
+
1
1
v
xt
xt

| || |
x t
v =|
+ |v
x
t
v x t
=
+
v
x
t

a. First person

x=|2.0000 0. 0005|m

t=|6.2 0.1|s
v =

x
t

v =

2. 0000 m
6.2 s

v =0.32 m/s

|xx + t t |v

v =

|1.6 0.1|

0. 1
+
0. 32 m/ s
|0.2. 0005
0000 6. 2|

v =

v =|0.00025+ 0.0161|0. 32 m/ s
v =0. 00523 m/ s
Relative mistake :
KR

v
0. 00523
100 =
100 =1.6 3 AB
v
0. 32

Correctness degree :
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 1.6% = 98.4%
Physics report =

|v v|=|0.32000 0. 00532| m/ s

b. Second person

x=|2.0000 0. 0005|m
t=|3.8 0.1| s

v =

x
t

v =

2. 0000 m
3.8 s

v =0.53 m/ s

|xx + t t |v
0. 0005 0. 1
v =|
+
0. 53 m/s
2. 0000 3. 8|
v =

v =|0.00025+ 0.0263|0. 53 m/s

v =0. 0141 m/ s
Relative mistake :

v
0. 0141

100
=
100 =2. 7 3 AB
KR
v
0. 53
Correctness degree :
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 2,7% = 97,3%
Physics report =

|v v|=|0.5300 0. 0141| m/ s

c. Third person

x=|2.0000 0. 0005|m

t=|2.1 0. 1|s

v =

x
t

v =

2. 0000 m
2.1 s

v =0. 95 m/s

|xx + t t |v
0 . 0005 0. 1
v =|
+
0. 95 m/s
2. 0000 2. 1|
v =

v =|0.00025+ 0.0476| 0.95 m/ s

v =0. 045 m/s


Relative mistake :

v
0 . 045

100
=
100 =4. 7 2 AB
KR
v
0. 95
Correctness degree :
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 4.7% = 95.3%
Physics report =

|v v|=|0.95 0. 045|m/s

2. Speed A to B to C
a. First person

x=|3.6000 0. 0005|m

t=|11.2 0.1| s
v =

x
t

v =

3. 6000 m
11. 2 s

v =0.32 m/s

|xx + t t |v
0. 0005 0.1
v =|
+
0. 32 m/s
3. 6000 11. 2|
v =

v =|0.00013+ 0.0089|0. 32 m/s


v =0. 0029 m/s
Relative mistake:

KR

v
0. 0029
100 =
100 =0. 9 3 AB
v
0. 32

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 0.9% = 99.1%
Physics report =

|v v|=|0.3200 0. 0029|m/s

b. Secon person

x=|3.6000 0. 0005|m

t=|7.7 0.1| s
v =

x
t

v =

3. 6000 m
7.7 s

v =0. 47 m/s

|xx + t t |v
0. 0005 0. 1
v =|
+
0. 47 m/ s
3. 6000 7.7 |
v =

v =|0.00013+ 0.013|0. 47 m/s


v =0. 0062 m/ s
Relative mistake :
KR

v
0,0062
100 =
100 =1,3 3 AB
v
0,47

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 1,3% = 98,7%
Physics report =

|v v|=|0,4700 0,0062|m/s

c. Third person

x=|3.6000 0. 0005|m
t=|5.0 0.1| s

v =

x
t

v =

3. 6000 m
5.0 s

v =0.72 m/s

|xx + t t |v
0. 0005 0. 1
v =|
+
0. 72 m/s
3. 6000 5. 0|
v =

v =|0.00013+ 0.02|0. 72 m/ s
v =0. 014 m/s
Relative mistake :
KR

v
0. 014
100 =
100 =1. 9 3 AB
v
0.72

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 1.9% = 98.1%
Physics report =

