Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 16

ANCIENT EGYPT UNIT

Ancient Egypt unit


Grade Level: 1 E.S.O.
Length of unit: 6 lessons
I. ABSTRACT
A. This unit will be developed in six lessons. This unit begins by giving students geographical
information on ancient Egypt. It then presents an overview of important events in Egypt history and
ancient religious beliefs concerning gods and life after death. Next, pyramids are introduced with an
emphasis on their construction and purpose. Having learned that pyramids housed the bodies of
pharaohs, our lesson provides the students with the steps involved in preserving the bodies of
royalty. The Egyptians developed a system of communication called hieroglyphics.
II. OVERVIEW
A. Concept Objectives
1. The students will understand the complex nature of a given culture: its geography, history,
economy, social structure politics, religion art, architecture andtechnology,
2. The students will understand how belief systems (religion, philosophy) affect a societys
actions.
3. The students will develop an awareness of place. There are reasons why events occur in
certain places. The students must understand the characteristics to understand why events
occurred there.
B. Core Knowledge Content
1. Geography of Africa
2. Geography of the Nile River: sources, courses,mouth,delta
3. Importance of the Nile River: floods and farming
4. Pharaohs: Tutankhamen and Hatshepsut
5. Economy
6. Society
7. Religion
8. Art
9. Pyramids
10. Mummies
11. Gods and goddesses
12. Sphinx
13 Writing: hieroglyphics
C. Skills will be addressed in individual lesson plans.
III. BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE
1. Knowledge of African continent
2. Knowledge of important concepts concerning a civilization: economy, society, religion, state, art
IV. RESOURCES
Computer and internet access
Ancient Egypt blank map
Worksheets
Colour pencils
Writing paper
Drawing paper

-1-

V. LESSONS
A. Lesson One
1. Daily Objectives
a. Lesson Content
i. African Geography
ii. Nile River Geography
iii. Importance of Nile River: floods and farming
b. Concept Objective(s)
i. The students will develop an awareness of the location of Egypt.
c. Skill Objective(s)
i. The students will identify, draw and colour the following areas on their map: Sahara Desert, Nile
River and fertile land ,Nile Delta, Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, Sahara Desert, Lower Egypt and
Upper Egypt
2. Materials
a. Computer and internet access
b. Ancient Egypt blank map
c.Colour pencils
3. Key Vocabulary:
a. Egypt
b. Africa
c. Nile River
d. Fertile land
e. Sahara Desert
f. Mediterranean Sea
g. Red Sea
h. Lower Egypt
i. Upper Egypt
j. Nile Delta
4. Procedures
a. Read information about Egypt geography on
http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/geography/explore/ter.html
b. Point out Egypt on a world map or globe.
c. Ask students On which continent is Egypt?
d. Discuss the Nile River Valley and the Sahara Desert. Contrast the two regions.
e. Provide an Ancient Egypt blankmap to each student.
f. . Draw a river slightly to the right of center.
g. Colour the river blue.
h. Colour green on each side of the river to represent fertile land.
i. Colour yellow Sahara Desert.
j. Colour Mediterranean an red Seas blue.
k. Write the names on the map.
5. Evaluation/Assessment
a. Teacher will observe students during the process.
b. Teacher will evaluate the finished map for accuracy.

-2-

B. Lesson Two
1. Daily Objectives
a. Lesson Content
i. Egyptian economy
ii. Egyptian society
iii. Egyptian religion
b. Concept Objectives
i. The students will become aware of the interconnection between economy, society, religion and art
in ancient Egyptian culture.
c. Skill Objectives
i. The students will read, write and draw about important aspects of Egyptian civilization
2. Materials
a. Egypt mind map
b. Drawing paper
c. Writing paper
3. Key Vocabulary:
a. Pyramid
b. Mastaba
c. Hypogeum
d. Pharaoh
e. Temple
f, Lintel
g. Architecture
h. Statue
i. Tomb
j. Scribe
k. Priest
l. Craftstmen
m. Peasant
4. Procedures
a. Read information from Egypt mind map on
http://www.claseshistoria.com/bilingue/1eso/egypt/egypt-image-english.html
b. Discuss the information on page 24 pertaining to gods.
c. Write short paragraphs about Egyptian economy, society, religion and art .
d. Instruct each student to draw a picture about Egyptian civilization.
f. The student will write a short essay explaining his drawing.
5. Evaluation/Assessment
a. The teacher will evaluate the students written essay and picture
C. Lesson Three
1. Daily Objectives
a. Lesson Content
i. Important events in Egyptian history
b. Concept Objectives
i. The students will learn some important events in ancient Egypt history.
-3-

