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IntroductiontoCapacitance
LearningGoal:
Tounderstandthemeaningofcapacitanceandwaysofcalculatingcapacitance
Whenapositivechargeq isplacedonaconductorthatisinsulatedfromground,anelectricfieldemanatesfromthe
conductortoground,andtheconductorwillhaveanonzeropotentialV relativetoground.Ifmorechargeisplacedon
theconductor,thisvoltagewillincreaseproportionately.TheratioofchargetovoltageiscalledthecapacitanceC of
thisconductor:C = q/V .
Capacitanceisoneofthecentralconceptsinelectrostatics,andspeciallyconstructeddevicescalledcapacitorsare
essentialelementsofelectroniccircuits.Inacapacitor,asecondconductingsurfaceisplacednearthefirst(theyare
oftencalledelectrodes),andtherelevantvoltageisthevoltagebetweenthesetwoelectrodes.
Thistutorialisdesignedtohelpyouunderstandcapacitancebyassistingyouincalculatingthecapacitanceofa
parallelplatecapacitor,whichconsistsoftwoplateseachofareaAseparatedbyasmalldistanced withairor
vacuuminbetween.Infiguringoutthecapacitanceofthisconfigurationofconductors,itisimportanttokeepinmind
thatthevoltagedifferenceisthelineintegraloftheelectricfieldbetweentheplates.

PartA
Whatpropertyofobjectsisbestmeasuredbytheircapacitance?
ANSWER:
abilitytoconductelectriccurrent
abilitytodistortanexternalelectrostaticfield
abilitytostorecharge

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Correct
Capacitanceisameasureoftheabilityofasystemoftwoconductorstostoreelectricchargeandenergy.
CapacitanceisdefinedasC =

Q
V

.Thisratioremainsconstantaslongasthesystemretainsitsgeometry

andtheamountofdielectricdoesnotchange.Capacitorsarespecialdevicesdesignedtocombinealarge
capacitancewithasmallsize.However,anypairofconductorsseparatedbyadielectric(orvacuum)has
somecapacitance.Evenanisolatedelectrodehasasmallcapacitance.Thatis,ifachargeQ isplacedonit,
itspotentialV withrespecttogroundwillchange,andtheratio

Q
V

isitscapacitanceC .

PartB
Assumethatchargeq isplacedonthetopplate,and+q isplacedonthebottomplate.Whatisthemagnitude
oftheelectricfieldE betweentheplates?
ExpressE intermsofq andotherquantitiesgivenintheintroduction,inadditionto 0 andanyother
constantsneeded.

Hint1.Howdoyoufindthemagnitudeoftheelectricfield?
WhatistheeasiestwaytoobtainE ?
ANSWER:
UseGauss'slawandthefactthatE

= 0

outsidethecapacitor.

UseGauss'slawandthesymmetryofthelowerplate.
UseCoulomb'slawintegratingoverallchargeonthebottomplate.
UseCoulomb'slawintegratingoverallchargeonbothplates.

Hint2.Whatistheelectricfluxintegralduetotheelectricfield?
ApplyGauss'slawtoasmallboxwhosetopsideisjustabovethelowerplateandwhosebottomisjust
belowit,whereE = 0.Startbyfindingtheelectricfluxintegral E .
Expressthisintegralintermsoftheareaa ofthetopsideoftheboxandthemagnitudeE ofthe
electricfieldbetweentheplates.
ANSWER:
E

aE

Hint3.Findtheenclosedcharge
Findtheamountofchargeq encl enclosedinasmallboxwhosetopsideisjustabovethelowerplateand
whosebottomisjustbelowit,whereE = 0.
Expresstheenclosedchargeintermsofthecrosssectionalareaoftheboxa andotherquantities
givenintheintroduction.

