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1st Draft Summary Journal

No

Author(s)

Year and
Publication

Title

Objective(s)

Methodology

Finding(s)/Result

Baba Md
Derosa,*, Nor
Hassanil
Hanief
Hassana, Dian
Darina Indah
Daruisb
& Shamsul
Bahri Mohd
Tamrina

2015 The
Authors.
Published by
Elsevier

Incorporating
Malaysians
Population
Anthropometr
y Data in the
Design of an
Ergonomic
Drivers Seat

To investigates the
comfort level and
safety system of the
existing drivers seat,
secondly,
To identify and
determine parameters
which may affect
comfort and the
drivers seat safety
system
To develop and design
an ergonomic drivers
seat.

Anthrometric data 1405 Malaysian


Population(795 male and 610 female)
Evaluation survey form
Subjective
Data were collected based on
respondents perception towards the
parameters which influenced the
design of the drivers seat.
Objective
Data were collected based
on existing drivers seat dimensions
of two car models labelled PM1 and
PS1
Respondents
100 (males and females)

K. Karmegam,
S. M. Sapuan,
M. Y. Ismail,
N. Ismail, M.
T. Shamsul
Bahri, S.
Shuib, G.
K. Mohana, P.
Seetha,
P.TamilMoli
and M. J.
Hanapi
Siti Zawiah
Md. Dawal
Hilma
Raimona
Zadry

18 February,
2011
International
Journal of the
Physical
Sciences Vol.
6(4),

Anthropometri
c study among
adults of
different
ethnicity in
Malaysia

To determine the
differences of
anthropometrics data
among three ethnic
populations in
Malaysia.

300 students
(150 males and 150 females)
33 anthropometrical dimensions
traditional anthropometric tools

The adjustability of the drivers seat was the


most cited parameter as having the most
influence on safety and comfort level. It is
clear that the respondents used the
adjustability function to alter their sitting
posture. The second most cited parameter is
the seat followed by parameters of backrest;
cushion material, cushion width, headrest and
cushion length. Based on the results and
findings of this study, a new drivers seat
design was developed with the following
dimensions of the five selected parameters;
cushion width 520.00 mm, cushion length
380.00 mm, backrest width 480.00 mm,
backrest height 407.50 mm and adjustability
180.00 mm.
In term of the level of significant within the
three ethnics, the post-hoc Scheffe test
indicated that the Malay males have largest
body size
In opposite gender, the Chinese females have
largest body size
Meanwhile, in the male and female
population, Indian have the smallest body size
respectively.

International
Journal of
Occupational
Safety and
Ergonomics

Anthropometri
c Database for
the Learning
Environment
of High

The primary aim of this


study was to develop
an anthropometric
database that could be
used as a primary

41 high school participants


143 university students
21 static body dimensions were
measured
Standard, calibrated tools for

The greatest mean differences in


anthropometric data between male and female
high school students were found in sitting
elbow height, followed by back waist length
and intersyce breadth.

Sharifah
Nadya Syed
Azmi
Siti Rusyida
Rohim
Sari Julia
Sartika

(JOSE) 2012,
Vol. 18, No. 4,
461472

School
and University
Students

reference in designing
products, devices and
equipment for
ergonomic learning
environments.

Baba Md
Deros,
Darliana
Mohamad,
Dian Darina
Indah Daruis,
Ahmad
Rithaudden
Yusoff,
Jaharah A.
Ghani and
Chairul Saleh
Rosnah M.Y.,
Mohd Rizal H.
&
Sharifah_Nora
zizan S.A.R.

Advances in
Natural and
Applied
Sciences, 8(6)
June 2014,
Pages: 915919

Incorporating
Anthropometri
cs Data in
Designing
Drivers Seat
for Malaysian
Made
Compact Cars

The main objective of


this study was to
identify and investigate
whether there are
mismatches between
drivers seat allowable
comfort adjustment and
the Malaysian
anthropometry data.