c. Skill Objectives
i. The students will follow instructions to understand an Egyptian history timeline.
ii.the student will choose specific information to answer a questionnaire
2. Materials
a.Computer and internet access
b.Worksheet: Questionnaire about Egypt history timeline
c.Writing paper

3. Key Vocabulary
a. pharaoh
4. Procedures
a. Read and understand information on http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/time/explore/main.html
b. Answer the questions
5. Evaluation/Assessment
a. The teacher will observe the assembly process.
b. The teacher will evaluate the finished questionnaire.
D. Lesson Four
1. Daily Objectives
a. Lesson Content
i. Egyptian pyramids
b. Concept Objectives
i. The student will recognize a pyramid and understand its purpose in ancient Egyptian
culture.
ii. The students will recognize different types of tombs
c. Skill Objectives
i. The students will explore a pyramid and draw different types of tombs
2. Materials
a. Computer and internet access
b. Drawing paper
c. Colour pencils
3. Key Vocabulary
a. pyramid
b. mastaba
c. hypogeum
d. tomb
e.complex
f. chamber
g.passage
h. gallery
4. Procedures
a. Share and discuss background information concerning Egyptian pyramids included in this
link : http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/pyramids/explore/main.html
b. Each student will explore a pyramid using the computer.
c. The students will draw a pyramid and write its main zones, chambers and passages
-4-

5. Evaluation/Assessment
a. The teacher will observe students during the assembly process.
b. The teacher will evaluate the students finished pyramids.

E. Lesson Five:
1. Daily Objectives
a. Lesson Content
i. Mummies
b. Concept Objectives
i. The students will become aware of the process of mummification.
c. Skill Objectives
i. The students will follow instructions to create their own virtual mummy on
http://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/ED/mummy.html
2. Materials
a. computer and internet access
3. Key Vocabulary
a. Mummy
b.mummification
c. natron
d. canopic jars
e. bandages
f. embalming
g. afterlife
h.linen
i. resin
j.amulets
k.mask
l. sarcophagus
4. Procedures
a. The students observe,read and follow the instructions in the process of mummification
5. Evaluation/Assessment
a. The teacher will observe the students during the assembly process.
b. The teacher will evaluate the finished mummy to determine accuracy of following
directions.
F. Lesson Six
1. Daily Objectives
a. Lesson Content
i. Hieroglyphics
b. Concept Objectives
i. The students will understand that the ancient Egyptians developed a system of written
communication called hieroglyphics.
-5-

c. Skill Objectives
i. The students will translate the letters in their name and other importantwords of this unit into
hieroglyphs
2. Materials
a. Computer and internet access
b. Hieroglyphs from A to Z
http://www.artyfactory.com/egyptian_art/egyptian_hieroglyphs/egyptian_hieroglyphs_A.htm
c. Hieroglyphs worksheet
3. Key Vocabulary
a. hieroglyphs
4. Procedures
a. Read Hieroglyphs from A to Z.
b. Students complete worksheet writing their names and other importan words of this unit in
hieroglyphs.
5. Evaluation/Assessment
a. The teacher will check each students hieroglyphs worksheet for accuracy.

VI. CULMINATING ACTIVITY


A. The students will check their knowlwedge about Egyptian civilization doing some on line
activities on
http://www.claseshistoria.com/bilingue/1eso/exercices/egypt/texto-eng/quiz.html
http://www.claseshistoria.com/bilingue/1eso/exercices/egypt/imagen-english/quiz.html
http://www.claseshistoria.com/bilingue/1eso/exercices/egypt/animation/quiz.html
http://www.claseshistoria.com/bilingue/1eso/exercices/egypt/egipto-english/quiz.html

-6-

APPENDIX
WORKSHEETS

http://fivejs.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/08/ancient-egypt.pdf

Egypt mind map


http://www.claseshistoria.com/bilingue/1eso/egypt/egypt-image-english.html

Ancient Egypt Cloze


Fill in the blanks with the words in the boxes.

