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American Welding Society

Design Handbook
for Calculating

COPYRIGHT American Welding Society, Inc.


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DESIGN HANDBOOK
for
CALCULATING
FILLET WELD SIZES
Located, reviewed and reformatted underthe
AWS Product Development Committeeas a service
for quality-minded welding fabricators.

This publication is designed to provide informationin regard to the subject matter covered.It is made available with the
understanding that the publisher is not engagedin the rendering of professional advice. Reliance upon the information
a particular
contained in this document should not be undertaken without an independent verification of its application
for
use. The publisher is not responsible for loss or damage resulting from use of this publication. This document is not a
consensus standard. Users should refer to the applicable standards for their particular application.

American Weldlng Society


550 N.W. LeJeune Road, Miami, Florida 33126

COPYRIGHT American Welding Society, Inc.


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FOREWORD
The design of a welded connection is usually the first operationin the construction of a welded product. The optimization of the design for the initial manufacturability and thelife cycle performance of the component is a challengeto the
designer.
Fillet welds are the most common
joint designs in the fabricationof many welded products. The use offillet welds simplifies the material preparation effort and increases the opportunity for using automation
in the welding operation.
to experience in
Traditional designs base thesize of the welds on the allowable unit loads that the welds are expected
the intended applications. For sectionsof different thicknesses, the minimum fillet size can be governed by the thicker
member.

While this approach is conservative, the weld sizes may not be the optimum. As the volume of weld metal is severely
impacted by the sizeof the weld, each increasein the specified leg length has a dramatic effect on the amount
of welding required.
An alternative system for calculating fillet weld sizes was presented by two researchers. Selection of the correct fillet
weld size is essential for the satisfactory performance
of many weldments in service today.Fillet welds are used in virto
tually every industry, and when properly designed, provide effective and efficient connections. An alternate approach
the more traditional design philosophy is the basis for this handbook, and seeks to provide a method for determining
the optimum fillet weld size.

O Copyright 1997 by the American Welding Society. All rights reserved.


Printed in the United Statesof America.

ii
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................
1.O Introduction..............................................................................................................................................................
2.0 Development of Criteria...........................................................................................................................................
3.0 Development of Fillet Weld Sizes............................................................................................................................
4.0 Fillet Weld Size Tables ............................................................................................................................................
5.0 Assumptions ............................................................................................................................................................
6.0 References ..............................................................................................................................................................

ii
1
1

3
3
4
4

Appendix A....................................................................................................................................................................... 9
Part I - Steel
Intercostal Member
Ordinary Strength Steel.......................................................................................................................... 10
High Strength Steel.................................................................................................................................
11
80).................................................................................................
12
Quenched and Tempered Steel (HY
Part II -Austenitic Stainless Steel
Intercostal Member
Austenitic Stainless Steel
........................................................................................................................ 15
Ordinary Strength Steel.......................................................................................................................... 15
High Strength Steel................................................................................................................................. 16
................................................................................................. 16
Quenched and Tempered Steel (HY 80)
Part III - Aluminum Alloy
Intercostal Member
Aluminum Alloy 5052..............................................................................................................................
Aluminum Alloy5083 ..............................................................................................................................
Aluminum Alloy 5086..............................................................................................................................
Aluminum Alloy 5454..............................................................................................................................
Aluminum Alloy 5456..............................................................................................................................

16
18

20
21
23

LIST OF TABLES
Table

1.

2.

Base Material Strength Values ................................................................................................................................ 5


Filler Material Strength Values ................................................................................................................................. 6

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure

1.
2.

Double Fillet Welded Joint Loaded in Longitudinal Shear .......................................................................................


Double Fillet Welded joint Loaded in Transverse Shear .........................................................................................

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S T D = A W S FWSH-ENGL L997

1.O INTRODUCTION

.
I0784265 0539473 5bB

Selection of thecorrectfilletweldsizeisessential
for thesatisfactoryperformance of
many weldmentsin service today. Fillet welds are used in virtually every industry, and
when properly designed, provide effective and efficient connections.
Traditional designs base the size
of the welds on the allowable unit loads that the welds
are expected to experience in the intended applications. For sections of different thicknesses, the minimum fillet size is governed
by the thicker member (references1 and 2).