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Hint1.Findthesurfacecharge
Whatis,thechargeperunitareaonthelowerplate?
Expressintermsofanynecessaryconstantsandquantitiesgivenintheintroduction.
ANSWER:

q
A

ANSWER:
q

encl

aq
A

Hint4.RecallGauss'slaw
Gauss'slawstatesthat E

q encl
0

ANSWER:
E

q
A 0

Correct

PartC
WhatisthevoltageV betweentheplatesofthecapacitor?
ExpressV intermsofthequantitiesgivenintheintroductionandanyrequiredphysicalconstants.

Hint1.Theelectricfieldisthederivativeofthepotential
Thevoltagedifferenceistheintegraloftheelectricfieldfromoneplatetotheotherinsymbols,V

= E d

ANSWER:

qd
A 0

Correct

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PartD
NowfindthecapacitanceC oftheparallelplatecapacitor.
ExpressC intermsofquantitiesgivenintheintroductionandconstantslike 0 .
ANSWER:
C

A
d

Correct
YouhavederivedthegeneralformulaforthecapacitanceofaparallelplatecapacitorwithplateareaAand
plateseparationd .Itisworthremembering.

PartE
Consideranairfilledchargedcapacitor.Howcanitscapacitancebeincreased?

Hint1.Whatdoescapacitancedependon?
Capacitancedependsontheinherentpropertiesofthesystemofconductors,suchasitsgeometryandthe
presenceofdielectric,notonthechargeplacedontheconductors.
ANSWER:
Increasethechargeonthecapacitor.
Decreasethechargeonthecapacitor.
Increasethespacingbetweentheplatesofthecapacitor.
Decreasethespacingbetweentheplatesofthecapacitor.
Increasethelengthofthewiresleadingtothecapacitorplates.

Correct

PartF
Considerachargedparallelplatecapacitor.Whichcombinationofchangeswouldquadrupleitscapacitance?
ANSWER:

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Doublethechargeanddoubletheplatearea.
Doublethechargeanddoubletheplateseparation.
Halvethechargeanddoubletheplateseparation.
Halvethechargeanddoubletheplatearea.
Halvetheplateseparationdoubletheplatearea.
Doubletheplateseparationhalvetheplatearea.

Correct

CapacitorsinParallel
LearningGoal:
Tounderstandhowtocalculatecapacitance,voltage,andchargeforaparallelcombinationofcapacitors.
Frequently,severalcapacitorsareconnectedtogethertoformacollectionofcapacitors.Wemaybeinterestedin
determiningtheoverallcapacitanceofsuchacollection.Thesimplestconfigurationtoanalyzeinvolvescapacitors
connectedinseriesorinparallel.Morecomplicatedsetupscanoften(thoughnotalways!)betreatedbycombiningthe
rulesforthesetwocases.Considertheexampleofaparallelcombinationofcapacitors:Threecapacitorsare
connectedtoeachotherandtoabatteryasshowninthefigure.TheindividualcapacitancesareC ,2C ,and3C ,and
thebattery'svoltageisV .

PartA
Ifthepotentialofplate1isV ,then,inequilibrium,whatarethepotentialsofplates3and6?Assumethatthe
negativeterminalofthebatteryisatzeropotential.

Hint1.Electrostaticequilibrium
Whenelectrostaticequilibriumisreached,allobjectsconnectedbyaconductor(bywires,forexample)
musthavethesamepotential.Whichplatesonthisdiagramareatthesamepotential?
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ANSWER:
V

andV

2V
V

and3V

and0

V
2

and

V
3

Correct

PartB
Ifthechargeofthefirstcapacitor(theonewithcapacitanceC )isQ ,thenwhatarethechargesofthesecondand
thirdcapacitors?

Hint1.Definitionofcapacitance
CapacitanceC isgivenbyQ/V ,whereQ isthechargeofthecapacitorandV isthevoltageacrossit.