Civilization on the Nile River


transportation
Desert

thousand

pyramids

Ancient Egyptian civilization, which is famous for its colossal


____________________ began over five ____________________ years ago. It
was centered around the ____________________ River and surrounded by the
inhospitable Sahara ____________________. The ancient Egyptians depended on
the Nile for everything from water to ____________________.
Floods and Irrigation
irrigate
tears

crops

flood

Though it almost never rains in the Nile River Valley, rains in the far away
Ethiopian Highlands cause the Nile River to ____________________ every year.
Ancient Egyptians believed that these yearly floods were caused by the
____________________ of the goddess Isis. The floods carried rich soil with
them, covering the Nile Delta with ____________________ soil for growing
____________________. Ancient Egyptians created an elaborate system of ditches
and canals to _________________ their crops with the flood waters.
Pharaohs
tombs

pharaohs

crown

The ancient Egyptians were ruled by the ____________________, a title that


means ____________________. The pharaohs wore a double
___________________, which represented their rule over Upper and Lower Egypt.
When the pharaohs died they were buried in elaborate ___________________.
Egyptian Writing
walls

scribes

picture

Ancient Egyptians developed a system of ____________________


writing called hieroglyphics. Ancient Egyptians recorded their beliefs
using hieroglyphics on temple and tomb ____________________. They
also wrote on scrolls made from ____________________. People who
could write were important government officials called
____________________.

civilization
desert
fertile
flood
gold
hieroglyphics
irrigation

mummy
Nile River
papyrus
pharaoh
pyramid
sand

sarcophagus
scribe
sphinx
temple
tomb
trade

Write your name and other important words of the vocabulary of Egypt
unit using these hieroglyphs:

A time line of ancient Egyptian history


http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/time/explore/main.html

Answer these questions:


1.- When did people begin to settle in the Nile valley?
2.-When did hieroglyphic writing develop?
3.- Who unified Upper and Lower Egypt? When did this event happen?
4.-When was the first stone pyramid build? How was this pyramid? Where was it build?
5.- When were the pyramids of Giza built? Who built the largest? How high is it?
6.-When did Mentuhotep II gain the control of entire country?
7.- Who were the Hyksos?
8.- Who was Ahmose? When did he rule Egypt?
9.- Was Hatshepsut a man or a woman? When did this person rule? What did this pharaoh
build? Investigate about this special pharaoh
10.- What did Akhenaten do? When?
11.- Who was Tutankhamun ? Why was he famous? Who discovered his tomb? When?
12.- When did Ramesses II rule? Why is he so famous?
13.- When did the Assyrians attack Egypt?
14.- When did the Persians conquer Egypt?
15.- Who conquered Egypt in 332 B.C
16.- What is the Rosetta stone?
17.- Who was Cleopatra? When did she die?

WEBS :
http://www.claseshistoria.com/bilingue/1eso/egypt/index.html
http://www.claseshistoria.com/bilingue/1eso/exercices/egypt/texto-eng/quiz.html
http://www.claseshistoria.com/bilingue/1eso/exercices/egypt/imagen-english/quiz.html
http://www.claseshistoria.com/bilingue/1eso/exercices/egypt/animation/quiz.html
http://www.claseshistoria.com/bilingue/1eso/exercices/egypt/egipto-english/quiz.html
http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/menu.html
http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/geography/index.html
http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/time/explore/main.html
http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/pyramids/explore/main.html

http://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/ED/mummy.html
http://www.historiasiglo20.org/egypt/mesopotamia.htm
http://bogglesworldesl.com/files9/EgyptianCloze.doc
http://www.artyfactory.com/egyptian_art/egyptian_hieroglyphs/hieroglyphs.htm