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ZXR10 M6000-S

Carrier-Class Router

Product Description
Version: 3.00.10

ZTE CORPORATION
No. 55, Hi-tech Road South, ShenZhen, P.R.China
Postcode: 518057
Tel: +86-755-26771900
Fax: +86-755-26770801
URL: http://support.zte.com.cn
E-mail: support@zte.com.cn

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Revision History
Revision No.

Revision Date

Revision Reason

R1.0

2014-10-20

First edition

Serial Number: SJ-20140731105308-003


Publishing Date: 2014-10-20 (R1.0)

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Contents
About This Manual ......................................................................................... I
Chapter 1 Product Positioning and Characteristics ............................... 1-1
1.1 Product Positioning ............................................................................................ 1-1
1.2 Highlighted Features .......................................................................................... 1-1

Chapter 2 Product Architecture ................................................................ 2-1


2.1 Hardware Architecture ........................................................................................ 2-1
2.1.1 Product Introduction ................................................................................. 2-2
2.1.2 Boards................................................................................................... 2-14
2.2 Software Architecture ....................................................................................... 2-16

Chapter 3 Features ..................................................................................... 3-1


3.1 Link Characteristics ............................................................................................ 3-1
3.1.1 Ethernet................................................................................................... 3-1
3.1.2 POS ........................................................................................................ 3-2
3.1.3 CPOS...................................................................................................... 3-2
3.1.4 E1/CE1.................................................................................................... 3-2
3.2 Routing Protocols............................................................................................... 3-3
3.2.1 Unicast Routing Protocols......................................................................... 3-3
3.2.2 Multicast Routing Protocols....................................................................... 3-5
3.3 QoS .................................................................................................................. 3-5
3.3.1 Packet classification and marking .............................................................. 3-5
3.3.2 Traffic supervision and shaping ................................................................. 3-6
3.3.3 Queue ..................................................................................................... 3-6
3.3.4 Congestion Management .......................................................................... 3-6
3.3.5 H-QoS ..................................................................................................... 3-6
3.3.6 QPPB ...................................................................................................... 3-7
3.3.7 Priority Inheritance ................................................................................... 3-7
3.4 MPLS and Traffic Engineering ............................................................................. 3-7
3.4.1 MPLS ...................................................................................................... 3-7
3.4.2 MPLS L3VPN........................................................................................... 3-8
3.4.3 MPLS L2VPN........................................................................................... 3-8
3.4.4 TDM Emulation ........................................................................................ 3-9
3.4.5 L2/L3VPN Bridge ..................................................................................... 3-9
3.4.6 Multicast VPN .......................................................................................... 3-9
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3.4.7 Traffic Engineering ................................................................................. 3-10


3.5 IP VPN ............................................................................................................ 3-10
3.5.1 GRE ...................................................................................................... 3-10
3.5.2 IPSec .....................................................................................................3-11
3.6 Network Availability ...........................................................................................3-11
3.6.1 Graceful Restart ......................................................................................3-11
3.6.2 NSR .......................................................................................................3-11
3.6.3 VRRP .................................................................................................... 3-12
3.6.4 FRR ...................................................................................................... 3-12
3.6.5 BFD ...................................................................................................... 3-13
3.6.6 MPLS OAM............................................................................................ 3-13
3.6.7 Ethernet OAM ........................................................................................ 3-13
3.6.8 OAM Mapping and Interworking .............................................................. 3-14
3.7 Security Features ............................................................................................. 3-14
3.7.1 Control Plane Security ............................................................................ 3-14
3.7.2 Authentication and Authorization ............................................................. 3-14
3.7.3 Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding ........................................................... 3-15
3.7.4 Port Mirroring ......................................................................................... 3-15
3.7.5 Netflow .................................................................................................. 3-15
3.8 NAT and CGN .................................................................................................. 3-16
3.9 Clock Synchronization ...................................................................................... 3-16
3.9.1 System Clock......................................................................................... 3-16
3.9.2 NTP ...................................................................................................... 3-16
3.9.3 Synchronous Ethernet ............................................................................ 3-17
3.9.4 IEEE 1588v2.......................................................................................... 3-17
3.10 Maintenance and Management ....................................................................... 3-17
3.11 NetNumen U31 R22 Unified Network Management System............................... 3-21

Chapter 4 Typical Applications ................................................................. 4-1


4.1 IP/MPLS Backbone Network ............................................................................... 4-1
4.2 Metro Network ................................................................................................... 4-1
4.3 Carrier-Grade NAT ............................................................................................. 4-2
4.4 Internet Data Center ........................................................................................... 4-3

Chapter 5 Interfaces ................................................................................... 5-1


5.1 Maintenance Interfaces ...................................................................................... 5-1
5.2 Service Interfaces .............................................................................................. 5-2

Chapter 6 Technical Specification ............................................................ 6-1


6.1 Physical Specification ......................................................................................... 6-1
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6.2 Performance Specification .................................................................................. 6-2


6.3 Power Consumption Specification ....................................................................... 6-2
6.4 Reliability Specification ....................................................................................... 6-3

Chapter 7 Environmental Requirements .................................................. 7-1


7.1 Power Supply..................................................................................................... 7-1
7.2 Operating Conditions.......................................................................................... 7-2
7.3 Transportation Conditions ................................................................................... 7-4
7.4 Storage Conditions............................................................................................. 7-5

Chapter 8 Protocols and Standards ......................................................... 8-1


8.1 Security Standards ............................................................................................. 8-1
8.2 Environmental Standards.................................................................................... 8-1
8.3 EMC Standards.................................................................................................. 8-2

Figures............................................................................................................. I
Tables ............................................................................................................ III
Glossary .........................................................................................................V

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About This Manual


Purpose
This manual describes ZXR10 M6000-S hardware architecture, software architecture,
functions, applications, link characteristics, technical specifications, environmental
requirements, protocols and standards.

Intended Audience
This manual is intended for the following engineers:
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Network planning engineers

What Is in This Manual


This manual contains the following chapters.
Chapter

Summary

1,

Describes the positioning and highlighted features of ZXR10

Product Positioning and

Characteristics

M6000-S.

2, Product Architecture

Describes the overview, hardware architecture and software architecture of ZXR10 M6000-S.

3, Features

Describes the functions and features of ZXR10 M6000-S.

4, Typical Applications

Describes the typical applications of ZXR10 M6000-S.


Describes the maintenance interfaces and service interfaces of the

5, Interfaces

ZXR10 M6000-S.

6, Technical Specification
7,

Environmental

Require-

ments
8, Protocols and Standards

Describes the physical, performance, power consumption, and reliability specifications of the ZXR10 M6000-S.
Describes the environmental conditions required for the ZXR10
M6000-S operation, transportation, and storage.
Describes the protocols and standards that the ZXR10 M6000-S
complies with.

Conventions
This manual uses the following typographical convention.
Typeface

Meaning
Note: provides additional information about a certain topic.

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Chapter 1

Product Positioning and


Characteristics
Table of Contents
Product Positioning ....................................................................................................1-1
Highlighted Features ..................................................................................................1-1

1.1 Product Positioning


The ZXR10 M6000-S series routers are new-generation Broadband Multi-Service
Gateway (BMSG) products with large capacity and high performance. This series of
routers are designed for carriers' backbone networks, Metropolitan Area Networks
(MANs), mobile bearer networks, Internet Data Centers (IDC), government networks and
enterprise networks.
ZXR10 M6000-S series devices have four models:
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ZXR10
ZXR10
ZXR10
ZXR10

M6000-18S
M6000-8S
M6000-5S
M6000-3S

1.2 Highlighted Features


Flexible and Various Service Support
The ZXR10 M6000-S can provide multiple services flexibly because of the following
features:
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The ZXR10 M6000-S provides various physical interfaces, for example, 100 GB
Ethernet interfaces, 40 GB Ethernet interfaces, 10 GB Ethernet interfaces, GE
interfaces, STM-N POS, channelized 155 MB POS interfaces and E1/CE1 interfaces.
The ZXR10 M6000-S supports various VPNs, for example, the MPLS L2/L3 VPN,
L2/L3 VPN Bridge, TDM service emulation, IPSec and GRE.

Carrier-Class Reliability
The carrier-class reliability features of the ZXR10 M6000-S are described as follows:

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ZXR10 M6000-S Product Description

The ZXR10 M6000-S uses a complete distributed modularized system to support


switching and controlling isolation, supporting GR for various protocols, guaranteeing
NSF during restart of the control plane, and supporting NSR and ISSU.
The ZXR10 M6000-S supports hot swapping for all hardware boards and equipment
components. Switch boards, system main control modules, power supply modules,
fan modules and clock modules are configured in redundancy mode, which ensures
that the system availability can meet the carrier-class 99.999% criteria.
The ZXR10 M6000-S supports the advanced Fast Reroute (FRR) technology to
prevent failures from affecting the system on both the node and the line levels, and
thus ensure the network stability.
The ZXR10 M6000-S supports the BFD for Everything function, and binds the BFD
with multiple route protocols, VRRP, LDP, RSVP TE. With this function, failures can
be resolved quickly.
The ZXR10 M6000-S supports MPLS OAM and Ethernet OAM.

IPv6 Evolution
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Supporting IPv6 functions, such as unicast, multicast, VPN, QoS, and security.
Supporting IPv4/IPv6 dual stack, carrier-grace NAT, and multiple tunnel-transition
mechanisms, and providing the most suitable IPv6 transition solution for services.

Graphical Unified Network Management System


The ZXR10 M6000-S supports NetNumen U31 R22 unified network management system,
which provides easy service deployment tools.
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NetNumen U31 R22 unified network management system supports graphic user
interface (GUI) and hierarchical password setting, providing device operation security.
It provides multiple management interfaces such as Console and Mng, supporting
in-band and out-of-band network management information channels.
NetNumen U31 R22 unified network management system provides complete and
easy VPN service management system, graphical service wizard, simple "fool"
configuration and featured large customer self-management, which brings great
convenience for users to deploy VPN service.

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Chapter 2

Product Architecture
Table of Contents
Hardware Architecture................................................................................................2-1
Software Architecture ...............................................................................................2-16

2.1 Hardware Architecture


The ZXR10 M6000-S series platform uses the distributed parallel processing, cross-bar
space division switching, fast routing lookup, and multi-level traffic management
technologies. The components are designed in redundancy to provide carrier-grade
reliability.
The ZXR10 M6000-S series platform improves the current hardware system of high-end
devices with a brand new switching architecture that facilitates smooth expansion of
system capacity. Distributed protocol processing is used to make protocol processing
more efficient and flexible.
The ZXR10 M6000-S series platform includes the following functional units: interface
cards, line cards, multi-service cards, switching cards, MPUs, high-speed backplanes,
power supply units, monitor and alarm units, diagnosis and debugging units. The
functional units are connected to each other by large-capacity high-speed serial data
buses and Ethernet buses.
Figure 2-1 shows the hardware architecture of the ZXR10 M6000-S series platform.
Figure 2-1 ZXR10 M6000-S Hardware Architecture

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2.1.1 Product Introduction


Introduction
The ZXR10 M6000-S has a rack-based architecture that is popular in the industry. It
uses all-in-one rack and modularized architecture, and supports line card modules and
components, so it features flexible scalability.
The entire device is composed of a sub-rack, multiple fan subracks, a air inlet panel, a
backplane, multiple power supply modules, multiple Management Cards (MPU), multiple
Switch Cards (SFU) and service line cards.
The sub-rack is made by sheet metal. It is an entire architecture composed of two side
boards, a soleplate, a top plate and multiple structure tracks. The module insert and
cabling can be done in the front of the sub-rack. The power supply module and fan
subrack are designed in modularized architecture. The entire device is 19 inch which
totally complies with the industry standard. As a result, it can be installed in International
Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 297 or European Telecommunication Standard
Institute (ETSI) standard racks.

