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Jonathan Raitses

Ashley Peterson
Anth 114; Section 6
Arizona Tewa Kiva Speech as a Manifestation of Linguistic Ideology Mapping
Ethnographic Generalizations
1. The Arizona Tewa are twice-blessed with cultural self-consciousness about
language use. (130)
Weak Ethnographic Facts
1. The chanter and other factors can play into the the meaning. (130-2)
2. Tewa ceremonial leaders like those of other pueblos are not waging a campaign to
dictate everyday speech norms. (132-3)
Strong Ethnographic Facts
1. The reason for the purism is due to the repeated hegemonic pressures. (133)
2. The Tewa people compartmentalize their languages, aiding in their purity. (133-5)
Ethnographic Facts Derived from Examples
1. Kiva speech changes the everyday speech practices of the Arizona Tewa. (130)
2. Unbeknownst to the speakers, the languages are likely influenced from other
languages through grammatical diffusion. (134-5)
3. The language spoken is used as a linguistic biography. (130, 136)
General Ethnographic Conclusions
1. Folk consciousness and rationalization of language structure and use can have a
powerful effect on language contact outcomes. (137)
2. Linguistic ideology provides a socially motivated explanation for the social
process and linguistic products which are merely labelled by the expression linguistic
conservatism. (137)
Definitions
1. Kiva
2. Hopi
3. Tewa
4. Language Purism
5. Language Ideologies