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Lily Cao

The remedy to the untreatable disease: Cancer detection and prevention
Slide 1-The remedy to the untreatable disease: Cancer detection and prevention
Slide 2-Introduction
By: Lily Cao
Mentor: Yang Wang, Chief Pharmacologist Ph.D.
Place of Mentorship: Top Meditech
Profession: Pharmacologist & Drug Development Scientist
Topic of Study: Cancer Research
HST ISM-Fall 2016
ISM Teacher: Mrs. Kristi Click
Slide 3-About my mentor

Include picture of mentor and me

Student: Lily Cao
Mentor: Yang Wang, Chief Pharmacologist, Ph.D.
Mentors Background/Training: BS in Chemistry, MS in Organic Chemistry, and Ph.D. in
Botany; Postdoctoral training completed at CHRISTUS Stehlin Foundation for Cancer
Research and The University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB) from 2000-2003

Slide 4-What is ISM?

ISM stands for Independent Study Mentorship.

Course requirements

This course provides a professional/collegiate level opportunity for students to conduct an

in-depth study of a career field through mentorship.

Be present and active at mentorship 3 hours a week

Complete course-related activities outside of school hours for 2 hours a week
Complete a weekly activity log and journal entry documenting mentorship experiences
Create a final presentation and collegiate level product demonstrating knowledge on the
topic/career of study

Slide 5-What is my project?

My project topic is cancer detection and prevention through a healthy diet and exercise. My
project specifically focuses on detection and prevention of the most prevalent forms of cancer:
breast cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, and stomach cancer. I chose this topic because my
father has worked in cancer research passionately for over 20 years, and I want to discover if its a
passion of mine as well. I also excel in the sciences in school and believe a career in cancer
research may be suitable for me.

Lily Cao
Slide 6-What is Cancer?

Cancer is the rapid growth of cells that grow beyond their usual boundaries.
Cancer is the generic term used to describe a multitude of diseases that affect various parts of
the body.

Worldwide, there are about 14 million new cases of cancer and 8.2 million cancer-related
deaths every year.

Cancer starts from one single cell as it transforms from a normal cell into a tumor through an
elaborate process.

Changes in the cell result from interaction between a persons genes and 3 external agents.
physical carcinogens
chemical carcinogen
biological carcinogens
Include source citation and pictures
Slide 7-Most Prevalent Types of Cancer

Most common type of cancer out of all the prevalent types is breast cancer (249,000 new breast
cancer patients expected this year)

The second most common type of cancer is lung cancer

Main types of lung cancer are non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer
Although not the most common type of cancer in the U.S., lung cancer is the leading cause
of death by cancer in America.

Stomach cancer is also called gastric.

Develops in men and women

Most directly related to risk factors of tobacco use and smoking.

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in America after skin cancer.

Prostate cancer symptoms are hard to detect and the cancer cells grow slowly.

Include source citation and pictures

Slide 8-Risk Factors that Cause Cancer

More than 30% of cancer deaths could be avoided through evasion of risk factors.

Most severe risk factors

Tobacco use is the biggest risk factor causing around 20% of global cancer deaths and around
70% of global lung cancer deaths.

tobacco use

Lily Cao

physical inactivity
alcohol abuse
sexually transmitted infections

indoor smoke from household use of fuels

Include source citation and chart/graph diagram
Slide 9- Cancer Detection and Prevention

Screenings increase the chance of detecting cancers early.

Imaging tests make pictures of the insides of your body and determine whether you have

Regular doctor checkups are more helpful than people think.

Physically active people are less likely to develop colon, breast, and lung cancer.
High levels of exercise are especially effective during the adolescence years.
Focus on problem areas on the body.
Physical activity also increases cancer survivorship.
In the laboratory setting, many things like vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals have
demonstrated anti-cancer characteristics.

Antioxidants and anti-inflammatory foods have anti-cancer effects.

According to research done by the American Institute for Cancer Research, excess body fat
alone increases the risk for the development of 11 cancers.

Whole wheat, other grains, and beans are rich in dietary fiber that help in weight-watching
and management

Fill at least 2/3 of each meal plate with vegetables

Include source citation and picture
Slide 10-Product: Monthly Diet and Exercise Calendar

What: Monthly calendar listed with a diet and exercise routine (diet and exercises proven to
help lower risk of cancer) for each day
Interactive product-people use it on a daily basis to monitor their food intake and physical

What I have done: pictures of sketch of calendar format, list of needed materials to make the
calendar, gathering of materials I already have
Include pictures of things above

Lily Cao
Slide 11-Conclusion and Review

Purpose of project: to gather information on the general aspects of cancer and research foods
and exercises
Inform on ways to screen for cancer
Gain a deeper understanding of the importance of a healthy lifestyle in relation to cancer

Through a routine diet and exercise agenda along with regular appointments with the doctor,
people will be able to lower their risk in getting breast, lung, prostate, and stomach cancers.

Mentorship is an experience unlike any other.

Being around a professional in the science field allowed me to observe how learned
information over human biology is applied to the real world.


My knowledge on what cancer is along with its relation to healthy living is far beyond what I
knew before.

Slide 12-Special Appreciation and Thanks to

Mrs. Yang Wang for giving me the opportunity to learn about cancer and research protocol in a
professional lab setting.

Mrs. Click for giving guidance on how to successfully participate in a mentorship and teaching
about safety and professionalism in work settings.

My wonderful parents for constant encouragement and support.

Everyone who gave me assistance or support in some way.
Evaluators 1 and 2 for taking the time to review my final presentation and product.

Slide 13-Works Cited/References

"AICR's Foods That Fight Cancer." American Institute for Cancer Research. American
Institute for Cancer Research, n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2016.
"Cancer Fact Sheet." World Health Organization. World Health Organization, Feb. 2015. Web.
02 Oct. 2016. <http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs297/en/>.
"Common Cancer Types." National Cancer Institute. National Cancer Institute, 1 Feb. 2016.
Web. 02 Oct. 2016. <https://www.cancer.gov/types/common-cancers>.

Lily Cao
Jarvis, Lisa M. "Epigenetics: Unleashing New Cancer Targets." Chemical & Engineering
News 16 Apr. 2012: 12-20. Print.