ZXR10 M6000-18S Overview


The dimensions of the ZXR10 M6000-18S chassis are 1819.6 mm 442 mm 634 mm
(height width depth). For a front view of the ZXR10 M6000-18S chassis, see Figure
2-2.

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Figure 2-2 Front View of the ZXR10 M6000-18S Chassis

1. Power supply module


2. Cable tray
3. MPU and PFU board area

4. Horizontal air filter


5. Air inlet
6. Vertical air filter

7. SFU area

For a rear view of the ZXR10 M6000-18S chassis, see Figure 2-3.

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Figure 2-3 Rear View of the ZXR10 M6000-18S Chassis

1. Screw terminals for power


supply boxes

2. Fan modules for MPU and


PFU boards

3. Fan modules for SFU


boards

For the slot layout of ZXR10 M6000-18S, see Figure 2-4.

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Figure 2-4 ZXR10 M6000-18S Slot Layout

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ZXR10 M6000-S Product Description

ZXR10 M6000-8S Overview


The dimensions of the ZXR10 M6000-8S chassis are 619.5 mm 442 mm 749.4 mm
(height width depth). For a front view of the ZXR10 M6000-8S chassis, see Figure 2-5.
Figure 2-5 Front View of the ZXR10 M6000-8S Chassis

1. Subrack mounting flange


2. Handle

3. Cable tray and baffle


4. Board area

5. Air filter
6. Air inlet

For a rear view of the ZXR10 M6000-8S chassis, see Figure 2-6.

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Figure 2-6 Rear View of the ZXR10 M6000-8S Chassis

1. Fan module

2. Power Supply module

For the slot layout of ZXR10 M6000-8S, see Figure 2-7.


Figure 2-7 ZXR10 M6000-8S Slot Layout

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ZXR10 M6000-S Product Description

ZXR10 M6000-5S Overview


The dimensions of the ZXR10 M6000-5S chassis (AC) are 352.8 mm 442 mm 740 mm
(height width depth). For a front view of the ZXR10 M6000-5S chassis (AC), see Figure
2-8.
Figure 2-8 Front View of the ZXR10 M6000-5S Chassis (AC)

1. Handle
2. Cable tray

3. Board area
4. AC power supply module

For a rear view of the ZXR10 M6000-5S chassis (AC), see Figure 2-9.

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Figure 2-9 Rear View of the ZXR10 M6000-5S Chassis (AC)

1. Air filter

2. Fan module

The dimensions of the ZXR10 M6000-5S chassis (DC) are 308.3 mm 442 mm 740 mm
(height width depth). For a front view of the ZXR10 M6000-5S chassis (DC), see Figure
2-10.
Figure 2-10 Front View of the ZXR10 M6000-5S Chassis (DC)

1. Handle

2. Cable tray

3. Board area

For a rear view of the ZXR10 M6000-5S chassis (DC), see Figure 2-11.

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Figure 2-11 Rear View of the ZXR10 M6000-5S Chassis (DC)

1. Air filter
2. Air inlet

3. Fan module
4. Power supply module

For the slot layout of ZXR10 M6000-5S chassis (AC), see Figure 2-12.
Figure 2-12 ZXR10 M6000-5S Chassis (AC) Slot Layout

For the slot layout of ZXR10 M6000-5S chassis (DC), see Figure 2-13.

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Figure 2-13 ZXR10 M6000-5S Chassis (DC) Slot Layout

ZXR10 M6000-3S Overview


The dimensions of the ZXR10 M6000-3S chassis (AC) are 219.4 mm 442 mm 738 mm
(height width depth). For a front view of the ZXR10 M6000-3S chassis (AC), see Figure
2-14.
Figure 2-14 Front View of the ZXR10 M6000-3S Chassis (AC)

1. Subrack mounting flange


2. Handle

3. Cable tray
4. Board area

5. AC power supply module

For a rear view of the ZXR10 M6000-3S chassis (AC), see Figure 2-15.

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Figure 2-15 Rear View of the ZXR10 M6000-3S Chassis (AC)

1. Air filter
2. Lateral air inlet

3. Fan module
4. Air outlet

The dimensions of the ZXR10 M6000-3S chassis (DC) are 175 mm 442 mm 738 mm
(height width depth). For a front view of the ZXR10 M6000-3S chassis (DC), see Figure
2-16.
Figure 2-16 Front View of the ZXR10 M6000-3S Chassis (DC)

1. Subrack mounting flange


2. Handle

3. Cable tray
4. Board area

For a rear view of the ZXR10 M6000-3S chassis (DC), see Figure 2-17.

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Figure 2-17 Rear View of the ZXR10 M6000-3S Chassis (DC)

1. Power supply module

2. Air filter

3. Fan module

For the slot layout of the ZXR10 M6000-3S chassis (AC), see Figure 2-18.
Figure 2-18 ZXR10 M6000-3S Chassis (AC) Slot Layout

For the slot layout of the ZXR10 M6000-3S chassis (DC), see Figure 2-19.
Figure 2-19 ZXR10 M6000-3S Chassis (DC) Slot Layout

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2.1.2 Boards
MPU
The Main Processing Unit (MPU) is the control node of the ZXR10 M6000-S, having the
following functions:
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Manages and maintains the entire device, and ensures that all line interface boards
operate properly so that IP packets can be properly routed and forwarded.
Processes dynamic routing protocols, maintains global routing tables, and ensures
that the local routing table for each line interface board is the same as the global
routing table.
Supports the TCP/IP protocol stack.
Provides the reset function, in-position signal collection, and active/standby status
indicator signals for the Switch Fabric Unit (SFU), Packet Forwarding Unit (PFU), ESU,
and each interface board of the device.
Provides an interface with the operation and management functions for the device
system to implement device maintenance, configuration, and management.
Provides Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 1588v2.
Provides the environment monitoring function, including monitoring the statuses of
fans and power supplies.

The active and standby MPUs communicate through internal dedicated communication
cables. The hardware circuits on the MPUs monitor the operating status of the CPU in
real time. If a memory ECC check error occurs or the Ethernet switching chip operates
improperly, the hardware can automatically switch over the active and standby MPUs.

SFU
The SFU (Switch Fabric Unit) of ZXR10 M6000-S is the core of the data switching
plane, realizing the non-block fast switching of the system service data. By using
high-performance switching fabric and integrating creative capacity extension solution,
SFU implements multicast tunnel management, intelligent monitoring and global queue
management.
ZXR10 M6000-S SFU has the following features:
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The SFU uses switching fabric oriented to high-speed application.


To ensure the reliability and redundancy of the switching system, SFU uses N+1 load
sharing and redundancy design. All SFUs can work at the same time. When one SFU
breaks down, there is still adequate switching capacity for the entire system switching
process.
High-performance control processor is built in SFU. Gigabit Ethernet link is used as
information interactive tunnel between SFU and MPU, which meets the requirement
of the bandwidth and processing capability for information interaction, and prevents
loss of important management and control information.

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Monitoring and test bus independent from service has independent power supply,
providing the monitoring information on the power, voltage, current, temperature of
SFU, the control of hotswappable module, reset and power on.

SRU
The Switch and Routing Unit (SRU) of ZXR10 M6000-8S and ZXR10 M6000-5S is
composed of a control unit and a switching unit. The control unit implements system
management and routing, and the switching unit implements high-speed data packet
switching in the system.
The SRU has the following functions:
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Manages and maintains the entire device, and ensures that all line interface boards
operate properly so that IP packets can be properly routed and forwarded.
Provides a packet switching function.
Processes dynamic routing protocols, maintains global routing tables, and ensures
that the local routing table for each line interface board is the same as the global
routing table.
Supports the TCP/IP protocol stack.
Provides the reset function, in-position signal collection, and active/standby status
indicator signals for the Switch Fabric Unit (SFU), Packet Forwarding Unit (PFU), and
ESU.
Provides an interface with the operation and management functions for the device
system to implement device maintenance, configuration, and management.
Provides Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 1588v2.
Provides the environment monitoring function, including monitoring the statuses of
fans and power supplies.

The active and standby SRUs communicate through internal dedicated communication
cables. The hardware circuits on the SRUs monitor the operating status of the CPU in
real time. If a memory ECC check error occurs or the Ethernet switching chip operates
improperly, the hardware can automatically switch over the active and standby SRUs.

PFU and PIU


The PFU (Packet Forwarding Unit) of the ZXR10 M6000-S implements high-speed service
processing and forwarding, maintains and manages link protocols and service forwarding
and routing tables.
The PIU (Physical Line Interface Unit) enables access of services on interfaces of different
speeds and types. The board provides one or more network interfaces.

GSU
The GSU (Multi-Service Card) of the ZXR10 M6000-S are dedicated service boards and
are installed in the slots for PIUs. These units process various complicated services and
protocols.

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Depending on the loaded software, the GSU provide different functions, for example,
NetFlow and IPSec.
The GSU enable various service functions to be loaded onto the same service
processing board for processing.

2.2 Software Architecture


Overview
Based upon the self-researched route operation system ZXROSNG software platform of
ZTE, the ZXR10 M6000-S can be adaptive to all kinds of network in any high-performance
and complicated commercial environment. This software has the most integrated network
features built based upon international standards. For the overall software architecture,
see Figure 2-20.
Figure 2-20 Software Architecture

The ZXR10 M6000-S have the following software subsystems:


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Hardware drive subsystem: provides the corresponding software drive for MPUs,
interface boards, backplanes, fans, and power supplies.
Distributed operating system platform: the core of the software system of the ZXR10
M6000-S, which provides a real-time operating system. This subsystem manages the
hardware system of the entire system, and provides a unified operating platform for
applications of the entire software system. The subsystem has high reliability, realtime
performance, self-healing capability, maintainability, and encapsulation.
L2 protocol subsystem: implements the drive program of the switching chip and L2
link control and management protocols, and supports L3 protocols.
IP routing subsystem: the core of the software system and is used to operate IPv4
and IPv6 routing protocols such as RIP, OSPF, and BGP, including multicast routing
protocols. This subsystem receives and stores routing information, creates global
routing tables, selects, forwards, and exchange routes, and maintains routing tables.

