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A force is a push or pull upon an object as a result of its interaction with

another object. Forces only exist when there is interaction between object. Forces
can be classified into two: contact forces and action-at-a-distance forces.
Contact Forces are the type of forces which exist due to interaction of objects
which are perceived through physical contact. While the action-at-a-distance forces
are those types which forces exist but did not have any physical contact.
There are many types of contact forces such; frictional, tension, normal, air
resistance, applied, spring., and action-at-a-distance forces such; gravitational,
electrical, magnetic.
Frictional force it is a result when two surfaces being pressed together
closely. Friction depends upon the nature of two surfaces and upon the degree
which they are pressed together. For example, a car tire and the road, a book slides
across the surface of a table.
Tension Force is the force that is transmitted through a string, rope, cable or
wire when it is pulled tight by forces acting from opposite ends. For example, when
youre catching fish and something bite your bait, the wire exerts tension because
of the fish pulling the wire and the person who is holding the rod.
Normal force - is the support force exerted upon an object that is in contact
with another stable object. For example, if a book is resting upon a surface, then the
surface is exerting an upward force upon the book in order to support the weight of
the book.
Air Resistance force this force acts upon the interaction of objects as they
travel through the air. It is often observed to opposed the motion of the object. For
example, a person on a parachute falling down slowly because the air resistance
pushes the chute.
Applied force - is a force that is applied to an object by a person or another
object. For example, if a person is pushing a desk across the room, then there is an
applied force acting upon the object.
Spring force - is the force exerted by a compressed or stretched spring upon
any object that is attached to it. An object that compresses or stretches a spring is
always acted upon by a force that restores the object to its rest or equilibrium
position.
Gravitational force - is the force with which the earth, moon, or other
massively large object attracts another object towards itself. All of the object upon
earth experience this force that is directed downward towards the center of the
earth.
Electrical force is the force where two objects attracted by each other when
they have opposite charges and repulse when having the same charges. This can be
observed through current, such the copper wiring moves electricity throughout a
certain area.

Magnetic force- is the force same as the electrical force but arises between
electrically charged particles because of their motion. For example, magnetic force
is responsible for the action of electric motors, and attraction of magnets for iro
n.

Force system is a group of two or more forces act on a body. Forces are
combined resulting into new type of forces. System of forces have many different
types such; coplanar, concurrent, co-linear, coplanar concurrent, coplanar nonconcurrent, non-coplanar concurrent, non-coplanar non-concurrent, like parallel,
unlike parallel and spatial.
Coplanar forces forces whose line of action lie on the same plane. For
example, A ladder standing on rough horizontal ground and leaning against a
smooth vertical wall has three coplanar forces acting on it.
Concurrent forces are those forces which meet at one point. For example, a
cable attached to an eye screw.
Co-linear forces forces whose line of action lie on the same line. For
example, forces on a rope in a tug of war.
Coplanar concurrent forces forces which meet at one point and line of
action also lie on the same plane. For example, a rod resting against a wall.
Non-coplanar concurrent forces forces whose line of action do not lie on the
same plane, but they meet at one point. For example, a tripod carrying a camera.
Coplanar non-concurrent forces the forces whose line of action lie on the
same plane but they do not meet at one point. For example, forces on a ladder
resting against a wall when a person stands on a rung which is not at its center of
gravity.
Non-coplanar non-concurrent forces are those forces whose line of action do
not line on the same plane and they do not meet at any point. For example, forces
acting on a moving bus
Like parallel forces forces whose line of action are parallel to each other and
all of them act in same direction. For example, weight of a stationary train on a rail
when the track is straight.
Unlike parallel forces are those forces whose line of action are parallel to
each other but all them do not act in the same direction.
Spatial forces these are the forces acting in the space but meeting at one
points.

Forces acting at some angle from the the coordinate axes can be resolved
into mutually perpendicular forces called components. The component of a force
parallel to the x-axis is called the x-component, parallel to y-axis the y-component,
and so on.

Motion of objects are associated with mathematical quantities that can be


used to describe the them, which can be divided into two categories. The quantity is
either a scalar or vector.
Scalars are quantities that are described by a magnitude. Simply, it is a
number which expresses quantity. For example, energy, time, speed, volume,
temperature, density, mass, length, area, pressure, work, power.
Vectors are quantities that are described by both magnitude and direction.
The magnitude of a vector is a scalar. For example, force, velocity, acceleration,
length, displacement, direction, momentum.