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Lakvijaya Coal Power Station,

HeladhanaviDieselPower Plant
&Seguwantivu Wind Power Station
Field Visit (Semester VII)


The idea for the Lakvijaya coal power project was successfully completed with the help from China
National Machinery and Equipment Import & Export Corporation (CMEC) as main contractor and
project funded by EXIM Bank of China. This is the largest proposed power plant in SL (3 x 300 MW)
located in Norochchole in Puttalam district. First stage of this project was completed with 300 MW
supply is given to the national grid through the Veyangoda GSS converting 20 kV generated voltage
into 220 kV and second stage is ready to launch with 2 x 300 MW will give to the national grid
supply through the Anuradhapura GSS.

Steam Generating Plant (Boiler)

Boiler is of Sub critical pressure (173 bar)

Steam temperature at super heater outlet: 541 oC
Boiler capacity : 1025 t/hr
Boiler efficiency: 88.58%
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Steam turbine

300 MW class, 3000rpm

There are three turbines

o HP turbine
o Intermediate turbine
o LP turbine
The turbines are directly coupled to the 2 pole, 353 MVA Synchronous generator which has following
specifications. The generator cooled by using H2 and demineralized water.
o Rated Power 300 MW
o Rated Speed 3000 rpm
o Rated Stator Voltage 20 kV
o Excitation Voltage 365 V
o Rated Stator Current 10190 A
o Excitation Mode Self Excited Shunt

Fig 3: 300 MW Generator

Flue Gas De sulphurization (FGD) system

Natural Sea Water De sulphurization method is used without any additional absorbent
The acidic scrubbed seawater will be transformed to stable sulphates and the quality of
scrubbed seawater will be recovered
De sulphurization efficiency : more than 90%

Electro Static Precipitators (ESP)

Estimated amount of fly ash for 300MW plant : 15.36 t/hr

ESP efficiency : 99.5%

Cooling Water System

Sea water from Indian Ocean will be used for cooling of main condenser and other
cooling water systems.
Cooling water requirement : 17.5 m3/s
Temperature difference between cooling water inlet and outlet : 7oC
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General Specifications

Power Capacity 99.66 MW

Minimum Generation 698,417,280 kWh
Plant Factor 80%
Fuel HFO and Auto Diesel

Fuel Oil System

In fuel treatment house, fuel oil is subjected into oil purification using centrifugal forcewith the help
of separator to remove solid particles and slug. There are four separators each has 6800 rpm and
operates around 98 0C.In fuel oil system, there also has booster unit, which is able to control viscosity
and provide pressurized fuel oil for plant operation.
Power plant has six number of Wartsilla 18V46 engines with 43% efficiency and operates with turbo
charges. These are four stroke, direct injection, V type diesel engines with 18 cylinders in each.
Engine is starts with compressed air at 30 bar pressure and then move to HFO. Engine auxiliary
system was consists with lube oil system, cooling water system, heat recovery system, charge air and
exhaust gas system and instrument air system.
The engine directly coupled to the 12 poles, 21345 kVA ABB generator which has following
Excitation Mode Self Excited
Rated Speed 500 rpm
Output Voltage 15 kV
Output Current 822 A
Efficiency 97.6%
The generator protected under over current, earth fault, differential, unbalanced load, over/under
voltage, over/under frequency, loss of excitation and reverse power.
Power Transformer
The plant consists with two YNd11 power transformers with 80 MVA rated power. This converts
generate 15 kV into 132 kV.The transformed cooled up to 60% of loading by using ONAN method
and then ONAF method. The transformer protected under over current, earth fault, differential,
restricted earth fault, oil winding temperature, oil level and surge protection.

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In Seguwantivu wind farm there are 12 wind turbines andin Vidatamunai wind farm there are 13 wind
turbines. A unit consists of self excited synchronous generator and 3 blades wind mill. These blades
can rotate at 2 degrees of freedom to gain maximum efficiency.
Generating and Transmission
Each wind mill connects to the 842 kVA synchronous generator. Through the thyristors, generated AC
frequency and voltage converted to 1 kV DC voltage. Then it inverts into grid voltage and frequency
by using current source inverter and step up to 33 kV. Then this generated power transmitted to
Kalladi GSS via 14.7 km long dedicated transmission line. In GSS this converts to 132 kV bus via
31.5 MVA transformer.
There are copper plates in the nibs of every blade and has grounded though the body for lightning

Fig 5: Wind Turbines in Farm


Data collected during field visit

Presentation Slides

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