Vol 5, No 6,
JUNE 2009

Anthropometr
y Dimensions
of Older
Malaysians:
Comparison of
Age, Gender
and Ethnicity

To determine whether
there are differences in
the anthropometric data
of the elderly
population in Malaysia,
the anthropometric data
collected from a
previous project was
used.

anthropometric measurements were


used in the study. The measuring
equipment consisted of a standard
professional anthropometry
measuring set, a scientific
Martin pelvimeter and TTM bone
caliper (TTM Martins human body
measuring kit; Mentone Educational
Centre, Australia), a weighing scale
and a measuring chair. During the
measurement, participants wore only
light clothing and no shoes.
Subjective Rating
45 Malaysian citizens
Anthropometry measurement
For anthropometry data collection, 62
body dimensions were measured
from 1216 Malaysian respondents.
However for the purposes of this
paper, only the popliteal height
parameter was used.

39 body dimensions
230 older Malaysians comprising
males (N=129) and females (N=101)
Body mass Index (BMI,
weight/height) was calculated and
categorized from same data into four
groups (underweight, normal,
overweight and obesity)
1. Comparisons were made for
anthropometry and Body Mass Index
(BMI) between:
i. Males(m) and females (f)
ii. Malays(ma) and non-Malays(nma)
2. Correlation between Age and
Anthropometric dimension

Anthropometric data of male and female


university students show they differ
significantly, except for buttockpopliteal
length, sitting elbow height and thigh
clearance. All data for males were higher than
for females except for hip breadth sitting and
sitting elbow height.

The subjective rating results showed that the


Toyota Vios was found to be the most
comfortable car in terms of seat adjustment
while Proton Saga BLM was better in terms
of spacious legroom for feet comfort.
However, the extreme population i.e. 5th
percentile and 95th percentile outside the
majority may experience some difficulties in
achieving comfort.

This study has shown that the anthropometric


dimensions and Body Mass Index (BMI) is
closely linked with some demographic
background. Age and ethnicity remains the
best predictor for elderly BMI in Malaysia.
The study reinforces the findings of some
other studies that showed elderly women are
more at health risks due to overweight and
obesity compared to elderly men. The study
also clearly identified that the Malays were at
higher health risks as compared to the nonMalays.

3. Relationship between Age and


BMI Category
4. Relationship between age, gender
and ethnicity with BMI
1. Subjective Evaluation
136 respondent
identify the level of awareness on the
importance of correct and safe
driving posture; and second, to
identify the current driving postures
practiced and their effect on the
drivers physical health
2. Anthropometric Data Measurement
62 body parts dimension (only 7
used)
1312 respondents

Darliana
Mohamad,
Baba M.
Deros, Dian
D. I. Darius,
Norhidayah F.
Ramli, Ezrin
H. Sukadarin

Iran J Public
Health, Vol.
45, Suppl.
Issue No. 1,
Feb 2016,
pp.106-113

Comfortable
Drivers Car
Seat
Dimensions
Based on
Malaysian
Anthropometri
cs Data

The three main


objectives of this study
were to identify the
level of awareness for
correct and safe driving
posture, health
implication to their
body parts and to
propose a suitable car
seat fit dimensions
appropriate for Malaysian driverspopulation.

Siti Nurani
Hassan,
Rosnah MOhd
Yusuf, Raemy
Md Zein,
Mohd Rizal
Hussain, Hari
Krishnan
Tamil Selvan
Negin Ozve
Aminian* and
Fairuz I.
Romli

2015 Taylor &


Francis Group,
London, ISBN
978-1-1-13802751-0

Anthropometri
c Data of
Malaysian
Workers

The objective of this


study to develop
anthropometric
database for Malaysian
workers.

23 static anthropometric dimensions


1134 Malaysian 863 males and 261
females

With the anthropometry data, the Malaysian


workers population can be better described.
Design solution through anthropometric
consideration will make it easier for work to
be carried out and improve the performance
of workers.

Proc. 2012
Canadian
Engineering
Education
Association
(CEEA12)
Conf.

Mismatch
between
Anthropometri
c Body
Dimensions
and
Classroom
Furniture in
Malaysian
Universities

The main objective of


study is to highlight
possible mismatch
between the student
body dimensions and
the dimensions of
classroom furniture
used in most Malaysian
universities.