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Unicast routing protocol subsystem: collects network topology information through


interacting messages with other routing devices over the network, forms an IP unicast
routing table, and notifies the routing table information to the IP forwarding layer to
forward unicast IP packets.
Multicast routing protocol subsystem: forms the multicast forwarding routing table for
bottom protocols to forward multicast packets.
Support protocol subsystem: processes IP data on routing devices, including ICMP
protocol, ARP protocol, TCP protocol, UDP protocol, Telnet daemon and client
programs, FTP and TFTP protocols. This subsystem provides services for the routing
subsystem and management subsystem.
Security subsystem: implements multiple security protection functions of devices,
provides packet filtering, password encryption and authentication, configuration
request License variation, multiple VPN technologies, NAT, MD5, user authentication,
and statistics.
MPLS protocol subsystem: implements LDP, RSVP TE, L2VPN, and L3VPN
functions, and provides basic functions and label forwarding service for the MPLS.
Statistics alarm subsystem: maintains various statistics alarm configuration, and
stores various statistical information and provides query interfaces.
System management: provides such functions as file management, device
management (power and fan modules), monitoring and maintenance, diagnosis and
debugging, ensuring that devices operate in a reliable status.
SNMP subsystem: implements the functions of an SNMP agent, and supports all
protocol operations defined for the SNMP agent in SNMP V1/V2/V3.
Network management subsystem: provides such functions as network configuration
management, fault management, performance management, and security
management, and implements file system services, version management,
configuration file and log management.
User management service control subsystem: implements the functions related to
user access and management, including user service configuration, AAA, PPP user
management, IP user management, VPLS service control, VPDN user management,
and multicast user management.

Features
ZXROSNG is a modularized multitask-based distributed real-time network operating
system, providing unified IP protocol support for all devices of ZTE Corporation.
ZXROSNG provides a mature and steady architecture, and it has been widely used by
operators in recent years. The current ZXROSNG platform is improved and extended on
the basis of the previous platform. In terms of service demands of users, it is concerned
more about the operation and maintenance costs, service extensibility and application
requirements, as listed below:
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Encapsulation

Supporting multiple operating systems and the smooth upgrading of the operating
systems.

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Using the unified device configuration style, and facilitating operation and
maintenance.

Monitoring

Monitoring processes and memory exceptions.

Monitoring the working status of power supply module, fan, voltage, current, and
working temperature.

Providing fast failure location to guarantee high reliability of the product version.

Modularized components

All software services based upon the ZXROSNG platform can be extended or
uninstalled easily. New services can be developed on the basis of the original
architecture.

Based upon requirements of customers, providing flexible on-demand service


and rapid response.

The extension of carrier-class Ethernet new services based upon the unified platform

Implementing E-LINE, E-LAN, E-TREE multiple connection modes, realizing the


safe and flexible deployment of hierarchical network.

Supporting L2/L3 VPN, supporting multicast VPN service and realizing rapid VPN
deployment through the unified network management system.

Supporting Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 1588v2 and


synchronized Ethernet clock modes.

Good interoperability

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Features
Table of Contents
Link Characteristics ....................................................................................................3-1
Routing Protocols .......................................................................................................3-3
QoS ...........................................................................................................................3-5
MPLS and Traffic Engineering ....................................................................................3-7
IP VPN .....................................................................................................................3-10
Network Availability ..................................................................................................3-11
Security Features .....................................................................................................3-14
NAT and CGN ..........................................................................................................3-16
Clock Synchronization ..............................................................................................3-16
Maintenance and Management ................................................................................3-17
NetNumen U31 R22 Unified Network Management System .....................................3-21

3.1 Link Characteristics


3.1.1 Ethernet
Ethernet supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting Ethernet interface MTU


Supporting Jumbo frame
Supporting loopback
Supporting TPID modification
10GE interface support LAN/WAN mode
Supporting VLAN, QinQ and SuperVlan
Supporting VLAN range
Supporting smartgroup SG port aggregation
Each SG interface supports up to 32 Ethernet interfaces
SG interface supports aggregation of Ethernet interfaces across boards or
inter-chassis
SG interface supports aggregation of different speeds
SG interface supports ECMP and load sharing
Supporting synchronization Ethernet and 1588v2
Supporting universal logical Ethernet interface ULEI
Supporting Ethernet interface damping
Supporting static MAC

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3.1.2 POS
Packet Over SONET (POS) is a high speed, advanced WAN connection technology.
It uses high speed transmission channel provided by Synchronous Optical
Network/Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SONET/SDH) to directly transmit IP packets.
The network is structured by high-end device and high-speed optical fiber. POS uses
SONET/SDH as physical layer protocol, encapsulates packets in High-level Data Link
Control (HDLC) frame and uses PPP as link control in link layer. IP packet service runs
on network layer.
POS supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting

POS interface MTU and IP MTU


PPP, HDLC and FR encapsulation
interface clock internal and line mode
interface delay up/down
BCP
multilink
physical layer alarm

3.1.3 CPOS
The Channelized POS (CPOS) interface can precisely divide the bandwidth by fully utilizing
the SDH features.
CPOS supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting

SDH and SONET encapsulation


interface inner or outer loopback
interface clock internal and line mode
interface damping
SAToP and CESoPSN

3.1.4 E1/CE1
E1 is a 2.048 Mbps transmission system based on the ITU-T specifications. An E1/CE1
interface refers to a channelized E1 interface. By operating mode, the E1/CE1 interface
can be categorized into E1 (Clear Channel) and CE1 (Channelized).
E1/CE1 supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting

PPP and FR encapsulation


interface inner or outer loopback
interface clock internal and line mode
interface damping
framed and unframed channel
MPPP and load sharing
SAToP and CESoPSN

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3.2 Routing Protocols


3.2.1 Unicast Routing Protocols
ZXR10 M6000-S fully supports all types of unicast routing protocol. Its main features
include:
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Supporting static routing: manual configuration handled by administrator simplifies


network configuration and enhances network performance
Supporting IPv4 dynamic routing protocol: BGP, OSPF, IS-IS and RIP
Supporting IPv6 dynamic routing protocol: BGP4+, OSPFv3, IS-ISv6 and RIPng
Supporting ISIS/OSPF multi-process
Supporting RIP/ISIS/OSPF/BGP multi-instance
Supporting ECMP and load sharing
Supporting iSPF and PRC

BGP
BGP (Border Gateway Protocol) is an inter-Autonomous System (AS) dynamic routing
protocol. It is used to exchange routing information among different AS. BGP uses TCP
as transmission protocol, and its port number is 179.
Functions of BGP are:
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Basic and enhanced BGP protocol functions, including route damping, route reflector,
confederation, and extended community, etc
Graceful Restart function of BGP
MP-BGP
BFD for BGP
IP FRR
BGP MIB

OSPF
OSPF routing protocol exchanges routing information among all the routers within one
AS. It is an interior gateway protocol (IGP) based upon link state. OSPF creates link
state database by announcing network interface state among routers, and generates the
shortest path tree. Then each OSPF router uses these shortest paths to create routing
table.
OSPF routing protocol supports the following functions:
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Basic OSPF protocol functions, including virtual link, STUB area


Graceful Restart function of OSPF
NSSA
VPN access and sham-link
OSPF TE
BFD for OSPF
IP FRR
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OSPF MIB

IS-IS
Defined by International Organization for Standards (ISO), IS-IS routing protocol is used
to support Connectionless Network Service (CLNS) routing protocol. IS-IS, a hierarchical
link state routing protocol, uses a transmission protocol to send link information. Similar
to IETF-defined OSPF routing protocol, it is also a link state interior gateway protocol.
ISIS routing protocol supports the following functions:
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Basic IS-IS functions


Graceful Restart function of ISIS
Extending capability of IS-IS, e.g. hostname and overload-bit
IS-IS VPN access
BFD for IS-IS
IS-IS TE
IP FRR
IS-IS MIB

RIP
RIP protocol is a dynamic routing protocol running on UDP protocol. As the earliest and
simplest routing protocol promoted by IPv4 network, it is implemented based upon distance
vector algorithm of local network. RIP broadcasts route by sending routing information
(routing table). In every 30 seconds, it broadcasts routing table, and maintains neighbor
status. At the same time, it calculates its own routing table as per the received routing
information. As RIP runs easily, it is suitable for small-size network.
RIP routing protocol supports the following functions:
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Basic functions of RIPv1/v2 protocol


RIP VPN access
RIP MIB

ISIS/OSPF multi-process
Multi-process is to point to in a three layer device which allows multiple processes of the
same routing protocol, such as on the device running multiple independent dynamic routing
protocols, each process calculating and maintaining its own optimized route entries, and
jointly maintain a global routing table.

RIP/ISIS/OSPF/BGP multi-instance
Routing protocol multi-instance is a different process and different VPN instance binding,
only to maintain its own VPN routing table of each process, so as to realize on the same
device between the public and different VPN routing isolation.

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3.2.2 Multicast Routing Protocols


ZXR10 M6000-S supports all types of intra-domain, inter-domain and client multicast
routing protocol of IPv4 and IPv6. It supports controllable multicast and provides QoS
guarantee.
Multicast routing protocols support the following functions:
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Supporting IPv4 client multicast routing protocols, IGMPv1, IGMPv2 and IGMPv3
Supporting IPv6 client multicast routing protocols, MLDv1 and MLDv2
Supporting IPv4 multicast routing protocols, PIM-DM and PIM-SM
Supporting PIM-SSM. When multicast source has been confirmed, it can directly join
in multicast source without registering to Rendezvous Point (RP)
Supporting IPv6 multicast routing protocols, PIM-SMv6 and PIM-SSMv6
Supporting PIM NSR
Supporting Embedded-RP. For the groups with Embedded-RP, multicast routing table
can be formed without a designated RP
Supporting Anycast RP. Multiple RPs exists in a multicast domain. MSDP peers
are set among RPs. Multicast source can choose the nearest RP for registration;
receiver can add the nearest RP to its sharing tree. Hence, RP load sharing can be
implemented. When one RP is invalid, another nearest RP will substitute it to realize
RP redundant backup
Supporting static multicast
Supporting multicast VPN
Supporting multicast FRR
Supporting inter-domain multicast routing protocols, MSDP and MBGP
Supporting controllable multicast. Multicast sources and clients can be controlled by
multicast routing policy
Supporting multicast routing incremental synchronization
Supporting multicast distributed processing. The generation of multicast routing,
switchover between SPT and RPT, and the processing of multicast protocol message
can be implemented on line card, and then be synchronized to main processor card
Supporting IGMP snooping and PIM snooping

3.3 QoS
3.3.1 Packet classification and marking
The packet classification tool can classify network service flows into several priorities
or service classes. Common packet classification basis include physical interface,
sub-interface, Medium Access Control (MAC) address, 802.1p CoS, Multi Protocol Label
Switching (MPLS) EXP, DSCP, IP precedence (IPP), packet header, ACL, VRF instance,
VFI instance ,tunnel, IP unicast, IP multicast, etc.
The marking tool is normally used to create the trust boundary relied on by other QoS
tools. Users can make different marks for different service classes in accordance with
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user policies. A mark of a packet can be the criteria for the next classification, and the
mark also can be carried to other devices by the packet.

3.3.2 Traffic supervision and shaping


The traffic supervision is used to check traffic rate in real time and take corresponding
actions when the traffic exceeds the committed rate. Traffic supervision can fix whether
the traffic on the ingress exceeds the committed rate. It will re-mark or drop the traffic that
exceeds the committed rate. The traffic shaping is a traffic smoothing tool that operates
together with the queuing mechanism. The traffic shaping function is used to ensure that
the traffic is smoothly sent at a specified rate. If the incoming traffic exceeds the designated
rate temporarily, the traffic that exceeds the committed rate will be stored in a buffer and
transmitted with delay.
Traffic supervision and shaping supported by ZXR10 M6000-S have the following features:
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Supporting srTCM
Supporting trTCM
Supporting GTS

3.3.3 Queue
Basic queue scheduling algorithms supported by ZXR10 M6000-S include:
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FIFO (First In First Out)


PQ (Priority Queue)
WFQ (Weighted Fair Queue)
CBWFQ (Class-Based Weighted Fair Queue)

3.3.4 Congestion Management


Congestion management algorithms supported by ZXR10 M6000-S include:
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RED (Random Early Detection)


WRED (Weighted Random Early Detection)

Random Early Detection (RED) can be adopted as an avoiding mechanism preventing


congestion problem at bandwidth bottleneck. WRED combines IP priority level determined
by weighted calculation and RED algorithm. WRED provides a statistics tool to maintain
effective link utilization.