Hint2.Voltagesacrossthecapacitors
Asestablishedearlier,thevoltageacrosseachcapacitorisV .Thevoltageisalwaysthesamefor
capacitorsconnectedinparallel.
ANSWER:
2Q
Q
2

Q
0

and3Q

and

Q
3

andQ

and0

Correct

PartC
Supposeweconsiderthesystemofthethreecapacitorsasasingle"equivalent"capacitor.Giventhechargesof
thethreeindividualcapacitorscalculatedinthepreviouspart,findthetotalchargeQ tot forthisequivalent
capacitor.
ExpressyouranswerintermsofV andC .
ANSWER:

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Q tot

6CV

Correct

PartD
UsingthevalueofQ tot ,findtheequivalentcapacitanceCeq forthiscombinationofcapacitors.
ExpressyouranswerintermsofC .

Hint1.Usingthedefinitionofcapacitance
UsethegeneralformulaC = Q/V tofindCeq .Thechargeonthe"equivalent"capacitorisQ tot ,andthe
voltageacrossthiscapacitoristhevoltageacrossthebattery,V .
ANSWER:
Ceq

6C

Correct
Theformulaforcombiningthreecapacitorsinparallelis
Cparallel = C1 + C2 + C3 .
Howdoyouthinkthisformulamaybegeneralizedton capacitors?

CapacitorsinSeries
LearningGoal:
Tounderstandhowtocalculatecapacitance,voltage,andchargeforacombinationofcapacitorsconnectedinseries.
Considerthecombinationofcapacitorsshowninthefigure.
Threecapacitorsareconnectedtoeachotherinseries,and
thentothebattery.ThevaluesofthecapacitancesareC ,
2C ,and 3C ,andtheappliedvoltageis V .Initially,allof
thecapacitorsarecompletelydischargedafterthebatteryis
connected,thechargeonplate1isQ .

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PartA
Whatarethechargesonplates3and6?

Hint1.Chargesoncapacitorsconnectedinseries
Whentheplatesoftwoadjacentcapacitorsareconnected,thesumofthechargesonthetwoplatesmust
remainzero,sincethepairisisolatedfromtherestofthecircuitthatis,Q 2 + Q 3 = 0 and
Q 4 + Q 5 = 0 ,where Q i isthechargeonplate i .

Hint2.Thechargesonacapacitor'splates
Whenelectrostaticequilibriumisreached,thechargesonthetwoplatesofacapacitormusthaveequal
magnitudeandoppositesign.
ANSWER:
+Q

and+Q

andQ

+Q

andQ

and+Q

0and+Q
0andQ

Correct

PartB
Ifthevoltageacrossthefirstcapacitor(theonewithcapacitanceC )isV1 ,thenwhatarethevoltagesacross
thesecondandthirdcapacitors?

Hint1.Definitionofcapacitance
ThecapacitanceC isgivenby
it.

Q
V

,whereQ isthechargeofthecapacitorandV isthevoltageacross

Hint2.Chargesonthecapacitors
Asestablishedearlier,theabsolutevalueofthechargeoneachplateisQ :Itisthesameforallthree
capacitorsandthusforallsixplates.
ANSWER:

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2V1
1
2

and3V1

V 1 and

V1

1
3

V 1

andV1

0andV1

Correct

PartC
FindthevoltageV1 acrossthefirstcapacitor.
ExpressyouranswerintermsofV .

Hint1.Howtoanalyzevoltages
Accordingtothelawofconservationofenergy,thesumofthevoltagesacrossthecapacitorsmustequal
thevoltageofthebattery.
ANSWER:
V1

6
11

Correct

PartD
FindthechargeQ onthefirstcapacitor.
ExpressyouranswerintermsofC andV1 .
ANSWER:
Q

CV1

Correct

PartE
UsingthevalueofQ justcalculated,findtheequivalentcapacitanceCeq forthiscombinationofcapacitorsin
series.
ExpressyouranswerintermsofC .

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Hint1.Usingthedefinitionofcapacitance
The"equivalent"capacitorhasthesamechargeaseachoftheindividualcapacitors:Q .Usethegeneral
formulaC =

Q
V

tofindCeq .