|v v|=|0.720 0. 014|m/s

3. Speed A to B to C to D
a. First person

x=|3.0000 0. 0005|m
t=|16.9 0.1|s

v =

x
t

v =

3. 0000 m
16.9 s

v =0.18 m/ s

|xx + t t |v
0. 0005 0. 1
v =|
+
0. 18 m/s
3. 0000 16. 9|
v =

v =|0.00017+ 0.006|0.18 m/s

v =0. 0011 m/s


Relative mistake :
KR

v
0. 0011
100 =
100 =0. 61 3 AB
v
0.18

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 0.61% = 99.39%
Physics report =
b. Second person

|v v|=|0.1800 0. 0011|m/s

x=|3.0000 0. 0005|m
t=|8.3 0.1| s

v =

x
t

v =

3. 0000 m
8.3 s

v =0.36 m/ s

|xx + t t |v
0. 0005 0. 1
v =|
+
0. 36 m/s
3. 0000 8. 3|
v =

v =|0.00017+ 0.012|0. 36 m/s

v =0. 0043 m/s


Relative mistake :
KR

v
0. 0043
100 =
100 =1.2 3 AB
v
0. 36

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 1.2% = 98.8%
Physics report =

|v v|=|0.3600 0. 0043|m/s

c. Third person

x=|3.0000 0. 0005|m

t=|7.5 0.1| s
v =

x
t

v =

3. 0000 m
7.5 s

v =0. 4 m/s

|xx + t t |v
0. 0005 0. 1
v =|
+
0. 4 m/s
3. 0000 7.5 |
v =

v =|0.00017+ 0.013| 0. 4 m/s

v =0. 0053 m/s


Relative mistake :
KR

v
0. 0053
100 =
100 =1.3 3 AB
v
0. 4

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 1.3% = 98.7%
Physics report =

|v v|=|0.4000 0. 0053|m/s

4. Speed A to B to C to D to A
a. First person

x=|0.0000 0. 0005|m

t=|22.1 0. 1|s
v =

x
t

v =

0. 0000 m
22.1 s

v =0 m/s

|xx + t t |v
0. 0005 0. 1
v =|
+
0 m/s
0. 0000 22. 1|
v =

v =0 m/s
Relative mistake :
KR

v
0
100 = 100 =
v
0

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% Physics report =

|v v|=|0 0|m/s

b. Second person

x=|0.0000 0. 0005|m

t=|14.9 0.1|s
v =

x
t

v =

0. 0000 m
14.9 s

v =0 m/s

|xx + t t |v
0. 0005 0. 1
v =|
+
0 m/ s
0. 0000 14. 9|
v =

v =0 m/s
Relative mistake :
KR

v
0
100 = 100 =
v
0

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% Physics report =

|v v|=|0 0|m/s

c. Third person

x=|0.0000 0. 0005|m
t=|10.0 0.1| s

v =

x
t

v =

0. 0000 m
10.0 s

v =0 m/s

|xx + t t |v
0. 0005 0. 1
v =|
+
0 m/ s
0. 0000 10. 0|
v =

v =0 m/s
Relative mistake :
KR

v
0
100 = 100 =
v
0

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% -

|v v|=|0 0|m/s

Physics report =
5. Velocity A to B

v=

x
t

v =x t 1

| vx| x +|vt | t

v=

v=

| |

( x t 1 )
( x t 1 )
x+
t
x
t

v=|t 1| x+|x t 2| t
v=|t 1| x+| x t 2| t

v=|t 1 x|+| x t 2 t |

| ||

v t 1 x x t 2 t
=
+
v
v
v

| ||
1

v t x x t t
=
+
1
1
v
xt
xt

| |
v x t
=
+
v | x | | t |
x t
v=| + | v
x
t

v x
=
+|t 1 t |
v
x

a. First person

x=|2.0000 0.0005| m

t=|6.2 0.1|s
v=

x
t

v=

2. 0000 m
6.2 s

v =0.32 m/s

|xx + t t |v

v=

0. 1
+
0. 32 m/ s
|0.2. 0005
0000 6. 2|

v=

v =|0.00025+ 0.0161|0. 32 m/ s
v=0. 0052 m/ s
Relative mistake :

v
0. 0052

100
=
100 =1. 6 3 AB
KR
v
0. 32
Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 1.6% = 98.4%
Physics repor

