Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 4

What is Computer

an electronic device which


consist of several components
that together provide the
capability of executing a stored
data.

Hardware

It has three essential


characteristics:

Refers to the physical components of


a computer that you can actually
touch.

It categorize into 4 devices:

- Electronic device

- Input devices

- Programmable

- Output devices

- Can Store, Retrieve and

- Central Processing
- Storage devices

process data

Unit CPU)

Computer System Performs four Operations:

Computer System Devices

- Input

Input device - Which allow users to


input data for processing.

Output device
- Where the
results of processing operations are
displayed or printed.

* Input Operation

- The computer system accepts data


from external sources, such as: users or a
separate computer system.

Central Processing Unit(CPU)


Process and converts data from input
to output.

Storage device
- Where the data
us stored permanently.

Some Input Devices

Keyboard - It has a function keys for


the entry of information.

Mouse - It is used to repositioning


the cursor or the pointer .

Scanner - Translates images of text,


photo, or other graphics into digital
form.

Joystick - it usually used in playing


computer games.

- Processing
- Output
- Storage

* Processing Operation
- It performs logical operations on
inputted data.
* Storage
- The results are sent to temporary
storage.
* Output
- Where the processed data
displayed.

Some Output Devices

Computer System Elements

Monitor - It is the most common


output device that shows information
on the screen when you type.

Printer - a computer peripheral that


puts text or a computer-generated
image on paper or on another
medium.

Speaker - Produce sound output


from the computer.

HARDWARE

Basic CPU Components

SOFTWARE

PEOPLEWARE

CPU(Central Processing Unit) - Process and


converts data from input to output. heart
of the Computer

Random Access Memory (RAM) is a part of


the memory the computer uses to store
given instructions.
Read Only Memory (ROM) can only read
the information or instruction stored.

Some Storage Devices

Magnetic Disk - is a direct access to


media which, like a phonograph
record, is divided into tracks and
records.
Common types are:
- Hard disks
- Floppy disks

Optical Disk - it is made up of plastic


which data are recorded.
Common types are:
- CD-ROM
- CD-RW
- DVD
- BLU-RAY

Motherboard
The motherboard is the computer's main
circuit board. It's a thin plate that holds the
CPU, memory, connectors for the hard drive
and optical drives, expansion cards to
control the video and audio, as well as
connections to your computer's ports (such
as the USB ports).

installed, and it's also where your


documents and other files are stored.
The hard drive is long-term storage, which
means the data is still saved even if you
turn the computer off or unplug it.

Expansion Cards

Central Processing Unit


Also called a processor, is located inside
the computer case on the motherboard. It is
sometimes called the brain of the computer,
and its job is to carry out commands.
Whenever you press a key, click the mouse,
or start an application, you're sending
instructions to the CPU.

Most computers have expansion slots on


the motherboard that allow you to add
various types of expansion cards. These are
sometimes called PCI (Peripheral
Component Interconnect) cards.
Video Card
The video card is responsible for what you
see on the monitor.
If you like playing graphics-intense games
on the computer, you can add a faster video
card to one of the expansion slots to get
better performance.

Sound Card

Random Access Memory


RAM is your system's short-term memory.
Whenever your computer performs
calculations, it temporarily stores the data
in the RAM until it is needed.

The sound card, also called an audio card, is


responsible for what you hear in the
speakers or headphones. Most
motherboards have integrated sound, but
you can upgrade to a dedicated sound card
for higher quality sound.

Hard Drive

Network Card

The hard drive is the data center of the


computer. This is where the software is

The network card allows your computer to


communicate over a network and access
the internet. It can either connect with

an Ethernet cable or through


a wireless connection (often called Wi-Fi).

Power Supply Unit (PSU)

PSUs supplies power to all the components


inside the system unit.