ANSWER:
Ceq

6C
11

Correct
Theformulaforcombiningthreecapacitorsinseriesis
1
C series

1
C1

1
C2

1
C3

Howdoyouthinkthisformulamaybegeneralizedton capacitors?

FindingtheCapacitance
AparallelplatecapacitorisfilledwithadielectricwhosedielectricconstantisK ,increasingitscapacitancefromC1 to
KC1 .Asecondcapacitorwithcapacitance C2 isthenconnectedinserieswiththefirst,reducingthenetcapacitance
backtoC1 .

PartA
WhatisthecapacitanceC2 ofthesecondcapacitor?
ExpressyouranswerintermsofK ,C1 ,andconstants.

Hint1.Whatdocapacitorsinserieshaveincommon?
Whichofthefollowingquantitiesisnecessarilythesameforcapacitorsconnectedinseries?

Hint1.Conservationlaws
Considerthefollowingsystem:thenegativeplateofthefirstcapacitor,thepositiveplateofthe
secondcapacitor,andthewirethatconnectsthem.Initially,beforethecapacitorsarecharged,the
systemhasnonetcharge.Thissystemisisolated,sochargemustbeconservedwithinit.What,
then,mustbetherelationshipbetweenthechargeonthenegativeplateofthefirstcapacitorandthe
chargeonthepositiveplateofthesecondcapacitor?

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ANSWER:
Potential
Charge
Capacitance
Area

Hint2.Findthenetcapacitance
ThepotentialdropVnet acrossthetwocapicatorsisthesumofthepotentialdropsV1 andV2 acrosseach
capacitorseparately.UsingtherelationV =Q /C fromthedefinitionofcapacitance,findanexpressionfor
thenetcapacitanceCnet oftheseries.
ExpressyouranswerintermsofK ,C1 ,andtheunknowncapacitanceC2 .

Hint1.Howtoapproachtheproblem
IfthechargeoneachcapacitorisQ ,thenthenetcapacitanceCnet relatestothetotalvoltageas
C net =

where,asmentionedinthequestion,V

= V1 + V2

KC1 =

Q
V1

Q
V

.Inturn,

andC 2

Q
V2

UsetheseequationstofindarelationforCnet intermsofK ,C1 ,andC2 .


ANSWER:

Cnet = C1

KC 1 C 2
K C 1 +C 2

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ANSWER:
C2

K
K1

C1

Correct
Asacheckthatthisresultmakessense,notethatifK 1 ,whichcorrespondstothefirstcapacitorbeing
replacedbyaconductor,thenC2 C1 .InthelimitasK approaches1(butisstillgreaterthan1),C2
becomesverylarge,effectivelymakingthesecondcapacitoraconductor.Thisisalsoexpected,sinceif
K = 1,thennochangewasmadetothefirstcapacitor.

ForcebetweenCapacitorPlates
ConsideraparallelplatecapacitorwithplatesofareaAandwithseparationd .

PartA
FindF (V ),themagnitudeoftheforceeachplateexperiencesduetotheotherplateasafunctionofV ,the
potentialdropacrossthecapacitor.
Expressyouranswerintermsofgivenquantitiesand 0 .

Hint1.Howtoapproachtheproblem
Theplatesofthecapacitorexertforcesoneachotherbecauseonehasapositivecharge+q ,andtheother
hasanegativechargeq .
Whichofthefollowingequationsisnotapplicabletothisproblem?
ANSWER:
F = qE

E=

kq

r2

q = CV

C =

0 A
d

Hint2.Method1:Usethestoredenergytofindtheforce
WhatisU ,theenergystoredinthecapacitor?
ExpressyouranswerintermsofV ,A,d ,and 0 .

