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PROJECT : PJE JOB NO : DESIGNED BY : hanz DATE : 10-Nov-16 STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF
PROJECT :
PJE
JOB NO
:
DESIGNED BY :
hanz
DATE
:
10-Nov-16
STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF BOX CULVERTS ( HB HIGHWAY LOAD )
CULVERT NO. :
INPUT DATA
DIMENSIONS OF R.C BOX
beban q
Internal width =
Internal height =
Wall thickness =
Slab thickness =
Effective width =
Effective height =
3600 mm
A
D
1800 mm
400 mm
1800
400 mm
4000 mm
2200 mm
B
C
3600
ASSUMPTIONS
Thickness of pavement =
110 mm
Unit weight of soil =
Unit weight of concrete =
Unit weight of pavement =
Soil cover =
20
kN/m
3
24
kN/m
3
24
kN/m
3
100 mm
LOADING
HB wheel load =
62.5
kN/wheel
NORMALLY USE 25 UNIT HB = 45*2.5=112.5KN/WHEEL
Max.coefficient of lateral
earth pressure =
Min.coefficient of lateral
earth pressure =
0.6
0.2
PARTIAL FACTOR OF SAFETY
(BASED ON BS5400:PART 2)
Dead load (concrete) =
Superimposed dead load =
HB Highway load =
Earth pressure =
ULS for concrete =
1.15
1.75
1.30
1.50
1.10
MATERIAL PROPERTIES
fcu =
20
N/mm
2
fy =
320
N/mm
2

BOX CULVERT ANALYSIS

UNFACTORED LOAD

Self weight of top slab =

 
77.49
77.49
  • 9.60 kN/m

2

Weight of walls =

  • 7.85 kN/m

2

Weight of pavement =

  • 2.64 kN/m

2

Weight of soil cover =

  • 2.00 kN/m

2

HB Highway load =

kN/m

2

*Note:

Dispersion of wheel load is taken as 2:1 in soil (BS5400 :pt 2) For depth of fill 6.0m > depth > 1.8m , consider 2 axles only

 
 

L =

2.01 3.21
2.01
3.21
  • m (longitudinal dispersion)

B =

  • m (transverse dispersion)

ANALYSIS OF BOX

  • (A) CASE 1 : For max.BM and shear on wall & max. hogging

 

BM at corners, consider max. lateral earth pressure acting on the wall in empty condition.

 

P1 ------> ! A

where

 

!

!

P1, P2 = earth pressure

!

P2 ------> ! B

P1 =

  • 26.15 kN/m

2

 

P2 =

  • 69.71 kN/m

2

Top slab pressure =

  • kN/m

2

 

Base pressure =

  • kN/m

2

::

Loading is symmetrical about the vertical centreline of the box.

-FEM(AD) = 174.10 kNm/m FM(AD) = 261.15 kNm/m FEM(AB) = 17.57 kNm/m -FEM(BA) = 21.09 kNm/m
-FEM(AD) =
174.10
kNm/m
FM(AD) =
261.15
kNm/m
FEM(AB) =
17.57
kNm/m
-FEM(BA) =
21.09
kNm/m
FM(AB) =
29.00
kNm/m
FEM(BC) =
187.34
kNm/m
FM(BC) =
281.02
kNm/m

::

Moment distribution (case 1):

distribution factor , DF(AD) = DF(BC) = DF(AB) = DF(DC) =

0.22 I(slab) = ### 0.78 I(wall) = ###
0.22
I(slab) =
###
0.78
I(wall) =
###
   

Joints

 

A

B

 
 

AD

 

AB

BA

BC

 

DF

0.22

 

0.78

0.78

0.22

FEM

-174.1

17.6

-21.1

187.3

 

33.8

122.8

 

-130.4

-35.9

 

-65.2

61.4

14.1

51.1

-48.1

-13.2

-24.1

25.6

5.2

18.9

-20.1

-5.5

-10.0

9.4

2.2

7.9

-7.4

-2.0

 

-118.9

118.9

 

-130.7

130.7

 
  • (B) CASE 2 : For max.sagging moment in the top & bottom

 
 

slab, consider min.lateral earth pressure acting on the box.

 
 

P1 =

8.72 23.24
8.72
23.24

kN/m

2

P2 =

kN/m

2

P2 = kN/m
 

FEM(AB) =

 
  • 5.86 kNm/m

5.86 kNm/m
 

FM(AB) =

  • 9.67 kNm/m

9.67 kNm/m

-FEM(BA) =

-FEM(BA) =
  • 7.03 kNm/m

7.03 kNm/m
 

Moment distribution (case 2):

   
 

Joints

 

A

B

 

AD

 

AB

BA

BC

 

DF

0.22

 

0.78

0.78

0.22

FEM

-174.1

5.9

-7.0

187.3

 

36.3

132.0

 

-141.4

-38.9

 

