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BACHELOR IN COMMUNICATION WITH HONOUR

MAY / 2016

ABCJ3203

EDITIG FOR PRINT AND ELECTRONIC PUBLICATIONS

NAME
MATRICULATION NO
IDENTITY CARD NO.
TELEPHONE NO.
E-MAIL
LEARNING CENTRE

: KASTURI D/O SENGUTTUVAN


: 890119055170-002
: 890119-05-5170
: 010-2680438
: divyabarathi_89@yahoo.com
: Seremban, Negeri Sembilan

(ASSIGNMENT TEMPLATE ENGLISH VERSION)

(COVER PAGE)

TABLE OF CONTENT
1.0

2.0

INTRODUCTION
1.1

EDITOR

1.2

ROLE OF EDITOR

SELECTED MEDIA
2.1
MAGAZINE EDITOR
2.2

NEWSPAPER EDITOR

3.0

INTERVIEW QUESTION IN APPENDIX

4.0

COMPARISON BETWEEN NEWSPAPER AND MAGAZINES EDITOR


4.1
CONTENT
4.2
READABILITY
4.3
ADVERTISMENT
4.4
LITERARY FREEDOM
4.5
HARD AND SOFT NEWS

5.0

ROLES AND RESPONSIBLITES


5.1
NEWSPAPER EDITOR
5.2
MAGAZINE EDITOR
5.3
CHALLENGES FACED BY MAGAZINE EDITOR
5.4

CHALLENGES FACED BY NEWSPAPER EDITOR

6.0

CONCLUTION

7.0

REFERENCES

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1.0

INTRODUCTION
1.1 EDITOR
The success of public and a medium relations initiatives your organization
depends primarily on how frequently your news release issued and, more
important, how frequently the news contained in it is selected to run. The second
decision is in the hands of someone who is called an editor. An editor is a key ally
in public relations. An editor's degree may also be managing editor or chief editor
has the overall responsibility for the contents of the publication. Under him or her,
depending on the size of this a regular, an editor of subjects assigned to a specific
rhythm often called "departments". An editor monitor the content for each
department. Sometimes every an editor has additional staff, such as journalists,
freelance writers, photographers, copy writers, copy editing. An editor take
various different roles in publishing and broadcasting. They probably copy or
acquisitions an editor in book publishing company an editor, news an editor of a
television or radio station, or features an editor at a magazine or newspaper. They
may also work in academic publications related to conference papers or
contributions to the journal. Whatever the role, an editor they share many similar
tasks and responsibilities.
1.2 ROLE OF EDITOR
Editing derived from the basic edit. Editing means preparing the script is
ready for rising with systematic attention to the presentation, content, and
language (regarding spelling, diction, and sentence structure). People who do the
work of editing is called editing. Meanwhile, significant editing process, how
works related to the editing. Editing can be interpreted as the act of reading back
while finding errors on editorial writing. An editor in publishing companies search
by author or writer to take on the specific projects, or review of the proposal and
the arguments of the authors or their agents. In publishing houses are larger,
people probably have a job title acquisitions an editor. They have a network of
contacts, including their authors have been published, subject experts and agents.
When authors submit a proposal or manuscript, they review them to find if they
were appropriate for the market. In book publishing companies, an editor works
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with the author using a questionnaire to identify the market, scope of this book,
and the factors which will make it a commercial success. An editor also discuss
payment terms and schedules with the writer. In the book, they provide a contract
that specifies the responsibilities and remuneration to the author. Copy editing is
one of the most important tasks of an editor. Copy editors responsible for a clear
and accuracy of the content which is published or broadcast. They examine copies
of journalists, the writer and authors to ensure that it is factually accurate and
convey meaning clearly. If they were have any questions on the copy editors
checking references or discuss issues with the contributor. Copy editor check the
grammar, spelling and punctuation, use the style guide, such as the Associated
Press stylebook or regulations in they were own homes as a reference. Senior
editors in responsible for the editorial standards and commercial success of they
were organization. In book publishing companies, for example, they were make
decisions about the types of books that they were will publish and market they
were will sell to. It also offers the publishing rights to other companies which
market the book in their own territory. News output editor responsible for press,
radio and television have two roles. In order to accommodate news events, they
told reporters on staff or freelance writer. They reviewed stories and edit they
were for factual accuracy. An editor can also take responsibility for editing the
copy of the story. They need to make judgments about the relative importance of
different stories and they were should ensure that there is no space or time slot.