Hint1.Whichformulatouse
RecallthebasicformulafortheenergyU :

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U =

1
2

CV

ANSWER:
1

0 A

Hint3.Method2:Usetheproductofthechargeandthefieldtofindtheforce
Theplatesofthecapacitorexertforcesoneachotherbecauseonehasapositivecharge+q ,andtheother
hasanegativechargeq .FindEsingle ,themagnitudeoftheelectricfieldbetweentheplatesofthe
capacitorduetoasingleplate.
ExpressyouranswerintermsofanyorallofV ,A,d ,and 0 .

Hint1.Howtoapproachtheproblem
Fromthesymmetryofthesituation,youcanconcludethatthefieldduetoanyoneplateishalfthe
totalfieldintheregionbetweentheplates.Thentheforceisthechargeonaplatetimestheelectric
fieldduetotheotherplate.
Note:Sincetheplateisflatandinfinite,itcannotexertaforceonitself.

Hint2.Therelationshipbetweenvoltageandelectricfield
WecanapproximateaparallelplatecapacitorbyassumingthattheelectricfieldEtotal points
directlyfromoneplatetotheotherandhasaconstantmagnitude.Inthiscase,whatisthe
relationshipbetweenthevoltageofthecapacitorV ,theelectricfield,andtheseparationbetweenthe
platesd ?
ExpressyouranswerintermsofsomeorallofthevariablesEtotal andd .
ANSWER:
V

Etotal d

ANSWER:
Esingle

V
2d

ANSWER:

F (V )

AV
2d

2
2

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TheCapacitorasanEnergyStoringDevice
LearningGoal:
Tounderstandthatthechargestoredbycapacitorsrepresentsenergytobeabletocalculatethestoredenergyandits
changesunderdifferentcircumstances.
AnairfilledparallelplatecapacitorhasplateareaAandplateseparationd .Thecapacitorisconnectedtoabattery
thatcreatesaconstantvoltageV .

PartA
FindtheenergyU0 storedinthecapacitor.
ExpressyouranswerintermsofA,d ,V ,and 0 .Remembertoenter 0 asepsilon_0.

Hint1.Formulafortheenergyofacapacitor
RecallthattheequationfortheenergyofacapacitorisU

1
2

CV

ANSWER:

U0

AV

2d

Correct

PartB
Thecapacitorisnowdisconnectedfromthebattery,andtheplatesofthecapacitorarethenslowlypulledapart
untiltheseparationreaches3d.FindthenewenergyU1 ofthecapacitorafterthisprocess.
ExpressyouranswerintermsofA,d ,V ,and 0 .

Hint1.Whatquantityremainsconstant?
Whatcharacteristicofthecapacitordoesnotchangeinthisprocess?
ANSWER:
charge
voltagebetweentheplates
capacitance
energy

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Hint2.Findthechargeonthecapacitor
WhatisthechargeQ thatresidesontheplatesofthecapacitor?
ExpressyouranswerintermsofsomeorallofthevariablesV ,A,andd .Remembertoenter 0 as
epsilon_0.
ANSWER:

V A 0

Hint3.Howdoesthecapacitancechange?
Howdoesthecapacitancechangeinthisprocess?
ANSWER:
remainsconstant
increasesbyafactorof3
decreasesbyafactorof3
increasesbyafactorof9
decreasesbyafactorof9

Hint4.Whatistheformulafortheenergy?
WhichofthefollowingformulasismostusefulinfindingU1 forthissituation?
ANSWER:
CV

2
QV
2
Q

2C

ANSWER:

U1

3
2

AV

Correct
Theincreaseinenergyofthecapacitorcomesfromtheexternalworkthatmustbedonetopulltheplates
apart.Keepinmindthattheplateshaveoppositechargesandattracteachothersomeworkmustbedoneby
anexternalagenttopullthemapart.
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PartC
Thecapacitorisnowreconnectedtothebattery,andtheplateseparationisrestoredtod .Adielectricplateis
slowlymovedintothecapacitoruntiltheentirespacebetweentheplatesisfilled.FindtheenergyU2 ofthe
dielectricfilledcapacitor.Thecapacitorremainsconnectedtothebattery.ThedielectricconstantisK .
ExpressyouranswerintermsofA,d ,V ,K ,and 0 .
ANSWER:

U2

K 0

AV

2d

Correct

CapacitorswithPartialDielectrics
Considertwoparallelplatecapacitorsidenticalinshape,onealignedsothattheplatesarehorizontal,andtheother
withtheplatesvertical.