|v v|=|0.3200 0. 0052| m/ s

b. Second person

x=|2.0000 0.0005| m
t=|3.8 0.1| s

v=

x
t

v=

2. 0000 m
3.8 s

v =0.53 m/ s

|xx + t t |v

v=

0. 1
+
0. 53 m/s
|0.2. 0005
0000 3. 8|

v=

v =|0.00025+ 0.026| 0.53 m/s

v=0. 014 m/s


Relative mistake :
KR

v
0. 014
100 =
100 =2. 6 3 AB
v
0.53

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 2.6% = 97.4%
Physics report
c. Third person

|v v|=|0.530 0. 014|m/s

x=|2.0000 0.0005| m
t=|2.1 0. 1|s

v=

x
t

v=

2. 0000 m
2.1 s

v =0. 95 m/s

|xx + t t |v

v=

0. 1
+
0. 95 m/s
|0.2. 0005
0000 2. 1|

v=

v =|0.00025+ 0.048|0. 95 m/s

v=0. 046 m/s


Relative mistake :
KR

v
0. 046
100 =
100 =4. 8 2 AB
v
0. 95

Correctness degree :
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 4.8% = 95.2%
Physics repor

|v v|=|0.950 0. 046|m/s

6. Velocity A to B to C
a. First person

x=|5.0000 0.0005| m
t=|11.2 0.1| s

v=

x
t

v=

5. 0000 m
1 1.2 s

v =0. 45 m/s

|xx + t t |v

v=

0.1
+
0. 45 m/ s
|0.5. 0005
0000 11. 2|

v=

v=|0.0001+0. 0089|0. 45 m/s


v=0. 0041 m/ s
Relative mistake :
KR

v
0. 0041
100 =
100 =0.91 3 AB
v
0. 45

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 0.91% = 99.09%
Physics report

|v v|=|0.4500 0. 0041| m/ s

b. Second person

x=|5.0000 0.0005| m

t=|7.7 0.1| s
v=

x
t

v=

5. 0000 m
7.7 s

v =0.65 m/ s

|xx + t t |v

v=

0. 1
+
0. 65 m/s
|0.5. 0005
0000 7.7 |

v=

v=|0.0001+0. 0129|0. 65 m/s


v=0. 0084 m/s
Relative mistake :
KR

v
0. 0084
100 =
100 =1. 3 3 AB
v
0. 65

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 1.3% = 98.7%
Physics report

|v v|=|0.6500 0. 0084|m/s

c. Third person

x=|5.0000 0.0005| m

t=|5.0 0.1| s
v=

x
t

v=

5. 0000 m
5.0 s

v =1m/ s

|xx + t t |v

v=

0. 1
+
1 m/s
|0.5. 0005
0000 5. 0|

v=

v=|0.0001+0. 02|1 m/s

v=0. 0201 m/ s
Kesalahan Relatif :
KR

v
0. 0201
100 =
100 =2. 01 3 AB
v
1

Derajat Kebenaran :
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 2.01% = 97.99%
Hasil laporan

|v v|= 1.0000 0. 0201m/ s

7. Velocity A to B to C to D
a. First person

x=|7,0000 0,0005|m
t=|16,9 0,1| s

v=

x
t

v=

7,0000 m
16,9 s

v =0,41 m/ s

|xx + t t |v

v=

0,1
+
0,41 m/ s
|0,0005
7,0000 16,9 |

v=

v=|0,00007+ 0,0059|0,41m/ s

v=0,0024 m/ s
Relative mistake:

KR

v
0,0024
100 =
100 =0,58 3 AB
v
0,41

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 0,58% = 99,42%
Physics report

|v v|=|0,4100 0,0024|m/s

b. Second person

x=|7,0000 0,0005|m

t=|8,3 0,1|s
v=

x
t

v=

7,0000 m
8,3 s

v =0,84 m/s

|xx + t t |v

v=

0,1
+
0,84 m/s
|0,0005
7,0000 8,3 |

v=

v=|0,00007+ 0,012| 0,84 m/s


v=0,0101 m/s
Relative mistake:
KR

v
0,0101
100 =
100 =1,2 3 AB
v
0,84

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 1,2% = 98,8%
Physics report

|v v|=|0,8400 0,0101|m/s

c. Third person

x=|7,0000 0,0005|m

t=|7,5 0,1| s
v=

x
t

v=

7,0000 m
7,5 s

v =0,93 m/s

|xx + t t |v

v=

0,1
+ |0,93 m/s
|0,0005
7,0000 7,5

v=

v=|0,00007+ 0,013|0,93 m/s


v=0,0121 m/s
Relative mistake:
KR

v
0,0121
100 =
100 =1,3 3 AB
v
0,93

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 1,3% = 98,7%
Physics report

|v v|=|0,9300 0,0121|m/s

8. Velocity A to B to C to D to A
a. First person

x=|10,0000 0,0005|m

t=|22,1 0,1| s
v=

x
t

v=

10,0000 m
22,1 s

v =0,45 m/s

|xx + t t |v

v=

0,0005 0,1
+
0,45m/ s
|10,0000
22,1|

v=

v=|0,00005+ 0,0045| 0,45 m/ s


v=0,002 m/s
Relative mistake:
KR

v
0,002
100 =
100 =0,4 3 AB
v
0,45

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 0,4% = 99,6%

Physics report

|v v|=|0,450 0,002|m/s

b. Second person

x=|10,0000 0,0005|m
t=|14,9 0,1| s

v=

x
t

v=

10,0000 m
14,9 s

v =0,67 m/s

|xx + t t |v

v=

0,0005 0,1
+
0,67 m/s
|10,0000
14,9|

v=

v=|0,00005+ 0,0067|0,67 m/s

v=0,0045 m/s
Relative mistake:
KR

v
0,0045
100 =
100 =0,67 3 AB
v
0,67

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 0,67% = 99,33%
Physics report

|v v|=|0,6700 0,0045|m/s

c. Third person

x=|10,0000 0,0005|m
t=|10,0 0,1| s

v=

x
t

v=

10,0000 m
10,0 s

v =1m/ s

|xx + t t |v

v=

0,0005 0,1
+
1 m/s
|10,0000
10,0|

v=

v=|0,00005+ 0,01|1 m/s


v=0,01 m/ s
Relative mistake:

v
0,01

100
=
100 =1 3 AB
KR
v
1
Correctness degree :
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 1% = 99%
Physics report

|v v|=|1,00 0,01| m/s

9. Vector position from each point A, B, C, D

AB

BC

CC

A = ( 0 i^ +0 ^j ) m

B =( 2 i^ + 0 ^j ) m

C =( 2 i^ +3 ^j ) m

D =( 0 i^ +3 ^j ) m
a. A ke B

AB=
B
A=( 2 i^ +0 ^j ) m( 0 i^ + 0 ^j ) m

AB=( 2 i^ +0 ^j ) m
b. A ke B ke C



AC =C
A =( 2 i^ +3 ^j ) m ( 0 i^ + 0 ^j ) m

AC =( 2 i^ + 3 ^j ) m
c. A ke B ke C ke D

AD =
D
A =( 0 i^ + 3 ^j ) m( 0 i^ + 0 ^j ) m

AD =( 0 i^ + 3 ^j ) m
d. A ke B ke C ke D ke A

AA=
A
A= ( 0 i^ + 0 ^j ) m( 0 i^ + 0 ^j ) m

AA=( 0 i^ +0 ^j ) m
activity (2)
1. Determining time average
a. height
distance

|5,00 0,05| cm
|12,50 0,05| cm

t=|t t |s
t 1 =|1,6 0,1| s

t 2 =|1,5 0,1| s
t 3 =|1,6 0,1| s

t=

t 1 +t 2+t 3
3

t=

1,6 +1,5+1,6
=1,56 s
3

1=|t 1t|=|1,61,56| s=0,04 s


2=|t 2t|=|1,51,56| s=0,06 s
3=|t 3t |=|1,61,56| s=0,04 s
max= t =0,06 s
t=|1,56 0,06|s
distance