2.0 SELECTED MEDIA


2.1 MAGAZINE EDITOR
A magazine operates very much like a newspaper, with the title,
editor, budget rooms, and advertising, but different to magazine in several
important ways. A potential life expectancy is much longer press statement
to the magazine. A monthly publication, you might not be use the news for
several months. Depending on the printing schedule and preparation, your
posts can appear as soon as one or two weeks after you send output or as
late as six months later. The nice thing is that every time a news emerged,
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the information was still in front of the reader a whole month instead of
just one day. Focus editorial and magazine format usually more specific
than the newspapers. "Focus" refers to the subject of magazine cover; for
example, Linux Journal focuses on Linux in general, while Computer
World might focus on Linux in the company. "Format" refers to the way in
which news and information magazine is presented, usually as a specific
mixture of special space, articles, features (main story), shorter pieces, and
the editorial (opinion piece). Magazine stories does not have to be a
"newsy" as a newspaper stories. To a much greater extent, a research
magazine and create news instead of relying on current events. Common
interest magazine are trying appeal to large segment of the population. (An
example Cosmopolitan, Jelita, Wanita, Remaja). Special-interest magazine
targeting restricted, clear community from reader which share specific
interests in common with the activities and concerns related. A special
interest magazine are a good target for the Linux community, especially
those that focus on PC, the operating system, storage, security, computer
and information technology. Whether its own interests or the public
interest, broadcast news more closely related to the audience of the
publication and a greater impact on the audience, the more likely which
editor would choose to publish your news. The main factors are relevance
editorial and appeal to the target audience of the publication.
Job roles are differ for differ magazines and many roles are beyond
simply editing copy. For large magazines, the executive editor or chief
editor clarify that the companys editorial policy is complied. This job is
primarily administrative but the whole magazine (caption, text, pictures,
heading and advertise) is the final responsibility of the chief editor. An
editor at a small start-up magazine could be deal with everything from
contracts to when an editor at a larger, more established publication, might
only focus on copy in his section. However, most magazines require chief
editor to write editorial, which are short essay on subject of current
readers passion while expressing the magazines review. The types of and
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number of editor who work in magazines depending on the kind and size
of publication.
2.2 NEWSPAPER EDITOR
Newspapers does not mean only a daily newspaper remains aimed
to civilians. There are particular interest newspapers for business,
computer, information technology, telecommunications, and other fields. A
special paper allowed to run weekly instead of every day, but, like friends
every day, they mainly news-driven, rather than driven (which is the case
with the magazine). Newspaper editor reject many more posts than they
use. Circulation larger or more active paper of protected areas, more
broadcast editor have to sort through. Most newspapers are have a separate
budget, which is does not to be confused with the financial budget. Space
budget consists of the total number of printed pages, divided among
advertisement and news articles. Advertising is the lifeblood of
newspapers; advertising consistently provided the largest share of
revenues. Advertisements must be placed first, then the remaining space
was initially allocated to the issue of particular stories and positions by a
major editor. The selection of news broadcasts to close was based on the
personal considerations and professional editor. The major factors in the
judgment which may be summed up in one word: "newsworthy".
Unfortunately, the news editor is defined by the individual opinions.
Newsworthy stories are generally those that offer the most immediate
information most to most people. When a news release issued on certain
days which is not contained in the paper the following day, this does not
mean that the news would not appear in all. Broadcasts are not considered
sufficiently newsworthy to appear in the edition Sunday paper may not be
appropriate for the weekend, where there is more space and less emphasis
on the latest news. Although the news is selected for use, the article can
still be withdrawn at the last minute. Insert large advertisers may be
cancelled only before the deadline, which is requires changing the layout,

