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Subject code: 02-311-062 Design and Development in Educational Media System

Instructor: Dr. Thosporn Sangsawang (. )

Online Collaborative Learning Theory


Author: Linda Harasim

Online collaborative learning (OCL) theory, developed in 2012 by Linada Harasim, has
its root from computer-mediated communication that teaching conducted in a form in which
instructors and students are interacting and practicing in an online learning group. In OCL,
teachers encourage students to collaboratively solve problems through making a group
discussion instead of memorizing answers. While training, the teacher plays an important role
as a facilitator and can also be a member of the knowledge community. This writing will provides
a brief description of concepts related to the online collaborative learning theorys principles,
teaching and learning environment, stages of teaching and learning, and teaching and learning
model.
Core Design Principles of OCL
Discourse in online collaborative learning identifies the following three intellectual
phases as the following:
1. Idea Generating: refers to various thinking or idea within a group. Its a brainstorming
phase which we express ideas, generate information, and share ideas and positions on a topic.
2. Idea Organizing: the phase demonstrates intellectual progress where ideas are
compared, analyzed and categorized through discussion and argument.
3. Intellectual Convergence: the phase where ideas are structuring, thus resulted in an
intellectual synthesis and reached a group decision which including agreeing to disagree,
usually through an assignment, essay, or other joint piece of work.
Online Collaborative Learning Pedagogy
OCL theory can contribute to teaching and learning and connect to pedagogical activities
by providing a theoretical framework to help design and inform activities. It emphasizes
conceptual change and learning through advancing from the Idea Generating stage, to Idea
Organizing,
and
to
the
Intellectual
Convergence stage. The pedagogical activities
are linked with conceptual processes that
encourage change and improvement over
time. Its processes include discourse,
collaborative learning and knowledge building.
In OCL, teachers act not only as a guidance or
facilitator but also a member who can be the
representative in the learning group.
Online Collaborative Learning Technology
In effective online learning, the nature of teaching and learning is mainly associated
with the help of online technologies which is the key to understanding and engaging
in the learning environment. We will discuss on two essential roles of online learning
technology: technology as learning tool(s), and technology as learning environment.
1. Technology as learning tool: The concept of online learning tools refers to web tools
that can facilitate or enable particular tasks in a learning activity. These may be tools generic to
the Web or education-specific tools. Generic web tools refers to search engines (Google and
web browser), and productivity tools (online calendars or graphic presentation tools). It also
Prepared by: LYHOUR HENG

Academic year 2016-2017

Subject code: 02-311-062 Design and Development in Educational Media System


Instructor: Dr. Thosporn Sangsawang (. )

associated with Web 2.0 (Social or Collaborative Web) such as blogs, wikis, web-authoring
tools. Education-specific tools refer to websites with resources specifically aimed at teachers,
students. For example, sites that offer lesson plans; assessment information.
2. Technology as learning environment: It refers to web-based software designed to
host
the learning activities which equal to online physical architecture such as a classroom, a
seminar room or a student office. They are environments where users can construct knowledge
and negotiate meaning through conversation and collaboration, not just receive communication.
There are five attributes or characteristics
of online learning environment:
1. Place-independent discourse
2. Time-independent discourse
3. Many-to- many discourse
4. Text-based (with multimedia)
discourse
5. Internet-mediated discourse.

Reference
Harasim, L. (2012). Learning Theory and Online Technology: How New Technologies are Transforming
Learning Opportunities. New York: Routledge Press.

Prepared by: LYHOUR HENG

Academic year 2016-2017