3.3.5 H-QoS
Hierarchical QoS specifies QoS behavior at multiple policy levels, which provides a high
degree of granularity in traffic management.
H-QoS supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting 5 levels scheduling


Supporting L2/L3VPN and TE H-QoS
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Supporting switch fabric H-QoS

3.3.6 QPPB
QoS Policy Propagation through the Border Gateway Protocol (QPPB) technology is a
QoS technology deployed through Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) routing policies. On
the base of BGP routes (such as community, AS paths list, and prefix list), QPPB classifies
routes and applies different QoS policies for different classes.
With QPPB technology, routes can be classified in advance by setting BGP routes on BGP
route senders. This simplifies route modification on route receivers.

3.3.7 Priority Inheritance


Priority inheritance is used to accomplish priority inheritance among different types of
packets (including common IP packets, VLAN packets and MPLS packets), that is, the
conversion among IP-Precedence, VLAN-802.1p, and MPLS-EXP.
Priority Inheritance supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting mapping priority field from Layer 2 to Layer 3


Supporting mapping from MPLS-EXP field to IP-Precedence field by Uniform, Pipe or
Short-pipe modes

3.4 MPLS and Traffic Engineering


3.4.1 MPLS
MPLS is a multi-layer switching technology. It combines L2 switching technology and
L3 routing technology together, using label to aggregate forwarding information. It is
implemented in hierarchical route architecture, supporting multiple upper protocols and
can be implemented on multiple physical platforms.
MPLS supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting LDP and LSP


Supporting LDP multiple instance
Supporting DoD (Downstream on Demand) and DU (Downstream Unsolicited) label
distribution modes
Supporting ordered label control mode and independent label control mode
Supporting liberal and conservative label retention modes
Supporting MPLS Ping/Tracert
Supporting LDP IGP synchronization
Supporting LDP FRR
Supporting load sharing
Supporting 5 levels label stack
Supporting LSP loop detection mechanism
Supporting MPLS QoS
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Supporting mLDP
Supporting LDP over GRE and LDP over RSVP TE
Supporting LDP graceful restart and NSR

3.4.2 MPLS L3VPN


MPLS L3VPN is a kind of IP VPN based on MPLS technology. It is also called L3VPN,
which applies MPLS technology to routers and switches. MPLS VPN simplifies the route
selection mode of core routers, and it realizes IP virtual private network by means of the
label switching of conventional routing technology.
MPLS VPN can be used to construct broadband Intranet and Extranet, which can
satisfy the requirements of many services cleverly. MPLS VPN can utilize the powerful
transmission capability of a public backbone network to reduce the construction costs
of the Intranet, and greatly improve the operation and management flexibility of user
networks. Meanwhile, it meets the user requirements for data transmission security, real
time, broad band and convenience.
MPLS L3VPN supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Work as P, PE or CE
Supporting dynamic route (BGP, RIP, OSPF, and IS-IS) and static route VPN access
Supporting policy control such as RT rewriting and Site of Origin (SOO)
Supporting multiple Inter-AS VPN solutions
Support Carrier of Carrier
Supporting VRF route restriction
Supporting L3VPN FRR
Supporting Graceful Restart
Supporting HoVPN
Supporting 6PE and 6VPE

3.4.3 MPLS L2VPN


There are several types of MPLS based L2 VPN services: VPWS (Virtual Private Wire
Service), VPLS (Virtual Private LAN Service), MS-PW (Multi-Segmented PW) and VLSS
(Virtual Local Switch Service).
MPLS L2VPN supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting Martini LDP VPLS and Kompella BGP VPLS


Supporting VPLS BGP AD
Supporting MEF E-line, E-Tree and E-Lan
Supporting Inter-AS L2VPN
Supporting H-VPLS
Supporting VPWS raw and tagged mode
Supporting MAC address learning qualified and unqualified modes
Supporting heterogeneous VPWS
Supporting MS-PW
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Supporting VPLS load sharing


Supporting MC-ELAM
Supporting L2VPN FRR
Supporting MAC address filtering and restriction
Supporting control package filtering in VPLS
Supporting L2VPN access by physical interface, VLAN, QinQ, SG and SG sub-if
Supporting L2VPN MIB
Supporting L2VPN STP/RSTP/MSTP
Supporting ZESS and ZESR

3.4.4 TDM Emulation


TDMoE refers to circuit emulation on Ethernet which realizes the delivery of TDM service.
With the help of a tunnel built on the Ethernet, TDM traffic slots which is changed into
packets are transparently transferred via PW built by PWE3 (Pseudo Wire Emulation
Edge-to-Edge) technology to the destination. The traffic packets will be resumed to the
original TDM traffic after it arrives at the destination. TDM equipment at both ends of the
network does not care about its connecting networks.
TDM over Ethernet and MPLS network are a kind of transparent transmission to TDM
service, so it is well compatible with traditional telecomm network. In other words, all the
traditional protocols, signaling, data , voice and video service can use this new technology;
in addition, without changing any existing network, carriers can make full use of the existing
resource to implement tradition TDM service on Ethernet or MPLS network.
TDM Emulation supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting CESoPSN and SAToP


Support setting packing period
Supporting setting jitter delay

3.4.5 L2/L3VPN Bridge


L2/L3 VPN bridge node creates local entry list between VFIs (instances of L2VPN) and
VRFs (instances of L3VPN). Service flows are forwarded/routed by matching such entry
list only once, which simplifies data process and improves forwarding efficiency.
ZXR10 M6000-S supports bridge between VPWS/VPLS and L3VPN.

3.4.6 Multicast VPN


Multicast VPN is a technology that supports multicast services on the base of BGP/MPLS
IP VPN. This technology accomplishes the multicast data transport between private
networks by encapsulating private network multicast packets and transmitting them on
the multicast tunnels established between sites.
Multicast VPN supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Support P2MP multicast VPN

3.4.7 Traffic Engineering


Network congestion is a main problem influencing backbone network performance. The
reason of local congestion may be inadequate network resource or unbalanced network
resource load. TE (Traffic Engineering) resolves congestion caused by unbalanced load.
MPLS TE is a technology combining TE and MPLS. By MPLS TE, service provider can
accurately control the path traffic goes through so as to avoid the nodes with congestion
and solve the problem of part of path being overloaded while the other part of path being
idle; so that fully utilize the current bandwidth resource. Meanwhile, MPLS TE can reserve
resource during the process of LSP tunnel establishment in order to ensure QoS.
MPLS TE use CSPF (Constrained Shortest Path First) algorithm to calculate the shortest
path to certain node.
MPLS TE supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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OSPF TE and IS-IS TE


CSPF (Constrained Shortest Path First) algorithm
RSVP
RSVP-TE and RSVP-TE FRR link protection and node protection
DS-TE functions including uni-CT and multi-CT DS-TE tunnel; and MAM, RDM
bandwidth models
RSVP-TE Graceful Restart and NSR
RSVP-TE MIB
RSVP-TE extension function
RSVP-TE MBB (Make-Before-Break), re-optimization, priority preemption, abstract
update, automatic route, FA, hot-standby, SRLG and secondary backup tunnel etc.

Inter-area and Inter-AS MPLS-TE

3.5 IP VPN
3.5.1 GRE
GRE is a widely used technology that encapsulates PDUs of a network layer protocol in
PDUs of any other network layer protocol. It is usually used to establish a GRE tunnel
to pass through different Layer 3 networks. GRE supports to encapsulate messages of a
protocol in messages of another protocol and transmit the messages on networks. It can
encapsulate the packets of some network layer protocols (such as IP and IPX), so that the
encapsulated packets can be transmitted through another network layer protocol (such as
IP).
GRE supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting GRE over IPv4


Supporting GRE over IPv6
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3.5.2 IPSec
Internet Protocol Security (IPSec) is a protocol suite for securing Internet Protocol (IP)
communications by authenticating and encrypting each IP packet of a communication
session. IPSec includes protocols for establishing mutual authentication between agents
at the beginning of the session and negotiation of cryptographic keys to be used during the
session. IPSec can be used in protecting data flows between a pair of hosts (host-to-host),
between a pair of security gateways (network-to-network), or between a security gateway
and a host (network-to-host).
IPSec supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting

IPSec access VRF


IPSec segment and assemble
GRE over IPSec
dynamic and static SA
IPSec multiple Peer
tunnel mode and transport mode

3.6 Network Availability


3.6.1 Graceful Restart
Graceful Restart (GR) is a mechanism aiming at minimizing the impact of routing protocol
restart. It tries to reduce route jitter caused by router restart as much as possible and
diminish the influence of routing protocol restart. When routing protocol restarts, the
restarting router implements it's routing information synchronization with the neighbor
router as soon as possible. Then it updates local routing information without redoing
controlling layer. The routing protocols with GR capability are as follows. Although each
protocol implements uniquely, they have similar basic principle.
Graceful Restart supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting

BGP Graceful Restart


IGP Graceful Restart
LDP Graceful Restart
RSVP Graceful Restart
PIM Graceful Restart
L3/L2VPN Graceful Restart

3.6.2 NSR
NSR (Nonstop routing) ensures that the route between the forwarding plane and the control
plane is not interrupted after the switchover between the active/standby control planes.
With this function, the device faults almost have no influence on the whole network.
The device with the NSR function synchronizes the information in real time between the
processing units of the active/standby control planes, which ensures that the statuses
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and processing logics of the processing units of the active/standby control planes are the
same. When the processing unit of the active control plane is faulty, the active/standby
switchover happens. The processing unit of the standby control plane immediately
becomes active. In this case, the services of both the forwarding plane and the control
plane are not interrupted, and extra protocol recovery procedures with its neighbors are
not required.
NSR supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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OSPF NSR
ISIS NSR
BGP NSR
LDP NSR
RSVP NSR
BFD NSR
PIM NSR

3.6.3 VRRP
VRRP protocol implements gateway backup function in the multiple-access LAN (such
as Ethernet) by providing a set of checking and election mechanism. VRRP maintains
uninterruptible service of network system for accessed host equipment by backup of
gateway equipment in LAN. That is to say, VRRP backups route next-hop equipment of
accessed host equipment.
VRRP supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting VRRP and BFD check and binding


Supporting VRRP and PING check and binding
Supporting VRRP checking designated port status
Supporting VRRP checking key routing information
Supporting VRRP heartbeat implementing protocol packets forwarded by designated
L3 interface
Supporting VRRP group management implementing integrated receiving and sending
protocol packets of multiple VRRP groups

3.6.4 FRR
FRR make secondary path before break. So device who detects link or node fault can
switch traffic to backup path immediately.
FRR supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting

IP FRR
LDP FRR
TE FRR detour mode and bypass mode
TE hot-standby
1+1 and 1:1 static TE tunnel group
1+1 and 1:1 PW APS
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Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting

L3VPN FRR
L2VPN FRR
Multicast-only FRR
nested FRR
DNI-PW

3.6.5 BFD
One important performance of network equipment is to quickly detect the fault between
adjacent systems, and to create other path as soon as possible. BFD (Bidirectional
Forwarding Detection) just perfectly fulfill this aim. The main function of BFD is to
provide a light-loaded fast failure detection mechanism for neighboring forwarding engine.
Millisecond-level link detection and route switching function can be realized by combining
BFD and FRR.
BFD supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting

version 0, version 1 BFD detection function


BFD for BGP detection
BFD for OSPF detection
BFD for ISIS detection
BFD for LSP detection
BFD for TE tunnel detection
BFD for static routing detection
BFD for VRRP detection
BFD for PIM detection
BFD for IPv6 detection

3.6.6 MPLS OAM


MPLS Operation, Administration and Maintenance (OAM) technology provides a set of
mechanisms for failure detection on MPLS network.
MPLS OAM supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting VCCV
Supporting LSP PING and LSP TRACE

3.6.7 Ethernet OAM


Ethernet OAM helps to monitor and troubleshoot Ethernet network.
Ethernet OAM supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting 802.3ah EFM


Supporting 802.1ag CFM fault management and performance management
Supporting Y.1731 fault management and performance management

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3.6.8 OAM Mapping and Interworking


OAM mapping and interworking is an interactive process between various OAM
mechanisms or OAM entities.
OAM mapping and interworking supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting

OAM mapping between AC and PW


OAM mapping between segments of MS-PW
OAM mapping between TE tunnel and PW
OAM mapping between LSP tunnel and PW

3.7 Security Features


3.7.1 Control Plane Security
Control plane security ensures that CPU is in normal operation while high-priority packet is
processed in priority. When CPU needs to process so many packets that normal operation
of the equipment is affected, some security measures should be taken to limit the traffic
sent to CPU and process a high-priority packet in priority. In addition, control plane security
also includes the security in route information protection and route notification control.
Control plane security supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting control plane packet identification and classification


Supporting multi-level scheduling
Supporting policy profile and on-line modification
Supporting traffic suppression and attack source trace
Supporting Generalized TTL Security Mechanism (GTSM)

3.7.2 Authentication and Authorization


ZXR10 M6000-S implements complete security functions for administrator authentication
policy. Administrator can configure different access authentication policy based on
different access authentication needs to selectively implement different authentication
and authorization.
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Local authentication
RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service)
TACACS+ (Terminal Access Controller Access Control System)

ZXR10 M6000-S implements complete protocol security authentication for protocols such
as SSH, PPP, routing protocols and SNMP based on different requirements of protocol
security authentication.
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SSH protocol security authentication:

Support MD5-based cipher text authentication

Support SHA1-based cipher text authentication


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PPP access security authentication:

Support PAP-based authentication

Support CHAP-based authentication

Routing protocol security authentication:

RIP v2, OSPF, and IS-IS support plaintext packet authentication

RIP v2, OSPF, IS-IS, and BGP support MD5-based cipher text authentication

RIPng, OSPFv3, and BGP-4 support MD5-based cipher text IPSec AH


authentication

RIPng, OSPFv3, and BGP-4 support SHA1-based cipher text IPSec AH


authentication

SNMPv3 encryption and authentication

3.7.3 Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding


ZXR10 M6000-S supports URPF (Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding), preventing network
attacks based on source address spoofing. Among common DoS attacks there is a kind of
source address spoofing with which the attacker spoofs a source address (usually a legal
network address) to access to the attacked equipment so as to prevent it from providing
normal services. URPF can effectively defend against this attack.
URPF supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Strict RPF checking


Loose RPF checking
Loose RPF checking ignoring default route
URPF with ACL checking
Support URPF for IPv4 and IPv6

3.7.4 Port Mirroring


With the port mirroring function, partial or all traffic of the source ports can be copied to a
specified mirroring port or a destination port. When the normal throughput of the source
ports is not affected seriously, the mirroring port is used to monitor the traffic of the network.
Port Mirroring supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting local mirroring and remote mirroring


Supporting port mirroring and flow mirroring
Supporting ingress, egress and bidirectional mirroring

3.7.5 Netflow
ZXR10 M6000-S supports netflow, which is a kind of technology based on sampling and
designed to monitor the network.
Netflow supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting Netflow v5, v8, v9 and IPFIX


Sampling rate up to 1:1
Supporting key-word based sampling
Supporting IPv4, IPv6 and MPLS
Supporting Top N statistics flow analysis

3.8 NAT and CGN


In accordance with the problems in IPv4 address exhaustion and compatibility of IPv4 and
IPv6, ZXR10 M6000-S can provide Carrier-Grade NAT (CGN) function:
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Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
Supporting

NAT44
NAT64
IVI and SMART6
NAT LOG
NAT ALG
VPN NAT
NAT multi-outgoing exports

3.9 Clock Synchronization


3.9.1 System Clock
Clock synchronization module serves to precisely transmit synchronization timing signals
from a reference clock to each clock node in a communication network. In this way,
clocks at various nodes are adjusted to maintain clock synchronization, so as to meet
the requirements on the performance of the communication network in transmitting or
exchanging communication service information.
System clock supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting
Supporting
Supporting
1588
Supporting
Supporting

manual mode and automatic mode


2Mbit and 2MHz
synchronization from BITS, POS, Ethernet, GPS, 1PPS+TOD and IEEE
SSM (Synchronization Status Message)
ACR and DCR clock recovery

3.9.2 NTP
Network Time Protocol (NTP ) is a time synchronization protocol applied to different
network members. The NTP devices synchronize their clock by exchanging NTP packets,
thus to keep their clocks consistent.
NTP supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting NTPv4 and NTPv6


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Supporting NTP server and client


Supporting NTP protocol authentication

3.9.3 Synchronous Ethernet


To generate high-precision system clock, Synchronous Ethernet adopts an external
high-precision clock (2MBits, 2MHz) for reference, and the generated system clock is
distributed to all line cards. Furthermore, GPS can be used for clock reference.

3.9.4 IEEE 1588v2


ZXR10 M6000-S supports IEEE 1588v2 protocol. 1588v2 protocol provides a set of
precise time synchronization program -PTP (Precision Time Protocol), which supports
time and frequency synchronization, providing sub-microsecond time synchronization
accuracy. In 1588v2 protocol, PTP packets can have a variety of packages, such as UDP
(IPv4, IPv6), Ethernet and so on. At the same time, PTP packets can be transmitted by
multicast mode or unicast mode.
To the communication, clock can be divided into the master clock and the slave clock. In
theory, any clock can serve as the master clock and slave clock, but a PTP communication
subnet can have only one master clock. Optimal clock throughout the system clock is
the GMC (Grandmaster Clock), which is the best stability, accuracy, reliability and so on.
According to the precision and level of the clock on each node, and traceability of UTC
(Universal Time Clock), the best master clock algorithm automatically selects the subnet
master clock; in only one subnet system, the master clock is the GMC. Each system has
only one GMC, and each subnet has only one master clock, slave clock should keep pace
with the master clock.
IEEE 1588v2 protocol supported by ZXR10 M6000-S has the following features:
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Supporting OC,BC,P2P TC,E2E TC,P2P TC/OC and E2E TC/OC


Supporting BMC
Supporting one-step and two-step clock mode
Supporting unicast and multicast transport
Supporting Ethernet, IPv4 and IPv6 encapsulation
Supporting Delay and Peer Delay request interval setting
Supporting Slave-only mode
Supporting PTP packet filtering
Supporting packet priority setting
Supporting Synchronization Ethernet and PTP interworking
Supporting delay compensation
Supporting UTC Auto Trace

3.10 Maintenance and Management


The user operation and maintenance windows on the ZXR10 M6000-S are simple
and clear. Users can operate easily. Users have different management permissions,
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which ensures the device maintenance security. The ZXR10 M6000-S provides multiple
maintenance functions, including online software version upgrade, online BOOTROM
upgrade, out-of-band network management, self diagnosis and test, and abnormality file
records.
The ZXR10 M6000-S supports the SNMP protocols (V1, V2, and V3) and can interface
with most general back-end NMSs. Besides, ZTE provides the ZXR10 M6000-S with
a specialized NetNumen, which has a graphic interface system for easy back-end
configuration and monitoring.
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Various configuration methods


The ZXR10 M6000-S provides various login and management configuration methods.
Users can select a proper connection configuration as needed for easy maintenance.
The configuration and management methods include the following:

Serial port connection configuration: A VT100 terminal is used to provide the


serial port connection. Users can use the "Hyper Terminal" tool in the Windows
operating system to perform the configuration.
When a device is started the first time or if the device is neither configured nor
connected, users must select this connection configuration method.

Telnet connection configuration:


Out-of-band management:
Telnet the management Ethernet
(10/100Base-TX) IP address of the MPU to manage the device.

port

In-band management: Telnet the interface IP address or management IP address


of a device to manage the device.

SSH connection configuration: Enable the SSH server function on the ZXR10
M6000-S, and connect the device to the SSH client through the SSH client
software. Both in-band and out-of-band connection methods are available.
If security is required for remote login, users can select this connection
configuration method.

SNMP connection configuration: Configure the NMS server as the SNMP server,
the ZXR10 M6000-S as the SNMP client. Configure the server and the ZXR10
M6000-S to share the same MIB management database, manage and configure
the ZXR10 M6000-S through the NMS software.
If users need to use the NMS software to manage this device configuration, select
this connection configuration method.

FTP/TFTP/SFTP connection configuration: Upgrade device configurations by


downloading and uploading configuration files through FTP/TFTP/SFTP.

Device management based on Netconf.

DCN plug and play: The DCN network can be established automatically when
the devices are correctly connected and powered on. Network communication
channels based on TCP then are provided for the network management system.
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Monitoring and maintenance


The ZXR10 M6000-S supports monitoring, management, and maintenance in multiple
methods. Thus various abnormalities can be handled promptly and operating status
parameters can also be provided.
Device monitoring:

Indicator lights are provided on the power module, fan modules, MPUs, and
interface boards to indicate operating statuses.

Fan monitoring is performed by the fan module, which detects whether the fans
are in position, detects the fan status, and intelligently regulates the fan speed.

Power monitoring provides information about whether the power supply is in


position and about the power status, power consumption, current, voltage, and
type (AC or DC).

If the fans, power supply, and temperature are abnormal, audible alarms and
software alarms are provided.

Supports temperature collection and monitoring on each board.

Supports recording hotswap and switchover events on the MPUs for users to use
in future.

Checks whether the version is matching during system operation.

Monitors the software operation status. If any error affects proper operation of
the devices, resets the corresponding board or performs switchover between the
active/standby MPUs.

Device management and maintenance:

MML commands provide flexible online help.

Supports multi-user operation and defines whether other users are allowed to
perform operations at the same time by using commands.

Provides multi-level user permissions and automatically records user operation


logs.

Supports the message center and provides unified management on logs, alarms,
and debugging messages.

Queries basic information about all MPUs, interface boards, and optical modules
by using CLI MML commands.

Supports configuring whether to use a user name and password upon login
through the Console port.