1. Public literature to find


anthropometry data
2. Required data and parameter for
compare are identified
3. Dimension of current furniture was
measured
4. Comparison between furniture
dimension and represent
anthropometry data to find mismatch

Data obtained from anthropometric


dimensions indicates that there are a lot of
differences even between people of the same
race and nationality differences who make up
the population of students in universities
across Malaysia.

The recommended dimensions for car driver


seat are as follows: back seat width (480
mm); back seat height (417 mm); cushion
width (503 mm) and cushion length (381.4
mm).

10

Baba Md
Deros,
Darliana
Mohamad,
Ahmad
Rasdan Ismail,
Owi Woei
Soon, Kek
Chan Lee,
Mohd
Syazwan
Nordin
Darliana
Mohamad,
Baba Md
Deros, Ahmad
Rasdan Ismail,
Dian Darina
Indah Daruis

11

N.K. Ahmad
Nazif1, S.
Ezrin Hani1,
C.K. Lee and
I. Ahmad
Rasdan

12

Darliana
Mohamad,
Baba Md
Deros,
Dzuraidah
Abdul Wahab,
Dian Darina

EuroJournals
Publishing,
Inc.2009

Recommended
Chair and
Work Surfaces
Dimension of
VDT Tasks
for Malaysian
Citizens

The objective of this


paper is to propose a
recommended chair
and work surfaces
dimension of VDT
Tasks for Malaysian
citizens

Respondent 638 Malaysian citizen


273 males and 365 males
12 anthropometry dimensions
Anthropometric chair
Human Body Measuring Kit
Anthropometer

The anthropometeric data collected in this


study shows that 90% stature values for
Malaysian citizen lies between 1473.42mm
and 1773.68mm. Normal distribution graph
for thigh clearance value show that female
thigh is larger than male.

World
Engineering
Congress
2010, 2nd
5th August
2010,
Kuching,
Sarawak,
Malaysia
5-6 December
2011, Perlis,
Malaysia

DEVELOPM
ENT OF A
MALAYSIAN
ANTHROPO
METRIC
DATABASE

The objective of this


study was to develop
an anthropometric
database for Malaysian
population.

1,007 Malaysian citizens


516 males and 491 females
40 anthropometric dimensions
Measuring tools such as the Human
Body Measuring Kit and
Anthropometer.

The anthropometric data collected in this


study shows that 90 percent stature values for
Malaysian citizen lies between 1466.69mm
and 1663.31mm. This anthropometric
database is practical to be used by all designer
and engineers in developing an ergonomic
product, workstation or facilities.

A study on the
suitability of
science
laboratory
furniture in
Malaysian
secondary
school

The objective is to
determine whether this
type
of furniture is welldesigned and promotes
good sitting posture
and also the suitability
of the
furniture with the task
performed

Majority of the students are sitting on chairs


or stools that are too high for them.

2010
Science
Publications

Integration of
Comfort into a
Drivers Car
Seat Design
Using Image
Analysis

First, to recommend a
range of angles for
driving posture comfort
from measurement of
participants and
second, to investigate
the relationships

120 students
(57 males and 63 females)
Pupil-standard anthropometer set
Chair and table-measurement tape
Anthropometric measurements and
furniture dimensions were combined
to determine whether there is match
or mismatch between them or act as
incompatibility between the
dimensions by using quantitative
equation
45 Malaysian citizens
19 females and 26 males
Ten anthropometric data were
measured

The most significant


finding that emerges from the relationship can
be
summarized as follows: (1) taller participants
preferred
a driving posture with their arms outstretched
in order

Indah Daruis
and Ahmad
Rasdan Ismail

between drivers
anthropometric
characteristics,
comfortable postural
angles and seat
adjustment.

to achieve comfort; (2) participants with


bigger body dimension have a tendency to sit
further back from the steering wheels; (3) and
smaller participants prefer to sit closer to the
steering wheels with a slightly greater trunk
thigh angle.