While this approach is conservative, the weld sizes may not be the optimum.
Fillet
welds can be too large or too small and it is important to have the correct size for each
connection. As the volumeof weld metal is severely impacted by the size of the weld,
on the
eachincrease in thespecified fillet weld leg length has a dramatic effect
amount of welding required.
The larger than necessary welds will increase the amount
of welding material, reduce
the speed of welding, and increase the resultant
distortion effects. All of these will
have a negative impacton the economy of the workand theoverall productivity of the
operation.
Similarly, too small fillet welds will not provide the necessary performance for the
weldment and will most likely resultin repair work being required.

two researchAn alternative system for calculating fillet weld sizes was presented by
ers through reference 3. This approach is the basis for this handbook, and seeks to
provide a method for determining the optimum fillet weld size. This document is not a
standard.

2.0 DEVELOPMENT
OF CRITERIA

As thestrengthandductility of filletwelded joints variesasafunction of theloading


direction,
design
equations
must
be
developed
for
both
longitudinal and
transverse
shear loads. It is also fundamentally important that the equations be applicable for a
wide range of base materials and filler materials.
It is common for all fillet welds to have a combination of longitudinal shear, Figure 1,
and transverse shear, Figure 2. For design purposes, bending moments should be
similar to transverse loading on the fillet welds. It is common in structural design for
the intercostal member to be the "weaker" member in the joint. For these cases, the
longitudinal shear connection need only develop the ultimate shear strength of the
intercostal member, and the transverse shear connection must develop the ultimate
tensile of strength of the intercostal member. When welds are designed for these
loading conditions, they are normally adequate for the variety
of combinations of shear
and tension loads that a member can sustain.

Traditionally, fillet weld size is based upon the thickness of the "weaker" member and
two mechanical properties, the ultimate tensile strength of the base material, and the
longitudinal shear strength of the weld material. The alternate method, presented in
this handbook, requires six equations and four mechanical properties, the same two
as before, plus the ultimate shear strength of the base material and the transverse
shear strength of the weld material for the intercostal member. A similar set of equations is required for the continuous member.

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For each fillet weld connection, there can be a failure in one of three locations in the
weld zone:

l. Failure through the throat (ignoring bead reinforcement or penetration).


2. Failure in the heat affected zone of the intercostal member.
3. Failure in the heat affected zone of the continuous member.

Based upon the geometrical relationships and two


thedirections of loading, a seriesof
equations can be developed that will resultin a fillet weld size that will provide a load
carrying capacity equal to either the intercostal or continuous member, .e., a 100%
efficient weld.
For longitudinal loading:
Failure
Location
Intercostal
Member
Continuous
Member

Weld Throat

Tl x us,

S = 1.414U,,
HAZ Boundary
(Intercostal)

Tc x us,
= 0.707 ULS

S = 0.454Tl
S=

HAZ Boundary
(Continuous)

Tl x us,

S=-

2.2

Tc x us,
1.1 us,

S = 0.909 Tc

us,

For transverse loading:


Failure
Location
Intercostal
Member
Continuous
Member

Weld Throat

Tl x 'TI

S = 1.414,U,
HAZ Boundary
(Intercostal)

Tl

S=HAZ Boundary
(Continuous)

2.2

'TI

us,

2.0 UTC

Fillet Weld Size


Thickness of Intercostal Member
Thickness of Continuous Member
Ultimate Tensile Strengthof IntercostalMember
Longitudinal Shear Strengthof Weld Metal
Shear Strengthof Intercostal Member
Transverse Shear Strengthof Weld Metal
Ultimate Tensile Strengthof Continuous Member
Shear Strengthof Continuous Member