Queries information such as version, part status, environment temperature, CPU


and memory usages.

Supports displaying passwords of common users in clear text or cipher text.

Provides multi-level device alarm management, supports alarm classifications


and filtering, and outputs alarms to remote servers.
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Supports forced and graceful switchover between active and standby devices.

Supports online grade and hot patching.

Supports RMON.

Supports Syslog.

Supports LLDP.

Diagnosis and debugging


The ZXR10 M6000-S provides various diagnosis and debugging methods so that
users can use these methods in device debugging and obtain more debugging
information, support special diagnosis and test commands, support device test at
any time, and can find fault causes remotely if any fault occurs.

Checking the device operation status


Provides CPU usages, the maximum CPU and memory usages on all boards.
Provides traffic rates and maximum traffics of all interfaces.
Supports measuring the numbers of packets received and sent by internal
processors of boards and over the switching network.

Checking whether any fault exists on the device


Supports displaying the statuses and addresses of internal memories on each
board.
Supports displaying information of each service table in the memory.
Supports running internal functions remotely and externally.
Supports displaying the internal communication status of each board.

The Ping and TraceRoute commands can be used to check whether a network
is reachable and record packet transmission paths on line. These records can
be used in locating faults.

A debug command is provided for each software feature. Each debug


command supports multiple debugging parameters for flexible control. During
the operation of a feature, running the debug command outputs the details of
process, message receiving and sending, and error check.

Mirroring: An interface-based mirroring function is available. With this function,


messages input or output on mirrored interfaces are mirrored to destination
interfaces without any modification.

Software upgrade
The ZXR10 M6000-S provides different software upgrade methods in proper and
improper conditions.

In improper conditions (the device starts improperly): modify the Boot mode and
download a new version from the management Ethernet port to upgrade the
system.
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In proper conditions:
FTP/TFTP/SFTP).

upgrade the system locally or remotely (through

3.11 NetNumen U31 R22 Unified Network Management


System
The IP-based network will carry more and more services. At the same time, the network
management is becoming more difficult with increasing workload, service deployment,
complicated configurations, and user demands. Manual management and passive
maintenance cannot meet the requirements of the entire system for reliable operation any
longer.
How to rapidly deploy services in the network, ensure reliable network operation, foresee
the network operation quality, and find a fault in the shortest period when the network is
improper. All these questions require active network monitoring so that network faults can
be automatically detected and resolved, the network can operate properly, and the network
value can be maximized.
ZTE develops the unified NetNumen Network System to meet these requirements.
NetNumen is integrated with NE management, network management, and service
network management, supports various databases, and has easy-to-use GUI in multiple
languages. Further, NetNumen provides flexible northbound interfaces and strong
interconnection and integration capabilities.
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Network Architecture
NetNumen is a network management system based on the data communication
network. It can maintain and manage various network devices in a large and
complicated application environment. Both in-band and out-of-band management
can be used between the NetNumen and ZXR10 M6000-S.

In-band management
In this mode, network management information and service data are transferred
in the same channel, and no extra DCN network is needed. NetNumen can be
connected to only the nearest network device and can perform management after
SNMP parameters are configured.
In-band management features an flexible network architecture, without, extra
investment. However, network management information occupies a band width
so that service quality may be affected.

Out-of-band management
In this mode, network management information is transferred in the NMS network
independent of service data, requiring extra DCN network resources. NetNumen
is connected to the out-of-band management ports of the ZXR10 M6000-S so
that network management information and service information can be transferred
independent of each other.

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In out-of-band management, service channel interruption does not affect the


NMS management on devices and the network management information is more
reliable. However, the individually structured network is restricted by areas and
requires extra investment.
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NetNumen NMS
The NetNumen NMS is a system developed by ZTE to manage ZTE devices in a
centralized mode, including NE management, network management, and service
management.
The NMS provides the following functions:

Fault management, which ensures stable network operation.


In network management maintenance, maintenance personnel need to know the
network operation status. The fault management function of NetNumen receives
various device alarms and network event reports from all NEs. These alarms and
reports can be presented to maintenance personnel in visible and audible forms.
Maintenance personnel confirm and handle the faults and save the collected
alarms or reports in the database so that users can collect and query various
alarms.
The fault management function is the most important management method
frequently used in network operation maintenance. With this function, users can
query the operation status of the, monitor faults in real time, and filter, locate,
confirm, clear, and analyze faults.
NetNumen further provides voice prompt messages and presents graphical
alarms. It can also access the alarm box system, E-mail system, and SMS
system to inform alarms to users in voice, light, E-mail, and short messages.
Users can know the network status in multiple ways and perform daily
maintenance.

Performance management enables users to know the network service status.


Network traffic, network flow, and network load are most concerned problems in
network management. The performance management module of the NetNumen
monitors and analyzes the data network and device performance. Performance
data is collected from NEs and processed to generate performance reports, which
provide information for maintenance and management personnel, guide network
programs and planning, regulate the network, and improve the network operation
quality.
With performance management, users can collect statistics about the device load,
traffic flow, and interface load, know the network service quality, evaluate and
regulate network resources configuration.

Resources management enables reasonable use of network resources.


The resources management system manages physical resources and logical
resources. It is the basic system in operators' service flow and decides the
automation of service flows such as service provisioning and service insurance.
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With resources management, users can know the management statuses of


devices, boards, interfaces, and links, and know the usages of logical resources
such as VLAN resources, L2/L3 VPN resources, and MAC addresses.

View management enables users to be clear about the network operation status
at a glance.
View management provides a unified
management so that users can observe
network and network device operation
view management provides an entry for
maintenance.

network topology and multi-view


the network topology of the entire
status from the views.
Further,
network and device operation and

With view management, users can know the network device operation status and
alarms, and can be navigated to other management systems rapidly.

Configuration management enables users to deploy services rapidly.


Configuration management configures including device management, interface
management, layer-2 feature management, MPLS management, routing
protocol management, software upgrade management, and configuration
file management.
NetNumen supports end-to-end configuration, batch
configuration, and wizard configuration, and provides default configuration
templates for corresponding management functions.

Security management ensures network security.


Security management is used to ensure that users use the system lawfully and
manages users, user groups, and roles.
By properly configuring the relationship between users, user groups, and roles,
security control is provided for operators' security management operations.
Avoids invalid users accessing the system through login authentication. Provides
security control for operators' operations through operation authentication.

Northbound interface enables integration.


With the development of telecommunication services, a network operator
manages different NE-level NMSs or professional network-level NMSs.
Professional NMSs cannot exchange information with each other, and various
management contents and operation windows obviously limit the development of
the network management. To improve global management of telecommunication
enterprises, an NMS workstation is used to perform unified management and
control on different interconnected networks to implement global comprehensive
management.
The comprehensive NMS and professional NMS are connected through
interfaces. The professional NMS needs to provide a standard open northbound
interface for the comprehensive NMS so that the two NMSs can be integrated
easily.
The NetNumen supports various northbound interfaces, such as CORBA, SNMP,
TL1, XML and FTP.
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Chapter 4

Typical Applications
Table of Contents
IP/MPLS Backbone Network ......................................................................................4-1
Metro Network............................................................................................................4-1
Carrier-Grade NAT .....................................................................................................4-2
Internet Data Center...................................................................................................4-3

4.1 IP/MPLS Backbone Network


In IP/MPLS backbone network, ZXR10 M6000-S provides various high speed physical
interfaces and PFU line cards, supports high availability and fast recovery mechanisms.
ZXR10 M6000-S based backbone solution satisfies the requirements of higher speed
Internet, cloud computing and mobile broadband access.
For an example of the IP/MPLS backbone network, see Figure 4-1.
Figure 4-1 IP/MPLS Backbone Network

4.2 Metro Network


In the metro network, ZXR10 M6000-S provides the functions of service router, can be
deployed as enterprise gateway, residential service gateway, NAT gateway, VPN gateway
and IP RAN, to help the operator to construct full-service metro network, and focus on
network construction with low costs and high quality.
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For an example of the metro network, see Figure 4-2.


Figure 4-2 Metro Network

4.3 Carrier-Grade NAT


In accordance with the problems in IPv4 address exhaustion and compatibility of IPv4
and IPv6, ZXR10 M6000-S can provide NAT44, NAT64, 6RD, IVI, NAT LOG and NAT
ALG, which can be deployed as Carrier-Grade NAT (CGN) device to meet the growing
requirements of network.
For an example of the Carrier-Grade NAT, see Figure 4-3.
Figure 4-3 CGN

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Chapter 4 Typical Applications

4.4 Internet Data Center


As the physical entity storing digital information, the data center becomes more and more
important in IT and IC. At Internet data center egress, the equipment should provide
efficient routing processing capability, flexible bandwidth scalability, as well as stable and
reliable operation guarantee. Multiple models of ZXR10 M6000-S provide a variety of
options for construction of data centers of various scales.
For an example of the Internet data center, see Figure 4-4.
Figure 4-4 Internet Data Center

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Chapter 5

Interfaces
Table of Contents
Maintenance Interfaces ..............................................................................................5-1
Service Interfaces ......................................................................................................5-2

5.1 Maintenance Interfaces


For a description of the maintenance interfaces provided by the ZXR10 M6000-S, refer
toTable 5-1.
Table 5-1 Maintenance Interfaces
Interface

Specificatio

Functions

Console

RJ45 interface

This interface is used to connect to the back-end


management terminal.
On the back-end management terminal, you can
use tools like HyperTerminal to maintain and
operate devices.

MGMT

RJ45 interface

This interface is used to download software and


monitor network interfaces.

AUX

RJ45 interface

This interface is used to connect to the modem for


remote management.

CLK IN/CLK OUT/CLK

SMB

This interface is used to connect to a 2.048MHz or


2.048Mbit/s clock source or output the 2.048MHz or
2.048Mbit/s clock information to downlink devices.

GPS IN/GPS OUT

RJ45 interface

This interface is used to connect to a GPS clock


input or output interface.

ALM IN/ALM OUT

RJ45 interface

Alarm input or output interface.

LAMP

RJ45 interface

Lamp interface.

USB

USB interface

This interface is used to connect to a Universal


Serial Bus (USB) device.

Different ZXR10 M6000-S devices have different maintenance interfaces. For details, refer
to "ZXR10 M6000-S (V3.00.10) Carrier-Class Router Hardware Description".

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5.2 Service Interfaces


As an external interface of a device, a Physical Line Interface Unit (PIU) accesses
services of different types and rates to different interfaces. A PIU provides one or multiple
high-speed network interfaces.
The ZXR10 M6000-S provides the following service interfaces:
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Ethernet interface
POS interface
CPOS interface

The ZXR10 M6000-S provides multiple types of PIUs. For details, refer to "ZXR10
M6000-S (V3.00.10) Carrier-Class Router Hardware Description".