|24,50 0,05|cm

t 1 =|3,2 0,1| s
t 2 =|3,2 0,1| s

t 3 =|3,2 0,1| s
t=

t 1 +t 2+t 3
3

t=

3,2+3,2+3,2
=3,2 s
3

1=|t 1t|=|3,23,2| s=0,00 s


2=|t 2t|=|3,23,2|s=0,00 s
3=|t 3t |=|3,23,2|s=0,00 s
max= t =0,1 s
t=|3,2 0,1| s
Distance

|36,50 0,05| cm

t 1 =|4,8 0,1|s

t 2 =|4,7 0,1|s
t 3 =|4,9 0,1|s

t=

t 1 +t 2+t 3
3

t=

4,8+ 4,7+4,9
=4,8 s
3

1=|t 1t|=|4,84,8|s=0,00 s
2=|t 2t|=|4,74,8| s=0,01 s
3=|t 3t |=|4,94,8| s=0,01 s
max= t =0,1 s
t=|4,8 0,1|s

Distance

|48,50 0,05|cm

t 1 =|6,6 0,1| s
t 2 =|6,6 0,1| s

t 3 =|6,6 0,1|s
t=

t 1 +t 2+t 3
3

t=

6,6+6,6+6,6
=6,6 s
3

1=|t 1t|=|6,66,6| s=0,00 s


2=|t 2t|=|6,66,6| s=0,00 s
3=|t 3t |=|6,66,6|s=0,00 s
max= t =0,1 s
t=|6,6 0,1|s
b. height
distance

|10,00 0,05| cm
|12,50 0,05| cm

t 1 =|1,1 0,1| s

t 2 =|1,2 0,1| s
t 3 =|1,1 0,1| s

t=

t 1 +t 2+t 3
3

t=

1,1+1,2+1,1
=1,13 s
3

1=|t 1t|=|1,11,13|s=0,03 s
2=|t 2t|=|1,21,13|s=0,07 s
3=|t 3t |=|1,11,13|s=0,03 s
m ax = t=0,07 s
t=|1,13 0,07|s
Distance

|24,50 0,05|cm

t 1 =|2,3 0,1| s
t 2 =|2,3 0,1| s

t 3 =|2,3 0,1| s
t=

t 1 +t 2+t 3
3

t=

2,3+ 2,3+2,3
=2,3 s
3

1=|t 1t|=|2,32,3| s=0,00 s


2=|t 2t|=|2,32,3| s=0,00 s
3=|t 3t |=|2,32,3| s=0,00 s
max= t =0,1 s
t=|2,3 0,1| s

Distance

|36,50 0,05| cm

t 1 =|3,4 0,1|s

t 2 =|3,3 0,1| s
t 3 =|3,3 0,1| s

t=

t 1 +t 2+t 3
3

t=

3,4 +3,3+3,3
=3,3 s
3

1=|t 1t|=|3,43,3| s=0,10 s


2=|t 2t|=|3,33,3| s=0,00 s
3=|t 3t |=|3,33,3| s=0,00 s
max= t =0,10 s
t=|3,3 0,1| s
Distance

|48,50 0,05|cm

t 1 =|4,3 0,1|s
t 2 =|4,3 0,1|s

t 3 =|4,3 0,1|s
t=

t 1 +t 2+t 3
3

t=

4,3+ 4,3+ 4,3


=4,3 s
3

1=|t 1t|=|4,34,3|s=0,00 s
2=|t 2t|=|4,34,3|s=0,00 s
3=|t 3t |=|4,34,3| s=0,00 s
max= t =0,1 s
t=|4,3 0,1|s
2. Determining speed