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us,

Tc x us,

S = 1.1

Tl x UTI

S=-

2 AWS DesignHandbook

Tc x

S = 0.707 ,U,

u,

Tc x us,

S=

uTC

S T D - A W S FWSH-ENGL L997

.O DEVELOPMENT
OF FILLET
SIZES
WELD

~~

07842b5 0539475 330 E

Tables 1 an 2 provide the mechanical properties required to solve the various equatilons. References 4, 5, and 6 are the sources for the majority of the values. For the
b'ase materials that do not have published values for shear strength the following conSIervative estimates have been made:
Shear strength= 0.75 x tensile strength (steels)
Shear strength = 0.60 x tensile strength (aluminum)
is not readily available,so matheS8imilarly, for the filler material values, selected data
ITratical

relationships have been used to complete the table. As documented in referfiller metal transverse shear strength is:
ence 3, a conservative value for
Transverse shear strength= 1.33 x longitudinalshear strength

4.0 FILLET WELD


SIZE TABLES

For most designs, the intercostal member is the weakest memberof the assembly for
b0th longitudinal and transverse loads. Exceptions to this include, cases where the
irltercostal member is much thicker than the continuous member or the strength
of the
irltercostal member is much greater than thatof the continuous member.
he tables contained in Appendix A specify the minimum fillet weld size required to
rovide a 100% connection for those cases where the
intercostal is the weaker memer. The sizes were derived by solving the six equations presentedin Section 2.0 for
le intercostal member. To be conservative, the largest calculated value has been
For convenience, the decimal value has been
elected as the required weld size.
Iunded up to the nearest 1/16 in. dimension.
For example, where the intercostal member is high strength steel,
1/4 in. thick, the
1/4 in. thick, andtheweldmaterial
is
Fi701 8,

C1ontinuousmemberishighstrengthsteel,

tlhen:

T, = 1/4in.
Tc = 1/4 in.
Emd from Tables 1 and 2:

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S, = 0.454 (1/4) = 0.011

(1 /4) (56250)
= 0.011
= 2.2 (56250)

(1/4) (75000)
5

= 2.2(56250)

= 2.0 (75000)

(1/4) (75000)

= 0.150

= 0.125

Therefore, the controlling size is0.170 or 3/16.

5.0 ASSUMPTIONS

Thefilletweldsizespresented
in AppendixAareonly valid for 100% efficientdouble
continuous fillet welds. For designs that require unequal fillet legs or require skewed
fillet weld connections, alternate sourcesof information are required.
Also, the values presume that the intercostal member will always be the weaker member of the design. As this is true in the great majority of structural designs, the tables
have been constructed accordingly. For those designs having the continuous member
as the weaker member, the formulas contained
in Section 2.0 for the continuous member may be used to calculate the optimum fillet weld size.
The data presentedin Appendix A must be used withcorrect welding procedures. It is
understood that the joining of the materials is controlled by an appropriate welding
procedure. Considerationsof the essential elements of welding procedures, and other
essential features required for a specific weld application, are not incorporatedin the
derivation of the weld tables.

6.0 REFERENCES

l . Welding
Handbook, Volume 1, EighthEdition,AmericanWeldingSociety,
2.

1987.

Welding Handbook, Volume 5, Seventh Edition, American Welding Society, 1984.

3. Reduced Fillet Weld Sizes for Naval Ships,

R.P. Krumken, Jr. and C.R. Jordan,


Welding Journal,American Welding Society, April1984.

4. MIL-STD-1628, FilletWeld
1974.

Size, StrengthandEfficiencyDetermination,

June

5. Evaluation of Fillet Weld Shear Strength of FCAW Electrodes, Welding Journal,


American Welding Society, August1989.

6. MareIslandNavalShipyardTechnicalReport
1980.

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138-4-80, Revision A,December

Table l .
Base
Material

Type

BASE MATERIAL
Tempered
and
Quenched
STRENGTH
Alloy Steel (HY-100)
VALUES

Minimum Ultimate
Tensile
Strength (psi)

114,000

Shear
Strength

(psi)

85,500

72,000 96,000
Tempered and Quenched
Alloy Steel (HY-80)
56,250
75,000
(A588)
High
Steel
Strength
60,000

Steel

56,250 75,000

6,000

70,000

Alloy

StrengthOrdinary
0436)

Steel Stainless
Austenitic
Copper

Nickel

Chromium Nickel
27,000

45,000

5456

Alloy
1,600

5086

Alloy

Aluminum

24,000

40,000

5083

Alloy

Aluminum

25,000

5052

Alloy

Aluminum

45,000

(70/30)

Nickel

57,000

80,000

Aluminum
2
36,000
Alloy 5454

38,000

22,500

Iron

Aluminum

22,800

15,000

45,000

Copper

(90/1 NickelCopper

O)

40,000

20,000

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Table 2.

