Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 8

::

:: PROJECT :
PJE
JOB NO
:
DESIGNED BY :
hanz
DATE
:
10-Nov-16
STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF BOX CULVERTS ( HB HIGHWAY LOAD )
CULVERT NO. :
INPUT DATA
DIMENSIONS OF R.C BOX
beban q
Internal width =
Internal height =
Wall thickness =
Slab thickness =
Effective width =
Effective height =
3600 mm
A
D
1800 mm
400 mm
1800
400 mm
4000 mm
2200 mm
B
C
3600
ASSUMPTIONS
Thickness of pavement =
110 mm
Unit weight of soil =
Unit weight of concrete =
Unit weight of pavement =
Soil cover =
20
kN/m
3
24
kN/m
3
24
kN/m
3
100 mm
HB wheel load =
62.5
kN/wheel
NORMALLY USE 25 UNIT HB = 45*2.5=112.5KN/WHEEL
Max.coefficient of lateral
earth pressure =
Min.coefficient of lateral
earth pressure =
0.6
0.2
PARTIAL FACTOR OF SAFETY
(BASED ON BS5400:PART 2)
HB Highway load =
Earth pressure =
ULS for concrete =
1.15
1.75
1.30
1.50
1.10
MATERIAL PROPERTIES
fcu =
20
N/mm
2
fy =
320
N/mm
2

BOX CULVERT ANALYSIS

 Self weight of top slab = 77.49 9.60 kN/m 2 Weight of walls = 7.85 kN/m 2 Weight of pavement = 2.64 kN/m 2 Weight of soil cover = 2.00 kN/m 2 HB Highway load = kN/m 2 *Note: Dispersion of wheel load is taken as 2:1 in soil (BS5400 :pt 2) For depth of fill 6.0m > depth > 1.8m , consider 2 axles only L = 2.01 3.21 m (longitudinal dispersion) B = m (transverse dispersion) ANALYSIS OF BOX (A) CASE 1 : For max.BM and shear on wall & max. hogging BM at corners, consider max. lateral earth pressure acting on the wall in empty condition. P1 ------> ! A where ! ! P1, P2 = earth pressure ! P2 ------> ! B
 P1 = 26.15 kN/m 2 P2 = 69.71 kN/m 2 Top slab pressure = kN/m 2 Base pressure = kN/m 2

::

Loading is symmetrical about the vertical centreline of the box. 174.10
kNm/m
261.15
kNm/m
FEM(AB) =
17.57
kNm/m
-FEM(BA) =
21.09
kNm/m
FM(AB) =
29.00
kNm/m
FEM(BC) =
187.34
kNm/m
FM(BC) =
281.02
kNm/m

::

Moment distribution (case 1):