v =

x
t

v = x t 1

|vx| x+|vt | t

v =

v =

| |

( x t 1 )
( x t 1)
x+
t
x
t

v =|t 1| x+| x t 2| t

v =|t 1 x|+| x t 2 t|

||

||

v x t 1 x t 2 t
=
+
v
v
v
v x t 1 x t 2 t
=
+
v
x t 1
x t 1

| || |

v x t
=
+
v
x
t

|xx + t t |v

v =

|5,00 0,05| cm

a. Height
Distance

|12,50 0,05| cm

x=0,05 cm
x=12,50 cm

1
m=0,0005 m
100

1
m=0,125 m
100

t=|1,56 0,06|s

v =

x 0,125 m
=
=0,08 m/s
t
1,56 s

|xx + t t |v
0,0005 0,06
v =|
+
0,08 m/s
0,125 1,56 |
v =

v =0,0033 m/s
Relative mistake:
KR

v
0,0033
100 =
100 =4,125 2 AB
v
0,08

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 4,125 = 95,875%
Physics report =
Distance

|v v|=|0,0800 0,0033|m/s

|24,50 0,05|cm

x=0,05 cm
x=24,50 cm

1
m=0,0005 m
100

1
m=0,245 m
100

t=|3,2 0,1| s

v =

x
t

0,245m
=0,076 m/ s
3,2 s

|xx + t t |v

v =

0,1
+
0,076 m/s
|0,0005
0,245 3,2 |

v =

v =0,0025 m/s
Relative mistake:
KR

v
0,0025
100 =
100 =3,3 2 AB
v
0,076

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 3,3 = 96,7%

|v v|=|0,0760 0,0025|m/s

Physics report =

Distance

|36,50 0,05| cm

x=0,05 cm
x=36,50 cm

1
m=0,0005 m
100

1
m=0,365 m
100

t=|4,8 0,1|s

v =

x
t

0,365m
=0,076 m/ s
4,8 s

|xx + t t |v
0,0005 0,1
v =|
+
0,076 m/ s
0,365 4,8|
v =

v =0,0017 m/s
Relative mistake:
KR

v
0,0017
100 =
100 =2,2 2 AB
v
0,076

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 2,2 = 97,8%
Physics report =
Distance

|v v|=|0,076 0,0017|m/ s

|48,50 0,05|cm

x=0,05 cm

1
m=0,0005 m
100

x=48,50 cm

1
m=0,485 m
100

t=|6,6 0,1|s
v =

x
t

0,485m
=0,073 m/s
6,6 s

|xx + t t |v
0,0005 0,1
v =|
+
0,073 m/ s
0,073 6,6 |
v =

v =0,0016 m/s
Relative mistake:
KR

v
0,0016
100 =
100 =2,2 2 AB
v
0,073

Correctness degree :
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 2,2 = 97,8%

|v v|=|0,073 0,0016|m/ s

Physics report =

|10,00 0,05| cm

b. Height
Distance

|12,50 0,05| cm

x=0,05 cm
x=12,50 cm

1
m=0,0005 m
100

1
m=0,125 m
100

t=|1,13 0,07|s
v =

x
t

0,125m
=0,111 m/s
1,13 s

|xx + t t |v
0,0005 0,07
v =|
+
0,111 m/s
0,125 1,13 |
v =

v =0,0073 m/s
Relative mistake:
KR

v
0,0073
100 =
100 =6,6 2 AB
v
0,111

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 6,6 = 93,4%

|v v|=|0,1110 0,0073|m/s

Physics report =
Distance

|24,50 0,05|cm

x=0,05 cm
x=24,50 cm

1
m=0,0005 m
100

1
m=0,245 m
100

t=|2,3 0,1| s
v =

x
t

0,245m
=0,106 m/ s
2,3 s

|xx + t t |v
0,0005 0,1
v =|
+
0,106 m/s
0,245 2,3 |
v =

v =0,0048 m/s
Relative mistake:
KR

v
0,0048
100 =
100 =4,5 2 AB
v
0,106

Correctness degree :
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 4,5 = 95,5%
Physics report =
distance

|v v|=|0,1060 0,0048|m/s

|36,50 0,05| cm

x=0,05 cm
x=36,50 cm

1
m=0,0005 m
100

1
m=0,365 m
100

t=|3,3 0,1| s
v =

x
t

0,365m
=0,111 m/s
3,3 s

|xx + t t |v

v =

0,1
+
0,111m/ s
|0,0005
0,365 3,3 |

v =

v =0,0035 m/s
Relative mistake:
KR

v
0,0035
100 =
100 =3,15 2 AB
v
0,111

Correctness degree :
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 3,15 = 96,85%