FILLER MATERIAL
STRENGTH
VALUES
79
69
59

61
70

TY Pe

Minimum
Ultimate Tensile
Strength
Strength
(ksi)
Strength
(ksi)
(ksi)

E11018M
E lO018M
E901 8M
E801 882
E701 8
E601O 65
E309
E31 6 81
ENiCrFe-3
ENiCu-7
ECuNi

110
99
O0
1
90
80
70
62
80
70
80

Average
Longitudinal Shear

Average
Transverse Shear

105
72
62
49
58
61

77

50

45

60

120
1O0
70
80
70

87
83
59
67
61
55
53
45
18
22
24
13

116
99
78
89
81
73
70
60

Bare Electrodes

ER120S-1
ER100S-1
ER70S-X
ER309
ER316L
ERNiCr-3
ERN~CU-7
ERCuNi
ERCuSi
ER5356
ER5556
ER4043
ER1100

80

70
50
50

35
42
24
11

24

29
31
17
9

74
64

103
85

Flux Cored Electrodes

ElOlTl
E71T1

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1O0
70

Figure 1.
INTERCOSTAL

DOUBLE FILLET
WELDED JOINT
LOADED IN
LONGITUDINAL
SHEAR

Figure 2.
r INTERCOS#TAL

DOUBLE FILLET
WELDED JOINT
LOADED IN
TRANSVERSE
SHEAR

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APPENDIX A

The values containedin the following tables are based upon the following statements:
l . The equations contained in Section 2.0 for the intercostal member being the
weaker member have been used to develop the weld sizes.
2. The sizes shown in the tables are for 100% efficient double continuous fillet
or skewed welds.
welds and do not include welds with uneven legs
3. The maximum calculated size determined by the Section 2.0 formulas was
selected in each case. Theactual calculated decimal valuewas rounded up
to the nearest 1/16 in. for presentationin the table.
4. It was assumed that 1/8 in. was the smallest weld sizeto be considered. For

each case having the maximum calculated value to be less than 0.124 in.,
the optimum weld size was selectedto be 1/8 in.

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~~

PART I - STEEL

Table A l
Intercostal Member: Ordinary Strength Steel
Continuous Member: Ordinary Strength Steel

Intercostal
Thickness

Electrode Type
E601
ER70S-X
OE71T-1
8E8018E701

1I0

110

1/0

1I0

1/0

1I0

1I4

3116

3116

3116

3116

3116

318

1I4

114

114

114

1I 4

112

310

5116

5116

5116

5116

510

7/16

7116

7116

7/16

7116

314

112

112

112

1/2

112

Table A2
Intercostal Member: Ordinary Strength Steel
Continuous Member: High Strength Steel
Intercostal
Thickness

Electrode Type
ER70S-X
E71T-1
O 8E8018E701
E601

1I8

1I8

1/8

1/0

1/a

118

1I4

3116

3116

3116

3116

3116

310

1I4

1I4

1/4

1I4

1I4

112

318

5116

5/16

5116

5116

510

7116

7116

7116

7116

7116

314

1I2

112

112

112

112

Table A3
Intercostal Member: Ordinary Strength Steel
Continuous Member: Quenched and Tempered Steel(HY 80)
Electrode Type

Intercostal
Thickness

E901
E7018
8E801
8

1/a

1I0

1I0

1I4

3116

310
711

E lO018

E l lO18

1I0

1/8

1/0

3116

3116

3116

3/16

1I4

1/4

1I 4

1I4

1I4

112

5116

5116

5116

5116

5/16

510

7116

7116

7116

7116

314

1/2

112

1/2

112

1/2

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Table A4
Intercostal Member: Ordinary Strength Steel
Continuous Member: Quenched andTempered Steel (HY 80)

PART I STEEL
(Continued)