-70.7

66.0

15.3

55.5

-51.7

-14.2

-25.9

27.7

5.6

20.3

-21.7

-6.0

-10.9

10.1

2.3

8.5

-8.0

-2.2

 

-114.6

114.6

 

-126.1

126.1

DESIGN MOMENT ENVELOPE Hogging moment at bottom corners = 130.70 kNm/m 130.70 Hogging moment at top
DESIGN MOMENT ENVELOPE
Hogging
moment at bottom corners =
130.70
kNm/m
130.70
Hogging
moment at top corners =
118.92
kNm/m
118.92
Sagging
moment at top slab =
146.51
kNm/m
146.51
Sagging
moment at bottom slab =
154.96
kNm/m
154.96
Hogging
moment of wall =
95.81
kNm/m
-95.81
SHEAR
cover to rebar =
size of rebar =
50
mm
12
mm dia. for Slab.
12 mm dia.for Wall.
Critical shear section is at distance 2*d from the
face of support.
Shear in base slab :
Effective depth, d =
Shear V =
344
mm
156.25
kN/m
Shear in wall :
Effective depth, d =
344
mm
R1" =
14.91
P3' =
52.13
Shear V =
11.97
kN/m
P3" =
17.38
REINFORCEMENT DESIGN
Hogging
Steel at Bottom Corners :
(i)
Slab
K =
No comp.steel required.
Z =
0.055
<
0.156
321.41 <
326.8
As(req)=
1460.6
mm 2 /m
(ii) wall
K =
No comp.steel required.
Z =
0.055
<
0.156
321.41
<
326.8
As(req)=
1461
mm
2 /m
Hogging
Steel at Top Corners :
(i)
Slab
K =
No comp.steel required.
Z =
0.050
<
0.156
323.58
<
326.8
As(req)=
1320
mm
2 /m
(ii) wall
K =
No comp.steel required.
Z =
0.050
<
0.156
323.58
<
326.8
As(req)=
1320
mm
2 /m
::
Sagging
Steel at Top Slab :
K =
No comp.steel required.
Z =
0.062
<
0.156
318.44
<
326.8
As(req)=
1653
mm
2 /m
Sagging
Steel at Bottom Slab :
K =
No comp.steel required.
Z =
0.065
<
0.156
316.83
<
326.8
As(req)=
1757
mm
2 /m
Hogging
Steel in Wall :
K =
No comp.steel required.
Z =
0.040
<
0.156
327.76
>
326.8
As(req)=
Minimum Steel Ratio Required For Tension
1053
mm
2 /m
& Distribution Steel
= 0.15%
(i)
Slab
As (min) =
516
mm
2 /m
(ii) Wall
As (min) =
516
mm
2 /m
REINFORCEMENT PROVISION
(A) SUPPORT STEEL
(I) TOP SLAB
use
Y
16
spacing
150 c/c
As (req)
=
1320
mm
2 /m
As (prov) =
1340
mm
2 /m
(II) BOTTOM SLAB
use
Y
16
spacing
150 c/c
As (req)
=
1461
mm
2 /m
As (prov) =
1340
mm
2 /m
Steel Area Not Surfficient!!
(III) WALL
use
Y
16
spacing
150 c/c
As (req)
=
1461
mm
2 /m
As (prov) =
1340
mm
2 /m
Steel Area Not Surfficient!!

::

::

(B) MIDSPAN STEEL (I) TOP SLAB use Y 16 spacing 120 c/c As (req) = 1653
(B) MIDSPAN STEEL
(I)
TOP SLAB
use
Y
16
spacing
120 c/c
As (req)
=
1653
mm
2 /m
As (prov) =
1675
mm
2 /m
(II) BOTTOM SLAB
use
Y
16
spacing
120 c/c
As (req)
=
1757
mm
2 /m
As (prov) =
1675
mm
2 /m
Steel Area Not Surfficient!!
(III) WALL
use
Y
16
spacing
150 c/c
As (req)
=
1053
.
As (prov) =
1340
mm
2 /m
SHEAR CHECK
(i)
Base
Shear =
156.25
kN
Shear stress v =
ps =
0.45
N/mm
2
0.39
%
vc =
0.45
N/mm
2
*
Shear failure.
(ii) Wall
Shear =
11.97
kN
Shear stress v =
ps =
0.03
N/mm
2
0.39
%
vc =
0.45
N/mm
2
*
Shear is OK.
(I) TOP SLAB
(I) TOP SLAB
D
16 - 150 mm c/c
D 16 - 120 mm c/c
D
16 - 150 mm c/c
(III) WALL
(III) WALL
D
16 - 150 mm c/c
(II) BOTTOM SLAB
D
16 - 120 mm c/c
(II) BOTTOM SLAB
GAMBAR PENULANGAN BOX CULVERT
D 16 -
120 mm c/c
mm4 mm4 336467119.xls 6

mm4

mm4

mm4 mm4 336467119.xls 6
336467119.xls 7