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Chapter 6

Technical Specification
Table of Contents
Physical Specification.................................................................................................6-1
Performance Specification..........................................................................................6-2
Power Consumption Specification ..............................................................................6-2
Reliability Specification...............................................................................................6-3

6.1 Physical Specification


For the physical specifications of the ZXR10 M6000-S, refer to Table 6-1.
Table 6-1 Physical Specification
Specification

M6000-18S

M6000-8S

M6000-5S
308.3 mm

Dimensions

DC

442 mm

M6000-3S
175 mm 442
mm 738 mm

(height

1819.6 mm 442 mm

619.5 mm 442

740 mm

width

634 mm

mm 749.4 mm

352.8 mm

219.4 mm

442 mm

442 mm 738

740 mm

mm

Chassis

Chassis

Chassis

with SRU

with SRU

with MPU

boards, SFU

boards, fan

boards, fan

boards, fan

modules, and

modules, and

modules, and

power supply

power supply

power supply

modules: 32

modules: 22

modules: 60 kg

kg

kg

Chassis

Chassis

with full

with full

configuration:

configuration:

75 kg

47 kg

Chassis

Chassis

with SRU

with MPU

boards, fan

boards, fan

modules, and

modules, and

power supply

power supply

modules: 39

modules: 28

kg

kg

depth)

AC

Chassis with MPU


boards, SFU boards,
fan modules, and power
supply modules: 195 kg
DC

Weight

Chassis with full

Chassis with full

configuration: 348

configuration:

kg

127 kg

Chassis with MPU


AC

boards, SFU boards,


fan modules, and power
supply modules: 205 kg

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Specification

M6000-18S

M6000-8S

Chassis with full


configuration: 357
kg

M6000-5S

M6000-3S

Chassis

Chassis

with full

with full

configuration:

configuration:

81 kg

53 kg

Number of

Total slots

28

12

slots

Service slots

18

12

34

10

1+1

1+1

1+1

1+1

Linear

Linear

Linear

adjustment

adjustment

adjustment

10394

6124

16692

BTU/Hour

BTU/Hour

BTU/Hour

9072

6655

BTU/Hour

BTU/Hour

Number of fan
modules
Total number of fans
in fan modules
Redundancy mode
Heat
Speed-change

dissipation

Linear adjustment

mode
DC

Thermal
load in full

56785 BTU/Hour

configuration

AC

6.2 Performance Specification


For the basic performance specifications of the ZXR10 M6000-S, refer to Table 6-2.
Table 6-2 Performance Specification
Specification

M6000-18S

M6000-8S

M6000-5S

M6000-3S

Switching capacities

28 Tbps

12.4 Tbps

7.76 Tbps

2.32 Tbps

28.8 Tbps

12.8 Tbps

8 Tbps

2.4 Tbps

(bidirectional)
Backplane bandwidth
(bidirectional)

6.3 Power Consumption Specification


For the power consumption specifications of the ZXR10 M6000-S, refer to Table 6-3.

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Table 6-3 Power Consumption Specification


Specification
Rated voltage

DC power

Rated current

supply

M6000-18S

M6000-8S

M6000-5S

M6000-3S

-48 V DC / -60 V

-48 V DC / -60 V

-48 V DC / -60 V

-48 V DC / -60 V

DC

DC

DC

DC

57 A / 46 A max

53 A / 43 A max

per input 8, 365

per input 2, 106

67 A / 53 A

39 A / 32 A

A / 292 A total

A / 86 A total

17526 W

5152 W

3208 W

1890 W

200 V AC to 240 V

200 V AC to 240

200 V AC to 240 V

AC

V AC

AC

60 Hz / 50 Hz

60 Hz / 50 Hz

60 Hz / 50 Hz

14 A - 11.7 A

10.3 A - 8.6 A

2800 W

2054 W

Maximum
power
requirement
Rated voltage
Rated
frequency
AC power

14 A max per input

supply

Rated current

7, 87.6 A / 73 A
total

Maximum
power

17526 W

requirement

6.4 Reliability Specification


For the reliability specifications of theZXR10 M6000-S, refer to Table 6-4.
Table 6-4 Reliability Specification
Item

M6000-18S

MTBF

>400000 hours

MTTR

<30 minutes

Reliability

> 99.999%

Hot swapping
MPU/SRU
redundancy
Switch redundancy

M6000-8S

M6000-5S

M6000-3S

MPU boards, SFU boards, SRU boards, line cards, interface cards, multi-service cards,
power supply modules, and fan modules support hot-swapping.
1:1
6+2

3+1

1+1

FULLMESH

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ZXR10 M6000-S Product Description

Item

M6000-18S

M6000-8S

M6000-5S

M6000-3S

1+1

1+1

1+1

1+1

11+1 (9+1 if the


power to the chassis
Power

DC

supply

is provided by a
power distribution

redundancy

1+1 redundancy in
each area

cabinet) | 8+8
AC

8+8

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Chapter 7

Environmental Requirements
Table of Contents
Power Supply .............................................................................................................7-1
Operating Conditions..................................................................................................7-2
Transportation Conditions...........................................................................................7-4
Storage Conditions.....................................................................................................7-5

7.1 Power Supply


DC Power Supply
When you power on the ZXR10 M6000-S using a DC power, note that:
l

l
l

The DC power supply can power on the ZXR10 M6000-S stably and reliably and it
is better to install the power supply device close to the communication devices. The
shorter the lines between the power supply device and the communication devices,
the less energy wasted during transmission and the less the installation costs.
The output voltage of the power supply device is within the normal operating voltage
range of each communication device. Storage battery groups provide at least one
hour of power supply.
If the equipment room or multiple systems need to be powered on, multiple
independent power supply devices are required. If multiple communication devices
share one power supply device, multi-level and multi-line control is required in case
that the entire power supply is interrupted if a fault occurs to one device. The power
supply device must meet the full-load power requirement when all systems operate
together.
Communication devices operate in 1+1 redundancy mode. The independent power
supply for the redundant device is required.
In a large communication junction that includes multiple storeys, a power supply
system is installed on each storey.

For the range of the DC voltage, refer to Table 7-1.


Table 7-1 DC Voltage Range
Item

Range

48V input end voltage range

72 V to 38 V

Impact current

At least 150% of the rated current

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ZXR10 M6000-S Product Description

Item

Range

Regulated voltage precision

When the DC input voltage is 85% to 110% of the rated voltage


and the loaded current is 5% to 100% of the rated current, the
output voltage of the rectifier is any set value between 56.4V and
46.0V, and the regulated voltage precision is equal to or less
than 1% of the rated voltage.

Overshoot at turn-on/turn-off

Not greater than 5% of the set value for DC output voltage.

Peak-to-peak noise voltage

200 mV

Dynamic response

Recovery time is smaller than 200ms. Overshoot is not greater


than 5% of the set value for DC output voltage.

AC Power Supply
When you power on the ZXR10 M6000-S using an AC power, note that:
l

l
l
l

The AC power supply can power on the ZXR10 M6000-S stably and reliably, and each
line of the power supply output to the device must be enough for the device to operate
with full configuration.
For an environment that has multiple systems, distributed power supply mode is used.
A TN-S power distribution system is used.
It is recommend that the power supply device is connected to each device through
two lines. Thus, 1+1 redundancy power supply can be implemented.

For the range of the AC voltage, refer to Table 7-2.


Table 7-2 AC Voltage Range
Item

Range

Power supply for a device

-10% to 5% of the rated voltage

Power supply for a power

-15% to 10% of the rated voltage

module or building
Frequency

-4% to 4% of the rated voltage

Sine wave distortion rate

Up to 5% of the rated voltage

7.2 Operating Conditions


Weather Requirements
For the weather requirements of the ZXR10 M6000-S during operation, refer to Table 7-3
Table 7-3 Weather Requirements of the ZXR10 M6000-S
Item

Value

Temperature

-5 C 45 C
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Chapter 7 Environmental Requirements

Item

Value

Humidity

5% to 90% (noncondensing)

Altitude

5000 m

Noise

<70 dB

Atmospheric pressure

70k Pa to 106k Pa

Temperature change rate

5 C/h

Solar radiation

700 W/s2

Thermal radiation

600 W/s2

Wind speed

1 m/s

Ingress protection (IP) code

IP50

Air Cleanness Requirements


For the air cleanness requirements of the ZXR10 M6000-S during operation, refer to Table
7-4.
Table 7-4 Air Cleanness Requirements of the ZXR10 M6000-S
Item

Unit

Value

Suspended dust

mg/m3

0.2

Deposited dust

mg/(m2h)

1.5

Sand

mg/m3

30

SO2

mg/m3

Average: 0.3
Maximum: 1.0

H2S

mg/m3

Average: 0.1
Maximum: 0.5

NH3

mg/m3

Average: 1.0
Maximum: 3.0

Cl2

mg/m3

Average: 0.1
Maximum: 0.3

HCl

mg/m3

Average: 0.1
Maximum: 0.5

HF

mg/m3

Average: 0.01
Maximum: 0.03

O3

mg/m3

Average: 0.05
Maximum: 0.1

NOx

mg/m3

Average: 0.5
Maximum: 1.0

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ZXR10 M6000-S Product Description

Others
When the operates, note that:
l
l
l
l

The environment in which the ZXR10 M6000-S operates is free from rodents.
The ZXR10 M6000-S are grounded reliably. The grounding resistance value in joint
grounding is less than 5.
The displacement is less than 5 mm.
Quakeproof requirements and fire protection requirements comply with local laws.

7.3 Transportation Conditions


Weather Requirements
For the weather requirements of the ZXR10 M6000-S during transportation, refer to Table
7-5.
Table 7-5 Weather Requirements of the ZXR10 M6000-S
Item

Value

Temperature

-40 C 70 C

Humidity

0 to 95% (noncondensing)

Altitude

5000 m

Atmospheric pressure

70k Pa to 106k Pa

Temperature change rate

3 C/min

Solar radiation

1120 W/s2

Thermal radiation

600 W/s2

Wind speed

30 m/s

Air Cleanness Requirements


For the air cleanness requirements of the ZXR10 M6000-S during transportation, refer to
Table 7-6.
Table 7-6 Air Cleanness Requirements of the ZXR10 M6000-S
Item

Unit

Value

Suspended dust

mg/m3

Not required

Deposited dust

mg/(m2h)

3.0

Sand

mg/m3

100

SO2

mg/m3

Average: 0.3
Maximum: 1.0

H2S

mg/m3

Average: 0.1
Maximum: 0.5
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Chapter 7 Environmental Requirements

Item

Unit

Value

NH3

mg/m3

Average: 1.0
Maximum: 3.0

mg/m3

Cl2

Average: 0.1
Maximum: 0.3

mg/m3

HCl

Average: 0.1
Maximum: 0.5

mg/m3

HF

Average: 0.01
Maximum: 0.03

mg/m3

O3

Average: 0.05
Maximum: 0.1

NOx

mg/m3

Average: 0.5
Maximum: 1.0

Others
When the ZXR10 M6000-S is being transported, note that:
l
l
l
l
l

The acceleration is less than 40.0m/s2.


Packing boxes are intact.
Ensure that there is no moisture in the ZXR10 M6000-S. Packing boxes must be
waterproof.
Packing boxes are not opened during transportation.
Move the ZXR10 M6000-S carefully.