Electrode Type

Intercostal
Thickness

ER70S-X
ER1

118

1I8

118

1/a

1I8

114

3116

3116

3116

1/4

1/4

1I4

311
114

E71T-1
OOS-1

318

E l01T-1

511

112

5116

5116

5116

711

518

7116

7116

7116

1/2

1/2

1/2

314

112

Table A5
Intercostal Member: High Strength Steel
Continuous Member: High Strength Steel
Intercostal
Thickness

Electrode Type
E6010
E7018
E801

E9018

ER7OS-X

E~~T-I

1/a

1/a

118

1/a

1/8

118

1/a

1I 4

1/4

3116

3116

3116

3116

3116

511 318

5116

1I 4

114

5116

1I4

711 112

318

318

5116

318

5116

911 518

7116

7116

7116

7116

7116

9116

112

1/2

9116

1/2

518

314

Table A6
Intercostal Member: High Strength Steel
Continuous Member: Ordinary Strength Steel

E6010
E701

1/8

1/a

1I4
511
911
518

Electrode Type

Intercostal
Thickness

E8018

ER70S-X
1T-E7

1/8

1I 8

1/8

1/8

114

3116

3116

3116

3116

318

5116

1I 4

5116

1I4

711112

318

318

318

5116

518

7116

7116

7116

7116

9116

112

9116

112

314

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STDeAWS FWSH-ENGL 1997

PART I - STEEL
(Continued)

M 0784265 0519483 407

Table A7
Intercostal Member: High Strength Steel
Continuous Member: Quenched andTempered Steel (HY 80)
Electrode Type

Intercostal
Thickness
E901
8 E801
8 E701
8

318

E l O01
E11018
8

1I8

118

118

118

118

1I8

1I4

3116

3116

3116

3116

3116

318

511 6

1I4

1I4

114

114

318

5116

5116

5116

112
911

518

7116

7116

7116

7116

7116

314

112

112

1I2

112

Table A8
Intercostal Member: High Strength Steel
Continuous Member: Quenched and Tempered Steel (HY 80)
Electrode Type

Intercostal
Thickness

ER70S-X

ER1OOS-1

E71T-1

E l 01T-1

118

1/a

1/8

118

118

1I4

3116

3116

3116

3116

318

5116

1I4

1I4

114

112

318

5116

5116

5116

518

7116

7116

7116

711 6

314

9116

112

112

1I2

Table A9
Intercostal Member: Quenched and Tempered Steel (HY 80)
Continuous Member: Quenched andTempered Steel (HY 80)
Intercostal
Thickness

911

Electrode Type
E901
8

E l O018

E l l O1
ER1
8

OOS-1

El OlT-1

I /a

118

I /a

1/a

1I8

118

1I4

3116

3116

3116

3116

3116

318

5116

5116

1I4

5116

5116

112

318

318

318

318

318

518

1I2

1I2

7116

7116

7116

314

9116

112

9116

9116

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PART I - STEEL
(Continued)

Table A10
Intercostal Member: Quenched and Tempered Steel(HY 80)
Continuous Member: Ordinary Strength Steel
Electrode Type

Intercostal
Thickness E801
E701
8

310

E lO018

E11018

1I0

1I0

1I0

1I0

1I0

1I0

1I4

1I4

114

1I4

1I4

1I4

5116

5116

5116

5116

310
911

E901
8

112

7116

7116

7116

7116

7116

510

9116

112

112

112

510

510

510

510

314

11/16

Table A l l
(HY 80)
Intercostal Member: Quenched and Tempered Steel
Continuous Member: Ordinary Strength Steel
Electrode Type

Intercostal
Thickness

ER70S-X
ER1

1I8

118

1I8

1I0

1I4

1I4

1I4114

114

318

310

E l 01T-1
1I0

5116

5116

5116

7116

7116

7116

9116

112

711 112
510

E71T-1
OOS-1

510

112

314

518 11/16

112

518

Table A l 2
Intercostal Member: Quenched and Tempered Steel(HY 80)
Continuous Member: High Strength Steel
Electrode Type