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or a great story emerged late in the day. When this happens, more news
sacrificed removed.
3.0 INTERVIEW QUESTION IN APPENDIX
4.0 COMPARISON BETWEEN NEWSPAPER AND MAGAZINES EDITOR
The role of the editor is to make other people's work for publication. A
press editor responsible for editing some individual stories or articles that are
produced by different reporters or contributors, while the editor of the magazines
usually work with one or several writers who contribute all the content for a
magazines.
4.1 CONTENT
Newspaper essentially offer fresh information is written straight and there
is no one type of taste. It is founded mostly on fresh facts and written as it
happens, where it happens. Magazine content 'was different in the sense that they
were only touch on a particular subject matter. A magazine for the fishing cannot
have content talking about fashion and beauty tips. Newspapers allowed to easily
put these topics together easily in various sections or hobby and still make sense.
The value of each content is also different as newspapers more dependent on what
is important and what the things which readers want are and editor will write in an
appropriate manner and straight. While the intelligent content of newspapers is
too serious of a magazine.
4.2 READABILITY
Newspaper readers are mostly vulnerable to facts and figures written and
presented in a way that is straight. A magazine readers were treated to a more
casual, free, art and "personal" information flow. An author or magazine tend to
practice the craft of writing he is more independent from newspapers the writer.
Since most newspaper content is news, a lot of it will not be of any use in the next
day does not like the magazine can be read at any time even after a week. The
newspaper is as good as one use today does not like the magazines have to wait
the next issue to be considered old.
4.3 ADVERTISMENT

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Business wise, these two tend to attract advertisement but in doing so, a
magazine has several advantages over newspapers competition. Advertisements in
magazines tend to attract "the mind" among readers because they look much more
attractive and colourful with all they were glossy pages. On the other hand, given
the fact that newspapers are circulated every day give similar impression that sold
more than a weekly magazine. Additionally, ads in magazines are too expensive
than in newspapers. Magazine at times, though does not the most part, tend to stay
more on advertising than the notification of such information.
4.4 LITERARY FREEDOM
A magazine editor to have more freedom to publish or have more space
for subjectivity. Magazine editor have the freedom to publish something in a
creative way. He further enhance the editor' expression through self-expression.
Newspaper editors on the other side exacerbated the relatively tight, strong and
straight to the eye as their movements are mostly based on facts and figures.
4.5 HARD AND SOFT NEWS
Newspapers published a large number of content ranging from hard news
to entertainment pieces and feel-good story. Always breaking news around the
world, newspapers have a lack of content. The magazine tend to concentrate on
entertainment pieces and characteristics about certain subjects in their chosen
subject magazine called soft news. Magazine is written between fiction and report
hard news. Magazine articles can have all the entertainment fiction, with plot,
scenes, characters and descriptions. At the same time, journalist magazine
presents interesting, topical information - Hard facts obtained from research and
interviews.

5.0 ROLES AND RESPONSIBLITES


5.1
NEWSPAPER EDITOR

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Editor manage to get all the news stories that clear in his paper with a
good rate of them as exclusive. Although the selection of stories that clearly is
important, more important is attached to the original ones produced by a team of
journalists. Number of words received on the teleprompter in the press is so great
that if every word is to be printed, the paper will have to run into hundreds of
pages every morning. The news editor is called to exercise its discretion,
discrimination and imagination in reading the public mind and choose a story
newsworthy real and can be called important by his readers, quite a large number
of which will be allocated a "spark" position on the main news in the field of they
are concerned with the subject of activity. All this must be done with intelligence
to ensure that readers get the kind of story to be found in his newspaper. There are
a few basic story that no one can afford to miss newspapers as they go into all
daily newspapers without exception. Although they are important and should be
included, there are others who are called exclusive only warning news editor of
the ocean can find a copy of which has been pouring into the office during the
day. Smart news editor has to make intelligent follow-up of the paragraphs that
seem promising or sometimes also make further investigations before finalizing
the story and give a perfect shape he wants. In the field of modern journalism title
has become an important part of the story. The title tells the reader what the story
is about and it brings out the stories. Another important function of the headline is
to beautify the yard. Headlines different in size and length. It might one column,
two columns, three columns etc. Maximum length is eight column headline and
this is called super lead or lead. Points different computers are used for different
types of headlines. Heading attract readers and present a summary of the news.
Creating a suitable title and brief news stories of importance is the basic function
editor. He allowed to write two or three headlines. He have to count the number of
letters and then write a computer by computer chart.