|v v|=|0,1110 0,0035|m/s

Physics report =
Distance

|48,50 0,05|cm

x=0,05 cm
x=48,50 cm

1
m=0,0005 m
100

1
m=0,485 m
100

t=|4,3 0,1|s

v =

x
t

0,485m
=0,1128 m/ s
4,3 s

|xx + t t |v
0,0005 0,1
v =|
+
0,1128 m/s
0,485 4,3|
v =

v =0,0027 m/s
Relative mistake:
KR

v
0,0027
100 =
100 =2,4 3 AB
v
0,1128

Correctness degree:
DK = 100% - KR = 100% - 2,4 = 97,6%
Physics report =

|v v|=|0,1128 0,0027| m/ s

Graph of the relationship between Distance and Time. Track from point A, B, C, and D with
point A as coordinate axis
f(x) =
R = 0

height 5 cm

12
10
8
6
distance (cm)
4
2
0
0

10

12

time (s)

Graph 1. Graph of the relationship between Distance and Time with 5 cm height

height 10 cm
60
50
f(x) = 11.4x - 0.93
R = 1

40
Jarak (cm)

30
20
10
0
0.5

1.5

2.5
time (s)

3.5

4.5

Graph 2. Graph of the relationship between Distance and Time with 10 cm height

DISCUSSION
On rectilinear motion observation conducted to understand the different between distance and
displacement, determine the speed and average speed, determine the relationship between
displacement ( x

with a distance of travel time (t) an object moving a constant velocity motion

(CVM) and understand a constant velocity motion along a straight line. In this experiment, there are
two activities, namely the measurement of distance, displacement and travel time and the
measurement result mileage and travel time on rectilinear motion. On the activities one of the measure
distance track A-B, with distance

|2.000 0.005| , displacement

travel time of the first people is

2.00 0.0005 , and

6.2 0,1 . The second track distance A-B-C

3,6000 0.0005

and travel time of the first people is

11.2 0.1 , the third track distance A-B-C-D

7.000 0.005 , displacement

|5.000 0.005| , displacement


3.000 0.0005

and travel time of first people is

16.9 0.1 . The first activity was

carried out by three different people at different speeds so that the time taken different. The next
activity 2 data collection is done by measuring the height of the tip of the tube which is one of the
base, the height of the first use is 5 cm, then take the next data by lifting the tip of the tube only and
measure the time bubble that will pass the distance from end only again. This activity is performed
three times with different heights pliers. The activities one can say that the distance and speed of a
person can affect the travel time and the activities of 2 based on an analysis of each person whose
measure has the result of a different time, but in theory the travel time it takes bubble of mileage
pliers have been determined to have the same results and only heights which led to a different
outcome travel time. With the speed gained from the analysis, it can be concluded that the tube moves
straight GLB irregular because velocity is constant, although there is very little different.
CONCLUSION
Based on experiment, it can be concluded that the speed and distance of a person resulted in a
change of the time and height of the tube resulted in change speed and time, and the higher places the
tube hung time needed sooner. The displacement is proportional to the time, the displacement of an
object, the greater the time required for it until at the end point. Total distance is the length of the path
that has been taken without regard to the direction of motion while the move is a change in the
position of the position calculate from the original position with regard to the direction of motion.
Rectilinear motion if the object is moving on a straight track so that the acceleration is zero. The
speed of any object at any time is always constant, meaning that the initial speed equal to the speed of
the end. Therefore, the distance of object is directly proportional to the time.

REFERENCE
Halliday, David dan Resnick, Robert. 1999. Fisika Jilid 1 Edisi Ketiga (Terjemahan). Jakarta:
Erlangga.
Tipler, Paul A. 2001. Fisika untuk Sains dan Teknik Edisi Ketiga Jilid 1 (Terjemahan). Jakarta:
Erlangga.