Intercostal
Thickness E901E7018
8E801

E E11018
lO018

110

1I0

1I0

1I0

1I0

1I8

1I4

1I4

1I4

3116

3116

3/16

310

310

5116

S116

5116

1I4

711112

7116

318

318

318

911

510

9116

112

112

7116

314

SI0

9116

9116

112

11/16

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-~
~

Table A l 3
Intercostal Member: Quenched and Tempered Steel (HY 80)
Continuous Member: High Strength Steel

PART I STEEL
(Continued)

310

Electrode Type

Intercostal
Thickness

ER70S-X
ER1

1I0

1I0

110

110

110

1I4

1I4

3116

1I4

311 6

5116

5116

5116

310
711

E71T-1
OOS-1

E l 01T-1

112

310

7116

310

510

9116

7116

1I2

7116

314

11/16

9116

5/0

9116

PART II -STAINLESS
STEEL

Table A l 4
Intercostal Member: Austenitic Stainless Steel
Continuous Member: Austenitic Stainless Steel
Electrode Type
Intercostal
Thickness

ER31
5/16 6-1 E31

6L

110

110

110

114

3116

3116

310

114

1I4

112

318

310

510

7116

7116

314

1I2

112

Table A l 5
Intercostal Member: Austenitic Stainless Steel
Continuous Member: Ordinary StrengthSteel, High Strength Steel
or Quenched andTempered Steel (HY 80)
Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

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ER309E309-15/16

110

110

1/a

114

311 6

3116

310

5116

114

112

310

5116

510

7116

7116

314

9116

1I2

www.bzfxw.com

Table A l 6
Intercostal Member: Ordinary Strength Steel
Continuous Member: Austenitic Stainless Steel

PART II -STAINLESS
STEEL (Continued)

Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

ER309E309-15/16

118

118

118

1I4

3116

3116

318

1I4

1I4

112

5116

5116

518

318

7116

314

112

112

Table A17
Intercostal Member: High Strength Steel
Continuous Member: Austenitic Stainless Steel
Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

E309-15/16

ER309

1I8

118

1/a

1I4

3116

3116

318

5116

1I4

112

318

5116

518

7116

7116

314

9116

1/2

Table A l 8
Intercostal Member: Quenched and Tempered Steel
(HY 80)
Continuous Member: Austenitic Stainless Steel
Electrode Type
Member
Intercostal

E309-15/16

ER309

118

118

1/8

1/4

114

1/4

318

318

5116

1I2

112

7116

518

9116

1I2

314

11/16

518
~

~~

AWS DesignHandbook
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-~

~~

15

STD-AWS FWSH-ENGL L777

0784265 0539487 052

Table A19
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5052
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5052

PART 111
ALUMINUM

Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

ER5556

ER5356

1/a

1/a

1/a

114

114

1I 4

318

5116

5116

112

7116

7116

518

112

112

314

518

518

Table A20
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5052
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5083

I
Thickness
ntercostal

511

Electrode Type
ER5556

ER5356

1/a

1/a

1/a

114

114

114

318

5116

112

7116

7116

518

112

112

314

518

518

Table A21
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5052
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5086
Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

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ER5556

ER5356

1/a

1/a

118

114

1I4

1I4

318

5116

5116

1I2

7116

7116

518

1I2

1I2

3/4

518

518

www.bzfxw.com

Table A22
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5052
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5454

PART 111
ALUMINUM
(Continued)

Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

ER5556

ER5356

1/a

1la

118

1I4

1I 4

1I4

511

318

5116

711

112

7116

518

112

1I2

314

518

518

Table A23
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5052
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5456

Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

ER5556

ER5356

118

118

1/a

1I 4

114

1I 4

318

5116

5116

1I2

7116

7116

518

112

112

314

518

518

Table A24
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5083
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5083
Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

ER5556

ER5356

114

114

114

318

310

318

112

112

112

518

518

518

314

314

11/16

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17

PART 111 ALUMINUM


(Continued)

Table A25
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5083
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5052
Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal
118

ER5556

ER5356

118

118

1I4
318

1I4

1I4

112

112

318
112

518
314

518

518

314

11/16

Table A26
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5083
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5086