PartA
ThehorizontalcapacitorisfilledhalfwaywithamaterialthathasdielectricconstantK .Whatfractionf ofthearea
oftheverticalcapacitorshouldbefilled(asshowninthefigure)withthesamedielectricsothatthetwocapacitors
haveequalcapacitance?
ExpressyouranswerintermsofK .

Hint1.Capacitanceofaparallelplatecapacitorfilledwithair
Thecapacitanceofacapacitordependssolelyonitsgeometry.WhatisthecapacitanceC ofacapacitor
withareaAandseparationd ?
Expressyouranswerintermsof 0 ,A,andd .
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ANSWER:

0 A
d

Hint2.EffectofaDielectric
Insertingadielectricmaterialbetweentheplatesofacapacitordecreasestheelectricfieldbetweenthe
plates,becausethemoleculesinthedielectricalignthemselvesliketheelectronsinaconductor.Thenet
resultofinsertingthedielectricisanincreaseinthecapacitor'scapacitancebyafactorofthedielectric
constant:Cnew = K Cold .

Hint3.Modelingthehorizontalcapacitor
Thehorizontalcapacitorcanbemodeledastwosmallercapacitors:onewithhalftheseparationcompletely
filledwithair,andonewithhalftheseparationcompletelyfilledwiththedielectric.Thesetwosmaller
capacitorsareconnectedinseries.WhatisthecapacitanceCh ofthehorizontalcapacitor,withoriginal
areaAandseparationd ?
ExpressyouranswerintermsofA,K ,d ,and 0 .

Hint1.Connectingcapacitorsinseries
Whencapacitorsareconnectedinseries,thechargeoneachcapacitoristhesame,andthe
potentialsadd.Therefore,
q

V net = V 1 + V 2 =

C1

andso
1

Thiscanberewrittenas

C net

1
C1

C net =

1
C2

C1C2
C 1 +C 2

q
C2

q
C net

Note:Recallthatacapacitorwithhalftheplateseparationasanotherhastwicethecapacitance.
ANSWER:

Ch

2 0 AK
d(K+1)

Hint4.Modelingtheverticalcapacitor
Theverticalcapacitorcanbetreatedastwosmallercapacitors:onewithafraction1 f oftheareafilled
withair(Aair = A(1 f )),andonewithafractionf oftheareafilledwiththedielectric(Adielectric = Af ).
Thesetwosmallercapacitorsareconnectedinparallel.WhatisthenetcapacitanceCv ofthevertical
capacitor,whichhasoriginalareaAandseparationd .
ExpressyouranswerintermsofA,K ,d ,and 0 .

Hint1.Connectingcapacitorsinparallel
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Whencapacitorsareconnectedinparallel,thepotentialoneachisthesame,andthechargesadd.
Therefore,
q

andthus

net

= q

+q

= V C1 + V C2 = V Cnet

Cnet = C1 + C2

ANSWER:

Cv

0 A
d

(1 f + Kf )

ANSWER:

1
K+1

Correct

Exercise24.11
Acapacitorismadefromtwohollow,coaxial,ironcylinders,oneinsidetheother.Theinnercylinderisnegatively
chargedandtheouterispositivelychargedthemagnitudeofthechargeoneachis19.0pC.Theinnercylinderhasa
radiusof0.550mm,theouteronehasaradiusof4.20mm,andthelengthofeachcylinderis16.0cm.