5.2

MAGAZINE EDITOR

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A magazine editor does not more than correct spelling and grammar in
your articles, which acts as part editorial positions before the given stories. A
magazine editor has a different title and responsibilities, depending on how big
the staff of a magazine which has and how the editorial department recommended.
Understanding the task editor will help prepare you for a career in magazine
publishing. Section editor must build a good understanding on topics of interest to
their readers. They use which better understand to develop the characteristics that
would make they were the compulsive reading for the audience. And that have a
strong personal interest in their field, section editor of the reader reviews and
comments from readers to identify topics that will appeal. They also reviewed to
ensure it is competitive magazine covering popular subjects. When a contributors
send their materials, section editor of the study to ensure that it meets their
expectations. When the additional work is necessary, discuss changes contributing
editor and set a deadline for re-writing. When they were approved the content,
they are carry out a detailed text editing, check grammar, spelling and
punctuation. They connect with designers and production staff to provide layout
and produce the final content in line with the production schedule. An editor use
they are expert knowledge of the market to identify the writer, photographers and
illustrators that work is highly regarded by readers. Within the limits their
budgets, they intend to appeal major contributors so that they allowed to build the
reputation of the magazine for high-quality entertaining content. Additionally
build a direct relationship with the contributor, editor section maintain contact
with the agents to find new talent. Section editor presented their proposal to they
are section to the right of the editor or the editorial board. They are intended to
win as much space as might for they are part, contend with another section editor
for space and budget. At the end of the editorial meetings, they are receive they
are allocation for future issues.

5.3

CHALLENGES FACED BY MAGAZINE EDITOR


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Each publisher offers was different, but there are some issues that are
faced by almost all publishers. From a digital perspective, following three points
covering the critical challenges facing today's issue of magazine. This year has
brought the greatest ever challenge to the publishers, readers increasingly get free
content, decreased print circulation and advertising blockers increased in
popularity. Some have tried creative ways to recoup that lost revenue such as
subscription cost Economist Espresso, but others will reluctantly admit that does
not applications or social channels deliver cold, hard cash that they need to keep
going. Many magazine publishers acknowledged that they struggle to know how
to take advantage of magazine advertisement, with advertisers struggling in equal
measure. Very few of tablet owners buy magazines on their devices, this is a
concern for both advertising and circulation revenue from print editions has fallen
more than 20 percent since their peak near the middle of the last decade.
Apparently this will not change anytime soon, there is no recovery in sight.
Advertisers make matters worse. Advertising industry has been slow to agree with
the idea that they still have to pay a lot of money to advertise in a magazine tablet
editions, although much cheaper ads website is more accessible. However the
magazine said they worth the price of advertising space for ads reach a targeted
audience who really want to see the ads. Even so, they do not like the idea that the
tablet edition premium command the same price as printed pages. Many people
now a days also have very easy access to download illegal copies of the magazine
for free, thus putting the magazine industry out of business. Publishers need to
address several issues. First, a variety of free content on the internet gave some
readers the impression that it is not necessary to pay for digital versions of a
magazine story. Also, there is no industry standard for the price. Publishers are not
in agreement on whether to include free access to digital copies as part of your
print subscription.