Thickness
Intercostal
I

ER5556

ER5356

118

1I8

1I8

1I4

1I4

1I 4

318

318

318

112

112

112

518

518

518

314

314

11/16

Table A27
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5083
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5454
Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

318

ER5556

ER5356

118

1/a

1I8

1I4

1I4

1I4

112

1/2

112

518

318
518

314

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314

11/16

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PART 111 -

Table A28
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5083
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5456

ALUMINUM
(Continued)

Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

310

ER5556

ER5356

1I0

1/a

1I0

114

1I4

1I4

318
112
11/16

112

112

510

518

314

11/16

510

Table A29
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5086
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5086
Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

310

ER5556

ER5356

1I0

1I0

1la

1I4

1I4

1I4

318
711

112

310

112

518

510

9116

314

314

11/16

Table A30
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5086
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5052

I
I

Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

ER5556

ER5356

118

1I0

1I0

1I4

114

1I4

310

318

318

1I2

112

7116

518

510

9116

314

314

11/16

AWS DesignHandbook19
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Table A31
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5086
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5083

PART 111
ALUMINUM
(Continued)

Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

318

ER5556

ER5356

1/a

1la

1la

1I4

1I4

1I4

112

112

7116

518

518

9116

318

314

314

11/16

Table A32
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5086
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5454
Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

ER5556

ER5356

1la

1/a

1/a

1I4

1I4

1I4

318

318

318

112

1I2

7116

518

518

9116

314

314

11116

Table A33
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5086
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5456
Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

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ER5556

ER5356

1/a

1/a

1/a

1I4

1I4

1I4

318

318

318

112

112

7116

518

518

9116

314

314

11/16

www.bzfxw.com

Table A34
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy5454
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5454

PART 111
ALUMINUM
(Continued)

Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

318

ER5556

ER5356

1/a

1/a

118

1I4

1I4

114

318

5116

112

1I2

7116

518

9116

9116

314

11/16

518

Table A35
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5454
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5052
Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

318

ER5556

ER5356

1I8

1/a

118

1I4

1I4

114

318

511 6
1/2

112

911

518
-

7116

314

112

SI8

11/16

Table A36
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy5454
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5083
Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

ER5556

ER5356

1I8

1I8

118

114

1I4

1I4

3/8

3/8

511 6

1/2

1I2

7116

518

9116

911 6

314

11/16

518

AWS Design Handbook


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21

STDmAWS FWSH-ENGL L977

PART 111 ALUMINUM


(Continued)

07842b5 0519493 356

Table A37
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5454
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5086
Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

ER5556

ER5356

1/a

1/a

1/a

1I4

1I4

1I 4

318

3/a

5/16

1I2

1/2

7116

518

9/16

9116

314

11116

518

Table A38
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5454
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5456
_____

____~

~~

Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

ER5556

ER5356

114

1I4

1I4

318

318

5116

1I2

112

7116

518

9116

9116

314

11/16

5/a

Table A39
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5456
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy5456
Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

711
11/16
71a

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ER5556

ER5356

1/a

3116

3116

1I4

5116

5116

31a

7116

1I2

9116

9116

518

11/16

314

13116

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PART 111 ALUMINUM


(Continued)

Table A40
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy5456
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5052
Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

ER5556

ER5356

1I8

3116

3116

1I4

5116

5116

318

7116

7/16

1I2

9116

9116

518

314

11/16

314

na

13116

Table A41
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5456
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5083
Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

711

ER5556

ER5356

1I8

3116

3116

1I4

5116

5116

318

7116

112

9116

9116

518

314

11/16

314

718

13116

Table A42
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy 5456
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy5086
Electrode Type
Thickness
Intercostal

ER5356

1/a

3116

3116

1I4

5116

5116

711

318

7116

911

112

9116

314

311

ER5556

718

518

11/16

314

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STD-AWS FWSH-ENGL 3997

PART 111

07842b5 0539495 327

Table A43
Intercostal Member: Aluminum Alloy
5456
Continuous Member: Aluminum Alloy 5454

ALUMINUM
(Continued)

Electrode Type
ER5556

ER5356 Thickness
Intercostal

711

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1I8

3116

3116

1I4

5116

5116

318

7/16

1I2

9116

9116

518

314

11/16

314

718

13116