PartA
Whatisthecapacitance?
Use8.8541012F/mforthepermittivityoffreespace.
ANSWER:
C

= 4.381012 F

Correct

PartB
Whatappliedpotentialdifferenceisnecessarytoproducethesechargesonthecylinders?
ANSWER:
V

= 4.34 V

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Exercise24.18
Twocapacitorsareconnectedinseries.Let3.00F bethecapacitanceoffirstcapacitor,5.00F thecapacitanceof
thesecondcapacitor,andVab =51.0Vthepotentialdifferenceacrossthesystem.

PartA
Calculatethechargeoneachcapacitor.
ANSWER:
Q1

= 95.6 C

Correct

PartB
ANSWER:
Q

= 95.6 C

Correct

PartC
Calculatethepotentialdifferenceacrosseachcapacitor.
ANSWER:
V1

= 31.9 V

Correct

PartD
ANSWER:
V2

= 19.1 V

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Exercise24.28
Aparallelplatevacuumcapacitorhas7.18J ofenergystoredinit.Theseparationbetweentheplatesis3.50mm.If
theseparationisdecreasedto1.65mm,

PartA
whatistheenergynowstoredifthecapacitorwasdisconnectedfromthepotentialsourcebeforetheseparationof
theplateswaschanged?
ANSWER:
U

= 3.38 J

Correct

PartB
Whatistheenergynowstoredifthecapacitorremainedconnectedtothepotentialsourcewhiletheseparationof
theplateswaschanged?
ANSWER:
U

= 15.2 J

Correct

Exercise24.36
AparallelplatecapacitorhasacapacitanceofC0 =6.70pFwhenthereisairbetweentheplates.Theseparation
betweentheplatesis2.50mm.

PartA
Whatisthemaximummagnitudeofchargethatcanbeplacedoneachplateiftheelectricfieldintheregion
betweentheplatesisnottoexceed3.00104V/m ?
ANSWER:
Q

= 5.031010 C

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PartB
Adielectricwithadielectricconstantof2.60isinsertedbetweentheplatesofthecapacitor,completelyfillingthe
volumebetweentheplates.Nowwhatisthemaximummagnitudeofchargeoneachplateiftheelectricfield
betweentheplatesisnottoexceed3.00104V/m ?
ANSWER:
Q

= 1.31109 C

Correct

Exercise24.45
AparallelplatecapacitorhasthevolumebetweenitsplatesfilledwithplasticwithdielectricconstantK .The
magnitudeofthechargeoneachplateisQ .EachplatehasareaA,andthedistancebetweentheplatesisd .

PartA
UseGauss'slawtocalculatethemagnitudeoftheelectricfieldinthedielectric.
Expressyouranswerintermsofthegivenquantitiesandappropriateconstants.
ANSWER:

0 KA

Correct

PartB
UsetheelectricfielddeterminedinpartAtocalculatethepotentialdifferencebetweenthetwoplates.
Expressyouranswerintermsofthegivenquantitiesandappropriateconstants.
ANSWER:

Qd
K0 A

Correct

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PartC
UsetheresultofpartBtodeterminethecapacitanceofthecapacitor.
Expressyouranswerintermsofthegivenquantitiesandappropriateconstants.
ANSWER:
C

K 0

A
d

Correct

Problem24.53
A25.0F capacitorischargedtoapotentialdifferenceof700V.Theterminalsofthechargedcapacitorarethen
connectedtothoseofanuncharged12.0F capacitor.

PartA
Computetheoriginalchargeofthesystem.
ANSWER:
Q

= 1.75102 C

Correct

PartB
Computethefinalpotentialdifferenceacrosscapacitor.
ANSWER:
V

= 473 V

Correct

PartC
Computethefinalenergyofthesystem.
ANSWER:
U

= 4.14 J

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Correct

PartD
Computethedecreaseinenergywhenthecapacitorsareconnected.
ANSWER:
U

= 1.99 J

Correct
ScoreSummary:
Yourscoreonthisassignmentis102%.
Youreceived13.21outofapossibletotalof13points.

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