5.4

CHALLENGES FACED BY NEWSPAPER EDITOR


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The newspaper editor that trained with good editing skills. The newspaper
editor sustained learn the intricacies of grammar and language. The newspaper
editor must also read and follow the development of science and publishing. No
man is born directly into editor. Newspaper editing take lot of time and energy
and can be very stressful job. The work is generally tied to newspaper company
profitability, deadline pressure the need for absolute accuracy and the potential of
being abused as some news writers recent being edited. In addition, to having to
fulfil all the traditional requirement of the newspaper editor job, editor. News
editor need to be familiar with new technologies, to be willing to interact with
readers and to support the commercial teams. News editors also face changing
and growing language. A language is constantly evolving. New words are always
entering the language and old rules are bending. Several hard and fast rules no
longer followed are exceptions are more and more accepted. A significant factor
in the evolution of language is the Internet. It has created numerous new words
that newspaper editor must make sure are used correctly in publications. For
example, the word Internet itself. New media like blogging, web logging,
tweeting, podcasting and many more new media challenged the newspaper
companies. News editor are aware of deadlines. The news editor is as likely as the
typesetter or printer to put in overtime to make sure the publication gets out on
time. The need for absolute accuracy gives news editor nightmares. Even minor
typographical error which often seem undetectable in print media will often show
up when the finished product arrives. As some writers recent being edited, editors
run the risk of being abused warranted or not.

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6.0 CONCLUTION
Editor responsible for monitoring and ensuring fairness, timeliness, accuracy, and
propriety editorial process. The review by external referees who have the right expertise
is the most common method to ensure the quality of the manuscript. However, editor or
associate editor sometimes may reject manuscripts without external make best use of
their resources. The reasons for this practice is usually that this manuscript is outside the
scope of the journal, does not meet the quality standards of the scientific merit of a
journal or limited, or no originality or new information. Referees chosen by the editor or
associate editor or editorial board members to whom the task was delegated. Total
anonymity in the process vary. Some journals are trying to cover the identity of both
authors and reviewers (double blind masked or twice). However, even if masked, the
identity of the author (s) can be identified by the reviewers based on field research. Many
journals follow the practice of keeping the identity of the anonymous reviewers author
(single masked or single blind). In addition, some journals give reviewers an option to
disclose their names and a few journals provide authors with the names of all reviewers
related to the manuscript. Usually a period of uncompensated of scientists to whom time
is a precious commodity. Therefore, it is important for editors to clearly define the
responsibilities of these individuals and to implement processes that streamline the
review process as much as possible.

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7.0

REFERENCES

http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Media-Guide/html/editor_duties.html
http://www.editorsvictoria.org/find-an-editor/what-do-editors-do
http://libguides.unf.edu/c.php?g=177086&p=1163639
http://www.stumblerz.com/10-differences-between-a-newspaper-and-a-magazine/
http://oureverydaylife.com/difference-between-book-editor-newspaper-editor13774.html
http://www.hamariweb.com/articles/article.aspx?id=52236
http://www.preservearticles.com/what-is-the-role-of-news-editor-of-anewspaper.html
http://oureverydaylife.com/duties-responsibility-magazine-section-editor-13164.html
http://ww1.utusan.com.my/utusan/info.asp?
y=2008&dt=0421&pub=Utusan_Malaysia&sec=Rencana&pg=re_05.htm
http://ww1.utusan.com.my/utusan/info.asp?
y=2008&dt=0421&pub=Utusan_Malaysia&sec=Rencana&pg=re_05.htm
http://www.councilscienceeditors.org/resource-library/editorial-policies/whitepaper-on-publication-ethics/2-1-editor-roles-and-responsibilities/
http://work.chron.com/duties-responsibilities-editors-13679.html

ATTACHMENT
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MAGAZINES (WANITA) EDITOR ( NORMAH) AN ONLINE INTERVIEW IN