7.4 Storage Conditions


Weather Requirements
For the weather requirements of the ZXR10 M6000-S in storage, refer to Table 7-7.
Table 7-7 Weather Requirements of the ZXR10 M6000-S
Item

Value

Temperature

-40 C 70 C

Humidity

0 to 95% (noncondensing)

Altitude

5000 m

Atmospheric pressure

70k Pa to 106k Pa

Temperature change rate

1 C/min

Solar radiation

1120 W/s2

Thermal radiation

600 W/s2

Wind speed

30 m/s
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ZXR10 M6000-S Product Description

Air Cleanness Requirements


For the air cleanness requirements of the ZXR10 M6000-S in storage, refer to Table 7-8.
Table 7-8 Air Cleanness Requirements of the ZXR10 M6000-S in Storage
Item

Unit

Value

Suspended dust

mg/m3

0.2

Deposited dust

mg/(m2h)

1.5

Sand

mg/m3

30

SO2

mg/m3

Average: 0.3
Maximum: 1.0

mg/m3

H2S

Average: 0.1
Maximum: 0.5

NH3

mg/m3

Average: 1.0
Maximum: 3.0

mg/m3

Cl2

Average: 0.1
Maximum: 0.3

mg/m3

HCl

Average: 0.1
Maximum: 0.5

mg/m3

HF

Average: 0.01
Maximum: 0.03

mg/m3

O3

Average: 0.05
Maximum: 0.1

NOx

mg/m3

Average: 0.5
Maximum: 1.0

Others
When the ZXR10 M6000-S is stored, note that:
l
l
l
l

The environment in which the ZXR10 M6000-S operates is free from rodents.
The floor is dry. There is no water on the surface of packing boxes.
Packing boxes are not exposed to direct sunlight for a long time.
Quakeproof requirements and fire protection requirements comply with local laws.

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Chapter 8

Protocols and Standards


Table of Contents
Security Standards .....................................................................................................8-1
Environmental Standards ...........................................................................................8-1
EMC Standards..........................................................................................................8-2

8.1 Security Standards


For the security standards that the ZXR10 M6000-S complies with, refer to Table 8-1.
Table 8-1 Security Standards
Standard

Description

GB 4943

Safety of information technology equipment

IEC 60950

Safety of information technology equipment

IEC 60825

Safety of Laser Products

UL 60950

Safety of information technology equipment

EN 60950

Safety of information technology equipment

8.2 Environmental Standards


For the environmental standards that the ZXR10 M6000-S complies with, refer to Table
8-2.
Table 8-2 Environmental Standards
Standard

Description

GB/T 2421-1999

Environmental testing for electric and electronic products Part 1: General


and guidance

GB2423

Environmental testing for electric and electronic products

IEC60749-4-2002

Semiconductor Devices - Mechanical and Climatic Test Methods - Part 4:


Damp Heat, Steady State, Highly Accelerated Stress Test (HAST) Dispositifs

IEC62429

Reliability growth Stress testing for early failures in unique complex systems

ETSI 300 019

Environmental Engineering (EE); Environmental Conditions and


Environmental Tests for Telecommunications Equipment

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ZXR10 M6000-S Product Description

8.3 EMC Standards


Electro-Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) means the compatibility that a device or a system
can operate properly in an environment with electro-magnetic interference and does not
make electro-magnetic interference that other devices in the environment cannot bear.
For the EMC standards that the ZXR10 M6000-S complies with, refer to Table 8-3.
Table 8-3 EMC Standards
Standard

Description

GB 9254

Information technology equipment - Radio disturbance characteristics - Limits


and methods of measurement

GB/T 17618

Information technology equipment--Immunity characteristics--Limits and


methods of measurement

GB 17625.3

Electromagnetic compatibility--Limits--Limitation of voltage fluctuations and


flicker in low-voltage power supply systems for equipment with rated current
greater than 16 A

GB 17625.6

Electromagnetic compatibility - Limits - Limitation of emission of harmonic


currents in low-voltage power supply systems for equipment with rated current
greater than 16A

GB/T 17626.2

Electromagnetic compatibility-Testing and measurement techniquesElectrostatic discharge immunity test

GB/T 17626.3

Electromagnetic compatibility-Testing and measurement techniques-Radiated,


radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test

GB/T 17626.4

Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement techniques Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test

GB/T 17626.5

Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement techniques - Surge


immunity test

GB/T 17626.6

Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement techniques Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by radio-frequency fields

GB/T 17626.11

Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement techniques - Voltage


dips, short interruptions and voltage variations immunity tests

GB/T 19286

Electromagnetic Compatibility Requirement and measurement methods for


Telecommunication Network Equipment

YD/T 950

Technical Specification and Testing Methods for Resistibility of


Telecommunication Equipment Installed in a Communications Centre to
Overvoltages and Overcurrents

ITU-T K.44

Resistibility tests for telecommunication equipment exposed to overvoltages


and overcurrents - Basic Recommendation

ITU-T K.43

Immunity requirements for telecommunication equipment

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Chapter 8 Protocols and Standards

Standard

Description

ITU_T K.20

Resistibility of telecommunication equipment installed in a telecommunications


centre to overvoltages and overcurrents

ITU_T K.21

Resistibility of telecommunication equipment installed in customer premises to


overvoltages and overcurrents

CISPR 22

Information technology equipment. Radio disturbance characteristics. Limits


and methods of measurement

CISPR 24

Information technology equipment - Immunity characteristics - Limits and


methods of measurement

IEC61000-3-4

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) - Part 3-4: Limits - Limitation of Emission


of Harmonic Currents in Low-Voltage Power Supply Systems for Equipment
with Rated Current Greater Than 16 A Compatibilite Electromagnetique
(CEM) - Partie 3-4: Limites - Limita

IEC61000-3-5

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) - Part 3: Limits - Section 5: Limitation of


Voltage Fluctuations and Flicker in Low-Voltage Power Supply Systems for
Equipment with Rated Current Greater Than 16 A

IEC61000-4-2

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-2: Testing and measurement


techniques - Electrostatic discharge immunity test

IEC61000-4-3

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-3 : Testing and measurement


techniques - Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test

IEC61000-4-4

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)-Part 4:Testing and measurement


techniques-Section 4:Electrical transient/burst immunity test Basic EMC
publication

IEC61000-4-5

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-5: Testing and measurement


techniques - Surge immunity test

IEC61000-4-6

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-6: Testing and measurement


techniques; Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by radio-frequency
field

IEC61000-4-11

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4: Testing and measuring


techniques - Section 11: Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage
variations immunity tests

EN 300 386

Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM);


Telecommunication network equipment; ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
requirements

EN55022

Information technology equipment. Radio disturbance characteristics. Limits


and methods of measurement

EN55024

Information technology equipment - Immunity characteristics - Limits and


methods of measurement

FCC Part 15

Radio frequency devices

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Figures
Figure 2-1 ZXR10 M6000-S Hardware Architecture .................................................. 2-1
Figure 2-2 Front View of the ZXR10 M6000-18S Chassis ......................................... 2-3
Figure 2-3 Rear View of the ZXR10 M6000-18S Chassis .......................................... 2-4
Figure 2-4 ZXR10 M6000-18S Slot Layout................................................................ 2-5
Figure 2-5 Front View of the ZXR10 M6000-8S Chassis ........................................... 2-6
Figure 2-6 Rear View of the ZXR10 M6000-8S Chassis............................................ 2-7
Figure 2-7 ZXR10 M6000-8S Slot Layout.................................................................. 2-7
Figure 2-8 Front View of the ZXR10 M6000-5S Chassis (AC) .................................. 2-8
Figure 2-9 Rear View of the ZXR10 M6000-5S Chassis (AC).................................... 2-9
Figure 2-10 Front View of the ZXR10 M6000-5S Chassis (DC) ................................. 2-9
Figure 2-11 Rear View of the ZXR10 M6000-5S Chassis (DC)................................ 2-10
Figure 2-12 ZXR10 M6000-5S Chassis (AC) Slot Layout ........................................ 2-10
Figure 2-13 ZXR10 M6000-5S Chassis (DC) Slot Layout........................................ 2-11
Figure 2-14 Front View of the ZXR10 M6000-3S Chassis (AC) ............................... 2-11
Figure 2-15 Rear View of the ZXR10 M6000-3S Chassis (AC)................................ 2-12
Figure 2-16 Front View of the ZXR10 M6000-3S Chassis (DC) ............................... 2-12
Figure 2-17 Rear View of the ZXR10 M6000-3S Chassis (DC)................................ 2-13
Figure 2-18 ZXR10 M6000-3S Chassis (AC) Slot Layout ........................................ 2-13
Figure 2-19 ZXR10 M6000-3S Chassis (DC) Slot Layout........................................ 2-13
Figure 2-20 Software Architecture........................................................................... 2-16
Figure 4-1 IP/MPLS Backbone Network .................................................................... 4-1
Figure 4-2 Metro Network ......................................................................................... 4-2
Figure 4-3 CGN ........................................................................................................ 4-2
Figure 4-4 Internet Data Center ................................................................................ 4-3

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Tables
Table 5-1 Maintenance Interfaces ............................................................................. 5-1
Table 6-1 Physical Specification................................................................................ 6-1
Table 6-2

Performance Specification........................................................................ 6-2

Table 6-3 Power Consumption Specification ............................................................. 6-3


Table 6-4

Reliability Specification............................................................................. 6-3

Table 7-1 DC Voltage Range..................................................................................... 7-1


Table 7-2 AC Voltage Range..................................................................................... 7-2
Table 7-3 Weather Requirements of the ZXR10 M6000-S ......................................... 7-2
Table 7-4 Air Cleanness Requirements of the ZXR10 M6000-S ................................ 7-3
Table 7-5 Weather Requirements of the ZXR10 M6000-S ......................................... 7-4
Table 7-6 Air Cleanness Requirements of the ZXR10 M6000-S ................................ 7-4
Table 7-7 Weather Requirements of the ZXR10 M6000-S ......................................... 7-5
Table 7-8 Air Cleanness Requirements of the ZXR10 M6000-S in Storage ............... 7-6
Table 8-1 Security Standards .................................................................................... 8-1
Table 8-2 Environmental Standards .......................................................................... 8-1
Table 8-3 EMC Standards ......................................................................................... 8-2

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Tables

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Glossary
ACR
- Adaptive Clock Recovery
BCP
- Bridging Control Protocol
BFD
- Bidirectional Forwarding Detection
CBWFQ
- Class Based Weighted Fair Queuing
CLNS
- ConnectionLess Network Service
DCR
- Dynamic Channel Reservation
DSCP
- Differentiated Services Code Point
EMC
- Electromagnetic Compatibility
ETSI
- European Telecommunications Standards Institute
FIFO
- First In and First Out
GR
- Graceful Restart
GRE
- General Routing Encapsulation
IEC
- International Electrotechnical Commission
IETF
- Internet Engineering Task Force
ISO
- International Organization for Standardization
ISSU
- In-Service Software Upgrade
LDP
- Label Distribution Protocol
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ZXR10 M6000-S Product Description

MSDP
- Multicast Source Discovery Protocol
NSF
- Non-Stop Forwarding
NSR
- Non-Stop Routing
NTP
- Network Time Protocol
PIM-DM
- Protocol Independent Multicast - Dense Mode
PIM-SM
- Protocol Independent Multicast - Sparse Mode
POS
- Packet Over SONET/SDH
PQ
- Priority Queuing
PTP
- Precision Time Protocol
RADIUS
- Remote Authentication Dial In User Service
RED
- Random Early Detection
RP
- Rendezvous Point
RSVP
- Resource Reservation Protocol
SPT
- Shortest Path Tree
TACACS+
- Terminal Access Controller Access-Control System Plus
TE
- Traffic Engineering
VPN
- Virtual Private Network
VRRP
- Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol
WFQ
- Weighted Fair Queuing
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Glossary

WRED
- Weighted Random Early Detection

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