distribution factor , DF(AD) = DF(BC) = DF(AB) = DF(DC) = 0.22
I(slab) =
###
0.78
I(wall) =
###
 Joints A B AD AB BA BC DF 0.22 0.78 0.78 0.22 FEM -174.1 17.6 -21.1 187.3 33.8 122.8 -130.4 -35.9 -65.2 61.4 14.1 51.1 -48.1 -13.2 -24.1 25.6 5.2 18.9 -20.1 -5.5 -10.0 9.4 2.2 7.9 -7.4 -2.0 -118.9 118.9 -130.7 130.7 (B) CASE 2 : For max.sagging moment in the top & bottom slab, consider min.lateral earth pressure acting on the box. P1 = 8.72 23.24 kN/m 2 P2 = kN/m 2 FEM(AB) = 5.86 kNm/m FM(AB) = 9.67 kNm/m -FEM(BA) = 7.03 kNm/m Moment distribution (case 2): Joints A B AD AB BA BC DF 0.22 0.78 0.78 0.22 FEM -174.1 5.9 -7.0 187.3 36.3 132.0 -141.4 -38.9 -70.7 66.0 15.3 55.5 -51.7 -14.2 -25.9 27.7 5.6 20.3 -21.7 -6.0 -10.9 10.1 2.3 8.5 -8.0 -2.2 -114.6 114.6 -126.1 126.1 DESIGN MOMENT ENVELOPE
Hogging
moment at bottom corners =
130.70
kNm/m
130.70
Hogging
moment at top corners =
118.92
kNm/m
118.92
Sagging
moment at top slab =
146.51
kNm/m
146.51
Sagging
moment at bottom slab =
154.96
kNm/m
154.96
Hogging
moment of wall =
95.81
kNm/m
-95.81
SHEAR
cover to rebar =
size of rebar =
50
mm
12
mm dia. for Slab.
12 mm dia.for Wall.
Critical shear section is at distance 2*d from the
face of support.
Shear in base slab :
Effective depth, d =
Shear V =
344
mm
156.25
kN/m
Shear in wall :
Effective depth, d =
344
mm
R1" =
14.91
P3' =
52.13
Shear V =
11.97
kN/m
P3" =
17.38
REINFORCEMENT DESIGN
Hogging
Steel at Bottom Corners :
(i)
Slab
K =
No comp.steel required.
Z =
0.055
<
0.156
321.41 <
326.8
As(req)=
1460.6
mm 2 /m
(ii) wall
K =
No comp.steel required.
Z =
0.055
<
0.156
321.41
<
326.8
As(req)=
1461
mm
2 /m
Hogging
Steel at Top Corners :
(i)
Slab
K =
No comp.steel required.
Z =
0.050
<
0.156
323.58
<
326.8
As(req)=
1320
mm
2 /m
(ii) wall
K =
No comp.steel required.
Z =
0.050
<
0.156
323.58
<
326.8
As(req)=
1320
mm
2 /m
::
Sagging
Steel at Top Slab :
K =
No comp.steel required.
Z =
0.062
<
0.156
318.44
<
326.8
As(req)=
1653
mm
2 /m
Sagging
Steel at Bottom Slab :
K =
No comp.steel required.
Z =
0.065
<
0.156
316.83
<
326.8
As(req)=
1757
mm
2 /m
Hogging
Steel in Wall :
K =
No comp.steel required.
Z =
0.040
<
0.156
327.76
>
326.8
As(req)=
Minimum Steel Ratio Required For Tension
1053
mm
2 /m
& Distribution Steel
= 0.15%
(i)
Slab
As (min) =
516
mm
2 /m
(ii) Wall
As (min) =
516
mm
2 /m
REINFORCEMENT PROVISION
(A) SUPPORT STEEL
(I) TOP SLAB
use
Y
16
spacing
150 c/c
As (req)
=
1320
mm
2 /m
As (prov) =
1340
mm
2 /m
(II) BOTTOM SLAB
use
Y
16
spacing
150 c/c
As (req)
=
1461
mm
2 /m
As (prov) =
1340
mm
2 /m
Steel Area Not Surfficient!!
(III) WALL
use
Y
16
spacing
150 c/c
As (req)
=
1461
mm
2 /m
As (prov) =
1340
mm
2 /m
Steel Area Not Surfficient!!

::

:: (B) MIDSPAN STEEL
(I)
TOP SLAB
use
Y
16
spacing
120 c/c
As (req)
=
1653
mm
2 /m
As (prov) =
1675
mm
2 /m
(II) BOTTOM SLAB
use
Y
16
spacing
120 c/c
As (req)
=
1757
mm
2 /m
As (prov) =
1675
mm
2 /m
Steel Area Not Surfficient!!
(III) WALL
use
Y
16
spacing
150 c/c
As (req)
=
1053
.
As (prov) =
1340
mm
2 /m
SHEAR CHECK
(i)
Base
Shear =
156.25
kN
Shear stress v =
ps =
0.45
N/mm
2
0.39
%
vc =
0.45
N/mm
2
*
Shear failure.
(ii) Wall
Shear =
11.97
kN
Shear stress v =
ps =
0.03
N/mm
2
0.39
%
vc =
0.45
N/mm
2
*
Shear is OK.
(I) TOP SLAB
(I) TOP SLAB
D
16 - 150 mm c/c
D 16 - 120 mm c/c
D
16 - 150 mm c/c
(III) WALL
(III) WALL
D
16 - 150 mm c/c
(II) BOTTOM SLAB
D
16 - 120 mm c/c
(II) BOTTOM SLAB
GAMBAR PENULANGAN BOX CULVERT
D 16 -
120 mm c/c mm4

mm4  