FACEBOOK
Q: HOW LONG HAVE YOU WORKED AS A MAGAZINE EDITOR?
A: I WORKED FOR 5 YEARS IN THIS FIELD. I CLAIM MY DEGREE IN
UNIVERTISITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA. AFTER GRADUATION I ENTERED IN
THE COMPANY'S PRACTICAL. AFTER SEEING MY PERFORMACE THEY
OFFERED ME WORK HERE. I CONTINUE WORKING IN THIS COMPANY
BECAUSE I'M COMFORTABLE WORKING HERE.
Q: WHAT QUALIFICATION SHOULD AN EDITOR NEED?
A: THERE WAS NOT NEED A DIPLOMA OR EDUCATIONAL REQUIREMENTS
TO BECOME AN EDITOR, BUT WITH LITTLE JOB GROWTH PREDICTED YOU
INCREASE YOUR CHANCES TO AT LEAST A BACHELOR'S DEGREE. ENGLISH,
JOURNALISM OR COMMUNICATIONS ALL APPROPRIATE OPTION, BUT ANY
LIBERAL ARTS DEGREE IS A GOOD OPTION, ESPECIALLY WITH A
CONCENTRATION IN WRITING. WHILE IN COLLEGE, LOOK FOR OTHER
OPPORTUNITIES THAT WILL GIVE YOU THE EXPERIENCE OF THE PRESS,
SUCH AS PRESS WORK FOR COLLEGE OR APPRENTICESHIP.
Q: TELL ONE CHALLENGES YOU HAVE FACED IN THIS JOB IN THIS 5
YEARS?
A: THE YOUNGER GENERATION OF READERS MORE COMFORTABLE WITH
DEVICES SUCH AS SMARTPHONES, TABLETS, AND READERS ONLINE; THIS
HAS CREATED NEW DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS AND THE ABILITY TO

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MAGAZINE PUBLISHERS TO REACH AN EVEN LARGER AUDIENCE. IN


ADDITION, WE ARE A GROUP EDITOR UNDER PRESSURE BECAUSE WE HAVE
TO THINK TO PROMOTE OUR MAGAZINE. WE ALSO FREQUENTLY DEPRIVED
OF SLEEP AND REST. FURTHERMORE, WE CAN NOT TAKE CARE OF OUR
FAMILY.
Q: DID YOU ENJOY THIS JOB AS EDITOR?
A: YEAH! OBSOBLUTELY. THIS JOB MAKE ME MORE CREATIVE PERSON. ITS
ALSO TEACH ME HOW TO LEAD A TEAM MEMBERS. I REALLY ENJOY THIS
JOB. THE FURURE GENERATION SHOULD TRY THIS TYPE OF JOB.

NEWSPAPER (NANBAN NEWSPAPER) EDITOR (MR.CHANDRAN)


INTERVIEW
Q: HOW LONG HAVE YOU WORKED AS A MAGAZINE EDITOR?
A: I WORKED FOR 10 YEARS IN THIS FIELD. I DIDNT CLAIM MY DEGREE
BUT I STUDY UNTIL STPM. AFTER FINISHED MY SCHOOL LIFE I ENTERED IN
THE COMPANY'S ACCORDING MY FATHER WISH. HE ALSO A EDITOR IN THIS
COMPANY. AFTER MY FATHER PASSED AWAY THEY OFFERED ME WORK
HERE. I CONTINUE WORKING IN THIS COMPANY BECAUSE I'M
COMFORTABLE WORKING HERE.
Q: WHAT QUALIFICATION SHOULD AN EDITOR NEED?
A: IN MY OPINION IN CURRENT SITUATION AN EDITOR NEED A DIPLOMA OR
BACHELOR'S DEGREE. ENGLISH, JOURNALISM OR COMMUNICATIONS ALL
APPROPRIATE OPTION, BUT ANY LIBERAL ARTS DEGREE IS A GOOD

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Q: TELL ONE CHALLENGES YOU HAVE FACED IN THIS JOB IN THIS 5


YEARS?
A: BECAUSE IM LESS EDUCATION AND MY LANGUAGE ALSO VERY POOOR.
SOMETIMES I HAVE TROUBLE TO TRANSLATED WORDS FROM ENGLISH TO
TAMIL.
Q: DID YOU ENJOY THIS JOB AS EDITOR?
A: YES. BUT I FEEL BAD THAT I DIDNT CONTINUE MY STUDIES.I HOPE
UPCOMING EDITORS CAN MANAGE THIS TYPE OF PROBLEMS AND THEY
SHOULD ATLEAST DIPLOMA ON JOURNALISM.

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